Exam Code: NCC Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
NCC Certified in NeuroCritical Care (ABEM)

The following are specific diseases, conditions, and clinical syndromes commonly managed by a neurointensivist:
A. Cerebrovascular Diseases
1. Infarction and ischemia
• Massive hemispheric infarction
• Basilar artery occlusion and stenosis
• Carotid artery occlusion and stenosis
• Crescendo TIAs
• Occlusive vasculopathies (Moya-Moya, sickle cell)
• Spinal cord infarction
2. Intracerebral hemorrhage
• Supratentorial
• Cerebellar
• Brainstem
• Intraventricular
3. Subarachnoid hemorrhage - aneurysmal and other Vascular malformations
• Arteriovenous malformations
• AV fistulas
• Cavernous malformations
• Developmental venous anomalies
4. Dural sinus thrombosis
5. Carotid-cavernous fistulae
6. Cervical and cerebral arterial dissections
1. Traumatic brain injury
• "Diffuse axonal injury"
• Epidural hematoma
• Subdural hematoma
• Skull fracture
• Contusions and lacerations
• Penetrating craniocerebral injuries
• Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage
2. Spinal cord injury
• Traumatic injury (transection, contusion, concussion)
• Vertebral fracture and ligamentous instability
C. Disorders, Diseases, Seizures, and Epilepsy
1 . Seizures and epilepsy
• Status epilepticus (SE) Convulsive
Non-convulsive (partial-complex and "subtle" secondarily generalized SE) Myoclonic
2. Neuromuscular diseases
• Myasthenia gravis
• Guillain-Barre syndrome
• Rhabdomyolysis and toxic myopathies
• Critical illness myopathy and neuropathy
3. Infections
• Encephalitis (viral, bacterial, parasitic)
• Meningitis (viral, bacterial, parasitic)
• Brain and spinal epidural abscess
4. Toxic-metabolic disorders
• Neuroleptic malignant syndrome/malignant hyperthermia
• Serotonin syndrome
• Drug overdose and withdrawal (e.g., barbiturates, narcotics, alcohol, cocaine, acetaminophen).
• Temperature related injuries (hyperthermia, hypothermia)
5. Inflammatory and demyelinating diseases
• Multiple sclerosis (Marburg variant, transverse myelitis)
• Neurosarcoidosis
• Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)
• CNS vasculitis
• Chemical or sterile meningitis (i.e. posterior fossa syndrome, NSAID induced)
• Central pontine myelinolysis
• Others
6. Neuroendocrine disorders
• Pituitary apoplexy
• Diabetes insipidus (including triple phase response)
• Panhypopituitarism
• Thyroid storm and coma
• Myxedema coma
• Addisonian crisis
D. Neuro-oncology
1 . Brain tumors and metastases
2. Spinal cord tumors and metastases
3. Carcinomatous meningitis
4. Paraneoplastic syndromes
1. Eclampsia, including HELLP Syndrome
2. Hypertensive encephalopathy
3. Hepatic encephalopathy
4. Uremic encephalopathy
5. Hypoxic-ischemic and anoxic encephalopathy
F.Clinical syndromes
2. Herniation syndromes with monitoring & ICP
3. Elevated intracranial pressure and Intracranial hypotension/hypovolemia
4. Hydrocephalus detection & treatment
5. Cord compression
6. Death by neurologic criteria, end of life issues, and organ donation
7. Vegetative state
8. Dysautonomia (cardiovascular instability, central fever, hyperventilation)
9. Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy
10. Psychiatric emergencies (psychosis)
G. Perioperative Neurosurgical Care
II. General Critical Care: Pathology, Pathophysiology, and Therapy
A. Cardiovascular Physiology, Pathology, Pathophysiology, and Therapy
1. Shock (hypotension) and its complications (vasodilatory and cardiogenic)
2. Myocardial infarction and unstable coronary syndromes
3. Neurogenic cardiac disturbances (ECG changes, stunned myocardium)
4. Cardiac rhythm and conduction disturbances; use of antiarrhythmic medications; indications for and types of pacemakers
5. Pulmonary embolism
6. Pulmonary edema: cardiogenic versus noncardiogenic (including neurogenic)
7. Acute aortic and peripheral vascular disorders (dissection, pseudoaneurysm)
8. Recognition, evaluation and management of hypertensive emergencies and urgencies
9. Calculation of derived cardiovascular parameters, including systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance, alveolararterial gradients, oxygen transport and consumption
B.Respiratory Physiology, Pathology, Pathophysiology and Therapy
1.Acute respiratory failure
• Hypoxemic respiratory failure (including ARDS)
• Hypercapnic respiratory failure
• Neuromuscular respiratory failure
2. Aspiration
3. Bronchopulmonary infections
4. Upper airway obstruction
5. COPD and status asthmaticus, including bronchodilator therapy
6. Neurogenic breathing patterns (central hyperventilation, Cheyne-Stokes respirations)
7. Mechanical ventilation
• Positive pressure ventilation (BIPAP)
• PEEP, CPAP, inverse ratio ventilation, pressure support ventilation, pressure control, and non- invasive ventilation
• Negative pressure ventilation
• Barotrauma, airway pressures (including permissive hypercapnia)
• Criteria for weaning and weaning techniques
8. Pleural Diseases
• Empyema
• Massive effusion
• Pneumothorax
9. Pulmonary hemorrhage and massive hemoptysis
10. Chest X-ray interpretation
11. End tidal C02 monitoring
12. Sleep apnea
13. Control of breathing
C. Renal Physiology,Pathology, Pathophysiology and Therapy
1.Renal regulation of fluid and water balance and electrolytes
2.Renal failure: Prerenal, renal, and postrenal
3.Derangements secondary to alterations in osmolality and electrolytes
4. Acid-base disorders and their management
5.Principles of renal replacement therapy
6. Evaluation of oliguria and polyuria
7.Drug dosing in renal failure
8. Management of rhabdomyolysis
9. Neurogenic disorders of sodium and water regulation (cerebral salt wasting and SIADH).
D. Metabolic and Endocrine Effects of Critical Illness
1. Enteral and parenteral nutrition
2. Endocrinology
• Disorders of thyroid function (thyroid storm, myxedema coma, sick euthyroid syndrome)
• Adrenal crisis
• Diabetes mellitus
Ketotic and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma Hypoglycemia
3. Disorders of calcium and magnesium balance
4. Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)
5. Fever, thermoregulation, and cooling techniques
E.Infectious Disease Physiology, Pathology, Pathophysiology and Therapy
1. Antibiotics
• Antibacterial agents
• Antifungal agents
• Antituberculosis agents
• Antiviral agents
• Antiparasitic agents
2. Infection control for special care units
• Development of antibiotic resistance
• Universal precautions
• Isolation and reverse isolation
3. Tetanus and botulism
4. Hospital acquired and opportunistic infections in the critically ill
5. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
6. Evaluation of fever in the ICU patient
7. Central fever
8. Interpretation of antibiotic concentrations, sensitivities
F.Physiology, Pathology, Pathophysiology and therapy of Acute Hematologic Disorders
1 . Acute defects in hemostasis
• Thrombocytopenia, thrombocytopathy
• Disseminated intravascular coagulation
• Acute hemorrhage (GI hemorrhage, retroperitoneal hematoma)
• Iatrogenic coagulopathies (warfarin and heparin induced)
2. Anticoagulation and fibrinolytic therapy
3. Principles of blood component therapy (blood, platelets, FFP)
4. Hemostatic therapy (vitamin K, aminocaproic acid, protamine, factor VIla)
5. Prophylaxis against thromboembolic disease
6. Prothrombotic states
G. Physiology, Pathology, Pathophysiology and Therapy of Acute Gastrointestinal (GI) and Genitourinary (GU)
1. Upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding
2. Acute and fulminant hepatic failure (including drug dosing)
3. Ileus and toxic megacolon
4. Acute perforations of the gastrointestinal tract
5. Acute vascular disorders of the intestine, including mesenteric infarction
6. Acute intestinal obstruction, volvulus
7. Pancreatitis
8. Obstructive uropathy, acute urinary retention
9. Urinary tract bleeding
H. Immunology and Transplantation
1. Principles of transplantation (brain death, organ donation, procurement, maintenance of organ donors, implantation)
2. Immunosuppression, especially the neurotoxicity of these agents
I. General Trauma and Burns
1. Initial approach to the management of multisystem trauma
2. Skeletal trauma including the spine and pelvis
3. Chest and abdominal trauma - blunt and penetrating
4. Burns and electrical injury
J. Monitoring
1. Neuromonitoring
2. Prognostic, disease severity and therapeutic intervention scores
3. Principles of electrocardiographic monitoring
4. Invasive hemodynamic monitoring
5. Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring
6. Respiratory monitoring (airway pressure, intrathoracic pressure, tidal volume, pulse oximetry, dead space, compliance, resistance, capnography)
7. Metabolic monitoring (oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, respiratory quotient)
8. Use of computers in critical care units for multimodality monitoring
K. Administrative and Management Principles and Techniques
1. Organization and staffing of critical care units
2. Collaborative practice principles, including multidisciplinary rounds and management
3. Emergency medical systems in prehospital care
4. Performance improvement, principles and practices
5. Principles of triage and resource allocation, bed management
6. Medical economics: health care reimbursement, budget development
L. Ethical and Legal Aspects of Critical Care Medicine
1. Death and dying
2. Forgoing life-sustaining treatment and orders not to resuscitate
3. Rights of patients, the right to refuse treatment
4. Living wills, advance directives; durable power of attorney
5. Terminal extubation and palliative care
6. Rationing and cost containment
7. Emotional management of patients, families and caregivers
8. Futility of care and the family in denial
M. Principles of Research in Critical Care
1. Study design
2. Biostatistics
3. Grant funding and protocol writing
4. Manuscript preparation
5. Presentation preparation and skills
6. Institutional Review Boards and HIPAA
Ill. Procedural Skills
A. General Neuro-Critical Care
1 . Central venous catheter placement; dialysis catheter placement
2. Pulmonary artery catheterization
3. Management of mechanical ventilation, including CPAP/BiPAP ventilation
4. Administration of vasoactive medications (hemodynamic augmentation and hypertension lysis)
5. Maintenance airway and ventilation in nonintubated, unconscious patients
6. Interpretation and performance of bedside pulmonary function tests
7. Direct laryngoscopy
8. Endotracheal intubation
9. Shunt and ventricular drain tap for CSF sampling
10. Performance and interpretation of transcranial Doppler
11. Administration of analgosedative medications, including conscious sedation and barbiturate anesthesia
12. Interpretation of continuous EEG monitoring
13. Interpretation and management of ICP and CPP data
14. Jugular venous bulb catheterization
15. Interpretation of Sjv02 and Pbt02 data
16. Management of external ventricular drains
I 7. Management of plasmapheresis and IVIG
18. Administration of intravenous and intraventricular thrombolysis
19. Interpretation of CT and MR standard neuroimaging and perfusion studies and biplane contrast neuraxial angiography
20. Perioperative and postoperative clinical evaluation of neurosurgical and interventional neuroradiology patients
21. Performance of lumbar puncture and interpretation of cerebrospinal fluid results
22. Induction and maintenance of therapeutic coma and hypothermia

Certified in NeuroCritical Care (ABEM)
Certification-Board NeuroCritical study tips
Killexams : Certification-Board NeuroCritical study tips - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NCC Search results Killexams : Certification-Board NeuroCritical study tips - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NCC https://killexams.com/exam_list/Certification-Board Killexams : 5 tips and strategies to help students study for board examinations without feeling stressed 5 tips and strategies to help students study for board examinations without feeling stressed © Provided by India Today 5 tips and strategies to help students study for board examinations without feeling stressed

We are surely more anxious than ever as we get ready for the board certification or maintenance of certification examination since we have spent our entire lives taking tests with a lot on the line. Unfortunately, students at all levels have erroneous beliefs about how to learn. We frequently use subpart exam preparation strategies since many of us are ignorant of the best study techniques. In order to help you make the most of your limited study time for the boards, we've provided five time-saving strategies from the expert Smt. Raj Rani Goel, Managing Director, Satluj Public School, Ellenabad.


Students with good time management skills may do more in less time, leaving more time for intellectual time. Students should stick to the study schedule, fulfil the objectives, and avoid procrastination in order to acquire strong time management skills. Make every effort to spread out your study time over a longer period of time prior to taking the exam. Due to time constraints, you need to make sure that every subject gets an equivalent amount of preparation time. You can prepare more evenly if you divide your time.


The students' primary focus should be on the chapters that are really crucial and filled with information. Knowing these chapters will help students do better on exams. They should engage their professors ahead of time with any questions they may have to ensure that they are adequately addressed. Students can divide their study time more efficiently by categorising chapters as challenging, moderate, or easy. provide yourself additional time to work on and revise the chapters that require it.


Mock tests are often beneficial to students since they help them recognise their own strengths and flaws. Simulating an exam environment has been demonstrated to significantly reduce students' test-related anxieties. It can also assist to mitigate the detrimental effects of stress on memory by making your brain work harder to recall the correct answers. The test should be taken at the same time as the exam to help one's biological clock sync with the timing of the test. They will gain confidence as they practise in a real-world test scenario.


The last thing you need is to become stressed out as a result of your studies. Taking a break from your studies might be quite useful. To relieve stress, practice balanced eating, enough sleep, music, early walks or mild workouts, being in a cheerful setting, and meditation. If you don't get enough sleep, your health may suffer. Relaxing  the day before the exam has been shown in studies to be more effective than staying up all night studying.   In reality, a nutrient-rich diet aids in your physical and mental development. These are critical for ensuring your physical and mental preparation for testing. When studying for board exams, the most vital necessity is a clear mind.


Solving problems improves your conceptual comprehension as well as your speed and accuracy of thought. Your deficiencies may be more readily addressed with its help. Review past exam papers to hone your study abilities. Thus, the most effective outside study materials are past exam papers. You may learn about the test format and the weighting of questions from various chapters by studying several question papers. This makes it one of the best strategies for studying for board examinations. This method may thus allow you to focus more on chapters that are more crucial than others. This time-saving strategy may also allow you to focus on crucial chapters while saving time.


  • Look for a better learning environment
  • Your work should be revised each day
  • Make Quick Revision Notes
  • Take Breaks for Productivity
  • Do not multitask.
  • Avoid becoming a procrastinator

The most crucial thing is the fear of receiving lower grades or missing out outweighs the real repercussions. Stop calculating the ultimate outcome and start working on the journey. So, start using the proper procedure and quit worrying about grades. Because a good or bad grade is very subjective. The aforementioned are a few important considerations while deciding on the best approach or strategy.

Exams are crucial events in one's life, and being nervous However, there is nothing to be concerned about if you fully prepare. To succeed in test preparation, each student must play to their strengths, maintain your composure while learning. Try hard to overcome procrastination rather than getting nervous. The greatest strategy for doing this is to avoid stress and concentrate on what you can accomplish.

Read | Civil Service Exam: Rajasthan outpaces UP in churning out highest number of IAS officers in CSE-21
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Killexams : Four Knowles Fellows Achieve National Board Certification

Three Additional Fellows Maintained Certification

MOORESTOWN, N.J., Feb. 1, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- The Knowles Teacher Initiative today announced that four of its Fellows achieved National Board Certification, the highest certification available for K–12 educators, in the 2021–2022 cycle.

National Board Certification was designed to develop, retain and recognize accomplished teachers and to generate ongoing improvement in schools nationwide. Using the National Board Standards and the Five Core Propositions as a foundation, National Board Certification identifies teachers who meet those standards through completion of a performance-based, peer-reviewed series of assessment components. Specifically, candidates are required to complete four components. They must demonstrate content knowledge on a computer-based assessment. Additionally, they must submit classroom-based portfolios containing evidence of differentiation in instruction, their teaching practice and learning environment, and their ability to act as an effective and reflective practitioner.

The following Knowles Fellows achieved National Board Certification:

Additionally, three Knowles Fellows maintained their certification:

Jeff Rozelle, Knowles President and CEO, stated, "Achieving National Board Certification is no small feat. I'm thrilled to extend congratulations to all of the teachers who met the high standards established by NBPTS to achieve or maintain certification. Their commitment to student learning and the teaching profession is truly commendable."

The Knowles Teaching Fellows Program is a five-year program that provides early-career, high school mathematics and science teachers with access to invaluable resources that help them transform into great teachers who make a difference in the lives of students in their classroom, their school and beyond. After completing the five-year program, Teaching Fellows become Senior Fellows who are able to participate in Knowles leadership opportunities throughout the duration of their career. As part of the wide array of benefits available to Fellows, Knowles awards grant funds to pay for expenses related to National Board Certification.

Nationally, more than 130,000 teachers have achieved National Board Certification, including 52 Knowles Fellows.

About the Knowles Teacher Initiative

The Knowles Teacher Initiative, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit formerly known as the Knowles Science Teaching Foundation (KSTF), was established by Janet H. and C. Harry Knowles in 1999 to increase the number of high-quality high school science and mathematics teachers in the United States. Through the Teaching Fellows Program, Senior Fellows Program and the Knowles Academy, the Knowles Teacher Initiative seeks to support a national network of mathematics and science teachers who are collaborative, innovative leaders improving education for all students in the United States. For more information, visit www.knowlesteachers.org.

Media Contact
Ebony Freeman                                                                                                                    
Knowles Teacher Initiative                                  


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SOURCE Knowles Teacher Initiative

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Killexams : Study finds that board renewal can benefit the environment

In an age when environmental awareness is widespread among investors, board renewal mechanisms that better align investors' and directors' interests can enhance a firm's environmental performance, according to a new study by Hannes Wagner (Bocconi University, Milan). Interestingly, the study also finds a positive relation between the appointment of female directors and environmental performance.

Wagner's investigation with his coauthors Alexander Dyck (University of Toronto), Karl V. Lins (University of Utah), Lukas Roth (University of Alberta), and Mitch Towner (University of Arizona) is titled "Renewable Governance: Good for the Environment?", and it is published in the Journal of Accounting Research.

The authors identified two potential board renewal mechanisms: the adoption of majority voting and the introduction of a female director. Under majority voting, directors must obtain more than half of the votes cast by shareholders to be elected. Without it, directors only need a plurality of the votes cast. Thus, majority voting gives investors the ability to vote against directors, rather than just withhold their votes.

The paper finds that the introduction of majority voting is correlated to a significant increase in a firm's environmental performance. In exact years investors have been pushing for firms to focus on environmental, rather than just financial, performance. Majority voting ensures a greater alignment between the interests of investors and directors.

The findings are even stronger when considering the relation between environmental performance and the appointment of a female director in the board. Most interestingly, the coefficients are still significant when controlling for board member characteristics such as education and experience. This suggests that the improvement in environmental performance is a direct effect of gender itself rather than of characteristics of female directors.

"The key contribution of our work is providing a roadmap for investors," Professor Wagner said. "We show that if they want to increase environmental performance, they should not only monitor sustainability metrics, but also take action 'upstream', at the board level, where changes that produce such improvements are decided."

Hannes Wagner, Bocconi University, Milan, finds that governance mechanisms that help align the interests of investors and board members enhance the environmental performance of firms. This is true also if a woman is appointed to a previously all male board. Wagner's investigation is joint with his coauthors Alexander Dyck (University of Toronto), Karl V. Lins (University of Utah), Lukas Roth (University of Alberta), and Mitch Towner (University of Arizona).The authors identified two potential board renewal mechanisms: the adoption of majority voting and the introduction of a female director.Majority voting for board members is different from plurality voting. It gives investors more power. "And what we show is that majority voting rules lead to better environmental performance," Professor Wagner says. So, giving investors more power, and improving corporate governance leads to another outcome, which is improving environmental performance of a firm. This is very important for a lot of investors, since while they care about financial performance, many of them increasingly care about these other non-financial aspects of the performance of a firm. The appointment of a female director to an all-male board has an even stronger effect. "We analyze in detail how female board members differ in their characteristics from male board members, since we know for example that female directors tend to have higher education levels," Wagner explains. "What is interesting is that once we control for any differences such as education and prior executive experience, the female effect continues to show up. So, appointing female directors to all-male boards improves environmental performance and this is directly related to gender." Credit: Bocconi University, Milan

The authors exploit quasi-exogenous shocks in different countries as a testing field for their hypotheses. These shocks are useful as they cause a change in one of the two variables investigated in the paper (female presence in the board or majority voting) without specifically intending to address firms' environmental performance.

To evaluate the effect of appointing a female , the authors analyzed countries that introduced compulsory gender quotas for boards. The results show that firms that introduced a female board member for the first time environmentally outperformed firms that did not by 8%, on average.

"Currently, regulatory efforts are aimed at increasing gender equality in boards. As an interesting and welcome side effect, these measures appear to also Improve environmental performance of firms," Prof. Wagner commented.

As for majority voting, the authors exploited the pressure from a campaign conducted by a large investor group in Canada. In this case, too, firms that switched to majority voting after the campaign exhibited a significant improvement in environmental performance measures.

Finally, the link between board renewal mechanism and environmental performance was stronger in countries with better protection laws and stricter disclosure requirements. But that is not all. The same (stronger link) was true also for firms having a more "motivated" shareholder base. This result reinforces the hypothesis that investors use board renewal to align the boards' interests with their own.

"As ever more shareholders look for sustainability when making investment choices," Prof. Wagner concluded, "investigating the drivers of at the board level is something that can produce meaningful and tangible results. As so often, academic research can help better decision making."

More information: ALEXANDER DYCK et al, Renewable Governance: Good for the Environment?, Journal of Accounting Research (2022). DOI: 10.1111/1475-679X.12462

Provided by Bocconi University

Citation: Study finds that board renewal can benefit the environment (2023, January 26) retrieved 19 February 2023 from https://phys.org/news/2023-01-board-renewal-benefit-environment.html

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Killexams : Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Relaunches Online Testing Delivery for Certified Pharmacy Technicians

WASHINGTON, Jan. 25, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) is kicking off 2023 with new opportunities for Certified Pharmacy Technicians (CPhTs) to demonstrate their knowledge and earn advanced and specialty certificates. PTCB is relaunching OnVUE, an online proctored testing platform, allowing PTCB CPhTs to earn advanced credentials more conveniently.

The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) is kicking off 2023 with new opportunities for Certified Pharmacy Technicians (CPhTs) to demonstrate their knowledge and earn advanced and specialty certificates.

PTCB is relaunching OnVUE, allowing PTCB CPhTs to earn advanced credentials more conveniently.

"Following an evaluation period of our initial launch in 2020, we are excited to move forward with this expanded testing option for our certificants," said Khunteang Pa, Senior Director of Certification Operations. "Relaunching online proctored delivery of PTCB's Assessment-Based Certificate Exams empowers pharmacy technicians to pursue career advancement with more flexibility."

Administered on a secure platform using artificial intelligence combined with live virtual proctor supervision and monitoring, online exams are the same as those administered at a test center. To take their exam online, candidates need a computer with a webcam, a reliable internet connection, and a quiet space where they can spend a few uninterrupted hours. In-person testing is still available at Pearson VUE testing centers for all PTCB exams.

PTCB offers a growing suite of advanced and specialty credentials for pharmacy technicians to invest in their careers as their responsibilities expand. With almost 60 percent of PTCB-certified technicians considering the profession their long-term career, technicians must have the opportunity to grow and demonstrate their knowledge and skills. Certified pharmacy technicians reported higher wages than non-certified technicians, according to the 2022 PTCB Workforce Survey, which received responses from over 20,000 technicians.

PTCB currently offers ten Assessment-Based Certificate Programs–such as Regulatory Compliance, Point-of-Care Testing, and Supply Chain and Inventory Management–that open doors for technicians to demonstrate their knowledge, receive recognition, and grow in their careers. For a complete list and more information, please visit ptcb.org/credentials/.

About PTCB

The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) is the nation's first, most trusted, and only nonprofit pharmacy technician credentialing organization. Founded on the guiding principle that pharmacy technicians play a critical role in advancing medication and patient safety, PTCB has established the universal standard of excellence for those supporting patient care teams by offering the industry's most-recognized credentials, including the PTCB certification for Certified Pharmacy Technicians (CPhT).


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SOURCE Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB)

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Killexams : CBSE Board exam 2023: Study tips for Class 12 Physics

CBSE Board exam 2023: Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will begin Class 10 and 12 final exams February 15 onwards. The board has published date sheets and is expected to release admit cards soon on cbse.nic.in.

Class 12 Physics is an important subject for Science stream students. The paper is scheduled for March 6, 2023. There is enough gap between papers so that students can do their revision before the exam. Students should get the Physics sample paper from cbseacademic.nic.in and practice solving it. This will help them understand their level of preparation and Improve speed and accuracy.

Surender Puli, PGT- Physics, Vidyagyan School, Sitapur has shared some tips and tricks so that students can study effectively for the upcoming exam:

1) Knowing the weightage of each chapter: Chapters like Electrostatics, Magnetostatics and Optics have more weight. So, students should practice these chapters first, master it and then move on to other topics.

2) Topic-wise Strategy: Generally, courses like Electrostatics, Magnetostatics and A.C circuits are mostly based on numerical. If your strength is with numbers, then start with these chapters.

Alternately, chapters from modern physics like dual nature, atoms, nuclei and semiconductor physics are based on theory, so those who are not as strong with mathematics, can look at these courses at first.

3) Effective ways to learn derivations: Students cannot mug up derivations, especially in physics. Instead, they can understand the Topic first, and then practice those derivations by writing in their notebooks. This will help them to revise quickly at the time of examination.

4) Tips on diagrams: Students need to practice a few diagrams before they take their board exams. For example, in chapters like optics practice the ray diagrams for the final images formed by microscopes, telescopes. Also look at some diagrams in the chapter magnetostatics, like moving coil galvanometer, A.C generator and in modern physics like binding energy per nucleon vs mass number, Rutherford’s atomic model etc. In nuclear physics nuclear reactor. In semiconductors formation of p-n Jn, rectifier ckt.

Mon, 30 Jan 2023 01:23:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/board-exams/cbse-board-exam-2023-study-preparation-tips-for-class-12-physics-admit-card-updates-on-cbsenicin-101675071247082.html
Killexams : ICSE Class 10 exam Preparation Tips 2023: 7 Tips to Score 95+ and Study Time Table

ICSE Class 10 Preparation Tips 2023 to Score 95+: ICSE Board examinations 2023 are all set to start from February 27th, 2023 and students are equally excited, nervous and anxious. While some class 10 students are working harder each day to score 95+ in the ICSE board examination 2023, some are still trying to figure out the best study time table to score good marks in ICSE exam 2023. Check this article to find the best ICSE exam Preparation Tips and a well-proven study time table.

Class 10 ICSE Board exam 2023 Preparation Tips: Students who are preparing to attempt class 10th ICSE board examinations 2023 from February 27, 2023 are all aiming to score a good percentage and get 95+ marks in the exam. ICSE class 10 board examinations, like any other examination, demands rigorous and exhaustive preparation. There is no shortcut or alternative to the hard work required to score 95+ in ICSE Class 10th board exams 2023. However, we can make the 10th class ICSE 2023 Board exam preparation journey easy for the students aspiring to score well.  

All ICSE Board students, who aim to achieve good results, must go through the ICSE board class 10 exam preparation tips given in this article to score well in the exams. Students must also take into account that the tips given below will work only with dedication to hard work and commitment to regular studying. 

Related: ICSE Class 10th Date sheet 2023 Released: Check the complete exam date sheet and guideline here 

7 ICSE Class 10 Board exam Preparation Tips to score 95+

Following the preparation tips below, students will be able to prepare smoothly and achieve the desired top scores in the ICSE class 10th Board 2023 examination:

1 Go through the complete ICSE Class 10th syllabus and analyse the contents

The first and the most important thing to focus on to prepare for ICSE Board examination is to know the ICSE Board Class 10 Syllabus 2023. Check the complete contents of the updated and revised ICSE syllabus. Analyse the syllabus of each subject very carefully and try to make a list of the courses that demand more time, more attention, more hard work along with the topics/ subjects that are easily doable.

Related: ICSE Syllabus for Class 10 2023: get Revised & Reduced Syllabus PDF

2 Prepare a study time table and study plan to cover the syllabus content

Based on your analysis of the syllabus for each subject, create a list where you jot down all the courses categorically, based on how much time you have to prepare for these subjects and how much time you can regularly provide to these courses and subjects.

Note: Have a practical approach and do not devote all your time to either a hard Topic or a Topic that is easy or your favourite. 

3 Include time for revision

Not revising what you learn is one of the causes of poor results in ICSE Board examination. In ICSE Board exam 2023, you can score 95+ by daily revising what you studied the previous day.

4 Practise the questions provided in the prescribed textbooks

All textbooks provide some practise questions in between and at the end of the chapters. These questions are designed specifically for students to help them understand the courses better. Therefore, if you are preparing to score good marks in ICSE Board exam 2023, you must not miss these practice questions. 

5 Attempt specimen question papers of ICSE Class 10

Specimen papers are a sample of the actual question papers in the ICSE Board examinations. Therefore, attempting the Specimen papers will provide you with a potential experience of the actual board examinations. Hence, you will be able to know where you need to Improve and also feel more confident.  

6 Solve previous year class 10 ICSE question papers 

Previous year question papers are like a time machine that gives you the knowledge of what students in the past years have faced in the examinations. Attempt these past year question papers, analyse each question and your answer with the knowledge that these questions have been asked to candidates of ICSE Board examinations in the previous years. 

7 Analyse your strengths and weaknesses

Self criticism and self analysis, when done with the right intent, can be a precursor to success. Thus, analysing where you stand is very important. All candidates of ICSE Board exam 2023 must check their progress, the courses that they are good at and the courses that need improvement. Only by analysing your strengths and weaknesses, you can put your hard work into your weaknesses and smartly use your strengths to score 95+ in the ICSE board exam.  

ICSE exam Preparation Tips: Study Time Table to achieve 95+ in ICSE Board exam 2023

Success comes with both hard work and smart work. Only with smartly done hard work, students can achieve the success that they aim for. In this case, students of ICSE Board who are aiming to score 95+ in the examination, must put rigorous hard work and smart efforts into achieving their goal. 

Here’s the ICSE Board class 10th study time table you need to score 95+ in the board examination 2023:

(Feel free to modify it according to your requirements)

Study Time Table to Score 95+ in ICSE Board exam 2023

You have 24 hours each day.

Out of these 24 hours, a good 8 hours of sleep is very necessary, especially during exam preparations.

About 4 hours would go into your daily chores, meals and other miscellaneous tasks.

At least, 30 mins to an hour must be invested into some sort of hobby or interest, physical exercise, meditation, sports, etc. to refresh and energise your mind and body. 

In the remaining 10 to 11 hours, students can easily study sufficiently with ample study breaks and rest.

1 hour

Quick Revision of the courses studied in the previous day

15 minutes 


1 hour 

Study new Topic from a subject that you like and you are good at

15 minutes 


1 hour

Study new Topic from a subject that you consider difficult 

15 minutes 


1 hour 

Attempt practise questions from textbook for the new courses that you have prepared

15 minutes 


1 hour

Study new Topic from a different subject that you find interesting or easy

15 minutes 


1 hour 

Study new Topic from a subject that you find hard

15 minutes 


1 hour 

Attempt practise questions from textbook for the new courses that you have prepared

30 mins

Plan for the courses that you would prepare the next day

Spend the remaining time reviewing specimen question papers, previous year papers and courses that interest you or courses that you find hard. 


  1. It is suggested to not use any digital media during the break time. 
  2. Less use of social media for better clarity and focus.
  3. Practise English writing skills daily.

Related: CBSE vs ICSE: Check the TOP 5 Differences

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Killexams : 5 tips for building a better cheese board, according to an expert

Assortment of cheeses and fruitGetty Images/The Picture Pantry/Lisovskaya Natalia © Provided by Salon Assortment of cheeses and fruitGetty Images/The Picture Pantry/Lisovskaya Natalia

Cheese is a truly marvelous food. No matter if it's soft or hard in texture, grated over a bowl of fresh pasta or enjoyed as is atop a salad or sandwich, there's a cheese for everyone. Stinky or fragrant, Italian or French, yellow or off-white.

You might like an ooey, gooey dish with lots and lots of cheese pulls (like this kale and three-cheese pizza), or perhaps you're more of a fan of a bronzed, crisped cheesy dish (such as this red pepper baked chicken parmigiana pasta).

Picking up some shredded cheese for a lasagna or one of our 10 other cheesiest recipes isn't a huge effort, but selecting the best options for a cheese board is a little more of an undertaking. The nuances, flavors and complexities of cheese are deepened when this food is savored on its own, without any application of heat or the inclusion of other ingredients to muddy the waters.

I recently spoke with Craig Gile, a famous cheese judge who is also the northwest regional sales manager at Cabot Creamery Co-operative. He took Salon Food readers behind the scenes of the worlds of cheesemaking and competitive cheese.

Gile is a former Cabot cheese grader who tasted up to 200 cheese samples a day. In addition to judging competitions, he presents "sensory presentations" on how to pick the best cheeses to retailers.

If you've participated in a wine tasting, the experience may sound somewhat familiar.

"I like to get people thinking about what they are tasting first. The vast majority of the time, we're not treating eating like a cognitive exercise," Gile told me. "I get people to look at the cheese, feel the body of the cheese, chew slowly, think about what they are tasting. Just focusing on the basic tastes is a great place to start. How salty do I think this cheese is? How sour or acidic do I think it is?"

Want more great food writing and recipes? Subscribe to Salon Food's newsletter, The Bite.

Have you ever shopped for an antipasto or mezze platter or charcuterie or grazing board and wondered how to buy better cheese at the grocery store? If so, you're in luck: Gile also shared his expert recommendations for putting together a cheese platter, pairing tips included.

First and foremost, Gile stresses one thing. Do not — I repeat do not — be intimidated.

"I have seen way too many people overthink and stress about building cheese platters," he said. "Have fun."

Now that you're ready to have some fun, here are Gile's five basic tips for building a better cheese board:

"Try to have one impressive, larger chunk of cheese as a 'centerpiece' that you build around."
"Embrace variety. You don't have to worry about cheeses going together unless you're going for a theme. Go with a variety of ages, textures, appearances, milk types. provide your guests options, and don't be afraid to think outside of the box with something like Cabot Habanero Cheddar Cheese."
"Add-ons: Look at dried meats, nuts, mustards, chutneys, jams, flake salts."
"Try to keep the cheese packages and labels. You'll have guests that discover a new cheese they love. Having the label/packaging handy is helpful to them if they want to purchase the cheese in the future."
"Cheesemongers don't bite. Cheesemongers are the most passionate and engaging retail workers around. They live to provide advice and cut samples. Even if you have no idea about cheese, they can help."

Read more

about all things cheese

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Killexams : Dehydration is linked to premature aging and illness, according to a study—Tips to stay hydrated

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Killexams : CBSE Class 12 English exam Preparation Tips: 4 Tips to Score More in 12th Board exam 2023

4 Tips to Score More in CBSE 12th English Board exam 2023: “How Can I Improve My English Writing Skill in Class 12?” is a question that students from all streams in CBSE Class 12th ask. This is because regardless of the stream, English language is a scoring subject. Check these 4 Tips to boost your scores in CBSE Class 12 English Core and Elective Board exam 2023.

CBSE Class 12 English exam Preparation Tips: CBSE Class 12 English Board exam 2023 is fast approaching. Both CBSE Class 12 English papers i.e., English Core and English Elective will be conducted on February 24, 2023. If you are also wondering “How Can I Improve My English Writing Skill in Class 12?” then you have come to the right place. In this article, we are going to provide students with the TOP 4 Tips to Improve scores in CBSE Class 12 English Board exam 2023. Using these tips you will be able to Improve your performance in the upcoming exam and hence score more in the CBSE 12th English exam, 2023.

CBSE Class 12 English Board exam 2023

First, let us check what to expect for CBSE Class 12 English Board Exams 2023.

The course structure and question paper design of CBSE Class 12 English Core Board exam 2023 is:

CBSE Class 12 English Core course structure









CBSE Class 12 English Core Question Paper Design



Total marks

Reading Skills 

Conceptual understanding, decoding, Analyzing, inferring, interpreting,appreciating, literary, conventions and vocabulary, summarizing and using appropriate format/s.


Creative Writing Skills 

Conceptual Understanding, application of rules, Analysis, Reasoning, appropriacy of style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency, inference, analysis, evaluation and creativity.


Literature Textbooks and Supplementary reading Texts 

Recalling, reasoning, critical thinking, appreciating literary convention, inference, analysis, creativity with fluency.





The course structure and question paper design of CBSE Class 12 English Elective Board exam 2023 is:

CBSE Class 12 English Elective course structure













CBSE Class 12 English Elective Question Paper Design



Total marks

Reading Comprehension 

Conceptual understanding, decoding, Analyzing, inferring, interpreting, appreciating, literary, conventions and vocabulary, summarizing and using appropriate format/s


Applied Grammar

Applying appropriate language conventions comprehension using structures interactively, application, accuracy


Creative Writing 

Reasoning, appropriacy of style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency, inference, analysis, evaluating, creativity with Fluency. 



Recalling, reasoning, appreciating literary convention, inference, analysis, creativity with fluency



Recalling, reasoning, appreciating literary conventions, illustrating with relevant quotations from the text, inferring, analyzing,evaluating and creating, giving opinions, justifying with fluency 





4 Tips to Score More in CBSE 12th English Board exam 2023 

If you are also wondering "How Can I Improve My English Writing Skill in Class 12 English Board exam?" then check these tips below:

TIP 1: Read (carefully) the reading section

Read the given passage carefully. Read each word attentively. If you read through the passage in a rush, either you will end up giving wrong answers to the questions or waste your time reading the passage again. Therefore, in order to save time and score more marks, read carefully the passages given in CBSE Class 12 English board exams.

TIP 2: Know the grammar

Grammar is not something that you can cram overnight. It applies to not just the English language but all other languages. Therefore, in order to not make silly mistakes or grammatical blunders in the exam, you must go back to the fundamentals of grammar. 

How to Improve your grammar?

  • Read more content in the English language, such as English newspapers or magazines on a daily basis. 
  • Check the fundamentals from prescribed English textbooks or workbooks by your teachers or school.
  • Practise solving the specimen questions from CBSE Class 12 English sample papers, past year question papers and additional practice questions by the CBSE Board.

TIP 3: For the writing section

Writing practise is necessary not just for accuracy but also to get into the habit of fast writing speed and neat handwriting

Similar to grammar, writing also needs dedicated practice. Especially when it comes to CBSE Class 12 English Board exams 2023, students  should specifically focus on the writing formats used for Letter writing, Notice Writing, Invitation, Article and Report Writing, etc. 

Dedicate about one hour, at least, every day to practise writing for CBSE Class 12 English Board exam 2023. 

TIP 4: Get familiar with the Literature

CBSE Class 12 English curriculum has multiple kinds of Prose and Poetry from different parts of the world, in different genres to enhance the knowledge of the students. You must be completely thorough with the contents of each chapter.

How to score well in the Literature section of CBSE Class 12 English?

To do well in CBSE Class 12 Literature and Fiction section,

  • Read each chapter multiple times to be clear about the contents under each prose or poetry
  • Create notes based on your own analysis and interpretation of the literary piece.
  • Create short notes and prepare character sketches for the major characters in the chapters.
  • Solve the resource material provided by the CBSE Boards for exam preparation such as sample question paper of English, Previous year Papers, etc. 

Important resources for CBSE Class 12 English Core Board exam 2023

Important resources for CBSE Class 12 English Elective Board exam 2023

Important Resources for CBSE Board exam Preparation 2023

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