Hot on the heels of the arrival of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8.7, Red Hat has released the next version of its RHEL 9 family, RHEL 9.1.
What's the difference? Why two versions of one enterprise Linux distro? While under the hood there are many specific differences, the big one is that the RHEL 8 distro family is based on older, battle-tried code. RHEL 9, however, is based on the leading-edge CentOS Stream Linux distribution. So, in short, RHEL 8 is what you use if you prefer stability over innovation, while RHEL 9 is the distro for those who want the latest and greatest stable code.
For example, as Gunnar Hellekson, Red Hat's RHEL VP and general manager, put it, "As enterprise IT expands to encompass traditional hardware, multiple public cloud environments, and edge devices, complexity grows in parallel. The latest versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux continue our commitment to making hybrid cloud computing more than just accessible, but successful at the scale of global business by pairing reliability and stability with features designed for innovation and flexibility."
RHEL 9.1 also puts security front and center. This is a good thing with security disasters on every side of us.
Also: RHEL and its Linux relatives and rivals: How to choose
Specifically, RHEL 9.1 and 8.7 come with pre-configured Linux images designed to meet specific OpenSCAP security demands. OpenSCAP is an open-source project for scanning programs for security problems and setting up default security configurations. For instance, the default RHEL 9.x OpenSCAP is set to use Postfix as the standard e-mail server with specific configurations to make it safer for use. It also discourages you from using the tried and true, but not terribly secure, Sendmail server.
The new RHEL also includes multi-level security (MLS) support for agencies or other sensitive operations to better document and control classification needs. Red Hat Insights, Red Hat's security service, which comes with RHEL, also boasts a malware detector. In addition, RHEL now comes with the Sigstore Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) service to double-check your native container for unauthorized programs.
For people who are serious about security, you want to use RHEL's SELInux mode. This latest release comes with SELinux 3.4. The most important changes include:
Put together, this makes SELinux easier to use and more secure than ever.
Returning to Insights, Red Hat Smart Management now combines Red Hat Satellite, the operating system's default manual configuration and management tool, with Insight's remediation plans. That makes it easier to run recommended, repetitive life cycle management tasks.
If you prefer, you can also use the latest Ansible DevOps to run your RHEL 9.1 instances. One new feature I especially like with this edition of Ansible is you can remotely verify an RHEL system's boot environment. Again, it's all about security.
Also: Linux devices 'increasingly' under attack from hackers
As always, the latest RHEL comes with the latest coding tools, container tools, computer languages, compilers, open-source databases, and web and cache servers.
Finally, you have more time to plan your RHEL life cycle upgrades. RHEL makes it simpler to plan your long-term operating system needs by supporting two-year Extended Update Support (EUS). Specifically, Leapp now supports in-place upgrades to the latest versions of RHEL, while Convert2RHEL now supports more flexible simultaneous landing releases.
Ready to supply RHEL 9.1 a twirl? If you already have an RHEL subscription, you can get it via the Red Hat Customer Portal. For more down-and-dirty details, check out the RHEL 9.1 release notes and technical blog posts.
If you haven't switched over to the Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 9 family, and your company lives and dies with RHEL, then chances are you're running RHEL 8.x. If that's you, pay attention because the latest version, RHEL 8.7, has just arrived at a obtain site near you.
Why make a move at all? It's not like RHEL 8.6 is going to fall apart on you. That's true, but the latest RHEL does come with bigger, better security features. And, unless you've been hiding your head in the sand for the last few years, you know security attacks are happening more than ever.
Also: Linux devices 'increasingly' targeted by hackers
Specifically, Red Hat is implementing new built-in authentication and security features. These are:
Red Hat is also improving its Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) with Secure Software Supply Chain methodologies. Red Hat did this by adopting Sigstore, the well-regarded open-source software signing service for its build pipelines and tools. This makes RHEL and the programs built within it much more trustworthy.
The company is also incorporating Sigstore into its Podman, its Open Containers Initiative (OCI) rival to Docker. Since Podman works natively with Kubernetes, the incredibly popular cloud orchestration tool, it's become very popular in its own right.
If securing your software isn't reason enough for you, keep in mind that SBOMs are now required by government regulation and presidential decree. SBOMs are not just a good idea; they're the law.
Also: Linux is not just for developers and command line pros
In addition, RHEL's Network Security Services (NSS) libraries now require all RSA secure keys to be at least 1023 bits. This, perforce, makes all your encrypted keys stronger.
Beyond these, and other minor, security fixes, RHEL has also moved to a new Linux kernel. It now runs with the 4.18.0-425 kernel version.
Of course, the new RHEL also includes the latest coding tools, container tools, computer languages, compilers, open-source databases, and web and cache servers. It wouldn't be an RHEL release without them. These include:
RHEL also includes Application Streams. With each of these, your programmers can use different versions of software. This allows the user to use whichever version best suits their needs. These user-space components are delivered and updated more frequently than the core operating system packages.
Your developers will be thrilled to see these ready to run in their toolchains.
Finally, it's easier than ever to upgrade from one version of RHEL to the next. Leapp, Red Hat's upgrade tool, now supports in-place upgrades for two two-year Extended Update Support (EUS) periods. So, for example, you can easily shift from RHEL 7.9 to 8.4 or 8.6, 8.6 to 9.0. This gives you two years to understand and plan for your upgrades. The related tool, Convert2RHEL, also now supports similar upgrades from CentOS Linux to RHEL updates. For instance, from CentOS Linux 7.9 to RHEL 7.9 and from CentOS Linux 8.4 to RHEL 8.4.
Taken all-in-all, RHEL 8.7 is an impressive step forward for RHEL users. I'd supply serious consideration to moving to it sooner rather than later. The Sigstore support alone makes it a top upgrade priority in my book.
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Organizations need to develop and deploy applications quickly, flexibly, and reliably to keep pace with rapidly changing business needs. Red Hat and Amazon Web Services (AWS) can help organizations change the way they build, deploy, and manage applications with optimized hybrid cloud environments so they can innovate faster and operate more efficiently. This executive checklist explores four key benefits of using Red Hat solutions on AWS.
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Doha, Qatar: – University of Doha for Science and Technology (UDST), announced that it has collaborated with Red Hat to create the UDST Red Hat Academy. Red Hat Academy is an open-source, web-deployed and web-managed education program that is designed to provide turnkey curriculum materials to academic institutions to start and sustain an open-source and Linux curriculum program.
UDST boasts more than 20 years of experience in Qatar; it started as a College and transformed into a University in 2022. UDST is a destination in the state of Qatar for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). The University offers more than 60 programs in the fields of Computing and Information Technology, Business Management, Engineering Technology and Health Sciences. Its world-renowned faculty work on developing the students’ skills and help raise well-equipped graduates who are proudly contributing to a knowledge-based economy and making the Qatar National Vision 2030 a reality.
Red Hat Academy turns academic institutions into centers for enterprise-ready talent by outfitting them with Red Hat Training. For more than a decade, Red Hat Academy has supplied high schools and institutions of higher education worldwide that have the required technology and support environments, with hands-on instruction, curriculum, labs, performance-based testing, and instructor support. Red Hat Academy’s web-based curriculum helps create competencies through hands-on, performance-based learning and testing.
Dr. Rachid Benlamri, Acting Dean of College of Computing and Information Technology and Vice President, Academic Affairs said: “It gives us great pleasure to be the first University in Qatar to collaborate with Red Hat, a major player in the marketplace. Utilizing Red Hat solutions in our advanced laboratories and workshops will prepare our students for industry positions once they graduate and will ensure our curriculum is aligned with industry standards. Our collaboration with Red Hat today opens the door to many opportunities in the future.”
Adrian Pickering, Regional General Manager MENA at Red Hat said: “Red Hat is committed to deliver impactful solutions with open, hybrid cloud technologies. Our work with the University of Doha for Science and Technology, can help advance the knowledge of Red Hat technologies and solutions and establish in-demand open source skills. By working together, we can help students discover the next generation of open source technologies that solve real-world challenges through Red Hat’s training and certification ecosystem.”
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About University of Doha for Science and Technology:
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SiliconRepublic.com headed to Red Hat Ireland Day to find out about the projects the company works on within the country.
Open-source enterprise software company Red Hat has three offices across Ireland, one in Cork, one in Waterford and one in Dublin.
The Cork location focuses on finance, while the Waterford office comes from the company’s €63.5m acquisition of WIT spin-out FeedHenry back in 2014.
Meanwhile, Red Hat’s Dublin office operates as a central location for the company’s distributed team.
The nature of Red Hat’s open-source technology means it helps partner companies with digital transformation projects. To find out more, SiliconRepublic.com headed down to the Red Hat Ireland Day on 22 November to speak to some of its senior leaders.
Keith Lynch, the country manager for Ireland, heads up the customer and partner-facing functions of the business. “We’re kind of where the rubber meets the road with Red Hat products and customers, where we’re working with our customers and delivering their projects.”
About one-third of Red Hat’s team in Ireland are in engineering and technical roles, and many of these roles are remote and based around the country.
James Mernin, director of software engineering at Red Hat, said the engineering team works with technology spanning right across the company’s portfolio, from Red Hat Enterprise Linux to OpenShift and cloud services.
“We’ve some very strong relationships with the universities in Ireland and we have a growing internship pipeline and many of the new recruits are coming from local universities,” he said.
“Also, quite recently, we have some school children coming in for work experience during their transition year, helping them to make an informed decision about what they might like to do for their careers. And many of them, I’m glad to say, are choosing a career in IT.”
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CACI International Inc has joined the Red Hat Embedded Partner Program. Through this program, CACI and Red Hat will collaborate to deliver an enterprise scalable, Commercial Solutions for Classified (CSfC) mobility solution using CACI’s Archon product line with Red Hat Enterprise Linux as a foundation to provide a sophisticated customer experience. As both a CSfC Trusted Integrator and CSfC Solution Provider, CACI’s Archon offers capabilities that enable secure remote access to classified environments with turnkey onboarding and administration.
Glenn Kurowski, CACI Chief Technology Officer, said, “Red Hat is a valuable partner for CACI. We embed Red Hat Enterprise Linux in many of our mission technology products as well as Red Hat OpenShift for application development and Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform for efficiency across our Network Modernization efforts. Extending our collaboration with Red Hat enables CSfC at an enterprise scale, with flexibility not seen previously in the CSfC space, for faster migrations and enterprise adoption with more efficient operation.”
CACI’s Archon product builds upon the world’s leading enterprise Linux platform, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, to create industries-only end-to-end CSfC solutions in the marketplace. Red Hat Enterprise Linux provides the foundation for the Archon product line. The Archon client products use Red Hat’s rpm-ostree technology to provide atomic updates to the edge, enabling enterprise consistency, and compliance.
Dylan Conner, Senior Vice President and Product Manager for CACI’s Archon, said, “Our collaboration with Red Hat as an Embedded Partner enables more seamless integration of their technologies into our platform, allowing us to provide our customers with an enterprise-grade CSfC mobility solution. We’ve simplified the entire solution, while steadfastly meeting CSfC requirements, to help organizations overcome the scaling and management problems historically seen in these types of solutions.”
Chris Gray, Vice President, North America Partner Ecosystem, Red Hat, said, “Red Hat Enterprise Linux offers a powerful foundation to drive innovation across the open hybrid cloud with the flexibility and hardened capabilities needed to support our customers and partners at the farthest edge. Collaborating with CACI to drive security-enhanced mission-critical workloads on Red Hat Enterprise Linux allows our joint customers to scale into the future with greater confidence.”
CACI and Red Hat are members of the Government Technology & Services Coalition, a non-profit organization for government contractors in the homeland security market.
Read more at CACI
Red Hat has announced an expansion of its open solutions that are publicly available in the AWS Marketplace, including Red Hat OpenShift Data Science and Red Hat OpenShift Streams for Apache Kafka. AWS customers can now use committed AWS spend to purchase and run Red Hat offerings directly through the AWS Marketplace.
Red Hat notes Gartner research stating 51% of IT spending across application software, infrastructure software, business process services, and system infrastructure will have shifted from traditional solutions to the public cloud, compared to 41% in 2022. Red Hat says to answer this shift, customer needs must be met wherever they exist. Thus, the company has expanded the public availability of its open hybrid cloud technologies offered through the AWS Marketplace.
Red Hat OpenShift Data Science is now generally available and publicly listed in AWS Marketplace as a limited release with full general availability in the coming weeks. Red Hat OpenShift Data Science, supported on Red Hat OpenShift Service on AWS (ROSA), is a fully-managed cloud service that provides data scientists and developers with a consistent, powerful artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) platform for building intelligent applications.
Built on the industry’s leading enterprise Kubernetes platform and enabled by a robust partner ecosystem, Red Hat OpenShift Data Science includes added features such as:
Additionally, Red Hat OpenShift Streams for Apache Kafka is also publicly available in AWS Marketplace. Designed to make it easier for developers to create, discover and connect to real-time data streams regardless of where they exist, Red Hat OpenShift Streams for Apache Kafka enables developers to focus on building better applications faster, without having to worry about the underlying requirements of data collection and processing.
Also available on the AWS Marketplace are:
Red Hat is committed to making it easier for customers to purchase and deploy Red Hat solutions. To further support customers across hybrid cloud environments, Red Hat is introducing flexible methods of purchasing and deploying Red Hat solutions in the cloud. This includes investing in native offerings with public cloud providers, such as Red Hat OpenShift Service on AWS, channel enablement programs and solution availability in the major cloud marketplaces. With these updated purchasing models, Red Hat intends to enable customers and partners to consume Red Hat solutions in the ways best suited for their IT and business needs.
“By expanding Red Hat's footprint in AWS Marketplace, we are empowering customers with a holistic approach to access, consume and deploy open-source solutions and services with greater ease and flexibility. This latest milestone in our long-standing relationship with AWS demonstrates the strength of ecosystem collaboration, bringing together Red Hat's leading open source technologies with the accessibility and simplified procurement offered through AWS Marketplace to deliver an enhanced customer experience, supported by an ecosystem of partner capabilities, and fueling real business outcomes in today's hybrid cloud world," said Red Hat SVP partner ecosystem success Stefanie Chiras.
"Organisations are increasingly seeking business agility, better business outcomes and improved buying experiences in order to grow at the pace and scale necessary to achieve success. AWS Marketplace helps organisations accelerate IT innovation by streamlining the procurement and deployment of solutions and services, so they can get to market faster. With the availability of Red Hat's open source technologies in AWS Marketplace, organisations can now more easily and quickly harness the benefits of open source in the environments to grow with flexibility, agility and reliability," said AWS general manager of Worldwide ISV Alliances and AWS Marketplace Chris Grusz.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 9.1 has now hit general availability, adding and refining capabilities for a wide range of enterprise IT needs, from helping to streamline complex infrastructure environments to improving the security stance of containerised applications.
With cloud strategies now predominantly seeking Kubernetes-based application backbones instead of virtual machines, Red Hat says its RHEL 9.1 release continues to deliver an efficient foundation for modern apps and environments.
Additionally, RHEL 9.1 keeps security front and centre with pre-configured operating system images to meet organisation-specific system security needs. IT teams can specify OpenSCAP security profiles in image builder blueprint files to deliver operating system images that meet IT security and compliance requirements from installation.
RHEL 9.1 also extends multi-level security support for agencies or other sensitive operations, to better document and control classification needs, as well as provide administrators with confidence operating systems are booting with validated and unmodified components.
Red Hat Insights now includes malware detection to scan RHEL systems for the presence of known vulnerabilities or malicious code. It also incorporates Sigstore technology to help users sign and verify code signatures using local keys.
Other features include:
Updated Red Hat Enterprise Linux system roles in making it easier to automate and standardise manual tasks for Red Hat Enterprise Linux deployments across the hybrid cloud. New enhancements include automation support via Ansible and Redfish to better manage underlying hardware and multiple quality-of-life tweaks across nearly all other roles.
PHP 8.1 (available in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.1), a significant update of the PHP language, as a certified, validated and supported Application Stream. This enables enterprise developers to deliver critical applications with the latest tools without risking platform stability.
Support for Extended Update Support (EUS) releases via Convert2RHEL and Leapp in-place upgrades, making it easier for operations teams to plan for and ultimately migrate in a repeatable, consistent and standardised way to the latest versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, anywhere across the hybrid cloud.
Containerised application performance diagnostics via the Red Hat Enterprise Linux web console to help users understand where hardware bottlenecks exist and what processes or applications are consuming the most resources, even if those processes exist in a container.
Support for embedding containers, including UBI, into image builder blueprints which enables IT teams to create operating system images that embed a container image pulled from the associated container registry. This allows for containerised applications or processes to be used immediately upon booting up the image.
Existing RHEL subscribers can obtain RHEL 9.1 via the Red Hat customer portal.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux vice president and general manager Gunnar Hellekson said, “as enterprise IT expands to encompass traditional hardware, multiple public cloud environments and edge devices, complexity grows in parallel. The latest versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux continue our commitment to making hybrid cloud computing more than just accessible, but successful at the scale of global business by pairing reliability and stability with features designed for innovation and flexibility.”