SPLK-4001 mission - Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Updated: 2024
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Exam Code: SPLK-4001 Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User mission January 2024 by Killexams.com team
|Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User
Splunk Certified mission
Other Splunk examsSPLK-1003 Splunk Enterprise Certified Admin
SPLK-1001 Splunk Core Certified User
SPLK-2002 Splunk Enterprise Certified Architect
SPLK-3001 Splunk Enterprise Security Certified Admin
SPLK-1002 Splunk Core Certified Power User
SPLK-3003 Splunk Core Certified Consultant
SPLK-2001 Splunk Certified Developer
SPLK-1005 Splunk Cloud Certified Admin
SPLK-2003 Splunk SOAR Certified Automation Developer
SPLK-4001 Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User
SPLK-3002 Splunk IT Service Intelligence Certified Admin
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What are the best practices for creating detectors? (select all that apply)
A. View data at highest resolution.
B. Have a consistent value.
C. View detector in a chart.
D. Have a consistent type of measurement.
The best practices for creating detectors are:
View data at highest resolution. This helps to avoid missing important signals or patterns in the data that could indicate
anomalies or issues1
Have a consistent value. This means that the metric or dimension used for detection should have a clear and stable
meaning across different sources, contexts, and time periods. For example, avoid using metrics that are affected by
changes in configuration, sampling, or aggregation2
View detector in a chart. This helps to visualize the data and the detector logic, as well as to identify any false
positives or negatives. It also allows to adjust the detector parameters and thresholds based on the data distribution and
Have a consistent type of measurement. This means that the metric or dimension used for detection should have the
same unit and scale across different sources, contexts, and time periods. For example, avoid mixing bytes and bits, or
seconds and milliseconds.
1: https://docs.splunk.com/Observability/gdi/metrics/detectors.html#Best-practices-for-detectors 2:
An SRE came across an existing detector that is a good starting point for a detector they want to create. They clone the
detector, update the metric, and add multiple new signals.
As a result of the cloned detector, which of the following is true?
A. The new signals will be reflected in the original detector.
B. The new signals will be reflected in the original chart.
C. You can only monitor one of the new signals.
D. The new signals will not be added to the original detector.
According to the Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Track document1, cloning a detector creates a copy of the
detector that you can modify without affecting the original detector. You can change the metric, filter, and signal
settings of the cloned detector. However, the new signals that you add to the cloned detector will not be reflected in the
original detector, nor in the original chart that the detector was based on. Therefore, option D is correct.
Option A is incorrect because the new signals will not be reflected in the original detector. Option B is incorrect
because the new signals will not be reflected in the original chart. Option C is incorrect because you can monitor all of
the new signals that you add to the cloned detector.
Which of the following are supported rollup functions in Splunk Observability Cloud?
A. average, latest, lag, min, max, sum, rate
B. std_dev, mean, median, mode, min, max
C. sigma, epsilon, pi, omega, beta, tau
D. 1min, 5min, 10min, 15min, 30min
According to the Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Track document1, Observability Cloud has the following
rollup functions: Sum: (default for counter metrics): Returns the sum of all data points in the MTS reporting interval.
Average (default for gauge metrics): Returns the average value of all data points in the MTS reporting interval. Min:
Returns the minimum data point value seen in the MTS reporting interval. Max: Returns the maximum data point value
seen in the MTS reporting interval. Latest: Returns the most latest data point value seen in the MTS reporting interval.
Lag: Returns the difference between the most latest and the previous data point values seen in the MTS reporting
interval. Rate: Returns the rate of change of data points in the MTS reporting interval. Therefore, option A is correct.
A Software Engineer is troubleshooting an issue with memory utilization in their application. They released a new
canary version to production and now want to determine if the average memory usage is lower for requests with the
'canary' version dimension. They've already opened the graph of memory utilization for their service.
How does the engineer see if the new release lowered average memory utilization?
A. On the chart for plot A, select Add Analytics, then select MeanrTransformation. In the window that appears, select
'version' from the Group By field.
B. On the chart for plot A, scroll to the end and click Enter Function, then enter 'A/B-l'.
C. On the chart for plot A, select Add Analytics, then select Mean:Aggregation. In the window that appears, select
'version' from the Group By field.
D. On the chart for plot A, click the Compare Means button. In the window that appears, type 'version1.
The correct answer is C. On the chart for plot A, select Add Analytics, then select Mean: Aggregation.
In the window that appears, select âversionâ from the Group By field.
This will create a new plot B that shows the average memory utilization for each version of the application. The
engineer can then compare the values of plot B for the âcanaryâ and âstableâ versions to see if there is a significant
To learn more about how to use analytics functions in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this
One server in a customer's data center is regularly restarting due to power supply issues.
What type of dashboard could be used to view charts and create detectors for this server?
A. Single-instance dashboard
B. Machine dashboard
C. Multiple-service dashboard
D. Server dashboard
According to the Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Track document1, a single-instance dashboard is a type
of dashboard that displays charts and information for a single instance of a service or host. You can use a single-
instance dashboard to monitor the performance and health of a specific server, such as the one that is restarting due to
power supply issues. You can also create detectors for the metrics that are relevant to the server, such as CPU usage,
memory usage, disk usage, and uptime. Therefore, option A is correct.
To refine a search for a metric a customer types host: test-*.
What does this filter return?
A. Only metrics with a dimension of host and a value beginning with test-.
C. Every metric except those with a dimension of host and a value equal to test.
D. Only metrics with a value of test- beginning with host.
The correct answer is A. Only metrics with a dimension of host and a value beginning with test-.
This filter returns the metrics that have a host dimension that matches the pattern test-. For example, test-01, test-abc,
test-xyz, etc. The asterisk () is a wildcard character that can match any string of characters1
To learn more about how to filter metrics in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this documentation2.
A customer operates a caching web proxy. They want to calculate the cache hit rate for their service.
What is the best way to achieve this?
A. Percentages and ratios
B. Timeshift and Bottom N
C. Timeshift and Top N
D. Chart Options and metadata
According to the Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Track document1, percentages and ratios are useful for
calculating the proportion of one metric to another, such as cache hits to cache misses, or successful requests to failed
requests. You can use the percentage() or ratio() functions in SignalFlow to compute these values and display them in
charts. For example, to calculate the cache hit rate for a service, you can use the following SignalFlow code:
This will return the percentage of cache hits out of the total number of cache attempts. You can also use the ratio()
function to get the same result, but as a decimal value instead of a percentage. ratio(counters(âcache.hitsâ),
Which of the following are correct ports for the specified components in the OpenTelemetry Collector?
A. gRPC (4000), SignalFx (9943), Fluentd (6060)
B. gRPC (6831), SignalFx (4317), Fluentd (9080)
C. gRPC (4459), SignalFx (9166), Fluentd (8956)
D. gRPC (4317), SignalFx (9080), Fluentd (8006)
The correct answer is D. gRPC (4317), SignalFx (9080), Fluentd (8006).
According to the web search results, these are the default ports for the corresponding components in the
OpenTelemetry Collector. You can verify this by looking at the table of exposed ports and endpoints in the first
result1. You can also see the agent and gateway configuration files in the same result for more details.
When writing a detector with a large number of MTS, such as memory. free in a deployment with 30,000 hosts, it is
possible to exceed the cap of MTS that can be contained in a single plot.
Which of the choices below would most likely reduce the number of MTS below the plot cap?
A. Select the Sharded option when creating the plot.
B. Add a filter to narrow the scope of the measurement.
C. Add a restricted scope adjustment to the plot.
D. When creating the plot, add a discriminator.
The correct answer is B. Add a filter to narrow the scope of the measurement.
A filter is a way to reduce the number of metric time series (MTS) that are displayed on a chart or used in a detector.
A filter specifies one or more dimensions and values that the MTS must have in order to be included. For example, if
you want to monitor the memory.free metric only for hosts that belong to a certain cluster, you can add a filter like
cluster:my-cluster to the plot or detector. This will exclude any MTS that do not have the cluster dimension or have a
different value for it1
Adding a filter can help you avoid exceeding the plot cap, which is the maximum number of MTS that can be
contained in a single plot. The plot cap is 100,000 by default, but it can be changed by contacting Splunk Support2
To learn more about how to use filters in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this documentation3.
An SRE creates a new detector to receive an alert when server latency is higher than 260 milliseconds. Latency below
260 milliseconds is healthy for their service. The SRE creates a New Detector with a Custom Metrics Alert Rule for
latency and sets a Static Threshold alert condition at 260ms.
How can the number of alerts be reduced?
A. Adjust the threshold.
B. Adjust the Trigger sensitivity. Duration set to 1 minute.
C. Adjust the notification sensitivity. Duration set to 1 minute.
D. Choose another signal.
According to the Splunk O11y Cloud Certified Metrics User Track document1, trigger sensitivity is a setting that
determines how long a signal must remain above or below a threshold before an alert is triggered. By default, trigger
sensitivity is set to Immediate, which means that an alert is triggered as soon as the signal crosses the threshold. This
can result in a lot of alerts, especially if the signal fluctuates frequently around the threshold value. To reduce the
number of alerts, you can adjust the trigger sensitivity to a longer duration, such as 1 minute, 5 minutes, or 15 minutes.
This means that an alert is only triggered if the signal stays above or below the threshold for the specified duration.
This can help filter out noise and focus on more persistent issues.
Where does the Splunk distribution of the OpenTelemetry Collector store the configuration files on Linux machines by
The correct answer is B. /etc/otel/collector/
According to the web search results, the Splunk distribution of the OpenTelemetry Collector stores the configuration
files on Linux machines in the /etc/otel/collector/ directory by default. You can verify this by looking at the first
result1, which explains how to install the Collector for Linux manually. It also provides the locations of the default
configuration file, the agent configuration file, and the gateway configuration file.
To learn more about how to install and configure the Splunk distribution of the OpenTelemetry Collector, you can
refer to this documentation2.
1: https://docs.splunk.com/Observability/gdi/opentelemetry/install-linux-manual.html 2:
Which of the following rollups will display the time delta between a datapoint being sent and a datapoint being
According to the Splunk Observability Cloud documentation1, lag is a rollup function that returns the difference
between the most latest and the previous data point values seen in the metric time series reporting interval. This can
be used to measure the time delta between a data point being sent and a data point being received, as long as the data
points have timestamps that reflect their send and receive times. For example, if a data point is sent at 10:00:00 and
received at 10:00:05, the lag value for that data point is 5 seconds.
Which of the following is optional, but highly recommended to include in a datapoint?
A. Metric name
D. Metric type
The correct answer is D. Metric type.
A metric type is an optional, but highly recommended field that specifies the kind of measurement that a datapoint
represents. For example, a metric type can be gauge, counter, cumulative counter, or histogram. A metric type helps
Splunk Observability Cloud to interpret and display the data correctly1
To learn more about how to send metrics to Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this documentation2.
1: https://docs.splunk.com/Observability/gdi/metrics/metrics.html#Metric-types 2:
Which analytic function can be used to discover peak page visits for a site over the last day?
A. Maximum: Transformation (24h)
B. Maximum: Aggregation (Id)
C. Lag: (24h)
D. Count: (Id)
According to the Splunk Observability Cloud documentation1, the maximum function is an analytic function that
returns the highest value of a metric or a dimension over a specified time interval. The maximum function can be used
as a transformation or an aggregation. A transformation applies the function to each metric time series (MTS)
individually, while an aggregation applies the function to all MTS and returns a single value. For example, to discover
the peak page visits for a site over the last day, you can use the following SignalFlow code: maximum(24h,
This will return the highest value of the page.visits counter metric for each MTS over the last 24 hours. You can then
use a chart to visualize the results and identify the peak page visits for each MTS.
A customer is experiencing issues getting metrics from a new receiver they have configured in the OpenTelemetry
How would the customer go about troubleshooting further with the logging exporter?
A. Adding debug into the metrics receiver pipeline:
B. Adding logging into the metrics receiver pipeline:
C. Adding logging into the metrics exporter pipeline:
D. Adding debug into the metrics exporter pipeline:
The correct answer is B. Adding logging into the metrics receiver pipeline.
The logging exporter is a component that allows the OpenTelemetry Collector to send traces, metrics, and logs directly
to the console. It can be used to diagnose and troubleshoot issues with telemetry received and processed by the
Collector, or to obtain samples for other purposes1
To activate the logging exporter, you need to add it to the pipeline that you want to diagnose. In this case, since you
are experiencing issues with a new receiver for metrics, you need to add the logging exporter to the metrics receiver
pipeline. This will create a new plot that shows the metrics received by the Collector and any errors or warnings that
The image that you have sent with your question shows how to add the logging exporter to the metrics receiver
pipeline. You can see that the exporters section of the metrics pipeline includes logging as one of the options. This
means that the metrics received by any of the receivers listed in the receivers section will be sent to the logging
exporter as well as to any other exporters listed2
To learn more about how to use the logging exporter in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this
1: https://docs.splunk.com/Observability/gdi/opentelemetry/components/logging-exporter.html 2:
What information is needed to create a detector?
A. Alert Status, Alert Criteria, Alert Settings, Alert Message, Alert Recipients
B. Alert Signal, Alert Criteria, Alert Settings, Alert Message, Alert Recipients
C. Alert Signal, Alert Condition, Alert Settings, Alert Message, Alert Recipients
D. Alert Status, Alert Condition, Alert Settings, Alert Meaning, Alert Recipients
According to the Splunk Observability Cloud documentation1, to create a detector, you need the following
Alert Signal: This is the metric or dimension that you want to monitor and alert on. You can select a signal from a
chart or a dashboard, or enter a SignalFlow query to define the signal.
Alert Condition: This is the criteria that determines when an alert is triggered or cleared. You can choose from various
built-in alert conditions, such as static threshold, dynamic threshold, outlier, missing data, and so on. You can also
specify the severity level and the trigger sensitivity for each alert condition.
Alert Settings: This is the configuration that determines how the detector behaves and interacts with other detectors.
You can set the detector name, description, resolution, run lag, max delay, and detector rules. You can also enable or
disable the detector, and mute or unmute the alerts.
Alert Message: This is the text that appears in the alert notification and event feed. You can customize the alert
message with variables, such as signal name, value, condition, severity, and so on. You can also use markdown
formatting to enhance the message appearance.
Alert Recipients: This is the list of destinations where you want to send the alert notifications. You can choose from
various channels, such as email, Slack, PagerDuty, webhook, and so on. You can also specify the notification
frequency and suppression settings.
A customer has a large population of servers. They want to identify the servers where utilization has increased the
most since last week.
Which analytics function is needed to achieve this?
B. Sum transformation
D. Standard deviation
The correct answer is
According to the Splunk Observability Cloud documentation1, timeshift is an analytic function that allows you to
compare the current value of a metric with its value at a previous time interval, such as an hour ago or a week ago.
You can use the timeshift function to measure the change in a metric over time and identify trends, anomalies, or
patterns. For example, to identify the servers where utilization has increased the most since last week, you can use the
following SignalFlow code: timeshift(1w, counters(âserver.utilizationâ))
This will return the value of the server.utilization counter metric for each server one week ago. You can then subtract
this value from the current value of the same metric to get the difference in utilization. You can also use a chart to
visualize the results and sort them by the highest difference in utilization.
The alert recipients tab specifies where notification messages should be sent when alerts are triggered or cleared.
Which of the below options can be used? (select all that apply)
A. Invoke a webhook UR
B. Export to CS
C. Send an SMS message.
D. Send to email addresses.
The alert recipients tab specifies where notification messages should be sent when alerts are triggered or cleared.
The options that can be used are:
Invoke a webhook URL. This option allows you to send a HTTP POST request to a custom URL that can perform
various actions based on the alert information. For example, you can use a webhook to create a ticket in a service desk
system, post a message to a chat channel, or trigger another workflow1
Send an SMS message. This option allows you to send a text message to one or more phone numbers when an alert is
triggered or cleared. You can customize the message content and format using variables and templates2
Send to email addresses. This option allows you to send an email notification to one or more recipients when an alert
is triggered or cleared. You can customize the email subject, body, and attachments using variables and templates. You
can also include information from search results, the search job, and alert triggering in the email3
Therefore, the correct answer is A, C, and D.
1: https://docs.splunk.com/Documentation/Splunk/latest/Alert/Webhooks 2:
With exceptions for transformations or timeshifts, at what resolution do detectors operate?
A. 10 seconds
B. The resolution of the chart
C. The resolution of the dashboard
D. Native resolution
According to the Splunk Observability Cloud documentation1, detectors operate at the native resolution of the metric
or dimension that they monitor, with some exceptions for transformations or timeshifts. The native resolution is the
frequency at which the data points are reported by the source. For example, if a metric is reported every 10 seconds,
the detector will evaluate the metric every 10 seconds. The native resolution ensures that the detector uses the most
granular and accurate data available for alerting.
Which of the following are true about organization metrics? (select all that apply)
A. Organization metrics give insights into system usage, system limits, data ingested and token quotas.
B. Organization metrics count towards custom MTS limits.
C. Organization metrics are included for free.
D. A user can plot and alert on them like metrics they send to Splunk Observability Cloud.
The correct answer is A, C, and D. Organization metrics give insights into system usage, system limits, data ingested
and token quotas. Organization metrics are included for free. A user can plot and alert on them like metrics they send
to Splunk Observability Cloud.
Organization metrics are a set of metrics that Splunk Observability Cloud provides to help you measure your
organizationâs usage of the platform.
They include metrics such as:
Ingest metrics: Measure the data youâre sending to Infrastructure Monitoring, such as the number of data points
App usage metrics: Measure your use of application features, such as the number of dashboards in your organization.
Integration metrics: Measure your use of cloud services integrated with your organization, such as
the number of calls to the AWS CloudWatch API.
Resource metrics: Measure your use of resources that you can specify limits for, such as the number of custom metric
time series (MTS) youâve created1
Organization metrics are not charged and do not count against any system limits. You can view them in built-in charts
on the Organization Overview page or in custom charts using the Metric Finder. You can also create alerts based on
organization metrics to monitor your usage and performance1
To learn more about how to use organization metrics in Splunk Observability Cloud, you can refer to this
Machine data analytics software developer Splunk is expanding its channel reach, unveiling plans to add tracks in the company's Partner+ channel program for OEM and systems integrator partners in 2019.
The company, which is holding its .conf18 customer conference in Orlando this week, just went live in August with a channel program for distributors, creating a global framework that offers distributors pay-for-performance incentives and rebates.
This week's channel announcements also included upgrades to the partner certification program and an expanded global rebate offering that rewards partners for sales engineering training and recruiting new customers.
"Splunk is really focused on developing an expansive partner ecosystem," said Brooke Cunningham, area vice president, global partner programs, marketing and operations, in an interview with CRN prior to .conf18. "Everything we're doing from a product perspective, we're thinking about how partners can add value on top of Splunk."
Splunk has been growing its Partner+ channel program in latest years, which now covers more than 1,600 VARs, global systems integrators, OEMs, distributors, MSPs and technology alliance partners. Cunningham said the ranks of MSP partners has been a significant growth area for Splunk, which signed on 23 MSPs as partners in the third quarter.
"Since becoming a partner in 2014, our growth with Splunk has been significant and has allowed RTP to leverage our entire portfolio to provide turnkey solutions to our customers," said Jim Sallusto, senior managing director with RTP Technology, a Paramus, N.J.-based IT solutions and professional services provider, in a statement. He praised the services and tools offered through the Partner+ program, as well as the support provided by Splunk's partner teams.
While Splunk has long worked with partners of all types, it has been steadily adding tracks for specific partner types in latest years, including a tract for referral partners earlier this year and the track for distributors, which went live in August.
The new OEM track will assist software developers and solution providers that embed Splunk software within their products, enabling turnkey reporting, data forensics and big data analytics applications. The new systems integrator track will assist SIs that build vertical solutions on the Splunk platform. Both tracks are slated to launch at Splunk's Global Partner Summit next year.
The Splunk Certification Program upgrades include all new test content, according to the company, as well as three new certifications and a more secure test platform.
In addition to the partner program announcements, Splunk debuted a number of upgrades and enhancements across its product portfolio, including in its IT management and security software.
Splunk debuted the 7.2 release of its Splunk Enterprise and Splunk Cloud platforms and what the company calls "Splunk Next," a series of upcoming technologies that will widen the potential audience of Splunk system users and provide access to more data sources.
The company launched a new edition of Splunk IT Service Intelligence (ITSI), which IT management teams use to better predict and even prevent IT system problems. Splunk ITSI 4.0 includes new key performance indicator capabilities to predict KPIs in such areas as customer experience, application workloads and IT infrastructure health. The 4.0 release also offers deeper predictive cause analysis capabilities and integration with DevOps management software from Splunk's latest acquisition of VictorOps.
Splunk also announced new capabilities for its security offerings including new security automation, orchestration and response features in the Splunk Enterprise Security. Some of those new capabilities stem from Splunk's February acquisition of Phantom Cyber.
On Wednesday Splunk announced the general availability of Splunk for Industrial IIoT, the companyâ€™s first solution specifically for Internet of Things tasks. The software combines the capabilities of Splunk Enterprise, Splunk Machine Learning Toolkit and Splunk Industrial Asset Intelligence.
WASHINGTON â€” The first launch of United Launch Allianceâ€™s Vulcan Centaur is likely to be delayed to early January to give the company time to complete a full dress rehearsal.
In a social media post Dec. 10, Tory Bruno, chief executive of ULA, said the company was not able to complete a practice countdown called a wet dress rehearsal (WDR) two days earlier at Cape Canaveral. During the WDR, the Vulcan booster and its Centaur upper stage were loaded with propellants and went through a countdown that would stop just before engine ignition.
Bruno said that while the vehicle performed well during that countdown, there were some â€śroutineâ€ť issues with ground equipment. â€śRan the timeline long so we didnâ€™t quite finish,â€ť he said. â€śIâ€™d like a FULL WDR before our first flight, so XMAS eve is likely out.â€ť
ULA has been working towards a launch Dec. 24 at 1:49 a.m. Eastern. That timing was driven by the vehicleâ€™s primary payload, the Peregrine lunar lander build by Astrobotic. There were additional launch windows on Dec. 25 and 26 that, like Dec. 24, were instantaneous launch opportunities.
Bruno said that the next launch period would open Jan. 8 that would also be in the overnight hours. That period will probably be four days long, he stated on social media. Neither ULA nor Astrobotic has previously disclosed a specific date for the next launch opportunity if the launch did not take place in December.
There had been speculation that the launch might be postponed given the lack of updates from ULA during the test itself or afterwards. Astrobotic, assuming the launch remained on schedule, started a series of social media posts about the payloads on the Peregrine lander Dec. 10 â€świth T-14 days until launch.â€ť
ULA had not reported any issues with Vulcan launch preparations before the wet dress rehearsal. Bruno, in a call with reporters Nov. 15, said the company was at the time a couple days ahead of schedule in launch preparations.
In a Nov. 29 NASA media call about the science on Peregrine, John Thornton, chief executive of Astrobotic, said the company had accepted the risks of launching on the inaugural flight of a new rocket.
â€śWeâ€™re attempting a launch and landing on the surface of the moon for a fraction of what it would otherwise cost. With that, we have to strike the right balance of risk and reward,â€ť he said. â€śWe did take some risk on the launch going with a new vehicle, but we are comforted with the fact that it is United Launch Alliance and they have a really stellar track record of success.â€ť
â€śWe are very confident on that launch, but I can tell you Iâ€™ll be on the edge of my seat on that launch,â€ť he added.
The revised schedule means there could be two launches of lunar landers from Cape Canaveral within the same week. Intuitive Machines is preparing for a Jan. 12 launch of IM-1, its first Nova-C lunar lander, on a SpaceX Falcon 9. The company said Dec. 4 that the lander had arrived at a processing facility at Cape Canaveral.
Jim Kinney, president and CEO of Indianapolis-based solution provider Kinney Group, makes a bold observation about Splunk, the big data software developer that his company has partnered with for four years.
Splunk and its technology "sure has the feel of being on the front of something gargantuan," Kinney says. "This has the feel of VMware back in '05 or '06."
Splunk, founded in 2003, is hardly a startup. But the developer of operational intelligence software for instantly searching, monitoring and analyzing machine-generated data is getting more attention these days beyond its core IT operations and IT security customer base. Splunk's platform is finding its way into an increasingly broad range of business analytics and big data applications, and the company is positioned to be a key technology player in the nascent Internet of Things arena.
It's also attracting more attention from solution providers as the company, after relying primarily on direct sales for the first decade-plus of its existence, has been ramping up its channel efforts in the last two years.
The channel should take notice. Splunk (whose name comes from the cave exploration term "spelunking") is closing in on $1 billion in annual revenue, having recorded 43 percent sales growth in the first half of fiscal 2017 to $398.7 million. Analysts have put the vendor's total potential market at $46 billion to $58 billion, and observers say the company's sales could hit $5 billion as soon as 2020.
The San Francisco-based company's customer base grew from approximately 10,000 as of July 31, 2015, to more than 12,000 on July 31 of this year, according to a latest filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
CEO Doug Merritt, speaking at Splunk's .conf2016 customer and partner event in Orlando late last month, said he thinks "at least half" of the company's sales should ultimately go through the channel.
"When I walked in we were [following] a more direct-centric model," said Merritt, who joined Splunk in May 2014 as senior vice president of field operations and was named the president and CEO in November 2015. "I came in the door jumping up and down about the channel, about partners in general. It felt like an opportunity for growth for us."
Merritt, both at .conf2016 and in an exclusive interview with CRN, acknowledged that Splunk was slow to leverage the channel. "Splunk has been difficult for people to understand," he said, and recruiting resellers is a challenge "when you're an early pioneer, and you're evangelizing a new [technology] category.
Splunk does not disclose what percentage of its sales go through the channel today or how many channel partners it works with. The latest SEC filing, for the company's second fiscal quarter ended July 31, said the company "expect[s] that sales through channel partners in all regions will continue to grow as a portion of our revenues for the foreseeable future."
Splunk's software was initially developed to collect and analyze operational log data from IT systems for system administration tasks. But Splunk and its more forward-thinking customers have come to realize the technology can be used to collect and analyze almost any kind of streaming real-time data, from IT operations and IT security systems, to data produced by machines on a factory floor, to sensors that make up an Internet of Things network. That positions Splunk to play a pivotal role in the burgeoning big data market.
Merritt and other Splunk executives make it clear that as the Splunk Enterprise flagship product evolves from a toolset for programmers into a data management platform with a broad range of use cases, the channel will play a critical role. The channel will provide both "feet on the street" for the sales scalability that wouldn't be possible with the vendor's direct sales force, and the vertical industry and domain expertise needed as Splunk's software is used for new applications.
Merritt, in a press briefing at .conf2016, said Splunk's growth depends on getting the platform into hundreds of thousands of accounts, "and the channel, in particular, is going to be incredibly important for us to get there."
"We look at how many [sales] people we can hire and train [for] carrying Splunk to our customers, versus how many people the channel has," Merritt said. "[If] we enable them properly, there is so much more capacity in the channel than there is [inside] Splunk."
Splunk CTO Snehal Antani, speaking at the same event, said partners would be especially critical as the use of Splunk's software grows beyond its core IT DevOps and IT security applications into broader business analytics and Internet of Things use cases.
"The channel and partners become really important in IoT and business analytics," said Antani, the former GE Capital CIO who was named CTO in May 2015. "You need to have retail domain expertise, or healthcare domain expertise, or financial domain expertise to really get the value out of that data. We've got the enabling technology, but [partners have] got the domain expertise.
"For us, getting the channel right is important for [sales] scale. But getting the channel right is especially important for us to move into other types of use cases that are much more domain-specific," Antani said.
So Splunk understands its need for the channel. What does the channel say?
Trace3, an Irvine, California-based solution provider focused on big data and cloud technologies, has worked with Splunk for five years and built a Splunk practice that generated $7 million in revenue in 2014 and $14 million last year. The company, an Elite level partner, was Splunk's 2015 North American "Partner of the Year."
"I think Splunk is certainly still learning and developing themselves as a channel company," said John Ansett, Trace3's director of operational intelligence, of the company's Spunk relationship. Four or five years ago "they were very much a direct company" with some conflict with partners at the sales level, he said. "That's absolutely changed in the last 18 to 24 months."
"Now I see them using the channel and leveraging the partners a lot more than in the past. They recognize that their ability to scale is going to be through the channel and for them to get there they recognize that partners are really the way to get there," Ansett said.
Other partners also paint a portrait of a company in transition. "Are there bumps in the road as they take on more of a channel-oriented model? Sure," said Jim Kinney. "This is a company of fantastic people that are just incredibly passionate about what they are doing. And they treat their partners really, really well. That has meant the world to us."
"From a listening standpoint and ability to work with, they are as good as any vendor partnership I've had," said Jeff Swann, director of solutions architecture at OnX Enterprise Solutions, a Splunk Elite partner and North American solution provider headquartered in Toronto and New York. "They're very interested in working with their partners," said Swann, who works in OnX's Mayfield, Ohio, office and manages OnX's relationship with Splunk and sits on the company's partner advisory council.
Partners generally give good â€“ but not great â€“ grades for the nuts and bolts of its Partner+ channel program. Swann says the partner portal and other tools are "very good" and the marketing materials and content are "very easy to use and modify."
Kinney said he'd like to see more dedicated resources to help partners hire and train more engineers with Splunk expertise for development and customer support. Trace3's Ansett said the partner program lags other vendors in such areas as rebates and revenue-commit offerings.
Splunk's Merritt, at the press conference, pointed to the partner portal and deal registration systems the company assembled and the channel neutrality policy put in place last year as signs of progress, but he acknowledged that those steps are just a start.
The company's channel efforts may have suffered a setback in February when Emilio Umeoka, vice president of global alliances and channels, left to become head of education sales at Apple.
In March the company hired Susan St. Ledger, Salesforce's chief revenue officer, as Splunk's new CRO, overseeing all revenue generating and customer facing operations. In July, Splunk hired Cheryln Chin, a senior vice president at Good Technology, to replace Umeoka as vice president of global partners. Aldo Dossola is area vice president of North America partner sales, reporting to Chin.
In April Splunk hired Brooke Cunningham, a highly respected channel marketing executive with business analytics software developer Qlik, as area vice president of worldwide partner programs and operations.
"I saw an opportunity to come and really help define that partner experience," Cunningham said in an interview before .conf2016, noting that she has the job of taking Splunk's partner program to the next level. "We're really diving into how we continue to mature the Partner+ program," she said, specifically citing "investments in infrastructure" that are in the works for the partner portal and other support systems.
At .conf2016 Splunk announced a new licensing initiative that, starting Nov. 1, will provide free licenses for test and development purposes. Partners said that move would make it easier for partners to help customers expand their use of Splunk by giving them more opportunities to experiment with the software.
Swann pointed to Merritt's plans to expand education and training opportunities for partners â€“ including free online training â€“ and efforts to grow the number of Splunk-certified developers and engineers as promising moves to expand the overall ecosystem.
"They're doing all the right things," said Ansett at Trace3. "They're putting in the right resources [and] they have the right leadership in place. And I'm starting to see them go 'partner-first.'"
But it's the potential of Splunk's software that really gets partners excited.
"Security is certainly the biggest growth area," said Ansett, although IT operations applications now account for the biggest part of Trace3's Spunk-related revenue. Sales for Internet of Things applications are small, he said, but growing.
Splunk is key to OnX's security intelligence, operational analytics and DevOps practices. Swann said a successful strategy is getting Splunk into a customer for a specific application, then expanding the sales to other areas once the customer understands Splunk's capabilities.
"For our organization, it makes us more sticky," he said. "Once we get in, we find lots of other use cases."
Splunk is playing an increasingly important role in two of Kinney Group's core practices: analytics and next-generation data centers. Splunk is now the primary platform for its business analytics services, as with a predictive analytics project Kinney recently developed for a medical equipment management company to better anticipate equipment failures, said Laura Vetter, Kinney's vice president of analytics. Splunk's software was also a component of a major PCI (Payment Card Industry) data security project Kinney developed for a leading IT hosting provider.
Last month Splunk debuted Splunk Enterprise 6.5 with expanded machine learning technology and new features that improved its advanced analytics capabilities. New integrations with Hadoop and simpler data preparation tools helped reduce the product's total cost of ownership â€“ a significant point according to one partner who told CRN that the market perceives Splunk's software to be expensive.
As to his case of VMware d&eacute;j&agrave; vu, Jim Kinney says that in VMware's early days top managers at businesses that implemented the vendor's virtualization software didn't initially grasp the technology's potential. Once they did, VMware sales exploded. Kinney thinks Splunk is reaching the same tipping point as awareness of what the company's software can do expands beyond the data center.
"Our company has made a pretty significant financial wager [on Splunk]," he said, "and it absolutely has paid off and is providing returns."
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CBD gummies are convenient and discreet and may benefit sleep, anxiety, and pain. Here, we discuss and review our top picks from Cornbread Hemp, Medterra, CBDistillery, and more.
Is CBD legal?The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the legal definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This made some hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC federally legal. However, CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them federally illegal but legal under some state laws. Be sure to check state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved nonprescription CBD products, and some products may be inaccurately labeled.
Disclaimer: All the products tested below were tried by Healthline writers or editors, who received the products for free. All opinions are their own.
This table compares the products in this article on type, price, and more.
People may wish to consider the benefits and drawbacks of CBD gummies before purchasing.
Before purchasing CBD gummies, a person may wish to consider the following:
The endocannabinoid system affects the central nervous system and how the body responds to internal and external stressors.
CBD works with other cannabinoids to bind to cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system. However, CBD does not cause a person to become â€śhigh.â€ť There are two primary cannabinoid receptors: CB1 receptors, which are present in the central nervous system and the brain, and CB2 receptors, which increase expression after injury and inflammation.
Gummies may contain one of three main variations of CBD. These are:
Due to a lack of regulation, companies and consumers sometimes confuse these terms â€” particularly broad-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate â€” and use them incorrectly.
Companies that manufacture CBD gummies usually state the best use for them on their websites or product packaging.
Some brands claim a person can take the gummies anytime during the day. Others suggest taking the gummies either at night or in the morning.
There has been very little research into how much CBD an individual should take. Companies tend to state a recommended dosage on the label of their CBD products and suggest starting at a low dose. It is important not to exceed this dosage and to lower it or stop taking CBD immediately if a person experiences any side effects.
People should consider the milligrams of CBD in each dose. Most CBD companies suggest starting with a small dose and gradually increasing it as necessary.
Individuals should not exceed the recommended dose listed on the product packaging.
Learn more about CBD dosages.
A person should consult a doctor before taking any supplements. This is particularly important with CBD gummies. CBD can cause liver problems in some people and may affect male reproductive systems.
In addition, to avoid the risk of potentially harmful interactions, people who take prescription medications should check with a healthcare professional before using CBD gummies.
CBD gummies are a convenient and discreet way of ingesting CBD and can be worth the expense if they relieve mild symptoms of anxiety, stress, or help ease sleeping problems â€” and early research suggests they can. However, their effect on people will depend on the dose and type of CBD in the gummy. Higher doses will produce more noticeable effects but may not suit people new to CBD.
Some options from our range of the seven best CBD gummies include:
These options offer various flavors, doses, and CBD types. Some are also suitable for smaller budgets.
A person should start with the lowest potency of CBD per gummy and then increase the potency until they achieve the desired effect. This amount will differ from person to person.
Most gummies for everyday use contain 10â€“25 mg of CBD per gummy. High potency options have a CBD content of 50 mg or more.
One of the strongest CBD gummies on the market is cbdMDâ€™s Broad Spectrum Gummies, which contain 100 mg CBD per gummy.
The FDA states several side effects and potentially serious conditions can occur when using cannabis and CBD.
These side effects may include:
The FDA also warns that cannabis and CBD products could cause liver injury and may interact with other drugs a person is taking, leading to serious side effects. Additionally, the FDA notes that animal studies show CBD may negatively affect male fertility.
Many reviewers find CBD gummies are effective for lifting the mood and managing stress, and taking CBD in gummy form is convenient and discreet. A person will have to evaluate the effectiveness of CBD gummies depending on their needs and expectations.
A high potency, full-spectrum CBD gummy may be best for pain, although scientific research backing up CBD use for pain is limited. Learn about the best strongest CBD gummies.
Consuming CBD gummies is an easy and discreet way of taking CBD for pain relief, depression, anxiety, or other health issues. Many CBD products are on the market, and some may be better than others.
The FDA does not approve any over-the-counter (OTC) CBD products. A person should research multiple brands and products before making a purchase.
People should also consider the type of CBD a product contains.
People new to CBD may wish to start with a low dose option, such as 5 mg, and increase their intake slowly as their symptoms require.
People should look for companies that provide proof of independent, third-party laboratory testing to ensure their products contain the listed ingredients.
Anyone looking to use CBD for anxiety or depression should speak with a healthcare professional first. This is because CBD could interact with other medications they are taking, such as prescription anti-anxiety medications.
The Math Centerâ€™s tutor training program is certified by the College and memorizing Learning Associationâ€™s (CRLA) International Tutor Training Program Certification (ITTPC).Â
The CRLA â€śis a group of student-oriented professionals active in the fields of reading, learning assistance, developmental education, tutoring, and mentoring at the college/adult level. Members give practical application to their research and promote the implementation of innovative strategies to enhance student learning.â€ť
The CRLAâ€™s certification process requires that tutor training programs meet a set of internationally accepted standards and outcomes.Â Standards include courses like:
The Math Center has developed a rigorous training program that is required of all tutors every semester.Â Our training curriculum focuses on methods and techniques to encourage and foster student independence, in addition to creating a welcoming environment in the Math Center lab.
â€śVery strong standards, outcomes, and assessment techniques to ensure high quality training sessions.â€ť
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â€śThis program is so solid, clear, and well designed.â€ť
Â â€śAnother strength of this program is their careful vetting of job applicantsâ€”the interview format incorporates the results and experience of the skills test applicants take. This not only ensures that the applicant understands the necessary math content, but that they can tutor it as well.â€ť
Â â€śThe emphasis on group work and collaborative learning throughout the training program is very impressive, especially considering the structure of the drop-in tutoring program.â€ť
CRLA's ITTPC has been endorsed by the Council of Learning Assistance and Developmental Education Associations (CLADEA), National Association for Developmental Education (NADE), and the Commission XVI of the American College Personnel Association.
In addition, other national organizations/programs who endorse CRLA's ITTPC program include:
LAS VEGAS, Nov. 28, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- MyTradeZone.com, a trade and Social Networking for businesses, is pleased to announce its upcoming visit to Hong Kong from December 4th to 8th, 2023. Bachir Kassir, founder of MyTradeZone, will join a delegation of American companies to Hong Kong as part of a U.S. Department of Commerce Certified Trade Mission organized by IBS Global Consulting with the support of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council and the U.S. Commercial Service.
The delegation, comprising a diverse group of American companies, aims to foster cross-border partnerships, explore export opportunities, and deepen economic ties between the United States and Hong Kong.
The visit to Hong Kong presents an exciting opportunity forÂ MyTradeZone.com to expand its global reach, tap into new markets, and establish key connections with Hong Kong's dynamic business community and trade associations. With Hong Kong's strategic location as a gateway to the Asia-Pacific region, robust financial services sector, and reputation as a major international trade hub, this visit holds immense promise for American enterprises looking to navigate the Asian market.
Led byÂ Tonya McNeal-Weary, Managing Director at IBS Global Consulting, the delegation will engage in a series of high-level meetings, networking events, and industry-specific forums during the five-day visit. These activities are designed to facilitate mutually beneficial partnerships between U.S. and Hong Kong businesses across various sectors.
[MyTradeZone.com] is a disruptive business networking platform, and is like an always open trade show:
As an official member of the delegation, MyTradeZone will have the opportunity to gain firsthand insights into Hong Kong's business landscape, explore regulatory frameworks, exchange best practices, and forge lasting relationships with key stakeholders. Additionally, the itinerary includes tailored site visits to cutting-edge facilities and industrial parks, showcasing Hong Kong's commitment to innovation and entrepreneurship.
The visit to Hong Kong aims to enhance trade cooperation and seeks to highlight the enduring friendship between the United States and Hong Kong. As both economies continue to recover from the challenges posed by the global pandemic, this visit becomes even more crucial in reinvigorating trade ties and promoting long-term economic growth.
For further information aboutÂ MyTradeZone.com's visit to Hong Kong, please contact Bachir Kassir at 1-949-813-7791 or email@example.com.
MyTradeZone is a social networking platform for businesses. We are working on the next thing to disrupt business networking. MyTradeZone is a forward-thinking B2B media technology company reshaping how businesses connect and network. MyTradeZone's B2B search engine offers highly targeted and cost-effective advertisements to both buyers and sellers. MyTradeZone is also a perfect companion offering to trade show organizers and networking groups offering value added benefits to both members and sponsors. MyTradeZone is always free to join.
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Bachir Kassir, Founder
View original content to obtain multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/mytradezonecom-joins-certified-trade-mission-to-hong-kong-to-explore-business-expansion-opportunities-in-asia-301998205.html
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