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CWAP-403 Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP) tricks |
Fri, 22 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600en-UStext/html Fast Lean Pro Reviews CLINICALLY CHECKED You Need To Know No result found, try new keyword!Just one serving of Fast Lean Pro tricks the body into thinking it's had a substantial meal. However, fiber does not add any major calories as it moves through the digestive system. To maximize ... Mon, 28 Aug 2023 07:29:00 -0500 en-US text/html Professional Organizing Tips and Tricks That’ll Change Your Life in 2024
Woman's World aims to feature only the best products and services. We update when possible, but deals expire and prices can change. If you buy something via one of our links, we may earn a commission.

Questions? Reach us at

The new year is here and if you have decluttering and organizing on the brain, we hear you! Woman's World connected with some of the best in the organization world to help you get neat and tidy in 2024. Hear from experts about the best way to declutter your space, plus the products that can help keep you organized.

What can homeowners do to get organized in 2024?

"Prioritize and declutter," Sarit Weiss, Founder and Lead Organizer of Neat & Orderly, a Professional Organizing company in New York City, says simply.

"Start by identifying the area that bothers you the most and prioritize it. Tackling one space at a time prevents burnout and allows for a more focused approach."

Decluttering should also be part of this process. "Get rid of items you no longer need or use," Weiss says. "Consider donating, recycling, or selling to minimize unnecessary belongings."

Weiss also suggests investing in functional storage solutions to help with the decluttering. Below are some products recommended by professional organizers as well as some of our favorites!

Functional storage and organizers for the New Year

Functional Storage

Buy from QVC, $97

"Choose modular shelving, storage bins, and multipurpose furniture to maximize space efficiently," Weiss says. "Customizable storage solutions adapt to your specific needs, making organization a seamless process."

Buy Now

Drawer Dividers

Buy from The Container Store, $20

"Invest in drawer dividers to keep smaller items organized and easily accessible," Weiss suggests.

Buy now

Closet Organizers

Buy from The Container Store, $32

"Closet organizers can make a significant difference in maintaining an orderly wardrobe," adds Weiss.

Buy now

Stackable Organizers

Buy from The Container Store starting at $10

"Consider stackable storage solutions such as stackable sweater bins and stackable shoe bins to make the most of vertical space and keep items neatly arranged," Weiss says, suggesting this large drop-front shoe box in black ($13 from The Container Store).

Buy now

Storage Ottoman

Buy from Amazon, $281

"A bestseller, the Harrison Coffee Table Storage Ottoman features a contemporary design with a split-top tufted top," organizing experts from Simpli-Home tell us. "One side lifts to become a table, perfect for working or eating on, and it has a large storage basin to hide blankets, books or any other items. Choose from kind vegan leather, tweed or linen in various colors to suit any home."

Buy now

Storage Table

Buy from SimpliHome, $659

"Made from solid mango wood, the Hunter Coffee Table caters to a variety of needs," say SimpliHome experts. "The top can be lifted on two sides, revealing storage space and offering an elevated surface suitable for work or dining. Additionally, the table features two open compartments, perfect for showcasing books, decorative items and more."

Buy now

Storage Bench

Buy from SimpliHome, $289

"Perfect for a mudroom or entryway, the Brooklyn Entryway Storage Bench is the epitome of 'form follows function.,'" adds SimpliHome. "Crafted with high-quality solid wood, the bench comfortably seats 2 people and lifts up to reveal 2 large internal storage compartments. The contemporary style is offered in several finishes, including Dark Coffee Brown, Black, Medium Saddle Brown, White, Light Golden Brown, and Farmhouse Grey."

Buy now

Organizing Activity Cards

Buy from Amazon, $20

Diane N. Quintana, a Certified Professional Organizer at DNQ Solutions, LLC, created this deck of cards with fellow organizer, Jonda Beattie. "We recommend our clients use the deck of cards to declutter their home," Quintana says. "Then, if they require organizing bins, baskets or drawers we measure the space, determine what the product will hold, and then find the products for our clients."

Buy now

Organizing Journal

Buy from Amazon, $25

Quintana also created this planner for organization. "It has a place to record three quick wins and fields to capture all the necessary information for the day," Quintana tells Woman's World. "This planner is undated. You use it when you need it and there are no wasted pages."

Buy now

Editor's organization picks

We couldn't conclude this article without some of my favorite organization picks! These products have been tested and loved by me and I highly recommend them to anyone looking to get organized in the new year.

Closet Drawer Unit

Buy from The Container Store, $129

Editor's Note: I use these drawers in my linen closet to organize soaps, candles, and household cleaning products, but it would be great in any closet! The drawers are wide enough and deep enough to hold a lot, including all of my gift wrapping supplies, cleaning cloths, and more.

Buy Now

Makeup Organizer

Buy from Amazon, $50

Editor's Note: When something goes viral, I have to try it! This makeup bag isn't the exact one that took off on TikTok (that makeup organizer retails for $100) but it's similar and has the LED lighted mirror and customizable compartments, which is all I need to organize my various beauty products.

Buy Now

Pantry Organizer

Buy from The Container Store, $155

Editor's Note: For me, an organized pantry is life. Being able to see everything we have food-wise helps me shop smarter, cook better, and snack simpler!

Buy Now

Want more organizing tips for 2024? Keep reading!

5 Expert Tips for Storing Christmas Decorations Without Cluttering Your Home

5 Surprising Downsizing Tricks That Will Nix Clutter and Ramp Up Your Style

7 Easy Ways to Use Baskets to Store Things in Every Room of Your Home

Woman’s World may receive compensation for purchases made when you click on a link and buy something from this article.

Woman’s World aims to feature only the best products and services. We update when possible, but deals expire and prices can change. If you buy something via one of our links, we may earn a commission.

Questions? Reach us at

Thu, 28 Dec 2023 19:37:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Professional Magician and Former Pastor Reveals How Tricks Invented for Entertainment Have Been Turned Into Weapons in New Book

Misdirection shares how to detect manipulation in advertising, the news, the voting booth, at home, in church - and even within yourself

LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / December 19, 2023 / Fool proof your life and learn how to recognize illusion from reality. In his new book, Misdirection: A Magician's Guide to Spotting and Avoiding Manipulation in Your Life (WonderFull Entertainment, February 13, 2024) former pastor and professional magician, Taylor Hughes, shows how to spot manipulation, evaluate its harm, and move forward with hope.

Misdirection Book Cover
Misdirection Book Cover

"Misdirection has found its way off the theatrical stage and into our businesses, politics, and even churches," writes Hughes. "In some cases, the people utilizing these techniques of distraction are unaware of the harm they are causing. However, in more scenarios than we would like to admit, the motives are much more intentional and detrimental."

As a professional magician, Hughes has spent decades studying how to deceive people. In the book, he covers ways misdirection can be recognized and avoided at work, at church, in the voting booth and at home. He will reveal secrets to incredible magic tricks followed by a discussion of how those techniques are at play in our everyday lives.

Hughes is available for interviews, as well as performing a trick or segment on a show, and can speak to:

  • How misdirection can cloud your path in life and work
  • 3 tips leaders can follow to avoid manipulation in the workplace
  • 3 ways not to be misguided at the voting polls in 2024

Hughes is currently on a west coast swing of his national tour. His new comedy magic special "Enjoy The Ride" is streaming now on YouTube. For more information on the tour, or the special, visit

Taylor Hughes
Comedian/Magician Taylor Hughes left his life as a former megachurch pastor 10 years ago and now uses his skills of storytelling and prestidigitation to entertain and encourage audiences around the globe. His comedy magic specials ‘Chasing Wonder' & ‘Enjoy The Ride' are streaming worldwide and his memoir ‘Road To Wonder' is available at your favorite retailer.

Taylor is married to his high school sweetheart, Katie. They make their home in Southern California with their two daughters, Madelyn and Kennedy.

His new book, Misdirection is available for preorder nationwide and releases February 13, 2024. To learn more about Hughes and his work, please visit



Misdirection by Taylor Hughes

  1. What led you to write Misdirection?
  2. What led you to become a magician?
  3. How can misdirection cloud your path in life and work?
  4. What are some tips you can share with leaders on how to avoid manipulation in the workplace?
  5. With the 2024 presidential election taking place within the next year, what are some ways voters can avoid feeling misguided as they head to the voting polls in November?

Contact Information

Kim Garcia
media requests
(323) 524-7456

SOURCE: WonderFull Entertainment


View the original press release on

Mon, 18 Dec 2023 18:15:00 -0600 en text/html
Pro Tricks to Starting a Fire in Your Fireplace Fast + the Two Things *Not* to Use

A roaring fire can make any dark, cold night feel warm and cozy — but anyone who has tried to start a real wood-burning fire knows it’s not as easy as it looks. Starting a proper fire takes several elements, including materials that will burn at different speeds as well as the right temperatures to create oxygen flow that will feed the flames, explains campfire expert Tyler Schneli of “Leave out any of these keys, and your fire will fizzle.” Luckily, with these expert tricks for how to start a fire in a fireplace, you’ll be listening to that snap, crackle, pop in no time!

How to start a fire in a fireplace step 1: Use *these* 3 materials

Planning the perfect fireplace fire only requires gathering three materials.

1. Tinder

“Tinder is a very fine material that requires only a spark to light and will burn quickly to get the kindling started,” explains Schneli, revealing that typical materials are moss, wood shavings, dry bark and cotton balls. Important to note: While many people use newspaper or other types of paper as tinder, this is not recommended, cautions Peter Duncanson, a fire and disaster restoration expert with Service Master Restore. Paper can create too much heat, which then floats up the chimney and may cause a roof fire. Plus, paper that contains dyes or ink, like newspaper, can supply rise to chemical fumes that get into your home.

2. Kindling

Kindling is made from small sticks or thin pieces of wood. “This material catches fire more easily than logs, but it burns more slowly than tinder,” Schneli explains. “Its purpose is to stay aflame long enough to catch your logs on fire.” Another great kindling option beside sticks? Dried citrus peels! “The flammable oils in the peels allows them to burn longer than regular kindling, so they’ll do a great job catching your logs on fire and smell great to boot,” says Olivia John, blogger at

3. Seasoned wood

Seasoned wood, which is meant to burn a long time once it catches, produces that lovely crackling sound that lasts all night. Logs should be between 16 and 18 inches in length and around 5 inches wide — this size will fit most fireplaces and wood stoves. Smaller logs will simply burn faster, so you’ll need to feed the fire more often, while larger logs will be harder to light but will burn longer once you get them going.

Important to note: “Seasoned” means the wood has been dried out for at least a year — you can typically determine this by making sure the bark is loose and the ends of the logs are cracked. It should also be grayer in color rather than yellow or green. Not only will seasoned wood catch more easily and burn more evenly, it’s also the only safe type of wood to use in an indoor fireplace. That’s because unseasoned wood — also referred to as “wet” or “green” wood — can lead to creosote buildup in your chimney. More on that below!

“Using all three elements — tinder, kindling and seasoned wood — is the ideal way to quickly catch a fire and keep it going,” assures Schneli. “Skip the tinder, and you’ll find the kindling too difficult to light; skip the kindling and the tinder will burn too quickly to light the logs.”

How to start a fire in a fireplace step 2: stack the fire

The way you place the three materials in your fireplace can make the difference between a fire that lights right up and one that quickly fizzles. “A fire needs three things: a spark, combustible materials for fuel and oxygen to breathe,” explains William Horton from HomebodyForever. “Stacking tinder, kindling and seasoned wood correctly helps ensure good oxygen flow and a healthy fire.”

There are three main ways to stack a fire — they’re all equally effective, but one might be easier than the others depending on the size of your logs or your firebox, the brick or stone area where you light your fire. Just find the “design” that best suits you:

1. Larger firebox? Use the log cabin method

Lay down your tinder, then pile a bit of kindling on top. Now stack two logs parallel to each other on top of the kindling; set two other logs perpendicular on top. This creates an empty square space in the middle of the logs that will keep oxygen flowing once the fire gets going.

To see this method in action, watch the video below:

2. Tall firebox? Use the cone method

Lucy Lambriex/Getty

Consider this shape if your firebox is tall and somewhat narrow and the logs are small. To start, prop up the kindling vertically to form a small cone — like you’re building a teepee — and place the tinder at the base. Light the tinder and continue adding kindling until the flame burns hot. Then lean your logs against the outside of the “teepee.” Leave space between the logs to prevent the fire from being smothered.

3. Small firebox? Use the lean-to method

This strategy is best for smaller fireboxes or if the logs are on the larger side. Start by putting down a layer of tinder; place just one larger log on top, then lean a layer of kindling against the log. Light the tinder, and as the fire starts to build, the log will begin to burn. You may now slowly add more wood to the fire.

How to start a fire in a fireplace step 3: Light the fire

Now that your three materials are stacked properly, you’re ready to light your fire! Though you’ve heard it before, it bears repeating: Never start a fire indoors using lighter fluid. It can create a huge initial flame that may lead to a house fire. Instead, just use a long match or grill lighter and light your tinder until it catches. Touch the flame to pieces on both sides and the middle so the tinder catches evenly.

After a minute or so, the kindling should catch, and your logs should follow suit a few minutes after that. If the fire goes out, simply start again by adding more tinder and kindling and re-sparking it.

Related: The Cola Trick to Getting Bricks to Look Their Best + More Ways to Clean a Fireplace

To ensure fireplace safety


Wood stoves and fireplaces cause more than 4,000 home fires every year — and are responsible for up to 90% of home heating-related fire injuries, according to the National Fire Protection Association. One of the top causes? Creosote buildup, the unburned hydrocarbons in wood.

“Creosote can damage the lining of your chimney and is highly flammable,” explains Russ Dimmitt, director of education for the Chimney Safety Institute of America. “Levels of creosote can increase when burning wood that’s too ‘wet ’— this creates a higher percentage of hydrocarbons, which condense on the chimney walls. That’s why using seasoned wood is so important when burning fires indoors."

Another way to ensure less condensation? Pre-heating your flue, the area right above the damper — this helps warm the chimney column and leads to less condensation. To do: light one end of a dry stick or piece of kindling, then hold it above the damper toward the chimney as far as you can reach. You’ll know it’s pre-heated when the smoke from the small flame stops flowing back into the fire area and starts getting pulled upward, usually after 30 seconds or so. Now you’re good to start your fire!

Bonus: This will cause less smoke to flow back into your home when you get your fire started.

For more fireplace or fire starting tips, click through the links below!

13 Freestanding Fireplaces to Cozy Up in Front Of

The Cola Trick to Getting Bricks to Look Their Best + More Ways to Clean a Brick Fireplace

How to Light Charcoal Without Lighter Fluid — BBQ Pros’ Genius Tricks Make It Easy

Mon, 18 Dec 2023 21:07:00 -0600 en-US text/html
iPhone 15 Pro Tips and Tricks No result found, try new keyword!The new iPhone 15 Pro and iPhone 15 Pro Max have the most impressive cameras Apple has created to date. Here's how you can get the most out of them to make your photos and videos look stunning. Mon, 25 Sep 2023 02:01:00 -0500 en text/html iPhone 14 Pro has a brilliant trick for measuring a person’s height

The iPhone 14 Pro is out of stock right now, and it’ll be a miracle if you can order one in time for Christmas. But those people who already own the handset should know about a brilliant built-in trick they might not know about. It’s not a must-have feature, and it’s a trick that you’ll rarely use. But it’s exciting nonetheless. The iPhone 14 Pro and Pro Max can instantly measure a person’s height.

If you own the iPhone 12 Pro, 13 Pro, or their Pro Max versions, you can also take advantage of the same feature. We’re just focusing on the iPhone 14 Pros, as these are the existing iPhones. Not to mention that many people who upgraded to iPhone 14 Pro might come from iPhone models predating the iPhone 12 series.

Apple introduced the Measure app several years ago, an augmented reality (AR) application that lets you measure objects and people around you with the help of the iPhone’s camera.

But the iPhone 14 Pro models will let you measure someone’s height by simply pointing the handset at the person. Open the Measure app, and ensure the entire target appears on the screen. That means the person has to be visible from head to toe.

As MacRumors explains, that’s all you have to do to get the height of the person. You don’t have to tap the screen and select anything. A line will appear at the top of the person’s head, showing their height. Depending on your region, it’ll appear either in feet and inches or centimeters. You can customize the units in the app.

Moreover, you can take a photo from the Measure app, which will display the person and their height. You can then share the picture with the person.

The reason measuring someone’s height is so easy on iPhone 12 Pros through iPhone 14 Pros models concerns the hardware. Apple introduced a LiDAR sensor on Pro devices in 2020, and that’s what makes this feature possible. The sensor measures how long it takes light to travel from the phone to objects. Therefore, the sensor will come in handy in AR apps like the Measure apps.

The LiDAR sensor also helps Apple Excellerate the focus of the rear-facing camera system.

Getting back to the instant height measuring trick, it’s not something you’ll routinely need. But if you have kids, it can be fun to try as long as they’re involved in enjoying the experience. It’s not as cool as drawing lines on a wall or door to record growth.

If you doubt the accuracy of the Measure app, you can always use regular measuring options that do not involve an iPhone 14 Pro. As for measuring other distances with your iPhone, you’ll need to touch the screen to tell the device exactly what you want to measure.

More Apple coverage: Check out the best Apple deals online right now.

Wed, 06 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Woman's trick to 'decorate Christmas tree like a professional' divides opinions

A woman suggests clustering baubles of varied sizes together with pipe cleaner or flexible wire, claiming that 'it looks so much better' hanging from the branches

She has shared her trick on TikTok (stock photo)

Nothing brings festive cheer into your home like a beautifully decorated tree, and no matter how you decide to decorate it, the experience is always best shared with family and friends. You may have given careful thought and consideration to where each ornament and ribbon would go, but you may not have given much thought into how to hang your baubles.

A TikToker from Florida posted an 11-second video entitled Ornament Hack For Your Christmas Tree detailing the decorating trick on the handle @sunshinethedoggo showing you how you’ve been doing it wrong all along. Instead of hanging baubles individually, the ornament hack involves stringing them together in clusters of four or five before attaching them to the Christmas tree.

The video post opens with the words 'Common Mistakes'.The advice 'Don't hang your ornaments like this' then appears along with an image of a single iridescent bauble hanging from a tree. 'Do this instead: Group several ornaments on a piece of pipe cleaner,' it continues, as the decorator strings the baubles together to create a cluster.

The woman places the largest ornament in the centre, with smaller ones either side, incorporating white, silver and gold hues. She then secures the loop by tying the pipe cleaner at the top before positioning it on a tree branch, claiming 'it looks so much better'.

The finished product appears to create a fuller appearance on the Christmas tree. Her distinctive technique has sparked interest among her TikTok followers. One person commended the idea, commenting, 'This is brilliant!'. Numerous viewers flocked to praise the woman for sharing the hack.

A second agreed, penning: 'Very clever idea.' While another said: 'I'm going to try this! Looks beautiful.' Someone else wrote: 'Such a game changer.' A further person agreed, saying: 'Very nice! That's how I do mine as well. I like a really full tree'

However, others were less impressed and preferred a traditional method of tree decorating. One simply wrote: 'No thanks.' Another explained: 'My tree is full of memories. Ornaments from vacations, or special occasions. It's not about aesthetics.'

Meanwhile, one person quipped: 'Pipe cleaner? Let me just go to the 50s'. And someone else added: 'Who needs that when you have a toddler that wanted to decorate it himself so it is already all bunched.' One viewer, who wished she had watched the video sooner, said: 'I put up my tree yesterday otherwise I would have done this'.

Sat, 09 Dec 2023 17:00:00 -0600 en text/html

CWAP-403 tricks - Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP) Updated: 2024

Never miss these CWAP-403 questions you go for test.
Exam Code: CWAP-403 Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP) tricks January 2024 by team

CWAP-403 Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP)

Exam Name
Wireless Analysis Professional

Exam Number :

Exam Duration :
120 minutes

Questions in test :

Passing Score :

Recommended Training :
Official Wi-Fi Analysis Self Study Kit

Training Class

Exam Registration :

Real Questions :
CWNP CWAP-403 Real Questions

VCE practice test :
CWNP Certified Wireless Analysis Professional Practice Test

Protocol Analysis


1. Capture 802.11 frames using the appropriate methods and locations

- Install monitor mode drivers

- Select appropriate capture device

- Select appropriate capture location

- Capture for an appropriate amount of time based on the problem scenario

- Scanning channels vs. capturing on a single channel

- Capturing in roaming scenarios

- Capture with portable protocol analyzers (laptops)

- Capture with APs, controllers, and other management solutions

- Capture with specialty devices such as handheld analyzers

2. Analyze 802.11 frame captures to discover problems and find solutions

- Use appropriate display filters to view relevant frames and packets

- Use colorization to highlight important frames and packets

- Configure and display columns for analysis purposes

- View frame and packet decodes and understand the information shown and apply it to the analysis process

- Use multiple adapters and channel aggregation to view captures from multiple channels

- Implement protocol analyzer decryption procedures

- View and use captures statistical information for analysis

- Use expert mode for analysis

- View and understand peer maps as they relate to communications analysis

3. Understand and apply the common capture configuration parameters available in protocol analysis tools

- Save to disk

- Packet slicing

- Event triggers

- Buffer options

- Channels and channel widths

- Capture filters

- Channel scanning and dwell time

4. Utilize additional tools that capture 802.11 frames for the purposes of analysis and troubleshooting

- WLAN scanners and discovery tools

- Protocol capture visualization and analysis tools

- Centralized monitoring, alerting and forensic tools

5. Ensure appropriate troubleshooting methods are used with all analysis types

- Define the problem

- Determine the scale of the problem

- Identify probably causes

- Capture and analyze the data

- Observe the problem

- Choose appropriate remediation steps

- Document the problem and resolution

Spectrum Analysis


1. Capture RF spectrum data and understand the common views available in spectrum analyzers

- Install, configure and use spectrum analysis software and hardware

Configure Wi-Fi integration

Save and export capture data

- Capture RF spectrum data using handheld, laptop-based and infrastructure spectrum capture solutions

- Understand and use spectrum analyzer views

Real-time FFT

Waterfall, swept spectrogram, density and historic views

Utilization and duty cycle

Detected devices

WLAN integration views

2. Analyze spectrum captures to identify relevant RF information and issues

- Determine the RF noise floor in an environment

- Determine Signal-to-Noise Ration (SNR) for a given signal

- Locate and identify sources of RF interference

- Identify RF channel utilization

- Analyze a non-Wi-Fi transmitter and its impact on WLAN communications

- Overlapping and non-overlapping adjacent channel interference

- Poor performing or faulty radios

3. Analyze spectrum captures to identify various device signatures

- Identify frequency hopping devices

- Identify various 802.11 PHYs






Channel widths

Primary channel

- Identify non-802.11 devices based on RF behaviors and signatures

Microwave oven

Video devices


Cordless phones

4. Centralized spectrum analysis solutions

- AP-based spectrum analysis

- Sensor-based spectrum analysis

PHY Layers and Technologies


1. Understand and describe the functions and the PLCP and PMD sublayers
2. Apply the understanding of PHY technologies (including PHY headers, preambles, training fields, frame aggregation and data rates) to captured data





- HT


3. Identify and use PHY information provided in pseudo-headers within protocol analyzers

- Pseudo-header formats


Per Packet Information (PPI)

- Signal strength

- Data rate and MCS index

- Length information

- Channel center frequency or received channel

- Channel properties

- Noise

4. Recognize the limits of protocol analyzers in capturing PHY information including NULL data packets and PHY headers
5. Use appropriate capture devices based on an understanding of PHY types

- Supported PHYs

- Supported spatial streams

- Short Guard Interval (SGI)

MAC Sublayer and Functions


1. Understand frame encapsulation and frame aggregation

2. Identify and use MAC information in captured data for analysis

- Management, control, and data frames

- MAC Frame Format

Frame Control Field

To DS and From DS

Address Fields

Frame Check Sequence (FCS)

- 802.11 Management Frame Formats

Information Elements


Association and Reassociation


Probe Request and Probe Response

- Data and QoS Data Frame Formats

- 802.11 Control Frame Formats



Block Acknowledgement and related frames

3. Validate BSS configuration through protocol analysis

- Country code

- Minimum basic rate

- Supported rates

- Beacon intervals

- WMM settings

- RSN settings

- HT and VHT operations

- Channel width

- Primary channel

- Hidden or non-broadcast SSIDs

4. Identify and analyze CRC error frames and retransmitted frames

WLAN Medium Access


1. Understand 802.11 contention algorithms in-depth and know how they impact WLANs

- Distributed Coordination Function (DCF)

Carrier Sense and Energy Detect

Network Allocation Vector (NAV)

Contention Window (CW) and random backoff

Interframe Spacing

- Enhanced Distributed Channel Access (EDCA)

EDCA Function (EDCAF)

Access Categories and Queues


- Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM)

WMM parameters

WMM Power Save

WMM Admission Control

2. Analyze QoS configuration and operations

- Verify QoS parameters in capture files

- Ensure QoS is implemented end-to-end

802.11 Frame Exchanges


1. Capture, understand, and analyze BSS discovery and joining frame exchanges

- BSS discovery

- 802.11 Authentication and Association

- 802.1X/EAP exchanges

- Pre-shared key authentication

- Four-way handshake

- Group key exchange

- Pre-FT (802.11r) fast secure roaming mechanisms

- Fast BSS Transition (FT) roaming exchanges and fast secure roaming

- Hotspot 2.0 protocols and operations from a client access perspective (ANQP and initial access)

- Neighbor discovery

2. Analyze roaming behavior and resolve problems related to roaming

- Sticky clients

- Excessive roaming

- Channel aggregation for roaming analysis

3. Analyze data frame exchanges

- Data frames and acknowledgement frames

- RTS/CTS data frame exchanges

- QoS data frame exchanges

- Block Acknowledgement exchanges

4. Analyze HT/VHT-specific transmission methods


- Transmit Beamforming (TxBF)


- Frame aggregation (A-MSDU and A-MPDU)

5. Analyze behavior and resolve problems related to MAC layer operations

- Power Save operations

- Protection mechanisms

- Load balancing

- Band Steering

Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP)
CWNP Professional tricks

Other CWNP exams

CWAP-403 Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP)
CWNA-108 Certified Wireless Network Administrator
CWS-100 Certified Wireless Specialist
CWAP-404 Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP) Certification
CWISA-101 Certified Wireless IoT Solutions Administrator (CWISA)

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Certified Wireless Analysis Professional (CWAP)
Question: 53
What is the function of the PHY Preamble?
A. To set the modulation method for the MPDU
B. Allows the receiver to detect and synchronize with the signal
C. To terminate a conversation between transmitter and receiver
D. Carries the NDP used in Transmit Beamforming and MU-MIMO
Answer: B
Question: 54
Which one of the following is required for Wi-Fi integration in laptop-based Spectrum
Analyzer software?
A. A supported WLAN adaptor with a customized driver
B. Any 802.11 wireless adaptor
C. A dual radio spectrum analyzer card
D. SNMP read credentials to the WLAN controller or APs
Answer: C
Question: 55
Which one of the following is not a valid acknowledgment frame?
C. Ack
D. Block Ack
Answer: C
Question: 56
Which common feature of a Spectrum Analyzer would be the best to help you locate a
non-802.11 interference source?
A. Max hold
B. Location filter
C. Waterfall plot
D. Device finder
Answer: D
Question: 57
Prior to a retransmission what happens to the CWmax value?
A. Reset to 0
B. Doubles and increases by 1
C. Increases by 1
D. Set to the value of the AIFSN
Answer: B
Question: 58
Which one of the best following is an advantage of using display filters instead of
capture-time filters?
A. Display filters allow for focused analysis on just the packets of interest
B. Once created display filters are reusable for later captures
C. Display filters only hide the packets from view and the filtered packets can be
enabled for view later
D. Multiple display filters can be applied simultaneously
Answer: A
Question: 59
During a VHT Transmit Beamforming sounding exchange, the beamformee transmits a
Compressed Beamforming frame to the beamformer. What is communicated within this
Compressed Beamforming frame?
A. Steering Matrix
B. Beamforming Matrix
C. Feedback Matrix
D. Beamformee Matrix
Answer: C
Question: 60
You are troubleshooting a client that is experiencing slow WLAN performance. As part
of the troubleshooting activity, you start a packet capture on your laptop close to the
client device. While analyzing the packets, you suspect that you have not captured all
packets transmitted by the client. By analyzing the trace file, how can you confirm if
you have missing packets?
A. Look for gaps in the sequence number in MAC header
B. Protocol Analyzers show the number of missing packets in their statistics view
C. Retransmission are an indication of missing packets
D. The missing packets will be shown as CRC errored packets
Answer: C
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CWNP Professional tricks - BingNews Search results CWNP Professional tricks - BingNews 📸 Pro tricks to get your best holiday pics


Unwrap picture-perfect holiday photos

Forget getting everyone together at Christmas for a photo opp and having them all say, “Cheese!” Instead, use words that end in ‑ah. These sounds put the muscles around the mouth to work, creating a genuine smile. Try “yoga,” “mocha” or “banana.”

Now, I’ve got more great tips you can use for your perfect Christmas pics!

How big is your group?

  • Just a few of you? Focus on capturing candid moments. Take a few selfies, and use your phone’s timer to take a group shot or two. Pro tip: For selfies, switch your camera to .5x or .7x magnification for a different look.
  • Lots of folks? Have some stand and some sit to add depth and dimension to the photo. If you have someone who can take the pic, have them use burst mode. All they have to do is hold down the shutter button to take a bunch of pics in a row — more chances to get a winner. If everyone needs to be in the photo, use your phone’s timer.

Let there be light

Lighting is the most critical factor in whether your pics will turn out great, so-so or downright terrible. A few tips:

  • No direct light: Don’t photograph a person standing directly under a light — that highlights bumps, wrinkles and blemishes. No, thanks.
  • No squinting: Have your subject face the light so it illuminates their features. Ask them to look toward the light or sun (just not right into it!).
  • Clouds are good: Photographers swear by cloudy days for portraits. There’s enough light to make everyone look nice and bright, but there’s no glaring sun to squint at. Try it!
  • The “magic hour”: The hour before sunset and the hour after sunrise will supply you a warm, soft light that’s perfect for holiday photos.

Tired of the same old, posed Christmas photos?

Spice things up this year with some creative ideas that capture the true spirit of the season!

  • Cozy up by the fireplace: Gather everyone around a roaring fireplace adorned with stockings and twinkling lights. Capture the warmth and glow of the fire reflecting in their faces.
  • Pajama party: Embrace matching pajamas! Snap photos of family cuddling up on the sofa, playing games, studying stories or sharing holiday memories.
  • Head outdoors if you have snow: Build a snowman family together, have a snowball fight or create snow angels.

AI can help, too

I always meant to learn how to use Adobe Photoshop. Now I don’t have to, because it has handy AI features even I can use. You can upload a pic and type in a prompt like, “Remove the telephone pole,” “Blur the background” or “Make the sky brighter.”

Pro tip: If it’s not working quite how you want, open ChatGPT or Bard, tell it what you’re trying to do, and ask for help generating a prompt to supply to Photoshop.

More AI tools to try

I’ll warn you: Most of the free AI editing tools out there are packed with ads, do a subpar job or are trying their best to get all your data.

  • Luminar Neo is simpler than Photoshop but still very powerful. Starts at $14.95 a month.
  • Topaz Labs Photo AI is even easier and good enough for professional use — but they only offer annual plans starting at $149.
  • Fotor is an app that’s been around forever, and it’s even better, thanks to AI. Score, there’s a free version!

My best advice: Don’t stress it

You’ll get better photos if you relax and let it happen naturally instead of trying to wrangle every child (and adult) into smiling the “right” way. Heck, I prefer those candid shots where I can tell folks are actually enjoying themselves.

🍪 How about a nerdy Christmas joke? Why is it so easy to track Santa on Christmas Eve? Because he always accepts cookies. (Told you!)

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