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Exam Code: FPGEE Practice test 2022 by team
FPGEE Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency

The Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Examination®, or FPGEE®, is one of the examinations required as part of the FPGEC Certification Program (You must also take and pass the TOEFL iBT, the English-language test administered by Educational Testing Service. Applications submitted after January 1, 2020 must complete the TOEFL iBT requirement prior to sitting for the FPGEE).

The FPGEE is offered once per year, and it is administered at Pearson VUE test sites throughout the continental United States. Only individuals made eligible during the FPGEC application process can take the FPGEE.

You will be notified via your e-Profile that you are eligible to sit for the FPGEE after successfully completing the FPGEC evaluation process. You must pass the FPGEE within two years of having your FPGEC application accepted or your application will expire, and you will need to submit a new FPGEC application.

An overview of FPGEC Certification
FPGEC and ECE application procedures
Documentation of pharmacist credentials
Registering for the FPGEE
FPGEE administration
FPGEE score results

The FPGEE Competency Statements provide a blueprint of the subjects covered on the examination. A strong understanding of the Competency Statements will aid in your preparation to take the examination. The 200 questions on the FPGEE are divided among four content areas:

Basic biomedical sciences – 10%
Pharmaceutical sciences – 33%
Social, behavioral, administrative pharmacy sciences – 22%
Clinical sciences – 35%
The statements can be found in the FPGEC Candidate Application Bulletin.

Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Examination Committee™ (FPGEC®) Certification is required for foreign-educated pharmacists seeking to apply for the pharmacy licensing exams (including the North American Pharmacist Licensing Examination® (NAPLEX®) and Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination® (MPJE®)) in the United States and NABP member jurisdictions. To obtain FPGEC Certification, a candidate must have their required documentation and application accepted, including a passing score on the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT), and pass the Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency Examination® (FPGEE®). The information below is provided to guide you through the key steps in applying for FPGEC Certification, including instructions for registering to take the FPGEE. It answers the most frequently asked questions about the FPGEC application process. Please read this information carefully and refer to the appropriate sections of this Application Bulletin for detailed information.

NABP provides the FPGEC Certification Program to document the educational equivalency of a candidates foreign pharmacy education, as well as their license and/or registration to practice pharmacy. To achieve FPGEC Certification, candidates must:
• Provide documents that verify their education background.
• Provide documents that verify licensure and/or registration to practice pharmacy.
• Pass the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-based Test (iBT).
• Pass the FPGEE.
Candidates who receive an FPGEC Certificate may be qualified to take the pharmacy licensing examination in jurisdictions that accept this Certification. All 50 US states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico require foreign-trained pharmacists to achieve FPGEC Certification before applying for a license from a state board of pharmacy

- Physiology
- Function of the major body systems and homeostatic impact at organ and system level
- Biochemistry
- Chemistry and utilization of biomacromolecules including proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acid, intermediary metabolism of energy and nutritional molecules
- Enzymology and coenzymes and kinetics
- Cell chemistry, signal transduction pathways
- Transport and mobility
- Recombinant DNA and molecular biotechnology
- mRNA translation and protein synthesis
- Microbiology Related to Human Disease
- Structure, function, and characteristics of microorganisms: microbe classification, structure, metabolism, genetics
- Pathogenic microorganisms of humans
- Immunology
- Innate and adaptive immunity
- Principles of antibody actions
- Hypersensitivity and types of reactions

Area 2.0 - Pharmaceutical Sciences (Approximately 33% of Test)
- Medicinal Chemistry
- Physicochemical properties of drugs in relation to drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME)
- Chemical basis for drug action
- Fundamental pharmacophores for drugs used to treat diseases
- Structure-activity relationships in relation to drug-target interactions
- Chemical pathways of drug metabolism
- Applicability to making drug therapy decisions
- Pharmacology and Toxicology
- Mechanisms of action of drugs of various categories including biologics
- Pharmacodynamics of drug binding and response
- Adverse effects and side effects of drugs
- Mechanisms of drug-drug interactions
- Drug discovery and development
- Acute and chronic toxic effect of xenobiotics, including drug and chemical overdose and antidotes
- Pharmacognosy and Dietary Supplements
- Concepts of crude drugs, semi-purified, and purified natural products
- Classes of pharmacologically active natural products
- Science and regulation of dietary supplements (vitamins, minerals, and herbals)
- Pharmaceutics/Biopharmaceutics
- Biopharmaceutical principles of drug delivery to the body via dosage forms: liquid, solid, semisolid, controlled release, patches, implants
- Materials and methods used in preparation of drug forms
- Physicochemical properties relating to drug entities and dosage forms
- Principles of drug and dosage form stability, including chemical degradation and physical instability
- Pharmacokinetics
- Basic principles of in-vivo drug kinetics (linear and nonlinear)
- Principles of bioavailability and bioequivalence
- Physiologic determinates of drug onset and duration, including disease and dietary influences on absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
- Pharmacogenomics and Genetics
- Molecular genetics, genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic principles that serve as a foundation for pharmacogenomics and the genetic basis of disease
- Genetic variants affecting drug action and metabolism, adverse drug reactions, and disease risk that influence the practice of personalized medicine
- Sterile and Nonsterile Compounding
- United States Pharmacopeia guidelines on sterile and nonsterile compounding, hazardous drugs, and FDA regulation of compounding
- Techniques and principles used to prepare and dispense individual extemporaneous prescriptions, including dating of compounded dosage forms
- Dosage form preparation calculations
- Sterile admixture techniques, including stability, clean-room requirements, sterility testing, and dating

Area 3.0 – Social/Behavioral/Administrative Sciences (Approximately 22% of Test)
- Health Care Delivery Systems and Public Health
- Organization of health care delivery systems at the national, state, and local levels: various settings where pharmacy is practiced and the structure of health care delivery systems such as managed care organizations, accountable care organizations, health departments
- Health care delivery financing in the United States
- Social, political, and economic factors that influence the delivery of health care in the United States
- Public Health and Wellness: chronic disease prevention, health promotion, infectious disease control, demographics, physical, social, and environmental factors leading to disease, comparing and contrasting public health with individual medical care
- The health care delivery system compared and contrasted with that of other industrialized nations
- Population-Based Care and Pharmacoepidemiology
- Data sources and analytic tools that provide an estimate of the probability of beneficial or adverse effects of medication use in large populations
- Application of epidemiological study designs to evaluate drug use and outcomes in large populations
- Methods for continually monitoring unwanted effects and other safety-related aspects of medication use in large populations
- Economic and Humanistic Outcomes of Health Care Delivery
- General microeconomic and general macroeconomic principles
- Pharmacoeconomic analysis and its application to Strengthen the allocation of limited health care resources
- Humanistic outcomes and their application to Strengthen the allocation of limited health care resources
- Pharmacy Practice Management
- Management principles (planning, organizing, directing, and controlling pharmacy resources) applied to various pharmacy practice setting and patient outcomes
- Personnel management
- Planning, including delineation between business and strategic planning
- Marketing of goods and services: product versus service pricing, distribution, promotion
- Accounting and financial management
- Budgeting
- Risk management
- Pharmacy Law and Regulatory Affairs
- Legal and regulatory principles applied to pharmacy practice: dispensing, professional services, drug use control
- Administrative, civil, and criminal liability
- Authority, responsibilities, and operation of agencies and entities that promulgate or administer laws, regulations, or guidances related to practice and prescription and nonprescription medications
- Biostatistics and Research Design
- Research study designs used in medical research
- Application and interpretation of statistical tests and data collection instruments
- Ethical Decision Making
- Principles of biomedical ethics
- Ethical dilemmas in the delivery of patient-centered care including, conflicts of interest, end-of-life decision making, use of codes of ethics, oaths of the pharmacist
- Research ethics
- Professional Communication
- Communication abilities (appropriate verbal, nonverbal, visual, and written) with patient and caregivers, including empathetic communication
- Communication abilities with other health care providers
- Assertiveness and problem-solving techniques in relation to difficult social and professional conflicts and situations
- Measurement and use of health literacy in pharmacy communications
- Development of cultural competency in pharmacy personnel such that services are respectful of and responsive to the health beliefs, practices, and cultural and linguistic needs of diverse patient populations
- Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmacy Practice
- Health-, illness-, and sick-role behaviors of patients
- Principles of behavior modification
- Patient adherence to therapies and recommendations
- Caregiving throughout the lifecycle
- Death and dying
- Medication Dispensing and Distribution Systems
- Systems for safe and effective preparation and dispensing of medications in all types of practice settings
- Role of automation and technology: pharmacy informatics, information management
- Continuous quality improvement programs or protocols in the medication-use process, including identification and prevention of medication errors, and establishment of error reduction programs

Area 4.0 – Clinical Sciences (Approximately 35% of Test)
- Evidence-based Practice
- Interpret and evaluate drug information
- Apply drug-information skills for the delivery of medication therapy management
- Evaluate the reliability of various sources of information
- Interpret guidelines as they apply in a clinical setting
- Utilize core scientific and systems-based knowledge in the patient care decision-making process
- Utilize basic science principles in the development and/or implementation of drug treatment protocols and clinical practice guidelines
- Evaluate clinical trials that validate clinical appropriateness
- Clinical Pathophysiology
- Apply concepts of pathophysiology to clinical decision making
- Clinical Pharmacokinetics
- Utilize pharmacokinetics to calculate, evaluate, and individualize drug therapy
- Interpret clinical pharmacokinetics of commonly used and low-therapeutic-index drug
s - Clinical Pharmacogenomics
- Utilize pharmacogenomics to calculate, evaluate, and individualize drug therapy
- Disease Prevention and Population Health
- Recognize the proper use of nonpharmacologic therapies, including complementary and alternative medicines
- Describe measures to promote wellness and disease prevention
- Identify the role of immunizations in disease prevention and health promotion
- Patient Assessment
- Describe techniques for obtaining a comprehensive patient history
- Describe how to perform patient physical assessments: inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation
- Differentiate between normal physical assessment findings and modifications caused by common disease states and drug therapy
- Interpret common clinical laboratory values and diagnostic tests
- Perform calculations related to patient assessment: BMI, CrCl, lab adjustments
- Describe the use of OTC point-of-care testing devices: glucometers, pregnancy tests, home testing for HbA1c, drug screening
- Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutic Decision Making
- Make therapy recommendations based on dosage calculations, specific uses and indications of drugs and nutritional and support therapy
- Interpret therapeutic drug concentrations
- Assess pharmacotherapy considering contraindications, therapeutic duplications, dietary interactions, adverse drug reactions and interactions, and allergies
- Triage and identify when to refer patients to other health professionals
- Design patient-centered, culturally-relevant treatment plans
- Apply evidence-based decision making to patient care
- Recommend nonprescription and natural product therapies
- Identify and manage drug toxicity, drug-induced diseases, and misuse or abuse
- Monitor drug therapy for misuse, abuse, and non-adherence

Foreign Pharmacy Graduate Equivalency
Medical Equivalency questions
Killexams : Medical Equivalency questions - BingNews Search results Killexams : Medical Equivalency questions - BingNews Killexams : Central Penn College to offer new medical assisting diploma program in partnership with UPMC

The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, the, UPMC Pinnacle Foundation, and Central Penn College are working together to help area residents pursue careers as medical assistants.

Under the partnership, medical assistant students who successfully complete the program and are hired by UPMC will receive payments equivalent to the full cost of the program, in addition to their salary.

As part of this initiative, Central Penn College will offer a new 12-month, 30-credit, Medical Assisting Diploma program that requires students to attend full-time, in-person classes.

Students must complete at least two years of the work requirement at UPMC in Central Pa. facilities. Central Penn College is making the CPC Housing Scholarship — valued at $5,800 a year — available to all qualifying medical assisting enrollees who attend full-time. Classes will begin on Jan. 9, and the deadline to apply is Dec. 23.

“Medical assistants are talented, versatile health care professionals who perform clinical and administrative duties and are often one of the first people that patients see,” Lou Baverso, president, UPMC in Central Pa., said in a news release. “Medical assistants are much-in-demand and a great way to enter into the fast-growing health care field where individuals can choose from a wide range of career paths.”

Students also can work in a variety of full- and part-time positions that can accommodate their studies.

“We will help interested students find the right position for them to work in a health care setting,” Baverso said.

UPMC and Central Penn College are holding an event to share information with prospective students. Admission counselors will answer questions regarding the Medical Assisting Diploma program, including how students — through scholarships and post-graduate reimbursements — can receive full tuition for their education through the partnership. The event will take place at Central Penn College at 11:30 a.m. Dec. 15. Registration for the event:

In addition to the medical assistant program, Central Penn College also recently announced that it is holding evening classes for the first time for its physical therapy assistant degree program. Classes begin on Jan. 9. Information:

If you purchase a product or register for an account through one of the links on our site, we may receive compensation.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 08:57:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : What to know about the triple threat of influenza, Covid and RSV

Triple threat emerging: flu, Covid, RSV

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The United States is facing a triple threat, with a confluence of viral infections due to respiratory syncytial virus, influenza and Covid-19. Many children’s hospitals are overwhelmed after surges of RSV, while the level of influenza is the highest it has been at this point in the year for more than a decade. And after a lull in cases, new coronavirus infections are on the rise across the country as well.

All of this is happening as holiday season begins, with more people traveling and gathering indoors, likely with fewer precautions than in the previous two years.

How much should people be concerned? Which individuals should be the most cautious? Can people get all three viruses at the same time? What steps can be taken to reduce risk and stay safe? And should mandates such as masking and social distancing return?

To guide us through these questions, I spoke with CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen, an emergency physician, public health expert and professor of health policy and management at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health. She is also author of “Lifelines: A Doctor’s Journey in the Fight for Public Health.”

CNN: Why should people be concerned about the convergence of RSV, influenza and Covid-19?

Dr. Leana Wen: There are several reasons to be concerned about this so-called tripledemic.

One is the impact at the societal level. Already, children’s hospitals across the United States are filled with kids infected with viruses, including RSV and influenza. Some experts speculate this is due to an immunity gap as a result of mitigation measures taken over the last two years. The situation is so bad that children’s health leaders have requested a formal declaration of emergency from the Biden administration to better assist these hospitals. (The administration has not declared an emergency, but the US Department of Health and Human Services sent a letter to governors last week saying it “stands ready to continue assisting you with resources, supplies, and personnel.”)

When hospitals exceed capacity, care for patients suffers. People who come to the emergency department end up waiting much longer because there isn’t enough staff to care for them. Patients who need to be hospitalized may wait for days for a bed to open up. Some patients, especially in rural areas, may need to be transferred hours away for the care they need.

These delays could be harmful, even deadly. And this doesn’t just affect patients with respiratory ailments; it leads to delays in care for broken bones, asthma attacks and appendicitis, too, among other medical emergencies.

Another is the consequence for particularly vulnerable individuals. While most people who contract RSV, influenza, Covid-19 and other respiratory illnesses will have mild symptoms, those most vulnerable could become severely ill, require intensive care and even die. The higher the rates of infection in their community, the more dangerous it becomes for vulnerable people.

Of course, no one wants to be sick. Even a minor viral illness can cause inconvenience, such as missed work and school. And even if someone does not need to be hospitalized, they could still feel unwell and be contagious to others. So a high level of infection of these viruses is something that concerns all of us.

CNN: Which people should be the most cautious during this period?

Wen: Individuals who should be most cautious are those are at the highest risk for severe illness. That includes older people, newborns and people with multiple chronic medical conditions. These are people most susceptible to viruses, and what is a mild infection to someone who is a healthy young adult could result in hospitalization for them.

Another group that should consider being cautious are those in direct contact with people at high risk. A spouse of someone who is immunocompromised, family members who live with elderly individuals, parents or caregivers to a newborn — these are all individuals who should reduce the risk of infection to themselves to prevent transmission to someone vulnerable in their immediate household.

CNN: Can people contract all three viruses?

Wen: In theory, yes. Someone can certainly, over the course of a year, contract all three viruses. Generally, though, they don’t get them all at the same time. The “tripledemic” phrase refers to all three viruses surging in the population at once, not necessarily (and not usually) in the same person simultaneously.

CNN: What steps can be taken to reduce risk and stay safe?

Wen: Vaccines exist for Covid-19 and for the flu to prevent severe disease and death. People should follow guidance from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about staying up to date with their coronavirus and flu vaccine.

The coronavirus is airborne. Good ventilation helps to reduce spread, so gathering with others outdoors will be safer than indoors. Indoor settings can be lower risk if there is improved ventilation, for example, through open doors and windows and the use of HEPA filters.

© Provided by CNN Testing for the coronavirus remains an important tool in combating the pandemic. - Lindsey Wasson/Reuters

Influenza and RSV are spread primarily through droplets. People should stay away from those who are coughing and sneezing (and individuals with symptoms should avoid public settings). Everyone should wash their hands frequently — and well. That is especially important for young children who often put their hands in their mouths.

There are other important tools, too, including testing and masking. Taking a Covid-19 test before gathering can reduce risk, as can wearing a high-quality N95 or equivalent mask (KN95 or KF94).

CNN: Is a cloth mask or regular medical mask enough?

Wen: No. The virus that causes Covid-19 is spread through microscopic droplets that can pass through cloth and regular medical masks. The N95 mask is the gold standard and will offer the best protection against respiratory viruses.

There will be some people who cannot tolerate an N95. Those individuals can wear two medical masks or a cloth mask on top of a medical mask. But these options are still not as protective as a well-fitting N95 or equivalent.

CNN: Should mandates like masking and social distancing return?

Wen: I think it will be very difficult to ask everyone to return to masking, distancing and avoiding indoor gatherings with loved ones — especially over the holidays. My view is that top-down mandates from the any level of government should be reserved for truly dire situations for which there are no other options — for example, if a new highly transmissible variant emerges that is far more dangerous and resistant to existing vaccines. That’s not the situation at the moment.

That said, just because mandates across the board aren’t likely doesn’t mean that people shouldn’t take care themselves. Individuals — especially those vulnerable to severe illness and their household contacts — should choose to wear well-fitting N95s or equivalent while in crowded indoor spaces. They can choose additional protective measures, including staying outdoors or in well-ventilated spaces when possible. And everyone should make sure, again, that they are vaccinated with the vaccines that currently are available against Covid-19 and influenza.

For more CNN news and newsletters create an account at

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 22:33:38 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Letter: A quick lesson in moral equivalency

So just to be clear … it’s not an impeachable offense (loss of position) for a middle-aged male executive in to be in a consensual relationship with  a much younger underling? (Quite a number of political, Hollywood types and corporate ex would like to have that one back).

Former VP Biden gets a feather in his cap for strong-arming foreign officials by withholding that same military aid (claiming Obama’s support and knowledge by the way) but Trump gets an impeachment attempt because the claimed Russian interference in the 2016 election didn’t pan out for the leftists.

Thanks for the quick lesson in moral equivalency, Scott.

— James Jenkins, Oroville 

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 20:13:00 -0600 Letters to the Editor en-US text/html
Killexams : New high school equivalency option available in Mississippi

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 02:04:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : Sending out a Christmas Card this holiday season can significantly benefit nursing home residents

BOISE, Idaho — Many people in the United States are affected by loneliness and social isolation, putting them at risk for dementia and other serious medical conditions. This is why sending out a Christmas Card this holiday season; you should consider sending it to a nursing home where it can be much more impactful than you can imagine.

"Being lonely is equivalent to smoking 15 cigarettes a day. Having a sedentary lifestyle, we think of this as just a mental health issue, but it's really well beyond that," said Janet Miller, Program Specialist for the Idaho Commission on Aging.

The Idaho Commission on Aging has launched a campaign to make a difference in the lives of those experiencing loneliness this holiday season. They encouraged the community to write letters to residents of nursing homes and assisted living facilities in your area.

According to the CDC, older adults are at increased risk for loneliness and social isolation, putting them at risk of serious medical conditions.

"Sometimes, that's the only time they have anybody think about them or ask them any questions," said Ralph Pate, a resident at the Idaho State Veterans Home.

A Christmas card to elderly people could mean a world of difference as many don't have family or friends outside the facility to spend the holidays with.

"At least for me to see even first and second graders that just learned how to write, the spelling isn't always there, but the words are," said Bob Kean, a resident at the Idaho State Veterans Home.

The Idaho State Veterans Home in Boise received over 1,000-holiday cards last year and hopes to neighbor-assisting home facilities get the same response this holiday season.

"There have been tears; there has been laughter, there has been sharing cards; it's pretty amazing here with the beautiful cards that come in and the residents that get to enjoy them," said April Floyd, Activities Coordinator for the Idaho State Veterans Home.

Reach out to your local nursing homes and assisted living facilities if you want to send some holiday cheer.

Copyright 2022 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 07:06:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Extra Extra: deliver the teacher in your life a Wawa gift card (or some equivalent) for the holidays No result found, try new keyword!Felony crimes remain high within the subway system, with felonies up more than 30% compared to this time last year. They have dropped about 24% in the last four weeks, according to police data ... Wed, 07 Dec 2022 06:08:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : Eating roast dinner could be the equivalent of eating TWO plastic bags a year

Don't panic

It's unclear the harm posed by the microplastics found in a roast dinner but the findings warn against complacency.

Professor Shaji Sebastian, a gastroenterology expert at Hull University Teaching Hospitals, said: "Am I frightened? No. But it could be a cause for concern if we do nothing.

"The question is whether it stays there once ingested. Research shows it gets into the bloodstream but does it go to other organs?"

He added: "The results of this investigation are surprising and make research into the impacts of microplastics on the human body all the more urgent."

What's more, the study was carried out in animals so more research is needed to assess the threat posed to humans, the professor said.

Mon, 28 Nov 2022 17:06:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Top 10 countries by equivalent patent filings in 2021

Innovators around the world filed 3.4 million patent applications in 2021, up 3.6% from the previous year, according to a report released by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) earlier this week.

The "World Intellectual Property Indicators 2022," which compiles the latest data from some 150 national and regional IP offices, found that the 3.4 million applications comprised 2.4 million resident filings (70.1% of the total) and 1 million non-resident filings (29.9%).

Applicants from China filed around 1.54 million equivalent patent applications worldwide in 2021 (resident plus abroad filings), followed by the US (509,853) and Japan (412,851).

Here is a list of the top 10 countries with greatest number of equivalent patent applications in 2021.

10. Italy

34,166 applications

Milan Cathedral in Milan, Italy, Oct. 5, 2019. [Photo/VCG]
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Fri, 25 Nov 2022 16:53:00 -0600 text/html
Killexams : Evergy cut to Sell equivalent at BofA as dual rate cases heighten risk
Electricity poles and electric power transmission lines against vibrant orange sky at sunset on a hot day with flickering air. High Voltage towers provide power supply over a long distance.

Sebastian Frank/iStock via Getty Images

Evergy (NYSE:EVRG) -2.4% in Wednesday's trading after Bank of America downgraded shares to Underperform from Neutral with a $54 price target, slashed from $64, expecting the utility will reduce its guidance for long-term compound annual growth to 5%-7% from the current 6%-8%.

BofA believes Evergy (EVRG) has "one of the riskier setups from a regulatory perspective, as the company faces rate proceedings in both Missouri and Kansas next year against a backdrop of high inflation and commissions that are increasingly focused on utility revenues in order to moderate ratepayer pressure."

Analyst Julien Dumoulin-Smith sees Evergy (EVRG) on the defensive in Missouri with its plan to file a rate case in Q1 to true-up earnings to mitigate the $0.18 EPS impact from the Sibley order in its 2022 rate case for Missouri West.

The Kansas backdrop may be even more challenging, Dumoulin-Smith said, with the state regulator set to review the company's multi-year capital plan in a December 2022 hearing and a 2023 rate case filing where bill inflation likely will be the top issue.

Evergy (EVRG) recently reported better than expected Q3 adjusted earnings and raised its dividend.

Wed, 23 Nov 2022 00:14:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Cumbria coal mine could produce emissions equivalent to 200,000 cars

A controversial new coal mine in Cumbria would produce the same emissions as 200,000 cars each year, new analysis has found.

The new mine would “blow a hole” in the UK’s target to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 and undermine its climate leadership just weeks after the Cop27 climate summit in Egypt, analysis by leading environmental think tank Green Alliance found.

Levelling Up Secretary Michael Gove is expected to announce whether the government will approve plans for the UK’s first deep coal mine in 30 years imminently, as the deadline of Thursday 8 December approaches.

The mine, on the edge of Whitehaven in Cumbria, is projected to increase UK greenhouse gas emissions by 0.4 million tonnes a year, according to the Climate Change Committee, the government’s independent advisers. That’s the equivalent of the emissions generated by around 200,000 cars or 170,000 homes.

The purpose of the mine is to supply coking coal used in steelmaking, and supporters say it will create jobs and be used to ease Britain’s reliance on foreign imports, which have a greater carbon footprint than using British coal.

Critics say demand for the coal from the UK steel industry has been put in doubt, point to the fact that 85 per cent of the coal is planned for export, and say the mine will undermine UK efforts to tackle climate change.

The government’s independent Climate Change Committee has advised that coking coal should only be used in steelmaking beyond 2035 if a “very high proportion” of the carbon emissions is captured and stored.

It has also warned that coking coal use in steelmaking may not even be necessary by 2035 due to the development of new technologies. The new mine would have planning permission up until 2049 – one year before the UK is legally obliged to meet net zero.

The deadline for a decision on whether to approve the new mine has been pushed back several times from early July to mid-August, to early November and now the 8 December deadline.

(PA Graphics)

The most accurate delay came just before the Cop27 climate summit in Sharm el-Sheikh, prompting speculation that a decision to greenlight the mine would have damaged the UK’s climate credentials on the world stage.

The deadline approaches as onshore wind caused a political storm in Westminster this week, with Rishi Sunak’s government confronted with a Conservative backbench rebellion in favour of relaxing an effective ban on wind turbines on land in England.

A accurate YouGov poll for Green Alliance found that three times more people felt negative about opening new coal mines than positive.

“Approving the mine would be [a] backwards step for the UK’s climate ambitions when there is so much potential to create good jobs in green industries across Cumbria instead,” said Roz Bulleid, research director at Green Alliance.

The Independent has contacted the Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities for comment.

Fri, 02 Dec 2022 19:42:00 -0600 en text/html
FPGEE exam dump and training guide direct download
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