Exam Code: MB-500 Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
MB-500 Microsoft Dynamics 365: Finance and Operations Apps Developer

EXAM NAME : Microsoft Dynamics 365: Finance and Operations Apps Developer
Candidates for this exam are Developers who work with Finance and Operations apps in Microsoft Dynamics 365 to implement and extend applications to meet the requirements of the business. Candidates provide fully realized solutions by using standardized application coding patterns, extensible features, and external integrations.

Candidates are responsible for developing business logic by using X++, creating and modifying Finance and Operations reports and workspaces, customizing user interfaces, providing endpoints and APIs to support Power Platform apps and external systems, performing testing, monitoring performance, analyzing and manipulating data, creating technical designs and implementation details, and implementing permission policies and security requirements.

Candidates participate in the migration of data and objects from legacy and external systems, integration of Finance and Operations apps with other systems, implementation of application lifecycle management process, planning the functional design for solutions, and managing Finance and Operations environments by using Lifecycle Services (LCS).

Candidates should have a deep knowledge and experience using the underlying framework, data structures, and objects associated with the Finance and Operations solutions.

Candidates should have experience with products that include Visual Studio, Azure DevOps, LCS tools, or SQL Server Management Studio.
Candidates should have experience in developing code by using object-oriented programming languages, analyzing and manipulating data by using Transact-SQL code, and creating and running Windows PowerShell commands and scripts.

The content of this exam will be updated on April 2, 2021. Please get the exam skills outline below to see what will be changing.
Plan architecture and solution design (10-15%)
Apply developer tools (10-15%)
Design and develop AOT elements (20-25%)
Develop and test code (10-15%)
Implement reporting (10-15%)
Integrate and manage data solutions (10-15%)
Implement security and optimize performance (10-15%)

Plan architecture and solution design (10-15%)
Identify the major components of Dynamics 365 Finance and Dynamics 365 Supply Chain Management
 select application components and architecture based on business components
 identify architectural differences between the cloud and on-premises versions of Finance and Operations apps
 prepare and deploy the deployment package
 identify components of the application stack and map them to the standard models
 differentiate the purpose and interrelationships between packages, projects, models, and elements
Design and implement a user interface
 describe the Finance and Operations user interface layouts and components
 design the workspace and define navigation
 select page options
 identify filtering options
Implement Application Lifecycle Management (ALM)
 create extension models
 configure the DevOps source control process
 describe the capabilities of the Environment Monitoring Tool within Lifecycle Services (LCS)
 select the purpose and appropriate uses of LCS tools and components
 research and resolve issues using Issue Search
 identify activities that require asset libraries
Apply Developer Tools (10-15%)
Customize Finance and Operations apps by using Visual Studio
 design and build projects
 manage metadata using Application Explorer
 synchronize data dictionary changes with the application database
 create elements by using the Element Designer
Manage source code and artifacts by using version control
 create, check out, and check in code and artifacts
 compare code and resolve version conflicts
Implement Finance and Operations app framework functionality
 implement the SysOperation framework
 implement asynchronous framework
 implement workflow framework
 implement the unit test framework
 identify the need for and implement the Sandbox framework
Design and develop AOT Elements (20-25%)
Create forms
 a dd a new form to a project and apply a pattern (template)
 configure a data source for the form
 add a grid and grid fields and groups
 create and populate menu items
 test form functionality and data connections
 add a form extension to a project for selected standard forms
Create and extend tables
 add tables and table fields to a project
 populate table and field properties
 add a table extension to a project for a table
 add fields, field groups, relations, and indices
Create Extended Data Types (EDT) and enumerations
 add an EDT to a project and populate EDT properties
 add an enumeration to a project
 add or update enumeration elements
 add or update enumeration element properties
 add an extension of EDT and enumerations
Create classes and extend AOT elements
 add a new class to a project
 create a new class extension and add new methods
 add event handler methods to a class
Develop and test code (10-15%)
Develop X++ code
 identify and implement base types and operators
 implement common structured programming constructs of X++
 create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) data using embedded SQL code
 identify and implement global functions in X++
 ensure correct usage of Display Fields
 implement table and form methods
Develop object-oriented code
 implement X++ variable scoping
 implement inheritance and abstraction concept
 implement query objects and QueryBuilder
 implement attribute classes
 implement chain of command
Implement reporting (10-15%)
Describe the capabilities and limitations of reporting tools in Dynamics 365 FO
 create and modify report data sources and supporting classes
 implement reporting security requirements
 describe the report publishing process
 describe the capabilities of the Electronic reporting (ER) tool
Describe the differences between using Entity store and Bring your own database (BYOD) as reporting data stores.
Design, create, and revise Dynamics Reports
 create and modify reports in Finance and Operations apps that use SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS)
 create and modify Finance and Operations apps reports by using Power BI
 create and modify Finance and Operations apps reports FO by using Microsoft Excel
Design, create, and revise Dynamics workspace
 design KPIs
 create drill-through workspace elements
 implement built-in charts, KPIs, aggregate measurement, aggregate dimension, and other reporting components
Integrate and manage data solutions (10-15%)
Identify data integration scenarios
 select appropriate data integration capabilities
 identify differences between synchronous vs. asynchronous scenarios
Implement data integration concepts and solutions
 develop a data entity in Visual Studio
 develop, import, and export composite data entities
 identify and manage unmapped fields in data entities
 consume external web services by using OData and RESTful APIs
 integrate Finance and Operations apps with Excel by using OData
 develop and integrate Power Automate and Power Apps
Implement data management
 import and export data using entities between Finance and Operations apps and other systems
 monitor the status and availability of entities
 enable Entity Change Tracking
 set up a data project and recurring data job
 design entity sequencing
 generate field mapping between source and target data structures
 develop data transformations
Implement security and optimize performance (10-15%)
Implement role-based security policies and requirements
 create or modify duties, privileges, and permissions
 enforce permissions policy
 implement record-level security by using Extensible Data Security (XDS)
Apply fundamental performance optimization techniques
 identify and apply caching mechanisms
 create or modify temp tables for optimization
 determine when to use set-based queries and row-based queries
 modify queries for optimization
 modify variable scope to optimize performance
 analyze and optimize concurrency
Optimize user interface performance
 diagnose and optimize client performance by using browser-based tools
 diagnose and optimize client performance by using Performance Timer

Microsoft Dynamics 365: Finance and Operations Apps Developer
Microsoft Operations exam Questions
Killexams : Microsoft Operations exam Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MB-500 Search results Killexams : Microsoft Operations exam Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MB-500 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Microsoft Killexams : Learning curve for the chattering classes

Chatbots are still the hottest Topic in legal tech. As the legal and legal tech communities have been experimenting with OpenAI’s GPT-3 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) large language model, generative AI has been the subject of multiple discussions and webinars exploring its opportunities and threats for legal services and lawtech. We have even seen a few new legal tech products powered by GPT-3.

Joanna goodman cut

This is not surprising as the public version, ChatGPT, is the fastest-growing consumer app in history. It was released on 30 November 2022, and within two months it had an estimated 100 million active users. But as competition increases in this space, generative AI has become a target for regulation because of concerns that it could be used for plagiarism (particularly in educational assessments) and to spread disinformation.

When it comes to AI in legal services, digital ethics issues apply to the narrow AI already in use – for e-discovery, legal research, contract analysis and automation, and client onboarding. These apply equally to generative AI models with probabilistic algorithms.

As mainstream technology is rapidly shifting towards generative AI, it is an important development for lawyers and law firms, which are almost all Microsoft users. Microsoft, which increased its investment in OpenAI last month, has already started introducing GPT-3 into its products. On 1 February, it rolled out a premium Teams offering powered by GPT-3.5, which can generate automatic meeting notes, recommend tasks and create meeting templates. According to Reuters, Microsoft aims to add ChatGPT into all its products.

And there is already a waiting list for a ChatGPT version of its search engine Bing, where the chat functionality makes it possible to produce search results in plain text rather than a series of links, and enables you to refine your search by asking follow-up questions.

Controlling inventive algorithms

This would be incredibly useful, certainly for legal (or any) research, except that when large datasets are involved generative AI models become less reliable. If the information that ChatGPT is asked for is not available or accessible, the algorithm creates a plausible alternative. In one test reported on LinkedIn, it invented legal precedents that did not exist!


This is already a challenge for the next generation of search engines. Google parent Alphabet lost $100bn in market value after its new chatbot, Bard (powered by Google’s generative AI model LaMDA, which is built on the same Transformer language model as ChatGPT) gave a wrong answer during its first demo on 6 February, notwithstanding that Google has given no indication about incorporating Bard into its search engine.

This propensity for invention relates to the algorithm. In the New Yorker last week, science fiction author Ted Chiang described generative AI models like Chat GPT as the equivalent of a photoshop blur tool for paragraphs instead of photos. That is, the algorithm prioritises proximity rather than accuracy to produce cogent texts and summaries. Therefore, it can already be used effectively if you apply it to Verified datasets and ask it the right questions. This explains why GPT-3 can pass the US Bar exam, summarise a precedent or other document, and take meeting notes. But it is less successful at answering straightforward questions, or doing simple mathematics, with accuracy falling to below 10% when calculations involve five-digit numbers.

As ChatGPT generates conversational text in response to questions, it can easily be applied to legal documents and defined processes. The commercial API (application programming interface) GPT-3 and GPT-3.5 makes it relatively easy to integrate into existing programmes and processes. The key is to ask it the right questions. And in just a few weeks, several new GPT-3 legal applications have emerged.

Last week saw the first Barclays Eagle Labs in-person event since 2019, co-hosted with LawTech.Live. A panel discussion on tech trends in law firms focused on: choosing contract lifecycle management products, especially in document automation, where there are over 200 offerings; the perennial problem of managing/leveraging data; and legal operations.

The general view was that legal tech needs to pivot from lawyers’ tasks to business/outcomes. This is reflected by law firms increasingly investing in legal operations – as a function, and as a career path. Billie Moore, knowledge and innovation manager at Slaughter and May, outlined the firm’s legal operations graduate training programme, and legal operations consortium, whereby legal operations executives are trained by the firm and seconded to client organisations.

This may also be part of a response to a reduction of in-house legal roles, perhaps due to the economic slowdown. The panel agreed that this may be the year of legal operations bringing business and tech skills to law firms and their clients.

Chatty co-pilots

When AI was first applied to legal, in some ways it failed to live up to expectations because it was too narrow. Although it fulfilled specific tasks and functions efficiently, questions were continually raised around its limitations. Generative AI is significantly broader, creating cogent text based on a prediction algorithm, but it is less focused. However, because it is focused on text – and legal tech mostly relates to documents – law is an obvious target market. OpenAI recognised this early on. One of its OpenAI Startup Fund’s early investments was Harvey, founded in San Francisco by research scientist Gabriel Pereyra and lawyer Winston Weinberg. Harvey is an intuitive interface for legal workflows, which its website describes as a ‘copilot for lawyers’. Magic circle firm Allen & Overy made it into the Financial Times’ ‘best-read’ stories yesterday after announcing that Harvey is rolling out across its offices for legal research and document generation.

'We were chatbot-first, so we had a natural interest in ChatGPT. We have combined the two technologies to create powerful contract summaries'

Tom Dunlop, Summize

Recent weeks have seen steady stream of generative AI offerings from mainstream legal tech vendors, as well as agile startups and scale-ups. GPT-3 applications are being developed to help lawyers speed up routine tasks and processes. Contract lifecycle management (CLM) provider Ironclad’s AI Assist uses GPT-3 to enable in-house legal teams to use pre-approved clauses to instantly generate redlined versions of contracts which appear as tracked changes in Word. Here in the UK, CLM solution Summize uses GPT-3 to help corporate legal teams create ‘super summaries’. Founder and CEO Tom Dunlop explains that while Summize’s core technology contextualises contract information by extracting key dates, locations, numbers and terms, GPT-3 is used to create natural language explainers. ‘We were chatbot-first, so we had a natural interest in ChatGPT. We have combined the two technologies to create powerful contract summaries.’

US chatbot-first developer, LawDroid, whose no-code platform helps law firms build chatbots, used GPT-3 to create Copilot, a multi-functional, conversational assistant for lawyers. As CEO and founder Tom Martin explains, a ChatGPT-style interface with built-in prompts helps lawyers conduct legal research. It has search functionality that allows follow-up questions, creates summaries, corrects grammar, translates text into other languages, and drafts email templates. It can also be used to complete client onboarding forms. Unlike other legal GPT products, Copilot makes use of some of ChatGPT’s inventive qualities too, with options to ‘brainstorm blog ideas’ and even ‘chat about anything’, a kind of emotional support function! Copilot has been used by a judge in Louisiana to create a searchable knowledge base for criminal defendants.

DoNotPay’s ‘nothingburger’ challenge

DoNotPay’s attempt to get the first robot lawyer into a US court via a GPT-3 app turned out to be mostly a publicity stunt because it would have breached court regulations. Subsequently, DoNotPay founder Joshua Browder announced his intention to pivot away from legal services and focus on consumer rights. However, DoNotPay hit the headlines again on 13 February. A paralegal in Seattle filed a complaint about the company’s claims regarding its use of AI, leading to concerns over whether this challenge (which Browder described as ‘a bit of a nothingburger’ in an interview for Bob Ambrogi’s Above the Law podcast) discredited the use of AI in justice tech. Nicole Bradick, CEO and founder of Theory and Principle, which designs and develops tech products, including for non-profits, kept her feet firmly on the ground. She tweeted that it was not clear whether DoNotPay’s exact activities had any impact on its users or investors. ‘Does any of this have ANY relevance whatsoever to Justice tech, legal tech, lawyer regulation, or even the law?’ she wrote, ‘because the effects may … be marginal at best’.

Although DoNotPay’s marketing strategy is controversial, its AI-powered chatbot operates solely in the consumer space. It generates responses for people looking to challenge parking tickets and excess charges and close unwanted subscriptions. It seems that while generative AI is recognised as a game-changer for legal services delivery, particularly by corporate legal and larger firms, some of which are already recruiting GPT prompt engineers, in the US at least, there seems to be a push-back against its use in justice tech – the online apps that help consumers understand and assert their legal rights against local authorities and large corporations.

Sun, 19 Feb 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.lawgazette.co.uk/features/learning-curve-for-the-chattering-classes-/5115186.article
Killexams : Tackling Cyber Influence Operations: Exploring the Microsoft Digital Defense Report

By Microsoft Security

Each year, Microsoft uses intelligence gained from trillions of daily security signals to create the Microsoft Digital Defense Report. Organizations can use this tool to understand their most pressing cyber threats and strengthen their cyber defenses to withstand an evolving digital threat landscape.

Comprised of security data from organizations and consumers across the cloud, endpoints, and the intelligent edge, the Microsoft Digital Defense Report covers key insights across cybercrime, nation-state threats, devices and infrastructure, cyber-influence operations, and cyber resiliency. Keep studying to explore section four of the report: cyber-influence operations.

Cyber influence operations perpetuate fraud and erode trust

Democracy needs trustworthy information to flourish. However, nation-states are increasingly using sophisticated influence operations to distribute propaganda and impact public opinion on domestic and international levels. These campaigns erode trust, increase polarization, and threaten democratic processes. In the US, for example, only 7% of adults have “a great deal” of trust and confidence in newspapers, television, and radio news reporting, while 34% report having “none at all.”

Foreign cyber influence operations typically have three stages to promote public mistrust. First, there is the pre-position stage in which foreign cyber influence operations will pre-position false narratives in the public domain on the internet. This false information is often extremely compelling. One study from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study found that falsehoods are 70% more likely to be retweeted than the truth, and they reach the first 1,500 people six times faster.

Next, we see the launch stage. Here, a coordinated campaign is launched to propagate narratives through government-backed and influenced media outlets and social media channels.

Finally, there is the amplification stage in which nation-state-controlled media and proxies amplify narratives inside targeted audiences. Unfortunately, tech enablement tools can often unknowingly extend these narratives’ reach. For example, online advertising can help finance activities and coordinated content delivery systems can flood search engines.

AI enables hyper-realistic media creation and manipulation

At the same time, we are entering a golden era for AI-enabled media creation and manipulation. This trend is driven in part by the proliferation of tools and services for artificially creating highly realistic synthetic content. We’re also seeing threat actors capitalize on the ability to quickly disseminate content that is optimized for specific audiences.

The term deepfake is often used to describe synthetic media that has been created using cutting-edge AI techniques. These technologies are being developed as standalone apps, tools, and services and integrated into established commercial and open-source editing tools. Since 2019, there has been a 900% year-over-year increase in the proliferation of deepfakes. When consumers can no longer trust what they see or hear, this poses a serious threat to our collective understanding of the truth.

While this technology isn’t inherently problematic, synthetic media can do serious damage to individuals, companies, institutions, and society when created and distributed with the intent to harm.

Government and academic organizations are working hard to develop better ways to identify and mitigate synthetic media, but many current detection methods are unreliable.

Public and private sectors must coordinate defensive strategies

Globally, more than three-quarters of people worry about how information is being weaponized. The rapidly changing nature of the information ecosystem, coupled with nation-state influence operations, requires coordinated responses from public and private sector entities. More information sharing is needed to increase the transparency of these influence campaigns and to expose and disrupt their goals.

We recommend dividing your response and mitigation strategies into four key pillars: detect, disrupt, defend, and deter. First, organizations must counter foreign cyber influence operations by developing the capacity to detect them. The next priority is to shore up democratic defenses while also accounting for the challenges and opportunities technology has created to defend democratic societies more effectively. Third, organizations can counter a broad range of cyber attacks by leveraging active disruption techniques. And finally, nations will never change their behavior if there is no accountability for violating international rules. So civil societies must come together to align on deterrence strategies and appropriate consequences for violating these guidelines.

Download the full Microsoft Digital Defense Report for a closer look at today’s cyber threat landscape and for even more details, check out our exact webinar, “Build cyber resilience by leveraging Microsoft experts' digital defense learnings.”

Explore more threat intelligence insights on Microsoft Security Insider.

Copyright © 2023 IDG Communications, Inc.

Mon, 06 Feb 2023 01:07:00 -0600 Microsoft Security en text/html https://www.csoonline.com/article/3687215/tackling-cyber-influence-operations-exploring-the-microsoft-digital-defense-report.html
Killexams : Microsoft to cut 120 jobs in Ireland

Microsoft plans to cut 120 jobs from its Irish operations following the tech giant’s announcement last month that it would reduce its global workforce by almost 5pc.

mployees based in Ireland were informed of the planned layoffs yesterday.

More than 3,500 people currently work across Microsoft’s operations here.

In January, Microsoft confirmed it would cut 10,000 jobs as the tech giant looked to reduce costs amid a slump in demand across the industry

Microsoft has around 221,000 employees world-wide, with the latest job cuts impacting almost 5pc of its workforce.

The planned layoffs are due to be completed by the end of March.

It is the third round of layoffs at the organisation since last July, with previous rounds of redundancies impacting about 1pc of its workforce.

Last month, chief executive Satya Nadella told the company’s employees in a blog post that Microsoft’s customers were seeking to “optimise their digital spend to do more with less.”

“We’re also seeing organisations in every industry and geography exercise caution as some parts of the world are in a recession and other parts are anticipating one,” he said.

In exact weeks, a number of large technology companies have also unveiled their plans for global layoffs. 

Google is targeting a 6pc reduction of its global workforce, which represents around 12,000 people. Amazon is also planning to let 18,000 employees go.

Salesforce, which employs over 2,000 people in Dublin, informed staff last week that it was targeting 200 job cuts from its operations here. Globally, the company is reducing its workforce by 10pc.

Fri, 10 Feb 2023 06:35:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.independent.ie/business/technology/microsoft-to-cut-120-jobs-in-ireland-42336121.html
Killexams : ChatGPT will benefit the public if regulated

Misheel Bayasgalan, Copy Editor

As artificial intelligence technology pervades the mainstream with greater frequency, users and developers should both embrace and regulate its use to ensure safe and fair usage, especially in the context of education and work.

ChatGPT, a chatbot launched by OpenAI in November 2022, can generate human-like text responses to a given prompt.

The artificial intelligence-based technology made headlines in exact weeks for successfully passing several professional certification exams such as the United States Medical Licensing Exam, the multiple-choice component of the Multistate Bar Examination and the final exam of a core course of the Wharton School’s MBA program.

Researchers found that ChatGPT demonstrated high levels of consistency and insight in its explanations on the USMLE. In the case of the bar exam, ChatGPT-3.5 scored at 50%, which is higher than the baseline guessing rate of 25% on 4-option multiple-choice questions.

A research paper by University of Pennsylvania Professor Christian Terwiesch, titled “Would Chat GPT Get a Wharton MBA?,” analyzed how ChatGPT performed on an Operations Management final exam administered at Wharton, which is not unlike similar assessments attempted by business students at Baruch.

The findings entailed that “the present version of Chat GPT is not capable of handling more advanced process analysis questions, even when they are based on fairly standard templates.”

While the software was able to imbue its answers to questions based on analysis and case studies with insight and explanations, it still made simple mathematical calculation errors.

According to Terwiesch, these findings are good news for students and knowledge workers because they indicate that there is no immediate competition from AI technology.

However, ChatGPT’s ability to Boost efficiency and accuracy in the workplace, automate repetitive tasks and enhance decision making will undoubtedly impact demand in the job market soon enough.

Moreover, continued investments in the development of AI technology and the resulting increase in ChatGPT’s popularity signal a need for regulations.

Many educators are worried about students’ usage of AI to cheat on assignments. GPTZero., a new app created by Princeton University student Edward Tian, addresses this concern through its ability to “decipher whether a human or ChatGPT authored an essay.”

But while this is certainly an effective tool in fighting AI plagiarism, it is not a sustainable solution.

The key issue here seems to be a persisting stigma surrounding the use of AI in the context of education. Educators must first embrace the technology, which is becoming more mainstream by the day, to set guidelines for fair and safe usage.

Students will likely continue to employ ChatGPT regardless of restrictions set by their school. Thus, banning ChatGPT will ultimately be futile; instead, schools should be working to provide regulated access to the chatbot so that it could be used to further students’ educations.

Microsoft is an example of a company which has embraced AI technology in the workplace by investing $10 billion into OpenAI in January alone.

The software vendor seeks to increase the existing partnership between the two companies and incorporate more AI into Microsoft’s widely used suite of products.

This is a crucial stage in AI’s growth and improvement. More safety features should be incorporated into the software, such as barring chatbots from giving counsel on Topic areas that require advanced degrees, such as medical, financial and legal advice.

Furthermore, policymakers should strive to understand contemporary technologies better and start thinking about how to shape the space to allow for developments that benefit society but also protect consumers.

Mon, 06 Feb 2023 00:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://theticker.org/9831/opinions/chatgpt-will-benefit-the-public-if-regulated/
Killexams : (ISC)² Makes Certified in Cybersecurity exam Available in More Languages to Address Global Workforce Shortage

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Feb. 8, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- (ISC)² – the world's largest nonprofit association of certified cybersecurity professionals – today announced that the Certified in Cybersecurity℠ exam is available in five additional languages, including Chinese, Japanese, Korean, German and Spanish. Previously, the entry-level certification was only offered in English. This update follows exact language adaptations to the SSCP, CCSP and CISSP certifications in the last year. The certification, part of the association's global One Million Certified in Cybersecurity pledge, offers free Certified in Cybersecurity exams and self-paced education courses for one million people.

"We are facing a global cybersecurity workforce gap of 3.4 million professionals, and one of the greatest challenges is providing entry- and junior-level candidates with the right resources to enter the field," said Clar Rosso, CEO, (ISC)². "By expanding the Certified in Cybersecurity language offerings combined with our One Million Certified in Cybersecurity pledge, our association is taking meaningful and impactful strides to remove barriers and enable more people around the world to start a cybersecurity career."

The 2022 Cybersecurity Workforce Study revealed that more than 464,000 cybersecurity workers joined the profession in 2022. Despite the growth, the demand for cybersecurity workers outpaces the supply. In fact, China faces a shortage of 1.4 million cybersecurity professionals, and Germany needs over 100,000 cybersecurity professionals.

The Certified in Cybersecurity certification prepares a new generation of cybersecurity practitioners to enter the field – from exact university graduates to career changers to IT professionals – seeking to validate their security skills and access pursue a new career.

One Million Certified in Cybersecurity

One Million Certified in Cybersecurity pledges to provide free, entry-level cybersecurity certification exams and self-paced training and educational program courses to one million new professionals starting a career in cybersecurity. 500,000 of the one million exams and course enrollments have been set aside for those within underrepresented demographics, including women and minorities. The Certified in Cybersecurity self-paced training and educational program is now available in Chinese, German and Spanish, with Japanese and Korean coming soon.

Learn more about Certified in Cybersecurity at https://www.isc2.org/Certifications/CC.

About (ISC)²

(ISC)² is an international nonprofit membership association focused on inspiring a safe and secure cyber world. Best known for the acclaimed Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP®) certification, (ISC)² offers a portfolio of credentials that are part of a holistic, pragmatic approach to security. Our association of candidates, associates and members, nearly 330,000 strong, is made up of certified cyber, information, software and infrastructure security professionals who are making a difference and helping to advance the industry. Our vision is supported by our commitment to educate and reach the general public through our charitable foundation – The Center for Cyber Safety and Education™. For more information on (ISC)², visit www.isc2.org, follow us on Twitter or connect with us on Facebook and LinkedIn.

Wed, 08 Feb 2023 09:49:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.darkreading.com/operations/-isc-makes-certified-in-cybersecurity-exam-available-in-more-languages-to-address-global-workforce-shortage
Killexams : ChatGPT passes MBA exam given by a Wharton professor

New research conducted by a professor at University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School found that the artificial intelligence-driven chatbot GPT-3 was able to pass the final exam for the school's Master of Business Administration (MBA) program.

Professor Christian Terwiesch, who authored the research paper "Would Chat GPT3 Get a Wharton MBA? A Prediction Based on Its Performance in the Operations Management Course," said that the bot scored between a B- and B on the exam.

The bot's score, Terwiesch wrote, shows its "remarkable ability to automate some of the skills of highly compensated knowledge workers in general and specifically the knowledge workers in the jobs held by MBA graduates including analysts, managers, and consultants."

The bot did an "amazing job at basic operations management and process analysis questions including those that are based on case studies," Terwiesch wrote in the paper, which was published on Jan. 17. He also said the bot's explanations were "excellent."

The bot is also "remarkably good at modifying its answers in response to human hints," he concluded.

Terwiesch’s findings come as educators become increasingly concerned that AI chatbots could inspire cheating. Although chatbots are not a new technology, ChatGPT exploded on social media in late 2022. Earlier this month, New York City’s Department of Education announced a ban on ChatGPT from its schools’ devices and networks.

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia
The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia on Sept. 28.Hannah Beier / Bloomberg via Getty Images file

Much of the debate is centered around ChatGPT’s conversational speaking style and coherent, topical response style, which makes it difficult to distinguish from human responses.

Experts who work in both artificial intelligence and education have acknowledged that bots like ChatGPT could be a detriment to education in the future. But in recent interviews, some educators and experts they weren’t concerned — yet.

A spokesperson for artificial intelligence startup OpenAI, which created the bot, declined to comment.

The GPT-3 model used in the experiment appears to be an older sibling of the most exact ChatGPT bot that has become a controversial Topic among educators and those who work in the field of AI. ChatGPT, the latest version, “is fine-tuned from a model in the GPT-3.5 series,” according to OpenAI’s website.

While Chat GPT3's results were impressive, Terwiesch noted that Chat GPT3 “at times makes surprising mistakes in relatively simple calculations at the level of 6th grade Math.”

The present version of Chat GPT is “not capable of handling more advanced process analysis questions, even when they are based on fairly standard templates," Terwiesch added. "This includes process flows with multiple products and problems with stochastic effects such as demand variability.”

Still, Terwiesch said ChatGPT3’s performance on the test has “important implications for business school education, including the need for exam policies, curriculum design focusing on collaboration between human and AI, opportunities to simulate real world decision making processes, the need to teach creative problem solving, improved teaching productivity, and more.”

After publishing his paper, Terwiesch told NBC News that he’s become more aware of the debate around the chat bot and the subsequent conversation surrounding whether it should be banned.

He believes there's a way to marry education and AI to enhance learning for his students.

"I think the technology can engage students in other forms others than the good old, 'write a five-page essay,'" he said. "But that is up to us as educators to reimagine education and find other ways of engaging the students."

MonitorEDU (PRNewsfoto/MonitorEDU)

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2.  exam For Zoom's platform will be used by MonitorEDU staff to create a "best-in-breed technology" that enhances the live proctoring experience.
3.  Both companies will jointly promote their services globally to transform remote assessment and proctoring over the next decade.

Don Kassner, president of MonitorEDU explained, "As a professional proctoring and invigilation company, we have the team to administer any remotely delivered assessment. Exams for Zoom's technology provides us with the next generation of assessment tools and moves the market forward with the right combination of software and human resources"

Pablo Langa, Founder of Exams for Zoom, added, "In a post-ChatGPT world, we need more practical assessment experiences that augment the benefits of completing online exams and certifications with a human and empathetic component. Together MonitorEDU and Exams for Zoom can achieve this."

, product of WeAreExams, is a two-time award-winning platform that combines the security and trust of a traditional proctoring tool with the familiarity and simplicity of an online video conferencing platform. The platform is the result of years of research aimed at promoting academic integrity. It offers institutions the flexibility to provide a positive assessment and proctoring experience, whether live or recorded, with features tailor-made to meet the current and future needs of exam providers and takers.

 Inc was created by Patrick Ocha and Don Kassner, who founded the remote proctoring industry in 2008. The company focuses on administering remote exams using live proctors and testing software provided by its key strategic partners, including; Assessment Systems, Exams For Zoom, and Paradigm Testing.

Media Contact: James Lower, james@monitoredu.com

Cision View original content to get multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/monitoredu-and-exams-for-zoom-announce-new-strategic-operations-and-marketing-partnership-301749033.html


Thu, 16 Feb 2023 02:18:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.morningstar.com/news/pr-newswire/20230216cl17136/monitoredu-and-exams-for-zoom-announce-new-strategic-operations-and-marketing-partnership Killexams : ChatGPT could be a Stanford medical student, a lawyer, or a financial analyst. Here's a list of advanced exams the AI bot has passed so far.

Wharton MBA exam

ChatGPT would have received a B or B- on a Wharton exam, according to a professor at the business school.
David Tran Photo/Shutterstock

Wharton professor Christian Terwiesch recently tested the technology with questions from his final exam in operations management— which was once a required class for all MBA students — and published his findings

Terwiesch concluded that the bot did an "amazing job" answering basic operations questions based on case studies, which are focused examinations of a person, group, or company, and a common way business schools teach students.  

In other instances though, ChatGPT made simple mistakes in calculations that Terwiesch thought only required 6th-grade-level math. Terwiesch also noted that the bot had issues with more complex questions that required an understanding of how multiple inputs and outputs worked together. 

Ultimately, Terwiesch said the bot would receive an B or B- on the exam. 

US medical licensing exam

ChatGPT passed all three parts of the United States medical licensing examination within a comfortable range.
Getty Images

Researchers put ChatGPT through the United States Medical Licensing exam — a three part exam that aspiring doctors take between medical school and residency — and reported their findings in a paper published in December 2022. 

The paper's abstract noted that ChatGPT "performed at or near the passing threshold for all three exams without any specialized training or reinforcement. Additionally, ChatGPT demonstrated a high level of concordance and insight in its explanations."

Ultimately, the results show that large language models — which ChatGPT has been trained on— may have "the potential" to assist with medical education and even clinical decision making, the abstract noted

The research is still under peer review, Insider noted based on a report from Axios. 


While ChatGPT has generated convincing essays on occasion, it's also raised eyebrows for spewing out well-written misinformation.
Tech Insider

It didn't take long after ChatGPT was released for students to start using it for essays and educators to start worrying about plagiarism. 

In December, Bloomberg podcaster Matthew S. Schwartz tweeted that the "take home essay is dead." He noted that he had fed a law school essay prompt into ChatGPT and it had "responded *instantly* with a solid response." 

In another instance, a philosophy professor at Furman University caught a student turning in an AI-generated essay upon noticing it had "well-written misinformation," Insider reported

"Word by word it was a well-written essay," the professor told Insider. As he took a more careful look however, he noticed that the student made a claim about the philosopher David Hume that "made no sense" and was "just flatly wrong" Insider reported

In an interview in January, Sam Altman— CEO of OpenAI which makes ChatGPT — said that while the company will devise ways to help schools detect plagiarism, he can't guarantee full detection. 

Microbiology quiz

ChatGPT successfully passed through a college level microbiology quiz.
Clouds Hill Imaging Ltd./Getty Images

Science journalist and executive editor of Big Think, Alex Berezow, tested ChatGPT with a 10-question microbiology quiz that he devised

Berezow, who also holds a Ph.D in microbiology, noted that the questions would be appropriate for a final exam for college level students. ChatGPT "blew it away," Berezow wrote. 

In one example, Berezow asked: 

"An emergency room patient presents with a terrible headache and stiff neck. The doctor orders a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid. A Gram stain of the CSF reveals the presence of Gram negative diplococci. What is the diagnosis?"

To which ChatGPT correctly responded:

Based on the information you provided, the Gram stain of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shows the presence of Gram-negative diplococci, which are bacteria that are typically oval-shaped and occur in pairs. This finding is consistent with the diagnosis of meningitis.

In another instance he asked:

"In five words or less, what is the point of Koch's postulates?"

To which ChatGPT said: 

Establish causality between microbe and disease.

Taking out the word "and" Berezow said ChatGPT "Nailed it."

Law School Exams

Jacobs Stock Photography Ltd/ Getty Images

ChatGPT recently passed exams in four law school courses at the University of Minnesota, based on a recently published paper written by four law school professors at the school. 

In total, the bot answered over 95 multiple choice questions and 12 essay questions that were blindly graded by the professors. Ultimately, the professors gave ChatGPT a "low but passing grade in all four courses" approximately equivalent to a C+. 

Still the authors pointed out several implications for what this might mean for lawyers and law education. In one section they wrote:

"Although ChatGPT would have been a mediocre law student, its performance was sufficient to successfully earn a JD degree from a highly selective law school, assuming its work remained constant throughout law school (and ignoring other graduation requirements that involve different skills). In an era where remote exam administration has become the norm, this could hypothetically result in a struggling law student using ChatGPT to earn a JD that does not reflect her abilities or readiness to practice law."

Stanford Medical School clinical reasoning final

ChatGPT recently passed a Stanford Medical School final on clinical reasoning.
(Photo by David Madison/Getty Images)

ChatGPT passed a Stanford Medical School final in clinical reasoning. According to a YouTube video uploaded by Eric Strong — a clinical associate professor at Stanford — ChatGPT passed a clinical reasoning exam with an overall score of 72%. 

In the video, Strong described clinical reasoning in five parts. It includes analyzing a patient's symptoms and physical findings, hypothesizing possible diagnoses, selecting appropriate tests, interpreting test results, and recommending treatment options. 

He said, "it's a complex, multi-faceted science of its own, one that is very patient-focused, and something that everything every practicing doctor does on a routine basis."

Strong noted in the video that the clinical reasoning exam is normally given to first-year medical students who need a score of 70% to pass.

Fri, 10 Feb 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.businessinsider.com/list-here-are-the-exams-chatgpt-has-passed-so-far-2023-1
Killexams : ChatGPT (barely) passed graduate business and law exams

The AI isn't about to get a scholarship.

There's plenty of concern that OpenAI's ChatGPT could help students cheat on tests, but just how well would the chatbot fare if you asked it to write a graduate-level exam? It would pass — if only just. In a newly published study, University of Minnesota law professors had ChatGPT produce answers for graduate exams at four courses in their school. The AI passed all four, but with an average grade of C+. In another recent paper, Wharton School of Business professor Christian Terwiesch found that ChatGPT passed a business management exam with a B to B- grade. You wouldn't want to use the technology to impress academics, then.

The research teams found the AI to be inconsistent, to put it mildly. The University of Minnesota group noted that ChatGPT was good at addressing "basic legal rules" and summarizing doctrines, but floundered when trying to pinpoint issues relevant to a case. Terwiesch said the generator was "amazing" with simple operations management and process analysis questions, but couldn't handle advanced process questions. It even made mistakes with 6th grade-level math.

There's room for improvement. The Minnesota professors said they didn't adapt text generation prompts to specific courses or questions, and believed students could get better results with customization. At Wharton, Terwiesch said the bot was adept at changing answers in response to human coaching. ChatGPT might not ace an exam or essay by itself, but a cheater could have the system generate rough answers and refine them.

Both camps warned that schools should limit the use of technology to prevent ChatGPT-based cheating. They also recommended altering the questions to either discourage AI use (such as focusing on analysis rather than reciting rules) or increase the challenge for those people leaning on AI. Students still need to learn "fundamental skills" rather than leaning on a bot for help, the University of Minnesota said.

The study groups still believed that ChatGPT could have a place in the classroom. Professors could teach pupils how to rely on AI in the workplace, or even use it to write and grade exams. The tech could ultimately save time that could be spent on the students, Terwiesch explains, such as more student meetings and new course material.

All products recommended by Engadget are selected by our editorial team, independent of our parent company. Some of our stories include affiliate links. If you buy something through one of these links, we may earn an affiliate commission. All prices are correct at the time of publishing.

Thu, 26 Jan 2023 07:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.engadget.com/chatgpt-passes-graduate-law-business-exams-210146640.html
Killexams : Southwest Airlines’ operations chief faces questions at Senate hearing

One of Southwest Airlines’ top executives will be at the mercy of critical U.S. senators on Thursday to answer for the December holiday meltdown that made the carrier the focal point of pain for travelers.

The hearing will be broadcast at 9 a.m. CT at commerce.senate.gov following an executive session scheduled for committee business.

Chief Operating Officer Andrew Watterson is among those slated to testify in a U.S. Senate aviation subcommittee hearing about what happened to the Dallas-based carrier over the holiday season that led it to cancel 16,700 flights, stranding millions of passengers during the busy travel period.

Several senators on the committee, including chairperson Maria Cantwell, D-Washington, have already launched attacks at Southwest, demanding answers while others are using the airlines’ struggles as an opportunity to propose new consumer-friendly legislation that could add costs and hassle for carriers.

“It was clear that there was a system failure at Southwest and we want to understand why they haven’t upgraded this system,” Cantwell said at a town hall on the issue this week.

The hearing comes as the U.S. Department of Transportation investigates whether “unrealistic scheduling” led to the cancellations.

Also expected to be at the committee hearing is Southwest Airlines Pilot Association president Casey Murray, who’s been critical of Southwest’s technology systems before the December issues. Representatives from airline trade group Airlines for America, passenger rights organization Flyers’ Rights and an airline economist from the Brookings Institution are scheduled to talk as well.

Watterson, who took over as operations chief in the fall, is expected to apologize again for the December cancellations while assuring the committee that Southwest has a plan to prevent another meltdown, including upgrades to fix crew scheduling software shortcomings that led to cascading cancellation issues that spread across the country.

“Let me be clear: we messed up,” said a draft of prepared Senate testimony from Watterson viewed by The Dallas Morning News. “In hindsight, we did not have enough winter operational resilience.

“As we move forward, Southwest is focused on having the right people, equipment, processes, and technology in place to efficiently operate the network in all conditions when it is safe to fly,” Watterson plans to say.

Southwest, which has a history of technology shortcomings, has spent the last five weeks trying to soothe bitter customers who had holiday plans upended by the cancellation issues. The carrier initially blamed the problem on “overmatched” crew rescheduling software and processes but has since shifted blame to the freezing temperatures and ice that were part of a storm that hit key airports in Denver and Chicago where Southwest has crew bases.

The company has pledged refunds and reimbursements to customers for “reasonable” expenses and has sent $300 in credits to passengers whose travel was disrupted by the breakdown.

Watterson also said the company is testing an upgrade to the crew scheduling software from GE Digital that will prevent future problems such as those that caused issues over the holidays.

Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, is the ranking Republican on the committee. In a statement, his office said that Cruz will oppose efforts to add extra regulations to airlines.

“Now as much as Southwest messed up, the question of whether they’ve sufficiently made things right will be answered by the flying public,” Cruz said in his prepared remarks he plans to deliver Thursday. “I’m not sure all of my colleagues fully appreciate this fact or just how powerful the free market is.”

The meltdown already cost Southwest $800 million in lost revenue and reimbursements and the airline is expecting more lost bookings in the first quarter as fallout from the cancellations.

A group of 15 Democratic senators wrote a letter to Southwest CEO Bob Jordan last month demanding dozens of answers to specific questions about what happened in late December. The letter, which includes the signature of aviation committee members Raphael Warnock and Tammy Duckworth, also takes aim at Southwest’s plan to distribute $428 million in dividends this year and questions staffing, executive compensation and technology plans.

“For consumers across the country, this failure was more than a headache — it was a nightmare,” the Jan. 12 letter said. “Travelers were stranded across the country for days at a time, forced to spend hours on hold with Southwest customer service representatives or in line at Southwest service desks at the airport.”

Southwest’s issues prompted several Democratic senators to offer legislation bolstering federal oversight, more restrictions on airline fees and protections for passengers.

Read more about Southwest Airlines

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Dallas-based Southwest, which has been constrained for years at Dallas Love Field, will send more than 200 flights a day out from the airport during the peak summer travel rush in July and August, more than the company did before the COVID-19 pandemic, according to data from Diio by Cirium.

Southwest Airlines is raising Wi-Fi fees for passengers with connecting flights

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A Senate committee hearing in Washington showed lawmakers exactly how close Southwest Airlines and FedEx jets came to colliding earlier this month at Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.

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Muslim group says Southwest Airlines fired worker who wanted time off for prayer meeting

A Muslim advocacy group has filed a complaint against Southwest Airlines with the government’s discrimination watchdog after they say a worker in Maryland denied a request to change his schedule to attend a Friday prayer meeting and was later fired.

Wed, 08 Feb 2023 21:46:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.dallasnews.com/business/airlines/2023/02/09/what-to-expect-as-southwest-airlines-operations-chief-testifies-at-senate-hearing/
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