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IT Service Management Foundation based on ISO/IEC20000 (ITSM20F.EN)
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Killexams : Exin ISO/IEC20000 study help - BingNews Search results Killexams : Exin ISO/IEC20000 study help - BingNews Killexams : Raw honey could help reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels, study finds
  • A new study finds that honey, unlike other sweeteners, may actually be good for cardiometabolic health.
  • The benefits of honey were revealed in studies of people who ate a heavy diet containing 10% or less sugar.
  • The study suggests that honey — particularly raw, monofloral honey ‚ may be a healthier replacement for sugar already being consumed, rather than additional sweetener added to one’s daily intake.

Consider replacing the sugar you consume with honey, says a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto.

For people on a healthy diet in which no more than 10% of daily calories come from sugar, honey actually provides cardiometabolic benefits.

The study is a review and meta-analysis of the effects of honey in 18 controlled feeding trials involving 1,105 predominantly healthy individuals.

Taken together, the trials showed that honey lowered fasting blood glucose (blood sugar levels on an empty stomach), total and “bad” (LDL) cholesterol, as well as a marker of fatty liver disease. They also found that honey increased markers of inflammation.

While sugars of all kinds are associated with cardiometabolic issues — and honey is 80% sugar — the study’s authors suggest that honey may be in a category of its own, and worthy of special consideration as a healthy food.

The researchers found that raw honey and monofloral honey provide the most cardiometabolic benefit.

The study appears in Nutrition Reviews.

Unlike most sweeteners, honey’s sweetening power does not come exclusively from common sugars, such as fructose and glucose.

Co-author of the study Dr. Tauseef Ahmad Khan, research associate at the Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada, told Medical News Today:

“Around 15% of honey is made of dozens of rare sugars — e.g., isomaltulose, kojibiose, trehalose, melezitose, etc. — which have been shown to have many physiological and metabolic benefits including improving glucose response, reducing insulin resistance, and promoting [the] growth of bacteria associated with a healthy gut.”

In addition, said Dr. Khan, honey contains much more than sugars.

This includes, he said, “many bioactive molecules, including polyphenols, flavonoids, and organic acids that have an array of pharmacological properties including antibiotic effect, anti-cancer effect, anti-obesogenic [anti-obesity] effect, protection against free radical damage and reducing inflammation, etc.”

Endocrinologist Dr. Ana Maria Kausel, who was not involved in the study, told MNT that she would nevertheless prefer the focus remain on reducing the intake of sugar.

“I think the focus should be more towards having less sugar overall in the diet. The benefits were seen after consuming an average of 40 grams for 8 weeks. This amount of sugar is more than what the body can process without involving the liver. We can see similar benefits in [cardiovascular] and metabolic risks without the sugar intake, for example, the Mediterranean diet,” she pointed out.

Honey products are frequently pasteurized — raw honey is not.

Honey is pasteurized for convenience, not safety, since the processing slows honey’s naturally occurring granulation, which can make it harder to pour out of a squeeze bottle or measure into a spoon.

Raw honey has an array of nutrients, including many antioxidants, which may diminish in quantity with pasteurization.

The current study found that raw honey had a particularly positive effect on fasting glucose.

Most honey is polyfloral, meaning that the bees that produce it collect nectar from any nectar-producing plants within a 2-to-4-mile range from their hive.

A monofloral honey is one that is derived exclusively from the bee-collected nectar of a single type of plant, or even a single plant.

Well-known monofloral honeys include Tupelo honey — from White Ogeechee Tupelo trees — clover honey, robinia honey, and French lavender honey. Each has a distinctive flavor.

The researchers found that clover and robinia monofloral honeys lowered LDL cholesterol and overall cholesterol, as well as fasting triglycerides. Clover honey also reduced fasting glucose levels.

Excessive inflammation is increasingly associated with a variety of illnesses and conditions, so the study’s finding that honey raised inflammation markers IL-6 and TNF-alpha may give rise to some concern.

However, Dr. Khan suggested that an increase in these markers may actually indicate additional benefits.

“IL-6 may play a role in maintaining good glucose control by improving whole body metabolism of both glucose and lipids,” he said. “Similarly, TNF-alpha is an indicator of innate body immune response, so an increase with honey intake may suggest improved immunity.”

“I am interested,” said Dr. Khan, “in all natural sweeteners, and plan to look at maple syrup and, of course, agave syrup. However, there is a major difference between these syrups and honey.”

“Syrups like maple syrup and agave are directly obtained from plants, with some processing by humans using heat, and are mainly composed of common sugars like fructose, glucose, and sucrose,” he added/

As Dr. Kausel put it, “agave is natural, but it’s fructose at the end of the day.

“High fructose concentrations,” she pointed out, “are bad for the liver, no matter what the source is. Even natural juices are harmful for the liver, despite all the vitamins and minerals they might contain.”

Still, the way honeybees make honey adds an interesting twist that make its sugars different.

“Honey,” explained Dr. Khan, “has an additional step whereby the honeybees extensively process nectar [which is mainly sucrose] from flowers with their enzymes, which results in a large variety of rare sugars being produced in honey. These rare sugars are the key to the benefits of honey sugars over other natural sugars.”

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Three Major Traits That Might Help Spot an 'Incel': Study

Researchers have identified three characteristics that might predict a future "incel."

According to a study published this month in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, incels share the traits of depression, paranoia and a fearful attachment style.

Incels, or involuntary celibates, comprise an online subculture of men who feel unable to secure romantic or sexual relationships with women.

"Incel individuals share a general sense of failure, feel outcasted by society and excluded by relationships, and have strong feelings of rage towards their condition and other people, women in particular," Drs. Giacomo Ciocca and Lilybeth Fontanesi told Newsweek.

The Italian researchers studied 777 men through a series of questionnaires, investigating their demographic information, depression and anxiety levels, attachment styles, and paranoia symptoms. They determined that depressive-anxious symptoms, paranoid thinking and a fearful attachment style are pivotal to the development of an incel.

On the other hand, a secure attachment style can protect someone from becoming an incel, they said.

Self-described incels have repeatedly perpetrated mass violence in the United States. This year, a Secret Service report warned that incels pose a growing national threat.

Students mourn at a candlelight vigil for the victims of Elliot Rodger's killing rampage on May 26, 2014, in Los Angeles, California. Rodger, a self-identified "incel," became a hero to other misogynistic killers. David McNew / Stringer/Getty Images North America

Elliot Rodger, who killed six people at the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2014, left behind a YouTube video raging against women who had rejected him and swearing revenge. He became a hero to misogynistic killers such as Scott Paul Beierle, who likened himself to Rodger before killing two women at a Florida yoga studio in 2018. And in 2020, self-described "anti-feminist" lawyer Roy Den Hollander killed the son of a federal judge. His manifesto said, "Manhood is in serious jeopardy in America."

This month, four University of Idaho students were mysteriously stabbed to death. Although a suspect has not been identified, a forensic psychiatrist told Newsweek the killer could be an incel who felt rejected by one of the murdered women. Police have said they believe the killings were targeted.

"In our opinion, it is very important to study the psychology and psychopathology of incel males to detect and prevent risk factors for deviant or violent behavior against women," said Ciocca and Fontanesi.

Although their study focused on males, they added that men are not the only individuals at risk of cultivating an incel attitude.

"Our results and the recent literature suggest that incel personality traits may be shared also by young women, defined as 'femcels,' who experience the same feelings of failure, rejection and loneliness," they said.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 05:15:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Case Study Writing Help In UAE Brings The Best Support To Manage Case Study Loads
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Tue, 29 Nov 2022 15:43:00 -0600 Date text/html
Killexams : Drug for common skin condition can help people lose weight: study

PHILADELPHIA (CBS) -- A drug used to treat a common skin condition can also help people lose weight and reduce the risk of heart disease, new research from the University of Pennsylvania shows.

Kim King is being treated at Penn Medicine for the skin condition psoriasis, which causes dry, itchy, patches.

"It was raw and sometimes itchy," King said. "But the real issue was when I would wear shorts in the summer and people would go, 'oh my God, what's wrong with his legs?'"

King's psoriasis is now under control, and because people with the condition have an increased risk for heart disease, Kim was referred to a cardiologist who found he also had coronary artery disease.

"At first my reaction was wow, that seems like a stretch," King said, "but the more I thought about it, it makes sense. If there's inflammation all over my body, that there may be inflammation inside as well."

Kim's dermatologist, Dr. Joel Gelfand, the vice chair of clinical research and medical director of the Penn Medicine Dermatology Clinical Studies Unit, says there are a variety of effective treatments for psoriasis.

One called Otezla can also help patients lose weight, according to new research headed by Gelfand.

"On average people would take this medication lose about three to four pounds," Gelfand said, "and some patients lose a substantial amount of weight. About 20% of people lose about 5% of their body weight, and that loss of body fat occurred both in continuous body fat -- that's body fat right beneath the skin -- as well as visceral body fat, the fat that surrounds our organs."

Gelfand's research showed Otezla can help psoriasis patients lose the right kind of weight that improves both their cardiovascular health and their skin condition.

"What's really fascinating about this is that when people lose weight with psoriasis, their disease becomes more easy to control," Gelfand said.

The research published in the Journal of the American Medical Association also showed that Otezla did not bring any meaningful changes to inflammation around the aorta.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 04:15:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Hydroacoustic signals help study impacts of underwater explosions off French coast

A study of hydroacoustic, acoustic and seismic waves from underwater explosions off the French coast could help guide the disposal of unexploded World War II ordnance (UXO) in those waters, according to a new study published in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

The French Navy Mine Warfare Office routinely destroys this ordnance with countermining -- detonating a charge placed next to the UXO -- to make the sea safe for ships and divers. The countermining charges are located on the seafloor or in a barrel floating in the water column.

Even small explosions can trigger effects such as underwater landslides or waves that could potentially damage shoreline and underwater infrastructure such as pipelines and cables, making it important to understand how these detonations behave and to limit their damage.

Mickaël Bonnin of the University of Nantes and colleagues had a unique opportunity to observe the effects of countermining explosions in December 2018. The researchers analyzed the seismic records of eight underwater explosions in the Bay of Hyères off the southeastern coast of France in the Mediterranean Sea. The data were recorded on hydrophones, a shock gauge and a dense array of seismic stations located onshore no further than 15 kilometers from the explosions. The explosions themselves were equivalent to 80-680 kilograms of TNT.

The most energetic signals recorded by the array were high amplitude, high frequency hydroacoustic or "H" signals. The researchers detected these signals at stations on rocky sites near the shoreline, suggesting they were likely conditioned by the shape of the bay and the sedimentary cover of the seabed.

Bonnin said the research team was surprised to be able to observe the H signals at all. "As seismologists rather focused on the study of the crust and the lithosphere, we were first interested in low frequency signals, of less than 50 hertz," he explained. But by configuring the stations to record at high sampling rates, of 200 hertz and up, the team was able to observe the signals at some stations.

"These are observations that we would like to investigate further," he added. "In particular, we would like to know if H waves can be observed further inland."

The findings may also shed light on whether countermining explosions are less destructive and intrusive when placed on the seabed or in the water column. Placing the explosion in the water column rather than the seabed limits the release of seismic energy, so some experts prefer it to limit potential onshore damage.

However, the researchers' observations of the seismic signal of the nearby Saint-Anne bell tower on Porquerolles Island found that even the largest explosion among the detonations did not release enough energy to damage the masonry structure.

Explosions in the water column, on the other hand, can cause a noise nuisance that is damaging to sea animals. Bonnin and colleagues found that while explosions in the water column do limit the release of seismic energy between 1 and 10 hertz, an explosion in the water column generates dramatically more energetic H signals than the same TNT-equivalent explosion on the seabed.

"We think that limiting the seismic energy release … is probably not necessary in view of the impact than an explosion in the water column can have on aquatic fauna," Bonnin said.

"Moreover, we are not entirely sure that the discomfort that may be perceived on shore by the population is due to the seismic waves," he added. "It is possible that it is caused by H waves and perhaps by acoustic waves. These two types of waves see their energy maximized when shooting in the water column."

The study is part of a BSSA special section in on seismoacoustics and seismoacoustic data fusion.

Story Source:

Materials provided by Seismological Society of America. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : How walking in a winter wonderland can help you to love your FIGURE: Simply spending time in snowy landscapes can boost body appreciation, study finds

How walking in a winter wonderland can help you to love your FIGURE: Simply spending time in snowy landscapes can boost body appreciation, study finds

  • Female volunteers were sent out on a walk through snow-covered woodland
  • They took a survey assessing their appearance before and after going out
  • Researchers found they ranked themselves higher after the walk on average
  • They think this is because nature distracts their brains from negative thoughts 

With December just around the corner, many of us will be looking forward to some snow to help get that festive feeling.

But snowy landscapes could have another benefit, particularly if a relative feels inclined to comment on your figure around the Christmas dinner table. 

A new study from Anglia Ruskin University in Cambridge has found that spending time in the snow can make you feel better about your body. 

It is thought this is because it helps distract your brain from negative thoughts about how your body looks, and forces you to appreciate how it moves instead.

For the study,  87 female volunteers were recruited to go walking in the snow-covered Cygański Las woodland in Poland (pictured) for an average of 40 minutes



Senior author Professor Viren Swami said: 'Natural environments help to restrict negative appearance-related thoughts and shift attention away from an aesthetic view of the body and toward greater appreciation of the body's functionality. 

'Positive body image is important not only in its own right, but has other beneficial effects, including more positive psychological wellbeing.'

Previous research from Professor Swami has shown that green spaces, like parks and forests, and 'blue environments', like by the sea, can boost body appreciation. 

The new study, published this month in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, aimed to see if 'white spaces' could have a similar benefit. 

Professor Swami's team recruited 87 female volunteers to go walking in the snow-covered Cygański Las woodland in Poland for an average of 40 minutes.

Before they did this, the women took surveys that assessed their body appreciation in a score out of five, as well as how connected they felt to nature and self-compassion.

Previous research from Professor Swami has shown that spending time in green spaces, like parks and forests, and 'blue environments', like by the sea, help to Improve body image (stock images)


Social media use is linked to body image concerns and a greater risk of young adults developing eating issues, a 2016 study found.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine experts found that all demographic groups were equally affected by the link between social media and eating and body image concerns.  

Lead author Jaime E. Sidani said: 'Social media combines many of the visual aspects of traditional media with the opportunity for social media users to interact and propagate stereotypes that can lead to eating and body image concerns.'


After taking the walk, they re-took the body appreciation survey. 

Results revealed that their body appreciation score had increased by an average of 0.29. 

In their paper, the researchers wrote: 'Natural environments have the capacity to restore depleted psychological resources.'

Plus, given that the volunteers were walking, this may have allowed them to 'focus more explicitly on a sense of gratitude for what their bodies allowed them to accomplish.'

The study also found that those who scored higher in self-compassion saw a greater increase in body appreciation after their walk.

The researchers, supported by academics from the Medical University of Silesia, say that these people may have 'dispositional characteristics' that allow them to benefit more from the natural environment.

They wrote: 'The deliberation without attention that occurs in natural environments may allow individuals who are high in self-compassion to calm their minds or reach a state of relaxation more quickly, which in turn may lead to larger effects on state body image.'

The walk may help them recognise that 'everyone has imperfections' and encourage them to 'show kindness and acceptance towards their bodies', which may come more naturally to those high in self-compassion.

It is thought that a walk in nature helps distract your brain from negative thoughts about how your body looks, and forces you to appreciate how it moves instead (stock image)

Lead author Dr Kamila Czepczor-Bernat said: 'A body of evidence now exists showing that nature exposure – living close to, frequenting, or engaging with environments such as forests and parks – is associated with a range of physical and psychological wellbeing benefits.'

The researchers claim this is the first study to link spending time in snowy landscapes, either alone or in a group, Improve how you feel about your body. 

Professor Swami concluded: 'Our findings demonstrate the importance of ensuring that everyone can access restorative natural environments, which may be a cost-effective way of promoting healthier body image, and highlight that there are significant benefits of being outside in nature, whatever the weather.'

Women feel more satisfied with their figures from age 60 onwards, study finds 

If you're struggling to love your body, a new study suggests you'll be happy with it eventually.

Researchers assessed the body satisfaction of around 15,000 men and women in New Zealand over the course of six years.

They found body satisfaction increased across the lifespan for both men and women, but women specifically started to love their body around the age of 60 and men between the ages of 59 and 64.

It's possible that a newfound appreciation for how we look around the 60-mark coincides with our health becoming more important than our looks – for both men and women.

Read more here 

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 02:33:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Why eating potatoes could help you ‘lose weight with little effort’: study

Carb lovers rejoice! This delectable starch, long a guilty pleasure, just might be a secret weapon when trying to “lose weight with little effort.”

Researchers have discovered the surprising health benefit of potatoes — as it turns out, these spuds are incredibly nutrient-dense and could be a crucial “part of a healthy diet,” according to a new study by researchers at Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

The root vegetable has long been snubbed as too starchy for people with insulin resistance, and was once thought of as a contributor to type 2 diabetes. But the tater’s bad rap might be rectified now that scientists claim it can be part of the ideal diet.

This is great news for those who loaded up on grandma’s famous mashed potatoes over Thanksgiving, or who over-indulge in carbs at holiday feasts come December and New Year’s.

Because the starch is low calorie but very filling, researchers found that filling a plate full of potatoes can contribute to a shrinking waistline.

“People tend to eat the same weight of food regardless of calorie content in order to feel full,” professor Candida Rebello, a co-author of the study, told SWNS. “By eating foods with a heavier weight that are low in calories, you can easily reduce the number of calories you consume.”

Potato side dish
The versatile root vegetable once gained a bad rap for diabetics and the obese, as it was previously thought to contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance.
Getty Images

The study included 36 people between the ages of 18 and 60 who were overweight, obese or had insulin resistance. Participants were given two different diets, both high in fruits and veggies and swapped 40% of the typical American meat consumption with beans, peas or potatoes.

This starch staple doesn’t have to be banned from your dinner table — research shows potatoes are actually packed with nutrients.
Getty Images

Beans have been touted as a diabetes superfood, as doctors once crowned the legume the best at keeping blood sugars stable — but these researchers were putting that theory to the test.

“The key aspect of our study is that we did not reduce the portion size of meals but lowered their caloric content by including potatoes,” Rebello continued. “Each participant’s meal was tailored to their personalized calorific needs, yet by replacing some meat content with potato, participants found themselves fuller, quicker and often did not even finish their meal.”

Rebello’s buzz quote: “In effect, you can lose weight with little effort.”

Potatoes contain vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium, folate and fiber, which all promote health, and have also been found to have antioxidants.

The potatoes were boiled — with the skins on — then placed in the fridge for 12 to 24 hours to maximize their fiber. The spuds were then included in lunch and dinner for the participants in the form of mashed potatoes, shepherd’s pie, wedges, salad and scalloped.

Upon nutrient comparison, scientists discovered potatoes were just as healthy as beans and peas.

“We demonstrated that contrary to common belief, potatoes do not negatively impact blood glucose levels,” Rebello stated. “In fact, the individuals who participated in our study lost weight.”

The study, which was published in the Journal of Medical Food, confirmed that people can still maintain a healthy diet and indulge in some potatoes, challenging what was previously believed about the once-damned starch.

side dish potatoes
The study is a godsend for carb-lovers, who wouldn’t dare give up their favorite side dish.
Getty Images
The starchy spuds actually could shrink eager eaters’ waistlines.
Getty Images

“People typically do not stick with a diet they don’t like or isn’t varied enough,” the professor continued. “The meal plans provided a variety of dishes, and we showed that a healthy eating plan can have varied options for individuals striving to eat healthy.”

Obviously carb lovers can’t only chow down on potatoes, but foregoing them altogether also isn’t necessary. In fact, potatoes are “fairy inexpensive” and are easily incorporated into everyday meals.

Dr. John Kirwan, the study’s lead investigator and the executive director of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, used the study to research the effects of food on diabetes and obesity, saying there is more to know about “complex disease” and how to solve it.

“Obesity is an incredibly complex disease that we are tackling on three different fronts: research that looks at how and why our bodies react the way they do, research that looks at individual responses to diet and physical activity, and policy-level discussions and community programs that bring our research into strategies our local and global communities can use to live healthier lives,” he said. “These new data on the impact of potatoes on our metabolism is an exciting addition to the arsenal of evidence we have to do just that.”

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 03:33:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Potatoes 'can be part of healthy diet,' help with weight loss, study says

FILE - Boiled California Gold potatoes are pictured with pesto, salt, and pepper. (Photo by Deb Lindsey For The Washington Post via Getty Images).

Potatoes have developed a reputation for causing weight gain and a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. However, a recent study suggests that the versatile starch does not increase that risk and may actually help people lose weight. 

The study, published on Nov. 11 in the Journal of Medicinal Food, examined how a diet that included potatoes affects key health measures. Potatoes are a starchy food that our body breaks into glucose to use as energy. In addition to starch, they contain vitamins, minerals, and fiber in the skin.

The study involved 36 participants between the ages of 18 and 60 who were overweight, obese, or had insulin resistance — a health condition in which the body’s cells do not respond well to insulin, and glucose does not enter into the cells to make energy. Insulin resistance is linked to obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes.

The researchers from Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, found that potatoes did not increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Instead, they found that participants who ate a diet rich in beans and potatoes — based on their personalized caloric needs — experienced reduced insulin resistance and weight loss. 

"We demonstrated that contrary to common belief, potatoes do not negatively impact blood glucose levels," Dr. Candida Rebello, an assistant professor at Pennington Biomedical and co-investigator of the study, said in a statement. "In fact, the individuals who participated in our study lost weight."

The study received funding from the Alliance for Potato Research and Education and the National Institutes of Health, though the authors say the funders had "no role in the design, analysis, or writing of the manuscript."

RELATED: Does turkey really make you sleepy?

Beans are often touted as a good food choice for people with diabetes thanks to their soluble fiber. Previous studies have also shown that eating both beans and peas can Improve blood glucose levels in individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes, the authors of the new study noted. 

The participants were fed controlled diets of either beans, peas, and meat or fish, or white potatoes with meat or fish. Both diets were high in fruit and vegetables and substituted an estimated 40% of typical American meat consumption with either beans and peas or potatoes. The study lasted for eight weeks.

"People tend to eat the same weight of food regardless of calorie content in order to feel full," Rebello said. "By eating foods with a heavier weight that are low in calories, you can easily reduce the number of calories you consume."

To increase the dietary fiber of the potatoes, they were boiled with the skin intact and then refrigerated between 12 and 24 hours, the researchers said. Potatoes were incorporated into the main lunch and dinner entrées, such as shepherd’s pie and creamy shrimp and potatoes, and served together with sides such as mashed potatoes, oven-roasted potato wedges, potato salad, and scalloped potatoes with lunch and dinner entrees.

"The key aspect of our study is that we did not reduce the portion size of meals but lowered their caloric content by including potatoes," Rebello said. "Each participant’s meal was tailored to their personalized caloric needs, yet by replacing some meat content with potato, participants found themselves fuller, quicker, and often did not even finish their meal."

Rebello added: "In effect, you can lose weight with little effort."

The researchers compared a diet with potatoes to a diet with beans and peas and found them to be "equal in terms of health benefits."

"People typically do not stick with a diet they don’t like or isn’t varied enough," Rebello said, noting how potatoes are a fairly inexpensive vegetable to incorporate into a diet. 

Kristian Morey, a registered dietitian and clinical dietitian with the Nutrition and Diabetes Education program at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore, who was also not involved in the study, noted how the potatoes were cooked. 

"One interesting detail that they mention in the study was that they cooked and cooled the potatoes prior to serving them to participants. This process can make some of the starch contained in the potato slower to digest than before, and this can Improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance when consuming such food," Morey told Medical News Today

"It is also important to note that they consumed other foods—such as protein foods—with the potatoes, which can Improve glycemic response as well," she added.

Dr. John Kirwan, Pennington Biomedical Research Center’s executive director and principal investigator on the study, called obesity an "incredibly complex disease." Kirwan said the center is working to tackle the issue in a variety of ways, including research that looks at how and why bodies react the way they do, studies that look at individual responses to diet and physical activity, as well as policy-level discussions and community programs that promote strategies to live healthier lives.

"These new data on the impact of potatoes on our metabolism is an exciting addition to the arsenal of evidence we have to do just that," Kirwan said.

This story was reported from Cincinnati.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 04:17:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Americans would rather harm their own political cause than help an opposing one, finds study

Both Democrats and Republicans would rather take away funding from their political party than give money to the other party, reveals a new University of California San Diego Rady School of Management study. The research also assesses people's preferences regarding two other contentious issues—gun rights and reproductive rights—and finds the same result: people would rather hurt the cause they believe in than support one they oppose.

The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is the first to provide evidence for this costly preference.

"We sought out to understand the principles guiding decisions in group conflicts because it is essential to recognizing the psychological barriers to compromise and cooperation," write the study's joint first authors, Ariel Fridman, a Ph.D. candidate in behavioral marketing at the Rady School and Rachel Gershon, assistant professor of marketing at the Rady School.

The study surveyed 3,876 individuals from winter of 2019 through summer of 2022. The researchers assessed if participants were Republicans or Democrats and then asked participants in a survey if they preferred to add $1 to a donation going to the opposing political party, or subtract $1 from a donation going to their party. In complementary experiments, the funds varied from $10 to $100.

More than 70% of participants, regardless of their political affiliation, opted to not add a donation to the opposing political party, even though it meant hurting their own political party. The same was true when participants were asked to give money to pro-choice or pro-life causes as well as pro-gun-control or anti-gun-control causes.

"Remarkably, we saw these results even though both conservative and liberal respondents noted they thought their side was more effective with funding," the authors write. "In fact, our findings reveal that individuals are so averse to providing any support to the opposing group that they, on average, accepted triple the amount of financial loss to their group in order to avoid any gains for the other side."

The results were replicated across six different studies with some studies using real donations in which the researchers actually allocated funds based on participants' preferences.

The researchers found that even individuals who reported they did not have strongly held beliefs about their or on the issues of gun rights and also prefer to harm their own group over supporting their political opposition.

The vast majority of the participants were from the U.S. and were broadly representative of the country's populace in terms of age, ethnicity and gender. One experiment surveyed participants in the United Kingdom who were assessed on their support of either the Conservative or Labor party and those results demonstrated a similar preference to harm one's side rather than help the opposition.

"We were curious to know whether this phenomenon is unique to the U.S. or exists in other countries," said Fridman. "In future research, we are interested in exploring whether the pattern of preferences we found extends to more cultures and political environments."

The authors propose that identity concerns drive this behavior.

"We find that participants do not make decisions in this context based on the expected real-world impact of their choice," said Gershon. "Rather, they are influenced by the desire to protect their identity. They believe that supporting the opposing group will have a greater negative influence on their identity and therefore choose to harm their own group instead."

When influential political figures cross the aisle, it could reduce divisiveness

To reverse this effect and promote cooperation, the authors engineered an experiment where they disclosed to study participants that most members of their group did compromise by providing a small amount of support to their opponents, rather than harming their own group. Communicating information on group "norms" lead to changes in behavior—individuals who were told that others with the same were willing to support the opposing side also became more likely to do the same.

The authors conclude, "Our findings offer a that has the potential to increase cooperation: providing information about norms between like-minded individuals may reduce people's identity concerns, thereby allowing for behaviors that support the opposing groups when it is advantageous for the collective good."

They note that identity may be playing an outsized role in our political decision-making.

"Our findings have real implications for decision-making in polarized contexts, including high stakes political choices," they write. "For example, a congressperson wishing to cross the aisle to important legislation may be hindered by the assumption that it would signal disloyalty to their party. In a period of high divisiveness, this work sheds light on the role of identity in polarized contexts and the psychological obstacles that may impede progress."

More information: Gershon, Rachel, Individuals prefer to harm their own group rather than help an opposing group, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2022). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2215633119.

Citation: Americans would rather harm their own political cause than help an opposing one, finds study (2022, November 28) retrieved 9 December 2022 from

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