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Killexams : HP Virtualization testing - BingNews Search results Killexams : HP Virtualization testing - BingNews Killexams : How to Fix the Windows Sandbox "No Hypervisor Was Found 0XC0351000" Error © Provided by MUO

Windows Sandbox is a handy utility to test untrusted apps and files in a secure virtual environment. The setup process is pretty straightforward for Windows Sandbox. However, when you try to launch the app, you may encounter the "No Hypervisor was found code 0XC0351000" error.

The error message indicates that Windows Sandbox was unable to detect Hypervisor. This can happen due to many reasons, including incorrectly configured virtual machine-related features in Windows Features.

Follow the steps in the article below to troubleshoot this error on your Windows PC.

1. Check and Enable Virtualization Technology in BIOS

All the virtualization-based tools need hardware virtualization enabled in BIOS to work. If you haven’t configured your hardware virtualization, check if it is enabled in Task Manager. If not, you can manually enable it in BIOS to support virtualization tools.

To check the virtualization status:

  1. Right-click on Start and open Task Manager.
  2. In Task Manager, open the Performance tab.
  3. Next, make sure the CPU tab is selected.
  4. Locate the Virtualization section. If Enabled, skip to the next method.
  5. If Disabled, follow the steps below to enable hardware virtualization on your computer.

Now we'll cover how to enable Hardware Virtualization in BISO on an HP computer. The instructions to enable hardware virtualization may vary depending on your computer manufacturer. You can find specific instructions on your computer manufacturer's website, or check out how to enter the BIOS in Windows 10/11.

  1. Shut down your PC.
  2. Press the Power button and then start pressing the Esc key to view the Start menu.
  3. Press F10 to enter BIOS Setup.
  4. In the BIOS Setup Utility, use the right-left arrow keys to locate and open the Configuration tab.
  5. Next, use the down-up arrow keys to select Virtualization Technology or anything with similar terms.
  6. With the option highlighted, press Enter and select Enabled from the options. Now the Virtualization Technology status will show as Enabled.
  7. Press F10 again to save the changes and exit BIOS.

Wait for your computer to restart. Open Task Manager to see the Virtualization status in the CPU tab. If it says "Enabled," try to open Windows Sandbox to see if it works without the error.

2. Enable Virtual Machine Platform Features

Windows Sandbox is available as an optional feature that you can install from the Windows Features dialog, and we've covered how to do this in our guide on how to enable and set up Windows Sandbox in Windows 11. Similarly, you may need to enable a few additional optional features essential to run the virtualization tool successfully.

The two optional features you need to enable are Virtual Machine Platform and Windows Hypervisor Platform. These tools enable platform support for virtual machines and provide the necessary API to run virtualization software on Windows.

To enable virtualization features:

  1. Press Win + I to open Settings.
  2. Type appwiz.cpl and click OK to open Control Panel.
  3. In the left pane, click on Turn Windows features on or off.
  4. In the Windows Features dialogue, scroll down and locate Virtual Machine Platform and Windows Hypervisor Platform.
  5. Select both options and click OK.
  6. Windows will start installing the necessary files. So, wait for the process to complete. Once done, click on Restart Now to restart your system and apply the changes.

3. Set Hypervisor to Run at System Startup

Windows Sandbox may not work if Hypervisor fails to start during system startup. To fix this issue, you can modify your Boot Configuration Data (BCD) file to launch Hypervisor automatically at system startup.

To set Hypervisor to launch at system startup:

  1. Press the Win key and type cmd. Then, right-click on Command Prompt and select Run as administrator.
  2. In the Command Prompt window, type the following command and press Enter: BCDEDIT /Set {current} hypervisorlaunchtype auto
  3. Wait for the success message and restart your PC.
  4. After the restart, open Command Prompt as administrator and run the following command: bcdedit
  5. Next, scroll down to the Hypervisorlaunchtype entry and make sure it is set to Auto.
  6. Try to launch Windows Sandbox and check if the No Hypervisor was found error is resolved.

Note that with the Hypervisor set to launch at startup, virtual machines running on third-party virtualization tools such as VMWare may not work correctly.

To disable Hypervisor at startup, type the following command in the elevated Command Prompt:

bcdedit /set hypervisorlaunchtype off

Once done, restart your computer to apply the changes.

Get Set With Your Sandbox Again

While only available on the Pro, Enterprise, and Education editions of the Windows 10 and 11 running systems, Sandbox is an excellent lightweight virtualization solution to test unsafe files and apps on your PC.

However, if this virtualization option is unavailable, consider using a Windows Sandbox alternative such as Sandboxie-Plus. It is free to use and works on all the editions of Windows OS.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 03:16:14 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : What Is Workspace Virtualization? And Does Your Business Need It?
  • Workspace virtualization can increase efficiency and productivity by running all the tools and software an employee may need from a data center rather than a single PC. 
  • Businesses can virtualize all devices they use, such as virtualized desktops and VoIP phones. 
  • Workspace virtualization can reduce costs and increase the efficiency of IT departments by allowing for the standardization and easy deployment of data and applications to all employees across a company.  
  • This article is for business owners and managers who are curious about workspace virtualization and whether it fits their business needs. 

Are you meeting your employees’ tech needs? Workspace virtualization can help. Employees are demanding more from their devices, and IT staff are struggling to meet expectations. Workspace virtualization allows small businesses that want cutting-edge technology but have a limited budget to better fulfill users’ tech expectations while preventing IT staff from becoming overwhelmed.

Workspace virtualization can provide significant benefits to SMBs. Whether a business is looking for greater flexibility for its employees, reduced costs or better IT efficiency, workspace virtualization, if successfully deployed, can help. We’ve put together the following primer explaining how virtualization works and how businesses can benefit. 

What is workspace virtualization?

“Workspace virtualization is the ability to abstract a user’s workflow and untie it from the constraints of the physical desktop,” said Joe Stone, network engineer at, a networking and collaboration solutions provider. This means that employees get the same working experience, regardless of their device or location. “A user’s desktop, applications and data can be available to them anywhere because it is no longer dependent upon a single workstation or operating system.” 

One example is desktop virtualization, in which a user’s full Windows workstation can be run from the data center rather than from a single PC, Stone said. “The desktop experience can be accessed from almost any physical device,” he said.  Such is the case at a hospital or clinic, where a doctor can receive a patient’s record in their office, close their session and resume it from a tablet in an test room, Stone noted. “The very same session that was started in the office can be picked back up right where it was left off, even though the location and device used to access it has changed,” he said. [Related article: Virtualization vs. Cloud Computing: What’s the Difference?]

Similarly, workspace virtualization can extend beyond desktops to all the devices that a small business uses.

“You could [virtualize the entire office space by] using laptops, high-speed Internet, video cameras and VoIP [Voice over Internet Protocol] phones,” said Michael Thompson, also a network engineer at “An employee could be sitting at their kitchen table but, through the use of technology, have access to everything that they would normally have access to in the office.” 

Workspace virtualization can also be used by employees outside the office. For instance, most engineers are in the field every day with just a laptop, cell phone and, when available, an internet connection, Thompson said. The tools they rely on include virtual private networks (VPNs); externally available email through Microsoft Exchange’s Outlook Anywhere protocol, which is accessible via Webmail, cell phones and Outlook; instant messaging client Jabber; and web conferencing, desktop sharing and online collaboration software Webex.

“These tools allow us to stay in contact with the main office, as well as other engineers [who] may be able to lend a helping hand,” Thompson said.

Key takeaway: With workspace virtualization, a business can host everything an employee needs for their work in a data center. This allows an employee to log in and access their desktop environment, along with all data and applications, from any physical device. 

What are the benefits of workspace virtualization?

Workspace virtualization offers several benefits, such as greater IT efficiency, reduced costs and a better employee experience. 

Greater IT efficiency

Workspace virtualization provides greater efficiency for IT administrators because it streamlines the management of devices while meeting employee expectations.

“Workspace virtualization centrally manages the key elements of a user’s computing experience,” said Sean Donahue, lead account director at Ivanti, an IT solutions provider. It ensures that users have the right mix of IT services based on key elements, such as their location and devices, he said.

It also simplifies IT management for all users so IT personnel don’t have to tend to individual machines. “By centrally managing the personalization, data and settings separately from the underlying operating systems, devices and delivery platforms, IT is able to reduce the complexity often associated with managing users,” Donahue said.

Workspace virtualization can have a major impact when it comes to changing operating systems (OSs). For instance, with Microsoft ending support for Windows XP, companies that have workspace virtualization in place have likely already migrated successfully, Donahue said. “That’s because one of the largest challenges of a migration is restoring a user’s personalization and settings, which, in many cases, must be manually reconfigured when changing OS or devices.” 

However, with workspace virtualization, when a user logs in to a new device or updated OS, all of their settings and customizations will be applied automatically, Donahue noted. “To a user, the migration is seamless, and because of that, the barrage of service-desk calls often associated with a major migration project [is] extremely limited because the experience is familiar and users can continue working as usual.” 

The same holds true for other infrastructure changes, thus making the process much faster and more cost-effective, Donahue said.

Did you know?Did you know?: Workspace virtualization allows IT personnel to test out system changes or updates on a test virtual machine before rolling it out to the wider company. After confirming an update doesn’t break anything, IT personnel can roll out the change to employee virtual machines easily without any employee interaction

Reduced costs

Workspace virtualization can also lower IT costs for small businesses. It offers not only a platform for centralized management of many resources, but also standardization of equipment and services. Thompson said this results in reduced IT personnel overhead, as they no longer have to support as many desktop or laptop machines, which can be taxing on a small IT staff.

Workspace virtualization also lets businesses have a mobile and agile workforce, which can reduce the cost of office space, Thompson added.

Better employee experience

Workspace virtualization also benefits small businesses because it improves employees’ satisfaction with the company’s technology, including the devices themselves and the benefits of anytime, anywhere access.

“Workspace virtualization allows your workforce to work more efficiently and in a manner that more closely resembles the way they use technology in their personal lives,” Stone said. “People have grown accustomed to instant access to data and applications from anywhere at any time, and can grow frustrated when they don’t have the same access when it comes to their jobs.”

How does a business know if it needs workspace virtualization?

Although workspace virtualization offers many benefits to small businesses, it’s not the right solution for every company. A small business’s decision whether to employ workspace virtualization depends on individual requirements, such as the number and type of users and IT capabilities. [Related article: The Pros and Cons of Virtualization

“Complexity is a major driver for implementing workspace virtualization technologies,” Donahue said. “In most cases, as a small business grows past a few hundred users, meeting those users’ expectations can grow more challenging.”

There is also the issue of remote workers, for whom businesses may be looking at desktop virtualization solutions that offer flexibility, he said. “In most cases, the added personalization and security benefits that workspace virtualization can offer for these deployments make the investment worthwhile.”

TipTip: If your business doesn’t have dedicated IT staff, or is seeking to free up personnel for other duties, an IT managed service provider (MSP) might be a good fit for you. An MSP can handle a variety of operations, including setting up workspace virtualization.

IT strategy is also increasingly being driven by the need to keep users satisfied and productive, Donahue said. Workspace virtualization can help businesses that fall into this category. “IT departments that are having trouble keeping up with the demand from users can use workspace virtualization as a springboard for improving how IT services are managed.”

This is especially the case for small businesses with limited IT staff and budget.

“Many smaller companies don’t have dedicated IT staff to deal with the daily issues of traditional physical desktop deployment,” Stone said. “There are many desktop or software-as-a-service options available to small businesses that remove the support burden from the organization and turn it into a predictable service fee that is easy to budget for. Small businesses that have a mobile workforce and little to no internal IT support are perfect candidates for these options.” [Related article: What Is SaaS (Software as a Service)?]

Jeremy Bender ​​contributed to the writing and reporting in this article. Source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article.

Wed, 16 Nov 2022 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : How to enable virtualization on Windows 11 Windows 11 enable virtualization © Future Windows 11 enable virtualization

On Windows 11, virtualization enables you to run multiple instances of Windows 11, older versions, and operating systems from other platforms, such as Linux. In addition, the support allows you to enable other virtualization experiences like Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) and Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA).  

Although Windows 11 has virtualization support, it's something that, in most cases, you may have to enable manually in the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) firmware and on the operating system's settings.

This guide will walk you through the steps to enable all the features and components to support virtualization on Windows 11.

How to enable hardware virtualization on Windows 11

To enable hardware virtualization on Windows 11, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on System.
  3. Click the Recovery page on the right side.
  1. Under the "Recovery options" section, click the Restart now button for the "Advanced startup" setting.
  2. Click the Restart now button again.
  3. Click on Troubleshoot.
  4. Click on Advanced options.
  5. Click the UEFI Firmware Settings option.
  1. Click the Restart button.
  2. In the UEFI settings, open the AdvancedConfiguration, or Security page.
  • Quick note: If you need help finding the setting, you may have to check your hardware manufacturer to determine the location to enable the feature.
  1. Turn on virtualization. 
  • Quick note: The feature may have the "Virtualization Technology," "Intel Virtual Technology," or "SVM mode," but the name could be different on the motherboard.
  1. Save the settings.
  2. Restart computer.

Once you complete the steps, the computer will have support for virtualization features on Windows 11. 

How to enable software virtualization on Windows 11

After enabling the virtualization at the hardware level, you can enable the virtualization components available on Windows 11 or install other solutions, such as VMware. (VirtualBox from Oracle doesn't require hardware or software virtualization to be enabled before installation.)

To enable the software virtualization elements on Windows 11, use these steps:

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on Apps.
  3. Click the Optional features page on the right side.
  1. Under the "Related settings" section, click the "More Windows features" setting.
  1. Check the Hyper-V option to enable the Microsoft virtualization elements and the tools to create and run virtual machines on Windows 11.
  2. Check the Virtual Machine Platform option to enable the virtualization components to set up other virtualization solutions, such as Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA), or another software that requires this technology.
  3. Check the Windows Hypervisor Platform option to add an extended user-mode API for third-party virtualization stacks and apps.
  • Quick note: It's uncommon for regular users to enable this feature. Usually, you will only need to enable this feature if you have to set up a solution that requires it.
  1. Click the OK button.
  2. Click the Restart now button.

After you complete the steps, you can create virtual machines with the Hyper-V manager. Depending on your selection, you can install other solutions like WSL, WSA, and other platforms.

More resources

For more helpful articles, coverage, and answers to common questions about Windows 10 and Windows 11, visit the following resources:

You May Be Also Interested in:

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 01:07:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Top Data Virtualization Tools

Data virtualization is the process of cleansing and integrating data from various sources so it can be more readily accessed and analyzed by business users. It eliminates redundancy, standardizes formats, and makes data accessible through a single source. It integrates business intelligence, data visualization, and databases to help users query and analyze data while keeping them secure.

What are Data Virtualization Tools

Data virtualization tools are used to uncover data insights using a combination of data discovery, data modeling, and virtual data integration. They provide access to information without requiring detailed knowledge of its source or structure.

Data virtualization tools simplify data integration processes using metadata to understand each data source’s structure, semantics, and usage. A data virtualization solution bridges the gap between isolated systems. It enables users with self-service capabilities to access various data sets from multiple sources within or outside an organization.

Also see: Best Data Analytics Tools 

Best Data Virtualization Tools

Many companies are looking for the best data virtualization tools to work with as they explore ways to increase their productivity and efficiency. To help them make an informed decision, we have compiled a list of the top data virtualization tools rated highly by experts and users.

These rankings were based on popularity, ease of use, and how much value each data virtualization tool provides its users. Implementing one of these technologies can reduce operational costs and Boost data quality.

Also see: Top Data Visualization Tools 


SAP logo

SAP HANA Cloud is a single database as a service (DBaaS) foundation for modern applications and analytics across all enterprise data. It’s a comprehensive, scalable and flexible in-memory database – with an elastic, on-demand pricing model that allows organizations to pay only for what they need. It also offers advanced data virtualization capabilities – Including data federation, integration and replication – to move data seamlessly among different sources and formats so users can query any data type or source without concern for underlying schema complexity.

With SAP HANA Cloud, customers can build modern applications that combine data from many sources and run them at scale without compromise. Customers can leverage big data capabilities like distributed processing and real-time event handling to create a new generation of apps that support today’s analytics, collaboration, machine learning and digital transformation needs.

Key features

  • Data, federation integration and replication.
  • Provides comprehensive business visibility with a real-time gateway to all your data across apps, data storage, multi-cloud, and hybrid environments.
  • This tool is capable of handling OLTP and OLAP workloads for a variety of transactional and analytical databases.
  • Perform commands, and automate and customize applications.
  • Predict IT upgrades’ performance and cost-effectiveness and secure your IT landscape during and after changes.
  • Configure, modify, and monitor database performance, and automate advanced processes.
  • Stores, processes, and analyzes geospatial, graph, JSON document, and other data.


  • Friendly user interface.
  • Integration with other SAP products.
  • Saves maintenance cost.
  • Feature-rich.


Denodo logo

Denodo is a leading data integration, management and delivery platform that helps enterprises manage their entire data infrastructure. It offers the widest range of capabilities for accessing, handling and delivering all types of data across clouds, databases and Big Data environments without moving it from its original repositories.

It also delivers a single version of truth for analytics across all sources and governance to ensure compliance with company standards. Denodo is built for both technical and business users, including CIOs, CDOs, CDAOs, enterprise architects, developers, data scientists, and cloud architects.

Key features

  • Denodo Platform can be licensed on AWS Cloud, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform for faster deployment.
  • Connects to any data source, including databases, data warehouses, cloud applications, big data repositories, and Excel files.
  • Denodo is built to integrate, manage, and deliver data in complex, hybrid, multi-cloud systems while maintaining high performance, security, and governance.
  • Denodo platform enables self-service BI, data science, hybrid/multi-cloud data integration, and corporate data services.
  • Combine data from various sources, including structured, streaming, social, and flat files


  • Consolidate data from multiple sources.
  • User friendly.

TIBCO Data Virtualization

TIBCO logo

The TIBCO Data Virtualization solution delivers a complete, self-service data virtualization environment for business intelligence (BI), data warehousing and analytics. With the solution, users can consolidate all their enterprise data sources into one virtualized platform and easily build and manage new data connections to systems they need to access.

TIBCO data virtualization empowers IT departments by consolidating existing disparate toolsets so they can focus on managing how business information is accessed and used across the organization. It gives analysts immediate access to all data, which helps them develop actionable insights and act on them in real-time. Using a self-service directory of virtualized business data, users can search, select, and use BI or analytics tool to get results.

Key features

  • Its web UI is a self-service data provisioning and data catalog web user interface that lets users browse for accessible data and develop and publish their views for usage in third-party applications.
  • Integrated governance and security ensure the delivery of only sanctioned data, including visibility, traceability, provenance, control, authentication, authorization, and encryption.
  • Developers use the graphical modeling environment to model data, design data services, implement transformations, optimize searches, and manage resources.
  • Its centralized metadata management enables users to create and show detailed entity relationship diagrams and data models to meet new business needs.
  • Its advanced query engines let users query, federate, abstract, and deliver data.


  • Connects to multiple databases.
  • Fast data query.
  • Easy to use with minimal technical support.

Oracle Virtualization

Oracle logo

Oracle Virtualization is a flexible and easy-to-use tool that can be used with various platforms. It also includes high availability, load balancing, and virtual machine management. Built for security, efficiency and performance, Oracle Virtualization provides exceptional reliability. In addition, it’s an easily customizable platform that allows for smooth scalability and large data volumes.

Key features

  • Supports on-premise and cloud workload.
  • Enable security updates without rebooting.
  • Patches hypervisors automatically with zero downtime.


  • Easy to manage
  • Integration with other Oracle solutions

Red Hat jBoss Data Virtualization

Red Hat logo

Red Hat jBoss Data Virtualization enables enterprises to work more efficiently by providing data abstraction, federation, integration and transformation capabilities. It helps organizations reduce costs of development and deployment with the ability to combine data from one or multiple sources into reusable logical data models.

With JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) or ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) access, organizations can access the information with their existing applications. A rich set of web services APIs enables cross-platform connectivity to third-party systems, including other enterprise databases, NoSQL databases, SaaS, and flat files for agile data utilization.

Key features

  • Offers centralized access control, and auditing.
  • Simplifies data access to speed application development and integration.
  • Offers read/write access to heterogeneous data storage in real-time.
  • Integrate and transform data semantics per user needs.


  • Highly scalable and flexible.
  • Ease of use.
  • Comprehensive documentation.
  • Efficient support team.

Actifio GO

Actifio logo

Actifio GO is a data management platform that provides organizations with automated, self-service provisioning and refresh of enterprise workloads. Actifio enables enterprises to stay current with rapidly evolving IT needs while safeguarding their business-critical data and ensuring regulatory compliance. Additionally, Actifio integrates with Google Cloud Storage (GCS) via its Nearline storage service for backup and disaster recovery for GCP or hybrid environments.

Key features

  • Data encryption in transit and at rest.
  • Multi-region disaster recovery.
  • Self-service sign-up, simple deployment and central management for backup and recovery of VMs, SQL Server and SAP HANA databases inside Google Cloud and on-premises VMware VMs.
  • SLA-driven data management.


  • Data recovery.
  • Efficient customer support.
  • Multi-region disaster recovery.
  • Access data instantly, even after unsubscribing.


AtScale logo

AtScale is an enterprise-grade data virtualization platform that enables organizations to securely and rapidly access data from various sources. The semantic layer solution leverages the robust infrastructure of cloud data platforms such as Snowflake, Databricks, Microsoft Azure, Amazon Redshift and Google BigQuery to provide end-to-end support for analytics. It provides a platform for integration, analytics acceleration and orchestration of these engines via its Semantic Layer.

The tool allows data consumers to seamlessly connect with the analytics tools they already use, like Tableau, PowerBI, Excel, Jupyter and Looker. Companies can have their organization’s complete portfolio of business intelligence (BI) tools in one place while managing all data dependencies.

Key features

  • Data integration, blending and migration.
  • AtScale’s Insights models and workbooks provide multidimensional Cloud OLAP analysis without data prep or engineering.
  • Its virtual cube catalog enables easy, frictionless access to vast data.
  • Its design canvas visually and intuitively connects to any data.


  • SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS) performance improvement.
  • Efficient support team.

IBM Cloud Pak for Data

IBM logo

IBM CloudPak for Data is a data and AI platform that delivers on-demand insights to business leaders. It provides instant access to all your company’s data and lets you run predictive analytics. IBM CloudPak for Data offers various deployment options, including an on-premises software version built on the Red Hat OpenShift container platform or a fully managed version built on the IBM Cloud.

The tool manages data spread across distributed stores and clouds by providing an intuitive user interface that makes all of it easily accessible. IBM CloudPak for Data also integrates with other IBM products to provide end-to-end data management and security features.

Key features

  • Utilize Netezza, a high-performance data warehouse, to enhance analytics.
  • Prepare, cleanse, and govern your data in the same tool.
  • End-to-end AI lifecycle.
  • Deliver a unified experience based on metadata and active policy management.


  • Intuitive user interface.
  • Multi-cloud storage option.
  • Feature-rich.

Informatica PowerCenter

Informatica logo

Informatica PowerCenter is a leading enterprise-class data integration platform that enables you to integrate and transform data to accelerate business insight. It provides out-of-the-box capabilities for unstructured data, enterprise applications, cloud and SaaS applications, predictive analytics and machine learning. PowerCenter supports analytics and data warehousing, application migration, consolidation, and data governance.

Key features

  • Users may use data transformation to parse JSON, PDF, XML, Microsoft Office, and IoT for non-relation data.
  • The product offers tools for analytics, data warehousing, data governance, consolidation, and application migration.
  • Cloud applications connectivity.
  • Rapid prototyping, profiling, and validation.
  • Script-free automated data validation testing.


  • Maintains data quality during the ingestion and integration process.
  • Supports public clouds such as Microsoft Azure and Amazon Web Services.
  • Automation.
  • Collaboration.

Stone Bond Enterprise Enabler

Stone Bond Technologies logo

Stone Bond Enterprise Enabler is a data and application integration that delivers a set of enterprise-ready components to create and deliver high-quality business information. It integrates data virtualization, extract, transform, load (ETL), enterprise application integration (EAI), service-oriented architecture (SOA) and master data services in a single platform.

It facilitates the delivery of valuable insights from disparate sources of information for decision-making purposes. Integrating data from heterogeneous databases into one uniform presentation with metadata about the underlying structure enables easy access to data for collaboration and visualization purposes.

Key features

  • Simple drag-and-drop to auto-generate virtual models in minutes or seconds for BI reports, web services, and apps.
  • Automatically develop and host queryable virtual models (ODBC, JDBC, SOAP, REST, oData, ADO.Net, and BDC or BCS).
  • Data masking and obfuscation.
  • Consolidate all EE features, including Enterprise Enabler Studio, self-service portal, web APIs, and documentation in one console.


  • Supports GDPR compliance, RLS, and CLS.
  • Data lineage.

SAS Federation Server

SAS logo

SAS Federation Server data virtualization software provides a business-centric view of all enterprise data, empowering organizations to find, use, and deliver the information they need to make better decisions.

With SAS Federation Server, you can centralize disparate data sources within your organization’s infrastructure, simplify connections to remote locations, and securely share access to the appropriate data sources with those who have been granted access permissions. The result is an easier-to-use environment that optimizes user productivity while reducing administration costs and complexity.

Key features

  • Improved performance with in-memory data caches and scheduling.
  • Defines a user or group’s catalog, schema, table, column, and row access permissions.
  • Apply data quality functions such as match-code generation, parsing and other tasks inside the view.
  • Advanced data masking and encryption.
  • SAS Federation Server accesses, manages, and shares SAS data with major relational databases such as DB2, Oracle, SAP, SQL Server, Teradata, and Greenplum.


  • Ease of use.
  • Interactive interface.
  • Improves efficiency.

K2View Dynamic Data Virtualization

K2View logo

K2View is a leading data virtualization software company. Their dynamic data virtualization platform ingests data from various sources. It unifies, transforms, and enriches it to be shared across users and systems to enable more insightful decision-making. K2View’s solution for data virtualization also handles data masking tools when required, ensuring the privacy of sensitive information throughout the process.

Key features

  • Enables access to live data through a logical abstraction layer.
  • The tool allows you to choose which data product data will be virtualized, unified, processed, orchestrated, and delivered from source to destination.
  • Implement reverse ETL.
  • Compliant with data privacy regulations such as GDPR, CCPA/CPRA, LGPD, HIPAA, and PCI DSS.


  • Centralized data management.
  • Integration on-prem, in the cloud, or hybrid.
  • High-scale data delivery.


Cdata logo

Cdata is a data connectivity and integration tool that offers customers a flexible approach to handling, transforming, and integrating large sets of diverse data sources. It can connect to various data sources, including cloud and SaaS applications, data warehousing, management, governance, AI, ML, BI and analytics and other enterprise application systems.

The solution integrates data from multiple systems and formats into a centralized repository where business users can leverage it, analytic models and advanced processes at both the transactional and deep insights levels.

Key features

  • Cdata drivers, adapters, and cloud connectivity solutions provide real-time data to Tableau, Power BI, Excel, Sisense QuickSight, DataStudio, and Spotfire.
  • Enterprise-level ETL may bring together the information stored in any large database or data warehouse so that it can be accessed whenever necessary by users, including analysts, data scientists, developers, AI, and decision-makers.
  • Cdata offers visual and secure application and data integration solutions based on an open architecture.


  • Easy to implement.
  • Supports multiple databases.
  • Automatically and continuously integrate data into Google BigQuery, Snowflake, Microsoft SQL Server, and Amazon Redshift.

Data Virtuality

Data Virtuality logo

Data Virtuality is a scalable data virtualization platform that combines data virtualization and ETL to provide data professionals with a data integration tool that enables them to extract any data from their legacy systems, transform it into a format suitable for use in modern applications, and distribute it across their environment. The tool offers self-service interfaces for business users and developers who need data connectivity without the involvement of IT experts.

Key features

  • Agile data management.
  • Offers over 200 data connectors.
  • Use metadata repositories to Boost master data management.


  • Self-service capabilities.
  • Supports several use cases, including data governance, data quality checks, self-service BI, and data preparation.
  • Flexible ETL/ELT model building.

Also see: Top Cloud Companies

Key Features of Data Virtualization Solutions

There are several features to consider when shopping for a data virtualization tool. They include:

Fully integrated

Data virtualization solutions integrate the data and processes of all aspects of your organization – from master data management to business intelligence. This means that information is always current, accurate, and seamlessly accessible across the enterprise.


A data virtualization solution provides a single point for accessing all data types, including transactional, analytic and structured/unstructured data sources. The ability to query by either metadata or content makes it easy to access just the suitable dataset without performing complex searches through multiple databases.

Centralized deployment of rules

Different departments within an organization may have different views on how data should be organized, processed and accessed. Data virtualization software gives you central control over these decisions so organizations can take advantage of data no matter where it resides in its raw form.

Business users don’t need training in specific programming languages; they can create custom data models, views, queries and reports with drag-and-drop simplicity. The fact that there is one version of the truth for all team members removes potential disagreements over data definitions and opportunities to work around IT rules by sending inquiries directly to individual databases.

Access controls

Data virtualization software offers flexible security options for controlling who has access to data. It also provides role-based controls (such as access privileges based on roles) to deliver users only the rights they require to perform their job functions.

Zero latency

Most data virtualization solutions offer zero latency querying, even when combining datasets stored in disparate systems. Allowing interactive, ad hoc exploration and analysis of datasets as they are being loaded dramatically reduces query timeframes and frees up scarce IT resources for other projects.

Easily consistent

Data virtualization software keeps creating, distributing and maintaining master data consistent and error-free because it supports integration between corporate applications such as CRM, ERP and OLAP tools.

Data transformation

With data transformation, you can quickly and automatically convert your data into the format required by any downstream system. This eliminates the need to manually reformat data whenever you want to use it in a different system.

Multidimensional analysis

Data virtualization software enables this analysis, which involves examining multiple perspectives on a set of data simultaneously. This allows analysts to explore and analyze trends and relationships in ways that would not otherwise be possible. As part of this capability, data virtualization also stores subsets of data from each dimension, allowing them to be combined and analyzed.

Also see: Real Time Data Management Trends

Benefits of Data Virtualization Software

Data virtualization software offers several benefits that can help companies Boost their data management and analysis. This includes easily accessing data from all sources, which is often difficult or impossible in the absence of data virtualization software.

It also provides an environment where different data types can be analyzed and queried relatively easily and simplifies storing, managing and accessing this information.

Data virtualization solutions can also eliminate many time-consuming tasks associated with maintaining complex databases and spreadsheets by centralizing disparate datasets. These features, combined with other benefits like mobility and scalability, make data virtualization software an invaluable asset for any company looking to simplify its processes.

This enables businesses to make better decisions by accessing more accurate and complete information. Other benefits include:

  • Ability to generate reports faster as the process does not require the same manual intervention as with traditional technologies.
  • Improve decision-making processes by merging disparate datasets.
  • It allows companies to meet compliance requirements for data reporting across organizational units or jurisdictions.
  • Flexible enough to adapt as new hardware or software becomes available.

Choosing the Right Data Virtualization Tool for your Enterprise

There are different types of data virtualization tools available, but not all tools are created equal.

Choosing the right data virtualization tool depends on understanding how much flexibility is required by your company’s business practices; however, there are some general guidelines to follow when shopping around for this type of solution.

  • Make sure that any data virtualization software can work with other critical enterprise applications such as ERP or CRM.
  • Choose a provider that offers multiple access levels to ensure everyone has the appropriate level for their job function.
  • Make sure you’re getting value for money because it can get expensive quickly when deploying large amounts of technology across an organization.
  • Be sure to check out customer reviews before making any final decisions. These reviews can help determine whether the product is worth the cost.
  • Find out about training and support options offered by each vendor before buying.
  • Ensure that training is included in the package price and that you’ll have 24/7 access to support staff after purchase. It’s also helpful if vendors provide templates or plug-ins that make it easier for new users to use the data virtualization tool without having extensive technical knowledge.

Finding the perfect data virtualization software for your enterprise can be challenging with so many factors involved. However, considering these five features can go a long way toward finding success in the data virtualization sector.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 10:15:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : A guide to automated testing tools
The following is a listing of automated testing tool providers, along with a brief description of their offerings.

mabl is the enterprise SaaS leader of intelligent, low-code test automation that empowers high-velocity software teams to embed automated end-to-end tests into the entire development lifecycle. Customer-centric brands rely on mabl’s unified platform for creating, managing, and running automated tests that result in faster delivery of high-quality, business critical applications. Learn more at; follow @mablhq on Twitter and @mabl on LinkedIn.

Parasoft helps organizations continuously deliver quality software with its market-proven automated software testing solutions. Parasoft’s AI-enhanced technologies reduce the time, effort, and cost of delivering secure, reliable, compliant software with everything from deep code analysis and unit testing to web UI and API testing, plus service virtualization and merged code coverage. Bringing all this together, Parasoft’s award-winning reporting and analytics dashboard delivers a centralized view of application quality, enabling organizations to deliver with confidence.

testRigor helps organizations dramatically reduce time spent on test maintenance, Boost test stability, and dramatically Boost the speed of test creation. This is achieved through its support of “plain English” language that allows users to describe how to find elements on the screen and what to do with those elements from the end-user’s perspective. People creating tests on their system build 2,000+ tests per year per person. On top of it,  testRigor helps teams deploy their analytics library in production that will make systems automatically produce tests reflecting the most frequently used end-to-end flows from production.


Applitools is built to test all the elements that appear on a screen with just one line of code. Using Visual AI, you can automatically verify that your web or mobile app functions and appears correctly across all devices, all browsers and all screen sizes. It is designed to integrate with your existing tests. We support all major test automation frameworks and programming languages covering web, mobile, and desktop apps.

Appvance IQ can generate its own tests, surfacing critical bugs in minutes with limited human involvement in web and mobile applications. AIQ empowers enterprises to Boost the quality, performance and security of their most critical applications, while transforming the efficiency and output of their testing teams and lowering QA costs. Continuous Testing enables organizations to reduce risk and provide their customers satisfying, error-free experiences — across all devices and browsers. Continuous Testing provides expansive test coverage across 2000+ real mobile devices and web browsers, and seamlessly integrates with best-in-class tools throughout the DevOps/DevSecOps pipeline.

HCL Software develops, markets, sells, and supports over 20 product families with particular focus on Customer Experience, Digital Solutions, Secure DevOps, and Security & Automation. Its mission is to drive ultimate customer success of their IT investments through relentless innovation of our software products. 

HPE Software’s automated testing solutions simplify software testing within fast-moving agile teams and for continuous integration scenarios. Integrated with DevOps tools and ALM solutions, HPE automated testing solutions keep quality at the center of today’s modern applications and hybrid infrastructures. 

IBM: Quality is essential and the combination of automated testing and service virtualization from IBM Rational Test Workbench allows teams to assess their software throughout their delivery life cycle. IBM has a market leading solution for the continuous testing of end-to-end scenarios covering mobile, cloud, cognitive, mainframe and more. 

Keysight Technologies Digital Automation Intelligence (DAI) platform is the first AI-driven test automation solution with unique capabilities that make the testing process faster and easier. With DAI, you can automate 95% of activities, including test-case design, test execution, and results analysis. This enables teams to rapidly accelerate testing, Boost the quality of software and integrate with DevOps at speed. The intelligent automation reduces time to market and ensures a consistent experience across all devices.

Micro Focus enables customers to accelerate test automation with one intelligent functional testing tool for web, mobile, API and enterprise apps. Users can test both the front-end functionality and back-end service parts of an application to increase test coverage across the UI and API.

Microsoft’s Visual Studio helps developers create, manage, and run unit tests by offering the Microsoft unit test framework or one of several third-party and open-source frameworks. The company provides a specialized tool set for testers that delivers an integrated experience starting from Agile planning to test and release management, on-premises or in the cloud. 

Kobiton offers its patented GigaFox on-premises or hosted, and solves mobile device sharing and management challenges during development, debugging, manual testing, and automated testing. A pre-installed and pre-configured Appium server provides “instant on” Appium test automation.

NowSecure identifies the broadest array of security threats, compliance gaps and privacy issues in custom-developed, commercial, and business-critical mobile apps. NowSecure customers can choose automated software on-premises or in the cloud, expert professional penetration testing and managed services, or a combination of all as needed. 

Orasi is a leading provider of software testing services, utilizing test management, test automation, enterprise testing, Continuous Delivery, monitoring, and mobile testing technology. 

Perfecto users can pair their favorite frameworks with Perfecto to automate advanced testing capabilities, like GPS, device conditions, audio injection, and more. It also includes full integration into the CI/CD pipeline, continuous testing improves efficiencies across all of DevOps.  

ProdPerfect is an autonomous, end-to-end (E2E) regression testing solution that continuously identifies, builds and evolves E2E test suites via data-driven, machine-led analysis of live user behavior data. It addresses critical test coverage gaps, eliminates long test suite runtimes and costly bugs in production, and removes the QA burden that consumes massive engineering resources.  

Progress Software’s Telerik Test Studio is a test automation solution that helps teams be more efficient in functional, performance and load testing, improving test coverage and reducing the number of bugs that slip into production. 

Sauce Labs provides a cloud-based platform for automated testing of web and mobile applications. Optimized for use in CI and CD environment, and built with an emphasis on security, reliability and scalability, users can run tests written in any language or framework using Selenium or Appium.

SmartBear tools are built to streamline your process while seamlessly working with your existing products. Whether it’s TestComplete, Swagger, Cucumber, ReadyAPI, Zephyr, or one of our other tools, we span test automation, API life cycle, collaboration, performance testing, test management, and more. 

Synopsys offers a powerful and highly configurable test automation flow that provides seamless integration of all Synopsys TestMAX capabilities. Early validation of complex DFT logic is supported through full RTL integration while maintaining physical, timing and power awareness through direct links into the Synopsys Fusion Design Platform.

SOASTA’s Digital Performance Management (DPM) Platform includes five technologies: TouchTest mobile functional test automation; mPulse real user monitoring (RUM); the CloudTest platform for continuous load testing; Digital Operation Center (DOC) for a unified view of contextual intelligence accessible from any device; and Data Science Workbench, simplifying analysis of current and historical web and mobile user performance data. 

Tricentis Tosca, the #1 continuous test automation platform, accelerates testing with a script-less, AI-based, no-code approach for end-to-end test automation. With support for over 160+ technologies and enterprise applications, Tosca provides resilient test automation for any use case. 

To read the full Buyers Guide, click here. To see how companies are helping with automated testing initiatives, click here.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html Killexams : What Is Data Virtualization?

The vast amount of data that companies manage comes in many forms, including structured and unstructured. To be effective, enterprises must be able to view all of their data in one place, in real time. They must also be able to translate the data to glean actionable insights from it. Data virtualization is the solution.

Data virtualization is a method of data management that refers to the compiling of all enterprise data in one place, regardless of its source. This is completed via a virtual data layer that aggregates all data across disparate systems.

Also see: Understanding Database Virtualization: 5 Key Points

How Does Data Virtualization Work?

The process of data virtualization is quite simple. Data is accessed in its original form and source. Unlike typical “extract, transform, and load” (ETL) processes, virtualization doesn’t require data to be moved to a data warehouse or data lake first.

Data is aggregated in a single location, known as a virtual data layer. Using this layer, enterprises can develop simple, holistic, and customizable views (also known as dashboards) for accessing and making sense of data. 

Using these tools, users can also pull real-time reports, manipulate data, and perform advanced data processes such as predictive maintenance. Data is easily accessible via dashboards from anywhere.

The virtualization process is most commonly completed using data virtualization software. Many platforms exist, including those from industry leaders such as IBM, Oracle, and TIBCO.

The Benefits of Data Virtualization

The benefits of data virtualization for growing enterprises are many. Data virtualization enables IT teams to gain access to real-time data regardless of source to Boost decision-making, increase productivity, and reduce overall costs.

Combines Structured and Unstructured Data

The data held in various sources such as relational and non-relational databases will be both structured and unstructured. While structured data is typically numbers and other values, unstructured data is more complex and comes in the form of video files, IoT sensor data, and other examples.

Analyzing unstructured data can be a challenge. However, it’s an incredible source of insights.

The best way forward is to combine structured and unstructured data, a process that is made simple through data virtualization processes and software.

Eliminates Data Replication

Enterprises require real-time access to up-to-date data at all times. Unfortunately, traditional processes such as ETL require data to be replicated whenever updated data is requested. Data replication is expensive as it requires ever-growing levels of storage. It also results in duplicate and incorrect data that can skew datasets.

Data virtualization doesn’t require replication. Instead, data is kept in its original source yet viewed in a virtual layer. This means virtualization can result in higher-quality data faster and at a lower cost.

Improves Decision-Making

While data is critical to the decision-making process, not just any data will do. The data used must be accurate, up-to-date, and logical. It must also be displayed in a way that all stakeholders can understand, whether a user is a data scientist or a C-level executive.

Data virtualization enables stakeholders to access the specific data they need when they need it. Because data isn’t just a replication from any given time, all data is accurate to the minute. This results in full business visibility that enables stakeholders to pivot quickly with confidence.

When integrated with data visualization tools, virtualization software allows users to see real-time data in an easy-to-understand form. For example, data can be displayed in charts or graphs.

See also: Best Data Visualization Tools in 2022

Enhances Productivity

Data virtualization enhances productivity in many ways. First, virtualization improves data access. There’s no need for users to access multiple applications or serversall data is collected into a single resource. Users can get in, grab the data they need, and get back to work.

Data virtualization also simplifies the data analysis process. Virtualization software offers an easy-to-use interface that even those unfamiliar with data analysis can use. Stakeholders can quickly access the data they need to make quick business decisions. Plus, these self-service capabilities will reduce the workload for IT and data teams.

The enhanced productivity resulting from data virtualization enables enterprises to move quickly. Processes such as product development can also become more efficient. As a result, enterprises gain a competitive advantage within their industries.

Reduces Infrastructure Costs

Data virtualization requires fewer resources than traditional data integration methods. For example, due to the elimination of replication, enterprises can reduce the amount of data storage they must pay for. Virtualization also results in fewer data sources to manage, which saves teams time and effort.

Simplifies Data Security and Governance

Data security and governance strategies ensure data is protected and used appropriately. Unfortunately, as enterprises grow, data and its sources become increasingly complex. Security and governance quickly become impossible to manage.

Data virtualization simplifies data governance by delivering a single source of truth. All data sources are integrated into one, enabling IT teams to enforce centralized data security and governance policies. In addition, data virtualization platforms include features such as access control and the ability to integrate with other data security tools.

How Is Data Virtualization Used Today?

The increase in data volume and the need for real-time access are resulting in serious growth within the data virtualization market. Recent data shows that the global market is expected to reach $22.2 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 21.7%.

Many enterprises across industries are utilizing data virtualization to Boost data access, reduce costs, and boost productivity.

  • In retail, data virtualization enables enterprises to view everything from inventory levels to customer behavior across stores in one centralized location. 
  • In manufacturing, data virtualization enables users to quickly pinpoint areas of improvement in production, resulting in improved manufacturing yield.
  • In healthcare, data virtualization enables stakeholders to access real-time patient data across sources to provide the highest quality care.
  • In telecommunications, data virtualization enables enterprises to use accessible data to quickly resolve support tickets and Boost the customer experience.

The Challenges of Data Virtualization

While it’s incredibly beneficial across industries, data virtualization does come with its own set of challenges. For example, just like any other digital transformation project, an upfront investment is required. Enterprises must invest in data virtualization software, staff training, and other components.

In addition to the investment, other challenges exist:

  • Virtualization is complex: Modernizing a data infrastructure isn’t easy. And data virtualization isn’t as simple as purchasing and implementing software. In many cases, data virtualization tools must be implemented in conjunction with other tools such as ETL. The virtualization process can quickly get complex.
  • Specific expertise is required: The virtualization of the data and its future management requires specific expertise that some enterprises may not have current access to. Companies may need to hire professionals specifically for virtualization or look for third-party assistance, which can drive up costs.
  • Data retrieval depends on source uptime: As data is gathered directly from the source in real time, data retrieval requires the source to be up and running when a query is made. If the source (such as a database or software) is experiencing downtime, data retrieval won’t occur.

Data Virtualization: Related Terms

The course of data virtualization includes a wide range of terms, some of which are used interchangeably. To gain a solid understanding of data virtualization and management, it’s important to be clear on these terms. Some common, data-specific terms enterprises must be familiar with include:

  • Data management: Data management is the process of collecting, storing, and managing data. Data virtualization is a process included within the practice of data management.
  • Data consolidation: Data consolidation is the process of combining data from various sources into one. For example, all data may be consolidated into a data warehouse or lake. While data consolidation is similar to virtualization, consolidation is missing the virtual data layer that enables access to real-time data.
  • Data warehouse: A data warehouse is a large set of data gathered from various sources. Data inside the warehouse is structured and processed, ready for analytics.
  • Data lake: A data lake is a simple repository of data. Unlike the data warehouse, data inside the data lake is unstructured and raw.

See also: Top Data Analytics Tools & Software for 2022

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 00:14:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : HP Laptop 17 (2022) Review Thu, 08 Dec 2022 12:49:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : HP decimates staff

Decimation of company

The maker of expensive printer ink HP has decimated its staff claiming that is justified due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

While HP must have made a killing as businesses rushed to buy hardware so their staff could work from home, during the pandemic, it appears that Covid is now being used as the reason for PC sale's slumping.

The computing giant has revealed its 2022 fiscal year results, showing fourth quarter revenues down 14.8 per cent compared to the same period last year so the answer is getting rid of ten per cent of staff.

The mass layoffs come after HP expanded the workforce by around 10,000 workers compared to this time last year. 

In what it calls its “Fiscal year 2023 Future Ready transformation” and anyone else might call “a slew of cost-cutting measures”, HP claimed it would make savings across around “digital transformation, portfolio optimisation and operational efficiency.”  At some point, history will say that workers killed managers who used this sort of language, particularly when they come to announce job cuts, and humanity generally benefited. 

Wed, 23 Nov 2022 20:09:00 -0600 Nick Farrell en-gb text/html
Killexams : Best DNA Test for 2022: AncestryDNA vs. 23andMe and More

You can learn all about your ancestry, medical predispositions, physical condition and more with a simple at-home DNA test. It's never been easier or more affordable to try one out if you're curious. There are multiple different DNA tests out there right now that can teach you all about your genetics without even having to go to a doctor's office. Below, we'll break down the best DNA test options on the market so you can find the one that will work best for you. 

Though it's a thorny and controversial topic, some tests also claim to reveal your "ethnicity." There are also DNA test services that can shed light on your genetic predisposition for diseases and physiological traits, ranging from your eye color to your tolerance for cilantro. 

While they used to cost about $1,000 back in the 2000s, you can now get a sophisticated DNA data analysis of your genetic makeup for a fraction of that price, thanks to trailblazers such as 23andMe and Ancestry, and upstarts like Living DNA

There are three types of DNA tests -- each with its own particular strengths, limitations and rationales.

  • An autosomal DNA test is the best investment for most beginners; it can identify relatives between five and seven generations back, across both maternal and paternal lines.
  • Only men can effectively use a Y-DNA test, which identifies male relatives on the paternal line reaching back 60,000 years. If you're looking to trace the history of your family's surname, this is the test to use.
  • Mitochondrial DNA testing, also known as mtDNA testing, can determine genetic relationships on a maternal line from up to 150,000 years ago; both men and women can take this type of test.

Each testing company will deliver you an analysis of your DNA test results. These results could include your geographical origin -- some claim to be able to pinpoint a specific country, town or even "tribe" -- as well as your genetic ancestry composition and your susceptibility to particular genetic diseases. We should note that these tests don't serve a diagnostic purpose. A doctor-administered genetic test and a follow-up with a genetic counselor is important if you think you have a genetic disease. No online testing company offering results from a saliva demo can substitute for a health test administered by your doctor. 

Certain companies will also serve up "matches" from their DNA databases, which will deliver you a head start on connecting with possible relatives and offer some degree of family-tree research support. AncestryDNA, for example, offers a subscription service that includes access to hundreds of databases containing birth, death and marriage announcements, census documents, newspaper archives and other historical records.

Some DNA companies sell tests designed for specific ethnicities or specialized kits that claim to shed light on your optimal skin care regimen or weight; others offer tests designed to identify the genetic makeup of your cat or dog. (Yes, you can get a dog DNA test.) The experts I spoke to were dubious of the efficacy and value of these tests, however, and recommended avoiding them.

Though there's no blood involved with modern DNA testing -- you either swab the inside of your cheek or fill a small test tube with your saliva -- there are plenty of reasons to be wary of the companies that sell these kits. Your success in DNA test genealogy is largely dependent on supplying highly personal information about yourself and your relatives, from your genetic data to your mother's maiden name (a traditional cornerstone of password security).

Concerns over data privacy and security are well-founded, and experts warn that regulation, especially in the US, lags far behind the technology. You should also know that some DNA testing companies may share data with pharmaceutical companies and law enforcement agencies. Bottom line: Think critically before volunteering information about your health history and familial connections to any DNA testing company or organization. 

Read more: In the Future, Not Even Your DNA Will be Sacred

DNA testing, and genealogy more broadly, involves a complicated mixture of genetics, probabilities and guesswork. The various DNA testing services use different labs, algorithms, equipment and criteria to analyze your genetic material. Although you should expect some degree of overlap between analyses from different companies, they may differ significantly. There's also an element of critical mass -- the larger the company's database, the larger the demo they use to analyze your results, and the more accurate your test result should be. 

We tried some of the top DNA testing services, assessing the breadth and depth of their offerings, methodologies, reputation and price. Take a look at our recommendations below.


Founded in 2006, 23andMe is one of the pioneers of DNA testing for consumers. In 2017 it became the first such service to win the FDA's approval as a risk screener for diseases. It has become one of the most well-known DNA testing companies -- and well-funded, since taking in a $300 million stake from GlaxoSmithKline, which uses the company's customer data to research and design new drugs. Still, the company recently announced a round of layoffs, citing a slowdown in the DNA testing market likely caused by increasing concerns about privacy.

23andMe segments its analysis into three main categories -- health, ancestry and traits. The basic ancestry and traits test, which is now on sale for $79, includes an analysis of your genetic makeup including your regions of origin, maternal and paternal lineage and Neanderthal ancestry. Once you opt in, the company's match database -- which has more than 10 million profiles -- will identify and offer to connect you with people who share a DNA match with you.

The company's DNA health test, which is on sale for $129, adds information about your genetic predisposition for late-onset Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other diseases. The service also includes analysis of your carrier status as a potential genetic carrier for disorders like Cystic Fibrosis and Sickle Cell Anemia as well as indicators for lactose intolerance and other "wellness" issues. The Premium Membership bundle, currently on sale for $159, provides priority lab processing, premium customer support and a personalized walkthrough of your results. 

I found 23andMe's website and mobile app very easy to navigate and brimming with interesting, comprehensible information about both my ancestry and health as well as the science of genetics and genealogy. The main dashboard offers intuitive links to exploring your ancestry, learning about the genetic risks for health conditions, building out a family tree and connecting with relatives. Among all of the DNA tests I tried, 23andMe delivered the best introduction to my recent and ancient genealogy along with an analysis of my genetic health. The only real drawback is that it does not offer integrated access to historical documents.

23andMe does provide easy access to a full range of privacy preferences and consent options, however. (That noted, 23andMe's terms of service and privacy statement is among the most extensive, exceeding 20,000 words.) You can ask the company to store your saliva demo indefinitely for future testing or have them discard it. Having signed off when I first signed up, I subsequently changed my mind about giving the company permission to share my data with researchers outside of 23andMe, and was able to retract my consent with the click of a button.

Read more: Ancestry vs. 23andMe: Which DNA testing kit is best for tracing your family history?

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Founded in Utah in the 1990s, -- the parent company of AncestryDNA -- started out as a publishing and genealogy company. Since then, it has had a somewhat tumultuous corporate existence, having been bought, sold, publicly traded and then purchased by private equity groups.

The company's basic DNA kit service, currently on sale for $59, provides you with an "ethnicity estimate" derived from its proprietary sequencing techniques. It's noteworthy that the company's genetic testing, which is outsourced to Quest Diagnostics, is distinct from most other companies that use paternal Y chromosome and/or maternal mitochondrial DNA methodologies, and less is known about the particular criteria it uses. 

That noted, AncestryDNA says its database contains more than 18 million profiles, making it the largest of all of the DNA test kit services. The company also maintains a powerful tool for searching through hundreds of historical document databases -- but any substantive research will quickly bring you to a paywall. Ancestry's databases are further bolstered by its partnership with, a genealogical records site run by the Mormon church.

An entry-level membership, which provides access to more than 6 billion records in the US, costs $119 for six months or $25 per month, after a free two-week trial. The "World Explorer" membership, for $40 per month, broadens your access to the company's 27 billion international records, and the "All Access" tier, starting at $60 per month, includes unlimited access to Ancestry's historical and contemporary database of more than 15,000 newspapers and military records from around the world. 

AncestryDNA offers a personalized health report with "actionable insights," access to genetic counseling resources, an online tool to help you map your family's health over generations and a next-generation sequencing service for screening your genetic risk for heart disease, some cancers and blood disorders. Still, the results are not diagnostic -- though the test result must be approved by one of the company's physicians -- and the service does not have FDA approval. For now, 23andMe maintains the advantage when it comes to introductory DNA testing for health risks and genetic screening. But AncestryDNA's service is particularly well-suited for leveraging an introductory DNA analysis into deep historical research to build out a family tree.

AncestryDNA allows you to obtain your full DNA results profile and upload the raw data into other tools, and it provides reasonably good control over your privacy preferences, though the options are not as granular as others. 

Read more: What AncestryDNA taught me about DNA, privacy and the complex world of genetic testing


Founded in 2000, FamilyTreeDNA offers a comprehensive suite of reports and interactive tools to analyze your DNA and build a family tree. With a credible claim to "the world's most comprehensive DNA matching database," FamilyTreeDNA offers all three types of tests -- autosomal DNA, Y-DNA and mtDNA. And it's the sole company to own and operate its own testing facility: The Gene-by-Gene genetic lab, located in Houston.

The company's entry-level "Family Finder" package usually costs $79, though its testing kit is currently on sale for less. The test results provide information about your ethnic and geographic origins, identifies potential relatives and offers access to the company's massive DNA database. I paid $275 for a broad DNA test that included analysis of my mtDNA and Y-DNA -- tests that currently cost $119 and $79, respectively, when you buy them individually -- as well as the "Family Finder," the company's $39 autosomal test.

Though the user interface is a bit more complicated than what you'll find on other sites, FamilyTreeDNA provides the most complete suite of introductory tools of any provider I tested. For each type of test, you are presented with matches -- I got more than 22,000 for my autosomal DNA test -- a chromosome browser, migration maps, haplogroups and connections to ancestral reference populations, information about mutations and a link that allows you to obtain your raw data. Suffice to say, there are numerous threads to pull on to learn about yourself, your family and your health. 

FamilyTree also offers a number of higher-end tests, for those interested in digging deeper, including a range of Y-DNA tests that will trace the path of your male ancestors and the history of your surname. The company also allows you to upload raw DNA data files from other services and transfer your autosomal information to its database to expand your universe of matches and relationships. 

From a data security and privacy perspective, there are several things I find appealing about FamilyTreeDNA. The company does its own DNA testing in house, processing and storing your demo in its lab. Posted prominently on the front page of its website is a promise that the company will never sell your DNA to third parties. Like most other companies, however, FamilyTreeDNA may use your aggregate genetic information for internal research and may comply with requests from law enforcement -- unless you opt out. 

Other DNA testing options

The three services above are our top choices for the best DNA test. But they weren't the only ones we tested. What follows are some additional options, none of which eclipsed the 23andMe, Ancestry or FamilyTreeDNA in any significant fashion. 


MyHeritage DNA test kit box

Based in Israel, MyHeritage was founded in 2003, and like a number of other services profiled here, started out as a genealogy software platform. Over time, it acquired a number of historical databases and eventually added DNA testing in 2016. (MyHeritage outsources its DNA analysis to FamilyTreeDNA.) In 2018, MyHeritage committed a security breach, exposing the email addresses and hashed passwords of more than 92 million users.

MyHeritage offers a free tier of service that includes some basic family tree-building and access to excerpts of historical documents. It won't get you too far. 

The basic DNA testing and analysis service, which is now on sale for $36, includes the usual fare -- a report of your genetic makeup across the company's 42 supported ethnicities, the identification of relatives and connections to them where possible. All things considered, I preferred FamilyTreeDNA's presentation of my DNA information. But MyHeritage highlighted a first cousin living in the US, with whom I shared about 15% of my DNA, and offered to show me her family tree -- if I paid a $209 annual subscription fee. 

Yes, that's expensive -- a free 14-day trial is available -- but the company maintains an impressive online database of historical documents that includes 3.5 billion profiles in addition to information about over 100 million subscribers and their collective 46 million family trees. This enormous database is powered by, a genealogy social media site that's also MyHeritage's parent company. According to the New York Times, has assembled "the world's largest, scientifically vetted family tree." 

In 2019, MyHeritage launched a health test similar to the one offered by 23andMe. As part of this effort, the company partnered with PWNHealth, a network of US physicians who oversee the process. I was required to complete a personal and family health history questionnaire -- it was 16 questions -- which was then ostensibly reviewed by a doctor. Though the company says it may recommend a "genetic counseling" session administered by PWNHealth, my health results were simply delivered along with my ancestry analysis.

On the plus side, I like MyHeritage's straightforward access to a range of comprehensible privacy preferences. Still, overall, I found MyHeritage's user interface far less intuitive and more difficult to navigate than others. Though the company's offering is broad -- it's one of the few to offer a comprehensive research database of historical documents, DNA analysis and health screening -- I found the integration among them to be a bit clumsy. 

Living DNA

The Living DNA test kit box
Living DNA

Living DNA describes itself as a "consumer genealogy DNA service that does not sell or share customers' DNA or data with third parties," which gives you a sense of its priorities -- or, at least, its sense of customers' concerns. LivingDNA's headquarters in the UK may also be a factor in its distinctive mission statement, as it is subject to the more stringent data and privacy regulations of the GDPR

LivingDNA divides its offerings in a different way than others. The $59 autosomal DNA kit provides an overview of your ancestry in 80 geographical regions and information about maternal and paternal haplogroups and access to the company's genetic matching tool. The $69 "wellbeing package" includes reports about your physiological compatibility with vitamins, foods and exercise. And the $89 DNA ancestry and well-being package gives you all of it.

Recent ancestry results are presented with a breakdown of percentage by country as well as the percentage attributable to more detailed regions, as well as the origin and migration path of haplogroups. In February 2020, LivingDNA introduced an African Ancestry DNA test report that features data on 72 regions in Africa and, according to the company, "five times the detail of any other test on the market." The report is available for free to existing customers. 

That noted, the company has a very limited family match database; a company representative declined to deliver me a specific number but said that it contained less than 1 million profiles. My wife, who took the test, returned exactly zero matches. So, if you're looking to identify and make connections with relatives, there are better choices in the market. That noted, LivingDNA has a very solid reputation for both the quality of its DNA analysis and privacy terms among experienced genealogists. 

For experts only: Whole genome sequencing

There are a number of companies -- including Full Genomes, Veritas Genetics, Nebula Genomics and Dante Labs -- that can sequence all of your DNA, otherwise known as your genome. This level of analysis is appropriate for advanced users only. Not only is it expensive -- these tests can run into the thousands of dollars, in some cases -- it requires a sophisticated understanding of both genetics and a range of technical tools required to explore and interpret your results. 

The least expensive whole genome tests cost about $300. (Though it is on sale for $99 right now.) For example, Full Genome's 30X test -- which scans every targeted location of your genome 30 times on average -- is considered the standard for a clinical analysis. It costs $799.

For most people, the main rationale for sequencing the whole genome is to dive deep into your genetic health outlook. You can glean your personal risk factors for diseases, drug sensitivities and your status as a carrier; that is, what you might pass on to your kids. But there are also plenty of applications for advanced genealogical projects. 

All of these efforts can also be undertaken -- to a less intense degree -- with some of the more affordable options outlined above. But whole genome sequencing provides a significantly more comprehensive, accurate and high-resolution analysis. 

If you want to dip your toe into this realm. you might want to start with Nebula Genomics. You can also upload an existing DNA sequence from Ancestry or 23andMe's DNA database and get Nebula's reports at a reduced price. 

DNA tests we'd avoid


HomeDNA sells testing kits under a number of brands, including DNA Origins, and has a retail presence at Walmart, CVS, Rite Aid and Walgreens. The company's tests claim to combine genetic research and "ancestral tracking" techniques that can identify the town or village where your ancestors originated with a high degree of accuracy. Many experts dispute these claims.

The company offers a range of ancestry testing services starting at $69. That's the price for the maternal and paternal lineage kits and the "Starter Ancestry Test," which uses DNA markers to develop an estimate of your origins in Europe, Indigenous America, East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa -- and shows you the modern population groups that share your DNA. The $124 "Advanced Ancestry Test" expands the analysis to 80,000 autosomal genetic markets, 1,000 reference populations and 41 gene pools. 

I'll note that the HomeDNA test kit contained no warning about not eating or drinking for any period of time prior to taking the test -- unlike every other kit I used. And of the four swabs the company sent, one broke. The test kit just didn't seem as rigorously hygienic as the others.

For $199, HomeDNA claims that the Asian Edition of its GPS Origins Ancestry Test can analyze 17 Asia-specific gene pools and hundreds of Asia-specific reference populations. In addition to a $164 paternity kit, the company also sells a variety of specific kits to determine your sensitivities to particular animals and foods, one to help you achieve a healthy weight, and another that promises to "unlock your skin's full potential." 

For $39, the company will allow you to upload a raw data file from another DNA testing service and pinpoint your origin to a particular town or city. There are also kits to help you screen your dog or cat for genetic diseases and traits. 

But this company doesn't have a sterling reputation in the genetic genealogy world. When we recently spoke with Debbie Kennett, a genetic genealogist from University College London, she referenced the company's notoriety for delivering "bizarre results" and expressed doubt about the efficacy of its specialized tests for particular ethnic groups. HomeDNA did not respond to CNET's inquiry about its testing process or results.

And the HomeDNA reports don't stack up particularly well against those returned by other companies. Results are summarized on a single webpage, though you also get a PDF that certifies that you've "undergone DNA testing" and shows the continents and countries where your DNA originates. The company also throws in a boilerplate 20-page explainer about DNA science and technology. HomeDNA does not offer access to any matching databases -- so there's no obvious next step or any actionable data that comes with your results. Given this, I'd recommend choosing a different DNA testing service. 

African Ancestry

Claiming to have the most comprehensive database of African lineages, African Ancestry promises to trace its customers' ancestry back to a specific country and identify their "ethnic group origin." But a number of experienced genealogists have cited issues with this company's marketing claims and science. 

Unlike most other companies, African Ancestry doesn't offer an autosomal DNA test. Instead, it offers an mtDNA test or a Y-DNA test (for males only). In contrast to your standard DNA analysis, African Ancestry's report doesn't provide the percentage of DNA that's likely to have originated across a range of regions. Instead, African Ancestry claims to trace your DNA to a specific region of Africa. 

According to experts, however, African Ancestry's DNA tests come up short. As explained in a blog post by African American genetic genealogist Shannon Christmas, the company's methodology simply doesn't analyze a sufficient number of DNA markers to deliver on its marketing promises. 

Furthermore, he writes, "Ethnicity is a complex concept, a concept not as rooted in genetics as it is in sociopolitical and cultural constructs. There is no DNA test that can assign anyone to an African ethnic group or what some refer to as an 'African tribe.'" African Ancestry isn't the only company that claims to be able to determine your ethnicity or "ethnic group of origin." But its claim to narrow things down to a single "tribe" of origin is overblown, as any African tribe would ostensibly contain multiple haplogroups. 

In an email to CNET, African Ancestry responded: "African Ancestry makes it clear that ethnic groups are social and cultural groupings, not genetic ones. However, based on extensive genetic research of African lineages performed by African Ancestry's co-founder and Scientific Director (who holds a Ph.D. in Biology and specializes in human genetics), we find that contrary to laymen's beliefs, there are ethnic groups that share genetic lineages. Our results pinpoint genetic lineages that share the same genetics as our test takers. Given the vast number of lineages in our African Lineage Database, we are able to provide the ethnic groups of the people with that shared lineage."

The company's PatriClan Test analyzes eight Y-chromosome STRs and the YAP, which it says is a critical identifier for African lineages; and the MatriClan Test analyzes three regions of the mitochondrial DNA: HVS1, HVS2 and HVS3. But though these tests offer lower-resolution results than others, African Ancestry's services are considerably more expensive. The company's Y-DNA test and mtDNA tests cost $299 each -- or you can take them both, and get an eight-pack of "certificates of ancestry" and a four-pack of t-shirts, for $729. 

On the plus side, African Ancestry says that it does not maintain a database of customer information and that it will not share or sell your DNA sequence or markers with any third party -- including law enforcement agencies. The company's terms and conditions run to just over 2,200 words, making them considerably more concise than the disclosure statements of most other companies we included in this roundup. And African Ancestry promises to destroy your DNA demo after your test results are delivered.

That said, even if you accept the company's take on tribal and ethnic genetic markers, African Ancestry remains too expensive to recommend at its current price.

What does a DNA test tell you?

If you're using a home DNA testing service, you're likely looking for one of three things:

Ancestry and family history: The first big draw of a full DNA test is that you'll get a detailed breakdown on ancestry and ethnicity, and the migration patterns of your common ancestors. Spoiler alert: Your ethnic background may be radically different than you think it is. You'll also find out what a haplogroup is.

Relative identification: With your permission, some DNA services will let you connect with relatives you never knew you had -- other folks with matching DNA who have used the service and likewise given their permission to connect to possible relations. 

Health and disease info: DNA testing can also indicate which conditions for which you may have a preponderance. It's a controversial feature, to be sure. Knowing that you have a genetic predisposition to a certain form of cancer may make you more vigilant for testing, but it may also lead to increased stress -- worrying about a potential health condition that may never develop, even if you're "genetically susceptible" to it. The possibility of false positives and false negatives abound -- any such information should be discussed with your doctor before you act upon it.

How DNA tests work

Afraid of needles and drawing blood? Good news: That's not an issue with these tests. All you need to do is spit into a vial or rub a swab in your mouth -- all the genetic data needed for these tests is present in your saliva -- and ship the DNA demo to the company for analysis. 

The reason that a saliva demo works as well as blood (or hair follicles or skin samples) is that your DNA -- which is short for deoxyribonucleic acid -- is present in all of them. It's the basic genetic code present in all of your cells that makes up your key attributes, from the color of your eyes to the shape of your ears to how susceptible you are to cholesterol.

The key terms you need to know when comparing DNA testing services are:

SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism): Genotyping is done by measuring genetic variation. One of the more common is SNP genotyping, which measures the variations of a single nucleotide polymorphism. The more of these a company measures, the more granular the analysis.

Autosomal DNA testing: An autosomal test that's effective for men and women, and which traces lineage back through both maternal and paternal bloodlines.

Y-DNA: The Y-DNA test can only be administered to men, and traces DNA back through the patrilineal ancestry -- basically from father to grandfather to great grandfather and so on.

mtDNA: The mtDNA is matrilineal and lets you trace your ancestry back through your mother, grandmother, great grandmother and so on. 

DNA testing FAQs

Can I use a DNA test to determine paternity?

Yes, DNA tests are the most accurate way to determine paternity of a child. Samples need to be collected from both the child and suspected parent to make a determination. For the best accuracy, you need a test that specifically checks for paternity not just ancestry.

Can I get a DNA test for my dog?

Yes. Several companies sell dog DNA tests with the goal of helping you determine the breed of your animal and screen for possible genetic health issues. 

Three popular brands are Wisdom Panel (for both dogs and cats), Embark (for dogs only), and Basepaws (for cats only).

More DNA advice

David Gewirtz contributed to this story. The current version is a major update of past revisions and includes hands-on impressions of most of the services listed.

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

Wed, 12 Aug 2020 07:30:00 -0500 See full bio en text/html
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