Exam Code: SAT Practice test 2023 by Killexams.com team
SAT SAT ( Scholastic Aptitude Test )

SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test)The SAT is wholly owned, developed, and published by the College Board, a private, not-for-profit organization in the United States. It is administered on behalf of the College Board by the Educational Testing Service,[rx] which until recently developed the SAT as well.[rx] The test is intended to assess students readiness for college. The SAT was originally designed not to be aligned with high school curricula,[rx] but several adjustments were made for the version of the SAT introduced in 2016, and College Board president, David Coleman, has said that he also wanted to make the test reflect more closely what students learn in high school with the new Common Core standards.[rx]

It is a standardized test administered by the College Board and is required to be taken by students seeking admission to undergraduate schools. The full form of SAT is the Scholastic Assessment Test, which was earlier known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test. SAT test has been developed to evaluate the written, verbal and mathematical skills of the candidates. Applicants aspire to pursue undergraduate courses, particularly in the US and Canada, are required to take the SAT exam. If the student is looking to get admission to a particular course, s/he can take the SAT subject tests to show his knowledge and understanding of that particular subject. Subject tests are offered in areas like Literature, History, Mathematics, Sciences and Foreign Languages.

Conducted by the College Board, SAT 1 or more commonly referred to as the Scholastic Assessment Test is required to be taken by students seeking admission to undergraduate schools. SAT 1 is a general test that has been developed to evaluate the written, verbal and mathematical skills of the candidates. SAT 2, on the other hand, is a more subject-focused test. Students looking to get admission to a particular course are required to take the SAT Subject Test to demonstrate their knowledge of that particular subject. So, whenever, you are in a dilemma while thinking about SAT1 vs SAT2, then just see which SAT 2020 test is apt for you.

Most of the colleges in the US accept either SAT or American College Testing (ACT) for admissions to their undergraduate programs, so, students looking to get into these courses are required to take these tests. However, it is important to know which test you should take. Firstly, check the requirement of the college you are applying to whether they require the SAT or ACT, then decide on which test you should go for. If you are lucky enough to have both the options acceptable from your choice of college.

There are no specific eligibility criteria set by the College Board, the body that conducts and manages the SAT exam. However, it can be taken by students who are in high school. Students who want to apply for undergraduate studies abroad are required to have successfully completed their high school education to move to the next level of their learning.

The test is divided into two sections – Math Test–Calculator and Math Test–No Calculator.
Most questions are multiple choice while some are grid-ins
Grid-in questions require students to solve a question and fill in the answer derived in the space given
Topics covered include – Algebra
Ratios, Rates, Proportional Relationships, Scale Drawings, Percentages
Polynomials, Linear, Quadratic, Exponential Models, and Equations
Linear and Exponential Growths
Probability, Statistics, Graphs
Geometry and Trigonometr

SAT ( Scholastic Aptitude Test )
Admission-Tests Scholastic book
Killexams : Admission-Tests Scholastic book - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAT Search results Killexams : Admission-Tests Scholastic book - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAT https://killexams.com/exam_list/Admission-Tests Killexams : College Scholastic Ability Test

Students will only need to submit their CSAT scores (done so via Uway) and participate in an InitialView interview/writing sample. In as little as five business days from completing our simplified application, we hope to provide you with an admissions decision.

You can start the process right here!
Start your application with InitialView

We’re excited about providing an opportunity for the exceptional group of students that take the CSAT every year who might want to study abroad. We hope you’ll consider how you can benefit from an undergraduate degree in the U.S!

Tue, 02 Jun 2020 04:34:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.rit.edu/admissions/college-scholastic-ability-test
Killexams : FOX 17 gives away 7,500+ books to GR students through 'If You give A Child A Book' campaign

GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. — Children who grow up in a home without any books are, on average, three years behind kids who have lots of books at home.

That's just one reason FOX 17, along with the Scripps Howard Fund, makes childhood literacy a priority.

We made a big push to raise money to help support our "If You give a Child a Book" campaign last summer. This year, FOX 17 and the Scripps Howard Fund will partner with Grand Rapids Public Schools to reach underserved children living in poverty.

FOX 17 gives away 7,500+ books to GR students through 'If You give A Child A Book' campaign

We put the call out to you, our viewers, and you answered in a big way. We raised a total of $37,658 during our 2022 campaign.

Because of those donations, students at East Leonard Elementary School, Cesar E. Chavez Elementary School and Kent Hills Elementary School will get to pick out five free books to take home during Scholastic Book Fairs over the next three weeks. In the spring, students at those schools will get the chance to pick out more books to take home for free at a second Scholastic Book Fair.

Several higher education studies have found that when children select their own books, they are more likely to enjoy memorizing and score higher on comprehension tests. The “If You give a Book” campaign partnership with Scholastic Books ensures children get to do just that. We bring Scholastic Book Fairs to Grand Rapids Public Schools so students can select their own books to take home.

FOX 17 gives away 7,500+ books to GR students through 'If You give A Child A Book' campaign part 2

The donations raised over the summer helped purchase more than 7,500 books for students at Title 1 schools in Grand Rapids. Each book a child gets equates to about 180 minutes of memorizing at home. This year’s book donations will generate more than a million memorizing minutes for students in Grand Rapids.

The target for this program is K-3rd grade, and one crucial element is that the children all have the power to choose.


FOX 17

"A lot of these kids, unfortunately, don't have any books in their home. This is an opportunity we're bringing to them and it's honestly, it's a game changer. It's a life-changing moment for them and when you give children the power of choice, it means that they're picking out a book they want to read,” explained Meredith Delaney, director of philanthropic strategies for the Scripps Howard Fund.

FOX 17 gives away 7,500+ books to Grand Rapids students through 'If You give A Child A Book' campaign

Children who lack ongoing access to a rich selection of books spend far less time reading, resulting in lower memorizing proficiency and a struggle to complete high school and prepare for the world beyond.

As a company, Scripps raised more than one million dollars, which equals 221,000 books.

It’s not too late to donate! Every $5 you donate buys one book for a child in need. Click here to donate.

give a book donate.png

FOX 17

Follow FOX 17: Facebook - Twitter - Instagram - YouTube

Copyright 2023 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Sun, 22 Jan 2023 21:21:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.fox17online.com/donate/give-a-book/fox-17-gives-away-7-500-books-to-gr-students-through-if-you-give-a-child-a-book-campaign
Killexams : Senate Democrats kill Youngkin-backed bill on school awards No result found, try new keyword!Glenn Youngkin that would have required student and parental notification about certain scholastic awards ... student achievements on a standardized test. The legislation would have prohibited ... Mon, 06 Feb 2023 03:29:00 -0600 en text/html https://wcyb.com/news/local/senate-democrats-kill-gov-glenn-youngkin-backed-bill-on-school-awards-scholastic-student-achievements-tests-attorney-general-jason-miyares-general-assembly Killexams : Scholastic signs picture book by teenage vegan chef McQueen

Scholastic has signed a picture book by teenage vegan chef Omari McQueen illustrated by Sophia Green. 

The Scholastic Non-Fiction team, led by publisher Elizabeth Scoggins, acquired world rights to the text of Fantastic Families from Oscar Janson-Smith at Gleam Futures and Green’s illustrations from The Bright Agency. It will publish in September 2023.  

The publisher said: “Inspired by his own life in a big family, Omari celebrates love, togetherness and living together in a busy home. Bursting with fun and warmth, Omari’s love of food shines through Fantastic Families as he shows that home life can be spicy, savoury, sweet and always best enjoyed together! Alongside the story, Omari includes one of his own family recipes to try at home."

McQueen said: “Life is a journey made better with family. I am so happy to be doing a third book with Scholastic. Family is so important to me and I’m glad to be able to celebrate them all with you”. 

Janson-Smith added: “Omari has accomplished a phenomenal amount at a very young age, and while his individual brilliance, charm, and cheeky smile have a lot to do with it, I can say with utter certainty that he would not be where he was today if it wasn’t for the support of his family – the work they put in behind the scenes is truly astonishing. We are all delighted to be continuing Omari’s relationship with Scholastic, and love that his latest book celebrates his family, who really do mean the world to him.” 

Scoggins also commented: “Omari’s passion for food, fun and family are perfect ingredients for a picture book that is a joy to read together. We look forward to families sharing it and also trying his delicious recipes at home.” 

Sun, 12 Feb 2023 19:11:00 -0600 En text/html https://www.thebookseller.com/rights/scholastic-signs-picture-book-by-teenage-vegan-chef-mcqueen
Killexams : 5 things to do in Pittsburgh this weekend: Feb. 17-19

It’s a long holiday weekend for some with Presidents Day on Monday. Here are some ways to spend it.

Auto Show

The Pittsburgh International Auto Show is Friday through Monday at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, Downtown.

There will be a wide variety of vehicles in a non-sales atmosphere. Guests can check out the latest in safety features and take a seat in a sporty convertible, calculate the cargo space of a new SUV, and admire the rugged off-road features of a heavy duty pickup truck.

Hours are 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. Friday and Saturday and 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday and Monday. Tickets are $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and military, children under 6 are free. Monday is half-price admission.

Details: pittautoshow.com

Cupid’s Undie Run

On Saturday, hundreds of people in Pittsburgh will brave temperatures in the 40s and go for a run wearing just undergarments in Cupid’s Undie Run.

The event raises awareness of neurofibromatosis — a genetic disorder that causes tumors to grow on nerves throughout the body — and fundraises for research through the Children’s Tumor Foundation.

The event is from noon to 4 p.m. with the run at 2 p.m. starting at McFadden’s on the North Shore.

Entrance fee is $45.

Details: cupids.org

Tattoo Expo

Baller Inc., Inka Dinka Doo and Inspire Body Art present the Pittsburgh Bleed Black and Gold Tattoo Expo Friday through Sunday at the Sheraton Station Square, on the South Side.

The sixth annual event will feature more than 200 tattoo artists in the industry locally and from across the country for a weekend of nonstop tattooing, art, body piercings and live entertainment.

Hours are 1 p.m. to 11 p.m. Friday, noon to 11 p.m. Saturday and noon to 7 p.m. Sunday.

Tickets will be available at the door for $30.

Details: pittsburghtattooexpo.com


Courtesy of Pittsburgh Bleed Black and Gold Tattoo Expo

The sixth annual Pittsburgh Bleed Black and Gold Tattoo Expo is Feb. 17-19 at the Sheraton Station Square on the South Side.

Heinz History Center

“The Black Fives: The Epic Story of Basketball’s Forgotten Era” lecture is from 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. Friday at the Senator John Heinz History Center in the Strip District. The talk will include information on some of the lesser-known history of Black basketball’s trailblazing teams, players and coaches.

The program will be led by Claude Johnson, the founder of the Black Fives Foundation, who has spent decades researching Black basketball history and its impact for his book, “The Black Fives: The Epic Story of Basketball’s Forgotten Era.” Johnson will discuss the history of legendary teams from Western Pennsylvania, including Pittsburgh’s Monticello Athletic Association, Scholastic Athletic Association, and the Loendi Big Five.

The event is free. Registration is required.

Details: heinzhistorycenter.org

Vikings exhibit

The Carnegie Science Center recently opened “Vikings: Warriors of the North Sea,” an in-depth look into Norse culture, art, traditions and beliefs.

The exhibition features more than 140 artifacts including jewelry, keys, weapons, silver hoards, brooches, clothing and a full-size replica of a Viking boat. Part of the collection came to Pittsburgh from the National Museum of Denmark.

Visitors can build a Viking ship using a touch screen, test the balance between the blade and the handle of a replica Viking sword, and play a digital version of a popular Viking strategy game that predates the introduction of chess in Europe.

Tickets are $25 for adults, $20 for seniors and $15 for children 3-12. Children 2 and under are free.

Details: carnegiesciencecenter.org

JoAnne Klimovich Harrop is a Tribune-Review staff writer. You can contact JoAnne by email at jharrop@triblive.com or via Twitter .

Categories: AandE | Downtown Pittsburgh | Editor's Picks | Northside | Pittsburgh | South Side | Top Stories

Thu, 16 Feb 2023 21:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://triblive.com/news/top-stories/5-things-to-do-in-pittsburgh-this-weekend-feb-17-19/
Killexams : Hogwarts Legacy review: "Tries to do too much all at once" null © Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment null

Hogwarts Legacy struggles to balance authenticity against the acceleration of its action, though it does a fine job of concealing a tension between its overlapping role-playing, open-world, and action-adventure systems. Standing beside the Great Lake, gazing up at the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, is undeniably awe-inspiring. As is sweeping the valleys surrounding Hogsmeade by broomstick, catching but a glimpse of its many turrets and towers piercing a starry sky; or spotting the shadow of the vast castle on some distant horizon, as you battle beasts and dark wizards into the depths of the Forbidden Forest and beyond.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, and the works that followed it, established a fascinating fantasy world full of magic, monsters, procedures, and politics. We explored this from the perspective of the Boy Who Lived, though it's really the School He Attended that attracted attention. Hogwarts became an avenue for adventure and weird homework assignments, where chosen children could master spellcraft and unravel mysteries woven through the fabric of the castle.

At a surface level, Hogwarts Legacy understands this entirely. It's why you can spend hours idly walking labyrinthian corridors. Why you're free to marvel at the grand old architecture. To chase apparitions, hunt for secrets, and listen to students bicker about House Points without interruption. Hogwarts Legacy nails this part of the fantasy with an ambitious recreation of the school grounds, but you have to go out in search of interaction eventually.

You're a wizard, [insert player name here]!

Developer Avalanche Software promised that Hogwarts Legacy would let us "experience life as a student at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry". There is truth to this, as you're able to attend a selection of wonderfully-scripted classes: Astronomy, Charms, Defense Against the Dark Arts, Herbology, History of Magic, Potions, and Transfiguration, and electives like Care of Magical Creatures and Divination. But these sessions are fleeting – rare opportunities to feel like an ordinary student of Hogwarts before a hidden truth of the wizarding world demands your full attention. 

Try as you might, you aren't ordinary. You're a custom-created character with more clothing and hairstyle options than the average student, and the power to tap into an ancient form of magic. This long-dormant energy has the power to create or destroy, and your potential gets you shipped off to boarding school as a late-admission fifth-year. Save the wizarding world, and get your act together before the O.W.L. exams. It's a busy narrative premise even before you factor in the rising threat of corrupted beasts, dark wizard poachers, and rumors of a goblin rebellion.  

It's a messy framing, even for an adventure that clearly learned a few lessons at the Assassin's Creed School of Open World Game Design. Avalanche built an aesthetically authentic recreation of Hogwarts and Hogsmeade, and breathed life into the forgettable hamlets that surround these two main attractions. The attention to detail is often staggering, with the spaces falling somewhere between their vivid descriptions on paper and the way they were captured on film. This is a world you'll want to live in. It's a shame, then, that this attention to authenticity isn't applied with consistency – the established wizarding world is set-dressing to be shrouded in a Cloak of Invisibility where necessary. 

Professors speak to the importance of studies, but there are few opportunities to engage with schoolwork outside of core questlines. Students will often speak about punishments that never come your way, regardless of whether you're farming resources in the Forbidden Forest or throwing Unforgivable Curses against anything with a health bar. Excursions to Hogsmeade aren't restricted to weekends, which diminishes magical fixtures like The One-Eyed Witch Passage. Hogwarts has a curfew, but it only comes into effect to support intolerable stealth missions. Hogwarts Legacy isn't a simulation. 

At times you'll wish it was – I know I certainly did. Hogwarts Legacy cares little for the rules that underpin the wizarding world, and does a poor job of communicating what is and isn't allowed. For a school of 1,000, the hallways, classrooms, and common rooms are surprisingly sparse, and the students you do come across have infrequent points of dialogue and interaction. If ever a game was crying out for incidental minigames – Exploding Snap, Wizard's Chess, Gobstones – it's Hogwarts Legacy, although it offers few opportunities to simply exist outside of the adventure.

I was a background actor in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, and I was hurry to use Hogwarts Legacy to explore some vivid memories. When the autumnal decorations went up, I rushed to the Great Hall and promptly located where I was seated when Professor Quirrell disrupted All Hallows' Evening celebrations with claims of a troll in the dungeon. It's here where I realized that there is no option to just sit down and spend a little while in the world, soaking in the ambiance beside my fellow Hufflepuff classmates. So I stood there awkwardly for a spell, opened up the map, and fast-traveled to some undefinable corner of Upper Hogsfield – a trader needs me to find his missing Mooncalf. That you aren't able to enjoy the atmosphere of these spaces in character - or even dip into a photo mode - is a missed opportunity. 

Class dismissed

So if Hogwarts Legacy isn't a simulation of life as a student of Hogwarts, what is it? It's an action role-playing game where you role-play as a witch or wizard with a strong propensity for action. Thankfully, combat is robust, and surprisingly challenging once the core mission-set settles into its rhythm: inquisitive exploration of environments, interspersed with high-energy action. Hogwarts Legacy sings in its most chaotic entanglements, where colorful offensive and defensive spells are traded with groups of dark wizards and energy-infused goblins – the screen a mess of sparkling particle effects that never fails to impress. 

There are few third-person RPGs that let you wield magic at this scale, and Avalanche has done its best to wade through uncharted territory. In Harry Potter, spellcraft is based around careful gestures and instinctual incantations – a user-experience nightmare, with 26 learnable spells and few buttons to assign them to. Avalanche's solution is to have you unleash a quick strike (which builds to a combo) with R2, and then hold the trigger to map more impressive spells (which refresh on a cooldown) to the four face buttons of the DualSense. Eventually, you can cycle between four spell sets with the directional-pad. It's a little messy, but it works. 

There's real magic in the quick combinations of spells. Disarming an enemy with Expelliarmus, launching them into the air with Levioso, and then setting them ablaze with Incendio is exhilarating – as is launching the flaming threat into a group of other enemies with Depulso, or slamming the group into the ground with Descendo. Some enemies throw up Protego shields which require specific spells to break; casting your own shield charm at the right moment will send a bolt of Stupefy back into the melee to help keep crowds controlled. It's invigorating. Maintaining combos and avoiding damage charges an ancient magic meter, allowing you to unleash a powerful attack – eviscerating whatever you are targeting; Avada Kedavra, without all the baggage. 

Hogwarts Legacy doesn't contemplate your morality within the wizarding world. Everything I know about the Harry Potter franchise made me feel inclined to err on the side of caution, especially as talent trees let you dabble in the sort of magic that would get you thrown out of Hogwarts and into Azkaban; I didn't want a little dalliance with the Dark Arts to impact my candidacy for Hufflepuff Prefect. But Hogwarts Legacy doesn't really care what you do, or who you do it to. It's constantly presenting the illusion of choice, but never goes so far as to introduce any consequence. It isn't that the game is missing some kind of morality system, it's that the lack of any reasonable reaction to your actions further erodes any essence of role-playing. 

Where Hogwarts Legacy is most like an "RPG" is in its tangled economy, underpinning progression and survivability. Increasing offensive and defensive capabilities isn't tied to your growing proficiency as a spellcaster, but an endless selection of throwaway hats, scarves, and cloaks. Talent Points aren't accrued through preparation for your O.W.L. exams but to your overall level, which rises gradually as you incapacitate enemies and tick off challenges: kill 60 spiders, pop balloons with your broom, hunt for hundreds of pages of world lore, chart constellations in the night sky, and so on. Gear that you do want to Excellerate can be upgraded, but the resources are largely tied up in the cumbersome grooming, feeding, and breeding of fantastic beasts – all set to timers, which aren't tracked in the web of menus. 

Like a great many modern action role-playing games, Hogwarts Legacy suffers from bloat outside of its core (and often quite imaginative) mission-set. The deeper you get into the adventure the more vacuous sidequests become, the more monotonous the activities (magical lockpicking is not the one), and the more sparse the environments – Hogwarts Legacy introduces an entirely new area called Poidsear Coast, and it's as barren as it is beautiful. 

Searching for the magic

Coming into Hogwarts Legacy, I was curious to see whether it could recapture the magic of Harry Potter. It's been over two decades since the release of the first book, and I've since graduated to other magical literature – the likes of The Dresden Files by Jim Butcher, Lev Grossman's The Magicians, and Vertigo Comics' John Constantine: Hellblazer. My memories from being on set of the movies are fast fading, and the principal cast of those films are also all grown up – in the news for speaking out against author J.K. Rowling and her hurtful rhetoric against the transgender community. Perhaps the magic of Harry Potter has slowly eroded and, for a great many, can never be completely repaired.

Hogwarts Legacy at least attempts to build out a more representative depiction of the wizarding world. Of the four students who are given any sizable screen time through the adventure, one is a transfer student from Uagadou, an African wizarding school, and another is a blind student, guided around Hogwarts by his wand. A transgender witch is a trusted pillar of the Hogsmeade community, and professors bring experience from all corners of the globe. For a franchise with historically poor diversity, Hogwarts Legacy at least takes steps to more closely reflect the inclusivity at the heart of the Harry Potter community, and make a magical world feel as if it truly extends beyond the borders of the United Kingdom. 

Hogwarts Legacy is a solid first attempt. If Avalanche can be accused of anything, it's that the studio has tried to do too much all at once. Something was always going to give – between the massive open world, the messy RPG economy, exciting action combat, and adventure story that wants to cast you as a hero with homework due on Monday. But you can see a world in which a sequel sands down some of the rougher edges, and settles into a finer balance between the demands of an interactive experience and the lore of the wizarding world. 

Hogwarts Legacy was reviewed on PS5, with a code provided by the publisher.

Although she is not involved in the development of Hogwarts Legacy, GamesRadar+ acknowledges the role of J.K. Rowling in the creation of the Wizarding World, as well as her publicly-stated, harmful views regarding the rights of transgender people. If you’d like to offer your support to the communities affected by Rowling’s rhetoric, consider donating to the National Center for Transgender Equality in the US, or Mermaids in the UK.

Sun, 05 Feb 2023 21:02:05 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/entertainment/gaming/hogwarts-legacy-review-tries-to-do-too-much-all-at-once/ar-AA17am0D
Killexams : Medical admission test: Application process begins

Admission test for MBBS in government and private medical colleges of the country is set to take place on March 10

The application process for admission to government and private medical colleges in Bangladesh began on Monday.

It would continue till February 23.

Online application fee can be submitted till 11:59pm on February 24.

Director of Health Education Department (Medical Education) Dr Mujtahid Muhammad Hossain said admission test for MBBS in government and private medical colleges of the country is set to take place on March 10. 

The test will be held from 10am to 11am on that day.

Earlier it was informed in a circular that according to the policy-2023 formulated by Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council for medical admission, application can be made online at the scheduled time. Applicant must be a citizen of Bangladesh.

Students who have obtained GPA 9 collectively in Secondary School Certificate (SSC) and Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) can apply for admission online. 

There are 4,350 seats in 37 government medical colleges and 6,489 seats in 72 private medical colleges.

In 2022, the medical admission test was held on April 1 where 143,000 students participated.

Sun, 12 Feb 2023 21:29:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.dhakatribune.com/education/2023/02/13/medical-admission-test-application-process-begins
Killexams : The SAT and ACT are less important than you might think, says professor

College admission tests are becoming a thing of the past.

More than 80% of U.S. colleges and universities do not require applicants to take standardized tests—like the SAT or the ACT. That proportion of institutions with test-optional policies has more than doubled since the spring of 2020.

And for the fall of 2023, some 85 institutions won't even consider standardized test scores when reviewing applications. That includes the entire University of California system.

Currently, only 4% of colleges that use the Common Application system require a standardized test such as the SAT or the ACT for admission.

Even before the pandemic, more than 1,000 colleges and universities had either test-optional or so-called "test-blind" policies. But as the pandemic unfolded, more than 600 additional institutions followed suit.

At the time, many college officials noted that health concerns and other logistics associated with test-taking made them want to reduce stress and risk. Concerns about racial equity also factored into many decisions.

Other institutions are what some call "test-flexible," allowing applicants to submit test scores from Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate exams in place of the SAT or ACT.

Tests under fire

For many years, advocates and scholars have fought against the use of standardized tests, in general, and for college admission.

One critique is simple: Standardized tests aren't that useful at measuring a student's potential. Research has repeatedly shown that a student's high school GPA is a better predictor of college success than standardized test scores such as the SAT or ACT.

But there are deeper issues too, involving race and equity.

The development and use of standardized tests in came out of the eugenics movement. That movement claimed—and then used misleading and manufactured evidence to support the idea—that people of different races had different innate abilities.

"Standardized tests have become the most effective racist weapon ever devised to objectively degrade Black and Brown minds and legally exclude their bodies from prestigious schools," according to Ibram X. Kendi, director of the Center for Anti-Racist Research at Boston University.

Kendi is not alone in highlighting the historic links between standardized tests and discrimination. Joseph A. Soares, editor of "The Scandal of Standardized Tests: Why We Need to Drop the SAT and ACT," has documented "[t]he original ugly eugenic racist intention behind the SAT, aimed at excluding Jews from the Ivy League." He says that goal has now "been realized by biased test-question selection algorithms that systemically discriminate against Blacks." In his work, Soares draws attention to the practice of evaluating pilot questions and removing from the final test version questions on which Black students did better than white students.

My colleague Joshua Goodman has found that Black and Latino students who take the SAT or the ACT are less likely than white or Asian students to take it a second time. They perform less well, which contributes to disproportionately low representation of college students from low-income and racial minority backgrounds.

Those factors—as well as a lawsuit arguing discrimination based on test performance—were behind the May 2020 decision by the University of California's Board of Regents to discontinue using SAT and ACT scores in admissions decisions.

Economics of higher education

Colleges and universities tend to seek applicants with good grades and other achievements. They are often seeking a diverse pool from which to build their classes. Colleges that did not require standardized tests in applications for students arriving in fall 2021 "generally received more applicants, better academically qualified applicants, and more diverse pools of applicants." That's according to Bob Schaeffer, executive director of FairTest, an working to "end the misuses and flaws of testing practices" in higher education and in the K-12 sector.

In addition, are declining, and the number of 18-year-olds seeking to enter college is decreasing. Many institutions are seeking to make it easier for people to apply to college.

As a result of these factors, I expect to see begin to choose where to apply based at least in part on whether colleges require standardized tests, consider them or ignore them entirely. According to U.S. News & World Report, most of the colleges in the U.S. that still require test scores are located in Southern states, with the highest count in the state of Florida.

The testing business

The test-taking business, including preparatory classes, tutoring and the costs of taking the tests themselves, is a multibillion-dollar industry.

As more institutions reduce their attention to tests, all those businesses feel pressure to reinvent themselves and make their services useful. The College Board, which produces the SAT and other tests, has recently tried to make its flagship test more "student-friendly," as the organization put it. In January 2022 it released an online SAT that is supposed to be easier for test sites to administer and easier for students to take.

In accurate conversations I have had in research into higher education policies, admission directors at selective universities tell me that standardized have become an optional component of a portfolio of activities, awards and other material, that applicants have at their disposal when completing their applications.

Institutions that have gone test-blind have already decided that the SAT is no longer part of the equation. Others may join them.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.The Conversation

Citation: The SAT and ACT are less important than you might think, says professor (2023, January 26) retrieved 19 February 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2023-01-sat-important-professor.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Wed, 25 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://phys.org/news/2023-01-sat-important-professor.html
Killexams : Are Standardized Tests Racist, or Are They Anti-racist?

They’re making their lists, checking them twice, trying to decide who’s in and who’s not. Once again, it’s admissions season, and tensions are running high as university leaders wrestle with challenging decisions that will affect the future of their schools. Chief among those tensions, in the past few years, has been the question of whether standardized tests should be central to the process.

In 2021, the University of California system ditched the use of all standardized testing for undergraduate admissions. California State University followed suit last spring, and in November, the American Bar Association voted to abandon the LSAT requirement for admission to any of the nation’s law schools beginning in 2025. Many other schools have lately reached the same conclusion. Science magazine reports that among a trial of 50 U.S. universities, only 3 percent of Ph.D. science programs currently require applicants to submit GRE scores, compared with 84 percent four years ago. And colleges that dropped their testing requirements or made them optional in response to the pandemic are now feeling torn about whether to bring that testing back.

Proponents of these changes have long argued that standardized tests are biased against low-income students and students of color, and should not be used. The system serves to perpetuate a status quo, they say, where children whose parents are in the top 1 percent of income distribution are 77 times more likely to attend an Ivy League university than children whose parents are in the bottom quintile. But those who still endorse the tests make the mirror-image claim: Schools have been able to identify talented low-income students and students of color and give them transformative educational experiences, they argue, precisely because those students are tested.

These two perspectives—that standardized tests are a driver of inequality, and that they are a great tool to ameliorate it—are often pitted against each other in contemporary discourse. But in my view, they are not oppositional positions. Both of these things can be true at the same time: Tests can be biased against marginalized students and they can be used to help those students succeed. We often forget an important lesson about standardized tests: They, or at least their outputs, take the form of data; and data can be interpreted—and acted upon—in multiple ways. That might sound like an obvious statement, but it’s crucial to resolving this debate.

I teach a Ph.D. seminar on quantitative research methods that dives into the intricacies of data generation, interpretation, and application. One of the readings I assign —Andrea Jones-Rooy’s article “I’m a Data Scientist Who Is Skeptical About Data”—contains a passage that is relevant to our thinking about standardized tests and their use in admissions:

Data can’t say anything about an issue any more than a hammer can build a house or almond meal can make a macaron. Data is a necessary ingredient in discovery, but you need a human to select it, shape it, and then turn it into an insight.

When reviewing applications, admissions officials have to turn test scores into insights about each applicant’s potential for success at the university. But their ability to generate those insights depends on what they know about the broader data-generating process that led students to get those scores, and how the officials interpret what they know about that process. In other words, what they do with test scores—and whether they end up perpetuating or reducing inequality—depends on how they think about bias in a larger system.

First, who takes these tests is not random. Obtaining a score can be so costly—in terms of both time and money—that it’s out of reach for many students. This source of bias can be addressed, at least in part, by public policy. For example, research has found that when states implement universal testing policies in high schools, and make testing part of the regular curriculum rather than an add-on that students and parents must provide for themselves, more disadvantaged students enter college and the income gap narrows. Even if we solve that problem, though, another—admittedly harder—issue would still need to be addressed.

The second issue relates to what the tests are actually measuring. Researchers have argued about this question for decades, and continue to debate it in academic journals. To understand the tension, recall what I said earlier: Universities are trying to figure out applicants’ potential for success. Students’ ability to realize their potential depends both on what they know before they arrive on campus and on being in a supportive academic environment. The tests are supposed to measure prior knowledge, but the nature of how learning works in American society means they end up measuring some other things, too.

In the United States, we have a primary and secondary education system that is unequal because of historic and contemporary laws and policies. American schools continue to be highly segregated by race, ethnicity, and social class, and that segregation affects what students have the opportunity to learn. Well-resourced schools can afford to provide more enriching educational experiences to their students than underfunded schools can. When students take standardized tests, they answer questions based on what they’ve learned, but what they’ve learned depends on the kind of schools they were lucky (or unlucky) enough to attend.

This creates a challenge for test-makers and the universities that rely on their data. They are attempting to assess student aptitude, but the unequal nature of the learning environments in which students have been raised means that tests are also capturing the underlying disparities; that is one of the reasons test scores tend to reflect larger patterns of inequality. When admissions officers see a student with low scores, they don’t know whether that person lacked potential or has instead been deprived of educational opportunity.

So how should colleges and universities use these data, given what they know about the factors that feed into it? The answer depends on how colleges and universities view their mission and broader purpose in society.

From the start, standardized tests were meant to filter students out. A congressional report on the history of testing in American schools describes how, in the late 1800s, elite colleges and universities had become disgruntled with the quality of high-school graduates, and sought a better means of screening them. Harvard’s president first proposed a system of common entrance exams in 1890; the College Entrance Examination Board was formed 10 years later. That orientation—toward exclusion—led schools down the path of using tests to find and admit only those students who seemed likely to embody and preserve an institution’s prestigious legacy. This brought them to some pretty unsavory policies. For example, a few years ago, a spokesperson for the University of Texas at Austin admitted that the school’s adoption of standardized testing in the 1950s had come out of its concerns over the effects of Brown v. Board of Education. UT looked at the distribution of test scores, found cutoff points that would eliminate the majority of Black applicants, and then used those cutoffs to guide admissions.

These days universities often claim to have goals of inclusion. They talk about the value of educating not just children of the elite, but a diverse cross-section of the population. Instead of searching for and admitting students who have already had tremendous advantages and specifically excluding nearly everyone else, these schools could try to recruit and educate the kinds of students who have not had remarkable educational opportunities in the past.

A careful use of testing data could support this goal. If students’ scores indicate a need for more support in particular areas, universities might invest more educational resources into those areas. They could hire more instructors or support staff to work with low-scoring students. And if schools notice alarming patterns in the data—consistent areas where students have been insufficiently prepared—they could respond not with disgruntlement, but with leadership. They could advocate for the state to provide K–12 schools with better resources.

Such investments would be in the nation’s interest, considering that one of the functions of our education system is to prepare young people for current and future challenges. These include improving equity and innovation in science and engineering, addressing climate change and climate justice, and creating technological systems that benefit a diverse public. All of these areas benefit from diverse groups of people working together—but diverse groups cannot come together if some members never learn the skills necessary for participation.

But universities—at least the elite ones—have not traditionally pursued inclusion, through the use of standardized testing or otherwise. At the moment, research on university behavior suggests that they operate as if they were largely competing for prestige. If that’s their mission—as opposed to advancing inclusive education—then it makes sense to use test scores for exclusion. Enrolling students who score the highest helps schools optimize their marketplace metrics—that is, their ranking.

Which is to say, the tests themselves are not the problem. Most components of admissions portfolios suffer from the same biases. In terms of favoring the rich, admissions essays are even worse than standardized tests; the same goes for participation in extracurricular activities and legacy admissions. Yet all of these provide universities with usable information about the kinds of students who may arrive on campus.

None of those data speak for themselves. Historically, the people who interpret and act upon this information have conferred advantages to wealthy students. But they can make different decisions today. Whether universities continue on their exclusive trajectories or become more inclusive institutions does not depend on how their students fill in bubble sheets. Instead, schools must find the answers for themselves: What kind of business are they in, and whom do they exist to serve?

Mon, 23 Jan 2023 22:46:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2023/01/should-college-admissions-use-standardized-test-scores/672816/
Killexams : LUMHS conducts entry test for admission in different programmes

The management of Liaquat University of Medical and Health SciencesL (UMHS) Jamshoro on Saturday conducted a pre-admission entry test for admissions in various Undergraduate Degree and Diploma Programme at LUMHS. A total number of six thousand male and female candidates appeared in the test, of which admission will be granted to 750 candidates in different degree and diploma programmes. Vice Chancellor LUMHS Prof. Dr. Ikram Din Ujjan who personally monitored the arrangements of the pre-admission entry test said that the University has launched various new degree and diploma programmes, which will be beneficial for the students to secure their career within the country as well as abroad.

Sat, 07 Jan 2023 20:47:00 -0600 en-XL text/html https://www.msn.com/en-xl/news/other/lumhs-conducts-entry-test-for-admission-in-different-programmes/ar-AA1661Sf
SAT exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List