GRE-Quantitative questions - Graduate Record Examination (Quantitative)
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Aspiring graduate students juggling multiple responsibilities may be tempted to cram for the Graduate Record Exam, or GRE. But achieving an impressive score on this graduate school entrance exam is difficult without significant preparation, experts warn.
"A lot of our students, especially our students who are still in undergrad, will say, 'Oh, typically I'll study a weekend for a test, and ... be all set,'" says Dennis Yim, director of live online courses with Kaplan, the education and test prep company. "This test is not like that. ... The main thing students need to know is that it's not just about content, and it's not enough to have memorized hundreds of vocabulary words and have gone through the math syllabus that you haven't seen since high school. You need to be able to use that and become a problem-solver in the moment."
Yim says students who intend to take the GRE should take timed practice tests and analyze their performance on them so that they are confident enough to ace the exam when it counts. "You have to be comfortable," he says. "We like to call it, when we get dramatic, 'crisis prevention,' and so what it comes down to is a student's ability to perform to their level when the pressure is on, when the time constraints are real."
The test will undergo a makeover, with a newer, shorter version launching on September 22, 2023. Here's what you need to know about the test.
What is the GRE General Test?
How Is the GRE General Test Structured?
What are GRE subject tests?
How does the GRE General Test compare to a GRE subject test?
At-home version of the GRE general test.
Pros and cons of taking the GRE at home vs. in a test center.
What types of grad programs accept GRE scores?
GRE test scores.
How much does it cost to take the GRE?
How often are GRE tests offered?
When should you take the GRE?
What Is the computer-adaptive GRE General Test like?
How much do GRE scores matter?
How much time should you budget for GRE test prep?
What types of GRE test prep should you consider?
How does the GRE compare to the GMAT and LSAT?
How to raise a GRE score.
What Is the GRE General Test?
The GRE General Test is a standardized test created and administered by the Educational Testing Service, commonly known as ETS, that is designed to measure overall academic readiness for graduate school. Some grad programs require that applicants take not only the general test, but also a GRE Subject Test that assesses technical knowledge in a specific discipline like physics, psychology or mathematics.
Andrew Selepak, program coordinator of the master's program in mass communication with a specialization in social media at the University of Florida, says the GRE general test is similar to the SAT college entrance exam in that it assesses competence in math, memorizing and writing.
How Is the GRE General Test Structured?
In its current format, the general test includes three scored sections and one unscored section that collectively takes 3 hours and 45 minutes, with a 10-minute break built in. The three scored sections are analytical writing, quantitative reasoning and verbal reasoning. The two-question analytical writing section takes 60 minutes, while the quantitative and verbal reasoning sections include 40 questions each and last 70 and 60 minutes, respectively.
But one significant change coming in September is a shorter test that will be completed in 1 hour and 58 minutes. The analytical writing section will shrink to just one question – "Analyze an Issue" – to be completed in 30 minutes, while the quantitative and verbal reasoning sections will be reduced to 27 questions each and will need to be completed in 47 and 41 minutes, respectively.
The unscored section and the 10-minute break will be removed in the new version. Although the total test time will decrease, test-takers will have the same amount of time to answer each question, according to ETS.
What Are GRE Subject Tests?
GRE subject tests are content-based exams that assess a person's mastery of a particular field of study, such as physics or psychology. Each is designed for students who have majored in or extensively studied the particular exam subject. A grad school hopeful might take a math subject test in order to demonstrate quantitative skills to grad schools in fields where numerical competence is vital, such as computer science or economics.
“Very few schools require the subject test,” says Ryan Starr, an instructor with Manhattan Prep, a Kaplan test prep company. Students who fared well in undergrad and are pursuing that discipline in graduate school typically won’t need the subject test. But for those who struggled, the subject test can be a method to prove proficiency, he says.
Subject tests are offered in mathematics, physics and psychology, and ETS provides free digital practice books for each.
In September 2023, ETS will launch new versions of the physics and psychology subject tests, which will also be shortened to under two hours, says ETS spokesperson Kristen Mitchell.
Below is an overview of the syllabus covered on each test.
Mathematics. About half of this exam focuses on calculus while roughly a quarter concentrates on elementary, linear and abstract algebra, as well as number theory. The remaining questions cover miscellaneous syllabus typically included in an undergraduate math curriculum.
Physics. This exam typically includes questions on optics and wave phenomena; thermodynamics and statistical mechanics; classical mechanics; electromagnetism; quantum mechanics; atomic physics; special relativity and laboratory methods. It also includes questions on specialized physics syllabus such as nuclear and particle physics and condensed matter, but the specific syllabus covered depend on the individual exam.
Psychology. This exam includes questions on six aspects of psychology, including biological, cognitive, social, developmental, clinical and measurement and methodology.
How Does the GRE General Test Compare to a GRE Subject Test?
Yim says the general test focuses on assessing critical thinking abilities applicable in multiple disciplines, while a subject test is designed to determine how much a person knows about a specific academic subject.
"On the general test, expect to use more strategy than content, whereas ... when it comes to subject tests, there is a lot more content-based knowledge that is required," he says.
The subject tests tend to be more straightforward in terms of the questions asked, whereas the general test may feel more like a reasoning test, says Starr. He also notes that one of the main differences is that each section of the general test is timed, while the subject test is "self-paced," meaning test-takers generally have the flexibility to determine how much time to reserve for each section.
“On the GRE general test, the time limitations are a huge factor in how you handle the test, and they’re meant to be,” he says. “You’re meant to have to deal with the fact that you’ve got limited time, and probably time that’s too limited for you to do your best on every single problem, whereas the subject tests are really more about doing your best."
While the subject tests were historically shorter than the general test, the changes starting in September 2023 will make them roughly the same length going forward, at just under two hours each.
Alberto Acereda, associate vice president for global higher education at ETS, says prepping for a subject test is not entirely different from studying for the general test. "Similar to the General Test, to prepare for a GRE Subject Test, students should become familiar with the test content and structure so they know what to expect on test day," Acereda wrote in an email.
At-Home Version of the GRE General Test
During the coronavirus pandemic, ETS introduced an at-home version of the GRE general test. The company has continued to offer this option and appointments are "available around the clock, seven days a week," according to the ETS website.
"The GRE General Test taken at home is identical in content, format, on-screen experience, scoring and pricing to the GRE General Test taken at a test center," Acereda explained in an email. "Key differences include the at-home test is taken on a test-taker’s personal computer and is monitored by a human proctor online. ... All of the test features such as the ability to preview, review, skip questions and change answers while testing in a Test Center are also available when testing at home."
If you're planning to take the GRE at home, it's important to have supplies ready, Yim says. "That means doing some prep work beforehand to secure a whiteboard or transparent sheets, as well as a couple of fresh markers."
Tyler Johnson, a GRE instructor with Manhattan Prep, suggests that at-home GRE test-takers use a wired internet connection rather than wireless to minimize the risk of connectivity problems. They should also take the test in the quietest and most private room in their house.
"Keeping it private is important, because ETS is very big on making sure that you're the only person in the room to minimize cheating, so if you have roommates or a kid or someone who might accidentally walk in the room, you just want to make sure that they are aware of that," he says.
At-home test-takers should avoid scheduling the exam during a time when there might be significant external noise, testing experts say, adding that it's prudent to ask people in your household and neighbors to avoid being noisy during the test administration.
Pierre Huguet, CEO and co-founder of H&C Education, an admissions consulting firm, advises at-home test-takers to go through the ETS equipment and environment checklist and equipment check tool to ensure that they are set up to take the GRE at home. "Students should read the fine print and make sure they have the right equipment before registering for the at-home exam," Huguet wrote in an email.
Pros and Cons of Taking the GRE at Home vs. in a Test Center
Where to take the test depends on an individual’s situation and preferences, Starr says, noting that the at-home and in-person options tend to yield similar scores. Testing experts urge test-takers to take the test in the environment where they believe they will perform best.
Test-takers who live in rural areas far away from test centers may find the at-home version of the test more convenient, but should ensure they have a reliable internet connection, experts say.
Those taking the at-home test must go through an "extensive" process to demonstrate their environment is free of anything that could aid them in their test and a proctor monitors everything through a webcam, Starr says. Test-takers also must log into a secure connection that prevents them from opening other browsers while taking the test.
Amanda Medders Paldao, founder and director of Tri-Ed Tutoring, notes that some GRE test-takers get a powerful adrenaline rush when they walk into a test center, which helps them perform better than they might otherwise. This phenomenon, Paldao wrote in an email, is "just like an athlete who performs better in the big game than in practice."
However, some people panic immediately upon entering a test center, which makes them perform worse on the test than they might in a more familiar environment, so taking the test at home may be the optimal approach for them, Paldao says.
"The GRE at Home exam differs in that you will be alone in your room taking the test, rather than surrounded by other test-takers," Arash Fayz, founder and executive director of LA Tutors 123, wrote in an email. "If you are easily distracted, this can be an advantage since you won't have to worry about other test-takers making noise or getting in your eyeline. However, you should be mindful of the potential for distractions or technical issues at home."
Schools tend to view both the at-home and in-person the same, Starr says, "especially American schools." He says he's heard anecdotally that some European business schools are less eager to accept the online test and prefer students take the in-person option.
Kaplan and Manhattan Prep routinely survey business school administrators on how they view the at-home test compared to the in-person test and “98% of them said there’s no difference between those kinds of applicants," says Kaplan spokesperson Russell Schaffer. "No test-taker should feel that they’re at a disadvantage because they took the at-home test. They’re viewed completely equally."
What Types of Grad Programs Accept GRE Scores?
Many types of grad programs allow applicants to submit GRE scores, including master's, Ph.D. and professional degree programs in an array of disciplines ranging from liberal arts subjects to technical fields.
In latest years, it has become common for business schools to accept GRE scores in lieu of the GMAT, the traditional business school entrance exam.
And more than 100 American Bar Association-accredited law schools now accept the GRE for admission in lieu of the the typical law school entrance exam, the LSAT, Mitchell says.
GRE Test Scores
Students who successfully complete the GRE general test will receive three scores, in verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning and analytical writing. Verbal and quantitative scores range from 130 to 170, and these scores are always a whole number. Writing scores range from zero to six, and these scores are assigned in half-point increments.
Scores on GRE subject tests range from 200 to 990. On the psychology subject test, test-takers not only receive an overall score but also several subscores, ranging from 20 to 99, reflecting their knowledge of particular syllabus within the academic discipline.
Experts say grad school applicants should set their target GRE score based on the competitiveness of the programs where they are applying and the maximum score they believe they can achieve.
In order for a GRE score to have a positive impact on a prospective grad student's admissions chances at his or her target schools, it needs to be higher than the norm at those schools, Yim says. "If you reach that score, you are an average student, so the score really just doesn't help you."
The scoring ranges won't change with the new updates in September, but because there are fewer questions and sections, each question will count more toward the final score, ETS announced.
The shorter test will ultimately be better for students, says Craig Harman, senior manager of content and curriculum for GRE Programs at Kaplan. "But it does mean that every question they're going to answer, they need to be really sure that they're spending their time on that question," he says. "The penalty for wrong answers is going to go up a little bit."
Among the changes coming in September, test takers can expect to get their results within eight to 10 calendar days compared to the current time frame of 10 to 15.
How Much Does It Cost to Take the GRE?
In most parts of the world where the GRE general test is administered, the cost is $220, but there are two nations where the price is higher: $228 in Australia and $231.30 in China.
The price of GRE Subject Tests is $150 everywhere and won't change despite the impending changes to make the test shorter, according to ETS.
How Often Are GRE Tests Offered?
GRE general test appointments are offered year-round at physical test centers in most parts of the world, but slots are granted on a first-come, first-served basis. At-home testing is available worldwide, according to ETS, and time slots can be scheduled at any available day or time.
Registration for the GRE general test can be done online, by mail or by phone while registration for a GRE subject test is available online or by mail. You can take the general test once every 21 days and up to five times within a continuous 12-month period.
Starting in September 2023, the GRE subject tests will be offered in a computer-based format, Mitchell says, which will allow ETS to offer them in more locations, including in test centers worldwide and at home in most countries, she says. Subject tests can be taken every 14 days during testing windows in April, September and October.
"These changes are intended to bring greater accessibility, convenience and options to students around the world who want to stand out and show admissions committees they’re serious about and ready to attend competitive graduate programs," she wrote in an email.
When Should You Take the GRE?
GRE test-prep experts say grad school hopefuls should schedule the exam a few months before their grad school application deadlines to allow time to retake the test if the score is lower than they had hoped.
What Is the Computer-Adaptive GRE General Test Like?
The GRE general test "is section-level adaptive," Acereda explains, "which simply means that the second section of the test is selected by the computer based on a test taker’s performance in the first section. Every question from each section of the test contributes equally to the test taker’s final score which is based on the total number of correct answers as well as the difficulty of these questions.”
Acereda says a common mistake among GRE test-takers is spending disproportionate time on questions they find hard.
"Do not waste time on questions you find extremely difficult, since no question carries greater weight than any other," Acereda advises. "When you see a question that you think may require a lot of time, mark it, and come back to it after you have reviewed and answered the questions in the section that take less of your time."
How Much Do GRE Scores Matter?
GRE scores are a key factor that grad school admissions officers consider but are not necessarily the deciding factor, says Priyam Shah, a master tutor at IvyWise. "The GRE is part of the application package and doing well on it will certainly help your odds but other aspects of the application (college grades, extracurricular activities, recommendations, etc.) carry weight as well," Shah wrote in an email.
Selepak at the University of Florida says GRE scores supply him a metric he can use to make apples-to-apples comparisons between students who would otherwise be difficult to judge fairly because they have vastly different undergraduate backgrounds.
How Much Time Should You Budget for GRE Test Prep?
Shah suggests students set aside two to three months for intensive GRE study, or that they spread out their test prep over three to four months.
For a GRE subject test, Starr says the amount of time required depends on the student and their reasons for taking the test. Someone who majored in a specific field and wants to go to graduate school for that discipline or a related discipline likely won’t require as much study time as someone attempting to go to graduate school in a discipline they didn't study in undergrad, he says.
What Types of GRE Test Prep Should You Consider?
ETS provides numerous free and for-purchase general GRE test prep resources, including online practice exams and a content outline, plus digital practice book for each subject test. Prep resources for the new exam will become available in September, but because the question types will remain the same aside from removal of the Analytical Writing “Analyze an Argument” essay, ETS encourages test-takers to continue to using existing official GRE prep materials.
Selepak says many grad school hopefuls could benefit from a formal GRE test-prep course, which forces them to spend a significant chunk of time on test prep and provides them with a teacher or tutor who can hold them accountable. Companies like TargetTestPrep, Varsity Tutors and Kaplan offer courses with in-person or online tutors.
How Does the GRE Compare to the GMAT and LSAT?
The GRE, GMAT and LSAT are primarily general knowledge tests, Starr says, though each serves a different purpose.
The LSAT is extremely different from the GRE, Starr says, and is used only for law school admissions, while the GMAT is used primarily for admission to business schools. The GRE is more general in nature. Many law schools have started accepting the GRE in the last 10 years, Starr says. And many B-schools consider the GRE and GMAT to be roughly equivalent. The ETS website includes a list of business schools that accept the GRE in lieu of the GMAT.
The GRE and GMAT both have math sections, which cover concepts typically taught in ninth or 10th grade, Starr says. Many people find the GMAT math section more challenging because calculators aren’t allowed and test-takers can’t revisit questions, he says.
All three tests include memorizing comprehension, though the LSAT tends to be the most challenging, Starr says. All three also include a critical reasoning component where test-takers are given short arguments and they have to add something that would strengthen them or weaken them.
Where they differ is in the verbal and language sections, Starr says. The GRE includes vocabulary that the other two don’t, while the GMAT includes a grammar section that the others don’t. The LSAT also includes an analytical reasoning section, colloquially known as “logic games.”
How to Raise a GRE Score
Jennifer Winward, founder and CEO at Winward Academy tutoring company, says the most effective approach to raising a GRE score is to figure out why you made the mistakes you did on a prior exam and devise strategies to prevent making them again.
For instance, Winward recommends students keep an up-to-date list of mathematical equations they forgot during the math section of the GRE general test to practice for next time. Likewise, students who have difficulty with vocabulary should keep a running tally of words they missed on prior general GRE exams so they can memorize the definitions of those words, she says.
Anyone struggling to speed read on the general test's verbal reasoning section should try memorizing for fun more often during their free time, she suggests.
"If you read actively, then you become a faster reader; you remember what you read and where you read it."
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Copyright 2023 U.S. News & World Report
Updated - June 04, 2023 at 11:45 AM.
Alberto Acereda, Associate Vice-President of Global Higher Education, ETS
From this September, the GRE General Test, the world’s most widely used test for admission to graduate and professional programmes, will take less than two hours to complete — half the time of the current test.
Announcing changes to the format of the test, Educational Testing Service (ETS) said it would now become the shortest and most efficient test among top graduate, business and law school admissions. Changes to the test include reduced number of questions in the quantitative and verbal reasoning sections, removal of the unscored section and removal of analysis of an argument in the analytical writing sections.
In an email interview with businessline, Alberto Acereda, Associate Vice-President of Global Higher Education, ETS, explained the rationale behind the changes
What prompted these changes? Was there a demand from institutions or students?
Our decision to shorten the GRE was informed by valuable feedback from institutions and students, alike. Over time, we have engaged in extensive conversations and conducted thorough research to understand the evolving needs and preferences of both groups. The input we received emphasised the importance of a test format that allows students to showcase their abilities effectively while minimising the strain that comes from a longer exam.
These changes also are the result of our analysis and discussions done with our assessment development and psychometrics teams about how we could introduce a better experience for test-takers, while retaining the strong validity and reliability schools need for confident decision-making.
By reducing the test duration to less than two hours, we aim to strike a balance between providing a comprehensive assessment and ensuring a manageable testing experience for students.
With the GRE General Test now being roughly half the time of the current test, this enables students to have more time to focus on other parts of their application and getting into their preferred graduate-level program.
How many institutions in India rely on GRE? Has there been a growth in the figure?
In India, 100+ institutions, including 30+business schools rely on GRE scores for admissions to their graduate, business and law programmes. We expect these numbers to grow with our local presence through ETS India. Indian learners benefit from a local team dedicated to serving them across their learning journey.
We also look forward to continuing our close collaboration with the members of India Business School Advisory Council. Together, we will focus our efforts on how we can unlock value and opportunities for Indian B-schools and students.The GRE exam continues to grow in its acceptance and popularity internationally with more than 1,300 B-schools around the world accepting GRE scores.
What impact will these changes have in GRE scores — do you expect a drop or rise in the average scores?
The shorter GRE will have fewer questions than the current GRE, while keeping content the same. Since we are not eliminating any content area, the shortened test measures the same construct as the current test. We are shortening the test in a way that retains an appropriate level of reliability and validity for admissions. Hence we do not anticipate major shifts in the distribution of scores and will analyse the new data yielded by the test soon after it is rolled out to assess any possible shifts that might arise.
What is the current average score? What is a good score to get admission in top universities?
The average GRE General Test scores are 151.3 for verbal reasoning, 157.0 for quantitative reasoning and 3.4 for analytical writing. Admissions requirements vary from university to university, and even from programme to programme. We encourage learners to explore admissions requirements, which are generally posted on university websites, so they can prepare accordingly.
Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.
Since its inception in 1936, thousands have taken the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE)® to gain admission into advanced training programs. If you want to enroll in a master’s degree program without sitting for the Graduate Admission Management Test (GMAT)™ or Law School Admission Test (LSAT)®, the GRE is your best bet.
This guide answers pertinent questions about the GRE, including how much it costs, what is considered a good score and how to study for the GRE.
What Does the GRE Cover?
The GRE is a standardized test often required for admission into graduate school. The Educational Testing Service (ETS) oversees and administers the exam.
Previously, graduate-level business schools required the GMAT as the standard screening test for admission. Today, more business schools accept the GRE as an equivalent option.
In addition, some arts and science graduate programs also use the GRE to screen graduate school applicants. In a 2021 council meeting, the American Bar Association voted to permit accredited law schools to accept GRE test scores instead of LSAT scores during admission screenings.
The GRE general test covers three primary sections:
The verbal reasoning section evaluates a candidate’s ability to understand words, sentences and texts. The section also measures one’s ability to understand text structure, analyze memorizing material and determine the author’s perspective.
The verbal reasoning section contains three question categories—reading comprehension, text completion and sentence equivalence. The assessment lasts one hour, with 30 minutes allotted for each section and 20 questions in each section.
The quantitative reasoning section of the exam measures your ability to solve problems using mathematical models. The problems presented in this section touch on syllabus such as algebra, arithmetic, geometry and data analysis.
The section lasts 70 minutes. The test is split into two 35-minute sets, with 20 questions in each section.
The GRE’s analytical writing section evaluates your ability to articulate complex ideas and construct and evaluate arguments with relevant reason. The section consists of two separately timed writing tasks, each lasting 30 minutes.
The “analyze an issue” task requires you to construct an argument based on an issue highlighted in the prompt. You must also provide reasons and examples to prove your viewpoint on the matter.
The “analyze an argument” task requires you to evaluate the rationality of another argument according to specific instructions.
How Is the GRE Scored?
Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning
Scores for the verbal and quantitative reasoning measures ranked on a scale of 130 to 170. First, the ETS grades verbal and quantitative reasoning tests on the number of correct responses to all questions in each segment.
Then ETS converts the raw score into a scaled score through the equating process. The equating process accounts for variations among multiple test versions and ensures that the test’s difficulty level and required performance stay consistent, regardless of the test edition.
The scaled score is the final grade displayed for the verbal and quantitative reasoning measures.
An experienced essay rater appointed by the ETS grades each essay in the analytical writing measure on a scale of 0 to 6. Afterward, the e-rater scoring engine—software developed by the ETS to evaluate students’ writing proficiency—assigns its own scores to each essay.
If the e-rater and human-assigned grades are within the same range, the average of both grades becomes the final score. However, if the trained rater’s and e-rater’s scores differ, a second human score is obtained. Then, the average of both human-assigned scores becomes the final grade for the candidate’s analytical writing test.
What Is a Good Score on the GRE?
A “good” GRE score is subjective based on the admission requirements for your preferred graduate program. However, as with all other standardized tests, there is a benchmark you should strive for.
In the following section, we analyze the average performance of GRE test-takers using data obtained by the ETS from 2018 to 2021.
While it’s reasonable to consider the average scores as a benchmark, some graduate institutions may select candidates based on performance relative to other test-takers, such as the percentile formula.
Candidates who scored 162 in the verbal reasoning segment and 168 in quantitative reasoning fell in the 90th percentile, according to ETS. Candidates who scored 5.0 or higher in the analytical writing section performed better than 91% of all the other test-takers.
High performance significantly increases a candidate’s chances of admission into a prestigious graduate program.
What Are the GRE Subject Tests?
The GRE subject tests evaluate a candidate’s depth of knowledge in a particular field of study. The tests are for graduate candidates who have completed an undergraduate major in chemistry, physics, mathematics or psychology.
The GRE subject test consists of multiple choice questions and lasts two hours and 50 minutes.
Taking the GRE
How to Register
Where to Take the GRE
To find a GRE Test Center near you, simply search on the ETS website. However, if you meet the ETS equipment and environment requirements, you can take the general tests from the comfort of your own home.
To do so, you must meet the following equipment requirements:
How Much Does the GRE Cost?
The cost of GRE registration varies depending on your location. The general test fee is $220, but it is $231.30 in China and $228 in India.
Additional fees apply to special handling requests such as rescheduling the test, changing your Test Center and additional scoring services.
If you need assistance covering the cost of the GRE, you can request a fee reduction voucher. The voucher covers a significant portion of the test fee, reducing the general test fee to $100 and the subject test fee to 50% off the regular fee.
GRE test fees can be paid via a credit or debit card, PayPal, eCheck or an authorization voucher.
Retaking the GRE
If your GRE scores do not meet the admission requirements of your chosen graduate school, you can retake the test after 21 days. However, note that you can only take the test up to five times within 12 months. The retesting policy applies even if you cancel your previous test scores.
GRE Preparation Tips
The ETS offers complimentary sample questions to help candidates prepare adequately for the exam. In addition, the organization offers free access to PowerPrep practice tests and monthly GRE virtual events where candidates can gain insights from successful test takers.
Individuals who struggle with quantitative reasoning can Improve their skills through in-depth study with Khan Academy math courses and ETS’s math review.
Starting in September, Educational Testing Service (ETS) plans to begin administering a shorter Graduate Record exam (GRE) General test the company says will take less than two hours to complete.
The current GRE takes approximately four hours to complete, so the new version—which will replace the current test—will make it “the shortest and most efficient test” among top professional, business and law school admissions test options, according to ETS’ announcement.
What are the admissions standards?
Please see admissions page for details and requirements for your application and admission. In addition:
What are the average GRE and TOEFL scores, and average GPA, of students admitted into the program?
When selecting a candidate for admission, we evaluate the student’s overall qualifications, not just standardized test scores or GPAs. Typically, however, for the GRE exam, the average scores for students admitted to the program are 167 quantitative and 152 verbal. Typical GMAT scores are 700 or greater. The average TOEFL score is 100, and average IELTS is a 7 or above. The typical GPA is 3.5 or greater. Please note, however, that these scores are neither necessary nor sufficient for admission. Additionally, there is no admission preference to the the type of test the applicant chooses (GRE or GMAT).
Is it possible to waive the GRE/GMAT?
Applicants holding one of the following graduate degrees are exempt from the GMAT/GRE: JD, Ph.D., MD, PharmD, MS, MA or MBA.
You will be considered for (but not automatically given) a GMAT/GRE waiver if you meet at least one of the following criteria:
You can request a GMAT waiver in your online application - additional fields will appear once you check the waiver request checkbox, where you can submit which criteria you meet for your request.
I’m an F-1 student, but I completed my undergraduate education in the United States. Do I need to take the TOEFL/IELTS?
If you have earned a degree from a U.S. university, or will have successfully earned it by the time you start our program, you do not need to take the TOEFL/IELTS exam. In other words, if you are slated to graduate from a US or English-speaking university in June of 2019 and apply to our program for Fall 2019 admission, your requirement would still be waived because you will have earned the degree by the start of the program, even though at the time of application you were still completing it.
I don’t have a finance background. Does that disqualify me from being considered for admission?
Not necessarily. Our students come from a variety of backgrounds including mathematics, finance, business, sciences and engineering of all kinds. However, you do need to have had completed the minimum pre-requisite courses to be considered for admission into the program: calculus I, II and III, differential equations, linear algebra, probability theory and computer programming.
May I take those required courses at a community college before I start or while I’m in the program?
All courses must be completed as a condition of admission to the program. Courses taken at a community college are generally not acceptable because they are not upper-level courses. Depending on the course content, it may be possible that Calculus I and II taken at a community college may be considered for admission, but this cannot be guaranteed.
I work full-time and would like to be a part-time MQF student. Is this possible?
While it is possible for domestic, non-F-1 students to take a part-time course load as needed, it is not possible to complete the program as a strictly part-time student. At some point, you will need to take day-time classes and, possibly, a full-time course load, which will require a flexible work schedule.Because the vast majority of MQF students are full-time, most courses, including core courses, run during the standard work day; therefore, it would be impossible to complete the program going to school only at night or on weekends. None of our classes are offered online.
Is the MQF program based in Newark or New Brunswick?
The program is based in Newark, though some of our students occasionally opt to take approved elective courses in New Brunswick. The program cannot be completed exclusively in New Brunswick, nor are students obligated to take courses in New Brunswick.
Can I audit courses in the MQF program?
Auditing courses (i.e. sitting in courses that you have not registered for) is not permitted in the MQF program.
Can I apply to the MQF program as a non-matriculated student?
In rare circumstances, applicants may be allowed to enroll in the MQF program as a non-matriculated student depending on their professional and academic background. The MQF program follows the same policy and procedure as the MBA program. All of the same rules apply. You may access the MQF non-matriculating application form here.
I see that the Rutgers MQF program is designated as a STEM program. What does this mean?
As of February 2014, the Master of Quantitative Finance program at Rutgers Business School was given STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) status by the U.S. Department of Education. The major is classified as “Management Sciences and Quantitative Methods” by the DOE. For international students on an F-1 visa, this designation grants additional time to work in the U.S. after graduation, allowing students to have up to 29 months of Optional Practical Training (OPT), as opposed to 12 months.The only thing that has changed is the classification of the program for the DOE; the program’s curriculum and degree remain the same. More information about OPT and STEM is available at U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
How many students are generally admitted to the program?
Admission to our program has become highly competitive. In the 2017-2018 academic year, 55 students enrolled for the program out of 400 applicants.
Can I start the program at some term other than the Fall?
Admission for this program is offered during the Spring and Fall. Students who already hold a Ph.D. may submit a request for admission during the Spring or Summer term in writing. Decisions will be made on a case-by-case basis by the MQF Committee.
How is this degree perceived by business, companies, etc.?
This program addresses a relatively unfilled need for people with a combination of quantitative skills and financial knowledge. Currently business is filling positions with employees who have quantitative skills but minimal financial training, such as, mathematicians, statisticians, or engineers. Companies place a premium on modelers who have a combination of a strong background in financial theory and solid quantitative skills.
What are examples of potential employers?
MQF graduates are likely to find positions in Wall Street firms, such as banks, hedge funds, mutual funds, pension funds, insurance companies, consulting companies, and even financial software firms.
I am an International Student, where can I obtain additional information?
EducationUSA is a resource that not only helps you decide which US institution to attend, but they can help you with understanding your application, the VISA process, and provide additional information you may need before embarking on your educational journey in the United States.
What are the tuition and fees for domestic and international students?
What books would help me prepare for the MQF program?
University Policy for Students on COVID Vaccinations
Why it matters: Admissions tests are ebbing in popularity.
The changes reflect a general decline in the use of standardized tests, partly because of concerns among university administrators that the tests fail to predict success and that they may deter applicants from underrepresented groups.
Some studies have found that the tests handicap low-income and minority students, partly because wealthy students can Improve their scores by taking expensive test prep courses. What’s more, the GRE test itself is expensive — $220 in most locations.
Boston University’s School of Public Health said that after it removed its GRE requirement in 2019, the number of Black and Hispanic applicants had increased, with no decline in student performance.
Background: They call it a GRExit.
A growing number of graduate programs have moved to make the GRE optional or to eliminate it altogether as part of their admission requirements.
Duke University, a prestigious private institution in North Carolina, announced last year that it would not require the GRE for most of its graduate programs, extending a test-optional policy that began during the pandemic.
Calling the phenomenon the GRExit, the academic journal Science conducted a survey of 50 top-ranked graduate programs in 2019 and found that 44 percent of molecular biology Ph.D. programs had stopped requiring the scores.
At the same time, some law schools now accept GRE scores in place of the standard Law School Admission Test, or LSAT.
Even so, the number of GRE tests taken declined to 341,574 in 2021 from 541,750 in 2017.
The decline mirrors similar declines in the use of the SAT and the ACT after hundreds of colleges moved to test-optional admissions for undergraduates.
The College Board, which controls the SAT, will also move to a shorter, online test, beginning in 2024 in the United States, following its introduction in other countries in 2023. The new SAT will take two hours rather than three and will feature shorter memorizing passages with one or two questions, requiring fewer responses.
In a decision to be announced by the end of its term, the Supreme Court is widely expected to eliminate or limit the consideration of race in college admissions, meaning that undergraduate and graduate programs will no longer be permitted to supply preferential treatment to underserved minority students in an effort to increase the diversity of their classes.
The decision is likely to place additional pressure on universities to limit or eliminate the use of standardized admissions exams as they move to more holistic admissions policies.
Now in half the time, GRE remains the most widely used measure of graduate readiness
PRINCETON, N.J., May 31, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, ETS announced that beginning this September, the GRE General Test will take less than two hours to complete – roughly half the time of the current test. This makes the GRE General Test the shortest and most efficient test among top professional, business and law school admissions test options. The shorter GRE test will continue to provide test takers and institutions with the same valid and reliable scores they have always counted on from ETS. Registration for the shorter test is now open for test dates beginning September 22, 2023.
Changes to the test include:
In addition to test changes, test takers can expect to receive their official scores much faster, in just 8-10 days. These changes mark the first of several planned future updates to the GRE General Test, all of which are intended to provide test takers with a better experience that values their time and reduces anxiety and fatigue.
"The changes we're announcing today underscore the emphasis we place on keeping our customers at the center of all that we do," said ETS CEO Amit Sevak. "As we continue to introduce product innovations, we're committed to balancing two things – maintaining rigor and validity, while improving the test-taker experience."
Beginning in September, test takers can access official GRE test prep resources and practice tests designed for the newer streamlined test. Since the shorter test has the same question types (except for the removal of the Analytical Writing "Analyze an Argument" essay), test takers can continue to use the existing Official GRE Prep materials.
The GRE will continue to be the most valid, reliable and secure assessment of graduate readiness in the world, just in less time. The score scales will also remain the same, allowing graduate programs to easily compare performance across cohorts before and after September 2023.
To learn more about these changes, visit www.ets.org/gre/shorter. To create an account, register for a test, access test prep resources and more, visit www.ets.org/mygre.
About the GRE General Test
The GRE® General Test is the world's most widely used test for admission to graduate and professional programs, including business and law. It securely assesses the verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking and analytical writing skills that are essential for success in most graduate-level programs. GRE scores are an essential part of holistic admissions because of their unique role in the application as the only research-based, fair and objective measure of cognitive skills. Since first introduced, GRE scores have opened doors for those with fewer socioeconomic resources and educational opportunities than their peers, and they still serve this purpose today.
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The Educational Testing Service is today announcing a new Graduate Record Examination that will take less than two hours to complete. The test will last roughly half of the time compared to the current GRE.
The new test is:
The announcement comes today at the annual meeting of NAFSA: Association of International Educators, but will also be important to many colleges in the U.S. that recruit American students to graduate schools.
In addition to the changes in the tests, test takers can expect to receive their official scores in just eight to 10 days. Previously, ETS promised scores in 10 to 15 days. The three main sections of the GRE—verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning and analytical writing—will remain the same.
“The changes we’re announcing today underscore the emphasis we place on keeping our customers at the center of all that we do,” said ETS CEO Amit Sevak. “As we continue to introduce product innovations, we’re committed to balancing two things—maintaining rigor and validity, while improving the test-taker experience.”
The ETS strategy is similar to one it announced last month for the Test of English as a Foreign Language. The TOEFL will lose an hour of time, becoming a two-hour test, starting in July.
The new, shorter GRE will not cost any less. It costs $220 in the United States, with different fees for those who take the test in China and India.
“The GRE General Test will continue to be a reliable and valid measure of graduate-level readiness, and offer the same measure of verbal, quantitative and analytical skills in less time. In addition, scores will be reported to students faster, which is valuable,” said a spokeswoman for ETS.
ETS has gained test takers in latest years as the GRE has attracted those who want to go to law school and who have seen the GRE as an alternative to the Law School Admissions Test.
But ETS has also lost test takers as some academic departments have dropped the exam requirement, which was once considered de rigueur for applying to graduate school. The decision to require the GRE or not is typically made at the departmental level.
When Cornell University’s English department dropped the GRE as an admissions requirement, it issued this statement: “GRE scores are not good predictors of success or failure in a Ph.D. program in English, and the uncertain predictive value of the GRE exam is far outweighed by the toll it takes on student diversity. For many applicants the cost of preparing for and taking the exam is prohibitively expensive, and the exam is not globally accessible. Requiring the exam narrows our applicant pool at precisely the moment we should be creating bigger pipelines into higher education. We need the strength of a diverse community in order to pursue the English department’s larger mission: to direct the force of language toward large and small acts of learning, alliance, imagination and justice.”
Craig Harman, senior manager of content and curriculum for Kaplan’s GRE test prep programs. said, "One really interesting thing to point out is the timing of the test launch. ETS, the test maker, says that the new GRE will launch in September, just ahead of when the new GMAT Focus exam from the Graduate Management Admission Council is set to launch. Over the last 15 years or so, the two exams have been fierce rivals among business school applicants, as both the GRE and GMAT are accepted by MBA programs. Twenty years ago, almost no business school accepted the GRE, but now almost all of them do. Additionally, the GRE is increasingly a significant player in the law school admissions process, with around half of law schools allowing applicants to submit a GRE score instead of an LSAT score."
Graduate Record Examinations General Test will take less than two hours to complete from September, roughly half the time of the current test
Published Date - 11:00 PM, Thu - 1 June 23
New Delhi: The Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) General Test will take less than two hours to complete from September, roughly half the time of the current test, the Educational Testing Service (ETS) announced on Thursday. The test takers will also receive their official scores within 10 days.
Among the major changes being introduced in the test are — removal of the “analyse an argument” task in the Analytical Writing section, reduced number of questions in quantitative and verbal reasoning sections and removal of “unscored” sections, the ETS said. While the earlier test duration used to be 3 hours and 45 minutes, the duration from September onwards will be 1 hour and 58 minutes. At present, the test takers get official scores within 15 days.
“The changes we are announcing today underscore the emphasis we place on keeping our customers at the centre of all that we do. As we continue to introduce product innovations, we are committed to balancing two things – maintaining rigour and validity, while improving the test-taker experience,” said ETS CEO Amit Sevak. ETS conducts the English language test TOEFL and GRE. The GRE General Test is among the most widely used tests for admission to graduate and professional programmes, including business and law. It assesses the verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that are essential for success in most graduate-level programmes. GRE scores are an essential part of holistic admissions because of their unique role in the application as the only research-based, fair, and objective measure of cognitive skills.
Registration for the shorter test is now open for test dates beginning September 22, 2023. India is the second largest market for GRE test takers after the United States. During 2021-22, 1.24 lakh candidates had taken the test in US while the number stood at 1.14 lakh in India. According to Kunal Dasgupta, Chairperson, Admissions and Financial Aid, IIM Bangalore, the reduced test duration was needed to adapt the test to the current times.
“At IIM Bangalore, GRE is one of the assessments for consideration. Look forward to the new version, which proposes a reduced test duration that reflect ETS’ commitment to prioritising the needs of test takers. We congratulate ETS for adapting the GRE General Test to the current times while ensuring that it remains as reliable as ever for institutions and test takers alike,” Dasgupta said. Beginning in September, test takers can access official GRE test prep resources and practice tests designed for the newer streamlined test. Since the shorter test has the same question types (except for the removal of the Analytical Writing “analyse an argument” essay), test takers can continue to use the existing Official GRE Prep materials.
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