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NCBTMB test - National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: NCBTMB National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork test November 2023 by Killexams.com team

NCBTMB National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork


Board Certification in Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork represents the highest attainable credential within the massage therapy and bodywork profession. Board Certification is a separate credential above and beyond entry-level massage therapy licensure.

As Board Certification is voluntary, its achievement represents the highest level of commitment to clients and to the advancement of the massage therapy and bodywork profession. Board Certificants must meet higher standards of education and experience, as well as pass a rigorous exam that tests massage therapy and bodywork technique and application, critical thinking, communication, law, ethics, evaluation, documentation, and planning.

NCBTMB is the only certifying body for the massage therapy and bodywork profession. For that reason, NCBTMBs certification processes are founded upon a superior Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice, which all Board Certificants must adhere to. Like our Certificants, the advancement of the profession and the improvement of client care is our focus.

Board Certification in Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (BCTMB) is the highest attainable credential within the massage therapy and bodywork profession. It is a separate credential above and beyond entry-level, mandatory state licensure.

Board Certificants must meet stringent requirements, clear a recurring criminal background check, and pass the Board Certification Exam.

Board Certification is so much more than having an entry-level massage license. By achieving the profession's highest attainable credential, you represent advanced standards of education, experience, critical thinking, and assessment skills to provide clients and patients positive outcomes.

In the past, massage therapists have not made Board Certification a priority as it is voluntary—but that is changing rapidly in both clinical and staff positions. As massage therapy gains traction as a reimbursable, non-pharmaceutical method for pain relief, insurance companies and other approval entities will look for, or may even require, Board Certification to make this possible.

Course Outline | Syllabus | Objectives

I. Massage Modalities, Techniques, And Manual Forces (20%)

• Knowledge

• General massage protocols

• Compression

• Tension/decompression

• Friction/shearing

• Bending

• PNF, MFR, pin and stretch, etc.

• Torsion

• Range of motion

• Muscle Energy Techniques

• Stretching

• Hydrotherapy

• Indications and contraindications

• Vibration (jostling, shaking)

• Tapotement

• Client/patient positioning

• Special population (pregnancy massage, oncology massage, etc.)

• Appropriate tools and appropriate use

• Efficient body mechanics

• Benefits and effects of modalities (forms), and techniques

• Modality literacy Skills

• Determine applicable massage techniques when working with clients

• Apply massage techniques safely

• Perform massage on special populations

• (athletes, geriatric, prenatal, etc.)

• Identify contraindications and apply affective techniques

• Identify fundamental characteristics of bodywork modalities

• Perform proper body mechanics while working with different populations

• Position clients for comfort and safety

II. Applied Science: Anatomy, Physiology, Kinesiology, Pathology/ Injury, and Pharmacology (25%)


• Anatomy (structure of the human body including joints, tissues, muscles, functions, origins, insertions, and actions, nerve
structure, etc.)

• Physiology – systems of the body with:

• i. in-depth knowledge in muscle, skeletal, and nervous systems

• ii. intermediate knowledge in integumentary, cardiovascular, lymphatic and digestive systems iii. basic knowledge in respiratory, endocrine, reproductive and urinary systems

• Kinesiology (mechanics of body movement including levers, agonists, antagonists, synergist, etc.)

• Pharmacology (contraindications of prescription and non-prescription medication, implications for massage, etc.)

• Standard precautions

• Endangerment sites


• Identify structures and functions of all body systems

• Identify muscle and joint physiology

• Recognize mechanics of body movement –

• agonists, antagonists and synergists

• Identify and apply range of motion techniques

– passive, active, active assisted and resistive range of motion

• Identify endangerment/cautionary sites

• Recognize muscle and orthopedic testing

• Identify indications and contraindications of common prescription drugs

• Determine proper stretching techniques and “end feels”

III. Professional Communication (15%)


• Medical terminology

• How to communicate with client/patient in understandable terms

• Reporting formats (appropriate language in medical history, treatment plan, SOAP notes, EMR etc.)


• Communication with clients/patients (asking questions to clarify information)

• Client/patient sensitivity and vulnerabilities (how to make clients comfortable during treatment)

• Verbal and non-verbal cues

• Informed consent


• Effectively communicate with clients when explaining treatment plans

• Describe techniques, anatomy, physiology and kinesiology in understandable terms

• Identify HIPAA procedures

• Work within client comfort levels

• Adapt to verbal and non-verbal cues when working with clients

• Document sessions appropriate to the work setting – SOAP, EMR, spa etc.

• Uphold all HIPAA confidentiality standards

• Effectively communicate in proper medical terminology when working with other healthcare professionals

IV. Professionalism & Ethics (10%)


• Current standard of care for safe and effective massage

• Professional boundaries

• Draping laws and techniques

• When to refer clients to other health professionals

• When, why and how to refuse treatment

• How to report misconduct and who to report to

• Transference and countertransference


• Maintain proper physical and emotional boundaries

• Respect clients right to say no

• Identify when to refer out and whom to refer clients with pathologies

• Identify transference and countertransference situations

• Identify when to refuse to treat clients

• Identify correct entities to report client or fellow massage therapists misconduct

V. Laws & Business Practices (5%)


• Appropriate draping

• Continuing education requirements

• Scope of practice and applicable licensing laws

• Record keeping (business and client/patient)


• Maintain client confidentiality

• Perform only within the massage therapy scope of practice

• Maintain appropriate draping for client protection and privacy

• Represent educational and professional

• qualifications honestly

• Demonstrate proper business and client record keeping

• Abide by national organizations code of conduct and policies

• Comply with all federal state and local laws

VI. Assessment (25%)


• Comprehensive intake

• Interview and data collection techniques

• Observation techniques (posture deviation, etc.)

• Range of motion (normal and abnormal body motions)

• Treatment session planning techniques in collaboration with client/patient and other healthcare professionals when necessary

• Indications and contraindications

• Functional assessments and reassessments

• Customized treatments

• Pain scale and pain management

• Medical terminology (SOAP charting, etc.)

• Clinical reasoning (analyzing information from client/patient)

• Research associated with massage therapy


• Conduct an effective and thorough intake interview to gather information

• Interpret client health history information

• Customize treatment plans to fit the needs of • each client

• Discuss treatment plan and alternate plans if requested by the client

• Determine common pain scale descriptions

• Utilize palpatory skills to assess soft tissue

• Perform and interpret active and passive range of motion assessments

• Perform and interpret postural analysis

• Perform and interpret gait assessment

• Perform and interpret manual resistance tests

• Perform and interpret special orthopedic tests

• Reassess client movement, strength and range of motion post – treatment

• Document all findings properly pre and post treatment and change treatment plans accordingly

• Collaborate with other healthcare professionals as needed

• Communicate using appropriate medical terminology when speaking with other medical professionals and in official documentation

• Work effectively as part of an integrated healthcare team

• Recognize and analyze research

• Identify different areas of research

National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
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National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage
& Bodywork
Which of the following ligaments is not involved in the radiocarpal joint?
A. Dorsal radiocarpal ligament
B. Palmar ulnocarpal ligament
C. Annular ligament
D. Palmar radiocarpal ligament
Answer: C
Question: 9
Which of the following muscles does not attach to the scapula?
A. Adductor magnus
B. Teres minor
C. Teres major
D. Supraspinatus
Answer: A
Question: 10
Which of the following nerves is not part of the brachial plexus?
A. Obturator
B. Ulnar
C. Radial
D. Axillary
Answer: A
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Medical Certification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NCBTMB Search results Medical Certification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NCBTMB https://killexams.com/exam_list/Medical Several candidates resort to malpractices in medical exams which reminds one of 'Munnabhai MBBS': HC

Several candidates resort to malpractices in medical examinations and this reminds of ''Munnabhai MBBS'' movie, the Aurangabad bench of the Bombay High Court said while refusing relief to a person who was not permitted to appear for the NEET exam as he did not have a required document.

A division bench of Justices R V Ghuge and Y G Khobragade in its October 31 judgment dismissed the petition filed by a 49-year-old doctor Shyamsundar Patil seeking a direction to the National Board of Examinations to hold the National Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Test for Super Specialty 2023 exam for him.

Patil was not permitted to enter the examination centre at Hyderabad in September as he did not have a physical copy of his permanent registration certificate issued by the Medical Council. Patil claimed that he had a copy of the same on his phone but since mobile phones were prohibited in the exam centres, he was not allowed to enter.

The bench, however, said the authorities cannot be faulted.

The court said as a result of technological advancement and development, there are instances when students have resorted to various methods/tactics of manufacturing admit cards, identity cards, hacking websites and carrying air-pods or electronic earbuds in the examination hall, in order to resort to malpractices in the examinations.

''We are reminded of the movie ''Munnabhai MBBS'', and it would not be too much to say that there are several candidates who resort to such practices. There are instances when the results of the NEET-UG and PG exams are hacked by hackers, results are manufactured and higher scores in the examination results are published on such fictitious websites,'' the court said.

It added that the examination authority had been consistently informing the candidates as to what documents they should be carrying along with them to the examination hall and which are the electronic instruments and gadgets that are to be left behind and are not to be carried to the hall.

The purpose behind this mechanism is to ensure that the examination is conducted in a fair manner and that a proxy candidate or a candidate resorting to unfair means does not participate in the examination, it added.

The bench noted that the petitioner had not carried a copy of his registration certificate and had relied on showing it on his mobile phone at the examination centre and hence laches cannot be attributed to the authorities.

''Had the petitioner carried the Medical Registration certificate, there was no embargo for him to enter the examination hall. Therefore, it could only be said that the petitioner should blame himself for having failed in strictly following the standing instructions for the students,'' the court said.

The bench said it would not be reasonable and appropriate to direct the authorities to hold a fresh examination only for the petitioner.

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Thu, 16 Nov 2023 23:20:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.devdiscourse.com/article/law-order/2716280-several-candidates-resort-to-malpractices-in-medical-exams-which-reminds-one-of-munnabhai-mbbs-hc
FDA grants approval for first time to a home test for chlamydia and gonorrhea

The Food and Drug Administration granted marketing approval to a home test for chlamydia and gonorrhea on Wednesday, the first such authorization of a home test to detect the two most common sexually transmitted infections in this country.

The marketing approval was granted to LetsGetChecked’s Simple 2 Test, which allows individuals to collect a trial at home that is then submitted to a laboratory for processing. Prior to this, the only approved tests for these two STIs required samples to be collected at medical facilities such as doctors’ offices.

“This authorization marks an important public health milestone, giving patients more information about their health from the privacy of their own home,” said Jeff Shuren, director of the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “We are eager to continue supporting greater consumer access to diagnostic tests, which helps further our goal of bringing more health care into the home.”

The Simple 2 Test will be available over the counter and is intended for use by people aged 18 and older. The only other STI test that allows for home trial collection is for HIV.

Jodie Dionne, an STI expert at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, welcomed the news, saying experts in the field have been advocating for this approach for some time.

“It is exciting to see the FDA recognize the value of this type of testing by granting marketing authorization through the premarket review pathway,” Dionne, an associate professor of infectious diseases, said in an email.

“There are many people who would like to be tested for STIs who may not know where to go or who have barriers to accessing medical care. If we are going to do a better job of reaching more sexually active people for STI testing as recommended … we need to be creative about how to get them tested and treated in a way that is highly effective and works for them.”

Alan Katz, an STI expert at the University of Hawaii, said the test deploys the same assay clinicians use to diagnose chlamydia and gonorrhea, an assay that has an excellent accuracy record. And Katz, who is a medical consultant at the Hawaii State Department of Health’s Diamond Head STI/HIV Clinic, said this approach also has other advantages.

“This option is exceptionally useful for individuals who live in rural areas or are geographically distanced from a clinic where STI testing can be done and there is no telehealth option available,” he said via email. “If a person screens positive, they can then contact a healthcare provider for further evaluation and treatment.”

Rates of new infections of chlamydia and gonorrhea have been soaring in the U.S. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates there were more than 1.6 million cases of chlamydia in 2021, and over 710,000 cases of gonorrhea the same year. Both infections are curable, but if left untreated can trigger serious long-term effects, including infertility.

Home samples are taken either using vaginal swabs or urine samples, which are then submitted to a designated laboratory. Results are delivered online, with follow-up care provided when a diagnosis is positive or ambiguous.

Unapproved home tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea have existed for some time, but until now none has gone through the FDA’s approval process. This approval may make it easier for future such tests to clear the FDA’s regulatory pathway.

Wed, 15 Nov 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.statnews.com/2023/11/15/chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-home-test-fda-approval/
Community Healthcare System hospitals National Safe Sleep certification

Community Hospital in Munster, St. Catherine Hospital in East Chicago and St. Mary Medical Center in Hobart all earned National Safe Sleep Gold certifications.

The Community Healthcare System hospitals received the national recognition for educating patients about best practices with infant safe sleep.

“We want to do everything we can to protect the lives of our youngest and most vulnerable patients,” said Community Hospital Clinician and Neonatal Nurse Educator Mary Puntillo. “We are honored to receive another five-year certification for our three hospitals. It reinforces the importance of educating families on safe infant sleep. Our goal is to safeguard the future for all of the babies who have started their lives at our hospitals.”

Cribs for Kids launched the National Safe Sleep Hospital Certification Program as a way to prevent infant sleep-related deaths caused by accidental suffocation and sudden unexpected infant death.

People are also reading…

Community Hospital, St. Catherine Hospital and St. Mary Medical Center follow safe sleep guidelines recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics, training parents and its staff.

The three hospitals most recently earned Gold level certification in 2018.

“We are united in safe sleep practices and work together to provide the same education and message to Excellerate the overall maternal and infant health in Northwest Indiana,” St. Mary Medical Center Quality/Risk Management Director Lisa Leckrone said.

The certification is good for five years.

“One of the most important things we do is provide information on preventing sudden unexpected infant deaths,” St. Catherine Hospital Nurse Manager LaTina Ashana said. “We include this crucial information in our discharge process, via printed materials and through the use of HALO SleepSacks.”

It's estimated that 3,500 infants die every year of sleep-related deaths, said Michael H. Goodstein, neonatologist and medical director of research at Cribs for Kids.

“We know that modeling safe infant sleep in the hospital and providing education to families has a significant effect on infant mortality,” Goodstein said. “Cribs for Kids Hospital Certification Program is designed to recognize those hospitals that are taking an active role in reducing these preventable deaths.”

Thu, 16 Nov 2023 09:45:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.nwitimes.com/news/local/community-healthcare-system-hospitals-national-safe-sleep-certification/article_60938c0e-8443-11ee-b3b7-b7d3fa70f53f.html
Changing Lives: Academically Helping Professionals Establish Foreign Medical Practice No result found, try new keyword!Academically, an innovative EdTech startup, has rapidly evolved into a pioneering force in the field of healthcare education. Thu, 16 Nov 2023 16:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.outlookindia.com/business-spotlight/changing-lives-academically-helping-professionals-establish-foreign-medical-practice-news-331148 10 Documents To Support Your Medical Malpractice Claim

If you are considering a medical malpractice claim, it is important to understand what types of documents and other records you should keep. These documents will be used as evidence to support your legal claim for compensation. When crucial evidence is missing or incomplete, it can affect whether or not your medical negligence claim is successful, or how much compensation you are awarded. Fortunately, even if you do not have some of the documents listed here, your attorney may be able to obtain copies for you. 

Here we discuss ten of the most important documents you should keep to ensure the success of your medical malpractice claim.

1. Medical Records

Medical records are the most important evidence in a medical malpractice case. They contain detailed information about your treatment, including any diagnoses, procedures, medications prescribed, and notes from your healthcare providers. It is essential to collect all medical records from every healthcare provider involved in your treatment at issue, including records from hospitals, clinics, and specialists.

Your medical records should include medical test results such as blood work, X-rays, and MRIs. These can provide important information about your condition before and after the medical malpractice event. They can also contain evidence of errors made by your healthcare provider in the interpretation of the test results.

Informed consent forms included in your medical records indicate that you gave permission for a certain procedure or treatment. These forms can be used to show that the healthcare provider failed to disclose the risks and potential complications associated with the procedure or treatment. This can be a crucial piece of evidence in proving negligence on the part of the healthcare provider.

Prescription records can also provide insight into your treatment and any potential errors made by your healthcare provider, pharmacist, or the equipment administering the medication. These records should include all prescribed medications, dosages, time and manner of administration, and any adverse reactions you experienced.

2. Medical Bills and Other Receipts

Medical bills and other receipts serve as evidence of the financial impact of the alleged malpractice. These documents should detail all expenses incurred during and after your treatment, including charges for hospital stays, doctor's visits, surgeries, medications, therapy or rehabilitation sessions, and any medical equipment needed for recovery. These records can also include transportation expenses for medical appointments and any out-of-pocket costs you have paid. 

You may have expenses that are not medical that can also be included in your claim, such as the cost of home renovations or vehicle modifications that are necessary as a result of your injuries. The cost of at-home nursing care or similar services may also be eligible for compensation.

3. Insurance Documents

Insurance documents play a vital role in substantiating your medical malpractice claim. They consist of your health insurance policy, Explanation of Benefits (EOBs), and any correspondence with your insurance company. Your policy details the terms and conditions of your coverage, while the EOB provides an itemized account of the medical services you received, the charges that you incurred, and the amounts that were billed to your insurance. Any correspondence with your insurance company is also important.

4. Correspondence with the Healthcare Provider or Insurer

All written communication between you and your healthcare provider or insurance company can serve as significant evidence in your medical malpractice claim. This might include emails, letters, or notes of telephone conversations, or communications regarding your treatment, any complaints you may have lodged, or discussions about your condition. Similarly, any communication with the insurance company regarding claims, disputes, or denials should be preserved. This evidence can illustrate your efforts to address the issue and any negligence or misconduct on the part of the healthcare provider or insurer. Sharing these documents with your medical malpractice lawyer can provide further context to your claim and help build a stronger case for compensation.

5. Witness Statements

If there were witnesses present during the course of your treatment or procedure, their statements can be valuable evidence in a medical malpractice claim. Witnesses can also provide evidence of the impact of the malpractice on your daily activities and quality of life. Your attorney will help you to identify witnesses and gather their statements when necessary during the course of your medical malpractice claim.

6. Treating Expert Opinions

In some cases, medical doctors who have treated or are treating you may express expert opinions about your care, treatment, or prognosis. These treating physician opinions are used to support your medical malpractice claim by providing a professional, and often unbiased-by-litigation, analysis of some aspect of your case.

7. Employment Records or Tax Returns

Employment records and tax returns are evidence of your lost wages and benefits. In a medical malpractice case, victims often face substantial economic losses due to the inability to work or a reduction in their working capacity. These losses are referred to as lost wages and benefits, and they can form a significant part of your compensation. Similarly, your future loss of earnings may also be compensable. This accounts for the reduction in your ability to earn in the future as a result of the injury. It is calculated based on a variety of factors, such as your age, work-life expectancy, skills, and the severity of your injuries. These calculations often require the expertise of economic loss experts to accurately predict future earning potential and loss.

8. Personal Journal or Diary Entries

If you kept a personal journal or diary during your treatment, these entries can be used to document your medical appointments, periods of treatment, any changes in your condition, symptoms, or concerns you may have raised with your healthcare provider. This can be valuable evidence in showing the progression of your condition and any potential negligence on the part of the healthcare provider.

A journal is also useful for documenting your pain and suffering, including physical discomfort and emotional anxiety. Pain and suffering is often a substantial part of the compensation awarded in a medical malpractice case. A journal can be used to record your daily pain levels, mobility issues, sleepless nights, feelings of depression, anxiety, fear, or frustration, and the impact of these problems on your quality of life. Do remember that this journal could become a public document if it is used as evidence in your case.

9. Photographs, Videos, and Text Messages

Photographs, videos, and text messages serve as powerful tools to document your condition, your injuries, and your recovery process. They capture a real-time narrative that words often cannot express, holding undeniable evidentiary value. For instance, photographs of physical injuries, surgical wounds, or any visible adverse reactions to a treatment can substantiate your claim. Similarly, videos can illustrate mobility issues, symptom severity, or other physical hardships caused by your healthcare provider’s negligence. And text messages can document complaints and clinical responses by medical professionals that are not captured by medical records. Photos, videos, and text messages should be dated and/or timestamped, which most devices now do automatically.

10. Death Certificate and Autopsy Report

In tragic cases where medical malpractice results in a patient's death, the death certificate and autopsy report become crucial pieces of evidence. The death certificate provides the cause and manner of death, which can substantiate claims of medical negligence. The autopsy report, on the other hand, gives more detailed information about the deceased's exact cause of death and may reveal evidence of malpractice that was not apparent before. These documents can provide compelling proof of a causal connection between a healthcare provider’s malpractice and the fatal injuries to the patient.

When your attorney can present strong evidence to support your medical malpractice claim, you are more likely to receive full and fair compensation, even if your case is settled before you get to trial. You can help your chances of success if you are diligent about keeping copies of the documents listed here.

Tue, 14 Nov 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/10-documents-to-support-your-medical-5400862/
Matthew Perry’s toxicology report ‘should be finished’: former medical examiner No result found, try new keyword!Matthew Perry’s cause of death is still “deferred,” but a former medical examiner believes that the late actor’s toxicology report “should be finished” at this point. Fri, 10 Nov 2023 05:26:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ 5 Best At-Home Nutrient and Vitamin Deficiency Tests in 2023

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At-home vitamin deficiency tests are available from online retailers, including LetsGetChecked, Everlywell, MyLab Box, and more. Popular test kits can measure a person’s vitamin D, B12, or iron levels.

The specific symptoms of a vitamin deficiency will depend on which vitamin deficiency a person has.

For example, a vitamin C deficiency can cause:

An iron deficiency can cause fatigue, while a lack of vitamin D can be responsible for:

A person should speak with a doctor about their symptoms before getting a vitamin deficiency test.

All reputable at-home tests will have instructions and a customer care line for any further questions.

Most vitamin deficiency tests require a blood sample. The company should send all necessary equipment, including a lancet, in the original package.

People will likely need to fill in a form detailing personal information. Then, they should use the lancet to collect a trial of blood.

The company should provide a return envelope with pre-paid shipping. When a person takes their sample, they should send the envelope off.

People will receive their results soon after, typically within one week of the lab receiving the samples. Depending on the company a person uses, they may need to log in or use an app to view their results.

Some companies may offer follow-up advice. Others may suggest contacting a healthcare professional for help interpreting the results.

Please note that the writer of this article has not tried these products. All information presented is purely research-based and correct at the time of publication.

A Medical News Today Editor, Lois Zoppi, provided the quotes in this article. They received a free Essential Vitamins test from LetsGetChecked to review.

The table below compares each vitamin deficiency test in this article for collection method, price, result turnaround time, and more.

People may wish to consider these factors before buying a test online:

  • The nutrients tested: Many companies offer comprehensive panels testing several vitamins and minerals. However, some tests only check the levels of certain vitamins. A person should pick the test that best suits their needs.
  • The collection method: Anyone uncomfortable drawing a finger-prick blood trial may prefer a test that relies on a saliva trial instead. However, many vitamin and mineral tests require a blood test.
  • Fasting: Some tests require a person to fast before taking a sample. A person should check the fasting period before taking the test. They may also require people to stop taking certain supplements for a few days before collecting a sample.
  • The timing of results: Some tests have shorter turnaround times, but these may be more expensive.
  • Price: Different at-home vitamin deficiency tests fit different budgets. Those that test for a wider range of vitamins may cost more.

The FDA states that at-home tests can effectively detect health conditions and monitor existing ones. However, it warns people should not replace doctor’s appointments with at-home tests.

The most reputable companies selling at-home tests send customers’ samples to CLIA-certified labs. These are the labs that hospitals and doctor’s offices use, which may suggest the trial analysis will be as accurate as it is for tests people will get from a doctor.

However, people risk making mistakes or contaminating their samples when they collect them at home. Those uncomfortable collecting their trial may wish to visit an in-person testing center.

When a person develops a nutritional deficiency, the body may produce symptoms, some of which can go unnoticed. Though an at-home test should not substitute for a doctor’s or registered dietitian’s advice, it may indicate missing nutrients in a person’s diet.

Although the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020–2025 indicate that a person must aim to meet their vitamin and mineral needs through their diet, sometimes they may need a multivitamin to supplement their intake.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists several of the most common deficiencies in the United States. These include:

Learn more about vitamins and how they work.

High-risk groups

A 2019 research review showed specific groups of people with a higher risk of developing vitamin or mineral deficiencies. The groups included:

  • undernourished people
  • older adults
  • pregnant people
  • adolescents
  • young children

The researchers write that addressing these deficiencies should include improved, more diverse diets, and supplementation.

If a test shows that a person has a vitamin deficiency, they must contact a doctor. A person may also wish to inform a doctor if their test does not show a particular deficiency.

If a person receives treatment from a doctor, they may wish to conduct the test again after their treatment ends to see how their vitamin levels change.

A person should consult a doctor before making health decisions based on the results of an at-home test.

Below, we answer some of the most frequently asked vitamin deficiency test questions.

How do you test for vitamin deficiencies?

People can test for vitamin deficiencies with at-home tests like those from Everlywell and LetsGetChecked. People can also get a vitamin deficiency test from a doctor. The tests will usually involve taking a blood sample.

How can I get my vitamin levels checked?

A person can speak to a doctor or order an at-home vitamin deficiency test from companies such as LetsGetChecked, Everlywell, or MyLabBox to get their vitamin levels checked.

What are the first signs of vitamin deficiency?

The first signs of vitamin deficiency are likely to differ depending on which vitamin a person is deficient in.

However, some common signs include fatigue, dry skin and hair, and muscle cramps.

If someone believes they have a deficiency, they should contact a healthcare professional to discuss testing.

Should I get tested for vitamin deficiencies?

If a person shows any signs of a vitamin deficiency, such as fatigue, depression, or dry, brittle hair, they may wish to undergo testing.

At-home testing may be more convenient and less expensive than visiting a clinic.

At-home vitamin deficiency tests check levels of vitamins and minerals in a blood or saliva sample. They are generally convenient, but they can be expensive.

Anyone concerned about a deficiency should consider consulting a doctor, especially if a test returns a positive result. The doctor can check for underlying health conditions, perform further tests, and offer treatment if needed.

Thu, 09 Nov 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/vitamin-deficiency-test
MoPH holds Qatari medical specialities certificate exams The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) has announced the completion of the October 2023 cycle of the Qatar Medical Specialisation Certificate, also known as the Qatari Board of Medical Specialties (QBMS).
The ministry said, in a statement Tuesday, that the cycle included 14 Part 1 examinations and four Part 2 examinations, whereby 235 resident physicians, enrolled in 16 speciality programmes, took the exam. Of those, 181 took Part 1 examinations and 54 took Part 2 examinations.
The Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate (Qatari Board) was launched in July 2020 under the auspices of the Ministry of Public Health. The project aims to grant physicians, enrolled in accredited structured clinical training programs in the State of Qatar (there are 17 accredited programmes so far), the chance to receive higher specialisation certificates in their medical specialities from a national authority that follows the best scientific practices in this regard.
The physicians must first fulfil their requirements and then pass a number of examinations, including written and clinical exams, which test them and confirm that they have the highest levels of competence, education, and knowledge in their respective specialities. This enables them to provide high-quality medical care to citizens and residents of Qatar.
In this context, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate and Director, Department of Healthcare Professions in MoPH, Dr Saad al-Kaabi, said: “The successful completion of the fourth cycle of the Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate (Qatari Board) written exams is an important and decisive step in completing the project to establish the Qatari Board. This is because this year will witness the graduation of the first batch of physicians who will obtain the Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate (Qatari Board) after passing all the required written and clinical exams. This is the most important output of the project and the culmination of the efforts of those working on it.”
Dr al-Kaabi stated that the process of preparing and reviewing these examinations was carried out by local experts with the highest levels of competence in the medical sector in Qatar. Moreover, the great effort exerted by the members of the Examination Committee and the Written Examination Subcommittee played an essential role in the success of this cycle of the Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate examinations.
For his part, the head of the Examination Committee of the Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate Dr Abdullah al-Nuaimi said: “The Qatar Medical Specialization Certificate (Qatari Board) adopted a strategic direction relying on local expertise (from the Qatari and resident physicians with distinguished competence and experience) in building and developing the Qatari Board, including the development of the organisational structures, policies, standards, and regulations up to and including the preparation of its examinations following the latest evidence-based methods.
“This has significantly contributed to the Qatari Board achieving great successes in a record period of time. It has also enabled us to build efficient local capabilities, especially in the fields of preparing and developing written and clinical examinations, that ensure the continuity and sustainability of the Qatari Boards operations.”
Tue, 07 Nov 2023 07:42:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.gulf-times.com/article/671455/qatar/moph-holds-qatari-medical-specialities-certificate-exams
Dundy County sheriff recalled by voters after failing to obtain law enforcement certification

Abortion rights advocates in Nebraska who are launching a ballot initiative campaign this week are seeking to enshrine "a fundamental right to abortion until fetal viability" in the state's constitution, according to proposed policy language made public Wednesday.

The language — initially filed with Nebraska's secretary of state earlier this month by a coalition of advocates known as Protect Our Rights — will appear on petitions seeking to put the constitutional amendment before voters in November 2024.

The coalition leading the effort, which includes the ACLU of Nebraska, I Be Black Girl, Planned Parenthood Advocates of Nebraska, the Women's Fund of Omaha and Nebraska Appleseed, among others, plans to formally launch their petition drive Thursday in Omaha.

Advocates will need to collect signatures from 10% of Nebraska's registered voters to get the would-be amendment on the ballot next November — a total that will require about 122,000 authorized signatures, including 5% of registered voters in at least 38 of Nebraska's 93 counties.

The proposed policy language does not set a specific timeline for when abortion would be illegal under the amendment but defines fetal viability as "the point in pregnancy when, in the professional judgment of the patient's treating health care practitioner, there is a significant likelihood of the fetus' sustained survival outside the uterus without the application of extraordinary medical measures."

If it reaches the ballot and is approved by voters, the amendment would also ensure abortions are available "when needed to protect the life or health of the pregnant patient, without interference from the state or its political subdivisions."

"This amendment will ensure that these personal decisions stay with Nebraskans — not politicians," Ashlei Spivey, a member of Protect Our Rights' executive committee and executive director of I Be Black Girl, said in a statement Wednesday.

The proposed policy invokes similar language as the constitutional amendment voters in Ohio supported last week that allows the state to regulate abortion only after fetal viability, which is generally considered to be six months of pregnancy or about 22-24 weeks gestation.

The proposed language prompted immediate backlash from Gov. Jim Pillen and some of his allies in the Legislature, who in April voted 3315 to pass a bill that restricted access to abortion in the state to 12 weeks based on gestational age. State law previously allowed abortions up until 20 weeks post-fertilization.

"Bottom line: it's very vague, it's very open," Pillen told reporters Wednesday, suggesting "fetal viability" could be defined "a lot of different ways."

"I'm gonna fight it with every ounce of energy that I have because what it will lead to, if enacted, it will lead to doctors deciding — women deciding, doctors deciding whether a baby being born at 39 weeks can live or not," he said.

"We are a pro-life state. There's no Nebraskans that are gonna support that petition and we're gonna make sure they understand the truth of the language in it."

Questioned about his assertion that no Nebraskan would support the petition, Pillen then said: "The majority of Nebraskans are not going to support that petition."

State Sen. Joni Albrecht of Thurston, who proposed a six week ban that was narrowly blocked in the Legislature this year before the body ultimately passed the 12-week ban, called the petition language "extreme" and said current law already provides exceptions for the life of the mother and medical emergencies throughout pregnancy.

"An amendment that jeopardizes the health and safety of women and abandons babies who deserve love and protection to painful late-term abortion procedures must be rejected," she said in a press release.

Abortion rights advocates have framed the issue as unpolitical, pointing to the success of the abortion rights ballot initiative last week in Ohio — the seventh state where voters have decided to protect abortion access in the months since the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade in June 2022 — as evidence that the fight over abortion access is not an inherently political issue.

But the looming ballot initiative campaign in Nebraska will nonetheless pit advocates against Pillen and his political allies who championed the passing of the state's 12-week ban in April.

Those restrictions, which took effect immediately, have been challenged in court, so far unsuccessfully. The legal challenge — currently pending in the Nebraska Supreme Court — claims the law violated the state constitution's single-subject rule because the bill that put the restrictions into place also banned gender-affirming surgeries for minors.

Pillen has since pledged that he and his allies in the Legislature are "going to end" abortion at conception in Nebraska, indicating their push to restrict access to the procedure won't stop with bans at 12 or even six weeks.

Advocates, though, hope to halt further restrictions and reverse those already in place.

"Unlike the state officials working to totally ban abortion, we're elevating the voices and lived experiences of Nebraskans who believe that pregnant people should be able to access needed care with compassion and privacy, free from political interference," Spivey said in her statement Wednesday.

She said the amendment is "informed both by medical experts and where most Nebraskans are on this issue."

The group's filings with Secretary of State Bob Evnen's office list three formal sponsors of the proposed amendment: Dr. Andy Robertson, an Elkhorn-based maternal and fetal medicine specialist; Dr. Carolyn Maud Doherty, an OB-GYN in Omaha, and Jasmine Smith, a birth and postpartum pregnancy loss support provider who also lives in Omaha.

The coalition has commissioned a poll to test Nebraskans' view on the issue but hasn't published results of that effort.

Campaign finance reports filed with the Nebraska Accountability and Disclosure Commission indicate the Washington, D.C. Based organization the Fairness Project paid a California polling firm nearly $54,000 to conduct the poll on behalf of the Nebraska coalition.

Protect Our Rights' latest campaign finance statement, which the group filed in late October, suggests that it has around $43,000 in cash on hand and has so far been funded primarily by the ACLU of Nebraska, which gave $25,000 to the coalition in September and again in October.

Wed, 15 Nov 2023 03:59:00 -0600 en text/html https://omaha.com/eedition/sunrise/page-b1/page_a0fae81b-cfe6-5c70-9b17-8a822fc76dec.html
Matthew Perry’s death certificate reveals 'Friends' star’s time of death

Matthew Perry's official death certificate has been released almost two weeks after the "Friends" star died at the age of 54.

The death certificate, obtained by Fox News Digital, said the actor died at 4:17 p.m. Oct. 28 at his home in Pacific Palisades, California, near Los Angeles.

Perry's stepfather and longtime "Dateline" correspondent Keith Morrison, 76, was listed as the "informant," the person, usually a family member, who provides personal information about the deceased on the certificate. 

The document said Perry was buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles Nov. 3. Perry's family and former "Friends" co-stars, including Jennifer Aniston, Lisa Kudrow, David Schwimmer, Matt LeBlanc and Courteney Cox attended the private ceremony in Los Angeles.


The Hollywood Hills cemetery is not far from the Warner Bros. studio lot in Burbank, California, where Perry and his castmates filmed the hit sitcom during its 10-year run from 1994 to 2004.


Actor Matthew Perry of the television show 'The Kennedys - After Camelot' speaks onstage during the REELZChannel portion of the 2017 Winter Television Critics Association Press Tour at the Langham Hotel on January 13, 2017 in Pasadena, California (Ph

The certificate cited Perry's occupation as "actor" in the "entertainment" industry for 38 years. Perry's cause of death was listed as "deferred." 

Perry died after an apparent drowning in a hot tub at his home, law enforcement sources previously confirmed to Fox News Digital.

On Oct. 29, a representative for the Los Angeles County Medical Examiner-Coroner's office confirmed to Fox News Digital the actor's autopsy had been completed and toxicology reports were pending.

The coroner initially listed "other significant conditions" as a cause of death, and he said Perry's body was "ready for release" before removing his case from the county website.

Dr. Michael Baden, former chief medical examiner of New York City, forensic pathologist and Fox News contributor, explained that while toxicology tests take time, information reportedly leaked by law enforcement may indicate that a full report is already completed.

"They’ve got pretty much 99% of what they're going to get at this point as far as information goes, and they can release it now or they can wait for a couple more weeks because they’re looking for some unknown drug," Baden told Fox News Digital.

No foul play is suspected, and no illegal drugs were reportedly found at the home. Initial tests indicated neither fentanyl nor meth was found in the actor’s system at the time of his death, according to TMZ, citing law enforcement sources.

"They might be doing microscopic slides, but it’s now about almost two weeks, so the toxicology should be finished," Baden explained. 


"I imagine what they’re doing right now is discussing the findings with the prosecutor and the family, and that in good time it will be when they should release the findings."

As Baden previously told Fox News Digital, "[O]ften [when there] is a great interest in a death, there's delay to do a more extensive toxicology than normal."

Baden noted that the release of toxicology results could be pending for many reasons.

"If it's a drug overdose, they oftentimes — that itself will delay it," he said. "They're making a decision, and it doesn't sound that there's any reason the prosecutors should be involved with this. There’s no foul play unless it's an illegal drug, and they're trying to find out, you know, how he got the drug.


"If there are illegal drugs, the police would be involved … how he got illegal drugs."

The "Friends" actor was already dead when first responders arrived at the home to find him "unconscious in a stand-alone hot tub," according to a release provided by Capt. Erik Scott. "A bystander had brought the man's head above the water and gotten him to the edge, then firefighters removed him from the water."

Scott added that, following a "rapid medical assessment," the man was "deceased prior to first responder arrival" and that circumstances are under investigation by the LAPD and the LA County Medical Examiner.


The case has since moved on to the LAPD Robbery-Homicide Division, which is not uncommon because the agency often works with high-profile cases.

In an October 2022 interview with The New York Times, Perry said he had been sober since early 2021. In a Fox News Digital interview with Perry's friend, who saw the beloved star one day before he died, she said he was "100% sober."

Perry had been candid about his addiction and sobriety journey, and he previously founded the Perry House, a men’s sober living facility in Malibu, California, which he ran for two years before closing the business to find an easier access location to serve more members of the community.

Fox News Digital's Tracy Wright contributed to this report. Read more of this story from FOX News. 

Sat, 11 Nov 2023 02:18:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.foxla.com/news/matthew-perrys-death-certificate-reveals-friends-stars-time-of-death

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