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Exam Code: IBCLC Practice exam 2022 by team
IBCLC International Board Certified Lactation Consultant

International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBCLE) International Board Certified Lactation Consultant® (IBCLC®)
Detailed Content Outline

A. Infant
1. Feeding behaviours at different ages
2. Food intolerances/allergies
3. Infant anatomy and anatomical/oral challenges
4. Introducing complementary foods
5. Low birth weight
6. Milk banking – formal and informal
7. Normal infant behaviours
8. Nutritional requirements - preterm
9. Preterm development and growth
10. Skin tone, muscle tone, reflexes
11. Term development and growth
12. WHO growth charts with gestational age adjustment
B. Maternal
1. Breast development and growth
2. Breast surgery
3. Composition of human milk
4. Maternal anatomical challenges
5. Maternal nutritional status
6. Nipple structure and variations
II. Physiology and Endocrinology 24
1. Diabetes
2. Infertility Issues
3. Maternal metabolic and hormonal disorders (e.g., thyroid, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)
4. Maternal autoimmune disorders
5. Multiples
6. Newborn hypoglycemia
7. Pregnancy and breastfeeding – tandem
8. Relactation
9. Stooling and voiding
III. Pathology 31
A. Infant
1. Allergies
2. Ankyloglossia
3. Cleft lip and palate
4. Congenital anomalies (e.g., gastrointestinal, cardiac)
5. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), reflux
6. Hyperbilirubinemia
7. Infant acute disease (bacterial, viral, fungal, systemic)
8. Infant neurological disabilities
9. Small for Gestational Age (SGA), Large for Gestational Age (LGA)
B. Maternal
1. Abscess
2. Milk ejection reflex dysfunction
3. Maternal acute disease (bacterial, viral, fungal, systemic)
4. Maternal chronic disease
5. Maternal disability (physical and neurological)
6. Mastitis
7. Milk supply, low or over
8. Nipple and breast conditions
9. Nipple pain and trauma
10. Post-partum hemorrhage
11. Pre-eclampsia / pregnancy induced hypertension
IV. Pharmacology and Toxicology 13
1. Alcohol and tobacco
2. Contraception
3. Drugs of abuse
4. Galactogogues
5. Gel dressings/nipple creams
6. Medication (prescription, over-the-counter, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures)
7. Medicinal Herbs
V. Psychology, Sociology, and Anthropology
1. Transition to parenthood
2. Birth practices
3. Foods to eat/avoid that affect lactation
4. Employment – returning to work
5. Family lifestyle
6. Identifying support networks
7. Maternal mental health
8. Maternal psychological/cognitive issues
9. Mother-baby relationship
10. Safe sleep
11. Weaning
12. Cultural competency
VI. Techniques 25
1. Effective milk transfer (including medically-indicated supplementation)
2. First hour
3. Latching
4. Managing supply
5. Milk expression
6. Positioning
7. Refusal of breast, bottle
8. Skin-to-skin (Kangaroo care)
9. Test-weighing
VII. Clinical Skills 35
A. Equipment and Technology
1. Feeding devices (e.g., tubes at breast, cups, syringes, teats)
2. Handling and storage of human milk
3. Nipple devices (e.g., shields, everters)
4. Pacifiers
5. Pumps
6. Scales
7. Communication technology
8. Websites
B. Education and Communication
1. Active listening
2. Anticipatory guidance
3. Care plan development and sharing
4. Documentation
5. Educating mothers and families
6. Educating professionals, peers, and student
7. Extending the duration of breastfeeding
8. Emotional support
9. Empowerment
10. Group support
C. Ethical and Legal Issues
1. Breastfeeding in public
2. Clinical competencies
3. Code of Professional Conduct (CPC)
4. Principles of confidentiality
5. WHO code –advocacy and policy
D. Research
1. Apply research in practice
2. Appraise and interpret research results
3. Use research to help develop policies and protocols
E. Public Health and Advocacy
1. Advocate for Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI)
2. Advocate for compliance with World Health Organization International Code of Marketing of Breast milk Substitutes (WHO Code)
3. Advocate for mother / baby in healthcare system
4. Develop breastfeeding-related policies

International Board Certified Lactation Consultant
Consultant International guide
Killexams : Consultant International guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : Consultant International guide - BingNews Killexams : Devex Career Hub: How to negotiate consulting rates No result found, try new keyword!That’s why I’ve compiled all of our best advice for consultants into one handy guide that we published yesterday ... But if you are going to be working on a U. S. Agency for International Development ... Fri, 02 Dec 2022 03:28:00 -0600 text/html Killexams : Consensus statement on management of thyroid eye disease

The American Thyroid Association (ATA) and European Thyroid Association (ETA) have collaborated on the "Management of Thyroid Eye Disease: A Consensus Statement by the American Thyroid Association and European Thyroid Association." This consensus statement, prepared as a clinical resource for endocrinologists, is now available online and has been co-published in the journals Thyroid and the European Thyroid Journal.

The consensus statement was drafted by a multidisciplinary, global writing task force led by co-chairs from both societies, including Henry B. Burch, MD, Program Director, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, & Metabolic Diseases, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and Petros Perros, MD, Honorary Consultant in Endocrinology at Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

The final document integrates feedback from patients and the ophthalmology community, comments from ATA and ETA members, and it underwent formal peer review in Thyroid and the European Thyroid Journal. Potential conflict of interest was managed, and transparency maintained in formulating the consensus statement.

"This carefully crafted statement, written by experts of the two sister societies, provides an up-to-date overview of the management of TED, which can present a challenging clinical problem. Integrating the latest developments, it is an excellent guide for specialists caring for patients with Graves' disease and emphasizes the need for a multidisciplinary approach for individuals with severe forms of TED," says Peter A. Kopp, MD, immediate past president of the ATA.

Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) is relatively rare but causes significant morbidity, impaired quality of life, and is associated with excess socioeconomic burden. The publication of the "Management of Thyroid Eye Disease: A Consensus Statement by the American Thyroid Association and European Thyroid Association" is timely, as novel treatments are rapidly evolving, thus expanding treatment options.

The key objective was to create a synopsis to promote delivery of evidence-based care for patients with TED, and those at risk of developing it. The considered all treatments including new and emerging therapies, striving to adjudicate inconsistencies and identify gaps in the current literature. The available evidence was translated into practical recommendations for endocrinologists.

The consensus statement emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis, appropriate and timely referral to specialty care, joint management by clinical teams with expertise in both endocrinology and ophthalmology, and outlines a roadmap to personalized care. It also highlights important areas of future research.

"This outstanding collaborative effort between the European and American Thyroid Associations includes all the latest evidence and from renowned international experts. The result is a superb clinical guide covering the multidisciplinary care of that is practical, timely and highly relevant to specialists all over the world," says Graham R. Williams FRCP, Ph.D., FMedSci, president of the ETA.

The consensus statement is expected to be a useful reference tool for practicing endocrinologists globally. The consensus statement does not establish a standard of care and specific outcomes are not guaranteed. Treatment decisions must be made based on the independent judgment of health care providers and each patient's individual circumstances. A is not intended to take the place of physician judgment in diagnosing and treatment of particular patients.

More information: Henry B. Burch et al, Management of Thyroid Eye Disease: A Consensus Statement by the American Thyroid Association and the European Thyroid Association, Thyroid (2022). DOI: 10.1089/thy.2022.0251

Henry B Burch et al, Management of thyroid eye disease: a Consensus Statement by the American Thyroid Association and the European Thyroid Association, European Thyroid Journal (2022). DOI: 10.1530/ETJ-22-0189

Provided by American Thyroid Association

Citation: Consensus statement on management of thyroid eye disease (2022, December 9) retrieved 9 December 2022 from

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Fri, 09 Dec 2022 02:36:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Defense & National Security — Defense policy bill passes House © Provided by The Hill

The House has passed the annual defense authorization bill, sending the mammoth, $847 billion measure to the Senate for consideration and eventually to President Biden’s desk ahead of the year-end deadline. 

We’ll share what’s in the bill and how it ultimately got passed in the chamber, plus more on the release of Brittney Griner and what information Democrats want from the leaders of five consulting firms. 

This is Defense & National Security, your nightly guide to the latest developments at the Pentagon, on Capitol Hill and beyond. For The Hill, I’m Ellen Mitchell. A friend forward this newsletter to you? Sign up here or in the box below.

House passes annual defense funding bill

The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) on Thursday passed in a bipartisan 350-80 vote in the House. It was approved under suspension of the rules, an expedited process to pass legislation in the House that requires a two-thirds majority. 

‘Important policy’: “I can’t go through every single item that is in this bill, but I can tell you that just about every member of this House has something in this bill that is important for policy, important in their district,” House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam Smith (D-Wash.) said ahead of the vote. “This is important policy that makes a huge difference for the people in this body and the people in this country, and I’ve urged us to support it.” 

What’s in it: The NDAA, legislation seen as a must-pass for Congress annually, includes an $817 billion top line for the Defense Department and about $30 billion to fund nuclear activities in the Department of Energy. 

The bill lays out the blueprint for how the billions of dollars will be allocated at the Pentagon, including a 4.6 percent pay raise for both service members and the agency’s civilian workforce, new weapons programs and equipment upgrades, and new programs and personnel policies. 

Fast tracked: House leaders decided to use the fast-track process after a last-minute push from the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC) Wednesday night to set an accompanying vote on a bill bolstering the 1965 Voting Rights Act, which had previously passed through the House but stalled in the Senate. The lower chamber was initially scheduled to pass the defense bill on Wednesday but punted action to Thursday because of the CBC holdup. 

Compromise: The final bill came together after months of negotiations between lawmakers of both parties and chambers, which bore victories for those on the left and right. 

In a win for Republicans, the measure includes language that repeals the COVID-19 vaccine mandate for U.S. service members, which has been in place since August 2021. 

The concession was seen as a surprise by many. The White House and Pentagon spoke out against it and similar measures to significantly limit the vaccine mandate were voted down in the House Armed Services Committee during the bill’s markup earlier this year. 

Lawmaker reactions: House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) celebrated the victory Monday evening, calling the development “a win for our military.” 

Smith on Thursday said the original August 2021 mandate was the “absolute right policy” at the time, but he allowed that it now “does make sense to repeal that order.” 

He also urged the Pentagon to reevaluate its vaccine policy “and think about what the right and best policy would be.” 

Last minute holdups: Another stumbling block throughout negotiations was whether to include a deal on energy project permitting reform, which Sen. Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) had been pushing for. The initiative was ultimately excluded from the text, handing a significant victory to progressives who wanted it left out while dealing a blow to Manchin. 

The Congressional Progressive Caucus released a statement Tuesday night, shortly before the bill text was released, officially staking its opposition to the permitting reform deal — signaling headwinds for Manchin and the fate of the NDAA with his initiative included. 

Read the full story here 

Why Whelan wasn’t released along with Griner

The release of WNBA star Brittney Griner in a prisoner swap with Russia has brought renewed attention to the case of former Marine Paul Whelan, who has been detained in Russia since 2018.  

Griner’s case received outsized media attention compared to Whelan’s given her status as a star women’s basketball player and Olympic gold medalist. But Whelan has been detained in Russia longer, and Thursday’s announcement, while celebrated by many, has raised difficult questions about why the U.S. was able to secure Griner’s freedom but not Whelan’s. 

A different case: “Sadly, for totally illegitimate reasons, Russia is treating Paul’s case different than Brittney’s. And while we have not yet succeeded in securing Paul’s release, we are not giving up. We will never deliver up,” President Biden said in remarks shortly after Griner’s release was made public. 

A senior administration official said Thursday they believe the Russians are holding Whelan’s release to a higher bar than Griner’s because of the espionage charges against him. 

Some background: Griner was arrested in February on charges that she illegally brought vape cartridges containing hashish oil into Russia. She was convicted on drug smuggling charges and sentenced in August to serve nine years in prison and had been recently transferred to a penal colony. Advocates had raised particular concern about her fate given she is a Black, gay woman. 

A swap: The White House announced Thursday that Griner was freed in exchange for the release of Viktor Bout, a Russian arms deal who was serving a 25-year sentence for charges related to weapons trafficking. 

Whelan has spent four years imprisoned in Russia and in 2020 was convicted on espionage charges. The U.S. has determined his detention to be unlawful and criticized the Russian criminal allegations and court process as a sham. The State Department said last week he had been transferred to a prison hospital in exact weeks, but has since been returned to the penal colony where he is serving his sentence. 

A long negotiation: While the Biden administration spent exact months trying to negotiate a deal that would lead to the release of Griner and Whelan together, including a reported deal that involved the release of Bout, the senior administration official said Russia ultimately rejected efforts to free Whelan. 

“This was not a situation where we had a choice of which American to bring home. It was a choice between bringing home one particular American, Brittney Griner, or bringing home none,” the official said, speaking in a call with reporters shortly after Griner’s release was made public. 

Read more here 

Also from The Hill

Dems ask firms about work with foreign governments

Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Rep. Sara Jacobs (D-Calif.) sent letters to the leaders of five consulting firms on Wednesday asking for information on their companies’ work with foreign governments in response to a exact Washington Post investigation

The Post’s investigation found that more than 500 retired U.S. military personnel have taken jobs with foreign governments, mostly in countries known for human rights abuses and political repression. 

‘An alarming finding’: “This was an alarming finding, raising questions about whether these former U.S. military officials and the firms that hire them are working in the best interests of the United States government and its citizens, or in the interests of some of the world’s worst regimes,” Warren and Jacobs, who sit on the Senate and House Armed Services Committees, respectively, wrote

“Given these concerns, I ask that you provide information regarding the employees of your firm that have worked on behalf of foreign governments, particularly those with a history of repression and human rights abuses, and how your firm ensures its officials are not involved in illegal or inappropriate activities that harm U.S. national security interests,” the letter continues. 

Where the letters were sent: The letters ask each firm — Booz Allen Hamilton, Fairfax National Security Solutions, Jones Group International & Ironhand Security, Iron Net Cybersecurity and The Cohen Group — to answer five questions by Dec. 21 about their work with foreign governments, including by providing a list of former servicemembers at their firms who engage with those clients. 

“By funneling U.S. expertise through ‘consulting’ firms that collect six- and seven-figure paychecks, foreign governments have been able to build up their military forces with U.S. assistance and without ongoing oversight from the U.S. government,” the lawmakers wrote. 

Read that story here 


That’s it for today! Check out The Hill’s Defense and National Security pages for the latest coverage. See you tomorrow!

For the latest news, weather, sports, and streaming video, head to The Hill.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 11:58:18 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Centric Consulting Earns Snowflake Select Services Partnership, Publishes Series to Help Clients Achieve Data Accessibility and Security

Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 07, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Centric Consulting, an international business and technology consulting firm, announced it has earned Select Services Partner status with Snowflake, a data cloud technology company. 

Centric completed all the prerequisites to become a Snowflake Select partner, including earning advanced certifications across the platform. While its Select partnership designation is new, Centric has been helping its clients navigate Snowflake for nearly five years. The company recently published a series, Snowflake Security and Data Privacy, to help clients manage information access and security in the Snowflake platform. 

"Data strategy and implementation continue to be a priority for our clients," said Sachin Mittal, Senior Consultant at Centric. "As more businesses leverage Snowflake's shared data architecture for fast, scalable analytics, Centric is proud to partner with Snowflake and serve as a platform guide for clients." 

In the six-part Snowflake blog series, Jeremy Gruenwald, Senior Architect and Co-Lead for Centric's Chicago Data & Analytics team, provides a set of technology, architecture and process standards to support goals while balancing cost, maintenance and performance: 

"With the rise of global data-privacy regulations and highly publicized security breaches, our clients are looking to Strengthen control of their data while still being able to get increased business value out of it," said Gruenwald. "Snowflake takes a security-first posture and provides many new features that make it much easier to simultaneously control access to sensitive data and make valuable data easily available for use. Many customers have asked how to meet these competing needs, so we wrote this series of articles as a guide to having your cake and eating it too." 

About Centric Consulting    

Centric Consulting is an international management consulting firm with unmatched expertise in business transformation, hybrid workplace strategy, technology implementation and adoption.  

Founded in 1999 with a remote workforce, Centric has established a reputation for solving its clients' toughest problems, delivering tailored solutions, and bringing deeply experienced consultants centered on what's best for your business.   

Centric Consulting is headquartered in Ohio, with 1,500 employees and 14 locations. In every project, clients get a trusted advisor averaging over 15 years of experience and the best talent across the United States and India. Centric deliberately builds teams that can scale up or down quickly based on client needs, industry and desired outcome.    

Visit to learn more. Connect with Centric Consulting: LinkedIn | Twitter | Facebook | Instagram     


Lindsay Dawson
Centric Consulting

© 2022 Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 05:30:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Hyderabad Airport Express Metro project: Bids invited for General Consultant

HAML Managing Director NVS Reddy chaired the meeting which had over 20 reputed national and international engineering consultancy companies and others in attendance.

Updated On - 05:39 PM, Tue - 6 December 22

Hyderabad: A pre-application meeting regarding pre-qualification for the General Consultant (GC) for the Hyderabad Airport Express Metro project was held here on Tuesday.

HAML Managing Director NVS Reddy chaired the meeting which had over 20 reputed national and international engineering consultancy companies and others in attendance.

Highlighting the unique features and records set by the first phase of Hyderabad Metro, the world’s largest metro in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode, Reddy explained the vision of Chief Minister K Chandrashekhar Rao to make Hyderabad a Global City.

He has also highlighted the importance of the Airport Metro project in the bouquet of projects planned by the Chier Minister to make his vision a reality.

The GC, which has technical experts and field engineers with good domain knowledge and experience, will assist HAML in all technical and project management-related functions.

It will perform detailed project report review, tender documentation, and evaluation, design management, proof check of designs drawings submitted by various contractors and suppliers, document control, project planning, interface management, construction management, quality assurance and control, health and safety management contract administration, renewable energy system, acceptance standards including defect rectification, O&M plan, training of O&M staff of HAML, and security audit, etc., for the project.

However, all technical, financial, and contract management powers will be exercised by HAML. The GC will guide and assist HAML in the implementation of the Airport Metro project as per the best international practices and safety standards.

The term of the GC is for three years which is the target time frame for the completion of the project. The last date for submission of bids for GC is January 13, 2023.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 22:09:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : O'Hare Airport named Best Airport in North America for the 19th year in a row O'Hare Airport © Provided by WBBM Radio Chicago O'Hare Airport

O'Hare Airport has won another award.

The Chicago Department of Aviation announced Global Traveler magazine named O'Hare Airport as the Best Airport in North America for the 19th year in a row.

Ken Goldstein of KJG International Consulting said OAG, formerly the official aviation guide, says O'Hare is one of the best connected airports in the world.

"They came back and said that O'Hare is the strongest and best megahub in North America," Goldstein said.

He said that on a busy day, O'Hare can handle 43,000 flight connections.

"They, by far and away, are the best in North America. They lead down Dallas, Atlanta, Seattle, Denver, etc.," Goldstein said.

Global Traveler survey evaluated O'Hare on dining options and the overall travel experience.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 02:19:53 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : The Life of an International Immigration Lawyer

Below, Afshin imparts his unique perspective on this sector and on what less experienced lawyers can do to emulate his success.

Please tell us a little about your journey into law. When did you first decide to pursue a career as a lawyer?

I decided to be a lawyer at age 16, then studied hard to pass the law school entry exam. There was not much support, as I lost my father and later my mother. I got my Bachelor’s degree in Law at age 22, then continued my education and obtained a Master’s degree in Law. Around age 24, I passed the bar exam in Iran when I was working at law schools as an instructor. Around age 28, I got married and moved to the United Arab Emirates (Dubai) and started my career as a legal consultant and university instructor there until I immigrated to Canada with my wife in 2012.

My journey into law is continuing and has never stopped. In all, I studied law for over 20 years and obtained multiple degrees in the field.

In what ways did your practice change when you moved from Iran to Canada?

Well, I moved from Dubai to Canada – Dubai was the second stop of my journey. Canada was a fresh start for me. I had to study law again and it took six years to get back to the field. I started from the scratch, but I used all my international experience to make it work.

It was easy to figure out that there were many people like me who wanted to immigrate to Canada. Canada receives approximately half a million immigrants every year, so it was clear that immigration law would be one of the major fields of legal services in Canada. To become a lawyer in Canada, I studied for a Master’s degree in Law at Osgoode Hall Law School at York University, and I received my Certificate of Qualification from the National Committee of Accreditation of the Federation of Law Societies of Canada. I then wrote the Barrister and Solicitor Examinations in Ontario, Canada.

How did you become proficient in immigration law?

First, I had to work on my own immigration application. I served as corporate counsel at two of Canada’s largest immigration service providers: Golden Group and WWICS. I studied an immigration consultant diploma, and before being a lawyer in Canada, I became a regulated immigration consultant. Being an immigration consultant helped me to pay for my law school expenses and gain significant experience in Canadian immigration matters.

Canada was a fresh start for me. I had to study law again and it took six years to get back to the field.

In Canada, immigration law is not a mandatory course in law school, therefore it is like a self-studied field of law. My immigration consultant diploma was an intensive six-month program. This is the reason I am proficient in Canada immigration law.

In the past, you have said that the most important thing for newly arrived immigrants to focus on is becoming part of a community. Can you expand on this?

Adaptability is one the main factors for successful immigration. Adaptability, by definition, means one’s ability to change, or be changed, to fit different circumstances. For the purposes of immigration, adaptability is the immigrant’s ability to adjust to life and prosper in their new home. Social integration is the process during which newcomers are incorporated into the social structure of the host society – in our case, Canada. The good thing about Canada is the country has a very clear road map for all new immigrants. As I did, newcomers must simply follow it.

Integrating is the most important step of the whole immigration process. For example, I learned the Canadian culture by going to language schools and universities. I spent almost five years on my Canadian education. As an immigration lawyer, I always guide my clients on how to become a part of the community in Canada.

What developments are you currently observing in the immigration space? What trends do you expect to see in the coming years?

Although the government of Canada is planning to receive around 1.5 million immigrants before the year 2025, the figure is less than 1000 people annually under business immigration systems such as the self-employed or start-up visa programs. In this context, Canada’s immigration policy has been heading south since 2014. While I am not against refugee, I do not understand why the government of Canada prefers to receive refugee claimants rather than entrepreneurs and investors.

Some of my current concerns are:

  1. Mass refusals of temporary residence visas such as work permits, study permits, and visitor visa applications by using Excel BASE-assisted software Chinook;
  2. The unfair strategy of refusing visa applications to empty the IRCC’s backlog;
  3. Making it difficult for international students and skilled workers and even entrepreneurs to immigrate to Canada, pushing them to become refugee claimants;
  4. Gambling with applicants and their representatives by refusing their visa applications and letting them take the refusal to the Federal Court if they can afford it.
Would you say that you have a particular creed or philosophy that influences the way you work?

Perfectionism is what I believe in. I insist on perfection and accept nothing shy of flawlessness. perfectionism is the persistence of will in obtaining the optimal quality of spiritual, mental, physical and material being. I am a huge perfectionist and always have been, so I have high expectations. To me, being a risk taker means trying new things and learning from my mistakes. I learned from my mistakes in Iran and Dubai, and even in Canada.

In Canada, immigration law is not a mandatory course in law school, therefore it is like a self-studied field of law.

The purpose of my life is to become a perfect human being before I die. I live in such a way that I understand tomorrow could be the last day of my life. My work must be done must be done now, because tomorrow might be late.

How does your pro bono work complement this?

As perfectionism is the persistence of will in obtaining the optimal quality of spiritual, mental, physical and material being, I believe pro bono work helps me to polish my spiritual and mental wellness. The need to be a responsible human being always pushes me to contribute more and provide pro bono work to those who are in need. I have a foundation organisation called the YLG Foundation and I donate around $50,000 annually to fight against poverty and illiteracy.

“Human beings are members of a whole

In the creation of one essence and soul

If one member is afflicted with pain

Other members uneasy will remain

  • Persian poet Saadi Shirazi

Volunteering legal expertise pro bono not only helps society, but it also makes me better at my jobs.

Is there a particular piece of advice that you would deliver to a less experienced immigration lawyer looking to emulate your success?

The opportunities for talented immigration lawyers in Canada will be both endless and demanding. Skilled practitioners know that immigration law is more than filling out forms. In fact, good service requires imagination, attention to detail and ‘soft skills’ that can help clients as they navigate the immigration process and begin to call Canada home.

Immigration practitioners are integral to the support that new economic immigrants need. Business and enterprise immigrants to Canada understand the significance of the opportunity to establish roots here, and this is where soft skills can combine with strong practice skills and knowledge to make a big difference for clients and their businesses.

What, then, is the extra dimension that good immigration lawyers can bring to the table to help them stand out in an area of specialty where there is both lots of demand and lots of competition? Here are a few ideas:

Go beyond

A good immigration lawyer will be thorough and meticulous, of course; meeting deadlines, preparing and filing applications and documents and following through to ensure that applicants are successful. A great lawyer does more, however. Immigration law is different from almost every other area of practice. Prospective clients seek a specific outcome: they want to immigrate to Canada — but they do not necessarily know how to navigate the system to get there.

This is where a great immigration lawyer can go above and beyond. Find out what motivates your client to want to set up in Canada. Is it sheer economic opportunity, hardship or duress in the home country, friendship with others from the old country who have already come to Canada, or a combination of these? The more you understand your client, the better you can apply your expertise to find the most effective legal pathway.

The purpose of my life is to become a perfect human being before I die.

A great immigration lawyer knows not only what clients need in terms of paperwork, but where their dreams are heading. Helping clients is a bit like chess — you have to be creative and think several moves ahead.

Be culturally sensitive and empathetic

Even for those arriving with skills or investment funds to a friendly, relatively welcoming country like Canada, immigration can still be hard. Lawyers need a good ‘deskside manner’ as much as doctors and nurses need bedside manner. Put yourself in the clients’ shoes. Take time to understand how issues are discussed and business is done in their culture and be direct and clear in how you communicate with clients. For example, it is particularly important to be transparent and upfront about how clients are billed and what services they are receiving. Be aware of religious and cultural holidays, sensitive subjects, etiquette and protocol too.

Also, go the extra distance. Twice a week, for example, I conduct a live (online) question-and-answer session at no charge for people who need general information about immigrating to Canada. Regardless of whether all become clients, all will appreciate the help.

Play the long game

Helping people move to Canada and set up business can be just the start of a long and positive professional relationship. Businesses need help growing and expanding markets as well as building networks and relationships. Think of the immigration law work you do for clients as a start, not the end.

Great immigration lawyers understand their clients’ whole picture — their challenges and obstacles and their hopes and dreams. It is the way to do what is best for those clients, your firm and ultimately for Canada too.

My own experience as an immigrant to Canada is instructive. I arrived in the country in 2012 after being educated and practising and teaching law in the Middle East. I became interested in Canadian immigration practice as I worked through my own application file.

As I mentioned before, even with my legal experience, as an immigrant I had to start over. I worked as a regulated Canadian immigration consultant, and after living and working in Montreal and Vancouver and earning my LLM at Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, I was called to the bar in Ontario in 2019 at 40 — a fresh start.

This kind of fresh start has challenges. But for newcomers, a fresh start in Canada is also a gift that must be cared for and nurtured. Law firms are not always seen by everyone as support services the way social service agencies or health clinics are regarded, but a good, strong relationship between lawyers and their newcomer clients can be just as important.

Can you tell us anything about what 2023 will hold for your practice?

I just expanded my immigration law practice in California, USA. My agenda for the coming year is to study for another Master’s degree in Law and become an attorney in the state of California. Then YLG can provide both Canadian and American immigration services to its clients.

What is the key element of your success?

I am a self-made entrepreneur. I am a risk taker. I do not live in my comfort zone.

I have started from scratch three times. The first time was in Iran; I became a lawyer around age 24 and built my first platform to jump into another level. I worked 18 hours a day. My next stop was Dubai; I moved to the country around age 28 to work in an international capacity. Working in Dubai afforded me significant international market experience as well as a financial stability that prepared me to move to another scope of my professional life.

I came to Canada in 2012 under the Quebec Skilled Worker program. From the first day, I wanted to be a Canadian lawyer. It took me six years to complete all my courses, study a Master’s degree in Law, pass the bar exam and finally become a lawyer in Canada. Even now I am taking the next step and will become a US attorney before the end of 2023.

Just to understand the level of liability that I take as of today, the business expenses of YLG are around $700,000 per month. Believe me, that is a lot in Canada.

Beside YLG, I also run some other businesses: TIARCH Construction, Ustartup, YLG Media, YLG Business Angle Investor, and also recently a satellite television channel.

What motivates you to achieve the best possible results for your clients?

Helping them to achieve their goals is my main motivation. I get a great deal of satisfaction out of helping to solve problems for my clients. I always remind myself that they have asked for my help and trusted in me. Besides that, client satisfaction and my good reputation are important. My client’s success is my success!

Afshin Yazdani, President

Yazdani Law Group (YLG)

1050-5255 Yonge Street, Toronto, ON, M2N 6P4, Canada

Tel: +1 855-954-7222 | +1 647-402-7774

Fax: +1 416-224-8527


Afshin Yazdani is a business immigration lawyer and entrepreneur in Ontario, Canada. With an international law background and exclusively accepting clients who want to immigrate to Canada under business and corporate immigration categories, he stands unique among Canadian lawyers. Afshin founded Yazdani Law Group (YLG) in 2019 in Toronto, and the firm has since grown rapidly, opening four additional branches in Tehran, Shiraz, Vancouver and Los Angeles. Today, YLG has over 60 full-time employees and handles over 400 cases annually.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:04:00 -0600 en-GB text/html
Killexams : FIDIC launches construction contract reprints and publishes new contracts guide No result found, try new keyword!With the full backing of the FIDIC contracts committee and the FIDIC board, the 2022 Reprints and a new, comprehensive FIDIC 2017 Contracts Guide have been published to take on board a number of ... Mon, 28 Nov 2022 23:18:00 -0600 Killexams : Business Consultant Christine Hansen Collaborates With Entrepreneurs to Create a Scaling Guide for Business Owners

Christine Hansen's new guide reveals tips and advice from successful entrepreneurs and venture capitalists on scaling a business efficiently.

LUXEMBOURG, Dec. 1, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Christine Hansen, founder and CEO of Christine Means Business, announced today that she has partnered with prominent founders and CEOs to guide business owners through the scaling process. This milestone is a significant move for Hansen on her mission to help entrepreneurs reach their full potential in their roles as CEO and run their companies more efficiently.

"Gathering these different perspectives and collective wisdom is intended to accelerate sustainable growth in businesses at various stages," says Hansen. "There are definite takeaways for beginners, seasoned entrepreneurs and experienced venture capitalists."

The venture capitalists interviewed by Hansen include Malvika Aeron, founder of AcceleratePlus; Fred Colantonio, founder of ReLOAD Belgium; Adrienne Dorison, CEO of Run Like Clockwork; Haley Grey, founder of Women's Entrepreneur Network; Giulia Iannucci, founder & CEO of KnowThyBrand; Monica Jonsson, founder of CoachDynamix; Elise Keith, founder & CEO of Luci Meetings; Gunjani Patel, founder of GPatelcounseling; Rakesh Rana, founder & CEO of Growth Lifestyle Hub; Muna Shakour, founder of Inside Out With Muna; Kim Boudreau Smith, CEO & Founder of Kim Boudreu Smith, Inc.; Tony Whatley, founder of 365 Driven; and Lyn Whitbeck, founder & CEO of Petite2Queen.

Takeaways from the Guide to Business Owners on Scaling include:

  • Tips from venture capitalists on scaling efficiently

  • How to manage teams of people

  • Prioritizing areas to invest time and money

To learn more about the Guide to Scaling, click here.

About Christine Hansen: Christine Hansen is a business consultant, founder, CEO of Christine Means Business, and founder of Sleep Like A Boss, two companies she has successfully scaled and sold. She has been featured in Business Insider, Entrepreneur, Forbes, Vogue, New York Post, and TedX. She is the author of the bestselling book, "We Mean Business."

For more inquiries, please contact Christine Hansen at +352.691.119.205 or


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SOURCE Christine Hansen

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 23:47:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Move over, operators — consultants are the new nontraditional VC

Operating experience has become a buzzword over the last few years as venture capitalists pump up their resumes in a quest to set themselves apart from other sources of startup capital. Now, it seems that we are seeing the next evolution of that trend.

This year has seen a wave of startup consultant firms looking to raise venture funds of their own to take stakes in companies they are already working with or that align with their practice. In theory, this makes total sense because both consultants and venture capitalists have the same goal at the end of the day: helping companies grow.

“Most come on board because we provide the capital, ‘plus.’ What is that plus? The plus with us is storytelling.” FNDR CEO James Vincent

But why are so many consultant-led venture capital funds launching now? It’s a particularly rough time in the broader venture market, and economy in general, in addition to being one of the toughest periods for emerging managers and first-time fundraisers. It’s worth noting that all of these funds are raising outside capital as opposed to investing off their balance sheets.

For one thing, the startups they were already working with were asking them to.

Sun, 27 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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