Who would have bet that the company from whom you purchased your first desktop inkjet printer in 1998 would leverage the same technology to become a major player in the 3D printing industry?
Didier Deltort, who self-describes as “a hardcore engineer and R&D guy and technologist,” may have had an idea. He last worked for HP back when it was still called “Hewlett-Packard.” The company in 2015 split between its enterprise products and services group, renamed Hewlett Packard Enterprise, while the computer and printer businesses became HP Inc.
In 2021, HP President and CEO Enrique Lores asked Deltort to return as HP’s President of Personalization & Printing. Deltort was excited about HP’s additive journey since revealing in 2016 its first 3D printer and partnering since with companies like GM, John Deere, Schneider Electric, Siemens and Volkswagen on additive projects.
He also considers additive as disruptive technology like 5G, AI and robotics, and therefore exciting to work with, though it’s taking the technology longer than expected to hit its stride. The additive manufacturing industry hasn’t met the $50 billion size Deltort regularly saw predicted five years ago–sitting between $14 billion and $15 billion, depending on who you ask.
Deltort expects it’s only a matter of when, not if, additive grows to that size once companies like HP figure out how to get around the manufacturing industry’s recurring pain points with the technology. For example, too many mechanical engineers and product designers don’t know what additive can accomplish.
“Putting in the hands of mechanical product designers the right tool so that they can pick up the right parts to be designed for additive manufacturing, that’s No. 1,” Deltort says. “No.2, it’s the breadth of materials. If you go to traditional industries and manufacturing processes like injection molding, they have thousands of materials. With additive manufacturing [we have far fewer] materials available today for the designers. That’s the second bottleneck.”
Scaling additive beyond rapid prototyping or low-volume presents a challenge because the technology lacks predictability and reliability, says Deltort.
“I want to predict what my parts will look like, what the mechanical properties will be, the finishing, and I want to make sure that I can reproduce this process millions of times,” says Deltort. “And let’s be honest. Additive manufacturing has not been the best predictable and reproducible and repeatable process in the manufacturing industry,”
Then there’s the labor concern. Additive currently resists automation.
“You go to injection molding factories, it’s fully automatic. There is almost no labor in those factories. With additive manufacturing, you need to have operators. You need to have people to pack [raw material], to unpack, to clean etc.,” Deltort says.
It’s also still too expensive to mass produce parts additively versus using traditional casting methods, Deltort adds. The laundry list of challenges explains why so few companies have scaled additive.
“There are probably less than 10 companies in the world who have really replaced traditional manufacturing technologies and processes with additive manufacturing,” Deltort says, citing the medical device and aviation industries as star players in this regard, while also recognizing the automotive industry’s gradual embrace of the technology.
Addressing the pain points dictates HP's additive business strategy, and even with all its related challenges, additive still has plenty of room to grow. Deltort has his eye on some key industries to target.
“If you look at within industrials, the jigs and fixtures and so on, [there are] still some opportunities and this is for us to educate,” Deltort says. “Then, I would say within the consumer goods industry, in sports and wellness, and watches and all those things. We’ve started to work with them but could do better.”
Consumer goods companies could learn that with additive, manufacturing technology points could exist closer to customers, decreasing or even eliminating the need to ship products around the world.
The supply chain crisis presents a big opportunity. Today, companies maintain large stores of spare parts to provide immediate availability for plants. Deltort says suppliers could 3D print spares at plants, only when needed, reducing storage costs and delivery delays.
Pursuing these opportunities often depends on working with manufacturers’’ innovation centers. HP has installed its 3D printing technology and connected these centers with business units to make use cases for additive.
“We have done a fantastic job at HP at putting in almost every single service bureau and large companies’ additive manufacturing innovation center at least one of our products,” Deltort says. “But, from what I’ve seen, the communication between those innovation centers and business units is not always taking place.”
There’s a fifth bottleneck for additive’s growth: Total cost of ownership. Industrial 3D printers cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. Smaller companies may purchase a desktop 3D printer for prototyping, but that’s all they can afford. For a medium-sized company that needs parts with complex geometries–excellent candidates for additive, but only at low volumes–investing in 3D printers might not make sense.
Service bureaus like Xometry and Fathom (that employ HP technology) have therefore become an important part of the additive ecosystem, says Deltort.
HP targeted this segment in 2016 and began making headway into the additive industry. Deltort has noticed that many large companies still favor service bureaus, even companies large enough to afford innovation centers or to purchase enough additive machines to scale in-house.
“Or, they go after contract manufacturers like Flex, GKN [or] Yazaki for the automotive industry,” Deltort says.
It’s really, in his experience, the required speed of iteration that drives companies to insource additive.
“Wallbox, an EV charger company, have been leveraging our additive manufacturing technology because the engineering team wanted to iterate. Every time they needed a mold, it had to come from Asia-Pacific. It was costing $75,000 per and required a lot of lead time,” Deltort says. Wallbox eliminated the costs and delays by embracing additive in-house.
Deltort understands that the long-term success of additive manufacturing hinges on complementing, not replacing, traditional manufacturing methods. This highlights the importance of HP’s additive education efforts, helping manufacturers lay the groundwork for successful deployment and scaling of the technology.
For instance, industrial 3D printers need a dedicated space within plants to provide the specific, optimal conditions, like temperature. Even the best printers in optimal working spaces won't provide reliable, predicable results. They need reliable operators as well, with the right training and maintenance protocols.
It also helps if plants have enthusiastic operators for the technology, thought this rarely presents a problem.
"People will buy a piece of equipment which costs between, lowest price point is probably $300,000, up to $1 million. They are enthusiastic. You don’t spend this kind of money without being enthusiastic about the technology,” says Deltort.
HP also paves the way toward new companies adopting additive by advancing the technology. In 2018, HP revealed at Dassault Systemes' Solidworks 3D conference a new, clear additive material to make the technology more precise and affordable. In 2020, HP announced the development of a new polypropylene material through partnership with chemical company BASF.
“Our strategy has been to work with the best materials companies, like BASF,” says Deltort. “We have decided not to create our own materials, but to leverage those materials from those chemical companies which have years of experience in material sciences.”
It’s a matter of incremental technology advancements and carefully uncovering the best growth opportunities, but Deltort feels the conditions for additive’s success aren’t going anywhere in the near future.
“We have made some progress. The growth is not where it should be. But, I’m sure there will be some opportunities through the ongoing world crisis around sustainability to Improve and have a bigger impact with additive manufacturing.”
All physicians practicing medicine in the United States are required to pass a series of standardized board exams known as the United States Medical Licensing Exams (USMLE), which consists of the Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK), and Step 3 exams. Prior to January 26 of this year, all three test grades were reported as a numeric score in addition to the designation pass or fail. Since January 26th, the USMLE and its sponsors, the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) and the Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB), have decided to forego a numeric grade for the Step 1 exam, making the score designated only as pass or fail.
The reason for the change? According to Kevin Jubbal, founder of Med School Insiders, the change occurred to Improve the well-being of medical students and decrease the stress and anxiety of students surrounding the exam. According to the 2018 National Resident Matching Program’s Program Director Survey, the USMLE Step 1 score was the number one factor used when deciding which candidate to offer an interview for residency training (post-graduate training that occurs for each medical specialty immediately after graduating medical school). This test, often taken between the second and third years of medical school, aims to confirm minimal competency for licensure by testing fundamentals of the basic clinical sciences that are taught in the pre-clinical years of medical school. It is of no surprise that many medical students would often obsess over getting the highest score possible in order to join the career of their choice after medical school graduation.
Has the change to pass/fail of the USMLE Step 1 done what it was intended to do- namely decrease stress and anxiety in medical students? According to the 2021 National Resident Matching Program’s Program Director Survey, 94% of residency programs require a numeric score on the USMLE Step 2 CK test before offering interviews to candidates. According to another study, many residency programs now consider the USMLE Step 2 CK as the primary factor when considering which medical students to offer interviews for residency training. The stress and anxiety many medical students feel has simply shifted from the Step 1 test to the Step 2 CK exam. In other words, the USMLE Step 2 CK test is the new Step 1, when considering medical student well-being and mental health.
According to a study in JAMA Network Open, 50% of medical students are experiencing burnout. Although there has been much attention given to the crisis surrounding the dramatic rise of physician burnout since the Covid-19 pandemic, much less focus has been given to burnout in medical students, the future caregivers and first responders that will care for you and your loved ones. How can we expect future physicians to master clinical medicine and care for the ill when they cannot even care for themselves?
Equally troubling to the detrimental effects of well-being are the racial and ethnic disparities the USMLE brings to underrepresented medical student candidates for residency. According to data from an article in Academic Medicine, Black and Latino medical students are more likely to score lower and/or fail all three USMLE exams when compared to White students. The reason- downstream effect of decades of systemic racism whereby they are provided fewer resources and opportunities to succeed and excel in academics. Consequently, it is much more difficult for underrepresented minorities to receive interview offers in the specialty of their choice when graduating medical school when compared to White students.
The USMLE, NBME, and FSMB have a real opportunity to promote medical student and physician well-being as well as racial equity by addressing scoring on physician licensing exams. Just as they made the Step 1 pass/fail, they must make all USMLE exams pass/fail. This would undoubtedly reduce the enormous stress and anxiety medical students face during their arduous years in school. Furthermore, underrepresented students will perhaps have a fairer shot at pursuing their dream specialties after graduating. Standardized tests are merely one metric and measure for success. Eliminating numeric scores on the USMLE will force residency programs to make a more holistic review of prospective candidates.
Some medical schools are already doing this for medical school admissions. At the University of Maryland School of Medicine, the admissions committee performs holistic screening deemphasizing standardized tests scores, offers unconscious bias training for interviewers, and blinds interviewers to standardized scores; to name a few initiatives. Residency programs throughout the country should follow suit when considering future trainees in their programs. The USMLE, NBME, and FSMB as well as the hundreds of medical training programs throughout the country must start taking care of medical students, who we will all rely upon to take care of us.
Links to annotated files are included next to the corresponding test below. Detailed solutions are provided directly in the files for National test Parts 2 and 3.
Detailed solutions are provided directly in the files for National test Parts 2 and 3.
HP Board Class 3 and 5 Exams begin from today onwards. Candidates appearing for the Class 3 and 5 exams can check here the examination datesheet and other details. The exams will conclude on December 5, 2022.
HP Board Exam: The Himachal Pradesh (HP) board has commenced the winter examination for Class 3rd and 5th students from today- November 28. Earlier, the class 8th exams were also scheduled to be conducted from November 28. However, they have been postponed to December 1. The test is being conducted from 9:45 am to 1:00 pm. Students appearing must report to the examination hall without any delay.
As per the official schedule, Class 3rd and 5th exams begin on November 28 and will continue till December 8, 2022. Class 3rd students will appear for maths whereas class 5th students for their English test today. The examination dates for both the classes are same. The dates for class 8th exams have been revised recently. As per the updated schedule, class 8th exams will begin on December 1 instead of November 28. However, their last test is scheduled for December 9, 2022.
HP Board test Class 3 Date Sheet
November 28, 2022,
Environmental Science (EVS)
November 30, 2022,
December 2, 2022,
December 5, 2022
HP Board test Class 5th Date Sheet
November 28, 2022
November 30, 2022
Environmental Science (EVS)
December 2, 2022
December 5, 2022
The test duration will be 3 hours. Students will get the question paper 15 minutes ahead. Students must utilize these 15 minutes in reading the questions thoroughly and fill in personal details on the answer sheet.
Important points to consider in HP Board test 2022
Monadnock Paper Mills, Inc., the oldest continuously operating paper mill in the United States, is pleased to announce its HP Indigo Solutions Portfolio of 100% Post-Consumer Waste (PCW) paper, packaging, and environmental graphics materials. The product portfolio, complete with a comprehensive listing of available weights, sizes, and properties, is now featured in a comprehensive Stock Guide publication.
Either certified or optimized for use on HP Indigo printers, all portfolio offerings are made with Forest Stewardship Council-certified 100% PCW recycled fiber, manufactured carbon neutral and made with 100% Green-e certified wind powered electricity. Additionally, the recycled paper is processed chlorine free, and the entire production process operates under third-party Certified ISO 14001 Environmental and ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems.
“Sustainability has never looked better, especially when brands are looking for printed materials, signage, and packaging that are brought to vivid life with HP Indigo presses,” said Julie Brannen, Director, Sustainability Solutions, Monadnock Paper Mills.
Monadnock’s HP Indigo Solutions Portfolio comprises:
A premium, smooth, and bright white fine printing paper with superior formation and surface uniformity. Optimized for HP Indigo presses, beautiful full-color photographic reproductions are among the ideal applications when maximum contrast and image impact are required.
The only premium coated 100% recycled text and cover paper line made in the U.S., the universal Velvet coating is optimized for HP Indigo, dry toner, lithographic and Heat-Set Web presses. This material is designed for eco-conscious brand owners, designers, and printers who are searching for high quality graphic reproduction in premium retail and corporate marketing communications.
Crafted in smooth and vellum uncoated or coated finishes, it is widely specified by leading cosmetic, nutraceutical, fragrance, entertainment and other consumer packaged goods brands. This elegant material marries performance with sustainability.
A durable and high-performing alternative to plastic and PVC, it is a recycled and curbside recyclable material in wide global use in gift cards and carriers, hospitality, loyalty, promotional, membership and merchandise return cards. Its universal Velvet coating is optimized for HP Indigo, dry toner and offset presses.
Like all Envi Card stocks, it easily accepts magnetic stripes, signature panels, scratch-offs, and barcodes. With its high rigidity and superior graphic flexibility, end-users can expect the same superior performance they get with either virgin fiber or plastic products. This product is HP Indigo optimized.
This 100% PCW recycled product is the favored alternative to vinyl for residential and commercial decor, carrying a class “A” fire rating based on the ASTM E-84 standard for smoke generation and flame spread.
Brands and printers can expect beautiful photographic reproduction not only on HP Indigo, but also on latex or UV inkjet presses. Envi Wallgraphics are prepasted for easy installation and it is fully strippable for easy removal. It is washable and scrubbable for easy cleaning and sanitizing. It is REACH, Lacey Act, CPSIA & RohS compliant as well as HP Indigo optimized.
“Monadnock’s team of material and coating specialists worked closely with the talented professionals from HP and a host of printers and package printers to test (and test again and again) to ensure that this portfolio met the most stringent performance, converting, and processing demands,” said Brannen. “Now, it’s our pleasure to further meet and exceed the high visual and sustainability demands of creatives and brands.”
The preceding press release was provided by a company unaffiliated with Printing Impressions. The views expressed within do not directly reflect the thoughts or opinions of the staff of Printing Impressions.
|Maths||November 28, 2022|
|EVS (Environmental Science)||November 30, 2022|
|Hindi||December 2, 2022|
|English||December 5, 2022|
|Hindi||November 28, 2022|
|English||November 30, 2022|
|EVS (Environmental Science)||December 2, 2022|
|Maths||December 5, 2022|
|Maths||November 28, 2022|
|Sanskrit||November 29, 2022|
|English||November 30, 2022|
|Himachal Lok Sanskriti and Yog||December 1, 2022|
|Social Science||December 2, 2022|
|Arts, Home Science, Music/Instrument, Punjabi, Urdu||December 3, 2022|
|Science||December 5, 2022|
|Hindi||December 6, 2022|
HP Board 10th Compartment Revaluation Result 2022: The Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE) today, December 7 announced the Class 10(Compartment/ Improvement/ Additional) revaluation test result 2022. The candidates who had applied for scrutiny/ revaluation can check the result on the official website- hpbose.org and obtain the marksheet.
Recommended: HPBOSE Class 10th Previous Year Question/Sample Papers. Download Now
Also See: Class 10th Board Exams Preparation Tips. Check Now
To obtain the 10th compartment revaluation test result, the candidates need to use their roll number. Once the 10th revaluation marksheet will appear on the screen, candidates can obtain it for further reference. ALSO READ | Himachal Pradesh Board Reschedules HPBOSE Class 8 Winter Session Annual Exams
The Class 10 compartment/ improvement/ additional test result was earlier announced on October 27. The students who got unsatisfied with the result apply for revaluation/ scrutiny online.
The fee for revaluation process was Rs 500, while for the re-checking process, students need to pay Rs 400 as a processing fee. The 10th compartment test was held in August.
Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE) has revised the examination schedule for the class 8th winter session. The detailed examination schedule is available on the official website at hpbose.org.
The HP BOSE class 8th examinations will be held from December 1 to 9, 2022. The duration of the examination will be three hours from 10 an to 12 noon. Candidates will be provided 15 minutes to read the question paper.
Any electronic gadgets like calculators, watches with facilities of calculators, pagers, cellular phones and any other device are not allowed in the test center.
HP BOSE class 8th date sheet
|December 1, 2022||Himachal Lok Sanskriti And Yoga|
|December 2, 2022||Sanskrit|
|December 3, 2022||English|
|December 5, 2022||Maths|
|December 6, 2022||Social Science|
|December 7, 2022||Arts, Home Science, Music/Instrument, Punjabi, Urdu|
|December 8, 2022||Science|
|December 9, 2022||Hindi|
Candidates are advised to visit the official website of HPBOSE for more details.
HP TET 2022: The Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBoSE) releases the Teacher's Eligibility Test (TET) dates for 8 subjects. The tests will be conducted between December 12 and December 25, 2022. Candidates can apply for the HPTET NOVEMBER 2022 online at hpbose.org. The Junior Basic Training (JBT), Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT) in arts, medical, and non-medical professions, language teacher, Shastri, Punjabi, and Urdu are the courses for which the HPTET dates have been released. The test will last for two hours and be given in two shifts: from 10 AM to 12:30 PM in the morning, and from 2 AM to 4:30 PM in the afternoon.
Candidates may apply online at the Board Website from November 5 to November 22, 2022, until 11:59 p.m. The examination fee is Rs. 800 for all categories (with the exception of Physically Handicapped (PHH)) and its subcategories, and Rs. 500 for OBC, ST, SC, and PHH categories.
|Name of Examination||Date of Exam||Shift|
|TGT (Arts) TET||December 11||Morning|
|TGT (Medical) TET||December 11||Afternoon|
|TGT (Non-medical) TET||December 12||Morning|
|Language teacher TET||December 12||Afternoon|
|Punjabi TET||December 25||Morning|
|Urdu TET||December 25||Afternoon|
The HPTET online application form must be submitted from November 23 to November 25, 2022 (till 11:59 PM), along with an additional late charge of Rs 300. After that, no application will be considered. The HPTET admit card will be made available on the HP board's website four days before the tests begin.