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NBCC-NCC
NBCC - National Certified Counselor
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Question: 325
Existential therapy is not problem or crisis-focused, but involves the
establishment of a deep relationship between the __________and the
___________?
A. Husband, wife
B. Client, clinician
C. Child, parent
D. Audience, actor
Answer: B
Because existential therapy is not problem focused and involves the establishment
of a deep relationship between client and clinician, it is almost never time limited
or rushed. Typically, no clear stages or transitions can be identified in the
treatment. Within this treatment, people use the information they have shared
about themselves to find meaning in their lives.
Question: 326
Self-actualization is an important concept for which type of therapy?
A. Existential
B. Psychodynamic
C. Behavioral
D. Cognitive
Answer: A
For existential therapists, self-actualization is an important concept, as it is for
person-centered therapists. Abraham Maslow describes the nature of self-
actualization as that of fulfilling potential, reaching for the highest within, and
growing from within.
Question: 327
How many levels of cognitions can be categorized in cognitive therapy?
A. Two
B. Three
C. Five
D. Four
Answer: D
Cognitions can be categorized according to four levels; automatic thoughts,
intermediate beliefs, core beliefs, and schemas. In cognitive therapy, treatment
typically begins with automatic thoughts and then proceeds to identification,
evaluation, and modification of intermediate and core beliefs and finally, of
schemas.
Question: 328
328. What are the three basic elements to look for when assessing a psychology
test?
A. Ease in understanding the questions, length of test, time given
B. Reliability, validity, standardization
C. Common element, standardization, biserial correlation
D. None of the above
Answer: B
Reliability is a measure of test consistency, validity is a measure of test
usefulness, and standardization provides a mean (average) and a standard
deviation (spread) relative to a certain group.
Question: 329
What does an item characteristic" curve plot?
A. The responses to each of the options to an item
B. The item"s difficulty against its discrimination
C. The probability of answering an item correctly against estimates of ability
D. An individual"s responses against the entire group"s responses
Answer: C
An item characteristic curve plots the probability of answering an item correctly
against estimates of ability.
Question: 330
In teacher-made tests, an item analysis is important because:
A. It reveals correctable features in the test teaching
B. It informs the teacher as to whether the test should be counted or not
C. It produces useful technical research data
D. It supplies students with valuable additional scores
Answer: A
Revealing correctable features in the test teaching is an important feature of item
analysis for the instructor and his/her future testing.
Question: 331
What does a self-report personality test mean?
A. It shows a multiple range of personality traits
B. It shows one specific personality trait
C. Clients do the test on their own time
D. None of the above
Answer: B
Self-report personality tests such as the androgyny scale or the locus of control
scale test one specific personality trait. These tests are generally used for research.
Question: 332
If you went to a Phrenologist to have your personality tested, how would the
expert perform the test?
A. A paper and pencil test
B. A projective test (pictures)
C. An unstructured oral Q & A test
D. By the bumps on your head
Answer: D
Phrenology is the study of the bumps on your head. It was widely used in the
1800"s but is still used today - primarily by pseudo-psychologists. In the 1800"s, a
much respected person would carefully measure your skull and examine the
bumps on your head. Then you would be given a psychological profile of your
unique qualities and characteristics. Phrenologists used a phrenology chart to
determine which personality traits were associated with bumps on different areas
of the skull.
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Counselor Certified test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NBCC-NCC Search results Counselor Certified test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/NBCC-NCC https://killexams.com/exam_list/Counselor What Are The Job Requirements For Pastoral Counselors?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

When it comes to psychotherapy, pastoral counselors assume a unique role. People often look to their church communities for spiritual guidance, but certain issues require a more trained psychological perspective. Pastoral counselors blend church community with psychotherapy to counsel people in a faith-based context.

This article outlines how to become a pastoral counselor, including a breakdown of the certifications needed for this career path. We also discuss salary and job outlook for pastoral counselors.

What Do Pastoral Counselors Do?

Pastoral counseling takes a distinct approach to psychotherapy by offering a spiritual perspective.

Pastoral counselors are mental health professionals with graduate-level degrees in counseling. They provide psychotherapy to church community members who need psychological understanding and spiritual guidance.

Pastoral counselors address a broad array of issues, working with both individuals and families. These professionals may address concerns including addiction and recovery, gender identity, and grief and loss.

How Are Pastoral Counseling and Counseling Different?

Pastoral counselors and traditional counselors undergo similar professional training. Both professionals help their clients find meaning and address their life problems. Pastoral counselors and counselors both assist clients who are in distress or dealing with behavioral disorders.

Pastoral counselors are set apart by their dedication to their faith. According to a study from Northern Illinois University that explores the differences between counselors and pastoral counselors, the latter ultimately prioritize their faith and commitment to the church community over any other code of conduct.

A traditional counselor adheres to their psychotherapy practice’s ethical and moral guidelines. A pastoral counselor adheres to their faith and the larger church community.

Salary and Job Outlook for Pastoral Counselors

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) categorizes pastoral counselors with other mental health counselors. According to the BLS, these counselors earn a median salary of $48,520 per year. Demand for these counselors is projected to grow by 22% from 2021 to 2031, which is much faster than average.

Certifications for Pastoral Counselors

The National Board for Certified Pastoral Counselors (NBCPC) is a nonprofit organization that administers the following certifications to pastoral counselors:

  • NCPC 1. The first-level certification, known as NCPC 1, serves paraprofessional counselors who work as peer-to-peer counselors under the supervision of a pastoral counselor.
  • NCPC 2. The second-level certification, NCPC 2, caters to pastoral counselors who work independently or in clinical settings.
  • NCPC 3. The third-level certification, NCPC 3, allows pastoral counselors to work independently.
  • NCPC Supervisor. This certification is for pastoral counselors who work in clinical settings and supervise other pastoral counselors.

We explore each certification pathway in detail below.

How To Earn NCPC 1

This certification equips para-professional or volunteer counselors with the basic knowledge and skills required to counsel people in a pastoral setting. Counselors with this certification work under the supervision of higher-level pastoral counselors.

Earn an Undergraduate Degree

To obtain the NCPC 1 credential, you must hold an associate degree or a counselor bachelor’s degree from a school with proper accreditation or NBCPC approval. You must have completed coursework including pastoral counseling, theology and ministry.

Pass an Exam

You can either pass the NBCPC level 1 exam or obtain an NBCPC-approved pastoral certification plus state licensure as a social worker, psychologist or counselor.

Complete Work Experience

Professional experience should include 100 hours of work as a pastoral counselor or in a related role like alcohol and drug counselor. Ten hours of documented supervision is also required.

Renew Certification

NCPC 1 counselors must recertify every two years and complete 12 units of continued approved education per year.

How To Earn NCPC 2

This certification allows you to work independently or in a clinical setting as a pastoral counselor.

Earn a Master’s Degree

You must hold a master’s in counseling or a related field from an accredited school or a school approved by the NBCPC. Coursework must involve pastoral counseling, ministry and theology.

Pass an Exam

You can pass the NCPC level 2 exam or earn an NBCPC-approved pastoral counseling certification plus state licensure as a counselor, social worker or psychologist.

Complete Work Experience

You must complete 500 hours as a counselor or in a related field and 50 hours of documented supervision.

Renew Certification

NCPC 2 counselors must recertify every two years, including 18 continuing education units per year.

How To Earn NCPC 3

This level of certification serves professional pastoral counselors who wish to further their knowledge and education in counseling and become supervisors.

Complete a Doctoral Degree

To qualify for the NCPC 3 credential, you must complete a doctoral degree in counseling or a related field like social work or pastoral counseling.

Pass an Exam

You may take the NCPC 3 exams or acquire state licensure in counseling or a related field plus an NBCPC-approved certification.

Complete Work Experience

Required work experience includes 1,000 hours of counseling as a pastoral counselor or in a related position, plus 50 hours of individual supervision.

Renew Certification

As a level three NBCPC, you must recertify every three years, including 24 units of approved continued education per year.

NCPC Supervisor Requirements

This certification caters to professional, independent pastoral counselors who want to supervise other pastoral counselors.

Earn NCPC 2 or NCPC 3 Certification

To become a supervisor, you must complete at least an NCPC 2 credential. An NCPC 3 further builds on the competency and skills needed to become a pastoral counselor supervisor.

Complete Contact Hours

While training to become a supervisor, you must complete 100 contact hours of coursework related to counseling supervision topics.

Complete Work Experience

Mandatory work experience includes 500 hours of actual counseling supervision with pastoral counselors.

Renew Certification

As an NBCPC supervisor, you must recertify every three years, including six units of continued education related to counselor supervision each year.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Pastoral Counselors

What do pastoral counselors do?

A pastoral counselor blends psychotherapy and spirituality to help people address mental and behavioral disorders, among other concerns.

What degree is needed for pastoral counseling?

A professional pastoral counselor who works in a clinical setting or independently needs a master’s in mental health counseling, pastoral counseling or a related field.

What is the difference between counseling and pastoral counseling?

Although both professions involve providing psychotherapy to patients, pastoral counselors prioritize their faith and religious practice first and foremost. Traditional counselors, on the other hand, follow professional guidelines for counselors.

Thu, 01 Jun 2023 05:47:00 -0500 Nick Mireles en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/become-a-pastoral-counselor/
Is a master’s degree in counseling worth it?

BY Jordan FriedmanMay 23, 2023, 8:23 PM

Series of lined up signs focused on mental health assistance during the Covid-19 pandemic. (Photo by: Don & Melinda Crawford—Education Images/Universal Images Group/Getty Images)

If you’re interested in mental health or human services and have a deep-rooted passion for helping others, you may wonder whether a master’s degree in counseling is worth it. The simple answer: If you’re absolutely set on pursuing a career as a clinical mental health or school counselor, it’s almost definitely a resounding yes, experts say.

Why? Because to practice as a clinical mental health counselor, both a master’s degree and a license in the field are typically required. This means you need to finish your graduate program, complete clinical hours (usually around 3,000, depending on the state where you want to practice), and pass a national exam. 

To become certified as a school counselor in most states, you must earn a master’s degree in school counseling, plus a state-issued credential. You typically need to complete a practicum or internship in a K-12 setting and, in many cases, pass a comprehensive exam.

Of course, whether a master’s in counseling is truly worth it—and whether you should pursue clinical or school counseling (or both)—depends on factors including your career goals, desired salary, and even where you plan to practice. Students in these programs often come from a variety of undergraduate backgrounds, though many have some experience in a human services field such as psychology or social work.

Before you take the leap into pursuing a master’s in counseling and start submitting applications, consider the following.

Career prospects with a master’s in counseling

A master’s in counseling opens the door to a lot of different job opportunities—and demand is currently high nationwide, especially in rural areas, says Kelly Duncan, executive director of the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision (ACES).

If someone receives a clinical mental health counseling degree and license, they may look for positions in community mental health agencies, private practice settings, or other clinical settings in residential or hospital care, Duncan says. 

Those people who earn a master’s degree in school counseling, however, can consider positions working with school-aged populations in K-12 private, public, or charter schools, Duncan adds.

Demand for mental health counselors and other related roles, such as substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors, is expected to grow 22% between 2021 and 2031, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is considered “much faster than average.” Meanwhile, demand for school and career counselors and advisers is expected to grow 10% during that same time period.

The COVID-19 pandemic spurred a much greater awareness of mental health and openness to seeking care, experts say. In fact, the percentage of U.S. adults of all ages who reported receiving any sort of mental health treatment—whether taking medication, receiving counseling or therapy, or both— increased to 21.6% in 2021 from 19.2% in 2019, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics. 

“With all of the issues that are out there in the areas of depression and anxiety, [counseling] is a profession—if one wants to go and help affect behavioral change—[that] is so gratifying and rewarding as well,” says LaVelle Hendricks, professor and department head of counseling at Texas A&M University–Commerce, which offers various master’s degree tracks in the field, including in a hybrid (both online and in-person) format.

Potential earnings and financial ROI

When deciding whether a master’s degree in counseling is worth it from a financial perspective, weigh potential earnings against the amount of debt you might incur from your education.

“Rarely did I ever have a student say to me, ‘I want to get a master’s degree in counseling because I want to make a lot of money,’” says Duncan, who has worked as a counselor educator since 2003. Usually, she says, it’s a desire to help others that draws someone to the profession.

That’s not to say there isn’t earning potential in the field. Usually, post-graduation clinical salaries start roughly in the $45,000 range, says Fredrick Dombrowski, president of the American Mental Health Counselors Association and assistant department chair for clinical mental health programs at the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut. The university is developing an online version of its master’s program.

Once you officially earn your license, that figure could rise to roughly $65,000, adds Dombrowski. Of course, earning potential varies depending on your specific role and where you work, and it will increase as you advance professionally, whether by working your way up the ladder in an agency or institution or opening a private practice. Salaries may also vary depending on geographic location.

As a certified school counselor, you will likely earn more than a beginning teacher with a bachelor’s, but less than a K-12 administrator such as a principal, Duncan says. (A beginning teacher in the U.S. makes on average $34,684 while an elementary school principal makes an average of $82,853 a year, according to ZipRecruiter).

To calculate the return on investment (ROI) of your master’s degree, you need to factor tuition into the equation. A master’s in clinical mental health counseling may be more expensive than a school counseling degree because they usually require more credit hours, Duncan says. From there, you can leverage employment and salary data to determine how long it would take you to pay off your debt after graduating. 

School costs will vary depending on whether you enroll at a public or private institution. You may also factor in travel requirements and associated costs for hybrid or online master’s programs, which are somewhat newer in the counseling area, Duncan says. 

Master’s in counseling vs. other degrees

To determine whether you should earn a master’s in counseling versus one in a related field (such as psychology or social work), consider your interests in addition to earning potential. Juliet Taylor earned her master’s degree in mental health counseling at the University of Bridgeport in May 2022. She decided to enroll in the program due to her military background and previous experience working with service members and then veterans as an employment counselor.

When looking into graduate programs, Taylor weighed degrees in other disciplines. But with clinical mental health counseling, “it was closest to what I needed to continue my work with veterans—and that was to identify coping skills, help to strengthen their self-esteem, learn about emotional regulation,” she says.

While there are similar degrees and careers out there, there are also some key differences. For example, psychologists—who typically need a doctorate in their field to practice—tend to focus more on research and assessment, while mental health counselors tend to focus more on treatment, Dombrowski says. 

Many master’s in counseling programs also prepare students for licensing exams, with specific test requirements varying from state to state. In most cases, aspiring clinical counselors will need to pass either the National Clinical Mental Health Counseling Examination or the National Counselor Examination (NCE). Often, those people pursuing school counseling will take a Praxis teacher certification exam or the NCE, Duncan says.

Keeping all of these different pieces of the puzzle in mind, you can decide whether a master’s in counseling is right for you.

“It’s worth it,” Duncan says, “if your goal is to serve people and be able to help people through some of the most difficult transitions that they may be making in life, or difficult crises and traumas and situations they find themselves in.”

Check out all of Fortune’rankings of degree programs, and learn more about specific career paths.

Tue, 23 May 2023 11:27:00 -0500 en text/html https://fortune.com/education/articles/is-a-masters-degree-in-counseling-worth-it/
How To Become A Genetic Counselor: Skills And Requirements

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Genetic counselors interpret genetic tests to help prevent and treat hereditary disorders with sincerity and empathy. These professionals should be passionate about science and human interactions, setting them apart in the healthcare system as they work in the laboratory and interact with patients.

This article explains how to become a genetic counselor, exploring this profession’s many roles, including the skills and requirements needed to enter the field. We also discuss the licensing process for genetic counselors.

What Is Genetic Counseling?

Genetic counselors are healthcare professionals who test patients’ genetics to determine whether they are at risk for hereditary disorders. Genetic counselors interpret genetic results for other physicians. They may also counsel patients in private consultations.

Genetic counseling helps prevent and detect genetic conditions during pregnancy. This profession also helps with preventative care for adults with a family history of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

What Does a Genetic Counselor Do?

A genetic counselor is a healthcare professional who interprets genetic information. Part of their job is to educate individuals or doctors about genetic testing results and provide resources for prevention plans. They also collect family medical histories through interviews and consultations.

Moreover, genetic counselors provide psychosocial support to people who receive unwanted test results regarding inherited conditions. Genetic counselors work with these patients to help them adapt their lifestyles to mitigate risks.

Several niche specialties exist within the scope of genetic counseling. Below we describe some common genetic counseling specialties.

  • Prenatal. Prenatal genetic counselors work with pregnant people and couples who plan to have children but whose babies may be at risk for pre-existing disorders.
  • Pediatric. Pediatric genetic counselors evaluate children who are at risk for inherited conditions.
  • Adult. Adult genetic counselors typically evaluate adult patients’ risk for cardiovascular disease or cancer.

Many genetic counselors conduct new research, working exclusively in laboratory settings. Some become professors, educating students at the college level.

Genetic Counselor Salary and Career Growth

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that genetic counselors make a median annual wage of $89,990. The BLS projects jobs for these professionals to grow by 18% from 2021 to 2031, compared to only 5% for all jobs nationwide. This accelerated growth projection is due to workers changing occupations and retiring.

What’s the Difference Between a Genetic Counselor and a Counselor?

Genetic and traditional counselors both need advanced degrees, but their scope of practice is very different. Genetic counselors primarily work with science and biology, while counselors practice psychology.

A genetic counselor does not have a license to perform therapy on patients. Though a genetic counselor may be present for patients during tumultuous times, such as when a patient receives unwanted test results, their expertise is primarily concerned with advising patients about their genetics.

Steps to Become a Genetic Counselor

Earn a Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree

Since a master’s degree is the minimum education requirement to become a genetic counselor, a bachelor’s degree is the natural first step. At the undergraduate level, aspiring genetic counselors usually take psychology, biology and counseling coursework. You may become a genetic counselor even if your bachelor’s degree is in an unrelated field, but you might need to complete additional prerequisites before starting your master’s degree.

A master’s degree in genetic counseling is typically required to become a genetic counselor. When applying for master’s programs, ensure your prospective programs are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling. A master’s in genetic counseling usually takes two years to complete, including your clinical training.

Consider Volunteer Work

You might consider volunteering for various crisis intervention programs to get ahead of the curve when applying for graduate programs. Volunteer work for organizations that help people with mental disorders or experiencing mental health crises can prepare you for the interactions involved in a genetic counseling career.

Complete Clinical Training

Genetic counseling master’s programs require students to gain experience in real-world work settings. As such, you must complete clinical training, sometimes called fieldwork, to earn your graduate degree.

Clinical training provides hands-on experience working with seasoned professionals in the genetic counseling field. This exposure to genetic counseling work helps prepare you for the future and gives you a good idea of which specialty area you may want to pursue.

Clinical training typically begins during the second year of your master’s program. Many graduate programs arrange students’ training through connections with local clinics and hospitals.

Requirements vary by program; some programs require clinical training for just one term. Others have students spend a whole academic year completing their clinical training.

Obtain Certification and Licensure

Licensing requirements for genetic counselors vary by state but usually include the Certified Genetic Counselor (CGC®) credential from the American Board of Genetic Counseling (ABGC). CGC qualifications include a master’s degree in genetic counseling from an ABGC-accredited program and a passing score on a certification exam.

The CGC certification is valid for five years, after which it requires renewal. You need continuing education credits or to pass an examination to renew your certification.

Licensure allows genetic counselors to order tests and consult with patients. Seek licensure in the state where you plan to practice as a genetic counselor.

Top Skills for a Genetic Counselor

Aside from extensive training and education, genetic counselors need a particular set of skills to effectively interact with clients and communicate sensitive information. Below we list the most important skills for genetic counselors.

  • Critical thinking. As a genetic counselor, you must process potentially detrimental information. You need to practice critical thinking when processing a patient’s test results, determining lifestyle changes or putting together a list of treatments and specialists.
  • Communication. A genetic counselor must be able to communicate complex information to clients who are unfamiliar with biology and genetics. Knowing how to simplify these complicated ideas for your patients is vital.
  • Compassion. As a counselor, you must have compassion for clients. Patients and families are looking to you for advice, and you will inevitably have to deliver unwanted test results and have difficult conversations. It is essential to communicate this news with sincerity and empathy.
  • Decision-making. Decision-making skills are vital to any genetic counselor. These professionals use their expertise to advise patients based on test results. As experts, their decisions must be clear and logical.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Becoming a Genetics Counselor

How long does it take to become a genetic counselor?

To become a genetic counselor, you must have a bachelor’s degree and a master’s in genetic counseling. It typically takes six years to complete both of these diplomas.

Is genetic counseling a good career?

A genetic counselor who enjoys science and helping people may find the career fulfilling and rewarding. Moreover, the BLS reports above-average salaries and economic demand for genetic counselors, indicating that this field is stable and lucrative.

Thu, 25 May 2023 03:00:00 -0500 Nick Mireles en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/become-a-genetic-counselor/
Online School Counseling Master's Degree No result found, try new keyword!certification or endorsement. In addition to usually requiring a master's degree along with an internship or practicum, a school counselor needs to pass a comprehensive exam. The requirements for ... Mon, 14 Jan 2013 13:24:00 -0600 text/html https://www.usnews.com/education/online-education/school-counseling-masters-degree Licensure and Certification Disclosures

Alabama

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership* (*AL professional leadership certificate-Class A 30-credit masters’ degree and completion of a state-approved approach to certification), MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration 

State Specific Requirements

Alabama participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include documentation of meeting comparable test requirements. Educational administration and instructional support applicants must meet specific experience requirements.

For MEd students - Alabama does not recognize "endorsements". A person may seek additional certification in certain fields if they; 1) currently hold an Alabama Professional Educator Certificate in a teaching field; AND 2) verifies 2-yrs classroom teaching experience in grades P-12; AND 3) passes the appropriate Alabama prescribed Praxis subject area test.

Learn more about Alabama state board teaching certification requirements.


Alaska

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students - If an endorsement is completed outside of Alaska, the applicant must be eligible to gain a comparable endorsement or certificate, including any required testing, for that state. This method requires two years of teaching experience in the content area and passing scores on the endorsement-related content area exam. Only where content area exam(s) have been identified may endorsements be added with this method.

Learn more about Alaska state board teaching certification requirements.


Arizona

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Arizona state board teaching certification requirements.


Arkansas

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – When coursework has been completed through an out-of-state university, the area must first be applied to the out-of-state license.

Learn more about Arkansas state board teaching certification requirements.


California

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about California state board teaching certification requirements.


Colorado

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Colorado participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements for applicants with less than 3-years' experience include: 1. Educator preparation program approval from an accredited institution; 2. Degree in content area; 3. Supervised student teaching or internship experience; 4. State-approved alternative educator prep program.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Colorado.

Learn more about Colorado state board teaching certification requirements.


Connecticut

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Connecticut participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and jurisdiction-specific requirements for an inexperienced teacher with less than 30 months of experience within the past 10 years under an appropriate certificate include: 1. Documentation of completion of a bachelor's degree from an accredited college/university; 2. Recommendation from state-approved teacher preparation program documenting completion of a program; 3. Verification of appropriate experience under a teaching certificate from the district(s) where service was provided (if applicable); 4. Copy of an appropriate certificate covering service time (if applicable); and 5. Successful passage of state-adopted or equivalent out-of-state assessments (unless exempted per statute).

For MEd students – Applicants requesting endorsements to serve as an intermediate administrator or supervisor, a superintendent of schools, or a studying and language arts consultant must complete a state-approved planned program of educator preparation at an accredited college or university, leading to a formal institutional recommendation for certification.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to ensure the coursework requirements in Connecticut are met.

Learn more about Connecticut state board teaching certification requirements.


Delaware

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Delaware state board teaching certification requirements.


District of Columbia

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd Leadership

Learn more about District of Columbia state board teaching certification requirements.


Florida

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Florida state board teaching certification requirements.


Georgia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Georgia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Moral fitness or character; 2. Acceptable license, as determined by our agency; 3. Assessments; 4. Experience; 5. Course in exceptionalities for certain fields.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Georgia approved programs.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Georgia.

Learn more about Georgia state board teaching certification requirements.


Hawaii

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

Learn more about Hawaii state board teaching certification requirements.


Idaho

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Idaho approved programs.

Learn more about Idaho state board teaching certification requirements.


Illinois

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Illinois participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and provides a Professional Educator License (PEL) Checklist for Out of State Applicants which states that upon evaluation, additional documentation may be requested by the Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) prior to the license being issued. The process includes creating an account; consideration for all areas listed on the valid, comparable out of state license; official transcript; and a copy of the valid out of state license. School support personnel (except for school nurse) and administrative endorsements require completion of a master's degree or higher.

Learn more about Illinois state board teaching certification requirements.


Indiana

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Indiana participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include content and pedagogy tests, current CPR/AED/Heimlich certification and suicide prevention training. Once requirements are met, a 2-year license is issued.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Indiana approved programs.

Learn more about Indiana state board teaching certification requirements.


Iowa

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

Iowa participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing; 2. Specific coursework; 3. Program approval (state-approved).

For MEd students – Endorsements from out-of-state programs require a transcript review and are decided on a case-by-case basis.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Iowa.

Learn more about Iowa state board teaching certification requirements.


Kansas

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Kansas participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Valid license; 2. Recency, which equals credit hours or experience within the last 6 years; 3. Testing – similar out-of-state tests accepted.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Kansas approved programs.

SNHU is unable to determine the similarity of out-of-state tests.

Learn more about Kansas state board teaching certification requirements.


Kentucky

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Kentucky participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. GPA; 2. Mentoring, student teaching or practicum in teacher prep program; 3. Look for approved, accredited teacher-prep program; 4. Holds or has held a valid certificate from state where teacher program was completed; 5. Post-baccalaureate coursework or degrees for advanced level certification; 6. Moral character and fitness; 7. Assessments for new teachers.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Kentucky approved programs.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Kentucky.

Learn more about Kentucky state board teaching certification requirements.


Louisiana

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – Endorsements from out-of-state programs require a transcript review and are decided on a case-by-case basis.

Learn more about Louisiana state board teaching certification requirements.


Maine

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Maine participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and has the Jurisdiction-specific requirement of specific coursework.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to ensure the coursework requirements in Maine are met.

Learn more about Maine state board teaching certification requirements.


Maryland

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Maryland participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, it only has full reciprocity for approved out-of-jurisdiction teacher preparation programs. Jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Required degree (transcript); 2. Tests; 3. License; 4. Verification of satisfactory experience less than 3 years.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Maryland.

Learn more about Maryland state board teaching certification requirements.


Massachusetts

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Massachusetts participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Passing the Communication & Literacy MTEL test; 2. Passing any subject matter MTEL test(s.; 3. For core academic licenses, possession of a Sheltered English Immersion (SEI. Endorsement. SEI is required for an Initial (level 3. license, those that pass the test can get a preliminary (level 1. license and advance when they earn SEI.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to help them identify which MTEL exams they need to take that meet both the New Hampshire and Massachusetts testing requirements since Massachusetts does not recognize Praxis, however the New Hampshire Department of Education recognizes MTEL exams in lieu of Praxis.

Learn more about Massachusetts state board teaching certification requirements.


Michigan

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Michigan state board teaching certification requirements.


Minnesota

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Minnesota only requires the passing of content and pedagogy exams for individuals licensed based on teacher preparation from another state. For some licensure areas, specifically in low-incidence special education fields, the content exam taken outside of Minnesota may meet our requirement. Additionally, an individual with a professional license from another state that has not completed teacher preparation, may meet the requirements of a Minnesota Tier 3 license if they also have 2 years of teaching experience.

Learn more about Minnesota state board teaching certification requirements.


Mississippi

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Mississippi state board teaching certification requirements.


Missouri

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

Learn more about Missouri state board teaching certification requirements.


Montana

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Elementary Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education; MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Montana participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: PRAXIS II scores, degrees, character and fitness, and credit count if not CAEP/NCATE approved EPP.

The SNHU Elementary Education program is CAEP accredited.

Learn more about Montana state board teaching certification requirements.


Nebraska

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Nebraska participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Content test; 2.Human relations course; 3. Special education course; 4. Valid certificate from other state; 5. Transcripts and institutional verification by college of endorsement; 6. Fingerprint clearance.

Learn more about Nebraska state board teaching certification requirements.


Nevada

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Nevada state board teaching certification requirements.


New Hampshire

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Early Childhood Special Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd Leadership CINADM, MEd Leadership in Curriculum Administration, MEd Leadership in School Administration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about New Hampshire state board teaching certification requirements.


New Jersey

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about New Jersey state board teaching certification requirements.


New Mexico

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

New Mexico participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Bachelor's degree or higher; 2. Completion of a standard or alternative educator preparation program; 3. Current license; 4. Must take New Mexico assessments if they have not used their license to teach in another state.

Learn more about New Mexico state board teaching certification requirements.


New York

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

New York participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Must have completed a comparable state approved program in the subject and grade level; 2. Bachelor's degree; 3. Undergraduate GPA of 2.5; 3. Paid full-time experience of 3 years within the last 5 years in the cert area and grade level; 4. New York State exams and workshops; 5. Moral character.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in New York.

Learn more about New York state board teaching certification requirements.


North Carolina

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

State Specific Requirements

North Carolina participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: Completion of an approved educator preparation program.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in North Carolina.

Learn more about North Carolina state board teaching certification requirements.


North Dakota

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about North Dakota state board teaching certification requirements.


Ohio

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Ohio participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing or other forms of assessment; 2. Supervised and evaluated pre-service or professional experience; 3. Program approval comparability.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Ohio.

Learn more about Ohio state board teaching certification requirements.


Oklahoma

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Oklahoma state board teaching certification requirements.


Oregon

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Oregon participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Bachelor's degree; 2. An active, valid license from the state where teacher preparation was completed; 3. Fingerprint-based background check; 4. Content area assessment; 5. The Protecting Student and Civil Rights in the Educational Setting requirement; 6. Official transcripts.

Learn more about Oregon state board teaching certification requirements.


Pennsylvania

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Pennsylvania participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Grade point average; 2. Content assessment(s); 3. Basic skills if undergraduate; 4. GMC questions; 5. State-approved program

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Pennsylvania.

Learn more about Pennsylvania state board teaching certification requirements.


Rhode Island

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Rhode Island participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing; 2. Program approval comparability; 3. Valid teaching license.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Rhode Island.

Learn more about Rhode Island state board teaching certification requirements.


South Carolina

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

South Carolina participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Valid Stage 1 or 2 license; 2. Passing score on a content examination; 3. Clear federal and state background reports; 4. Comparable area of certification.

Learn more about South Carolina state board teaching certification requirements.


South Dakota

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

M.Ed. in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

South Dakota participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing (Praxis); 2. Educational program comparability; 3. State statutorily required coursework; 4. Moral fitness; 5. Citizenship; 6. Valid experience in classroom; 7. Valid license in other state ; 8. Post-baccalaureate coursework/degrees; 9. National Board Certification; 10. Pedagogy verification.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in South Dakota.

Learn more about South Dakota state board teaching certification requirements.


Tennessee

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Tennessee state board teaching certification requirements.


Texas

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Texas participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Completion of a state-approved preparation program; 2. Minimum of a bachelor's degree issued by an accredited institution of higher education; 3. Issuance of a standard certificate by the state department of education.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Texas.

Learn more about Texas state board teaching certification requirements.


Utah

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading

State Specific Requirements

Utah participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Passage of the appropriate Utah approved content knowledge assessment at Utah's established passing score OR passage of a reasonably equivalent assessment used for this purpose by another state; 2. Content and pedagogy coursework reasonably equivalent to Utah's required coursework; 3. Completion of some type of student teaching, internship or employment placement.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Utah.

Learn more about Utah state board teaching certification requirements.


Vermont

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements 

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

Learn more about Vermont state board teaching certification requirements.


Virginia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements 

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

Virginia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Be at least 18 years of age; 2. The appropriate fees as determined by the Virginia Board of Education and complete the application process; 3. Have earned a baccalaureate degree; 4. Possess good moral character and be free of conditions outlined in Part VII (8VAC20-23-720 et seq.) in the Licensure Regulations for School Personnel; 5. Official student transcripts; 6. Out-of-state license(s), the endorsement area and any additional documentation received with the license(s); 7. Certification of Child Abuse and Neglect Recognition and Intervention Training. An individual may request a waiver must submit a “Request for a Waiver Form”; 8. Individuals seeking initial licensure shall complete awareness training on the indicators of dyslexia, as that term is defined by the Board pursuant to regulations, and the evidence-based interventions and accommodations for dyslexia; 9. Individuals Seeking an Initial License with Endorsement(s) in an Area of Career and Technical Education: Industry Certification Credential (Career and Technical Educators Only); 10. Individuals Seeking an Initial License with an Endorsement as a School Counselor: Training in the Recognition of Mental Health Disorder and Behavioral Distress (School Counselors Only); 11. Individuals seeking initial licensure with an endorsement as a school counselor must include verification of this statutory required training in the recognition of mental health disorder and behavioral distress, including depression, trauma, violence, youth suicide and substance abuse. Refer to Superintendent’s Memo #313-17 for additional information on training options to meet this requirement; 12. Effective August 23, 2019, a school leader's licensure assessment prescribed by the Virginia Board of Education shall be met for all individuals who are seeking an endorsement authorizing them to serve as principals and assistant principals in the public schools; 13. Every teacher seeking an initial license in the Commonwealth with an endorsement in the area of career and technical education shall have an industry certification credential, as defined in 8VAC20-23-10, in the area in which the teacher seeks endorsement. If a teacher seeking an initial license in the Commonwealth has not attained an industry certification credential in the area in which the teacher seeks endorsement, the Virginia Board of Education may, upon request of the employing school division or educational agency, issue the teacher a provisional license to allow time for the teacher to attain such credential.

Learn more about Virginia state board teaching certification requirements.


Washington

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Washington participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Transcripts showing bachelor's or higher degree; 2. Verification of teacher preparation program completion; 3. Basic skills and endorsement area testing; 4. Fingerprinting submitted to Washington State Patrol and FBI for background check.

Learn more about Washington state board teaching certification requirements.


West Virginia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

West Virginia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements if licensed in another state include: 1. Minimum grade point average; 2. Official transcripts; 3. graduation from an accredited institution of higher education; 4. Student teaching experience or equivalent documented experience.

Learn more about West Virginia state board teaching certification requirements.


Wisconsin

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Wisconsin participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include the following: 1. Teachers can bypass jurisdiction-specific requirements if they have a valid license from another jurisdiction and one-year of licensed experience; 2. Teachers who hold a valid license from another jurisdiction but do not have a year of licensed experienced are strongly encouraged to obtain the experience on a 1-year Wisconsin license and then apply for a 3-year provisional license, which leads to a lifetime license.

Learn more about Wisconsin state board teaching certification requirements.


Wyoming

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Wyoming state board teaching certification requirements.


All jurisdictions that participate in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement may choose to have additional requirements for educators who are coming from another jurisdiction. The additional requirements are known as "Jurisdiction Specific Requirements" (JSRs). When applicable these are noted in the State Specific Requirements column.

Thu, 30 Jul 2020 16:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.snhu.edu/consumer-information/state-authorizations/licensure-and-certification-disclosures
Should You Get this Test to Determine Your Heart Disease Risk?
  • Physicians are looking at a new tactic to determine a person’s risk of heart disease.
  • They are now considering if more people should undergo polygenic risk score testing, which analyzes a person’s DNA.
  • Experts say people with a family history of heart disease or high cholesterol levels may want to get tested.

Medical professionals can use a number of approaches to determine a person’s heart disease risk — including blood tests, CT scans, and electrocardiograms.

But there’s another test that’s rising in popularity: polygenic risk scores.

Polygenic risk scores involves analyzing a person’s genes to see if there are any variants, as variations can indicate their likelihood of developing a certain disease.

In addition to heart disease, polygenic risk scores can be used in determining concerns such as cancer, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s.

This type of testing is relatively new, first coming into use during the mid-2000s.

But what exactly does polygenic risk scores involve, and who should consider this type of testing?

Undergoing polygenic risk scores is (relatively) painless, involving either a simple blood test or swab from the inside of your cheek.

The DNA in this demo is then analyzed for variants — resulting in “a score that tells you how high your risk is for getting heart disease, or if you have an increased risk for it,” explained Dr. Christie Ballantyne, a cardiologist at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Heart Institute and director of the Center for Cardiometabolic Disease Prevention at BCM.

Depending on the health concern under investigation, the number of genes assessed can range from hundreds to thousands, said Dr. Geoffrey D. Barnes, a cardiologist and vascular medicine specialist at the University of Michigan Health System, a spokesperson for World Thrombosis Day, and consultant at several pharmaceutical companies.

“Each genetic variant may only contribute a small fraction to the risk of heart disease,” he stated. “But, when combined, these genes can help explain a significant degree of risk for developing blockages in the coronary arteries of the heart.”

How you can understand your polygenic risk score

Medical professionals can use polygenic risk score data in several key ways.

“The idea is to utilize the information derived from PRS testing to usher in a better-tailored management plan, taking into account an individual’s unique genetic signature,” explained Dr. Rigved Tadwalkar, a board-certified cardiologist at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, CA.

Physicians might advise closer or more frequent monitoring if an individual has a high polygenic risk score for heart disease. “Increased points of contact allow for greater detection of heart disease at an earlier stage,” Tadwalkar said.

Furthermore, if a polygenic risk score shows someone has a higher likelihood of cardiac arrest in the future, their score can help doctors determine the timing and intensity of preventative efforts, Ballantyne told Healthline.

For instance, when lifestyle measures (such as improved diet) aren’t helping Strengthen high blood pressure in patients with a high PRS [polygenic risk score,] data “may be useful to decide when to add a medication,” he added.

If you’re a patient, undergoing polygenic risk scores and learning your risk for heart disease can assist you in making lifestyle-related decisions that may aid in reducing your risk of developing issues later on.

“We’ve seen individuals with bad PRS [polygenic risk scores] who have changed their lifestyles to have a better diet, exercise more, or quit smoking to help their chances of having fewer heart events,” said Ballantyne.

Polygenic risk scores can be beneficial in helping both patients and medical staff make more informed decisions. However, the tool isn’t 100% perfect, and experts agree it has downsides.

For starters, polygenic risk scores isn’t a magic ball and the results aren’t definitive. “A high PRS does not certain that someone will develop heart disease,” said Tadwalkar. “And, conversely, a low score does not mean that they will not.”

He continued: “For this reason, it is necessary to interpret the results cautiously and in the context of other risk factors.”

As such, the jury is out on where it sits alongside other predictor tests. While some studies have shown polygenic risk scores to be a reliable indicator, others have had less positive results.

“Recent studies have suggested that other tests (e.g., a coronary artery calcium score) may be more useful in predicting who is at risk of heart attack and stroke,” Barnes noted to Healthline.

Tadwalkar added that these findings “highlight the need for caution and continued research to better understand the performance, clinical utility, and limitations of PRS in cardiovascular risk assessment.”

Another element to consider is that — while scientists’ understanding of genetics is advanced — “interpreting PRS results can be complex in its current form,” said Tadwalkar.

However, as our understanding of genetic variants and their relationship with diseases continues to develop, he explained that interpreting PRS results should become easier.

But these aren’t the only limitations to consider.

“We do not know how race and ethnicity affect PRS scores,” stated Ballantyne. Furthermore, “there is not a large consensus within the medical community of what the best PRS score is, as many different PRS scores are available.”

Finally, from a patient’s perspective, it’s vital to consider the potential psychological outcomes (such as anxiety) that can arise from discovering you’re at high risk of serious disease.

In light of this, Tadwalkar asserted that “proper counseling should be coupled with PRS testing to help individuals make informed decisions about their health.”

Essentially, PRS testing isn’t something to enter into lightly. “It should only be done after consulting with your doctor,” said Barnes.

Barnes revealed “there is no consensus as to when PRS should be used for assessing heart disease risk.”

However, certain people may benefit more than others.

If you’re a younger individual with a family history of heart disease, you might undergo PRS to understand your risk better and start working with your doctor earlier on tailored preventative strategies, said Tadwalkar.

But, Barnes explained, it’s not only those without signs of heart disease who can undergo PRS testing. The results can be used to help establish treatment and management plans to help slow disease progression.

As an example, patients who already have related concerns, such as high levels of ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol, may use PRS to help them and their doctor decide when to introduce medications, he said.

It’s worth noting that polygenic risk score testing isn’t currently available to many people. Furthermore, for those who can access this testing, Barnes revealed that it isn’t free and insurance doesn’t cover the costs.

If you go down the polygenic risk score route, it shouldn’t be used as the sole method to determine your risk level and potential treatment plan.

Instead, this testing should be conducted as part of a more comprehensive evaluation, Tadwalkar said, also involving traditional risk factors, clinical history, and other diagnostic tests.

Using a polygenic risk score “is more commonly used in research settings and specialized clinics,” said Tadwalkar. However, it will likely play a much larger role in clinical settings in the future, “especially as the technology is further refined and validated,” he added.

As research continues to explore its reliability — particularly compared to other testing approaches — experts will better understand precisely how polygenic risk scores might contribute to diagnosing and treating heart disease.

Plus, “as new therapies that target cholesterol and help to reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke become available, the role of PRS [polygenic risk score] testing may become clearer,” Barnes added.

Further improvements are undoubtedly needed in various aspects of polygenic risk scores testing before it can become a mainstream approach.

But, “in theory, the integration of PRS [polygenic risk score] testing into routine clinical practice has the potential to revolutionize cardiovascular risk assessment,” concluded Tadwalkar.

Mon, 05 Jun 2023 02:05:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.healthline.com/health-news/should-you-get-this-test-to-determine-your-heart-disease-risk
Depression: Your questions answered

A latest Gallup poll showed that 1 out of every 6 people in America are depressed or seeking treatment for depression. This is the highest figure ever in the United States.

Fifty thousand suicides happen each year in the U.S., and it is estimated one-quarter of the entire world suffers from depression.

Chronic diseases, abusive families, bullying, COVID-19 and poverty are a few of the risk factors. More women than men suffer from depression, and young adults and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. May is Mental Health Awareness Month, a time to focus on awareness and education about mental illness -- and to encourage support for those with mental illness.

Here are common questions I receive from patients about depression:

What is depression?

Depression is a chemical disorder where an individual is down for two weeks or more and has little or no interest in participating in social and enjoyable activities.

Am I depressed or do I have something else?

It is important to differentiate depression from bipolar depression as they are treated differently. Bipolar depression often begins at a younger age, there is often a family history, and the symptoms may include racing thoughts, reckless behavior, mood swings and poor judgment. This depression is often resistant to the usual medications.

Am I "crazy" if I have this disease?

Absolutely not. People with depression function at the level of heart failure. The brain can get sick just like the heart. This disease likely relates to a lack of serotonin plus inflammation of the brain. This "crazy" stigma myth is fortunately starting to wane. Sen. John Fetterman, Dwayne Johnson, Janet Jackson, John Lennon, Winston Churchill and Abraham Lincoln are just a few examples of people who have dealt with depression.

What happens if I am thinking about suicide?

Seventy percent of patients having depression will experience suicidal ideation, so this is not unusual. Suicidal thoughts with a plan is a medical emergency and 911 should be called. Depression with or without suicidal thoughts can be treated by a primary care physician, social worker, psychologist or a psychiatrist.

If you or someone you know needs help with depression, text "STRENGTH" to the Crisis Text Line at 741-741 to be connected to a certified crisis counselor.

How is depression treated?

Often psychotherapy is a good starting point because this treatment is equivalent to a medicine. Cognitive behavioral therapy is quite effective and has the patient test the reality of negative emotional thoughts.

Medications that increase serotonin, adrenalin and dopamine may be added such as sertraline, venlafaxine and bupropion, respectively.

Treatment with medicine should occur for nine months after a person is well or in remission.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

But what if I don't get better?

Sometimes depression is resistant to standard medical treatment.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a machine shaped like a shower head that delivers magnetic waves to the brain and is noninvasive. Typically, six weeks of treatment is required and results in a success rate around 80%. It is often covered by insurance.

IV Ketamine represents an anesthetic that can be used for depression or pain and is successful in about 70% of depressed individuals. Essentially this drug is infused over an hour and often treatment is repeated five to seven times. The medicine is a hallucinogen at lower dosages and many patients will describe odd experiences upon receiving this agent. It is relatively expensive and not often covered by insurance.

Are there other non-drug treatments besides therapy?

A modified Mediterranean diet may also Strengthen mood. And, daily exercise is deemed to be beneficial as well.

What's on the horizon for depression treatment?

In 2022, a large study by King's College London found psilocybin, a psychedelic compound produced by 200 types of mushrooms, can Strengthen severe depression in people who have not responded to antidepressants. Oregon has the approval to utilize these agents in clinics next year. Usually a social worker remains with the patient during the "trip."

Depression is a very common biochemical disorder of the brain that needs to be recognized as a real disease. Unfortunately, there is still a stigma attached to depression but it is improving. Hopefully with more research, the above newer treatments will result in much less mortality. Reducing the number of COVID cases along with isolation should also help reduce depression.

• Evan Lipkis is a physician, author and professor who practices in Glenview. He exclusively treats anxiety, depression and weight loss. To reach him, email lipkis54@gmail.com.

Sat, 27 May 2023 23:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.dailyherald.com/entlife/20230528/depression-your-questions-answered
School Counselors Face ‘Role Ambiguity.’ This State Tried to Clarify Matters

School counselors are supposed to focus on supporting students’ mental health and to work with them on their academic and career plans. But, in some schools, the job can include nearly everything—from filling in when teachers are absent, discipline intervention, and computing student test scores.

A few years ago, New York introduced new regulations designed to clarify the school counselor’s role in the building and reduce the extra duties they’re often asked to pick up.

But new research suggests that that’s easier said than done. Principals and counselors had notably different feelings about whether the changes made a difference, according to Robert Feirsen, an associate professor of educational leadership at Manhattanville College in Purchase, N.Y.

Feirsen, along with two colleagues, studied principals’ and school counselors’ perceptions of the school counseling role following the state’s education department’s revamp in 2017.

The regulations took effect for the 2019-20 school year. Among other things, they required that all schools have a guidance program, that all K-12 students have access to a certified counselor, and that counselors teach a class in every school. Counselors also had to work with students in grades 6-12 on an education progress and career plan, and all schools were also expected to have a building-level guidance plan.

And importantly, the regs stated that they are school counselors, not guidance counselors: Their role goes beyond schools’ academic program.

Principals and counselors don’t always agree

For the study, Feirsen; Carol Dahir, a professor in the department of school counseling at the New York Institute of Technology; and Cameka Hazel, an assistant professor at the same college, surveyed 1,630 principals and counselors.

From the surveys and lengthy written responses from a subset of respondents, Feirsen and his colleagues noted that principals generally had a rosier view of the policy changes, and of their own role in relying on their counselors’ expertise, especially during the 2020-21 school when the state’s schools were still in flux because of the pandemic.

For their part, school counselors thought the new regulations set clear expectations and added some consistency to what was expected of them.

Principals also thought the counselors were essential for a well-run school, and that they were “more important than ever,” reflecting the data that were collected during the pandemic when a focus on students’ social-emotional well-being became acute. Principals also said they found on-campus leadership roles for school counselors and recognized the important role that school counselors played in building a positive school climate. They included counselors in major school decisions that affected the entire school community. Counselors’ contributions, principals said, were hard to quantify.

But counselors pointed to some gaps: More paperwork as a result of the new regulations meant they had trouble meeting deadlines; some had no idea that the regulations or expectations had changed; and others felt that their leaders didn’t respect them. Still others felt like they were being forced to choose between working on student’s social-emotional well-being and fulfilling the compliance aspects of the revised job.

But the counselors liked that they now had more meetings with students and that they were able to provide more classroom lessons.

Role ambiguity remained a big area of disconnect between principals and counselors.

In theory, the new mandates clarified what counselors should do, minimizing their non-counseling duties. But counselors said principals still weren’t clear about that. Some principals, they said, resisted the changes; some didn’t understand them because training was not consistent; and some didn’t change the counselors’ duties because there aren’t a whole lot of extra bodies in schools to pick up the work that counselors couldn’t do.

In particular, they were sometimes still considered guidance counselors focused solely on academic concerns rather than holistic mental health and well-being, they said.

Where did principals and counselors agree? That schools needed more counselors, for one thing. Principals wanted full-time counselors in elementary schools and for counselors’ school year to be longer, so they’d start before students arrived and end the year after students had left, with appropriate compensation.

Counselors wanted a lower case load to get closer to the ratio of 1 to 250 students recommended by the American School Counselor Association, less paperwork, and more professional development. A director of counseling would also help with the added counseling staff, they said.

Implementation matters

Feirsen and his colleagues heard from respondents that the implementation of the new regulations suffered from both active resistance from some principals, while others were unaware that the regulations had changed.

“Principals have a thousand things to do every day, so adding another mandate doesn’t necessarily certain that something is going to happen,” Feirsen said.

School counselors, Feirsen said, have to be their own advocates and make the argument that they are an essential part of helping schools achieve their goals.

From social-emotional health to community engagement to academics, “school counselors can work with principals to say, ‘My role is really complementary to the things you want to accomplish, rather than another add-on,’” he said.

A key takeaway is that while policy changes may be well-intentioned, paying attention to implementation matters a great deal. Especially in schools, where there’s a lot of staff and administrator turnover through resignations and role changes, successful implementation “requires consistent support, consistent training,” Feirsen said.

There are some caveats to the research. It’s focused on one state and therefore cannot be generalized. While 1,630 principals and counselors responded to the survey, only 460 provided longer responses to the questions on their role and how the regulations had affected their work in schools, a response rate of 11 percent.

There were also more responses from counselors than principals, and the data were collected in the first full school year of the pandemic when many K-12 workers were asked to take on duties that weren’t necessarily part of their job descriptions.

But the findings offer clues to other states that are looking at their own regulations and supports for school counselors.

“This is documenting what’s on the ground, and what people are feeling, thinking, saying, and doing,” Feirsen said. “That in itself is valuable feedback to not only the practitioners, but to the policymakers themselves.”

Wed, 31 May 2023 09:37:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.edweek.org/leadership/school-counselors-face-role-ambiguity-this-state-tried-to-clarify-matters/2023/05
Best Credit Counseling Services
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Credit counseling agencies are nonprofit firms that help consumers manage their finances, from basic budgeting to avoiding bankruptcy. While the specific services you can get vary, all credit counselors will offer you an initial consultation for free. They'll review your finances and help you develop an action plan.

If you have a lot of credit card debt or other unsecured debt, your credit counselor may suggest a debt management plan (DMP), which could lower your rates and fees and help you fully repay your debt in three to five years.

To make our top picks, we considered 17 companies offering credit counseling services and narrowed them down based on factors including fees, types of debts serviced, additional services and number of states available. For more information, read our full methodology.

Our picks may be Authorized Partners who compensate us. This does not affect our recommendations or evaluations but may affect the order in which the companies appear.

Why trust ConsumerAffairs?

  • Our recommendations are based on what reviewers say.
  • 4,244,400 reviews on ConsumerAffairs are verified.
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  • Our moderators read all reviews to verify quality and helpfulness.

Compare our top 5 credit counseling companies

More details about our top 5 picks

As you’re browsing credit counseling agencies, make sure the company is a nonprofit entity, as you may pay lower fees than you would with a for-profit debt relief company. Also ensure it’s a member of at least one reputable trade organization with no latest legal actions against it. All the credit counseling services included on our list meet these essential criteria.

If you need housing or bankruptcy counseling, look for counselors specifically approved by the government to offer this.

Our pick for low debt minimum Cambridge Credit Counseling Corp.
  • CA User Rating: 5.0
  • Debt minimum: No minimum
  • Program length: 48 months (average)
  • Monthly fee: $30, on average

Cambridge Credit Counseling Corp. is a nonprofit firm founded in 1996 that offers credit counseling services in all 50 states. A search revealed no latest legal actions against the company, and it is associated with several reputable programs and industry trade organizations:

  • Member of the National Foundation for Credit Counseling (NFCC), the Financial Counseling Association of America (FCAA) and the Partnership for Financial Education (PFE)
  • Multiple housing counseling certifications from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and NeighborWorks America
  • Approved by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Executive Office of the United States Trustee Program (EOUST) to provide bankruptcy counseling

Unlike many debt relief companies, Cambridge Credit Counseling has no debt minimums to enroll in its services. You can get traditional credit counseling (e.g., help with budgeting and debt management), as well as housing and bankruptcy counseling to help you better understand your rights and options.

You can also enroll in a DMP with Cambridge Credit Counseling, which can help you pay off all your enrolled unsecured debts (e.g., credit cards, collection accounts) in an average of 48 months. You’ll pay an average one-time fee of $40 to enroll (up to no more than $75) and an average monthly fee of $30 (capped at $50) while enrolled.

Some of the things we like about Cambridge Credit Counseling are:
  • No debt minimums
  • Certified/approved by several reputable organizations
  • Available in all 50 states
Some of the things to consider with Cambridge Credit Counseling are:
In an online review of Cambridge Credit Counseling, Chris of Dalton, Georgia, said: “Everything was extremely streamlined and easy. If I ever had any issues, all I do is make a very simple phone call. If I ask to delay this payment or if I get to skip a payment and try to pay it back, they help me with that. They didn't harass me to make sure everything was done. Every single time, the person that handled the call was friendly and polite. I'm very satisfied with the service. I'm not buried in debt, which is pretty great. It was much easier to reach that goal using Cambridge. If I ever find myself in that situation again, or if I needed it, I would absolutely 100% try them.”
Our pick for military and veterans InCharge Debt Solutions
  • CA User Rating: Not enough reviews
  • Debt minimum: $1,000
  • Program length: 36 to 60 months
  • Monthly fee: $33, on average

InCharge Debt Solutions is a nonprofit credit counseling agency founded in 1997 that offers debt relief services in 16 states (Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont and Virginia).

A search revealed no latest legal actions against the company. It’s a member of the NFCC, approved by HUD to provide housing counseling and approved by the EOUST to provide bankruptcy counseling.

While InCharge Debt Solutions can provide credit counseling services to anyone in its service areas, it also has several specific programs designed to help military members and veterans. For example, it offers financial literacy programs designed to help with unique needs like preparing for deployment, using the GI Bill and getting VA loans.

Beyond credit counseling, bankruptcy counseling and housing counseling, you can also enroll in a DMP with InCharge Debt Solutions. You need at least $1,000 in eligible debt to enroll (e.g., credit cards, personal loans, medical bills), and it takes an average of three to five years to complete.

While fees vary by state, you’ll pay a one-time enrollment fee of no more than $75 and a monthly fee of $33, on average.

Some of the things we like about InCharge Debt Solutions are:
  • Specific resources for veterans and military members
  • Monthly fees are relatively low
  • Bankruptcy and housing counseling available
Some things to consider with InCharge Debt Solutions are:
  • Services aren’t available nationwide
  • $1,000 debt minimum to enroll in its DMP
As of publishing, there are no reviews from ConsumerAffairs readers about InCharge Debt Solutions.
Our pick for low fees Money Management International
  • CA User Rating: Not enough reviews
  • Debt minimum: No minimum
  • Program length: Less than five years
  • Monthly fee: $25 on average

Money Management International is a nonprofit credit counseling agency founded in 1958 and provides debt relief services in all 50 states (although in-person services are only available in 25 states). A search didn’t reveal any latest legal actions against the company. It’s a member of the NFCC, approved by HUD to offer housing counseling and approved by the EOUST to provide bankruptcy counseling.

Not only can you get a variety of services from Money Management International, like credit, housing and bankruptcy counseling, but the fees you pay for its debt management plan are low, with average enrollment fees of $33 and average monthly fees of $25.

Like all credit counseling agencies, the maximum fees you’ll pay on a DMP are determined by your state. Plus, you may be eligible for reduced or waived fees if you have a financial need or hardship.

It takes Money Management International’s clients an average of 48 months to finish a DMP, with a maximum of 60 months. There’s no debt minimum to enroll.

Some of the things we like about Money Management International are:
  • Average enrollment and monthly fees are low
  • No debt minimum to enroll in a DMP
  • Phone and internet services available in all 50 states
Some things to consider with Money Management International are:
  • In-person support not available in all states
As of publishing, there are no reviews from ConsumerAffairs readers about Money Management International.
Our pick for housing debt Consolidated Credit Solutions
  • CA User Rating: 4.9
  • Debt minimum: $1,000
  • Program length: 36 to 60 months
  • Monthly fee: $40 on average

Consolidated Credit Solutions is a nonprofit credit counseling agency founded in 1993 and offers debt relief services in all 50 states. A search didn’t reveal any latest legal actions against the company. It’s a member of the FCAA and a HUD-authorized housing counselor.

Some services you can receive from Consolidated Credit include credit counseling, housing counseling and debt relief by enrolling in a DMP. One of the things Consolidated Credit is best for is its housing counseling. As a HUD-approved housing counselor, you can get advice on various housing topics, such as becoming mortgage-ready, avoiding eviction as a renter, preventing foreclosure as a homeowner and more.

Besides these services, businesses can offer free financial literacy resources to their employees via Consolidated Credit’s corporate financial wellness program. You can check with your employer to see if it participates in its Knowledge of Financial Education (KOFE) program.

You need at least $1,000 in eligible debt (e.g., credit cards, personal loans) to enroll in its DMP, which you can expect to fully repay in 36 to 60 months. The fees you’ll pay for a DMB will vary based on your state and financial situation (e.g., fees may be waived or reduced if you have a financial need or hardship). While the average enrollment fees weren’t disclosed, the average monthly fees are $40 (not to exceed $79).

Some of the things we like about Consolidated Credit are:
  • You can meet with a housing counselor and get free advice online
  • Available nationwide
  • Free financial literacy program for employers
Some things to consider with Consolidated Credit are:
  • Minimum $1,000 in eligible debt to enroll in a DMP
  • It’s only a member of the FCAA, not the NCAA
In an online review of Consolidated Credit, Prance of Morgan Hill, California, said: “The program has helped me so much in my time of need. I was able to pay off my debt earlier and put me in a great spot financially in my life. Everything has been simple and easy as well with every single representative I’ve spoken with the past 3-4 years. Never had a single issue. Thanks again!”
Our pick for additional services Debt Management Credit Counseling Corp.
  • CA User Rating: Not enough reviews
  • Debt minimum: $5,000
  • Program length: Up to 60 months
  • Monthly fee: Small fee (amount not disclosed)

Debt Management Credit Counseling Corp. (DMCC) is a nonprofit debt relief company founded in 1999. A search for latest lawsuits or legal actions didn’t reveal any findings. DMCC is a member of the FCAA, and its credit counselors become certified through the National Association of Certified Credit Counselors (NACCC). When you work with a CCC, there’s a good expectation that the person is well-trained. DMCC has also adopted the National Industry Standards for Homeownership Education and Counseling.

What sets DMCC apart from its competitors is the extra services it offers. Besides traditional credit counseling and DMPs, it also has a payday loan assistance program that may help you repay these in as little as six to 12 months with a 0% annual percentage rate (APR) and no fees. Since payday loans can carry extremely high rates and fees, this is very helpful.

To sign up for a DMP, you must have at least $5,000 in unsecured debt (e.g., credit cards). You can expect to fully repay the debts you enroll in 60 months or less. While DMCC doesn’t disclose fees on its website, state law establishes maximums. So, you’ll likely pay no more than $0 to $75 to enroll and monthly after that.

It’s unclear in how many states DMCC offers services, but it’s headquartered in Florida and reports licenses on its website for nine other states (Arizona, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, New York, Oregon, South Carolina and Virginia). If you reside outside these states, you’ll need to confirm with the company if services are offered in your area.

Some of the things we like about DMCC are:
  • Unique extra services like the payday loan assistance program
  • Participates in the NACCC program
  • Adopted the National Industry Standards for Homeownership Education and Counseling
Some things to consider with DMCC are:
  • Services only offered in some states
  • Minimum $5,000 in unsecured debt to enroll in a DMP
  • Fees aren’t clearly disclosed
As of publishing, there are no reviews from ConsumerAffairs readers about Debt Management Credit Counseling Corp.

Top 13 Credit Counseling Agencies

What is a credit counselor?

A credit counselor is certified or trained to provide consumers with expert financial advice and education. Depending on their training and certifications, they can provide guidance on courses such as debt management, housing, bankruptcy and budgeting. Your credit counselor should be able to share their credentials and experience with you before you agree to proceed.

In most cases, credit counselors work for nonprofit credit counseling agencies. As nonprofit entities, they can often provide services at a lower cost than a for-profit company. For example, you can receive preliminary credit counseling free of charge, such as a financial review, budgeting advice and a debt management strategy.

Fees are often limited by the state where you reside. You may not pay any fees if you have a financial hardship or need. Fees usually max out around $75 a month if you enroll in a service like a DMP. You may also need to pay an enrollment fee, which often falls in the same range.

Pros and cons of credit counseling

One of the most significant advantages of credit counseling is the ability to work with a financial expert for free or at a relatively low cost.

“Credit counseling can provide clients with valuable financial education and resources,” said Levon L. Galstyan, a certified public accountant at Oak View Law Group. “This can include budgeting tips, debt repayment strategies, and credit management advice. For example, a person who lacks knowledge of how to manage their finances may benefit from credit counseling and learn valuable skills for managing their finances.”

Despite the pros, credit counseling does not come without drawbacks. While some people pay no fees for credit counseling, this is only sometimes the case. And there’s no certain your creditors will be willing to lower your costs or payments. Plus, your credit score could take a hit.

“Enrolling in a DMP can have a negative impact on a person's credit score in the short term,” said Galstyan. “This is because the DMP requires a person to close their credit accounts and make regular payments to the credit counseling agency, which can show up as a negative mark on their credit report. However, this negative impact is generally temporary, and a person's credit score can Strengthen over time as they make regular payments on their debts.”

» MORE: What affects your credit score?

Pros

  • Work with an expert to get free or low-cost financial advice
  • You can get a DMP even with bad credit
  • You may be able to get bankruptcy and housing counseling
  • Experts can help you negotiate lower payments, interest rates and fees

Cons

  • You may need to pay a monthly fee
  • No certain your lender will agree to a DMP
  • It might take several years to get out of debt
  • Your credit score might temporarily decline if you’re required to close any accounts

How to choose a credit counseling service

When choosing a credit counseling service, consider the reputation of the company and its agents. You can read online reviews to get a feel for what other people think about it. Plus, you can search for any latest legal actions against the company for deceptive or unfair practices.

Here are some other factors to consider:

  • Types of certifications the company and its agents hold
  • Whether the company is nonprofit or for-profit
  • Services offered
  • How long it takes the average client to get out of debt
  • Fees
  • Whether it offers a free initial session

The counselor should talk about your finances in an easy-to-understand way, provide several options for you to consider (including costs and savings) and give you time to review before making a decision.

A credit counselor should never coerce you to sign up for services. If this happens, report the behavior to the Federal Trade Commission or Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

After you’ve evaluated the options, costs and potential savings, consider if what you’ll pay is worth the services you’re receiving. For example, if you’re comfortable with budgeting and making payments on your own, you might be able to pay off your debt without signing up for a DMP, potentially saving you money over time.

» MORE: How to choose a certified credit counselor

Alternatives to credit counseling

While credit counseling can be a great option for some people, it’s not always the right choice. Some alternatives are:

  • Debt consolidation: With a debt consolidation loan, you may be able to consolidate your higher-rate debt, like credit cards, into a lower fixed-rate debt. This can be a good option if you can afford to pay off the debt over a relatively short period and don’t have ongoing credit issues like active collections.
  • Debt settlement: If you can’t afford to make your monthly payments, a debt settlement plan is an option. This is riskier than credit counseling or debt consolidation since the goal is to pay less than you owe. However, it can sometimes be a way to avoid filing for bankruptcy.
  • Bankruptcy: After you’ve exhausted all other alternatives, you might decide to file for bankruptcy. This should be a last resort, as it can hurt your credit for years. Bankruptcy courts require you to meet with an approved credit counseling agency before filing. You can confirm if your credit counselor is approved by reviewing this list maintained by the Credit Counseling Unit at the Executive Office for U.S. Trustees (a division of the DOJ).

FAQ

Does credit counseling work?

Whether credit counseling works depends on your situation and your chosen counselor. If you choose a reputable credit counselor who gives you solid financial advice that you adhere to, credit counseling can help you get into a better financial situation.

However, if you fall for a credit counseling scam or fail to follow through with your plan, credit counseling may not work.

Does credit counseling hurt your credit score?

Meeting with a credit counselor will not hurt your credit score, but your score may be lowered temporarily or reduced for a long time, depending on your chosen actions. For example, your score might be hurt for years if you pursue debt settlement or bankruptcy.

If you opt for a DMP or a debt consolidation loan, your score might temporarily decrease if you close older accounts, but establishing good payment history and reducing your total debt should increase your credit score over time.

Are credit counseling programs scams?

Many credit counseling programs are not scams. If you decide to file for bankruptcy, you must meet with an approved credit counseling agency before doing so. The U.S. Department of Justice maintains a list of credit counseling agencies approved to provide bankruptcy counseling; see if your agency is on this list to avoid scams.

Is credit counseling the same as debt settlement?

Credit counseling is not the same as debt settlement. With credit counseling, you’ll usually work with a nonprofit organization that will review your finances and provide initial budgeting help and financial advice for free. Plus, it might offer a DMP to help you pay off all your debt for a cost of $0 to $75 a month.

With debt settlement, you’ll work with a for-profit debt relief company that might also provide free financial advice, but its primary goal is to help you pay off unsecured debt for an amount less than you owe. Settlement fees can be 15% to 25% of the original debt balance.

Bottom line

Credit counseling is a way to get free financial advice and education or fee-based services like a DMP. Your credit counselor will carefully review your finances and recommend how to Strengthen your financial condition. If you’re struggling to make payments and have a lot of unsecured debt with high-interest rates, they might recommend a DMP.

You should never be pressured to sign up for a DMP — this should only be offered if the credit counselor believes it’s appropriate for your situation.

Methodology

To make our top picks for best credit counseling companies, we collect 24 individual data points from 17 well-known companies. We then compared them on features including:

  • Types of debt serviced: We considered the types of debts a credit counseling company works with and gave higher consideration to those that work with more than credit card debts.
  • Rates and fees: We gave preference to companies with clear rates and easy-to-access information about fees, including money-back guarantees and cancellation policies.
  • Availability: Companies that are available to customers in all 50 states were given more consideration for top picks, but we did not exclude those with limited availability (based on other criteria).
  • Additional services: We looked at other services a credit counseling company provided, including bankruptcy counseling, housing counseling, military member support and credit report reviews. Higher weight was given to companies that offer a variety of services, but we did not exclude from consideration companies that only provide credit counseling.
  • Debt minimums: More preference was given to companies that had lower debt minimum requirements ($5,000 and below), but we did not exclude companies requiring a higher minimum if they excelled in other areas.

Since customer feedback is a critical indicator when evaluating companies, this was an important consideration when selecting our top picks. However, for those companies on our list with no ratings on ConsumerAffairs, there were other variables that made them stand out as good options for debt relief, and we factored those into our decisions.


ConsumerAffairs writers primarily rely on government data, industry experts and original research from other reputable publications to inform their work. Specific sources for this article include:
  1. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, “Submit a complaint about a financial product or service.” Accessed April 7, 2023.
  2. Federal Trade Commission, "Report to help fight fraud!" Accessed April 7, 2023.
  3. FINRA, "Certified Credit Counselor (CCC)." Accessed April 10, 2023.
  4. Homeownership Done Right, "National Industry Standards for Homeownership Education and Counseling." Accessed April 10, 2023.
  5. National Association of Certified Credit Counselors, “Certification Process.” Accessed April 10, 2023.
  6. The United States Department of Justice, "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) - Credit Counseling." Accessed April 10, 2023.
  7. The United States Department of Justice, "List of Credit Counseling Agencies Approved Pursuant to 11 U.S.C. 111." Accessed April 10, 2023.

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Mon, 15 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.consumeraffairs.com/finance/credit-counseling/
How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety © maroke/Getty Images; Illustration by Austin Courregé/Bankrate How a financial therapist can help you with money anxiety

Money commonly negatively affects people’s health, causing feelings like anxiety, stress and depression. For some people, it’s a persistent problem: Nearly one in three (29 percent) U.S. adults who say money has a negative impact on their mental health are impacted daily, according to a latest Bankrate survey.

When those money worries remain for weeks or months at a time, it may help to reach out to a financial therapist who can provide support. Over the past decade, more counselors specializing in financial therapy have begun to help people understand how finances affect their mental health and give them the steps to build better financial mindset habits for the future.

A financial therapist can’t manage your money for you, but they may be able to help you through the stress that can come from money. Here’s what a financial therapist does, and why they can be a resource when money affects your mental health.

Key Bankrate money and mental health insights

Dollar Coin

  • Half of U.S. adults say their mental health is negatively affected by money. 52% of U.S. adults say money has a negative impact on their mental health, such as feelings of anxiety and stress, worrisome thoughts, loss of sleep or depression.
  • Inflation’s effects are affecting mental health more year-over-year. 68% of those whose mental health is negatively affected by money cite inflation/rising prices. Similarly, 57% of those who said inflation/rising prices has a negative impact on their mental health say that concern has increased over the past year.
  • More Gen Xers experience negative mental health effects due to money. 60% of Gen Xers (ages 43-58) say money has a negative impact on their mental health — the highest percentage of any generation. In 2022, 46% of Gen Xers said money had a negative impact on mental health — a 14 percentage point difference.

More than one third of millennials who believe money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily

More than half (52 percent) of U.S. adults say money at least occasionally has a negative impact on their mental health, according to Bankrate. The largest percentage of them say it affects them daily:

  • Daily: 29%
  • Weekly: 27%
  • Monthly: 25%
  • Less often than monthly: 18%

Gen Zers (ages 18-26) and millennials (ages 27-42) are more likely to experience daily negative mental health due to money than older generations like baby boomers (ages 59-77). Around one-third of Gen Zers (32 percent) and 38 percent of millennials who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily:

Source: Bankrate

Note: Among those who say money has a negative impact on their mental health

In comparison, only 26 percent of Gen Xers and 22 percent of baby boomers who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money daily. More baby boomers who say money has a negative impact on their mental health say they worry about money monthly (32 percent).

How a financial counselor can help with money anxiety

Turning to a financial therapist can be a way to find support when money is negatively impacting your mental health. The idea of a financial therapist is relatively new; one of the first self-described financial therapy organizations, the Financial Therapy Association (FTA), began in 2009 and started publishing studies that same year.

The trend of financial therapy has grown as more Americans generally begin to seek mental health care to learn new coping strategies for anxiety, depression and other mental health conditions. In 2021, 11.1 percent of U.S. adults were counseled by a mental health professional, according to the latest data available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), up from 9.5 percent in 2019. The FTA’s database now has 80 members offering financial therapy or non-clinical guidance, specializing in subjects like receiving sudden money, insurance, layoffs, retirement, budgeting or trauma.

Financial therapists can break down financial stressors that may be affecting you, help unpack financial trauma and provide other therapeutic guidance. A financial therapist is typically not a licensed financial advisor and they may not have a fiduciary duty, meaning they won’t manage your money for you.

For Lindsay Bryan-Podvin, a Michigan-based financial therapist and coach, her role is less about guiding people through the nuts and bolts of how to manage a bank account and more to do with understanding emotions tied to money.

“A financial therapist really helps people at the intersection of how emotions, psychology and systems impact why they do what they do with money and to help them make choices that feel best for them about their personal finances,” Bryan-Podvin told Bankrate.

Quick definitions

Financial therapistA financial therapist is usually a licensed mental health professional who specializes in helping mental health symptoms caused by financial stress, as well as help clients budget or set financial goals. They may have additional financial training or certifications, though no one certification is required for someone to call themselves a financial therapist.

Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW) or Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW)LMSW and LCSW refers to two different social work licenses, providing non-clinical or clinical social work services, such as therapy. Both licenses require at least a master’s degree. Additionally, LMSWs require an exam and LCSWs require two years of field experience.

Financial advisorA financial advisor can help you create a budget or estate plan, manage your investments or guide you on when to take Social Security, among other hands-on financial duties. A certified financial planner is licensed by the Certified Financial Planner board and acts with a fiduciary duty, meaning they are legally required to put your interests before their own.

Bryan-Podvin was already a therapist specializing in anxiety and depression disorders when she began to feel underqualified to help clients with the emotional side of money. When she struggled with bills after graduate school, commonly available personal finance advice wasn’t helping.

“Every time I picked up a book, I felt like I was getting yelled at. It was, ‘It’s your fault you’re in this situation. You didn’t work hard enough. You didn’t save enough.’ And I’m like, I’m doing everything in my power,” Bryan-Podvin said. “I knew what it was like to be on the receiving end of incredibly individualistic and shame-laden personal finance advice, and I just thought that I was not alone in that.”

How much can you expect to pay for financial therapy?

Fees for financial therapy vary from provider to provider, just like other forms of therapy. Financial therapists are obligated to clearly disclose their fees and billing structure in the first meeting or session.

Financial therapy is difficult to provide under health insurance, Medicare or Medicaid, according to Bryan-Podvin, though it’s easier if the mental health practitioner can classify the therapy under a diagnosis like anxiety or depression.

If therapy fees aren’t in someone’s budget, they can seek credit counseling through a non-profit organization. Credit counseling can’t address mental health issues directly, but counselors often offer free workshops, education and advice to help manage money and debt.

Cost can lock low-income people out of financial therapy, but Bryan-Podvin says she’s seeing more financial and mental health resources become available to minority communities.

“Even if it isn’t a specific financial therapist, finding communities, whether it’s a Substack newsletter or a hashtag that you follow, finding people who can validate, emphasize and normalize your lived experience actually [helps],” Bryan-Podvin said. “You’re going to be like, ‘Oh, I’m not alone.'”

3 ways to organize your finances before seeking financial counseling

Considering starting financial therapy? First, it may help to take stock of your financial picture. Here’s how you can better understand your finances before of reaching out to a financial therapist:

  1. Create or update your budget. Write down your monthly bills, debt repayment, insurance and other expenses to get a gist of how you’re spending each month.
  2. Write down your debts and assets. If you have a credit card, student loan, medical or other debt, gather your accounts to understand how much you have in debt. It may also help to look into your assets, such as the value of your home, retirement accounts or savings. Your debt subtracted from your assets is your net worth, which gives you an idea of your financial picture.
  3. Consider your financial goals. It may be helpful to ask yourself why you’re examining your financial habits. For example, do you want to buy a house or get married? Or maybe you want to pay off debt? Creating a list of short-term and long-term goals can provide accomplishments to work towards.
  • Methodology

    Caret Down

    Bankrate commissioned YouGov Plc to conduct the survey on financial wellness. All figures, unless otherwise stated, are from YouGov Plc. Total demo size was 2,365 U.S. adults, including 1,232 who say money has a negative impact on their mental health. Fieldwork was undertaken April 12-14, 2023. The survey was carried out online and meets rigorous quality standards. It employed a non-probability-based demo using both quotas upfront during collection and then a weighting scheme on the back end designed and proven to provide nationally representative results.

Thu, 01 Jun 2023 03:52:26 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/personalfinance/how-a-financial-therapist-can-help-you-with-money-anxiety/ar-AA12fI92




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