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Exam Code: OG0-021 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
OG0-021 ArchiMate 2

Individuals certified at both levels will have demonstrated their understanding of:
 The basic concepts and key terminology of Enterprise Architecture and the ArchiMate modeling language
 The principles and core concepts underlying the ArchiMate core language and extensions
 The concepts from the ArchiMate layers and extensions
 The ArchiMate relationships
 ArchiMate views and viewpoints
 Adapting the ArchiMate modeling language
 ArchiMate Certified Tools to support modeling and analysis
 The relationship of the ArchiMate modeling language to other languages and frameworks

The Candidate must be able to:
 Describe what an enterprise is
 Explain the purpose of an Enterprise Architecture
 Explain what architecture is in the context of the ArchiMate modeling language
 List the different types of architecture that the ArchiMate modeling language deals with

The Candidate must be able to understand and explain the use of:
 The ArchiMate concepts from the Business Layer
 The ArchiMate concepts from the Application Layer
 The ArchiMate concepts from the Technology Layer
 The ArchiMate concepts from the Motivation extension
 The ArchiMate concepts from the Implementation and Migration extension

The Candidate must be able to understand and explain the use of:
 The relationships between the Application Layer and the Business Layer
 The relationships between the Technology Layer and the Application Layer
 The structural relationships of the ArchiMate modeling language
 The dynamic relationships of the ArchiMate modeling language
 The Grouping, Junction, and Specialization relationships
 The additional relationships in the Motivation extension
 The concept of derived relationships

The ArchiMate Modeling Language and Other Frameworks and Languages
The Candidate must be able to briefly explain:
 How the ArchiMate modeling language (core and extensions) relates to the TOGAF Standard
 How the ArchiMate modeling language can be used in combination with detailed design languages, such as BPMN or UML

You can prepare for the examination by working through this Study Guide section-by-section. A mapping of the sections of this Study Guide to the ArchiMate 2 certification syllabus is given in Appendix E. After completing each section, you should read the referenced sections from the ArchiMate documentation together with any other recommended reading. Then you should complete the Exercises and the Test Yourself Questions. Once you have completed all the sections in this Study Guide, you can then attempt the Test Yourself practice examination papers in Appendix B and Appendix C. This is designed to provide a thorough test of your knowledge. If you have completed all the prescribed preparation and can attain a pass mark for the Test Yourself examination papers, then it is likely you are ready to sit the examination(s).

ArchiMate 2
The-Open-Group ArchiMate outline
Killexams : The-Open-Group ArchiMate outline - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/OG0-021 Search results Killexams : The-Open-Group ArchiMate outline - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/OG0-021 https://killexams.com/exam_list/The-Open-Group Killexams : How to always open PowerPoint presentations in Outline, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode

If you want to always open PowerPoint presentations in Outlook, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode, here is how you can do that. As PowerPoint includes an in-built option, you do not need to use third-party add-ins to enable these modes. This article explains the exact steps you need to follow to set the default mode in PowerPoint.

How to always open PowerPoint presentation in Outline, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode

What are Outline, Notes, and Slide Sorter modes in PowerPoint?

  • Outline mode: Outline mode is a mode that helps you check the title and the main text of each slide in one place. If you have a 20 or 30-page presentation but you do not have time to check them all, you can read the outlines to learn more about the presentation within moments.
  • Notes: While creating a presentation or even a single slide, you can add notes. For example, you can add a note to let viewers know more about the Topic you included in your presentation. It is something like the Comment feature in Word.
  • Slide Sorter: Let’s assume that you have a big presentation with 40 or 50 slides. If so, it would be troublesome to organize them all. That is why you can use the Slide Sorter mode or view to see the thumbnails of all slides in one place in a horizontal view. Following that, you can click on a slide’s thumbnail and open or navigate to that specific slide instantly.

The problem is PowerPoint doesn’t display all those modes by default. That said, you can change the default mode and switch to any of the above-mentioned views or modes with the help of this guide.

To always open PowerPoint presentations in Outline, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode, follow these steps:

  1. Open PowerPoint on your computer.
  2. Click on the File menu.
  3. Select Options.
  4. Go to the Advanced tab.
  5. Head to the Display section.
  6. Open the Open all documents using this view drop-down menu.
  7. Select Outline Only or Slide Sorter, or Notes option.
  8. Click the OK button.

To learn more about these steps, continue reading.

To get started, open PowerPoint on your computer and click on the File menu. Then, click the Options visible in the bottom-left corner. It opens the PowerPoint Options panel.

Next, you need to switch to the Advanced tab and head to the Display section. Here you can find an option called Open all documents using this view.

How to always open PowerPoint presentation in Outline, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode

You need to open the menu and select one option among Outline OnlySlide Sorter, and Notes.

Finally, click the OK button to save the change.

Read: How to create and start a Custom Slide Show in PowerPoint

How do I change the default slide settings in PowerPoint?

To change the default slide settings in PowerPoint, you must go through the aforementioned steps. In other words, open File and go to Options. Then, switch to the Advanced tab and find the Open all documents using this view option. Expand the drop-down list and choose a view as per your requirements.

How do I view PowerPoint in slide Sorter?

To view PowerPoint in Slide Sorter mode, you can follow this guide as mentioned above. First, open the PowerPoint Options panel on your computer and switch to the Advanced tab. Then, expand the Open all documents using this view list and choose the Slide Sorter option. Finally, click the OK button to save the change.

Read: How to create PowerPoint slides from an Outline.

How to always open PowerPoint presentation in Outline, Notes, or Slide Sorter mode
Mon, 14 Nov 2022 01:44:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.thewindowsclub.com/always-open-powerpoint-outline-notes-or-slide-sorter-mode
Killexams : World Cup fixtures: A group-by-group guide to the opening round

The World Cup begins on Sunday with teams’ form something of a mystery given the unfamiliar mid-season scheduling.

Here we look at what some of the key match-ups and past records can tell us about the opening round of games.

Group A

Qatar v Ecuador Sunday 4pm and Senegal v Netherlands, Monday 4pm

Injury has denied Senegal striker Sadio Mane a meeting with former Liverpool team-mate Virgil van Dijk in their opener against the Netherlands. Senegal are Africa Cup of Nations champions, while the Dutch are unbeaten in their last 15 games since losing 2-0 to the Czech Republic last June.

Hosts Qatar will be playing their first World Cup game when they take on Ecuador with an entirely domestic-based squad and the third-lowest world ranking in the tournament at 50. They face the third-youngest squad at this year’s event.

Group B

England v Iran and United States v Wales, Monday 1pm and 7pm

England will face a team in encouraging form, with Iran unbeaten in three accurate friendlies including a win over Uruguay and a draw with Senegal, in contrast to the Three Lions’ six-match winless run.

Wales are appearing in the tournament for the first time since 1958, while their opponents missed out in 2018 but were at the previous seven tournaments and made it through the group stage four times, including both 2010 and 2014.

England begin their tournament on Monday


Group C

Argentina v Saudi Arabia and Mexico v Poland, Tuesday 10am and 4pm

Argentina are among the bookmakers’ favourites to win the tournament and will be fancied to comfortably deal with a Saudi Arabia squad made up entirely of domestic-based players, with only three having any experience overseas.

Mexico against Poland appears more evenly matched, but Gerardo Martino’s side are ranked 13th by FIFA, with their opponents 26th, and have come through their group on their last eight World Cup appearances. Poland have not done so since 1986 – falling at the first hurdle in 2002, 2006 and 2018.

Group D

Denmark v Tunisia and France v Australia, Tuesday 1pm and 7pm

Remarkably, three of these teams were also in the same group at the 2018 tournament – with Tunisia taking the place occupied four years ago by Peru. France and Australia also met in their opening fixture on that occasion, a tense 2-1 win for Les Bleus.

Denmark joined France in qualifying for the knockout rounds, as they have done in all but one of their five previous World Cup appearances. Tunisia, also at their sixth World Cup, have never progressed beyond the group stage.

Group E

Germany v Japan and Spain v Costa Rica, Wednesday 1pm and 4pm

Germany will be heavily favoured against Japan but must reverse 2018’s fortunes. Four years ago, Germany finished bottom of their group having suffered defeat to Japan’s neighbours and 2002 co-hosts South Korea. Japan reached the last 16 last time around.

Youth will be on show when Spain take on Costa Rica. Spain have five players under the age of 21, the most at the tournament, with Costa Rica one behind alongside Germany.

Group F

Morocco v Croatia and Belgium v Canada, Wednesday 10am and 7pm

Croatia will hope to emulate their impressive run in 2018, when they finished runners-up to France, and will open up against opposition who gained only a single point in their group in Russia.

Canada have not been at a World Cup since 1986, when they lost all their three games without scoring – a meeting with FIFA’s second-ranked side in the world is hardly the ideal opportunity to change that record.

Group G

Switzerland v Cameroon and Brazil v Serbia, Thursday 10am and 7pm

Since Cameroon’s memorable run to the quarter-finals in 1990, they have qualified on five further occasions but never got out of the group. Opponents Switzerland, meanwhile, have also competed at five tournaments in that time and have progressed on four occasions – though never beyond the last 16.

Brazil are tournament favourites and will be relying on established players to live up to that billing – their clash with Serbia is one of only two, along with Argentina v Saudi Arabia, between teams without a single under-21 player in their squad.

Group H

Uruguay v South Korea and Portugal v Ghana, Thursday 1pm and 4pm

Uruguay won all three of their group games in 2018 and reached the quarter-finals, having last gone further when finishing fourth in 2010. Opponents South Korea have 12 players over 30 in their squad, more than any other nation.

Ghana, by contrast, have the tournament’s youngest squad as they take on a Portugal side who have not been further than the last 16 since their run to the 2006 semi-finals.

Fri, 18 Nov 2022 21:21:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/world-cup/world-cup-fixtures-opening-group-games-b2227940.html
Killexams : World Cup 2022: Everything you need to know about the group stage

The 2022 FIFA Men’s World Cup is already set to make history without the opening whistle even being blown.

This year’s soccer tournament will take place in Qatar, making it the first time it has even been held entirely in the Middle East and the second time it’s ever been held entirely in Asia. It’s also the first time the tournament will take place in November and December, moving from the late spring and early summer due to the extreme heat that plagues the region that time of the year.

It will also be the last time the tournament will have 32 nations in the tournament. In 2026, when the World Cup moves to North America, the tournament will have 48.

Qatar will open the tournament against Ecuador in the first match on Nov. 20. The game will kickoff at Al Bayt Stadium in Al Khor.

Read below for the entire group stage schedule. The group matches go from Nov. 20 to Dec. 2, with one of the biggest matches set to take place on Nov. 25 between the U.S. and England.

All times Eastern. FOX Sports holds the U.S. broadcast rights for the World Cup.



Sunday, Nov. 20

A ladies football fan group gathers by the Corniche in Doha, Qatar, on Nov. 12, 2022, one week before the 2022 FIFA World Cup begins. (Simon Holmes/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Group A: Qatar vs. Ecuador (11 a.m. ET)

Monday, Nov. 21

Group B: England vs. Iran (8 a.m. ET)

Group A: Senegal vs. Netherlands (11 a.m. ET)

Group B: U.S. vs. Wales (2 p.m. ET)

Tuesday, Nov. 22

Group C: Argentina vs. Saudi Arabia (5 a.m. ET)

Group D: Denmark vs. Tunisia (8 a.m. ET)

Group C: Mexico vs. Poland (11 a.m. ET)

Group D: France vs. Australia (2 p.m. ET)

Wednesday, Nov. 23

Group F: Morocco vs. Croatia (5 a.m. ET)

Group E: Germany vs. Japan (8 a.m. ET)

Group E: Spain vs. Costa Rica (11 a.m. ET)

Group F: Belgium vs. Canada (2 p.m. ET)

Thursday, Nov. 24

Group G: Switzerland vs. Cameroon (5 a.m. ET)

Group H: Uruguay vs. South Korea (8 a.m. ET)

Group H: Portugal vs. Ghana (11 a.m. ET)

Group G: Brazil vs. Serbia (2 p.m. ET)

Friday, Nov. 25

Christian Pulisic of the United States prepares for a corner kick during a game against Saudi Arabia at Estadio Nueva Condomina on Sept. 27, 2022, in Murcia, Spain. (Brad Smith/ISI Photos/Getty Images)

Group B: Wales vs. Iran (5 a.m. ET)

Group A: Qatar vs. Senegal (8 a.m. ET)

Group A: Netherlands vs. Ecuador (11 a.m. ET) 

Group B: England vs. U.S. (2 p.m. ET)

Saturday, Nov. 26

Group D: Tunisia vs. Australia (5 a.m. ET)

Group C: Poland vs. Saudi Arabia (8 a.m. ET)

Group C: Argentina vs. Mexico (11 a.m. ET)

Group D: France vs. Denmark (2 p.m. ET)

Sunday, Nov. 27

Group E: Japan vs. Costa Rica (5 a.m. ET)

Group F: Belgium vs. Morocco (8 a.m. ET)

Group F: Croatia vs. Canada (11 a.m. ET)

Group E: Spain vs. Germany (2 p.m. ET)

Monday, Nov. 28

Group G: Cameroon vs. Serbia (10 a.m. ET)

Group H: South Korea vs. Ghana (10 a.m. ET)

Group G: Brazil vs. Switzerland (2 p.m. ET)

Group H: Portugal vs. Uruguay (2 p.m. ET)

Tuesday, Nov. 29

Group A: Netherlands vs. Qatar (10 a.m. ET)

Group A: Ecuador vs. Senegal (10 a.m. ET)

Group B: Wales vs. England (2 p.m. ET)

Group B: Iran vs. U.S. (2 p.m. ET)

Wednesday, Nov. 30

Group D: Tunisia vs. France (10 a.m. ET)

Group D: Australia vs. Denmark (10 a.m. ET)

Group C: Poland vs. Argentina (2 p.m. ET)

Group C: Saudi Arabia vs. Mexico (2 p.m. ET)

Thursday, Dec. 1

Group F: Croatia vs. Belgium (10 a.m. ET)

Group F: Canada vs. Morocco (10 a.m. ET)

Group E: Japan vs. Spain (2 p.m. ET)

Group E: Costa Rica vs. Germany (2 p.m. ET)


Friday, Dec. 2

Neymar Junior of Brazil is shown during the international friendly match against Ghana at Stade Oceane on Sept. 23, 2022, in Le Havre, France. (ANP via Getty Images)

Group H: South Korea vs. Portugal (10 a.m. ET)

Group H: Ghana vs. Uruguay (10 a.m. ET)

Group G: Cameroon vs. Brazil (2 p.m. ET)

Group G: Serbia vs. Switzerland (2 p.m. ET)

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 14:19:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/sports/world-cup-2022-everything-need-know-about-group-stage
Killexams : What's The 2022 World Cup's Group Of Death? It's Tough To Pick Just One.

Each time a World Cup rolls around,1 pundits and fans predictably focus on a few recurring narratives. What country has the best odds to go the distance? Which player will be the breakout star of the tournament? Who will win the Golden Boot? What about the Golden Ball? Will there be a “Hand of God”-like on-field controversy that defines the tournament for years to come? Why do we watch this stupid sport — which always seems to break our hearts — anyway? 

But perhaps the most interesting (if often futile!) question of all is: Which group is the tournament’s Group of Death? It’s a fun question, one that has the ability to drum up plenty of controversy (and make some wonder if the Group of Death is actually just a myth). But if you’re looking for clear answers, you probably won’t find any this time around.  

Is it Group B — featuring England, Iran, the U.S. and Wales — which has the highest average world ranking as defined by FIFA? What about Group E, which features two of the past three winners (Spain and Germany) alongside two plucky underdogs — Costa Rica and Japan — with sneaky high world rankings of their own? Then there’s Group G: Brazil currently ranks first in the world rankings — and is the odds-on favorite to win the whole damn thing — while Serbia and Switzerland each rank in the world’s top 25. And we’d be foolish to forget about Cameroon, which finished third at the most accurate African Cup of Nations and is primed for a strong showing in Qatar. 

Or is Group C the Group of Death because it features Lionel Messi and Robert Lewandowski? They’re both old men now, but they’re still two of the best players in the world — and two of the best players to ever kick a soccer ball, period. Does a battle between all-time greats chasing the game’s top prize for (probably) the last time qualify as Group of Death-worthy? We’re not sure! 

What we’re trying to say is: Picking a Group of Death is hard — and not always straightforward. 

To be fair to the 2022 World Cup, that’s historically been the case more often than not, too. Picking a Group of Death is more of an art form than a science. Sure, there were years when it was easier to pin down than others, as was the case before the 1970 World Cup. 2 At Mexico ‘70, Group 3 — they used numbers rather than letters back then — contained England (the reigning champs) and Brazil (perennial tournament favorites). In that rendition, an aging but still-brilliant-enough Pelé led the Seleção through a difficult group stage and, eventually, to the ultimate prize. That remains the highest-rated group since 1970 according to Elo ratings, and by some margin. So in that instance, the eye test matched up with the subsequent data. 

Elo’s deadliest Groups of Death since 1970

Highest average pre-tournament Elo ratings for a World Cup group, 1970-2022

Year Group Teams Avg. Elo
1970 3 England, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Romania 1959
2014 B Spain, Netherlands, Chile, Australia 1931
1978 3 Brazil, Spain, Austria, Sweden 1923
1974 2 Brazil, Yugoslavia, Scotland, Zaire 1915
1978 1 Italy, Argentina, Hungary, France 1910
2022 G Brazil, Switzerland, Serbia, Cameroon 1901
2014 G Germany, Portugal, United States, Ghana 1896
2002 F Argentina, England, Sweden, Nigeria 1895
1978 4 Netherlands, Scotland, Iran, Peru 1894
1994 E Italy, Ireland, Mexico, Norway 1889
2018 E Brazil, Switzerland, Serbia, Costa Rica 1888
1982 6 Brazil, Soviet Union, Scotland, New Zealand 1885
1986 E West Germany, Denmark, Scotland, Uruguay 1885
2022 E Spain, Germany, Japan, Costa Rica 1885
2018 B Spain, Portugal, Iran, Morocco 1884

Source: eloratings.net

But that hasn’t always been the case. Take 1982, for example. There wasn’t a clear-cut Group of Death in the first group stage, but there was perhaps the Group of Death to end all Groups of Death in the second,3 featuring Italy, Brazil and the reigning champs, Argentina. Italy got through with a perfect record, and went on to spank West Germany in the final at the Bernabeu in Madrid. Again, though: There was hardly a clear Group of Death to start the tournament, and identifying them beforehand is sort of the whole point of Groups of Death. 4 We want to know these answers from the jump!

So with all of that historical context in mind, let’s look at what the numbers have to say about the 2022 field. Specifically, we used Elo to rank each of the 32 teams participating in Qatar, and then ranked each group based on the average strength of its members. And you may have already noticed in the historical Elo table above that Group G is the strongest group at this year’s World Cup, followed by Group E. 

The 2022 World Cup’s toughest groups (according to Elo)

Highest average pre-tournament Elo ratings by group for the 2022 World Cup

Group Teams Avg. Elo
G Brazil, Switzerland, Serbia, Cameroon 1901
E Spain, Germany, Japan, Costa Rica 1885
F Belgium, Croatia, Canada, Morocco 1868
C Argentina, Mexico, Poland, Saudi Arabia 1849
D France, Denmark, Australia, Tunisia 1846
B England, Iran, United States, Wales 1831
H Portugal, Uruguay, South Korea, Ghana 1816
A Netherlands, Ecuador, Senegal, Qatar 1808

Source: eloratings.net

As a matter of fact, Group G is the sixth-strongest group by Elo since 1970. It’s not exactly the Grupo de la Muerte that we saw in 1970, but it’s not an easy group to navigate either. However, when looking at the difference between Group G’s average Elo and the rest of the field — relative to how historical Groups of Death compared with their fields — it’s clear that 2022 breaks with the long-term trend of World Cup group draws getting more imbalanced over the years. After four decades of steadily widening, the gap between the weakest and hardest groups at the tournament has closed this year.  

2022′s gap between toughest and easiest groups is narrow

Largest gaps in average Elo rating between the best and worst groups in a World Cup field, 1970-2022

Year Best Group Avg. Elo Worst Group Avg. Elo Gap
1970 3 1959 1 1744 +215
2018 E 1888 A 1700 +188
2014 B 1931 H 1750 +182
2010 H 1869 F 1725 +144
2002 F 1895 C 1770 +126
2006 C 1870 G 1748 +122
1986 E 1885 B 1774 +111
1994 E 1889 D 1779 +110
1998 A 1876 B 1766 +109
1982 6 1885 5 1787 +99
2022 G 1901 A 1808 +93
1990 F 1878 D 1787 +91
1974 2 1915 3 1826 +89
1978 3 1923 2 1873 +50

Source: eloratings.net

So by that measure, even the least-deadly group of 2022 — Group A, featuring the Netherlands, Ecuador, Senegal and of course, the host country of Qatar — is still relatively deadlier than usual. 

But what does it mean to be in the Group of Death anyway? Does it really affect a team’s chances of winning the World Cup? Or is it just an arbitrary (if amusing) rhetorical device pundits and fans like to use to drum up interest going into a big tournament like the World Cup? 

Looking at Elo’s Groups of Death dating back to the 1970 World Cup, only two teams have won the world’s most prestigious soccer prize after grinding things out in the tournament’s toughest group — that legendary Brazil team in 1970, and a generationally great Spain team in 2010. That said, three others have reached the final out of the Group of Death and lost. So in the 13 World Cups since 1970, a total of five finalists have come from so-called Groups of Death — which is actually more than the number we’d expect (4.3) if every group had an equal chance of sending a team to the final. While placement in a Group of Death is not a breath of fresh air, it isn’t exactly a death sentence, either. Like we said: Groups of Death are complicated. 

In that stacked group from 1970, Pele was resurgent and hellbent on proving to the world that he wasn’t washed-up — that he was still, in fact, as earth-shatteringly gifted as the phenom who burst onto the scene for Brazil at the 1958 World Cup in Sweden. On the other hand, England retained important pieces of its veteran core that won the 1966 World Cup at Wembley, 5 and was imbued with a crop of new talent.6 Things didn’t work out so great for England — it was bounced 3-2 in the quarterfinal by West Germany after having been up 2-0 at halftime — but Pele and Brazil made history. It was the first Group of Death, and that’s because it was easily identifiable as a group that nobody (probably not even Brazil or England) wanted to be a part of given the pedigree that was on display. 

We haven’t had such an obvious Group of Death since — and we certainly don’t this year. It’s hard to say whether we will in the future, either — especially if FIFA continues its apparent commitment to balanced groups going forward. And that’s probably fine — it’s too hard to define the Group of Death anyway.

Jay Boice contributed research.

Fri, 18 Nov 2022 05:07:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/whats-the-2022-world-cups-group-of-death-its-tough-to-pick-just-one/
Killexams : Meet Unstable Diffusion, the group trying to monetize AI porn generators

When Stable Diffusion, the text-to-image AI developed by startup Stability AI, was open sourced earlier this year, it didn’t take long for the internet to wield it for porn-creating purposes. Communities across Reddit and 4chan tapped the AI system to generate realistic and anime-style images of nude characters, mostly women, as well as non-consensual fake nude imagery of celebrities.

But while Reddit quickly shut down many of the subreddits dedicated to AI porn, and communities like NewGrounds, which allows some forms of adult art, banned AI-generated artwork altogether, new forums emerged to fill the gap.

By far the largest is Unstable Diffusion, whose operators are building a business around AI systems tailored to generate high-quality porn. The server’s Patreon — started to keep the server running as well as fund general development — is currently raking in over $2,500 a month from several hundred donors.

“In just two months, our team expanded to over 13 people as well as many consultants and volunteer community moderators,” Arman Chaudhry, one of the members of the Unstable Diffusion admin team, told TechCrunch in a conversation via Discord. “We see the opportunity to make innovations in usability, user experience and expressive power to create tools that professional artists and businesses can benefit from.”

Unsurprisingly, some AI ethicists are as thinking as Chaudhry is optimistic. While the use of AI to create porn isn’t new  — TechCrunch covered an AI-porn-generating app just a few months ago — Unstable Diffusion’s models are capable of generating higher-fidelity examples than most. The generated porn could have negative consequences particularly for marginalized groups, the ethicists say, including the artists and adult actors who make a living creating porn to fulfill customers’ fantasies.

Unstable Diffusion

A censored image from Unstable Diffusion’s Discord server. Image Credits: Unstable Diffusion

“The risks include placing even more unreasonable expectations on women’s bodies and sexual behavior, violating women’s privacy and copyrights by feeding sexual content they created to train the algorithm without consent and putting women in the porn industry out of a job,” Ravit Dotan, VP of responsible AI at Mission Control, told TechCrunch. “One aspect that I’m particularly thinking about is the disparate impact AI-generated porn has on women. For example, a previous AI-based app that can ‘undress’ people works only on women.”

Humble beginnings

Unstable Diffusion got its start in August — around the same time that the Stable Diffusion model was released. Initially a subreddit, it eventually migrated to Discord, where it now has roughly 50,000 members.

“Basically, we’re here to provide support for people interested in making NSFW,” one of the Discord server admins, who goes by the name AshleyEvelyn, wrote in an announcement post from August. “Because the only community currently working on this is 4chan, we hope to provide a more reasonable community which can actually work with the wider AI community.”

Early on, Unstable Diffusion served as a place simply for sharing AI-generated porn — and methods to bypass the content filters of various image-generating apps. Soon, though, several of the server’s admins began exploring ways to build their own AI systems for porn generation on top of existing open source tools.

Stable Diffusion lent itself to their efforts. The model wasn’t built to generate porn per se, but Stability AI doesn’t explicitly prohibit developers from customizing Stable Diffusion to create porn so long as the porn doesn’t violate laws or clearly harm others. Even then, the company has adopted a laissez-faire approach to governance, placing the onus on the AI community to use Stable Diffusion responsibly.

Stability AI didn’t respond to a request for comment.

The Unstable Diffusion admins released a Discord bot to start. Powered by the vanilla Stable Diffusion, it let users generate porn by typing text prompts. But the results weren’t perfect: the nude figures the bot generated often had misplaced limbs and distorted genitalia.

Unstable Diffusion

Image Credits: Unstable Diffusion

The reason why was that the out-of-the-box Stable Diffusion hadn’t been exposed to enough examples of porn to “know” how to produce the desired results. Stable Diffusion, like all text-to-image AI systems, was trained on a dataset of billions of captioned images to learn the associations between written concepts and images, like how the word “bird” can refer not only to bluebirds but parakeets and bald eagles in addition to more abstract notions. While many of the images come from copyrighted sources, like Flickr and ArtStation, companies such as Stability AI argue their systems are covered by fair use — a precedent that’s soon to be tested in court.

Only a small percentage of Stable Diffusion’s dataset — about 2.9% — contains NSFW material, giving the model little to go on when it comes to explicit content. So the Unstable Diffusion admins recruited volunteers — mostly members of the Discord server — to create porn datasets for fine-tuning Stable Diffusion, the way you would provide it more pictures of couches and chairs if you wanted to make a furniture generation AI.

Much of the work is ongoing, but Chaudhry tells me that some of it has already come to fruition, including a technique to “repair” distorted faces and arms in AI-generated nudes. “We are recording and addressing challenges that all AI systems run into, namely collecting a diverse dataset that is high in image quality, captioned richly with text, covering the gamut of preferences of our users,” he added.

The custom models power the aforementioned Discord bot and Unstable Diffusion’s work-in-progress, not-yet-public web app, which the admins say will eventually allow people to follow AI-generated porn from specific users.

Growing community

Today, the Unstable Diffusion server hosts AI-generated porn in a range of different art styles, sexual preferences and kinks. There’s a “men-only” channel, a softcore and “safe for work” stream, channels for hentai and furry artwork, a BDSM and “kinky things” subgroup — and even a channel reserved expressly for “nonhuman” nudes. Users in these channels can invoke the bot to generate art that fits the theme, which they can then submit to a “starboard” if they’re especially pleased with the results.

Unstable Diffusion claims to have generated over 4,375,000 images to date. On a semiregular basis, the group hosts competitions that challenge members to recreate images using the bot, the results of which are used in turn to Boost Unstable Diffusion’s models.

Unstable Diffusion

Image Credits: Unstable Diffusion

As it grows, Unstable Diffusion aspires to be an “ethical” community for AI-generated porn — i.e. one that prohibits content like child pornography, deepfakes and excessive gore. Users of the Discord server must abide by the terms of service and submit to moderation of the images that they generate; Chaudhry claims the server employs a filter to block images containing people in its “named persons” database and has a full-time moderation team.

“We strictly allow only fictional and law-abiding generations, for both SFW and NSFW on our Discord server,” he said. “For professional tools and business applications, we will revisit and work with partners on the moderation and filtration rules that best align with their needs and commitments.”

But one imagines Unstable Diffusion’s systems will become tougher to monitor as they’re made more widely available. Chaudhry didn’t lay out plans for moderating content from the web app or Unstable Diffusion’s forthcoming subscription-based Discord bot, which third-party Discord server owners will be able to deploy within their own communities.

“We need to … think about how safety controls might be subverted when you have an API-mediated version of the system that carries controls preventing misuse,” Abhishek Gupta, the founder and principal researcher at the Montreal AI Ethics Institute, told TechCrunch via email. “Servers like Unstable Diffusion become hotbeds for accumulating a lot of problematic content in a single place, showing both the capabilities of AI systems to generate this type of content and connecting malicious users with each other to further their ‘skills’ in the generation of such content .. At the same time, they also exacerbate the burden placed on content moderation teams, who have to face trauma as they review and remove offensive content.”

A separate but related issue pertains to the artists whose artwork was used to train Unstable Diffusion’s models. As evidenced recently by the artist community’s reaction to DeviantArt’s AI image generator, DreamUp, which was trained on art uploaded to DeviantArt without creators’ knowledge, many artists take issue with AI systems that mimic their styles without giving proper credit or compensation.

Character designers like Hollie Mengert and Greg Rutkowski, whose classical painting styles and fantasy landscapes have become one of the most commonly used prompts in Stable Diffusion, have decried what they see as poor AI imitations that are nevertheless tied to their names. They’ve also expressed concerns that AI-generated art imitating their styles will crowd out their original works, harming their income as people start using AI-generated images for commercial purposes. (Unstable Diffusion grants users full ownership of — and permission to sell — the images they generate.)

Gupta raises another possibility: artists who’d never want their work associated with porn might become collateral damage as users realize certain artists’ names yield better results in Unstable Diffusion prompts — e.g., “nude women in the style of [artist name]”.

Unstable Diffusion

Image Credits: Unstable Diffusion

Chaudhry says that Unstable Diffusion is looking at ways to make its models “be more equitable toward the artistic community” and “give back [to] and empower artists.” But he didn’t outline specific steps, like licensing artwork or allowing artists to preclude their work from training datasets.

Artist impact

Of course, there’s a fertile market for adult artists who draw, paint and photograph suggestive works for a living. But if anyone can generate exactly the images they want to see with an AI, what will happen to human artists?

It’s not an imminent threat, necessarily. As adult art communities grapple with the implications of text-to-image generators, Simply finding a platform to publish AI-generated porn beyond the Unstable Diffusion Discord might prove to be a challenge. The furry art community FurAffinity decided to ban AI-generated art altogether, as did Newgrounds, which hosts mature art behind a content filter.

When reached for comment, one of the larger adult content hosts, OnlyFans, left open the possibility that AI art might be allowed on its platform in some form. While it has a strict policy against deepfakes, OnlyFans says that it permits content — including AI-generated content, presumably — as long as the person featured in the content is a Verified OnlyFans creator.

Of course, the hosting question might be moot if the quality isn’t up to snuff.

“AI generated art to me, right now, is not very good,” said Milo Wissig, a trans painter who has experimented with how AIs depict erotic art of non-binary and trans people. “For the most part, it seems like it works best as a tool for an artist to work off of… but a lot of people can’t tell the difference and want something fast and cheap.”

For artists working in kink, it’s especially obvious to see where AI falls flat. In the case of bondage, in which tying ropes and knots is a form of art (and safety mechanism) in itself, it’s hard for the AI to replicate something so intricate.

“For kinks, it would be difficult to get an AI to make a specific kind of image that people would want,” Wissig told TechCrunch. “I’m sure it’s very difficult to get the AI to make the ropes make any sense at all.”

The source material behind these AIs can also amplify biases that already exist in traditional erotica – in other words, straight sex between white people is the norm.

“You get images that are pulled from mainstream porn,” said Wissig. “You get the whitest, most hetero stuff that the machine can think up, unless you specify not to do that.”

Wissig AI art

Image Credits: Milo Wissig

These racial biases have been extensively documented across applications of machine learning, from facial recognition to photo editing.

When it comes to porn, the consequences may not be as stark – yet there is still a special horror to watching as an AI twists and augments ordinary people until they become racialized, gendered caricatures. Even AI models like DALLE-2, which went viral when its mini version was released to the public, have been criticized for disproportionately generating art in European styles.

Last year, Wissig tried using VQGAN to generate images of “sexy queer trans people,” he wrote in an Instagram post. “I had to phrase my terms carefully just to get faces on some of them,” he added.

In the Unstable Diffusion Discord, there is little evidence to support that the AI can adequately represent genderqueer and transgender people. In a channel called “genderqueer-only,” nearly all of the generated images depict traditionally feminine women with penises.

Branching out

Unstable Diffusion isn’t strictly focusing on in-house projects. Technically a part of Equilibrium AI, a company founded by Chaudhry, the group is funding other efforts to create porn-generating AI systems including Waifu Diffusion, a model fine-tuned on anime images.

Chaudhry sees Unstable Diffusion evolving into an organization to support broader AI-powered content generation, sponsoring dev groups and providing tools and resources to help teams build their own systems. He claims that Equilibrium AI secured a spot in a startup accelerator program from an unnamed “large cloud compute provider” that comes with a “five-figure” grant in cloud hardware and compute, which Unstable Diffusion will use to expand its model training infrastructure.

In addition to the grant, Unstable Diffusion will launch a Kickstarter campaign and seek venture funding, Chaudhry says. “We plan to create our own models and fine-tune and combine them for specialized use cases which we shall spin off into new brands and products,” he added.

The group has its work cut out for it. Of all the challenges Unstable Diffusion faces, moderation is perhaps the most immediate — and consequential. accurate history is filled with examples of spectacular failures at adult content moderation. In 2020, MindGeek, Pornhub’s parent company, lost the support of major payment processors after the site site was found to be circulating child porn and sex-trafficking videos.

Will Unstable Diffusion suffer the same fate? It’s not yet clear. But with at least one senator calling on companies to implement stricter content filtering in their AI systems, the group doesn’t appear to be on the steadiest ground.

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Killexams : The Arena Group Generates Record Quarterly Revenue No result found, try new keyword!The Arena Group reports $180 million in revenue in the first nine months of 2022 for a 41% year-over-year increase. The company generated $180 million in revenue in the first nine months of the ... Wed, 09 Nov 2022 07:52:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.thestreet.com/investing/stocks/the-arena-group-generates-record-quarterly-revenue Killexams : The downsides of open shelving – why this much-loved kitchen look may not be for you null © Cherie Lee null

Designing a kitchen is a big project and getting the storage right is half of the problem. With open shelving has been popping up in a lot of projects as of late it is hard to avoid wondering if they always look as good as when they are styled. Do they really stand up to the rigors of everyday life? Unfortunately, there are some downsides to open shelving that people don't talk about. 

Kitchen shelving ideas are a great option when trying to make a small space look bigger, or if you want to put your best crockery on display but, in a room so focused on function and practicality small things like dust collection and everyday organization can leave these wonderful design touches a little lacking in practicality. 

Here, experts share their thoughts on the impracticalities of open shelving in a kitchen and offer alternatives if you want to achieve a similar look with less hassle. 

The downsides of open shelving

Here are four reasons you may want to avoid open shelving in your kitchen.

1. They can be hard to keep organized 

Unlike living room shelving ideas which can be styled and then left alone, kitchen shelving is constantly in use. Whether storing food, pans, or crockery, it is difficult to avoid moving things around.

‘Open shelving, despite looking amazing, comes with its impracticalities,’ begins explains Cat Dal, founder of CAT DAL interiors. ‘Items can easily become cluttered on the shelves making them look untidy, or even fall off causing damage. Conversely, too few items on the shelves can make them look sparse – as if they are a second thought.’ 

If you did want to add some open shelving to a kitchen learning how to style a shelf is paramount to getting the balance of the space right. 

2. They can be difficult to keep clean

‘When considering adding open shelves to your kitchen ideas, you have to be conscious about where you locate them in the space,’ Cat continues. ‘Placing open shelving near an extractor fan can lead to your shelving becoming too greasy, for example, and they are notoriously a pain to clean. You may also find that items on open shelving need to be cleaned more frequently, even every time you come to use them, making them impractical for grabbing a dish to go.’ 

'Avoid open shelving close to the hob, as greasy display items more easily collect hard-to-shift dust and grime that sticks to the surface and objects,' adds designer Jaye Tidbury from The Myers Touch.

Given that cleaning a kitchen is most people's least favorite chore at the best of times adding even more surfaces to keep pristine does not make the job any easier. 

3. They are not the best options for storage

Given that designing a kitchen is primarily about finding clever kitchen storage ideas, open shelving does not necessarily allow for the most logical organizational layout. 

‘Open shelving does have its place in the kitchen if you are looking to add some personality and make a kitchen feel cozy,’ explains Cat. ‘You can decorate open shelving with art and plants so that the space feels a little less like a kitchen and more like a living space, or warm up the space with a lamp for interesting kitchen lighting ideas.

‘I would not, however, recommend using open shelving in your main kitchen as general storage for cups and plates as this can quickly look like clutter and leave your dinnerware dirty before you have had a chance to use them.'

4. Custom open shelving is not that much cheaper than cabinets 

If you are looking to commission bespoke joinery for your kitchen, or are planning a fully customized kitchen, open shelving is sometimes looked at as a way to save some money. Despite this, bespoke shelving in the place of two or three cabinets does not work out much cheaper – and is not as likely to stand the test of time in comparison to some of the most durable kitchen cabinets.

'Our favorite trend right now is the continued movement towards making more environmentally conscious choices. We’ve seen growing interest in our Lifetime Warranty and sustainability credentials, which is unsurprising when consumers continue to choose products that are made with quality and longevity in mind,' explains Mor Krisher, head of design at Caesarstone. 'When money concern is high, consumers want to know that the choices they are making will be a wise investment and are therefore choosing products that are manufactured with durability and quality in mind so they can have peace of mind.'

What to use instead of open shelving in a kitchen

Luckily, there are a few options to consider in place of expansive open shelving that can provide a similar aesthetic without compromising on practicality. 

1. Decide on a decorative french dresser

Kitchen cabinet ideas need not be limited by what you can fit around your main walls, as Sally and Sarah Wilkie, founders of Home Barn point out. ‘The French dresser is the pièce de résistance of traditional kitchens and makes a wonderful alternative to open shelving. With neat shelves above and deep cupboards below. A glass-fronted piece offers the open shelf aesthetic, and will happily store large pots, pans, or cookware whilst proudly showcasing ornaments and necessities alike.’ 

When decorating shelves in this way, consider mixing your functional pieces (now protected from dust and grime behind glass) with some decorative items to dress up your more mundane crockery. 'Coordinating different colors on your shelves is another simple and effortless way of making these pieces stand out and decoratively tie a room together,' explains Peter Erlandsson, co-owner of String Furniture. 'Many forget that storage can be part of the interior design scheme and by displaying and styling our objects, we can merge function with decoration.'

2. Consider glass front cabinets

‘A great alternative to open shelving is the quite obvious glass front cabinets,’ Cat points out. ‘Open shelving is often added to a space in an attempt to make a kitchen look bigger as well as show off your dinnerware. For that reason, glass front cupboards make a great alternative. Consider choosing ribbed, frosted, or fluted glass if you think you may struggle to keep your cabinet contents well organized and looking pretty.’

'Fluted/ribbed glass shelving is also becoming more popular as it adds great texture to a kitchen and interest to a kitchen space, especially when backlit,' adds Jaye Tidbury from The Myers Touch.

3. Utilize space around your kitchen island

When designing a kitchen island consider making use of some of the dead space lost beneath its large footprint. 

'Cabinetry built into the back of the seating area can provide additional kitchen storage for seldom-used items,' suggests kitchen designer Sophie Hartley of Tom Howley. 'A glazed cabinet next to a wine fridge or cabinet on the back of the kitchen island means guests can help themselves to a drink without coming into the preparation areas of the kitchen. 

'Bespoke drawers with cutlery dividers make laying the table much easier. And bookshelves can be included to hold all your inspirational cookery books.'

Why do people have open shelves?

Open shelves are a great feature if you want to make a room such as a kitchen feel larger without compromising on storage space. They offer a great place to put some of your more stylish crockery and kitchen pieces out on display while keeping the space practical too, allowing people to make a design feature out of functional tools.

How do you keep open shelves dust free?

Unfortunately, given their open-air nature, it is virtually impossible to keep open shelves dust-free no matter where they are in the home. One of the only ways to keep the dust away is to remove everything from the shelves regularly and dust thoroughly before putting everything back on – although this is far from practical. 

You May Be Also Interested in:

Wed, 02 Nov 2022 00:22:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/realestate/the-downsides-of-open-shelving-%e2%80%93-why-this-much-loved-kitchen-look-may-not-be-for-you/ar-AA13Exs9
Killexams : The best open ear headphones to spend your money on
Sony Linkbuds in their case.

Sam Smart / Android Authority

You might think earbuds have to rest inside your ears and block out the world, but if you’re looking for options that don’t do that, consider open ear headphones instead. While they may not be known for their sound quality or audiophile-cred, they are ideal for joggers, outdoor athletes, and anyone who needs to hear the world and their music simultaneously. Here are our picks for the best open ear headphones.

See also: Headphone buying guide

Buying the right open ear headphones for your needs

Open ear headphones are headphones or earbuds that let you hear your music and your surroundings at the same time. As the name implies, they leave your ear canal unsealed and free to take in external noises. This may seem counterintuitive, but there are some scenarios in which this design makes sense. For instance, if you like to jog outdoors, being able to hear your surroundings is vital for safety — you don’t want to miss a car horn or bike bell. Or if you work in a busy office where someone might always pop up to ask you something, open ear headphones let you listen to some tunes while being able to speak to someone else.

As expected, leaving your ears open does mean some notable drawbacks, like external noises altering your listening experience. There’s no isolation with an open design, but some models do boast noise-cancelling. And if you demand the highest sound quality, an open ear design is a non-starter.

Still, if you’re one of the people who need the combination of features that open ear headphones offer, read on to find out our picks for the best open ear headphones.

Best overall: The best of the best are the Shokz OpenRun

Shokz OpenRun

Shokz OpenRun

Leaves ears unoccluded • Fast charging battery • IP67 rating

One of the best options among bone-conduction headsets.

The Shokz OpenRun bone-conduction headphones leave the ears unoccluded and produce a decent sound. They have an IP67 rating and a fast-charging battery.

Bone conduction headphones are almost synonymous with open ear designs, and the Shokz (previously AfterShokz) OpenRun are from a brand that tops the list of products in this category. And they’ve earned that spot.

We found the Shokz OpenRun comfortable and well-built, making them great for outdoor athletes. Their IP67 rating ensures they’ll be safe from sweat, rain, and dust, while the lightweight design won’t leave you feeling bogged down. Like any pair of modern headphones, you get touch controls to manage your music on the go. They aren’t too pricey, either, coming in at around $129.95, which is less than many models of sealed earbuds.

As for sound, the Shokz OpenRun sound good for a pair of open ear headphones. Of course, they’ll never equal sealed earbuds, but they’ll enhance your jogs and bike rides while keeping you aware of your surroundings. And if you listen to podcasts or audiobooks, their frequency response will suit that use case quite well.

There are drawbacks, though. Don’t expect the Shokz OpenRun — or any pair of open headphones — to sound like an audiophile product. Relatedly, you only get the SBC Bluetooth codec, but again you probably won’t notice any drawbacks because of the open design. Furthermore, the microphone isn’t great, and you have to use a proprietary charging cable instead of something more universal like USB-C. Finally, there’s no mobile app to help you customize these headphones.

Red Shokz OpenRun headphones lying on a flattened light-blue backpack.

Zak Khan / Android Authority


  • Comfortable and lightweight build
  • Decent sound quality
  • IP67 rated


  • Proprietary charging cable
  • The microphone isn’t great
  • No mobile app

Check out the full review from our sister site SoundGuys, to learn more about the Shokz OpenRun.

Looking for other recommendations? While the Shokz OpenRun are our top recommendation, keep studying below for additional choices worth considering.

Other products worth considering

  • Sony LinkBuds (WF-L900): The Sony LinkBuds WF-L900 work great for people who would otherwise take out one earbud to hear the world around them.
  • Bose Sport Open Earbuds: If you don’t want bone conduction and don’t want to insert anything into your ears, either, then the Bose Sport Open Earbuds strike an excellent middle ground.
  • Galaxy Buds Live: The Galaxy Buds Live boast good looks and even ANC, meaning they function a bit more like standard earbuds than other types of open ear headphones.
  • AirPods (3rd generation): iPhone owners can always take advantage of the unsealed fit of the AirPods (3rd generation), which boast compatibility with Apple Spatial Audio to boot.
  • Microsoft Surface Earbuds: If the AirPods (3rd generation) appeal to you, but you’re on Android, consider the Microsoft Surface Earbuds.
  • Nothing Ear Stick: For another AirPods (3rd generation) competitor, try the Nothing Ear Stick. They boast a cool carrying case and a comfortable fit, plus a companion app that lets you customize your listening experience.
  • Urbanista Lisbon: If you want fun colors and don’t want to spend a lot, the Urbanista Lisbon offer an unsealed fit at a low price.

Sony LinkBuds WF-L900: Great for the one-earbud-always-out crowd

Sony LinkBuds WF-L900

Sony LinkBuds WF-L900

Unexpectedly comfortable • Novel (if absurd) tap control method

The Sony LinkBuds make a play for the teens-who-walk-around-with-one-airpod-in market.

The Sony LinkBuds are definitely the most unique audio product to release so far in 2022, and they largely execute well on their unoccluded design. However, they're hamstrung by all the same things as other unsealed earbuds.

If you want earphones that look and feel like a standard pair of sealed buds but still want an open ear design, then the Sony LinkBuds WF-L900 are your answer. These quirky doughnut-shaped earbuds rest inside your ears with an unsealed fit that provides a handy alternative to inserting one standard earbud at a time. In fact, the entire design of the LinkBuds WF-L900 is for people who would otherwise leave only one earbud inserted. Despite their out-there design, however, the LinkBuds WF-L900 go for a relatively reasonable $179.

You get a lightweight and comfortable fit from these buds, and they come with a standard assortment of touch controls. But unlike other earbuds, you can tap on the area in front of your ears, too, using a feature called Wide Area Tap. It looks a bit goofy, but if you’re concentrating on a task, it’s good to know you can aim for the general area of your ear and still register a tap.

The LinkBuds WF-L900 sync with the Sony Headphones Connect app, which is what other models from the brand use, too. You can use it to set the controls for each bud separately and set a control to access Spotify. They even sound decent, though again, as with any open design, don’t expect stellar performance.

There are drawbacks, including an annoying auto-volume adjustment feature that you can enable or disable but not customize much. Battery life is just fine at around five hours, 41 minutes, which is on par with other earbuds, though not the longest we’ve seen. And, as is expected given the design, the sound doesn’t have much bass.

Sony Linkbuds next to their case on a surface.

Sam Smart / Android Authority


  • Comfortable design
  • Unique control method
  • Decent sound


  • Not much bass
  • Automatic volume control is annoying
  • Battery life is just OK

Check out our full review to learn more about the Sony LinkBuds WF-L900.

Bose Sport Open Earbuds: A nice middle-ground

Bose Sport Open Earbuds

Bose Sport Open Earbuds

Secure, open fit • Fast charging • IPX4 rating

If you have a bone to pick with bone conduction headphones, get these.

The Bose Sport Open Earbuds are explicitly for outdoor enthusiasts who want a soundtrack to underscore their adventures. Despite the unoccluded design, music sounds pretty good and the earbuds stay in place during all kinds of exercise. If you have a bone to pick with bone conduction headphones, get these, but all other athletes can save a few bucks and grab a pair of traditional workout earbuds instead.

For people who demand that their ear canals stay totally unobstructed but don’t want bone conduction, the Bose Sport Open Earbuds strike a happy balance. They have an ear hook design that hangs from the top of your ears, which puts their drivers close, but not inside of, your ear canals. As a result, you get an experience that sounds a bit better than bone conduction without the need to insert anything. They do cost a bit more than some other options, however, at around $199.

That earhook also keeps these earbuds in place even during cycling, basketball games, and rock climbing. Their IPX4 rating means sweat won’t be a problem, while the touch control button on each bud is easy to find. As a result, everyone from city dwellers to hikers will find the Bose Sport Open Earbuds handy.

According to our tests, you even get seven hours and 21 minutes of battery life. Unfortunately, these buds don’t use a charging case. Instead, they use a proprietary dock. That does mean, however, that you can help extend the battery life of these buds by leaving them off the dock when not in use.

Much like any other model of open headphones, the Bose Sport Earbuds don’t have great bass response. But they do sound better than many bone conduction headphones. However, the microphone definitely leaves much to be desired in our experience. And finally, that ear hook design is a double-edged sword, because it can get pinchy after a while.

Bose Sport Open Earbuds sitting inside their case on a wooden lattice next to a bike lock and a fitness band with one earbud lying in the lid and the other in its resting spot.

Zak Khan / Android Authority


  • Secure ear hook design
  • Better sound than bone conduction headphones
  • Decent sound overall


  • Ear hooks can get uncomfortable after a while
  • Microphone is not great
  • Proprietary charging dock

Check out our sister site SoundGuys’ full review to learn more about the Bose Sport Open Earbuds.

Galaxy Buds Live: A more standard experience

Samsung Galaxy Buds Live

Samsung Galaxy Buds Live

Great connectivity • Fast charging • Excellent microphone

Keep aware of your surroundings

The Galaxy Buds Live sound good and feature an excellent microphone. Active noise cancelling is efficient, and the open-ear design lets you keep aware of your surroundings.

It cannot be denied that open ear headphones are, well, weird. Bone conduction, doughnut holes, and other such quirks may just not be for you. Don’t fret; there’s the Galaxy Buds Live if the other options are just too out there. Plus, they’re only around $99, so you won’t have to spend much to get the experience.

These bean-shaped buds made a splash upon their introduction more due to their aesthetics than anything else, but despite being unsealed earbuds, the Galaxy Buds Live pack in plenty of features from standard earphones.

As a result, you get a charging case, touch controls, and an app with EQ presets, voice assistant access, and more. The Galaxy Buds Live even boast striking looks that image-conscious listeners can appreciate. But perhaps most notably, these little buds have active noise cancellation (ANC). Unsealed earbuds with ANC might seem counterintuitive, but it actually works to a degree. We found that these buds do indeed cut down on some distracting noises while still letting you hear the world around you.

These buds also stay in place during movements and boast decent-quality sound, too. The microphone works quite well, to boot. Unfortunately, you only get around five hours of battery life from the Galaxy Buds Live in our experience with ANC enabled. Their IPX2 rating isn’t all that robust, either. Still, these buds would work well for listeners that find other unsealed headphones to be a bit too far-flung.

A picture of the Samsung Galaxy Buds Live noise cancelling true wireless earbuds in the case against a gray background.

Lily Katz / Android Authority


  • Looks and functions more like a standard set of earbuds
  • Stable, secure fit
  • Good microphone


  • Only IPX2 rated
  • Design covers your ear canals
  • Just OK battery life with ANC enabled

Check out our full review to learn more about the Galaxy Buds Live.

AirPods (3rd generation): Always an option for iPhone users

Apple AirPods (3rd Generation)

Apple AirPods (3rd Generation)

Converts to Spatial Audio • 6-hour battery life • Adaptive EQ

Apple's ubiquitous true wireless earphones get an update.

The Apple AirPods (3rd generation) Boost upon their predecessors with better battery life and a more ergonomic design. These earbuds can convert any audio to surround sound, taking Spatial Audio to new levels.

One of our major quibbles with the AirPods (3rd generation), their unsealed design, could be what you’re looking for if you’ve gone this far and use an iPhone. Similar to the LinkBuds WF-L900, you will have to insert these buds into your ears, and they also cost around $179.99. They don’t have ear tips, however. Instead, they rest just inside your ear canal, which might mean some people find them to be uncomfortable after wearing them for a while.

Being AirPods, they work best with iOS. But despite being an unsealed model, you still get Personalized Spatial Audio support when you use these buds with iOS 16 or later.

The AirPods (3rd generation) sound pretty good for unsealed earphones, too. Though they likely won’t win awards for audio quality, if you’re just casually listening to tunes, your likely won’t have too many complaints.

As for battery life, we got around six hours and a half in our tests. That’s pretty decent for earbuds, and these buds will only charge to 80% until just before you use them when paired with an iPhone, to help preserve their battery life. That and an IPX4 rating make them reasonably durable, though not indestructible.

The microphone is alright, but don’t expect studio-like call quality or anything. These buds also aren’t the most stable compared to some others on this list, so you’ll have to ensure they’re fitted properly to ensure the best chance of them staying put. But overall, iOS users will find these unsealed buds work well with the rest of the Apple ecosystem.

The AirPods 3rd Generation in their case sitting in front of a potted plant on a wood table.

Sam Smart / Android Authority


  • Works well within the Apple ecosystem
  • Bonus features like spatial audio when paired with an iPhone
  • Decent sound


  • Less stable fit than some other open-ear designs
  • Most features are iOS-only
  • Can get uncomfortable

Check out our full review to learn more about the AirPods (3rd generation).

Microsoft Surface Earbuds: Open earbuds for Android and Windows

Microsoft Surface Earbuds

Microsoft Surface Earbuds

Bluetooth 5.0, aptX and SBC • IPX4 rating • USB-C charging

The Microsoft Surface Earbuds boast a futuristic design, but fall flat against the alternatives.

The Microsoft Surface Earbuds take the cake for the most futuristic-looking earphones on the market, but the value just isn't there. While the earbuds play nicely with Windows and Android devices, they lack basic features like remappable controls. If you must get a Microsoft headset, we recommend the Microsoft Surface Headphones 2 instead.

If the AirPods (3rd generation) appeal to you, but you’re an Android or Windows user, consider the Microsoft Surface Earbuds. These disc-shaped buds have a modern aesthetic and plenty of features that Windows users will surely like. They do cost a bit more than the AirPods (3rd generation), though, coming in at around $199.

Unlike the AirPods (3rd generation), the Surface Earbuds have rubberized tips to anchor them in your ears, but they don’t seal your ear canal. As a result, the fit is stable and secure.

You get Fast Pair support on Android and Swift Pair and Microsoft 365 support when using these buds with Windows 10, which makes them easy to incorporate into your life if you’re invested in Microsoft’s ecosystem. Furthermore, the Surface Earbuds got seven hours of battery life in our tests, which is more than the AirPods (3rd generation).

These buds even have aptX Bluetooth codec support, though, you likely won’t notice due to their unsealed design. Still, they do sound pretty good for open earbuds. The microphone is fine, and you’ll make it through quick calls; just don’t expect to record podcasts or anything.

The disc-shaped design does mean the touch panels show oily fingerprints, and they can be tricky to get out of their case. Plus, there’s no true mono mode. You can use either bud alone, but the right bud has to be nearby at all times; that’s annoying. For Android and Microsoft fans, however, these earbuds make a unique alternative to the AirPods (3rd generation).

Microsoft Surface Earbuds true wireless earbuds open case watch

Lily Katz / Android Authority


  • Unique design that’s stable and secure
  • Great Windows and Android integration
  • Decent sound


  • Finish shows fingerprints easily
  • Limited mono listening
  • Can be tricky to get out of their case

Check out our full review to learn more about the Microsoft Surface Earbuds.

Nothing Ear Stick: Cool case, comfortable buds

Nothing Ear Stick

Nothing Ear Stick

Open earbud design • Environmental awareness • Powerful drivers

True wireless earbuds designed to prevent the feeling of clogged ears

The Nothing Ear (Stick) is a pair of true wireless earbuds with an open-design that emphasizes environmental awareness and reduces the feeling of clogged ears. They are well equipped with 12.6mm drivers, USB-C charging, and 7 hours of battery life (29 hours with the case.)

If the Nothing Ear 1 are positioned against the AirPods Pro, then the Nothing Ear Stick are another Android answer to the AirPods (3rd generation). These buds come in a striking cosmetics-inspired case and boast the same cool color scheme as the Ear 1. Plus, they offer plenty of handy features at just a $99 price tag.

And while open designs often mean poor bass performance, Nothing has tackled this issue with the Ear Stick. Each bud has a 12.6mm driver, and they combine with Nothing’s “bass lock” algorithm to provide you better bass than other open designs. The highs and mids remain clear, too. But if you aren’t happy with the default sound profile, you can always use the custom EQ in the Nothing X app to tune the buds to your taste. The microphone in the Nothing Ear Stick is also solid. The buds do a good job of handling noise so that your voice is intelligible to listeners during a call.

Along with the unique design of the case also comes a novel control method. Instead of taps and swipes, you squeeze the stem to trigger actions. This might seem like an odd break from the norm, but it actually helps reduce unintended actions. We found this control scheme to be reliable and easy to understand. There was no more skipping tracks when we just wanted to adjust an earbud, for instance.

You get seven hours of battery life from the buds themselves and up to 29 hours with the case. That’s pretty good for true wireless earbuds. There are some hiccups you should consider with the Ear Stick, however. Namely, because of the case’s design, you don’t get a wireless charging option, and it attracts dirt easily. They don’t have any stabilizers or fins, either, so they may be more prone to falling out. Still, these buds offer lots to like at a good price

Nothing Ear Stick inside the case, vertically standing on a desk with plant and guitar

Rita El Khoury / Android Authority


  • Comfortable fit
  • Precise, pressure-based controls
  • App with custom EQ


  • Not the most stable
  • No wireless charging
  • Case attracts dirt easily

Check out our full review to learn more about the Nothing Ear Stick.

Urbanista Lisbon: Style on a budget

Urbanista Lisbon

Urbanista Lisbon

Comfortable • Bluetooth 5.2; stable connection • Pair and go is easy

The Bose Frames Tenor are good-looking but pricey, so if that’s not quite your game, try the Urbanista Lisbon. These earbuds come in fun colors, including Midnight Black, Mint Green, Blush Pink, Vanilla Cream, and Coral Peach. That, their cute button-like shape, and $49.99 price tag make them an easy way to add style to your everyday listening habits.

Pairing these buds is easy; just open the case, and they should sync with your phone. And mono mode works with either bud, too. After you get them synced, wearing the buds is also enjoyable. The Urbanista Lisbon earbuds come with GoFit wings, which help anchor them in place. These help keep the very lightweight buds in place, and it’s best to use them in our experience — even if the promo images show the earbuds without them.

And wear them for a while you can. With eight hours, 53 minutes of battery life, according to our tests, you can take the Urbanista earbuds around town without worrying about running out of juice. Though these are open earbuds, so be aware your environment will affect your listening experience. The Urbanista Lisbon do make some compensations to help address the expected drop in mids and lows, but they can only do so much.

Furthermore, while you do get touch controls with these buds, you cannot customize them. And the microphone falls flat when it comes to handling external noises. You’ll be fine in a quiet room, but street noise will likely make you unintelligible to listeners during a call. Still, at this price, they make for a simple, fun, and low-cost way to take your tunes with you while still being in touch with the rest of the world.


  • Fun, colorful design
  • Comfortable
  • Long battery life


  • Can’t customize controls
  • Fit might be tricky for some people
  • Microphone is not great at handling noise

Honorable mentions

That’s it for our list of the best open ear headphones you can buy, but it’s only a fraction of what’s out there. We also want to provide an honorable mention to the following products:

  • Shokz OpenRun Pro: The more expensive sibling of the Shokz OpenRun have more battery life, so if you want to keep listening for longer, consider these bone conduction headphones.
  • AirPods (2nd generation): The AirPods (2nd generation) don’t have many special features, like Spatial Audio, that the third-generation AirPods have, but they are just as easy to use with an iPhone while being cheaper.


Yes, bone conduction headphones are safe, though be sure to follow best practices when using headphones and keep the volume to a low, comfortable level.

At times, yes. Open ear designs can leak sound, which is especially notable in quiet rooms or if someone is close to you.

No. Open back headphones are a specific type of over-ear headphones, and they aren’t the same thing as open ear headphones.

Sun, 20 Nov 2022 20:41:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.androidauthority.com/best-open-ear-headphones-3229259/
Killexams : EQS-News: Verve Group Integrates with Google Open Bidding To Boost Access and Reduce Complexity in the Global Marketplace

EQS-News: Media and Games Invest SE / Key word(s): Miscellaneous
Verve Group Integrates with Google Open Bidding To Boost Access and Reduce Complexity in the Global Marketplace

16.11.2022 / 15:45 CET/CEST
The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this announcement.

The following news was issued by Verve Group, part of Media and Games Invest SE: Verve Group Integrates with Google Open Bidding To Boost Access and Reduce Complexity in the Global Marketplace

November 16, 2022 - Verve Group, an advertising technology ecosystem and a part of Media and Games Invest SE (MGI or the Company, ISIN: MT0000580101; Ticker M8G; Nasdaq First North Premier Growth Market and Scale Segment Frankfurt Stock Exchange, OTCQX: MDGIF), today announced a partnership with Google on the Open Bidding platform. Verve Group is now a bidding partner for in-app inventory on Google Ad Manager, enabling app developers to access its premium demand, and giving demand partners easy access to high-quality in-app inventory and users at scale.

The app monetization ecosystem has seen significant progression over the past couple of years with the switch to in-app bidding, with in-app revenues growing by nearly 45% in the last two years. Open Bidding allows demand partners to compete for inventory in a single auction with real-time, server-to-server bidding. The partnership ensures publishers can connect to and access premium demand on in-app bidding platforms of their choice, while offering demand partners equal access to 100% of a publishers in-app inventory.

Neutrality, transparency, and reliability are the core tenets of our marketplace. Googles Open Bidding platform offers improved monetization options to publishers, and unrestricted access to high lifetime value (LTV) users to demand partners, said Aviran Edery, SVP Marketplace at Verve Group. Democratizing access on both sides of the advertising ecosystem is key, and we are excited to partner with Google in our efforts to build a neutral marketplace.

For global publishers, Open Bidding introduces a new point of entry to access Verve Groups marketplace, combining the best of Googles monetization technology with Verve Groups robust ad serving capabilities. Demand partners will have access to a large volume of premium placements from thousands of leading apps monetizing on the Google Open Bidding platform via the Verve Marketplace. This will help demand partners diversify and scale their ad spend on both brand and performance goals, while increasing campaign reach and performance.

Looking ahead, app developers will also soon be able to layer their inventory with rich contextual signals through Verve Groups proprietary privacy-first targeting solutions, which will be available to demand partners on the Verve Marketplace. This signals yet another milestone for the company as it doubles down on future-proof advertising solutions in preparation for a world without device identifiers.

To learn more about the integration with Google Open Bidding platform, contact Verve Group.

About Verve Group (www.verve.com)

Verve Group has created a more efficient and privacy-focused way to buy and monetize advertising. Verve Group is an ecosystem of demand and supply technologies fusing data, media, and technology together to deliver results and growth to both advertisers and publishersno matter the screen or location, no matter who, what, or where a customer is. With 22 offices across the globe and with an eye on servicing forward-thinking advertising customers, Verve Groups solutions are trusted by more than 90 of the United States top 100 advertisers, 4,000 publishers globally, and the worlds top demand-side platforms. Verve Group is a subsidiary of Media and Games Invest (MGI).

Responsible parties

The information in this release has been made public through the agency of the responsible persons at MGI set out below for publication at the time stated by MGI's news distributor EQS Newswire at the publication of this release. The responsible persons below may be contacted for further information.

For further information, please contact:

Sören Barz
Head of Investor Relations
+49 170 376 9571
soeren.barz@mgi-se.com, info@mgi-se.com

Jenny Rosberg, ROPA, IR contact Stockholm

Axel Mühlhaus / Dr. Sönke Knop, edicto GmbH, IR contact Frankfurt
+49 69 9055 05 51

About Media and Games Invest SE

Media and Games Invest SE (MGI) is an advertising software platform with strong first party games content. MGIs main operational presence is in North America and Europe. The company combines organic growth with value-generating synergetic acquisitions, which has demonstrated continuous strong profitable growth with a revenue CAGR of 77% (2018 2021). Next to strong organic growth, the MGI Group has successfully acquired more than 35 companies and assets in the past 6 years. The acquired assets and companies have been integrated and amongst others cloud technology is actively used to achieve efficiency gains and competitive advantages. MGI is registered as Societas Europaea in Malta (registration number SE 15) and its shares are listed on Nasdaq First North Premier Growth Market in Stockholm and in the Scale segment of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The Company has two secured bonds that are listed on Nasdaq Stockholm and on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange Open Market.

The Company's certified advisor on Nasdaq First North Premier Growth Market is FNCA Sweden AB; info@fnca.se.


16.11.2022 CET/CEST Dissemination of a Corporate News, transmitted by EQS News - a service of EQS Group AG.
The issuer is solely responsible for the content of this announcement.

The EQS Distribution Services include Regulatory Announcements, Financial/Corporate News and Press Releases.
Archive at www.eqs-news.com

Sun, 20 Nov 2022 16:11:00 -0600 en text/html https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/eqs-news-verve-group-integrates-with-google-open-bidding-to-improve-access-and-reduce-complexity-in-the-global-marketplace-1031919084
Killexams : Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?

On this day in 1905, Albert Einstein published the fourth of his annus mirabilis papers in the journal Annalen der Physik. This was the paper that showed mass can be converted into energy, and vice versa. Although the equation is never set out in these terms within this paper, a simple and widely known formulation of the idea, e = mc2, is based on this paper.

You may use this page to discuss relativity and relatives over this holiday week, or engage in other freewheeling, off-topic discourse. Find previous discussions in the Open Thread archive. Excepting the entreaty that you remain on topic, all of Slate’s usual commenting policies apply. Happy Thanksgiving!

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