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Exam Code: SEND SEND Endocrinology and Diabetes (Specialty Certificate Examination) candidate January 2024 by team

SEND SEND Endocrinology and Diabetes (Specialty Certificate Examination)

Exam Detail:
The Specialty Certificate Examination in Endocrinology and Diabetes (SEND) is a certification test designed for medical professionals specializing in endocrinology and diabetes. It assesses the candidate's knowledge and skills in diagnosing and managing endocrine and diabetes-related conditions. Here are the details of the SEND exam:

- Number of Questions: The SEND test typically consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and extended matching questions (EMQs). The exact number of questions may vary, but it generally ranges from 200 to 250 questions.

- Time Limit: The time allocated to complete the SEND test is usually around 4 hours. However, the duration may vary depending on the specific test requirements and the test delivery platform.

Course Outline:
The SEND test covers a wide range of subjects related to endocrinology and diabetes. The test assesses the candidate's knowledge in the following areas:

1. Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis:
- Recognizing signs and symptoms of various endocrine and diabetes-related disorders.
- Formulating differential diagnoses based on clinical presentations.
- Utilizing appropriate diagnostic tests and investigations.

2. Pathophysiology and Disease Mechanisms:
- Understanding the underlying mechanisms of endocrine disorders and diabetes.
- Exploring the hormonal regulation and feedback mechanisms.
- Grasping the molecular basis of endocrine and metabolic disorders.

3. Treatment and Management:
- Developing comprehensive management plans for endocrine and diabetes patients.
- Prescribing appropriate medications and therapies.
- Implementing lifestyle modifications and patient education.

4. Complications and Comorbidities:
- Identifying and managing complications associated with endocrine and diabetes conditions.
- Understanding the relationship between endocrine disorders and other medical conditions.
- Addressing comorbidities and managing multidisciplinary care.

5. Research and Evidence-Based Practice:
- Understanding the principles of research methodology and study design.
- Evaluating and interpreting scientific literature in the field of endocrinology and diabetes.
- Applying evidence-based practices in clinical decision-making.

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the SEND test are as follows:

- Assessing the candidate's knowledge and understanding of endocrine and diabetes-related disorders.
- Evaluating the candidate's ability to make accurate diagnoses and develop appropriate management plans.
- Testing the candidate's knowledge of pathophysiology, treatment options, and complications associated with endocrine and diabetes conditions.
- Verifying the candidate's understanding of research methodology and evidence-based practices in the field of endocrinology and diabetes.

Exam Syllabus:
The SEND test covers the following topics:

1. Endocrine Physiology and Pathophysiology
2. Diabetes Mellitus
3. Thyroid Disorders
4. Adrenal and Pituitary Disorders
5. Calcium and Bone Metabolism Disorders
6. Reproductive Endocrinology
7. Metabolic Disorders
8. Endocrine Oncology
9. Endocrine Emergencies
10. Miscellaneous Endocrine Disorders

It's important to note that the test content and syllabus may be periodically updated. Candidates are advised to refer to the official test board or regulatory body responsible for conducting the SEND test to obtain the most up-to-date information on test details, objectives, and syllabus. Additionally, candidates are encouraged to consult relevant study resources and reference materials recommended by the test board or authorized training providers to adequately prepare for the exam.
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SEND Endocrinology and Diabetes (Specialty Certificate
Question: 79
A 54-year-old woman was referred for assessment of low bone mineral density. Three months previously, after
complaining of bloating and flatulence, she had been found to have coeliac disease and had been started on a gluten-
free diet. She had no history of fracture and had not lost height. There was no family history of osteoporosis. Her only
medication was omeprazole.
serum corrected calcium2.42 mmol/L (2.20C2.60)
serum alkaline phosphatase122 U/L (45C105)
plasma parathyroid hormone7.9 pmol/L (0.9C5.4)
DXA scansee image
What is the most appropriate treatment?
A . alendronic acid alone
B . alendronic acid, and calcium and vitamin D
C . calcium and vitamin D
D . calcium and vitamin D, and intravenous zoledronic acid
E . strontium ranelate
Answer: C
Question: 80
A 36-year-old man of South Asian origin presented acutely with a widespread pruritic rash involving the extensor
surfaces of the limbs.
On examination, he was moderately obese with a body mass index of 33 kg/m2 (18C25), and the rash was
erythematous, with multiple small papules with yellow centres.
fasting plasma glucose11.0 mmol/L (3.0C6.0)
haemoglobin A1c109 mmol/mol (20C42)
serum cholesterol8.0 mmol/L (<5.2)
serum HDL cholesterol0.80 mmol/L (>1.55)
fasting serum triglycerides31.00 mmol/L (0.45C1.69)
What is the most likely diagnosis?
A . dermatitis herpetiformis
B . eruptive xanthoma
C . granuloma annulare
D . nodular prurigo
E . tinea cutis
Answer: B
Question: 81
A 26-year-old man with type 1 diabetes mellitus attended a carbohydrate-counting course to facilitate tighter glucose
control. He estimated that his carbohydrate ratio was 1:10 and 1 unit correction dose reduced his glucose by 3.0
He planned to eat a meal containing 50 g of carbohydrate. His pre-meal glucose was 16.0 mmol/L with a target blood
glucose of 7.0 mmol/L.
What is the correct dose of bolus insulin (units) that he should administer?
A . 2
B . 4
C . 6
D . 8
E . 10
Answer: D
Question: 82
A 26-year-old woman was recovering from diabetic ketoacidosis and had been switched to her usual basal bolus
insulin regimen. Her capillary blood glucose measurements during the day were high but fasting plasma glucose was in
the range 5.0C7.0 mmol/L (3.0C6.0). She was drinking and eating normally.
On examination, her pulse was 76 beats per minute and her blood pressure was 106/66 mmHg. Urinalysis showed
ketones 1+.
serum sodium143 mmol/L (137C144)
serum potassium4.4 mmol/L (3.5C4.9)
serum bicarbonate22 mmol/L (20C28)
serum creatinine72 mol/L (60C110)
plasma glucose 2 h after breakfast21 mmol/L
What is the most appropriate next step in management?
A . change to twice daily pre-mixed insulin
B . increase basal insulin at bed time
C . increase bolus insulin with meal
D . start glucose 5% with intravenous insulin
E . start variable-rate intravenous insulin infusion
Answer: C
Question: 83
An 18-year-old man presented to the thyroid clinic complaining of a lump in his neck that had been present for 9
weeks. It was not painful. At the age of 12, he had developed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and had undergone a
bone marrow transplant preceded by total body irradiation and cyclophosphamide.
On examination, he was euthyroid. There was a 1.5-cm firm mass on the left side of the neck, which moved when he
serum thyroid-stimulating hormone1.9 mU/L (0.4C5.0)
serum free T416.8 pmol/L (10.0C22.0)
What is the most appropriate initial course of action?
A . CT scan of neck and thorax
B . FDG-PET-CT scan
C . surgical referral for hemithyroidectomy
D . technetium-99m scintigraphy scan of thyroid
E . ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the nodule
Answer: E
Question: 84
A 26-year-old woman was urgently referred to clinic with a 6-week history of retroorbital headaches and deteriorating
vision. Her past medical history was unremarkable, although on questioning she admitted that she had recently found it
increasingly difficult to cope with her busy job.
On examination, her pulse was 60 beats per minute and regular, and her blood pressure was 110/75 mmHg lying and
90/60 mmHg standing. She was pale and had dry skin. Visual acuities were reduced (6/12 right; 6/24 left), and she had
a bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia.
serum sodium132 mmol/L (137C144)
serum potassium4.0 mmol/L (3.5C4.9)
short tetracosactide Synacthen test (250 micrograms):
serum cortisol (30 min after tetracosactide)185 nmol/L (>550)
plasma follicle-stimulating hormone2.7 U/L
plasma luteinising hormone3.5 U/L
serum prolactin1050 mU/L (<360)
serum thyroid-stimulating hormone0.3 mU/L (0.4C5.0)
serum free T48.0 pmol/L (10.0C22.0)
serum insulin-like growth factor 14.7 nmol/L (7.5C37.3)
MR scan of brainsee image
What is the most likely diagnosis?
A . autoimmune hypophysitis
B . craniopharyngioma
C . non-functioning pituitary adenoma
D . prolactinoma
E . Rathkes cleft cyst
Answer: B
Question: 85
A 46-year-old man of European descent was reviewed in the diabetes clinic. He had type 2 diabetes mellitus, which
had been diagnosed 6 months previously. He had been symptom free and was a non-smoker but had a family history
of cardiovascular disease. He exercised regularly and had managed to lose 8 kg.
On examination, his blood pressure was 148/76 mmHg, his weight was 76 kg and his body mass index was 24 kg/m2
urinary albumin:creatinine ratio0.6 mg/mmol (<2.5)
serum cholesterol5.6 mmol/L (<5.2)
serum HDL cholesterol0.90 mmol/L (>1.55)
fasting serum triglycerides2.20 mmol/L (0.45C1.69)
According to NICE guidelines (CG181, July 2014), what is the most appropriate management of his lipid profile?
A . assess cardiovascular risk using UKPDS risk engine
B . observe and repeat lipid profile in a few months
C . start a fibrate
D . start a statin
E . start nicotinic acid
Answer: D
Question: 86
A 45-year-old woman was found to be hypertensive by her general practitioner. She was otherwise well and was not
taking any medication. However, she regularly ate health food containing liquorice. There was no family history of
significant illness.
On examination, her blood pressure was 170/110 mmHg.
serum sodium140 mmol/L (137C144)
serum potassium3.8 mmol/L (3.5C4.9)
serum creatinine70 mol/L (60C110)
plasma renin activity (after 30 min supine)0.5 pmol/mL/h (1.1C2.7)
plasma aldosterone (after 30 min supine)450 pmol/L (135C400)
During the investigations, her blood pressure was controlled with doxazosin.
What is the most likely diagnosis?
A . apparent mineralocorticoid excess
B . Gitelmans syndrome
C . primary hyperaldosteronism
D . pseudohyperaldosteronism
E . renal artery stenosis
Answer: C
Question: 87
A 20-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of lethargy and weakness. His brother had been found to have
adrenal failure at the age of 18. He had two sisters who were well and there was no other family history of endocrine
autoimmune disease.
On examination, his blood pressure was 100/60 mmHg.
serum sodium136 mmol/L (137C144)
serum potassium4.8 mmol/L (3.5C4.9)
short tetracosactide (Synacthen) test (250 micrograms):
baseline serum cortisol100 nmol/L
serum cortisol (30 min after tetracosactide)250 nmol/L (>550)
anti-adrenal antibodiesnegative
What is the most important diagnosis to consider?
A . adrenoleucodystrophy
B . autoimmune hypoadrenalism
C . familial glucocorticoid resistance
D . isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency
E . tuberculosis
Answer: A
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MRCPUK Endocrinology candidate - BingNews Search results MRCPUK Endocrinology candidate - BingNews Become a Candidate

Why Stand

Is this the year you decide to make a difference? Being a candidate is an empowering and an effective way to bring change to your local area and the UK. If you are passionate about your community, we need people like you.

We welcome applications from people from all walks of life: there is no such thing as a typical Lib Dem MP or councillor.  We want you to bring your unique background and talents to the Party!

Our approvals process is designed to be inclusive, transparent and clear. It assesses competencies and skills rather than qualifications and who you know.

Maybe you've been doing voluntary work, bringing up a family, or doing a job not directly related to politics. Your transferable skills will be recognised. 

Represent your community and be the change you want to see. Learn more and apply below.

Fri, 24 Jun 2022 11:26:00 -0500 en-gb text/html
Mississippi mayoral candidate is shot dead by brother-in-law armed with AR-15 after showing up to estranged wife's home brandishing a pistol while their three kids were inside
  • Jason Adam Marshall was shot and killed last week outside the home of his ex-wife in Soso, Mississippi
  • An initial investigation by local police indicates that his former brother-in-law Christopher Davis gunned down Marshall after he refused to leave the property
  • Marshall was a candidate in a special mayoral election in Soso that was held on December 18 

A Mississippi man who had been running as a mayoral candidate was fatally shot by his brother-in-law after appearing at his estranged wife's home armed with a gun. 

Jason Adam Marshall, 41, was pronounced dead at South Central Regional Medical Center last week after allegedly being gunned down by Christopher Davis. 

Marshall is accused of coming onto the property that belonged to his ex-wife, Constance Hope McRae Marshall, on December 27 which violated a court order.

According to the Laurel Leader Call, Davis then confronted him with while armed with an AR-15 rifle and when Marshall reached for his 9mm pistol Davis shot him. 

The findings of the initial investigation indicate that it was self-defense killing, according to Chief Jimmy McCoy of the Soso Police Department. 

Jason Adam Marshall, 41, was pronounced dead at South Central Regional Medical Center last week after allegedly being gunned down by Christopher Davis

Marshall is accused of coming onto the property belonging to his ex-wife, Constance Hope McRae Marshall, on December 27. A view of the street is seen here

Chief McCoy told the outlet that the divorced couple's three young children were home at the time, saying, 'It's just a bad situation'. 

While police said the initial investigation had ruled it was a case of self-defense, an investigation into the matter is ongoing. 

Marshall's ex-wife is said to have had custody their children, and he was ordered to undergo a psychological evaluation to have his visitation rights restored. 

Davis lives next door to his sister's house in the town of Soso, which Marshall and his ex-wife had shared for 12 years and raised their children in. 

The couple filed for divorce in March, according to the Leader Call, after a few disturbing incidents were detailed in court filings earlier this year. 

In February of this year, Marshall is reported to have loaded a gun and threatened to kill Davis, and then on a different date threatened suicide in the home. 

He also claimed in divorce proceedings that his wife had used illicit drugs and made illicit videos and had threatened to take his children from her home. 

Following these incidents, he was taken to Pine Grove Mental Health facility, according to the outlet. 

More recently, Marshall was a candidate in a special mayoral election in Soso that was held on December 18.

In February of this year, Marshall is reported to have loaded a gun and threatened to kill Davis

Marshall was a candidate in a special mayoral election in Soso that was held on December 18

In a post to social media, he wrote, ' Ladies and gentlemen. today as I stand before you as a candidate for Mayor of Soso. 

'I am humbled to have the opportunity to address you, the residents of this wonderful town, and share my vision for a brighter future.

'I ask for your partnership on this journey towards a more prosperous future. With your belief in me and your active participation, we can ignite a new era of growth, opportunity, and harmony in our beloved town.

'Thank you for your time, and let us strive for a Soso we can all be proud to call home.'

According to a story by the Leader-Call, he received a total of five out of a potential 137 votes. 

Chief McCoy added: 'He was a good man. He was just struggling severely, and, unfortunately, it appears at this time that he just made a bad mistake.'

Tue, 02 Jan 2024 04:09:00 -0600 text/html
Who is running for president in 2024? Meet the candidates

With less than 11 months remaining until US voters will decide who will serve as president of the United States from January 2025 to January 2029, a number of outspoken Republicans have started to jockey for position in the coming fight for the 2024 GOP presidential nomination, while at least two Democrats have challenged President Joe Biden in a Democratic primary.

As the campaign takes shape, here are the names you need to know.

Joe Biden

Mr Biden is the current president of the United States and is now officially gunning for a second term, having announced his reelection bid in a video message on 25 April.

Mr Biden, 81, is the oldest person to ever serve as president and his lacklustre approval ratings fuelled speculation that he might stand down so a younger candidate could take up the Democratic Party mantle.


But the Democrats’ better-than-expected results in the 2022 midterms appeared to put new wind in Mr Biden’s sails before he officially announced his 2024 run

Donald Trump

Mr Trump, 77, officially filed paperwork with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to declare himself a candidate in the 2024 election on 15 November 2022.

Mr Trump is the only US president to face two separate impeachment trials – one after fomenting a violent attack on the US Capitol in hopes of remaining in power despite losing the 2020 election to Mr Biden.

He announced his candidacy at the same Palm Beach, Florida, location where FBI agents had conducted a search for stolen classified documents just three months earlier.


The ex-real estate developer-turned-television-presenter-turned-politician is hoping he can become the first ex-US chief executive to reclaim the White House since Grover Cleveland.

Mr Trump faces a series of obstacles on what was once assumed to be a smooth glide path to the GOP nomination, including several of his former top aides and at least one governor he once endorsed – and four criminal indictments.

His campaign suffered a major setback on 19 December 2023, however, when the Colorado Supreme Court ruled that he must be disqualified from 2024 ballots in the state.

It’s an unprecedented order finding him constitutionally ineligible from holding office in light of his role in engaging in the failed coup of 6 January 2021 – a violation of the oath he swore as commander-in-chief.

Mr Trump’s team has said it will appeal the ruling, which could spell the end of his candidacy should other states decide to act accordingly.

Marianne Williamson

The self-help author and former spiritual adviser to television mogul Oprah Winfrey, who participated in several Democratic primary debates during the 2020 election, entered the 2024 race to challenge Mr Biden for the Democratic presidential nomination.

“I wouldn’t be running for president if I didn’t believe I could contribute to harnessing the collective sensibility that I feel is our greatest hope at this time,” she said.


During her aborted 2020 presidential run, she garnered a measure of notoriety for making statements widely considered bizarre, such as a vow to make then-New Zealand prime minister Jacinda Ardern the first head of government she would call as president, and an assertion that she would win the election by "harness[ing] love for political purposes" against Mr Trump.

Nikki Haley

On 15 February, Ms Haley, 51, announced that she would enter the race.

In a video released by her campaign, she even went so far as to take a veiled swipe at Mr Trump by noting that “seven out of the last eight presidential elections” have seen the GOP candidate lose the popular vote.


Ms Haley is the former governor of South Carolina and spent two years as Mr Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations and during that time garnered some media attention for her sauve ability to avoid engaging with the controversies that engulfed Mr Trump’s administration while remaining in his good graces.

Although the former governor-turned-diplomat previously pledged not to throw her hat into the ring for 2024 if Mr Trump was still running, she appears to have thrown that non-campaign promise away.

She also said it is “time for a new generation of leadership” who will “rediscover fiscal responsibility, secure our border and strengthen our country, our pride and our purpose”.

Ron DeSantis

The current governor of Florida announced his campaign on 24 May after months of speculation by many in the GOP that he would be the perfect successor to Mr Trump.

His campaign kickoff suffered a slew of technical errors when it launched in a Twitter Spaces event with CEO Elon Musk.


Mr DeSantis, 44, is a former Florida congressman who won his 2018 gubernatorial campaign after receiving a coveted endorsement from Mr Trump.

He is viewed by Republican pundits as a worthy avatar of the current “anti-woke” GOP and his star has been on the rise in conservative circles since he made a show of ending any and all pandemic-related restrictions and mandates in the Sunshine State.

When Mr DeSantis took the stage at his 2022 election victory party, supporters even chanted “two more years” in a nod to his potential status as a GOP presidential contender.

Vivek Ramaswamy

Mr Ramaswamy, a wealthy biotechnology entrepreneur and conservative activist, announced his intention to compete in the 2024 Republican primary during an appearance on Tucker Carlson’s eponymous Fox News programme (before Mr Carlson’s acrimonious departure from the network).

Mr Ramaswamy, 37, is a Yale Law School graduate. He has become somewhat of a celebrity in right-wing circles for his denunciations of stakeholder capitalism, big tech censorship and critical race theory.


Last year, he founded Strive Asset Management, an “anti-woke” investment firm opposed to businesses that use environmental, social and corporate governance practices.

Robert F Kennedy Jr

Mr Kennedy Jr, a lawyer, vaccine-sceptic and the son of US senator Robert F Kennedy, filed candidacy papers with the FEC on 5 April.

The filing places the 69-year-old as the second long-shot Democratic candidate to challenge President Biden, behind Ms Williamson.


While he intends to run as a Democrat, Mr Kennedy Jr has ties to former president Mr Trump. In 2017, he was tapped by the then-president-elect to oversee a presidential panel to review vaccine safety and science - despite having repeatedly expressed scepticism about vaccines. He continued pushing those beliefs through the coronavirus pandemic.

Mr Kennedy Jr’s father, the late New York Senator Robert F Kennedy Sr, was a candidate in the 1968 presidential election before he was assassinated.

The presidential candidate eventually switched his party affiliation from Democratic to Independent.

Chris Christie

Mr Christie, the pugnacious ex-New Jersey governor and ally-turned-critic of Mr Trump, entered the 2024 Republican presidential primary to directly challenge the man he endorsed after failing to gain traction in the GOP field nearly eight years ago.

In a town hall at St Anselm College in New Hampshire on 6 June, Mr Christie, 60, announced his campaign by positioning himself as a moderate-conservative alternative to Mr Trump who he referred to as a “self-consumed, self-serving, mirror hog”.


Mr Christie twice endorsed Mr Trump for president in 2016 and 2020 but turned on him after Mr Trump refused to concede and ultimately encouraged the January 6th riot.

The former New Jersey governor has been outspoken about his disdain for Mr Trump and is making it very clear in his 2024 campaign that he plans to take him on head first.

Ryan Binkley

Pastor and businessman Mr Binkley announced his entrance into the 2024 race on 9 May – another long-shot contender to challenge Mr Trump for the 2024 Republican nomination.

“We have to be unified,” Mr Binkley, 55, said at an event. “We have to be in this place, because if we’re in a time of uncertainty, what it’s going to take is faith in God and faith in each other to get us through, and it’s not time for us to back down. It’s time for us to believe.”

(The Way to Freedom)

Mr Binkley has said he is “absolutely” confident that he could take on Mr Trump, despite having little name recognition and no experience holding elected office.

Asa Hutchinson

The former governor of Arkansas formally announced his campaign for president on 26 April.

In Bentonville, Arkansas, Mr Hutchinson, 72, told supporters he is “optimistic” about the future of the US and hopes to carry out the same “conservative values” to the White House that he did as governor.

“In this campaign for president, I stand alone in terms of my experience, record and leadership,” Mr Hutchinson said.


Before becoming governor, Mr Hutchinson was a representative for Arkansas, an administrator for the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and transportation security of the US Department of Homeland Security under former president George W Bush.

Mr Hutchinson discussed the economy, crime and border security during his campaign kick-off speech.

Dean Phillips

Mr Phillips, the Democratic representative of Minnesota, announced he would challenge Mr Biden for the White House on 26 October.

“ I know this campaign is a long shot, but that is why I think it is important and worth doing,” Mr Phillips said in his announcement.


Mr Phillips, 54, said he was running to serve as an alternate Democratic candidate to President Joe Biden, who he believes should not run due to his age and low approval rating.

“President Biden is a good man and someone I tremendously respect. I understand why other Democrats don’t want to run against him, and why we are here.” Mr Phillips wrote on X. “If President Biden is the Democratic nominee, we face an unacceptable risk of Trump being back in the White House.”

Mr Phillips, who was elected to Congress in 2018, said his campaign will focus on making the economy better, life more affordable for the middle class and improving safety.

Jill Stein

Former Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein announced she would enter the 2024 race on 9 November.

Ms Stein, 73, is once again seeking the third-party nomination.


In an announcement video posted to social media, Ms Stein called the two-party political system “broken.”

“The two Wall Street parties are bought and paid for. Over 60 per cent of us now say the bipartisan establishment has failed us and we need a party that serves the people,” Ms Stein said.

Ms Stein, a medical doctor, ran for president in 2016 with the Green Party and received roughly 1.4m votes nationally. Some analyses have argued that had her supporters voted for Hillary Clinton in key battleground states like Michigan, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania, the Democrats would’ve won the 2016 election.


Called it quits

Will Hurd

Mr Hurd, 45, a former CIA officer and representative for Texas, announced his bid for the Republican nomination on 22 June.

Approximately three months later on 9 October, Mr Hurd suspended his campaign.


Like Mr Christie, Mr Hurd positioned himself as a moderate alternative to the field of GOP candidates while remaining critical of Mr Trump.

The former Texas representative served in the US House for six years before leaving in 2021. He was the only Black Republican in the chamber during his final two terms.

While in Congress, Mr Hurd’s district was one of the most competitive in Texas. It included parts of San Antonio and El Paso as well as included most of the Texas border with Mexico.

In his campaign suspension announcement, Mr Hurd urged voters to “united around an alternative candidate to Trump.”

“Otherwise, we will repeat the same errors as in 2016. If the Republican party nominates Donald Trump or the various personalities jockeying to imitate his divisive, crass behavior, we will lose,” Mr Hurd said.

Perry Johnson

Mr Johnson, 75, is a businessman who tried to run for governor of Michigan in 2022 but was disqualified due to invalid signatures.

But the hiccup didn’t stop Mr Johnson from aiming big and making a longshot, and short-lived, bid for president.


On 3 March, Mr Johnson announced his bid for 2024 president in Iowa where he claimed to be: “pro-life, pro-Second Amendment, anti-woke and anti-China”.

He notably has promoted a plan to cut federal spending by 2 per cent every year and pushing to complete the US – Mexico border wall.

Mr Johnson suspended his campaign on 20 October saying, “With no opportunity to share my vision on the debate stage, I have decided at this time, suspending my campaign is the right thing to do,”

Francis Suarez

Mr Suarez, the mayor of Miami, filed paperwork with the FEC on 14 June – throwing his hat in the ring of an already packed Republican nomination race.

But that did not last long as he chose to suspend his campaign on 29 August after failing to qualify for the first RNC debate.


Mr Suarez, 45, is a Cuban-American who has made a name for himself in Miami, and Florida, as a tough-on-crime conservative. But outside of the state, he’s largely unknown.

Some may remember Mr Suarez as one of the first people to contract Covid-19 in Miami-Dade County in March 2020. He documented his progression with the illness to help others understand it better.

Despite his relative obscurity, Mr Suarez expressed confidence that being the only Hispanic candidate gave him “a lot of credibility,” according to The Associated Press.

In his resignation announcement on X, formerly known as Twitter, Mr Suarez said: “While I have decided to suspend my campaign for President, my commitment to making this a better nation for every American remains.”

He added that he looks forward to supporting the eventual nominee.

Larry Elder

Mr Elder, a former attorney, and current conservative talk radio host, announced on 20 April on Tucker Carlson Tonight, just like Mr Ramaswamy, that he would be running for president in 2024.

The right-wing candidate said that he felt a “moral, religious, and a patriotic duty” to join the race for president. He named policing, crime and government overreach as areas of concern.

Mr Elder later suspended his campaign in October.


Prior to his announcement, Mr Elder had been the host of the popular conservative radio programme The Larry Elder Show on KABC since 1993. He left in April 2022.

Mr Elder has some political experience as he unsuccessfully ran to replace California Governor Gavin Newsom in 2021.

On 26 October, Mr Elder suspended his campaign and gave his support to Mr Trump.

Mike Pence

Former Vice President Mr Pence officially entered the 2024 presidential race on 7 June after much speculation that he would try to take on his former boss Mr Trump.

“Today our party and our country need a leader that will appeal, as Lincoln said, to the better angels of our nature,” Mr Pence said in his campaign kickoff speech in Iowa.

He suspended his campaign just four months later.


Mr Pence, 64, was once Mr Trump’s steadfast right-hand man until he made the decision not to unlawfully hijack Congress’ certification of Electoral College votes to keep Mr Trump in office in 2020.

Since then, a rift has been driven between Mr Pence and Mr Trump – though Mr Pence continues to not publicly criticse Mr Trump in the same way other anti-Trump Republicans have.

Mr Pence has made it clear that he would not do things the way the ex-president did during their four years in office together but still promote the traditional conservative values he holds.

Mr Pence announced on 28 October that he would suspend his presidential campaign saying “this is not my time.”

Tim Scott

South Carolina Senator Tim Scott officially entered the race for Republican presidential nominee on 19 May after filing paperwork with the Federal Election Commission.

He suspended his campaign on 12 November, approximately six months after he first made his announcement


Mr Scott, 57, became the first Black senator to represent a state that had been part of the Confederacy during the American Civil War and the first Black Republican since Massachusetts Senator Edward Brooke when he was elected in 2013.

He has long been considered a rising star in the Republican Party and was given the honour of delivering the party’s response to President Joe Biden’s inaugural address to Congress in 2021.

He began his campaign with more money than any of his 2024 rivals — roughly $22 million that he can automatically convert from his US Senate campaign account to a presidential campaign. This is the most any candidate in history has had at the beginning of a campaign for president, according to the FEC.

Mr Scott ended his campaign due to a lack of voter support.

“The voters, who are the most remarkable people on the planet, have been really clear that they’re telling me, ‘not now, Tim.’” Mr Scott told Fox News.

Doug Burgum

Mr Burgum, the governor of North Dakota, said he too would be running for the Republican nominee in the 2024 presidential election on 7 June. Months later, on 4 December, Mr Burgum announced he would be suspending his campaign.

The virtually unknown governor was a software entrepreneur before he was elected to his gubernatorial position in 2016.

(AP )

In a preview video released the day before his announcement, Mr Burgum, 66, called himself “a new leader for a changing economy,” indicating his campaign would focus on kitchen-table issues.

Mr Burgum has dipped his toe into some of the contemporary social issues that many Americans are concerned about when looking at a new candidate. He is anti-abortion having signed a near-total abortion ban in North Dakota and anti-transgender having signed eight anti-transgender laws.

In a statement shared on the day he suspended his campaign, the governor angrily rebuked the Republican National Committee (RNC) for the debate requirements that forced him off the stage.

Thu, 14 Dec 2023 03:30:00 -0600 en text/html
Introducing the candidates

From all corners of the country, each of the aspiring tycoons has been selected for their entrepreneurial flair and burning passion for business - Lord Sugar has spotted something in all of them, but only one can succeed in becoming the Junior Apprentice.

All aged between 16 and 17 years old, they believe that they have the capability, determination and raw business talent to take on the challenge and be the one to win access to a fund worth £25,000. The fund will go towards kick-starting his or her business career and will be tailored to their individual career prospects and development.

The tycoons of tomorrow – most of whom are still in education - include; a CEO of their own company, a sheep shearer, a market-stall holder, an A* senior prefect, a self-employed salesman and an aspiring inventor. All of them think they have what it takes, but can they prove themselves when the pressure is on?

With tasks including selling cheese, creating cupcakes, and dealing in art, as well as travelling abroad to Holland for one of the most demanding foreign tasks to date, the candidates will quickly learn that Lord Sugar pulls no punches when it comes to separating the wheat from the chaff, and only time will tell who has what it takes.

Visit each candidate’s page to discover how they fared in the final.

Mon, 08 Mar 2021 17:04:00 -0600 en-GB text/html
US election 2020: The other 1,214 candidates running for president

By Rebecca SealesBBC News

(From left): Brock Pierce, Mark Charles and Jade Simmons are all running for the US presidency

The US has had presidents for more than 230 years, but only the first - George Washington - has ever been elected as an independent candidate.

The twin peaks of US politics, the Republican and Democratic parties, dominate media coverage and campaign donations so completely that the chances of an outsider winning are virtually nil.

What kind of person looks at those near-insurmountable odds and thinks - I'm running anyway?

Quite a range as it turns out: As of 9 October, some 1,216 candidates (of varying levels of seriousness) have filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president.

The BBC asked three of them - a concert pianist and motivational speaker, a Native American IT technician, and a crypto billionaire - what they stand for, and why they deserve the votes of Americans.

'Americans will see the current two options are not the choice'

Jade Simmons is a multi-hyphenated woman. A former beauty queen, professional concert pianist, motivational speaker, rapper, mother, and ordained pastor.

As she puts it, she is an unconventional candidate, "but these are unconventional times".

"This seemed to me to be a time when we couldn't afford to do business as usual," she says. "I'm the daughter of a civil rights activist, and the way my father raised me was that if you see voids, if you see injustices, you need to ask yourself if that might be you that needs to be leaning in."

She says her goal is to create equal access to opportunity, through economic, educational and criminal justice reform. And in that spirit, she's aiming to run "the least expensive campaign in the history of our nation".

"We think it's abominable that it costs now almost a billion dollars to run for president when the qualifications are that you are 35 years old, a US-born resident, and have lived here 14 years," says Ms Simmons. "We'd rather spend that money on helping people."

So is she a liberal or a conservative?

"It depends on who you ask!" she says. "Everything from disgruntled Bernie bros to conservative Christian pastors are liking our policy."

Her background as a minister and a person of faith does not automatically denote conservatism, she says.

"I think Jesus is one of the most radical figures we have in history. And I think if you look at how he operated you might end up calling him progressive."

The coronavirus pandemic has upended this year's White House race, curtailing mass gatherings, pushing party conventions online and dominating news headlines. But for Jade, the major challenge of her campaign has been simply letting people know she exists.

"Even in a time where black lives supposedly matter, and black voices matter, and we saw statements of solidarity coming from the media and corporations, those same media outlets - including black media outlets - have refused to tell the story that I'm here.

"You have maybe a celebrity like a Kanye West who didn't even file his papers, and on the Fourth of July when he announced, within 30 minutes he was covered by every major network. So we were a little bit shocked that the narrative of democracy is not carried out as much as American voters think when you look behind the scenes."

While the Republican and Democratic nominees will be on the ballot in all states, independents must meet an array of state deadlines and access requirements.

Ms Simmons' name will appear on the ballot in Oklahoma and Louisiana, but in 31 other states she's registered as a write-in candidate - meaning that if voters physically write her name down, their vote will count. She acknowledges the odds are absolutely against her, but still believes she can make it to the Oval Office - and if not this year, then at some point.

"I know it sounds wild, given the history of independents! We believe that if we stay standing long enough, there's still some more disruption coming in - that most Americans are going to see that the current two options are not the choice.

"[…] We've been saying from day one, that we must restore the fabric of the nation. That's a spiritual fabric, that's a cultural fabric, a social and a racial fabric, and we feel that's been ripped to shreds - primarily and intentionally by both political parties.

"So if I were to close my eyes and envision a nation… This can't be just a flip-flop of power and revenge - 'We get to get back at you.' I see a palate-cleansing season where we can take a deep breath and say, 'Where do we go from here?'"

'I made a decision to live my life in service'

Brock Pierce is a former child actor who appeared in the Mighty Ducks franchise and starred as the president's son in the 1996 comedy First Kid. But thanks to his second career as a tech entrepreneur, he's also probably a crypto currency billionaire.

Why is he running for president? Partly because he is deeply concerned by the state of the country.

"I think that we lack a real vision for the future - I mean, what kind of world do we want to live in, in the year 2030? What is the plan? Where are we trying to get to, you know? You have to aim for something. And I see mostly just a lot of mud being thrown around, not a lot of people putting forth game-changing ideas. It's getting scary. And I have a view of what to do."

For the last four years, Mr Pierce has focused on philanthropic work in Puerto Rico, where his foundation recently raised a million dollars for PPE to provide to first responders.

Asked what America's priorities should be for the next four years, he suggests the country stops pursuing "growth for growth's sake", and measures its success by how well life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are upheld.

Brock Pierce (left) in First Kid

It's hard to pin Mr Pierce down politically. The man described by Rolling Stone as "the hippie king of crypto currency" favours legalising cannabis, held a unicorn-themed wedding ceremony at Burning Man, and was so unimpressed at being placed on a Forbes rich-list that he vowed to provide away his first billion dollars. He also believes strongly in personal freedom, and has donated thousands to Republican candidates.

"I have many liberal tendencies, just like I have conservative tendencies," Mr Pierce says. "And I think it's time we take a collective breath and a brave step into the future, because all of these ideologies have something to teach us."

The 39-year-old's life has not been free of controversy. When he was 19, three male actors accused him and two business partners of sexual assault. Mr Pierce denied any wrongdoing, and was never charged with a crime. The three plaintiffs withdrew their cases against him and never received any personal compensation. But inevitably, the headlines linked to that episode have made a presidential run a tougher prospect.

"Having your name in a story like that is… it causes immense harm," he says. "But the positive thing out of it is, it taught me not to judge people."

Federal Election Commission data shows Brock Pierce has pumped $3.7m into his campaign. He says his strategy is to end up in the White House not by winning the election outright, but by taking a single state in a close race, then forcing the House of Representatives to pick a winner.

"Every time that this has happened before, 100% of the time, they've always chosen the third-place or last-place candidate to be president as a compromise. Now it's only happened once - 1824. And so our goal is to win a single state. And if we knock it out of the park, to win three.

"I turn 40 in November, which means I also have time on my side. And so we are also laying the groundwork for the future - not just for me as a candidate, but for all independent candidates going forward."

And if he doesn't pull it off? Mr Pierce says he has offers.

"I'm constantly invited to run for Governor of New York, Governor of Minnesota. I mean basically everywhere I go they're like, Brock, you could actually fix this. Like if you don't become president next year, would you try and run our state, would you run our city?

"I wouldn't even spend a moment thinking about this until November 4th, and that's what I tell everyone. Call me November 4th. But I made a decision, you know, to live my life in service, and so however I can be of greatest service I'm prepared to do that work well."

'We have to change some things this nation was founded on'

One factor that unites independent candidates is that they haven't had to please a party majority to get a platform - so they run as themselves, on the issues that really speak to them personally.

Mark Charles is a prime example.

Professionally he's worked as a computer programmer and in tech support, but he's also an ardent social justice campaigner on issues affecting Native Americans and people of colour.

His goal is to be an alternative candidate for voters who don't feel a kinship with the Trump or Biden tickets.

Mr Charles is of Navajo heritage, an identity which has deeply shaped his candidacy and his view of what America should be.

The land upon which Washington DC was built belonged to the Piscataway people.

"These were their lands, long before Columbus got lost at sea - and they are still here. And I am humbled to be living on these lands, on their lands, and I want to honour them as the host people."

In the early 2000s, Mr Charles chose to move his family to a remote home on a Navajo reservation, "because I wanted to experience the more traditional life". They would stay for 11 years.

"I saw several presidential elections from that vantage point," he says.

"We were six miles off the nearest paved road, lived in the one-room Hogan - the traditional Navajo dwelling. There was no running water, no electricity in our community, our neighbours were rug weavers and shepherds."

Mark made a choice to connect with his heritage by moving to a Navajo reservation

The family prepared to cook on a camping stove, haul water, and live by candle-light. What they hadn't anticipated was how marginalised they would feel.

"The only groups of non-Natives we ever saw on the reservation were those who came to take our picture or those who came to provide us charity. Almost no one came to build relationships with us," says Mr Charles. "On top of that, I was understanding and seeing some of the historical trauma that came from the very unjust history against our people.

"I [could] feel myself becoming both more insecure and more angry."

He made a resolution to reach outwards and foster understanding instead of growing bitter. Now he says he's fighting for a truly inclusive, modern America which rejects inequality.

"Our Constitution, which starts with the words 'We the people' […] never mentions women, it specifically excludes Natives, and it counts Africans as three-fifths of a person," says Mr Charles.

"And so this is what my campaign is all about: if we want to be a nation where 'we the people' truly means all the people, we have to do some foundational-level work. We can't just say it and wish it was so: we actually have to go in and change some things that this nation was founded on, such as the racism, the sexism and the explicit white supremacy."

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Fri, 09 Oct 2020 23:19:00 -0500 text/html Republican candidates spend over $100 million on TV ads in Iowa with 13 days until caucuses as Nikki Haley accuses Ron DeSantis of being a pro-China 'phony'
  • With just 13 days until Iowa, Republican 2024 candidates and the PACs backing them have reserved $3.3 million in ads from Jan. 1 through the caucuses
  • Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis is the biggest spender overall in Iowa, but in the lead-up, those backing Haley are spending the most 
  • DeSantis is in second place in Iowa and is banking on doing well in the state to gain momentum in the primary race

Republicans have bombarded the airwaves in Iowa with the must-win state in the party's race for the 2024 presidential nomination seeing $105 million spent on television and radio adverts in 2023.

In a final surge the figure is expected to grow by another $2.5 million ahead of Iowa's caucuses on January 15, which will yield the first tangible results in the election following months of intense campaigning.

Meanwhile, the largest spending group supporting former United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley's campaign released a new ad calling Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis a 'phony' and slamming his record on China.

The 2024 Republican candidates, along with outside groups supporting them, aren't slowing on pumping millions into the midwestern state in the 13-day countdown.

With just 13 days until Iowa's primary contest, Republican 2024 candidates and the PACs supporting them have reserved $3.3 million in ads before the caucuses 

Former UN Ambassador Nikki Haley and the groups backing her are on-track to spend the most as they try to bolster her support in Iowa ahead of the caucuses on January 15

A Super PAC supporting Haley has emerged as the top advertiser in Iowa with $25 million spent last year, according to AdImpact. 

DeSantis and the groups supporting his candidacy still have outspent the rest of the field in Iowa – where the 2024 hopeful is placing most of his efforts to gain momentum at the start of the primary contests.

However, newly released data for 2023 and upcoming ads in 2024, show that Haley is expected to spend the most in the run-up to the caucus, with SFA Fund Inc., reserving $3.3 million in television and radio ads from January 1 through January 15.

Her campaign will spend another $1.3 million on top of that.

Former President Donald Trump's campaign is spending in the next two weeks just under $1 million on ads in Iowa and DeSantis' campaign and the PACs supporting him allocated a combined $1.7 million.

While Haley remains consistently in third place in Iowa behind DeSantis and former President Donald Trump, she is hoping to gain some last-minute momentum after skyrocketing last month to second place in New Hampshire polls.

SFA Fund, the biggest spender in Iowa for Haley, is releasing an ad that calls Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis a 'phony' and attacks his record regarding relations with China

DeSantis is in second place in Iowa polls and is banking on doing well in the state to gain momentum in the primary race

Biotech entrepreneur Vivek Ramaswamy's campaign decided last month to stop television ad spending in Iowa, claiming that there are better ways for the 38-year-old candidate to reach his younger supporters.

So far, Ramaswamy's campaign has reserved $29,100, with ads starting on Wednesday and running to the Iowa caucus on January 15, marking the first time since December 17 that the millennial campaign has had active ads on traditional media.

Amid reports that Ramaswamy is halting TV ads in the first caucus and first primary election states, the campaign revealed that they are 'hyper-focusing' on other avenues like text, calls and door-to-door canvassing.

'Our spending levels haven't changed—we're just following the data,' Ramaswamy's senior advisor and communications director Tricia McLaughlin told

Tue, 02 Jan 2024 02:44:00 -0600 text/html
Earning A Doctorate In Social Work

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Earning a doctorate in social work offers opportunities to advance your career by gaining further training in a specific area. In this article, we discuss the difference between a Doctor of Social Work (D.S.W.) and a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in social work, discuss specializations available for doctorate programs and provide examples of social work career options.

Admission Requirements

Admission requirements for a Ph.D. in social work or a D.S.W. vary depending on the school and program. Doctorate programs typically require applicants to hold a master’s degree in social work and/or have up to three years of related post-graduate professional work experience. Doctoral applicants are commonly required to submit all postsecondary transcripts, GRE scores, letters of recommendation and meet a minimum GPA.

Ph.D. in Social Work vs. a D.S.W.: Which is Right for You?

Both a Ph.D. in social work and a D.S.W. can help advance your career and potentially increase your salary as a social worker. The fundamental difference between the two is the focus of the programs.

A D.S.W. program focuses on supervision, applied research and social practice at the leadership and/or management level. A Ph.D. program emphasizes scholarly and theoretical research and educational practices. Deciding which is right for you depends on your professional career goals and research interests.

What is a Ph.D. in Social Work?

Earning a Ph.D. in social work is suited for those interested in working for research-oriented organizations or in higher education. Some social workers holding a Ph.D. end up involved with community organization, policy or working for nonprofit organizations. However, earning a Ph.D. might limit your job prospects if your career goals shift beyond the realms of research, scholarship and education. A Ph.D. in social work requires a large time commitment and often takes between three to four years to complete.

What is a D.S.W.?

A D.S.W. is an applied degree that spends more time training students with advanced clinical application of social work practice. This degree assists professionals in developing and improving their practice, including working at the leadership or management level.

Specializations for Doctorate in Social Work Programs

Doctorate programs in social work provide advanced training in specialized areas of practice and may focus on a specific population, such as children, women or refugees, or on particular social issues such as trauma, poverty or housing. Below are some examples of specializations available for candidates to choose from:

Advanced Clinical Practice and Supervision

The advanced clinical practice and supervision specialization allows candidates to develop their leadership skills and prepares them for advanced clinical supervision, instruction and practice management. These advanced practitioners play a critical role in delivering the best care across various social work settings and work environments.

Social Work Education

Ph.D. programs can be well-suited for social workers interested in working within the education sector, especially those interested in becoming a researcher or educator. An education specialization provides opportunities to learn quantitative analysis, teaching methodologies, and survey and research methods.

Mental Health and Substance Abuse

A specialization in mental health and substance abuse prepares social workers who work with clients who have substance and behavioral addiction and/or mental health-related issues. Students can expect to learn the best practices and techniques for assisting their clients, addiction psychology and treatment, and family studies.

Disaster, Crisis and Intervention

A disaster, crisis and intervention specialization allows students to learn about the theories and strategies available for addressing various societal challenges and meeting the basic needs of a community in an emergency. Study of psychological disorders, crisis intervention and counseling, and an examination of behaviors and actions following disaster are just a few examples of themes this specialization emphasizes. Doctoral students often develop solution-oriented and action-driven projects to address hypothetical and/or real situations affecting communities.

Career Options for a Doctorate in Social Work

Social Worker

Social workers work with individuals, groups and communities to provide the support they need to overcome and Boost difficult situations. They assist their clients in facing various challenges, such as substance addiction, unemployment or abuse.

Clinical Social Worker

Clinical social workers handle the prevention, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and emotional and behavioral-related problems. Treatment modalities include individual and group or family therapy. While social workers’ and therapists’ roles differ, clinical social workers can provide counseling treatment and certain types of therapy under the supervision of a licensed psychologist or psychiatrist.

Clinical Director

The role of a clinical director can vary depending on the work setting; however, their job responsibilities often encompass a combination of administrative management and human resources. They provide leadership to healthcare teams and oversee facilities to ensure organizations run effectively and efficiently.

Clinical directors develop, implement and supervise patient care programs and administrative operations. They strategize outstanding service and growth opportunities according to the organization’s standards and manage budgeting and resourcing responsibilities.

Social Work Professor

Experienced professionals interested in imparting the knowledge and insight they’ve accumulated throughout their career to aspiring social workers can become a professor after obtaining their doctoral degree. A critical component of being a professor is consistently publishing work in peer-reviewed scholarly journals.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between D.S.W. and Ph.D.?

A D.S.W. program prepares students for careers in advanced social work practice, applied research and leadership. A Ph.D. prepares students for careers in academia and focuses more on research methods and teaching methodology. A D.S.W. is an applied degree, whereas a Ph.D. is an academic degree.

What are the benefits of getting a doctorate in social work?

Earning a doctorate in social work is a highly respected distinction that provides advanced training in a specialized practice within your area of interest. Obtaining a doctorate in social work can expand your career opportunities, increase your earning potential and qualify you for leadership and advanced administrative roles.

How long does it take to earn a D.S.W.?

It can take between two to five years to earn a D.S.W. The length of D.S.W. programs can vary depending on the program and school, and the course load taken each semester.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 15:52:00 -0600 Mariah St John en-US text/html
Adam Boulton: Sir Keir Starmer is the anti-charisma candidate - but his lack of profile hasn't harmed Labour's chances

When he is forced to pick his Labour heroes, Sir Keir Starmer reluctantly measures himself against Clement Attlee, Harold Wilson and Sir Tony Blair.

That is hardly surprising. Of the 19 Labour leaders since the party's launch in 1906 under Sir Keir's namesake, Keir Hardie, only those three men have defeated a Conservative incumbent and become prime minister.

Mr Attlee remains the most venerated by his party. After serving as deputy prime minister in the wartime coalition government under Sir Winston Churchill, he beat him in the 1945 general election and put in place the foundations of the welfare state.

Those "days of hope" seem a long way removed from today's mood. The NHS is creaking, housing is in short supply, and Sir Keir and his chancellor Rachel Reeves miss no opportunity to say the cash will not be available to turn them around quickly.

Image: Sir Keir with his shadow cabinet

Sir Keir is most comfortable comparing himself to Harold Wilson. Perhaps this is because Mr Wilson is remembered as a similarly stolid middle-aged figure.

That was not how Mr Wilson was seen in 1964 when Labour very narrowly ended "13 wasted years of Tory rule", as Sir Keir now seeks to do in 2024.

At that time, however improbably, Mr Wilson came across as a bit of a whiz kid, an Oxford don on course at the age of 46 to be the youngest prime minister of the 20th century.

He was a politician who "got" the Beatles, who were smashing hit parade records, and who promised to regenerate Britain through "the white heat of this revolution" in science and technology.

Today 61-year-old Sir Keir has no equivalent well of excitement or goodwill to draw on.

The best comparison for the task now facing the Labour leader is the one closest to him in time and the one that he was initially reluctant to embrace: Tony Blair in the run-up to the 1997 general election.

For the first years after he became Labour leader in 2019, Sir Keir avoided uttering the Blair B-word.

He had good reasons to keep his distance. He took over the leadership from the left of the party, having served in Jeremy Corbyn's shadow cabinet. He needed support from Corbynistas to be elected.

Besides, although Labour had lost three elections led successively by Gordon Brown, Ed Miliband and Mr Corbyn, Sir Tony, their last victor, had become anathema to many Labour supporters because of disillusionment over the war in Iraq.

Image: Sir Keir with Sir Tony and Mr Brown in 2022

Sir Keir shares no political lineage with Sir Tony - who incidentally trumped Mr Wilson as the youngest 20th-century prime minister, aged 43 when elected on 1 May 1997.

Sir Keir was a lawyer during the Blair years. His closest contact with New Labour probably came in 2008 when the Brown government appointed him director of public prosecutions.

Sir Keir only became an MP in 2015, seven years after Sir Tony retired from Westminster politics. He took over the Holborn and St Pancras constituency from Frank Dobson, Sir Tony's first health secretary.

Since then the gravitational pull of New Labour has exerted itself, pulling Sir Keir to the centre, just as Labour has risen in opinion polls and local elections to its present commanding lead.

It is difficult to imagine Mr Corbyn or Mr Miliband donning camouflage, as Sir Keir did recently on a pre-Christmas visit to British troops on active deployment in Eastern Europe.

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Starmer visits NATO base in Estonia

As Sir Keir has assembled his team for the election campaign, veterans of the Blair and Brown governments have returned to important roles although most of the politicians and advisors around the leader of the opposition are from a new and younger generation.

In the shadow cabinet, rising stars including Wes Streeting, Peter Kyle, Liz Kendall and Jonathan Reynolds make no secret of their admiration for the achievements of the last Labour government.

Shadow chancellor Ms Reeves says her model has been the late Alistair Darling, who served all through the premierships of Sir Tony and Mr Brown.

Yvette Cooper was a minister during those years in power, so were Hilary Benn, recently appointed shadow Northern Ireland secretary, Pat McFadden, who is heading the election campaign team, and shadow defence secretary John Healey.

Former cabinet minister Douglas Alexander is hoping to resurrect his political career by standing again for election in Scotland.

There are also influential figures in the backroom of the Starmer machine with real experience of being in government.

Peter Hyman was an advisor to Sir Tony and has returned to work for Sir Keir after a decade out of politics as an innovative comprehensive school founder and head.

Matthew Doyle, a former press secretary for Sir Tony, is now Sir Keir's communications director.

David Evans, the secretary general of the Labour Party, was a deputy general secretary in the Blair years. Other top aides and campaign veterans dating from that era are Carol Linforth and Mariana Triam.

Peter Mandelson, the politician, and Alastair Campbell, the spin doctor, are also ready to offer their advice.

Image: Sir Tony and Sir Keir at a conference in July

So is Sir Tony himself, although he has made it clear that he does not hanker after a David Cameron-style return to frontline UK politics.

When asked about a job for Sir Tony, Sir Keir doesn't sound eager on the idea either.

In 1997, New Labour transformed British election campaigning with its famous pledge card, which set out five specific promises on taxation, young offenders, class sizes, welfare and NHS waiting lists.

Its talismanic influence is evident in that Sir Keir has already laid out his "five missions", while the Conservative leader Rishi Sunak outlined his "five pledges" for 2023.

At least three of Sir Keir's missions are in the same policy areas as New Labour's, designed to appeal to the main concerns of voters on the NHS, crime, and "barriers to opportunity", alongside the topical issues of housebuilding and green energy.

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Ms Reeves has also refreshed the old pledge not to put up headline taxes and has stressed that Labour is once again pro-private enterprise.

Three of former chancellor Mr Sunak's pledges were economic, along with cutting the waiting lists and stopping the boats. So far he has only fulfilled one of them - halving the rate of inflation.

The promises from both main parties are much vaguer than those on Sir Tony's original pledge card and they have been announced prematurely. New Labour only brought out the detail of what it wanted to be measured against once the general election had been called.

In some ways Sir Keir and Mr Sunak are fighting the last war with their five promises. The public long ago lost interest in such stunts, not least because Sir Tony is remembered as a charismatic salesman who got away with a lot.

Read more:
Why Sunak is getting uptight about Starmer
Double by-election defeat leaves Tories asking is this a re-run of 1992 or 1997?

The UK is floundering and has a problem

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Labour 'lost our way' but 'has changed'

In the Christmas period before the 1997 general election period, Sir Tony's main media appearance was on the Des O'Connor show. He fretted about it in advance but thanked Alastair Campbell for setting it up afterwards because it cut through to the general public.

Since then politicians have been there and done that with diminishing returns.

Sir Keir may be embracing Blairite policies but he is the anti-charisma candidate.

Unlike Mr Sunak he does not hobnob with celebrities such as Elon Musk.

Sir Keir's new year launch is already billed as a series of speeches around the country about the issues facing us all.

Serious, even boring, but in tune with the spirit of the age.

He may not be doing much for his personal ratings but his lack of profile has not done the Labour Party's chances any harm.

Could Clement Attlee be the closest comparison - after the man now widely hailed as Labour's greatest prime minister was once popularly dismissed as "a modest man with much to be modest about".

Wed, 03 Jan 2024 18:39:00 -0600 en text/html
Diabetes and Endocrinology

The Diabetes and Endocrinology theme has strengths in adrenal disease and neuroendocrine tumours with new drugs in development from the bench through clinical trials to market authorisation in partnership with our spinout companies.

Diabetes research is focused on three aspects: hypoglycaemia, in particular its effects on the cardiovascular system; educating patients on self-management (for example, DAFNE project); and the effect of diabetes on the central nervous system. Our laboratories have excellent facilities for a wide range of biochemical, cell culture and molecular biological techniques and we undertake clinical trials in the state of the art clinical research facility.

Meet the team

Dr Charlotte Elder

Charlotte Elder’s main research has been in the development of a non-invasive Short Synacthen Test for adrenal insufficiency, with a novel formulation of Synacthen for nasal administration and the measurement of the glucocorticoid response in saliva samples. She has led a team over five pharmacokinetic studies in adults and children. There is a patent application filed for the novel formulation and both commercial and research arms to the current workstream.
Her other research interests include a cross-discipline bioengineering project developing pubertal simulation tools for training purposes, which has evolved into a public engagement study of male sexual health seeking behaviours.

Find out more

Dr Jackie Elliott


Research interests include complex interventions for patients with diabetes. Interventions to examine the best way in which to deliver education to different patient groups, e.g. those with hypoglycaemia unawareness, or young people,, and how best to integrate technology, e.g. the use of insulin pumps, physical activity monitors, etc.

Find out more

Professor Simon Heller


Pathophysiology of hypoglycaemia in diabetes, the contribution of hypoglycaemia to the increased risk of sudden death in young people with Type 1 diabetes (the 'dead in bed' syndrome), the clinical benefits of insulin analogues and trials of complex interventions to enable more effective self-management in people with diabetes.

Find out more

Dr Ahmed Iqbal


Find out more

Dr Helen Kemp


My research interests are: Autoimmune vitiligo, Autoimmune parathyroid disease and autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes, Autoimmune thyroid disease and Cushing’s disease.

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Professor Nils Krone


Inborn errors of steroidogenesis, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, disorders of sex development (DSD), and PCOS; his main interests are on inborn errors of steroid hormone biosynthesis and steroid hormone metabolism ini health and disease.

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Professor John Newell-Price


The focus of his research is glucocorticoids. His group has identified important aspects of epigenetic regulation of proopiomelanocortin, the key regulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and now is using this information to design strategies to modify over-expression in conditions of excess hormone secretion, such as Cushing's disease.

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Professor Richard Ross


The focus of both my clinical and basic research is on optimising pituitary hormone replacement.

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Dr Dinesh Selvarajah


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Mon, 18 Apr 2022 21:31:00 -0500 en text/html
Hackney mayor candidate campaigns under way as by-election looms

By Susana MendonçaPolitical reporter, BBC London

Colvestone Primary School parents Hendrik Elstein and Mike Cooter for whom school closures is an important issue

It's 18 months since the last time of asking, and voters are about to be sent back to the polls again in Hackney to choose another directly elected mayor to run the borough, after the last one was forced to quit.

On the Pembury Estate, I watch the Greens going door to door, in search of voters who might be willing to switch sides.

The Green Party were the runners-up in the Hackney mayoral race last year with 17% of the vote.

Labour won it with a significant lead of 59.1% of the vote. So this is a tough target but the Green candidate Zoë Garbett - a Dalston councillor who is also standing for London mayor - thinks latest events in Hackney could help her.

In between knocking on doors, Ms Garbett told me: "Lots of people feel let down, they feel like they've been misled. We do politics quite differently in the Greens and I think it's about rebuilding that trust with residents, listening to them, including them in decisions."

Hackney 2023 mayoral by-election Green candidate Zoë Garbett

Hackney is one of five London boroughs where voters directly elect an executive mayor to run things. Under usual circumstances there wouldn't be a local mayoral election here until 2026.

But a by-election was sparked in September when the Labour mayor Philip Glanville - who had been in post here since 2016 - was forced to step down.

That was after it emerged that he had misled the council about when he'd stopped socialising with a former Labour councillor called Tom Dewey, who had been arrested for possessing indecent images of children. Dewey was given a one-year suspended sentence in August.

Mr Glanville had claimed to have had nothing more to do with Dewey after finding out about Dewey's arrest in May 2022.

But a photo surfaced of him at a Eurovision party with Dewey on the evening after he had been told about Dewey's offences. It was that lack of transparency that led to calls for Mr Glanville to step down. In his resignation letter Mr Glanville said attending the party had been an "error of judgement".

Mayoral by-election candidate for Labour Caroline Woodley

It's amid that controversy that the new Labour candidate, Caroline Woodley, who is a councillor and a member of the former elected mayor's cabinet, is trying to set out her own stall.

I caught up with her leafleting in Stoke Newington. She said: "It's not really about one person. I'm about Hackney Labour and things that we want to do as a team for this borough and that tends to have been reassuring to people on the doorstep. To be honest, what they want to talk about is the condition of their home, or of their neighbourhood, or of their child's education."

Children's education is a controversial issue here due to the council's plans to close several primary schools in response to falling pupil numbers, which has sparked protest from parents. One of the schools that could close is Colvestone Primary School near Ridley Road Market.

Hackney resident Clair Battaglino opposes LTNs

Mike Cooter and Hendrik Elstein each have five-year-olds at the school and think there hasn't been enough public consultation. This is a claim that the council rejects.

Speaking to me outside the school, Mr Cooter said he thought the issue could sway voters: "We think it's an important issue for the mayoral election because it gets to the heart of fundamental questions around local democracy."

Mr Elstein added: "It should be a huge factor because education is the most fundamental issue for any political direction."

Another controversial issue is Low Traffic Neighbourhoods (LTNs) in the borough, which are loved by some and loathed by others.

Resident Clair Battaglino, who is opposed to LTNs, took me to see the how the London Fields LTN, where cars cannot freely drive through, is diverting more traffic into her road instead.

Independent candidate Peter Smorthit

She said: "I think for lots of people, they will vote in self-interest, so people within the LTNs, will come out in favour of the candidates who will assure them that their LTNs will stay. But more LTNs will disadvantage the people on the sacrificial roads. I've been here over 40 years and I have never seen a more divisive issue in this borough."

It's an issue that is clearly playing into the by-election campaign. Independent candidate Peter Smorthit has said he would remove LTNs.

So has the Conservative candidate, Simche Steinberger, who has been a councillor in Hackney for 18 years. Showing me around his Springfield ward he told me LTNs are a problem.

Conservative candidate Simche Steinberger

Mr Steinberger said: "One of the most important things for the residents is to stop these LTNs. Should I become the next elected mayor, I will, myself, go in my ward in Mount Pleasant and rip out the first LTNs on the following Monday after being elected."

Affordable housing is another thread running through this campaign, Labour has promised 1,000 new social rented homes in the borough by 2026.

The Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition candidate Annoesjka Valent wants more focus on housing repairs.

Liberal Democrat candidate Simon De Deney

The Liberal Democrat candidate Simon De Deney says the borough has become unaffordable and that if he was elected he would "build the thousands of affordable homes, and social housing that we need to make Hackney affordable again for us and our children".

The mayoral by-election will be held on Thursday 9 November. A change in the law means voters at polling stations must take photo ID with them to be allowed to vote.

The Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition candidate Annoesjka Valent wants more focus on housing repairs

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