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PL-600 exam plan - Microsoft Power Platform Solution Architect Updated: 2023

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Microsoft Power Platform Solution Architect
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Microsoft Power Platform Solution Architect
Question: 90
Topic 3, Fabrikam, inc.
Case study
This is a case study. Case studies are not timed separately. You can use as much exam time as you would like to
complete each case. However, there may be additional case studies and sections on this exam. You must manage your
time to ensure that you are able to complete all questions included on this exam in the time provided.
To answer the questions included in a case study, you will need to reference information that is provided in the case
study. Case studies might contain exhibits and other resources that provide more information about the scenario that is
described in the case study. Each question is independent of the other questions in this case study.
At the end of this case study, a review screen will appear. This screen allows you to review your answers and to make
changes before you move to the next section of the exam. After you begin a new section, you cannot return to this
To start the case study
To display the first question in this case study, click the Next button. Use the buttons in the left pane to explore the
content of the case study before you answer the questions. Clicking these buttons displays information such as
business requirements, existing environment, and problem statements. If the case study has an All Information tab,
note that the information displayed is identical to the information displayed on the subsequent tabs. When you are
ready to answer a question, click the Question button to return to the question.
Fabrikam, Inc. manufactures industrial metal cutting machines. The company installs and services the machines for
Fabrikam has manufacturing plants in Canada, France, and China. The company also has regional service
organizations that are responsible for installation and maintenance of the machines.
Current environment
Operations for the company are managed very informally. Only a small number of long-term employees are aware of
all manufacturing processes. The company has been experiencing quality issues associated with its manufacturing
operations and installations.
The company wants to implement a way to capture quality inspection results for each machine produced. Current
inspection checklists are stored in the Files section of a Teams channel for inspectors. Inspectors commonly print the
incorrect inspection checklist.
The company has specific inspection stations for certain inspection steps. Each station has the gauges and equipment
required for related inspection steps. There is often a backlog at specific inspection stations. This results in delays in
shipping machines to customers.
Accounting system
The current system does not handle shop floor or manufacturing planning functionality.
Machines are assigned serial numbers and placed in stock until they are shipped to customers.
Employee information is maintained only within the accounting system. Access to the information is strictly
controlled due to privacy regulations and company policies.
Other systems
The company has an enterprise Microsoft 365 subscription. The company uses Microsoft 365 only for sending and
receiving email. The company uses photos of employees to generate employee badges. Photos are uploaded into
Microsoft 365 user profiles.
The company recently started using Dynamics 365 Field Service to manage and maintain the machines that it installs
for its customers. The app has not been customized.
The company has added roles, skills, and certification proficiencies to Dynamics 365 Field Service resources to
support both customer onsite inspections and final manufacturing inspections.
Quality inspection app
Fabrikam is evaluating Microsoft Power Platform to determine whether it can meet the companys requirements for a
manufacturing defect and quality inspection solution. Each machine produced must be subjected to a quality inspection
at various points during production. Each machine must undergo a more extensive quality inspection before the
machine can be shipped to the customer.
Inspection orders
Inspection orders must:
* Allow entry of quality ratings of passed or failed for each quality metric identified for the machine being rated.
* Include information about the person who performed each inspection step and any comments made by the inspector.
* Be automatically marked as failed if one inspection step rating is marked as failed.
* Be automatically marked for re-inspection should a machine fail inspection. The new inspection order must be
created by using the originating inspection order as a template.
Inspectors must fill in findings comments and upload at least one photo for any inspection step that is marked as
Inspection standardization
Standardized checklists must be stored in the solution for use by inspectors. A copy must be created when a new
inspection is initiated.
The solution must:
Prevent an inspector from proceeding to the next step of the checklist until required information for a step is entered.
Support the addition of steps to inspections to support custom features added to a machine for a customer.
Support the direct input of measurements from testing gauges to avoid incorrect readings being entered by inspectors.
Provide a visual representation of the testing measurement limits for each step. Include an indication of how the
measured value compares to measurement limits and whether the measurement is within tolerance. Users must be able
to configure the visualizations to display the minimum value and maximum value, and whether the reading is within
the tolerance of a single targeted value. It must also be able to be used for maintenance inspections once the machine
has been installed.
Support the ability to store photo references within each inspection step to document defects found during
Users must be active employees of Fabrikam.
When a user signs into the inspection solution, the solution must display a picture of the employee who has signed
Supervisors must be able to modify standard checklists. Other employees must be prevented from modifying
You must prevent users from changing inspection order data once an inspection is marked as final.
Analytics and reporting
The solution must:
Provide metrics including existing and upcoming demand by inspection station, average time spent per user at a
station, and average time a machine spends at each inspection point.
Provide metrics per inspector including number of inspections performed by month, and number of inspections per
rating type (pass, fail).
Provide a printed quality certificate to be included with each machine.
During initial testing of the solution, testers report that they cannot see the photos taken during a previously failed
You need to recommend a solution to meet user interface requirements.
What should you recommend? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct
selection is worth one point.
Box 1: Create and embed a Power Bi radial gauge
A radial gauge chart has a circular arc and shows a single value that measures progress toward a goal or a Key
Performance Indicator (KPI). The line (or needle) represents the goal or target value. The shading represents the
progress toward that goal. The value inside the arc represents the progress value. Power BI spreads all possible values
evenly along the arc, from the minimum (left-most value) to the maximum (right-most value).
In this example, youre a car retailer tracking the sales teams average sales per month. The needle represents a 140
cars sales goal. The minimum possible average sales is 0 and the maximum is 200. The blue shading shows that the
team is averaging approximately 120 sales this month.
Box 2: Add an inspection order to the work order form
You can add inspections to work orders in Dynamics 365 Field Service.
Field Service inspections are digital forms that technicians use to quickly and easily answer a list of questions as part
of a work order. The list of questions can include safety protocols, pass-and-fail tests for a customer asset, an
interview with a customer, or other audits and assessments performed before, during, or after a work order.
Question: 91
You need to recommend a reporting solution for the organization.
Which two options should you recommend? Each correct answer presents a complete solution. NOTE: Each correct
selection is worth one point.
A. AI Builder
B. SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS)
C. Dynamics 365
D. Power BI
Answer: B,C
The reporting and analytics team must be able to create reports that include data from all facilities and all workers.
Management reports must present an overview of the entire organization. Other reports may be limited to specific
B: Power Apps apps can include reports that provide useful business information to the user. These reports are based
on SQL Server Reporting Services and provide the same set of features that are available for typical SQL Server
Reporting Services reports.
C: Microsoft Dynamics 365 online and Model-Driven PowerApps offers several advanced reporting options.
Advanced reports are often necessary when business requirements demand complex calculations, returning multiple
data sets, grouping large sets of data based on rules, and retrieving data from different data sources.
Question: 92
You need to recommend methods for assigning security to each group of users.
The customer provides the following requirements:
Customers need the ability to submit a case through an online portal.
Portal must handle 75 concurrent users submitting cases.
Service data must be retained for at least six years.
You need to determine which requirements are functional or non-functional.
Which requirements are functional or non-functional? To answer, drag the appropriate types to the correct
requirements. Each type may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between
panes or scroll to view content. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
Box 1: Functional
Functional requirements describe what the solution needs to do or its behaviors.
Box 2: Non-functional
Non-functional requirements commonly describe non-behavior aspects of the solution such as
performance requirements.
Box 3: Non-functional
Examples of common non-functional requirement types include:
Data retention/residency
Performance (response time, and so on)
Recovery time
Question: 93
You are designing a business strategy for a client who has a Power Platform solution.
The client works with critical data where any data loss creates a high risk.
You need to document the failover process for the stakeholders.
Which four actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions
to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.
Question: 94
A large company experiences high staff turnover rates. As a result, the company must add or remove multiple system
user accounts daily.
You need to recommend a security concept which will facilitate complex security profiles to entities for large groups
of users across the Power Apps and Dynamics 365 applications.
What should you recommend?
A. Hierarchy security
B. Field-level security
C. User access management
D. Team privileges
Answer: D
User and team management is the area of Microsoft Dataverse where you can create and maintain user accounts and
A user is any person who works for a business unit who uses Dataverse. Each user has a user account.
A team is a group of users. Teams let users across an organization collaborate and share information.
Note: Why use Dataverse?
Easy to secure C Data is securely stored so that users can see it only if you grant them access. Role-based security
allows you to control access to tables for different users within your organization.
Data from your Dynamics 365 applications is also stored within Dataverse, allowing you to quickly build apps that
use your Dynamics 365 data and extend your apps with Power Apps.
Question: 95
A company uses manual processes to track interactions with customers. The company wants to use Power Platform to
improve productivity.
The company has the following requirements:
Provide customers with an online portal where they can submit and review cases.
Ensure that customers can chat online with a customer service representative at any time.
Route chats to customer service representatives based on skill and availability.
You need to recommend a solution to the company.
Which three components should you recommend? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each
correct selection is worth one point.
A. Dynamics 365 Virtual Agents chatbots
B. Customer self-service portal
C. Dynamics 365 Field Service
D. Business process flows
E. Omnichannel for Customer Service
Answer: BDE
B: Customer self-service portal: A customer self-service portal enables customers to access self-service knowledge,
support resources, view the progress of their cases, and provide feedback.
Note: Based on the selected environment in Power Apps, you can create a Dataverse starter portal or a portal in an
environment containing customer engagement apps (Dynamics 365 Sales, Dynamics 365 Customer Service, Dynamics
365 Field Service, Dynamics 365 Marketing, and Dynamics 365 Project Service Automation).
E: Omnichannel for Customer Service offers a suite of capabilities that extend the power of Dynamics 365 Customer
Service Enterprise to enable organizations to instantly connect and engage with their customers across digital
messaging channels.
Incorrect Answers:
A: The Dynamics 365 Field Service business application helps organizations deliver onsite service to customer
C: Dynamics 365 Virtual agent is a no-code-required AI-based application that is focused on providing customer
service organizations the ability to engage in personalized conversations that go beyond the conversational search.
Virtual agents provide the ability to deploy and manage the automation of handling problems with specific solutions.
Question: 96
A client uses Dynamics 365 Sales, Power BI datasets, and Power BI dataflows.
The Dynamics 365 Sales implementation has security roles that restrict data export. You need to ensure that data has
the same restrictions in Power BI as it does in Dynamics 365 Sales.
You need to design the security to avoid sensitive data from being seen.
Which two actions should you recommend? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each correct
selection is worth one point.
A. Use Microsoft Dataverse restrictions before setting up the Power BI reports.
B. Limit the role in Dynamics 365 Sales to only data allowed so it cannot be exported to Microsoft Excel.
C. Limit the role and ensure that exporting to Microsoft Excel is not allowed in both Dynamics 365 Sales
and Power B
E. Share Power BI dashboards only with users who are supported to see this data.
Answer: AB
A: When you share a dashboard or report, the people you share it with can view it and interact with it, but cant edit it.
They see the same data that you see in the dashboard and reports and get access to the entire underlying dataset unless
row-level security (RLS) is applied to the underlying dataset.
B: Depending on the sensitivity of an organizations data, it is often necessary to disable the ability to export or print
Question: 97
An animal welfare organization wants to track the movement of wolf packs in a region. Cameras at specific locations
capture images when motion is detected within the camera sensor range. Staff upload the images manually to a shared
drive and then analyze the images.
The organization wants to automate image capture and analysis.
The organization has the following requirements:
Save captured images in an appropriate location.
Analyze saved images by using an image recognition process.
Display data in real-time dashboards.
You need to recommend the correct technology for the requirements.
What should you recommend? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct
selection is worth one point.
Box 1: Automated cloud flow.
Create a cloud flow when you want your automation to be triggered either automatically, instantly, or via a schedule.
Automated flows: Create an automation that is triggered by an event such as arrival of an email from a specific person,
or a mention of your company in social media.
Incorrect Answers:
Business process flows provide a guide for people to get work done.
Desktop flows are used to automate tasks on the Web or the desktop.
Instant flows: Start an automation with a click of a button. Wide range of tasks such as requesting an approval, an
action in Teams or SharePoint.
Box 2: Desktop flow and AI Builder
Desktop flows are used to automate tasks on the Web or the desktop. Using Power Automate Desktop you can
automate tasks on the desktop as well as the Web.
Box 3: Model-driven app dashboard with Power BI
The Power BI cloud service works with Microsoft Dataverse apps to provide a self-service analytics solution. Power
BI automatically refreshes the apps data displayed.
Question: 98
You are a Power Platform consultant for an internet support company.
The company lacks a budget to buy third-party ISVs or add-ons.
The company requires a new system that achieves the following:
All support issues must come in by email, need to be logged, and assigned to the support group.
Accounts must synchronize with the parent company Oracle database.
Reports must be sent to the executives on a weekly basis.
No custom code will be used in the system.
You need to recommend the components that should be configured.
Which two components should you recommend? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each
correct selection is worth one point.
A. Power Virtual Agents
B. Microsoft Dataverse
C. server-side synchronization
D. Microsoft Customer Voice
Answer: BD
The Dynamics 365 Customer Voice data is stored in Microsoft Dataverse.
Dynamics 365 Customer Voice is an enterprise feedback management application you can use to easily keep track of
the customer metrics that matter the most to your business. It provides a personalized experience, enabling you to
collect customer feedback and get relevant insights quickly and easily, all in a few clicks.
Incorrect Answers:
A: Power Virtual Agents lets you create powerful chatbots that can answer questions posed by your customers, other
employees, or visitors to your website or service.
Question: 99
You are designing a Power Platform solution for a company that provides in-home appliance maintenance. When a
customer schedules a service appointment, a dispatcher assigns one technician for a specific time and location.
The solution must capture information about the technician assigned to each appointment and the list of tools that the
technician must bring to the appointment.
You need to recommend the data type for the captured information.
Which data type should you use? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct
selection is worth one point.
Box 1: Choice
Like Choices below, but can only select one of the option.
Incorrect Answers:
Customer: A lookup column that you can use to specify a customer, which can be an account or contact.
Lookup: Data in one table often relates to data in another table. For example, you might have a Teachers table and a
Class table, and the Class table might have a lookup relation to the Teachers table to show which teacher teaches the
class. You can use a lookup column to show data from the Teachers table. This is commonly referred to as a lookup
The LookUp function finds the first record in a table that satisfies a formula. Use LookUp to find a single record that
matches one or more criteria. For both, the formula is evaluated for each record of the table
Box 2: Choices
You can customize forms (main, quick create, and quick view) and email templates by adding multi-select columns
that are called Choices. When you add a choices column, you can specify multiple values that will be available for
users to select. When users fill out the form they can select one, multiple, or all the values displayed in a drop-down
Question: 100
Question Set 1
A company uses two separate unlinked apps to manage sales leads: a Power Apps app and a third-party application.
The client has the following requirements:
Manage all leads by using the Power Apps app.
Create a lead in the Power Apps app when a user creates a lead in the third-party application.
Update leads in the Power Apps app when a user updates a lead in the third-party application.
Connect to the third-party application by using an API.
You need to recommend strategies to integrate the Power Apps app and the third-party application.
Which three options can you use to achieve the goal? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each
correct selection is worth one point.
A. Dual-write
B. Custom connector
C. Dataflow
D. Power Automate cloud flow
E. Common Data Service connector
Answer: ADE
A: Customers should be able to adopt business applications from Microsoft and expect they speak the same language
and seamlessly work together. Dual Write allows our customers to not think about these apps as different systems to
write to independently; rather, the underlying infrastructure makes it seamless for these apps to write simultaneously.
D: Use Custom APIs to create your own APIs in Dataverse. With a Custom API you can consolidate a group of
operations into an API that you and other developers can call in their code. The Common Data Service (current
environment) connector enables calling Custom APIs actions in Power Automate.
E: Common Data Service provides access to the environment database on the Microsoft Common Data Service. It is
available for Logic Apps, Power Automate, and Power Apps.
Question: 101
You are designing a Power Platform solution.
The company wants its development team to adopt the construction of repeatable components for its implementation
team to reuse on different entities and forms.
You need to recommend a technology that meets these requirements.
Which technology would you recommend the developers adopt to assist the implementation team?
A. JavaScript
B. Power Apps Component Framework control
C. Web resource
D. Canvas app
Answer: B
Power Apps component framework empowers professional developers and app makers to create code components for
model-driven and canvas apps (public preview) to provide enhanced user experience for the users to work with data on
forms, views, and dashboards.
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  • Database technology is crucial in multiple applications and computing tasks, and certifications help demonstrate job readiness and core competencies. 
  • Before pursuing a database platform certification, you should have a solid background in relational database management systems and the SQL language. 
  • Valuable certifications are typically tied to specific technology companies and their platforms, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP.
  • This article is for IT professionals considering database certifications to further their careers. 

While database platforms have come and gone through the decades, database technology is still critical for multiple applications and computing tasks. IT professionals often seek database certifications to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise as they navigate their career paths and pursue professional growth. 

While database certifications may not be as bleeding edge as Google cloud certifications, cybersecurity certifications, storage certifications or digital forensics certifications, database professionals at all levels possess in-demand career skills — and a plethora of database-related jobs are waiting to be filled.

We’ll look at some of the most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases.

What to know about database roles and certifications

To get a better grasp of available database certifications, it’s helpful to group these certs around job responsibilities. This reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA). A DBA is responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). The job is often tied to a specific platform, such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server.
  • Database developer. A database developer works with generic and proprietary application programming interfaces (APIs) to build applications that interact with a DBMS. Like DBA roles, database developer positions are also often platform-specific.
  • Database designer or database architect. A database designer or architect researches data requirements for specific applications or users and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst or data scientist. A data analyst or scientist is responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insights, determine the meaning behind data, and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining or business intelligence (BI) specialist. A data mining or BI specialist focuses on dissecting, analyzing and reporting important data streams, such as customer, supply chain and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist. A data warehousing specialist assembles and analyzes data from multiple operational systems (such as orders, transactions, supply chain information and customer data) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

These database job roles highlight two critical issues to consider if you want to be a database professional:

  1. You need a solid general background. First, a background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a fundamental prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 
  2. There’s a focus on proprietary technologies. Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver comes from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. Most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

NoSQL databases — called “not only SQL” or “non-relational” databases — are increasingly used in big data applications associated with some of the best big data certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence.

Best database certifications

Here are details on our five best database certification picks for 2023.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 12

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry-standard DB2, as well as the following:

  • IBM Compose
  • Information Management System (IMS)
  • Informix
  • Cloudant
  • IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop

IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program that has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM now has a primary data-centric certification category called IBM Data and AI. It includes a range of database credentials: 

  • Database Associate
  • Database Administrator
  • System Administrator
  • Application Developer 

IBM’s is a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers toward the handful of items most relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on IBM’s z/OS should check out the IBM Associate Certified DBA — Db2 12 certification. It’s an entry-level exam that addresses routine planning, working with SQL and XML, security, operations, data concurrency, application design, and concepts around database objects.

This certification requires candidates to pass one exam. Pre-exam training and familiarity with concepts, or hands-on experience, are recommended but not required. 

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator — Db2 12 (z/OS)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses are available.

Number of exams

One: C1000-122: Db2 12 for z/OS DBA Fundamentals (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam. Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

The certification page includes self-study materials, including a study guide and a learning path. 

Did you know? IBM’s certification offerings are among the best system administrator certifications IT professionals can achieve.

2. Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence. Azure is a cloud computing platform for application management and Microsoft-managed data centers. Microsoft certifications include various Azure offerings based on job role and experience level.

Microsoft’s certification program is role-centric, centered on the skills you need to succeed in specific technology jobs. Because Azure has such a broad scope, Azure certifications span multiple job roles. However, specific certifications exist for the following positions:

  • Data Analysts
  • Data Engineers
  • Data Scientists
  • Database Administrators 

There are also certifications for learners at different experience levels. 

For those looking to take their Azure knowledge to the next level, the Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals certification is the perfect place to start. This certification is for beginner database administrators interested in using Azure and mastering data in the cloud. It offers foundational knowledge of core concepts while reinforcing concepts for later use in other Azure role-based certifications, such as those listed below: 

  • Azure Database Administrator Associate
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate
  • Data Analyst Associate 

Azure Data Fundamentals certification facts and figures

Certification name

Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals

Prerequisites and required courses 

This certification does not have any prerequisites. However, for absolute beginners, Microsoft offers an Azure Fundamentals certification. 

Number of exams

One exam, DP-900, which is administered via Pearson VUE or Certiport.

Cost per exam

The exam costs $99 in the United States, though the cost changes based on where it is proctored. 


Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the exam is well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice exams and other materials. Microsoft also offers a free online learning path.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks depending on job role and product. MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

If you’re interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification, you can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. 

The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can accomplish the following tasks:

  • Install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server.
  • Configure replication.
  • Apply security.
  • Schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

Did you know? According to Oracle, approximately 1.8 million Oracle Certified professionals globally hold certifications to advance their networking careers and professions to validate their IT expertise. 

4. Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

For individuals interested in working in the Oracle environment who have the necessary experience to become a database administrator, Oracle’s Database SQL Certified Associate Certification is another top Oracle certification and an excellent starting point. This exam encompasses an understanding of fundamental SQL concepts that individuals must grasp for database projects. 

By earning the certification, individuals demonstrate that they have a range of knowledge in core SQL concepts:

  • Familiarity with queries, data modeling, and normalization
  • Strong base understanding of the underlying SQL language
  • An ability to create and manipulate Oracle Database tables 

This certification also requires candidates to pass a single exam. While Oracle does not specify any prerequisites, the company does state candidates should have familiarity working with the command line. 

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification facts and figures

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

SAP SE has an extensive portfolio of business applications and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications and storage. The SAP HANA platform’s foundation is an enterprise-grade relational database management system that can be run as an appliance on-premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform lets customers build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program built to support its various platforms and products. We’re featuring the SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications we’ve highlighted and is in high demand among employers, according to job board surveys. 

This certification ensures database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers the following skills:

  • Managing users and authorizations
  • Applying security
  • Ensuring high availability 
  • Effective disaster-recovery techniques 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. 

The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $2,760. This online training program is designed for those who run, support, or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most latest SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end-of-life status and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

Prerequisites and required courses    

None required.

Recommended: Hands-on experience and the following courses: 

  • SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) 
  • High Availability and Disaster Tolerance Administration SPS05 (HA201)
  • Monitoring and Performance Tools SPS05 (HA215)
  • Database Migration using DMO SPS05 (HA250)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05, exam code C_HANATEC_17 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam



Self-study materials

The certification web page includes a link to trial questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Tip: To broaden your skill set, consider pursuing the best sales certifications to better sell and implement various IT solutions, including databases.

Beyond the top 5 database certifications

Additional database certification programs can further the careers of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, well-known vendor-neutral database certifications exist, including the following: 

  • ICCP certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) offers its unique Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Learn more about ICCP certifications from the ICCP website.
  • Enterprise DB certifications. EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional

These are some additional certifications: 

These credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets — and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them.

Key takeaway: Pursuing additional database certifications can be helpful for professional development if you already work with these platforms or plan to work with them in the future. 

Job board search results

Before pursuing certifications, consider their popularity with employers to gain a helpful perspective on current database certification demand. Here’s a job board snapshot to deliver you an idea of what’s trending.




LinkedIn Jobs



IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2






Azure Data Fundamentals






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification












If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $91,949 as the national average in the U.S., ranging from $64,171 to over $131,753. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat lower at $84,161, with a top rung for experienced senior DBAs right around $134,000.

Choosing the right certification

Choosing the best IT certifications to enhance your skills and boost your career can be overwhelming, especially as many available certifications are for proprietary technologies. While picking a database certification can feel like locking yourself into a single technology family, it is worth remembering that many database skills are transferable. Additionally, pursuing any certification shows your willingness to learn and demonstrates competence to current and future employers. 

Ultimately, choosing which certification to pursue depends on the technologies you use at work or would like to use at a future employer.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. 

Tue, 23 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
How Google and Microsoft's push for regulation could stifle competition © Provided by Washington Examiner

The push by Big Tech companies such as Microsoft and Google to regulate artificial intelligence could stifle competition and hinder innovation.

In latest days, prominent Big Tech figures, such as former Google CEO Eric Schmidt and OpenAI CEO Sam Altman, have warned the public about the dangerous possibilities of the technology and called for federal and international rules on the industry.


The most prominent companies are the ones forming the rules that will rein in their business and those who could be their future competitors.

"The world we live in now is one where Microsoft and OpenAI are going to lead a charge for some sort of regulation," Adam Thierer, senior fellow at the R Street Institute, told the Washington Examiner.

Microsoft President Brad Smith proposed a five-point plan on Thursday for the regulation of artificial intelligence. It included building safety networks and brakes, developing a broad legal structure to regulate the technology, encouraging transparency about the training of models, and partnering with private companies to address the social issues connected to AI, such as unintentional bias.

Altman argued in a blog post that international authorities must consider forming the AI equivalent of the International Atomic Energy Agency, an intergovernmental forum for encouraging cooperation regarding nuclear sciences. He also called for the establishment of a new federal agency to provide licenses to AI developers.

Google echoed Microsoft's concerns and released a set of priorities for regulation that include maximizing economic promises, promoting responsibility regarding the technology's use, and enhancing national security to ensure the technology isn't abused.

While the industry is calling for artificial intelligence rules and regulators now have support from the industry, free market proponents fear that the effort is self-serving. "The rules would make competition much harder," said James Czerniawski, senior tech policy analyst at the right-leaning think tank Americans for Prosperity.

The newly proposed rules would "crush not only new entrants but absolutely decimate open source software providers of AI systems; there's just absolutely no way they could comply with the sort of regime that Microsoft and OpenAI are talking about," Thierer argued.

For example, if an individual developer wanted to experiment with a high-level advanced AI on an open-source platform, they would, theoretically, have to get a license based on the level of intelligence of the bot. This license would likely be somewhat expensive and take time, adding additional costs.

Altman is far from the first leader in the Big Tech industry to push for regulation of his own company actively. As one latest example, Facebook ran a long advertising campaign asking Congress to change Section 230, a key law that protects websites from being held accountable for what others post on their platform. Facebook's campaign asked for amendments to Section 230 to hold it and competitors accountable for illegal content posted to their platform unless they have a system installed to moderate content for them, a choice that would penalize smaller companies that lack the funds required to buy appropriate software.

Altman isn't OK with just any rules, however. The OpenAI CEO threatened to pull out of Europe over its quickly passing AI Act, only to reverse the threat on Friday. Key committees at the European Commission voted to advance the AI Act, which would establish bans on biometric surveillance, emotional recognition, predictive policing, and other AI-powered products. It would also require AI products to be transparent about the data used to train them.


Congress and the White House are both eager to oblige with these calls for AI regulations. Sen. Michael Bennet (D-CO) has introduced legislation to create a task force investigating AI policies and their effect on civil liberties.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) previously announced he was working on legislation with experts that would regulate AI in a manner acceptable to Republicans and Democrats.

Tags: Artificial Intelligence, News, Microsoft, Technology, Google

Original Author: Christopher Hutton

Original Location: How Google and Microsoft's push for regulation could stifle competition

Fri, 26 May 2023 22:58:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Microsoft Is Continuing Its Quiet Plan To End The Console War
Credit: Gameloft

There was some big news out of Microsoft and Xbox yesterday, even if it doesn't seem like it. The company announced that it would be bringing Xbox Live support to three mobile titles from Gameloft: Asphalt 9: Legends, Asphalt 8: Airborne, and Dragon Mania Legends. This means these games will receive a bunch of Xbox Live's services wherever they're played, including things like leaderboards, achievements and friends lists. On its face, this is a fairly run-of-the-mill corporate announcement. But look closely and you'll see big hints at Microsoft's plans for the future of gaming.

We recall a similar announcement from a little while ago when Microsoft brought Xbox exclusive Cuphead over to the Nintendo Switch along with the same Xbox Live services it's now offering Gameloft. In both cases, the message is clear: Xbox Live is transitioning from being the network that powers gaming on Xbox consoles to being a broader backend service that can be used by a range of developers on a range of platforms.

It's right in line with the enterprise work that has formed the backbone of Microsoft's business for years, just applied to a gaming context: it appears that Microsoft wants to be the backend that developers can use to manage their online services. Steam does something similar on PC and Epic Games is moving quickly to challenge that turf, but Microsoft is well-positioned to make a push on other platforms.

This has been Microsoft's Xbox strategy ever since Phil Spencer took the division over. After soundly losing the current-generation console war to Sony and the PlayStation 4, the company seemed to pivot in a new direction: winning the console war by making it irrelevant. Microsoft's goal has been to continue selling Xboxes while disambiguating both the brand and its broader gaming operations from any kind of specific hardware. We saw that at first with Windows PC: early on Microsoft announced that all Xbox exclusives would also come to PC, and that a range of games would now support cross-buy and cross-play. At the time, it seemed to cheapen the idea of the Xbox hardware platform, but it strengthened Microsoft's growing efforts to conceive of cross-platform gaming services.

Microsoft is clearly still making hardware: we'll see the new consoles at E3 this year, and I don't think that we're going to see the end of hardware platforms or local computing in gaming anytime soon. The console war will be alive and well in 2020. But this has actually been a longstanding story in the gaming industry: consoles used to vary wildly, with strikingly different graphical capabilities and completely different libraries. They've been converging for a while now, to the point where the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 play a broad swath of the same multiplatform games with relatively similar graphics, distinguished mostly by platform-level services and an array of exclusive games that don't ultimately make up a huge portion of the library.

It's easy to imagine this story continuing over the course of the next console generation. Fortnite is a true platform-agnostic hit, and it won't be the last: publishers are eager to sell their games to as many people as possible, and that means further eroding distinctions not just between Xbox and PlayStation but between consoles, PC and mobile even as streaming claims it can make hardware platforms totally irrelevant.

Again, these are long trends that we won't see come to fruition right away. But Microsoft is positioning itself for a post-console war future, where software platforms are as big if not bigger than hardware platforms. In the long-term, it might be a better strategy than continuing to sell boxes.

Tue, 07 May 2019 02:12:00 -0500 Dave Thier en text/html
I'm EY's global chairman and CEO. Here are the 3 most important lessons I've learned through my career. EY global chairman and CEO Carmine Di Sibio. Carmine Di Sibio © Provided by Business Insider EY global chairman and CEO Carmine Di Sibio. Carmine Di Sibio
  • Carmine Di Sibio is EY's global chairman and CEO.
  • He shares lessons anyone can put into practice no matter how far along they are in their careers.
  • Di Sibio says to be flexible, learn to collaborate more than compete, and commit to lifelong learning.

This time of year is always full of promise and new beginnings for me. It's university graduation time and bright minds are putting their hard-earned degrees and learnings into practice.

It's also when business graduates think about the positive impact they would like to make on the working world.

If my days at NYU Stern and my 38-year career at EY taught me anything, it's that you should never stop being a student and learn from everything – good and bad – that life throws at you.

Here are three lessons that are never too late for anyone to put into practice no matter where you are in your career.

1. Don't be afraid to change paths

In the classroom, you take the course. In life, you need to veer off course many times.

Curriculum is just another word for plan. Graduates not only demonstrate an ability to stick to the plan but excel at it.  They turn in every assignment, study for every exam and fulfill every requirement. 

While that's an impressive achievement, in my experience, knowing when to adapt the plan, or move in another direction entirely, is just as important. 

A lot of people are surprised to learn that I didn't major in accounting or business. I majored in chemistry. When I was an undergraduate, I was convinced I wanted to be a doctor. 

I studied synthetic sequences in the library, and I ran titrations in the lab. By junior year, I was ready to put my new skills to the test: I scored an internship at a real hospital. 

Every day by 6 a.m., I was trailing attending physicians through their morning rounds. By lunchtime, I was scrubbed in to observe surgery. It was incredible. I learned a lot: First and foremost, that I'm not squeamish. I watched open heart surgeries, organ transplants and hip replacements — which, by the way, were done with a bone saw and mallet. Not for the faint of heart.  

But the most important thing I learned was that I didn't want to be a doctor. It took seeing medicine up close to realize it wasn't the life I wanted. After years of planning, I had to change course. 

Not everyone will have to alter their path completely, but I'm fairly confident that most will have to expand it. Technology is rapidly remaking the workplace. Some dream jobs may not exist today or may look completely different tomorrow. 

My advice is to be flexible, learn new skills and keep an open mind about the future. Which brings me to my second lesson.

2. Success will be as much — and maybe even more — about collaboration than it is about competition

Business schools often breed a competitive environment. But I've found that those who know how to collaborate, learn from others and contribute will better handle whatever challenge or opportunity comes next. Of course, you'll have to compete, but learning to successfully collaborate will help you succeed.  

Once I figured out that medicine wasn't right for me, I decided to pursue a career in business. There was only one problem: I had never taken a business, finance or accounting class. 

This led me to NYU and at the time, there was a program for liberal arts grads like me. By day, I worked at Arthur Young — one of predecessor member firms of the EY organization. By night, I took classes. Kind of like Batman, but with more spreadsheets. 

I learned a lot — both on the job and in the books. But really, I learned the most from my classmates. While most of us were all working for competing organizations during the day, in the evening we studied and produced projects together. We shared perspectives and helped each other out. This made each of us stronger and smarter. This has remained true throughout my career. 

Today, some of the most exciting work that we're doing at EY involves working with other organizations. We are collaborating with over 100 organizations in the EY alliance ecosystem to bring custom solutions and solve problems for clients and society.

For example, we've teamed up with Microsoft to help remove barriers to employment for young people in underserved communities. We've even worked with the competition. We collaborated with the other Big Four organizations to develop environmental, social and governance metrics for the World Economic Forum to help organizations consistently measure their non-financial performance. 

The bottom line is you won't always have all the answers. Neither will your organization. 

3. Don't ever stop asking bold questions and challenging the status quo

Re-entering the working world with a business degree not only sets candidates apart but sets them up to see the world differently and create a better future.

In business school you learn to ask tough questions of professors, business, society, fellow students and, of course, yourself. But to create a better future, you need to continue to ask bold questions throughout your career. You need to challenge the status quo.

This of course comes with challenges and setbacks. But the lesson often is that real change doesn't always come when you want it or even how you foresaw it in your plan. I know this from experience.

For the past year, EY had been working on a massive initiative: Project Everest. The idea was to split the EY organization into two separate organizations: to better serve EY clients in the long-term by providing more choice and removing conflicts and giving EY people new and more rewarding growth opportunities.

This was a bold move that would challenge the status quo and redefine the industry — something the competition has publicly said they would never do. 

Recently the EY organization decided not to move forward with Project Everest. 

Let me tell you, this was disappointing to me. 

But what we can't lose sight of is that we have uncovered unexpected learnings. We have unlocked a huge amount of innovation, identified people strengths, and opened new and better conversations with EY clients and regulators. 

No great change has ever taken place by defending the status quo. And to succeed, you must be prepared to fail and learn. I still believe we will transform to better serve EY clients, people and society — just at a different time, and in a different way.

Eventually, you'll attempt your own Everest. It won't be easy. The clue is in the name. Remember, be patient. Persevere. Learn. Even setbacks move the needle.

A commitment to lifelong learning will set you up for success at work and in life. Remember to stay curious about new possibilities, collaborate with competitors and persevere when faced with challenges. Even when your plan doesn't go as expected, the best thing about being a student is that you never stop learning. 

Carmine Di Sibio is the global chairman and CEO of EY.

The views reflected in this article are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the global EY organization or its member firms.

Sat, 03 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
ChatGPT used to cheat on TSPSC exams; Find details

Officials investigating the Telangana State Public Service Commission (TSPSC) question papers leak case discovered that one of the seven defendants used the generative AI tool ChatGPT to get answers to questions. questions. As per the Times of India, a Special Investigation Team (SIT) found that one of the defendants used the AI tool after receiving the leaked document to recruit an Assistant Executive Engineer (AEE) and an Accounts Officer from the division. The report states that the defendant then transmitted the answers to other applicants via Bluetooth headsets during the exam. This might be one of the first cases in the country where government applicants used ChatGPT to cheat on the exam and got caught.

The report adds that the SIT discovered details after questioning a division engineer from Telangana State Northern Power Distribution Company Limited in Peddapalli. The team chose Poola Ramesh, who devised a plan to provide ChatGPT-provided answers to seven applicants who sat two exams earlier this year (January 22 and February 26).

Ramesh apparently accessed the leaked quiz 10 minutes after the exam and used ChatGPT to type the answers. Each of the seven candidates reportedly agreed to pay Rs 40 lakh to pass the exams. Ramesh had helped other candidates cheat on an exam on March 5, although he did not use ChatGPT to get answers.

Citing a police officer, the report notes: "Ramesh sold the leaked question paper to more than 30 candidates for 25 lakh to 30 lakh each." The report indicates that he has not yet been arrested.

There is a growing concern with generative AI tools as they are still free to use and very simple. Tools like ChatGPT and Microsoft Bing are now available in app form, helping users access information on the go. While generative AI tools have many benefits, there are concerns related to cheating on tests and assignments and taking over some jobs. Some universities have also raised issues with students using ChatGPT to solve assignments. ChatGPT maker OpenAI has released a tool to help with plagiarism, but the platform has miles to go.

Mon, 29 May 2023 23:29:00 -0500 en text/html
How to master the 4-day work week for maximum productivity & balance How to master the 4-day work week for maximum productivity & balance © Provided by Mediafeed How to master the 4-day work week for maximum productivity & balance

Who wouldn't want a long weekend and more time to spend with their loved ones? Let's face it, no one is ultra-productive at work for eight hours a day, five days a week anyway.

The four-day workweek is a growing trend that is gaining traction in many companies and countries around the world. People are happier and more productive, and companies are seeing benefits from employees working fewer hours for the same pay.

But it's not as simple as dropping a day and sticking with your old routine. Transitioning to a four-day week takes planning and habit changes.

In this post, we'll show you how to make a 4-day week work for you and how you can implement one this month.

The Growing Trend of 4-Day Work Weeks

The idea of a four-day workweek is simple – employees work for four days every week and get an extra day off while earning the same salary and getting all the same benefits.

The trend of the four-day workweek took off during the COVID-19 pandemic. People began working from home and realized the importance of a flexible schedule.

Since most jobs can be done remotely and are much more efficient with the use of team tools and systems, a four-day workweek is doable for many companies.

In fact, there are already many large companies that use the four-day workweek and have seen great results.


Buffer's CEO, Joel Gascoigne, announced a four-day workweek trial in May 2020. That initial trial was so successful that they extended it to the end of the year and haven't looked back since.


Microsoft is another company that introduced a four-day workweek trial in 2019 and saw productivity increase by an impressive 40%. They also cut down electricity costs by 25%, which helped with their green goals.

Even though Microsoft didn't continue the reduced work week after the trial, it shows the positive results it can have on both employees and businesses.


It's not just businesses looking into the potential benefits of a four-day workweek; there are countries that have run large-scale trials, too.

Between 2015 and 2019, 3,000 workers in Iceland took part in a four-day workweek trial. Research from the trial showed that productivity either remained consistent or improved across industries.

Due to the success of the trial, over 80% of Iceland's workforce currently operates on a four-day week.

Other countries, including the UK and Spain, have held similarly successful trials. Belgium also followed suit and introduced the right to a 4-day workweek by law back in 2022.

Benefits of a 4-day Work Week

a man smiling and looking at a laptop © Provided by Mediafeed a man smiling and looking at a laptop

So, is a four-day workweek just the latest trend, or does it come with measurable benefits?

Increased productivity

The most important benefit of a four-day workweek is the increase in productivity. Many companies were concerned that output would drop if staff worked for one day less every week.

But let's face it; there aren't many people who are doing productive work for eight hours five days a week. Studies on workplace productivity show that the average worker is actually productive for around four hours a day during a standard eight-hour workday.

"Working a four-day week is an easy yet effective way to boost productivity and motivation. Having that longer weekend to look forward to will help you plan your schedule more efficiently and cut time wastage during your working day." – Justin from The Enemy of Average

Having a four-day workweek has been shown to increase productivity levels compared to a traditional five-day week. This was because when employees have more free time to take care of personal matters, they're more engaged and focused at work. So, it's a win-win for employees and business owners.

Reduced costs

Another major benefit is the reduction in costs for both employees and business owners. When offices are closed for an extra day every week, running costs see a significant drop.

On the other side, employees pay less to commute and cut expenses like lunch and coffee runs. In a world where the cost of living continues to rise, working from home is a huge perk that many new employees are looking for.

Happier employees

Working for four days a week gives employees more free time to do whatever they want. This boosts overall job satisfaction and employee happiness. This also boosts loyalty to the company, which benefits employers, too.

In the six-month trial conducted in the UK, 71% of employees reported lower levels of burnout, 39% were less stressed, and there was a 65% reduction in sick days. These were incredible results that show the impact just an extra day off a week can have on employee wellbeing.

Fewer health issues

Mind, the mental health charity, has shown that one in six people experience mental health problems every week.

According to charity Mind, 1 in 6 of us experience mental health problems in any given week.

Having a longer weekend gives people a chance to unwind, do things they love, and spend time with loved ones. All of that naturally improves well-being and helps Strengthen mental health.

Recruitment and retention

Millennials and Gen Z switch jobs more often than any other previous generation. Job retention is at an all-time low, and employers are looking for ways to retain talent.

Studies have shown that 63% of businesses that offer a four-day workweek found it easier to attract and retain staff. Having a decent work-life balance is essential for the new working generation, so this is a perk that will help retain staff for longer.

Reduced carbon footprint

The 4 Day Week Campaign released a report in 2021 that highlighted the environmental benefits of a four-day workweek. In fact, reducing office time by just one day a week can reduce the UK's carbon footprint by 21.3%.

In a time when climate change is a serious issue and fast steps need to be taken, a four-day workweek could be a simple solution to help lower emissions.

How to Make a 4-Day Week Work For You

4 blue pins on a calendar © Provided by Mediafeed 4 blue pins on a calendar

It sounds great, but how can you make a four-day week work for you? Here are some pro tips.

Establish Goals and Priorities

The first step toward implementing a four-day workweek is establishing goals and organizing your priorities. It's not about cramming the same amount of busy work into four days; it's about excluding low-priority tasks and focusing on the most important items.

If you lead a team, now is the time to eliminate low-priority tasks that take up too much time, such as unnecessary meetings. Around 83% of professionals spend between four and twelve hours every week on meetings – that's up to a third of the week!

To manage your time effectively, use time-tracking software. This will help you focus on tasks for longer and highlight any current tasks that are taking up too much of your work day.

At the end of every week, evaluate your schedule and to-do list to figure out if you used your time productively. Make a plan to automate, abandon, or outsource any tasks that you can to free up more time the following week.

Maximize Productivity

For a four-day workweek to be successful, your output needs to remain consistent. If your work is negatively impacted, a four-day week can't be successful.

The easiest way to maximize your productivity is to track your key performance indicators (KPIs). This will show you your progress and ensure you are spending your four days productively.

For example, if you work in sales, are you attracting the same number of clients? Are you completing the same number of sales? Figure out how to best track your output and then organize your days to help reach your targets.

If you find it difficult to reach your targets, it's time to re-evaluate point one. Are there any major time wasters in your schedule that could be eliminated? Are you structuring your days effectively?

Remember, most people only have four hours of productive time in a workday, so you should be able to match your five-day productivity.

"One of the best ways to maximize your productivity is to implement online tools. This could be a calendar, client booking system, time tracker, or AI writing tool to help reduce busy work and automate tasks for you." – James from We Tested

Communicate with Your Team and Boss Differently

Now is the time to change the way you communicate with your team and boss. If you constantly stop work to check emails, reply to Slack notifications instantly, or email while you're off work, it's time to stop.

If you can, get your team together and choose a block once or twice a day to check and respond to emails and messages. This will help you stay productive throughout the workday and remove a lot of the distractions from the workweek.

If you're working from home, communication with your boss and team is crucial. But don't allow this communication to distract you from your schedule or interrupt your work.

If you have products or services that are time-sensitive, preparation for a four-day workweek may take more time.

"If you've got products that need to be delivered to clients quickly, communication with your team is key. Now that you have three full days away from the office, you'll need to plan your schedule to make sure there isn't a noticeable delay in delivery during your transition to a four-day week."  – Ryan from Pad PCB

Create Boundaries and Manage Expectations

In the process of transitioning, it's important to let all of your old and new clients know that your working hours are changing. Set up an out-of-office auto-reply with a standard message letting clients know when you'll be back and able to respond to their inquiries.

If you work B2B, some of your clients or contacts will still work Fridays, so it's essential to create boundaries and manage expectations from the beginning.

It's tough telling clients or team members ‘no', but be mindful of taking on too much work now you're working less each week. It's better to set realistic expectations of timelines and deliver quality work than to rush projects to get more done in less time.

Take Care of Yourself

When you first switch to a four-day week, schedule in things to do on the extra day you have off. This will help you create the habit of ignoring work emails and make sure you actually enjoy your extra time away.

It's easy to fall into patterns of catching up on emails or completing quick tasks on Fridays, but this should be your time to take care of yourself.

When you're planning out your new shorter work week, take some time to plan your Fridays and make sure you spend your time doing exactly what you want to do – whether that's a day out with the family or a much-needed day of uninterrupted rest.

"Many parents who take a break from work use their time to help their kids with schoolwork. You could help with some exercises in any courses they're struggling with or get practice papers to help them get ready for exams." – Faisal from Example Paper Plus

Enjoy Your 4-Day Workweek!

It takes some time to successfully transition to a four-day week, especially if you've worked in an office setting for some time. But you'll be surprised by how productive you can be when you have the incentive of a long weekend to look forward to.

Research the best tools to help you maximize your time and plan fun activities to make the most of your new time off. You'll have a four-day week working for you in no time.

This article originally appeared on Home Office Junkie and was syndicated by MediaFeed.

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Tue, 30 May 2023 06:15:52 -0500 en-US text/html
Chegg Embraced AI. ChatGPT Ate Its Lunch Anyway

In subjects such as engineering, chemistry, and statistics, which drive significant traffic to Chegg but often involve diagrams, there was a sense that relying too heavily on AI to parse visual information was unreasonable, the former employees say. So the ethics of unleashing an imperfect product gave Chegg pause. “We knew generative was coming down the pike,” says one former executive. “Text analysis was easy to embrace in the short run.”

In 2020, OpenAI’s GPT-3 model was released and made text generation much better. Some machine-learning leaders at Chegg wanted to get their hands on it, but one source says executives weren’t aggressive about securing access to the technology, which OpenAI did not open-source. Early this year, GPT-3’s successor was added to ChatGPT, and the centrality of generative AI to Chegg’s future became inarguable, carved as it was into the company's dented user growth.

Fight Back

Chegg is now focused on proving with its in-house bot CheggMate that it’s possible to outcompete ChatGPT when it charges onto your turf. “We happened to be one of the industries that's facing it first, and that gives us a wonderful opportunity to understand it deeper and sooner and come on to the other side of it with unique and value-creating products for our consumers,” says Schultz, the COO.

The company has marshaled all extra hands onto CheggMate and AI development, including by reassigning teams that worked on collecting more data from users to personalize services through more traditional means. Brown, the CFO, told investors last month that the company’s summer interns will be fully focused on CheggMate. But Chegg doesn’t have the best record of developing products from scratch and has previously leaned on acquisitions, leaving some former executives closely following CheggMate unsure of its prospects.

The new service also doesn’t exactly ease ethical implications. Chegg has long faced allegations from colleges and universities that it enables cheating, as students secretly turn to its tools to complete homework and exams. Officially, Chegg bars dishonest use and carries out and supports integrity investigations, says Nina Huntemann, the company’s chief academic officer. But former Chegg data scientist Eric Wang worries that CheggMate and similar applications could spread the cheating habit. Students feel overwhelmed and pressed for time, and feel they are competing for scarce opportunities, he says. “All of these forces drive students who know better to make decisions that are in hindsight not great,” Wang says, suggesting that there could be better ways to support students and educators.

Select users, along with Chegg’s subject matter experts and academic advisers, began testing CheggMate over the past couple of weeks, but it isn’t expected to publicly launch until next year. That means it won’t be ready for the US fall semester, when Chegg typically generates its greatest sales. Schultz says he’s proud of the company’s response to ChatGPT’s arrival. “We weren't going to react overnight and just throw something up on the site,” he says. “We have a responsibility to be thoughtful.”

When a user types a query to CheggMate, it first attempts to categorize whether the request is for help understanding a concept, solving a particular problem, or concerning a particular subject, Schultz says. The system then tries to direct the question to the best resource, with the options including prompting GPT-4, having a human expert answer, or re-airing an old answer from Chegg’s database. CheggMate is designed to keep users engaged through positive reinforcement and pushing related content. “We could say, ‘Why don't you try this similar problem? Why don't you guess a step?’” says Huntemann, the chief academic officer. “Conversation allows us to extend the experience.”

Chegg executives hope tuning their chatbot to education that way will make ChatGPT look less attractive as a homework helper. Pricing for CheggMate has not been determined; operating generative models is expensive, and those costs rise with usage. But two former employees say that having a human expert answer a question costs about $2. Generating a comparable response through GPT-4 possibly runs half a US cent, and having an expert edit it might cost $1 overall, they say, suggesting the economics could work out for Chegg.

At the same time, competition is likely to intensify from ChatGPT itself, Microsoft, and Google’s generative AI-powered search features, or rivals developing their own AI tutors using OpenAI technology such as Quizlet, Brainly, and Khan Academy. That could force Chegg to spend more on marketing to stay relevant. Silber, the stock analyst, expects Chegg’s operating profit margins will suffer for some time.

The latest ride has made Rosensweig, who has led Chegg since 2010, and his friend of 20 years, OpenAI’s Altman, into competitors and perhaps frenemies. They both have a hand now in shaping the next chapter of education.

All of the people WIRED spoke to described Rosensweig, whose mom was a public school teacher, as someone who wants to see people have the chance to pull themselves up through educational opportunities. He hosts an online show called Going From Broke, in which he and a financial strategist help people with major money troubles bounce back. If Rosensweig was to rebuild Chegg for the generative AI age, ChatGPT suggests that show could be called Chegg Resurgence: Triumph Over Turbulence.

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 23:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Telangana exam paper leak: Accused used ChatGPT and other electronic devices for cheating

In a significant development in the Telangana State Public Service Commission (TSPSC) exam paper leak case, the Special Investigation Team (SIT) has uncovered the use of advanced technology by one of the accused. Reportedly, Poola Ramesh, a Divisional Engineer at TSNPDCL, is suspected of using an AI tool called ChatGPT and electronic devices to share answers with other candidates appearing in government recruitment exams.

According to IANS, Ramesh is accused of selling leaked question papers related to the Assistant Engineer (Civil) exam and using ChatGPT and electronic devices to assist candidates in the Assistant Executive Engineer (AEE) and Divisional Accounts Officer (DAO) exams. He allegedly shared the answers with at least seven candidates inside the exam hall using electronic devices, marking the first instance of ChatGPT and electronic devices being implicated in the case.

After receiving the exam questions on a mobile phone from an examiner, he and four others allegedly used ChatGPT to get the correct answers then they communicated these answers to candidates who were present in the exam hall using Bluetooth earbuds. 

ALSO READ: ChatGPT outperforms human data analysts : Know how

The incident serves as a wake-up call for educational institutions and regulatory bodies to strengthen their protocols and deploy advanced measures to detect and prevent such cheating practices in the future.

On the other side, Recently, OpenAI has extended the availability of its ChatGPT app to iOS users in India as part of the company's broader expansion plans to include additional countries.

The Microsoft-owned company aims to make its app accessible to a wider user base, now iOS users in India can utilize the ChatGPT app free of charge with the convenience of syncing their chat history across multiple devices. 

ALSO READ: How ChatGPT helped an author to write 100 novels in a year?

Inputs from IANS

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Tue, 30 May 2023 23:25:00 -0500 en text/html

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