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Exam Code: GMAT Practice test 2023 by team
GMAT Graduate Management Admission Test: Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Quantitative section, Verbal section 2023

• Overview of Lesson Plan • Key Content Covered

1&2 • An introduction to GMAT.

• Handing over Princeton Review

Book and Package

• DVD from the course book and an

insight into the logic of GMAT.

• Introducing the idea of the skills

to be developed

• An outline and brief description of

each the Verbal sections

• Answering questions general from

the student.

• Introduction to memory

improvement techniques

• GMAT introduction

• Princeton Review Book and Package

• Basic test structure review

including description of CAT

• The GMAT scoring scale

• Verbal sections defined

• Memory improvement techniques

• Home assignment: GMAT intro


3&4 • Definition of terms for the

Quantitative Section of the


• Answering questions related to

this subject coming from the G2

course preparation test.

• Foundation of basic arithmetic.

• Definition of terms

• Properties of integers

• Fractions

• Decimals

• Home assignment: Arithmetic

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

5&6 • Continuation of the foundation

in basic arithmetic.

• Real Numbers

• Ration & Proportion

• Percents

• Powers & Roots of Numbers

• Descriptive Statistics

• Sets

• Counting Methods

• Discrete Probability

• Home assignment: Arithmetic

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

7&8 • Critical Reasoning 1

• An introduction to Critical

Reasoning part of GMAT and the

history and changes of the section

• Description of how CR skills are a

good place to start for the

Reading Comprehension

• Very basic outline of the 4 basic

parts of an argument (greater

detail in Critical Reasoning 2)

• Explanation of how this section

falls into 8 categories (greater

detail in Critical Reasoning 2)

• Principles on how to identify

these categories and logically

approach them.

• Argument construction

• Argument Evaluation

• Formulating and Evaluating a plan

of Action

• Home assignment: easy examples

from Bin1

9&10 • Fundamentals of Algebra.

• Explanation of how important this

topic is and in how many

questions will involve the use of

these fundamentals.

• Reviewing first year High School

but in the GMAT paradigm.

• Simplifying Algebraic


• Equations

• Solving Linear Equations with one


• Solving Linear Equations with two


• Solving Equations by Factoring

• Solving Quadratic Equations

• Exponents

• Home assignment: Algebra

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

11&12 • Fundamentals of Algebra


• An introduction to problem

solving with equalities and

inequalities involving multiple

variables and solutions

• Explanation of principle of

plugging-in (to be covered in

detail in later lesson)

• Inequalities

• Absolute Value

• Functions

• Solving Equations

• Solving Inequalities

• Transforming Algebra into


• Home assignment: Algebra

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

13&14 • Introduction to Sentence


• Areas of grammar which are

typically covered in the GMAT

are outlined and students will

review the basics

• A few grammar drills designed to

help review each area and affirm


• Pronoun Agreement

• Pronoun Ambiguity

• The Test Masters Catalog of


• Misplaced Modifiers

• Parallel Construction

• Verb Tenses, Part One

• Subject/Verb Agreement

• Home assignment: Grammar review


15&16 • Sentence Correction 1

• Grammar areas are completed as

an introduction

• Grammar drills focused on the

topics covered

• Feedback and explanations

designed to isolate weaknesses

and homework allocated


• Noun Agreement

• Comparison Words

• Quantity Words

• Redundancy

• Verb Tenses, Part Two

• The Subjunctive Mood

• Home assignment: Grammar review


17&18 • Fundamentals of Geometry

• The final area of math

fundamentals essential to the


• Shown to be not as important as

algebra but a key area where

candidates should be confident

• A few example questions for each

topic to help visualise and

understand principles in GMAT

test environment

• Lines

• Intersecting lines and angles

• Perpendicular lines

• Parallel lines

• Polygons (convex)

• Triangles

• Quadrilaterals

• Geometry

• Home assignment: Geometry

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

19 & 20 • Fundamentals of Geometry


• More example test questions and a

review of all the Topics from


• Focused effort on Coordinate

Geometry as the largest part of

the field needed in GMAT

• Circles

• Rectangular solids and cylinders

• Surface areas

• Volumes

• Coordinate Geometry

• Home assignment: Geometry

practice questions (not from

GMAT test)

21&22 • An introduction to practicing

Comprehension and the GMAT

test question structure

• Presentation on the value of

developing practicing techniques

• Brief introduction to fundamental

techniques of how to effectively

approach GMAT practicing

Comprehension questions

• Description of the 3 subject fields

that these questions will come


• An outline of what is meant by

interpretive, applied and

inferential test questions

• Definition of terms

• practicing Comprehension structure

• Approach techniques

• Subject field overview

• Home assignment: 2 real

Reading Comprehension test

questions from Bin1

23&24 • Review of key points from

previous 2 lessons

• Feedback from home assignment

• Focused suggestions

• real previous GMAT questions

from Bin2

• Comprehension tips

• Test questions

• Home assignment: revise key

points from practicing


25&26 • Introduction to Data Sufficiency

• Explanation of math skills needed

• Overview of the wide variety of Data

Sufficiency problems which GMAT


• Basic introduction on how to

analyze a quantitative problem

• Question structure

• Answering fundamentals

• Definition of essential terms

• Common pitfalls

• Basic tips

and recognize which information

is relevant

• Basic introduction on how to

determine what information is

sufficient to solve a given


• Very important tips to remember

from the very beginning

supported by basic interactive


• Definition of terms and why they

need to be memorized

• Common pitfalls to avoid

• Approach techniques

• Basic interactive drills

• Home assignment: 2 test questions

from Bin1

27&28 • Review of Data Sufficiency

efficient methodology

• Feedback from home assignment

• Interactive drills designed to Excellerate

the approach of candidates to the test

questions using the methodology

taught combined with their own

natural intelligence, logic process

and experience

• Review of the wide variety of Data

Sufficiency problems which GMAT


• Methodology review

• Feedback

• Interactive drills

• Home assignment:2 Questions

from Bin2

29&30 • Critical Reasoning 2

• A quick review of what was

covered in Critical reasoning 1

• Candidates are given tips on how

to prepare their brains to approach

these types of Questions

• The 4 main parts of an argument‘s

structure is described and broken

down into more detail

• A detailed look into the structure

of the 8 types of argument


• Brain preparation tips

• Premises, conclusions, assumptions,


• Assumption

• Strengthen the argument

• Weaken the argument

• Inference

• Parallel the reasoning

• Resolve or explain

• Evaluate an argument

• Identify the reasoning

• Home assignment: review the 4

parts of an argument and the 8

types of GMAT Critical

Reasoning questions

31&32 • Review home assignment

• Outline main tips for efficiently

gaining maximum points from

this section

• Interactive drill with Critical

Reasoning questions from Bin2

• Reminder of rudiments of GMAT

logic not formal logic

• Critical Reasoning Bin 2

• Tips

• GMAT logic

• Home assignment: 2 Bin 2 GMAT

test questions

33&34 • Problem Solving 1

• A brief overview of what GMAT

Problem Solving questions look

like and a reminder of the math

skills reviewed from Arithmetic,

Algebra and Geometry

• An introduction to the principle of

effective test question


• When to shortcut/fully solve/plugin answers

• An introduction to the principle of

the Process of Elimination

• How to avoid partial answers

• How to spot ‚crazy‘ answer


• The absolute importance of

avoiding the answers that Joe

Bloggs would choose in harder


• Arithmetic, Algebra and Geometry

• Shortcut/fully solve/plug-in


• Partial answers

• Crazy answers

• Joe Bloggs

• Home assignment: Quick

overview of lesson content

35&36 • Problem Solving 2

• Review of Problem Solving

questions key points from home


• Introduction to rate, work, function,

probability, combination and

• Rate problems

• Work problems

• Mixture problems

• Measurement problems

permutation problems (will be

covered in detail in a separate lesson)

• How to approach interest rate

problems and basic statistics like

mean, median, mode, and standard


• Rate

• Work

• Probability

• Combination and permutation

• Interest rates

• Statistics

• Standard deviation

• Home assignment: GMAT test

questions from Bin 1/2

37&38 • Sentence Correction 2

• Review foundations of grammar

from Sentence Correction 1

• Introduce GMAT English rules

and logic and accepting the fact

that this is not about pure

grammar in the normal world

• Description of the types of errors

that are tested in GMAT Sentence

Correction test questions

• Explanation of how the test

writers decide upon the 4

alternative options they give in

the test

• Describe POE technique

• Candidates will go through Bin 1

questions to drill the various

points brought up

• Brief grammar review

• GMAT English principles

• Use Your Ear

• Contextual Clues

• Simplicity is Bliss

• Sentence Fragments

• Parallel Construction Error

• Faulty Comparison

• Punctuation

• Word Confusion

• Adjective/Adverb Error

• Correct pronoun usage

• Disagreement Between Subject and Verb

• Verb Tense Error

• Misplaced Modifier

• Incorrect Idiomatic Expression

• POE technique

• Sentence Correction Bin1 drill

• Home assignment: 2 Bin 2 test


39&40 • Sentence Correction 3

• Feedback from home assignment

• Review POE technique

• Focused in depth coverage of the

typical areas of focus

• Bin 3 drilling

• Sentence Correction typical areas

of focus

• Home assignment: review of

typical areas of focus and 2

questions from Bin 3

Graduate Management Admission Test: Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), Quantitative section, Verbal section 2023
Admission-Tests Quantitative Study Guide
Killexams : Admission-Tests Quantitative Study Guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : Admission-Tests Quantitative Study Guide - BingNews Killexams : Robustness Tests for Quantitative Research
  • The uncertainty that researchers face in specifying their estimation model threatens the validity of their inferences. In regression analyses of observational data, the 'true model' remains unknown, and researchers face a choice between plausible alternative specifications. Robustness testing allows researchers to explore the stability of their main estimates to plausible variations in model specifications. This highly accessible book presents the logic of robustness testing, provides an operational definition of robustness that can be applied in all quantitative research, and introduces readers to diverse types of robustness tests. Focusing on each dimension of model uncertainty in separate chapters, the authors provide a systematic overview of existing tests and develop many new ones. Whether it be uncertainty about the population or sample, measurement, the set of explanatory variables and their functional form, causal or temporal heterogeneity, or effect dynamics or spatial dependence, this book provides guidance and offers tests that researchers from across the social sciences can employ in their own research.

    • Provides a list of existing and new tests for each dimension of model specification
    • Develops the logic of robustness testing as the key way to tackle model uncertainty, improving the validity of inferences based on regression analysis of observational data
    • Presents a typology of robustness tests introducing readers to ways of testing robustness that readers will find more useful than the model replacement type tests dominating current practice
    • Includes a dedicated website with STATA replication data and do-files for all tests presented in the book to help readers understand how they would implement a test in their own research
    Read more

    Reviews & endorsements

    Advance praise: 'Neumayer and Plümper have made an impressive contribution to research methodology. Rich in innovation and insight, Robustness Tests for Quantitative Research shows social scientists the way forward for improving the quality of inference with observational data. A must-read!' Harold D. Clarke, Ashbel Smith Professor, University of Texas, Dallas

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    Product details

    • Date Published: August 2017
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108401388
    • length: 268 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 13 mm
    • weight: 0.44kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    Part I. Robustness – A Conceptual Framework:
    2. Causal complexity and the limits to inferential validity
    3. The logic of robustness testing
    4. The concept of robustness
    5. A typology of robustness tests
    6. Alternatives to robustness testing?
    Part II. Robustness Tests and the Dimensions of Model Uncertainty:
    7. Population and sample
    8. Concept validity and measurement
    9. Explanatory and omitted variables
    10. Functional forms beyond default
    11. Causal heterogeneity and context conditionality
    12. Structural change as temporal heterogeneity
    13. Effect dynamics
    14. Spatial correlation and dependence
    15. Conclusion.

  • Authors

    Eric Neumayer, London School of Economics and Political Science
    Eric Neumayer is Professor of Environment and Development and Pro-Director Faculty Development at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

    Thomas Plümper, Vienna University of Economics
    Thomas Plümper is Professor of Quantitative Social Research at the Vienna University of Economics and Business.

  • Sun, 18 Jun 2023 04:32:00 -0500 en text/html
    Killexams : Test-Optional Policy 2023-24

    Learn more about our test-optional policy:

    Can I switch my testing plan after submitting my Common Application?

    Students who submit standardized test results to Boston College and indicate on their applications that they wish to have scores considered will be unable to switch their application to test-optional at a later point in time. Once scores become part of a student's file, they cannot be removed.

    Students who apply as test-optional candidates and later wish to have the Admission Committee consider their standardized test results may request to do so in writing at For full consideration, students should contact us directly as close to our deadlines as possible.

    Does this policy apply to international students?

    Yes. International students are still required to demonstrate English language proficiency via TOEFL, IELTS, or Duoligo English Test results. This English language proficiency requirement may be waived for students who speak English as their native language, have attended a US high school for at least three years in a non-ESOL curriculum, or submit standardized test results including scores of 650 or greater on the SAT EBRW or 29 or greater on the ACT English section. Learn more here.

    Does this policy apply to home-schooled students?

    Yes. However, because the Admission Committee has little context in which to evaluate home-schooled students’ academic results, standardized test results are extremely helpful to the Admission Committee. Home-schooled applicants are strongly encouraged to submit standardized test scores that allow us to put their applications in context with others in our pool. Other quantitative measures that students may also benefit from submitting include AP test scores and/or college coursework. Official college transcripts should be submitted for all college courses completed.

    Does this policy apply to athletic recruits?

    Yes. The NCAA has removed the test score requirement for athletic eligibility in Division I sports. Recruited athletes are responsible for ensuring their NCAA eligibility.

    Thu, 30 Jul 2020 14:45:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Undergraduate Admissions Assessment

    The School appoints examiners to prepare and mark the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment (UGAA), designed to test use of evidence, written communication skills and numeracy. The UGAA is conducted as an online examination.

    The purpose of the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment

    The Undergraduate Admissions Assessment is used to fairly assess applicants from non-traditional educational backgrounds or those applying with qualifications we do not recognise for direct entry. It provides an opportunity to see a trial of the applicant’s original work, produced under examination conditions, and seeks to assess applicants in a fair and equitable manner.

    There are several reasons why applicants need to be tested in this way:

    • the applicant has no accurate or relevant record of study and examination i.e. within three years of the proposed programme start date 

    • the applicant’s qualifications are acceptable but only in conjunction with the UGAA

    Key dates

    The Undergraduate Admissions Assessment usually takes place at the end of March. 

    Applicants who are required to sit the Undergraduate Admissions Assessment will be notified in March, as soon as details have been finalised.

    The assessment is three hours long with is two sections: an essay question; and mathematical problems. It is not an assessment of general knowledge.

    There are two different Mathematics papers. Depending on the programme you are applying for, you will take either :  Mathematics for non quantitative programmes without a Maths requirement OR Mathematics for quantitative programmes with a Maths requirement.

    Applicants applying for LLB Laws (M100) will not be asked to sit the UGAA. 

    LSE requires students studying certain qualifications to complete the UGAA before a final decision can be made on their application. The UGAA is a compulsory requirement for all students who are invited; students who decline the UGAA invite will be automatically rejected.  There are a number of reasons why further assessment is needed for students from these educational backgrounds, some of which include:

    • the qualification contains few formal examinations – as the majority of assessment at LSE is test based, we need to see how you perform under examination conditions

    • the qualification is not standardised – grades can vary from school to school so we would like an independent assessment of your skills
    • we are uncertain whether your curriculum offers full coverage of required subject material, especially mathematics
    • the qualification is relatively new or recently reformed, or we have not had many applicants with that qualification before. The UGAA gives us an independent measure of how well the qualification prepares students for study at LSE

    • you have taken a break from study or followed a non-standard educational pathway

    Only the most competitive students with these qualifications are invited to sit the assessment. Applicants cannot request to sit the assessment.

    Applicants applying for LLB Laws (M100) will not be asked to sit the UGAA. Instead, the essay section of the LNAT will be assessed. 

    UK Qualifications

    • Access to Higher Education Diploma
    • BTEC National Extended Diploma (13 units) if taken without accompanying A levels
    • Cambridge Technical Extended Diploma Level 3 if taken without accompanying A levels
    • Certificate of Higher Education (Cert HE)
    • Foundation programme, including the University of London International Foundation Programme (IFP)
    • Foundation Year
    • Foundation Degree
    • Scottish Wider Access Programme (SWAP)

    International Qualifications

    Countries Qualifications
    Austria Reife-und-Diplomprufung
    Bosnia-Herzegovina Matura/Diploma o završenoj srednjoj školi/Diploma o položenom maturskom ispitu
    Brunei BDTVEC Higher National Diploma
    Bulgaria Diploma za Zavarsheno Sredno Obrazovanie
    Croatia Maturatna Svjedodzba
    Czech Republic Maturita
    Estonia Gumnaasiumi Ioputunnistus with the Riigieksamitunnistus
    Iceland Stúdentspróf
    Israel Bagrut
    Kosovo Diplomë për kryerjen e shkollës së mesme të lartë
    Lithuania Brandos Atestatas
    North Macedonia (FYR) Matura
    Malaysia Unified Examination Certificate (UEC)/ Malaysian Matriculation Programme/Matrikulasi
    Montenegro Maturski ispit/Diploma o završenoj srednjoj školi
    Morocco Diplôme du Baccalauréat/Baccalauréat de l’Enseignement Secondaire
    Serbia Matura
    Slovenia Splošna Matura
    Sweden Gymnasieexamen
    Turkey Anatolian High School Diploma/French Diploma for Foreign Schools in Turkey
    Uganda Uganda Advanced Certificate in Education (UACE)

    The UGAA is usually held at the end of March each year. 

    The UGAA is conducted as an online examination, accessed via a standard web browser.

    Due to the strict time constraints which govern our admissions procedures, we do not host multiple assessment days, nor can we move the date or time of the assessment under any circumstances.

    Students are expected to make every effort to participate in our assessment. Specific concerns and requests for special accommodations should be sent to Undergraduate Admissions after you have received your invitation. 

    Invitations to sit the UGAA are usually sent in early March. Applicants who are required to sit the UGAA will be contacted by the Undergraduate Admissions team as soon as the details have been finalised.

    Replies must be made promptly to ensure arrangements can be made to access the assessment. The final response deadline will be stipulated on your invitation. If we have not received a response by the stated deadline, you will no longer be eligible to sit the assessment. Please note the UGAA is a compulsory requirement for all students who are invited. We are unable to further consider students who decide not to sit the assessment, as their application will be considered incomplete. 

    The criteria below provide a rough guide of what the Admissions Selector is looking for from candidates. These elements will be taken into consideration alongside your overall mark and UCAS application form.

    We are looking for an essay that:

    • answers the essay question clearly and thoughtfully
    • shows an ability to present alternative views and assess them
    • contains a well-developed and reasoned argument supported by evidence
    • incorporates information from the source texts critically, analytically and selectively
    • summarises and paraphrases the source texts accurately and appropriately  
    • has a logical structure including an effective introduction, conclusion and paragraphs
    • makes appropriate use of English including language style, clarity and accuracy
    • is at least 500 words long
    • broadly assessed on A level syllabus
    • knowledge of the key techniques of differential and integral calculus of a single variable
    • an understanding of the meanings of the key concepts in calculus (in particular, the derivative and integral)
    • an ability to apply these to solve problems requiring an element of mathematical modelling proficiency in algebra and algebraic manipulation
    • competence in using algebra and calculus to solve unfamiliar problems (rather than routine problems)

    Results are reviewed in comparison to other similar applicants for your programme; therefore passing the UGAA does not guarantee an offer will be made. The UGAA has a notional pass mark of 60 per cent, including at least 50 per cent in each section. Students applying to programmes with higher entry requirements will usually be expected to achieve more competitive grades

    The Admissions Selector’s final decision is based on your overall application, not only on your test performance. This assessment includes a full range of information on the UCAS application form i.e. predicted/achieved grades, contextual information, personal statement, and UCAS reference.

    The UGAA does not require any specific preparation; it is designed to test general skills that should be covered in your current or most accurate programme of study. We make past papers available so that students can see the level of English and Mathematics that is expected (see below). Note that past papers should be used as a guide for the level of the test, not the exact format of the forthcoming assessment. If you are concerned about a particular part of the UGAA and would like to undertake some preparation, our Admissions Selectors have made some suggestions.

    Below you can find previous papers to help you understand what was expected of students in previous years. However, the assessment is reviewed on a yearly basis and therefore these should only be used as a guide to the level of testing not the specific format. 

    2022 past papers

    UGAA English Paper

    UGAA Maths (Non Quantitative) 

    UGAA Maths (Quantitative)

    2021 past papers

    UGAA English Paper

    UGAA Maths (Non Quantitative)

    UGAA Maths (Quantitative)

    2020 past papers

    UGAA test Test 1 2020 (for Quantitative programmes)

    UGAA test Test 2 2020 (for non Quantitative programmes)

    Fri, 04 Aug 2023 14:21:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
    Killexams : The Medical School Admissions Cycle: A Month-by-Month Guide No result found, try new keyword!Successful medical school applicants possess GPAs and quality experience in collecting research ... admissions process. They do all of this while preparing for the Medical College Admission Test ... Thu, 23 Apr 2015 01:05:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Earning A Master’s In Economics: What To Know

    Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

    The study of economics is broad and far-reaching. This complex subject delves into every detail of local and national resource allocation, from personal financial decision-making to the federal government’s budget.

    If you’re interested in diving into those details, a master’s degree in economics could be a good option for you. This degree provides the advanced knowledge and skills necessary for various economics careers in the financial and business sectors. A master’s in economics can sharpen your analytical abilities and teach you to make predictions based on economic and statistical models.

    Read on to learn more about earning a master’s in economics.

    What Is a Master’s in Economics?

    A master’s in economics is a postgraduate degree dedicated to the study of economic theory and its applications. Some schools offer this master’s degree as a standalone program, while others design their curricula as a bridge to doctoral study. Graduates of master’s in economics programs can pursue a Ph.D. or seek jobs that require advanced degrees.

    A master’s in economics explores advanced Topics related to the core principles of economics, including microeconomics, macroeconomics, math and statistics. Most master’s programs also offer specialized fields of study, such as applied and financial economics. The coursework for these programs helps prepare students for careers with organizations like think tanks, governments and financial institutions.

    Most master’s in economics programs consist of 30 to 36 credits. Master’s programs typically take two years of full-time study, but students can usually complete accelerated programs in 12 to 18 months. Typically, economics students complete a master’s thesis or a comprehensive exam.

    Admission Requirements for a Master’s Degree in Economics

    Each school has its own admissions requirements, but generally, admission to an economics master’s program requires a bachelor’s degree in economics or a related field. Many programs also have a minimum GPA requirement.

    Applicants typically submit transcripts, statements of purpose and letters of recommendation. Though some schools are test-optional, others require standardized test scores from exams like the GRE or GMAT. Additionally, programs may require applicants to complete prerequisite courses like statistics, microeconomics and macroeconomics.

    Specializations for a Master’s Degree in Economics

    Economics is a broad field that encompasses many aspects of the economy. Many institutions offer specializations that allow students to focus on specific subfields. We explore several concentrations below.

    Applied Economics

    An applied economics specialization explores the intersection between data analysis and economic policies. It teaches students to communicate their analyses, create models to predict changes in economic performance and use statistical software tools to analyze data.

    Public Economics and Policy

    This specialization studies economics through Topics like wage discrimination, federal budgets, public policy and industrial economics.

    Financial Economics

    Financial economics applies economic principles to financial markets. Courses in this concentration examine the decisions people, corporations and governments make regarding resource allocation. Financial economics also includes the study of the production, consumption and distribution of goods and services.

    Common Courses in a Master’s in Economics

    While individual courses vary depending on the institution, common classes students encounter in economics master’s programs include:


    Econometrics uses statistics to describe real-world occurrences and create testable economic models. Econometrics courses provide quantitative training about methods for economic research and policy application. Heavy emphasis is placed on mathematical theory and hands-on practice using specialized statistics software.

    Microeconomic Theory

    Microeconomic theory covers the basics of microeconomics, including Topics like markets and prices, economic efficiency and the economics of households and individual businesses.

    Public Finance

    Students learn the basics of expenditure and taxation. Public finance courses also cover Topics like the economics of transfer payments, taxation for individuals and organizations and Social Security.

    Statistics for Economists

    Economics relies heavily on statistical modeling and analysis, and this course teaches students the fundamentals of statistical methods and quantitative training using specialized statistical software.

    Master’s in Economics vs. Master’s in Finance: What’s the Difference?

    If you aspire to advance your career in the business or financial sectors, you may be debating between a master’s degree in economics and a master’s degree in finance. The credentials are similar—both deal with the allocation and expenditure of financial resources. But while the two may intersect, they are disparate fields of study.

    Master’s in Economics

    A master’s in economics focuses on the broader implications of human behavior and how they shape the availability and allocation of resources. An economics degree is typically rooted in theory; learners study the concepts and principles of an economic system. Obtaining an economics degree is a good choice for people interested in economic theory and government policy.

    Master’s in Finance

    Finance, on the other hand, is concerned with the more granular aspects of spending, saving and budgeting on individual and corporate levels. Finance students learn the basics of economic theory but deal more extensively with issues like cash flow, budgeting, investing and saving. A finance master’s degree is a good option for people interested in the practical aspects of managing money.

    What Can You Do With a Master’s Degree in Economics?

    Some people pursue a Ph.D. after obtaining their master’s in economics; others enter the workforce. This section explores a few common jobs for graduates with a master’s in economics. The salary data below comes from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

    Financial Analyst

    Median Annual Salary: $95,080
    Minimum Required Education: Bachelor’s degree required, master’s degree preferred
    Job Overview: Financial analysts help businesses and individuals make profitable financial decisions. They make recommendations for investments and analyze financial statements to determine companies’ value. Financial analysts keep up to date with financial and economic trends, assess the strength of organizations’ management teams and make decisions about buying or selling assets and investments in the face of rapidly changing markets.


    Median Annual Salary: $113,940
    Minimum Required Education: Master’s degree
    Job Overview: Economists research and analyze monetary and fiscal policy. They conduct surveys and analyze data using specialized software that helps them create statistical models. They communicate their findings through graphs, charts and other media.

    Economic Journalist

    Median Annual Salary: $55,960
    Minimum Required Education: Bachelor’s degree
    Job Overview: Journalists report stories for newspapers, magazines, online venues, television and radio. They interview sources, pitch story ideas and work with editors to create informational content. Economics reporters cover stories about Topics such as local and national economies, fiscal policy and the job market.

    Market Research Analyst

    Median Annual Salary: $68,230
    Minimum Required Education: Bachelor’s degree required, master’s degree preferred
    Job Overview: Market research analysts determine the viability of a product or service based on consumer needs, business conditions and other variables. They devise surveys, questionnaires and opinion polls to learn about consumer preferences and the competitive landscape. They analyze this data using statistics software.

    Economics Professor

    Median Annual Salary: $103,930
    Minimum Required Education: Master’s degree required, doctorate preferred
    Job Overview: Economics professors teach at the college level. They create lesson plans, grade assignments and instruct students on various economic topics, including macroeconomics, microeconomics and statistics. They may also research economic theories or study the impacts of financial policy on the economy.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About a Master's in Economics

    What jobs can I get with an economics degree?

    Graduates with an economics degree find jobs in various industries, including businesses, governmental organizations, think tanks and nonprofits. Examples of jobs for professionals with this credential include financial analyst, market research analyst and economist.

    What type of economics degree is best?

    Understanding your career goals is crucial to figuring out which type of economics degree is best for you. Research available courses at each prospective institution to find degrees that help you achieve your professional aspirations. For example, pursuing a concentration within your economics master’s program can help you qualify for advanced roles in specialized subfields.

    Wed, 16 Aug 2023 02:36:00 -0500 Cecilia Seiter en-US text/html
    Killexams : Merit Means More Than Grades and Tests

    William A. Galston writes the weekly Politics & Ideas column in the Wall Street Journal. He holds the Ezra K. Zilkha Chair in the Brookings Institution’s Governance Studies Program, where he serves as a senior fellow. Before joining Brookings in January 2006, he was Saul Stern Professor and Acting Dean at the School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, director of the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy, founding director of the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), and executive director of the National Commission on Civic Renewal. A participant in six presidential campaigns, he served from 1993 to 1995 as Deputy Assistant to President Clinton for Domestic Policy.

    Mr. Galston is the author of 10 books and more than 100 articles in the fields of political theory, public policy, and American politics. His most accurate books are The Practice of Liberal Pluralism (Cambridge, 2004), Public Matters (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005), and Anti-Pluralism: The Populist Threat to Liberal Democracy (Yale, 2018). A winner of the American Political Science Association’s Hubert H. Humphrey Award, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2004.

    Tue, 25 Jul 2023 04:56:00 -0500 en-US text/html
    Killexams : Your hospital survival guide

    Medical mistakes are all too common in hospitals, but you might not hear much about them from patients themselves. For one thing, many victims and their families, understandably, don't want to talk publicly about painful memories. And even if they do, they're often prevented from speaking out by gag orders or sealed legal settlements.

    That's unfortunate, says Lisa McGiffert, director of Consumers Union's Safe Patient Project. "The best cure for medical harm is full disclosure," she says.

    Before you tell your story, follow these steps to protect yourself:

    Get prompt medical attention. A trusted primary care doctor, for example, can help you decide how to proceed. Or see an independent doctor for another look. If you suspect a friend or family member is in danger, call a meeting with all of her or his doctors.

    Get a copy of your medical records. They belong to you and can help you and your other doctors understand what happened, and what needs to happen. Your physician, or the hospital's records department, can help you obtain a complete copy, including medical summaries, doctor and nursing notes, test results, and diagnostic images. Note that you might have to pay for copies. If you believe that someone died from hospital harm, ask for an autopsy, to determine the most likely cause of death. Hospitals don't always do them automatically, but the person's next of kin or the legally responsible party can request one. Because autopsies help doctors learn more about illness and ways to Excellerate medical care, autopsies are usually performed without charge. Although you have the right to pay for an independent one on your own.

    Report the problem. Only about 14 percent of medical harm events are reported by hospital staff, according to federal estimates. Make sure you tell your version of events to the hospital. Then contact:

    • Your local or state health department.

    • The Joint Commission, an organization that accredits and certifies more than 19,000 health care organizations.

    • Your state's Medicare Quality Improvement Organization, if you are a Medicare patient.

    Don't pay. "You shouldn't have to pay for a mistake or its consequences," says John Santa, M.D. director of the Consumer Reports Health Ratings Center. For example, patients shouldn't be billed for treatment related to hospital error, such as treating a broken hip after a preventable fall in the hospital.

    Consider hiring a lawyer. Medical malpractice has a high standard of proof, and attorneys might reject your case. But a lawyer can also help you negotiate with hospitals over medical bills or compensation agreements, even if you aren't considering legal action.

    Tell others about your experience. If you have been harmed in the hospital, we encourage you to consider sharing your story with our Safe Patient Project. Consumers Union's advocates use those patient experiences to help push for legislative and regulatory changes. ProPublica, an independent newsroom that has also written extensively about patient safety, also maintains a database of patient stories. In addition, it recently started a Patient Harm Community on Facebook.

    Sun, 23 Jan 2022 06:03:00 -0600 en-US text/html
    Killexams : Admissions advice

    1. What are the usual standard offer requirements? 

    A*AA – AAB at A level / 37 – 38 IB points with 666 or 766 at HL. Visit our entry requirements and international students pages for details of alternative accepted qualifications.  

    2. How do you use contextual information?

    For Home/UK applicants, we also use contextual information to gain a more complete picture of the educational and individual context of an applicant. 

    The selector may use this information in the following ways:

    - to make an applicant a standard offer where the applicant’s academic record (eg, GCSEs/AS levels or equivalent) or personal statement may be marginally less competitive than the cohort overall

    - to make an applicant a standard offer where the applicant is predicted marginally below the usual entry requirements

    - when making confirmation decisions for offer holders that have marginally failed to meet the entry criteria (usually this means one grade below the standard entry requirements)

    - to make a contextual offer, where the contextual offer is one or two grades lower than the standard offer for the programme. Any mathematics requirement must still be met.

    Visit our Admissions Information page for more detailed information. 

    3. Are there any interviews or admissions tests?

    LSE does not interview for any of our degree programmes. All LLB Laws applicants are required to take the LNAT (National Admissions Test for Law), and the TMUA (Test of Mathematics for University Admission) is recommended for our maths degree programmes. Please see our Applying to LSE page for more information.  

    4. How competitive is it to get a place at LSE? 

    Overall applications to places ratio = 13:1 

    Economics 17:1 
    Government/Philosophy 16:1 
    Law 15:1 

    Each of our programme pages list the application/offer/registration data for the previous application cycle.  

    5. Can students apply to more than one programme at LSE? 

    Students can apply to more than one degree at LSE, however they will only be able to submit one personal statement. The programmes will therefore need to be closely related to enable the applicant to show sufficient interest and enthusiasm for their chosen discipline. Applicants are only eligible to receive one offer in the same admissions cycle, so are advised to think carefully about whether applying to multiple courses at one institution is the most effective use of their UCAS application. 

    6. Is a student more likely to be made an offer if they apply early on in the application cycle? 

    No. All applications received by the UCAS January deadline are treated equally. Applications received early on in the cycle may therefore be held as part of a ‘gathered field’ to ensure that the students we make offers to are the best fit for their chosen programme, rather than simply the first to apply.

    7. Do you consider deferred entry? 

    LSE is happy to consider applications from students who are taking a gap year. We would encourage them to briefly outline how they intend to spend the year in their personal statement. If the student is applying for a quantitative course, providing an indication of how they intend to maintain or refresh their mathematical knowledge during their gap year is helpful. Students can also request a deferral after they have been made an offer. Whilst the Undergraduate Admissions team will try to accommodate these requests, it is not guaranteed.  

    8. Is there an age requirement? 

    We can consider applications from students who will be under 18 at the time of registration. Details of successful candidates under the age of 18 at the time of registration will be communicated to the relevant academic departments and the senior adviser to students. This enables the School to consider putting in place reasonable adjustments or conditions of study to protect the interests of one or more parties, including those of the applicant. Notification of the School’s policy for under 18s is included as part of the standard offer letter. Halls of residence will also be notified.  

    9. What is LSE doing to widen participation? 

    Our Widening Participation Team run a number of projects for students attending non-selective state schools and colleges, designed to raise aspirations and encourage progression to higher education. Our Access and Participation Plan details our commitment to improving access to, and success within, the School for those groups currently underrepresented at LSE and in the wider HE sector. 

    10. Can a student drop a subject after they’ve been made an offer? 

    Please ask the student to contact the Undergraduate Admissions team before they drop any subject – even if it has not been included in their offer conditions. Offers are made based on the information supplied on the UCAS form, therefore any changes in study circumstances will need to be re-assessed. An admissions selector will consider the request and we aim to provide a final decision within two weeks.  

    11. Is there a quota for international students? 

    The number of student places at the School is determined through the School’s capacity to teach them. The School meets this requirement by setting caps on the number of UK and overseas students on each programme of study. This system therefore involves two selection processes for each programme (i.e. one for home students, and another for overseas students). LSE receives many more applications from highly qualified candidates than there are places available. In 2021, we received around 26,000 applications for 1,700 places. The level of competition for places is intense, and therefore, the School is unable to make offers to many of these highly qualified candidates. 

    12. Is there a limit to how many students you can accept from one school? 

    No. Each applicant is assessed based on their individual academic merit, personal statement and UCAS reference. We do not have a set limit of places per school or college.  

    13. How do I communicate extenuating circumstances to LSE? 

    Please complete the online Extenuating Circumstances form.

    Tue, 28 Jul 2020 02:02:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
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