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ICDL-ACCESS ICDL the access questions | http://babelouedstory.com/
ICDL-ACCESS questions - ICDL the access Updated: 2023
Once you memorize these ICDL-ACCESS dumps, you will get 100% marks.
The ICDL (International Computer Driving License) is a globally recognized certification for computer literacy. The ICDL-ACCESS exam specifically focuses on the Access module, which covers the essential skills and knowledge required to use Microsoft Access, a database management system.
Here are the details of the ICDL-ACCESS exam:
Number of Questions: The exact number of questions may vary, but typically the exam consists of around 45 to 50 multiple-choice questions.
Time Limit: The time limit for the ICDL-ACCESS exam is usually around 45 to 60 minutes.
The ICDL-ACCESS exam tests your proficiency in using Microsoft Access and covers the following key objectives:
1. Access Basics: Understanding the basic concepts and features of Access, such as creating and saving a database, working with tables, forms, and reports.
2. Tables and Data Entry: Creating tables, defining field properties, entering and editing data, sorting and filtering data, and performing calculations.
3. Forms: Creating and modifying forms, adding controls, customizing form layouts, and applying form properties.
4. Queries: Creating queries, specifying criteria, sorting and filtering query results, creating calculated fields, and using query wizards.
5. Reports: Designing and modifying reports, adding controls, grouping and sorting data, applying formatting, and printing reports.
6. Database Management: Managing databases, importing and exporting data, linking tables, creating relationships, and setting up validation rules.
The ICDL-ACCESS course typically covers the following topics:
1. Introduction to Microsoft Access
2. Creating and Managing Databases
3. Working with Tables and Records
4. Creating and Customizing Forms
5. Querying and Filtering Data
6. Designing and Formatting Reports
7. Database Management and Advanced Features
Please note that the course outline may vary slightly depending on the training provider or educational institution offering the ICDL-ACCESS certification.
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ICDL the access
https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/ICDL-ACCESS Answer: In the field size box use the drop down list -> select single Question: 70
Access the option that would enable you to create a new query without the help of the
Simple Query Wizard
67 Answer: Select Queries from the objects pane -> double click on create query in design
view Question: 71
Which two of the following statements are true?
A. <100 will find values that are greater than 100.
B. >= 10 will find values that are greater than or equal to 10
C. >=Sep 30 1950 will find dates that are equal to or before Sep 30th 1950.
D. <=Oct 31 1956 will find dates that are equal to or after Oct 31st 1956.
E. Dec 31 1963 will find all dates in 1964 Answer: B, E Question: 72
Select the data type that will automatically assign a unique Customer ID number to each new
Move to the next cell when you have finished. Answer: In the data type column -> use the drop down list and select Auto number -> press
tab from the keyboard Question: 73
The Product code field contains a unique reference for each product. This field will be used
in a lot of searches, so we should index it.
Create a suitable index for this field. Answer: Put the cursor in the indexed box -> from the drop down list select yes (No
Duplicates) Question: 74
Create a new query using the Simple Query Wizard.
71 Answer: Select Queries from the object pane -> double click on create query by using
wizard Question: 75
Which one of the following is not a database?
A. A telephone directory
B. A sales catalogue.
C. A newsletter.
D. A price list Answer: C
72 Question: 76
Which two of the following statements about the layout of data field and headers are true:
A. You can change the layout of a report in design view
B. The order in which you add fields in the wizard sets how they display in the report
C. If you move a Page Header control, the associated Detail control will move with it.
D. You can change the layout of a report in Print Preview.
E. You can rearrange the order of fields in a report using the Sorting and Grouping dialog
box. Answer: A, B
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https://killexams.com/exam_list/ICDL36 Questions on the Way to Love
Grab a partner — friend, lover or stranger — and get ready to get intimate.
With this app, drawn from a study discussed in The New York Times and designed in consultation with the study's first author, you and a partner can test if mutual vulnerability brings you closer together.
Before you begin, you or your partner should read the following instructions aloud:
For each question, one of us should read the prompt aloud, and then we should each take a turn answering before moving on.
It is important to answer each question, in order.
The questions are divided into three sets. Each set lasts 15 minutes.
After the third set of questions, there is an optional final task.
We should not rush through the questions but answer each at a normal, conversational pace.
We probably won’t get to all 12 questions in each set, and that’s perfectly O.K.
Sun, 16 Aug 2020 20:54:00 -0500text/htmlhttps://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/modern-love/36-questions/Frequently Asked Site License Subscription QuestionsNo result found, try new keyword!If you would like more information about site license access, email firstname.lastname@example.org. If you are interested in an individual subscription to The Chronicle that includes access to our ...Wed, 25 Mar 2020 14:00:00 -0500en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.chronicle.com/page/frequently-asked-site-license-questions/Socrative: How To Use It For TeachingNo result found, try new keyword!Students can be sent a room code that they can then enter to access questions. Answers will then instantly register on the teacher's device as the students submit their responses, live.Thu, 26 Oct 2023 02:14:00 -0500en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.msn.com/Lock Out Policy
Are you locked out of your room...?
Locked Out Monday through Friday between 8:00AM and 5:00PM?
Come to the Housing Office, located in Benson 212, to obtain a loaner key or temporary access card. The first three lock outs are free but each subsequent lock out will incur a fine that progressively increases with each subsequent lock out.
Locked Out after 5:00PM or During the Weekend?
Contact Campus Safety at (408) 554 - 4441 and a member of the Campus Safety team will meet you at a designated location. Campus Safety will meet you at either your residence hall room or at the lobby of your building and will then let you into your room. These after-hours, weekend & holiday lock outs are reported to the Housing Office by Campus Safety and also count towards your overall lock out count and will incur fines as described below.
Have your access card but it is not working? Be sure you have hit a "Hot Spot" in the last 30 days:
A Hotspot is an online wall reader and access point that simultaneously pushes updates to your ACCESS card and grants entry to the door when you tap and hold your physical card or enrolled mobile device.
Hotspots are available at exterior building entrances and ensure the most up-to-date access permissions for faculty, staff, and students. All users are required to tap and hold their ACCESS card up to a Hotspot at least once every 30 days to ensure their access remains active.
Mon, 13 Nov 2023 22:32:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.scu.edu/living/faqs/maintenance--access-questions/lock-out-policy/New postpartum depression drug gets almost $16,000 price tag, raising questions about access
A newly approved medication to treat postpartum depression will cost $15,900 per 14-day course, before insurance, when it reaches the market later this year, raising concerns among doctors and researchers that some patients may have trouble paying for the drug.
The medicine, Zurzuvae, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in August and is the first medicine cleared for postpartum depression that’s taken as a pill. Drugmaker Sage Therapeutics said Tuesday that the drug is expected to become available in December and that it and partner Biogen are talking with insurers about coverage plans.
The companies’ goal is “to enable broad and equitable access for women with PPD who are prescribed this drug,” Sage Chief Executive Officer Barry Greene said in a news release. The hope is for patients to be able to get the medicine, “where possible, with little to no co-pay regardless of financial means,” and the companies will provide financial assistance to help cover costs or provide the drug free for certain patients.
Postpartum depression affects as many as 1 in 8 people who have babies, according to research from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It typically happens after childbirth but can also set in during the later stages of pregnancy, and it can cause sadness, a loss of energy and thoughts of self-harm.
Mental health specialists welcomed the approval of Zurzuvae this summer, not just because it presents a new way to treat postpartum depression but also specifically because it “appears to be fast-acting,” said Dr. Catherine Monk, chief of the Division of Women’s Mental Health in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.
The drug was shown in one clinical trial to Improve depressive symptoms in as little as three days, according to Sage and Biogen. It was approved based on two trials showing significant improvements after two weeks on a 17-item scale of depression, compared with placebo.
Zurzuvae mimics the function of natural brain steroids that work on the GABA signaling pathway, helping to regulate brain function. Because it can have a depressant effect on the central nervous system, the drug’s label contains a prominent warning that patients shouldn’t drive or do other “potentially hazardous activities” for at least 12 hours after they take the medicine.
“Expedited recovery obviously is a huge plus in helping individuals with PPD feel back to themselves,” Monk wrote in an email. That can be key for bonding in the earliest days of a baby’s life, she said.
The current options to treat postpartum depression orally are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs, antidepressants that “take weeks to kick in and must continue being taken on a daily basis for at least six to 12 months,” said Dr. Katrina Furey, a psychiatrist in private practice specializing in women’s mental health and reproductive psychiatry, and a clinical instructor at Yale University.
The price of Zurzuvae seems especially high in comparison with those medicines, Furey said. SSRIs, which include the generic versions of drugs like Prozac and Zoloft, typically cost less than $20 a month, according to data from GoodRx.
“It remains to be seen how much insurance companies will cover it or if they will require women to ‘fail’ treatment with less-expensive SSRIs before paying for this new treatment,” Furey said. “I hope that is not the case and that its price will not be a barrier to accessing this treatment.”
She noted, though, that the $15,900 price tag is less than half that of an earlier postpartum depression drug from Sage called Zulresso. Priced at about $35,000, that drug is given via IV infusion over the course of 60 hours in a hospital.
Some financial analysts following Sage had predicted that Zurzuvae’s price could approach Zulresso’s after the FDA declined to grant Zurzuvae broader approval in major depressive disorder. The expectation had been that the broader approval would have led the companies to set the price below $10,000, an important threshold for a specialty drug tier in Medicare coverage; with a smaller patient pool, the analysts, at financial firm Mizuho, forecast the price would be higher. One of those analysts, Uy Ear, confirmed Tuesday that tier doesn’t apply to Medicaid.
A Sage spokesman said in an email Tuesday that the company recognizes “that black and brown women are disproportionally impacted, and we are prioritizing equitable access as well as advocating for policies that better support underrepresented communities,” noting that “those who live in rural areas and those who have Medicaid may be more likely to receive inadequate postpartum care, compared to those who live in urban areas and have private health insurance.”
“As such,” he continued, “Sage and Biogen aim to enable broad and equitable access for all women with PPD who are prescribed Zurzuvae.”
The $15,900 price “raises substantial accessibility concerns, especially when we still don’t know how it’ll be covered by insurance,” said Dr. Lindsay Allen, an assistant professor of emergency medicine and a health economist and health services researcher at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.
“Ensuring access to such treatments is imperative, as they may be lifesaving for new mothers during a vulnerable time,” Allen said. “Suicide is a leading cause of death in the first year postpartum.”
She and Columbia’s Monk raised concerns about disparities in access to the medicine, even with insurance coverage, “exacerbating inequities with respect to who has access to what kind of care,” Monk said.
She noted that the drug was tested in people with severe – and rarer – forms of depression and said she was concerned that the “heavy media attention and advertising” around Zurzuvae may mean it gets over-prescribed and that patients don’t receive other necessary care, like therapy.”
“The gold standard of mental health care is a combination of psychotherapy and medication when medication is needed,” Monk said. And “often, therapy is enough.”
The “hidden costs” of not treating, or undertreating, postpartum depression and anxiety are important to keep in mind, said Furey, who also co-hosts the “Analyze Scripts” podcast about the depiction of mental health in the media.
“We know that PPD and other postpartum mental health issues can have negative effects on maternal-infant bonding, on the family dynamics as a whole, increase risk of physical health issues [and] pose difficulties returning to work,” she said.
The costs of those effects, she said, are “not easily put into financial terms.”
Tue, 07 Nov 2023 10:24:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.cnn.com/2023/11/07/health/postpartum-depression-drug-price-tag/index.htmlHow to contact The Denver Post
Thu, 01 Jun 2023 16:19:00 -0500en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.denverpost.com/contact-us/Carmakers taking away the keys? Right to repair referendum a question of access
Gabby Profenno in her home auto shop in Lisbon. Like many independent repair shop owners, Profenno is thinking that the cost to access digital information about vehicles will prove to be too expensive for her to stay in business. Brianna Soukup/Staff Photographer
Gabby Profenno restored her first car in 1977, at 17 years old, working out of her family’s garage in Freeport, and spent her teenage years learning how to fix engines, do bodywork and customize cars.
She then repaired cars as a side business until 1982, when she realized she could do the work for a living and started her own business.
These days, she does repairs, bodywork, restorations, state inspections and customizes old cars as the owner of Girl Pro Customs in Lisbon, an independent shop.
She also is among the many independent repair shop owners and car owners who say vehicle diagnostic and repair data is becoming harder to access. Profenno worries that her ability to work in this industry could be ending.
She hopes, however, that a statewide referendum on accessing vehicle data could reverse that trend.
On the Nov. 7 ballot, voters will decide on Question 4, the Automotive Right to Repair referendum. If the referendum passes, manufacturers would be required to give vehicle owners and independent shops the same access to their diagnostic tools that they give to their authorized repair shops, including software, information, capabilities, tools, parts and miscellaneous components. It also would standardize the digital platform owners and repair shops use to access this information.
Whether it passes or fails, Question 4 will affect car owners and independent car repair shops across the state. But how that impact will be felt is up for debate.
The challenges of advancing vehicle technology have snuck up on Profenno and other indie shop owners over the years.
Those advancements include changing the systems that mechanics use to obtain a car’s diagnostic data. Historically, that was extracted through a port in the car where repair technicians can plug in and pull information on things like the emissions systems, engine and gearbox. Many aftermarket companies have created devices that repair shops and owners can purchase to access to this data for different makes and models. Aside from aftermarket devices, shops can purchase individual subscriptions to access information from each manufacturer.
But now, diagnostics data is gradually advancing and moving to “telematics” – wireless diagnostic information about the vehicle’s performance and systems that is transmitted to the dealer and not stored in the vehicle.
Already, some shop owners say there are a number of specific high-end manufacturers that they aren’t able to get all the information and repair functionalities through the older system. Sukhi Singh, co-owner of Cityside by E&S Auto Repair in Scarborough, struggles getting access to Land Rover’s data. Profenno runs into a lot of issues with Subaru. Many shop owners say they cannot service Teslas.
The automotive manufacturers say they already make that wireless information accessible. In fact, The Alliance for Automotive Innovation, an industry group that represents all of the major auto manufacturers and opposes Question 4, issued a memorandum of understanding in July committing to expand access. The alliance also worked with Maine Rep. Bruce White, D-Waterville, to introduce legislation that includes nearly all of the terms in the referendum question.
But there’s one thing missing in that memorandum and proposed legislation: a standardized diagnostics database.
It’s this requirement that all the data be stored and available in one database that has the manufacturers and opponents of Question 4 worried.
They are concerned about how open access to telematics could pose cybersecurity and consumer privacy threats. They also are concerned that third parties, in bad faith, would unlock anti-theft systems or control modules to bypass federal safety and emission regulations.
Voit Ritch is the owner of Autowerkes, an automobile repair shop in Freeport that specializes in European vehicles. He is opposed to Question 4 over worries that manufacturers might remove or limit access to diagnostic data if there is a legal battle in the event Question 4 passes. Derek Davis/Staff Photographer
Voit Ritch, the owner of Autowerkes Maine, an independent repair shop in Freeport, is urging a ‘no’ vote on Question 4 because he fears it will have a negative impact on his business and on consumers.
Ritch, whom the Press Herald connected with through the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, said he’s concerned that the standardized software database is too large of a task for an independent entity to tackle. He’s concerned that taxpayers will be facing the brunt of what will likely be a legal battle if Question 4 does pass. And he’s concerned that manufacturers will take away access to all data, telematics or not, until the legal battle comes to an end.
Ritch has previously advocated for Right to Repair movements. But this time around, he believes that Question 4 goes too far. He said he currently has no trouble accessing the data he needs to do a full repair and he doesn’t anticipate that changing.
But he does anticipate that the referendum question would negatively impact independent repair shops and consumers. He’s thinking about those who would use personal data in bad faith. And he believes the consumer will end up at the dealership, no matter what.
“I have everything I need, now. Why would I take the chance of losing? I’d rather not have a question mark,” Ritch said. “I’d rather live my life the way I’m living it today – my customer calls me on the phone, their car comes in, I am able to get the information I need to fix that car, get it back to them and get them back on the road. My job is to fix the transportation problem.”
But the Right to Repair Coalition says the standardized database is the key for creating more affordable aftermarket devices. And many owners say that purchasing subscriptions from all the different manufacturers is not a financially sustainable option.
At BMW, for example, the current software to access service information costs $3,813 a year, according to its website. The integrated software for all General Motors diagnostic tools costs $4,328.
“It’s not a sustainable business model,” said Tommy Hickey, the executive director of the Right to Repair Coalition running the ‘Yes’ campaign.
It’s not sustainable for Singh or Profenno, either, who both rely on aftermarket devices.
“Are there things that I would pay for? Absolutely. Could I afford everything? No, my shop is too small,” Profenno said.
The indie shop owners say they’re not overwhelmed by issues with the data access just yet. They all feel certain, though, that it’s just a matter of time.
Consumers who own 2023 models with the latest iteration of telematics are likely still taking their vehicles to the dealers while their cars are under warranty.
Erik Lowell, owner of Duval’s Service Center in South Portland, said when warranties begin expiring in a couple of years, he expects to start seeing those customers more. Whether he is actually able to access the data and fix those advanced cars remains to be seen.
“It’s going to change the way I operate, but ultimately the burden is going to fall onto you as the vehicle owner and customer,” Lowell said. “Things are going to be drawn out longer, going to take longer to get repairs done, it’s going to be more expensive – whether I (do the repairs myself) or you have to bring your car to the dealer yourself.”
And there’s one more group of consumers who could be affected: the do-it-yourself car owners.
Jake Cyr, a Bridgton resident, restored his first car as a teenager – like Profenno, he also learned how to repair his own cars; how to do the bodywork, engine work, change the brakes, the suspensions, and customize the radios and speakers.
At the time, Cyr did that work himself because he couldn’t afford to bring it to a repair shop or purchase a new car. Over the years, that DIY spirit has developed from a necessity to a passion. Cyr has built up a fleet of cars that he’s learned to work on himself.
He hopes that Question 4 will pass so that DIY spirit can continue in Maine.
“I love that I can provide for myself – be able to take care of myself, have my hands in everything and know all the information about what I own,” Cyr said. “People think of Mainers like that – that they work hard, take care of their family and do the best with what they have.”
Jason Beaulieu has a sign to vote ‘Yes’ on the Automotive Right to Repair referendum in the window at the Hollis location for his business, Jason’s Auto Service. He’s focused on spreading the word to the customers who stop by his repair shops.
Jacob Sirois works on a Ford F150 at Jason’s Auto Service in Hollis. Owner Jason Beaulieu supports Question 4, but believes he’ll find a way no matter what to keep his business going and passing it on to his son, Nick. Brianna Soukup/Staff Photographer
Like Lowell, he believes that this issue will have the most profound impact on consumers.
“The customer will be hit the hardest,” Beaulieu said.
Beaulieu has been in the field since he was 15 and started taking industrial arts classes. He worked his way up from an independent repair technician to a shop owner when he started his business in 2000.
In that time, he’s learned just how important a local repair shop is to the local community.
“We’re here for the consumer, we’re here to help them, we’re here to give them a service that the dealership necessarily doesn’t always give them – personal experience and someone that you come in and they know you by name,” he said.
Beaulieu’s favorite customer feedback is about how customers appreciated seeing his dog, Charlotte, run around; always seeing the same technicians at work; how well he and his employees know a customer and the history of their car.
Beaulieu believes that the Automotive Right to Repair industry will give consumers their right to choice – even if it’s choosing to get work done at the dealer.
A 2020 study from Lang Marketing found that repair costs were on average 36.2% higher at dealerships than at independent repair shops in Massachusetts, based on interviews with over 100 dealerships and indie shops.
In Maine, authorized car dealerships seem ambivalent about the ballot measure. Adam Lee, owner of Lee Auto Malls, and Tom Brown, the president of the Maine Automobile Dealers Association, both feel the referendum paints dealerships in a slightly unfair light, since dealers also have to purchase the software and can’t use the independent devices. But both say they can’t see passage of this referendum hurting dealership business.
Beaulieu believes that no matter the outcome, his business will endure. Nick, his 18-year-old son, believes that the business will still be around at the time that he might take over.
“I think we can evolve, we can do other things as independent shop owners,” Beaulieu said.
The 2020 presidential campaign was underway, and Anthony Pratt was doubling down on Donald J. Trump.
Mr. Pratt, the chairman of a multinational paper and packaging company and one of Australia’s richest men, had already paid to join Mr. Trump’s Mar-a-Lago club in Florida. He had also spent top dollar to ring in the new year there while rubbing elbows with the president. And, eager to behold a Trump re-election celebration at the club, he had offered to reach into his pocket once again as Election Day approached.
“If Potus is having his election party at mar Lago I’ll book as many rooms as available,” Mr. Pratt told an associate in a message obtained by federal investigators and reviewed by The New York Times. “Reasons he should,” Mr. Pratt continued, are that “1 it will shore up the Florida electoral college 2 it will be good for business.”
Mr. Trump spent the night of the election at the White House without the company of Mr. Pratt. But their relationship — forged over Mr. Trump’s chaotic four years in office — was indeed beneficial for both men and their businesses, new interviews and documents reviewed by The Times show.
Their interactions were ultimately swept up in one of the two federal criminal cases that the special counsel Jack Smith brought against Mr. Trump. Prosecutors have interviewed Mr. Pratt in the case in which Mr. Trump is charged with taking classified documents with him from the White House when he left office and obstructing efforts to retrieve them. Mr. Pratt is listed as a potential witness who could testify against Mr. Trump at a trial next year.
In his interviews with prosecutors, Mr. Pratt recounted how Mr. Trump once revealed to him sensitive information about American nuclear submarines, an episode that Mr. Trump denies. Another witness told prosecutors about hearing uncorroborated reports that Mr. Pratt spent $1 million for tickets to a Mar-a-Lago New Year’s Eve gala — voluntarily paying the club a huge markup for tickets that actually cost $50,000 or less, according to two people with knowledge of the previously unreported testimony.
New details of how an American president and an Australian billionaire bonded over their mutual self-interest help to document the transactional ethos of the Trump presidency, and show how Mr. Trump melded his White House with his personal business in a way that, according to prosecutors, had ramifications for national security.
Mr. Pratt was hardly the only favor seeker circling Mar-a-Lago, which became the fulcrum of the president’s two overlapping worlds, and a marketplace of sorts where favors, secrets and opportunities to lobby the president over clubhouse burgers were treated as currency. But Mr. Pratt, who rode in Mr. Trump’s motorcade and attended a White House state dinner, played the game better than most.
Mr. Trump, the current front-runner for the Republican nomination, had almost no relationship with Mr. Pratt before the 2016 election. But after, Mr. Pratt used his money and flattery to get on Mr. Trump’s radar: He lavished praise on him in public appearances, bought newspaper ads that hyped Mr. Trump as a job creator and became a member of Mar-a-Lago.
The president took notice. When Mr. Pratt opened a new factory in Ohio that promised hundreds of new jobs, Mr. Trump toured the plant alongside the Australian prime minister.
Mr. Pratt, in turn, gained priceless publicity and proximity to the power of the presidency, providing him entree into an administration whose policies lowered his taxes and benefited his business.
Behind closed doors, however, Mr. Pratt described Mr. Trump’s business practices as being “like the mafia,” according to covert recordings obtained by “60 Minutes Australia” and shared with The Times.
The private comments, captured while Mr. Trump was still president, provide a rare glimpse into how a businessman on the other side of Mr. Trump’s transactions actually viewed the New York real estate developer’s tactics — with a mix of blunt acknowledgment and admiration for someone so willing to test the boundaries of the presidency.
On the recordings, Mr. Pratt recounts how Mr. Trump shared with him in December 2019 what he describes as elements of a conversation the president had with Iraq’s leader right after a U.S. military strike there aimed at Iranian-backed forces. Days later, a U.S. drone strike in Baghdad would kill Iran’s top security and intelligence commander.
At one point, Mr. Pratt said, Mr. Trump discussed the phone call he had with President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine earlier that year that had helped lead to Mr. Trump’s first impeachment. “That was nothing compared to what I usually do,” Mr. Trump said, in Mr. Pratt’s recounting.
It is not clear whether Mr. Pratt shared these accounts with prosecutors or whether prosecutors are aware of the recordings.
Mr. Pratt also describes on the recording how Mr. Trump asked his wife, Melania, to strut around Mar-a-Lago in her bikini “so all the other guys could get a look at what they were missing.”
In a statement, a spokesman for Mr. Trump condemned prosecutors and said the information was coming from “sources which totally lack proper context and relevant information.”
In his own statement, Mr. Trump defended his relationship with Mr. Pratt. “He’s a member of the most successful club in the country, Mar-a-Lago, and from a friendly country in Australia, one of our great allies,” Mr. Trump said. “I don’t know him well but he seemed like a nice person. He built a factory in Ohio and created American jobs, which I’m in favor of.”
Representatives for Mr. Pratt did not respond to several requests for comment.
It was only after Mr. Trump won in 2016 that Mr. Pratt raced to embrace him, congratulating the president-elect on Twitter. Mr. Pratt’s spouse, Claudine Revere, an American whose company ran catering at the Trump-operated skating rink in Central Park, donated $1 million to the Trump inauguration. As a foreign citizen, Mr. Pratt could not donate, but he attended the event and soon dropped a reported $200,000 on a Mar-a-Lago membership.
At an event in May 2017 attended by Mr. Trump, Mr. Pratt pledged to invest $2 billion to create manufacturing jobs, mainly in the Midwest. He credited the move to Mr. Trump, who called it “beautiful.”
By the end of Mr. Trump’s first year in office, his presidency was bearing fruit for Mr. Pratt. The Australian Financial Review estimated that Mr. Trump’s 2017 corporate tax cut helped increase Mr. Pratt’s personal wealth by more than $2 billion.
At the Mar-a-Lago New Year’s Eve party that year, Mr. Trump was captured on video feting Mr. Pratt, a recording that Mr. Pratt then emailed to Mr. Trump’s agriculture secretary, Sonny Perdue. At the time, Mr. Pratt and Mr. Perdue were also discussing the U.S. food supply, an issue vital to the packaging industry.
The seesaw of good will continued in the spring of 2018, when Mr. Pratt took out a full-page ad in The Wall Street Journal linking Mr. Trump to the creation of manufacturing jobs. (In an interview with The Australian newspaper, Mr. Pratt said he had told Mr. Trump that he was building his “next big operation” in Pennsylvania, which he noted was “a big swing state.”)
Mr. Trump then announced to the dining room, “Ladies and gentlemen, the great Anthony Pratt!”
The room erupted in applause.
Once Mr. Pratt had access to Mr. Trump, he only wanted more.
“Is POTUS going to be at MarLago again this season and if so do you know when,” he wrote to a Mar-a-Lago employee in May 2018, according to records that were turned over to the special counsel’s office and reviewed by The Times.
Mr. Pratt then returned to Mar-a-Lago for New Year’s Eve for a second straight year, inviting a number of guests and clients.
A witness in the federal documents case told prosecutors that Mr. Pratt spent $1 million to attend the party, well in excess of the normal charge, according to people with knowledge of the testimony. The witness did not have firsthand knowledge of the claim, and it is unclear if prosecutors ever Verified it. Mr. Trump’s company, the Trump Organization, did not respond to requests for comment.
Mr. Trump was a no-show for the 2018 New Year’s Eve party. With the government shut down, he remained in Washington.
Mr. Pratt soon pivoted to the next big holiday.
“What are the odds the President will be at MarLago for Easter?” Mr. Pratt asked the Mar-a-Lago employee in early 2019. Mr. Pratt was in luck that time.
By spring 2020, Mr. Pratt set his sights on the possibility of an election night party.
Months before the election, Mr. Pratt contacted the Mar-a-Lago employee to say that “the us federal presidential election is on Tuesday November 3,” and “Will mar Lago be open the weekend before?”
He offered to book as many rooms as possible at the club, where he liked to entertain clients.
Mr. Pratt followed up, asking, “can u find out if election night will be at mar Lago if so I’ll come with guests.”
While Mr. Pratt’s election night hopes ended up being dashed, he often sounds almost giddy in the secretly recorded conversations at his proximity to the leader of the free world and his entourage. He also speaks admiringly about how Mr. Trump learned from his mentor, the lawyer and fixer Roy Cohn, how to walk up to the line of illegality without crossing it.
“He’s got incredible balls,” Mr. Pratt says. “Trump says, ‘Would you go and tell that guy over there to steal for me?’ And so he can say, ‘I never told the guy to steal.’ And things like that is how Trump gets away with it.”
Mr. Pratt also boasts in these private conversations about his relationship with Rudolph W. Giuliani, who is under indictment in Georgia on charges of conspiring with Mr. Trump and others to subvert the 2020 election results.
Mr. Pratt claims on one recording that he paid Mr. Giuliani around $1 million to come to his birthday party as a celebrity guest. The pandemic prevented Mr. Giuliani from attending, but Mr. Pratt says on the recording that “now he rings me once a week.”
“Rudy is someone that I hope will be useful one day,” Mr. Pratt says. A spokesman for Mr. Giuliani did not respond to requests for comment.
In a draft version of a speech Mr. Pratt gave to a Jewish group in the fall of 2019, he bluntly planned to reveal becoming a member of Mar-a-Lago to get a “seat at the table where the president relaxes socially, and mingles with his guests.”
The draft speech, provided to The Times by “60 Minutes Australia,” tracks closely with the remarks delivered by Mr. Pratt but contains several crossed-out lines that describe a transactional relationship with Mr. Trump. It is not clear whether Mr. Pratt himself wrote the speech or if he crossed out the lines.
Membership at Mar-a-Lago, one crossed-out line of the draft states, “definitely turned out to be a strategic investment — and a very good investment.”
Another crossed-out line: “President Trump is a very reciprocal man.”
The Trump bazaar: Coffee and nuclear secrets
On one of the recordings, Mr. Pratt recounts a drive in Mr. Trump’s presidential motorcade, in December 2019, when the president regaled him and Senator Lindsey Graham, a South Carolina Republican, about the airstrike he had ordered in Iraq a short time before. He also says Mr. Trump told him about a private phone call he had with the Iraqi leader.
“He said, ‘I just bombed Iraq today and the president of Iraq called me up and said, you just leveled my city,’” Mr. Pratt recalls on the audio recording. “And he said, ‘I said to him, OK, what are you going to do about it?’”
In an interview, Mr. Graham said he had no recollection of the conversation. And it is unclear whether the conversation with an Iraqi leader, as described by Mr. Trump in Mr. Pratt’s account, actually happened.
Three months after Mr. Trump left the presidency, Mr. Pratt joined Mr. Trump in his office at Mar-a-Lago for a chat, during which the Australian businessman suggested that Australia should purchase submarines from the United States.
That prompted Mr. Trump to lean in, as if aware he was sharing a confidence, in Mr. Pratt’s account to investigators. According to Mr. Pratt, Mr. Trump described the number of nuclear warheads that U.S. submarines typically travel with, and their stealthy proximity to Russian waters.
In November 2021, Mr. Pratt flew to Florida to have coffee at Mar-a-Lago and meet with Mr. Trump, records show. It is unclear what they discussed, or if they have met since.
Susan Beachy contributed research.
Sun, 22 Oct 2023 08:53:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.nytimes.com/2023/10/22/us/politics/anthony-pratt-donald-trump.html