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CSSBB test plan - Certified Six Sigma Black Belt - CSSBB Updated: 2024
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Each certification candidate is required to pass an examination that consists of multiple-choice questions that measure comprehension of the Body of Knowledge.
Computer Delivered - The CSSBB examination is a one-part, 165-question exam, and is offered in English only. 150 questions are scored and 15 are unscored. Total appointment time is four-and-a-half-hours, test time is 4 hours and 18 minutes.
Paper and Pencil - The CSSBB examination is a one-part, 150-question, four-hour test and is offered in English, Spanish, and Mandarin in certain locations.
These are the minimum expectations of a Certified Six Sigma Black Belt.
I: Organization-wide Planning and Deployment
Will understand how to deploy six sigma within a project.
Will be able to implement tools and techniques to deploy strategic directions for initiatives.
Will understand the roles and responsibilities for six sigma projects and how each group influences project deployment, and will be able to support communications about the project deployment.
Will be able to apply operational change management techniques within their defined scope or domain.
II: Organizational Process Management and Measures
Will be able to define various types of benchmarking.
Will be able to describe various types of performance measures, and select an appropriate financial measure for a given situation and calculate its result.
III: Team Management
Will understand the components and techniques used in managing teams, including time management, planning and decision-making tools, team formation, motivational techniques and factors that demotivate a team, performance evaluation and reward.
Will be able to describe elements that can result in a teams success.
Will be able to use appropriate techniques to overcome various group dynamics challenges.
Will be able to select data collection methods and collect voice of the customer data, and use customer feedback to determine customer requirements.
Will understand the elements of a project charter (problem statement, scope, goals, etc.) and be able to use various tools to track the project progress.
Will be able to define and use process flow metrics and analysis tools to indicate the performance of a process.
Will be able to develop and implement data collection plans, and use techniques in sampling, data capture, and processing tools.
Will be able to define and describe measurement system analysis tools.
Will apply basic probability concepts, and understand various distributions.
Will be able to calculate statistical and process capability indices.
Will be able to analyze the results of correlation and regression analyses.
Will be able to define multivariate tools.
Will be able to perform hypothesis tests for means, variances and proportions and analyze their results.
Will understand the components and concepts for ANOVA, Chi-square, contingency tables, and non-parametric tests.
Will understand the elements and purpose of FMEA and use root cause analysis tools.
Will be able to identify and interpret the 7 classic wastes.
Will be able to use gap analysis tools.
Will be able to define and apply design of experiments (DOE) principles, and distinguish among the various types of experiments.
Will be able to apply various lean tools and techniques to eliminate waste and reduce cycle time.
Will understand how to implement an improved process and how to analyze and interpret risk studies.
Will be able to apply, use, and analyze the various statistical process control (SPC) techniques.
Will understand total productive maintenance (TPM) and visual factory concepts.
Will be able to develop control plans and use various tools to maintain and sustain improvements.
IX: Design For Six Sigma (DFSS) Framework and Methodologies
Will understand common DFSS and DFX methodologies, and elements of robust designs.
Certified Six Sigma Black Belt - CSSBB ASQ Certified test plan
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Certified Six Sigma Black Belt - CSSBB
https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CSSBB Question: 219
What is the value of the test statistic?
E. none of the above Answer: D Question: 220
If the value of the test statistic had been 0.185, what action should have
been taken regarding the null hypothesis?
C. none of the above
D. all of the above Answer: C Question: 221
If the value of the test statistic had been 7.03, what action should have been
taken regarding the null hypothesis?
C. not rejected
D. none of the above Answer: A
Section 16: Sec Sixteen (222 to 224)
Here is an experimental design with results: Question: 222
This experimental design is:
A. full factorial
B. half factorial
C. quarter factorial
D. none of the above Answer: B Question: 223
The number of factors, levels and replications:
A. 3, 3, 3
B. 2, 3, 2
C. 3, 2, 2,
D. 3, 2, 3
E. 2, 2, 2
F. none of the above Answer: D Question: 224
An indication of the experimental error is available because the design has:
A. multiple replications
B. multiple levels
C. multiple factors Answer: A Question: 225
The average number of defects is 21.6. Find the upper control limit for the
E. none of the above Answer: E Question: 226
An x-bar and R chart is used to monitor a process. One week ago a new
type of raw material was introduced and since that time 60 points have
been plotted on the xbar chart and all are in the middle third of the chart.
The corresponding 60 points on the R chart are all below the average range.
This indicates that:
A. the operator has been plotting the points incorrectly
B. it is time to recalibrate the gage used
C. it is time to recalculate the control limits
D. the material manager should be asked to go back to the previous raw
material so the charts will more accurately reflect the process Answer: C Question: 227
Here is a partial ANOVA table. Use a = 0.05.
The values of x, y and z should be:
A. 200, 20, 3.22
B. 12, 1.2, 4.06
C. 200, 20, 4.06
D. none of the above Answer: A
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ASQ Certified test plan - BingNews
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https://killexams.com/exam_list/ASQNew Cardiology Certification Board: What's the Plan?
The proposal by the major cardiovascular societies in the US to form a new board of cardiovascular medicine to manage initial and ongoing certification of cardiologists represents something of a revolution in the field of continuing medical education and assessment of competency.
Five US cardiovascular societies — the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA), the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography & Interventions (SCAI) — have now joined forces to propose a new professional certification board for cardiovascular medicine, to be known as the American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine (ABCVM).
The ABCVM would be independent of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), the current organization providing maintenance of certification for cardiologists as well as many other internal medicine subspecialties. The ABIM's maintenance of certification process has been widely criticized for many years and has been described as "needlessly burdensome and expensive."
The ABCVM is hoping to offer a more appropriate and supportive approach, according to Jeffrey Kuvin, MD, a trustee of the ACC, who has been heading up the working group to develop this plan.
Kuvin, who is chair of the cardiology at Northwell Health, Manhasset, New York, a l arge academic healthcare system, explained that maintenance of certification has been a syllabu of discussion across the cardiovascular community for many years, and the ACC has a working group focused on the next steps for evaluation of competency, which he chairs.
"The syllabu of evaluation of competence has been on the mind of the ACC for many years and hence a work group was developed to focus on this," Kuvin noted. "A lot of evolution of the concepts and next steps have been drawn out of this working group. And now other cardiovascular societies have joined to show unification across the house of cardiology and that this is indeed the way that the cardiovascular profession should move."
"Time to Separate from Internal Medicine"
The general concept behind the new cardiology board is to separate cardiology from the ABIM.
"This is rooted from the concept that cardiology has evolved so much over the last few decades into such a large multidimensional specialty that it really does demarcate itself from internal medicine, and as such, it deserves a separate board governed by cardiologists with collaboration across the entirely of cardiology," Kuvin said.
Cardiology has had significant growth and expansion of technology, tools, medications, and the approach to patients in many specialities and subspecialties, he added. "We have defined training programs in many different areas within cardiology; we have our own guidelines, our own competency statements, and in many cases, cardiology exists as its own department outside of medicine in many institutions. It's just time to separate cardiology from the umbrella of internal medicine."
The new cardiology board would be separate from, and not report to, the ABIM; rather, it would report directly to the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), the only recognized medical certification body in the US.
What Are the Proposed Changes
Under the present system, managed by the ABIM, clinicians must undergo two stages of certification to be a cardiologist. First, they have to pass the initial certification test in general cardiology, and then exams in one of four subspecialties if they plan to enter one of these, including interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, advanced heart failure or adult congenital heart disease.
Next, clinicians enter the maintenance of certification phase, which can take three different forms: 1) taking another recertification test every 10 years; 2) the collaborative maintenance pathway — a collaboration between ACC and ABIM, which includes evaluation, learning and a certified test each year; or 3) longitudinal knowledge and assessment — in which the program interacts with the clinician on an ongoing basis, sending secured questions regularly.
All three of these pathways for maintenance of certification involve high stakes questions and a set bar for passing or failing.
Under the proposed new cardiology board, an initial certification test would still be required after fellowship training, but the maintenance of certification process would be completely restructured, with the new approach taking the form of continuous learning and assessment of competency.
"This is an iterative process, but we envision with a new American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine, we will pick up where the ABIM left off," Kuvin notes. "That includes an initial certifying examination for the five areas that already exist under the ABIM system but with the opportunities to expand that to further specialties as well."
He points out that there are several areas in cardiology that are currently not represented by these five areas that warrant some discussion, including multimodality imaging, vascular heart disease, and cardio-oncology.
"At present, everybody has to pass the general cardiology test and then some may wish to further train and get certified in one of the other four other specific areas. But one syllabu that has been discussed over many years is how do we maintain competency in the areas in which clinicians practice over their lifetime as a cardiologist," Kuvin commented.
He said the proposed cardiology board would like to adhere to some basic principles that are fundamental to the practice of medicine.
"We want to make sure that we are practicing medicine so that our patients derive the most benefit from seeing a cardiologist," he said. "We also want to make sure, however, that this is a supportive process, supporting cardiologists to learn what they know and more importantly what they don't know; to identify knowledge gaps in specific area; to help the cardiologist fill those knowledge gaps; to acknowledge those gaps have been filled; and then move on to another area of interest. This will be the focus of this new and improved model of continuous competency."
The proposed new board also says it wants to make sure this is appropriate to the area in which the clinician is practicing.
"To take a closed book certified test every 10 years on the world of cardiology as happens at the current time – or the assessments conducted in the other two pathways – is often meaningless to the cardiologist," Kuvin says. "All three current pathways involve high stakes questions that are often irrelevant to one’s clinical practice."
"The crux of the changes we are proposing will be away from the focus of passing a test towards a model of helping the individual with their competency, with continuous learning and evaluation of competency to help the clinician fill in their knowledge gaps," he explains.
He described the new approach as "lifelong learning," adding that, instead of it being "a punitive pass/fail environment with no feedback, which causes a lot of discontent among clinicians," it will be a supportive process, where a clinician will be helped in filling their knowledge gaps.
"I think this would be a welcome change not just for cardiology but across medical specialties," Kuvin said.
He also pointed out the ABMS itself is considering a continuous competency approach, and the proposed new cardiology board aims to work with the ABMS to make sure that their goals of continuous competency assessment are matched.
"The world has changed. The ability to access information has changed. It is no longer imperative for a clinician to have every piece of knowledge in their brain, but rather to know how to get knowledge and to incorporate that knowledge into clinical practice," Kuvin noted. "Competency should not involve knowledge alone as in a closed book exam. It is more about understanding the world that we live in, how to synthesize information, where we need to Excellerate knowledge and how to do that."
Kuvin acknowledged that asking clinicians questions is a very helpful tool to identify their knowledge base and their knowledge gaps. "But we believe the clinician needs to be given resources – that could be a conference, an article, a simulation - to fill that knowledge gap. Then we could ask clinicians some different questions and if they get those right then we have provided a service."
Tactile skills for cardiologists needing to perform procedures – such as interventionalists or electrophysiologists may be incorporated by simulation in a technology-based scenario.
On how often these assessments would take place, Kuvin said that hadn't been decided for sure.
"We certainly do not think an assessment every 10 years is appropriate. We envision, instead of an episodic model, it will be rather a lifelong journey of education and competency. This will involve frequent contact and making sure knowledge gaps are being filled. There are criteria being set out by the ABMS that there should be a certain number of touch points with individuals on an annual as well as a 5-year basis to make sure cardiologists are staying within specific guardrails. The exact nature of these is yet to be determined," he said.
Kuvin added that it was not known yet what sort of hours would be required but added that "this will not be a significant time burden."
What is the Timeframe?
The application to the ABMS for a separate cardiology board is still ongoing and has not yet received formal acceptance. Representatives from the five US cardiovascular societies are in the initial stages of formulating a transition board.
"The submission to the ABMS will take time for them to review. This could take up to a year or so," Kuvin estimates.
This is the first time the ABMS has entertained the concept of a new board in many years, he noted. "It will be a paradigm shift for the whole country. I think that cardiology is really at the forefront and in a position where we can actually do this. If cardiovascular medicine is granted a new board, I think this will help change the approach of how physicians are assessed in terms of continuous competency not just in cardiology but across all specialties of medicine."
He added: "We are confident that we can work within the construct of the ABMS guidelines that have been revised to be much more holistic in the approach of continuous competence across the board. This includes thinking beyond rote medical knowledge and thinking about the clinician as a whole and their abilities to communicate, act professionally, work within a complex medical system, utilize medical resources effectively. These all have to be part of continuous competence."
How Much Will This Cost?
Noting that the ABIM has received criticism over the costs of the certification process, Kuvin said they intend to make this "as lean a machine as possible with the focus on reducing the financial [burden] as well as the time burden for cardiologists. It is very important that this is not cumbersome, that it is woven into clinical practice, and that it is not costly."
But he pointed out that building a new board will have significant costs.
"We have to think about developing initial board certification examinations as well as changing the paradigm on continuous certification," he said. "This will take some up-front costs, and our society partners have decided that they are willing to provide some start-up funds for this. We anticipate the initial certification will remain somewhat similar in price, but the cost of ongoing continuous competency assessment will be significantly reduced compared to today's models."
Kuvin said the collaboration of the five participating US cardiovascular societies was unprecedented. But he noted that while the transition board is beginning with representatives of these individual societies, it will ultimately be independent from these societies and have its own board of directors.
He suggested that other societies representing other parts of cardiology are also interested. "Cardiology has recognized how important this is," he said. "Everybody is excited about this."
Thu, 07 Dec 2023 08:53:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/new-cardiology-certification-board-what-s-plan-2023a1000umqSymantec Retools Certification Plan
Under the new program, a solution provider with a passing grade on a Symantec security test plus an approved vendor-neutral certification can earn one of Symantec's certifications, said Allyson Seelinger, Symantec vice president of enterprise and consumer channels. "This will help us get new partners into the program and help them get certified quickly," she said.
Symantec's Allyson Seelinger says partners will be certified more quickly.
For example, the Symantec Product Specialist (SPS) certification requires a Symantec test plus either the Security&#43;&#43;certification from CompTIA or the System Security Certified Practitioner certification from the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium (ISC)2.
Symantec overhauled its certification program in response to feedback from partners who expressed "angst" with the growing number of vendor-specific certifications in the security industry, Seelinger said.
Other vendor-neutral certifications that Symantec accepts include the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) from (ISC)2 and certain types of the SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network, Security) Global Information Assurance Certification.
NEW PROGRAM FEATURES
>> Recognizes vendor-neutral certifications. >> Tests a broad security knowledge instead of specific products.>> Free instructor-led training for tier-one and tier-two Symantec partners.
Cupertino-based Symantec also reduced the number of certification exams to four in broad security areas such as firewall/VPN technologies and intrusion-detection, from 12 mostly product-specific tests.
In addition, the vendor is offering instructor-led training for free to its Enterprise Security and Enterprise Solutions Partners. That training usually costs about $1,000 to $2,000 per class, depending on length.
"With the large number of different certifications available, it's refreshing to see a company like Symantec build its certification process on top of robust, industry-recognized certifications," said Andrew Brinkhorst, a Lexington, Ky.-based independent security consultant and certified Symantec Technology Architect. "Customers will benefit from the more strategic or holistic approach to security that the new certification process will emphasize."
Chris Ellerman, vice president of professional services at Meridian IT Solutions, Schaumburg, Ill., said the company already has many Symantec certifications but agreed that the vendor is making the right moves.
"It makes a lot of sense because it's not just a certification that you understand Symantec products but &#91;also&#93; that you understand Symantec products in relation to security concepts," he said. "The security world is a process, not just a product."
Thu, 28 Dec 2023 04:37:00 -0600text/htmlhttps://www.crn.com/news/security/18822747/symantec-retools-certification-planExam Procedures
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Fri, 16 Jun 2023 11:37:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.isa.org/certification/exam-proceduresCISSP Certification Requirements And Cost
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The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP®) credential demonstrates mastery of developing and overseeing large-scale cybersecurity programs. When it comes to the best cybersecurity certifications, many consider CISSP the industry’s gold standard. Individuals who meet CISSP requirements can earn the certification and qualify to take on more professional responsibility in their cybersecurity jobs.
This guide offers information on CISSP certification requirements, including experience, suggested preparation times and CISSP certification test costs.
CISSP certification requirements include a significant amount of professional experience and passing a lengthy exam. This credential suits experienced workers over entry-level and mid-level professionals.
Though this certification is not required by employers, it can boost candidates’ earning power and help them qualify for advanced roles in information security. CISSPs often work in positions like chief information security officer (CISO), network architect, security auditor and security manager, among others.
CISSP Certification Requirements
Aspiring CISSPs should familiarize themselves with the certification’s requirements before pursuing this credential.
CISSP certification requirements stipulate that each candidate must have a minimum of five years of relevant professional experience. (ISC)² specifies eight security domains:
Domain 1: Security and risk management
Domain 2: Asset security
Domain 3: Security architecture and engineering
Domain 4: Communication and network security
Domain 5: Identity and access management
Domain 6: Security assessment and testing
Domain 7: Security operations
Domain 8: Software development security
Prospective CISSPs must accumulate experience in two of the eight domains to meet CISSP certification requirements. They can also apply (ISC)²-approved four-year college degrees and other credentials, which may qualify as a year of experience. Paid and unpaid internships also count toward the CISSP requirement.
Pass the Certification Exam
The CISSP test covers the eight domains of security in a four-hour test comprising 125 to 175 required responses. These appear as multiple-choice questions and advanced innovative items. Test-takers must earn a 700 out of 1,000 to pass. Candidates register to take the test with Pearson VUE.
After passing the exam, individuals can apply for endorsement online. The endorsement must come from an (ISC)²-certified professional who can advocate for your professional experience as a credential-holder in good standing. Individuals must receive endorsements within nine months of passing the exam.
Cost of Becoming a CISSP
Earning CISSP certification can deliver many professional benefits, but individuals should also understand the costs associated with pursuing the credential. Along with the required time investment, consider the following CISSP certification test costs and any required payments relating to preparation and recertification.
CISSP Certification test Prep
Many organizations offer prep courses for the CISSP certification exam, and their costs vary drastically. Make sure to include test prep costs, which may range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, in your CISSP budget. (ISC)² offers several test prep methods, including self-paced, instructor-led and team-based options.
CISSP Certification test Cost
The CISSP certification test costs $749. Individuals can receive vouchers from partner organizations after completing CISSP test training courses.
Individuals must meet CISSP recertification requirements every three years to maintain their credentials. Each certification holder must earn 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over this three-year period. Costs relating to CPEs can vary significantly, but each certified individual must pay an annual $125 fee to (ISC)².
Common Careers for CISSPs
Individuals who have met CISSP requirements and earned their credentials can pursue work in many information security and cybersecurity roles. As of 2023, the number of open cybersecurity roles far outpaces the number of qualified professionals, indicating strong continued demand in the sector.
We sourced salary information for this section from Payscale.
Data from Cyberseek.org indicates that among current cybersecurity openings requiring certification, CISSP ranks as the most in-demand credential. The following section explores roles for CISSP certification-holders.
Chief Information Security Officer
Average Annual Salary: Around $173,500 Required Education:Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information security or a related field; master’s preferred Job Description: CISOs rank among the top positions in information security for responsibility and salary. This C-suite role reports directly to the CEO and requires significant experience, practical skills and expertise in information security.
CISOs oversee their organizations’ information security efforts. Often referred to as “chief security officers,” they supervise teams of infosec workers, set organizational directives, establish company-wide best practices and manage resource allotment. CISOs working in large, international businesses may interact with government agencies and congresspeople to ensure compliance with legal standards for information security.
Information Technology Director
Average Annual Salary: Around $125,000 Required Education:Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field, MBA degree often preferred Job Description: IT directors oversee departments of IT workers and manage organizations’ computer systems operations. They provide solutions to companies’ computer-related issues, including software upgrades, security concerns and general technical issues. IT directors communicate with executives to ensure company-wide directives are carried out successfully.
These directors research new IT software and hardware to keep their organizations up to date and safe. They track metrics for managing IT professionals, along with storage, hardware and software. IT directors also handle employee schedules and budget planning. As department heads, they must possess strong communication skills to interact with mid-level professionals and C-suite executives.
Average Annual Salary: Around $73,500 Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer and information technology or a related field Job Description:Security analysts work in computer systems, networks and information security departments to prevent, monitor and respond to security breaches. This broad professional title refers to workers who handle a variety of tasks in computer and network security.
These professionals work in many industries as “first responders” for cyberattacks. They must demonstrate deep knowledge of hardware, software and data storage to understand potential vulnerabilities and security solutions. Security analysts may help design security systems and handle encryption efforts for businesses to protect sensitive information.
Average Annual Salary: Around $126,000 Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in network engineering or a related field; master’s in cybersecurity or a related field often preferred Job Description: Network architects design and implement organizations’ security infrastructures. These professionals test and analyze existing safety structures to identify vulnerabilities and improvements. They install and maintain computer systems, including interconnected devices like firewalls and routers.
Before deploying any updates or upgrades, these information security professionals create models to test their networks in a controlled environment. Modeling allows network architects to forecast security and traffic issues before implementing their infrastructures in the real world. They also train and educate IT workers on organizational best practices.
Frequently Asked Questions About CISSP Requirements
What are the requirements to become CISSP-certified?
The two primary CISSP requirements are passing the test and gaining five years of relevant professional experience.
No. CISSP certification suits experienced cybersecurity and information security professionals, requiring a minimum of five years of experience in the field.
Mon, 01 Jan 2024 01:12:00 -0600Matt Whittleen-UStext/htmlhttps://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/cissp-certification-requirements/Certified Paralegal test Preparation
This course is tailored for paralegals, legal assistants, aspiring legal professionals, and anyone seeking to enhance their understanding of federal law. Whether you're preparing for the Certified Paralegal test or simply aiming to bolster your legal expertise, this course can assist you towards successfully completing your goal.
Tue, 29 Aug 2023 11:39:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.utsa.edu/pace/paralegal/certified-paralegal-exam-preparation.htmlUndergraduate Teacher Certification Requirements
Undergraduate Teacher Certification Requirements
Drexel offers a number of education certification and degree programs that prepare students for formal teacher certification. Once a student has successfully completed their undegraduate course of study and all qualifying teacher certification exams required by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE), Drexel recommends the student to the PDE for the appropriate teaching certificate.
Teaching Certification GPA Requirements
The School of Education requires that students maintain at least a "B" average (3.0 GPA) in content courses needed for teacher certification in addition to earning a grade of "B" or better in each core pedagogy course required for certification.
Pennsylvania Teacher Certification Requirements
All undergraduate students are required to obtain and submit updated and current copies of the required clearances to the School of Education annually in order to participate in classroom observations and student teaching in Pennsylvania. All full-time undergraduates will receive assistance in gaining these clearances during their first term. Non-PA students should contact their state's department of education or school district office for a list of clearances required in their state.
Teacher Certification Process
Instructional I Certification
This initial certification qualifies a teacher to teach for a maximum of six years. The six years need not be continuous. To continue teaching after the six years are completed, the teacher must receive an Instructional II Certification.
Instructional II Certification
The Instructional II Certification is considered a permanent certification. A teacher applying for Instructional II Certification must have:
Instructional I Certification
A minimum of three years and a maximum of six years of teaching experience on an Instructional I Teaching Certificate
24 semester-hour (or 36 quarter-hour) credits beyond a bachelor’ degree
Completion of an induction program (generally provided by the teacher’ school of employment)
Elementary Certification (Grades PreK–4) and Special Education Certification (Grades PreK–8 and Grades 7–12)
The Pennsylvania Educator Certification Tests (PECT) are required for Grades PreK–4 and Special Education. All undergraduate and dual degree BS/MS students are required to pass the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment (PAPA) basic skills exam. In addition, students will be required to take the appropriate assessment test for each area of certification they wish to obtain.
For more information about examinations and registration:
Middle Level Certification (Grades 4–8) and Secondary Certification (Grades 7–12)
All undergraduate and dual degree BS/MS students seeking certification in middle (grades 4–8) or secondary (grades 7–12) levels are required to pass exams from the PA Education Certification Tests (PECT) and the Praxis II Series. Students must pass both the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment (PAPA) basic skills assessment test and the appropriate Praxis II Content Knowledge test for each area of certification they wish to obtain.
For more information about examinations and registration:
Pennsylvania Act 48 Requirements
To maintain Instructional I and Instructional II Certifications, the PDE requires a teacher to complete one of the following every five years:
Six semester-hour (or nine quarter-hour) credits. Credits must be acquired from an accredited, four-year, degree-granting college or university.
180 hours of professional development
A combination of credits and professional development hours every five years.
Note: For those working to acquire Instructional II Certification, the 24 semester credits or 36 quarter credits needed to apply for Instructional II may also count toward Act 48 requirements.
Mon, 27 Mar 2023 02:53:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://drexel.edu/soe/academics/undergraduate/Certification-Information/How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?
Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.
Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.
But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.
What Is PMP Certification?
Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.
PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the Holy Grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.
PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.
How to Sign Up for PMP Certification
The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.
If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.
Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP test costs.
PMP Certification Requirements
You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.
If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.
60 months leading projects
35 contact hours
If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.
36 months leading projects
35 contact hours
Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.
To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $575 for nonmembers.
PMP Time Commitment
How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Start documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can vary depending on your schedule and study habits, location and testing center availability.
Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the test as prepared as possible.
PMP Renewal Costs
Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.
Is PMP Certification Worth It?
To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.
Benefits of PMP certification
Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.
Consider Your Career
Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.
Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost
According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.
Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.
Mon, 11 Dec 2023 23:13:00 -0600Christin Perryen-UStext/htmlhttps://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/get-pmp-certification/CFP test 101: Everything You Need to Know to Pass the CFP TestNo result found, try new keyword!but your test clock won't stop when you do. "That 40-minute break is a critical time to plan for," says Courtney Stutts Huge, a certified financial planner at Wealth Enhancement Group in Charlotte ...Thu, 31 Jan 2019 01:13:00 -0600https://money.usnews.com/investing/investing-101/articles/cfp-exam-101-everything-you-need-to-know-to-pass-the-cfp-testOnline Pharmacy Technician Certification Course
Requirements for pharmacy technicians vary by state, but most require certification, registration or licensure. Earning your certification from the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) provides a valuable, industry-recognized credential that meets most states’ requirements.
Sun, 27 Mar 2022 10:32:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.utsa.edu/pace/online/pharmacy-technician-certification-training.htmlTeaching Certification
Pre-certification, Initial Preparation Program
All students seeking teaching certification must be formally admitted to the Pre-certification, Initial Preparation Program (Pre-CIP). Admission to the program can occur after the student has completed 12 Bucknell University courses or their equivalents, including two courses in mathematics, one course in British or American literature, and one in composition; and achieved for the three preceding semesters an overall grade point average of at least 3.0. Appeals to this requirement may be made to the chair of the Department of Education.
* Candidates must also pass the Pre-service Academic Performance Assessment tests in reading, writing and math. Students should apply to Pre-CIP as soon as they begin considering a career in education, and no later than the start of the first semester of their junior year. Students are notified of their acceptance or rejection at the end of their sophomore year.
The commonwealth of Pennsylvania generally requires an overall grade point average of 3.0 upon completion of the program prior to recommendation for certification to teach.
Specific Requirements for Each Certification Area
All students seeking certification must take two mathematics intensive courses, one English/American literature course and one W1 writing course (in addition to the literature course).
The following are considered to be "add-on" certifications that require students to concurrently pursue certification in one of the areas above:
General Science (requires concurrent certification in biology, chemistry or physics): Required courses
ESL Program Specialist, K–12 (requires concurrent certification in Pre-K–4 or one of the 7–12, or K–12 programs listed above): Advising Worksheet and Portfolio
In addition to completing an approved program and successfully demonstrating the prescribed role competencies, the prospective teacher must be a "person of good moral character" who "possesses those personal qualities and professional knowledge and skills which warrant issuance of the requested certificate."
It is the student's responsibility to satisfy these criteria. Students should note that prior to placement in student teaching or any other field experience, they will be required to submit results of a child abuse clearance, criminal background check and fingerprinting pursuant to requirements of the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Results must indicate that there are no criminal or child abuse records.
Students in Education classes with field experiences can get help navigating the clearance process by contacting the departments Director of Professional Education.
Certification Exams (Praxis or Pennsylvania Education Certification Test)
In addition to coursework, students must complete and submit scores from required Praxis or Pennsylvania Education Certification Test examinations to the Department of Education. Specific examinations required for each area of certification vary. Although members of the department will advise students concerning examinations, the student is responsible for taking those examinations that meet certification program requirements.
Applying for a Teaching Certificate in Pennsylvania
After completing the approved program of courses, the student submits an application for a Pennsylvania teaching certificate through the online Teacher Information Management System website not earlier than the first day of the month of graduation.
Following a review of the student's program, the student may be recommended for certification by the designated officer at Bucknell. As noted above, the student must pass all the competency tests required by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the desired certificate.
Bucknell's certification officer is able to recommend for certification students who successfully completed one of Bucknell's teacher certification programs, passed the appropriate tests and met all other certification requirements within five years of the student's date of graduation. Because state requirements and/or curricula may change, it may not be possible to make recommendations for certification outside of this five-year window.
Applying for a Teaching Certificate in Other States
Students who desire certification in states other than Pennsylvania must understand that teacher certification is governed by state law and that each state has different requirements. Obtaining a Pennsylvania teaching certificate, by completing an approved program and meeting all other requirements, does not ensure that students will be certified in another state.
Although members of the Bucknell education department will assist students in obtaining information concerning certification in other states, as well as Pennsylvania, it is the student's responsibility to obtain current information and to meet all the certification requirements of any state.
* These requirements may be modified by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) due to COVID-19.
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 00:02:00 -0500entext/htmlhttps://www.bucknell.edu/academics/college-arts-sciences/academic-departments-programs/education/teaching-certification