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Exam Code: SAFe-RTE Practice test 2023 by Killexams.com team
SAFe-RTE Certified SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE)

Exam Specification:

- test Name: Certified SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE)
- test Code: SAFe-RTE
- test Duration: 2.5 hours
- test Format: Multiple-choice and multiple-select questions

Course Outline:

1. Introduction to SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE) Role
- Understanding the responsibilities and expectations of an RTE
- Exploring the importance of RTE in the SAFe framework
- Overview of the RTE's role in Agile Release Trains (ARTs)

2. Facilitating Program Execution
- Leading and facilitating ART events and ceremonies
- Coordinating and managing program-level activities
- Ensuring alignment and collaboration among teams and stakeholders

3. Agile Program Management
- Applying Lean-Agile principles and practices to program management
- Establishing and maintaining the program vision and roadmap
- Managing dependencies and risks across ARTs

4. Managing the ART
- Facilitating ART planning and execution
- Tracking and reporting progress of program increments
- Implementing effective Agile metrics and measurement

5. Coaching and Leading Change
- Coaching teams and individuals on Agile practices and mindset
- Leading the adoption and implementation of SAFe practices
- Guiding organizational change towards Lean-Agile practices

6. Continuous Improvement and Innovation
- Implementing continuous improvement practices at the program level
- Encouraging experimentation and fostering innovation
- Driving relentless improvement and learning within the ART

7. Scaling Lean-Agile Leadership
- Leading and supporting Lean-Agile leaders within the organization
- Collaborating with stakeholders and executives to drive business agility
- Facilitating communication and alignment across all levels of the organization

Exam Objectives:

1. Understand the role and responsibilities of a SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE).
2. Facilitate and coordinate program execution in an Agile Release Train (ART).
3. Apply Lean-Agile principles and practices to program management.
4. Manage the ART's planning, execution, and progress tracking.
5. Coach teams and individuals on Agile practices and mindset.
6. Lead and drive continuous improvement and innovation within the ART.
7. Scale Lean-Agile leadership and foster organizational agility.

Exam Syllabus:

The test syllabus covers the following courses (but is not limited to):

- Introduction to SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE) role
- Facilitating program execution and coordinating program-level activities
- Agile program management and establishing program vision and roadmap
- Managing the ART's planning, execution, and progress tracking
- Coaching and leading change in the context of SAFe
- Continuous improvement and fostering innovation within the ART
- Scaling Lean-Agile leadership and driving organizational agility

Certified SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE)
Scrum Certified approach
Killexams : Scrum Certified approach - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAFe-RTE Search results Killexams : Scrum Certified approach - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAFe-RTE https://killexams.com/exam_list/Scrum Killexams : Benefits of Agile Methodology & Scrum Processes
women at board with post its

Agile processes are focused on the rapid and repeatable delivery of products or projects. Today, more and more companies across industries—including IT, manufacturing, marketing and communications, healthcare, and construction—are implementing Agile methodologies and development practices to help Excellerate project management skills and stay competitive. For Agile to be effective and to maximize business value, they depend on continuous iterative planning and feedback loops—and the Scrum process allows you to do so quickly and effectively.

Traditional waterfall project management assumes you will map everything from the beginning through one streamlined process. Agile reflects the changing nature of requirements and feedback throughout the process of project delivery. It is a methodology where you apply an iterative approach to project management. Instead of delivering a final product to a client at an end deadline, you are constantly consulting with the client and stakeholders throughout smaller deliveries and feedback sessions or “sprints.” Living up to its name, Agile project management allows you to be nimble and responsive to the changing needs of your client and your team.

Scrum is an implementation of the Agile methodology. A Scrum meeting is focused on how you organize team roles, update client feedback and the latest changes in requirements. During this process, teams regroup to make sure the project is on task, on time and on budget. During Scrum meetings, project leaders and teams identify the steps, resources and personnel needed to complete a task.

Why Use Agile Methodology & Scrum Processes?

  • Faster results

    Agile allows you faster product releases and ability to adapt to customer response and client feedback. Agile has a greater ability to certain project completion on time and on budget. Rather than responding to bulk feedback or a change in client needs by the time of final delivery, Agile helps your team to adapt and deliver throughout the development process.
  • Improved teamwork and communication

    The Agile methodology places a value on person-to-person interaction and is dependent on open, regular communication. In an Agile Scrum project, teams come together on a daily basis to work through changes and share updates on each team member’s progress. 

  • Risk and waste aversion

    The frequent touch points throughout the Agile Scrum process ensures that client needs, even as they evolve, are met while still ensuring that project team time and resources are optimized. 


  • 71 percent of companies are using Agile Scrum to Excellerate efficiency and increased product-to-market timeframes
  • Agile is a methodology and Scrum is a process within Agile
  • Agile frameworks help companies accelerate time to market, increase productivity and respond to changes in priorities 
  • Agile Scrum is growing beyond IT and taking hold in diverse industries, such as:
    • Manufacturing
    • Media and communications
    • Healthcare
    • Construction and infrastructure

Ready to explore Agile Scrum training?

Drexel’s Goodwin College of Professional Studies offers professional pathways and courses to get up to speed about Agile Scrum. You can take two-day courses, ranging from beginner to advanced levels here on campus. Or, you can explore a professional skill track in Agile project management that includes on-campus courses and online essential skill training through The Skills Hub.

If your company is using waterfall and exploring adopting Agile, consider about Agile project management with Scrum training for your employees. Talk to us about getting a complimentary training skills gap analysis and our multiple employee discount.

Thu, 18 Aug 2022 10:36:00 -0500 en text/html https://drexel.edu/goodwin/academics/continuing-professional-education/courses/instructor%20led/agile-scrum/agile-scrum-benefits/
Killexams : Best Scrum developer certifications

Best Scrum developer certifications

As big tech companies including Twitter and Facebook lay off thousands of programmers, the job market becomes increasingly competitive.

As such, developers who seek gainful employment and top-tier compensation must find ways to set themselves apart from the crowd. One of the ways to do that is to complement your education and work experience with certifications that are highly in demand and respected in the industry you’re in.

For Scrum developers who wish to find work on cross-functional and self-managed Agile teams, here are the top 5 Scrum developer certifications:

  1. Professional Scrum Developer Certification
  2. Certified Cloud Developer
  3. Certified Java Programmer
  4. Certified DevOps Engineer
  5. Certified Kubernetes Professional
Scrum Commitment and Values

A certified Scrum developer understands the importance of the five, core Scrum values.

Professional Scrum Developer Certification

Employers want developers that are immediately productive. They don’t want to waste time explaining software development processes and procedures to new hires.

When a Professional Scrum Developer Certification appears on a programmer’s resume, an employer knows that the application fully understands the following:

  • the intricacies of iterative and incremental development;
  • the importance of the product backlog;
  • what to do during the daily Scrum; and
  • how to participate on a cross-functional team.

Relatively few programmers are certified as Scrum developers. A developer this certification on their really stands out from the crowd.

Developer certifications in Scrum can be obtained by several organizations, but the premier designation comes from scrum.org.

Certified cloud developer

Modern software development happens in the cloud.

A productive software developer on a Scrum teams must know how to provision cloud-based resources, troubleshoot code in the cloud and overcome cloud-based security and firewall issues.

Employers know that the ability to develop and manage cloud-based applications is essential to modern-day businesses. A cloud developer certification on an applicant’s resume tells the hiring manager that you understand and can take full advantage of the benefits of cloud computing for a software development team.

All of the major cloud vendors offer a cloud developer certification. Cloud developer certifications from Google, Amazon and Oracle are all held in high regard.

Certified Java Programmer

Organizations expect a software developer on a Scrum team to know how to write code. Therefore, every Scrum developer should have a some type of a programming language certification on their resume.

For example, I like to see a Certified Java Programmer designation from Oracle on a resume, even if a company’s main language is Python or JavaScript.

A Java programmer certification proves a developer knows the following:

  • programming fundamentals
  • object-oriented concepts
  • functional programming
  • common design patterns

Industry-recognized certifications in other languages, such C# from Microsoft, also demonstrate to potential employers that you have a strong grasp of programming fundamentals.

Certified DevOps Engineer

Agile’s highest priority is the continuous delivery of software.

An Agile Scrum developer must understand the toolchain that enables continuous software delivery. DevOps certifications proves one’s knowledge of that toolchain.

The two most highly coveted DevOps certifications come from Amazon and Google. Both are considered ‘Professional’ designations, which means they go further in depth than introductory or associate certs.

Both the AWS and GCP certifications cover the same breadth of topics, including how to:

  • implement and manage continuous software delivery systems;
  • integrate with version control tools including Git and GitHub;
  • create resources with infrastructure-as-code tools such as Terraform;
  • deploy monitoring, logging and metrics gathering systems; and
  • manage Docker- and Kubernetes-based deployments at scale.

A Scrum developer certified by Amazon or Google as a DevOps Engineer brings a qualification to the table that few other job applicants possess.

Agile and DevOps Differences

The DevOps infinity loop shows an iterative dev process often embraced by Agile teams.

Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD)

A Kubernetes certification is rare, but it’s definitely a plus.

A developer with strong knowledge of cloud-native computing, 12 factor app development and the limitations of Docker and Kubernetes will help streamline an organization’s microservices development and play a key role in its digital transformation efforts.

The CKAD designation is provided through the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, a highly respected open source organization in the cloud native computing space. Scrum developers with this certification have proof of competency in the following areas:

Scrum development teams that build cloud-native applications that are managed at runtime by Kubernetes will be well-served to have a Certified Kubernetes Application Developer.

Scrum developer certification benefits

In a competitive job market, it is important to stay ahead of your competition. With these five Scrum developer certifications on your resume, you will find your Agile development skills in great demand.

Tue, 10 Jan 2023 12:06:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.theserverside.com/blog/Coffee-Talk-Java-News-Stories-and-Opinions/best-scrum-developer-certifications-agile-developer-programmer
Killexams : Scrum Alliance Certified Scrum Master

Companies today cannot afford to ideate, research, and develop a new product over a long period. The risk is that by the time the product is ready for launch, someone nimbler, faster, more agile, who is able to identify an opportunity and quickly bring a solution to life, has already taken the top spot in the market.

Mon, 28 Mar 2022 16:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.utsa.edu/pace/agile/certified-scrum-master.html
Killexams : Best Scrum Software for Project Management in 2023

Scrum is one of the most popular agile methodologies, so many teams naturally want a project management software that has features to support a Scrum approach. In this software guide, we’ve rounded up eight of the best product management platforms that can be used by Scrum teams. We compare their pricing, features and more to help you decide which Scrum project management software is the best for your team.

Jump to:

Top Scrum project management software comparison

Besides affordable pricing, you want to make sure that your project management software has certain key features. Here are some of the features to look out for when comparing Scrum project management software:

Native time tracking Multiple view types Templates Forever-free plan Pricing
monday.com Yes Yes Yes Yes $8 per person per month
Jira Yes Yes Yes Yes $7.75 per person per month
ClickUp Yes Yes Yes Yes $5 per person per month
Wrike Yes Yes Yes Yes $9.80 per person per month
Lucidspark No No Yes Yes $7.95 per person per month
Basecamp No Yes Yes No $15 per person per month
Trello Yes Yes Yes Yes $5 per person per month
Asana No Yes Yes Yes $10.99 per person per month

Jira: Best for software development teams

Logo for Jira.
Image: Jira

Owned by Atlassian, Jira remains one of the best project management solutions for IT teams on the market today. Its issue tracking features makes it easy to log bugs and assign them to members of your team. It offers multiple project views and templates to support agile methodologies, including Scrum. Jira also integrates with over 500 other tools and offers more than 3,000 extensions, so you can take the platform’s functionality to the next level.


  • Free: $0 for up to 10 users.
  • Standard: $7.75 per user billed monthly.
  • Premium: $15.25 per user billed monthly.
  • Enterprise: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.


  • Robust scrums board with agile-specific features.
  • Unique roadmap feature displays a bird’s-eye view of projects.
  • Enterprise-grade security solutions.
  • Seamless syncing with other Atlassian products.


  • Great reporting and analytics capabilities.
  • More than 3,000 extensions.
  • Very customizable.
  • IT-specific features such as issue tracking.


  • Can be complex for new users to learn.
  • Customization can be time consuming to set up.
  • Free trial is only seven days long.
  • Could use more collaboration features and project views.

For more information, read the full Jira review.

SEE: The 9 best agile project management software for 2023

ClickUp: Best for teams on a budget

Logo for ClickUp.
Image: ClickUp

While a relative newcomer to the project management space — it only launched in 2017 — ClickUp has quickly made a name for itself thanks to its combination of affordable prices and excellent project management features. With paid plans starting at only $5 per person (billed annually) this is a great choice for Scrum teams of all sizes who want the most popular project management tools without breaking the bank.


  • Free Forever: $0; best for personal use.
  • Unlimited: $5 per user per month billed annually, or $9 per user per month billed monthly.
  • Business: $12 per user per month billed annually, or $19 per user per month billed monthly.
  • Business Plus: $19 per user per month billed annually, or $29 per user per month billed monthly.
  • Enterprise: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.


  • More than 15 project views.
  • More than 1,000 integrations.
  • Built-in team chat messaging tool.
  • 24/7 customer support for all plans.


  • Free plan offers a high level of functionality.
  • Can manage complex projects.
  • Excellent values for the money.
  • User-friendly interface.


  • Free plan has 100MB of limited storage.
  • Some users report occasional performance issues and lags.
  • Can present a learning curve due to the number of features.

For more information, read the full ClickUp review.

Wrike: Best for power users

Logo for Wrike.
Image: Wrike

Wrike is one of the most full-featured project management solutions on the market. While it can be overwhelming for small teams, Wrike is an excellent choice for power users who are looking to manage a portfolio of complicated Scrum projects and want more niche functions such as risk predictions. Those willing to master the advanced learning curve will find it a powerful solution with a high degree of customizability.


A free trial is available for each of the following plans:

  • Free: $0 per user per month.
  • Team: $9.80 per user per month.
  • Business: $24.80 per user per month.
  • Enterprise: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.
  • Pinnacle: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.


  • Custom request forms.
  • Risk predictions.
  • Invoicing software.
  • File and video proofing.


  • Great for project portfolio management.
  • Organized interface is well laid out.
  • Premium security and data privacy features.
  • Two-way sync with 12 other apps available as paid add-ons.


  • Team plan supports only 25 users.
  • Must upgrade to Business plan for time tracking and template creation.
  • Advanced plans are more expensive than competitors.
  • Learning curve is very high compared to alternatives.

For more information, read the full Wrike review.

Lucidspark: Best for brainstorming

Logo for Lucidspark.
Image: Lucidspark

Whiteboards are a key element of Scrum project management and agile methodologies, but they’ve been difficult to replicate in a digital space — until Lucidspark. This virtual whiteboard replicates the experience of posting sticky notes and freehanding drawings on a board in a physical meeting. Because it’s designed specifically for brainstorming and ideating, Lucidspark will work best when used in conjunction with a dedicated project management solution such as the other products listed in this article.


  • Free: $0 for up to 3 boards; best for personal use.
  • Individual: $7.95 per person per month.
  • Team: $9 per person per month.
  • Enterprise: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.

A free trial is available.


  • Add virtual sticky notes to the board.
  • Free hand drawings and connections as if you were using a marker.
  • Collaborate with teammates in the chat.
  • Sort sticky notes by category to create a clear plan of action.


  • Captures the experience of using a whiteboard.
  • Unique visual collaboration tool that isn’t replicated by competitors.
  • Agile-specific templates available.


  • Not a standalone project management solution.
  • Free plan not suitable for business teams.
  • Must upgrade to Team plan to get revision history and chat features.

SEE: 6 best mind mapping software for project management in 2023

Basecamp: Best for small teams

Logo for Basecamp.
Image; Basecamp

Basecamp is a project management solution that was designed with freelancers, startups and other small teams in mind. It offers a unique flat rate pricing option that will appeal to many businesses looking to standardize their project management budget. Basecamp has a friendly, simple interface that will appeal to teams looking to get started with Scrum project management.


  • Free: Only available for teachers and students, not businesses.
  • Basecamp: $15 per user per month.
  • Basecamp Pro Unlimited: $299 per month, billed annually.


  • Hill Charts offers a unique project visualization.
  • Card Table offers a new take on Kanban boards.
  • Many communication tools such as message boards that are great for remote teams.
  • Documents and file storage.


  • Has both per-user and flat-rate plan options.
  • Free for invited guests.
  • User-friendly interface.
  • Free for students and teachers.


  • No forever-free business plan.
  • May be more expensive than competitors, depending on how many users you need.
  • No native time-tracking abilities.
  • Need third-party integration for Gantt charts.

For more information, read the full Basecamp review.

Trello: Best for beginners

Logo for Trello.
Image: Trello

Purchased by Atlassian in 2017, Trello originally gained traction for its intuitive Kanban boards but has since developed into a full-fledged project management tool. Its simple, visual approach makes it a good choice for people who are new to Scrum and/or project management. Its free plan supports unlimited users, so the whole team can try it out before you decide if you want to upgrade to a paid plan.


  • Free: Up to 10 boards per workspace.
  • Standard: $5 per user per month if billed annually, or $6 per user per month if billed monthly.
  • Premium: $10 per user per month if billed annually, or $12.50 per user per month if billed monthly.
  • Enterprise: $17.50 per user per month when billed annually.


  • Built-in automation tool called Butler.
  • Highly visual user interface.
  • Easy-to-use mobile app.
  • Intuitive Kanban boards.


  • Unlimited users on the forever-free plan.
  • Intuitive Kanban boards.
  • Seamless syncing with other Atlassian products.
  • Good selection of native integrations.
  • Completely transparent pricing plans.


  • Free plan is limited to only 10 boards or projects.
  • Project management features aren’t as robust as some competitors.
  • Limited customization options.
  • Reporting tools could be improved.

For more information, read the full Trello review.

Asana: Best for simple Scrum projects

The Asana logo.
Image: Asana

Asana is another project and task management tool that is a good choice for Scrum beginners. Asana is best suited for simple and straightforward Scrum projects that don’t require very complex project management. This is because the platform lacks certain features, such as native time tracking and complex dependencies, that more robust alternatives have.


  • Basic: $0 per user per month for up to 15 people.
  • Premium: $10.99 per user per month billed annually, or $13.49 per user per month billed monthly.
  • Business: $24.99 per user per month billed annually, or $30.49 per user per month billed monthly.
  • Enterprise: Contact the sales team for a custom quote.


  • Multiple project views available.
  • Workflow builder helps standardize task execution.
  • Advanced reporting and analytics.
  • Many data import options.


  • Great task-management features.
  • Free plan allows unlimited projects and tasks.
  • Integrates well with third-party tools.
  • Offers support for agile and Scrum projects.


  • No native time tracking.
  • User interface could be more intuitive.
  • Advanced security features only available with the Enterprise plan.
  • Not suitable for projects with complex dependencies.

For more information, read the full Asana review.

Key features of Scrum project management software

Scrum-specific templates

Most project management platforms offer prebuilt templates to make it easier and faster to create a new project. However, not all of them offer a wide range of templates that are specific to agile and Scrum methodologies. Check each platform to see if it offers templates that will be useful for your specific project management methodology.

Customizable workflows

Scrum methodology involves very specific workflows, and these should be reflected in whatever project management software you choose. The workflows should also be customizable to fit the individual needs and timelines of your team, especially if you’re managing complex projects over a long period of time.

Team collaboration tools

Switching to email, Slack or Team every time your team needs to discuss a task wastes time and splits the conversation across multiple platforms. The best project management software keeps everything in one platform with collaboration tools such as comments, notifications and messaging.


Automation helps teams reduce repetitive, manual tasks so they can focus on getting more valuable work done. Automation rules can do things such as assigning all tasks in a certain section to one person or setting up a workflow when a new task is added to a project. Each platform approaches automation in a slightly different way, so make sure your top choices use automation in a way that works for your team.


Most project management platforms offer some integration, but this can vary widely from a couple dozen apps to hundreds of other software solutions. It’s always a good idea to check each app in your software stack to make sure that your chosen project management system will integrate with all of them. Otherwise, you’ll have to use an outside solution such as Zapier or build a custom integration using an open API.

How do I choose the best Scrum project management software for my business?

Before you select a new Scrum project management software, consider your current project management solutions and how they succeed or fall short of your requirements. Once you identify the shortcomings, you can look for a new project management solution that solves them.

Take advantage of free trials and forever-free accounts so that you can test drive the software for yourself. Most of the platforms listed in this guide offer both of these options, so make the most of them before committing to a paid plan. If you have questions about a platform’s capabilities, scheduling a live demo with the sales team may be more efficient than trying to poke around on your own. Also, seek out reviews from other users who are currently using the software to see what they have to say.

If you still aren’t 100% committed after the trial period and demo, consider paying for a month-to-month subscription rather than signing up for an annual plan. Although this may be a little more expensive up front, it might save you from signing up for an entire year of a service that ultimately doesn’t work for you.

The entire team should be involved in choosing a project management software. Ask the people who are using the software on a daily basis what their need-to-have and nice-to-have features are. Involving them in the process will also make them more motivated to use whatever new Scrum project management software you ultimately choose.


We reviewed this project management software based on a number of criteria, including pricing, ease of use, user interface design, and the difficulty of the learning curve. We also weighed additional features such as automation, project views, templates, and time tracking. We evaluated these platforms by consulting users reviews and product documentation.

Sat, 29 Jul 2023 08:16:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.techrepublic.com/article/scrum-project-management-software/
Killexams : 6 interview questions for agile tech leads

Every team needs a leader who sets direction, helps organize the work, clarifies requirements, and resolves conflicts. Agile development teams typically have an assigned technical or team leader who is responsible for guiding technical implementations. This role is separate from the product owner and scrum master but frequently works alongside them.

The technical lead’s role on an agile development team includes partnering with a product owner to learn customer needs, prioritizing the backlog, and reviewing user stories. This person guides the agile team’s productivity in estimating user stories, committing to prioritized work, completing the development per acceptance criteria, and delivering reliable releases.

The role requires technical acumen so that teams have guidance on optimizing solutions, assigning implementation tasks, and prioritizing technical debt. More importantly, the role requires collaboration and leadership skills to support teams in delivering new software and practicing continuous improvement.

Oftentimes, developers and devops engineers are internally elevated to the technical lead role after demonstrating the required leadership and technical skills. In some cases, an organization may choose an external hiring process, and you could have the opportunity to interview for this critical role. Agile technical team leads can go on to become delivery managers and chief technology officers, so it’s a critical step on an engineer’s career path. Becoming a technical lead is an opportunity to demonstrate your ability to lead teams and deliver results.

As an interviewer, there are a variety of key questions that you can ask to assess a candidate’s qualifications for the agile technical lead role. For a candidate, these are key courses and questions to prepare for in advance.

1. Collaborating with customers and business colleagues

While the agile tech lead’s job focuses on guiding the team and delivering technology capabilities, candidates must also demonstrate their abilities to partner with customers and business colleagues. Bridget Poulos, senior director of go-to-market global talent at Bionic, suggests that technical leaders should be prepared to answer questions about how they work with their go-to-market counterparts. Questions in this area might include:

Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.

Sun, 06 Aug 2023 21:14:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.infoworld.com/article/3703210/6-interview-questions-for-agile-tech-leads.html
Killexams : How to Go Agile in State and Local Government: Scrum vs. PMBOK

In the past few years, as state and local governments sought to modernize and release more digital services to meet the needs of citizens during the coronavirus pandemic, they have embraced an agile approach to government service delivery.

In some cases, government agencies have partnered with nonprofit organizations such as Code for America to become nimbler in their development of government services.

“Adopting agile, iterative technology can solve some of government’s biggest challenges and have a transformative impact on people’s lives — building more equitable systems, improving outcomes and reducing the poverty gap,” Alexis Fernández Garcia, a senior program director of Code for America's social safety net portfolio, writes in a StateTech blog.

Agile methodologies have been on state and local governments’ radars for several years. A 2021 report from the IBM Center for the Business of Government explores how agencies have been using agile not just for software development but for a wide range of use cases.

Those include project management, human resources management, policymaking, and contracting and procurement. Agile builds and tests iteratively to ensure that what is developed is what the organization wants.

As agencies look to Excellerate their development and delivery of government services to be more responsive to citizens’ needs, they will increasingly — but not exclusively — need to rely on agile approaches and frameworks such as scrum, experts say. At the same time, they face cultural and organizational hurdles to adopting agile methodologies.

Click the banner below for more on agency management by becoming an insider.

What Is Scrum Methodology?

Diego Lo Giudice, vice president and principal analyst at Forrester Research, says it’s important to align with the Agile Manifesto, or the statement of principles that make up the agile methodology, when thinking about how it could apply to government and how scrum fits into that.

For example, in agile, the highest priority is “to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software,” according to the Agile Alliance.

Another key principle is that agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage.

Within agile, scrum should be seen as a framework geared toward change, Lo Giudice says. Scrum is a way for software development and other teams to execute and adhere to these principles.

“Scrum is about the way that a software team or a blended cross-functional team operates tactically” in day-to-day operations, says Mike Case, director of growth and delivery operations at Nava, a consultancy and public benefit corporation that works to make government services simple, effective and accessible. “How do they figure out how they’re going to prioritize and divvy up the tactical work at a task level?”

How Can State and Local Governments Use Scrum?

Scrum involves several key concepts, Lo Giudice and Case note, including ceremonies such as quick stand-up meetings to check in on the progress of work and ensuring that updates are focused on what team members need from each other and what the key impediments or blockers there are to progress.

Additionally, scrum is focused on autonomy for teams and delivering value for the business or agency. “It privileges communication between people” rather than one person writing a document that is handed over stating what the person requesting a project wants. In a traditional “waterfall” approach to project management, another person would read those requirements.

“Scrum says, sit down and work directly — face to face or through collaboration tools — and communicate,” Lo Giudice says. “It’s communication over contracts.”

Another key element of scrum is to focus on making progress in increments, or sprints. In a sprint, Case says, teams focus on “dividing projects up into smaller chunks so that you don’t have this one giant deliverable in four months; you have a lot of different two- or three-week sprints to break up the project and also assess your progress as you’re going along.”

During that cycle, teams will go through the analysis, design, coding and testing, operating in a fashion of continuous iteration and continuous delivery. This allows teams to start delivering features that are valuable instead of the full product, Lo Giudice says.

“Instead of thinking about the full product, they start thinking about smaller features that can be delivered and added over time to build the product,” he says. “Instead of taking four months and having a big deliverable after four months, you start delivering every two to four weeks.” 

What Is PMBOK?

In contrast to scrum sits the Project Management Institute’s Project Management Body of Knowledge, a project management framework that is more prescriptive than scrum. PMBOK emphasizes a significant amount of upfront planning and a high level of detail early on in the development process.

PMBOK defines roles more clearly, Lo Giudice says. It also emphasizes documentation as well as the role of the project manager, who is tasked with maintaining and updating project schedules. In scrum, there is no similar organization and updating of project schedules because teams are self-managed.

In the PMBOK approach, project managers interface with the business and stakeholders and report on the project status. The scrum approach is more transparent and everyone tends to know what is going on because they can look at the progress being made on sprints.

There is no one-size-fits all approach to government service delivery, Case says. In cases where there are strict timeline constraints mandated by a legislature, it may be more difficulty to apply a scrum framework. “You have to pick and choose depending on your requirements,” Case says.

Most government agencies have not full adopted scrum or PMBOK, Case says, “so, even if you’re fully committed to agile, you need to be able to translate and connect that to other methodologies being used in other dependent agencies or systems so that you’re not totally separated.” 

How Do Agile Methodology Principles Impact Government Agencies?

In government, where the creation and launch of new services has historically taken significantly longer than in the private sector, agile approaches allow government software developers, project managers and program specialists the opportunity to iterate more quickly, pivot on projects and get new services out to citizens faster.

Case says it lets them “see the progress, not hear theoretical updates about percent complete, but to see, ‘What does that front-end user interface look like today? OK, we understand it’s not done, but great, you’re heading in that direction. We expect you’re implementing user research that we hadn’t considered. Great, keep going.’”

Agile allows government officials involved in policy creation to get involved in the development of services and make comments that can be easily incorporated into software or service development, Case says. “And if you’re waiting until the end to see working software, you’re more likely as a policy or program expert to hear, ‘Well, that would be too hard now to change or implement,’” Case adds.  

Lo Giudice says that with agile, government officials “will find out sooner rather than later” whether services are shaping up as expected. “You can make mistakes. And the mistakes that you’ll make are much smaller because you’re breaking the problem of it to sub-problems,” he adds. “You won’t find out six months later that this is not what the business wanted.”

LEARN MORE: Find out about how state and local agencies are moving forward on agile.

What Challenges Do Governments Face in Implementing Agile?

While state and local government agencies have made progress in adopting agile methodologies and frameworks such as scrum, they face obstacles to doing so, Lo Giudice and Case say.

One major impediment is the structure of government procurement, where contracts tend to adhere to the PMBOK approach for project delivery. Requests for proposals tend to be anti-agile, Lo Giudice says. A better approach might be to, for example, break up a $2 million contract into 10 $200,000 contracts so that the process can be more flexible. “It’s crucial to change how the work is given out to the vendors,” he says.

Doing so is difficult, Case acknowledges, since changing contract development processes that have been in place for years is institutionally difficult. But, Case says, it’s crucial to fund and “make the space for these different ways of working and let new good habits form in those spaces.”

Another big challenge is changing government agencies’ cultures to embrace agile, according to Case. “Doing organizational change like this can be a pretty massive undertaking,” Case says. “And to do it successfully, I think you have to scale it back and start small.”

Government IT leaders who want to implement agile should start small by identifying the most valuable opportunities where they can experiment, whether through procurement circumstances or having the right personnel in place. 

It’s important to not go all-in at first, Case says, and instead try agile on a small scale. “If it’s successful, we’ll introduce this new concept,” Case says.

Cultural changes and changes in the way teams collaborate pave the way for the introduction of new technologies and project management tools that can make approaches like scrum easier to implement. “I think you have to start with the culture and the intent and the change management of processes,” Case says.

Wed, 16 Aug 2023 06:25:00 -0500 Phil Goldstein en text/html https://statetechmagazine.com/article/2023/08/how-go-agile-state-and-local-government-scrum-vs-pmbok-perfcon
Killexams : Not enough variation in England’s approach


WELL, last week’s game between Wales and England certainly showed us a lot about how the training has been going and whether the myriad of coaches involved on both sides had managed to get their plans through to the players.
Warren Gatland and his coaching team certainly seem to have had more success than Steve Borthwick whose England team looked to be stuck on the same plan used in the last Six Nations and the one before. Once again it was all short pops to forwards close to the breakdown with a limited inter passing of the ball between the forw...

Sat, 12 Aug 2023 14:58:00 -0500 en-GB text/html https://www.therugbypaper.co.uk/all/columnists/jeff-probyn/380497/not-enough-variation-in-englands-approach/
Killexams : Rugby World Cup 2023: England working on tackle technique every day, says Danny Care
Danny Care
Danny Care is set to play at his second World Cup for England - his only previous World Cup appearance was against Uruguay in 2015

Scrum-half Danny Care says England have been working on their tackle technique every day as they look to Excellerate their discipline for the upcoming World Cup.

England have had a player sent off for a high tackle by the new 'Bunker' system in their last two warm-up games.

Owen Farrell was shown a red card in the win over Wales and Billy Vunipola was sent off in the defeat by Ireland.

"We are not going out there to try and be ill-disciplined but we have to learn from it," Care told BBC Sport.

"We are working on our tackle technique every day. We get referees in every day, who are trying to help us out.

"In big games, you need 15 players on the pitch. There will be some [red cards] in the World Cup and we are just hoping they are not ours."

Farrell became the first England player to receive a red card from rugby's new 'Bunker' review system after he made a high tackle on Taine Basham during England's 19-17 win over Wales at Twickenham.

A disciplinary panel reviewing the incident found mitigating factors and overturned the England captain's red card, but governing body World Rugby have appealed against the decision.

Care says Farrell has continued to lead from the front.

"It has been a lot for Owen to deal with," Care added. "The way he has handled everything that has been thrown at him has been exceptional.

"Some of the stuff you have seen written about him has been horrible. He has kept his head down and taken to it with the upmost dignity.

"He is the same old Owen, still driving standards on and off the pitch. You wouldn't know he has had all this stuff going on behind the scenes and it shows you the nature of the man, how much he cares about this England team.

"He is still the first one out there in training trying to drive the team, so he is doing all right."

Players 'thoroughly behind' bunker review system

The new 'bunker' system has been introduced during the Summer Nations Series to support referees in making correct decisions.

Both Farrell and Vunipola were initially shown yellow cards and sent to the sin bin by the on-field referee while an official in the bunker reviewed the incidents, before on both occasions deciding they deserved red cards.

The decision to send Farrell off was then overturned by an Independent Judicial Committee (IJC), which led to scrutiny of the new system, but Care says it will be a success for the sport.

"It's going to help," said 36-year-old Care. "Rather than just an instant red card to someone that is maybe a 50/50, you get to look at it.

"For us, it has turned two yellows into two reds so it hasn't been brilliant so far, but we understand why it is there.

"It's there for player safety and we are thoroughly behind it. We understand the laws and we have fallen foul of it two weeks in a row, which is disappointing.

"We have to be better and we know that and hopefully we are getting them [red cards] out the way before the World Cup."

'We are trying our best to make people proud'

Away defeats by Wales and Ireland have come either side of a home win over Wales for England during their warm-up campaign.

Steve Borthwick's side have scored two tries in the three games, with full-back Freddie Steward's score during March's humbling by France in the Six Nations their last try by a back.

Fans have criticised England's pragmatic territorial approach but Care has called for patience.

"We all want to score more tries and we know the fans want to see more tries," he said.

"The coaches have given us the license to play what we see and back ourselves when we do.

"The attack doesn't just happen though. You have to have set-piece dominance, win collisions at the breakdown and get quick ball.

"It will come good and when it does, with the talent we have in this squad, it will be good to watch.

"Everyone has an opinion on the England team and we appreciate that. But stick with us. We are trying our best and to make people proud."

England end their preparations with a final warm-up against Fiji on Saturday before beginning their World Cup campaign against Argentina in Marseille on 9 September.

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 03:22:00 -0500 en-GB text/html https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/rugby-union/66585723
Killexams : Rob Herring relishing prospect of being selected for Andy Farrell’s Ireland Rugby World Cup squad

ROB HERRING has had to show a lot of patience since moving to Ireland but the hooker said he would provide anything to be part of Andy Farrell’s World Cup plans.

The Ulster man is set to get another chance to stake a claim when Ireland take on Samoa in Bayonne on Saturday in their final World Cup warm-up game before Farrell names the squad on Monday.

Rob Herring during an Ireland rugby media conference at Parc des Sports Jean Dauger in Bayonne


Rob Herring during an Ireland rugby media conference at Parc des Sports Jean Dauger in Bayonne
Ireland hookers Tom Stewart, Rob Herring and Diarmuid Barron during arugby squad training session


Ireland hookers Tom Stewart, Rob Herring and Diarmuid Barron during arugby squad training session

Having missed out in 2015 and after being been called into the squad four years later as a late replacement for the injured Seán Cronin, but not featuring in the tournament, Herring is hurry to have a full part this time round.

The South African-born ace, who moved to Ravenhill from Western Province in 2012, said: “I’d be lying if I was saying I wasn’t really wanting to go.

“Obviously I think we all are but having missed out in the last few years the approach I’ve had is just one day at a time and be where your feet are.

“I’m not trying to think too far ahead, just taking it day by day and provide my best self in training and matches and hopefully selection will look after itself.

“There’s good competition at hooker so trying to compare yourself to others or trying to do what others do at times . . . I think I’ve just got to focus on myself and what I can bring to the team and highlight those areas.”


The injury concerns about first-choice Dan Sheehan have added to the debate But Herring has had to get used to waiting since signing for Ulster in 2012, with Rory Best ahead of him for province and country.

The 33-year-old said: “When I came over, David Humphreys said to me, ‘We’ve got Rory, time is ticking on, he’s probably going to be looking to retire soon’. Eight years later he did!”

Herring did enough with his Ulster opportunities to catch Joe Schmidt’s eye and, qualifying for Ireland through his grandfather, the Cape Town native made his debut in Argentina in 2014.

He got just two minutes off the bench in Tucuman that evening and then had to wait over three years when he crowned his second cap with a try against his native South Africa after coming on after 66 minutes.

A first start followed a week later against Fiji and with Best retiring, Herring has been chalking up the caps and will win his 37th this weekend, having equalled the Ulster record of 229 appearances held by Andrew Trimble and Darren Cave back in May.

He has enjoyed the heavy sessions since the World Cup build-up commenced but said that having their families with them on a recent camp in Portugal has helped maintain balance.


Herring revealed: “It’s been great really.

“I suppose that’s one of the biggest changes from the other World Cup pre-seasons I’ve been involved in, because we are away for so long and we’re going to be away again for even longer.

“So to have the families welcome wherever we go is an absolute touch of class.

“The guys and their families really appreciate it, to have that sort of home feel and to provide my wife a break when she comes over, to see my kids — that’s all positive and it just adds to the culture we have in this squad.

“When we’re on, we’re on. It’s real focused and intense.

“My wife wasn’t able to travel, but the guys who had families there found it brilliant. It’s just being able to switch off completely in those moments, refresh for a big session the next day — it’s brilliant.”


Ireland have had their lineout difficulties in the warm-up games but there is no panic with forwards coach Paul O’Connell in charge.

Herring added: “He’s unbelievable, his attention to detail and the way he coaches us is brilliant.

“And then you have the lineout leaders like Hendy (Iain Henderson), Tadhg Beirne and Cheese (James Ryan) — the guys who run the show really throughout the week.

“They consult with Paul but they take ownership of it during the week.”

Ireland, like all the participating nations, are trying to cover every contingency and it was noticeable at training in Bayonne this week that the scrum-halves were practicing lineout throws.

Hooker Herring admitted: “They’re pretty good! There’s all sorts of contingency plans going on.

“You see how cards can affect things, injury — you saw we had to do it against Scotland, with Josh van der Flier.

“So I think we’re just doing all sorts of contingencies to cover every possibility as much as we can.”

Wed, 23 Aug 2023 16:01:00 -0500 Neil O'Riordan en-ie text/html https://www.thesun.ie/sport/rugby-union/11227616/rob-herring-andy-farrells-ireland-rugby-world-cup-squad/
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