Exam Code: Google-AAD Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
Google-AAD Google Associate Android Developer

Exam Number: Google-AAD
Exam Name : Google Associate Android Developer


The exam is designed to test the skills of an entry-level Android developer. Therefore, to take this exam, you should have this level of proficiency, either through education, self-study, your current job, or a job you have had in the past. Assess your proficiency by reviewing "Exam Content." If you'd like to take the exam, but feel you need to prepare a bit more, level up your Android knowledge with some great Android training resources.

Android core
User interface
Data management

Android core

To prepare for the Associate Android Developer certification exam, developers should:
Understand the architecture of the Android system
Be able to describe the basic building blocks of an Android app
Know how to build and run an Android app
Display simple messages in a popup using a Toast or a Snackbar
Be able to display a message outside your app's UI using Notifications
Understand how to localize an app
Be able to schedule a background task using WorkManager

User interface

The Android framework enables developers to create useful apps with effective user interface (UIs). Developers need to understand Android’s activities, views, and layouts to create appealing and intuitive UIs for their users.

To prepare for the Associate Android Developer certification exam, developers should:
Understand the Android activity lifecycle
Be able to create an Activity that displays a Layout
Be able to construct a UI with ConstraintLayout
Understand how to create a custom View class and add it to a Layout
Know how to implement a custom app theme
Be able to add accessibility hooks to a custom View
Know how to apply content descriptions to views for accessibility
Understand how to display items in a RecyclerView
Be able to bind local data to a RecyclerView list using the Paging library
Know how to implement menu-based navigation
Understand how to implement drawer navigation

Data management

Many Android apps store and retrieve user information that persists beyond the life of the app.

To prepare for the Associate Android Developer certification exam, developers should:
Understand how to define data using Room entities
Be able to access Room database with data access object (DAO)
Know how to observe and respond to changing data using LiveData
Understand how to use a Repository to mediate data operations
Be able to read and parse raw resources or asset files
Be able to create persistent Preference data from user input
Understand how to change the behavior of the app based on user preferences


Debugging is the process of isolating and removing defects in software code. By understanding the debugging tools in Android Studio, Android developers can create reliable and robust applications.

To prepare for the Associate Android Developer certification exam, developers should:
Understand the basic debugging techniques available in Android Studio
Know how to debug and fix issues with an app's functional behavior and usability
Be able to use the System Log to output debug information
Understand how to use breakpoints in Android Studio
Know how to inspect variables using Android Studio


Software testing is the process of executing a program with the intent of finding errors and abnormal or unexpected behavior. Testing and test-driven development (TDD) is a critically important step of the software development process for all Android developers. It helps to reduce defect rates in commercial and enterprise software.

To prepare for the Associate Android Developer certification exam, developers should:
Thoroughly understand the fundamentals of testing
Be able to write useful local JUnit tests
Understand the Espresso UI test framework
Know how to write useful automated Android tests

Google Associate Android Developer
Google Associate health
Killexams : Google Associate health - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-AAD Search results Killexams : Google Associate health - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Google-AAD https://killexams.com/exam_list/Google Killexams : Google’s fastest-growing business is insuring companies against their workers’ health Granular Insurance, part of Verily, part of Alphabet, which is Google. © Image: Granular Granular Insurance, part of Verily, part of Alphabet, which is Google.

I’ve heard people joke that Google only has a couple of successful businesses, primarily advertising. But it may have found another hit: insuring other companies against their workers’ potentially pricey medical care.

The Information is reporting that its healthcare company, Verily, more than doubled its revenue to become the biggest Alphabet subsidiary after Google proper — and that its health insurance business, Granular, is the biggest contributor to that growth. Granular’s revenue “rose nearly sixfold through the first nine months of last year to $151 million, from $27 million a year earlier,” writes The Information.

But Granular doesn’t sell health insurance to employees. It sells “stop-loss” insurance to employers who are worried that their own workers’ medical claims might hurt them.

See, not every company helps their employees pay for traditional insurance premiums where your doctors bill, say, UnitedHealthcare or Anthem or Aetna for your care (though those companies may be middlemen anyhow). Some think it’d be more cost-effective to “self-fund” and pay the medical claims of employees themselves.

Like AOL, whose CEO, Tim Armstrong, once justified cutting employees’ retirement benefits because it had to pay $2 million to help save two distressed babies. I guess AOL didn’t have stop-loss insurance?

Anyhow, Google / Alphabet / Verily’s Granular Insurance is one of many stop-loss insurance companies that promise to pay claims over a certain dollar threshold in exchange for its own regular premiums. Yes, that means companies that sign up are paying for insurance instead of paying for insurance — they’re betting that most employees won’t have enough claims to justify traditional insurance premiums but also betting that some workers might have huge ones.

What makes Granular different from other stop-loss providers? That’s less clear. The company advertises that “Granular uses an intelligent framework to better protect self-funded employers from the cost volatility of a workforce with diverse health-related needs,” but I think that just means it’s cheaper. I dug up some local government meeting materials from the San Joaquin Valley Insurance Authority in Fresno County, California, and they mostly seemed to be considering Granular to replace their existing stop-loss provider because the offer was competitive.

But perhaps it’s more competitive because Google thinks its data makes for more accurate bets. The San Joaquin Valley Insurance Authority notes that Granular would be providing its service alongside “Point6,” which appears to be this company that says it “brings actionable and integrated solutions focused on the 0.6% of the employee population that is driving 35% of employer healthcare expenditures.”

Either way, it’s not exactly the image that I typically associate with Google’s health efforts. Originally, Verily was most closely associated with the dream of a smart contact lens that’s long since been shelved.

Incidentally, the FTC just fined a company $1.5 million for sharing private health data with Google and Facebook.

Thu, 02 Feb 2023 11:27:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/other/google-s-fastest-growing-business-is-insuring-companies-against-their-workers-health/ar-AA1730mb
Killexams : Google Is Feeling the Heat From Its Own Employees

On the heels of Google laying off 12,000 employees in January, a series of protests took place last week in New York, California and Texas that showed mounting worker unrest.

Google's raters, who evaluate the quality of search and ads, submitted a petition Wednesday at the company's headquarters in Mountain View, California, that demands better pay. The following day, a protest took place outside Google's offices in New York criticizing the search giant over mass layoffs. Capping off the work week on Friday, more than 40 YouTube Music workers with Cognizant, a company that contracts under YouTube owner and Google parent Alphabet, went on strike in Austin, Texas, over a new return-to-office policy.  

These mark the latest incidents in a series of contentious issues between the search giant and its workers over latest years. In 2018, more than 20,000 workers walked out of 50 offices to protest the company's handling of allegations of sexual assault and misconduct. The next year, protests took place at the company's San Francisco office condemning management for retaliating against two activist workers. Google also fired employees who engaged in workplace activism or who questioned its AI systems, including prominent AI researchers Timnit Gebru and Margaret Mitchell in 2020 and 2021 respectively. Ariel Koren, a worker who denounced the company's dealings with Israel, was abruptly told to relocate to Brazil in March 2022. She ultimately decided to leave the company

Google didn't respond to a request for comment about the latest employee actions. The Alphabet Workers Union, which represents the YouTube Music employees in Austin and is part of the Communications Workers of America, referred to its press releases when asked for comment.  

Cognizant said the return-to-office policy has been a known factor for YouTube Music workers.

"It is disappointing that some of our associates have chosen to strike over a return to office policy that has been communicated to them repeatedly since December 2021," Jeff DeMarrais, Cognizant's chief communications officer, said in a statement.

DeMarrais said that employees were hired with the knowledge that they'd eventually have to work at the physical location in Austin. He also said that Cognizant respects the rights of employees to protest lawfully and that those wanting to pursue alternate remote jobs within Cognizant have the option to do so.

YouTube Music workers said that they've gone on strike over unfair labor practices and that the new return-to-office policy, which took effect Monday, would threaten their safety and livelihoods. The AWU argued that because workers are paid as little as $19 an hour, the relocation, travel and child care costs would present too high a burden. The AWU also said that a return-to-office requirement would hinder ongoing unionization efforts by Cognizant workers.

"No workers should be paid so little that they cannot afford to go back to work in the office, and no worker should be forced to return to the office when it is clear we can effectively accomplish our work from home," Neil Gossell, a YouTube Music contractor with Cognizant and an AWU member, said in a statement.

Unlike full-time Google employees, contractors generally don't get the same pay or benefits. In 2019, 54% of Google's workforce were contractors

In June, Google backed down from its return-to-office demands, but the company is now looking to bring workers back as the COVID pandemic wanes.

"Compared to Google's full-time employees, these critical workers receive worse pay, inferior benefits, bad management and arbitrary policies," according to the AWU's press release. "The forced RTO is the last straw."

Cognizant workers and the AWU are awaiting a ruling by the National Labor Relations Board to recognize Alphabet and Cognizant as joint employers, so that both companies can be forced to the negotiating table.

Union efforts among Google employees seem to be taking shape. Google Fiber workers unionized in March. Workers at Appen, which contracts with Google on the testing and evaluation of the company's search algorithm, saw a pay bump from $10 to $14.50 an hour in January after union intervention.

Meanwhile, 5,000 Google raters are demanding a minimum standard on wage and benefits delivered the petition to Senior Vice President Prabhakar Raghavanan at Google's headquarters. The AWU said raters make as little as $10 an hour. Raters have said that their hours have been cut, that more demands have been put on them and that they're exposed to violent and disturbing content.

"I could work at Wendy's and make more than what I make working for Google," Michelle Curtis, a Google rater and AWU member, said in a press release.

Google workers in New York rallied outside the company's offices across from Chelsea Market on Thursday, the same day that fourth-quarter earnings results were released. 

The Googlers Against Greed protest was in response to the layoffs in January. Google workers noted that Google laid off 12,000 employees despite having over $110 billion in cash on hand, spending billions on stock buybacks and reporting billions of dollars in profits.

"Our executives decided to lay off 12,000 of our co-workers, including many on medical or parental leave, as well as many with over a decade of loyal service," according to an AWU press release. "In a time of record profits per employee, Alphabet's executives traded the livelihoods of 12,000 of our co-workers for greater personal wealth and to appease the market."

Google will save an estimated $1 billion per quarter with the layoffs, according to the AWU press release.

Google itself has been pulling back on spending, slowing the rate of hiring and cutting back on employee travel. In July, CEO Sundar Pichai asked employees to help him on a "simplicity sprint" and to crowdsource ideas for streamlining processes. Earnings results throughout 2022 fell short of analyst expectations.

Fourth-quarter earnings results from Thursday revealed that the company is down in both search, website and YouTube ad revenue. Although Google posted $13.6 billion in net income, it was down 34% year over year.

"We are here to show that we will not take these layoffs lying down while the company continues to make so much in profit," said Kelly Keniston, a software engineer at Google, during the protest in New York

She went on to read testimonials from employees who were laid off: "Google employees have livelihood stakes in the company ... and that's literally how these millionaires control us. By giving us so much, it's virtually impossible to rebel, to wish bad on their companies. It's literally the definition of manipulation."

Correction, 1:55 p.m. PT: An AWU press release misstated Google's third-quarter profit. That figure has been removed.  

Mon, 06 Feb 2023 07:55:00 -0600 See full bio en text/html https://www.cnet.com/news/google-is-feeling-the-heat-from-its-own-employees/
Killexams : Google, Health-ISAC partner on healthcare cybersecurity

Google Cloud has joined the Health Information Sharing and Analysis Center's threat operations center and will work with the organization to develop an open sourced integration that connects the Health-ISAC Indicator Threat Sharing feed directly into Google Cloud's Chronicle Security Operations information and event management. 

The integration will allow members of Health-ISAC's organization to detect threats and share threat indicators with others, which can help advise other members on when to investigate and update their defenses if needed, according to a Feb. 9 release from Google. 

The Health-ISAC is a non-profit organization focusing on offering healthcare organizations a forum for coordinating, collaborating and sharing cyber threat intelligence and best practices.

Fri, 10 Feb 2023 02:30:00 -0600 en-gb text/html https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/cybersecurity/google-health-isac-partner-on-healthcare-cybersecurity.html
Killexams : Layoffs Are Harming The Mental Health Of Workers, Making Them Feel Vulnerable And Disposable

The impact of layoffs enacted on a nearly daily basis will have a long-term, detrimental impact on workers’ mental health and emotional well-being, according to the American Psychological Association. Downsizing can lead to elevated stress, anxiety and an increase in low self-esteem, due to the stigma of being out of work and losing your daily routine and identity. There are financial concerns, as Bloomberg reported white-collar professionals earning $100k or more are increasingly living paycheck to paycheck.

In addition to financial insecurity, there are fears of diminished future earning potential. Those who are long-term unemployed fall through the cracks. In my recruiting experience, companies generally prefer to hire someone currently working. While unfair and biased, the thought process is “there must be something wrong with the person for being out of work for so long.”

The more time a person spends between roles, the worse it gets. Their confidence erodes. They become afraid and frustrated, and develop learned helplessness. These factors further compound the problems, as the laid-off person comes across poorly in the interview because of their anxieties, resentment over being terminated, and can’t hide their animosity against their former employers and co-workers.

Google’s Cold-Email Ax And Meta’s Gutting Of Managers

In late January, Google let go of 12,000 white-collar professionals by email. The affected employees were stunned, shocked and disappointed. The glaring lack of empathy left people feeling vulnerable and disposable. If one of the top companies in the world summarily dispatched brilliant, experienced tech professionals, it could happen to anyone. This creates a culture of fear, uncertainty and a lack of faith in companies and corporate leadership.

Stress and anxiety accompanies a job loss, and it's now exasperated as the downsizing trend continues unabated. Stoking fear, Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg has targeted managers for layoffs. Zuckerberg contends that having multiple layers of managers is antithetical to growth and leads to increased costs. The chief executive called out the inefficiencies within the large social media platform, which is also happening at other large tech companies, stating, “I don’t think you want a management structure that’s just managers managing managers, managing managers, managing managers, managing the people who are doing the work.”

Burnout, Insecurity And Fear

Korn Ferry, a high-end executive search firm, conducted a survey about the workplace and found that almost 90% of professionals self-report suffering from burnout. More than 81% said they feel more burned out now than during the pandemic outbreak. The Workforce Institute at UKG surveyed 3,400 people across 10 countries to gauge employees’ mental health. The results are telling: 43% of employees reported being chronically exhausted, and the daily stress adversely impacts their work and home life. A latest global Randstad survey of 35,000 workers indicated that over 50% of respondents are concerned about the economy and job security. Surveys from the job board, Monster, and social media platform LinkedIn indicate that people plan toactively seek out new opportunities to hedge their bets.

It’s not just the workers who are feeling burned out. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern previously announced her resignation, admitting she felt depleted after managing her country through the Covid-19 crisis, a mass shooting, deadly volcanic eruption and coping with the unrelenting pressure and public scrutiny associated with being a leader of her country.

Arden bravely told her constituents it was time for her to move on, “I know what this job takes, and I know that I no longer have enough in the tank to do it justice.” She added, “Politicians are human. We supply all that we can, for as long as we can, and then it’s time. And for me, it’s time.” She planned to resign in early February before New Zealand’s next election in October.

The Long-Term Impact

A number of studies show that unemployed people tend to be more distressed, report that they are less satisfied with their lives, marriages and families and have a greater likelihood of psychological problems than employed people. Losing your job is linked to a higher risk of suicide and elevated rates of mortality decades after being let go.

The fast-and-furious shift from a strong economy to the pandemic and a boom in 2021 leading to a bust in late 2022 leaves people punch-drunk.

It felt like there was a bait and switch going on. People were told by their employers how valuable they were during the pandemic, and now they’re suddenly dispensable. The dramatic turn of events makes people feel ill at ease and helpless.

It would make sense for employees to double their efforts to make management feel that they are needed. However, it's hard for people who feel betrayed and lost the trust of business leaders to put in all the extra time and energy, while worried that on any day they could receive the ax, especially as they experience increased burnout. This mindset leads to movements, like acting your wage, quiet quitting and rage applying to jobs.

Unfortunately, if a person coasts at work, due to nursing their emotional well-being, it makes them a prime target for a future layoff. Managers are not as dumb and oblivious as workers believe. They recognize who are the hard workers and who are cybercoasters and slackers. Many bosses looked the other way, as they recognized that it was too difficult to fire a person—risking a lawsuit or claims of bias—and embark upon a search to find new talent. Once found, the incumbent will need to be trained, which takes time, money and resources. It's easier to hope that the worker’s attitude improves or wait until the next round of layoffs to include the quiet-quitting person.

Making Matters Worse

Anthony Klotz, the former associate professor of management at the Mays Business School at Texas A&M University, coined the term “Great Resignation.” Klotz, himself, who switched jobs last year to become the current associate professor at University College London’s School of Management, said about the effects of losing a job, “Layoffs make the work experience less pleasant for those who remain, and it’s not hard to imagine that these negative effects are lasting in many cases.”

Loyalty, for the most part, will be out the window. Moving forward, employees will be much more skeptical of their employers. They’ll view their job as temporary. If the company proves itself by offering meaningful work, fair pay commensurate with their experience and job title, dignity and respect and a growth path forward, they’ll stick around. If these factors are not provided, people have learned their lesson and will formulate an exit plan.

Sadly, the scars won’t fade anytime soon. People, even if they were not terminated, will always be cautious and distrust their managers and company. Once they see the rug pulled out from underneath intelligent and capable professionals, it would be naive to believe that it won’t happen again.

Corporate leadership must work hard to win back the trust of people. Unfortunately, the United States economy has a long history of booms and busts. Even if management changes their tune, the next downturn will again lead to layoffs.

How To Battle Back Against Burnout

You don’t have to feel embarrassed. Thousands of other white-collar professionals are going through the same process. Avoid withdrawing from social engagements. Share what you are going through with trusted family and friends.

Practice self-care. Be kind to yourself, limit stress and try to relax. Experiment with what works best to destress. Focus on things that are within your control. Take short breaks during the day to clear your head. Go on long walks outside to absorb sunlight and appreciate the outdoors and fresh air. Engage in the hobbies and sports you enjoy. Make sure you eat healthily, get enough sleep and engage in physical activities.

If you are currently working, ask for some time off for mental health days. When the stress level reaches a peak, start planning for a job or career change. If you continue having difficulties, seek out professional help.

If you or someone you know is experiencing a mental health, suicide or substance use crisis or emotional distress, reach out 24/7 to the 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline (formerly known as the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline) by dialing or texting 988 or using chat services at suicidepreventionlifeline.org to connect to a trained crisis counselor. You can also get crisis text support via the Crisis Text Line by texting NAMI to 741741.

Tue, 07 Feb 2023 00:34:00 -0600 Jack Kelly en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/jackkelly/2023/02/07/layoffs-are-harming-the-mental-health-of-workers-making-them-feel-vulnerable-and-disposable/
Killexams : Roundup: Google Health award / US law firm layoffs / Donation to Southern

Pennington researcher: Dr. Robert L. Newton Jr., associate professor and head of the Physical Activity and Ethnic Minority Health Laboratory at Pennington Biomedical Research Center, has been selected to receive a Google Health Equity Research Initiative award. The Google Health Equity Research Initiative is a partnership among Google Health, Google Cloud Platform, Fitbit and Fitabase to advance health equity and mitigate health disparities. See the announcement from Pennington.  

Shrinking ranks: Some large U.S. law firms, citing economic headwinds and slowing demand, are shrinking their attorney ranks and eliminating professional staff. The law firms that have cut associate attorneys in latest months include Shearman & Sterling LLP, Goodwin Procter LLP and Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP. Read more about the layoffs from The Wall Street Journal. 

HBCU Classic: Southern University and Grambling State will split a $200,000 donation from AT&T and the NBA this weekend as the two colleges prepare to face off in the league’s HBCU Classic, WBRZ-TV reports.  The company and the NBA announced the donation today, saying that each school participating in the exhibition will get $100,000 to go toward academic resources, athletics and wellness services. The game is set to tip off Saturday during NBA All-Star weekend. WBRZ-TV has more information.   

Mon, 13 Feb 2023 05:50:00 -0600 Daily Report Staff en-US text/html https://www.businessreport.com/business/roundup-google-health-award-us-law-firm-layoffs-donation-to-southern
Killexams : Google CEO tells employees some of company's top products 'were not first to market' as A.I. pressure mounts

Google CEO Sundar Pichai speaks at a panel at the CEO Summit of the Americas hosted by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce on June 09, 2022 in Los Angeles, California. The CEO Summit entered its second day of events with a formal signing for the "International Coalition to Connect Marine Protected Areas" and a speech from U.S. President Joe Biden. (Photo by Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images)

Anna Moneymaker | Getty Images News | Getty Images

Google CEO Sundar Pichai told employees on Wednesday to take a few hours during the week to test the company's artificial intelligence chat tool Bard as he faces criticism for leadership's slow response to ChatGPT and rival Microsoft.

“I know this moment is uncomfortably exciting, and that's to be expected: the underlying technology is evolving rapidly with so much potential,” Pichai wrote in a companywide email, which was viewed by CNBC.

Pichai asked employees to spend two to four hours of their time on Bard, adding that next week the company will send more detailed instructions. He reminded staffers that Google has not always been the first to release a product, but that hasn't hampered its ability to win.

"Some of our most successful products were not first to market,” Pichai wrote. “They gained momentum because they solved important user needs and were built on deep technical insights.”

Numerous search engines existed before Google hit the market in 1996, and yet they almost all vanished as Google came to dominate the industry. In mobile, Google didn't introduce Android until years after the BlackBerry existed, and it also followed companies like Palm. Now, Android is the most popular mobile operating system in the world.

Still, Google parent Alphabet was slammed by investors last week after the company was upstaged by Microsoft's announcement of a ChatGPT-integrated Bing search engine. Google unveiled its conversation technology Bard, but a series of missteps around the rushed announcement pushed the stock price down nearly 9%.

At the time, Pichai issued a rallying cry, asking for "every Googler to help shape Bard and contribute through a special company-wide dogfood," referring to the practice of using its own product before launching it. Employees criticized Pichai for the mishaps, describing the rollout internally as “rushed," "botched” and “comically short sighted.” 

Pichai's latest email to employees went on to say that “this will be a long journey for everyone, across the field.”

“The most important thing we can do right now is to focus on building a great product and developing it responsibly," he wrote.

In December, shortly after OpenAI released ChatGPT to the public, Google executives warned that they had to be deliberate in introducing AI search tools because the company has much more "reputational risk" and is moving "more conservatively than a small startup."

Pichai said on Wednesday that the company has thousands of external and internal people testing Bard's responses "for quality, safety, and groundedness in real-world information.”

“AI has gone through many winters and springs," Pichai wrote. "And now it is blooming again." He said it's time to “embrace the challenge and keep iterating.”

“Channel the energy and excitement of the moment into our products," Pichai wrote. “Pressure test Bard and make the product better.”

WATCH: CNBC's full interview with Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 05:52:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/2023/02/15/google-ceo-some-of-companys-top-products-were-not-first-to-market.html
Killexams : Mental health tech company and Google vendor each slash Bay Area jobs

MENLO PARK — Nearly 200 more tech-linked layoffs have emerged as revealed in new official filings by a digital health care services company and a firm that provides Google with recruiting and work schedule services.

Mindstrong Health is cutting jobs in Menlo Park. Separately, Adecco, whose tasks have included providing temporary help and permanent employment services to Google, is cutting positions in Mountain View.

The two companies are cutting a combined 192 jobs, according to separate WARN notices that Mindstrong Health and Adecco sent to the state Employment Development Department.

Mindstrong is cutting 128 jobs and is permanently closing its office at 101 Jefferson Street in Menlo Park, the WARN notice shows.

The company said its job cuts will begin on March 24 and are slated to continue until April 15.

Mindstrong created a mental health digital platform that uses tech to virtually deliver services to clients. The privately held company has raised $160 million in funding.

“The company employee terminations that will occur as a result of this action are expected to be permanent,” Mindstrong Health stated in the WARN notice. “The company headquarters will be closed in connection with this action.”

Adecco reported to the EDD that it was planning to cut 64 jobs in Mountain View.

“The layoffs were the result of Google making changes in how it is managing its recruiting and onsite scheduling workflows,” Terri Williams, an Adecco employment counselor, stated in the WARN letter.

The job cuts are slated to become effective on Friday of this week, the WARN notice showed. The Adecco employees involved were based at 1600 Amphitheater Park, Building 40, in Mountain View. That location is a short distance from the Googleplex headquarters campus.

“Adecco was notified by Google on Jan. 20, 2023 that the assignments of the 64 associates would be ending as of Feb. 2, 2023,” Adecco said in the letter to the EDD.

The company stated that the staff cutbacks are expected to be permanent with regards to providing services to Google, although the employees could regain work through other customers that need these services.

“When Google advised Adecco that the assignments were ending, Adecco was unable to provide the 60 days’ notice that it would otherwise provide regarding these separations,” Adecco wrote in the WARN notice. “It is providing these written notices as quickly as able to do so, given the rapid pace at which this situation has developed.”


George Avalos is a business reporter for the Bay Area News Group who covers the economy, jobs, consumer prices, commercial real estate, airlines and airports and PG&E for The Mercury News and East Bay Times. He is a graduate of San Jose State University with a BA degree in broadcasting and journalism.

Thu, 02 Feb 2023 08:06:00 -0600 George Avalos en-US text/html https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2023/02/02/mental-health-tech-google-recruit-firm-slash-bay-area-job-cut-layoff/
Killexams : Pennington Biomedical's Dr. Robert Newton Receives Google Health Equity Research Initiative Award

BATON ROUGE—Dr. Robert L. Newton, Jr., Associate Professor, head of the Physical Activity and Ethnic Minority Health Laboratory at Pennington Biomedical Research Center, has been selected to receive a Google Health Equity Research Initiative award for "Population and Public Health: Increasing physical activity in Black communities living in rural environments."

The Google Health Equity Research Initiative is a partnership among Google Health, Google Cloud Platform, Fitbit and Fitabase to advance health equity and mitigate health disparities.

Researchers at academic institutions and nonprofit research institutions were invited to submit health equity research proposals for an opportunity to receive awards for funding, Google and Fitbit wearable devices, Fitabase services, and/or Google Cloud Platform credits. The objective of the initiative is to advance health equity research and Strengthen health outcomes for groups disproportionately impacted by health disparities and/or negative social and structural determinants of health.

"African Americans and rural residents have low levels of physical activity, which increase their risk of developing chronic disease," Dr. Newton said. "This study targets two health disparity populations: African Americans and individuals living in rural environments. With the funding from Google, we will be able to assess the effect of emerging technology to promote physical activity in these populations."

Dr. Newton is joined by 18 other researchers in receiving the 2023 awardees, and this work which will impact LGBTQ+, Black, Latino and Alaskan Native communities, as well as marginalized birthing parents and marginalized groups experiencing intimate partner violence. Through this initiative, these researchers are looking at new ways to use wearable devices to mitigate health disparities, scale existing health equity research methods with technology, and apply data to accelerate health equity impact.

"We congratulate Dr. Newton on being selected for this award," said Dr. John Kirwan, Executive Director of Pennington Biomedical. "All of the 2023 awardees are doing great work in reaching important populations in our communities, and Dr. Newton's work is especially vital for Baton Rouge. We are excited for Robert and look forward to seeing the impact and outcomes that he will generate from this important award."

The Pennington Biomedical Research Center is at the forefront of medical discovery as it relates to understanding the triggers of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and dementia. The Center developed the national "Obecity, U.S." awareness and advocacy campaign to help solve the obesity epidemic by 2040. The Center conducts basic, clinical, and population research, and is affiliated with LSU.

The research enterprise at Pennington Biomedical includes over 480 employees within a network of 40 clinics and research laboratories, and 13 highly specialized core service facilities. Its scientists and physician/scientists are supported by research trainees, lab technicians, nurses, dietitians, and other support personnel. Pennington Biomedical a state-of-the-art research facility on a 222-acre campus in Baton Rouge.

For more information, see www.pbrc.edu.

Provided by Louisiana State University

Citation: Pennington Biomedical's Dr. Robert Newton Receives Google Health Equity Research Initiative Award (2023, February 13) retrieved 19 February 2023 from https://sciencex.com/wire-news/437743808/pennington-biomedicals-dr-robert-newton-receives-google-health-e.html

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Killexams : Why We're Obsessed With the Mind-Blowing ChatGPT AI Chatbot

Even if you aren't into artificial intelligence, it's time to pay attention to ChatGPT, because this one is a big deal.

The tool, from a power player in artificial intelligence called OpenAI, lets you type natural-language prompts. ChatGPT then offers conversational, if somewhat stilted, responses. The bot remembers the thread of your dialogue, using previous mock exam to inform its next responses. It derives its answers from huge volumes of information on the internet.

ChatGPT is a big deal. The tool seems pretty knowledgeable in areas where there's good training data for it to learn from. It's not omniscient or smart enough to replace all humans yet, but it can be creative, and its answers can sound downright authoritative. A few days after its launch, more than a million people were trying out ChatGPT.

But be careful, OpenAI warns. ChatGPT has all kinds of potential pitfalls, some easy to spot and some more subtle.

"It's a mistake to be relying on it for anything important right now," OpenAI Chief Executive Sam Altman tweeted. "We have lots of work to do on robustness and truthfulness." Here's a look at why ChatGPT is important and what's going on with it.

And it's becoming big business. In January, Microsoft pledged to invest billions of dollars into OpenAI. A modified version of the technology behind ChatGPT is now powering Microsoft's new Bing challenge to Google search and, eventually, it'll power the company's effort to build new AI co-pilot smarts in to every part of your digital life.

Bing uses OpenAI technology to process search queries, compile results from different sources, summarize documents, generate travel itineraries, answer questions and generally just chat with humans. That's a potential revolution for search engines, but it's been plagued with problems like factual errors and and unhinged conversations.

What is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is an AI chatbot system that OpenAI released in November to show off and test what a very large, powerful AI system can accomplish. You can ask it countless questions and often will get an answer that's useful.

For example, you can ask it encyclopedia questions like, "Explain Newton's laws of motion." You can tell it, "Write me a poem," and when it does, say, "Now make it more exciting." You ask it to write a computer program that'll show you all the different ways you can arrange the letters of a word.

Here's the catch: ChatGPT doesn't exactly know anything. It's an AI that's trained to recognize patterns in vast swaths of text harvested from the internet, then further trained with human assistance to deliver more useful, better dialog. The answers you get may sound plausible and even authoritative, but they might well be entirely wrong, as OpenAI warns.

Chatbots have been of interest for years to companies looking for ways to help customers get what they need and to AI researchers trying to tackle the Turing Test. That's the famous "Imitation Game" that computer scientist Alan Turing proposed in 1950 as a way to gauge intelligence: Can a human conversing with a human and with a computer tell which is which?

But chatbots have a lot of baggage, as companies have tried with limited success to use them instead of humans to handle customer service work. A study of 1,700 Americans, sponsored by a company called Ujet, whose technology handles customer contacts, found that 72% of people found chatbots to be a waste of time.

ChatGPT has rapidly become a widely used tool on the internet. UBS analyst Lloyd Walmsley estimated in February that ChatGPT had reached 100 million monthly users the previous month, accomplishing in two months what took TikTok about nine months and Instagram two and a half years. The New York Times, citing internal sources, said 30 million people use ChatGPT daily.

What kinds of questions can you ask?

You can ask anything, though you might not get an answer. OpenAI suggests a few categories, like explaining physics, asking for birthday party ideas and getting programming help.

I asked it to write a poem, and it did, though I don't think any literature experts would be impressed. I then asked it to make it more exciting, and lo, ChatGPT pumped it up with words like battlefield, adrenaline, thunder and adventure.

One wacky example shows how ChatGPT is willing to just go for it in domains where people would fear to tread: a command to write "a folk song about writing a rust program and fighting with lifetime errors."

ChatGPT's expertise is broad, and its ability to follow a conversation is notable. When I asked it for words that rhymed with "purple," it offered a few suggestions, then when I followed up "How about with pink?" it didn't miss a beat. (Also, there are a lot more good rhymes for "pink.")

When I asked, "Is it easier to get a date by being sensitive or being tough?" GPT responded, in part, "Some people may find a sensitive person more attractive and appealing, while others may be drawn to a tough and assertive individual. In general, being genuine and authentic in your interactions with others is likely to be more effective in getting a date than trying to fit a certain mold or persona."

You don't have to look far to find accounts of the bot blowing people's minds. Twitter is awash with users displaying the AI's prowess at generating art prompts and writing code. Some have even proclaimed "Google is dead," along with the college essay. We'll talk more about that below.

CNET writer David Lumb has put together a list of some useful ways ChatGPT can help, but more keep cropping up. One doctor says he's used it to persuade a health insurance company to pay for a patient's procedure.

Who built ChatGPT and how does it work?

ChatGPT is the brainchild of OpenAI, an artificial intelligence research company. Its mission is to develop a "safe and beneficial" artificial general intelligence system or to help others do so. OpenAI has 375 employees, Altman tweeted in January. "OpenAI has managed to pull together the most talent-dense researchers and engineers in the field of AI," he also said in a January talk.

It's made splashes before, first with GPT-3, which can generate text that can sound like a human wrote it, and then with DALL-E, which creates what's now called "generative art" based on text prompts you type in.

GPT-3, and the GPT 3.5 update on which ChatGPT is based, are examples of AI technology called large language models. They're trained to create text based on what they've seen, and they can be trained automatically — typically with huge quantities of computer power over a period of weeks. For example, the training process can find a random paragraph of text, delete a few words, ask the AI to fill in the blanks, compare the result to the original and then reward the AI system for coming as close as possible. Repeating over and over can lead to a sophisticated ability to generate text.

It's not totally automated. Humans evaluate ChatGPT's initial results in a process called finetuning. Human reviewers apply guidelines that OpenAI's models then generalize from. In addition, OpenAI used a Kenyan firm that paid people up to $3.74 per hour to review thousands of snippets of text for problems like violence, sexual abuse and hate speech, Time reported, and that data was built into a new AI component designed to screen such materials from ChatGPT answers and OpenAI training data.

ChatGPT doesn't actually know anything the way you do. It's just able to take a prompt, find relevant information in its oceans of training data, and convert that into plausible-sounding paragraphs of text. "We are a long way away from the self-awareness we want," said computer scientist and internet pioneer Vint Cerf of the large language model technology ChatGPT and its competitors use.

Is ChatGPT free?

Yes, for the moment at least, but in January OpenAI added a paid version that responds faster and keeps working even during peak usage times when others get messages saying, "ChatGPT is at capacity right now."

You can sign up on a waiting list if you're interested. OpenAI's Altman warned that ChatGPT's "compute costs are eye-watering" at a few cents per response, Altman estimated. OpenAI charges for DALL-E art once you exceed a basic free level of usage.

But OpenAI seems to have found some customers, likely for its GPT tools. It's told potential investors that it expects $200 million in revenue in 2023 and $1 billion in 2024, according to Reuters.

What are the limits of ChatGPT?

As OpenAI emphasizes, ChatGPT can supply you wrong answers and can supply "a misleading impression of greatness," Altman said. Sometimes, helpfully, it'll specifically warn you of its own shortcomings. For example, when I asked it who wrote the phrase "the squirming facts exceed the squamous mind," ChatGPT replied, "I'm sorry, but I am not able to browse the internet or access any external information beyond what I was trained on." (The phrase is from Wallace Stevens' 1942 poem Connoisseur of Chaos.)

ChatGPT was willing to take a stab at the meaning of that expression once I typed it in directly, though: "a situation in which the facts or information at hand are difficult to process or understand." It sandwiched that interpretation between cautions that it's hard to judge without more context and that it's just one possible interpretation.

ChatGPT's answers can look authoritative but be wrong.

"If you ask it a very well structured question, with the intent that it gives you the right answer, you'll probably get the right answer," said Mike Krause, data science director at a different AI company, Beyond Limits. "It'll be well articulated and sound like it came from some professor at Harvard. But if you throw it a curveball, you'll get nonsense."

The journal Science banned ChatGPT text in January. "An AI program cannot be an author. A violation of these policies will constitute scientific misconduct no different from altered images or plagiarism of existing works," Editor in Chief H. Holden Thorp said.

The software developer site StackOverflow banned ChatGPT answers to programming questions. Administrators cautioned, "because the average rate of getting correct answers from ChatGPT is too low, the posting of answers created by ChatGPT is substantially harmful to the site and to users who are asking or looking for correct answers."

You can see for yourself how artful a BS artist ChatGPT can be by asking the same question multiple times. I asked twice whether Moore's Law, which tracks the computer chip industry's progress increasing the number of data-processing transistors, is running out of steam, and I got two different answers. One pointed optimistically to continued progress, while the other pointed more grimly to the slowdown and the belief "that Moore's Law may be reaching its limits."

Both ideas are common in the computer industry itself, so this ambiguous stance perhaps reflects what human experts believe.

With other questions that don't have clear answers, ChatGPT often won't be pinned down. 

The fact that it offers an answer at all, though, is a notable development in computing. Computers are famously literal, refusing to work unless you follow exact syntax and interface requirements. Large language models are revealing a more human-friendly style of interaction, not to mention an ability to generate answers that are somewhere between copying and creativity.

Will ChatGPT help students cheat better?

Yes, but as with many other technology developments, it's not a simple black-and-white situation. Decades ago, students could copy encyclopedia entries and use calculators, and more recently, they've been able to use search engines and Wikipedia. ChatGPT offers new abilities for everything from helping with research to doing your homework for you outright. Many ChatGPT answers already sound like student essays, though often with a tone that's stuffier and more pedantic than a writer might prefer.

Google programmer Kenneth Goodman tried ChatGPT on a number of exams. It scored 70% on the United States Medical Licensing Examination, 70% on a bar exam for lawyers, nine out of 15 correct on another legal test, the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination, 78% on New York state's high school chemistry exam's multiple choice section, and ranked in the 40th percentile on the Law School Admission Test

High school teacher Daniel Herman concluded ChatGPT already writes better than most students today. He's torn between admiring ChatGPT's potential usefulness and fearing its harm to human learning: "Is this moment more like the invention of the calculator, saving me from the tedium of long division, or more like the invention of the player piano, robbing us of what can be communicated only through human emotion?"

Dustin York, an associate professor of communication at Maryville University, hopes educators will learn to use ChatGPT as a tool and realize it can help students think critically.

"Educators thought that Google, Wikipedia, and the internet itself would ruin education, but they did not," York said. "What worries me most are educators who may actively try to discourage the acknowledgment of AI like ChatGPT. It's a tool, not a villain."

Can teachers spot ChatGPT use?

Not with 100% certainty, but there's technology to spot AI help. The companies that sell tools to high schools and universities to detect plagiarism are now expanding to detecting AI, too.

One, Coalition Technologies, offers an AI content detector on its website. Another, Copyleaks, released a free Chrome extension designed to spot ChatGPT-generated text with a technology that's 99% accurate, CEO Alon Yamin said. But it's a "never-ending cat and mouse game" to try to catch new techniques to thwart the detectors, he said.

Copyleaks performed an early test of student assignments uploaded to its system by schools. "Around 10% of student assignments submitted to our system include at least some level of AI-created content," Yamin said.

OpenAI launched its own detector for AI-written text in February. But one plagiarism detecting company, CrossPlag, said it spotted only two of 10 AI-generated passages in its test. "While detection tools will be essential, they are not infallible," the company said.

Researchers at Pennsylvania State University studied the plagiarism issue using OpenAI's earlier GPT-2 language model. It's not as sophisticated as GPT-3.5, but its training data is available for closer scrutiny. The researchers found GPT-2 plagiarized information not just word for word at times, but also paraphrased passages and lifted ideas without citing its sources. "The language models committed all three types of plagiarism, and ... the larger the dataset and parameters used to train the model, the more often plagiarism occurred," the university said.

Can ChatGPT write software?

Yes, but with caveats. ChatGPT can retrace steps humans have taken, and it can generate genuine programming code. "This is blowing my mind," said one programmer in February, showing on Imgur the sequence of prompts he used to write software for a car repair center. "This would've been an hour of work at least, and it took me less than 10 minutes."

You just have to make sure it's not bungling programming concepts or using software that doesn't work. The StackOverflow ban on ChatGPT-generated software is there for a reason.

But there's enough software on the web that ChatGPT really can work. One developer, Cobalt Robotics Chief Technology Officer Erik Schluntz, tweeted that ChatGPT provides useful enough advice that, over three days, he hadn't opened StackOverflow once to look for advice.

Another, Gabe Ragland of AI art site Lexica, used ChatGPT to write website code built with the React tool.

ChatGPT can parse regular expressions (regex), a powerful but complex system for spotting particular patterns, for example dates in a bunch of text or the name of a server in a website address. "It's like having a programming tutor on hand 24/7," tweeted programmer James Blackwell about ChatGPT's ability to explain regex.

Here's one impressive example of its technical chops: ChatGPT can emulate a Linux computer, delivering correct responses to command-line input.

What's off limits?

ChatGPT is designed to weed out "inappropriate" requests, a behavior in line with OpenAI's mission "to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity."

If you ask ChatGPT itself what's off limits, it'll tell you: any questions "that are discriminatory, offensive, or inappropriate. This includes questions that are racist, sexist, homophobic, transphobic, or otherwise discriminatory or hateful." Asking it to engage in illegal activities is also a no-no.

Even though OpenAI doesn't want ChatGPT used for malicious purposes, it's easy to use it to write phishing emails to try to fool people into parting with sensitive information, my colleague Bree Fowler reports. "The barrier to entry is getting lower and lower and lower to be hacked and to be phished. AI is just going to increase the volume," said Randy Lariar of cybersecurity company Optiv.

Is this better than Google search?

Asking a computer a question and getting an answer is useful, and often ChatGPT delivers the goods.

Google often supplies you with its suggested answers to questions and with links to websites that it thinks will be relevant. Often ChatGPT's answers far surpass what Google will suggest, so it's easy to imagine GPT-3 is a rival.

But you should think twice before trusting ChatGPT. As when using Google and other sources of information like Wikipedia, it's best practice to verify information from original sources before relying on it.

Vetting the veracity of ChatGPT answers takes some work because it just gives you some raw text with no links or citations. But it can be useful and in some cases thought provoking. You may not see something directly like ChatGPT in Google search results, but Google has built large language models of its own and uses AI extensively already in search.

That said, Google is hurry to tout its deep AI expertise, ChatGPT triggered a "code red" emergency within Google, according to The New York Times, and drew Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin back into active work. Microsoft could build ChatGPT into its rival search engine, Bing. Clearly ChatGPT and other tools like it have a role to play when we're looking for information.

So ChatGPT, while imperfect, is doubtless showing the way toward our tech future.

Editors' note: CNET is using an AI engine to create some personal finance explainers that are edited and fact-checked by our editors. For more, see this post.

Sat, 18 Feb 2023 23:00:00 -0600 See full bio en text/html https://www.cnet.com/tech/computing/why-were-all-obsessed-with-the-mind-blowing-chatgpt-ai-chatbot/
Killexams : AI’s threat to Google is more about advertising income than being the number one search engine

Google’s dominance as the most visited website has been undisputed since it rose to prominence as the leading search engine in the early 2000s. However, that position could now be facing its biggest ever threat, with the arrival of new artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots such as ChatGPT, which can answer people’s questions online.

Google is countering by developing its own AI products. But its chatbot, Bard, didn’t have the most auspicious start. This month, a Google advert showed that Bard had provided an inaccurate answer to a question about the James Webb space telescope.

Plus, being the most popular website in the world comes with much more than prestige, namely incredible wealth from advertising revenue. But recent, sudden shifts in the technology landscape have created uncertainty for the likes of Google.

The advertising revenue stream that aided its success may no longer be a given. If AI chatbots such as ChatGPT begin carrying adverts, it could cut into Google’s leading position in the world of search engine advertising.

People’s reliance on Google has often been without question, so much so that people may not click beyond page one of a Google search results page. But the emergence of new AI platforms has shown that search as we know it does not have to end with a set of ordered links to websites. Instead, as the chatbots are showing, it can take the form of a conversation.

Such AI has not been without controversy. Concerns have been raised that it could lead to issues regarding plagiarism or even worse, the loss of jobs and income for a multitude of professions, from lawyers to journalists.

The chief executive of OpenAI, which developed ChatGPT, has said the company is developing tools to help detect text that has been generated by an AI. In a video interview, he added: “We hear from teachers who are understandably very nervous about the impact of this on homework. We also hear a lot from teachers who are like, ‘Wow, this is an unbelievable personal tutor for each kid’.”

Linguist and activist Noam Chomsky called the use of AI tools like ChatGPT “a way of avoiding learning”. Google meant we no longer needed to recall knowledge, we could just search for it. Now, with AI, the problem will be whether we can be bothered to question the answers we get back.

This paradigm shift in how we access and interact with knowledge goes much further than these concerns about how we search, and raises questions over Google’s revenue model, which has been instrumental in keeping it at the top of the technology pile.

Gateway to the web

Once-popular search engines such as Ask Jeeves, Lycos and Excite became the internet’s “also rans” as Google became synonymous with the word “search”. The agreement in 2000 between a then more popular Yahoo! website to host Google as the default search engine, ensured the search engine’s international status.

Being the gateway to the rest of the web came with one huge benefit through the capture of new internet-based advertising revenue. With every Google search result came the obligatory sponsored content which helped the company grow to where it is today.

AI chatbots could cut into Google’s advertising revenue. Ascannio/Shutterstock

Google’s annual revenue has continued to grow year-on-year because two decades ago it mastered search better than its aforementioned competitors. Its ability to combine this service so succinctly with income generation from advertisements is largely why it has been able to hold competitors like Microsoft’s Bing at bay.

If you want your company or product to appear as part of a web search, then Google is the place to be.

The company has invested that advertising income to build a massive infrastructure to handle billions of search queries in addition to hosting lots of popular cloud-based tools such as Google Mail, Drive and the acquisition of platforms such as YouTube. The video-sharing platform turned out to be a particularly fruitful investment in terms of generating advertising revenue.

Google’s sheer scale means its dominance will continue. But once advertising income starts to leech to new AI platforms that return results with sponsored content, it may find itself scaling back.

Masters of AI

A key to Google’s continued success will be mastering artificial intelligence and incorporating it into its services. But there are no guarantees for a company that has failed on at least five occasions to master the art of social media. For now, there is no doubt that Google can handle the traffic, it is really a question of whether it can deliver the goods.

Whether new contenders such as ChatGPT are anywhere close to handling the number of queries that Google does is open to debate. The evidence is that they are not, as ChatGPT had various issues earlier in the year when it was unable to accept new users or run queries due to excess demand.

ChatGPT is the platform that has gained most of the media attention of late. However, it might be established rivals like Bing that ultimately provide Google’s biggest headache. Bing is the third biggest search engine globally behind Google and Baidu.

That position could change with the launch of its own AI search, which will no doubt capture more income for an established company. Unlike Google, Microsoft does not have the same reliance on advertising revenue thanks to its business model, which is diversified across software, hardware and cloud computing.

According to the consumer and market data service Statista, Google’s income from advertising revenue has fallen in latest years, but it still accounts for 80% of the company’s income. Many might consider Google to be a search engine but it is largely an advertising company that was built on the back of search.

Without this advertising revenue, it could not have achieved many of its previous successes such as acquiring YouTube in 2006, or helping develop the Android mobile platform. Google’s failure to launch multiple social media platforms highlighted the company’s frailties and left the door open for the likes of Facebook and its parent company Meta to eat into that massive revenue pie.

Facebook too, will have concerns that Bing and new start-ups will lure marketers away to what is likely to be a slew of new AI knowledge tools. However, if Google fails to master AI search in the way Lycos and Excite failed to build upon their early success, we might find ourselves Googling a lot less and chatting much more.

Fri, 17 Feb 2023 02:26:00 -0600 Andy Tattersall en text/html https://theconversation.com/ais-threat-to-google-is-more-about-advertising-income-than-being-the-number-one-search-engine-200094
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