WHNP Dumps - Women Health Nurse Practitioner Updated: 2023
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Exam Code: WHNP Women Health Nurse Practitioner Dumps November 2023 by Killexams.com team|
WHNP Women Health Nurse Practitioner
The Women's Health Nurse Practitioner (WHNP) certification is a specialized credential for registered nurses seeking advanced practice in the field of women's health. The certification exam assesses the knowledge and skills required to provide comprehensive healthcare services to women across the lifespan. The following description provides an overview of the WHNP certification exam.
Number of Questions and Time:
The number of questions and time allocation for the WHNP certification exam may vary depending on the certifying body and the specific exam version. Generally, the exam consists of multiple-choice questions, and the time given for the exam ranges from 3 to 4 hours. The number of questions can range from 150 to 200, depending on the exam version.
The WHNP certification exam covers a broad range of subjects related to women's health. The course outline typically includes the following subject areas:
1. Reproductive Health:
- Normal and abnormal reproductive anatomy and physiology
- Conception, pregnancy, and childbirth
- Contraceptive methods and family planning
- Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies
- Menopause and hormone replacement therapy
2. Gynecological Health:
- Common gynecological conditions and disorders
- Screening, diagnosis, and management of gynecological conditions
- Pap smear interpretation and colposcopy
- Breast health and breast cancer screening
- Sexual health and sexually transmitted infections
3. Obstetric Health:
- Prenatal care and assessment
- Antepartum complications and high-risk pregnancies
- Intrapartum care and management of labor
- Postpartum care and complications
- Newborn care and breastfeeding support
4. Primary Care and Health Promotion:
- Health assessment and physical examination
- Health promotion and disease prevention
- Health counseling and patient education
- Common primary care issues in women's health
- Cultural and ethical considerations in healthcare
The objectives of the WHNP certification exam are to assess the candidate's knowledge and skills in providing comprehensive healthcare services to women across the lifespan. The exam aims to evaluate the following:
1. Knowledge of women's health concepts, including reproductive and gynecological health, obstetric care, and primary care.
2. Clinical decision-making skills for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of women's health conditions and disorders.
3. Competence in providing evidence-based care and utilizing appropriate diagnostic and screening tools.
4. Proficiency in patient education, counseling, and health promotion strategies specific to women's health.
The WHNP certification exam syllabus outlines the specific content areas and competencies assessed in the exam. The syllabus includes the following topics:
- Reproductive anatomy and physiology
- Women's health assessment and examination techniques
- Common gynecological conditions and their management
- Antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum care
- Contraceptive methods and family planning
- Women's health promotion and disease prevention
|Women Health Nurse Practitioner|
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Women Health Nurse Practitioner
The CDC recommends HIV screening for:
A. All patients aged 13 to 64 in all health care settings
B. All patients aged 13 to 64 who are at increased risk for HIV
C. All patients aged 13 to 64 who are sexually active
The CDC recommends HIV screening for all patients aged 13 to 64 in all health
The leading cause of death in women age 65 and over is:
B. Heart disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women age 65 and over. Cancer is
the second leading cause of death in women age 65 and over. Pneumonia is the
seventh leading cause of death in women age 65 and over.
Which vaccine is safe for use in pregnancy?
A. Live attenuated nasal flu vaccine
Tdap is safe for use in pregnancy. Tdap is recommended in the third trimester of
pregnancy to confer passive immunity to the fetus. Rubella and live attenuated
nasal flu vaccines are contraindicated in pregnancy.
Which is an effective treatment for primary dysmenorrhea?
B. Copper IUD
C. NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
NSAIDS are an effective treatment for primary dysmenorrhea. The Copper IUD is
likely to increase the severity of primary dysmenorrhea. Aspirin is not indicated
for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.
Which set of lab results would indicate hypothyroidism?
A. Decreased TSH, increased FT4
B. Increased TSH, decreased FT4
C. Increased TSH, increased FT4
Increased TSH and decreased FT4 would indicate hypothyroidism.
What is your most likely diagnosis in a postpartum patient with fever, uterine
subinvolution, flu-like symptoms, pelvic pain and foul smelling lochia?
C. UTI (urinary tract infection)
Endometritis is the most likely diagnosis in a postpartum patient with fever,
uterine subinvolution, flu-like symptoms, pelvic pain and foul smelling lochia.
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The harrowing mass shooting in Lewiston, Maine, has again thrust the U.S. back into the all-too-familiar and increasingly frustrating cycle of grief, rage and legislative stagnation.
A predictable pattern ensues: Gun violence kills people. Assault weapons are blamed. The focus is redirected to mental illness as a scapegoat. Then heads go back into the sand.
As a nurse practitioner specializing in psychiatric mental health, I am concerned and frustrated.
First, a reality check: While the trauma of Maine will continue to haunt its citizens for years, the gun violence in America is unparalleled elsewhere in the world. Developed allies such as Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada and Switzerland report comparable prevalence of mental illness.
But they have significantly lower rates of gun violence.
Why? They have stricter gun laws. The myth of mental illness as a predisposition to violence reigns in the U.S., even though those with severe mental illnesses are more likely to be victims of violence than perpetrators of violent acts. Undoubtedly, in rare instances, serious mental diseases that are not well managed can increase the risk of violent behavior. Let's face it: If someone kills another, then that person arguably has a disconnect from morals, laws or reality.
We can't ignore that the Maine gunman, an Army reservist, struggled with paranoia and hallucinations, or that the mental health of military personnel hasn't been significantly addressed. But pointing a finger at mental illness alone is shortsighted and potentially dangerous. Already, those with mental illnesses are inherently a vulnerable group, placed further at risk by ignorant stigmas and stereotypes.
Focusing on keeping firearms out of the hands of the mentally ill also is naive. These individuals may avoid mental health care to not be labeled. If the Maine shooter purchased his guns prior to visiting a professional for mental health care, the restriction wouldn't have worked.
Mental health officials must respect patient privacy and the security of health care data. So implementing a database to track the mental health information of people deemed unfit to have guns would be monumental, require interstate cooperation and risk human error. Psychiatric diagnoses may change, fall into remission or be cured.
Moreover, mental illnesses have distinctions. Insomnia is different than paranoia, which is different than grief. Targeted background checks based on mental illness diagnosis will clearly not be a panacea, if even tenable.
We have another option. Americans, including gun owners, overwhelmingly support universal and stricter background checks for all. Background checks provide an increased sense of safety and security within communities.
Political leaders also should consider:
■ Nationwide mandatory waiting periods between applying for and purchasing a firearm.
■ Safety classes before licensing.
■ A ban on assault rifles and other firearms designed for military combat.
■ Red flag laws allowing a judge to temporarily remove weapons during acute episodes of psychosis, mania or other mental illnesses linked to impulsivity.
These policies uniformly will lessen gun violence without simply blaming mental illness as the single causative factor. We know this because these measures already have been effective in other countries.
Combating gun violence necessitates a thorough and multidimensional approach. It is critical to Strengthen mental health services and make sure that everyone in America, especially veterans, has access to care. We can better address the nascent seeds of violence and promote a culture of support and resilience by strengthening community resources, improving crisis intervention services and removing obstacles to mental health care.
That starts with reducing the stigma perpetuated by false claims of violent potential.
The killings in Maine are yet another reminder of the complexity and urgency with which the public health epidemic of gun violence in America must be addressed. We are failing miserably. The people of America deserve better than "thoughts and prayers."
We can pay tribute to the victims of gun violence by supporting comprehensive gun control, investing in mental health services and creating a culture that values safety and well-being. The time for inaction has passed, and we are reminded too often that the cost of remaining passive is immeasurable.
Stewart is a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner in Las Vegas. He wrote this for InsideSources.com.
Searching for answers, researchers have been investigating various environmental factors for their potential influence on sperm quality. These may include:
The 13-year study suggests that smartphone use may be associated with lower sperm concentration and total sperm count (TSC) in young adult males.
However, transitions to 3G and 4G may have eased the impact on sperm count, perhaps due to the lower transmitting power of newer phones.
The findings were recently published in Fertility and Sterility.
For the study, researchers recruited 2,886 men ages 18 to 22 between 2005 and 2018 at military recruitment centers. The study periods spanned from 2005–2007, 2008–2011, and 2012–2018.
The laboratory certified captured semen samples and recorded sperm concentration, total sperm count (TSC), and motility.
Participants answered questions regarding their reproductive and overall health, education, and lifestyle habits and were asked how often they use their devices. Answers about use frequency ranged from once a week to over 20 times daily.
A total of 2,764 subjects answered the questions. The researchers categorized these participants into five groups per cell phone use frequency.
Median sperm concentration was markedly higher among the men who reported using their phones once weekly compared with those who used their phones more than 20 times daily.
Moreover, the first study period showed a “more pronounced” link between smartphone use and sperm concentration than subsequent periods. The trajectory appears to align with the progression of new technologies from 2G to 3G to 4G, corresponding to a decrease in the mobile phone’s output power.
Researchers also asked the participants where they kept their phones when not in use. Answers regarding non-use phone location included pants, jacket, belt carrier, or elsewhere not on the body.
About 85.7% of the study group — 2,368 males — reported keeping their phones in their pants pockets when not in use.
The remaining males stored their phones in their jackets (4.6%) or away from the body (9.7%).
Study models did not show any association between carrying phones in the pants and lower semen quality parameters.
This lack of correlation was also evident in the stratified analysis according to the recruitment period.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a male with a sperm concentration below 15 million per milliliter may take more than a year to conceive a child with a partner.
Moreover, the chances of pregnancy are lower if the sperm concentration falls under 40 million per milliliter.
Research indicates that sperm count has lowered to an average of 47 million sperm per milliliter from 99 million. This is especially so in Western nations.
Medical News Today discussed the Swiss study with Dr. Hussain Ahmad, a consultant practitioner in the United Kingdom. He was not involved in the research.
Dr. Ahmad shared that myriad factors affect sperm count, such as:
Manmade poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been used extensively in industries and consumer products.
PFAS, also known as “forever chemicals,” are slowly being phased out due to strong links with multiple health effects, including reduced semen quality.
However, these chemicals linger in the environment and human bodies.
A 2022 review suggests that PFAS accumulates to detectable levels throughout the body and within bodily fluids such as seminal fluid.
The researchers collaborated on this large-scale, cross-sectional study on mobile phone use and semen quality. Their work gathered over a decade of data on thousands of men in Switzerland.
Dependence on self-reported data is a significant limitation. To overcome this in future research, the authors launched another study where participants will get a smartphone application.
This study only covered males ages 18 to 22. The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) emitted by cell phones on older men are yet to be explored.
Dr. Neil Paulvin, DO, a NY-based board certified longevity and regenerative medicine doctor, not involved in the study, explained to MNT:
Urologist Dr. Justin Houman, also not involved in the study, told MNT that “older men, with their longer exposure to cell phone radiation and the cumulative effect of other environmental and lifestyle factors, might be at a heightened risk.”
“While the exact mechanism of impact remains a subject of debate, the correlation highlights the need for cautious use, particularly with older phone models associated with higher emissions,” Dr. Houman added.
The researchers concluded: “The lack of clear evidence for a negative association between mobile phone use and male fertility, as well as the dramatic increase in cell phone use over the past decade, underscores the need for further research in this area.”
The study authors also expressed the need for “prospective observational studies” to assess RF-EMF exposure to the testicles and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis.”
“This would allow us to examine the association between cell phone use, RF-EMF exposure, and semen quality and to better understand the mode of action of RF-EMF on the male reproductive system,” the researchers rote.
Dr. Ahmad told MNT that while the Swiss study is interesting and warrants further investigation, there may be a bigger picture affecting stress and fertility rates that’s worth examining.
Other factors contributing to stress and declining fertility rates could also include:
“[This means] that more individuals are experiencing levels of stress that require medical treatment,” Dr. Ahmad noted.
Indeed, some experts wonder if mobile phone use, in and of itself, might significantly affect male fertility.
Dr. Paulvin noted that there isn’t a clear verdict on the issue because “we live in a world where it’s practically impossible to operate without frequent cell phone usage.”
“It’s difficult to draw definitive conclusions from this study, though, because there are so many additional factors that affect fertility. And although this study concluded that cell phone usage affects sperm concentration, there were many factors it found no association with,” Dr. Paulvin concluded.
DR Jeff Foster is The Sun on Sunday’s resident doctor and is here to help YOU.
Dr Jeff, 43, splits his time between working as a GP in Leamington Spa, Warks, and running his clinic, H3 Health, which is the first of its kind in the UK to look at hormonal issues for both men and women.
Q: I GAVE up smoking 13 months ago after being a heavy smoker for 45 years.
I felt so much better at first, but then I started to feel poorly and developed a sticky sap on my teeth which I’ve had for seven months.
My GP is not taking it seriously.
I’ve bought mouthwash, tooth brushes, tablets etc, but nothing is working.
Please help me.
Jill Collins, Bridgend
Smoking increases the risk of tooth staining, gum disease, tooth loss and even mouth cancer.
Tooth staining often has a sap-like appearance and is a result of nicotine and tar that is found in the tobacco.
Symptoms can persist for months or years after prolonged smoking has occurred.
Smoking also causes a lack of oxygen in the bloodstream to the gums, which increases the risk of gum disease.
You need a dentist, not a a GP.
Using mouthwash, toothbrushes and tablets is important, but there is no substitute for regular professional assessment and treatment by a dentist, who will be able to look at how you can Strengthen your oral hygiene and the wellbeing of your teeth and gums.
Q: I’M in my 40s and just been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
What should I do first? There is so much information out there.
What is the best diet? And why would I get it now?
There is no history in my family, I am a good weight and I don’t drink.
Sarah Barratt, Leeds
A: Although it is unusual to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes later in life, it is not impossible, and there are various reasons for it.
Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 is not related to lifestyle, obesity or calorie consumption.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that can occur as a result of a genetic/inherited faulty gene, it can be as a result of other medical conditions, viral infections or, most commonly, just bad luck.
Type 1 diabetes results in the destruction of the islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, so the only treatment is external insulin injections.
A low sugar diet is important to prevent sugar spikes. Your diabetic nurse will help run through the best diet plan for you.
It may seem like a devastating diagnosis, but as long as you look after yourself, you can lead a near normal life.
Patients at Groningen University’s teaching hospital UMCG who ask doctors questions in writing are being answered by a chatbot using artificial intelligence, in what the hospital says is a first in Europe.
An AI application included in patients’ digital records allows the chatbot to scan the relevant information and formulate a response. This draft answer is then checked by the relevant healthcare professional and sent on.
The UMCG says it expects the new system will “significantly reduce the administrative burden on doctors, nurses and other healthcare providers”.
“It’s wonderful to see what artificial intelligence is capable of,” said the university’s chief medical information officer Tom van der Laan.
“But healthcare remains human work: there is always a doctor or nurse who checks the answer before we send it. Artificial intelligence can support the work and make it easier, but healthcare professionals are irreplaceable, for the moment at least.”
Every week, patients submit over 1,200 written questions to UMCG, ranging from pain management and being allowed to exercise or work again after surgery. “It’s very simple,” says Van der Laan. “If healthcare providers have to spend less time on these administrative tasks, there will be more time for the patient.”
The system, which has undergone trials over the past few months, is not a self-learning system and cannot learn from patient data to ensure privacy, he said.
Similar systems are already being used in several hospitals in the US, where the experience has been positive, Van der Laan said. “Artificial intelligence not only appears to provide more informative and comprehensive answers but does so with more empathy. We expect to have the same positive experiences in the Netherlands,” he said.
Van der Laan expects the role of AI in healthcare to expand in the current years. “AI can also, for example, create a patient-friendly summary of a surgery report, or write a discharge letter for a family doctor,” he said.
The system is likely to be expanded to other hospitals in the Netherlands in the coming months.
By Anne Blythe
With Thanksgiving and other winter holidays on the horizon, families and friends are making plans to gather indoors for customary meals and festivities.
For many, the rush to get updated COVID vaccines and flu shots before these celebrations has become almost as traditional in exact years as rounding up the fixings for favorite side dishes and desserts.
Now there are also vaccines for RSV, or respiratory syncytial virus, to consider to help tamp down respiratory viruses that pose a triple threat as the year comes to a close and a new one begins.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a series of steps last week that people can take to “stay healthy during the holidays.”
Anybody who remembers the coronavirus pandemic updates from Mandy Cohen, the former secretary of the state Department of Health and Human Services, might recognize the tenor of the recommendations. Cohen was sworn in on July 10 as the 20th CDC director. She has encouraged anyone who’s eligible to get a flu shot and updated COVID vaccine.
“I know many people are thinking, ‘Well, I had COVID, or I’ve already been vaccinated,’ but this new COVID vaccine is updated to match the changes in the virus and restore protection that does decrease over time,” Cohen said in a video posted to Facebook and Instagram. “It’s similar to the flu shot you get every year. The updated COVID-19 vaccine is recommended for everyone 6 months and older, and it’s free for everyone — either through your insurance or through a CDC vaccine program.”
This season there’s something new to help hold severe illness at bay. In October, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorized an updated Novavax COVID-19 vaccine for people 12 and older that offers better protection against XBB.1.5, whose lineage stems from the SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant. The North Carolina state health director issued a statewide standing order authorizing the use of the Novavax vaccine for anyone 12 and older.
“These vaccines are safe,” Cohen said in her exact video post. “They’ve been through extensive safety review through both CDC and FDA independent committees, academic groups and more. If you have concerns, please talk to your doctor or nurse practitioner. So let’s all make sure to have a happy and healthy Thanksgiving. Now is the time to get your shots to better protect you from serious illness from these viruses.”
Cohen’s new job puts her in a position of looking at the circulating infectious diseases through a national — and sometimes international — lens at a time when the federal vaccine program that was so prominent during the pandemic state of emergency has been phased out.
The private market is playing a larger role now, although free vaccines are still available at local North Carolina health departments and community health centers for the uninsured and underinsured through a federal Bridge Access Program.
RSV and COVID and flu… oh my!
Here in North Carolina, Cameron Wolfe, an infectious disease specialist at Duke Health, has a similar knack for speaking about medical and scientific information in a clear and accessible way.
Several weeks ago the physician gave a presentation and answered questions about RSV, flu and updated COVID vaccines during a weekly meeting of LATIN-19, a North Carolina-based organization that coalesced during the pandemic to ensure that Latino communities get crucial health care information.
NC Health News has gathered questions some have asked about the circulating viruses and vaccines and used information from the CDC, FDA and Wolfe’s comments during the LATIN-19 meeting to provide answers.
Q: Why have we been hearing more about RSV in exact years?
A: RSV is “a highly contagious virus that causes mild, cold-like symptoms in most people,” according to the FDA. It’s a seasonal virus that is especially common in children, infecting most by the time they are 2 years old. Some infants and older adults, though, are more likely to become severely ill and need hospitalization.
During the first two years of the COVID pandemic, RSV cases dropped way off, largely because schools, daycares and many businesses were closed. It caused problems last year when it peaked when flu and COVID also were on the rise.
Q: How would you describe RSV?
A: “I think when we think about it, we think about it as the virus that causes young neonates to become critically unwell,” Wolfe said at the LATIN-19 meeting several weeks ago.
“Their lungs, when they are less than 1 or 2, are just not formed in a way that can handle this virus. But for older adults — you know someone who’s healthy — this would be a persistently annoying runny nose, sore throat and sort of a very much upper respiratory illness. But you can see here, when you get up into your 70s and certainly beyond, this is a major cause of winter hospitalization for older adults.
“While we don’t sort of have a mental image of RSV, it is a sort of co-circulating virus that does cause a lot of problems.”
Q: Is there protection against RSV?
A: The CDC has authorized two RSV vaccines for the prevention of lower respiratory tract disease in people 60 and older.
Q: Is there anything available for infants?
A: An RSV prevention antibody immunization has been licensed and recommended for infants younger than 8 months old born during RSV season.
Q: Is COVID still here?
A: “I wish I wasn’t having to still sort of mention that,” Wolfe said. “But it is. For the fourth year in a row. We’ve had a light summer spike, and for the fourth year in a row, that has started to fade back down, thankfully not as severe as the amount of COVID we would typically see in the winter, but I think my way of looking at this is, it does sort of paint the picture that probably we’re going to continue to see COVID here for quite some time.”
Q: How about in the months ahead?
A: “I think it’s likely to expect that we get a winter period spike of this coming through in January, like we’ve had for the last three years,” Wolfe added. “There’s nothing new on the horizon about variants of COVID that concern me at all, so I just want to put that there to say so far we’ve had nothing in my mind but reassuring information in terms of the way our current vaccines are matching with what have been a series of … Omicron viruses. These have not shown to be more pathogenic at any point so far this year.”
Q: Can clinicians tell, without testing, the difference between COVID, flu and RSV?
A: “I think it used to be easier in 2020,” Wolfe said. “These days … maybe you could say that influenza is sort of this quick onset, systemic muscle aching, joint aching, fatiguing sort of systemic illness.
“RSV, much more commonly the bad, persistent head cold, and COVID still occasionally comes in with more systemic features and sort of that classic loss of smell and taste we still see. But really, they’re blended together a lot. I can’t really sit in front of someone in a clinic situation and know which of these three that they’re going to have.”
Q: Are there home tests that can distinguish between COVID and the flu?
A: There are rapid tests that distinguish between COVID and flu, Wolfe said, “although they’ve been pretty hard to find and haven’t made their way into North Carolina to any extent.
“To be fair,” he added, “they’re not cheap.”
Q: How do you persuade patients to roll up their sleeve for not just one, but three vaccines?
A: “COVID’s here now,” Wolfe said. “If someone says ‘I only want one vaccine,’ I would say COVID. We have good data that supports giving COVID and flu together if you’re only going to capture someone once. That’s actually quite safe.”
Wolfe added that it’s possible to deliver RSV, COVID and flu vaccines all in one sitting, but there’s not as much information about the side effects.
“Whilst that can be done, I’d pause and bring them back for their RSV vaccine,” he said.
Q: What do you say to people who shun vaccines, especially COVID boosters and the idea of an updated vaccine, because either they became infected with the virus or knew someone who did?
A: “I think one of the biggest failings — one of the real struggles — was our sense in the community, lots of people got the sense that vaccines weren’t working because people were still getting sick,” Wolfe said. “I want to really try and differentiate how I now speak about vaccines. Everyone was aware of this during COVID because it was all we were talking about, but exactly the same information is true for flu.”
Q: Does it take a lot of convincing?
A: “I love to talk about this with two measures of success that a vaccine can deliver you — the first is being simply what proportions of infections don’t you get,” Wolfe said. Additionally, he said, people who get “breakthrough” infections rarely are those who are hospitalized.
“The same with flu,” Wolfe said. “In a bad flu season, people in intensive care usually are unvaccinated.”
Q: What about someone who is relatively healthy with no comorbidities?
A: “We do occasionally still see long COVID, which I think is the other thing that I use when I discuss with people who may be a bit on the fence about COVID,” Wolfe said. “I would apply this to myself. This is something I don’t want to get. You know I’m a relatively healthy young adult, so I don’t think my fear of COVID severity is that great. But I sure don’t want to be knocked off my feet for a bunch of months secondary to a virus that I can certainly help prevent.”
Q: Who do you see asking for the vaccines?
A: “There’s almost no one these days who are unvaccinated and suddenly interested in a vaccine,” Wolfe said. “I don’t know who those people are. Mainly it’s people who already have had the vaccines who are interested in getting another one.
“And I think for them, the message is really clear: One dose, take your pick and you will be well covered heading well into next year.”
He’s clearly not a fan-favorite.
Tom Sandoval struggled to answer questions while he was on stage with his “Vansderpump Rules” co-stars after he was booed by the crowd.
According to a video obtained by Page Six, the reality star — whose cheating scandal dubbed Scandoval rocked the Bravoverse earlier this year — was not met with a warm welcome when he arrived with his castmates for a “VPR” panel.
Sandoval, 41, has seemingly become enemy No. 1 after his affair with Raquel Leviss went public in March and played out on Season 10 of the hit reality show.
At the time, the TomTom bar co-owner was in a nearly 10-year relationship with Ariana Madix, who found out about the infidelity after going through Sandoval’s phone.
Since the split, Madix — who still shares a home with Sandoval — has been booked and busy, snagging deals with Glad, Duracell and Lay’s Chips.
The Something About Her sandwich shop co-owner was even tapped to star in the current season of “Dancing With the Stars.”
She also cut off all contact with Sandoval.
For more Page Six reality TV updates
“Despite his attempts of writing and calling, she ceased communications with him while in the trauma therapy center,” a source told People in September. “It seems that [Sandoval] can’t keep her name out of his mouth and let her move on in peace.”
The day before Sandoval’s BravoCon appearance, he said that he was “nervous” to face his ex in front of her loyal fans.
“If she comes out, it’s like, ‘Yay,’ [or] whatever,” he said on his “Everybody Loves Tom” podcast Thursday. “Then I come out and people are going to want to show their, like, loyalty to Team Ariana or whatever, and I’m a little nervous about that.”
He added, “I have a feeling there could possibly be some people that … feel they need to confront me.”
On Wednesday, November 15, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) announced the implementation of a new design patent practitioner bar. While the existing patent bar has certain acceptable education criteria focused on engineering and other technical degrees for an individual to qualify to practice before the USPTO in utility, design, and plant patent proceedings, the new design bar will expand the acceptable education criteria for an individual to practice before the USPTO, but only for design patent proceedings.
While there are various categories that a person may satisfy now to be eligible for the existing patent bar, example acceptable degrees include the following:
In contrast to these degrees, Applicants for the new design bar must have a bachelor’s, master’s, or doctorate degree in one of the following areas, or its equivalent:
These degrees are currently acceptable for design patent examiners at the USPTO, so this change brings consistency between design patent examiners and the design patent practitioners. Design patent practitioners will still have to pass the current registration examination as well as a moral character evaluation.
The final rule is set to be effective on January 2, 2024. Implementation of this new rule will not affect the rights of those already registered to practice before the USPTO, and will not prevent individuals in the future from qualifying to practice before the USPTO for all patent proceedings.
One interesting aspect is that the final rule explains that “design patent practitioners will receive a particular registration number series to distinguish them from those practitioners who are authorized to practice in all patent matters.” 88 Fed. Reg. 78646 (November 16, 2023). It will be interesting to see what this “particular registration number series” is to avoid confusion with the current registration number series.
The USPTO asserts that “[e]xpanding the admission criteria of the patent bar encourages broader participation and keeps up with the ever-evolving technology and related teachings that qualify someone to practice before the USPTO." 88 Fed. Reg. 78644 (November 16, 2023). It is expected that this change will allow for more accessibility to the patent system, an increase in employment opportunities, and a likely increase in the number of design patent filings given the increase in practitioners who will be marketing their services.
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