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LFCS exam format - Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: LFCS Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator exam format June 2023 by Killexams.com team

LFCS Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator

The Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) certification is ideal for candidates early in their Linux system administration or open source career. The exam consists of performance-based items that simulate on-the-job tasks and scenarios faced by sysadmins in the real world. Obtaining certification allows individuals to validate their skills to prospective employers, which is particularly valuable if you have little on-the-job experience.

Domains & Competencies
The Linux Foundation worked with industry experts and the Linux kernel community to identify the core domains and the critical skills, knowledge and competencies applicable to each certification. Performance-based exams were then developed based on the competencies that were identified.

- Essential Commands – 25%
- Operation of Running Systems – 20%
- User and Group Management – 10%
- Networking – 12%
- Service Configuration – 20%
- Storage Management – 13%

Essential Commands – 25%
- Log into local & remote graphical and text mode consoles
- Search for files
- Evaluate and compare the basic file system features and options
- Compare and manipulate file content
- Use input-output redirection (e.g. >, >>, |, 2>)
- Analyze text using basic regular expressions
- Archive, backup, compress, unpack, and uncompress files
- Create, delete, copy, and move files and directories
- Create and manage hard and soft links
- List, set, and change standard file permissions
- Read, and use system documentation
- Manage access to the root account

Operation of Running Systems – 20%
- Boot, reboot, and shut down a system safely
- Boot or change system into different operating modes
- Install, configure and troubleshoot bootloaders
- Diagnose and manage processes
- Locate and analyze system log files
- Schedule tasks to run at a set date and time
- Verify completion of scheduled jobs
- Update software to provide required functionality and security
- Verify the integrity and availability of resources
- Verify the integrity and availability of key processes
- Change kernel runtime parameters, persistent and non-persistent
- Use scripting to automate system maintenance tasks
- Manage the startup process and services (In Services Configuration)
- List and identify SELinux/AppArmor file and process contexts
- Manage Software
- Identify the component of a Linux distribution that a file belongs to

User and Group Management – 10%
- Create, delete, and modify local user accounts
- Create, delete, and modify local groups and group memberships
- Manage system-wide environment profiles
- Manage template user environment
- Configure user resource limits
- Manage user privileges
- Configure PAM

Networking – 12%
- Configure networking and hostname resolution statically or dynamically
- Configure network services to start automatically at boot
- Implement packet filtering
- Start, stop, and check the status of network services
- Statically route IP traffic
- Synchronize time using other network peers

Service Configuration – 20%
- Configure a caching DNS server
- Maintain a DNS zone
- Configure email aliases
- Configure SSH servers and clients
- Restrict access to the HTTP proxy server
- Configure an IMAP and IMAPS service
- Query and modify the behavior of system services at various operating modes
- Configure an HTTP server
- Configure HTTP server log files
- Configure a database server
- Restrict access to a web page
- Manage and configure containers
- Manage and configure Virtual Machines

Storage Management – 13%
- List, create, delete, and modify physical storage partitions
- Manage and configure LVM storage
- Create and configure encrypted storage
- Configure systems to mount file systems at or during boot
- Configure and manage swap space
- Create and manage RAID devices
- Configure systems to mount file systems on demand
- Create, manage and diagnose advanced file system permissions
- Setup user and group disk quotas for filesystems
- Create and configure file systems
Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator
Linux-Foundation Administrator exam format

Other Linux-Foundation exams

LFCS Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator
FOCP FinOps Certified Practitioner
KCNA Kubernetes and Cloud Native Associate (KCNA)

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Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator
Question #241
Given a file called birthdays containing lines like:
1983-06-02 Tim
1995-12-17 Sue
Which command would you use to output the lines belonging to all people listed whose birthday is in May or June?
A. grep '[56]' birthdays
B. grep 05?6? birthdays
C. grep '[0-9]*-0[56]-' birthdays
D. grep 06 birthdays | grep 05
Answer: C
Question #242
The script, script.sh, consists of the following lines:
echo $2 $1
Which output will appear if the command, ./script.sh test1 test2, is entered?
A. test1 test2
B. test2 test1
C. script.sh test2
D. script.sh test1
E. test1 script.sh
Answer: B
Question #243
Which approach will provide a listing of the contents in a tar archive?
A. Use the tar command with -t.
B. Use the grep command.
C. Use the find command.
D. Use the zless command.
E. Use the zlist command.
Answer: A
Question #244
Which character starts a comment line in a shell script file?
A. ;
B. *
C. #
D. /
Answer: C
Question #245
What is the output of the following command sequence?
for token in a b c; do
echo -n "$token ";
A. anbncn
B. a b c
C. "a " "b " "c "
D. token token token
E. abc
Answer: B
Question #246
What is the correct command to extract the contents of the archive file download.bz2?
A. unpack download.bz2
B. unzip2 download.bz2
C. bunzip2 download.bz2
D. unzip download.bz2
E. uncompress download.bz2
Answer: C
Question #247
Which command chain will count the number of regular files with the name of foo.txt within /home?
A. ls -lR /home | grep foo.txt | wc -l
B. find /home -type f -name foo.txt | wc -l
C. find /home -name foo.txt -count
D. find /home -name foo.txt | wc -l
E. grep -R foo.txt /home | wc -l
Answer: B
Question #248
Which of the following command sequences overwrites the file foobar.txt?
A. echo "QUIDQUIDAGIS" >> foobar.txt
B. echo "QUIDQUIDAGIS" < foobar.txt
C. echo "QUIDQUIDAGIS" > foobar.txt
D. echo "QUIDQUIDAGIS" | foobar.txt
Answer: C
Question #249
Which of the following commands redirects the output of cmd to the file foo.txt, in which an existing file is
A. cmd || foo.txt
B. cmd | foo.txt
C. cmd && foo.txt
D. cmd >> foo.txt
E. cmd > foo.txt
Answer: E
Question #250
What does the exit status 0 indicate about a process?
A. The process ended without any problems.
B. The process was terminated by the user.
C. The process couldn't finish correctly.
D. The process waited for an input but got none.
E. The process finished in time.
Answer: A
Question #251
Which of the following commands will output all of the lines with the name Fred in upper or lower case but not the
word red from the file data_file? (Choose two)
A. grep -v fred data_file
B. grep '[f]red' data_file
C. egrep fred data_file
D. grep '[Ff]red' data_file
E. grep -i fred data_file
Answer: DE
Question #252
The output of the program date should be saved in the variable actdat. What is the correct statement?
A. actdat=`date`
B. set actdat='date'
C. date | actdat
D. date > $actdat
E. actdat=date
Answer: A
Question #253
What two character sequence is present at the beginning of an interpreted script? (Please specify the TWO correct
characters only)
Answer: #!
Question #254
How can the current directory and its subdirectories be searched for the file named MyFile.xml?
A. find . -name MyFile.xml
B. grep MyFile.xml | find
C. grep -r MyFile.xml .
D. less MyFile.xml
E. search Myfile.xml ./
Answer: A
Question #255
Which of the following commands will set the variable text to olaf is home? (Choose two)
A. text=olaf\ is\ home
B. text=$olaf is home
C. $text='olaf is home'
D. text=='olaf is home'
E. text="olaf is home"
Answer: AE
Question #256
Which of the following commands will create an archive file, named backup.tar, containing all the files from the
directory /home?
A. tar /home backup.tar
B. tar -cf /home backup.tar
C. tar -xf /home backup.tar
D. tar -xf backup.tar /home
E. tar -cf backup.tar /home
Answer: E
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Linux-Foundation Administrator exam format - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/LFCS Search results Linux-Foundation Administrator exam format - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/LFCS https://killexams.com/exam_list/Linux-Foundation Linux Fu: System Administration Made Easier

Linux can have a somewhat split personality. If you use it as a desktop OS, it has a lot of GUI tools, although sometimes you still need to access the command line. If you use it as a headless server, though, you probably ought to know your way around the command line pretty well. This is especially true if you don’t want to litter up your hard drive (and CPU) with X servers and other peculiarities of the graphical user interface.

Personally, I like the command line, but I am realistic enough to know that not everyone shares that feeling. I’ll also admit that for some tasks — especially those you don’t do very often — it is nice to have some helpful buttons and menus. There are several administration tools that you might be interested in using to handle administration tasks on your Linux machines. I’m going to look at two of them you might want to experiment with that both use a Web browser to provide their interface.

Why two? Well, first, it is certainly in the Linux tradition that there is more than one way to do any particular thing. On top of that — again, sort of a Linux tradition — each tool has its plusses and minuses. The Webmin tool has a huge number of plugins to manage lots and lots of different things. However, Cockpit is more modern and, assuming it supports what you need, probably more usable.


Oh, and just to get it out of the way. Yes, there are some people who think tools like this are an abomination. I think it depends on your goals. If you are administering a highly-secure server for a giant corporation, maybe these tools shouldn’t be your first stop. As I mentioned, I don’t mind the command line, but I do use Webmin only because it provides Usermin which lets me provide a GUI to my friends who have accounts on my machine so they can do basic administration tasks related to their accounts. I’ve found Cockpit’s system monitoring to be nice even though I don’t do much in the way of changes using the system.

Even if you like using tools like this you really should get comfortable with the command line, at least for common tasks. One interesting tidbit though. Both tools allow you to launch a command line in your browser, at least to some extent.


Webmin is probably not going to win any user interface awards. It is really a series of Perl modules that have a common user interface and share some infrastructure. The good news is that Webmin has an open interface and has been around long enough that if you want to manage some obscure piece of software, it is a fair bet that there is a Webmin module for that. You can also disable any modules you don’t want.

As I mentioned, you can also set up Usermin which allows ordinary users to do things via GUI. You can control what they can and can’t do, of course.

Despite being a little clunky, you can issue commands and even use an odd Web browser-based terminal. There are a few things that require Java, and that’s getting harder to find in modern Web browsers. However, most of these have alternatives (for example, there is an HTML file manager and a Java-based one).

Depending on the distribution you use, you can probably just install Webmin using your package manager. There are also plenty of tutorials for installing Webmin on the Raspberry Pi. You can always find the official release on the project’s web site.


Cockpit is from RedHat and is certainly the more modern looking tool. It has graphs and is very responsive. However, there’s just not the range of plugins available for it that you can get for Webmin. However, if you are using Docker, Cockpit has great integration for managing containers.

As you can see below, you can connect to one machine and then have it connect to other machines and monitor them all at one time. The figure shows two boxes, but you can add many more.

Once you drill into a specific box, you have lots of management and monitoring options including access to a shell in the browser.

There are ARM backports of Cockpit available, so depending on the distribution you run your Pi on, you should be able to get it running easily.


To get the most out of Cockpit, you need to log in as root. However, many systems now don’t have a root password at all. When you log in, you can ask Cockpit to use your password to elevate privileges when necessary. If you don’t check the box, then doing some operations (notably adding a new server) will fail.

This sort of negates the idea of using sudo, to some degree. The whole idea is to force you to reauthenticate from time to time. If you let Cockpit provide your password to sudo, you aren’t really giving yourself that protection. I get the idea that if you don’t check the box, Cockpit should prompt you for a password just like sudo would. However, when adding a new server — at least — it doesn’t. It just fails.

The solution is to check the box when you log in to let it reuse your password. Just be aware that essentially makes using sudo for privileged access meaningless.


Speaking of security. Both tools contain their own SSL servers with a self-signed certificate. Presumably, you know you are connecting to your machine so the self-signed part shouldn’t bother you — you only need the encryption. However, it does mean the browser will deliver you a scary warning about the certificate not being trusted.

You can, of course, change out the certificate. Let’s Encrypt is a good source for a “real” certificate at no cost.

However, opening up these interfaces to the outside world is pretty scary. After all, if someone does get it, they could do just about anything. You should consider changing the port numbers, using two-factor authentication (both tools support Google Authenticator), and, if possible, keep the tools listening only on your network and use VPN or an SSH tunnel to access it.

In Closing

Personally? I keep waiting for the whole WIMP (Windows/Icons/Mouse/Pointer) fad to die out leaving us to work on the command line as nature intended. However, that doesn’t seem like its going to happen until after the apocalypse. In all seriousness, for some obscure tasks, having some menu items and dialogs can be a great help. If you don’t do much administration, these tools can be great training wheels. And like I said earlier, Usermin is especially useful if you have users that are not Linux-savvy.

Besides, like it or not, Linux is about choice. I like KDE, but I’m glad people who want to use Cinnamon or other desktop environments have that option. For that matter, when I am running on a small machine, sometimes I’m glad to have other options, too.

Tue, 30 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 Al Williams en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2017/11/09/linux-fu-system-administration-made-easier/
Linux Foundation Welcomes JavaScript Community

The Linux Foundation has welcomed the addition of the new JavaScript Foundation.

Kris Borchers, executive director of the foundation, announced the news, saying that the JavaScript Foundation aims "to support a vast array of technologies that complement projects throughout the entire JavaScript ecosystem."

This includes both client and server side application libraries, mobile application testing frameworks, and JavaScript engines.

All jQuery Foundation projects will also be united within the JS Foundation including jQuery, Lodash, ESLint, Esprima, Grunt, RequireJS, jQuery UI, Globalize, Sizzle, Jed, and Dojo.

Angel Diaz, IBM's vice president of cloud technology and architecture, said the new JS Foundation is an exciting time for the JavaScript community:

By bringing together the community around core platform technologies and the application tier with the JS Foundation, the industry is establishing a center of gravity to drive innovation in the open through code, collaboration and community development.

We’re proud to continue our long tradition of supporting open tech communities by becoming a founding member of the JS Foundation, which we believe will set the bar for openly governed JavaScript projects.

The open, technical governance model adopted by the JS Foundation includes a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) along with a Governing Board. While the TAC will provides technical advice to projects and inform the Board about technical opportunities it sees in the JavaScript ecosystem, the board of directors will guide business decisions and marketing.

The JS Foundation comes complete with a new open, technical governance structure, along with a Mentorship Program that the foundation says will encourage "a culture of collaboration and sustainability" in the community.

Initial projects welcomed into the Mentorship Program include Appium, Interledger.js, JerryScript, Mocha, Moment.js, Node-RED, and webpack.

JerryScript, contributed by Samsung, is a lightweight JavaScript engine for IoT devices. Youngyoon Kim, vice president of Samsung's software R&amp;D centre, said the company has shown how JerryScript can enable high efficiency devices across the Internet of Things such as smart watches, and other wearables.

"We invite JavaScript developers, regardless of their background and vertical expertise, to join us in both the JavaScript and IoT ecosystems,” Kim said.

Mikeal Rogers, community manager of the Node.js Foundation, told InfoQ the Node.js Foundation sees many synergies and opportunities to closely align with the JS Foundation.

Rogers said that being a part of the Linux Foundation's portfolio of developer-focused technologies will enable cross-project collaboration between the Node.js Foundation and the new JS Foundation:

"The Node.js Foundation continues to focus on enabling widespread adoption and acceleration of Node.js development and other related modules," Rogers said, "Node.js has become a pervasive technology, and it’s important that the JS Foundation enables the technology to further develop and evolve to stay ahead of market growth demands."

The reaction to the news from the JavaScript community on Hacker News was mixed, with some asking if the JS Foundation's formation would reduce fragmentation of the JavaScript space, with no clear agreement on if fragmentation was necessarily bad.

Concerns were also raised that the founding members of the foundation were "not interested in developing and promoting the best open source tools, those tools which are most deserving of broad adaption."

John-David Dalton, creator of Lodash, replied "From my experience the foundation is a pretty chill, hands off, non-profit. I sought out and voluntarily joined the Dojo Foundation early in Lodash's development. Eventually the Dojo Foundation and the jQuery Foundation merged. It was great! Regardless of the name the foundation has proven valuable."

Wed, 12 Apr 2023 14:16:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.infoq.com/news/2016/10/linux-foundation-javascript/
Linux Systems Administrator

We are seeking a skilled and motivated Linux and Operations Administrator to join our team. You will collaborate with cross-functional teams to support and enhance our operations, troubleshoot issues, and implement efficient solutions.

  • 3 Years Experience
  • Course in Linux system administration and networking.
  • Cisco Qualifications would be an advantage
  • Solid understanding of Linux-based operating systems (e.g., Ubuntu, CentOS) and command-line tools.
  • Knowledge of using ARP
  • Experience with server virtualization technologies (e.g., VMware, KVM).
  • Proficiency in scripting languages such as Bash, Python, or Perl.
  • Familiarity with configuration management tools like Ansible or Puppet.
  • Knowledge of networking protocols and services (TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP).
  • Strong problem-solving skills and the ability to troubleshoot complex issues.

Install, configure, and maintain Linux servers and operating systems.
Monitor system performance, troubleshoot issues, and ensure high availability.
Manage user accounts, permissions, and access controls.
Implement security measures, including firewalls and intrusion detection systems.
Perform system backups and recovery.
Deploy and maintain applications and services on Linux servers.
Manage virtualization technologies, such as VMware or KVM.
Monitor and optimize server and network infrastructure.
Collaborate with the team to plan and execute infrastructure expansion and upgrades.
Ensure compliance with relevant policies and procedures.
Develop and maintain automation scripts to streamline system administration tasks.
Implement configuration management tools like Ansible or Puppet.
Automate monitoring, alerting, and reporting processes.
Continuously Strengthen operational efficiency through automation.
Investigate and resolve system and network issues in a timely manner.
Provide technical support to internal users, addressing hardware and software problems.
Collaborate with vendors and external support teams for issue resolution.
Document troubleshooting procedures and maintain knowledge base.

Desired Skills:

  • linux
  • operation admin
  • cisco

Learn more/Apply for this position

Mon, 22 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://it-online.co.za/2023/05/23/linux-systems-administrator-5/
Report: More organizations still plan to increase their tech staff

A new Linux Foundation report finds that the global focus is on cloud/containers, cybersecurity and AI/ML skills, and that upskilling is key.

Two women shaking hands in a boardroom.
Image: Vadim Pastuh/Adobe Stock

Even in the face of ongoing global economic uncertainty, the Linux Foundation’s 2023 State of Tech Talent Report found that many organizations plan to increase their staff in 2023 (44%) and do not anticipate employment reductions or freezes to balance those increases. However, economic concerns did cause 59% of organizations to revise their 2023 hiring plans for tech roles, primarily by freezing new positions. This economic uncertainty is caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors, including inflation and geopolitical conflicts.

“Looking across all the strategies that involved staff hiring, 56% of organizations intended to hire in 2023 even if other activities such as staff reductions or freezes were also involved,” the report said. “This is encouraging and suggests that while organizations are economically concerned about 2023, they are not amending their hiring plans.”

Jump to: 

Jobs focus on these technologies and types of roles

Other key findings in the report indicate that organizations increasing their hiring this year are focusing on newer technologies: cloud/containers (50%), cybersecurity (50%) and AI/ML (46%).

Another interesting finding is the shift in the types of technical roles companies are hiring. While senior technical roles have seen the biggest job cuts, new hiring focuses more on developers and IT management. This suggests organizations seek skilled individuals who can contribute to project implementation, management and technical development, the report’s authors said.

Certifications and pre-employment testing

Respondents feel certification and pre-employment testing are necessary to verify skills and address the challenges of finding the right candidate. This is useful to ensure organizations hire the right people for the job, the report said.

It also gives candidates a clear understanding of the skills they must demonstrate to succeed in the role.

SEE: Cybersecurity &amp; IT Career Certification Pathway Training Bundle from TechRepublic Academy

Upskilling and training are key

Upskilling is top of mind. When organizations are unable to find suitable technical candidates, they reported training existing employees (58%) more often than hiring consultants (38%). In fact, respondents felt upskilling (91%) and certifications (77%) are more important than a university education (58%) to address technology needs, according to the report.

Half of organizations that are reducing staff (52%) or freezing new positions (50%) said their hiring plan involves upskilling to meet talent requirements. This suggests organizations recognize the value of investing in their existing staff, as well as the challenges of finding the right external candidates, the report said.

SEE: A accurate Skillsoft report detailed the ROI of upskilling.

Some 70% of organizations surveyed are providing training opportunities for their existing staff on how to effectively use new technologies. This is a positive sign, the report noted, as it shows organizations are committed to the ongoing development of their employees and keeping staff up to date with the latest technologies and practices.

“For more than a decade, the tech training industry has been saying that upskilling the talent you have is essential to building and retaining strong tech teams,” observed Clyde Seepersad, senior vice president and general manager of Linux Foundation Training &amp; Certification. But even though training has always been offered as a retention tool, new hires and consultants were almost always seen as the best way to bring new skills into an organization, he added.

However, the research found that upskilling and new hires are “essentially on par with each other as approaches to support the introduction of new technologies and the skills needed to manage them,” Seepersad said.

According to Seepersad, this is being driven by three factors:

  • Tech talent remains and will remain in short supply for the foreseeable future.
  • Onboarding is time-consuming, while turnover remains high.
  • Recruiting fees are high, and the timeline to get a candidate into open roles is measured in months not days.

Tips for attracting and retaining top tech talent

HR managers and their organizations should be aware that almost one out of every three new hires (29%) departs within six months of being onboarded, Seepersad said.

To remain competitive, upskilling and training is a significant strategy for all organizations — whether it is being used to help mitigate the impact of reduced headcount or as a means to acquire needed skills and knowledge, he said.

HR and hiring managers should also bear in mind that training and certifications “are increasingly more important than a university education because they provide a means to demonstrate current, proven skills and knowledge,” he said.

Further, while it is tempting to rely solely on external recruitment efforts to address the shortage, the report’s data suggests this won’t be enough.

In addition to upskilling existing employees, leaders should consider other approaches for attracting and retaining top talent, such as offering increased salaries, improving work-life balance and providing opportunities to work on open-source projects.

Additionally, organizations should commit resources to long-term talent development by getting involved in their communities and supporting organizations that help cultivate and grow young talent, the report recommends, Seepersad said.

Survey methodology

The report is based on a global survey conducted by Linux Foundation Training &amp; Certification and Linux Foundation Research in February and March 2023. Over 400 hiring managers and staffing professionals were surveyed, addressing the needs of both end-user organizations and technology providers.

Sun, 28 May 2023 13:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.techrepublic.com/article/tech-talent-hiring-linux-foundation-report/
Open source and Linux skills are still in demand in a dark economy
Getty Images/pixdeluxe

There might be lots of news stories about job losses in tech right now but research suggests there are still plenty of openings in open source and Linux to go around.

As Hilary Carter, SVP of research and communications at the Linux Foundation, said in her keynote speech at Open Source Summit North America in Vancouver, Canada: "In spite of what the headlines are saying, the facts are 57% of organizations are adding workers this year."

Also: We now work in an open source world. Here's the data

Carter was quoting figures from the Linux Foundation's latest job survey, which was released at the event.

Other research also points to brighter signs in tech employment trends. CompTIA's accurate analysis of the latest Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data suggests the tech unemployment rate climbed by just 2.3% in April. In fact, more organizations plan to increase their technical staff levels rather than decrease. 

The demand for skilled tech talent remains strong, particularly in fast-developing areas, such as cloud and containers, cybersecurity, and artificial intelligence and machine learning. 

Also: The best Linux laptops

So, what do these all areas of technology have in common? The answer is they're all heavily dependent on open source and Linux technologies.

It's important to recognise that layoffs are happening, including at big firms such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft, Google, and IBM. Even Red Hat, the most well-known Linux company, had the first significant layoffs in its 30-year history

When it comes to who's losing their jobs, the Linux Foundation found senior technical roles are seeing the biggest cuts.  

Also: 6 ways to ace a job interview, according to these business leaders

New hiring is focused on developers and IT managers. Companies are also spending more on training. As many as 70% of organizations surveyed by the Linux Foundation provide training opportunities for their existing technical staff on new technologies. That investment in training is being driven by the fact that there aren't enough experts in hot technologies, such as Kubernetes and generative AI, to go around. 

If your company isn't interested in helping you learn new skills, that's a red flag. The Linux Foundation found investing in upskilling is vital for companies looking to keep up with emerging technologies and remain competitive in the market. No matter how great a job is, if the company goes down, your job will fall with it. 

In their search for the right people, many companies are also looking to certification and pre-employment testing to verify candidate skills. So, while you might think certifications are pointless, research suggests 80% of HR professionals rely on certifications to make hiring decisions

Also: How to flawlessly answer the 'Tell me about yourself' interview question

Looking further ahead, it appears that taking specific technical classes and getting certified is a really smart move to help you land your next tech job. Interestingly, a college degree is no longer seen as such a huge benefit. Businesses responding to the Linux Foundation's research felt upskilling (91%) and certifications (77%) are more important than a university education (58%) when it comes to addressing technology needs.

So, as Jim Zemlin, executive director at the Linux Foundation, said at the conference: "It's been a tough time in tech. We've seen rounds of layoffs in the name of cost-cutting. But open source is countercyclical to these trends. The Linux Foundation itself, for instance, had its best first quarter ever. So, I'm seeing some hope where there's darkness." 

Let's hope that's an indication there's a bright light coming at the end of what's been a dark tunnel for many IT professionals.

Fri, 12 May 2023 22:10:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.zdnet.com/article/open-source-and-linux-skills-still-in-demand-in-a-dark-economy/
Linux Foundation, CNCF, and Ethical Intelligence partner on new ethics in open-source course

The Linux Foundation, Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), and Ethical Intelligence have all partnered up to create a free online course on ethics in open-source development

It is designed for developers looking to apply ethics to their coding practice, and for product managers looking to incorporate ethics-by-design technology into their workflows. 

According to the Linux Foundation, developers aren’t always thinking through how a piece of code could be used by a bad actor or how an algorithm might affect different classes of people.  

They explained that this is why it is important to include ethical principles like transparency and accessibility in open source. 

After this course, students should be able to assess technology for ethical blind spots, apply ethical critical thinking techniques, understand the Ethics Journey Cycle in open-source development, and utilize ethics as a decision-making tool for risk mitigation. They will also be prepared for roles like a Responsible Technologist or Ethics Developer Lead. 

The course includes two to three hours of material, including videos and quizzes. It was developed by Olivia Gambelin, CEO of Ethical Intelligence; Rahaf Albalkhi, member of the IEEE P7003-Algorithmic bias considerations working group; Dr. Michael Klenk, former management consultant; and Rand Hirmiz philosophy Ph.D candidate at York University who is specializing in the ethics of AI in healthcare. 

Registration for the course is now open

Wed, 17 May 2023 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://sdtimes.com/os/linux-foundation-cncf-and-ethical-intelligence-partner-on-new-ethics-in-open-source-course/
Linux Foundation & Meta Launch new “LF Connectivity” Project Umbrella to Strengthen Enhanced Access to Networks

SAN FRANCISCO – The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization focused on fostering innovation through open source, announced LF Connectivity, a new open source project focused on advancing technologies to accelerate emerging network and connectivity applications.

Formed in collaboration with Meta, LF Connectivity’s vision is to create a robust and sustainable open ecosystem that will enable a wide range of communication service providers to leverage open source tools and technologies to help with the end-to-end performance and quality of experience (QoE) requirements of emerging applications.

“With 5G becoming more pervasive and NextG on the horizon, bandwidth and latency requirements will be higher than ever, with more applications leveraging augmented reality and immersive experiences that need to traverse networks,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge, IoT, the Linux Foundation. “We are pleased to bring new open source tools to more organizations across the globe and welcome LF Connectivity to our growing number of networking projects working to Strengthen digital transformation.”

Meta is contributing a rich set of technologies to the LF Connectivity project that was developed in collaboration with industry partners, including three initial sub-projects:

  • Terragraph is a wireless technology solution that helps internet service providers deliver gigabit speed last-mile access to subscriber homes, enterprises, and multi-dwelling buildings easily and cost-effectively.
  • Open M-Plane is a software component of Meta's Evenstar hardware design for the configuration and management of the RAN. It is interoperable, hardware-independent, and aligned with O-RAN specifications to help enable mobile wireless connectivity by providing flexibility to operators looking to source hardware from different vendors as they deploy their own RAN solutions.
  • Maveric enables the development and evaluation of cellular network optimization algorithms before their deployment on the network. It is a developer platform that leverages AI/ML approaches to provide realistic cellular network representations and examples that demonstrate its use.

“Meta is pleased to contribute our Terragraph, Open M-Plane, and Maveric technologies to the Linux Foundation’s Connectivity project,” said Shah Rahman, engineering director, Meta. “By sharing these technologies, we hope to further Strengthen global connectivity by enabling other companies to participate and contribute to those projects.”

Project governance and infrastructure are in the works, but please visit www.lfconnectivity.org for more information and register for the webinar, “Introducing LF Connectivity,” happening Thursday, May 25 at 9:00 am PST.

Supporting organizations include AMD, Cambium Networks, Capgemini, Edgecore Networks, Siklu Communications, University of Delhi, VIAVI, and Virginia Tech. 

Supporting quotes

“As a key partner of the Evenstar Meta program, AMD welcomes the opportunity to collaborate with the Linux Foundation and drive open projects including Evenstar,” said Gilles Garcia, senior director and business lead, Data Center and Communications Group at AMD. “ We look forward to seeing the Evenstar M-plane used in 5G O-RAN radios that leverage Evenstar investments.”

“The multi-gigabit speeds and short range of 60 GHz millimeter wave technology are valuable, but distributed networking is the driver that will evolve the capabilities of last mile connectivity,” said Atul Bhatnagar, president and CEO, Cambium Networks. “This transformation is evident in the market’s enthusiasm for our cnWave™ solutions which are fully Terragraph compliant at the chipset, network node, and network management layers and are essential to delivering the full benefits in scalability, resilience, and redundancy. It's been amazing working with Meta on the Terragraph standard through the years, and Cambium Networks is looking forward to working with the Linux Foundation to build solutions now and in the future that leverage high throughput backhaul with distributed networking.”

“We are delighted to participate in the early stages of Meta’s Terragraph project. Edgecore has designed a range of certified Terragraph products that provide last-mile connectivity, telecom network backhaul solutions, and support emerging applications requiring short-distance, high throughput. We look forward to closer collaboration with LF Connectivity, aiming for fruitful operations and significant progress in developing open and innovative communication technologies together with the community,” said Tengtai Hsu, vice president of Edgecore Networks. 

“As early partners with Meta in the Terragraph ecosystem, we are thrilled to see the impact of our Terragraph-certified MultiHaul™ TG product L2 SDN Mesh series in bridging the digital divide. At Siklu, we recognize the importance of connectivity in people's lives and smart cities and see an increase in MultiHaul TG deployments around the world as innovative cities and WISPs leverage these products to offer reliable services and affordable internet access. We look forward to the collaboration with LF Connectivity, aiming for more capable and relevant solutions to deliver on the connection needs of communities of any size, with the enhanced support of, and collaboration with the community,” said Shimon Hochbaum, AVP Products, Siklu Communications.

“Evaluating and proving RAN optimization solutions for open and dis-aggregated networks requires test environments that represent deployed network behaviors,” said Paul McNab, chief Strategy &amp; Marketing officer and CTO Office, VIAVI. “VIAVI and Meta have partnered to train Maveric AI/ML models with VIAVI network monitoring solutions and integrate these models into VIAVI test environments. This partnership will continue to evolve under the auspices of LF Connectivity.”

"Open source has a powerful history in connectivity, empowering communities to define what meaningful connectivity means on their own terms and introducing innovation in areas of the industry marked by vendor dominance. I look forward to working with the LF Connectivity community to impact connectivity challenges worldwide,” said Shaddi Hasan, assistant professor of Computer Science, Virginia Tech. 

“Ramanujan College, University of Delhi, has recently partnered with the Linux Foundation and Meta on LF Connectivity, strengthening its commitment to promoting open-source technologies and developing future leaders in the industry,” said Vipin Rath, assistant professor, University of Delhi.“We share the common goal of fostering innovation and promoting open-source principles, making  ideal partners for Ramanujan College's global connectivity initiatives. Their enthusiasm for developing Open RAN, Core, and connectivity technologies is remarkable, as these advancements can potentially revolutionize the telecommunications industry by enhancing interoperability, flexibility, and cost-efficiency.”

Thu, 18 May 2023 05:15:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.telecomtv.com/content/open-telco-infra/linux-foundation-meta-launch-new-lf-connectivity-project-umbrella-to-improve-enhanced-access-to-networks-47528/
PLVision Joins the Linux Foundation, SONiC and DentOS Projects No result found, try new keyword!KRAKOW, Poland--(BUSINESS WIRE)--PLVision, a custom software product development company focused on open networking, today announced that it has joined the Linux Foundation, a nonprofit ... Thu, 04 May 2023 03:03:00 -0500 https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20230504005628/en/PLVision-Joins-the-Linux-Foundation-SONiC-and-DentOS-Projects The Linux Foundation's Open Programmable Infrastructure Project Announces Arm as a Premier Member

OPI Project to keynote at second annual SmartNICs Summit on June 13-15

SAN FRANCISCO, May 31, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- The Open Programmable Infrastructure (OPI) Project, a community-driven initiative focused on creating a standards-based open ecosystem for next-generation architectures and frameworks based on Data Processing Units (DPUs) technology, is excited to announce that Arm, has joined the project as a premier member.

The Linux Foundation’s Open Programmable Infrastructure Project Announces Arm as a Premier Member

Launched in June 2021 under the Linux Foundation, the project is focused on utilizing open software and standards, as well as frameworks and toolkits, to enable the rapid adoption of DPUs. Arm joins other premier members including Dell Technologies, F5, Intel, Keysight Technologies, Marvell, Nvidia, Red Hat, Tencent, and ZTE. These member companies work together to create an ecosystem of blueprints and standards to ensure that compliant DPUs work with any server.

DPUs are used today to accelerate networking, security, and storage tasks. In addition to performance benefits, DPUs help Strengthen data center security by providing physical isolation for running infrastructure tasks. They also help to reduce latency and Strengthen performance for applications that require real-time data processing. As DPUs create a logical split between infrastructure compute and client applications, the manageability of workloads within different development and management teams is streamlined.

"Arm has been contributing to the OPI Project for a while now," said Kris Murphy, Chair of the OPI Project Governing Board and Senior Principal Software Engineer at Red Hat. "Now, as a premier member, we are excited that they're bringing their leadership to the Governing Board and expertise to the technical steering committee and working groups. Their participation will help to ensure that the DPU components are optimized for programmable infrastructure solutions."

"Across network, storage, and security applications, DPUs are already proving the power efficiency and capex benefits of specialized processing technology," said Marc Meunier, director of ecosystem development, Infrastructure Line of Business, Arm and member of OPI Governing Board. "As a premier member of the OPI project, we look forward to contributing our expertise in  heterogeneous computing and working with other leaders in the industry to create solution blueprints and standards that pave the way for successful deployments."

"The DPU market offers an opportunity for us to change how infrastructure services can be deployed and managed," Arpit Joshipura, General Manager, Networking, Edge, and IoT, the Linux Foundation. "With collaboration across software and hardware vendors representing silicon devices and the entire DPU software stack, the OPI Project is creating an open ecosystem for next generation data centers, private clouds, and edge deployments."

SmartNICs Summit
SmartNICs Summit will host its second annual event at the Doubletree by Hilton San Jose Hotel on June 13-15. The Summit will feature the OPI Project in a Pre-Conference Tutorial C on June 13 from 1-5 pm PST.

The agenda includes:

  • Open Programmable Infrastructure Overview - Paul Pindell, OPI Outreach Chair, F5; Manoj Roge, Joseph White, Dell

  • OPI Use Cases, Solutions, and Requirements - Venkat Pullela, Chief of Technology, Networking for Keysight Technologies

  • Lifecycle and Provisioning of DPUs – Dong Wei, Fellow/Lead Standards Architect, Arm

  • DPU APIs for Networking and Storage – Vipin Jain, Sr. Fellow, AMD and Mark Sanders, Distinguished Engineer, Dell

Additionally, OPI Project's TSC Chair Joseph White and Venkat Pullela will deliver a keynote presentation on June 15 at 11-11:10 am.

"SmartNICs and DPUs can avoid bottlenecks by offloading tasks from central processors. They also produce scalable systems, such as 5G networks that can expand as more subscribers sign up. And they can isolate services or security, making them easier to revise and upgrade," said Chuck Sobey, Summit General Chair. He noted that, "The event will educate designers and present the state-of-the-art. Open Programmable Infrastructure Project is key in making SmartNICs and DPUs accessible to more network, cloud, system, and computer designers."

To learn more about SmartNICs Summit or to register for the event, click here. To learn more about the Open Programmable Infrastructure Project, its vision statement, TSC charter, project goals, and backgrounder, visit https://github.com/opiproject/opi.

The Linux Foundation is the world's leading home for collaboration on open source software, hardware, standards, and data. Linux Foundation projects are critical to the world's infrastructure including Linux, Kubernetes, Node.js, ONAP, PyTorch, RISC-V, SPDX, OpenChain, and more. The Linux Foundation focuses on leveraging best practices and addressing the needs of contributors, users, and solution providers to create sustainable models for open collaboration. For more information, please visit us at https://www.linuxfoundation.org/. The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see its trademark usage page: www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.


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SOURCE Open Programmable Infrastructure Project

Wed, 31 May 2023 07:58:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/linux-foundations-open-programmable-infrastructure-193800622.html
The Linux Foundation Europe launches RISE, the RISC-V Software Ecosystem project

The Linux Foundation Europe, the relatively new European arm of the Linux Foundation foundation of foundations, today announced the launch of the RISC-V Software Ecosystem (RISE) project. RISE aims to bring together a wide range of software and hardware vendors to accelerate "the availability of software for high-performance and power-efficient RISC-V cores running high-level operating systems for a variety of market segments." The founding members include Google, Intel, MediaTek, Nvidia, Qualcomm Technologies, Red Hat and Samsung.

It's no secret that RISC-V, the free and open standard instruction set architecture, is having a bit of a moment, as some of the largest technology vendors are looking to break away from the x86 standard and Arm's IP to build their own, specialized processors without having to pay licensing fees to the incumbents. And while it's worth noting that Intel is part of this new collaboration and other RISC-V initiatives, that may be more of a sign of Intel's current predicaments and unyielding hope that it can finally build a flourishing foundry business than its genuine interest in the technology.

"Accelerating RISC-V support in the open source software ecosystem, aligned with platform standards, is critical to the growth of RISC-V adoption," said Mark Skarpness, VP and GM of system software engineering at Intel. "Intel is pleased to join other industry leaders in the formation of RISE to further this goal."

The Linux Foundation Europe says the project members will contribute both engineering talent and financial support to address specific software needs that the project's steering committee plans to outline.

"The RISE Project is dedicated to enabling RISC-V in open source tools and libraries (e.g. LLVM, GCC, etc.) to speed implementation and time-to-market," said Gabriele Columbro, general manager of Linux Foundation Europe. "RISC-V is a cornerstone of the European technology and industrial landscape so we're honored to provide a neutral, trusted home for the RISE Project under Linux Foundation Europe."

Wed, 31 May 2023 04:57:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/news/linux-foundation-europe-launches-rise-160007481.html

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