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Question: 334
A company is migrating legacy internal applications to AWS. Leadership wants to rewrite the internal employee
directory to use native AWS services. A developer needs to create a solution for storing employee contact details and
high-resolution photos for use with the new application.
Which solution will enable the search and retrieval of each employee's individual details and high-resolution photos
using AWS APIs?
A. Encode each employee's contact information and photos using Base64. Store the information in an Amazon
DynamoDB table using a sort key.
B. Store each employee's contact information in an Amazon DynamoDB table along with the object keys for the
photos stored in Amazon S3.
C. Use Amazon Cognito user pools to implement the employee directory in a fully managed software-as-a-service
(SaaS) method.
D. Store employee contact information in an Amazon RDS DB instance with the photos stored in Amazon Elastic File
System (Amazon EFS).
Answer: B
Question: 335
A developer is migrating some features from a legacy monolithic application to use AWS Lambda functions instead.
The application currently stores data in an Amazon Aurora DB cluster that runs in private subnets in a VPC. The AWS
account has one VPC deployed.
The Lambda functions and the DB cluster are deployed in the same AWS Region in the same AWS account.
The developer needs to ensure that the Lambda functions can securely access the DB cluster without crossing the
public internet.
Which solution will meet these requirements?
A. Configure the DB cluster's public access setting to Yes.
B. Configure an Amazon RDS database proxy for he Lambda functions.
C. Configure a NAT gateway and a security group for the Lambda functions.
D. Configure the VPC, subnets, and a security group for the Lambda functions.
Answer: D
Question: 336
A company wants to share information with a third party. The third party has an HTTP API endpoint that the company
can use to share the information. The company has the required API key to access the HTTP API.
The company needs a way to manage the API key by using code. The integration of the API key with the application
code cannot affect application performance.
Which solution will meet these requirements MOST securely?
A. Store the API credentials in AWS Secrets Manager. Retrieve the API credentials at runtime by using the AWS SD
B. Use the credentials to make the API call.
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C. Store the API credentials in a local code variable. Push the code to a secure Git repository. Use the local code
variable at runtime to make the API call.
D. Store the API credentials as an object in a private Amazon S3 bucket. Restrict access to the S3 object by using IAM
policies. Retrieve the API credentials at runtime by using the AWS SD
E. Use the credentials to make the API call.
F. Store the API credentials in an Amazon DynamoDB table. Restrict access to the table by using resource-based
policies. Retrieve the API credentials at runtime by using the AWS SD
G. Use the credentials to make the API call.
Answer: B
Question: 337
An application uses Lambda functions to extract metadata from files uploaded to an S3 bucket; the metadata is stored
in Amazon DynamoDB. The application starts behavingunexpectedly, and the developer wants to examine the logs of
the Lambda function code for errors.
Based on this system configuration, where would the developer find the logs?
A. Amazon S3
B. AWS CloudTrail
C. Amazon CloudWatch
D. Amazon DynamoDB
Answer: C
Question: 338
A developer is creating an application that includes an Amazon API Gateway REST API in the us-east-2 Region. The
developer wants to use Amazon CloudFront and a custom domain name for the API. The developer has acquired an
SSL/TLS certificate for the domain from a third-party provider.
How should the developer configure the custom domain for the application?
A. Import the SSL/TLS certificate into AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) in the same Region as the AP
B. Create a DNS A record for the custom domain.
C. Import the SSL/TLS certificate into CloudFront. Create a DNS CNAME record for the custom domain.
D. Import the SSL/TLS certificate into AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) in the same Region as the AP
E. Create a DNS CNAME record for the custom domain.
F. Import the SSL/TLS certificate into AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) in the us-east-1 Region. Create a DNS
CNAME record for the custom domain.
Answer: B
Question: 339
An application that is hosted on an Amazon EC2 instance needs access to files that are stored in an Amazon S3 bucket.
The application lists the objects that are stored in the S3 bucket and displays a table to the user. During testing, a
developer discovers that the application does not show any objects in the list.
What is the MOST secure way to resolve this issue?
A. Update the IAM instance profile that is attached to the EC2 instance to include the S3: * permission for the S3
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bucket.
B. Update the IAM instance profile that is attached to the EC2 instance to include the S3: ListBucket permission for
the S3 bucket.
C. Update the developer's user permissions to include the S3: ListBucket permission for the S3 bucket.
D. Update the S3 bucket policy by including the S3: ListBucket permission and by setting the Principal element to
specify the account number of the EC2 instance.
Answer: B
Question: 340
A developer is designing a serverless application with two AWS Lambda functions to process photos. One Lambda
function stores objects in an Amazon S3 bucket and stores the associated metadata in an Amazon DynamoDB table.
The other Lambda function fetches the objects from the S3 bucket by using the metadata from the DynamoDB table.
Both Lambda functions use the same Python library to perform complex computations and are approaching the quota
for the maximum size of zipped deployment packages.
What should the developer do to reduce the size of the Lambda deployment packages with the LEAST operational
overhead?
A. Package each Python library in its own .zip file archive. Deploy each Lambda function with its own copy of the
library.
B. Create a Lambda layer with the required Python library. Use the Lambda layer in both Lambda functions.
C. Combine the two Lambda functions into one Lambda function. Deploy the Lambda function as a single .zip file
archive.
D. obtain the Python library to an S3 bucket. Program the Lambda functions to reference the object URLs.
Answer: B
Question: 241
A developer is creating an AWS Lambda function that needs credentials to connect to an Amazon RDS for MySQL
database. An Amazon S3 bucket currently stores the credentials. The developer needs to Improve the existing solution
by implementing credential rotation and secure storage. The developer also needs to provide integration with the
Lambda function.
Which solution should the developer use to store and retrieve the credentials with the LEAST management overhead?
A. Store the credentials in AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store. Select the database that the parameter will access.
Use the default AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key to encrypt the parameter. Enable automatic rotation
for the parameter. Use the parameter from Parameter Store on the Lambda function to connect to the database.
B. Encrypt the credentials with the default AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key. Store the credentials as
environment variables for the Lambda function. Create a second Lambda function to generate new credentials and to
rotate the credentials by updating the environment variables of the first Lambda function. Invoke the second Lambda
function by using an Amazon EventBridge rule that runs on a schedule. Update the database to use the new credentials.
On the first Lambda function, retrieve the credentials from the environment variables. Decrypt the credentials by using
AWS KMS, Connect to the database.
C. Store the credentials in AWS Secrets Manager. Set the secret type to Credentials for Amazon RDS database. Select
the database that the secret will access. Use the default AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key to encrypt
the secret. Enable automatic rotation for the secret. Use the secret from Secrets Manager on the Lambda function to
connect to the database.
D. Encrypt the credentials by using AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS). Store the credentials in an Amazon
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DynamoDB table. Create a second Lambda function to rotate the credentials. Invoke the second Lambda function by
using an Amazon EventBridge rule that runs on a schedule. Update the DynamoDB table. Update the database to use
the generated credentials. Retrieve the credentials from DynamoDB with the first Lambda function. Connect to the
database.
Answer: C
Question: 341
A developer wants to insert a record into an Amazon DynamoDB table as soon as a new file is added to an Amazon
S3 bucket.
Which set of steps would be necessary to achieve this?
A. Create an event with Amazon EventBridge that will monitor the S3 bucket and then insert the records into
DynamoD
B. Configure an S3 event to invoke an AWS Lambda function that inserts records into DynamoD
C. Create an AWS Lambda function that will poll the S3 bucket and then insert the records into DynamoD
D. Create a cron job that will run at a scheduled time and insert the records into DynamoD
Answer: C
Question: 342
A developer is deploying an AWS Lambda function. The developer wants the ability to return to older versions of the
function quickly and seamlessly.
How can the developer achieve this goal with the LEAST operational overhead?
A. Use AWS OpsWorks to perform blue/green deployments.
B. Use a function alias with different versions.
C. Maintain deployment packages for older versions in Amazon S3.
D. Use AWS CodePipeline for deployments and rollbacks.
Answer: B
Question: 243
A development team maintains a web application by using a single AWS CloudFormation template. The template
defines web servers and an Amazon RDS database. The team uses the Cloud Formation template to deploy the Cloud
Formation stack to different environments.
During a latest application deployment, a developer caused the primary development database to be dropped and
recreated. The result of this incident was a loss of data. The team needs to avoid accidental database deletion in the
future.
Which solutions will meet these requirements? (Choose two.)
A. Add a CloudFormation Deletion Policy attribute with the Retain value to the database resource.
B. Update the CloudFormation stack policy to prevent updates to the database.
C. Modify the database to use a Multi-AZ deployment.
D. Create a CloudFormation stack set for the web application and database deployments.
E. Add a Cloud Formation DeletionPolicy attribute with the Retain value to the stack.
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Answer: A,D
Question: 344
A company hosts a client-side web application for one of its subsidiaries on Amazon S3. The web application can be
accessed through Amazon CloudFront from https://www.example.com. After a successful rollout, the company wants
to host three more client-side web applications for its remaining subsidiaries on three separate S3 buckets.
To achieve this goal, a developer moves all the common JavaScript files and web fonts to a central S3 bucket that
serves the web applications. However, during testing, the developer notices that the browser blocks the JavaScript files
and web fonts.
What should the developer do to prevent the browser from blocking the JavaScript files and web fonts?
A. Create four access points that allow access to the central S3 bucket. Assign an access point to each web application
bucket.
B. Create a bucket policy that allows access to the central S3 bucket. Attach the bucket policy to the central S3 bucket.
C. Create a cross-origin resource sharing (CORS) configuration that allows access to the central S3 bucket. Add the
CORS configuration to the central S3 bucket.
D. Create a Content-MD5 header that provides a message integrity check for the central S3 bucket. Insert the Content-
MD5 header for each web application request.
Answer: C
Question: 345
A company wants to deploy and maintain static websites on AWS. Each website's source code is hosted in one of
several version control systems, including AWS CodeCommit, Bitbucket, and GitHub.
The company wants to implement phased releases by using development, staging, user acceptance testing, and
production environments in the AWS Cloud. Deployments to each environment must be started by code merges on the
relevant Git branch. The company wants to use HTTPS for all data exchange. The company needs a solution that does
not require servers to run continuously.
Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST operational overhead?
A. Host each website by using AWS Amplify with a serverless backend. Conned the repository branches that
correspond to each of the desired environments. Start deployments by merging code changes to a desired branch.
B. Host each website in AWS Elastic Beanstalk with multiple environments. Use the EB CLI to link each repository
branch. Integrate AWS CodePipeline to automate deployments from version control code merges.
C. Host each website in different Amazon S3 buckets for each environment. Configure AWS CodePipeline to pull
source code from version control. Add an AWS CodeBuild stage to copy source code to Amazon S3.
D. Host each website on its own Amazon EC2 instance. Write a custom deployment script to bundle each website's
static assets. Copy the assets to Amazon EC2. Set up a workflow to run the script when code is merged.
Answer: A
Question: 346
For a deployment using AWS Code Deploy, what is the run order of the hooks for in-place deployments?
A. BeforeInstall -> ApplicationStop -> ApplicationStart -> AfterInstall
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B. ApplicationStop -> BeforeInstall -> AfterInstall -> ApplicationStart
C. BeforeInstall -> ApplicationStop -> ValidateService -> ApplicationStart
D. ApplicationStop -> BeforeInstall -> ValidateService -> ApplicationStart
Answer: A
Question: 347
A company is implementing an application on Amazon EC2 instances. The application needs to process incoming
transactions. When the application detects a transaction that is not valid, the application must send a chat message to
the company's support team. To send the message, the application needs to retrieve the access token to authenticate by
using the chat API.
A developer needs to implement a solution to store the access token. The access token must be encrypted at rest and in
transit. The access token must also be accessible from other AWS accounts.
Which solution will meet these requirements with the LEAST management overhead?
A. Use an AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store SecureString parameter that uses an AWS Key Management
Service (AWS KMS) AWS managed key to store the access token. Add a resource-based policy to the parameter to
allow access from other accounts. Update the IAM role of the EC2 instances with permissions to access Parameter
Store. Retrieve the token from Parameter Store with the decrypt flag enabled. Use the decrypted access token to send
the message to the chat.
B. Encrypt the access token by using an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key. Store
the access token in an Amazon DynamoDB table. Update the IAM role of the EC2 instances with permissions to
access DynamoDB and AWS KM
C. Retrieve the token from DynamoD
D. Decrypt the token by using AWS KMS on the EC2 instances. Use the decrypted access token to send the message
to the chat.
E. Use AWS Secrets Manager with an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) customer managed key to store
the access token. Add a resource-based policy to the secret to allow access from other accounts. Update the IAM role
of the EC2 instanceswith permissions to access Secrets Manager. Retrieve the token from Secrets Manager. Use the
decrypted access token to send the message to the chat.
F. Encrypt the access token by using an AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) AWS managed key. Store the
access token in an Amazon S3 bucket. Add a bucket policy to the S3 bucket to allow access from other accounts.
Update the IAM role of the EC2 instances with permissions to access Amazon S3 and AWS KM
G. Retrieve the token from the S3 bucket. Decrypt the token by using AWS KMS on the EC2 instances. Use the
decrypted access token to send the massage to the chat.
Answer: B
Question: 348
A company is building a scalable data management solution by using AWS services to Improve the speed and agility
of development. The solution will ingest large volumes of data from various sources and will process this data through
multiple business rules and transformations.
The solution requires business rules to run in sequence and to handle reprocessing of data if errors occur when the
business rules run. The company needs the solution to be scalable and to require the least possible maintenance.
Which AWS service should the company use to manage and automate the orchestration of the data flows to meet these
requirements?
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A. AWS Batch
B. AWS Step Functions
C. AWS Glue
D. AWS Lambda
Answer: D
Question: 349
A company is building a serverless application on AWS. The application uses an AWS Lambda function to process
customer orders 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The Lambda function calls an external vendor's HTTP API to process
payments.
During load tests, a developer discovers that the external vendor payment processing API occasionally times out and
returns errors. The company expects that some payment processing API calls will return errors.
The company wants the support team to receive notifications in near real time only when the payment processing
external API error rate exceed 5% of the total number of transactions in an hour. Developers need to use an existing
Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS) subject that is configured to notify the support team.
Which solution will meet these requirements?
A. Write the results of payment processing API calls to Amazon CloudWatch. Use Amazon CloudWatch Logs Insights
to query the CloudWatch logs. Schedule the Lambda function to check the CloudWatch logs and notify the existing
SNS topic.
B. Publish custom metrics to CloudWatch that record the failures of the external payment processing API calls.
Configure a CloudWatch alarm to notify the existing SNS subject when error rate exceeds the specified rate.
C. Publish the results of the external payment processing API calls to a new Amazon SNS topic. Subscribe the support
team members to the new SNS topic.
D. Write the results of the external payment processing API calls to Amazon S3. Schedule an Amazon Athena query
to run at regular intervals. Configure Athena to send notifications to the existing SNS subject when the error rate exceeds
the specified rate.
Answer: B
Question: 350
A developer is creating an application that will be deployed on IoT devices. The application will send data to a
RESTful API that is deployed as an AWS Lambda function. The application will assign each API request a unique
identifier. The volume of API requests from the application can randomly increase at any given time of day.
During periods of request throttling, the application might need to retry requests. The API must be able to handle
duplicate requests without inconsistencies or data loss.
Which solution will meet these requirements?
A. Create an Amazon RDS for MySQL DB instance. Store the unique identifier for each request in a database table.
Modify the Lambda function to check the table for the identifier before processing the request.
B. Create an Amazon DynamoDB table. Store the unique identifier for each request in the table. Modify the Lambda
function to check the table for the identifier before processing the request.
C. Create an Amazon DynamoDB table. Store the unique identifier for each request in the table. Modify the Lambda
function to return a client error response when the function receives a duplicate request.
D. Create an Amazon ElastiCache for Memcached instance. Store the unique identifier for each request in the cache.
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Modify the Lambda function to check the cache for the identifier before processing the request.
Answer: B
Question: 351
A company is running a custom application on a set of on-premises Linux servers that are accessed using Amazon API
Gateway. AWS X-Ray tracing has been enabled on the API test stage.
How can a developer enable X-Ray tracing on the on-premises servers with the LEAST amount of configuration?
A. Install and run the X-Ray SDK on the on-premises servers to capture and relay the data to the X-Ray service.
B. Install and run the X-Ray daemon on the on-premises servers to capture and relay the data to the X-Ray service.
C. Capture incoming requests on-premises and configure an AWS Lambda function to pull, process, and relay relevant
data to X-Ray using the PutTraceSegments API call.
D. Capture incoming requests on-premises and configure an AWS Lambda function to pull, process, and relay relevant
data to X-Ray using the PutTelemetryRecords API call.
Answer: B
Question: 352
A developer has created an AWS Lambda function that is written in Python. The Lambda function reads data from
objects in Amazon S3 and writes data to an Amazon DynamoDB table. The function is successfully invoked from an
S3 event notification when an object is created. However, the function fails when it attempts to write to the
DynamoDB table.
What is the MOST likely cause of this issue?
A. The Lambda function's concurrency limit has been exceeded.
B. DynamoDB table requires a global secondary index (GSI) to support writes.
C. The Lambda function does not have IAM permissions to write to DynamoD
D. The DynamoDB table is not running in the same Availability Zone as the Lambda function.
Answer: B
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Amazon Certified exam syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/DVA-C02 Search results Amazon Certified exam syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/DVA-C02 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Amazon Roundtables and certification schemes in the Pan-Amazon
  • Mongabay has begun publishing a new edition of the book, “A Perfect Storm in the Amazon,” in short installments and in three languages: Spanish, English and Portuguese.
  • Author Timothy J. Killeen is an academic and expert who, since the 1980s, has studied the rainforests of Brazil and Bolivia, where he lived for more than 35 years.
  • Chronicling the efforts of nine Amazonian countries to curb deforestation, this edition provides an overview of the subjects most relevant to the conservation of the region’s biodiversity, ecosystem services and Indigenous cultures, as well as a description of the conventional and sustainable development models that are vying for space within the regional economy.
  • Click the “A Perfect Storm in the Amazon” link atop this page to see chapters 1-13 as they are published during 2023 and 2024.

Sustainability initiatives have been organised for most of the agricultural commodities of the Pan Amazon, including palm oil, soy and beef, but also for coffee and cacao. Several of these initiatives have adopted the term roundtable in their names because it conveys the notion of inclusiveness that is a core concept in these multi-stakeholder initiatives. Typically, the stakeholders include all the participants in a supply chain, from the farmer to the retailer, but also commodity traders, consumer goods manufacturers, banks and service supplies, as well as civil society groups.

Their shared goal is to identify effective solutions to the social and environmental challenges associated with conventional production systems. The mechanism used to reform supply chains is typically a voluntary certification system that verifies that the production, trade and transformation of a commodity has complied with a set of best practices that have been agreed to by all the parties. The search for consensus is important, because it means all of the stakeholders have agreed to accept this package of solutions and commit to supporting the commercialisation of the goods that have been certified as sustainable.

Some environmental activists view these initiatives as a form of greenwash and have questioned their efficacy. Participating companies certify the production within their own supply chain, but roundtable initiatives have not succeeded in transforming their respective sectors. Demand for certified commodities has failed to attract a critical mass of producers that would actually transform the market and change the economic drivers of deforestation.

Adoption is highest for coffee (40%) and cocoa (22%), while commodities linked to industrial plantations tend to be lower: palm oil (20%), sugar (3%) soy (2%) and beef (<1%). Part of the explanation for the slow uptake of the voluntary standards is the lack of demand; typically, only about fifty per cent of certified production is actually sold as a certified commodity.

Road through soybean fields and forests in Bolivia. Image by Rhett A. Butler.

The lack of uptake is yet another manifestation of the dilemma of allocating the cost of environmental protection and social justice. Sustainability protocols cost money, which either adds to the price of a consumer good or reduces the profit margin of commodity producers. Although North American and European consumers are concerned about deforestation, most still choose a lower-cost product, while those in Asia, Latin America and the Middle East are overwhelmingly focused on price. Moreover, global commodity markets are dominated by producers on landscapes that were transformed by agriculture decades or centuries in the past, and these farmers operate without fear of being accused of environmental crimes. Consequently, traders are not motivated to pay a premium to farmers on the agricultural frontier.

A few producers seek to differentiate their products as organic, deforestation-free, fair-trade or antibiotic-free because they are selling their products into a differentiated market and receive a premium for their production in compensation for the extra cost and reduced yields that these systems [allegedly] entail. Others participate because it guarantees them market access. Most producers opt to circumvent the voluntary guidelines or sell to traders unconcerned about sustainability or just ignore the whole process entirely.

Social advocates have questioned the economic benefits of certification because they tend to discriminate against small-scale producers who cannot meet the record-keeping and logistical demands of a certification process. These protocols are negotiated by large-scale producers that dominate the roundtable initiatives and tailor the certification criteria to their supply chains. As formalisation spreads throughout national and international markets, smallholders could be increasingly marginalised within regional and even local markets in contradiction with the stated social objectives of these certification schemes.

“A Perfect Storm in the Amazon” is a book by Timothy Killeen and contains the author’s viewpoints and analysis. The second edition was published by The White Horse in 2021, under the terms of a Creative Commons license (CC BY 4.0 license).

Read the other excerpted portions of chapter 3 here:

Chapter 3. Agriculture: Profitability determines land use

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  • Online exam appointments must be cancelled no less than 24 hours prior to the scheduled appointment date and time. There is no cancellation fee
  • Exam center appointments must be cancelled no less than two calendar days prior to the scheduled testing appointment. There is a cancellation fee of 50 USD payable to Meazure Learning via a secure e-commerce site (credit card)

You may retest as many times as needed, if you do not pass or if you miss your scheduled exam, within your exam window or eligibility period. However, there is a fee each time that is payable to ISA. If you need to retest or have missed your exam, you must submit a request to certifications@isa.org.

If a candidate fails their exam, they may retest as many times as needed within their 12-month certification exam window or six-month certificate eligibility period. There is a fee each time retesting is needed. If a candidate does not pass the exam within the program exam deadline, the applicant must reapply for that certification or register again for the certificate course to sit for the exam.

If you fail to appear for a scheduled exam or arrive more than 15 minutes after the scheduled start time, you will be considered a no-show and forfeit your exam. However, you may retake a missed exam by paying a rescheduling fee to ISA if you are within your exam window or eligibility period. To request a rescheduled exam, email certifications@isa.org with your request. See exam procedures section #4, Rescheduling an Exam, for reschedule fee costs.

You may qualify for an exception if you meet certain conditions and submit documentation to Meazure Learning no later than five calendar days after the scheduled exam appointment. If the exception is approved, there will be a no-show exemption fee of 50 USD payable via secure e-commerce (credit card) and collected by Meazure Learning. Please contact Meazure Learning by phone at +1 919-572-6880 or email candidatesupport@meazurelearning.com for more details.
 

All ISA certification exams are closed-book and have multiple choice questions.  We apply a modified Angoff Method to determine the pass point for each exam (learn more about the modified Angoff Method below). Our certification exams last between 3 and 4 hours and our certificate exams last two hours.

ISA does not provide a passing score; you are only notified whether you passed or failed. If you fail an exam, you will receive a score report that lists the domains and indicates the percentage of questions answered correctly within each domain. Note that the percentages are not used to calculate a candidate’s passing score.

You will see your exam results on the screen at the completion of the exam. You will also receive your exam results immediately via email from (candidatesupport@meazurelearning.com). If you do not receive an email containing your results within 24 hours, please contact Meazure Learning by phone at +1 919-572-6880 or email candidatesupport@meazurelearning.com for assistance. 

If you pass your exam, you will receive an email containing a digital badge from isa_badges@isa.org within one business day of completing the exam. To access, manage, and/or share your secure digital badge, use your email address and password to enter your BadgeCert portfolio. If it is the first time accessing your portfolio or if you have forgotten your password, click “Request new password?” on their login page to create your password. More information about using your digital badge can be found here.

Be advised that we update our databases and systems with the previous month’s exam data in the first part of the following month.  ISA will update your credential status on the “My Credentials” tab from your ISA account and in ISA's Credential Directory within the first ten (10) business days of the following month you took your exam.

Modified Angoff Method

The modified Angoff Method uses expert judgements to determine the difficulty level of the exam. The easier the exam, the higher the pass point. Likewise, the more difficult the exam, the lower the pass point. The following is a basic outline of the modified Angoff Method (some details have been omitted):

  • A group of subject matter experts (SMEs) independently rate each exam question within a given form of the exam. The ratings are defined as the probability, or likelihood, that an acceptably (minimally) competent person with the requisite education and experience will answer the question correctly. An acceptably (minimally) competent person is defined as someone who adequately performs all job functions safely and requires no further training to do so.
  • The SMEs review each exam question as a group. A statistical consensus is reached for the difficulty rating of each exam question.
  • After the data is refined, the final step is to calculate the mean, or average, of all the exam question ratings. This becomes the overall pass point estimation.
Fri, 16 Jun 2023 11:37:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.isa.org/certification/exam-procedures
CISSP Certification Requirements And Cost

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP®) credential demonstrates mastery of developing and overseeing large-scale cybersecurity programs. When it comes to the best cybersecurity certifications, many consider CISSP the industry’s gold standard. Individuals who meet CISSP requirements can earn the certification and qualify to take on more professional responsibility in their cybersecurity jobs.

This guide offers information on CISSP certification requirements, including experience, suggested preparation times and CISSP certification exam costs.

What Is CISSP Certification?

CISSP certification, offered by (ISC)², is an advanced credential for information systems and cybersecurity professionals. This certification highlights an individual’s ability to create, deploy and manage cybersecurity efforts for large organizations.

CISSP certification requirements include a significant amount of professional experience and passing a lengthy exam. This credential suits experienced workers over entry-level and mid-level professionals.

Though this certification is not required by employers, it can boost candidates’ earning power and help them qualify for advanced roles in information security. CISSPs often work in positions like chief information security officer (CISO), network architect, security auditor and security manager, among others.

CISSP Certification Requirements

Aspiring CISSPs should familiarize themselves with the certification’s requirements before pursuing this credential.

Gain Experience

CISSP certification requirements stipulate that each candidate must have a minimum of five years of relevant professional experience. (ISC)² specifies eight security domains:

  • Domain 1: Security and risk management
  • Domain 2: Asset security
  • Domain 3: Security architecture and engineering
  • Domain 4: Communication and network security
  • Domain 5: Identity and access management
  • Domain 6: Security assessment and testing
  • Domain 7: Security operations
  • Domain 8: Software development security

Prospective CISSPs must accumulate experience in two of the eight domains to meet CISSP certification requirements. They can also apply (ISC)²-approved four-year college degrees and other credentials, which may qualify as a year of experience. Paid and unpaid internships also count toward the CISSP requirement.

Pass the Certification Exam

The CISSP exam covers the eight domains of security in a four-hour test comprising 125 to 175 required responses. These appear as multiple-choice questions and advanced innovative items. Test-takers must earn a 700 out of 1,000 to pass. Candidates register to take the exam with Pearson VUE.

Get Endorsed

After passing the exam, individuals can apply for endorsement online. The endorsement must come from an (ISC)²-certified professional who can advocate for your professional experience as a credential-holder in good standing. Individuals must receive endorsements within nine months of passing the exam.

Cost of Becoming a CISSP

Earning CISSP certification can deliver many professional benefits, but individuals should also understand the costs associated with pursuing the credential. Along with the required time investment, consider the following CISSP certification exam costs and any required payments relating to preparation and recertification.

CISSP Certification exam Prep

Many organizations offer prep courses for the CISSP certification exam, and their costs vary drastically. Make sure to include exam prep costs, which may range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, in your CISSP budget. (ISC)² offers several exam prep methods, including self-paced, instructor-led and team-based options.

CISSP Certification exam Cost

The CISSP certification exam costs $749. Individuals can receive vouchers from partner organizations after completing CISSP exam training courses.

Recertification Cost

Individuals must meet CISSP recertification requirements every three years to maintain their credentials. Each certification holder must earn 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over this three-year period. Costs relating to CPEs can vary significantly, but each certified individual must pay an annual $125 fee to (ISC)².

Common Careers for CISSPs

Individuals who have met CISSP requirements and earned their credentials can pursue work in many information security and cybersecurity roles. As of 2023, the number of open cybersecurity roles far outpaces the number of qualified professionals, indicating strong continued demand in the sector.

We sourced salary information for this section from Payscale.

Data from Cyberseek.org indicates that among current cybersecurity openings requiring certification, CISSP ranks as the most in-demand credential. The following section explores roles for CISSP certification-holders.

Chief Information Security Officer

Average Annual Salary: Around $173,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information security or a related field; master’s preferred
Job Description: CISOs rank among the top positions in information security for responsibility and salary. This C-suite role reports directly to the CEO and requires significant experience, practical skills and expertise in information security.

CISOs oversee their organizations’ information security efforts. Often referred to as “chief security officers,” they supervise teams of infosec workers, set organizational directives, establish company-wide best practices and manage resource allotment. CISOs working in large, international businesses may interact with government agencies and congresspeople to ensure compliance with legal standards for information security.

Information Technology Director

Average Annual Salary: Around $125,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field, MBA degree often preferred
Job Description: IT directors oversee departments of IT workers and manage organizations’ computer systems operations. They provide solutions to companies’ computer-related issues, including software upgrades, security concerns and general technical issues. IT directors communicate with executives to ensure company-wide directives are carried out successfully.

These directors research new IT software and hardware to keep their organizations up to date and safe. They track metrics for managing IT professionals, along with storage, hardware and software. IT directors also handle employee schedules and budget planning. As department heads, they must possess strong communication skills to interact with mid-level professionals and C-suite executives.

Security Analyst

Average Annual Salary: Around $73,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer and information technology or a related field
Job Description: Security analysts work in computer systems, networks and information security departments to prevent, monitor and respond to security breaches. This broad professional title refers to workers who handle a variety of tasks in computer and network security.

These professionals work in many industries as “first responders” for cyberattacks. They must demonstrate deep knowledge of hardware, software and data storage to understand potential vulnerabilities and security solutions. Security analysts may help design security systems and handle encryption efforts for businesses to protect sensitive information.

Network Architect

Average Annual Salary: Around $126,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in network engineering or a related field; master’s in cybersecurity or a related field often preferred
Job Description: Network architects design and implement organizations’ security infrastructures. These professionals test and analyze existing safety structures to identify vulnerabilities and improvements. They install and maintain computer systems, including interconnected devices like firewalls and routers.

Before deploying any updates or upgrades, these information security professionals create models to test their networks in a controlled environment. Modeling allows network architects to forecast security and traffic issues before implementing their infrastructures in the real world. They also train and educate IT workers on organizational best practices.

Frequently Asked Questions About CISSP Requirements

What are the requirements to become CISSP-certified?

The two primary CISSP requirements are passing the exam and gaining five years of relevant professional experience.

No. CISSP certification suits experienced cybersecurity and information security professionals, requiring a minimum of five years of experience in the field.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 01:12:00 -0600 Matt Whittle en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/cissp-certification-requirements/
Certified Automation Professional (CAP)

The ISA Certified Automation Professional® (CAP®) certification is a mark of career excellence that affirms your commitment to quality and demonstrates your expertise and knowledge of automation and controls. ISA CAP certification provides you with a non-biased, third-party, objective assessment and confirmation of your skills and expertise as an automation professional.

Who Are CAPs?

ISA CAP logo
CAPs are individuals who have proven they possess an extensive knowledge of automation and controls and that they have the expertise and qualifications to excel in their fields. As automation professionals who work in process automation and manufacturing automation industries around the globe, CAPs are responsible for direction, definition, design, development/application, deployment, documentation and support of software and equipment systems used in control systems, manufacturing information systems, systems integration, and operational consulting.

CAP Certification Requirements

To become an ISA CAP, you must meet certain education and work experience requirements, pass an exam, and commit to the ISA Code of Conduct. Learn more about CAP requirements.

CAP Body of Knowledge

The CAP Body of Knowledge (BOK) encompasses the full scope of knowledge, skills, and abilities needed for competent job performance. It defines automation project domains, the tasks within the domains, and the knowledge and skills required to complete the tasks. View the CAP Body of Knowledge.

How to Apply

There is no application form to fill out for CAP certification. Simply complete the following steps:

  1. Commit to the ISA Code of Conduct.
  2. Meet CAP certification criteria, qualifications, and conditions.
  3. Acknowledge that you are subject to a random application verification audit.
  4. Agree to provide the supporting documents proving your qualifications if you are audited.
  5. Pay the exam fee.

Upon paying the exam fee, the application process is complete, and you have acknowledged that you meet the requirements listed above in numbers 1–3.

Next Steps

  1. Watch for an email from our testing provider, Meazure Learning (candidatesupport@meazurelearning.com). Expect to receive it fifteen days before your exam window. The email will include information about how to schedule your exam online or at a test center. NOTE:The CAP exam fee is not included with the CAP review courses (EC00, EC00V, EC00E, and EC00M)..
  2. Watch for an email summarizing your exam results. If you pass your exam, you will also receive your digital badge and you will be listed in the ISA Credential Directory.
  3. Watch for an email from certification@isa.org regarding an audit. You will only receive this email if you have been randomly selected to be audited. If you do not receive this email, you do not need to do anything. Audits are conducted three times per year, so it may take several months after completing your exam to receive an email if you have been selected for an audit.

Click the button below to add the exam fee to your cart.

Add CAP exam Fee to Cart

About the Exam

You can take the CAP exam online from your office or home if the testing environment meets the requirements and your computer meets specifications. You can also take the exam at a Scantron test center. The CAP exam has 150 multiple-choice questions and is four hours long. Learn more about Certification Exams and Testing.

How to Prepare

We highly recommend taking the Certified Automation Professional (CAP) exam Review Course (EC00). ISA has also developed an extensive library of training courses, study guides and publications that are built around the technologies and subjects covered on the CAP exam. These resources have been developed and reviewed by subject matter experts. Learn more about the review course and the additional resources here.

Reference to Standards and Codes

The aspects of automation covered on the CAP exam reflect the tasks performed in the range of practice settings throughout the United States. Familiarity with the following standards and codes is recommended. obtain the Reference to Standards and Codes (PDF).

  • ISA Standards
  • IEEE Standards
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards
  • National Electrical Code (NEC)
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standards
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standards
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standards
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Codes and Federal Regulations
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Standards
  • US Food and Drug Administration Regulations
  • American Petroleum Institute (API) Standards

For International applicants, note that the validation study for the exams was done in the United States, so there may be questions on the exam that reference US standards and codes.

Have Questions?

For assistance with certification or certificate programs, contact us at certifications@isa.org.

For frequently asked questions, visit the following pages:

Important Announcement for CAPs and CCSTs

We are pleased to announce that our Certified Automation Professional® (CAP)® and Certified Control System Technician® (CCST®) certification programs have a brand-new look! Please check your Badgecert account to access your new logo.

Thu, 16 Nov 2023 04:46:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.isa.org/certification/cap
IDBI Executive Syllabus: PDF Download, Subject Wise Topics, exam Pattern

IDBI Executive Syllabus: The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) has released the IDBI syllabus for an executive post on the official website. All interested and eligible aspirants must follow the latest IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern and align their strategy accordingly.

Along with the IDBI Executive exam syllabus, aspirants should check the IDBI Executive exam pattern to understand exam requirements, the number of questions, maximum marks, and the marking scheme prescribed by the authority. Going by previous analysis, it was found that the questions asked in the IDBI Executive exam were moderate in nature. So, aspirants should keep the latest IDBI Executive syllabus handy before commencing their preparation.

In this blog, the IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF is compiled, including the latest exam pattern, preparation strategy, and best books.

IDBI Executive Syllabus 2023

Here are the key highlights of the IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern shared below for the convenience of aspirants.

IDBI Executive Syllabus

Exam Conducting Body

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)

Post Name

Executive

Vacancies

1300

Category

IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern

Selection Process

Online Test (OT), Document Verification (DV), and Pre Recruitment Medical Test (PRMT)

Maximum Marks

200

Duration

2 hours

IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF

Aspirants must obtain the IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF from the link shared below to understand the subjects that must be studied during exam preparation. Get the direct link to obtain the IDBI Executive Syllabus below:

IDBI Executive Syllabus: Important Topics

The IDBI Executive syllabus is divided into four subjects: i.e., logical reasoning, data analysis and interpretation, English language, quantitative aptitude, and general/economy/Banking awareness/computer/IT. Check the subject-wise IDBI Executive syllabus PDF elaborated below.

Subject

Syllabus

Reasoning Ability

Verbal Reasoning 

Classification

Sequential Output Training

Directions

Operations of Mathematics

Venn Diagram

Word Sequence

Missing Characters

Blood Relations

Coding-Decoding

Analogy

Test on Alphabets

Data Sufficiency

Alpha-Numeric Sequence Puzzle

Puzzle Test

Direction Sense Test

Assertion and Reasoning

Arithmetical Reasoning

Series Completion

Verification of truth of Statement

Situation Reaction Test

Non-Verbal Reasoning 

Construction of Squares and Triangles

Series

Completion of Sentences

Classification

Rule Detection

Analytical Reasoning

Spotting embedded figures

Mirror Images

Dot Situation

Identical Figure Groupings

Paper Folding

Paper Cutting

Cubes and Dices

Water Images

Forming figures and analysis

Figure matrix

English Language

Cloze test

Error Spotting

Sentence Improvement

Sentence Correction

Ace reading Comprehension

Fill in the blanks

Para jumble

Para/Sentence Completion

General Awareness/Banking Awareness

Current Affairs

Currencies

Important Places

Books and Authors

Banking Awareness

GK Updates

Prime Minister Schemes

Awards

Headquarters

Important Days

Quantitative Aptitude

Number series

Data Interpretation

Mensuration

Average

Profit loss and Discount

Simplification and approximation

Quadratic Equation

Speed, Time and Distance

Probability

Ratio and Proportion

Time and Work

Simple and Compound Interest

Weightage of IDBI Executive Syllabus

Candidates must be familiar with the IDBI Executive exam pattern to get an idea of the exam structure and marking scheme prescribed by the officials. The written exam comprises a total of 200 objective-type multiple-choice questions for 200 marks. A negative marking of one-fourth or 0.25 marks, is applicable for each incorrect response.

Subject

No. of Questions

Maximum Marks

Duration

Logical Reasoning, Data Analysis and Interpretation

60

60

2 hours

English Language

40

40

Quantitative Aptitude

40

40

General/Economy/Banking Awareness/ Computer/IT

60

60

Total

200

200

How to Cover the IDBI Executive Syllabus?

IDBI Executive is one of the most competitive exams in the country. Every year, many candidates apply for this recruitment against limited seats, but only a few are declared qualified in this exam. Hence, candidates must refer to the latest IDBI Executive syllabus to cover all aspects of the exam. Here is the preparation strategy to ace the IDBI Executive Recruitment exam in one attempt.

  • Check the IDBI Executive syllabus to identify the subjects important for the exam and plan the study schedule accordingly.
  • Pick expert-recommended books and online resources to clarify the basic concepts of all the subjects specified by the officials.
  • Attempt mock tests and IDBI Executive's previous year's question papers to evaluate their performance.
  • Revise all the topics, formulas, and short-cut techniques regularly to retain concepts for a definite period.

Best Books for IDBI Executive Syllabus

Candidates should check the top IDBI executive books based on the latest pattern and curriculum. The right books will help them cover all the subjects mentioned syllabus. Some of the highly recommended exam books are given below:

IDBI Executive Books

Subject

Book Name

English Comprehension

Objective General English by SP Bakshi

Quantitative Aptitude

Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examination by RS Aggarwal

General Knowledge

Lucent’s General Knowledge

Reasoning

A Modern Approach to Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

Also Read,

IDBI Executive Admit Card

Thu, 21 Dec 2023 04:45:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/idbi-executive-syllabus-pdf-download-1703144474-1
How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.

But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.

What Is PMP Certification?

Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.

PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the Holy Grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.

PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.

How to Sign Up for PMP Certification

The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.

If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.

Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP exam costs.

PMP Certification Requirements

You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.

If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

PMP Cost

Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.

To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $575 for nonmembers.

PMP Time Commitment

How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Start documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can vary depending on your schedule and study habits, location and testing center availability.

Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the exam as prepared as possible.

PMP Renewal Costs

Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Is PMP Certification Worth It?

To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.

Benefits of PMP certification

  • Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
  • Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
  • Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.

Consider Your Career

Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.

Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost

According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.

Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 23:13:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/get-pmp-certification/
CTET 2024: exam Date, Admit Card, City Intimation Slip, Pattern & Syllabus

CBSE will soon release the CTET admit card on its website. The last date to make corrections in the CTET application form is now over. The exam shall be held on 21st January 2024. CTET is a teaching exam which is held two times a year. Candidates who qualify CTET exam of the 18th edition will be able to apply for the post teacher in the primary and secondary sections in various Central and State level schools across India. Get complete information on CTET exam such as notification, eligibility, exam date, syllabus, etc.

CTET 2024 Exam 

The last date to apply for CTET 2024 exam is now over. The candidates who have filled out the CTET application form correctly will be able to obtain the CTET admit card soon from the official website which is ctet.nic.in/- The CTET exam city intimation slip, however, will be released before the admit card to let the candidates know their exam city. The admit card obtain link will be activated two days before the exam date. 

The CTET Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) released the CTET 2024 Notification at ctet.nic.in. Interested and eligible candidates could fill out the CTET application form from 3rd to 1st December 2023 (Revised). The CTET form correction 2024 window was available from 4th to 8th December 2023. The CTET 2024 exam is the 18th edition of the exam. The CTET exam date remains unchanged which is, 21st January 2024. Candidates who are looking forward to appearing for the exam should fill out the form and take the printout of the confirmation page as well.

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is a national-level exam is a national level exam which is conducted as an eligibility test for teachers to teach Primary (Classes 1 to 5) or Elementary (Classes 6 to 8). Those who qualify the CTET exam get a CTET certificate which is valid for a lifetime. The CBSE will conduct the 18th addition of CTET exam this time.

CTET Admit Card 2024

CTET admit card 2024 will be released by the CBSE for the written exam a few days before the exam date. Candidates can obtain the hall ticket by visiting the CBSE website. Here is the procedure to obtain the CTET admit card:

STEP 1: Visit ctet.nic.in

STEP 2: Click “Download Admit Card"

STEP 3: Enter your CTET 2024 Registration Number & DOB

STEP 4: Download & print the admit card

CTET 2024 January Notification

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has officially released the CTET January 2024 notification PDF on its website which is ctet.nic.in/- The CTET notification has complete details regarding the CTET exam eligibility criteria, apply online date, exam date, syllabus, exam pattern, etc. The candidates who apply for the exam must go through the detailed CTET notification as it provides you with the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the exam. Here is the direct link to obtain CTET 2024 notification PDF.

CTET Notification 2024 January PDF Download Click Here

CTET January 2024 exam Overview

The CTET exam is conducted two times in a year by the CBSE. It is an eligibility test that allows you to apply for teacher in government and non-government schools. The exam is conducted on a single day in two shifts for Paper 1 and Paper 2. Check the following table to learn the major highlights associated with the exam. 

CTET exam Particulars

Exam Details

Exam Name

Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET)

Conducting Body

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

Exam Level

National

Type of exam

Teaching exam

Mode of Exam

Online - CBT (Computer Based Test) 

No. of Papers in CTET Exam

Paper-1: 150 marks (For Primary Teachers) 

Paper-2: 150 marks (For Elementary Teachers)

Exam Time

Shift 1 - 09:30 am to 12:00 noon

Shift 2 - 02:30 pm to 05:00 pm

Total Questions

150 multiple choice questions in each paper

Marking Scheme

1 mark for each correct answer

No negative marking for incorrect answer

Language/Medium of Exam

English and Hindi

Purpose of the exam

To determine the eligibility of candidates for appointment as teachers in Classes 1-8

Official Website

ctet.nic.in

CTET 2024 exam Date

CBSE has released the CTET 2024 notification on its website along with the complete schedule of the exam on 3rd November 2023. Candidates can begin to apply for CTET exam from 3rd November to 23rd November 2023. The important dates for CTET exam such as exam date, apply online date, etc. has been specified in the following table. 

CTET January 2024: Important Dates
Events Dates
CTET January 2024 Notification releases on 3rd November 2023 
CTET Application Form Starts From 3rd November 2023
Last Date to fill Online Application 1st December 2023
Last Date to submit application fee  1st December 2023 (Extended)
CTET exam Date 21st January 2024, Sunday
CTET Admit Card releases on  2 days before the exam date
CTET Answer Key Date January 2024
CTET Result Date To be notified

What is CTET Full form?

CTET full form is Central Teacher Eligibility Test. It is a national-level exam that is organized by the Central Board of Secondary Education Delhi to appoint teachers in the government and private schools of the country. 

The CTET exam consists of two papers termed Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 1 is held for those candidates who intend to teach the primary classes, i.e Class 1 to 5 white Paper 2 is for those who wish to teach classes 6 to 8. Candidates who qualify the CTET exam get the CTET certificate that is valid for a lifetime. 

CTET January 2024 Application Form

Candidates need to fill the Online Application Form to apply for the CTET 2024 January exam. Here is the procedure to fill the CTET application form:

STEP 1: Visit official website www.ctet.nic.in

STEP 2: Click “New Registration” which appears on the page.

Here is the CTET apply online link 2023

STEP 3: Fill in the Online Application Form by entering personal details and get the Registration Number.

STEP 4: Upload Photograph and Signature in the prescribed format

STEP 5: Pay the examination Fee by e-challan or debit card/credit card/net banking

STEP 6: Print the Confirmation page

Application Fee for CTET 2024 January exam

All the candidates who apply for the CTET 2024 January exam must make sure that they have paid the application fee. A separate application fee has to be paid for each CTET paper. Here is the application fee for CTET exam. 

Category

CTET Application Fee for One Paper

CTET Application Fee for Two Papers 

General/OBC

Rs. 1,000

Rs. 1,200

SC/ST/Differently Abled Person

Rs. 500

Rs. 600

CTET 2024 Eligibility Criteria

All the candidates must ensure that they fulfil the CTET eligibility criteria to be able to apply for the exam. The eligibility consists of fulfilling the education qualification, age limit, etc. The educational qualifications for CTET primary stage and elementary stage are as follows.

CTET Qualification for Primary Stage - Classes I-V

Candidates should fulfil any one of the following qualifications to apply for CTET paper 1.

  • A candidate should have passed class 12th with at least 50% and hold 2 year diploma in elementary education degree.
  • A candidate should have passed class 12th or equivalent with at least 45% marks and have 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education.
  • A candidate should have passed class 12th or equivalent with at least 45% marks with 4-year Bachelor of Elementary Education.
  • A candidate should have passed class 12th or equivalent with at least 45% marks with a 2-year Diploma in Education (Special Education) can apply.
  • Candidates should have passed their graduation with at least 50% marks and a Bachelor of Education degree.

CTET Qualification for Elementary Stage - Classes VI to VIII

A candidate has to fulfill ANY ONE the following CTET qualification if he/she wishes to apply for being appointed as a teacher for classes VI to VIII.

  • Candidates who have completed their graduation and also hold 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education degree.
  • Candidates with a graduation degree and have scored at least 50% marks with 1-year Bachelor in Education.
  • Candidates with graduation with 45% minimum marks along with 1-year Bachelor in Education degree.
  • The candidates who cleared class 12th or equivalent exam scoring at least 50% marks and have 4-year Bachelor in Elementary Education degree.
  • The applicants with a pass in class 12th or equivalent exam with 50% marks in minimum along with 4-year B.A/ B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/ B.Sc.Ed.
  • Candidates with graduation with at least 50% marks and a 1-year B.Ed. (Special Education) degree.
  • Any candidate who has qualified B.Ed. The programme is recognized by the NCTE.

CTET Age Limit

Any candidate who is more than 21 years is eligible to apply for CTET exam. However, the upper age limit has not been prescribed for CTET exam.

CTET 2024 exam Pattern

The CTET exam pattern is divided for Paper 1 and Paper 2. We have mentioned about the CTET exam patter in the following table below. 

CTET exam Pattern for Paper 1

Candidates who intend to teach Classes I to V need to appear for Paper I. The CTET exam pattern for Paper-I is:

Subject

Number of Questions (MCQs)

Marks

Child Development and Pedagogy (Compulsory)

30

30

Language I (Compulsory)

30

30

Language II (Compulsory)

30

30

Mathematics

30

30

Environmental Studies

30

30

Total

150

150

CTET exam Pattern for Paper 2

Paper-2 will be for candidates who intend to teach Classes VI to VIII. The CTET exam pattern for Paper-2 is:

Subject

Number of Questions (MCQs)

Marks

Child Development and Pedagogy (Compulsory)

30

30

Language I (Compulsory)

30

30

Language II (Compulsory)

30

30

Mathematics and Science

(for Mathematics and Science teacher)

60

60

Social Studies/Social Science

(for Social Studies/Social Science teacher)

60

60

Total

150

150

CTET Question Paper

All the candidates willing to qualify the CTET 2024 exam must ensure that they have downloaded the CTET question paper to know about the exam trend. Practicing the CTET previous year papers gives you a good knowledge about the exam pattern and the type of questions that have been asked in the last year. This also helps them to qualify the CTET cut off marks.

 

CTET Answer Key 2024 

CBSE will release the CTET answer key 2024 on its website after it has completed the exam. More than 25 lakh candidates wait eagerly for the declaration of the CTET answer key for Paper 1 and 2. Candidates can challenge the CTET answer key by paying Rs. 1000/- per question.

CTET Result 2024

CBSE will declare the CTET result 2024 on its website in a few days after releasing the answer key. Those who appeared for the exam will be able to obtain CTET Paper 1 and 2 result from the website or the direct link that shall be shared here. The CTET result allows you to know your qualifying status for the exam.

You may also apply for other Government Jobs

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 02:12:00 -0600 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/exams/ctet
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Office of Doctoral Studies

All doctoral students must take a certification examination or examinations as part of their Certification (towards the Ed.D. and Ed.D. CTAS degree) or Master of Philosophy (towards the Ph.D. degree) requirements.

Most Certification Examinations are taken on dates set by the college in February, June, and October, proctored by the Office of Doctoral Studies, however, some programs have take-home or internal examination requirements.

Please click your Department's link on the left to find the Certification Examination requirements for your program.

For those programs that require a Certification Examination Application form, it can be downloaded in the Forms section of our website. Please review our calendar to see when the next examination is being held and when the deadline for submission of the application form is.

Please see the following link for information on the college policy for Certification Examination retakes.

https://www.tc.columbia.edu/policylibrary/associate-provost-enrollment-services/doctoral-certification-examination-retakes/

Wed, 13 Jun 2018 04:32:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.tc.columbia.edu/doctoral/certification-exam/




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