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FTCE Florida Teacher Certification Examination

Test Detail:
The FTCE (Florida Teacher Certification Examination) is a series of exams designed to assess the knowledge and skills of individuals seeking teacher certification in the state of Florida. The FTCE consists of several subtests, each focusing on specific subject areas or grade levels. Here is a detailed description of the test, including the number of questions and time allocation, course outline, exam objectives, and exam syllabus.

Number of Questions and Time:
The number of questions and time allocation for each FTCE subtest may vary. It is important to refer to the official FTCE documentation for specific details. Generally, each subtest consists of multiple-choice questions and may also include constructed-response or essay questions. The time allotted for each subtest can range from approximately 1.5 to 3.5 hours.

Course Outline:
The course outline for the FTCE varies depending on the specific subtest being taken. Each subtest is designed to evaluate the knowledge and skills required for effective teaching in a particular subject area or grade level. Some of the common subtests in the FTCE series include:

1. General Knowledge Test:
- English Language Skills: Reading, Writing, and Language Arts
- Mathematics
- Essay Writing
- Reading

2. Subject Area Examinations:
- Elementary Education K-6
- English 6-12
- Mathematics 6-12
- Social Science 6-12
- Science 6-12
- Physical Education K-12
- Art K-12
- Music K-12
- Foreign Language (various languages)

3. Professional Education Test:
- Knowledge of Professional Practices in Education
- Instructional Design and Planning
- Learning Environment
- Instructional Delivery and Facilitation
- Assessment Strategies

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the FTCE exams are to assess a candidate's proficiency in the subject matter knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and professional practices required for effective teaching. The specific objectives may vary depending on the subtest being taken. However, the general objectives include:

1. Demonstrating content knowledge in the subject area being tested.
2. Applying pedagogical knowledge and instructional strategies to facilitate student learning.
3. Understanding and implementing effective classroom management and organization.
4. Utilizing assessment strategies to monitor student progress and guide instructional decisions.
5. Demonstrating knowledge of professional practices, ethics, and legal requirements in education.

Exam Syllabus:
The exam syllabus for each FTCE subtest outlines the specific content areas and courses that will be assessed. The syllabus may include:

1. Content Knowledge:
- Subject-specific knowledge and concepts.
- Skills and competencies required in the subject area or grade level.

2. Pedagogical Knowledge:
- Instructional strategies and techniques.
- Classroom management and organization.
- Assessment and evaluation methods.

3. Professional Practices:
- Ethical standards and professional conduct.
- Legal requirements and policies in education.
- Knowledge of student development and diversity.

Candidates should refer to the official FTCE documentation and study resources for accurate and up-to-date information on the exam format, content, and requirements. It is recommended to allocate sufficient time for exam preparation, including studying the relevant subject matter, reviewing pedagogical practices, and familiarizing oneself with the Florida education system and standards.
Florida Teacher Certification Examination
Teacher-Certification Certification action

Other Teacher-Certification exams

CSET California Subject Examinations for Teachers
CTEL California Teacher of English Learners
NYSTCE New York State Teacher Certification
FTCE Florida Teacher Certification Examination

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Florida Teacher Certification Examination
Which procedure best addresses the need of a classroom containing none English
speaking student?
A. Pairing a high achieving student with a low achieving student
B. Grouping student according to their preferred learning style
C. Allowing these students to use their native language when necessary
D. Permitting these students to do different or less challenging work
Answer: C
According to Maslow's hierarchy, which need is the highest level?
A. Self actualization
B. Self esteem
C. Love and belonging
D. Safety
Answer: A
A teacher asks each student to bring an object representative of his or her cultural
background as part of a show and tell exercise. The teacher is using?
A. Total physical response
B. Comprehensible input
C. Regalia
D. Suggestopedia
Answer: C
Which of the following class characteristic well be assessed only by direct
A. Preference for learning style
B. Intelligence and creativity
C. Amount of student time on task
D. memorizing ability
Answer: C
A student has recently become irritable, argumentative, nervous and restless in
class. These changes in behavior may indicate abuse of which substance?
A. Marijuana
B. Amphetamines
C. Alcohol
D. Barbiturates
Answer: B
According the current research, what is an effective use of time at the beginning
of the period?
A. Let the group know that the work will take every minute of the period
B. Post assignment on the board so student can begin work when they enter class
C. supply the group a break time then signal "then signal" the beginning of work
after a few seconds
D. Let the student know that in no uncertain terms that there will be consequences
for fooling around
Answer: B
An English teacher who wants her students to appreciate Shakespeare wants to
convert this objective into a form of behavioral objective. What is the first
question she needs to ask them?
A. What behaviors will the student exhibit if they attain the objectives?
B. How much the student appreciate Shakespeare now
C. How can I increase the student's appreciation of Shakespeare
D. How can I measure student's individual perception of Shakespeare's work
Answer: D
After a lesson that was not as satisfactory as it was hoped, a teacher notes where it
could have been improved to meet his students learning needs. The teacher is
engaged in?
A. Curriculum development
B. Pair preview
C. Reflection
D. Assignments
Answer: C
What is the best way to help students who are shy and insist on being near the
teacher whenever possible?
A. Move the student in the center of the classroom
B. Let the student do this in his own way
C. Assign the student task to help other students
D. Assign the student task to assist the teacher with classroom activities
Answer: C
Question: 164
All of the following are components of an effectice school EXCEPT?
A. Involved parents and guardians
B. Task oriented classroom activities
C. Students pressure to succeed
D. Teachers with high expectations of the students
Answer: C
Question: 165
A teacher wants to find out if student has mastered the instructional objectives at
the end of the unit. What type of test should the teacher use?
A. Norm-referenced
B. Placement
C. Diagnostics
D. Achievement
Answer: C
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Teacher Certification

UAB will only recommend students for certification if they have successfully completed a State-approved teacher education program and other University requirements. Each student is responsible for submitting a completed certification packet to the Office of Student Services during the semester they intend to finish their approved program. A student who does not apply for their Professional Educator Certificate within five years (60 months) after completing a state-approved program may be required to fulfill additional requirements (i.e., testing and/or coursework).

The Office of Student Services will verify that each student meets all degree and certification requirements after graduation and submit completed certification packets to the Alabama State Department of Education.



Check UAB e-mail during your final semester for announcement from certification specialist.


Submit your educator certification application and the supporting documentation to the Office of Student Services via UAB Box.


Your application will be audited by the certification specialist to ensure you meet the current certification requirements.


Upon conferral of your degree, you will receive an e-mail notification from the certification specialist once your application has been mailed to the Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) for processing.


Watch for your mailed certificate.

When to Apply

The best time to apply for your Professional Educator certificate is during your last term of enrollment. This timeline will ensure that your paperwork will be submitted to the Alabama State Department of Education(ALSDE) on time.


Completed certification application packets are processed and mailed to the Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE)in the order they are received.

The term you plan to graduate: The application is due:
Fall (December graduation) November 1
Spring (May graduation) April 1
Summer (August graduation) August 1

Recertification of an Alabama Teaching Certificate

Please call the Alabama State Department of Education at 334-694-4557.

The level of courses you take (300, 400, 500, 600, etc.) will be dependent on your last certification, so communicating with one of our program directors is essential.

Important: You are responsible for sending the needed documentation to the state to complete the recertification process.

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Professional Certification

Program Requirements

The Program in Curriculum and Teaching is designed for teachers, administrators, and other educators who: (1) have received formal professional preparation in preschool through grade twelve teaching at an accredited college or university, and/or; (2) hold, or are eligible to receive, teacher certification.

Students will have opportunities to become expert in such areas as curriculum development, school change and reform initiatives, action research and other school-based inquiry strategies, and will gain perspectives on teaching as complex intellectual activity. The overarching intention of the program is to assist educators who expect to exert leadership in their school settings and with their colleagues.

Any applicant seeking initial teacher certification should apply for the preservice, or initial certification, M.A. program in Early Childhood Education or Elementary/Inclusive Elementary Education.

Related Links

New York State Education Department (NYSED) requirements for PROFESSIONAL teacher certification:

MA-CUED-Childhood Education (Grades 1-6)

Program Code: 27477

As a student in the Master of Arts: Curriculum and Teaching/Elementary Education --approved teacher preparation program, leading to a NYSED- Childhood Education  (Grades 1-6) --PROFESSIONAL teaching certificate you must first satisfactorily meet the following requirement prior to degree conferral and institutional recommendation:

Complete 3 Workshops and submit to the OTE:

  • Child Abuse
  • School Violence Prevention & Intervention
  • Dignity for All Students Act (DASA)

Prior to insitutional recommendation you MUST hold a valid New York State (NYS)- Childhood Education (Grades 1-6) -INITIAL teaching certificate and present proof to the Office of Teacher Education (OTE).

NOTE: If you hold a NYS-Childhood Education (Grades 1-6)--INITIAL teaching certificate, then upon completion of your Teachers College approved teacher preparation program you are able to apply:

IMPORTANT: If, at the time of admission, you do not hold a valid New York State—Childhood Education (Grades 1-6)-INITIAL teaching certificate, you may have been admitted to the wrong program.  If this is your status, it is advisable that you consult this information with your academic program advisor to possibly process a program change to accommodate your NYSED-certification status to be institutionally recommended for.



New York State Education Department (NYSED) requirements for PROFESSIONAL teacher certification:

MA-CUSD-Secondary Education subject specific (Grades 7-12

Program Code: 29478

As a new student in the Master of Arts: CUSD-Curriculum and Teaching/Secondary Education –(CUSD) 32 credits approved teacher preparation program, leading to any of the following NYSED teaching certificate:

  • English Language Arts (Grades )
  • Mathematics Education (Grades 7-12
  • Social Studies (Grades 7-12)
  • Biology (Grades 7-12
  • Chemistry (Grades 7-12)
  • Physics (Grades 7-12)
  • Earth Science (Grades 7-12)

NYSED-PROFESSIONAL teaching certificate type in any of the following title/grades level, you must first satisfactorily meet the following requirements prior to your degree conferral and institutional recommendation:

Complete 3 Workshops and submit to the OTE:

  • Child Abuse
  • School Violence Prevention & Intervention
  • Dignity for All Students Act (DASA)

Hold a valid-(NYS) INITIAL teaching certificate type in the same title/ grades level as program admitted and submit to the Office of Teacher Education (OTE)-

  • English Language Arts (Grades 7-12)
  • Mathematics Education (Grades 7-12
  • Social Studies (Grades 7-12)
  • Biology (Grades 7-12
  • Chemistry (Grades 7-12)
  • Physics (Grades 7-12)
  • Earth Science (Grades 7-12)

NOTE: If you hold any one of. the above listed NYS-teaching certificate title/grades level--INITIAL teaching certificate, then upon completion of your Teachers College approved teacher preparation program you are able to apply:

IMPORTANT: If, at the time of admission, you do not hold a matching valid New York State -INITIAL teaching certificate type in:

  • English Language Arts (Grades )
  • Mathematics Education (Grades 7-12
  • Social Studies (Grades 7-12)
  • Biology (Grades 7-12
  • Chemistry (Grades 7-12)
  • Physics (Grades 7-12)
  • Earth Science (Grades 7-12)

Then, you may have been admitted to the wrong program.  If this is your status, it is advisable that you consult this information with your academic program advisor to possibly process a program change to accommodate your NYSED-certification status to be institutionally recommended for. 

NYSED-Verification of Work Experience Requirements

Fri, 17 May 2019 10:39:00 -0500 en text/html
Undergraduate Teacher Certification Requirements

Undergraduate Teacher Certification Requirements

Drexel offers a number of education certification and degree programs that prepare students for formal teacher certification. Once a student has successfully completed their undegraduate course of study and all qualifying teacher certification exams required by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE), Drexel recommends the student to the PDE for the appropriate teaching certificate.

Teaching Certification GPA Requirements

The School of Education requires that students maintain at least a "B" average (3.0 GPA) in content courses needed for teacher certification in addition to earning a grade of "B" or better in each core pedagogy course required for certification.

Pennsylvania Teacher Certification Requirements

All undergraduate students are required to obtain and submit updated and current copies of the required clearances to the School of Education annually in order to participate in classroom observations and student teaching in Pennsylvania. All full-time undergraduates will receive assistance in gaining these clearances during their first term. Non-PA students should contact their state's department of education or school district office for a list of clearances required in their state.

Teacher Certification Process

Instructional I Certification

This initial certification qualifies a teacher to teach for a maximum of six years. The six years need not be continuous. To continue teaching after the six years are completed, the teacher must receive an Instructional II Certification.

Instructional II Certification

The Instructional II Certification is considered a permanent certification. A teacher applying for Instructional II Certification must have:

  • Instructional I Certification
  • A minimum of three years and a maximum of six years of teaching experience on an Instructional I Teaching Certificate
  • 24 semester-hour (or 36 quarter-hour) credits beyond a bachelor’ degree
  • Completion of an induction program (generally provided by the teacher’ school of employment)

Elementary Certification (Grades PreK–4) and Special Education Certification (Grades PreK–8 and Grades 7–12)

The Pennsylvania Educator Certification Tests (PECT) are required for Grades PreK–4 and Special Education. All undergraduate and dual degree BS/MS students are required to pass the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment (PAPA) basic skills exam. In addition, students will be required to take the appropriate assessment exam for each area of certification they wish to obtain.

For more information about examinations and registration:

Middle Level Certification (Grades 4–8) and Secondary Certification (Grades 7–12)

All undergraduate and dual degree BS/MS students seeking certification in middle (grades 4–8) or secondary (grades 7–12) levels are required to pass exams from the PA Education Certification Tests (PECT) and the Praxis II Series. Students must pass both the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment (PAPA) basic skills assessment exam and the appropriate Praxis II Content Knowledge test for each area of certification they wish to obtain.

For more information about examinations and registration:

Pennsylvania Act 48 Requirements

To maintain Instructional I and Instructional II Certifications, the PDE requires a teacher to complete one of the following every five years:

  • Six semester-hour (or nine quarter-hour) credits. Credits must be acquired from an accredited, four-year, degree-granting college or university.
  • 180 hours of professional development
  • A combination of credits and professional development hours every five years.

Note: For those working to acquire Instructional II Certification, the 24 semester credits or 36 quarter credits needed to apply for Instructional II may also count toward Act 48 requirements.

Download the Pennsylvania Department of Education’s Frequently Asked Questions about Act 48 [PDF].

Mon, 27 Mar 2023 02:53:00 -0500 en text/html
Teaching Certification

Pre-certification, Initial Preparation Program

All students seeking teaching certification must be formally admitted to the Pre-certification, Initial Preparation Program (Pre-CIP). Admission to the program can occur after the student has completed 12 Bucknell University courses or their equivalents, including two courses in mathematics, one course in British or American literature, and one in composition; and achieved for the three preceding semesters an overall grade point average of at least 3.0. Appeals to this requirement may be made to the chair of the Department of Education.

* Candidates must also pass the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment tests in reading, writing and math. Students should apply to Pre-CIP as soon as they begin considering a career in education, and no later than the start of the first semester of their junior year. Students are notified of their acceptance or rejection at the end of their sophomore year.

GPA Requirements

The commonwealth of Pennsylvania generally requires an overall grade point average of 3.0 upon completion of the program prior to recommendation for certification to teach.

Specific Requirements for Each Certification Area

All students seeking certification must take two mathematics intensive courses, one English/American literature course and one W1 writing course (in addition to the literature course).




The following are considered to be "add-on" certifications that require students to concurrently pursue certification in one of the areas above:

  • General Science (requires concurrent certification in biology, chemistry or physics): Required courses
  • ESL Program Specialist, K–12 (requires concurrent certification in Pre-K–4 or one of the 7–12, or K–12 programs listed above): Advising Worksheet and Portfolio


In addition to completing an approved program and successfully demonstrating the prescribed role competencies, the prospective teacher must be a "person of good moral character" who "possesses those personal qualities and professional knowledge and skills which warrant issuance of the requested certificate."

It is the student's responsibility to satisfy these criteria. Students should note that prior to placement in student teaching or any other field experience, they will be required to submit results of a child abuse clearance, criminal background check and fingerprinting pursuant to requirements of the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Results must indicate that there are no criminal or child abuse records.

Students in Education classes with field experiences can get help navigating the clearance process by contacting the departments Director of Professional Education.

Act 151: PA Child Abuse History Clearance

Act 34: PA Criminal History Record Check

FBI Criminal History (Fingerprint)

Certification Exams (Praxis or Pennsylvania Education Certification Test)

In addition to coursework, students must complete and submit scores from required Praxis or Pennsylvania Education Certification Test examinations to the Department of Education. Specific examinations required for each area of certification vary. Although members of the department will advise students concerning examinations, the student is responsible for taking those examinations that meet certification program requirements.

Learn more about certification testing

Applying for a Teaching Certificate in Pennsylvania

After completing the approved program of courses, the student submits an application for a Pennsylvania teaching certificate through the online Teacher Information Management System website not earlier than the first day of the month of graduation.

Following a review of the student's program, the student may be recommended for certification by the designated officer at Bucknell. As noted above, the student must pass all the competency tests required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the desired certificate.

Bucknell's certification officer is able to recommend for certification students who successfully completed one of Bucknell's teacher certification programs, passed the appropriate tests and met all other certification requirements within five years of the student's date of graduation. Because state requirements and/or curricula may change, it may not be possible to make recommendations for certification outside of this five-year window.

Applying for a Teaching Certificate in Other States

Students who desire certification in states other than Pennsylvania must understand that teacher certification is governed by state law and that each state has different requirements. Obtaining a Pennsylvania teaching certificate, by completing an approved program and meeting all other requirements, does not ensure that students will be certified in another state.

Although members of the Bucknell education department will assist students in obtaining information concerning certification in other states, as well as Pennsylvania, it is the student's responsibility to obtain current information and to meet all the certification requirements of any state.

* These requirements may be modified by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) due to COVID-19.

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Post Baccalaureate Teacher Certification Program

Drexel University School of Education

What is the Post Baccalaureate Teacher Certification? 

The​ ​Post​ Bachelor’s​ Baccalaureate​ ​Teaching​ ​Certification​ ​program​ ​in​ Elementary Education​ ​(grades​ ​PreK-4)​, Middle Level (grades 4-8), ​and​ Secondary​ ​Education​ ​(grades​ ​7-12)​ ​are​ ​designed for​ ​professionals​ ​who​ ​hold​ ​a​ ​bachelor’s​ ​degree​ ​and​ ​who​ ​seek​ ​to​ ​qualify​ ​for Pennsylvania​ ​state​ ​teacher​ ​certification​ ​at​ ​the​ ​elementary, middle,​ ​or​ ​secondary​ ​level. Students take courses online that satisfy Pennsylvania teaching certificate requirements while completing the required number of weeks of students teaching. Pennsylvania has reciprocation agreements with nearly every state in the U.S. meaning you can transfer your teaching certificate to another state. 

What ​Can ​You ​Do ​with ​a ​Post ​Baccalaureate ​Teacher Certification?

The​ ​curriculum​ ​for​ ​this​ ​teacher​ ​certificate​ ​program​ at Drexel University ​is​ ​designed​ ​for​ ​those​ ​changing careers​ ​into​ ​the​ ​education​ ​field,​ ​as​ ​well​ ​as​ ​those​ ​who​ ​already​ ​serve​ ​as​ ​temporary, emergency,​ ​or​ ​substitute​ ​teachers​ ​and​ ​wish​ ​to​ ​earn​ ​a​ ​formal​ ​teaching​ ​credential.

Students​ ​who​ ​wish​ ​to​ ​complete​ ​a​ master’s​ ​degree​ ​in​ ​Teaching,​ ​Learning​ ​and Curriculum​ ​have​ ​the​ ​opportunity​ ​to​ ​transfer​ ​the​ ​credits​ ​earned​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Post​ ​Bachelor’s Teaching​ ​Certificate​ ​into​ ​the​ ​MS​ ​in​ ​Teaching,​ ​Learning​ ​&​ ​Curriculum program.

The​ PA teacher​ ​certification​ program​ requirements at​ ​Drexel​ ​University’s​ ​School​ ​of​ ​Education​ prepares ​students​ ​for​ ​a​ ​Pennsylvania​ ​Instructional​ ​I​ ​Certificate.

How Long Does it Take to Get a Teaching Certification?

A commonly asked question regarding our programs, is "how long is the teacher certification program"? If you already have a bachelor's degree, the elementary, middle level and secondary education programs typically take two years to complete. Drexel also offers a dual certification option for secondary and special education. A bachelor's degree program typically takes up to 4 years to complete.

How to Get a Teaching Certification

1. Earn your bachelor's degree

The first step towards becoming a K-12 teacher is to earn a bachelor’s degree. If you earn a bachelor’s degree in a program that leads to teaching certification, such as elementary education or teacher education, you will graduate with all the requirements necessary to become a licensed teacher. If your bachelor’s degree is in a non-teaching program, you will need to follow the next steps on this list to complete your educator certification program..

2. Decide what subject and/or grade level you want to teach

If you already have a bachelor’s degree, you can become a teacher through our teacher certification program. The first step is to determine what subject you would like to teach. Some students choose a subject that reflects their bachelor’s degree experience while others may choose a new subject that they are passionate about.

3. Complete a certification program

Once you have decided on a subject, you should enroll in a teacher certification program and focus on your chosen subject. You will complete required coursework for certification and gain the knowledge needed to complete the required Praxis exams.

4. Gain student teaching experience

While you complete your required coursework, you will also gain the required hours of student teaching experience. Most teacher certification programs require 12 weeks of student teaching experience. The School of Education’s Field Placement Office assists students with identifying student teaching opportunities in school districts close to where they live, anywhere in the U.S. and other parts of the world.

5. Pass your certification exams

Once you have completed your required courses and student teaching experience, you will schedule and sit for your Praxis exams. Passing the required exams is a critical final step to become a certified teacher. Passing the exams will allow you to begin teaching in classrooms on your own. Some school districts may allow emergency certifications to allow teachers who have not completed their exams to teach in their schools for a certain period of time until they can pass the required exams.

6. Become licensed

Once you have passed the required exams, you will be issued an Instructional I teaching certificate in the state where you took the exams. As a certified teacher, you will be eligible for teaching positions in the subject in which you are certified. You can add additional certifications or complete requirements for an Instructional II teaching certificate as you advance in your career.

Post ​Baccalaureate ​Teacher ​Certification ​Program Options

Post Bachelor's Middle Level Teaching Certificate (Grades 4-8)

Drexel's Post Bachelor's Teaching Certificate in Middle Level (grades 4-8) is ideal for students who would like to teach middle school students in the areas of Math, Science, English, and Social Studies. In addition to gaining knowledge of effective teaching methods, students will also learn how to create culturally responsive pedagogy and create a safe, productive, and positive classroom environment that facilitates learning for all students.

The coursework for a certificate for middle level education consists of 33 credit hours (13 courses) and includes mandatory field-based experiences and 12 weeks of student teaching.

The Post Bachelor's Teaching Certificate for Middle Level (Grades 4-8) curriculum and course descriptions may be found in the Drexel Online Course Catalog.

Post Bachelor’s Secondary Education Teaching Certificate (Grades 7-12)

The Post Bachelor’s Teaching Certificate in Secondary Education (Grades 7-12) is designed for individuals who hold a bachelor’s degree and who seek to qualify for PA state teacher certification at the secondary level. The curriculum is designed for those changing careers as well as those who already serve as temporary, emergency, or substitute teachers and wish to earn a formal teaching credential.

The coursework for a general certificate of secondary education consists of 30 credit hours (11 courses) and includes mandatory field-based experiences and 12 weeks of student teaching.

The Post Bachelor's Teaching Certificate for Secondary Education (Grades 7-12) curriculum and course descriptions may be found in the Drexel Online Course Catalog.

Teacher Certification Specialties

The School of Education offers eight content-specific areas of study each leading to their own certifications with required courses and Praxis exams:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Earth and Space Science
  • English
  • General Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Social Studies

Pennsylvania ​Teaching ​Certification ​Requirements

Once​ ​a​ ​student​ ​has​ ​successfully​ ​completed​ ​their​ ​course​ ​of​ ​study​ ​and​ ​all​ ​exams required​ ​by​ ​the​ ​Pennsylvania​ ​Department​ ​of​ ​Education​ ​(PDE),​ ​Drexel​ ​recommends the​ ​student​ ​to​ ​PDE​ ​for​ ​issuance​ ​of​ ​the​ ​appropriate​ ​teaching​ ​certificate.

Instructional​ ​I​ ​Teacher​ ​Certification Requirements

Pennsylvania’s​ ​initial​ ​state​ ​certification​ ​is​ ​known​ ​as​ ​“Instructional​ ​I”​ ​and​ ​is​ ​valid​ ​for​ ​a total​ ​of​ ​six​ ​years ​(the​ ​six​ ​years​ ​need​ ​not​ ​be​ ​continuous).​ ​To​ ​continue​ ​teaching​ ​after six​ ​years,​ ​teachers​ ​must​ ​receive​ ​an​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certification.

Instructional​ ​II​ ​Teacher​ ​Certification Requirements

The​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certification​ ​is​ ​considered​ ​a​ ​“permanent”​ ​certification.​ ​(It​ ​must, however,​ ​be​ ​renewed​ ​every​ ​five​ ​years​ ​through​ ​the​ ​fulfillment​ ​of​ ​continuing​ ​education requirements.)​ ​A​ ​teacher​ ​applying​ ​for​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certification​ ​must​ ​have:

  • Instructional​ ​I​ ​Certification
  • A​ ​minimum​ ​of​ ​three​ ​years​ ​and​ ​a​ ​maximum​ ​of​ ​six​ ​years​ ​of​ ​teaching​ ​experience on​ ​an​ ​Instructional​ ​I​ ​Teaching​ ​Certificate
  • 24​ ​semester-hour​ ​(or​ ​36​ ​quarter-hour)​ ​credits​ ​beyond​ ​a​ ​bachelor’s​ ​degree Completion​ ​of​ ​an​ ​induction​ ​program​ ​(generally​ ​provided​ ​by​ ​a​ ​teacher’s​ ​school of​ ​employment)

Required​ ​Exams​ ​for​ ​a Certificate of Elementary​ ​Education​ ​(Grades​ ​PreK–4)

The​ ​PA​ ​Educator​ ​Certification​ ​Tests​ ​(PECT)​ ​are​ ​required​ ​for​ ​Elementary Certification​ ​(Grades​ ​PreK–4).​ ​Students​ ​are​ ​required​ ​to​ ​take​ ​the​ ​appropriate​ ​exam for​ ​each​ ​area​ ​of​ ​certification​ ​sought.

For​ ​more​ ​information​ ​about​ ​examinations​ ​and​ ​registration,​ ​visit​ ​the​ PA​ ​Educator Certification​ ​Tests​ ​(PECT)​.

Required​ Exams​ ​for​ ​a Certificate of Secondary​ ​Education​ ​(Grades​ ​7-12)

All​ ​Post​ ​Bachelor’s​ ​students​ ​seeking​ ​certification​ ​in​ ​Secondary​ ​Certification​ ​(Grades 7–12)​ ​are​ ​required​ ​to​ ​pass​ ​the​ ​Praxis​ ​II​ ​Series.​ ​Students​ ​must​ ​pass​ ​the​ ​appropriate Praxis​ ​II​ ​Content​ ​Knowledge​ ​test(s)​ ​for​ ​each​ ​area​ ​of​ ​certification​ ​they​ ​wish​ ​to​ ​obtain.

For​ ​more​ ​information​ ​about​ ​examination​ ​and​ ​registration,​ ​please​ ​visit​ ​the​ Praxis Series​.

How​ ​to​ ​Maintain​ ​a​ ​Valid​ ​Teacher​ ​Certification​ ​through​ ​Act​ ​48

To​ ​maintain​ ​Instructional​ ​I​ ​and​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certifications​ ​in​ ​Pennsylvania​,​ ​the PDE​ ​requires​ ​a​ certified​ teacher​ ​to​ ​complete​ ​the​ ​minimal​ ​equivalent​ ​of​ ​six semester-hour​ ​(or​ ​nine​ ​quarter-hour)​ ​credits,​ ​180​ ​professional​ ​development​ ​hours, or​ ​a​ ​combination​ ​of​ ​credits​ ​and​ ​professional​ ​development​ ​hours​ ​every​ ​five​ ​years. College​ ​credits​ ​must​ ​be​ ​acquired​ ​from​ ​an​ ​accredited​ ​four-year,​ ​degree-granting college​ ​or​ ​university.

Note:​ ​For​ ​those​ ​working​ ​to​ ​acquire​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certification,​ ​the​ ​24​ ​semester credits​ ​or​ ​36​ ​quarter​ ​credits​ ​needed​ ​to​ ​apply​ ​for​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​may​ ​also​ ​count toward​ ​Act​ ​48​ ​requirements.​ ​Undergraduate​ ​credits​ ​from​ ​a​ ​community​ ​college​ ​may not​ ​be​ ​counted​ ​toward​ ​Act​ ​48​ ​credits​ ​for​ ​Instructional​ ​II​ ​Certification.

For​ ​more​ ​information​ ​and​ ​to​ ​apply​ ​credits​ ​to​ ​your​ ​state​ ​record,​ ​visit​ ​the​ PA Department​ ​of​ ​Education​ ​Act​ ​48​ ​Continuing​ ​Professional​ ​Education​.

How ​to ​Apply ​to ​the ​Teacher ​Certification ​Program

Drexel University's Post-Bachelor's Teacher Certification courses are offered 100% online. You can get started by filling out the appropriate Drexel Online Application for an online Post-Baccalaureate Teacher Certification:

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 09:02:00 -0500 en text/html
Commentary: Dismantle the teacher accreditation cartel No result found, try new keyword!Twenty years ago, when I was hiring teachers for the private K-12 school I founded, I knew better than to recruit certified teachers. That’s right—I didn’t want to hire certified teachers. Why? Wed, 03 Jan 2024 19:00:00 -0600 en-us text/html Humble ISD special education teacher accused of bruising non-verbal student with ‘improper discipline methods’

HUMBLE, Texas – A Humble ISD special education teacher has been arrested and accused of injuring a non-verbal student by using improper discipline methods.

Amber Latrelle Reynolds is charged with injury to a child. Her bond has been set at $10,000. A mugshot for Reynolds was not immediately available.

According to court documents, the incident happened in September 2023.

The documents say a Humble ISD police officer spoke to the principal of the elementary school, which is not named in the documents, on Sept. 28. The principal told the officer she was conducting an evaluation on Reynolds, who she said was a special education teacher at the school and taught non-verbal students. The principal said she saw Reynolds using an improper hold on a 5-year-old student the day before.

In a report filed by a separate officer, the principal told the officer the child refused to come to his designated area. The principal then saw Reynolds pull the child off the floor by his hands, lift him off the ground, and walk him to his area. The principal immediately corrected the actions of Reynolds and conducted an investigation.

The court documents said the principal learned of other improper discipline methods used by Reynolds. Reynolds allegedly admitted to the principal that she used improper discipline methods.

The documents said another employee of the school alleged that Reynolds told her that she could take the child to the bathroom to either beat or spank him. She also said Reynolds told her to thump the child on the ear if he was not doing what he was told.

On Sept. 26, the employee allegedly saw Reynolds thump the child on his ear because he was crying and did not want to do his work. The employee also said she saw Reynolds yank the child up by his arms and drag him. The employee claimed that Reynolds did this “on a daily basis.”

Another employee wrote a handwritten statement saying Reynolds told her several times she could take the child to the bathroom and beat him. The employee also said she saw Reynolds yank the child and forcefully place him on the carpet. The employee said Reynolds did this almost daily.

On Oct. 12, police met with the child’s mother, who said she saw marks on his arms on Sept. 26 after he came home from school. The mother said the marks looked like bruises and were not on the child before he went to school that day.

Humble ISD sent the following statement to KPRC 2:

“In late September, the teacher was observed using an improper hold on a student. That same day, the district received information that the teacher gave melatonin gummies to a few students. The district took immediate action by launching an investigation. Humble ISD Police presented all evidence to the Harris County District Attorney’s Office.  On Dec. 18, the Harris County District Attorney’s Office filed Injury to a Child, a 3rd degree felony charge. The teacher is not employed by the district. The district reported the incident to the State Board for Educator Certification. It has been officially noted on her certificate that she is under review by the TEA Investigations Division. We are appalled by the teacher’s actions. Humble ISD works with law enforcement for the safety and well being of everyone.”

Copyright 2024 by KPRC Click2Houston - All rights reserved.

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 14:10:00 -0600 en text/html
Manitobans will be able to see disciplinary records of teachers in online registry by next year: minister No result found, try new keyword!An online registry disclosing whether Manitoba teachers have been found guilty of misconduct is expected to be available by this time next year, the province's education minister says. Thu, 04 Jan 2024 21:00:00 -0600 en-us text/html Nebraskans can become teachers in less than a year with new online certification path

There are several ways to become a teacher in Nebraska, but a new option allows people interested in the job to get a certificate online, at your own pace and in under a year.

Nebraskans can now participate in an online teacher certification program called American Board, which was founded in 2001 by the U.S. Department of Education to offer an alternate path for future teachers who didn’t go to school for education. It operates in 13 other states, including Missouri, Indiana, Wisconsin and North Dakota.

The option was made possible following education legislation passed this spring that gives anyone with a bachelor’s degree the opportunity to get teaching credentials through an alternative teacher certification program like American Board.

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The pathway allows people to get their teaching certificate without attending a traditional in-person teacher preparation program, or even an online program through a college or university.

At American Board, people can get their credentials in under a year and for $1,900 or less, depending on financial aid. The website states it takes the average American Board student 7-10 months to earn their certification, though some students have completed the program in two months.

“It all depends on how much time you can devote to studying and learning the material,” the website says.

The new legislation requires that any alternative teacher certification program like American Board to be in operation for at least 10 years and in five states. Candidates also have to pass at least two exams and a background check before receiving their certificate.

The legislation was initially introduced by State Sen. Lou Ann Linehan to address Nebraska’s teacher shortage. It was later amended into a hefty education package of 23 bills at the end of the legislative session.

For years, Nebraska has had alternative ways to get teacher certification. David Jespersen, spokesman for the Nebraska Department of Education, said the options were put in place to supply future teachers a way to get in the classroom while they finished their schooling. But depending on the person’s background, their alternative permit could expire after two years.

“With this legislation, it specifically does not call for an expiration of any permit,” Jespersen said. “The way it is right now, at least, if they got the American Board certificate, they would get an alternative permit to teach and it would not have an expiration.”

Jespersen said the department’s website will eventually be updated to reflect the new option.

Melanie Olmstead, director of American Board, said the program offers certificates in a variety of areas, including elementary education, special education or specific subjects for grades 7-12 like biology, history, math, English and more. After passing a background check, all participants need is a bachelor’s degree, no matter the subject, to qualify for the program.

“There might be the misunderstanding that it’s a fast track into the classroom,” Olmstead said. “But in reality, people who use this program already do have a degree in a subject other than education, and then they use American Board’s program to get that additional pedagogical training and demonstrate their competency in the subject area they want to teach.”

Olmstead said 50% of the program is the subject area someone wants to teach and participants will spend their time studying online materials, watching webinars and taking practice quizzes. Each person has to pass a final exam in the subject area.

The remainder of the program is pedagogy, which is learning how to teach others, Olmstead said. Participants learn about things like classroom management, instructional design and assessments.

Linehan said one complication of an alternative certification program is that some educators believe it’s not enough preparation to become a classroom teacher.

The concerns around the quality of these programs is frequently argued, according to a 2017 research brief by the Midwestern Higher Education Compact (MHEC).

“The expansion of expedited alternative preparation programs might be an efficient method for increasing the number of teachers,” the report said. “But many have questioned whether such a singular focus on efficiency sacrifices quality in terms of teacher skills and knowledge and, ultimately, student learning outcomes.”

Research studied in MHEC’s report found mixed results comparing traditional four-year teacher colleges to streamlined alternative programs with student achievement.

Some studies found that alternative programs were less effective, but others found they were equally effective in specific states, like Texas and New York.

The brief did conclude that traditional preparation offered better instructional knowledge and teacher retention than alternative preparation across all grade levels except kindergarten.

Olmstead said she understood the concerns about the quality of teachers with alternative certification. While American Board doesn’t require classroom experience, Olmstead said the average participant is 39 years old and is going into teaching after decades of other lived experiences that can contribute to the job.

“What we have heard from employing principals is that there’s a trade off when you’re trying to fill an open teaching position, and employing principals know that when they hire an American Board teacher there, they don’t have that previous classroom experience,” Olmstead said. “But they bring other things to the table that a younger hire may not have and so it’s just a bit of a trade off.”

Nebraska’s alternative certification opportunity was created along with several other efforts put into action this year to Strengthen the state’s educator shortage, such as the elimination of testing or creation of funding for educators.

There’s been an 114% increase in Nebraska teacher vacancies from 2011 to 2023, according to state data. Last year, there were nearly 769 unfilled educator positions across the state, meaning they were either left vacant or filled by an underqualified employee.

“That’s a massive number of classrooms where students are being taught by uncertified or out-of-field teachers, and that’s not what’s best for kids,” Olmstead said. “So I think that people who’ve considered making a change to teaching in the past are more likely to pursue it right now because they see that they can contribute something to their local school.”

Fri, 15 Dec 2023 08:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Testing Requirements for Initial Teacher Certification

In order to be eligible for Alabama teacher certification, the Alabama State Department of Education requires students in undergraduate and Alternative Master's teacher education programs to complete a series of tests. These tests evaluate students' mastery of content knowledge in a specific certification area (Praxis Subject Assessments); and readiness to teach (Educative Teacher Performance Assessment ( edTPA)). These tests are taken at different points throughout the UAB Teacher Education Program. Please consult the guide below to confirm when the tests should be taken.

Praxis Subject Assessments

About the Praxis Subject Assessments

In order to receive teacher certification from the Alabama State Department of Education, undergraduate and Alternative Master's students must receive a passing score on the Praxis Subject Assessment in their given certification area. Praxis Subject Assessments are administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS).

When do I take this test?

Undergraduate Students: (Prior to Student Teaching)

Undergraduate students must receive a passing score as defined by the Alabama State Department of Education on the Praxis Subject Assessment(s) in their given certification area prior to starting student teaching.

* Students pursuing certification in Elementary/Early Childhood are also required to pass the Praxis Teaching memorizing prior to beginning student teaching.

Alternative Master's Students: (Prior to Admission)

Alternative Masters’ students must receive a passing score as defined by the Alabama State Department of Education on the Praxis Subject Assessments(s) in their given certification area prior to beginning coursework.

* Students pursuing certification in Early Childhood Education or Elementary Education are required to pass the Praxis Teaching memorizing prior to beginning student teaching.

What is a Passing Score?

Qualifying score requirements can be found on the ETS website. To locate the qualifying score for your certification area, follow the steps below.

  1. Navigate to
  2. Scroll to the bottom of the page to the section titled Tests Required for Specific Certification Areas
  3. Select your certification area and look under the column titled Qualifying Score

Study Resources

Visit the ETS website for information about Praxis study resources.

Register for the Praxis Subject Assessment(s)

Educative Performance Assessment (edTPA)

About the Educative Performance Assessment (edTPA)

edTPA is a pre-service assessment process designed by educators that includes a review of a teacher candidate’s authentic teaching materials as the culmination of a teaching and learning process that documents and demonstrates each candidate’s ability to effectively teach his/her subject matter to all students. Candidates must receive a passing score on the assessment as defined by the Alabama State Department of Education.

When do I take this test?

Undergraduate Students: (edTPA: During Student Teaching)

Undergraduate students must receive a passing score on the edTPA as defined by the Alabama State Department of Education during student teaching.

Alternative Master's Students: (edTPA: During Student Teaching)

Alternative Master's students must receive a passing score as defined by the Alabama State Department of Education during student teaching.

Sat, 24 Aug 2019 23:25:00 -0500 en-US text/html

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