There are billions of hours of video on YouTube, literally. And that's hardly the most astounding statistic about the site, which has been the go-to destination for uploading and watching videos online since 2005. That said, sometimes you really want or need to have one of those videos on your own computer or phone. But when the course of downloading YouTube videos comes up, there's a side subject that must be broached: Is it legal?
On the copyright front, as long as you're downloading a video for your own personal offline use, you're probably okay. It's more black and white when you consider Google's terms of service for YouTube(Opens in a new window), which read: "You are not allowed to...access, reproduce, download, distribute, transmit, broadcast, display, sell, license, alter, modify or otherwise use any part of the Service or any Content except: (a) as expressly authorized by the Service; or (b) with prior written permission from YouTube and, if applicable, the respective rights holders."
Watching YouTube videos offline through unofficial channels takes money from Google and video creators. There's a reason YouTube runs ads: People make a living this way.
Obviously, stealing videos from YouTube is a big no-no. If you want to share a video, YouTube and most other video sites make it easy, from embedding to emailing to sharing via social networks. You simply do not need to obtain a video most of the time.
But you have your reasons. If you must download a YouTube video—absolutely need to, just for yourself, and not for dissemination, and not to be a jerk—here's how.
Note: This story is updated frequently, as the tools involved change regularly. Some of those changes are not always pleasant, such as software so full of "extras," it gets flagged as malware by antivirus tools. The same goes for the helper websites—a change in a site's ad network can also create issues with malware.
To prevent this from becoming a laundry list of programs and sites that can obtain YouTube videos, we came up with a few rules for inclusion. Services must:
Work with the top three video sites: YouTube, Facebook, and Vimeo.
Download entire playlists or channels in a batch (on YouTube), at least with a paid version.
Output to MP3 for audio (or offer companion software that does so).
Have an interface that doesn't suck.
Not collect your personal data beyond your email address.
Not contain malware. If there's even a whiff of it, even a PUP, it's out.
The programs, services, and sites in this story are all free of spam and virus problems as of this writing, but caveat emptor—let the buyer beware. (Especially if you're not really buying.)
YouTube Premium Downloads
Now available for subscribers of YouTube Premium—the paid version of YouTube that allows you to watch without ads—are video downloads—kind of. There's one limitation with quality: All the video you obtain is limited to 1080p quality max or lower. No 4K.
The biggest issue is, this feature doesn't really obtain a video to save on your computer forever. It is more akin to the obtain feature found on mobile apps for Netflix and Hulu, which makes a streaming video available to watch later using your local storage using the app's interface only. This is not a method that allows you to, say, watch a video using different software such as the VLC Media Player or Plex.
You access the obtain by going to the YouTube hamburger menu and selecting Downloads (Opens in a new window)to view the list of what you've grabbed. The page says "Downloads remain available as long as your device has an active internet connection at least once every 30 days." This probably isn't exactly what you are looking for in a download; read on for tools that are a better fit.
Third-party software is what will provide you the best control over downloading online videos. Typically, you paste the URL for the YouTube video you want into the program, and it downloads the highest-quality version it can find. For videos in 1080p high definition (HD) format, that's usually an MP4 file. For anything higher in quality—4K or 8K—the file format is typically MKV.
In the past, YouTube videos were Flash-based, so your obtain was an FLV file, but those tend to be harder to play back. MP4 (short for MPEG-4 Part 14 multimedia format(Opens in a new window)) files can play anywhere
Note that the MKV file, also called a Matroska, is a container—the file could contain video utilizing any number of codecs inside. The foolproof way to play them all is to use the VLC Media Player for Windows, which plays everything. (Read more about it below.) As for the downloaders, here are the best options.
VLC Media Player
Free; Windows, macOS, Linux
VLC Media Player(Opens in a new window) is a fantastic tool for Windows, Mac, and Linux users that plays back just about any media ever created. It also has the ability to obtain YouTube videos, albeit in a convoluted way. (If you run into any problems, try a full re-install of VLC and clear your cache to make it work.)
Copy a URL from a YouTube video, then open up VLC. From the Media menu, select Open Network Stream (Ctrl+N) and paste in the URL. Click Play. When the video is playing, go to Tools > Codec Information. There is a box at the bottom called "Source"—copy the URL you find in that box.
Go back to your browser and paste that URL—it's a temporary web address and will expire eventually—in the address bar and start playing the video. When you're viewing the video, in the Chrome or Edge browser, click the three-dot menu at the lower right for the obtain option to keep it locally. In other browsers, such as Firefox, right-click the video and select Save Video As.
It appears that VLC saves your file as 1080p only and not any higher, even if the original YouTube stream was available in 1440p or 2160p (aka 4K). It also won't convert video to other formats. To get those options, you need the desktop software below.
4K Video Downloader
Free, or $10 for one year of use; $15 for a lifetime license on three computers; Windows, macOS, Ubuntu Linux, Android
Multi-lingual 4K Video Downloader(Opens in a new window) (4KVD) is frequently updated and features clear obtain links on the program's website; no ad traps here. The software does what it advertises in a simple interface: It grabs videos up to 8K in quality and downloads to plenty of formats. Simply copy a YouTube URL and click the Paste Link button to get started. 4KVD will even collect subtitles, entire playlists, and all the videos in a channel to which you subscribe. The sites supported are limited to the big names, including YouTube, Vimeo, Facebook, and a few others, but that should cover most of what you need. It does display a large banner advertisement to keep the lights on with the free version, which is also limited to 30 downloads a day.
When I tried it, I had to make a switch from MP4 to MKV format to get my test video to obtain in 4K. 4KVD snagged a 3-minute, 229.7MB file for a movie trailer in about 1 minute and 20 seconds. I made the same switch when downloading an Ultra High Definition (8K) playlist(Opens in a new window).
When you enable the Smart Mode and its presets, 4KVD can perform one-click downloads to your favorite format. If you want to obtain more than 30 videos per day or subscribe to YouTube channels to instantly download(Opens in a new window) the latest, you'll need the paid version. Playback of the resulting MKV files via VLC Media Player is flawless.
The program has the option to extract audio to MP3 format, so you don't even need the 4K YouTube to MP3(Opens in a new window) companion software. But if that's your thing, it's the same price as 4KVD.
$25.95 for 1 year/3 PCs; $39.95 lifetime for 1 PC; $57.95 family on 3-5 PCs; Windows, macOS
The powerful VideoProc from Digiarty comes in an editor edition and this converter(Opens in a new window), which also provides editing and effects and, of course, handles a lot of downloading, supporting 4K from over 1,000 websites, including TikTok. With hardware acceleration(Opens in a new window), it promises some speed. Thankfully, Digiarty frequently offers price discounts: In fact, the price has dropped a lot on the one-year license; it's currently(Opens in a new window) just $25.95.
To use it, let the software detect your hardware to see what will help with acceleration (if anything). Click the Downloader button, click Add video to place as many URLs as you want to batch, and then click on Download Now. Or grab a whole YouTube playlist or live stream.
VideoProc grabbed our 697MB test 4K video(Opens in a new window) to WEBM format in about 2 minutes and 15 seconds, which isn't bad. The trial version of VideoProc Converter, which limits conversions to 5 minutes, doesn't appear to limit downloads.
Free (donation-ware); Windows
FlixGrab(Opens in a new window) offers several different programs, many with overlapping features. For example, FlixGrabMS is available in the Microsoft Store(Opens in a new window) for Windows 10 and 11 machines, but it wouldn't let me grab video from YouTube. The straight obtain of the FlixGrab program from flixgrabapp.com did work with YouTube and several other sites. It also offers a Free YouTube Downloader(Opens in a new window) that is specific to YouTube yet has the same easy-to-use interface.
The subscription prices for an upgrade have disappeared. The site now has a donation page(Opens in a new window) where it says "for now, our applications are totally free." If you can donate a little via PayPal or credit card, the developers will be thankful.
Free; Windows and macOS
The free 5KPlayer(Opens in a new window) is a lot more than a downloader, but it's got a heck of an integrated downloader. Promising no viruses, ads, or plug-in requirements is a good start. It is, sadly, one of the few that asks for registration of your name and email—you have to do that to get the full obtain function across 300-plus sites(Opens in a new window). You can nab 4K vids from YouTube without registering, though.
When downloading, the program tries to hide some things. Paste in the URL for a YouTube video, and the analysis engine runs and shows only a few obtain options. Click the gear icon, then the Show All button, and scroll to see more—including a 4K 3,840-by-2,160 file in WebM format. The 227MB WebM test obtain took an agonizing 6.5 minutes. Grabbing playlists is possible, but you must adjust obtain settings one video at a time. The confusing interface makes it hard to go back to the other videos in the playlist.
5K Player also features DLNA server playback, so the videos you grab can be watched on any device that supports DLNA. It also supports AirPlay for quick playback to Apple devices. Pick a video in the library for quick conversion to MP4, MP3, or even ACC (the audio format preferred by iOS). The player didn't like playing back the overly large 4K file, though, and experienced buffering issues (VLC didn't have any problem with the same file).
Ultimately, there's a lot to like about 5K Player, including the price and the features—especially if you look at them as extras on a downloader. But the bad interface, slow obtain speeds, and playback issues may cause you to look elsewhere.
Helper Websites (Heed Any 🚩s)
Do you want to avoid installing software? Video-download helper sites are meant to do the obtain work for you. All of them do one basic thing: You provide them a YouTube URL (or another video site, if supported), and they parse it, provide you a choice of what size obtain you want, and provide a link to said download. The sites work on any platform, sometimes even on mobile devices. You don't have to install anything on your PC. It can take a lot longer to get a download, depending on the size and quality of the video you want, but you can't beat the convenience.
The problem is that you can't always trust them. Hundreds of these types of sites exist—it seems anyone with a modicum of coding ability has set one up. Such sites can easily go from useful to suspicious, especially when they get popular, and the proprietor sells out to make cash off your visits.
Recommended by Our Editors
Since this story was first published, all the helper sites we recommended have been removed for reasons such as adding sexually explicit ads, no longer working, and switching to pushing a obtain utility only. One went out of business voluntarily in 2020 to avoid getting sued(Opens in a new window).
For these reasons, we're not recommending any helper sites at the moment. If you decide to try one, and your browser, antivirus, or instincts throws up red-flag warnings, avoid it and move on.
A browser extension can save you a step. But you're going to run into some issues with downloading videos from YouTube, especially if you're using Chrome as your primary browser.
The Chrome Web Store(Opens in a new window)—where you get Chrome browser extensions—is controlled by YouTube's owner, Alphabet/Google. Even an extension created ostensibly for this purpose isn't going to allow YouTube direct downloads because of Chrome Store restrictions. In general, with Chrome extensions, the obtain of any RTMP protocol video (protected video) or streaming video isn't possible. You can use them on other sites with video, of course—just not YouTube.
Want to get around this? Get an extension that does not come from the Google Web Store. Some of the programs and helper sites offer an extension component and will spell out how to do the install(Opens in a new window) without the assistance the Chrome Web Store usually provides. Here are a couple.
YouTube Video Downloader
Free; Brave, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Edge, Safari, Vivaldi
YouTube Video Downloader from Addoncrop(Opens in a new window) is available for multiple browsers but with excellent side-load capabilities(Opens in a new window) via user scripts or third-party extensions such as Foxified (Opens in a new window)(which allows Chrome/Edge user access to Firefox extensions). It puts a button below whichever video you're playing on YouTube, even an embedded YouTube video, making the video easy to grab. Up to 8K video is supported. You can also convert audio from the video to an MP3, and it will even help you take video screenshots.
Free; Firefox, Chrome, Edge
Video DownloadHelper(Opens in a new window) supports a huge number of sites—even those for adults. You'll know a video is downloadable when the icon for the extension animates when you're on the web page. Video DownloadHelper for Chrome has stopped working with YouTube; that way, it got placement in the Chrome Web Store. Get around that by using the Video DownloadHelper extension on Firefox or Edge instead.
Mobile Video Downloader Apps
Downloading from YouTube using an Android app from the Google Play Store is a challenge, given that Google has a grip on the site it owns (even if it seldom seems to check for malware); it offers the paid YouTube Premium service mentioned above to facilitate offline viewing.
That said, with Android, it's possible to install apps without going through Google. For example, InsTube – Free Video and Music Downloader(Opens in a new window) for Android can be found only at InsTube's website. obtain the APK (Android application package) file to sideload on an Android device. Find it in your device's downloads and click to install(Opens in a new window). (You may have to go into your security settings and enable "Unknown sources.")
You'd think there would be no such restriction on iPhones and iPads, since Apple and Google aren't the best of pals (or maybe they are(Opens in a new window)). But with the iOS apps I've tried, not only would they not obtain from YouTube, but they're also typically not available for long. One of those apps said in its description, "Downloading from YouTube is prohibited due to its Terms of Service." Apple is ensuring that app makers play by the rules—even Google's rules.
Chances are, the minute you find an iOS app that can obtain YouTube videos, it will be "fixed" or banned. The only real option is to jailbreak your iPhone and use sideloaded apps that obtain what you want.
There are workarounds. One is to subscribe to YouTube Premium, which lets you obtain videos on your iPhone or iPad to watch later, much as Netflix and Hulu do. But it doesn't allow you the freedom to edit a clip.
Another is using a free iOS file manager app, such as Documents by Readdle(Opens in a new window). Use the Safari browser to visit a YouTube video, and use the Share option to find Copy Link. Then go back to Documents, and use the built-in browser in the app to surf to a video obtain helper site (you know, the kind we don't recommend).
Paste the link into the form (hold your finger down on it until you get the "Paste" menu to pop up). The site will provide you the links to download, and you can save the file to Documents. Hold and drag the file up until you're back on the main screen, then drag it to the Photos folder. You'll need to provide Documents permission to access Photos the first time. You can then access the video as you would any video taken on the phone or tablet, in the Photos app.
Another workaround: Go back to the desktop, and try AnyTrans(Opens in a new window) ($39.99 for a single computer for one year, Windows or macOS; $59.99 for a lifetime plan). It's a desktop file manager for iOS devices that has an integrated downloader supporting 900 sites, including YouTube and Facebook. It'll transfer the videos to the iPhone for you over the USB cable. Even if you don't pay for AnyTrans, the obtain option remains and is free forever.
Want a truly unique way to "download" a video? YT Scribe(Opens in a new window) lets you grab the transcription so you can read it instead: It auto-transcribes, punctuates, and paragraphs the text. The better the subtitles, the better the "article," of course. Best of all, it's totally free.
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