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PSAT Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

The National Merit Scholarship Program is an academic competition for recognition and college scholarships that began in 1955. High school students enter the National Merit Scholarship Program by taking the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT®), which serves as an initial screen of approximately 1.6 million entrants each year, and by meeting published program entry and participation requirements.
To enter the National Merit Scholarship Program and compete for recognition and 8,700 scholarships to be offered in 2021:
• Take the PSAT/NMSQT in October 2019.
• Meet other entry requirements.
Program entrants must take the test in the specified year of the high school program (see page 6). The 2019 PSAT/NMSQT is the qualifying test for entry to the 2021 program. Most entrants will complete high school and enroll in college in 2021.

The National Merit® Scholarship Program is an annual academic competition among high school students for recognition and college scholarships. The program is conducted by National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC), a not-for-profit organization that operates without government assistance.
The 2019 Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT®) is the qualifying test for entry to the 2021 National Merit Program. (The PSAT™ 10 and PSAT™ 8/9 will NOT be considered for entry to the National Merit Scholarship Program.) The competition will span about 18 months from entry in the fall of 2019 until the spring of 2021 when scholarships for college undergraduate study will be awarded. It is expected that about 4 million students will take the PSAT/NMSQT in 2019, and approximately 1.6 million of them will meet requirements to enter this program.

To enter the 2021 National Merit Program, a student needs to meet all of the following requirements. A student must:
1. be enrolled as a high school student (traditional or homeschooled), progressing normally toward graduation or completion of high school by 2021, and planning to accept admission to college no later than the fall of 2021;
2. attend high school in the United States, District of Columbia, or U.S. commonwealths and territories; or meet the citizenship requirements for students attending high school outside the United States (see below);

To participate in the National Merit Program, students must take the PSAT/NMSQT in the specified year of their high school program. Because a student can participate (and be considered for a scholarship) in only one specific competition year, the year in which the student takes the PSAT/NMSQT to enter the competition is very important.
1. Students who plan to spend the usual four years in high school (grades 9 through 12) before entering college full time must take the qualifying test in their third year of high school (grade 11, junior year). Sophomores who take the 2019 PSAT/NMSQT but plan to spend four years in grades 9 through 12 will not meet entry requirements for the 2021 National Merit Program. They must take the PSAT/NMSQT again in 2020 (when they are juniors) to enter the competition that will end when scholarships are awarded in 2022, the year they will complete high school and enter college.
2. Students who plan to leave high school early to enroll in college full time after spending three years or less in grades 9 through 12 usually can participate in the National Merit Program if they take the PSAT/NMSQT before they enroll in college. To enter the competition for awards offered in 2021, these students must be in either the next-to-last or the last year of high school when they take the 2019 PSAT/NMSQT:
a. if they are in the next-to-last year of high school when they take the 2019 PSAT/NMSQT, awards will be offered as they are finishing their last year of high school; or
b. if they are in their last year of high school when they take the 2019 PSAT/NMSQT, awards will be offered the year after they have completed high school.

Students who plan to participate in a postsecondary enrollment options program (through which they enroll simultaneously in both high school and college) must take the qualifying test in their third year of high school (grade 11, junior year). To enter the competition that ends when scholarships are offered in 2021, these students must be in their third year of high school when they take the 2019 PSAT/NMSQT, the same as all other students who plan to spend four years in grades 9 through 12. The high school determines whether a student is participating in a post-secondary enrollment options program and certifies the students status.
4. Students who plan to take five years to complete grades 9 through 12 can participate in the National Merit Program if they take the PSAT/NMSQT in the third year of high school and again in the fourth year. These students Selection Index scores will not be eligible for the program until a written request for entry to the competition is approved by NMSC. The request should include the students name, high school name and location, year the student began high school, year the student will complete high school, and a brief explanation of the students educational pattern.
NMSC will use the students Selection Index score from the PSAT/NMSQT taken in the students third year of grades 9 through 12 to determine the expected level of recognition. In order to be recognized in the fifth (final) year of high school, the student must take the PSAT/NMSQT again in the fourth year, and earn a qualifying Selection Index score at or above the level achieved on the third year test. The level of recognition a student receives cannot exceed the level earned on the qualifying test taken during the students third year in grades 9 through 12, the year in which all other competitors are considered.

NMSC uses PSAT/NMSQT Selection Index scores (calculated by doubling the sum of the Reading, Writing and Language, and Math Test scores) as an initial screen of some 1.6 million program entrants. The 2019 Selection Index scores of all students who meet entry requirements for the 2021 program will be considered. In the spring of 2020, NMSC will ask high school principals to identify any errors or changes in the reported eligibility of their high scorers (students whose Selection Index scores will qualify them for recognition in the fall of 2020).
Commended Students. In September 2020, more than two-thirds (about 34,000) of the high scorers will be designated Commended Students. They will be named on the basis of a nationally applied Selection Index qualifying score that may vary from year to year. In recognition of their outstanding ability and potential for academic success in college, these students will be honored with Letters of Commendation sent to them through their high schools. Although Commended Students will not continue in the competition for National Merit Scholarships, some may be candidates for Special Scholarships offered by corporate sponsors. NMSC will notify those candidates in November 2020.
Semifinalists. Some 16,000 of the high scorers, representing less than 1 percent of the nations high school graduating seniors, will qualify as Semifinalists. Only Semifinalists will have an opportunity to advance in the competition for Merit Scholarship® awards. NMSC will notify Semifinalists of their standing and send scholarship application materials to them through their high schools in September 2020. Their names will be sent to regionally accredited four-year U.S. colleges and universities and released to local news media for public announcement in mid-September.
NMSC designates Semifinalists in the program on a state-representational basis to ensure that academically able young people from all parts of the United States are included in this talent pool. Using the latest data available, an allocation of Semifinalists is determined for each state, based on the states percentage of the national total of high school graduating seniors. For example, the number of Semifinalists in a state that enrolls approximately two percent of the nations graduating seniors would be about 320 (2 percent of the 16,000 Semifinalists).
NMSC then arranges the Selection Index scores of all National Merit Program participants within a state in descending order. The score at which a states allocation is most closely filled becomes the Semifinalist qualifying score. Entrants with a Selection Index score at or above the qualifying score are named Semifinalists. As a result of this process, Semifinalist qualifying scores vary from state to state and from year to year, but the scores of all Semifinalists are extremely high.
In addition to Semifinalists designated in each of the 50 states and without affecting the allocation to any state, Semifinalists are named in several other selection units that NMSC establishes for the competition. These units are for students attending schools in the District of Columbia, schools in U.S. commonwealths and territories, schools in other countries that enroll U.S. citizens, and U.S. boarding schools that enroll a sizable proportion of their students from outside the state in which the school is located. A participant can be considered for Semifinalist standing in only one state or selection unit, based on the high school in which the student is regularly enrolled when taking the PSAT/NMSQT.
Finalists. A Semifinalist must fulfill several additional requirements and advance to the Finalist level of the competition before being considered for a National Merit Scholarship. Over 90 percent (about 15,000) of the Semifinalists are expected to become Finalists and receive a Certificate of Merit attesting to their distinguished performance in the competition. Only Finalists will be considered for the 7,600 National Merit Scholarships. Approximately half of the Finalists will be Merit Scholarship winners (Merit Scholar® awardees). Winners are chosen on the basis of their abilities, skills, and accomplishments—without regard to gender, race, ethnic origin, or religious preference. Scholarship recipients are the candidates judged to have the greatest potential for success in rigorous college studies and beyond.
To receive a scholarship payment, a Merit Scholarship winner must notify NMSC of plans to (a) enroll in a college or university in the United States that holds accredited status with a regional accrediting commission on higher education, and (b) enroll full time in an undergraduate course of study leading to a traditional baccalaureate degree. NMSC scholarship stipends are not payable for attendance at service academies or certain institutions that are limited in their purposes or training.
The selection process involves evaluating substantial amounts of information about Finalists obtained from both students and their high schools. Included are the Finalists academic record (course load and difficulty level, depth and breadth of subjects studied, and grades earned); standardized test scores; the students essay; demonstrated leadership and contributions to school and community activities; and the school officials written recommendation and characterization of the Finalist. The same process is used to select Special Scholarship winners for a corporate sponsors awards.
Types of Scholarships Some 7,600 National Merit Scholarships of three types and approximately 1,100 Special Scholarships will be awarded in 2021; these 8,700 awards will have a combined value of about $41 million. Different types of scholarships will be offered, but no student can receive more than one monetary award from NMSC.
National Merit® $2500 Scholarships. These awards are unique because every Finalist is considered for one and winners are named in every state and other selection unit. The number awarded in each state is determined by the same representational procedure used to designate Semifinalists. Finalists compete with all other Finalists in their state or selection unit for one of the 2,500 National Merit $2500 Scholarships. Winners are selected by a committee of college admission officers and high school counselors.
National Merit $2500 Scholarships provide a single payment of $2,500. NMSCs own funds support the majority of these scholarships, but corporate sponsors help underwrite these awards with grants they provide to NMSC in lieu of paying administrative fees.

Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
SAT SAT/National mission
Killexams : SAT SAT/National mission - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/PSAT Search results Killexams : SAT SAT/National mission - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/PSAT https://killexams.com/exam_list/SAT Killexams : The other side of the SAT debate: It opens college doors for some students

The debate about the effectiveness of the SAT in the college admissions process rages on, most recently in a news story in Newsday that found that many Long Island universities are not requiring either the SAT or the ACT test because they believe other measures of student achievement are better predictors of college success.

That's unfortunate, because in my experience as a K-12 educator in districts with significant populations of high-needs students, I found that for many students the SAT did not close college doors but provided opportunities for those doors to open.

The most accurate controversy over the SAT began in 2021, when the University of California system rocked the academic world by announcing that after 60 years, it would no longer use the SAT as a tool in the admissions process. Lost in all the headlines about the SAT and the ACT, one fact remains: Many colleges and universities allow students to submit SAT/ACT scores, but do not require them. 

The College Board continues to administer the SAT in fulfillment of its stated mission to expand college access by identifying students at less competitive high schools who merit consideration by our nation’s most prestigious institutions — an equalizer for students to demonstrate potential for rigorous academic pursuits.

As colleges and universities on Long Island — and elsewhere — move away from requiring the SAT, its future becomes murky. In response, momentous changes in the SAT lie on the horizon. In 2024, the test will go fully digital as a two-hour test that allows students to use calculators on all mathematics sections and contains shorter studying passages than the current ones, which test students’ attention spans as much as their studying skills.

The worst outcome would be for schools and students to abandon the SAT and ACT. Throughout five decades in education, I saw numerous instances where the SAT allowed students to attend — and demonstrate their worthiness for — our most prestigious colleges and universities, fulfilling the original mission of the assessment. These students experienced personal challenges that made it difficult for them to show their potential in classrooms, extracurricular activities, and other traditional measures of readiness. Like the students who needed to be home immediately after school to watch younger siblings and could not participate in sports, clubs, and other activities. How can students in such circumstances demonstrate their qualifications for admission to Ivy League and other high-level institutions and financial aid packages that enable them to attend these bastions of wealth and privilege?

Tests like the SAT and ACT provide an opportunity for such students to distinguish themselves. Do students gain admission solely based on a test score? Not in my experience. When they show promise on an SAT/ACT score, an admissions officer requests that they come for an interview and uses that to make the final determination on admission and financial support. If we stop administering these assessments, students like these will be the losers, as will the institutions that fail to diversify their student bodies.

Beyond that, if students stop taking these high-stakes assessments, what will happen when they wish to pursue postgraduate education and need to take the MCAT, GMAT, LSAT or GRE? We owe it to students to prepare them for life after high school and undergraduate school. The SAT and ACT continue to play an important role in that process.

This guest essay reflects the views of Michael Cohen, a retired superintendent of the Brentwood school district.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 03:10:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.newsday.com/opinion/commentary/guest-essays/sat-college-admissions-gwk1leoa
Killexams : EOS SAT: The Launch Of The First Agri-Focused Satellite Constellation is Just Around The Corner

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Dec 13, 2022 (AB Digital via COMTEX) -- EOS Data Analytics uses its deep knowledge, expertise, and experience to provide agriculture and other sectors with valuable and accurate geospatial data analytics. The company will launch the EOS SAT satellite constellation to empower agribusiness participants worldwide and increase the industry's sustainability. These satellites will be the world's first constellation focused on the needs of agriculture launched by a company that already has its own software products that work based on satellite imagery analytics.

Seven optical satellites equipped with 13 agro-related bands will be put into low earth orbit to provide farmers and other industry stakeholders with valuable insights. In combination with information from agronomists, soil data, reliable weather forecasts, historical data on fields productivity, and accurate analysis of satellite imagery the end user will get comprehensive information about the state of agricultural land.

Seven Satellites For Productivity And Sustainability Improvement

According to, EOS Data Analytics these satellites will make a full-operation cycle of geospatial data analysis possible: from obtaining data from its own source to processing and transforming it into valuable insights. The project was developed in partnership with Dragonfly Aerospace and required thorough planning.

Farming land monitoring will become the constellation's primary task, enabling the EOS SAT to be a unique project among companies using remote sensing. The new satellite models will enable the company to Improve monitoring accuracy and raise the availability of reliable satellite data to the end user.

The founder of EOS Data Analytics, Max Polyakov, noted that the company aims to provide farmers and other agribusiness participants with comprehensive information that plays a vital role in further sustainable development and ensuring food security. It is crucial because food production requires sustainable methods in the face of climate change. This goal is only possible to achieve with reliable data and geospatial data analysis in agriculture.

EOS SAT Constellation Timeline

The project will unfold in different steps, each taking place at their own time:

  • 2021: Test readiness check. Flight and operational readiness test.
  • 2022: EOS SAT-1 will be launched in December
  • 2023: The company plans to launch three more satellites
  • 2024-2025: Launch of three more satellites and achievement of the complete operations capability

Characteristics of EOS SAT Satellites

The satellites of this agricultural satellite constellation will move in a sun-synchronous orbit with an average power of 140 watts. Optical satellites with a design lifetime of 5-7 years will provide images in 1.4m panchromatic and 2.8m multispectral resolution.

The three days revisit time can help to Improve the awareness of changes in the fields. Revisit within 24 hours is also possible upon request. EOS SAT constellation equipped with 13 band channels and their unique settings will help cover the most critical needs of the agricultural industry.

Launching the satellite constellation will enable EOS Data Analytics to Improve the quality of data obtained from low Earth orbit and make them more accessible to farmers. Such updates will positively impact crop monitoring and classification, growth comparison, soil moisture measurement, weather forecast, and other data that EOSDA provides the agricultural industry.

New EOS Data Analytics opportunities include:

  • near real-time data obtaining;
  • 5-7 times increase of the orbital frequency;
  • 2-8 times increase in image resolution;
  • proprietary data for corporate agro-industrial models that will speed up the data processing;
  • exclusive rights to the imagery of selected areas.

Satellites for Agribusiness Purposes

The benefits of satellite technology and near real-time geospatial data analysis for the industry include the ability for growers to make effective crop protection and resource management decisions based on accurate data. Thus, agriculture is being transformed into a more productive and sustainable industry.

Numerous options for practical applications of remote sensing technologies for agriculture include crop monitoring, forecasting, and natural disaster management. Furthermore, satellite technology enables the prediction of market trends and increases the transparency of supply chains.

The launch of the EOS SAT project and the launch of the first satellite of the future constellation into orbit will occur in December 2022. The project will enable EOSDA to provide farming business participants with field monitoring data.

Thanks to EOS SAT, the accuracy of the analytics data provided by the company for various niches in the agricultural industry will increase. This project will help to consume and allocate natural resources rationally and sustainably. It is also intended to reduce the negative impact of agricultural production on the environment. EOSDA will assist producers in making their products healthier and ensure global food security.

The mission of EOS Data Analytics is to harness the power of space technology and innovation for the benefit of humanity. The EOS SAT project will help make agriculture a more sustainable industry through reliable data from low Earth orbit. The constellation of satellites will enable the company to provide the agro-industry with valuable plant health, soil conditions, potential threats information, and other data that will help maintain food security and sustainability.

Media Contact
Company Name: EOS DATA ANALYTICS
Contact Person: Tatiana Vasiltsova
Email: Send Email
Country: United States
Website: https://eos.com/

COMTEX_420712028/2555/2022-12-13T17:25:36

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The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Tue, 13 Dec 2022 07:25:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/eos-sat-the-launch-of-the-first-agri-focused-satellite-constellation-is-just-around-the-corner-2022-12-13
Killexams : China will launch 2-in-1 asteroid deflection mission in 2025

China is now looking to launch its first planetary defense test mission a year earlier than planned and on a larger rocket.

Like NASA did on its accurate Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission, China wants to test changing the orbit of a potentially hazardous asteroid with an impactor spacecraft and also accurately measure how much its orbit is altered.