CTAL-TM-UK test plan - ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager (CTAL-TM_UK) Updated: 2023
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Exam Code: CTAL-TM-UK ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager (CTAL-TM_UK) test plan November 2023 by Killexams.com team|
CTAL-TM-UK ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager (CTAL-TM_UK)
Exam: CTAL-TM-UK ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager (CTAL-TM_UK)
- Number of Questions: The test typically consists of multiple-choice and scenario-based questions.
- Time: Candidates are usually given a specific time duration to complete the exam.
The CTAL-TM-UK certification is designed for test managers who are responsible for planning, monitoring, and controlling the testing process. The course provides in-depth knowledge and skills required to effectively manage testing activities. The course outline includes the following topics:
1. Test Management Principles and Concepts
- Understanding the fundamentals of test management
- Test process management and improvement
- Test management documentation and deliverables
2. Test Strategy and Planning
- Developing a test strategy
- Test planning and estimation
- Test schedule and resource management
3. Test Monitoring and Control
- Test progress monitoring and reporting
- Test control activities and techniques
- Test measurement and metrics
4. Test Analysis and Design
- Requirements analysis and test design techniques
- Test data management and test environment setup
- Test design for different types of testing (e.g., functional, non-functional, regression)
5. Test Implementation and Execution
- Test implementation and execution techniques
- Defect management and tracking
- Test automation and tool support
6. Risk-based Testing and Incident Management
- Risk-based testing approach and strategies
- Incident management process and techniques
- Defect prevention and root cause analysis
The CTAL-TM-UK test aims to assess candidates' knowledge and skills in test management. The test objectives include:
1. Understanding the principles and concepts of test management and their application in real-world scenarios.
2. Developing effective test strategies and plans based on project requirements and constraints.
3. Monitoring and controlling the testing process to ensure timely and quality delivery of test activities.
4. Applying test analysis and design techniques to create comprehensive and efficient test cases and test data.
5. Implementing and executing tests using appropriate techniques and tools, while effectively managing defects.
6. Applying risk-based testing principles to prioritize testing efforts and manage project risks.
7. Understanding incident management processes and techniques for effective defect resolution and prevention.
The test syllabus covers the following topics:
- Test Management Principles and Concepts
- Test Strategy and Planning
- Test Monitoring and Control
- Test Analysis and Design
- Test Implementation and Execution
- Risk-based Testing and Incident Management
Candidates are expected to have a deep understanding of these syllabus and demonstrate their ability to apply test management principles and techniques in real-world scenarios. The test assesses their knowledge, critical thinking skills, and ability to make informed decisions as test managers.
|ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager (CTAL-TM_UK)|
iSQI (CTAL-TM_UK) test plan
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|You can obtain 100% marks in the CTAL-TM-UK test with our CTAL-TM-UK dumps that contains real test questions and VCE test simulator. You do not need anything else to pass the CTAL-TM-UK test at very first attempt. Just go through our questions and answers, practice questions with our CTAL-TM-UK VCE test simulator and take the real test.|
ISTQB Certified Tester Advanced Level - Test Manager
Which of the following is NOT a typical key challenge for testing in a RAD based
development approach? 1 credit
A. Re-usable test scripts for (automated) regression testing
B. Project management and control
C. No complete requirements specification
As a result of the RAD based development approach, the test manager has decided to
change the risk mitigation approach. Which test technique might be most appropriate
to use? 2 credits
A. Decision Table Testing
B. Boundary Value Analysis
C. Error Guessing
D. Exploratory Testing
The business has asked for a weekly progress report. Which of the following would
be appropriate as a measure of test coverage? 2 credits
A. Percentage of business requirements exercised
B. Percentage of planned hours worked this week
C. Percentage of countries that have test scenarios
D. Percentage of test iterations completed
Section 11: Sec Eleven (61 to 61)
Details: subject 11, Scenario 11 "Incident Management"
The following is the current incident handling process in used at the company.
Step 1: Incident is documented in the incident Tile with the following information:
- Software module or area where the fault occurred
- Who has reported the fault
- Hardware configuration used for the test that found the fault
- The sequential incident number (1 greater than the last one recorded)
Step 2: Developer assigned to fix the fault
Step 3: Developer fixes the fault
Step 4: Developer signs off the incident as closed, and it is then removed from the
Regarding the process described above, what is the most important recommendation
you would make using IEEE 1044 as a guide? 2 credits
A. No priority or severity assigned
B. Incident numbering is manual rather than automated
C. No mentioning of reproduceability
D. No classification on type of incident
Section 12: Sec Twelve (62 to 65)
Details: subject 12, Scenario 12 Automatic Teller Machine (ATM)
You are a test manager in charge of integration, system and acceptance testing for a
bank. You are working on a project to upgrade an existing ATM to allow customers
to obtain cash advances from supported credit cards. The system should allow cash
advances from 20 to 500, inclusively, for all supported credit cards. The supported
credit cards are American Express, VISA, Eurocard and Mastercard. In the master
test plan the following items are listed in the section named items and/or features to
I All supported credit cards
II Language localization
II Valid and invalid advances
V Response time
Relying only on the information provided in the scenario, select the TWO items
and/or features for which sufficient information is available to proceed with test
design. 2 credits
A. All supported credit cards
B. Language localization
C. Valid and invalid advances
E. Response time
Answer: A, C
Continuing with the Scenario described in the previous question, which of the
following syllabus would you need to address in detail in the master test plan? 3 credits
A. An approach to regression testing
B. A list of boundary values for advance amount
C. A description of dependencies between test cases
D. A logical collection of test cases
Given the following figures for the testing on a project, and assuming the failure rate
for initial tests remains constant and that all retests pass, what number of tests remain
to be run? 3 credits
Given is the following defect removal chart reported at the end of system testing -
showing total defects detected and closed defects (fixed and successfully retested). A
number of open defects are classified as critical. All tests have been executed.
Based on the chart above, what is the most appropriate next test phase? 1 credit
A. Acceptance testing to verify the business process
B. Acceptance testing to verify operational requirements
C. Requirements testing as part of testing regulatory compliance
D. Another system test cycle to verify defect resolution
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Medical exams are among the top reasons people hesitate to buy life insurance. You imagine sitting in a doctor's waiting room, doing blood draws, standing on a scale, and many other things that make us uncomfortable. But it's easy to understand why life insurance medical exams remain an industry stap â an insurer must gauge its risk before it grants you a policy. Ironically, medical exams lower insurance premiums for the average life insurance customer.
Of course, medical exams may sound overwhelming, especially if you've abandoned a life insurance application or been denied. This is where no medical test life insurance comes in. The stereotypical no medical test policy includes no medical data of any kind. Many buyers also expect coverage in days, or at least that's the idea. Despite what you might hear, it isn't quite that simple.
Who should buy a no medical test life insurance policy?
Many shoppers are misinformed about the target audience for no medical test life insurance. "Who should buy a no medical test life insurance" should be rephrased as "who will qualify for no medical test life insurance coverage?" These policies eliminate the inconvenience of a medical test for healthy buyers who don't use tobacco in most cases. However, it comes with higher premiums, and underwriting can be extended as insurers gather medical data from other sources.
Some small funeral cost policies are more flexible, especially if you invest in workplace life insurance. However, more sizable policies not connected to your workplace can only accept limited risk. Seniors, buyers with preexisting health conditions, tobacco users, and other high-risk buyers may not qualify.
How do insurance companies know who presents a more considerable risk? First, no medical test doesn't mean medical records-free. Applications still include basic medical questions, and companies can rescind life insurance policies if you get caught lying on your application. More importantly, life insurance companies may still order a copy of your medical records. So, companies would go off your last blood tests or appointment notes if you have a history of high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, etc.
College students and young working adults with no significant medical issues may be ideal candidates for a no medical test life insurance policy. Another thing to note is companies will only issue small life insurance policies without an exam, and premiums are higher. So if you're looking for a $1 million policy or retirement planning options, you should make time for a short medical exam.
What if I don't qualify for a no medical test life insurance policy?
Some companies only offer small life insurance policies with no medical test required. However, most insurers offer a range of permanent and term life insurance policies. If you don't qualify for a no medical test policy, licensed insurance agents can help you apply for a medical test life insurance policy.
While many companies are going online, we recommend working with a licensed insurance agent, especially for no medical test policies. Any time your application is denied, it creates an alert for other life insurance companies you might try to buy from, reducing your chance of getting a policy elsewhere. An agent can help you avoid this by stopping short of denial if you need to switch to a medical test plan.
Types of no medical test life insurance
Life insurance companies sell four life insurance policies without a medical exam. Coverage, pricing, and the application process are a few of the things that vary widely. So what are your no medical test life insurance options?
Simplified issue life insurance
Simplified issue life insurance looks to streamline the approval process. No blood tests or medical exams are required, but applicants answer basic health questions. If the answers given meet underwriting guidelines (the company uses electronic medical records to verify), you may qualify for a policy. Generally, these policies cover non-smokers with minimal known risk factors. However, premiums are higher, and benefits tend to be lower to account for the elevated risk.
Guaranteed issue life insurance
Guaranteed issue is also commonly referred to as guaranteed acceptance. These whole life insurance plans require no medical test or health surveys. Age limits are imposed, with most policies issued to seniors. But if you're within the stated age range, you are guaranteed a life insurance policy. Guaranteed issue life insurance offers death benefit policies topping out around $20,000 to $30,000, depending on the company. The company does not guarantee the death benefit or premiums, only the policy. So the same policy may or may not be budget-friendly.
The company may also utilize a waiting period, during which beneficiaries would get a refund of premiums. However, the full benefit would only apply once the waiting period passes.
Accelerated underwriting life insurance
Accelerated underwriting uses everything except the medical exam. Underwriters access applicants' public medical records and credit data. Typically, companies take applicants between the ages of 18 and 60. Regular life insurance underwriting could take weeks or even months. Simplified underwriting life insurance policies can be issued the same day with some online insurance providers. It is not guaranteed issuance, and licensed agents may refer some customers for a medical test life insurance policy. However, death benefits could be higher than other no-medical test policies.
Group life insurance
Group life insurance is part of many employer benefit packages. No medical test is required, and death benefits are typically small. More importantly, it's tied to your employment. So if you separate from your employer, the policy will lapse. You can invest in higher death benefits by increasing your monthly deductions, but this is not required.
Pros and cons of no medical test life insurance
No medical test life insurance is sometimes mistaken for a fast and easy solution for older adults or those with preexisting health conditions. In reality, it's just the opposite in many cases. Guaranteed issue policies may only be sold through life insurance companies for seniors. You also pay more to get less coverage across the board.
Life insurance companies can still access medical records. So applicants aren't hiding a history of heart disease, diabetes, or other chronic conditions. The only difference is you don't have to meet with a medical professional for a formal exam. If in doubt, non-guaranteed policies may be harder to get.
How to shop for a no medical test life insurance policy
A workplace policy will be issued based on your employment and yearly benefit elections. If you want the best life insurance companiesÂ for no medical life insurance that's all yours, remember a few key things:
A no medical test life insurance policy's simplicity may be deceiving. It takes one element out of the application process, but underwriters may pull medical records and be stricter about smoking, preexisting conditions, age, and other common risk factors. Unfortunately, being denied by a life insurance company could make it harder to get life insurance coverage in the future.
Your agent can get a soft underwrite if you're working with a broker or company offering medical test policies. If it looks like your application can be denied, your agent could run a medical test life insurance application instead. A great thing about no medical test policies is that many companies offer online estimates. So you can compare pricing based on age, smoking status, desired coverage amount, etc., before you start the application process.
The most important thing to remember is underwriters still consider medical history. So if answering medical questions, answer honestly. If discrepancies come up later, leaving out details about your health may cause significant problems.
Buyers and agents should work together to personalize life insurance. Agents can help buyers identify an appropriate policy. This specific life insurance type is meant mainly for young, relatively healthy buyers comfortable with more minor benefits and higher premiums.
The group life insurance plan at your workplace is one type of no medical test policy. You can contact your benefits team if you have questions about the policy. In addition, we recommend talking to an insurance broker agent if you're shopping for a private plan. They'll take your information, work with insurance partners, and find policies to meet your needs. Some companies also offer online quoting.
Life insurance companies offering no medical test life insurance policies take on an inherent risk. The companies still pull older medical records. But the fewer factors companies consider, the higher the risk. The higher prices and lower death benefits counterbalance the insurance company's risk.
Life insurance companies schedule buyers for paramedical exams, which take about 30 minutes for the average applicant. Medical professionals take blood pressure, heart rate, weight, and some subjects may be required to complete a treadmill test or electrocardiogram. Medical professionals also take blood and urine samples, which allow insurers to screen for heart disease, diabetes, cancer, HIV, and certain drugs, including nicotine.
It's a natural question. If a life insurance company doesn't require a medical exam, how would it know the difference if you lied about certain things? Life insurance companies can still pull medical records for your application. More importantly, if significant omissions come to light after the fact, your insurance company can cancel the policy or refuse to pay your death benefit.
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The UK Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA) is a ground-breaking medical test with strong stakeholder support and is associated with increased confidence in prescribing and decreased reporting of medication-related patient harm. The PSA is a joint initiative by the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) and Medical Schools Council (MSC) created to address findings in the first decade of this century that prescribing errors were common amongst junior doctors.
The use of medicines saves many lives but is also associated with harm. Some of these avoidable harms come from prescription errors, estimated to be present in up to one in every ten hospital prescriptions. The UK PSA is a targeted education initiative to prioritize patient safety. It is a national test that all medical students or doctors entering NHS clinical practice after medical school must pass, to demonstrate that they can prescribe medicines to patients safely. Although most UK medical students will pass the test before becoming doctors, it is currently not mandated until the end of the first year of clinical practice in the NHS. This means that some newly qualified prescribing doctors have not yet passed this test at present.
A review of the first decade of implementation of this exam, sat by over 80,000 medical students and doctors, by Professor Dame Jane Dacre, has found that students and educators think the assessment has driven more and better prescribing education and has been accompanied by trends that suggest NHS prescribing may now be safer. In what would be a major paradigm shift, this review recommended that all clinicians should be required to pass the test prior to prescribing for patients in clinical practice.
This study is now published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (BJCP). The analysis of ten years of data shows that the PSA is a good test that measures how prepared someone is to prescribe. It is a reliable and efficient exam, and provides a national standard, which the vast majority of UK medical students will pass (>90%) prior to working in the NHS. This study, by Magavern et al, supports the Dacre Review recommendations that passing the PSA should be a requirement for newly qualified medical practice in the UK, so that the NHS can continue to prioritize patient safety and ensure an appropriate threshold of experience prior to prescribing for patients. This study was a large collaborative effort from academics at multiple institutions; for a full list of affiliations, please see footnote below.
Dame Jane Dacre, Emeritus Professor of Medical Education UCL, said:
"Prescribing safety is essential to protect patients. Our review recommends that assessment of prescribing is best done before doctors qualify, so that relevant education, training and assessment happens before they are expected to prescribe for patients. Addition of the PSA to medical school finals would supply new doctors better competence and confidence in safe prescribing."
James Titcombe, Patient Safety Advocate, said:
'Safe prescribing is key to patient safety and has the potential to reduce medical error which can be costly to the lives of patients, as well as being a financial burden for healthcare systems.
'I welcome both the study and report, which highlight the importance of up-to-date knowledge of safe prescribing, and the consistency of applying that knowledge when prescribing to patients.
'The PSA is the key to ensuring better patient safety for all, which should be a healthcare priority for all involved in the prescribing of medicines.'
Dame June Raine DBE, Chief Executive of the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) said:
"Innovative medicines have brought hope to many patients for whom treatment options were previously unavailable. As medicines become more powerful and complex, safe prescribing by healthcare professionals plays an even more vital role."
"A prescriber must have a detailed knowledge of a medicine's indication, dose, and potential adverse reactions. Now more than ever, all prescribers have a duty to proactively stay up to date with the constantly-evolving risks and benefits of medicines in clinical use."
"This includes playing an active role in reporting suspected side effects to the MHRA's Yellow Card scheme to ensure adverse reactions are recorded and appropriate action is taken. Safe prescribing is a professional duty, and I therefore welcome the recommendations of this timely report."
Dr Emma Magavern, the lead author of the study in the BJCP, said: "The data all suggests that we can make prescribing safer for our patients by expanding the use of the PSA"
Magavern, E. F., et al. (2023). UK Prescribing Safety Assessment (PSA): The development, implementation and outcomes of a national online prescribing assessment. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. doi.org/10.1111/bcp.15919.
Uttarakhand Board of Secondary Education releases practice papers for class 12th board exam
UK Board test 2024: The model test papers have been released by the Uttarakhand Board of Secondary Education (UBSE) for the UK Class 12 board exams 2024 online. Candidates preparing for the Uttarakhand Board class 12 exams in 2024 can access and download sample papers via the official website â ubse.uk.gov.in.
According to the official notice, the purpose of the circulation of these sample question papers is to make the teachers and students familiar and aware of the test pattern of UBSE class 12th board examinations. The question paper of the council test of all subjects, excluding language subjects, will be printed in both Hindi and English languages.Â
Students should practice sample papers as it helps in grasping the test format and grading criteria for the upcoming UK 12th board examination in 2024. Engaging with practice papers can aid students in gauging the level of challenge and enhancing their self-assurance.
UK Board Class 12 sample Paper 2024 Direct Links
Here are the direct links for the UK Board Class 12 sample Paper 2024. Students preparing for the UK Board class 12th exams in 2024 can access the question papers through web address given below.
Hindi â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/101-Hindi_2.pdf
Mathematics â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/128-Mathematics__1.pdf
Physics â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/129-Physics_1.pdf
Chemistry â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/130-Chemistry_3.pdf
Biology â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/131-Biology_3.pdf
Accountancy â ubse.uk.gov.in/files/132-Accountancy_3.pdf
Steps to download UK Board Class 12 sample Paper 2024 online
To download model papers for the UK Board class 12th examinations 2024, students can follow these steps:
Step 1: Go to the official website â ubse.uk.gov.in
Step 2: Select the âOld/Model Question Paperâ link
Step 3: View the displayed UK Board class 12th question papers and session 2024 sample papers
Step 4: download and print the papers for future reference.
Learn how to revise effectively for upcoming exams, from scheduling in revision time to varying the techniques you use.
Preparing for your exams can be time-consuming and challenging.Â Exams will often cover material from the whole semester or year, so there is often a lot of material to work through.Â
Exam revision can sometimes feel like a task with no endpoint. How will you know when you have done enough? There is no easy answer to this question, but what you can do is make sure you have a plan in place and work through it systematically. That way, you will know that you have made positive progress and can go into your exams with confidence.Â
An important first step is to know exactly what is coming up and when. Have a look at ourÂ exam mapping template (googledoc)Â to get all the basic information in place.
Once you know exactly what you are preparing for, you can beginÂ drawing up a realistic revision timetable, working backwards from your test dates and building in some contingency time for the unforeseen. The test room provide an online revision planner that you might find useful.Â
Don't forget to incorporate plenty of time for breaks including whole days off, so that your revision is focused and you have opportunities to reflect. It is also a good idea to think carefully about how you can reward yourself during these breaks to ensure you stay motivated.
Our Revision Planning workshop will introduce some key principles, look at how to make the most of revising across learning styles and provide opportunities to share and discuss methods and ideas for effective revision. You will go through an test mapping process within the session to identify the revision workload across your exams and make a plan to put into action.
Our Memory Techniques for Revision workshop will introduce several established techniques for memorising and remembering large volumes of information. It will provide opportunities to try out a number of strategies and to evaluate how and when they might be used as part of your approach to test revision or preparation for academic assignments.
Our Revision Strategies workshop will introduce some key principles of revision planning, look at how to make the most of revising across learning styles and provide opportunities to share and discuss methods and ideas for effective revision. It will also look at the MCQ test as a process or timeline and identify the key stages that will supply you the best chance of getting the marks that you deserve. It will look at ways to plan your time in the exam, how to analyse the question and how to answer the test paper strategically. It will conclude by looking at the role that time pressure and stress plays in an test situation to share and identify ways to overcome the challenges.
A good starting point when planning your revision is to consider how you learn and develop varied and appropriate revision strategies.Â
VARKÂ is a model for thinking about how you learn based around four 'styles' of learning, visual, auditory (listening), read/write and kinaesthetic (practical or hands-on). That the VARK questionnaire that to help evaluate which learning styles appeal and may work best for you.
An awareness of your preferred ways of learning can you to identify relevant revision techniques and try out new ways of revising, for example:
But don't forget: variety is the spice of life!Â There is more than one way to revise well. Try out different things to see what works for you and try to avoid getting stuck in a rut in your revision.
By mixing it up, using a variety of techniques, and drawing on different methods and approaches to learning, you will help to keep it interesting and sustain your motivation through to the test date.Â
Watch this shortÂ Study skills hacks videoÂ for some ideas on how to make the most of your revision time.
301 Recommends: Take the VARK Questionnaire
Take this online questionnaire to identify which styles of learning appeal to you and how you might apply this to your revision.
Alongside careful planning, the use of appropriate revision strategies can help you to make the most of the time available, giving you the opportunity to prepare thoroughly and get the most out of yourself on the day.
The following suggestions should help you to make the most of your revision time.
Revise with others
Use past papers
301 Recommends: The Pomodoro Technique
TheÂ Pomodoro techniqueÂ is a time-management strategy that uses a short interval timer to encourage focused bursts of concentration on a task, broken up by regular short breaks.
The original technique worked on a basis of 25 minutes on, five minutes off, with a longer break every 3â4 cycles.
Try using this technique with anÂ online timerÂ to make sure you aren't distracted by your smartphone or emails during your focused activity. Reward yourself with a short break on a regular basis.
This process of effort and respite will allow you to make the most of your ability to concentrate and allow time for your revision to sink in during the breaks.
A typical examination question in Mathematics will have several parts to it. Some parts (most usually at the beginning of the question) test your knowledge, by asking you to reproduce "bookwork", i.e. material presented in the lectures. Really, these parts test how well you've revised. Occasionally, especially in certain more advanced courses, there are entire questions that are bookwork. In some courses, some pieces of bookwork come up in the test almost every year. In other courses, hardly any bookwork is set explicitly.
Tip: Figure out which pieces of bookwork come up most frequently, and make sure you can answer those questions easily and quickly.
You would be surprised how many poor attempts at routine bookwork questions we see every year. These are the parts of the questions that we expect students to be able to do.
Other parts of examination questions involve a "problem". In a "Methods" course, this will typically involve you applying a known technique from the course, and again this is something we expect you to be able to do. In a Pure Mathematics course, you might be asked to prove a result, or to apply a result in a particular setting.
Tip: Sometimes (but certainly not always!), the first part of the question is intended as a big hint as to how you should approach the second part.
Many test questions, especially those that are otherwise very routine, have a last part (a "rider") which is more challenging than the rest of the question. This is quite deliberate, and the intention is to test whether you've really understood the material.
Tip: Do try all the riders (they're not always so hard after all!) but don't waste too much time on them in an test if there are other things you can tackle instead.
Students sometimes seem to be annoyed that they have to do something clever to get 100% on a question. Don't forget, in many other subjects it's practically impossible to score 100% on a question!
Tip: Make sure you've answered all the parts of the question. Sometimes you're asked to do seven or eight things, and it's easy to overlook one.
by Dr Alex Richardson
When you're faced with a pile of revision, feeding your body as well as your brain may be the last thing on your mind. But can you supply yourself an advantage simply by eating certain foods? And does drinking plenty of water really increase your chances of getting good grades?
Whether you're a student or the parent of a child sitting school exams, there are quick and easy food tips to help maintain those all-important energy levels and Improve concentration and memory.
What's the best breakfast on test days?
Research shows that pupils and students who eat breakfast perform better in exams. For the best breakfast, include slow-release carbohydrates, such as whole rolled porridge oats, whole grain bread or low-sugar muesli, as they provide slow-release energy. Add a protein food, such as milk, yoghurt or eggs, to keep you feeling full for longer. On test day aim to include a portion of a food rich in long-chain Omega-3 fats, such as smoked mackerel, as they are believed to have brain-boosting properties. Take a look at our collection of exam-day breakfast ideas for some inspiration.
How can drinking water Improve your grades?
One of the best ways to maximise your focus is to stay hydrated. Even mild dehydration can lead to tiredness, headaches, reduced alertness and diminished concentration.
Take a bottle of water into the test if youâre allowed to; a study of university students found that those who brought drinks, especially water, with them into the test performed on average 5% better than those who didn't.
Start the day with a big glass of water or fruit tea. The European Food Safety Authority recommends women drink about 1.6 litres of fluid a day and men 2 litres. That's eight to ten 200ml glasses. Water is ideal, but healthy drinks such as milk and small amounts of fruit juice count.
Tea and coffee count too, but are high in caffeine. It's best to avoid sweet fizzy and energy drinks, which are high in sugar, as they'll lead to energy peaks and troughs.
Which foods will help you focus?
Eating a balanced diet can help you focus and avoid illness. No single food is nutritionally complete, so you need variety. Try not to skip meals or your blood-sugar level will drop.
In the West we eat far too much Omega-6, found in vegetable and seed oils, and too little Omega-3 (which is important for brain power), found in oil-rich fish and seafood. It is important to limit your Omega-6 consumption. This means limiting products made from these oils, such as some margarine, as well as the oils themselves.
Vegetables contain fibre, which slows down digestion, causing energy in food to be released more slowly and so helping you to avoid energy peaks and troughs. Good sources of fibre include carrots and broccoli. Iron is particularly key during test time, as a deficiency (identified in over 40% of teenage girls) leads to tiredness and lack of focus; dark leafy greens are a source.
Fibre slows down digestion and so causes energy in food to be released into the body more slowly; apples, pears, raspberries and bananas are good sources. Try sprinkling frozen berries or dried fruit on to porridge. Vitamin C is needed for your immune system, and is found in fruit and vegetables; oranges and kiwi fruit are particularly good sources.
Oil-rich fish and seafood are important for brain health and concentration, thanks to their âlong-chain Omega-3sâ. About 8% of the brain is comprised of Omega-3 fats, and we should eat a portion of Omega-3-rich foods at least 2 days a week. Itâs condensed in salmon, sardines, fresh tuna (not canned), trout and mackerel; even fish fingers contain some. Supplements may be considered, especially in test periods. Short-chain Omega-3s, found in nuts and seeds, are less effective as we can struggle to convert them into long-chain ones. Young women may benefit from boosting their iron with red meat.
Slow-release carbohydrates such as whole grain bread, wholemeal pasta, brown rice and porridge help keep your blood-sugar level stable, averting dips in concentration and brain power. Research indicates only 17% of adults and 6% of children are eating enough whole grains. Eating three slices of whole grain bread or one bowl of whole grain cereal with one slice of the bread per day will provide all the whole grains you need. Some whole grains, including wheat, are a good source of zinc, and zinc deficiency in children is associated with hyperactivity.
What should you eat for a good night's sleep?
Not getting enough sleep may negatively affect your memory and slow your responses. Experts believe memory neurons that are responsible for converting short-term memories into long-term ones work most effectively when we are asleep. There's evidence that students who sleep for seven hours a night do on average 10% better than those who get less sleep. But what should you eat and drink at bedtime to promote sleep?
A heavy meal too close to bedtime can interfere with sleep, so try to have your last meal at least three hours before you go to bed. Then have a small snack such as a bowl of high-fibre cereal like porridge just before bedtime. If you need sweetener with cereal, go for dried fruit rather than sugar.
Avoid foods and drinks that contain caffeine, such as tea, coffee, cola and chocolate, for least four hours before going to bed. Some people who are very sensitive to caffeine can still feel the effects 12 hours later. A warm glass of milk at bedtime can help you sleep better.
For teachers - test skillsExam Skills is a series of short audio programmes which supply expert advice and practical tips on how to prepare for all aspects of English language exams.
We've created a bank of FREE downloadable worksheets to help you exploit the programmes in class, and to help your students feel confident and ready for their English Exams.
Preparation starts here:
4 programmes which take your students through the stages of planning and preparing for an exam, from choosing a course right up till the day of the exam.
Right from the start â this unit helps students to choose the most suitable course and exam.
Revision strategies - how to revise efficiently and effectively.
Practice exams â how to get the most out of them.
The day before and on the day: What to do when the test is very close.
Building Vocabulary is a vital skill and an essential part of test preparation. There are 3 programmes in this part of the series, each with its own set of worksheets.
Use a learner dictionary â what to do and what not to do.
Use it or lose it: Handy hints for learning new words.
Vocabulary notebooks and word maps: More techniques to help students organise their learning.
Confidence in writing
Writing Exams : confidence in writing is a vital skill, explored in this programme with 3 classroom worksheets.
Time management and other strategies.
Take the stress out of Listening Exams by using these programmes in class.
Making listening exams easier: how to approach listening exams.
Focussed listening: Help your students to become better listeners..
Speaking Exams : a little preparation and a few strategies can go a long way in a speaking exam.
Students find out how to supply themselves the best possible chance in an oral exam.
Reading Exams : time management and other strategies are explored in this programme.
Students find out how to supply themselves the best possible chance in a reading exam.
Still looking for things to do with Exam Skills in class? Here are a couple of ideas for activities which require no preparation, and will work with almost any Exam Skills programme.
1. Jigsaw memorizing / listening: use one of the areas of the website with more than one programme (e.g. âPreparingâ). Put the students into groups. Ask each group to listen to or read one of the programmes and take notes. They should then compare these within their groups. Re-group the students so there is one person from each original group in each new group. Ask them to share what they have learned. This could also work well with the âAdvice from IATEFLâ section of the website.
2. Exam Clinic Roleplay: ask the class to listen to one of the programmes and take notes. Assign the roles of âadvisorâ and âstudentâ to half the class each. The âstudentsâ should write down five questions they want to ask the advisor about what they have heard. The âadvisorsâ should study their notes and try to anticipate the questions the âstudentsâ might ask. Re-pair the class so there is one âstudentâ and one âadvisorâ working together. The âstudentsâ should then ask their questions and the âadvisorâ should answer as fully as they can. They can then swap roles and re-do the activity with the same or a different programme.
For these and more ideas for classroom activities, download this
And here's a note-taking template (40 K) for use with any test Skills programme.
LIVERPOOL, U.K. - Oct. 11, 2023: Britain's main opposition Labour Party leader Keir Starmer applauds a speaker the final day of the annual Labour Party conference in Liverpool, northwest England, on October 11, 2023.
Paul Ellis | Afp | Getty Images
LONDON â The U.K.'s main opposition Labour Party last week set out the economic platform it hopes will propel it to power at next year's general election, and the trans-Atlantic parallels were clear.
Labour leader Keir Starmer promised to go "speed ahead" with investment in the clean energy transition that he said would create half a million jobs and power economic growth while delivering on the country's climate goals.
"Clean British energy is cheaper than foreign fossil fuels. That means cheaper bills for every family in the country, but also a chance to make us more competitive across the board," Starmer told the party conference in Liverpool, England, on Tuesday last week.
"Countries like America are using this gift to create manufacturing jobs the like of which we haven't seen for decades, and they're not the only ones."
Elsewhere, Shadow Chancellor Rachel Reeves set out an economic plan she dubbed "securonomics," rooted in the belief that growth is created "from the bottom up and the middle out" â a word-for-word echoing of U.S. President Joe Biden's economic philosophy.
Reeves promised last week to "rebuild Britain" as the party seeks to de-risk business investment in emerging technologies with a new national wealth fund, maintaining an active state while harnessing private investment to drive economic growth.
She also vowed to overhaul the country's planning system in order to speed up infrastructure projects, a plan she claimed will unlock a further ÂŁ50 billion ($61 billion) of private investment.
Reeves said that Labour wants to secure ÂŁ3 from the private sector for every ÂŁ1 of public money spent in the proposed national wealth fund, and the plan was widely acknowledged to have been inspired by Biden's Inflation Reduction Act, or IRA.
Reeves told the conference that business investment was the "lifeblood of a growing economy."
"It is investment that allows businesses to expand, create jobs, and compete with international rivals, with new plants, factories and research labs coming to Britain â not Germany, France or America," she said.
"But today, we lag well behind our peers for private sector investment as a share of GDP, with tens of billions of pounds less spent on new machinery and infrastructure."
The Biden administration's landmark IRA legislation â targeting manufacturing, infrastructure and climate change â generated more than $500 billion in investment during its first year, according to the U.S. Treasury, with $200 billion of that going into the clean energy sector.
Labour's desired parallels to "Bidenomics" were discussed at a host of fringe events throughout the conference in Liverpool, particularly with regard to the "crowding in" of private investment â a Keynesian economic theory that suggests increased government spending can spur increased private investment.
'It's not Bidenomics'
But while the rhetoric and desired outcomes may sound uncannily similar, the key differentiator between "Bidenomics" and "securonomics" is in how the proposed investment in infrastructure to spur long-term growth is financed, according to Kallum Pickering, senior economist at Berenberg.
"Lacking in imagination, we have this bad habit of importing American politics and ideas. [Former Prime Minister] Liz Truss tried with Reaganism without the dollar and found out actually the dollar is what you need to just run massive deficits to cut taxes," he told CNBC by phone last week.
Truss lasted just 49 days as prime minister last year after announcing a suite of unfunded tax cuts that roiled markets and the pound, sent mortgage bills skyrocketing and caused the Bank of England to intervene to prevent the collapse of multiple pension funds.
However, Truss has refused to yield to critics and at the Conservative Party conference earlier this month continued to push for current Prime Minister Rishi Sunak to enact sweeping tax cuts.
"Bidenomics is straightforward â it's massive debt-financed subsidies to stimulate the supply side of the economy," Pickering explained.
"The key point is the debt finance subsidy. Just because the policies may be oriented towards boosting infrastructure and investment, unless they have that debt finance component, it's not Bidenomics."
The main reason this would not work in the U.K., he added, was that the U.S. has the "exorbitant privilege" of operating with the global reserve currency: the U.S. dollar.
"The U.S. federal government is going to be running a 6% deficit for the next few years in an economy with full employment â no other country can get away with this. And those deficits are subsidies for infrastructure, CHIPS Act, all this other menu of subsidies â this is not possible in the U.K.," Pickering said.
The U.S. national debt passed a historic milestone of $33 trillion last month, with fiscal spending having ballooned by around 50% between fiscal years 2019 and 2021. The Inflation Reduction Act is expected to cost more than $1 trillion over the next decade, according to a University of PennsylvaniaÂ budget model.
Pickering noted that U.S. borrowing to generate a subsidy directly contributes to GDP, while potentially "crowding in" private investment and encouraging borrowing in other parts of the economy in order to "piggyback" on those subsidies.
"In the case of the U.K., because we wouldn't be able to borrow in order to finance the subsidies, or at least not materially increase the deficit, it would have to come as a transfer, so you'd have to raise taxes somewhere, or to subsidize someone else," he said.
"And therefore net net â well, if you're very good at fine-tuning your economy with fiscal policy, and I have my doubts, maybe you get more growth out of that â but it's not going to be anything like the scale or the effect of the Bidenomics, because we can't borrow as much."
This need for fiscal discipline was also a key tenet of Shadow Chancellor Reeves' speech on Monday, as she called for "iron-clad fiscal rules," directly addressing critics who suggest her approach is akin to traditionally conservative economic policy.
"Economic responsibility does not detract from advances for working people. It is the foundation upon which progress is built," Reeves contended, having pledged that no tax rises will be announced before the general election.
Pickering suggested the strength of the U.K. economy and business had less to do with a potential change of party in power and more about the stability and eradication of tail risks associated with a "fragmented Conservative Party" that is still embroiled in internal disputes over issues ranging from Brexit to taxes.
He suggested that the security offered by stronger ties with the EU and Biden's U.S. that would come with a Labour government would likely make the U.K. a more attractive destination for foreign investment, eventually allowing Labour to "loosen the purse strings."
"So whereas the Conservatives are aiming to get the budget into balance within a couple of years, Labour would probably be able to run a couple of percentage points of GDP deficit, and that would not be immaterial," he added.
Examinations preparations for KCPE and KCSE candidates are in top gear a month to the tests.
According to the revised education calendar, the 2021 KCPE test will be done between March 7 and 10.Â KCSE will be between March 11 and April 1.
Education Cabinet Secretary George Magoha is leading a team from the Ministry of Education and the Kenya National Examination Council (Knec) on a visit to the UK where the tests are being printed.
Basic Education PS Jwan Julius, KNEC Chief Executive David Njengere and other senior officials are in the delegation.Â
Sources say during the two weeksâ exercise, the team will oversee proof-reading, printing, packaging and shipping of the material.
It also emerged that the team will take time to start the process for December KCPE and KCSE examinations.Â Magoha said a total of five examinations will be done this year.
March examinations will be the first of two separate sets to be administered this year as the country embraces reforms ahead of next yearâs transition.
Exam timetable shows that for December examinations, KCPE will be done between November 28 andÂ December 1. KCSE will be administered between December 1 and December 23.
Knec data, however, shows that for the March exams, 2,056,719 candidates were registered.Â Of these are 1,225,693 who will sit KCPE and 831,026 enrolled for KCSE exams under the 2021 examinations.
The council said the number of candidates sitting KCPE has increased by 34, 085 compared to last year.
Additional 78,424 candidates have been registered to sit KCSE, according to KNEC data.Â Magoha said the March examinations will be moderated to factor in challenges occasioned by the Covid-19 pandemic that disrupted learning and caused reorganisation of education calendar.
âWe want our students to relax and cease expressing themselves in acts of atrocity for fear of the examinations. We are a considerate government and we will be as humane as possible,â Magoha said.
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The Kenya Secondary School Heads Association and the Primary School Heads Association said preparations had started in earnest.Â
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