CWNA-107 syllabus is available at killexams.com

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Exam Code: CWNA-107 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
CWNA-107 Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA)

Exam Number: CWNA-107
Availability: Pearson Vue Testing Center
Duration: 90 minutes
Questions: 60 multiple choice / multiple answer
Language: English

The CWNA certification is a foundational level wireless LAN certification for the CWNP Program. To earn a CWNA certification, you must take the CWNA exam at a Pearson Vue Testing Center and pass with a 70% or higher. Instructors must pass with a 80% or higher. However you choose to prepare for the CWNA exam, you should start with the exam objectives, which cover the full list of skills tested on the exam. The CWNA certification is valid for three (3) years. To recertify, pass one of the professional level certifications exams (CWSP,CWDP, CWAP) BEFORE your CWNA expires. By doing so, the CWNA will be renewed for another three (3) years. Or retake the current version of the CWNA exam.

While the Certified Wireless Specialist (CWS) and Certified Wireless Technician (CWT) certifications are not a required prerequisite to the CWNA certification, it is highly recommended. It will provide a solid learning foundation before continuing to pursue the CWNA.

When you pass the CWNA exam, you earn credit towards the CWSP, CWDP, CWAP, and CWNE certifications and you earn the CWNA certification.
This exam measures the candidates ability to understand the fundamentals of RF behavior and to describe the features and functions of WLAN components as they apply to WLAN administration. Also tested are the skills needed to install, configure, and troubleshoot WLAN hardware peripherals and protocols in small business and enterprise deployments.
The skills and knowledge measured by this examination are derived from a Job Task Analysis (JTA) involving wireless networking experts (CWNEs) and professionals. The results of this JTA were used in weighing the subject areas and ensuring that the weighting is representative of the relative importance of the content.

Knowledge Domain Percentage
Radio Frequency (RF) Technologies 15%
WLAN Regulations and Standards 10%
WLAN Protocols and Devices 20%
WLAN Network Architecture 20%
WLAN Network Security 10%
RF Validation 10%
WLAN Troubleshooting 15%


Radio Frequency (RF) Technologies – 15%
- Define and explain the basic characteristics of RF and RF behavior
- Wavelength, frequency, amplitude, phase, sine waves
- RF propagation and coverage
- Reflection, refraction, diffraction and scattering
- Multipath and RF interference
- Gain and loss
- Amplification
- Attenuation
- Absorption
- Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
- Return Loss
- Free Space Path Loss (FSPL)
- Delay Spread
- Modulation (ASK and PSK)
- Apply the basic concepts of RF mathematics and measurement
- Watt and milliwatt
- Decibel (dB)
- dBm, dBd and dBi
- Noise floor
- SNR and SINR
- RSSI
- Signal metric conversions
- System Operating Margin (SOM), fade margin and link budget calculations
- Intentional Radiator compared with Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP)
- Identify RF signal characteristics as they relate to antennas
- RF and physical line of sight and Fresnel zone clearance
- Beamwidths
- Azimuth and Elevation charts
- Passive gain vs. active gain
- Isotropic radiator
- Polarization
- Antenna diversity types
- Radio chains
- Spatial multiplexing (SM)
- Transmit Beam Forming (TxBF)
- Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC)
- MIMO and MU-MIMO
Explain and apply the functionality of RF antennas and antenna systems and the mounting options and antenna accessories available
- Omni-directional antennas
- Semi-directional antennas
- Highly directional antennas
- Sectorized antennas and antenna arrays
- memorizing antenna charts for different antenna types
- Pole/mast mount
- Ceiling mount
- Wall mount
- Indoor vs. outdoor mounting
- RF cables, connectors and splitters
- Amplifiers and attenuators
- Lightning arrestors and grounding rods/wires
- Towers, safety equipment and related concerns

WLAN Regulations and Standards – 10%
- Explain the roles of WLAN and networking industry organizations
- IEEE
- Wi-Fi Alliance
- IETF
- Regulatory domains and agencies
- Explain the IEEE standard creation process including working groups, naming conventions, drafts and ratification
Explain and apply the various Physical Layer (PHY) solutions of the IEEE 802.11-2016 standard as amended including supported channel widths, spatial streams, data rates and supported modulation types
- DSSS – 802.11
- HR-DSSS – 802.11b
- OFDM – 802.11a
- ERP – 802.11g
- HT – 802.11n
- DMG – 802.11ad
- VHT – 802.11ac
- TVHT – 802.11af
- S1G – 802.11ah
- Identify and apply 802.11 WLAN functional concepts
- Modulation and coding
- Co-location interference
- Channel centers and widths (all PHYs)
- Primary channels
- Adjacent overlapping and non-overlapping channels
- Throughput vs. data rate
- Bandwidth
- Communication resilience
- Describe the OSI model layers affected by the 802.11-2016 standard and amendments
- Define the frequency bands used by the 802.11 PHYs
- Identify and comply with regulatory domain requirements and explain how to determine constraints within a regulatory domain
- Available channels
- Output power constraints
- Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
- Transmit Power Control (TPC)
- Explain basic use case scenarios for 802.11 wireless networks
- Wireless LAN (WLAN) – BSS and ESS
- Wireless PAN (WPAN)
- Wireless bridging
- Wireless Ad-Hoc (IBSS)
- Wireless Mesh (MBSS)
WLAN Protocols and Devices – 20%
- Describe the components that make up an 802.11 wireless service set
- Stations (STAs)
- Basic Service Set (BSS)
- Basic Service Area (BSA)
- SSID
- BSSID
- Extended Service Set (ESS)
- Ad Hoc mode and IBSS
- Infrastructure mode
- Distribution System (DS)
- Distribution System Media (DSM)
- Roaming (Layer 1 and Layer 2)
Identify and explain the basic frame types defined in the 802.11-2016 standard
- General frame format
- MAC addressing
- Beacon frame
- Association frames
- Authentication frames
- Data frames
- Acknowledgement (ACK) frames
- Block ACK frames
Explain the process used to locate and connect to a WLAN
- Scanning (active and passive)
- Authentication
- Association
- Open System Authentication and Shared Key authentication
- 802.1X/EAP and Pre-Shared Key authentication
- BSS selection
Define terminology related to the 802.11 MAC and PHY
- MSDU, MPDU, PSDU and PPDU
- A-MSDU and A-MPDU
- Guard Interval
- Interframe spaces
- Fragmentation
- PHY preamble
Explain 802.11 channel access methods
- DCF
- EDCA
- RTS/CTS
- CTS-to-Self
- NAV
- Physical carrier sense and virtual carrier sense
- Channel width operations
- HT Operation Modes
- VHT Operating Mode field
- HT and VHT protection mechanisms
- Power save modes
Describe features of, select and install WLAN infrastructure devices
- Autonomous Access Points (APs)
- Controller-based APs
- Cloud-based APs
- Distributed APs
- Management systems
- Mesh APs and routers
- WLAN controllers
- Remote office controllers and/or APs
- PoE injectors and PoE-enabled Ethernet switches
- WLAN bridges
- Home WLAN routers
Identify the features, purpose, and use of the following WLAN client devices and adapters
- USB adapters
- PCI, Mini-PCI, Mini-PCIe and Half Mini-PCIe cards
- Laptops, tablets and mobile phones
- 802.11 VoIP handsets
- Specialty devices (handheld scanners, push-to-talk, IoT)
- Configure Windows, Linux, Chrome OS, and macOS clients

WLAN Network Architecture – 20%
Identify technology roles for which WLAN solutions are appropriate and describe the typical use of WLAN solutions in those roles
- Corporate data access and end-user mobility
- Enterprise network extension
- WLAN bridging
- Last-mile data delivery – Wireless ISP
- Small Office/Home Office (SOHO) use
- Mobile offices
- Educational/classroom use
- Industrial
- Healthcare
- Hotspots
- Hospitality
- Conference/convention/arena/stadium and large high density deployments
- Transportation networks (trains, planes, automobiles)
- Law enforcement networks
Describe and implement Power over Ethernet (PoE)
- IEEE 802.3-2012, Clause 33, including 802.3af-2003 and 802.3at-2009
- Power Source Equipment
- Powered Device
- Midspan and endpoint PSEs
- Power levels
- Power budgets and powered port density
Define and describe controller-based, distributed, cloud-based, and controller-less WLAN architectures
- Core, Distribution and Access layer forwarding
- Centralized data forwarding
- Distributed data forwarding
- Control, Management and Data planes
- Scalability and availability solutions
- Intra- and Inter-controller STA roaming handoffs (OKC and FT)
- Advantages and limitations of each technology
- Tunneling, QoS and VLANs
Define and describe a multiple channel architecture (MCA) network model and contrast it with a single channel architecture (SCA) model
- BSSID and ESS configuration
- Channel selection
- AP placement
- Co-channel and adjacent channel interference
- Cell sizing (output power, antenna selection)
Match WLAN deployment requirements commonly specified to technology solutions
- Data
- Voice
- Video
- Real-Time Location Services (RTLS)
- Mobile devices (tablets and smartphones)
- High density
- AirTime Fairness
- Band steering
- HotSpot 2.0/Passpoint certification
- Radio Resource Management (RRM) and Adaptive Radio Management (ARM)
- BYOD
- Guest access
- Mobile device management (MDM)
- Network Access Control (NAC)
Determine and document required network services supporting the WLAN
- DHCP
- DNS
- NTP
- VLANs
- RADIUS
- Access Control Lists
- Wired network capacity requirements
- Cable lengths
- Cable types

WLAN Network Security – 10%
Identify weak security options that should not be used in enterprise WLANs
- WEP
- Shared Key authentication
- SSID hiding
- MAC filtering
- Improper use of WPA (TKIP/RC4)
- Open System authentication alone, with the exception of intentional public networks
- Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
Identify and configure effective security mechanisms for enterprise WLANs
- WPA2 (CCMP/AES)
- WPA2-Personal
- WPA2-Enterprise
- 802.1X/EAP framework
- RADIUS servers
- EAP methods
- Effective pre-shared key (PSK) and passphrase usage
- Per-User PSK (PPSK)
Describe and select common security enhancements and tools used in WLANs
- Captive portals
- BYOD and guest networks
- Protected management frames
- Fast Secure Roaming methods
- Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS)
- Protocol and spectrum analyzers
Explain and use secure management protocols
- HTTPS
- SNMPv3
- SSH2
- VPN

RF Validation – 10%
Explain the importance of and the process of a post-implementation validation survey
-- Verify design requirements
- Coverage
- Capacity
- Throughput
- Roaming
- Delay
- Jitter
- Connectivity
- Aesthetics
- Document real WLAN implementation results
Locate and identify sources of RF interference
- WLAN devices
- Co-Channel Interference (CCI)
- Adjacent Channel Interference (ACI)
- Non-Wi-Fi devices
- Airtime utilization
- Frequencies used
- Interference solutions
- Spectrum analysis
Perform application testing to validate WLAN performance
- Network and service availability
- VoIP testing
- Real-time application testing
- Throughput testing
- Load testing
Understand and use the basic features of validation tools
- Throughput testers (iPerf, TamoSoft Throughput Tester, etc.)
- Wireless design software (Ekahau Site Survey, iBwave Wi-Fi, AirMagnet Survey Pro, TamoSoft Survey, Aruba RFPLan)
- Protocol analyzers
- Spectrum analyzers

WLAN Troubleshooting – 15%
Define and apply industry and vendor recommended troubleshooting processes to resolve common 802.11 wireless networking problems
- Identify the problem
- Discover the scale of the problem
- Define possible causes
- Narrow to the most likely cause
- Create a plan of action or escalate the problem
- Perform corrective actions
- Verify the solution
- Document the results
Describe and apply common troubleshooting tools used in WLANs
- Protocol analyzer
- Spectrum analyzer
- Centralized management consoles
- WLAN monitoring solutions
Identify and explain how to solve the following WLAN implementation challenges using features available in enterprise class WLAN equipment and troubleshooting tools
- System throughput
- CCI and ACI
- RF noise and noise floor
- RF interference
- Hidden nodes
- Insufficient PoE power
- Lack of coverage
Troubleshoot common connectivity problems in WLANs (both WLAN connectivity and network connectivity for wireless clients)
- No signal or weak signal
- Security configuration mismatch
- Improper AP configuration
- Improper client configuration
- Faulty drivers/firmware
- Hardware failure
- DHCP issues
- Captive portal issues

Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA)
CWNP Administrator download
Killexams : CWNP Administrator obtain - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CWNA-107 Search results Killexams : CWNP Administrator obtain - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CWNA-107 https://killexams.com/exam_list/CWNP Killexams : How to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10

In a Windows operating system, an Administrator account is an account that allows a user to make changes that require administrative permissions. An Administrator has more rights on a Windows OS as compared to the users with a local account. For example, the users with a local or standard account can access files and folders on their own user space, make system changes that do not require administrative permissions, install and uninstall programs, etc. On the other hand, an Administrator can change security settings, install and uninstall software, add and remove users, make changes to other user accounts, etc. In short, to perform the tasks that require administrative permissions, you should be logged in as an Administrator. In this tutorial, we will see how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows

Every Windows computer has a Local Administrator account that is created at the time of Windows installation. As described above, the Administrator has full access to the Windows device as compared to other standard users. The Administrator can also create new and delete the existing users and change the user account permissions. You can log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 by:

  1. Using the existing Administrator Account
  2. Enabling the built-in Administrator account
  3. Creating a new Local Administrator account
  4. Changing the local or standard into an Administrator account

Let’s see all these methods in detail.

1] Using the existing Administrator Account

log in as admin

If you are starting your PC then locate the Administrator account and use the password to login.

If you are currently not logged in as an administrator and want to change to an admin, open Start, click on the user icon, select Sign out and then log into the Admin account by using its password.

2] Enabling the built-in Administrator account

The Windows OS has a built-in Administrator account. In Windows 11/10 and Windows Server 2016, the built-in Administrator account is disabled at the time of Windows installation and another local account is created which is the member of the Administrators group.

The built-in Administrator account is also called the Super Administrator account. If we compare the built-in Administrator account with the Local Administrator account, the built-in Administrator account has elevated privileges. This means when you perform the administrative tasks, you will not get the UAC prompt. Apart from that, if you want to do some serious troubleshooting on your Windows machine or if you want to recover your main account or another user account, you can use the built-in Administrator account.

Because the built-in Administrator account does not show the UAC prompt, any application can have full control over your system. Therefore, running this account on a regular basis can be risky. You should enable the built-in Administrator account only if you have to do some troubleshooting or recover other user accounts. After performing your task, you should disable it.

As explained above, every Windows OS has a Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Hence, you have to sign in to that Local Administrator account in order to enable the built-in Administrator account. After enabling the built-in Administrator account, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

3] Creating a new Local Administrator account

add a family member Windows 11

Every Windows 11/10 computer has a default Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Using that account, you can create another Local Administrator account for another user. To do so, open the Accounts page in your Windows 11/10 Settings and then click on the Family & other users option. Now, you have two options:

  • You can create a Local Administrator account for your family member.
  • You can create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member.

Let’s see how to create a Local Administrator account for a family member and other users.

 Create a Local Administrator account for your family member

You can use this option if you have another Microsoft account and you want to add that account as an Administrator to your Windows computer.

Create administrator account for family member

  1. On the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Settings, click on the Add account button next to the Add a family member option.
  2. Enter the email address of the family member and click Next.
  3. Select the role (organizer or member) and click Invite. After that, an invite will be sent to the email address.
  4. Open the email address and accept the invitation. After accepting the invitation, that account will be added automatically to your Windows device.
  5. Now, open the Family & other users page in WIndows 11/10 Accounts settings and select the newly added account.
  6. Click Change account type and select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 using that account.

Create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member

If you do not have another Microsoft account, you can still create a Local Administrator account. This time, you have to add an account in the Other users section on the Family & other users page. The steps are as follows:

Create administrator account for other users

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Click on the Add account button next to Add other user.
  3. You will be prompted to enter your email address. Click on the I don’t have this person’s sign-in information link.
  4. Now, click Add a user without a Microsoft account.
  5. Enter your username and password. After that, select the security questions and type your answers.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Now, select the newly created account and click Change account type.
  8. Select Administrator in the drop-down and click OK.

Now, you can use this account to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read: How to rename built-in Administrator Account in Windows.

4] Changing the local or standard account into an Administrator account

If you already have created a local account on your Windows machine, you can change its type and use that account to login as an Administrator. The steps to change the local account to an Administrator account are as follows:

change user account type windows 11

  1. Open the Family & other users page in Windows 11/10 Accounts settings.
  2. Select the local user account under the Other users section.
  3. Click on the Change account type button and select Administrator in the drop-down.
  4. Now, click OK.

How do I log onto my computer as an Administrator?

At the time of Windows installation, a Local Administrator account is created automatically. You can use that account to log onto your computer as an Administrator. Apart from that, you can also enable the hidden or built-in Administrator account or create an additional Local Administrator account.

We have explained all these methods above in this article.

How do I run Windows as an Administrator?

To run Windows as an Administrator, you should have an Administrator account. There are different methods by which you can create an Administrator account. In addition to this, you can also enable the built-in Administrator account. But it is not recommended to use the built-in Administrator account on a regular basis due to security issues.

This is all about how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.

Read next: How to fix the disabled Administrator account on Windows 11/10.

Login as an Administrator in Windows
Mon, 14 Mar 2022 12:38:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.thewindowsclub.com/how-to-login-as-an-administrator-in-windows
Killexams : You Need a New Admin Account on Your Mac

Photo: Margirita_Puma (Shutterstock)

Some Mac users have a single administrator account on their machines. There’s nothing wrong with that if you’re the only person who uses the computer. If others have access your Mac, though, you should create a second account for added security. Here’s why.

When you share an admin account with others, there is nothing stopping them from creating a new user account and removing admin privileges from your own account. You can see this issue play out in this Reddit post, where the poster’s ex made themselves the admin and blocked the OP from a host of actions on the Mac. As long as they know your account password, they can make themselves the admin on your machine.

The simplest way to prevent this situation is to create a separate admin account only you can access. First, click the Apple logo in the top-left corner of your screen and select System Settings or System Preferences.

Now go to Users & Groups. Click the Add Account or the + icon and make a new account. You should use a secure password for this account and store it in a password manager so you don’t forget it. Don’t forget to select Administrator from the drop-down menu next to New Account. When you’re done, select Create User.

This will make a fresh admin account on the computer. The next step is to switch to the new admin account. Click the Apple logo in the top-left corner and select Lock Screen. Select Switch User, enter the password, and log in. Go to Users & Groups in System Settings again, select your old user account, and uncheck Allow this user to administer this computer.

You can now safely log out of your admin account and use your old account as you always would. If someone else uses your machine, they won’t be able to demote you to a user account with fewer privileges.

For convenience’s sake, you can also make your Mac automatically log in to your main account. You can find this option in System Settings/Preferences > Users & Groups. On macOS Ventura, select the account from the Automatically log in as... menu. On older versions of macOS, you can click Login Options and enable Automatic Login.

This option will be unavailable if you’ve enabled FileVault encryption on your Mac. We don’t recommend disabling that option because it’s an important security feature. You’re better off logging in manually—it only takes a second or two.

Fri, 11 Nov 2022 06:35:00 -0600 en text/html https://lifehacker.com/you-need-a-new-admin-account-on-your-mac-1849772119
Killexams : Murray administrator resigns one week after arrest
Rachelle Terry accused of having sexual relationship with a student and providing alcohol to minors

CHATSWORTH, Georgia (WDEF) – An official in the Murray County school system has resigned after her arrest last week.

Rachelle Terry was arrested last week.

She faces charges of statutory rape and child molestation after investigators said she had a relationship with a student.

Terry also faces charges of providing alcohol to underage teens at a Halloween party.

She was the director of enrollment, data collection and federal programs for the school system.

Terry had been on administrative leave since returning from Thanksgiving break.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 09:59:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.wdef.com/murray-administrator-resigns-one-week-after-arrest/
Killexams : TSA administrator says new cyber requirements in the works for aviation industry

The administrator of the Transportation Security Administration, said Wednesday that the agency would deliver new cybersecurity requirements for the aviation industry "in the not-too-distant future." 

Speaking at the Aspen Cyber Summit, TSA chief David Pekoske said that the administration is following a similar method of developing the forthcoming cybersecurity rules as it did for the oil and gas pipeline sector, when it released a series of security guidelines in 2021 following the Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack. 

Pekoske declined to provide more details on a timeline or what those directives may include, but according to a Reuters report, several U.S. airport websites were hit this week with what seemed to be coordinated denial-of-service attacks that the TSA attributed to pro-Russian hackers.

While those attacks did not appear to affect airport operations, they echo the urgency of the White House following Colonial Pipeline attack, where Pekoske said officials held top secret-level briefings with the nation's most critical pipeline owners to help develop a baseline set of cybersecurity requirements for the oil and natural gas pipeline industry.

Before the TSA released those individual directives for the pipeline industry in July 2021, the White House held briefings for the chief executive officers of the most critical pipeline companies in the U.S. in sensitive compartmented information facilities, or SCIFs, to "frankly exchange perspectives and then figure out the way forward," Pekoske said.

The TSA administrator said he attended several of the White House briefings with critical pipeline owners, which were enabled by the National Security Council.  

"We felt it was very important … for the CEOs to see the 'why' – why we were reacting the way we were, and why we needed their support in reallocating resources and priorities within their companies to build cybersecurity resilience within that sector," he said. "My reaction to it was, 'Wow, we should be doing this all the time.'"

TSA eventually released multiple cybersecurity directives for critical pipelines owners and operators in response to the Colonial Pipeline attack, requiring operators to report confirmed and potential cybersecurity incidents to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency and to address cybersecurity risks and remediation measures to the TSA and CISA within 30 days, among other directives. 

It's unclear whether aviation industry leaders will also take part in similar top secret-level briefings, but the Reuters story also noted that as a condition of its airport terminal grants, the Federal Aviation Administration recently issued a notice to airports "to consider and address physical and cyber security risks relevant to the transportation mode and type and scale of the project." 

Pekoske said that it's vital for the administration to engage and collaborate with industry leaders on the cybersecurity challenges facing them. 

"Most of the critical infrastructure in the country is owned by the private sector," he added. "The private sector should be aware of the extent of the threat that they're facing so they can look at the vulnerability [and] consequences and determine the risk that they're undertaking." 

Thu, 17 Nov 2022 16:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://fcw.com/security/2022/11/tsa-administrator-says-new-cyber-requirements-works-aviation-industry/379901/
Killexams : UA students, faculty call to remove university administrator after clash with student

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Mon, 21 Nov 2022 13:12:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/arizona-education/2022/11/22/ua-students-faculty-want-administrator-gone-after-clash-with-student/8249873001/
Killexams : Billings city administrator gets OK for 3 more years; pay raised to $206K

Billings City Administrator Chris Kukulski received a three-year, $206,435 vote of confidence from City Council this week.

On Monday council approved Kukulski's performance review along with an updated, three-year employment agreement that included a 3% raise.

The 3% raise would bring Kukulski's annual compensation to $206,435, the second-highest city administrator's pay in the state; Bozeman is highest with an annual city administrator salary of $275,000.

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Council agreed that it was fair compensation in line with market rates for the person managing the state's largest city.

While Kukulski has been broadly praised by council for his job performance over the years, he's never had his contract renewed with a unanimous vote.

Each time Kukulski's contract has come up for approval since his hiring in 2018, at least one council member has voted against renewal. Often, the dissenting vote is couched as an objection to a pay raise while the city sits under financial stress. 

Council member Pam Purinton was the only dissenting vote on Monday and she cast it after expressing some discomfort with the latitude given to Kukulski by his contract for city-paid professional development expenditures, like attending conferences or training.

"To me, it's very open-ended," she said.

Council member Roy Neese, who voted against Kukulski's contract in 2019 because of the raise it included, pushed back on Purinton's assessment. He pointed to his own experience with hiring executives and the contract language he's seen that dictates professional development expenditures. 

"This is very standard," he said.

Council was set to approve Kukulski's contract earlier this month but a question about how to interpret the deferred compensation option in his contract delayed the vote. 

Part of Kukulski's compensation includes a 12% contribution from the city that pays into his state retirement account. New language in the employment agreement gives Kukulski the flexibility to take a portion of that 12% as take-home pay.

Council members thinking that the language was too imprecise and would have potentially left open the possibility that should Kukulski choose to take home some of that 12% it would, at least on paper, increase the amount of his official base pay.

Last week, council and staff adjusted the contract to specify that whatever Kukulski chooses to take home of that 12% contribution would not be calculated as a part of his base salary or base pay. 

Kukulski's job performance review was smooth and productive, and it involved feedback from council members and from the city department heads that report directly to Kukulski, said Mayor Bill Cole.

It was the first time the city had included Kukulski's department heads as part of the review, seeking their input on their boss's performance. They all believed it made for a more thorough performance review.

Kukulski was hired by the city in October 2018 on a $179,000 contract and started the next month. Before joining Billings, Kukulski was the executive vice president for business development at Zoot Enterprises in Billings, and before that the former Bozeman and Kalispell city manager.

Since his hiring, Kukulski has helped the city pass two public safety mill levies, steered city services through the COVID-19 pandemic and helped find a new home for City Hall.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 11:12:00 -0600 en text/html https://billingsgazette.com/news/local/billings-city-administrator-gets-ok-for-3-more-years-pay-raised-to-206k/article_cd841620-7031-11ed-9060-23228baf58c8.html
Killexams : Georgia school district administrator arrested for child molestation, sex with minor student

A Georgia school district administrator allegedly plied minors with alcohol and slept with a student, authorities said Thursday in announcing her arrest.

Dr. Rachelle Louise Terry, 43, of Chatsworth, is facing child molestation and statutory rape charges for allegedly having a sexual relationship with a student.

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She has also been charged with 10 counts of furnishing alcohol to minors during a Halloween party this year, the Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI) said Thursday.

The alleged relationship came to light as authorities were investigating the alcohol incident, which is when investigators asked the GBI to step in on Nov. 23, WAGA-TV reported.

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Rachelle Louise Terry

Terry was being held in the Murray County Jail.

Authorities said the investigation is “active and ongoing” and encouraged anyone with information to contact the GBI.

Terry’s contract mandates that she be kept on paid leave until a hearing can be conducted, WTVC-TV reported. She is the director of federal programs, data collections and enrollment, according to the school district’s website. She has officially been placed on paid administrative leave, the district said.

“We are shocked and saddened to hear of the criminal charges involving our employee,” a spokesperson told WTVC. “These are extremely serious charges. The safety and well-being of our students are always a top priority for Murray County Schools.”

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 05:45:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/ny-georgia-school-administrator-arrested-statutory-rape-child-molestation-terry-20221201-qftnfrq4frdzxooopat6zmxaou-story.html
Killexams : Anne Heche's son named administrator of her estate Anne Heche and Homer Laffoon © Provided by Bang Showbiz Anne Heche and Homer Laffoon

Anne Heche’s son has been granted control over her estate.

The 'Donnie Brasco' actress died in August following a car crash and since then, her 20-year-old offspring Homer Laffoon - whose father is her ex-husband Coleman Laffoon - and former partner James Tupper have been locked in a dispute over the control of her affairs.

However, on Wednesday (30.11.22), Homer was named general administrator of his mother's estate and granted permission to “take possession of all the personal property of the estate of the decedent and preserve it from damage, waste, and injury.

Judge Lee Bogdanoff dismissed claims from James - who has 13-year-old son Atlas with the late star - that Homer is "not suitable" to run the estate because of his age, unemployment status and the fact he wasn't in contact with his mother at the time of her death.

The judge added: “I find no malfeasance by Mr. Laffoon."

In addition, the judge also denied James' request for a hearing to investigate a claim that Anne's $200,000 jewellery collection has gone missing.

The judge did issue a caveat that Homer could be removed as administrator if any evidence of fraud or embezzlement surfaces related to the estate.

A future hearing has been scheduled to address an $800,000 bond on the estate previously requested by Homer because the judge noted the value of Anne's estate is not yet set as she still has acting residuals incoming, as well as plans for the release of her second memoir in January.

As part of his new role, Homer is able to receive copies of his mother's financial records, file tax returns on her behalf, and "commence and maintain or defend" suits and other legal proceedings.

Homer's legal team welcomed the ruling.

Attorney Bryan Phipps told People magazine: “We believe the court reached the correct result this morning, both legally and equitably, and are glad to have this phase of the process behind us.

“With Mr. Tupper’s allegations and objections now resolved, we are hopeful the administration of the Estate can proceed without unnecessary complication.”

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 12:05:00 -0600 en-SG text/html https://www.msn.com/en-sg/entertainment/celebrity/anne-heche-s-son-named-administrator-of-her-estate/ar-AA14Muuf
Killexams : Georgia school administrator accused of sex with student, providing booze to minors

A veteran Georgia school administrator had a sexual relationship with a student and provided booze for underage kids at a Halloween party, authorities allege.

Rachelle Louise Terry, 43, was arrested on multiple charges, the Georgia Bureau of Investigation announced Thursday.

The probe of Terry — who’s been with the Murray County school district for more than 20 years — began Nov. 9, when the superintendent contacted the sheriff’s office about the alcohol-fueled party with underage kids, according to the Dalton Daily Citizen.

“I believe there had been a parental complaint,” Murray County Sheriff Jimmy Davenport told the newspaper.

Terry faces one count of statutory rape, two of child molestation and 10 of furnishing alcohol to minors during the Halloween party, the GBI said in its press release.

As of Sunday afternoon, Terry remained in custody at the county jail, the sheriff’s office confirmed.

Terry has been placed on paid administrative leave, the school system told Fox Chattanooga. A school spokesperson told the outlet the district was “shocked and saddened” about the criminal charges.

A school in Georgia's Murray County system is pictured..
Terry works for the Murray County school system.
Murray County Schools

“These are extremely serious charges,” the spokesperson said. “The safety and well-being of our students are always a top priority for the Murray County School.”

Terry earns $110,000 a year, and is the director of federal programs, the Dalton Daily Citizen reported.

The sheriff’s office turned the probe over to the Conasauga District Attorney’s Office since the sheriff’s office provides safety officers to the school system, Davenport told the newspaper.

Once the DA’s office unearthed a possible alleged sexual relationship between Terry and a student, the office on Nov. 23 requested the GBI get involved. The probe is ongoing. 

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 08:59:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://nypost.com/2022/12/04/georgia-school-administrator-rachelle-terry-accused-of-sex-with-student/
Killexams : Jackson water system administrator says city's water is 'high-quality'

The third-party administrator for Jackson's water system is happy with how things are going so far."We're running very well at the moment. A lot of confidence. EPA is still on-site testing the water regularly," administrator Ted Henifin said. "I tell everybody this is the most tested water in America right now. If you're thinking about drinking water, come to Jackson because this water is really high-quality, and it's very, very well tested and approved." Henifin, who has 40 years of experience, was selected to manage the city's water plants and systems as part of an agreement between the city, the state, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Justice. A federal judge signed off on the interim stipulated order last week, which allows for federal oversight and the administrator to ensure Jackson residents have clean, reliable water. Mayor Chokwe Antar Lumumba said the administrator is the next step in providing immediate and long-term solutions for the city's water system. Lumumba said the city will continue to work with Henifin and the EPA to stabilize the water system. "What you are witnessing is not a takeover, it is an agreement. It is a stipulated agreement," Lumumba said.The mayor said the agreement opens the door for the city to have more expertise at the table. "The best is yet to come. In a short period of time, we will reveal what this agreement allows us to do. It will be big," Lumumba said.Lumumba said there will be a town hall meeting at 6 p.m. Wednesday at Forest Hill High School. He said the public will have an opportunity to meet Henifin and ask questions about the future of Jackson's water system.

The third-party administrator for Jackson's water system is happy with how things are going so far.

"We're running very well at the moment. A lot of confidence. EPA is still on-site testing the water regularly," administrator Ted Henifin said. "I tell everybody this is the most tested water in America right now. If you're thinking about drinking water, come to Jackson because this water is really high-quality, and it's very, very well tested and approved."

Henifin, who has 40 years of experience, was selected to manage the city's water plants and systems as part of an agreement between the city, the state, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Justice. A federal judge signed off on the interim stipulated order last week, which allows for federal oversight and the administrator to ensure Jackson residents have clean, reliable water.

Mayor Chokwe Antar Lumumba said the administrator is the next step in providing immediate and long-term solutions for the city's water system. Lumumba said the city will continue to work with Henifin and the EPA to stabilize the water system.

"What you are witnessing is not a takeover, it is an agreement. It is a stipulated agreement," Lumumba said.

The mayor said the agreement opens the door for the city to have more expertise at the table.

"The best is yet to come. In a short period of time, we will reveal what this agreement allows us to do. It will be big," Lumumba said.

Lumumba said there will be a town hall meeting at 6 p.m. Wednesday at Forest Hill High School. He said the public will have an opportunity to meet Henifin and ask questions about the future of Jackson's water system.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 06:17:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wapt.com/article/jackson-water-system-administrator-says-citys-water-is-high-quality/42157052
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