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Google-IQ test - Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ) Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: Google-IQ Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ) test November 2023 by Killexams.com team

Google-IQ Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ)

Exam Detail:
The Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ) exam is designed to assess an individual's knowledge and proficiency in using Google Analytics, a web analytics tool provided by Google. Here are the exam details for the Google Analytics IQ exam:

- Number of Questions: The exam typically consists of multiple-choice questions. The exact number of questions may vary, but it is typically around 70 questions.

- Time Limit: The time allotted to complete the exam is 90 minutes (1 hour and 30 minutes).

Course Outline:
The Google Analytics IQ exam covers a wide range of Topics related to Google Analytics and its various features. The course outline typically includes the following domains:

1. Fundamentals of Google Analytics:
- Understanding the basics of web analytics and its importance.
- Navigating the Google Analytics interface.
- Configuring Google Analytics accounts and properties.
- Setting up goals and conversion tracking.

2. Implementation and Data Collection:
- Implementing Google Analytics tracking code on websites.
- Configuring tracking parameters and custom dimensions.
- Understanding data collection methods and data accuracy.

3. Data Analysis and Reporting:
- Analyzing website traffic and user behavior using Google Analytics reports.
- Creating custom reports and segments.
- Understanding attribution modeling and cross-device tracking.
- Utilizing advanced features like data import, custom funnels, and event tracking.

4. Goals and Ecommerce Tracking:
- Setting up and tracking goals for different types of conversions.
- Configuring ecommerce tracking for online stores.
- Analyzing ecommerce performance and revenue attribution.

5. Campaign Tracking and Tag Management:
- Implementing campaign tracking using URL parameters and UTM tags.
- Utilizing tag management systems like Google Tag Manager.
- Understanding cross-domain and cross-device tracking.

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the Google Analytics IQ exam are as follows:

- Assessing candidates' understanding of web analytics principles and their application in Google Analytics.
- Evaluating candidates' proficiency in configuring and implementing Google Analytics tracking code.
- Testing candidates' ability to analyze and interpret data using Google Analytics reports and advanced features.
- Assessing candidates' knowledge of setting up goals, ecommerce tracking, and campaign tracking in Google Analytics.
- Evaluating candidates' understanding of tag management systems and their integration with Google Analytics.

Exam Syllabus:
The specific exam syllabus for the Google Analytics IQ exam covers the following topics:

1. Google Analytics Fundamentals:
- Introduction to web analytics and Google Analytics.
- Google Analytics account structure and navigation.
- Understanding basic metrics and dimensions.
- Setting up goals and ecommerce tracking.

2. Implementation and Data Collection:
- Installing and configuring the Google Analytics tracking code.
- Customizing tracking parameters and dimensions.
- Understanding data collection methods and data accuracy.

3. Data Analysis and Reporting:
- Analyzing standard reports and segments.
- Creating custom reports and advanced segments.
- Utilizing attribution modeling and cross-device tracking.
- Advanced features like data import and event tracking.

4. Goals and Ecommerce Tracking:
- Setting up and tracking goals for different types of conversions.
- Configuring ecommerce tracking for online stores.
- Analyzing ecommerce performance and revenue attribution.

5. Campaign Tracking and Tag Management:
- Implementing campaign tracking using URL parameters and UTM tags.
- Introduction to tag management systems and Google Tag Manager.
- Cross-domain and cross-device tracking.
Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ)
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Google Analytics Individual Qualification (IQ)
Question: 41 Section 18
Google Analytics uses which model by default when attributing conversion values in non-Multi-Channel Funnel
A. First Interaction model
B. Last Interaction model
C. Last Non-Direct Click model
D. Linear model
Answer: C
Question: 42 Section 18
Which of the following statements is true about Multi-Channel Funnel (MCF) reports?
A. You can create your own custom channel grouping in addition to the default MCF Channel grouping.
B. The channel labels that you see in Multi-Channel Funnels reports are defined as part of the MCF Channel
C. When you share a Custom Channel Grouping, only the configuration information is shared. Your data
remain private.
D. All of these statements are true.
Answer: D
Question: 43 Section 18
Which reporting dimension would be useful to reference if you were looking to Boost the user experience on
your landing pages?
A. Traffic type
B. Language
C. Device Category
D. B and C only
E. A, B, and C
Answer: D
Question: 44 Section 18
Auto-tagging is a feature that is used with which type of traffic?
A. Any search engine traffic that is not from Google
B. AdWords Campaign traffic
C. Website referrals
D. Social media referrals
Answer: B
Question: 45 Section 18
Google Analytics can identify that two sessions are from the same user if:
A. the sessions happen in the same browser on the same device
B. the sessions happen on the same day
C. the sessions happen in the same browser
D. the sessions occur within 30 minutes of each other
Answer: A
Question: 46 Section 18
When a report is based on data from a large number of sessions, you may see the following notice at the top of the
report: "This report is based on N sessions."
You can adjust the sampling rate of the report by:
A. changing the sampling rate in your view settings
B. adjusting the session timeout control
C. adjusting a control in the reporting interface for greater or less precision
D. You cannot adjust the sample data
Answer: C
Question: 47 Section 18
Segments are subsets of your Analytics data. Which of the following statements are NOT true of Analytics
A. Segments are filters that permanently change your data.
B. Segments let you isolate and analyze your data.
C. You can use segments to build custom Remarketing lists.
D. Segments represent either subsets of sessions or subsets of users.
Answer: A
Question: 48 Section 18
Why can AdWords clicks sometimes differ from Analytics sessions in your reports?
A. some visitors may have javascript disabled
B. some visitors may be blocking cookies
C. clicks and sessions are different metrics
D. all of the above
Answer: D
Question: 49 Section 18
What is an assisted conversion?
A. When one goal completion leads to another
B. When one traffic source results in a later goal completion through another traffic source
C. An AdWords view through conversion
D. When AdWords visitors returns to the site directly to convert
Answer: B
Question: 50 Section 18
What is an attribution model in Google Analytics?
A. the set of rules that determine which AdWords ads are credited with a conversion
B. the set of rules for assigning sessions to new vs returning users
C. the set of rules that determine how credit for sales and conversions is assigned to touchpoints in
conversion paths
D. the set of rules for assigning specific interest categories
Answer: C
Question: 51 Section 18
Adding filters to a view in Google Analytics allows you to:
A. exclude visits from a particular IP address
B. replace complicated page URLs with readable text strings
C. modify historical data
D. A and B only
E. A, B, and C
Answer: E
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Google Qualification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-IQ Search results Google Qualification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-IQ https://killexams.com/exam_list/Google Google: Hey Kid, Wanna Cheat on Your Math Test?

Photo: Slatan (Shutterstock)

Google launched new features for Search and Lens in an update to help users solve difficult math, physics, and geometry problems, the company said in a blog post Monday. Simply type an equation into the search bar, or take a picture of your homework with Lens, and the update will provide you with a step-by-step explanation and solution. It’s a whole new world for cheaters.

Large language models help students solve a wide range of problems in Google’s latest update. The rise of ChatGPT and its shocking ability to write essays at a 6th-grade level concerned school administrations nationwide. Google capitalized on the same homework-solving capabilities with its latest update in an even more convenient, familiar location: the search bar. As the search engine faces federal scrutiny for monopolistic tendencies, the company curries favor with high schoolers.

The new tools also work with word problems, specifically highlighting ones commonly found in physics homework. These problems are particularly difficult to look up answers to, but large language models make it quick and easy to solve them. Users can also take pictures of certain geometry problems and use Google Lens to provide the solutions, as reported by TechCrunch Wednesday.

Large language models originally faced intense scrutiny in learning environments for allowing students to easily cheat on their homework. New York City public schools initially banned the usage of ChatGPT, but then lifted its ban at the end of last school year. The head of the city’s public school said it’s crucial that students learn to work within a world using generative AI. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman and several experts echo the sentiment, saying that fears around cheating are overblown, comparing the use of ChatGPT to using calculators – they’re simply tools.

Tue, 31 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://gizmodo.com/google-takes-cheating-to-a-new-level-1850982478
Google Business Profiles Verification Method: Upload Photo At Customer Location

Construction Worker At Site Google Logo

Google Business Profiles is adding a verification method for some categories of businesses to make it easier for them to verify their business with Google. This one, you can upload a picture of your vehicle in the local area where you meet your customers.

This was spotted by Kevin Pauls who posted on X saying that this is a "Win for service area business verifications!" Google has added a new option to upload photos of your vehicle in a "local area where you meet customers," he added.

Here is his screenshot showing this option:

Google Business Profiles Truck Customer Location Verification

I assume this is for some sorts of local service area business categories?

Forum discussion at X.

Thu, 16 Nov 2023 22:11:00 -0600 Barry Schwartz en text/html https://www.seroundtable.com/google-business-profiles-verification-customer-location-36405.html
Google Rich Results Test now supports paywalled content

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Tue, 17 Oct 2023 21:18:00 -0500 Barry Schwartz en text/html https://searchengineland.com/google-rich-results-test-now-supports-paywalled-content-433386
New Google Rich Result Test Paywalled Content Structured Data Check

Google Bird Smashes Through Window

Google upgraded the Rich Result Test now to support the validation of structured data for paywalled content. This means you can check live sites, any site, to see if they are implementing the paywalled content structured data properly and if Google Search understands that URL has paywalled content or not.

Google also added a section for generative AI to paywalled structured data.

Google wrote on X, "Starting today, the Rich Results Test supports validation of structured data for paywalled content. The tool can be found here: https://search.google.com/test/rich-results."

As an FYI, Google launched paywalled structured data in 2017 replacing first click free.

If you offer any subscription-based access to your website content, or if users must register for access to any content you want to be indexed, you can use paywalled structured data to communicate that to Google Search.

Here is what the tool shows for a FT.com URL:

Rich Results Test Google Search Console

I can see this being super helpful for a lot of you.

Forum discussion at X and WebmasterWorld.

Wed, 18 Oct 2023 19:31:00 -0500 Barry Schwartz en text/html https://www.seroundtable.com/google-rich-result-test-paywalled-content-structured-data-36238.html
Google Adds Support For Paywalled Content In Rich Results Test Tool

Google has announced an update to the Rich Results Test tool that now allows you to validate structured data markup for paywalled content.

This new capability aims to help publishers properly mark subscription-based content on their sites.

The change comes as Google continues to refine how it handles indexing and displaying paywalled content in search results.

While Google wants to point users to relevant paywalled articles, it must also deter practices like “cloaking,” where sites show users different content than Google.

Structured data markup is one method publishers can use to clarify what content requires a paid subscription. This involves adding schema.org markup to indicate which sections of a page sit behind a paywall.

Adding Paywall Structured Data Markup

Per Google’s help documentation, publishers should add JSON-LD or microdata to tag each paywalled block with markup like:

<div class="paywall">This content requires a subscription.< /div>

The markup then specifies that div as being non-free access:

"hasPart": {
"@type": "WebPageElement",
"isAccessibleForFree": "False",
"cssSelector": ".paywall"

With the update, the Google Rich Results Test tool can validate whether you’ve correctly implemented these paywall markup schemes.

Paywall Structured Data Specifics

The new validation support applies specifically to the “isAccessibleForFree” and “cssSelector” properties Google recommends using.

The markup can be used for articles, blog posts, courses, reviews, messages, and other CreativeWork content types.

For pages with multiple paywalled sections, publishers can specify multiple cssSelector values in an array.

Google’s documentation provides examples for both single and multi-paywall implementations.

The news comes after growing publisher concerns around Google products like Search and the AI chatbot Bard surfacing paywalled content without compensation.

Adding proper markup is one step publishers can take to clarify what is locked behind a paywall.

Google cautions that just adding structured data doesn’t ensure that paywalled content will appear in search results or AI-generated overviews. Other factors like site crawlability and indexation can affect whether Google displays pages.

Final Notes

Marking up paywalls won’t solve every issue around Google using paid content. However, improving structured data does provide more clarity, which benefits publishers and Google alike.

Google offers troubleshooting tips for publishers struggling to implement the markup in its official help document.

Featured Image: ADragan/Shutterstock

Tue, 17 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.searchenginejournal.com/google-adds-support-for-paywalled-content-in-rich-results-test-tool/498728/
Google Pixel 7a charging test: Running a little too hot

Google doesn’t provide a charger in the box with the new Pixel 7a, so you’ll have to pick up a compatible third-party charger. Before you do that though, you’ll want to learn more about how the Pixel 7a charges, what specifications it uses, and how long it takes to fill up. We tested the phone to bring you everything you need to know.

These are the key facts about the Google Pixel 7a's battery and charging capabilities.

  • According to our Google Pixel 7a review, the phone's 4,385mAh battery is just enough for a full day of use but might require top-ups when used heavily.
  • The phone uses USB Power Delivery for wired charging, so plenty of compatible third-party chargers are available.
  • Charging at 18W takes at least 146 minutes to charge the Pixel 7a from empty to full.
  • Wireless charging is supported at up to 7.5W, meaning it will take several hours to fill the phone from empty.

Google’s charger supports USB Power Delivery PPS to fast charge the Pixel 7 series but the Pixel 7a defaults to the standard USB Power Delivery protocol. It pulls 18W (9V, 2A) maximum from this plug, so you can buy plenty of low-power third-party alternatives and still power the 7a without issue.

At 18W, the Pixel 7a takes one hour and 46 minutes to full, which is pretty slow. Hitting 25% takes 16 minutes, getting the battery to halfway takes 36 minutes, and making it to 75% a rather agonizing full hour. As you can see from the graph above, the tail end of the charging process is by far the slowest portion, but the phone isn’t quick to top up in short bursts either.

Due to high temperatures, Google's Pixel 7a takes between one hour and 45 minutes to two hours to fully charge.

It’s even slower than the Pixel 7, which features a similarly sized 4,355mAh battery. That might be expected given that it supports but faster marginally faster 20W USB PD PPS charging, but we saw the same charge time when using 18W USB PD. And not just to full charge either; the Pixel 7 hit the 50% and 75% milestones several minutes faster as well. It appears that charging temperatures might have something to do with it.

Why does the Pixel 7a battery charge slowly?

Google Pixel 7a Pixel Stand angled above

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Even if you’ve picked out the correct phone charger, the Pixel 7a takes quite a long time to charge compared to other phones. This is because 18W is already quite a low power level, and it isn’t even used for the whole charging cycle. The latter stages charge at 11W before declining below 5W to finish topping up the battery. Furthermore, Google’s charging algorithm is temperature sensitive, aiming to keep the cell below 40°C by reducing power further.

We can see this clearly in the chart below. The Pixel 7a sustains 18W of power for a decent portion of the early charging cycle when the device is cool (starting unused at 20°C). But once temperatures approach 37°C, the Pixel 7a throttles back the charging power down to 14W and later just 11W until temperatures have declined. When this happens, it adds several minutes to the phone’s already slow overall charge time. We observed it taking just over two hours to charge the phone up with a slightly warmer starting temperature, and the phone becomes quite hot while charging either way.

This temperature issue fits our observed pattern of slower charging in the mid to late portions of the charging cycle compared to the Pixel 7, which does not exhibit the same throttling issues when using 20W or 18W charging. The exact reason for this isn’t completely clear. Still, it’s possible that the Pixel 7a’s chassis cannot dissipate heat at the same rate as the Pixel 7 series or that Google is cautious about this (cheaper?) battery’s sensitivity to higher temperatures.

This also makes sense in the context of the Pixel 7’s conservative low-power wireless charging capabilities. It takes the Pixel 7a over 3 hours to reach full charge on the Pixel Stand (2nd Gen) due to its lackluster 7.5W charging power level. While wireless charging is a welcome addition, it’s painfully slow and unsuitable for topping up your phone quickly.

Google Pixel 7a charging: It’s not all bad

Google Pixel 7a charger

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Google’s Pixel series has always been more sluggish to charge than its competitors. We were reminded of this during our Pixel 7 charging test, and the Pixel 7a is no different. The good news is that it’s straightforward to find compatible USB Power Delivery and Qi wireless products that meet the Pixel 7a’s conservative power needs. The downside is that the phone appears bound by temperature constraints that make charging even slower than expected in certain conditions. If you think you’ll need to top your phone up in a hurry, picking the Pixel 7 or Pixel 7 Pro will be a better option than the budget model.

If you’re looking for a Google phone that doesn’t charge quite so slowly, the new Pixel 8 shaves around 20 to 25 minutes of the total charge time of the Pixel 7 and fills up almost half an hour faster than our Pixel 7a. Finally, Google’s latest Pixel 8 fully uses that 30W charging plug that’s been on sale for years.


Yes. The Pixel 7a brings wireless charging to Google’s A-series for the first time, with support for up to 7.5W charging over the air. However, it takes around three hours to charge the phone from empty.

Yes, the Pixel Stand (original and 2nd gen) supports the Pixel 7a, but you won’t see wireless charging speeds higher than 7.5W on either.

Yes, of sorts. The Pixel 7a charges at 18W with a USB Power Delivery plug, which is faster than the default 10W the phone draws from standard USB adapters or ports.

Compared to its contemporaries, the Pixel 7a is slow to charge. This is mainly due to Google’s temperature-sensitive charging algorithm in our experience.

Yes any USB-C charger will work. However, the Pixel 7a charges fastest with a USB Power Delivery compatible plug that can supply 18W of power or more.

No, the Pixel 7a does not include a charger in the box, but it’s relatively easy to find a compatible charger that meets the 18W demands.

In terms of battery life, the two devices are similarly disappointing. However, the Pixel 6a has a larger battery than the 7a.

The Pixel 7 and 7 Pro charging speeds top out at 21W and 23W, respectively, while the Pixel 7a maxes out at 18W.

Mon, 23 Oct 2023 11:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.androidauthority.com/google-pixel-7a-battery-life-charging-3320826/
Google will release Android RISC-V emulators to test apps in 2024

Earlier this month, Qualcomm announced it was working with Google on a RISC-V Wear OS chip. The Android team today provided an update on RISC-V adoption, including an initial timeline and emulator support. 

RISC-V is a free and open instruction set architecture (ISA), bringing the same spirit of industry-wide collaboration and innovation that we see in software around open source to the hardware ecosystem. Invented 10 years ago at the University of California, Berkeley, RISC-V has seen rapid adoption in embedded and microcontroller spaces, and in recent years has expanded into accelerators, servers, and mobile computing.


Google says it has “begun to mature support for RISC-V in Android” with a particular focus on ensuring that “any CPU running RISC-V will have all of the features we expect to achieve high performance.”

At the moment, developers can “build, test, and run the Android support for RISC-V on your own machine” using Cuttlefish Virtual Device support. You can specifically build and run a basic Android Open Source Project (AOSP) experience that is “not yet fully optimized” but at a stage that Google believes is “ready to allow experimentation and collaboration.”

For example, work on a fully optimized backend for the Android Runtime (ART) is still a work in progress. Additionally, AOSP, our external projects, and compilers haven’t generated fully optimized, reduced code that also takes advantage of the latest ratified extensions, such as the one for vectors.

In terms of ensuring app compatibility, Google plans to “have the NDK ABI finalized and canary builds available on Android’s public CI soon and RISC-V on x86-64 & ARM64 available for easier testing” later this year.

The bigger Android milestone is publicly available RISC-V emulators in 2024 “with a full feature set to test applications for various device form factors.” Google reiterates that wearables are expected to be the first form factor available. 

Make sure to stay tuned as we look into ways to make it as easy for Android developers writing native to target new platforms as it is for our Java and Kotlin developers!

In terms of contributing, Google points to the following resources:

  • https://github.com/google/android-riscv64 for detailed information on how to build and test the RISC-V support in Android, list of known issues and opportunities to contribute to AOSP at source.android.com and toolchain projects and support libraries.”
  • “Subscribe to RISC-V Android SIG mailing list or join directly, if your organization is a member of RISC-V International to stay tuned in to progress and offer your suggestions and feedback.”

FTC: We use income earning auto affiliate links. More.

Mon, 30 Oct 2023 05:50:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://9to5google.com/2023/10/30/android-risc-v-app-emulators/
Google intends to test IP Protection feature to enhance users' privacy Google intends to test the Internet Protocol (IP) Protection feature for the Chrome browser, which works to enhance users' privacy by hiding their IP addresses using proxy servers.
IP addresses allow websites and online services to track activities across websites, making it easier to create permanent profiles of users, and this poses significant privacy concerns because, unlike what is possible with third-party cookies, users currently lack a way to directly avoid this secret tracking, although IP addresses may lead to tracking, they are also indispensable for important web functions, such as routing traffic, fraud prevention, and other vital network tasks.
Google's IP Protection feature handles this dual role by routing external traffic coming from specific domains through its proxy servers, which makes users' IP addresses invisible to those domains, and this feature provides a way to protect users from cross-site tracking using IP addresses. This proposal is a privacy proxy that anonymizes IP addresses.
According to Google, initially, the IP protection feature will be optional, ensuring that users control their privacy and allow Google to monitor behavior trends, as the feature will be introduced in stages to accommodate regional considerations, and initially, only domains listed in third-party contexts will be affected, highlighting those domains that are seen as tracking users.
During the first phase, called Phase 0, Google will transmit requests through proxy servers only for its domains. This will help Google test the infrastructure of the system and buy more time to adjust the list of domains that will be affected later. Initially, only users who are signed in to the Chrome browser and have IP addresses located in the US can access these proxy servers.
A selected group of clients will be automatically included in this initial test, and in the coming stages, Google plans to adopt a two-step proxy system to greatly increase privacy, and plans to test the IP Protection feature between Chrome versions 119 and 225 of the Chrome browser.
Tue, 24 Oct 2023 00:37:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.gulf-times.com/article/670671/international/google-intends-to-test-ip-protection-feature-to-enhance-users-privacy
Google Chrome's new "IP Protection" will hide users' IP addresses


Google is Getting ready to test a new "IP Protection" feature for the Chrome browser that enhances users' privacy by masking their IP addresses using proxy servers.

Recognizing the potential misuse of IP addresses for covert tracking, Google seeks to strike a balance between ensuring users' privacy and the essential functionalities of the web.

IP addresses allow websites and online services to track activities across websites, thereby facilitating the creation of persistent user profiles. This poses significant privacy concerns as, unlike third-party cookies, users currently lack a direct way to evade such covert tracking.

What is Google's proposed IP Protection feature?

While IP addresses are potential vectors for tracking, they are also indispensable for critical web functionalities like routing traffic, fraud prevention, and other vital network tasks.

The "IP Protection" solution addresses this dual role by routing third-party traffic from specific domains through proxies, making users' IP addresses invisible to those domains. As the ecosystem evolves, so will IP Protection, adapting to continue safeguarding users from cross-site tracking and adding additional domains to the proxied traffic.

"Chrome is reintroducing a proposal to protect users against cross-site tracking via IP addresses. This proposal is a privacy proxy that anonymizes IP addresses for qualifying traffic as described above," reads a description of the IP Protection feature.

Initially, IP Protection will be an opt-in feature, ensuring users have control over their privacy and letting Google monitor behavior trends.

The feature's introduction will be in stages to accommodate regional considerations and ensure a learning curve. 

In its initial approach, only the domains listed will be affected in third-party contexts, zooming in on those perceived to be tracking users.

The first phase, dubbed "Phase 0," will see Google proxying requests only to its own domains using a proprietary proxy. This will help Google test the system's infrastructure and buy more time to fine-tune the domain list. 

To start, only users logged into Google Chrome and with US-based IPs can access these proxies.

A select group of clients will be automatically included in this preliminary test, but the architecture and design will undergo modifications as the tests progress. 

To avert potential misuse, a Google-operated authentication server will distribute access tokens to the proxy, setting a quota for each user.

In upcoming phases, Google plans to adopt a 2-hop proxy system to increase privacy further.

"We are considering using 2 hops for improved privacy. A second proxy would be run by an external CDN, while Google runs the first hop," explains the IP Protection explainer document.

"This ensures that neither proxy can see both the client IP address and the destination. CONNECT & CONNECT-UDP support chaining of proxies."

As many online services utilize GeoIP to determine a users location for offering services, Google plans on assigning IP addresses to proxy connections that represent a "coarse" location of a user rather than their specific location, as illustrated below.

Among the domains where Google intends to test this feature are its own platforms like Gmail and AdServices.

Google plans on testing this feature between Chrome 119 and Chrome 225.

Potential security concerns

Google explains there are some cybersecurity concerns related to the new IP Protection feature.

As the traffic will be proxied through Google's servers, it may make it difficult for security and fraud protection services to block DDoS attacks or detect invalid traffic. 

Furthermore, if one of Google's proxy servers is compromised, the threat actor can see and manipulate the traffic going through it.

To mitigate this, Google is considering requiring users of the feature to authenticate with the proxy, preventing proxies from linking web requests to particular accounts, and introducing rate-limiting to prevent DDoS attacks.

Sun, 22 Oct 2023 06:00:00 -0500 Mayank Parmar en-us text/html https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/google/google-chromes-new-ip-protection-will-hide-users-ip-addresses/
Tested: The Pixel 6 charges much slower than Google implied
Google Pixel 6 with 30W charging adapter on top of it

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

You’d be forgiven for thinking that the Google Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro had finally boarded the fast charging express. Google’s adoption of the USB Power Delivery PPS charging protocol and recommendation that you use its latest 30W USB-C adapter to obtain peak speeds certainly suggests as much. But one should never jump to assumptions and it turns out Google’s 2021 phones don’t break any records for charging times.

Anyone who has used the phone will no doubt grimace at the “two hours to full” message received upon plugging in. Despite Google’s boasts of a 50% charge in 30 minutes, a full-cycle takes an inexplicable amount of time. Looking more closely at the literature, Google doesn’t actually state the peak wired charging speed for the Pixel 6 or Pixel 6 Pro. Here’s what the official Google Pixel 6 support page says:

Up to 50% charge in 30 minutes with Google 30W USB-C. Charger with USB-PD 3.0 (PPS) sold separately.

Fast wired charging rates are based upon use of the Google 30W USB-C Charger plugged into a wall outlet. Compatible with USB PD 3.0 PPS adapters. genuine results may be slower. Adapters sold separately.

Confused? Fortunately, Android Authority has been in the lab to take a closer look at what’s causing these long charge times. The verdict? The assumed 30W charging isn’t 30W at all.

Editor's Note

October 2023: Google has improved charging speeds with the Pixel 8 series. We recorded a measurable reduction in zero-to-full times, which you can find in our Pixel 8 charging test article.

October 2022: The Pixel 7 series exhibited similar charging behavior as described in this article. We've published our findings in a dedicated Pixel 7 charging test.

Google issued a statement on the Pixel 6 series' charging capabilities following the original publication of this article. You can find more details below. The remainder of the article has been preserved as published in late 2021.

Google Pixel 6 wired charging tested

Google 30W USB C Power Charger upright next to box

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Based on our testing using Google’s official 30W USB-C Adapter and a handful of compatible fast charging cables, we discovered that the maximum power obtained from both the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro is just 22W, with an average of just 13W over a full cycle. At no point during our testing did we see speeds anywhere close to the 30W charging that many have (quite fairly) assumed the Pixel 6 series is capable of.

We corroborated these findings with tests using other high-power USB Power Delivery PPS plugs such as the Anker Nano II, Samsung 45W Travel Adapter, and the Elecjet X21 Pro — all of which showed a maximum output of 22W when charging either the Pixel 6 or Pixel 6 Pro. All of the adapters used were UK variants, though our data from testing US chargers with USB PD PPS support also showed peak charging of 22W or below on a US model Pixel 6.

Google Pixel 6 charging power tops out at 22W, not 30W.

How does that impact charging times? With USB Power Delivery PPS, the Google Pixel 6 Pro takes ~111 minutes to fully charge its 5,000mAh battery (~5,000mAh typical, according to Google) from near empty. This figure, as well as all the data shown in this article, was obtained with the Pixel 6 series’ Adaptive Charging and Adaptive Battery settings switched off. All charging times noted here are based on our average numbers across multiple tests.

Given that the 4,080mAh capacity Pixel 5 supports 18W charging and fills up in around 87 minutes, that’s pretty disappointing. Furthermore, 22W isn’t far shy of the 5,000mAh Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra’s 25W charging capabilities, which can be filled up in a little over an hour with the right charger. So why the huge discrepancy?

To find out, we have to look closer at how charging power changes over the course of a cycle. Typically, fast charging uses more power at the beginning of the charge, during a battery’s constant current phase, before reducing power as the cell nears full capacity. Reducing power earlier is useful for controlling temperatures and reducing battery stress but comes at the cost of charge time.

The graph below tracks the amount of charging power used by the Pixel 6 Pro as a measure of time and battery capacity.

As mentioned, the Pixel 6 Pro tops out at 22W of power, far below the maximum charging potential offered by the adapter itself (as we’ll see in the next section). This peak power draw is sustained until 50% charge, which takes about 31 minutes, virtually as advertised.

However, after that initial period of fast charging, power sent to the phone falls to 15W at around 62% battery capacity or around 40 minutes. This remains steady until falling further to just 12W by 75% capacity, which takes around 53 minutes to hit. From there the power holds steady once more until 85% charge is obtained at around the 63-minute mark. After that point, power gradually falls to as little as 2.5W by the time the battery is full.

Our verdicts: Google Pixel 6 review | Google Pixel 6 Pro review

Charging this last 15% of the battery takes an exorbitant about of time, requiring a further hour to finish filling up. Oddly, the phone actually switches back to the standard USB Power Delivery protocol after hitting around 75% battery capacity. There’s no clear reason for this and might be a hangover from Google’s old charging algorithm, as we’ll see later.

After hitting 50% charge, power falls from 22W to 15W and then well below.

Looking at a full charge cycle, the phone is reasonably quick to hit 50% but the following 50% takes three times as long.

Temperature-wise, the phone didn’t break 35°C peak, which is very good, though it’s quickly turning to winter at the time of writing, so the external temperature may have played a small factor. Still, there’s plenty of thermal headroom in the latter stages of charging, with battery temperatures hovering close to just 25°C. The only other reason for Google to be playing it so conservatively is so as not to strain a reasonably cheap low C-Rate battery.

Google Pixel 6 Pro vs Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra fast charging test

Google Pixel 6 with USB C cable

C. Scott Brown / Android Authority

To get a taste of whether the Pixel 6 and 6 Pro’s behavior is unusual, we also tested the previous generation Google Pixel 5 and the Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra using the same official 30W Google charger.

The Galaxy S21 Ultra also uses the USB Power Delivery PPS protocol to negotiate up to 25W of power and houses a 5,000mAh battery, making it an excellent reference for the Pixel 6 Pro. The Pixel 5 also gives us some useful data, as it shows how Google charged its previous phones using the USB Power Delivery 2.0 specification.

Immediately we see the Galaxy S21 Ultra pulling more power than the Pixel 6 Pro from Google’s own adapter. It draws 25W from the same plug and even hits peaks of 28W before reducing its charging power at the 50% mark. Even after this mark, the power draw falls to a still speedy 20W before tailing off down towards 6W for the last 15% of the phone’s charge. The phone also uses the USB PD PPS standard for the entire charge cycle. The net result is a much faster 62 minutes to full charge, 49 minutes faster than the Pixel 6 Pro for the same battery capacity.

The Galaxy S21 Ultra pulls more power than the Pixel 6 Pro from Google's own adapter, charging ~49 minutes faster than the Pixel 6 Pro, despite the same battery capacity.

There is a minor trade-off here though. The Galaxy S21 Ultra’s battery temperature hovers around 35°C for the fast-charge portion and above 30°C for the remaining charge cycle. Still, this is reasonably cool compared to the 60W+ fast-charging standards we see on the market.

Comparing the Google Pixel 6 Pro to the Pixel 5 shows that the company is using a virtually identical charging algorithm for both phones, just with fractionally more power used by the newer model. The handsets follow an almost identical step-down approach to lowering power as the phone’s battery fills up. While stepping off the gas is necessary as a battery fills up, Google’s approach is clearly far more conservative than Samsung’s Super Fast Charging or USB PD PPS.

Do you need to buy Google’s 30W PPS charger?

Google 30W USB C Power Charger resting on Google Pixel 6 and 6 Pro

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

The benefit of USB PD PPS over the regular USB PD standard is that it allows for more fine-grain control of current and voltage delivery when combined with improved device-to-charger communication. In other words, Google should be able to charge the phone faster and more efficiently with the move to PPS, optimizing the power delivered based on battery condition, temperature, and more.

While Google has leveraged the standard for marginally higher power, there’s no sign of PPS being used to better optimize the Pixel 6 Pro’s charging speed any more dynamically than previous Pixels. I can’t understand why Google would move over to an entirely new charging standard, thereby breaking accessory compatibility, just to supply 4W more power to the Pixel 6.

Google's new 30W charger saves you just 10 minutes over the old 18W model. Hardly worth the money.

As a final test, I charged the Google Pixel 6 Pro using Google’s old 18W USB Power Delivery plug the company shipped with previous generation Pixels. Just to see if there’s any tangible benefit. The results are somewhat galling.

25% Charge 50% Charge 75% Charge 100% Charge

Google Pixel 6 Pro

25% Charge

15 minutes

50% Charge

31 minutes

75% Charge

53 minutes

100% Charge

111 minutes

Google Pixel 6 Pro

25% Charge

19 minutes

50% Charge

40 minutes

75% Charge

64 minutes

100% Charge

121 minutes

When using USB Power Delivery, the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro charge at 18W until around 60% battery when power falls to 15W — just like when charging with USB PD PPS. The result is the phone hits 50% charge in 40 minutes rather than 31 minutes, and a full Pixel 6 Pro charge takes 121 versus 111 minutes. Hardly a game-changing time saver by moving from an 18W to 30W plug.

Although a PPS charger will have you back on your feet to 50% a little quicker, it’s certainly not worth spending an extra $25 on Google’s 30W USB-C adapter just to charge the phone 10 minutes faster. While it’s a perfectly good charger in its own right (as seen with the Galaxy S21 Ultra results), any 18W USB Power Delivery plug left over from an older handset will serve you virtually as well as Google’s new adapter.

Google Pixel 6 charging: Why it matters

Google Pixel 6 Pro vs Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra vs Apple iPhone 13 Pro Max

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

It’s hard not to be disappointed by the fast charging capabilities of the Google Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro. Especially given Google’s tacit suggestion that its new phones charge faster than ever before thanks to the new 30W power adapter. While not an outright lie, Google’s literature is certainly disingenuous about the phones’ capabilities.

The carefully worded official line cited in this article’s opening paragraph has, intentionally or not, duped customers and the press (ourselves included) into believing the Pixel 6 series supports much more powerful charging than it actually does. In reality, Google’s latest flagships offer only marginal improvements to charging speeds, saving mere minutes of time compared to the company’s previous implementation.

Google's latest flagships offer only marginal improvements to charging speeds.

The bottom line — Google hasn’t leapfrogged Apple and Samsung as it seemingly tried to imply. In fact, the Pixel 6 and 6 Pro charge slower than their two biggest competitors. Considering those two already lag behind the slew of brands offering much speedier, market-leading fast charging technologies, Google finds itself in a less-than-stellar position in the pantheon of fast charging phones. With the latest Pixel devices providing exclusive features and hardware upgrades over previous Pixels, it’s a shame its charging hasn’t caught up.

A few weeks after we originally published our findings, Google clarified the charging capabilities of the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro. The community blog post confirmed our findings that the Pixel 6 and 6 Pro draw 21W and 23W at their peaks respectively, before reducing power as the battery capacity fills. That’s within a 1W margin of error from our testing, which is likely down to variables such as the cable used, ambient temperature, their use of pre-production software, and whether the measurement was taken at the phone or the plug.

Further reading: How long does it really take to fully charge your phone?

Wed, 25 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.androidauthority.com/google-pixel-6-charging-test-3051231/

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