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Exam Code: MD-101 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
MD-101 Managing Modern Desktops

This test measures your ability to accomplish the following technical tasks: deploy and update operating systems; manage policies and profiles; manage and protect devices; and manage apps and data. If you passed test 70-698 before it expired on March 31, 2019, you only need to take MD-101 to earn the Modern Desktop certification.

Deploy and update operating systems (15-20%)
Manage policies and profiles (35-40%)
Manage and protect devices (15-20%)
Manage apps and data (25-30%)

Deploy and update operating systems (35-40%)
Plan and implement Windows 10 by using dynamic deployment
• evaluate and select an appropriate deployment options
• pilot deployment
• manage and troubleshoot provisioning packages

Plan and implement Windows 10 by using Windows Autopilot
• evaluate and select an appropriate deployment options
• pilot deployment
• create, validate, and assign deployment profile
• extract device HW information to CSV file
• import device HW information to cloud service
• troubleshoot deployment

Upgrade devices to Windows 10
• identify upgrade and downgrade paths
• manage in-place upgrades
• configure a Windows analytics environment
• perform Upgrade Readiness assessment
• migrate user profiles

Manage updates
• configure Windows 10 delivery optimization
• configure Windows Update for Business
• deploy Windows updates
• implement feature updates
• monitor Windows 10 updates

Manage device authentication
• manage authentication policies
• manage sign-on options
• perform Azure AD join

Manage policies and profiles (25-30%)
Plan and implement co-management
• implement co-management precedence
• migrate group policy to MDM policies
• recommend a co-management strategy

Implement conditional access and compliance policies for devices
• implement conditional access policies
• manage conditional access policies
• plan conditional access policies
• implement device compliance policies
• manage device compliance policies
• plan device compliance policies

Configure device profiles
• implement device profiles
• manage device profiles
• plan device profiles

Manage user profiles
• configure user profiles
• configure Enterprise State Roaming in Azure AD
• configure sync settings
• implement Folder Redirection, including OneDrive

Manage and protect devices (20-25%)
Manage Windows Defender
• implement and manage Windows Defender Application Guard
• implement and manage Windows Defender Credential Guard
• implement and manage Windows Defender Exploit Guard
• implement Microsoft Defender Advanced Threat Protection
• integrate Windows Defender Application Control
• manage Windows Defender Antivirus

Manage Intune device enrollment and inventory
• configure enrollment settings
• configure Intune automatic enrollment
• enable device enrollment
• enroll non-Windows devices
• enroll Windows devices
• generate custom device inventory reports Review device inventory

Monitor devices
• monitor device health (e.g., log analytics, Windows Analytics, or other cloud-based tools,etc.)
• monitor device security

Manage apps and data (10-15%)
Deploy and update applications
• assign apps to groups
• deploy apps by using Intune
• deploy apps by using Microsoft Store for Business
• deploy O365 ProPlus
• enable sideloading of apps into images
• gather Office readiness data
• configure and implement kiosk (assigned access) or public devices

Implement Mobile Application Management (MAM)
• implement MAM policies
• manage MAM policies
• plan MAM
• configure Windows Information Protection
• implement Azure Information Protection templates
• securing data by using Intune

Managing Modern Desktops
Microsoft Managing test success
Killexams : Microsoft Managing test success - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MD-101 Search results Killexams : Microsoft Managing test success - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MD-101 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Microsoft Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2022
  • Database technology is crucial in multiple applications and computing tasks, and certifications help demonstrate job readiness and core competencies. 
  • Before pursuing a database platform certification, you should have a solid background in relational database management systems and the SQL language. 
  • Valuable certifications are typically tied to specific technology companies and their platforms, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP.
  • This article is for IT professionals considering database certifications to further their careers. 

While database platforms have come and gone through the decades, database technology is still critical for multiple applications and computing tasks. IT professionals often seek database certifications to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise as they navigate their career paths and pursue professional growth. 

While database certifications may not be as bleeding edge as Google cloud certifications, cybersecurity certifications, storage certifications or digital forensics certifications, database professionals at all levels possess in-demand career skills — and a plethora of database-related jobs are waiting to be filled.

We’ll look at some of the most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases.

What to know about database roles and certifications

To get a better grasp of available database certifications, it’s helpful to group these certs around job responsibilities. This reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA). A DBA is responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). The job is often tied to a specific platform, such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server.
  • Database developer. A database developer works with generic and proprietary application programming interfaces (APIs) to build applications that interact with a DBMS. Like DBA roles, database developer positions are also often platform-specific.
  • Database designer or database architect. A database designer or architect researches data requirements for specific applications or users and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst or data scientist. A data analyst or scientist is responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insights, determine the meaning behind data, and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining or business intelligence (BI) specialist. A data mining or BI specialist focuses on dissecting, analyzing and reporting important data streams, such as customer, supply chain and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist. A data warehousing specialist assembles and analyzes data from multiple operational systems (such as orders, transactions, supply chain information and customer data) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

These database job roles highlight two critical issues to consider if you want to be a database professional:

  1. You need a solid general background. First, a background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a fundamental prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 
  2. There’s a focus on proprietary technologies. Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver comes from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. Most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

Did you know?Did you know? NoSQL databases — called “not only SQL” or “non-relational” databases — are increasingly used in big data applications associated with some of the best big data certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence.

Best database certifications

Here are details on our five best database certification picks for 2022.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 12

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry-standard DB2, as well as the following:

  • IBM Compose
  • Information Management System (IMS)
  • Informix
  • Cloudant
  • IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop

IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program that has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM now has a primary data-centric certification category called IBM Data and AI. It includes a range of database credentials: 

  • Database Associate
  • Database Administrator
  • System Administrator
  • Application Developer 

IBM’s is a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers toward the handful of items most relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on IBM’s z/OS should check out the IBM Associate Certified DBA — Db2 12 certification. It’s an entry-level test that addresses routine planning, working with SQL and XML, security, operations, data concurrency, application design, and concepts around database objects.

This certification requires candidates to pass one exam. Pre-exam training and familiarity with concepts, or hands-on experience, are recommended but not required. 

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator — Db2 12 (z/OS)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses are available.

Number of exams

One: C1000-122: Db2 12 for z/OS DBA Fundamentals (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam. Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.



Self-study materials

The certification page includes self-study materials, including a study guide and a learning path. 

Did you know? IBM’s certification offerings are among the best system administrator certifications IT professionals can achieve.

2. Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence. Azure is a cloud computing platform for application management and Microsoft-managed data centers. Microsoft certifications include various Azure offerings based on job role and experience level.

Microsoft’s certification program is role-centric, centered on the skills you need to succeed in specific technology jobs. Because Azure has such a broad scope, Azure certifications span multiple job roles. However, specific certifications exist for the following positions:

  • Data Analysts
  • Data Engineers
  • Data Scientists
  • Database Administrators 

There are also certifications for learners at different experience levels. 

For those looking to take their Azure knowledge to the next level, the Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals certification is the perfect place to start. This certification is for beginner database administrators interested in using Azure and mastering data in the cloud. It offers foundational knowledge of core concepts while reinforcing concepts for later use in other Azure role-based certifications, such as those listed below: 

  • Azure Database Administrator Associate
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate
  • Data Analyst Associate 

Azure Data Fundamentals certification facts and figures

Certification name

Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals

Prerequisites and required courses 

This certification does not have any prerequisites. However, for absolute beginners, Microsoft offers an Azure Fundamentals certification. 

Number of exams

One exam, DP-900, which is administered via Pearson VUE or Certiport.

Cost per exam

The test costs $99 in the United States, though the cost changes based on where it is proctored. 



Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the test is well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice questions and other materials. Microsoft also offers a free online learning path.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks depending on job role and product. MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

If you’re interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification, you can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. 

The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can accomplish the following tasks:

  • Install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server.
  • Configure replication.
  • Apply security.
  • Schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single test (the same test can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

Did you know? According to Oracle, approximately 1.8 million Oracle Certified professionals globally hold certifications to advance their networking careers and professions to validate their IT expertise. 

4. Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

For individuals interested in working in the Oracle environment who have the necessary experience to become a database administrator, Oracle’s Database SQL Certified Associate Certification is another top Oracle certification and an excellent starting point. This test encompasses an understanding of fundamental SQL concepts that individuals must grasp for database projects. 

By earning the certification, individuals demonstrate that they have a range of knowledge in core SQL concepts:

  • Familiarity with queries, data modeling, and normalization
  • Strong base understanding of the underlying SQL language
  • An ability to create and manipulate Oracle Database tables 

This certification also requires candidates to pass a single exam. While Oracle does not specify any prerequisites, the company does state candidates should have familiarity working with the command line. 

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification facts and figures

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

SAP SE has an extensive portfolio of business applications and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications and storage. The SAP HANA platform’s foundation is an enterprise-grade relational database management system that can be run as an appliance on-premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform lets customers build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program built to support its various platforms and products. We’re featuring the SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications we’ve highlighted and is in high demand among employers, according to job board surveys. 

This certification ensures database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers the following skills:

  • Managing users and authorizations
  • Applying security
  • Ensuring high availability 
  • Effective disaster-recovery techniques 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. 

The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $2,760. This online training program is designed for those who run, support, or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most exact SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end-of-life status and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

Prerequisites and required courses    

None required.

Recommended: Hands-on experience and the following courses: 

  • SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) 
  • High Availability and Disaster Tolerance Administration SPS05 (HA201)
  • Monitoring and Performance Tools SPS05 (HA215)
  • Database Migration using DMO SPS05 (HA250)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05, test code C_HANATEC_17 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam




Self-study materials

The certification web page includes a link to demo questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Tip: To broaden your skill set, consider pursuing the best sales certifications to better sell and implement various IT solutions, including databases.

Beyond the top 5 database certifications

Additional database certification programs can further the careers of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, well-known vendor-neutral database certifications exist, including the following: 

  • ICCP certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) offers its unique Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Learn more about ICCP certifications from the ICCP website.
  • Enterprise DB certifications. EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional

These are some additional certifications: 

These credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets — and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them.

Key takeaway: Pursuing additional database certifications can be helpful for professional development if you already work with these platforms or plan to work with them in the future. 

Job board search results

Before pursuing certifications, consider their popularity with employers to gain a helpful perspective on current database certification demand. Here’s a job board snapshot to give you an idea of what’s trending.




 LinkedIn Jobs 



IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2






Azure Data Fundamentals






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification












If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $91,949 as the national average in the U.S., ranging from $64,171 to over $131,753. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat lower at $84,161, with a top rung for experienced senior DBAs right around $134,000.

Choosing the right certification

Choosing the best IT certifications to enhance your skills and boost your career can be overwhelming, especially as many available certifications are for proprietary technologies. While picking a database certification can feel like locking yourself into a single technology family, it is worth remembering that many database skills are transferable. Additionally, pursuing any certification shows your willingness to learn and demonstrates competence to current and future employers. 

Ultimately, choosing which certification to pursue depends on the technologies you use at work or would like to use at a future employer.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. 

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : How to Prepare for Microsoft 365 Migration Success Shared

NYC area Microsoft 365 expert shares tips for a successful Microsoft 365 migration, including scope and license assessment, tool selection, and a pilot migration—in a new article from Messaging Architects

HOBOKEN, N.J. (PRWEB) November 17, 2022

Messaging Architects, an eMazzanti Technologies Company and Microsoft 365 expert, shares recommendations to prepare for a Microsoft 365 migration in a new article. The informative article first urges readers to identify the scope of the project, including knowing what data needs to be migrated and where it lives.

The author then asks planners to determine the necessary Microsoft Licenses and subscriptions to obtain the desired features. He cautions readers to choose the right migration tool then directs them to carefully prepare the old and new environments. He concludes by urging them to run a pilot migration using an average team to identify issues with the process.

"Migrating to Microsoft 365, no matter what platform you migrate from, brings challenges," stated Greg Smith, Vice President of Services Delivery at Messaging Architects. "But when organizations take the time to plan and prepare for Microsoft 365 Migration, and when they use the right tools, the process can go smoothly."

Below are a few excerpts from the article, "How to Prepare for Microsoft 365 Migration Success."

Identify the Scope of the Project

"Before you can begin planning a migration, you need to understand your current environment. This includes knowing what data needs to be migrated and where it lives. And it entails gathering stakeholders from each business unit to help you identify workflows, prioritize projects, and highlight potential issues."

Determine the Necessary Microsoft Licenses and Subscriptions

"Microsoft 365 comes in various flavors, with plans for small to medium businesses and enterprise plans. Each package offers a different combination of features and choosing the right package for your business needs can prove challenging. For instance, if you want advanced information governance and data security features, you will need to purchase the right plan."

Choose the Right Migration Tool

"Organizations migrating to Microsoft 365 have a couple of options. Microsoft does offer a native migration tool which can work for small, basic migration projects. However, for a more complex migration, most companies find that a third-party migration solution will deliver a better result."

Prepare the Old Environment

"Take time to clean and organize the current environment before you migrate. Delete or archive unused mailboxes and inactive databases, taking care to observe regulatory requirements. Also, remove redundant, obsolete, or trivial data (ROT). Migrating unnecessary data can significantly increase the time and cost to migrate."

Partner with Microsoft 365 Migration Experts

The migration experts at Messaging Architects have a long history of successful Microsoft 365 migrations. Whether migrating from Exchange, GroupWise, or another platform, they have the tools and expertise required for a smooth transition.

With over 30 years of migration experience, Messaging Architects will proactively address any compliance issues before, during and after the migration. And as a Microsoft partner, they help business leaders choose and configure the right solution and prepare for Microsoft 365 migration success.

Have you read?

Optimizing Governance, Risk and Compliance in Microsoft 365

5 Microsoft 365 New Features Drive Productivity and Engagement

About Messaging Architects

Messaging Architects specializes in effectively managing and securing an organization's most precious asset, its information. With over 20 years of information management and technology consulting experience, the Messaging Architects team has provided corporations, educational intuitions, health care facilities and nonprofits with methodologies, procedures, and technology to keep their data organized, compliant and secure.

About eMazzanti Technologies

eMazzanti's team of trained, certified IT experts rapidly deliver increased revenue growth, data security and productivity for clients ranging from law firms to high-end global retailers, expertly providing advanced retail and payment technology, digital marketing services, cloud and mobile solutions, multi-site implementations, 24×7 outsourced network management, remote monitoring, and support.

eMazzanti has made the Inc. 5000 list 9X, is a 4X Microsoft Partner of the Year, the #1 ranked NYC area MSP, NJ Business of the Year and 5X WatchGuard Partner of the Year! Contact: 1-866-362-9926, info@emazzanti.net or http://www.emazzanti.net Twitter: @emazzanti Facebook: Facebook.com/emazzantitechnologies.

For the original version on PRWeb visit: https://www.prweb.com/releases/how_to_prepare_for_microsoft_365_migration_success_shared/prweb19026744.htm

© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Wed, 16 Nov 2022 23:38:00 -0600 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/11/p29765752/how-to-prepare-for-microsoft-365-migration-success-shared
Killexams : Why it's time to review your Microsoft patch management options

You have several options to manage patching on Microsoft networks: let machines independently update or use a third-party patching tool, Windows Software Update Services (WSUS), or another Microsoft management product. If you are still using WSUS as your key patching tool, you may want to review your options. Microsoft is developing additional patching tools that will allow you to better manage systems and control administrative access.

Is WSUS on the way out?

Microsoft has long kept the status quo for WSUS, its on-premises patching product. It still supports WSUS, but Microsoft does not appear to be making new investments in the platform. Case in point, if your WSUS server fails on syncing, disable the Windows category of “Windows Insider Dev Channel.” Selecting this category creates an error message during synchronization. Microsoft is aware of the issue but has not given any estimated time for a fix. WSUS has not been updated in years. If you are considering using WSUS as your go-to patching platform, budget for a subscription to WSUS Automated Maintenance, which includes scripts and routines to optimize WSUS.

What is Microsoft doing to enhance patch management? After the pandemic, many of us pivoted to hybrid deployments and had to handle patch management both on premises and for remote systems. Trying to patch hybrid systems put all that Microsoft 365 traffic across the VPN. Microsoft issued recommendations regarding split tunnelling to allow the patching traffic to go across the local network connection while maintaining controls and approvals.

Windows Update for Business

Clearly, we need more options to control patching with a cloud focus. Microsoft has been working on options that would allow more control without having to rely on an on-premises server. First, Microsoft introduced Windows Update for Business. This is a group of Group Policy settings that allow you to set controls for updating without using WSUS, but it lacked reporting – until recently.

Currently in preview, Windows Update for Business Reports have a few requirements. First, your systems must meet the following requirements:

  • You must have an Azure subscription with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD).
  • Devices must be Azure AD-joined and meet OS, diagnostic, and endpoint access requirements.
  • Devices can be Azure AD joined or hybrid Azure AD joined.
  • Devices that are Azure AD registered only (Workplace joined) aren't supported with Windows Update for Business reports.
  • The Log Analytics workspace must be in a supported region.

Windows Update for Business Reports does not support devices that are Azure AD registered only (Workplace joined).

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Sun, 13 Nov 2022 21:45:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.csoonline.com/article/3679248/why-its-time-to-review-your-microsoft-patch-management-options.html
Killexams : OpenAI’s ChatGPT bot sparks excitement and concern from investors, entrepreneurs, researchers (Bigstock Image) © Provided by Geekwire (Bigstock Image)

“Extremely impressive.” “Incredibly rich.” “Super exciting.”

That’s how tech leaders are describing ChatGPT, the new conversational chatbot model released last week by OpenAI.

The bot builds on existing GPT natural language technology developed by OpenAI, the San Francisco-based organization formed by tech leaders Sam Altman and Elon Musk, and backed by Microsoft, which helps power the back-end cloud computing for OpenAI products.

But the latest update sparked huge reaction over the past week — and more than 1 million users — given how ChatGPT is able to quickly answer complicated questions and instantly produce content.

For example, we asked it to write a short news story about the Seattle startup ecosystem, and the result was relatively on point. It can easily do homework or create weight loss plans or even draft lines of code. The tech is making college professors rethink how they create test questions.

“There’s a certain feeling that happens when a new technology adjusts your thinking about computing,” said Box CEO Aaron Levie. “Google did it. Firefox did it. AWS did it. iPhone did it. OpenAI is doing it with ChatGPT.”

But there are already concerns being raised about the technology, part of a newer group of language models called “generative AI,” such as the ability to discern when something is created by a machine or not, or misuses and unintended consequences.

And for now, the bot is not always accurate or truthful. Seattle tech vet Jensen Harris, co-founder of Textio, shared a response from ChatGPT describing “The Ohio and Indiana War,” which, of course, did not happen.

We reached out to Seattle-area tech investors, entrepreneurs, and researchers to get their quick takes on ChatGPT and its potential. Read on for their answers.

Greg Gottesman, managing director at Pioneer Square Labs:

  • “We are seeing the first inning of technology that will turn information workers — everyone from journalists to marketers to programmers — from the generators of content and code to editors of it. I think over time it will change the type of work we do and the way we work.”
  • “Startups, of course, have a major role to play. I think the big companies may control much of the underlying technology, but there will be plenty of room for startups creating the applications that stem from this technology and building on top of it and enhancing it in ways that enable purpose-built, vertical solutions.”

Yejin Choi, University of Washington computer science professor

  • “I think ChatGPT is both surprising and unsurprising. What it is capable of doing, when it is successful to carry on, is super exciting and impressive. It does reach a new milestone that the community at large didn’t necessarily consider as feasible within this year.
  • “It is also unsurprising in that it does make mistakes easily when users try to fool the system deliberately. This weakness to the adversarial queries might turn out to be an extremely challenging problem to solve in the coming years, as such queries challenging the system with less frequent, novel situations. The current deep learning training paradigm relies a great deal on frequent patterns or patterns of previously-seen situations, and lacks common sense capabilities to reason fluidly about trivial yet novel/unfamiliar situations.”

Geoff Harris, managing partner at Flying Fish Partners

  • “This has the potential to be game-changing technology. What is less clear right now is the strategy behind it. This could simply be a case of OpenAI demonstrating what is possible on top of their core platform. They could extend this to be an app model for others — one where there are vertical implementations akin to Alexa Skills, but one where the discoverability challenges are solved because the UX is visual not simply audio.”
  • “An alternative path is that this is OpenAI’s ‘Office’ to their ‘Windows’ — the killer first-party app implementation of GPT. In this path, many incumbents, most notably Google, should be nervous.”

Richard Yonck, futurist and emerging tech consultant

  • “There are certainly a range of business use cases, but I’m concerned about its intentional misuses (e.g., multimodal deepfakes and other forms of automated cybercrime) and unintended consequences (information and its expression converging on the mean as well as the atrophying of writing skills).”

David Shim, founder and CEO of Read AI:

  • “It won’t be a surprise to see in the next 24 months, multiple billion-dollar companies built on top of OpenAI’s foundational models. The startups that will be the most successful won’t be the best at prompt engineering, which is the focus today, rather success will be found in what novel data and use case do they incorporate into OpenAI’s models. This novel data and application will be the moat that establishes the next set of AI unicorns.”
Mon, 05 Dec 2022 07:07:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/openai-s-chatgpt-bot-sparks-excitement-and-concern-from-investors-entrepreneurs-researchers/ar-AA14W8Ku
Killexams : Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management Preview Can Now Check for Firmware Vulnerabilities


Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management Preview Can Now Check for Firmware Vulnerabilities

The Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management service can now assess the firmware security of client devices, a new capability that's available at the public preview stage, per a Monday announcement.

Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management is itself currently at the public preview stage, as announced back in May. It offers various asset and inventory tools, assessment tools, along with prioritization and remediation solutions for Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, Windows and network devices.

Microsoft has been adding various capabilities to the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management preview. In June, it added the ability to report when software lacks fixes for common vulnerability and exposures. Now, it can also report on similar lapses in firmware.

This so-called "hardware and firmware assessment" capability in Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management preview will show the following information, per this Microsoft document:

  • A list of hardware and firmware in devices across an organization
  • An inventory of the systems, processors and BIOS used, and
  • The number of weaknesses and exposed devices, plus "threat insights."

The weaknesses reporting capability is based, in part, on just three vendors' security information. There are other limitations, too, which the document explained in the following note:

Weaknesses and exposed devices information is based on security advisories from HP, Dell, and Lenovo and relates to processors and BIOS only. Weaknesses for other vendors are not reported.
Inventory and weaknesses data is collected on Windows, Linux, and MacOS (refer to the list of supported platforms).
Note: processor and BIOS information is not reported on Mac devices with M1 processor.

The hardware and firmware assessment capability will let IT pros see device vulnerability exposures and they'll also get "remediation instructions and recommended firmware versions to deploy," according to the announcement. With this preview, Microsoft added the ability to evaluate the use of Secure Boot for Windows and Linux devices. Secure Boot is a Unified Extensible Firmware Interface measure that's designed to ward off malware at the system boot level.

Also new in the hardware and firmware assessment preview is the ability to use an API for the "system model, processor and BIOS information" of devices, which can be exported in JSON or file formats.

Additionally, for Microsoft 365 Defender subscribers, there's a new "DeviceTvmHardwareFirmware" advanced hunting schema. It pulls information from the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management service when creating device hardware and firmware queries.

Microsoft is planning to further describe its November additions to the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management service in an online presentation, to be held on Nov. 30, with signup info here.

Organizations have to sign up if they want to try the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management preview, as outlined here. When it gets commercially released, the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management service will be sold as a standalone product (priced at $3 per user per month) and as an add-on to Microsoft Defender for Endpoint Plan 2 (priced at $2 per person per month).

Organizations can subscribe to Microsoft Defender for Endpoint Plan 2 and then purchase the Microsoft Defender Vulnerability Management add-on, when it's commercially available. However, Microsoft Defender for Endpoint Plan 2 may already be had by organizations as some Windows Enterprise edition and Microsoft 365 E5-type subscription plans already include Microsoft Defender for Endpoint Plan 2.

About the Author

Kurt Mackie is senior news producer for 1105 Media's Converge360 group.

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 09:36:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://redmondmag.com/articles/2022/11/28/microsoft-defender-vulnerability-management-preview-can-now-check-for-firmware-vulnerabilities.aspx
Killexams : Managing Up: The Secret To Career Success

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Killexams : Physician Licensing Exams: Failure Or Success?

All physicians practicing medicine in the United States are required to pass a series of standardized board exams known as the United States Medical Licensing Exams (USMLE), which consists of the Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3 exams. Prior to January 26 of this year, all three test grades were reported as a numeric score in addition to the designation pass or fail. Since January 26th, the USMLE and its sponsors, the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) and the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB), have decided to forego a numeric grade for the Step 1 exam, making the score designated only as pass or fail.

The reason for the change? According to Kevin Jubbal, founder of Med School Insiders, the change occurred to Strengthen the well-being of medical students and decrease the stress and anxiety of students surrounding the exam. According to the 2018 National Resident Matching Program’s Program Director Survey, the USMLE Step 1 score was the number one factor used when deciding which candidate to offer an interview for residency training (post-graduate training that occurs for each medical specialty immediately after graduating medical school). This test, often taken between the second and third years of medical school, aims to confirm minimal competency for licensure by testing fundamentals of the basic clinical sciences that are taught in the pre-clinical years of medical school. It is of no surprise that many medical students would often obsess over getting the highest score possible in order to join the career of their choice after medical school graduation.

Has the change to pass/fail of the USMLE Step 1 done what it was intended to do- namely decrease stress and anxiety in medical students? According to the 2021 National Resident Matching Program’s Program Director Survey, 94% of residency programs require a numeric score on the USMLE Step 2 CK test before offering interviews to candidates. According to another study, many residency programs now consider the USMLE Step 2 CK as the primary factor when considering which medical students to offer interviews for residency training. The stress and anxiety many medical students feel has simply shifted from the Step 1 test to the Step 2 CK exam. In other words, the USMLE Step 2 CK test is the new Step 1, when considering medical student well-being and mental health.

According to a study in JAMA Network Open, 50% of medical students are experiencing burnout. Although there has been much attention given to the crisis surrounding the dramatic rise of physician burnout since the Covid-19 pandemic, much less focus has been given to burnout in medical students, the future caregivers and first responders that will care for you and your loved ones. How can we expect future physicians to master clinical medicine and care for the ill when they cannot even care for themselves?

Equally troubling to the detrimental effects of well-being are the racial and ethnic disparities the USMLE brings to underrepresented medical student candidates for residency. According to data from an article in Academic Medicine, Black and Latino medical students are more likely to score lower and/or fail all three USMLE exams when compared to White students. The reason- downstream effect of decades of systemic racism whereby they are provided fewer resources and opportunities to succeed and excel in academics. Consequently, it is much more difficult for underrepresented minorities to receive interview offers in the specialty of their choice when graduating medical school when compared to White students.

The USMLE, NBME, and FSMB have a real opportunity to promote medical student and physician well-being as well as racial equity by addressing scoring on physician licensing exams. Just as they made the Step 1 pass/fail, they must make all USMLE exams pass/fail. This would undoubtedly reduce the enormous stress and anxiety medical students face during their arduous years in school. Furthermore, underrepresented students will perhaps have a fairer shot at pursuing their dream specialties after graduating. Standardized tests are merely one metric and measure for success. Eliminating numeric scores on the USMLE will force residency programs to make a more holistic review of prospective candidates.

Some medical schools are already doing this for medical school admissions. At the University of Maryland School of Medicine, the admissions committee performs holistic screening deemphasizing standardized tests scores, offers unconscious bias training for interviewers, and blinds interviewers to standardized scores; to name a few initiatives. Residency programs throughout the country should follow suit when considering future trainees in their programs. The USMLE, NBME, and FSMB as well as the hundreds of medical training programs throughout the country must start taking care of medical students, who we will all rely upon to take care of us.

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 Omer Awan en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/omerawan/2022/11/23/physician-licensing-exams-failure-or-success/ Killexams : Implementing and Managing a Data Fabric: Steps to Success

As data environments continue to grow more diverse, distributed, and complex, the need for agile data management has increased proportionally. To maximize the value of their data, organizations need to make it available to users where and when it's needed—fast, easy access is the mandate. This requires rethinking traditional data management practices.

In response, data fabric has emerged as a new design concept aimed at solving the persistent challenges of integrating, governing, and sharing data across the enterprise. Through a unified architecture and combination of data services and technologies, organizations can create an integrated layer of connected data to facilitate self-service data consumption.

The benefits of this scenario are easy to understand but getting there is a different story. There is no out-of-the-box or one-size-fits-all solution, and it's not a one-and-done project either.

To help IT decision makers and data professionals gain a deeper understanding of data fabric, how to start, and how to maintain success, DBTA is hosting a special roundtable webinar on May 18th. Reserve your seat today!

Don't miss this live event on Thursday, May 18th, 11:00 AM PT / 2:00 PM ET.

Register Now to attend the webinar Implementing and Managing a Data Fabric: Steps to Success.

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