JN0-351 learn - Enterprise Routing and Switching, Specialist (JNCIS-ENT) Updated: 2024
|Kill your JN0-351 test at first try with JN0-351 dumps questions
Exam Code: JN0-351 Enterprise Routing and Switching, Specialist (JNCIS-ENT) learn January 2024 by Killexams.com team
|Enterprise Routing and Switching, Specialist (JNCIS-ENT)
Juniper (JNCIS-ENT) learn
Other Juniper examsJN0-322 Security Specialist (JNCIS-SEC)
JN0-553 Juniper Networks Certified Specialist FWV (JNCIS-FWV)
JN0-1302 Data Center Design Specialist (JNCDS-DC)
JN0-104 Junos, Associate (JNCIA-Junos)
JN0-682 Data Center, Professional (JNCIP-DC)
JN0-451 Mist AI - Specialist (JNCIS-MistAI)
JN0-251 Mist AI, Associate (JNCIA-MistAI)
JN0-363 Service Provider Routing and Switching, Specialist (JNCIS-SP)
JN0-213 Cloud, Associate (JNCIA-Cloud)
JN0-664 Service Provider Routing and Switching, Professional (JNCIP-SP)
JN0-231 Security - Associate (JNCIA-SEC)
JN0-335 Security, Specialist (JNCIS-SEC)
JN0-422 Automation and DevOps Specialist (JNCIS-DevOps)
JN0-223 Automation and DevOps, Associate (JNCIA-DevOps)
JN0-649 Enterprise Routing and Switching Professional (JNCIP-ENT)
JN0-611 Cloud, Professional (JNCIP-Cloud) Certification
JN0-636 Security, Professional (JNCIP-SEC)
JN0-351 Enterprise Routing and Switching, Specialist (JNCIS-ENT)
JN0-1332 Security Design, Specialist (JNCDS-SEC)
JN0-413 Cloud, Specialist (JNCIS-Cloud)
|killexams.com JN0-351 test braindumps offers all of you that you need to take JN0-351 certification exam. Our JN0-351 JN0-351 test will provide you with braindumps of test questions with confirmed answers that replicate the real exam. We at killexams.com are made plans to empower you to pass your JN0-351 test with excessive ratings.
You want to verify prefix information being sent from 10.36.1.4.
Which two statements are correct about the output shown in the exhibit? (Choose two.)
A. The routes displayed have traversed one or more autonomous systems.
B. The output shows routes that were received prior to the application of any BGP import policies.
C. The output shows routes that are active and rejected by an import policy.
D. The routes displayed are being learned from an I BGP peer.
The output shown in the exhibit is the result of the command ‚show ip bgp neighbor 10.36.1.4 received-routes‚, which
displays all received routes (both accepted and rejected) from the specified neighbor.
Option A is correct, because the routes displayed have traversed one or more autonomous systems. This can be seen
from the AS_PATH attribute, which shows the sequence of AS numbers that the route has passed through. For
example, the route 10.0.0.0/8 has an AS_PATH of 65001 65002, which means that it has traversed AS 65001 and AS
65002 before reaching the local router.
Option B is correct, because the output shows routes that were received prior to the application of any BGP import
policies. This can be seen from the fact that some routes have a status code of ‚r‚, which means that they are rejected
by an import policy. The ‚received-routes‚ keyword shows the routes coming from a given neighbor before the
inbound policy has been applied. To see the routes after the inbound policy has been applied, the ‚routes‚ keyword
should be used instead.
Option C is incorrect, because the output does not show routes that are active and rejected by an import policy. The
status code of ‚r‚ means that the route is rejected by an import policy, but it does not mean that it is active. The status
code of ‚>‚ means that the route is active and selected as the best path. None of the routes in the output have both ‚>‚
and ‚r‚ status codes.
Option D is incorrect, because the routes displayed are not being learned from an IBGP peer. An IBGP peer is a BGP
neighbor that belongs to the same AS as the local router. The output shows that the neighbor 10.36.1.4 has a remote
AS of 65001, which is different from the local AS of 65002. Therefore, the neighbor is an EBGP peer, not an IBGP
What is the default keepalive time for BGP?
A. 10 seconds
B. 60 seconds
C. 30 seconds
D. 90 seconds
The default keepalive time for BGP is 60 seconds1. The keepalive time is the interval at which BGP sends keepalive
messages to maintain the connection with its peer1. If the keepalive message is not received within the hold time, the
connection is considered lost1. By default, the hold time is three times the keepalive time, which is 180 seconds1.
Which two statements are correct about tunnels? (Choose two.)
A. BFD cannot be used to monitor tunnels.
B. Tunnel endpoints must have a valid route to the remote tunnel endpoint.
C. IP-IP tunnels are stateful.
D. Tunnels add additional overhead to packet size.
A tunnel is a connection between two computer networks, in which data is sent from one network to another through
an encrypted link. Tunnels are commonly used to secure data communications between two networks or to connect two
networks that use different protocols.
Option B is correct, because tunnel endpoints must have a valid route to the remote tunnel endpoint. A tunnel endpoint
is the device that initiates or terminates a tunnel connection. For a tunnel to be established, both endpoints must be
able to reach each other over the underlying network. This means that they must have a valid route to the IP address of
the remote endpoint1.
Option D is correct, because tunnels add additional overhead to packet size. Tunnels work by encapsulating packets:
wrapping packets inside of other packets. This means that the original packet becomes the payload of the surrounding
packet, and the surrounding packet has its own header and trailer. The header and trailer of the surrounding packet add
extra bytes to the packet size, which is called overhead. Overhead can reduce the efficiency and performance of a
network, as it consumes more bandwidth and processing power2.
Option A is incorrect, because BFD can be used to monitor tunnels. BFD is a protocol that can be used to quickly
detect failures in the forwarding path between two adjacent routers or switches. BFD can be integrated with various
routing protocols and link aggregation protocols to provide faster convergence and fault recovery. BFD can also be
used to monitor the connectivity of tunnels, such as GRE, IPsec, or MPLS.
Option C is incorrect, because IP-IP tunnels are stateless. IP-IP tunnels are a type of tunnels that use IP as both the
encapsulating and encapsulated protocol. IP-IP tunnels are simple and easy to configure, but they do not provide any
security or authentication features. IP-IP tunnels are stateless, which means that they do not keep track of the state or
status of the tunnel connection. Stateless tunnels do not require any signaling or negotiation between the endpoints, but
they also do not provide any error detection or recovery mechanisms.
Reference: 1: What is Tunneling? | Tunneling in Networking 2: What Is Tunnel In Networking, Its Types, And Its
Benefits? : [Configuring Bidirectional Forwarding Detection] : [IP-IP Tunneling]
Which statement is correct about IP-IP tunnels?
A. IP-IP tunnels only support encapsulating IP traffic.
B. IP-IP tunnels only support encapsulating non-IP traffic.
C. The TTL in the inner packet is decremented during transit to the tunnel endpoint.
D. There are 24 bytes of overhead with IP-IP encapsulation.
IP-IP tunnels are a type of tunnels that use IP as both the encapsulating and encapsulated protocol. IP-IP tunnels are
simple and easy to configure, but they do not provide any security or authentication features. IP-IP tunnels only
support encapsulating IP traffic, which means that the payload of the inner packet must be an IP packet. IP-IP tunnels
cannot encapsulate non-IP traffic, such as Ethernet frames or MPLS labels1.
Option A is correct, because IP-IP tunnels only support encapsulating IP traffic. Option B is incorrect,
because IP-IP tunnels only support encapsulating non-IP traffic. Option C is incorrect, because the
TTL in the inner packet is not decremented during transit to the tunnel endpoint. The TTL in the outer
packet is decremented by each router along the path, but the TTL in the inner packet is preserved
until it reaches the tunnel endpoint2. Option D is incorrect, because there are 20 bytes of overhead
with IP-IP encapsulation. The overhead consists of the header of the outer packet, which has a fixed
size of 20 bytes for IPv43.
1: IP-IP Tunneling 2: What is tunneling? | Tunneling in networking 3: IPv4 - Header
You are configuring an IS-IS IGP network and do not see the IS-IS adjacencies established. In this scenario, what are
two reasons for this problem? (Choose two.)
A. MTU is not at least 1492 bytes.
B. IP subnets are not a /30 address.
C. The Level 2 routers have mismatched areas.
D. The lo0 interface is not included as an IS-IS interface.
Option A suggests that the MTU is not at least 1492 bytes. This is correct because IS-IS requires a minimum MTU of
1492 bytes to establish adjacencies1. If the MTU is less than this, IS-IS adjacencies will not be established1.
Option D suggests that the lo0 interface is not included as an IS-IS interface. This is also correct because the loopback
interface (lo0) is typically used as the router ID in IS-IS1. If the loopback interface is not included in IS-IS, it could
prevent IS-IS adjacencies from being established1. Therefore, options A and D are correct.
You are asked to create a new firewall filter to evaluate Layer 3 traffic that is being sent between VLANs. In this
scenario, which two statements are correct? (Choose two.)
A. You should create a family Ethernet-switching firewall filter with the appropriate match criteria and actions.
B. You should apply the firewall filter to the appropriate VLA
C. You should create a family inet firewall filter with the appropriate match criteria and actions.
D. You should apply the firewall filter to the appropriate IRB interface.
A firewall filter is a configuration that defines the rules that determine whether to forward or discard packets at
specific processing points in the packet flow. A firewall filter can also modify the attributes of the packets, such as
priority, marking, or logging. A firewall filter can be applied to various interfaces, protocols, or routing instances on a
A firewall filter has a family attribute, which specifies the type of traffic that the filter can evaluate. The family
attribute can be one of the following: inet, inet6, mpls, vpls, iso, or ethernet-switching2. The family inet firewall filter
is used to evaluate IPv4 traffic, which is the most common type of Layer 3 traffic on a network.
To create a family inet firewall filter, you need to specify the appropriate match criteria and actions for each term in
the filter. The match criteria can include various fields in the IPv4 header, such as source address, destination address,
protocol, port number, or DSCP value. The actions can include accept, discard, reject, count, log, policer, or next
To apply a firewall filter to Layer 3 traffic that is being sent between VLANs, you need to apply the filter to the
appropriate IRB interface. An IRB interface is an integrated routing and bridging interface that provides Layer 3
functionality for a VLAN on a Juniper device. An IRB interface has an IP address that acts as the default gateway for
the hosts in the VLAN. An IRB interface can also participate in routing protocols and forward packets to other VLANs
Therefore, option C is correct, because you should create a family inet firewall filter with the appropriate match criteria
and actions. Option D is correct, because you should apply the firewall filter to the appropriate IRB interface.
Option A is incorrect, because you should not create a family ethernet-switching firewall filter with the appropriate
match criteria and actions. A family ethernet-switching firewall filter is used to evaluate Layer 2 traffic on a Juniper
device. A family ethernet-switching firewall filter can only match on MAC addresses or VLAN IDs, not on IP
addresses or protocols5.
Option B is incorrect, because you should not apply the firewall filter to the appropriate VLAN. A VLAN is a logical
grouping of hosts that share the same broadcast domain on a Layer 2 network. A VLAN does not have an IP address or
routing capability. A firewall filter cannot be applied directly to a VLAN; it must be applied to an interface that
belongs to or connects to the VLAN6.
Reference: 1: Firewall Filters Overview 2: Configuring Firewall Filters 3: Configuring Firewall Filter Match
Conditions and Actions 4: Understanding Integrated Routing and Bridging Interfaces 5: Configuring
Ethernet-Switching Firewall Filters 6: Understanding VLANs
You have configured a GRE tunnel. To reduce the risk of dropping traffic, you have configured a keepalive OAM
probe to monitor the state of the tunnel; however, traffic drops are still occurring.
Referring to the exhibit, what is the problem?
A. For GRE tunnels, the OAM protocol requires that the BFD protocols also be used.
B. The "event link-adjacency-loss" option must be set.
C. LLDP needs to be removed from the gr-1/1/10.1 interface.
D. The hold-time value must be two times the keepalive-time value
A keepalive OAM probe is a mechanism that can be used to monitor the state of a GRE tunnel and detect any failures
in the tunnel path. A keepalive OAM probe consists of sending periodic packets from one end of the tunnel to the
other and expecting a reply. If no reply is received within a specified time, the tunnel is considered down and the line
protocol of the tunnel interface is changed to down1.
To configure a keepalive OAM probe for a GRE tunnel, you need to specify two parameters: the keepalive-time and
the hold-time. The keepalive-time is the interval between each keepalive packet sent by the local router. The hold-time
is the maximum time that the local router waits for a reply from the remote router before declaring the tunnel down2.
According to the Juniper Networks documentation, the hold-time value must be two times the keepalive-time value for
a GRE tunnel2. This is because the hold-time value must account for both the round-trip time of the keepalive packet
and the processing time of the remote router. If the hold-time value is too small, it may cause false positives and
unnecessary tunnel flaps.
In the exhibit, the configuration shows that the keepalive-time is set to 10 seconds and the hold-time
is set to 15 seconds for the gr-1/1/10.1 interface. This means that the local router will send a keepalive packet every 10
seconds and will wait for 15 seconds for a reply from the remote router. However, this hold-time value is not two
times the keepalive-time value, which violates the recommended configuration. This may cause traffic drops if the
remote router takes longer than 15 seconds to reply.
Therefore, option D is correct, because the hold-time value must be two times the keepalive-time value for a GRE
tunnel. Option A is incorrect, because BFD is not required for GRE tunnels; BFD is another protocol that can be used
to monitor tunnels, but it is not compatible with GRE keepalives3. Option B is incorrect, because the ‚event link-
adjacency-loss‚ option is not related to GRE tunnels; it is an option that can be used to trigger an action when a link
goes down4. Option C is incorrect, because LLDP does not need to be removed from the gr-1/1/10.1 interface; LLDP
is a protocol that can be used to discover neighboring devices and their capabilities, but it does not interfere with GRE
1: Configuring Keepalive Time and Hold time for a GRE Tunnel Interface 2: keepalive | Junos OS |
Juniper Networks 3: Configuring Bidirectional Forwarding Detection 4: event link-adjacency-loss |
Junos OS | Juniper Networks 5: Understanding Link Layer Discovery Protocol
You are a network operator troubleshooting BGP connectivity.
Which two statements are correct about the output shown in the exhibit? (Choose two.)
A. Peer 10.32.1.2 is configured for AS 63645.
B. The BGP session is not established.
C. The R1 is configured for AS 65400.
D. The routers are exchanging IPv4 routes.
Option B suggests that the BGP session is not established. This is correct because in the output, the state of the BGP
session is shown as ‚Idle‚. In BGP, an ‚Idle‚ state means that the BGP session is not currently established1.
Option C suggests that R1 is configured for AS 65400. This is also correct because in the output, it‚s shown that the
local AS number is 654001. The local AS number represents the Autonomous System (AS) number of the router on
which you‚re checking the BGP session1.
What is the maximum allowable MTU size for a default GRE tunnel without IPv4 traffic fragmentation?
A. 1496 bytes
B. 1480 bytes
C. 1500 bytes
D. 1476 bytes
The maximum allowable MTU size for a default GRE tunnel without IPv4 traffic fragmentation is 1476 bytes1. This is
because GRE packets are formed by the addition of the original packets and the required GRE headers1. These headers
are 24-bytes in length and since these headers are added to the original frame, depending on the original size of the
packet we may run into IP MTU problems1. The most common IP MTU is 1500-bytes in length (Ethernet)1. When the
tunnel is created, it deducts the 24-bytes it needs to encapsulate the passenger protocols and that is the IP MTU it will
use1. For example, if we are forming a tunnel over FastEthernet (IP MTU 1500) the IOS calculates the IP MTU on the
tunnel as: 1500-bytes from Ethernet - 24-bytes for the GRE encapsulation = 1476-Bytes1.
You are a network operator who wants to add a second ISP connection and remove the default route to the existing
ISP You decide to deploy the BGP protocol in the network.
What two statements are correct in this scenario? (Choose two.)
A. IBGP updates the next-hop attribute to ensure reachability within an A
B. IBGP peers advertise routes received from EBGP peers to other IBGP peers.
C. IBGP peers advertise routes received from IBGP peers to other IBGP peers.
D. EBGP peers advertise routes received from IBGP peers to other EBGP peers.
A is correct because IBGP updates the next-hop attribute to ensure reachability within an AS. This is because the next-
hop attribute is the IP address of the router that advertises the route to a BGP peer. If the next-hop attribute is not
changed by IBGP, it would be the IP address of an external router, which may not be reachable by all routers within
the AS. Therefore, IBGP updates the next-hop attribute to the IP address of the router that received the route from an
B is correct because IBGP peers advertise routes received from EBGP peers to other IBGP peers. This is because BGP
follows the rule of advertising only the best route to a destination, and EBGP routes have a higher preference than
IBGP routes. Therefore, IBGP peers advertise routes learned from an EBGP peer to all BGP peers, including both
EBGP and IBGP peers1.
You are troubleshooting a BGP routing issue between your network and a customer router and are reviewing the BGP
Which two statements are correct in this scenario? (Choose two.)
A. Export policies are applied to routes in the RIB-ln table.
B. Import policies are applied to routes in the RIB-Local table.
C. Import policies are applied after the RIB-ln table.
D. Export policies are applied after the RIB-Local table.
In BGP, routing policies are used to control the flow of routing information between BGP peers1. Option C suggests
that import policies are applied after the RIB-In table. This is correct because import policies in BGP are applied to
routes that are received from a BGP peer, before they are installed in the local BGP Routing Information Base (RIB-
In)1. The RIB-In is a database that stores all the routes that are received from all peers1.
Option D suggests that export policies are applied after the RIB-Local table. This is correct because export policies in
BGP are applied to routes that are being advertised to a BGP peer, after they have been selected from the local BGP
Routing Information Base (RIB-Local)1. The RIB-Local is a database that stores all the routes that the local router is
using1. Therefore, options C and D are correct.
You are asked to connect an IP phone and a user computer using the same interface on an EX Series switch. The
traffic from the computer does not use a VLAN tag, whereas the traffic from the IP phone uses a VLAN tag.
Which feature enables the interface to receive both types of traffic?
A. native VLAN
B. DHCP snooping
C. MAC limiting
D. voice VLAN
The feature that enables an interface on an EX Series switch to receive both untagged traffic (from the computer) and
tagged traffic (from the IP phone) is the voice VLAN12.
The voice VLAN feature in EX-series switches enables access ports to accept both data (untagged) and voice (tagged)
traffic and separate that traffic into different VLANs12. This allows the switch to differentiate between voice and data
traffic, ensuring that voice traffic can be treated with a higher priority12. Therefore, option D is correct.
Which command displays the output shown in the exhibit?
A. show route forwarding-table
B. show ethernet-switching table
C. show ethernet‚switching table extensive
D. show route forwarding‚table family ethernet-switching
The output shown in the exhibit is a brief display of the Ethernet switching table, which shows the learned Layer 2
MAC addresses for each VLAN and interface1.
The command show ethernet-switching table displays the Ethernet switching table with brief information, such as the
destination MAC address, the VLAN name, the forwarding state, and the interface name1.
The command show route forwarding-table displays the routing table information for each protocol family, such as
inet, inet6, mpls, iso, and so on2. It does not show the Ethernet switching table or the MAC addresses.
The command show ethernet-switching table extensive displays the Ethernet switching table with extensive
information, such as the destination MAC address, the VLAN name, the forwarding state, the interface name, the
VLAN index, and the tag type1. It shows more details than the brief output shown in the exhibit.
The command show route forwarding-table family ethernet-switching displays the routing table information for the
ethernet-switching protocol family, which shows the destination MAC address, the next-hop MAC address, and the
interface name3. It does not show the VLAN name or the forwarding state.
The goal, said Judy Beningson, vice president and general manager, Virtual Junos Business Unit, is to make traditional networking education less expensive, less time-consuming and less resource-dependent. Rather than merely model how a Junos-bred network architecture might function using lab time and equipment, users of Junosphere Classroom can run real protocols and security paradigms a network would use, and do those things using a virtual, Junos-based network.
Juniper hosts Junosphere Classroom, and students access the modeling tools via a secure Internet connection. The hope, said Beningson, is that the e-learning model is more instructive -- students get to model using virtual network architecture instead of approximate how a network might look and function.
"We talk about network modeling, but this isn't the same as modeling," Beningson said. "It's about creating a real network that just happens to be in a cloud. It's kind of a model, because it's not your physical equipment, but you're actually running routing protocols."
It'll be a useful tool for Juniper solution providers, Beningson said, because they can tie it in with a professional services or training package for customers. Many solution providers also sell or develop Junos-ready applications, and the Classroom gives them an additional platform to test and demonstrate those applications for customers.
"A partner might have a unique application to run inside Junos that gets at what a customer wants," Beningson said. "That's a very sticky solution because it's not something you can buy off the shelf."
Junosphere Classroom is available as a standalone offering and will also be provided through Juniper's Academic Alliance and Authorized Education Partner programs. Juniper has priced use of the Classroom at a fee of $5 per day per virtual machine used, Beningson said.
Classroom is the first release from Virtual Junos, a business unit within Juniper's Application Software Group that was formed last September. Beningson, who runs the group, reports to Manoj Leelanivas, executive vice president of the Application Software Group, and said to expect more offerings from Virtual Junos later this year.
Aruba Networks certifications
Aruba Certified Switching Professional (ACSP)
Aruba Certified Mobility Associate (ACMA)
Aruba Certified Mobility Professional (ACMP)
Established program with various learning tracks and a range of certifications.
Certifications identify technical knowledge and skills, design, deployment, and management in complex settings.¬†
BICSI Technician (TECH)
Focused on supporting information technology systems, BICSI is a professional association with more than 26,000 members in approximately 100 countries.
The TECH credential is a midlevel certification targeting those with 1-3 years of documented industry experience.
The credential identifies professionals who understand and can apply installation-specific information, lead installation teams, perform testing and troubleshooting on copper and optical fiber installations, evaluate applications of cabling installation, make recommendations regarding codes and standards, and perform retrofits and upgrades for existing infrastructures.
Cisco Certified Network Associate Routing and Switching (CCNA)
Cisco Certified Network Professional Enterprise Certification and Training (CCNP Enterprise)
CCIE Enterprise Infrastructure Certification and Training
CCIE Enterprise Wireless Certification and Training
Cisco has a well-known and highly developed certification portfolio.
Certifications in this category are aimed at candidates interested in building careers in wired and wireless networking techniques and technologies, network design, or routing and switching technologies.
Certification paths range from entry level to expert.
Certifications are targeted to network specialists, administrators, support engineers and design engineers.¬†
CIW (Certified Internet Web Professional)¬†
CIW Network Technology Associate
Entry-level certification developed by CIW (formerly called Certification Partners).
The target audience includes technical sales, support engineers, network administrators, product managers and engineers.
Content focuses on mastering the basics of networking and exploring key concepts, skills and core terms to prepare candidates for job readiness in networking, internet protocols, network security, and more.
This is one of the most popular general networking certifications in the world.
It targets candidates seeking careers as network administrators, technicians or installers, help desk technicians, and IT cable installers.
Recognized or required by the Department of Defense, Dell, HP, Ricoh, Sharp and Xerox. Also required for Apple Consultants Network membership.
Certified Wireless Network Professional (CWNP)
Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA)
Certified Wireless Design Professional (CWDP)
Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP)
Certified Wireless Network Expert (CWNE)
Established certification program offering a full complement of certifications ranging from entry-level to professional career certifications.
Certifications focus on enterprise Wi-Fi skills.
CWNP also offers Certified Wireless Security Professional (CWSP) and Certified Wireless Network Trainer (CWNT) credentials.
Electronics Technicians Association (ETA) International certifications
Computer Service Technician (CST)
Information Technology Security (ITS)
Network Computer Technician (NCT)
Network Systems Technician (NST)
Wireless Network Technician (WNT)
ETA offers more than 90 certifications targeting electronics professionals.
ETA is accredited by the International Certification Accreditation Council and has issued more than 180,000 certifications.
Extreme Networks certifications
Extreme Networks Certified Specialist (ECS)
Extreme Networks Sales Specialist (ESS)
Extreme Networks Design Specialist (EDS)
These technical certifications focus on practical, hands-on training to support and optimize an organization‚Äôs networks.
Multiple concentrations are available.
Hurricane Electric Internet Services certifications
Hurricane Electric IPv6 Certification
This free online certification project validates skills in basic IPv6 concepts.
Certification test includes IP address format, reverse DNS, localhost address, default routing, documentation prefix, link-local prefix, multicast prefix, traceroute, and IPv6 server configuration.
IPv6 Forum certifications
IPv6 Forum Silver or Gold Certified Engineer
The IPv6 Education Certification Logo Program promotes IPv6 education and helps candidates build skills to foster swifter adoption of IPv6.
Courses focus on practical application and consist of both instructor-led and hands-on lab instruction.
Juniper Networks certifications
Juniper Networks Certified Specialist Enterprise Routing and Switching (JNCIS-ENT)
Juniper Networks Certified Professional Enterprise Routing and Switching (JNCIP-ENT)
Juniper Networks Certified Expert Enterprise Routing and Switching (JNCIE-ENT)
JNCIS-ENT, JNCIP-ENT and JNCIE-ENT are vendor-specific credentials that address installation and support of LAN/WAN routers and switches in Juniper Networks‚Äô technology-based networks.
Credential holders possess skills necessary to support large enterprise environments.
Nokia Network Routing Specialist II (NRS II)
This certification is for intermediate network professionals experienced with IP and Ethernet technologies.
NRS II certification recognizes advanced networking and service offerings that build on core aspects of Nokia service routing. The certification covers internet routing protocols, IP/MPLS networks, and implementing Nokia Layer 2 and Layer 3 services.
Note that Alcatel-Lucent operates as part of the Nokia Group. This certification was known as the Alcatel-Lucent Network Routing Specialist II (NRS II), and some study guides still refer to it as such.
Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Solaris 11 Network Administrator¬†
Oracle has a well-established vendor-specific certification program. This certification validates the technical skills of system administrators who work with LANs and the Oracle Solaris operating system (Oracle Solaris OS).
The credential was formerly Sun Certified Network Administrator (SCNA).
Palo Alto certifications
Palo Alto Networks Certified Network Security Engineer (PCNSE)
PCNSE credential holders possess knowledge and technical skills necessary to install, configure and implement Palo Alto Networks technologies at the advanced engineering level.
The credential is targeted to partners, system engineers, system integrators, support engineers, pre-sales system engineers, support staff or anyone using Palo Alto Network technologies.
Riverbed Professional Services (RPS) certifications
Riverbed Certified Performance Engineering (RCPE)
The Riverbed Certified Performance Engineering (RCPE) program has several tracks, including WAN optimization, network and infrastructure visibility, network configuration, and more. Courses span foundational, associate and professional levels.¬†
RPS changed its education program from product-focused how-tos to a learning environment that teaches how to consider business needs, obstacles and solutions.
SolarWinds Certified Professional (SCP)
Credential validates skills in networking management fundamentals, network management planning, network management operations, network fault and performance troubleshooting, and Orion NPM administration.
The SCP is an accredited certification.
Vendor-specific credential for professionals who use Wireshark to analyze network traffic and then use that information to troubleshoot, optimize and secure networks.
Wireshark is considered the de facto open-source product for network protocol analysis, with more than 400,000 downloads per month.
The WCNA test was certified by the U.S. Army in 2009 and covers Wireshark functionality, TCP/IP network communications, and network troubleshooting and security.
Assessment of student learning is the systematic and cyclical process through which faculty members, department chairs and program directors articulate learning outcomes for their courses and programs; align learning opportunities with outcomes; measure students' progress toward meeting outcomes; and use this information to Excellerate their courses, programs, and institutions. Our challenge is to engage in assessment in ways that teach us more of what we want to know as educators‚ÄĒthat is, to strategically use assessment as a pedagogical tool.
We are committed to quality teaching and learning and to continual re-examination of our effectiveness. Assessment is a tool that enables faculty to determine how to Excellerate and reshape student learning.
Unlike other programs, which offer online courses, distance learning is different. Students attend classes at their home institution at a specific time, just like students on Miami campuses. Instead of the professor being in the room with distance students, the professor is on a Miami campus, visible and accessible to all distance and local students concurrently using interactive video.
Miami University Engineering Technology offers Electromechanical Engineering Technology Bachelor‚Äôs completion degree programs to 12 distance sites. Electrical and Computing Engineering Technology is offered via two distance sites and more to come in the future.¬†
This is a BS Completion program designed to articulate with graduates of Associate of Applied Science programs who have majored in Electrical, Electronic, Electro-Mechanical, Mechanical, or similarly titled Engineering Technology programs (note: students from other Engineering Technology associate degree programs will also receive favorable credit transfer). The program leads to a Bachelor of Science in Applied Science with a major in Electro-Mechanical Engineering Technology or Electrical & Computing Engineering Technology. This program is available through Miami‚Äôs regional campuses in Hamilton or Middletown (www.regionals.miamioh.edu). Miami is also offering this program by ‚Äúdistance learning‚ÄĚ (e.g., web, interactive video, video streaming, etc.) through partnerships with Cincinnati State Technical and Community College, Sinclair Community College, Columbus State Community College, Shawnee State University, Northwest State CC, Edison CC, North Central State College, Terra State Community College, Rhodes State College, Southern State Community College, Washington State Community College, and Zane State College. It is designed for students interested in continuing their education beyond the associate degree.
Students who have completed their Associate in Applied Science in Electrical, Electronic, Electro-Mechanical, Mechanical, or similarly titled Engineering Technology programs are eligible to apply to the Miami University BS Completion Program. Graduates from other Engineering Technology programs will also receive favorable credit transfer.
Applying is easy and there are several ways to apply. You can apply on-line at¬†MiamiOH.edu/Regionals/Apply. You may also call Miami University Regionals at 513-785-3111 to have an application mailed to you. As a Miami student applicant, all University admission requirements apply to you. For¬†transfer students, one admission requirement worth noting is that Miami requires applicants to have two units of a foreign language both in the same language. If not completed in high school, then this requirement can be met by taking one year of a foreign language in college.
You should wait to apply to Miami the semester prior to when you expect to begin taking Miami courses. The reason for waiting is this: if you apply today but don‚Äôt start taking Miami courses for another couple of semesters, Miami‚Äôs record system ‚Äúthinks‚ÄĚ you changed your mind and deactivates your admission status. As such, once you are ready to take Miami courses you will need to reapply. This is not a real problem just an inconvenience. No fee is charged for a reapplication.
Since you are enrolled through Miami University, you pay Miami University fees.
Your program requirements will be provided in your Degree Audit Report (DAR) once you matriculate into the program. The DAR is available through http://myMiami.miamioh.edu. Miami delivers by distance to our partner colleges the required 300 and 400 level ENT courses and two math courses (MTH 231 and STA 301). Articulation agreements can be found on the ENT Department web page www.regionals.miamioh.edu/ent. General program requirements can be found in the Miami Bulletin (through myMiami) or on the ENT Department web page under Student Handbook. Two Miami graduation requirements worth noting are that 32 credit hours must be from Miami (these are delivered by distance) and 12 or your last 20 credit hours must be from Miami. 128 credits are required for graduation.
It generally takes two years to complete the program full time and three years (note: some students take longer) to complete the program part time. In addition, students completing this engineering technology program may also sit for the FE and/or PE exams. Students taking the program at the distance sites will require three or more years to complete the program.
A variety of jobs in Engineering Technology are available. Most graduates work as application engineers in the process control and instrumentation field. The current job market for Engineering Technology graduates is quite good. For details about job market information, refer to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics at¬†http://www.bls.gov/
No, technical classes of this program are delivered by interactive video, video streaming, web or other means in the evening from Miami Hamilton or Miami Middletown to our partner (distance) campuses. Office hours are also held through videoconferencing.
Bridge courses are classes offered at your community college and help ‚Äúbridge the gap‚ÄĚ between the associate‚Äôs degree and the bachelor‚Äôs degree completion program. These courses are required for your bachelor‚Äôs degree and may serve as prerequisites for upper-level courses.
No, you may complete course work at both schools simultaneously. However, you will need to complete any necessary prerequisite courses prior to taking any advanced-level classes at Miami. You must also meet Miami‚Äôs graduation requirements. These requirements state that, among other things, you complete 32 Miami credit hours and you take 12 of your last 20 credit hours from Miami. Therefore, you should consider completing most of your bridge courses prior to the required Miami courses.
You will need to request that your college send official copies of your transcripts directly to Miami University Hamilton or Miami University Middletown. This should be done upon application to Miami (Hamilton or Middletown) so that an official evaluation of your credits can be completed. If you take additional bridge courses after enrolling at Miami, make sure you send an updated transcript prior to completing your last 12 Miami credit hours so Miami can transfer the additional courses.
All college-level courses completed at an accredited college or university will transfer to Miami University. Miami University is based on semesters while some other colleges are based on quarters. As such, 3-quarter credits transfer to Miami as 2 semester credits. Likewise, there are three quarters or two semesters to an academic year. Transfer credit assessment is based on information obtained from¬†www.transferology.com.
You can register for your Miami courses on BannerWeb at http://myMiami.miamioh.edu using your Miami University UniqueID and MUnet password. Your UniqueID and password are automatically issued to you upon admission. If you have questions about your registration, please contact the registrar in Hamilton at 513.785.3209 or Middletown at 513.727.3217.
You may send a check to Miami University. The address will be with your schedule and fee statement, which will be mailed to your home. You may also pay online using http://myMiami.miamioh.edu. Follow the My Bill and Aid tab at the top of the page.
Yes, financial aid is available. To get started, you need to complete the FAFSA (available online¬†MiamiOH.edu/Regionals/Affordablity). You may also contact the financial aid offices at either Miami University Hamilton (513-785-3123) or Miami University Middletown (513-727-3299). Apply early because there are deadlines.
You may view them through your BannerWeb account on http://myMiami.muohio.edu which is established for you automatically upon admission. Your grades will not be mailed out to you.
Yes, Miami University, Engineering Technology faculty members are available to assist you if you have questions. See ‚ÄúWhat do I do if I have questions?‚ÄĚ Faculty assigned to each class will also assist you and provide you with contact information.
The semester prior to completing all degree requirements you will apply for graduation. An application for graduation is available through the registrar by calling 513.785.3209. Graduation requirements are tracked through your Degree Audit Report (DAR) available through http://myMiami.miamioh.edu.
Miami University recommends that students interested in distance learning be willing to dedicate 8-10 hours a week, per class, to participate in this learning process. You should be self-directed, a self-starter, and have an opinion that distance education is of equal or better value than traditional classroom learning.
At Miami: Contact one of these¬†advisors.
Learn about Articulation and Transfer Agreements that Miami University has with other colleges and universities.
Prefixes are a group of letters that change the meaning of a word when they are added to the start.
Most prefixes mean a similar thing when they're added to different words.
The prefix un- usually means not. For example:
The prefixes dis- and mis- usually have negative meanings. For example:
The prefix re- usually means again or back. For example:
The prefix sub- usually means under. For example:
What Is Enterprise Value (EV)?
Enterprise value (EV) measures a company's total value, often used as a more comprehensive alternative to market capitalization. EV includes in its calculation the market capitalization of a company but also short-term and long-term debt and any cash or cash equivalents on the company's balance sheet.
Components of Enterprise Value (EV)
Enterprise value uses figures from a company's financial statements and current market prices. The components that make up EV are:
Enterprise Value Formula and Calculation
To calculate market capitalization‚ÄĒif not readily available online‚ÄĒyou would multiply the number of outstanding shares by the current stock price. Next, total all debt on the company's balance sheet, including both short-term and long-term debt. Finally, add the market capitalization to the total debt and subtract any cash and cash equivalents from the result.
What Does EV Tell You?
Enterprise value (EV) differs significantly from simple market capitalization in several ways, and many consider it to be a more accurate representation of a firm's value. EV tells investors or interested parties a company's value and how much another company would need if it wanted to purchase that company.
There is one other consideration: a company's EV can be negative if the total value of its cash and cash equivalents surpasses that of the combined total of its market cap and debts. This is a sign that a company is not using its assets very well‚ÄĒit has too much cash sitting around not being used. Extra cash can be used for many things, such as distributions, buybacks, expansion, research and development, maintenance, employee pay raises, bonuses, or paying off debts.
Market capitalization is not intended to represent a company's book value. Instead, it represents a company's value as determined by market participants.
EV as a Valuation Multiple
Enterprise value is used as the basis for many financial ratios that measure the performance of a company. For example, the enterprise multiple contains enterprise value. It¬†relates the total value¬†of a company from all sources to a measure¬†of operating earnings generated‚ÄĒthe earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA).
EBITDA measures a company's ability to generate revenue¬†and is used as an alternative to simple earnings or¬†net income¬†(in some circumstances). EBITDA, however, can be misleading because it strips out the cost of capital investments like property, plant, and equipment. Another figure, EBIT, can be used as a similar financial metric without the drawback of removing depreciation and amortization expenses related to property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).
EBITDA calculates a company's income before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. EBITDA is calculated using the following formula:
The enterprise multiple (EV/EBITDA) metric is used as a¬†valuation¬†tool to compare the value of a company and its debt to the company‚Äôs cash earnings, less its non-cash expenses. As a result, it's¬†ideal for analysts and¬†investors looking to compare companies within the same industry.
EV/EBITDA is useful in several situations:
EV/EBITDA has a few drawbacks:
Another commonly used multiple for determining the relative value of firms¬†is the enterprise value to sales ratio or¬†EV/sales.¬†EV/Sales is regarded as a more accurate measure than the Price/Sales ratio since it considers the¬†value and amount of debt a company must repay at some point.
It's believed that the lower the EV/Sales multiple, the more attractive‚ÄĒor undervalued‚ÄĒthe company is.¬†The EV/Sales ratio¬†can be negative when the cash held by a company is more than the market capitalization and debt value. A negative EV/sales implies that a company can pay off all of its debts.
Enterprise Value vs. Market Cap
Why doesn't market capitalization properly represent a firm's value? It leaves a lot of essential factors out, such as a company's debt and cash reserves.
Enterprise value is a modification of market cap, as it incorporates debt and cash for determining a company's value.
Here's an example: imagine two identical widget manufacturers, Company A and Company B, have the same stock price of $4.32 per share. Each have 1 million outstanding shares with a market cap of $4.32 million.
Debt and Cash Change the View
Now, imagine Company A has $500,000 in cash and cash equivalents and $250,000 in total debt. Its EV (total worth) is $4,320,000 + $250,000 - $500,000 = $4.07 million.
Company B has $1 million in cash and $250,000 in debt. It's EV is $4,320,000 + $250,000 - $1,000,000 = $3.57 million.
The companies looked identical using market cap, but a much different picture appears when EV is calculated.
Enterprise Value vs. P/E Ratio
The price-to-earnings ratio (P/E ratio) is the ratio for valuing a company that measures its current share price relative to its earnings per share (EPS).¬†The price-to-earnings ratio is sometimes known as the¬†price multiple¬†or the earnings¬†multiple. The P/E ratio doesn't consider the amount of debt that a company has on its balance sheet.
EV includes debt when valuing a company and is often used in tandem with the P/E ratio to achieve a comprehensive valuation.
Limitations of EV
As stated earlier, EV includes total debt, but it's essential to consider how the company's management utilizes the debt. For example, capital-intensive industries such as the oil and gas industry typically carry significant amounts of debt, which is used to foster growth. The debt could have been used to purchase a plant and equipment. As a result, the EV can be skewed when comparing companies across industries.
This is essential to consider if the company being looked at is undergoing a merger or acquisition. This is because the acquiring company will need to account for the amount of debt it is taking on in the merger. Investors can use this information to evaluate what the merged companies will look like in the future.
As with any financial metric, it's best to compare companies within the same industry to better understand how the company is valued relative to its peers.
Example of EV
As stated earlier, the formula for EV is essentially the sum of the market value of equity (market capitalization) and the market value of a company's debt, less any cash. A company's market capitalization is calculated by multiplying the share price by the number of outstanding shares. The net debt is the market value of debt minus cash. A company acquiring another company keeps the cash of the target firm, which is why cash needs to be deducted from the firm's price as represented by the market cap.
Let's calculate the enterprise value for Macy's (M). For its 2021 fiscal year, Macy's recorded the following:
We can calculate Macy's market cap from the information above. Macy's has 292.4 million outstanding shares valued at $25.44 per share at the end of its fiscal year (Jan. 29, 2022):
Enterprise value is considered comprehensive when valuing a company because, if a company were to purchase Macy's outstanding shares for $7.44 billion, it would also have to settle Macy's $3.30 billion in outstanding debts.
In total, the acquiring company will spend more than $10 billion to purchase Macy's. However, since Macy's has $1.71 billion in cash, this amount could be added to repay the debt.
How Do You Calculate Enterprise Value?
To calculate market capitalization, multiply the number of outstanding shares by the current stock price. Next, total all debt on the company's balance sheet. Finally, add the market capitalization to the total debt and subtract any cash and cash equivalents from the result.
What Is a Good Enterprise Value?
Enterprise value is a good indicator of a company's total value, but the EV/EBITDA is a better indicator, demonstrating the total value to real earnings. An EV/EBITDA below 10 is considered healthy.
What Is Enterprise Value and Why Is It Important?
Enterprise value shows a company's total value and is generally used in mergers and acquisitions to evaluate a prospect. You might also see embedded value used to value life insurance companies, primarily in Europe.
What Is Enterprise Value vs. Market Value?
Enterprise value is the total value of a company, while market value is the value of its shares on the stock market. Market capitalization is the total value of all sthares on the stock market.
The Bottom Line
Enterprise value estimates a company's total value, generally used by other companies when considering a merger or acquisition. Investors can also use EV to estimate a company's size and worth to help them evaluate their stock choices. EV is best used with other metrics for valuating a stock. Some popular ratios are EV/Sales and EV/EBITDA.
Correction‚ÄĒDec. 17, 2022: The article has been updated from a previous version that incorrectly omitted debt when describing the formula for calculating enterprise value. Debt is a necessary element of the formula.
JN0-351 Practice Test | JN0-351 test prep | JN0-351 pdf | JN0-351 education | JN0-351 syllabus | JN0-351 syllabus | JN0-351 questions | JN0-351 Free PDF | JN0-351 test Questions | JN0-351 learning |
Killexams test Simulator
Killexams Questions and Answers
Killexams Exams List