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VTNE Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) test |

VTNE test - Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: VTNE Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) test June 2023 by team

VTNE Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE)

Practice Domains No. of Items % of Items
Domain 1. Pharmacy and Pharmacology 18 12%
Domain 2. Surgical Nursing 17 11%
Domain 3. Dentistry 12 8%
Domain 4. Laboratory Procedures 17 12%
Domain 5. Animal Care and Nursing 30 20%
Domain 6. Diagnostic Imaging 11 7%
Domain 7. Anesthesia 22 15%
Domain 8. Emergency Medicine/Critical Care 12 8%
Domain 9. Pain Management/Analgesia 11 7%
Total 150 100%

Domain 1 Pharmacy and Pharmacology (18 items, 12%)
TASK 1A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to the use of pharmacological and biological agents.
TASK 1B Prepare medications in compliance with veterinarian's orders.
TASK 1C Educate the client regarding pharmacological and biological agents administered or dispensed to ensure the safety of the patient/client and efficacy of the products.
TASK 1D Calculate fluid therapy rate.
TASK 1E Calculate medications based on the appropriate dosage in compliance with veterinarian's orders.
TASK 1F Dispense medications in compliance with veterinary orders.
TASK 1G Maintain controlled drug inventory and related log books.
TASK 1H Recognize classifications of drugs, their mechanisms, and clinically relevant side effects.
TASK 1I Store, handle, and safely dispose of pharmacological and biological agents.

Domain 2 Surgical Nursing (17 items, 11%)
TASK 2A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to surgical nursing.
TASK 2B Prepare the surgical environment, equipment, instruments, and supplies to meet the needs of the surgical team and patient.
TASK 2C Prepare patient for surgical procedure.
TASK 2D Function as a sterile surgical technician to ensure patient safety and procedural efficiency.
TASK 2E Function as a circulating (non-sterile) surgical technician to ensure patient safety and procedural efficiency.
TASK 2F Clean instruments by the appropriate method (e.g., manual, soak, or ultrasonic).
TASK 2G Maintain aseptic conditions in surgical suite and during surgical procedures.
TASK 2H Maintain the surgical environment, equipment, instruments, and supplies to meet the needs of the surgical team and patient.
TASK 2I Sterilize equipment and supplies by the appropriate method (e.g., steam, gas).

Domain 3 Dentistry (12 items, 8%)
TASK 3A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to dentistry.
TASK 3B Prepare the environment, equipment, instruments, and supplies for dental procedures.
TASK 3C Perform routine dental prophylaxis (e.g., manual and machine cleaning, polishing).
TASK 3D Educate the client regarding dental health, including prophylactic and post-treatment care.
TASK 3E Maintain the environment, equipment, instruments, and supplies for dental procedures.
TASK 3F Perform oral examination and documentation.
TASK 3G Produce diagnostic dental images and/or radiographs.

Domain 4 Laboratory Procedures (17 items, 12%)
TASK 4A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to laboratory procedures.
TASK 4B Prepare specimens and documentation for in-house or outside laboratory evaluation.
TASK 4C Perform laboratory tests and procedures (including but not limited to microbiology, serology, cytology, hematology, urinalysis, and parasitology).
TASK 4D Maintain laboratory equipment and related supplies to ensure quality of test results and safety of operation.
TASK 4E Maintain specimens for in-house or outside laboratory evaluation.

Domain 5 Animal Care and Nursing (30 items, 20%)
TASK 5A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to patient care and nursing.
TASK 5B Document initial and ongoing evaluations of physical, behavioral, nutritional, clinical procedures, and mentation status of patients to provide optimal patient/client safety and health.
TASK 5C Perform patient nursing procedures (including but not limited to restraint, catheterization, wound management and bandaging) in the implementation of prescribed treatments.
TASK 5D Perform clinical diagnostic procedures (including but not limited to blood pressure measurement, electrocardiography, and oximetry) to aid in diagnosis and prognosis.
TASK 5E Educate clients and the public about animal care (including but not limited to behavior, nutrition, pre- and post-operative care, preventative care, zoonosis) to promote and maintain the health of animals and the safety of clients/public.

Domain 5 Animal Care and Nursing (30 items, 20%)
TASK 5F Provide a safe, sanitary, and comfortable environment for patients to ensure optimal healthcare and client/personnel safety.
TASK 5G Maintain diagnostic equipment and related supplies to ensure quality of test results and safety of operation.
TASK 5H Administer medications via the appropriate routes (e.g., aural, intravenous, subcutaneous).
TASK 5I Collect specimens for in-house or outside laboratory evaluation.
TASK 5J Collect patient information (e.g., signalment, medical history, primary complaint).
TASK 5K Adherence to appropriate disposal protocols of hazardous materials.
TASK 5L Maintain therapeutic treatments (including but not limited to catheters, wound management and bandages).
TASK 5M Manage hospitalized patients (e.g., appetite, TPR, nutritional needs, medication, mentation).
TASK 5N Perform physical rehabilitation as directed.
TASK 5O Provide assistance with the euthanasia process (e.g., disposal, consent, counseling).
TASK 5P Recognize behavioral characteristics of patients.
TASK 5Q Utilize devices and equipment to restrain large animals (e.g., horses, cattle, goats, swine) for treatment per patient safety protocols.
TASK 5R Utilize devices and equipment to restrain small animals (e.g., dogs, cats, birds) for treatment per patient safety protocols.

Domain 6 Diagnostic Imaging (11 items, 7%)
TASK 6A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology as it applies to diagnostic images.
TASK 6B Produce diagnostic images and/or radiographs (excluding dental) following protocols for quality and operator/patient safety.
TASK 6C Maintain imaging/radiograph equipment and related materials to ensure quality of results and equipment, operator, and patient safety.

Domain 7 Anesthesia (22 items, 15%)
TASK 7A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to anesthesia.
TASK 7B Assist in the development of the anesthetic plan to ensure patient safety and procedural efficacy.
TASK 7C Implement the anesthetic plan (including but not limited to administration of medication and monitoring) to facilitate diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedures.
TASK 7D Prepare anesthetic equipment and related materials to ensure operator and patient safety

Domain 7 Anesthesia (22 items, 15%)
TASK 7E Educate the client about anesthetics and anesthesia to ensure the safety of the patient/client and efficacy of the product(s) or procedure(s).
TASK 7F Maintain anesthetic equipment and related materials to ensure reliable operation.
TASK 7G Maintain a patent airway using endotracheal intubation.
TASK 7H Monitor patients during all stages of anesthesia (pre-, peri-, and post-).
TASK 7I Obtain patient related information in the development of an appropriate anesthetic plan.
TASK 7J Respond appropriately to changes in patient status during all stages of anesthesia.

Domain 8 Emergency Medicine/Critical Care (12 items, 8%)
TASK 8A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to emergency medicine and critical care.
TASK 8B Perform triage of a patient presenting with emergency/critical conditions (including but not limited to shock, acute illness, acute trauma, and toxicity).
TASK 8C Perform emergency nursing procedures (including but not limited to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), control acute blood loss, and fracture stabilization) in the implementation of prescribed treatments.
TASK 8D Perform critical care nursing procedures (including but not limited to blood component therapy, fluid resuscitation, and ongoing oxygen therapy) in the implementation of prescribed treatments.
TASK 8E Perform ongoing evaluations of physical, behavioral, nutritional, and mentation status of patients in emergency and critical conditions.

Domain 9 Pain Management/Analgesia (11 items, 7%)
TASK 9A Utilize knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology as it applies to pain management and analgesia.
TASK 9B Assess need for analgesia in patient.
TASK 9C Educate client regarding patient pain assessment and management to ensure the safety of the patient/client, and efficacy of the product(s) or procedure(s).
TASK 9D Assist in the development and implementation of the pain management plan to optimize patient comfort and/or healing.
1. Anatomy
2. Normal physiology
3. Pathophysiology
4. Common animal diseases
5. Medical terminology
6. Toxicology
7. Applied mathematics (including but not limited to metric system/weights, measures/percentage solutions, dosage calculations)
8. Drug classification
9. Routes of administration of pharmacological and biological agents
10. Legal requirements and procedures for acquiring, preparing, storing, dispensing, documenting and disposing of pharmacological and biological agents
11. Safe handling practices for pharmacological and biological agents
12. Pharmacokinetics (drug absorption, metabolism, excretion), normal and abnormal drug reactions, indications, contraindications, side effects, and interactions
13. Fluid balance and therapy, including calculation
14. Aseptic techniques
15. Patient preparation and positioning techniques (including but not limited to diagnostic imaging, surgery, medical procedures)
16. Surgical procedures
17. Surgical equipment, instruments, and supplies
18. Sterilization techniques and quality assurance for equipment, instruments, and supplies
19. Safety considerations related to surgical equipment, instruments, and supplies
20. Wound closure (including suture materials and patterns, staples, and tissue adhesives)
21. Dental procedures (including but not limited to cleaning, floating, charting, preventive procedures, dental imaging)
22. Dental equipment, instruments, and supplies
23. Safety considerations related to dental procedures
24. trial collection, preparation, analysis, storing, and shipping techniques
25. Laboratory diagnostic principles, procedures, and methodologies (including but not limited to microbiology, serology, cytology, hematology, urinalysis, and parasitology)
26. Quality assurance in the laboratory (including but not limited to maintenance of equipment, verification of test results, calibration, and controls)
27. Normal and abnormal laboratory and diagnostic test results
28. Animal assessment and monitoring techniques, excluding anesthetic monitoring
29. Principles of animal behavior
30. Clinical diagnostic procedures
31. Nutrition
32. Safe animal handling and restraint techniques
33. Animal husbandry
34. Animal nursing procedures and rehabilitation therapies
35. Animal first aid, triage, and emergency/critical care techniques
36. Public health (including but not limited to infection control, zoonosis and epidemiology)
37. Environmental health and safety procedures (including but not limited to handling and disposing
of hazardous material, personal safety, evacuation procedures, safety plans, equipment, and instrumentation)
38. Disease control and prevention techniques (including but not limited to quarantine, isolation, vaccination, wellness care, and herd health)
39. Facility cleaning and disinfection techniques
40. Diagnostic imaging equipment and procedures (including but not limited to radiography, ultrasonography, and contrast studies)
41. Quality assurance and safety for diagnostic imaging
42. Pre- and post-anesthetic assessment and care
43. Anesthetic induction, maintenance, monitoring, and recovery including stages of anesthesia and troubleshooting
44. Pre-anesthetic and anesthetic medications reactions, indications, contraindications, side effects, and interactions
45. Pain assessment and analgesic administration techniques
46. Procedures for care, maintenance, and use of diagnostic, therapeutic, surgical, dental, monitoring, and anesthetic equipment and supplies
47. Professional ethics (including but not limited to the Veterinary Technician Code of Ethics)
48. Techniques for communicating with the veterinary medical team and client
49. Record keeping
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Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE)
Answer: D
Question: 8
What patient parameters can be checked to determine depth of anesthesia?
A. Eye position
B. Jaw muscle tone
C. Palpebral reflex
D. All of the above
Answer: D
Question: 9
A young Shih Tzu presents to the clinic with what appears to be a "popped" out eye. The correct
ophthalmologic term is:
A. Enophthalmos.
B. Buphthalmus.
C. Proptosis.
D. Glaucoma.
Answer: C
Question: 10
The normal reddish/brown vaginal discharge that occurs immediately following parturition is
A. Lochia.
B. Meconium.
C. Estrus.
D. None of the above.
Answer: A
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Medical Examination test - BingNews Search results Medical Examination test - BingNews National Exit Test 2023 for medical students to be likely conducted by AIIMS, health ministry nod awaited

New Delhi: The National Medical Commission (NMC) has sought the Union health ministry’s approval for the National Exit Test (NEXT) to be conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi this year, ThePrint has learnt.

NEXT has been envisaged as a single examination to replace the final year MBBS examinations in medical colleges across India, the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for post-graduate seats (NEET-PG), and the Foreign Medical Graduate Examination (FMGE) — the licentiate test for those who complete their MBBS abroad, to practice in India. The first NEXT exam is likely to be held later this year.

“The NMC has written to us asking for allowing AIIMS to organise this year’s NEXT and a decision will soon be taken after weighing the options,” a senior official in the medical education division of the ministry told ThePrint.

As of now, the final year MBBS examinations are conducted by respective colleges, while the NEET-PG and FMGE are conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE), under the director general of health services in the health ministry.

Senior functionaries in the health ministry told ThePrint that the NMC was first considering getting the NEXT organised by the NBE.

“However, it was found that the examination body may not be in a position to conduct a test like NEXT, which is going to focus more on clinical learning of MBBS students rather than just the theoretical parts,” said a second official in the medical education division of the ministry on condition of anonymity.

The official added: “AIIMS, on the other hand, maybe in a better position to organise the examination as its standard of test is considered high and [it] is capable of conducting simulation-based tests.”

When contacted, Dr M Srinivasan, director of AIIMS, New Delhi said that a final call in this matter was to be taken by the ministry. “But we are in a position to take the responsibility,” he told ThePrint.

ThePrint also reached NMC chairman Dr S. C. Sharma over phone for comment. The copy will be updated once a response is received.

Doctors’ associations have meanwhile raised concerns about this year’s NEXT, flagging issues like different timings for MBBS completion in colleges across the country and the possibility of those who did not clear NEET-PG last year being allowed to sit for NEXT this year.

Also read: In India, doctors are now NEET-coached graduates who haven’t dealt with actual patients

‘An uphill task’

According to government estimates shared with ThePrint, nearly 75,000 students are expected to sit for NEXT this year. The exam is likely to be held in two parts — one which will test students on theoretical knowledge and the other which will test their clinical skills — officials said.

In a letter sent to all medical colleges on 26 May, the NMC had asked the institutes to share details regarding the completion of the final year MBBS course, saying that it was required to finalise the date and regulations related to this year’s NEXT. ThePrint has a copy of the letter.

Some representatives of the bodies that represent doctors, meanwhile, said that it may be an uphill task to pull off the single examination, which will double up as the final year graduation test for MBBS students, as well as rank them for post-graduate seats in various medical colleges.

“I see the political will in the government to get NEXT started from this year itself, but it is going to be quite a challenge, because the timeline of final year MBBS course completion varies widely across the country and even the states, especially since the academic disruption caused by the Covid pandemic,” said Dr. Aviral Mathur, president of the Federation of Resident Doctors’ Association.

Dr. Rohan Krishnan, chairman of the Federation of All India Medical Association, also said that there was major confusion on whether those who have not cleared NEET PG last year will be allowed to appear in NEXT this year.

Students can appear for the NEET-PG more than once.

Krishnan added: “We do not know yet whether this year NEXT will be held only for final year MBBS examination or will also be held as a replacement for NEET-PG.”

“It would help if the NMC comes out with all the details related to this year’s NEXT in order to answer the uncertainties around the test,” he further said.

(Edited by Poulomi Banerjee)

Also read: Overworked doctors, stressed students: How delay in NEET schedule every year is exacting a cost

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 18:49:18 -0500 en-IN text/html
Should you be getting a yearly medical exam

HOUSTON (KIAH) — A group of physicians have some surprising advice for you – not everyone needs a yearly comprehensive exam. Typically, recommendations say adults need a complete physical exam and blood work. But now, the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) released a list of specific tests or procedures that are commonly ordered but may not be necessary. 

“When you talk about unnecessary testing, you can often have false positive results. And when you have false positive results, that can lead to more testing, patients worry,” said David Liss, PhD is a researcher with Northwestern Medicine. Dr. Liss helped write the updated guidelines from SGIM.   

The group updated their guidance and identified five target recommendations  The list identifies five targeted, evidence-based recommendations that can support conversations between patients and physicians about what care is really necessary. 

So, who should get annual check-ups?

  • People ages 65 and older
  • Those who are overdue for recommended preventive care
  • Patients at high risk of undiagnosed chronic illness
  • Those who rate their health as poor or fair

Basic tests and preventive screenings that are recommended for healthy or asymptomatic patients:

  • Blood pressure regularly checked
  • Body mass index assessed
  • Have your blood glucose and lipid levels checked every three to five years

All patients are recommended to:

  • Stay up-to-date on vaccinations
  • Receive scheduled cancer screenings, including colonoscopies, cervical cancer screenings, and a mammography for women.

To see the complete list of the five targeted recommendations, go to

Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:37:00 -0500 en-US text/html
What to Expect at an Immigration Medical Exam

If you’re planning to immigrate to the United States, you may be wondering what to expect at your immigration medical exam. It’s important to note that this exam is a necessary part of the immigration process, designed to ensure that you are healthy and don’t pose a risk to public health.

The process typically takes about an hour, and the civil surgeon will give you the results in a sealed envelope for your U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). While it may seem daunting, the immigration medical exam is a straightforward process designed to ensure your health and safety.

Here’s what you need to know about the immigration medical exam, so you can enter the exam room feeling confident and informed.

What is an immigration medical exam? 

An immigration medical exam is a required part of the U.S. immigration process.

The medical examination ensures that you don’t have any medical conditions that could make you inadmissible to the U.S. The exam should be done by a licensed civil surgeon authorized by the USCIS.

Review of your medical history 

You might begin your immigration medical exam by reviewing your medical history.

The doctor may ask you about any past and current medical and mental health conditions and any medications you’re taking. You might also need to disclose whether you have ever had any infectious diseases, like tuberculosis or syphilis, or other conditions that could pose a public health risk.

Check of your vaccinations 

The doctor will check your vaccination records to ensure you have all the required vaccinations.

If you haven’t, you may be required to get the missing vaccinations before immigration approval. These vaccinations are necessary to protect public health in the U.S.

Physical exam 

The doctor will check your overall health with a physical examination.

The exam might include a check of your vital signs, like your blood pressure and pulse, and of your eyes, ears, nose, throat, heart, lungs, abdomen, lymph nodes, and skin.

During the physical exam, the doctor may also check for any signs of illness or disease and any medical conditions that could make you ineligible for immigration to the U.S.

Other tests 

Depending on your age and medical history, the doctor may perform other tests, like blood tests or a chest X-ray. These tests are to check for the presence of certain medical conditions, like tuberculosis or HIV, that could make applicants ineligible for immigration.

Final thoughts

The immigration medical exam is designed to ensure that you are healthy and won’t pose a public health risk if you move to the States.

It may seem daunting, but the process is relatively straightforward, and you can get it done by a licensed doctor relatively quickly. So, don’t be too skeptical and consider contacting a qualified doctor for an immigration medical exam near you to get your questions answered.

Knowing what to expect at the medical exam allows you to enter the exam room feeling prepared and confident. Good luck with your immigration process!

Tue, 30 May 2023 10:02:00 -0500 Press Release en-US text/html
What Happens at a Green Card Medical Exam?

If you want to become a permanent resident in the United States, you must complete the green card application process. One of the tasks required to apply is the green card medical exam, also known as the immigration medical examination.

Who performs a green card medical exam?

Only physicians designated by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) can perform a green card medical exam. These physicians are referred to as immigration doctors or civil surgeons. To qualify as a civil surgeon, physicians must be licensed and have at least four years of professional experience.

What is the purpose of the green card medical exam?

The medical exam aims to determine whether an applicant is healthy enough to qualify for a green card. During the green card medical exam, the civil surgeon will assess if the applicant has a medical condition that prevents them from being admitted into the U.S. These conditions include:1

  • Communicable diseases of public health significance
  • Failure to show proof of vaccinations
  • Physical or mental disorders associated with harmful behavior
  • Drug abuse or addiction

What can I expect in a green card medical exam?

In trying to assess if you have a medical condition that may make you inadmissible for a green card, the civil surgeon will review your medical and vaccination records and perform a physical exam. Here’s what you can expect during the exam:2

  • Review of medical history. This includes a review of past hospitalizations, institutionalizations for chronic physical and mental conditions, questions about drug and alcohol use, history of psychiatric illness, and a review of chest x-rays if the applicant has a history that suggests tuberculosis.
  • Review of other relevant records. The physician might also review other available records, such as police, military, school, or employment records. The purpose is to determine if there is a history of harmful behaviors related to a physical or mental disorder.
  • Physical examination. This includes a mental status exam and a physical exam of the eyes, ears, nose, throat, extremities, lungs, heart, abdomen, lymph nodes, and skin. The physician will also run diagnostic tests to identify communicable diseases and any other tests required to rule out relevant conditions.

At the end of the exam, the physician will fill out the medical report form (Form I-693). This report includes the findings of the medical exam and the results of required tests, including tuberculosis and syphilis. The physician will sign and seal the form and any supporting documentation in an envelope. You must ensure the document remains sealed and submit it to the USCIS.

How to prepare for a green card medical exam

In preparation for a green card medical exam, start by selecting an immigration doctor to perform the exam. You will need to locate an immigration doctor near you and schedule an exam. Be sure to start collecting all your medical and vaccination histories so they are ready to share when you go to your exam.


  1. United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. Chapter 1 – Purpose and Background. Accessed April 26, 2023.
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Medical History and Examination. Accessed April 26, 2023.
Tue, 30 May 2023 10:02:00 -0500 Press Release en-US text/html
Need a Prostate Exam? Here's What to Expect

WEDNESDAY, May 31, 2023 (HealthDay News) -- You're due for a prostate exam, but you don't know what to expect.

So, what is this exam like?

Regular check-ups are essential for maintaining your health, and a prostate exam is crucial to preventive care for men. Not only is it a screening test for early signs of prostate cancer, but it also helps detect other potential health issues.

Here, experts walk you through what a prostate exam entails, when to consider scheduling one, how to prepare, and what the results might mean for you. So, dive in and learn more about this medical examination that every man should get at some point in his life.

What is a prostate exam?

Per the Cleveland Clinic, a prostate exam is a screening method to detect early signs of prostate cancer. Typically, the exam involves two main components: a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, and a digital rectal exam.

The PSA blood test measures the levels of PSA in the bloodstream. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, PSA is a substance produced by the prostate gland, and higher levels can indicate the presence of prostate cancer. However, it's important to note that elevated PSA levels can also be caused by other prostate-related conditions and factors such as age and race.

Medical procedures, medications, an enlarged prostate or a prostate infection can all influence PSA levels. Therefore, it is crucial to consult with your doctor to accurately interpret PSA test results. If the PSA test shows abnormal results, your doctor may recommend a biopsy to determine if prostate cancer is present.

The other test that is often conducted during a prostate exam is the digital rectal exam, or DRE. The prostate gland is located just in front of the rectum. The Prostate Cancer Foundation says that during this part of your prostate exam, your doctor will gently insert a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to assess the size, shape and texture of the prostate for any irregularities. Although the test is brief, it may cause some discomfort, but it should not be painful.

By combining the PSA blood test results and the digital rectal exam, health care providers can gather vital information to evaluate the health of your prostate.

When should men get a prostate exam?

The ideal prostate exam age can vary, depending on individual risk factors. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommendations, men should have an informed discussion with their health care provider about the potential benefits and risks of prostate cancer screening starting at age 50 for average-risk individuals.

  • For men at higher risk, such as those with a family history of prostate cancer or Black men, the discussion should take place at age 45.
  • Men at even higher risk, such as those with multiple close relatives diagnosed with prostate cancer before age 65, may consider starting the discussion as early as age 40.

Further, the Prostate Cancer Foundation suggests that Black men are 1.6 times more likely to get prostate cancer. For this reason, if you are Black or if you have a family history of prostate cancer, you should talk with your doctor about starting a prostate exam at age 40.

The frequency of prostate exams also depends on the individual's risk profile and the results of previous screenings. Based on the ACS guidelines, if the initial PSA blood test and digital rectal exam results are normal, further testing is typically recommended every two years. However, if the results indicate a higher risk, more frequent screenings may be necessary.

How to prepare for a prostate exam

Preparing for a prostate exam typically requires minimal effort. As per the Cleveland Clinic, there is little specific preparation needed. However, it is important to inform your health care provider if you have existing conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures or anal tears, as they may cause discomfort during the exam. Additionally, your health care provider may advise abstaining from sexual activity for 48 hours prior to the exam. Ejaculation can temporarily raise PSA levels, which might affect the accuracy of your test results.

Regarding the common question on whether you should poop before a prostate exam, urologist Dr. Wagner Baptiste suggested in a recent article that it is acceptable to do so if you feel the need.

“But don’t force it if you don’t need to move your bowels," Baptiste added. “There’s no specific bowel prep necessary. It’s common for poop to appear during the exam, but your doctor is used to it and knows what they’re doing and knows where your rectal wall lies to move feces out of the way.”

What is a prostate exam like?

“A prostate exam is a digital or finger exam in the rectum to feel the prostate through the rectal wall,” Dr. Matthew Sand, a urologist at Piedmont Physicians Urology in Atlanta, said in a recent article. “We estimate the size of the prostate and then we feel around for nodules, which are concerning for prostate cancer.”

Sand explained that the purpose of the exam is to assess the size of the prostate and check for any nodules that could indicate prostate cancer. The procedure is fairly straightforward and typically lasts only a few seconds.

"The whole procedure probably takes three to five seconds," Sand noted. Despite its brevity, the prostate exam serves as a crucial step in monitoring prostate health.

What do the results mean?

Screening can lead to earlier prostate cancer detection, and with earlier detection, you’re eligible for multiple different treatments or active surveillance,” said Dr. Sia Daneshmand, director of urologic oncology at Keck Medicine of USC and a professor of clinical urology at USC's Keck School of Medicine. “So we encourage patients who are candidates for screening to discuss it with their urologist and/or primary care physician so that we can determine what’s the best course of treatment for them.”

According to the CDC, the goal of screening for prostate cancer is to detect cancers that may be at a high risk of spreading if left untreated and to identify them before they have a chance to spread.

However, the U.S. National Cancer Institute states there is no specific normal or abnormal level of PSA in the blood. While PSA levels below 4.0 ng/mL were previously considered normal, it is important to note that some individuals with levels below this threshold can still have prostate cancer, while many with levels between 4 and 10 ng/mL do not have prostate cancer.

PSA levels can fluctuate due to age, prostate gland size, inflammation or infection, recent prostate biopsy, ejaculation and intense exercise. Certain medications used to treat an enlarged prostate can lower PSA levels. Generally, a higher PSA level increases the likelihood of prostate cancer, but it is crucial to interpret PSA results in consultation with a health care provider who can assess the individual's overall risk profile and consider additional factors for a more accurate diagnosis.

Wed, 31 May 2023 03:36:00 -0500 en text/html
6 Ways To Prepare For An Immigration Medical Exam
(MENAFN- iCrowdNewsWire) If you're applying for immigration to the United States, chances are that you'll have to go through an immigration medical exam .

The exam is a crucial step in gaining legal residency, but it can be nerve-wracking if you don't know what to expect. Fortunately, there are several things you can do before the day of your appointment to make sure that everything goes as smoothly as possible!

With careful planning and knowledge of the process, you can rest easy knowing that everything will run smoothly and leave room for nothing but success when it comes time for your evaluation!

Keep reading to learn six essential steps for preparing for an immigration medical examination.

1) Bring proof of vaccination

One of the most critical requirements for the exam is proof of vaccination.

To prepare for the immigration medical exam, ensure you bring your complete vaccination record with you. You should know that the USCIS requires certain vaccines for the exam, like influenza, pneumonia, measles, rubella, and mumps vaccines.

Without this important documentation, you may face delays and additional expenses.

2) Copy of your medical history

Before attending the immigration medical exam, you might consider talking to your doctor about providing a copy of your medical records or any conditions you've had.

Your medical history could include the following:

    Any surgery Hospitalization or treatment Previous diagnoses of diseases like tuberculosis or HIV/AIDS. Any other ongoing medical conditions that you may have.

Having a copy of your medical records can save time and reduce the risk of confusion or miscommunication with the doctor during your exam.

3) Be honest with your doctor

During the immigration medical exam, the doctor will ask questions about your medical history and other health-related issues. It's important to remember that honesty is vital during this process.

Lying or withholding information from your doctor might damage your application and result in rejection. So, be honest and open with your doctor during the exam!

4) The USCIS Form I-693

The USCIS Form I-693 is a requirement for nearly all applicants undergoing an immigration medical exam.

The USCIS-designated civil surgeon conducting the exam will then need to complete the form.

Remember that the form expires within two years, and if it expires before your visa is approved, you might need to undergo another exam.

5) Health insurance card

Bringing your health insurance card to the medical exam can be beneficial. It may help cover the cost of the exam and provide the doctor with information about your health insurance.

Make sure to check with your provider before your appointment to see if they cover the cost of the exam and what documents they require.

6) Payment

Even with health insurance, you may need to pay out of pocket. Make sure to bring enough money to cover the cost of the exam-on average, the medical exam costs between $100-$500.

If you can't afford the cost of the exam, you could try contacting your primary care physician or a local community health center to determine if they offer low-cost medical exams.

Final thoughts

Preparing for your immigration medical exam can be intimidating, but taking the necessary steps beforehand may help ease your anxiety.

Preparing means:

    Bringing proof of vaccination A copy of your medical history Being honest with your doctor Bringing the USCIS Form I-693 Your health insurance card Enough money to pay for the exam

Proximity also matters, so you should consider looking for a civil surgeon to perform an immigration medical exam near you .

Following these six practical tips will make you feel well-prepared for your medical examination to go smoothly.


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Tue, 30 May 2023 07:10:00 -0500 Date text/html
Best No-Exam Life Insurance Of June 2023

We scored companies based on these measurements:

Price (50% of score): We averaged the no-exam life insurance rates for males and females in excellent health at ages 30, 40 and 50 for $500,000 and $1 million and a term length of 20 years.

Maximum face amount for lowest eligible age (10% of score): Companies with higher no-exam life insurance coverage amounts for the lowest age earned more points. Note that maximum no-exam coverage can sometimes become lower if you apply at a higher age.

Age eligible for best length/amount (10% of score): Companies offering no-exam life insurance to folks over age 50 earned extra points.

Accelerated death benefit available (10% of score): This important feature lets you access part of your own death benefit in the event you develop a terminal illness

Option to convert to a permanent life insurance policy (10% of score): This is a good option to have in place if you decide you want a longer policy, especially if your health has declined and you don’t want to shop for new life insurance.

Guaranteed renewals (5% of score): This option lets you extend the coverage after your initial level term period has expired, such as at the end of 10, 20 or 30 years.

Renewal rates can be significantly higher, but renewing can provide extended coverage to someone who may no longer qualify for a new life insurance policy because of health.

Median time from application to approval (5% of score): We gave more points to companies with lower no-exam life insurance approval times.

The timeline for approval could be within seconds or a month, depending on the company and possibly even your health.

Sources: Bestow, Ethos, Fabric, Haven Life,  Ladder, Policygenius and Forbes Advisor research.

Looking For Life Insurance?

Compare Policies With Leading Life Insurance Companies

Wed, 31 May 2023 21:58:00 -0500 Ashlee Tilford en-US text/html
HiDoc Dr. Organizes National Medical Aptitude Test (NAT) to Enhance Medical Practitioners' Knowledge and Skills India PR Distribution

New Delhi [India], June 5: Continuous learning and self-assessment are vital components of the professional journey for every doctor. Staying updated with new medical concepts, embracing technological advancements, and keeping abreast of the latest developments, are essential for delivering optimal patient care. Recognizing the importance of these aspects, HiDoc Dr, India's leading platform for medical professionals, is committed to finding innovative ways to support and engage doctors nationwide. As part of this commitment, HiDoc Dr recently conducted the National Medical Aptitude Test (NAT), offering medical students, practising doctors, and certified an exciting opportunity to assess their skills and knowledge.

The highly competitive exam, designed to evaluate cognitive abilities, visual perception, logical reasoning, and critical thinking, received an overwhelming response from over 6000 applicants. The test, which commenced on May 1st and ran until May 31st, 2023, aimed to provide participants with an opportunity to test their knowledge and enhance their professional credibility.

To ensure the test's quality and accuracy, a dedicated team of six, led by Varun Gadia (COO, HiDoc Dr.), developed a comprehensive questionnaire. The questionnaire was carefully reviewed and approved by an expert medical team, ensuring the evaluation of relevant skills and knowledge.

The NAT consisted of 75 multiple-choice questions to be completed within 50 minutes. Participants were required to achieve a minimum score of 50% to pass the test. Each incorrect response incurred a negative marking of -1, emphasizing the importance of accuracy and precision, qualities that make for a skilled medical practitioner.

"We are thrilled by the overwhelming response to the National Medical Aptitude Test," said Dr. Varun. "The high number of applicants reflects the interest and commitment of medical professionals to enhance their skills and knowledge. We are confident that NAT will keep providing participants with a valuable opportunity to test their abilities and potentially earn the recognition that elevates their professional credibility."

An examination of such a large scale could not have been achieved without collaborative teamwork. Besides the content team, and the team of medical experts involved in the process of creating the test, the marketing team also worked hard to ensure the success of the NAT. The marketing team successfully reached out to a diverse pool of around 6000 applicants through various channels, with a specific focus on young doctors. Social media platforms such as Instagram, LinkedIn, Facebook, and YouTube played a crucial role in promoting the test. The team also leveraged influencer marketing strategies to reach a wide audience of doctors across India and other countries. The Technical Team of HiDoc Dr has been instrumental in providing strong support for the successful execution of the test.

The 745 participants who completed the NAT will receive a Test Completion certificate, recognizing their effort and dedication in taking part in this challenging examination. The top 10 participants who excelled in the test will be awarded Exclusive UpToDate Subscriptions, each worth INR 30,000. These subscriptions will provide them with access to the latest medical information and research, allowing them to stay at the forefront of their field.

The NAT is a testament to HiDoc Dr's relentless efforts to create a positive impact in the medical field in India. By providing a platform for medical practitioners to assess their strengths and weaknesses, the NAT increases their chances of success and instils confidence in their acquired knowledge. It encourages a learning attitude that is invaluable for medical professionals.

Through initiatives like the National Medical Aptitude Test, HiDoc Dr aims to equip doctors across the country with a competitive edge, enabling them to excel in their careers and provide the highest quality of care to their patients.

For more information about HiDoc Dr and our learning initiatives, please visit or write to us at

HiDoc Dr.:

HiDoc Dr. is a leading healthcare platform for medical professionals, providing access to the latest medical information, educational resources, and tools for communication and collaboration. By leveraging cutting-edge technology, HiDoc Dr. aims to empower medical professionals and Boost the quality of care provided to patients.

(Disclaimer: The above press release has been provided by India PR Distribution. ANI will not be responsible in any way for the content of the same)

Mon, 05 Jun 2023 09:11:00 -0500 text/html
DeSantis vetoes bill intended to remove patient confusion over medical titles

Gov. Ron DeSantis has vetoed two bills, including a measure that would have added restrictions about titles used by medical professionals and required practitioners to wear name tags or display licenses when treating patients.

DeSantis did not detail his reasons in two veto letters sent to Secretary of State Cord Byrd.

The bill (SB 230) about medical titles and identification was sponsored by Senate Health and Human Services Appropriations Chairwoman Gayle Harrell, a Stuart Republican who argued during the legislative session that it would provide “transparency” to patients.

Among other things, the bill could have led to practitioners facing discipline for not wearing name tags or not displaying licenses in their offices.

Practitioners also would have been required to verbally identify themselves by name and profession to new patients. Similar issues have been debated for several years in the Legislature, in part because of efforts to draw distinctions between optometrists and ophthalmologists.

Harrell said optometrists might have earned doctorate degrees to be called a doctor of optometry. But she said they are not physicians who have been to medical school and spent years in residency programs.

“It’s important that people understand the level of education of that individual who is treating them,” Harrell said in March. “There's a lot of confusion out there, you know, and we don't want advertising signs, or even name tags to misrepresent (that), or a patient to be misinformed as to who exactly is treating them.”

The other bill that DeSantis vetoed (HB 385) dealt with Florida’s involvement in the Professional Counselors Licensure Compact, which is a type of agreement that allows telehealth and in-person treatment across state lines.

The bill would have backed allowing states to collect fees for practicing under the compact. House sponsor Juan Porras, R-Miami, said the proposal was aimed at clearing up an issue after Florida joined the compact last year.

The governor also signed into law 12 other bills, including health care-related bills that develop actions to battle the opioid epidemic, prepare home health caregivers for medically fragile children, and define rules related to kratom sales.

The home health aides measure (CS/CS/CS/HB 391) allows a family caregiver for a medically fragile child to receive training state-approved training and to be reimbursed by Medicaid.

As part of CS/SB 704, the state will creates a Council on Opioid Abatement within the Department of Children and Families to coordinate state and local efforts to end the epidemic and support the victims. The council will review how settlement money from opioid litigation is spent.

The law also expands access to naloxone and other opioid antagonists. It allows pharmacists to prescribe as well as dispense these antagonists “within constraints” of the statute.

Finally, CS/HB 179 sets age limit to purchase and consume kratom at 21 years old.

Health News Florida producer Rick Mayer contributed to this report.

Mon, 05 Jun 2023 10:06:00 -0500 en text/html
Can a blood test tell if you have osteoporosis?

A blood test can help detect whether a person has an underlying condition that could cause bone loss. However, it cannot show a person has osteoporosis by itself.

Blood tests can provide information about a person’s overall health and whether an underlying condition may be present. If the results come back with irregular findings, a doctor may order additional tests to determine the cause.

This article reviews how doctors use blood tests in diagnosing osteoporosis, what they can show, what to expect, and more.

Blood tests can help during the diagnosis of osteoporosis, but a blood test cannot show that a person has the condition.

Instead, diagnosis of osteoporosis often involves:

A doctor can combine the results from the different tests and assessments to ascertain if a person has osteoporosis. Some of the tests — including blood tests — may help establish if a person has an underlying condition contributing to low bone density.

Learn more about how doctors diagnose osteoporosis.

Blood tests are often a part of the testing involved in diagnosing osteoporosis. When a doctor orders a blood test, they are looking for underlying conditions that may be causing a person’s bone loss. They may also request a urine test for the same purpose.

A doctor will likely order a standard blood panel. This panel may include:

They may also request additional blood tests if they suspect certain conditions or issues may be present. They may also look for:

  • tissue transglutaminase antibodies
  • serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP)
  • serum immunofixation
  • serum free light chains
  • tryptase
  • iron and ferritin levels
  • bone-specific alkaline phosphatase
  • homocysteine
  • tryptase

A person’s doctor will be able to explain the tests they order and what the results may indicate.

A blood test for osteoporosis will require a person to have a small amount of blood drawn.

Some healthcare facilities, such as hospitals, may be able to draw blood onsite. Primary care or other doctors may require a person to visit a specific lab. In either case, a doctor or other medical professional will need to order the specific blood test or tests they require.

The process usually takes a few minutes and typically involves the following steps:

  1. The technician will likely prepare the arm with an alcohol wipe and look for a suitable vein to draw the blood.
  2. They will then insert a needle and take the required amount of blood. A person may feel a pinch or sting from a needle, and there may be a small amount of blood coming from the insertion point.
  3. The blood trial will go to a lab for analysis.
  4. The lab will then send the report to a doctor or may provide results to the person via an online, secure portal.

Before the test, it is best for a person to inform the doctor about any medications they take in case they need to pause them before the blood test. They may also need to fast, or not eat anything, before the procedure.

Depending on the test results, a doctor may order additional blood or other tests to help determine the cause of unusual findings.

Learn more about blood tests.

Blood tests for osteoporosis may occur if a doctor suspects a person has a condition that may cause bone loss or increase the risk of osteoporosis.

Conditions that may increase the risk of osteoporosis include:

It is best for a person to contact a doctor if they have concerns about the risk factors for osteoporosis.

Blood tests may help a doctor determine if an underlying condition may be causing bone loss or osteoporosis. It makes up part of a diagnostic assessment but cannot specifically show a person has osteoporosis.

Instead, a doctor will likely review medical history, perform a physical exam, and order additional testing to assess bone density and fracture risk.

Mon, 29 May 2023 23:38:00 -0500 en text/html

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