Exam Code: H12-222 Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
H12-222 HCNP-R&S-IESN (Implementing Enterprise Routing & Switching)

HCIA-Routing & Switching certification covers basic knowledge and skills required for enterprise networks. HCIA-Routing & Switching curriculum provides trainees the skills needed to configure and maintain small-sized enterprise networks. Network engineers with HCIA-Routing & Switching certifications are able to construct small-sized enterprise networks and integrate voice, wireless, cloud, security, and storage technologies into the networks to support a variety of applications.

HCIA-Routing & Switching is intended for the development of networking professionals who possess basic knowledge and skills in enterprise networks. The certification focuses on technologies involved in small-sized enterprise networks. HCIA-Routing & Switching certified engineers have a basic knowledge in the general technologies involved in small-sized enterprise networks and possess the basic network design abilities.

Routing and switching network is the foundation for all network applications. Enterprises need networks that have a welldesigned architecture, high reliability, and high transmission efficiency. To meet these needs, enterprises must have professional network engineers to construct, maintain, and manage their networks. HCIA-Routing & Switching certified network engineers are able to design and deploy small-sized enterprise networks under the guidance of senior engineers, and perform basic network O&M.
• A basic understanding of small-sized enterprise networks and general network technologies, and the ability to assist in the design of small-sized enterprise networks and implement the design using Huawei routing and switching equipment • Network engineers with HCIA-Routing & Switching certifications are of special importance to the business development of enterprises.

The HCIA-Routing & Switching exam covers basic IP network connectivity, TCP/IP technologies, Ethernet technologies such as STP and RSTP, VLAN and Link Aggregation and their implementation within Huawei switches. Routing principles and technologies including RIP and OSPF for IPv4 and IPv6 networks, WAN technologies, IP based security, network management as well as IPv4 and IPv6 based application services.

ExamOutline:HCIA-Routing & Switching exam Outline
• TrainingMaterial:HCIA-Routing & Switching Training
• Mock Exam:HCIA-Routing & Switching Mock Exam
• e-LearningCourse:HCIA-Routing & Switching Entry Training, HCIA-Routing & Switching Intermediate Training

HCIP-Routing & Switching certification covers advanced knowledge and skills required for enterprise networks. HCIP-Routing & Switching certified engineers are capable of building complete small- and medium-sized enterprise networks that fully integrate the voice, wireless, cloud, security, and storage applications required by enterprises, meeting the networking requirements of various applications, and ensuring high security, availability, and reliability.

HCIP-Routing & Switching is intended for the development of networking professionals who possess advanced knowledge and skills in enterprise networks. The certification focuses on technologies involved in small- and medium-sized enterprise networks.
and the ability to design small- and medium-sized enterprise networks and implement the design using Huawei network equipment.

HCIP-Routing & Switching certified network engineers are able to construct and manage small- and medium-sized enterprise networks, and design solutions to ensure high security, availability, and reliability for applications on the enterprise networks.
• Network engineers with HCIP-Routing & Switching certifications are of special importance to the business development of enterprises.
The HCIP-Routing & Switching-IERS exam covers OSPF, ISIS and BGP routing protocols, Route Control, IP Multicast protocols, and Eth-trunk, Advanced Features Switches, RSTP,MSTP and other two layer network technologies.
• The HCIP-Routing & Switching-IENP exam covers MPLS, MPLS VPN, DHCP, VRRP, BFD, Mirroring technologies and Agile Controller, eSight Product Features, IP QoS, Huawei Firewall Technology Basis and SDN, VXLAN, NFV new technologies.
• The HCIP-Routing & Switching-IEEP exam covers PDIOI(Network Planning, Network Design, Network Implementation, Network Maintenance, Network Troubleshooting, Network Optimization) and Network Migration.

ExamOutline: HCIP-Routing & Switching-IERS/ IENP/ IEEP exam Outline
• Training Material: HCIP-Routing & Switching-IERS Implementing Enterprise Routing and Switching Network Training, HCIPRouting & Switching-IENP Improving Enterprise Network Performance Training, HCIP-Routing & Switching IEEP Implementing Enterprise Network Engineering Project Training
• Mock Exam:HCIP-Routing & Switching-IERS/ IENP/ IEEP Examination
• e-Learning Course: HCIP-Routing & Switching-IERS Training, HCIP-Routing & Switching-IENP Training, HCIP-Routing & Switching-IEEP Training

HCNP-R&S-IESN (Implementing Enterprise Routing & Switching)
Killexams : Huawei HCNP-R - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=Huawei+HCNP-R&cc=us&format=RSS Search results Killexams : Huawei HCNP-R - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=Huawei+HCNP-R&cc=us&format=RSS https://killexams.com/exam_list/Huawei Killexams : US must fully fund ‘rip and replace’ of Huawei, ZTE telecom equipment

During the last week, Americans’ eyes have been on the sky as the Chinese Communist Party’s spy balloon traveled from coast to coast surveilling us from above. While I am incredibly concerned about why the CCP was using this tool to spy on the American people, the CCP may already be in your backyard. As wireless providers across the country built out next-gen broadband networks over the past decade, many incorporated equipment from Chinese manufacturers such as Huawei and ZTE. In 2019, Congress recognized the presence of Chinese equipment in America’s networks posed a national security threat and passed rules that disincentivized companies from using this equipment in their networks, and later banned the import of new equipment. To help the companies that had already invested in Chinese equipment, Congress allocated funds for them to ‘rip and replace’ the affected equipment with hardware from approved vendors. Unfortunately, Congress did not allocate enough funding, and now small network operators around the country are faced with difficult choices about the future of their services as restrictions on Chinese equipment come into force.

Like the latest spy balloon, Chinese-manufactured equipment poses a major national security threat. Because the CCP can exert influence over companies in China, we cannot be sure Chinese-manufactured equipment does not contain backdoors that allow the CCP to monitor our communications. While we do not know the true impacts of this equipment being used in our wireless networks, it is possible that the CCP is using it to spy on the American people. While expensive and inconvenient, the safety and security of our nation rely on the removal of this equipment. 

In 2019, Congress allocated $1.9 billion through the Secure and Trusted Communications Network Act (STCNA) to reimburse small cellular and broadband providers for the cost of replacing Huawei and ZTE equipment on their networks. In July 2022, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reported that requests through the rip and replace program had exceeded available funding by more than $3 billion. FCC rules are now preventing affected equipment from receiving updates and small wireless companies don’t have the money to replace the equipment. These networks could go offline if anything breaks.

Like so many things, the rip and replace issue started with Congress and is being perpetuated by Congress. I am rarely one to advocate for more government funding, but in this case, it is necessary to fulfill this obligation. Congress, for essential national security reasons, required a costly change for small businesses across the country, so it is our responsibility to help shoulder that burden.

People in rural Wyoming who rely on small cellular and broadband carriers to not only keep in touch with friends and family, but also access lifesaving emergency services are greatly impacted by the availability of these networks and will face dire consequences if Congress does not act. 

The reality is if Congress does not assist these small carriers with this lofty project, large carriers that can afford to overhaul their networks will edge the smaller competitors out. In places like my home state of Wyoming, large carriers do not provide cell phone service in many of our rural areas. Small carriers fill that gap and ensure that remote areas can still access cell phone service. This is essential for life out west.

Last Congress, I cosigned a bipartisan letter [warner.senate.gov] with 33 of my Senate colleagues urging Senate leadership to move forward on fully funding the rip and replace reimbursement program. Without this funding, we leave rural Americans vulnerable. They will not be able to access telehealth services, receive emergency notifications, or participate in our 21st century economy. The well-being of rural communities is dependent on this program.

I urge my colleagues in the Senate, and especially those who I serve alongside on the Senate Commerce Committee, to make this a top priority this year. We’ve seen in the past few weeks why we must prevent the CCP from spying on the American people. I fear that without action, we will be allowing surveillance in American homes, or even worse, threatening the connectivity of people in our most rural communities.

Lummis is a member of the Commerce Committee and the chair of the Senate Western Caucus.

Fri, 17 Feb 2023 05:30:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://thehill.com/homenews/3863539-us-must-fully-fund-rip-and-replace-of-huawei-zte-telecom-equipment/
Killexams : Huawei turns to patents for a lifeline — including those in the U.S.

Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei saw revenue decline in 2021 for the first time on record.

Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images

BEIJING — Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei is turning to patents for a lifeline as the company seeks to forge a path forward in advanced chip technology — the prized tech which the U.S. is trying to cut off from China.

In 2022, Huawei announced it signed more than 20 new or extended licensing agreements for its patents. Most were with automakers, for 4G and LTE wireless technology, the company said.

Mercedes Benz, Audi, BMW and at least one U.S. automaker were among the licensees, said Huawei's global intellectual property head Alan Fan. He said he wasn't able to say which American company.

Huawei has more on the way — and filed a record number of more than 11,000 patent applications with the U.S. in 2022, according to IFI Claims Patent Services. Their analysis showed just under half typically get approved each year.

But the sheer number of patents filed meant Huawei ranked fourth last year by the number of patent grants in the U.S., IFI said. Samsung was first, followed by IBM and TSMC.

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"The U.S. is still a substantial market that everybody wants to have a part of," said IFI Chief Executive Mike Baycroft. "They want to make sure when they're developing those technologies that they're protecting those IP [intellectual property] rights for the U.S. market for the European market."

Over the last two years, Huawei's U.S. patents have increased the most in areas related to image compression, digital information transmission and wireless communication networks, according to IFI.

The U.S. government put Huawei on a blacklist in 2018 that restricted its ability to buy from American suppliers. By October 2022, the U.S. made it clear that no Americans should work with Chinese businesses on high-end semiconductor tech.

The potential of patents

Huawei's revenue dropped for the first time on record in 2021, and the consumer division that includes smartphones reported sales plunged nearly 50% to 243.4 billion yuan ($36.08 billion).

For Huawei, licensing its patents to other companies has the potential to claw back a bit of that revenue.

Alex Liang, partner at Anjie & Broad in Beijing, pointed out that having ceased operations in certain business areas allows the company to realize patent revenue that previously existed primarily on paper.

"Huawei's situation is similar to Nokia's when the first generation iPhone came out," Liang said. "Nokia was quickly losing market share to Apple and lots of their patents no longer [had] to be licensed in exchange for other licenses to protect their phone business."

Companies that share technical areas with Huawei ... should all beware that a giant patent monetization player is jumping into their respective pool and will make a splash.

Alex Liang

partner, Anjie & Broad

Nokia generated 1.59 billion euros ($1.73 billion) in sales last year from patent licensing — about 6% of its total revenue. The company said in 2022 it signed "over 50 new patent license agreements across our smartphone, automotive, consumer electronics, and IoT [Internet of Things] licensing programs."

Nokia and Huawei extended their patent licensing agreement in December. Huawei also announced licensing deals with South Korea's Samsung and China's Oppo.

"As far as I know, Huawei is aggressively pushing for the monetization of its patents," Liang said.

"It is one of the most important [key performance indicators] of their IP department, if not yet the single most important," he said.

"So any other companies that share technical areas with Huawei — such as telecommunication, phones, IoT, automobiles, PC, cloud service, and so on — should all beware that a giant patent monetization player is jumping into their respective pool and will make a splash."

Huawei pushed back at the idea it was building a business in patent monetization.

The company's IP head Fan said his department is "a corporate function, not a business unit," and that it redirects royalties to the research departments that filed the patents to fund further research.

"We actively support patent pools and similar platforms, which license patent not just for us, but also for other innovators at the same time," Fan said in a statement.

The company previously said it expected $1.2 billion to $1.3 billion in revenue from licensing its intellectual property between 2019 and 2021. Huawei did not break down specific figures, and only said it met its intellectual property revenue expectations for 2021.

A business of that size would still be a tiny fraction of the company's overall revenue. Huawei said in December it expects 2022 revenue of 636.9 billion yuan, little changed from a year ago. Cloud and connected cars are other business areas the company has sought to develop.

Read more about China from CNBC Pro

Huawei has "been floundering around since the demise of their handset business," said Paul Triolo, Senior Vice President for China and Technology Policy Lead at Albright Stonebridge Group. "I don't think they had a choice in terms of sort of boosting their licensing revenue."

"The question is what do they do for 6G [in] five years?" he said. "Are they still going to play a patent game? They can't really manufacture the equipment. They're sort of stuck if they can't figure out the semiconductor piece in terms of going forward."

Still, Huawei said it spent 22.4% of 2021 revenue on research and development, bringing total category spending to more than $120 billion over the last decade.

Progress in chip tech?

Some of the research is in semiconductor manufacturing. Huawei has filed for a patent in the highly specialized area of lithography technology used for making advanced chips, according to a disclosure late last year on the China Intellectual Property Administration website.

"It's significant in the sense that each individual piece of a complicated technology like EUV [extreme ultraviolet] is not that difficult to sort of make progress on," Triolo said. "Turning that into a commercial system at scale that can boost commercially is a huge, huge task."

Right now, Netherlands-based ASML is the only company in the world that can make the extreme ultraviolet lithography machines needed to make advanced chips.

Not only did it take ASML about 30 years to develop EUV on its own, but the company had the benefit of unrestricted access to thousands of suppliers and international industry groups, Triolo said. "What China really lacks is these international consortia."

But he didn't rule out the possibility that China's national champion could help Beijing build up its semiconductor industry.

"Huawei has a very capable group of engineers," Triolo said. It's "probably a five-to-seven year process to build something commercially viable — only if everything goes well, if there's substantial funding. The Chinese government is going to have to step up here."

Other Chinese companies are also pouring resources into intellectual property.

IFI's rankings of companies' and their subsidiaries' global patent holdings showed a number of Chinese giants among the top 15, including the state research organization Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Appliance companies Midea and Gree also ranked high globally, among South Korean and Japanese heavyweights, the data showed.

"The rise in Chinese innovation has been in plain sight for a long time," said IFI CEO Baycroft. "Why shouldn't we expect that China is innovating today like everybody else? Like Japan, like Germany, everybody's in this game. It's not just the U.S."

— CNBC's Arjun Kharpal contributed to this report.

Sun, 05 Feb 2023 13:06:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/2023/02/06/huawei-turns-to-patents-for-a-lifeline-including-those-in-the-us.html
Killexams : Huawei smartwatch with built-in earbuds goes global

The Huawei Watch Buds is Huawei’s smartwatch with built-in earbuds, and it just went global. This smartwatch was first announced back in December, in China. Today, Huawei announced its global variant and availability.

The Huawei Watch Buds smartwatch with built-in earbuds goes global

This smartwatch basically has all the benefits of the regular Huawei smartwatch, but with earbuds included on the inside. It’s actually quite impressive how Huawei managed to pull this off, and still keep the battery durability above the competition. Huawei claims you can get three days worth of battery life here. That is considerably lower than on something like the Huawei Watch GT 3 or GT 3 Pro, but above what Samsung offers, for example.

The Huawei Watch Buds smartwatch comes with a magnetic pop-up cover, for when you need to access the earbuds. The watch itself acts as a charger for those earbuds too, of course. The earbuds themselves get magnetized on the inside too.

It features a sharp, AMOLED display

The watch is made out of metal (stainless steel), and there is a button / rotating crown on the right side of it. A 1.43-inch 466 x 466 AMOLED display sits on the front, so Huawei didn’t really cut corners in the display department either.

Huawei says that the watch is 14.99mm thick, which is a feat on its own considering everything that sits on the inside. It also supports wireless charging, and comes with a wireless charging cradle. Speaking of which, a 410mAh battery is included here

Huawei Watch Buds global image 7

Huawei Watch Buds global image 7

The magnetic pop-up cover has been thoroughly tested

Huawei also says that it thoroughly tested this watch, so the pop-up cover has been tested for 100,000 times openings and closings, giving some you some piece of mind. It also endured a 5kg stress test, amongst others.

The earbuds come equipped with the Adaptive Identification Technology, and touch controls. Huawei even managed to include noise cancellation in these small earbuds. On top of that, it included a quad-magnetic full-Range Planar Diaphragm drove. They also support Triple Adaptive EQ.

There are 80 sports modes included here

Now, the watch comes with 80 sports modes, amongst which are 10 professional sports modes. It can also show you your notifications, and much more. All you need to do is grab the Huawei Health app from the AppGallery. Yes, this watch is compatible with both Android and iOS.

The Huawei Watch Buds smartwatch will become available in Europe starting from March 1. It will be available from the Huawei Store, and other authorized e-commerce platforms and retailers. The price will be £449.99 in the UK, while we still don’t have the price in Euros. It will likely be an equivalent of that, or close to it (€‎499.99 perhaps, or something like that).

Tue, 14 Feb 2023 20:02:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.androidheadlines.com/2023/02/huawei-watch-buds-smartwatch-built-in-earbuds-global.html
Killexams : Is China’s Huawei a Threat to U.S. National Security?


One of the world’s leading providers of fifth-generation (5G) mobile technology, Huawei is a Chinese telecommunications giant that has stoked fears of espionage and intellectual property theft in the United States and many other countries. In response, Washington and its allies have imposed sweeping restrictions on Huawei as part of a larger crackdown on Chinese technology companies. 

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Some experts warn that tensions between Washington and Beijing over technology could lead to a “digital iron curtain,” which would compel foreign governments to decide between doing business with the United States or China.

What is Huawei?

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Technology and Innovation


It is the world’s largest provider of 5G networks and a leader in sales of telecommunications equipment. Based in Shenzhen, China, Huawei sells its products domestically and internationally. In the United States, it has helped provide connectivity in rural areas of Alabama, Colorado, Oklahoma, and other states.

Ren Zhengfei, the company’s billionaire CEO, founded Huawei in 1987. With more than 190,000 employees, according to its website, Huawei claims to be a private company fully owned by its employees, though its precise ownership structure is unknown.

Why is it so controversial?

In latest years, the United States and several other countries have asserted that the company threatens their national security, saying it has violated international sanctions and stolen intellectual property, and that it could commit cyber espionage. Many U.S. policymakers view Huawei as a commercial extension of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

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Cyber espionage. The main concern, according to U.S. intelligence agencies, is that the Chinese government could use Huawei to spy. Officials, primarily in the United States but also in Australia and several other countries, point to intentionally vague Chinese intelligence laws that could be used to force Huawei to hand over data to the Chinese government. (The United States has not publicly provided evidence that this has happened.) There are also concerns that Huawei’s 5G infrastructure could contain backdoors that allow the Chinese government to collect and centralize massive quantities of data and supply Beijing the necessary access to attack communications networks and public utilities. In 2022, an FBI investigation found that Huawei equipment can be used to disrupt U.S. military communications, including those about the U.S. nuclear arsenal.

Congress began receiving warnings about Huawei as early as 2012, when a U.S. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence report [PDF] concluded that using equipment made by Huawei and ZTE, another Chinese telecommunications company, could “undermine core U.S. national security interests.” In 2018, six U.S. intelligence chiefs, including the directors of the CIA and FBI, cautioned Americans against using Huawei products, warning that the company could conduct “undetected espionage.”

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Technology and Innovation


At the heart of Washington’s concerns is 5G, the latest technology standard for cellular networks, which provides faster get speeds for smartphones, connects devices in smart cities, and supports autonomous vehicles and robots. “5G is a different type of risk versus 4G or 3G. It’s much harder to separate the core from the periphery,” says CFR’s Adam Segal. “Once you have those risks, you have to trust the company much more. But it is difficult to trust Huawei, given the relationship between companies and the Communist Party.”

Intellectual property theft. U.S. companies and global telecom firms have for years accused Huawei of stealing trade secrets, starting with Cisco’s 2003 lawsuit alleging that its source code appeared in Huawei products. (The suit was later settled.) In 2017, a U.S. jury found Huawei guilty of stealing intellectual property from T-Mobile, and in 2020, the U.S. Justice Department charged Huawei with racketeering conspiracy and conspiracy to steal trade secrets. According to the indictment, these violations allowed Huawei to “drastically cut its research and development costs and associated delays, giving the company a significant and unfair competitive advantage.” 

Trade violations. The United States claims that Huawei has violated sanctions on Iran and North Korea. A federal indictment unsealed in January 2019 against Meng Wanzhou, Huawei’s chief financial officer and Ren’s daughter, said that Huawei defrauded banks in order to do business with Iran and obstructed justice in the process by destroying evidence. Meng was detained in Canada in 2018 at the request of the United States, which was seeking her extradition. In 2021, she reached a deferred prosecution agreement with the U.S. Justice Department, which later dropped the charges against her.

How much sway does Beijing have over tech companies?

The government has considerable sway over Chinese private companies through heavy regulation, including the requirement that they establish CCP branches within them, and state-backed investment. Executives of many of the biggest companies are party members, including Alibaba cofounder Jack Ma and Huawei founder Ren, who served as an engineer in the People’s Liberation Army during the Cultural Revolution.

Under President Xi Jinping, the lines between public and private have become even more blurred. Experts have observed that the CCP is working to boost its influence over private industry, especially tech companies. In latest years, state-run companies and local governments have invested more in private firms. Foreign news organizations have also reported that the government could start pressuring tech companies to offer the party direct ownership stakes and supply party members even greater roles in management. While there is no evidence that this has happened at Huawei, Beijing has taken a stake in an entity owned by ByteDance, the parent of video-sharing monolith TikTok.

Some experts and U.S. officials also point to vague Chinese laws that could be used to force Huawei to help the government with intelligence gathering. For example, the National Security Law [PDF], enacted in 2015, states that citizens and enterprises have the “responsibility and obligation to maintain national security.” The 2017 National Intelligence Law [PDF] declared that Chinese companies must “support, assist, and cooperate with” China’s intelligence-gathering authorities. These laws have prompted additional U.S. concerns that TikTok could share user data with the Chinese government. 

Huawei has distanced itself from the CCP, repeatedly asserting that its equipment has never been used, and will never be used, to spy. In January 2019, Ren said he “would never harm the interest of my customers” and that Huawei would not answer government requests for intelligence. In May 2018, Huawei commissioned a report [PDF] from a Chinese law firm supporting its argument that it cannot be forced to spy, but other lawyers in China and around the world said the law has never been tested. The Chinese government has also gone to bat for Huawei, saying it would “take all necessary measures to safeguard” Chinese companies.

How did Huawei become so dominant?

Huawei became the world’s largest telecommunications company over three decades, reporting $138 billion in revenue in 2020, a 12 percent jump from the previous year. This success has helped drive suspicion that the Chinese government has played a more significant role in the company in latest years than its leaders have let on.

In 1996, both the government and military began treating Huawei as an official “national champion,” a status reserved for firms that bolster China’s strategic aims. The move highlighted a shift in official policy. From then on, Beijing explicitly supported domestic telecom companies—and Huawei even more than others [PDF]—to prevent foreign domination of the industry. The Chinese government ensured Huawei had easy access to financing and high levels of government subsidies—up to $75 billion in state support since the company was founded. 

These underpinnings have allowed Huawei to price its network equipment below foreign competitors’ rates; a European Commission investigation found that Huawei has underbid its competitors by up to 70 percent. Experts said that Huawei’s prices would not have even covered the cost of producing their parts without subsidies. Chinese state banks also provide countries with low-interest loans to use Huawei’s equipment.

Huawei says its low prices are the result of technological expertise—a claim with some merit, according to industry experts. Huawei’s annual research and development (R&D) budget is among the world’s largest, and Ren says his firm spends more on it than most publicly listed firms can. At over $22 billion in 2021, Huawei’s R&D expenditures rank alongside those of Alphabet (Google’s parent company) and Amazon; when R&D is measured as a percentage of sales, Huawei’s expenditures are proportionally double.

What restrictions has the United States imposed?

U.S. government limitations on Huawei have been ongoing since 2017, when Congress restricted some Department of Defense networks from using Huawei or ZTE equipment. In 2018, the Donald Trump administration banned more U.S. federal agencies from using the telecom giants’ equipment. (Huawei sued the United States over the restriction.) That same year, following pressure from regulators, AT&T walked away from a deal to sell Huawei’s smartphones. 

U.S. actions against Huawei continued to build throughout the Trump presidency: in 2019, Trump signed an executive order prohibiting U.S. companies from doing business with Huawei, and the Commerce Department added the company to its “entity list,” restricting it from buying U.S. goods. Shortly after, Google said it would restrict Huawei’s access to its products, including its Android operating system; a new Huawei phone unveiled later in the year didn’t come with Android apps.

The department cracked down further in May 2020, issuing new rules to block foreign semiconductor manufacturers that use U.S. machines and software from shipping products to Huawei without a license. Prior to the bans, Huawei said it relied on U.S. software, microchips, specialty lasers, and other products for one-third of its supply chain, amounting to $11 billion. More than one hundred Huawei affiliates have been added to the commerce department’s entity list since then, crippling the company’s ability to obtain critical U.S. goods. 

Other government agencies have followed suit. In November 2019, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to designate Huawei and ZTE as national security threats, which prevents U.S. internet providers from using federal funds to purchase the tech companies’ equipment. Huawei filed a legal challenge, but the FCC’s decision went into effect in June 2020. That same year, Congress provided $1.9 billion to the FCC for the agency to remove Huawei equipment from existing U.S. networks. The Trump administration also imposed visa restrictions on Huawei employees it says contribute to human rights abuses committed by the Chinese government, including against Uyghurs in China’s Xinjiang region

What has President Biden done?

President Joe Biden has upheld restrictions against Huawei and introduced new bans that have further hamstrung the company. In November 2021, Biden signed a bill aimed at preventing Huawei and ZTE from receiving equipment-making licenses from U.S. regulators, including the FCC. A year later, in November 2022, the FCC adopted new rules that prohibited the sale of some communications equipment made by Huawei or ZTE in the United States, citing “unacceptable” national security risk. And in January 2023, the Biden administration stopped providing licenses for U.S. companies to export goods to Huawei. Biden has also taken such measures beyond Huawei, signing legislation that precludes any Chinese manufacturer from obtaining chips or chipmaking equipment made with U.S. parts anywhere in the world.

Despite the restrictions, the Commerce Department has allowed some business activities that it says do not pose significant risks to U.S. national security. Since 2017, the Trump and Biden administrations have allowed over $60 billion [PDF] in transactions between Huawei and U.S. firms. 

Some critics say that while the restrictions have handicapped Huawei, they would be even more effective if combined with a U.S.-led alternative. “A principal reason that the United States has not had more success in persuading countries not to use Huawei equipment is that it cannot offer an alternative,” CFR’s David Sacks writes. “The United States does not and will not have a company that is competitive in the full stack of 5G equipment.”

 To get more countries to wean off Huawei, Sacks argues that the United States should finance European competitors’ 5G networks and develop open radio access networks, a system that would allow multiple companies to provide different components of a singular 5G network. Meanwhile, it should fund research and development to better compete in sixth-generation (6G) technology, which is expected to replace 5G within fifteen years.

How has Huawei responded to the bans?

It’s not just the United States that has banned Huawei. Washington has pressured its allies to follow suit, even threatening to stop sharing intelligence with countries that use Huawei. The countries of the so-called Five Eyes intelligence alliance—The United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom—have banned or are rolling out bans of Huawei. Other U.S. partners, such as Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, France, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Sweden have restricted the use of Huawei equipment in the construction of their 5G networks. 

Experts say that the bans have caused Huawei to reprioritize its domestic market due to a shortage of international business. In 2020, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), the world’s largest chip supplier, halted business with Huawei, citing U.S. export controls. TSMC had supplied over 90 percent of Huawei’s smartphone chips. Because of the semiconductor restrictions, Huawei has had “to exit whole lines of business, because [they] don’t have access to advanced semiconductors because of these export controls,” CFR’s Sacks says. While Huawei accumulated a limited number of semiconductors before the bans took effect, it reportedly ran out in late 2022. The shortage has hurt Huawei’s bottom line: in 2021, the company reported $95 billion in revenue—a 23 percent drop from 2019 levels.

Why are some countries resisting the bans?

Other countries, especially those participating in China’s Belt and Road Initiative, are already using or have agreed to use Huawei’s equipment to build 5G networks.

Many have been attracted by the company’s ability to provide high-quality networks for low prices. Huawei is helping Malaysia and Russia build their 5G networks, and it has signed contracts to build 5G networks for a number of countries in Latin America.

Authorities in potential markets that have not ruled out using Huawei, including several European countries, argue that security risks are inherent in all 5G networks, regardless of the supplier. They acknowledge, however, that the risks are higher for Huawei. Officials in these countries say they prefer to keep their auctions for 5G construction open to all firms and will tighten security measures to minimize any risks. 

Analysts say U.S. policymakers have not come up with a better option for low-income countries, especially as 5G networks are dominated by just three firms: Huawei, the Finnish firm Nokia, and the Swedish firm Ericsson. Even after U.S. restrictions went into place, many low-income countries still chose Huawei, which is frequently the cheapest option, to build their 5G networks.

 “We still haven't really addressed the larger issue, which is that developing countries and other countries have connectivity demands and Chinese tech is cheap and reliable,” says CFR’s Segal.

Tue, 07 Feb 2023 23:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/chinas-huawei-threat-us-national-security
Killexams : Nebraska bill would ban access to USF funds for cell providers with Huawei equipment

LINCOLN — A Nebraska state senator is proposing a novel way to shoot down potential surveillance by the Chinese state. His legislative bill would use the power of the purse to encourage cell phone service providers to ditch equipment from Chinese communications firms.

Legislative Bill 63, proposed by State Sen. Eliot Bostar of Lincoln, would prohibit the Nebraska Universal Service Fund from distributing fees wireless companies gather from the state’s customers to firms using Huawei or ZTE equipment on their network.

Companies mainly use Universal Service Funds to maintain wireless networks, officials said. The bill’s language excludes access to the funds by any firm using equipment manufactured or sold by companies that the Federal Communications Commission has deemed a threat to national security.

The federal government already bans the use of federal Universal Service Funds on equipment from Chinese telecommunications companies Huawei and ZTE. Nebraska would be following suit with state funds, Bostar said during a news conference before Tuesday’s hearing on LB 63.

In 2022, the Federal Communications Commission adopted new rules banning the importation or sale of Huawei or ZTE communications equipment. But billions of dollars of the equipment had already been installed in networks around the U.S., including in Nebraska, Bostar said.

“Of particular concern was that Huawei was routinely selling cheap equipment to rural providers in cases that appear to be unprofitable for Huawei, but which placed its equipment near military assets,” Bostar said, citing sales to companies including Viaero Wireless in Nebraska.

Huawei has denied that its equipment is a spying threat. But the Chinese state helped finance the company, and it was founded by former members of the Chinese military. ZTE has denied spying as well. Tech experts have said the Chinese state can force Chinese companies to share information on specific users.

Bostar said the U.S. military and other experts who have studied the equipment have found it “capable of capturing and potentially disrupting highly restricted airwaves used by the military, specifically U.S. Strategic Command, which oversees the U.S. nuclear arsenal.”

U.S. Rep. Mike Flood, R-Neb., a former state senator who has been highlighting the national security threats posed by Chinese technology and the Chinese state, visited the Nebraska Legislature on Tuesday to support Bostar’s effort.

“We don’t want to maintain systems that we feel are a threat to national security,” Flood said.

Flood said Nebraska is the first state to propose banning state-distributed funds from firms with the Chinese tech. It’s part of a broader push to reduce U.S. use of Chinese technology, including federal efforts to ban TikTok, a popular social media platform.

“It’s the collection of data,” Flood said. “It’s the ability to use artificial intelligence to take different sources of data and make predictions, affect behaviors and be able to coordinate any kind of operation, whether it be a military … commercial … or something that affects citizens.”

Flood has been pressing the Biden administration and the Commerce Department to investigate how much Huawei equipment is on cell towers near sensitive military installations in Nebraska, including nuclear missile silos in western Nebraska, and Offutt Air Force Base near Bellevue, in eastern Nebraska.

Bostar confirmed Tuesday the discovery of the Viaero equipment near western Nebraska missile silos, but neither he nor Flood would say whether any had been found near Offutt. Flood said he’s awaiting what may be a classified briefing with the Commerce Department.

Congress has set aside $1.9 billion to offset service providers’ costs to replace the Huawei equipment, but Bostar said the costs outstrip the funding by billions of dollars. Flood and Bostar said the Commerce Department could end up outlawing the equipment.

State Sen. Suzanne Geist of Lincoln, who chairs the Legislature’s Transportation and Telecommunications Committee, said she supports LB 63. She said protecting Nebraska’s telecommunications system is an important part of protecting national security.

“LB 63 will reward vendors who choose to not do business with Huawei or ZTE,” Geist said. “This allows a company to have a competitive edge if they are responsible and look out for our country’s security interests.”

Mike Flood is the founder and an owner of Flood Communications and News Channel Nebraska.

Nebraska Examiner is part of States Newsroom, a network of news bureaus supported by grants and a coalition of donors as a 501c(3) public charity. Nebraska Examiner maintains editorial independence. Contact Editor Cate Folsom for questions: [email protected]nebraskaexaminer.com. Follow Nebraska Examiner on Facebook and Twitter.

Tue, 14 Feb 2023 12:25:00 -0600 en text/html https://rivercountry.newschannelnebraska.com/story/48383236/nebraska-bill-would-ban-access-to-usf-funds-for-cell-providers-with-huawei-equipment
Killexams : HUAWEI WATCH Buds conceals two earbuds inside a smartwatch No result found, try new keyword!The new HUAWEI WATCH Buds combine a traditional smartwatch and TWS wireless earbuds into a single device, providing a 2-in-1 experience. Readers like you help support Pocketnow. When you make a ... Tue, 14 Feb 2023 10:08:00 -0600 https://pocketnow.com/huawei-watch-buds-uk-announcement/ Killexams : How to get Zoom on Huawei smartphone

Downloading Zoom on a Huawei smartphone might be more manageable. You must follow our step-by-step tutorial on how to get Zoom on a Huawei device. Zoom is compatible with any Huawei device, whether a smartphone or tablet. Using applications like Zoom on Huawei devices with a high-quality screen display provides you with the best experience.

You can collaborate with participants remotely for content sharing and whiteboarding. The loud notification sound speaker on Huawei ensures you get the notification of your next meeting in advance. To get Zoom Cloud Meetings on a Huawei smartphone, you can use the pre-installed AppGallery, which comes with all Huawei devices.

How to get Zoom on Huawei Smartphone

Step 1: Launch 'AppGallery' from your home screen.

Step 2: Tap the search bar, type 'Zoom,' and click on 'SEARCH.'

Step 3: Select 'Zoom Cloud Meetings' from the list on your Huawei smartphone and click on it to download zoom on Huawei.

Step 4: Wait for the application to be downloaded, then select the application from your downloads list.

Step 5: Click 'Install.’

Step 6: Continue to 'Sign Up' or 'Sign In' to Zoom.

AppGallery on the Huawei phone allows you to install any application on the internet free of cost. After downloading Zoom on Huawei successfully, you can create a new account using your email ID. If you already have an account, you can log in to Zoom on your Huawei smartphone and continue your work hassle-free. Huawei smartphones supply you the perfect resolution to complete tasks in Zoom meetings. Huawei provides four gesture-controlled system navigators on its latest devices, making working easy. That makes using Zoom on Huawei a lot better.

How to update Zoom using AppGallery

The steps to update Zoom or any other application in particular from AppGallery is super simple. Here’s how:

  1. Visit AppGallery.
  2. Go to the “Me” section.
  3. Locate the app you want to update (Zoom, in this case). If an update is available, the “Update” button will be right beside the app name.
  4. Hit the “Update” button and in a few seconds, you’ll have the latest version of the Zoom app.


The simple guide takes you through the detailed process of installing Zoom on Huawei smartphones. Regarding using Zoom on Huawei, the smartphone holds the best reviews from thousands of users worldwide in the meeting solution market.

For more information, you may also visit our YouTube video about downloading Zoom for your Huawei phone.


Can I use Zoom on a Huawei phone?

Yes, the Zoom application can be installed and launched on the Huawei device using Huawei’s official app marketplace, “AppGallery.

Can you use other apps in Huawei while in a meeting on Zoom?

On zoom in Huawei smartphones, you can keep other apps running in the background and work on them even if you are in a meeting.

Can Zoom inform the host about the applications I’m using while in the meeting?

Zoom cannot inform the host if you open a different application while in a meeting; Zoom cannot tell the host whether you are using a Huawei device or a different mobile.

How do you join a meeting on Zoom in Huawei?

Install the app via AppGallery. Login to your Google account or Sign up for a new one. Then tap “Launch meeting” on Zoom to join or create a new meeting.

Why should I use Zoom on Huawei?

The new Huawei smartphones have an OLED screen, which allows you to use its dark mode feature on Zoom. This helps you save a ton of battery life, although it is optional because Huawei comes with excellent battery life. Huawei provides you with the feature of having a traditional app drawer to organize applications by your preference. It lets you connect with various participants simultaneously without facing any quality issues. It provides high-quality calls with different inbuilt functionality and tools.


Thu, 09 Feb 2023 10:00:00 -0600 text/html https://www.gulftoday.ae/business/2023/02/08/how-to-download-zoom-on-huawei-smartphone
Killexams : Huawei Watch Buds 2-in-1 smartwatch launches in Europe, sales begin March 1

The Huawei Watch Buds 2-in-1 smartwatch unveiled last December in China made its debut in Europe today. It's priced at €499 with actual sales starting March 1. However, those who pre-book the Watch Buds through Huawei's official website by paying €30 will get a €30 discount. That means the Huawei Watch Buds will effectively cost €469 to those who pre-order it now, and they will also get a Huawei Scale 3 for free with their purchase.

In the UK, the Huawei Watch Buds is priced at £449.99, and you can reserve your unit with a £30 deposit via Huawei's UK website, which brings down its effective price by £30 to £419.99 with the £389.99 balance amount to be paid upon sales start. Customers in the UK will also get a free Huawei Scale 3 if they pre-book the Watch Buds.

Huawei Watch Buds 2-in-1 smartwatch debuts in Europe, sales begin March 1

The Huawei Watch Buds is a 2-in-1 device. It's a smartwatch with a screen that opens to reveal a pair of pill-shaped TWS earbuds, with the latter having AI Noise Cancelation Calling.

Huawei Watch Buds Huawei Watch Buds Huawei Watch Buds Huawei Watch Buds
Huawei Watch Buds

The Huawei Watch Buds is compatible with Android and iOS devices and comes with the usual slew of health and fitness features we see on most other smartwatches. The watch packs a 410 mAh battery, while each bud comes with a 30 mAh cell. You can read our Huawei Watch Buds announcement coverage here to know more about it.

Huawei Watch Buds 2-in-1 smartwatch debuts in Europe, sales begin March 1

Source 1 (in German), Source 2

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 23:14:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.gsmarena.com/huawei_watch_buds_europe_price_sale_date-news-57577.php Killexams : Why you should buy the Huawei Mate50 Pro No result found, try new keyword!Huawei’s latest flagship smartphone, the Mate50 Pro, is now available at South Africa’s top retailers and on the Huawei online store. This smartphone has generated plenty of excitement in the ... Tue, 14 Feb 2023 15:35:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://businesstech.co.za/news/industry-news/664759/why-you-should-buy-the-huawei-mate50-pro/ Killexams : Huawei to invest $400 million in Saudi Arabia cloud region

During LEAP 2023, Huawei announced a $400-million-dollar investment in a cloud region in Saudi Arabia. The funds, to be distributed over the next five years, will bolster the region’s digital economy and provide access to more advanced and secure cloud services for government, corporate and individuals, the company stated.

In early December, Reuters reported that Huawei signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Saudi Arabia on bringing cloud computing capabilities to the country’s cities.

Currently, Huawei Cloud — the Chinese company’s cloud unit — provides services in more than 170 countries and regions. Central to the company’s cloud vision is an everything-as-a-service model, which it says allows customers to make the transitions to the cloud more smoothly and affordably.

Beyond Huawei, XaaS, or Anything as a Service, refers to any products that are delivered to users as services using the cloud. This model provides businesses with a more flexible consumption model because companies pay as they go, based on need and use. That’s typically through either a subscription model or as metered payment, based on actual use. But, all XaaS solutions share one basic trait: They’re built on cloud computing infrastructure and concepts.

Huawei Cloud has been investing in cloud and AI technologies for the last several years and has launched a wide range of products along the way in including ModelArts — an AI development pipeline — large pre-trained Pangu models and spatiotemporal computing services. It also claims to have more than 240 cloud services. In Saudi Arabia, the company expects its cloud services to serve customers in all industries, such government and public service, finance, telecom, utility, O&G, transportation, retail, manufacturing and entertainment.

Catherine Sbeglia Nin
Catherine Sbeglia Nin

Catherine is the Managing Editor for RCR Wireless News and Enterprise IoT Insights, where she covers subjects such as Wi-Fi, network infrastructure and edge computing. She also hosts Arden Media's podcast Well, technically... After studying English and Film & Media Studies at The University of Rochester, she moved to Madison, WI. Having already lived on both coasts, she thought she’d supply the middle a try. So far, she likes it very much.

Mon, 13 Feb 2023 02:39:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.rcrwireless.com/20230213/telco-cloud/huawei-to-invest-400-million-in-saudi-arabia-cloud-region
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