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Killexams : Mile2 Administrator practice questions - BingNews Search results Killexams : Mile2 Administrator practice questions - BingNews Killexams : ASE offering free practice exams through January

LEESBURG, Va. — As the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) concludes its 50th anniversary year, the association is is offering service professionals the opportunity to take an official ASE practice questions at no charge.

To receive a free practice questions voucher, individuals should login or create a myASE account at From the store tab, they should click on ASE practice questions Vouchers and then practice questions Voucher. Check the box for practice questions voucher, enter the code ASE50th and click apply to get the free voucher.

An email containing the voucher code will be sent to the email address in the participants myASE account. The deadline to request a free practice questions voucher is Jan. 31.

Once an automotive service professional receives their practice questions voucher, it can be redeemed at and can be used for the A1-A8, C1, G1, L1, P2, T2, T4, T6 or T8 practice tests.

Individuals have 60 days from the date they redeem a voucher code for a practice questions to complete their review test. It is possible to stop at any point and return later to complete the test by entering the same code.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:56:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Placement Test Practice Killexams : Placement Test Practice

Being prepared is the best way to ease the stress of test taking. If you are having difficulty scheduling your Placement Test, please contact the UNG Testing Office.

If you have a red yes in any Placement Test Required row on your Check Application Status page in Banner, read the information below relating to the area in which you have the red yes.

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Wed, 13 Jul 2022 09:51:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : How to Use practice exams to Study for the LSAT No result found, try new keyword!Likewise, it’s a bad idea to take the LSAT without first training with real practice tests. That said, very few athletes run daily marathons. Instead, they vary their training with shorter ... Tue, 01 Nov 2022 19:56:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : How to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10

In a Windows operating system, an Administrator account is an account that allows a user to make changes that require administrative permissions. An Administrator has more rights on a Windows OS as compared to the users with a local account. For example, the users with a local or standard account can access files and folders on their own user space, make system changes that do not require administrative permissions, install and uninstall programs, etc. On the other hand, an Administrator can change security settings, install and uninstall software, add and remove users, make changes to other user accounts, etc. In short, to perform the tasks that require administrative permissions, you should be logged in as an Administrator. In this tutorial, we will see how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows

Every Windows computer has a Local Administrator account that is created at the time of Windows installation. As described above, the Administrator has full access to the Windows device as compared to other standard users. The Administrator can also create new and delete the existing users and change the user account permissions. You can log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 by:

  1. Using the existing Administrator Account
  2. Enabling the built-in Administrator account
  3. Creating a new Local Administrator account
  4. Changing the local or standard into an Administrator account

Let’s see all these methods in detail.

1] Using the existing Administrator Account

log in as admin

If you are starting your PC then locate the Administrator account and use the password to login.

If you are currently not logged in as an administrator and want to change to an admin, open Start, click on the user icon, select Sign out and then log into the Admin account by using its password.

2] Enabling the built-in Administrator account

The Windows OS has a built-in Administrator account. In Windows 11/10 and Windows Server 2016, the built-in Administrator account is disabled at the time of Windows installation and another local account is created which is the member of the Administrators group.

The built-in Administrator account is also called the Super Administrator account. If we compare the built-in Administrator account with the Local Administrator account, the built-in Administrator account has elevated privileges. This means when you perform the administrative tasks, you will not get the UAC prompt. Apart from that, if you want to do some serious troubleshooting on your Windows machine or if you want to recover your main account or another user account, you can use the built-in Administrator account.

Because the built-in Administrator account does not show the UAC prompt, any application can have full control over your system. Therefore, running this account on a regular basis can be risky. You should enable the built-in Administrator account only if you have to do some troubleshooting or recover other user accounts. After performing your task, you should disable it.

As explained above, every Windows OS has a Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Hence, you have to sign in to that Local Administrator account in order to enable the built-in Administrator account. After enabling the built-in Administrator account, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

3] Creating a new Local Administrator account

add a family member Windows 11

Every Windows 11/10 computer has a default Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Using that account, you can create another Local Administrator account for another user. To do so, open the Accounts page in your Windows 11/10 Settings and then click on the Family & other users option. Now, you have two options:

Let’s see how to create a Local Administrator account for a family member and other users.

 Create a Local Administrator account for your family member

You can use this option if you have another Microsoft account and you want to add that account as an Administrator to your Windows computer.

Create administrator account for family member

  1. On the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Settings, click on the Add account button next to the Add a family member option.
  2. Enter the email address of the family member and click Next.
  3. Select the role (organizer or member) and click Invite. After that, an invite will be sent to the email address.
  4. Open the email address and accept the invitation. After accepting the invitation, that account will be added automatically to your Windows device.
  5. Now, open the Family & other users page in WIndows 11/10 Accounts settings and select the newly added account.
  6. Click Change account type and select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 using that account.

Create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member

If you do not have another Microsoft account, you can still create a Local Administrator account. This time, you have to add an account in the Other users section on the Family & other users page. The steps are as follows:

Create administrator account for other users

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Click on the Add account button next to Add other user.
  3. You will be prompted to enter your email address. Click on the I don’t have this person’s sign-in information link.
  4. Now, click Add a user without a Microsoft account.
  5. Enter your username and password. After that, select the security questions and type your answers.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Now, select the newly created account and click Change account type.
  8. Select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can use this account to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read: How to rename built-in Administrator Account in Windows.

4] Changing the local or standard account into an Administrator account

If you already have created a local account on your Windows machine, you can change its type and use that account to login as an Administrator. The steps to change the local account to an Administrator account are as follows:

change user account type windows 11

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Select the local user account under the Other users section.
  3. Click on the Change account type button and select Administrator in the drop-down.
  4. Now, click OK.

How do I log onto my computer as an Administrator?

At the time of Windows installation, a Local Administrator account is created automatically. You can use that account to log onto your computer as an Administrator. Apart from that, you can also enable the hidden or built-in Administrator account or create an additional Local Administrator account.

We have explained all these methods above in this article.

How do I run Windows as an Administrator?

To run Windows as an Administrator, you should have an Administrator account. There are different methods by which you can create an Administrator account. In addition to this, you can also enable the built-in Administrator account. But it is not recommended to use the built-in Administrator account on a regular basis due to security issues.

This is all about how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read next: How to fix the disabled Administrator account on Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows Mon, 14 Mar 2022 12:38:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Practice Test: Synonyms and Antonyms

Tackle these vocabulary basics in a short practice test: synonyms and antonyms. Synonyms are words that have a similar meaning, and antonyms are words with opposite meanings. Students in first and second grade will think deeply about word meaning as they search for the matching synonym or antonym in each row of this studying and writing worksheet.

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Sat, 15 Aug 2020 09:42:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Do Expired COVID Tests Work? Here’s the Deal, According to Experts

We’ve gotten to the point in the COVID-19 pandemic where you’re probably not stressed every single day about getting the virus—the wide availability of COVID-19 vaccines and effective treatments have thankfully made that possible. And, with that, you likely have some tests around your place for the just-in-case that may have been sitting there for a while. Here’s the thing, though: They can expire. Yep, there is a COVID test expiration date printed on your package that you may not even realize is there.

Many COVID-19 tests last for just a year or so, but the odds are high that you’ll need to use your at some point. That may or may not be before the expiration date stamped on your package passes. So…do expired COVID tests work, or do you need to toss what you thought was a perfectly good test? It’s actually a little complicated. Here’s what you need to know.

So, do expired COVID tests work?

Yes and no. To fully understand that, it’s important to explain how COVID-19 tests get an expiration date in the first place. “When tests are developed, the company will assess the test over time to make sure it’s performing with the quality standards intended,” says Thomas Russo, M.D., a professor and the chief of infectious diseases at the University at Buffalo in New York. “Whatever time frame they assess it for is the expiration date that will go on that test.”

This “doesn’t necessarily mean that the test won’t perform for a longer period of time,” Dr. Russo says—it’s just the amount of time that the test has been assessed for and what is authorized or approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Older tests are more likely to have shorter expiration dates because there were time pressures to get tests out earlier in the pandemic, when they were first developed, and only so much time since they had been created to test how long they were good for, Dr. Russo says. “However, companies kept assessing the tests over time,” he says.

As a result, “many manufacturers have received shelf life extensions by the FDA,” says infectious disease expert Amesh A. Adalja, M.D., a senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security.

The FDA has a list online of authorized home COVID-19 tests, along with links to “updated expiration dates” so you can check to see if your test’s expiration date has been extended.

“If you have a test and it’s ‘expired’ based on what the package says, it may or may not be the most correct expiration date,” Dr. Russo says.

What happens if you use an expired test?

Again, the expiration dates are a reflection of how long the company that manufactured the test found that it was good for—or the period of time in which they were able to assess the test. With that, there’s a chance that your test will still be good beyond the expiration date listed. “Most tests will still perform past their expiration date for several weeks,” Dr. Adalja says.

If the test has truly expired “you are more likely to get a false negative,” says Jamie Alan, Ph.D., associate professor of pharmacology and toxicology at Michigan State University. “The test might be negative because the reagents or ‘ingredients’ are past their shelf life and are not working as they should,” she explains. “They are likely good past their expiration date, although how long I cannot say with any degree of certainty.”

If you have symptoms of COVID-19 and the only test you have at home is expired, Alan says you could try it. “If you get a positive, you are probably positive,” she says. “If you get a negative, it would be good to follow up with another test, either a PCR test or another rapid at-home test.”

Why do COVID tests expire?

COVID tests contain specific reagents (aka ingredients) that react with the virus, or lack thereof, from your swab, Alan explains. “These ingredients do not work forever,” she says. “This is true for medications, lab materials, and food.”

How do I know if my BinaxNOW is expired?

BinaxNOW is one of the most popular home tests out there, and it typically has an expiration date stamped on the back of the box. But, again, that may not be the most up-to-date expiration date for your test.

If you have a test with an expired date on the package, check out the FDA’s list of updated expiration dates for BinaxNOW tests to see if it’s been extended. Just keep in mind that you’ll need to have your box’s lot number handy.

But, if your test is expired—both on the box and per the FDA’s updated dating—and you want to be sure you’re getting an accurate reading, Dr. Russo says it’s “probably best to not use that test.”

This article is accurate as of press time. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic rapidly evolves and the scientific community’s understanding of the novel coronavirus develops, some of the information may have changed since it was last updated. While we aim to keep all of our stories up to date, please visit online resources provided by the CDC, WHO, and your local public health department to stay informed on the latest news. Always talk to your doctor for professional medical advice.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 14:44:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Killexams : You Can Still Get Free COVID-19 Tests Through Insurance

November 21, 2022 4:12 PM EST

Planning to gather with loved ones over the holidays? Here’s a timely reminder that every member of your family enrolled in health insurance is eligible for eight free rapid at-home COVID-19 tests every month. That goes for whatever insurance you have—whether it’s through Medicare, the Affordable Care Act marketplace, Medicaid, or your employer—because rapid-test reimbursement is still required by the federal government.

There are two main ways to purchase these tests. The first is to pick them up at a pharmacy or store that your plan designates as “in-network.” If you’re on Medicare, there’s also a partial list of the pharmacies offering over-the-counter tests here. In many cases, the advantage is that you won’t have to pay for the tests; they’ll be immediately covered. Some pharmacies, including Walgreens and CVS, also offer online programs where you can locate tests, enter your insurance information, and then pick them up in person. However, insurance companies sometimes require people to purchase tests themselves and then apply to be reimbursed.

However, insurance companies sometimes require people to purchase tests themselves—online, at a pharmacy, or from other retailers—and then apply to be reimbursed. Your plan is required to reimburse you up to $12 per test (or $24 for a box of two). Before buying, you should check your individual insurer’s requirements for reimbursement—and plan to hang on to your receipt. There are some contexts in which insurers are not required to reimburse for testing. For example, they are not legally bound to pay for ongoing tests demanded by an employer as a condition of employment.

At this point in the pandemic, at-home rapid COVID-19 tests are indispensable tools. Experts recommend taking them before gathering with other people, especially if they’re at high risk of severe disease (including those over age 65) or are not up-to-date on their vaccines. You should also test whenever you have COVID-19 symptoms, like a fever, sore throat, or runny nose, or after coming into contact with someone who has had COVID-19 in the last five days.

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Mon, 21 Nov 2022 10:34:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Do Covid-19 tests expire? Here’s the truth about the home kits

If you stocked up on at-home Covid-19 rapid antigen testing kits during one of the Omicron-variant surges, you could be in for a surprise when you bust them out for a pre-holiday test: an expiration date months in the past. According to the Food and Drug Administration, most at-home Covid-19 tests list an expiration date between four and six months from when they were manufactured.

Does that mean those expired tests no longer work? Here’s why the expiration date printed on the box isn’t as straightforward as you might expect.

When does my at-home, rapid test Covid test expire?

The reason the answer to “when does my at-home Covid test expire?” isn’t as straightforward as, say, when the yogurt in your fridge expires has to do with the tests’ relative novelty. The tests have only been approved for two years, and crucially, the testing they underwent before hitting the market happened in just one year. If the FDA wanted to determine the maximum length of time the test was effective before putting it on the market, it would have had to delay those tests for years.

What it did instead is take a more conservative approach: authorizing a shelf-life of four to six months and then extending the expiration date as real-world data was compiled.

In an email, a spokesperson for the California Department of Public Health told Inverse that “since initial approval, most tests have had specific extensions issued by the FDA because test companies have presented information to the FDA showing the tests work well for a longer period of time.”

How can you tell if your test still works? In January of this year, the FDA released a list of updated expiration dates for different at-home rapid Covid-19 tests.

For example, BinaxNOW rapid Covid-19 tests manufactured by Abbott have been given an updated shelf life of 15 months, as have iHealth rapid tests. FlowFlex rapid tests manufactured by ACON Laboratories have been given a shelf life of 19 months. You can find a full chart of the FDA’s updated shelf-life and expiration dates for different rapid tests here.

California’s Department of Public Health has gone even further, authorizing the use of at-home rapid tests past the FDA’s extended expiration date. Their guidance now says you can use the tests as long as the control line is “both easily visible and the color specified by the specific test instructions” after the 15-minute test-development window. In other words, if you take an expired test and the control line shows up clearly, you can consider that result as valid as an at-home rapid test that isn’t expired.

How to prolong the shelf-life of your at-home rapid Covid-19 test

A longer than initially anticipated shelf life of at-home Covid tests doesn’t mean your tests will necessarily last that long. Like medication, proper storage of Covid tests will prolong their shelf life.

If the test is exposed to very hot or cold temperatures, it will degrade faster than if it’s kept at more stable temperatures. According to the FDA, “test performance may be impacted if the test is used while it is still cold, such as being used outdoors in freezing temperatures or being used immediately after being brought inside from freezing temperatures, or in a hotter than expected environment, such as outside in the summer.”

To perform as expected, manufacturers assume the test is being performed in an environment that is roughly between 59 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit. If the test is delivered to you when it’s very hot or cold outside, the FDA advises bringing the test inside and leaving it at room temperature for at least two hours before using it.

If you’re not sure if the test is still good, the FDA suggests taking the test. “As long as the test line(s) appear as described in the instructions, you can be confident that the test is performing as it should. If the line(s) do not appear in the correct location(s) and within the correct time as shown in the test instructions when you perform the test, then the results may not be accurate, and a new test is needed to get an accurate result,” the FDA explains.

How rapid tests work and what goes bad when an at-home Covid-19 test degrades

Nate Hafer is the director of operations for the University of Massachusetts Center for Clinical and Translational Science and an assistant professor in molecular medicine at UMass Chan Medical School. He tells Inverse that the extended expiration dates make sense to him, especially in light of how the tests work.

After you swab your nostrils, you put the swab in a solution that breaks apart the demo so different proteins in the demo can be detected. In the case of rapid antigen tests, the protein they’re looking for is called the nucleocapsid protein, which is “one of the most abundant proteins in the SARS-CoV-2 virus,” Hafer says.

Once the solution has broken apart the genetic material, you put a few drops of the solution on the test strip. The strip has been painted with antibodies that, if they come into contact with the nucleocapsid protein, will change color. As the solution moves down the paper, the control line will appear regardless of whether it detects the nucleocapsid protein or not.

The various substances used in the test are fairly stable, Hafer says, which is why the tests last past the expiration date if stored properly. If they are exposed to prolonged heat or cold, Hafer says both the solution and the antibodies on the test paper could degrade.

“I would guess that the antibodies on the strip of paper are one of the more sensitive things that could be damaged by extreme heat or cold, but the solution probably has some chemicals in it that could also be influenced by extreme temperatures,” he says.

So if you come across an expired at-home test, don’t immediately throw it away. Hang on to it and the next time you need to test, make sure the control line shows up as it should. If it does, go ahead and treat it like a non-expired test. If that line looks funky, head to the store for a new one.

Mon, 14 Nov 2022 01:47:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : A Rising Star in the Biden Administration Faces a $100 Billion Test

Gina Raimondo, secretary of commerce, in Washington, Sept. 23, 2022. (Jared Soares/The New York Times)

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo was meeting with students at Purdue University in September when she spotted a familiar face. Raimondo beamed as she greeted the CEO of SkyWater Technology, a chip company that had announced plans to build a $1.8 billion manufacturing facility next to the Purdue campus.

“We’re super excited about the Indiana announcement,” she said. “Call me if you need anything.”

These days, Raimondo, a former Rhode Island governor, is the most important phone call in Washington that many CEOs can make. As the United States embarks on its biggest foray into industrial policy since World War II, Raimondo has the responsibility of doling out a stunning amount of money to states, research institutions and companies such as SkyWater.

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She is also at the epicenter of a growing Cold War with China as the Biden administration uses her agency’s expansive powers to try to make America’s semiconductor industry more competitive. At the same time, the administration is choking off Beijing’s access to advanced chips and other technology critical to China’s military and economic ambitions.

China has responded angrily, with its leader, Xi Jinping, criticizing what he called “politicizing and weaponizing economic and trade ties” during a meeting with President Joe Biden this month, according to the official Chinese summary of his comments.

The Commerce Department, under Raimondo’s leadership, is now poised to begin distributing nearly $100 billion — roughly 10 times the department’s annual budget — to build up the U.S. chip industry and expand broadband access throughout the country.

How Raimondo handles that task will have big implications for the U.S. economy going forward. Many view the effort as the best — and only — bet for the United States to position itself in industries of the future, such as artificial intelligence and supercomputing, and ensure that the country has a secure supply of the chips necessary for national security.

But the risks are similarly huge. Critics of the Biden administration’s plans have noted that the federal government may not be the best judge of which technologies to back. They have warned that if the administration gets it wrong, the United States may surrender its leadership in key technologies for good.

“The essence of industrial policy is you’re gambling,” said William Reinsch, a trade expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a think tank. “She’s going to be in a tough spot because there probably will be failures or disappointments along the way,” he said.

The outcome could also have ramifications for Raimondo’s political ambitions. In less than two years in Washington, Raimondo, 51, has emerged as one of Biden’s most trusted Cabinet officials. Company executives describe her as a skillful and charismatic politician who is both engaged and accessible in an administration often known for its skepticism of big business.

Raimondo’s work has earned her praise from Republicans and Democrats, along with labor unions and corporations. Her supporters say she could ascend to another Cabinet position, run for the Senate or perhaps mount a presidential bid.

But she is under close watch by Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and some other left-wing Democrats, who have criticized her as being too solicitous of corporate interests. Some progressive groups have accused Raimondo of being under the influence of big tech firms and not thoroughly disclosing those ties.

“Secretary Raimondo’s job is to help grow an economy that works for everyone, not to be the chief lobbyist for the Chamber of Commerce,” Warren said in a statement to The New York Times. “I have real concerns about the department’s approach, whether it’s approving assault weapon sales, negotiating trade deals or supporting big tech companies.”

Those criticisms have been fanned by rumors in latest months that the White House is considering Raimondo to serve as the next Treasury secretary if Janet Yellen, the current occupant of that post, eventually steps down.

Caitlin Legacki, a spokesperson for the Commerce Department, dismissed speculation about Raimondo’s next moves as “wheel spinning.”

“As has been previously reported, Janet Yellen is staying at Treasury and Gina Raimondo is staying at Commerce,” Legacki wrote in an email.

Raimondo says she is eager to lead the Commerce Department through its next chapter as it tries to build up America’s manufacturing sector. While the scale of the task is daunting, it so far has not fazed her. Colleagues and a family member describe her as having little aversion to conflict and say she is drawn to messy policy problems by an impulse to fix them.

Raimondo grew up in Rhode Island in a close-knit Roman Catholic family, raised partly by a brother 13 years her senior who recalled wrestling with her and throwing her in the water at the beach.

She was “afraid of pretty much nothing,” said her brother, Dr. Thomas J. Raimondo, a pulmonologist in Warwick, Rhode Island. “I think because we brought her up tough, but No. 2, she’ll enter a conflict figuring out, ‘How am I going to fix this?’”

In sixth grade, she was also deeply influenced by watching her father lose his job at the Bulova watch factory as American manufacturers began sending jobs overseas. The job was a source of her father’s pride and allowed him to provide for his family, and the loss sent him into a funk for years, Raimondo said in an interview. Her mother had shone in a job in human relations at U.S. Rubber, Raimondo said, but she was dismissed when she became pregnant, a common policy at the time.

As Raimondo grew up, manufacturers such as Timex and U.S. Rubber shut their doors, and she saw Rhode Island’s schools and infrastructure begin to fray. The significance of these closures would resonate when Raimondo studied economics as an undergraduate at Harvard, where her professors fed her a “steady diet” of how trickle-down Reaganomics had hollowed out the U.S. economy, she said.

It was also this decaying system — specifically, Rhode Island’s decision to slash public bus routes and library hours when budgets fell short — that ultimately drove Raimondo to leave a lucrative job in venture capital and run for state treasurer in 2010. There, she made changes to shore up the state’s pension system, clashing with unions and progressive Democrats in the process.

She was elected as the state’s first female governor in 2014. In that job, she introduced free community college and all-day kindergarten, repeatedly raised the minimum wage and cut business taxes. She also courted controversy by proposing a toll on commercial trucks to rebuild the state’s roads and bridges. In 2016, 18-wheel trucks circled Rhode Island’s State House for months, blasting their horns in protest and rattling the nerves of Raimondo’s staff.

Biden, then vice president, came to her defense. He traveled to Providence to applaud her efforts and inspect a local bridge that he said was being held up by “Lincoln Logs.”

“Let the horns blow,” Biden said. “Fix the bridges and the roads.”

Raimondo was also gaining political support elsewhere in the Democratic Party. She grew close with Mike Donilon, a top adviser to Biden, and his brother, Thomas E. Donilon, who served as national security adviser to President Barack Obama. In 2020, she served as a national co-chair of Michael Bloomberg’s presidential campaign and was floated as a potential running mate.

Biden and his team vetted Raimondo as a potential vice president. After Biden won, they considered her to lead the Department of Health and Human Services before settling on the Commerce Department, a sprawling agency that oversees trade, weather monitoring, the Census Bureau and technology regulation.

At Commerce, Raimondo has taken an active role in trade negotiations, at times overshadowing the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, which traditionally crafts the country’s trade deals. She played an outsized role in some of the administration’s major legislative victories, including reaching out to executives to win their support for the infrastructure bill and leaning on her relationships with lawmakers and executives to get funding for the semiconductor industry put into law.

Raimondo has also presided over the most aggressive use of the Commerce Department’s regulatory powers in a generation. While the department is well known for its role in promoting business, it has an increasingly important role in regulating it by policing the kind of advanced technology that U.S. firms can share with China, Russia and other geopolitical rivals.

In February, her department moved swiftly with allies to clamp down on technology shipments to Russia following its invasion of Ukraine. And in October, the department issued sweeping restrictions on advanced semiconductor exports to China in an attempt to curtail the country’s access to critical technology that can be used in war.

But Raimondo has also received some criticism on that front. Republican lawmakers and others say she has not moved forcefully enough to stop U.S. companies from enriching themselves by selling sensitive technology to China. In particular, critics say that the Commerce Department has issued too many special licenses that offer companies exemptions to the restrictions on selling to China.

In an interview, Raimondo said that the claim was “just not true” and that exemptions were based on technical specifications, not political considerations.

The restrictions that the Biden administration issued on China’s semiconductor industry last month are “the boldest, most coherent strategic set of policies that the Commerce Department has ever rolled out with respect to export controls,” Raimondo said.

When it comes to overseeing industry, Raimondo has said she sees reasonable regulation of business as a necessity, saying corporations left to their own devices will “get greedy.” And she has been outspoken about improving living conditions for the poor, often decrying an economic system where many women and people of color can work 60-hour weeks but still live in poverty.

But unlike some progressive Democrats, Raimondo clearly does not see an issue with being labeled “pro-business.”

“I come from a place in my politics that, fundamentally, Americans are pro-job, pro-business, pro-wealth,” she said. “Americans want to make money and feel like they can make money.”

She added: “American entrepreneurship is the envy of the world. We cannot snuff that out.”

While she came from humble beginnings, Raimondo and her husband, Andy Moffit, a former executive at McKinsey & Co. who is now chief people officer at a health care technology platform, have amassed a net worth of between $4 million and $12.5 million, according to government disclosure forms.

As her department turns to funding semiconductor projects, Raimondo has promised to use tough standards to evaluate company applications, including prohibiting money from being used for stock buybacks or to make investments in advanced technology in China. The department is expected to lead the work of reviewing and approving grants, but any awards to companies of more than $3 billion will be approved by Biden.

At an event held by the Atlantic Council in September, Raimondo acknowledged that people were watching closely and that the administration’s credibility was on the line.

“Did you get it right? Did you meet the mission? Was it impactful?” she asked. “And if the answer is yes, I think we will be able to convince Congress and others to do more.”

© 2022 The New York Times Company

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 01:38:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : How to get free or low-cost Covid tests this holiday season — and how best to use them

The third holiday season since the pandemic started is nearly here, and around 300 people are still dying of the coronavirus every day, on average, according to NBC News' tally.

At what was likely his final White House briefing, Dr. Anthony Fauci said on Tuesday that people shouldn’t underestimate the value of testing.

“When we’re gathering at a family gathering for Thanksgiving or for Christmas or for any other holiday as we get into the winter, it makes sense that you might want to get a test that day,” said Fauci, who directs the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases but is leaving that role next month.

But finding low-cost tests and interpreting the results aren't always simple.

Here's the latest guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration, as well as expert advice, about how to get tests without paying out of pocket, check when an at-home test expires and interpret a negative result if you have symptoms or known exposure.

Private insurance and Medicare cover eight at-home tests a month

Since January, the Biden administration has required private insurers and Medicare to cover up to eight at-home tests per month. People with private insurance can order the tests at in-network pharmacies or submit claims to be reimbursed for tests they buy at other stores or out-of-network pharmacies. People with Medicare can search online for a list of providers that offer free tests.

PCR lab tests are also fully covered through private insurance and Medicare.

Free at-home tests from the government are no longer available

The federal program that distributed up to 16 free at-home tests to households through the mail ended Sept. 2 because of a lack of congressional funding.

How to find free testing sites near you

Some sites that provided free rapid or PCR tests earlier in the pandemic have closed, but the Department of Health and Human Services has an online search tool to find nearby sites still offering free or low-cost tests. Most are pharmacies like CVS and Walgreens, but the site can also direct you to your state health department's website, which may offer additional options.

Once the government's public health emergency declaration expires, testing costs will probably go up

The declaration was last renewed in October, and it could end sometime in 2023. After that, Medicare beneficiaries will most likely have to pay the full cost of at-home tests but should still get clinical diagnostic testing covered, according to KFF, a nonprofit health think tank. For people with private insurance, testing costs will be subject to the particulars of their plans, but they are unlikely to be covered in full.

Rapid tests can expire, but many shelf lives have been extended

Different tests have different shelf lives, but many of the original expiration dates have been extended since the tests were authorized.

In such cases, the manufacturer has provided evidence to the government that the tests give accurate results longer than was known when they were created. 

Abbott’s BinaxNOW at-home test, for example, says it has a shelf life of 15 months, but the expiration dates of many batches have been extended by three to six months. The government-distributed tests from iHealth Labs, meanwhile, last one year, but most of their shelf lives have been extended four to six months. Flowflex at-home tests have a shelf life of 19 months, with extensions of six months.

To check whether the expiration date of your particular test has been revised, click on the relevant link on the FDA's list and look up the lot number.

When to test if you've been exposed or feel ill

If you have symptoms, take a test immediately. If you were exposed to someone who tested positive but you feel healthy, test after five full days.

The FDA recommends that people with known exposures who test negative take second tests 48 hours later. If they are negative again, test a third time after another 48 hours.

"We know antigen-based tests, you have to repeat them. They're not a one-and-done test," said Dr. Susan Butler-Wu, an associate professor of clinical pathology at the University of Southern California.

If you are exposed within 30 days after having previously tested positive for Covid, you don’t need to test unless you develop symptoms, according to the CDC. If it has been less than 90 days since your last Covid infection, use a rapid test, because PCR results can stay positive for up to 12 weeks.

You can report your at-home test result to public health agencies at, a site from the National Institutes of Health.

What to know about the accuracy of at-home tests

PCR tests are generally more sensitive and accurate than at-home tests, but the results can take at least 24 hours — and often several days. At-home tests (also known as antigen tests), meanwhile, rarely give false positives but can give false negatives, even if someone is symptomatic. That's especially likely in the early days of an infection.

Scientists aren't sure why that is, but one theory is that the immune response leads to symptoms before the virus has a chance to replicate to detectable levels. That may cause people to feel tired, achy or sniffly before they test positive.

For other people, Covid tests never come back positive even though they feel sick and were exposed to the virus. It's possible that those people have unrelated infections or their immune systems did a swift job of vanquishing the virus before it replicated widely enough to register on a test.

People who are elderly or immunocompromised should still seek out PCR tests if they feel sick or were exposed to Covid and get negative results on at-home tests, said Dr. Sheldon Campbell, an associate professor of laboratory medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. That's because those groups are eligible for treatments like Paxlovid in the days after they test positive.

"You don't want to wait two days, get a positive and realize you should have been treating for two days," he said.

Your test result could be a good indicator of contagiousness

Campbell said testing positive on an at-home test is a pretty good indicator you're infectious. But Butler-Wu cautioned that it’s still possible to be contagious and test negative on an at-home test or to test positive and not spread the virus to others.

"At the end of the day, there is no infectiousness test for Covid. There has never been, and there still isn't," she said.

It is well established, however, that people are more likely to be infectious at the start of their illnesses. An August study found that 65% of people with Covid shed infectious virus five days after their symptoms started but that just 24% were still doing so after a week.

How long you're likely to test positive

If you are mildly ill, the CDC recommends isolating for at least five days after your positive test or the start of symptoms, then ending isolation if you test negative or if symptoms have resolved or are clearing up. If your symptoms haven’t improved much or you still have a fever on day five, the agency advises continuing isolation until you are fever-free for 24 hours without medication.

People with moderate or severe illness — characterized by shortness of breath or hospitalization — should isolate through day 10.

"Typically, people are positive for about seven days after their symptoms" start, Campbell said. "Some people can go longer — rarely more than two weeks."

In one small study, just 25% of people with Covid were negative on rapid tests on day six of their illnesses, but all the participants tested negative after two weeks. In a study of college athletes with Covid, meanwhile, 27% still tested positive one week after their first positive tests.

Campbell said scientists are still investigating why some people test positive for more than two weeks.

"People who are antigen test-positive beyond two weeks are in some fashion not having good immunity to the virus," he said.

Mon, 14 Nov 2022 13:50:00 -0600 en text/html
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