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Exam Code: CSBA Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
CSBA Certified Software Business Analyst

Learning Objectives
The following objectives identify what you will be able to do after the completion of each module.
1.1 Terms and Definitions (K2)
LO-1.1.1 Know the key concepts of Business Analysis (K1)
LO-1.1.2 Know the role of Business Analysis in organizations, programs and projects (K1)
LO-1.1.3 Understand objectives of Business Analysis in the different phases of the product life cycle (K2)
LO-1.1.4 Know the main knowledge areas in Business Analysis (K1)
1.2 Role of a Business Analyst (K2)
LO-1.2.1 Explain the role and responsibilities of a Business Analyst in terms of an organization and a project (K2)
LO-1.2.2 Understand how the Business Analyst interfaces with other roles within an organization and program/projects stakeholders’ (K2)
1.3 Overview of the Business Analysis Activities (K1)
LO-1.3.1 Know the main activities of Business Analysis (K1)
1.4 Competencies (K2)
LO-1.4.1 Summarize the main competencies of a Business Analyst (K2)
LO-1.4.2 Understand the meaning of soft skills in the profession of Business Analysis (K2)

This syllabus defines the foundation level (Foundation Level) of the program to become an IQBBA Certified Business Analyst (CFLBA). IQBBA developed this syllabus in cooperation with the Global Association for Software Quality (GASQ).
The syllabus serves as a foundation for training providers who are seeking accreditation. All areas of this syllabus must be incorporated in the training documents. The syllabus should, however, also serve as the guideline for preparing for certification. All the areas listed here are relevant for the examination.

Providers of an IQBBA Certified Business Analyst course must be accredited. IQBBA accreditation is granted after an expert panel reviews the training provider's documentation. An accredited course is one that is determined to conform to the syllabus. When an accredited course is given, an official Certified Business Analyst examination (CFLBA exam) may be administered. An exam may also be administered by an independent certification institute (according to ISO 17024 rules).

Certified Software Business Analyst
Software-Certifications Certified Practice Test
Killexams : Software-Certifications Certified practice exam - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CSBA Search results Killexams : Software-Certifications Certified practice exam - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CSBA https://killexams.com/exam_list/Software-Certifications Killexams : Best 5 Programming Certifications
  • Computer programming certifications demonstrate that someone is competent in a specific language, platform or development style. 
  • Programming certifications today are as much about development platforms and environments as specific languages. 
  • Valuable certifications are tied to well-known companies’ products, such as Microsoft’s Azure, and specific, ubiquitous programming languages like C/C++.
  • This article is for IT professionals interested in pursuing programming certifications to further their careers. 

There’s no denying that software runs the world, and underpinning all excellent software is (hopefully) well-written code. Programming skills are considered among the most in-demand career skills in today’s IT environment, so it makes sense to hone and sharpen your programming expertise. 

We’ll examine five worthwhile programming certifications for IT professionals to pursue to enhance their professional development and brighten their job prospects. 

Did you know?Did you know?: When hiring for a new business, owners and managers tend to outsource programming needs, making programming a valuable freelance skill.

Top 5 programming certifications to pursue

Today’s computer programming certifications are as much about development platforms and environments as specific programming languages. The best programming certifications include an interesting mix of language-focused or language-specific credentials – like C/C++ certifications – and platform-oriented credentials like Microsoft’s Azure Developer Associate certification. 

Here are our top five programming certifications to consider:

1. C and C++ certifications

The programming languages C and C++ have been around for years, making their debut in the 1960s to 1970s (C) and the 1980s to 1990s (C++). Although nearly every college and university in the U.S. offers a C/C++ programming course, the C++ Institute and Pearson VUE decided to carve a niche in this part of the certification landscape by offering the world’s first international C/C++ certifications.

Candidates can choose the C or C++ path and move up the certification ladder from associate to professional to senior. 

  • CLE: C Certified Entry-Level Programmer
  • CLA: C Programming Language Certified Associate
  • CLP:  C Certified Professional Programmer
  • CPE: C++ Certified Entry-Level Programmer
  • CPA: C++ Certified Associate Programmer
  • CPP: C++ Certified Professional Programmer

C++ Institute certifications are good for life because these languages haven’t changed much over the years. But that doesn’t mean there isn’t a high demand for such skills. And a C/C++ certification is a perfect stepping stone to many platform- and vendor-specific certs.

C/C++ certification facts and figures

Certification names

  • C or C++ Certified Entry-Level Programmer (CPE/CLE)
  • C or C++ Associate and Professional C Programming Language Certified Associate (CLA)
  • C Certified Professional Programmer (CLP)
  • C++ Certified Associate Programmer (CPA)
  • C++ Certified Professional Programmer (CPP)

Prerequisites and required courses

Professional- and senior-level credentials require certification in the lower credential.

(Note: Online courses are free and offer a 50% discount on the cost of the exam if you score at least 70% on the course exam.)

Number of exams

There’s one exam per credential (55 to 60 questions; up to 75 minutes).

Depending on the certification level, you’ll need a 70% to 80% score to pass.

Pearson VUE administers exams.

Cost per exam   

$295 for nonstudents (includes one free retake)

$147.50 if taken in conjunction with the course (which is free)

Retakes are free for candidates who paid the full exam price or completed the CPP course in self-study mode. You must request retake vouchers within 30 days of failing an exam. Retake vouchers are valid for 45 days.

URL

http://cppinstitute.org/

Self-study materials

C++ Institute provides links on exam web pages to the exam syllabus, objectives, study resources and more. Free online courses are available at the C++ Institute.

Did you know?Did you know?: Knowledge of C++ is also helpful when becoming a mobile app developer because it helps provide a framework for working as a software developer in general.

2. Chef-certified badges

As the combination of software development and IT operations (DevOps) becomes the norm to shorten software development timeframes and increase build quality, there’s a strong demand for Chef-certified professionals. Chef currently offers a wide and varied range of learning paths to help educate users about the various technologies underpinning Chef. These broad offerings allow professionals to match skills to emerging technologies and problems.

Currently, Chef offers a Chef Principles Certification Exam to demonstrate knowledge of Chef OSS tools, solutions and products. The exam also aims to provide a wider measuring stick for general DevOps practices. This certification is good for two years. 

Chef facts and figures

Certification name

Chef Principles Certification

Prerequisites and required courses

No prerequisites are specified, but training is highly recommended.

Number of exams

There’s one exam (90 minutes long) that requires 70% to pass. 

Cost per exam   

The exam is free.

URL

https://learn.chef.io/courses/course-v1:chef+CP101+exam/about 

Self-study materials

Chef offers a range of self-study tracks that cover necessary materials and additional subjects relevant to professional development goals.

3. CSSLP: Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional

Like other (ISC)2 certifications, the CSSLP is a vendor-neutral credential relevant to many programming and development projects. Aimed at software developers, engineers, enterprise IT architects, QA and penetration testers, security specialists, and others, the CSSLP recognizes competency in securing applications throughout the software development lifecycle.

The exam covers all phases of the software development lifecycle, including:

  • Secure software concepts
  • Requirements
  • Design
  • Implementation 
  • Coding
  • Testing 

Candidates should also be up to speed on the eight CSSLP Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) domains, which include:

  • Software concepts
  • Requirements
  • Design
  • Implementation/programming
  • Testing
  • Lifecycle management
  • Deployment
  • Operations and maintenance, along with supply chain and software acquisition

CSSLP facts and figures

Certification name

Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional (CSSLP)

Prerequisites and required courses

Candidates need at least four years’ full-time work-related experience in the software development lifecycle (SDLC) in at least one of the eight CSSLP domains or three years’ experience plus a bachelor’s degree or equivalent in an IT-related field such as computer science or information technology.

Other requirements include:

  • Passing score on the CSSLP exam
  • Endorsement from an (ISC)2 active member within nine months of exam completion
  • Recertification is required every three years via 90 credits of continuing professional education (CPE); must earn 30 CPE credits each year; annual maintenance fee is $125.

Number of exams

There’s one exam (three hours, 135 questions) that requires 700 out of 1,000 points to pass.

Pearson VUE administers the exam.

Cost per exam   

$599

URL

http://www.isc2.org/csslp/Default.aspx

Self-study materials

The certification web page maintains links to multiple study tools, including exam outlines, textbooks, glossaries, study guides, interactive flashcards and training seminars.

Third-party certification prep materials are available at Amazon and other retailers.

TipTip: If the CSSLP isn’t for you, check out our guide on the best InfoSec and cybersecurity certifications of 2022 to help you get ahead in the IT industry.

4. Microsoft Certified: Azure Developer Associate

Microsoft certifications have seen a exact shift. Before Microsoft retired its Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD) certificate in January 2021, it was Microsoft’s prevailing certification for programmers and application developers. With a broad emphasis, MCSD focused on application developers and validated a candidate’s knowledge and the technical skills necessary to build web services, web applications and mobile apps. 

However, Microsoft revamped its certification process and learning paths to focus on employee roles. Following this shift, Microsoft recommended that any MCSD aspirants pursue its Azure Developer Associate certification. This certification is designed for cloud developers who participate in – or are interested in learning more about – cloud development, deployment and maintenance. 

This certification assumes candidates have one to two years of professional experience and familiarity with the Azure command line, an Azure-supported language and Azure PowerShell. 

Did you know?Did you know?: If you’re interested in cloud certifications, consider exploring Google Cloud certifications to enhance your knowledge of cloud security, storage, engineering and more.

Azure Developer Associate facts and figures

Certification name

Microsoft Certified: Azure Developer Associate

Prerequisites and required courses

Training and familiarity with Azure are recommended.

Number of exams

One exam: the AZ-204 exam

Cost per exam   

$165 per exam; prices vary by location outside the U.S.

URL

https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/certifications/azure-developer/#certification-exams

Self-study materials

Exam reference materials, including practice tests, instructor-led training, self-paced training kits, Microsoft Press books and Microsoft online resources, are available at Microsoft Learning.

5. PCP: Puppet Professional Certification

The Puppet Certified Professional (PCP) first appeared in this roundup in 2017. Founded in 2005 by Luke Kanies, Puppet is best known for its configuration management tool (offered in both open-source and commercial formats) and its automation software. Since its inception, Puppet has grown considerably. Its reach now extends to offices in the U.S. (Portland, Oregon) and the U.K., Ireland, Australia, and the Czech Republic. According to Puppet, more than 40,000 companies worldwide use the Puppet tool and software.

The PCP validates a candidate’s technical knowledge and expertise in administering systems using Puppet. While there are no formal requirements to earn the PCP, successful candidates should understand Puppet documentation and best practices, working with data (developing modules, external sources and data separation), and maintaining OS components.

Candidates should also have hands-on experience using Puppet. The company highly recommends that candidates take the Foundation and Practitioner training courses (or possess equivalent skills) before attempting the exam. The cert does not expire, but exams are updated to match the current version of Puppet software. 

Puppet Professional facts and figures

Certification name

Puppet Professional Certification (PCP)

Prerequisites and required courses

Candidates should have familiarity with Puppet documentation, best practices and the Puppet Language Style Guide.

Additionally, they should have experience working with Puppet automation software, administration of system infrastructure and the ability to develop basic modules.

Also recommended are Puppet Fundamentals and Practitioner training courses or equivalent skills.

Number of exams

One exam: PPT 206 – System Administration Using Puppet (60 questions; 90 minutes)

Cost per exam   

$200

QuestionMark administers this exam.

URL

https://puppet.com/support-services/certification

Self-study materials

The certification and exam web pages have links to various Puppet docs, the Puppet Language Style Guide, practice exams, the Puppet Enterprise Users Guide, training opportunities and more.

Beyond the top 5: More programming certifications

Many other certification programs can help further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work as programmers. Here are a few certs and resources to consider:

  • Adobe Experience Cloud certification: The Adobe Experience Cloud certification didn’t make the leaderboard, but it’s still a credential worth pursuing. 
  • Vendor-neutral certifications: It also makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-neutral certification programs available for those who work with specific programming languages or development platforms, particularly those that are open source. For example, consider the Zend Framework and Zend PHP, Ruby on Rails, and the Ruby Association’s Certified Ruby Programmer
  • Programmer training organizations: You can also find offerings from providers like ExpertRating. These and similar organizations offer programmer training and testing on dozens to hundreds of topics, including mobile applications development, Android and iOS, and web programming. 
  • Vendor-specific certification programs: Additionally, a careful examination of vendor-specific certification programs with broad developer footprints – such as BMC, IBM, SAS, Oracle (Java programming, OCA, OCP, OCM, OCE and more), Teradata, and Amazon’s AWS – can also open doors for developers and provide ongoing job or contract opportunities. 

TipTip: Consider vendor-specific certification programs like SAS certifications and Oracle certifications, and take advantage of free AWS online training resources.

Choosing the right certification

Pursuing the best IT certifications, including programming certs, is an excellent career advancement asset that validates your skills and knowledge.  

Those interested in programming certifications have no shortage of choices, so choose carefully and wisely. IT professionals should carefully determine the technologies used in their work environments and consider the roles they may want to pursue in the future.  

While certifications can be highly beneficial in demonstrating your current state of knowledge, they are also helpful aspirational tools if you are interested in making a career shift. 

Jeremy Bender contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. 

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10733-programming-certifications.html
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2022
  • Database technology is crucial in multiple applications and computing tasks, and certifications help demonstrate job readiness and core competencies. 
  • Before pursuing a database platform certification, you should have a solid background in relational database management systems and the SQL language. 
  • Valuable certifications are typically tied to specific technology companies and their platforms, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP.
  • This article is for IT professionals considering database certifications to further their careers. 

While database platforms have come and gone through the decades, database technology is still critical for multiple applications and computing tasks. IT professionals often seek database certifications to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise as they navigate their career paths and pursue professional growth. 

While database certifications may not be as bleeding edge as Google cloud certifications, cybersecurity certifications, storage certifications or digital forensics certifications, database professionals at all levels possess in-demand career skills — and a plethora of database-related jobs are waiting to be filled.

We’ll look at some of the most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases.

What to know about database roles and certifications

To get a better grasp of available database certifications, it’s helpful to group these certs around job responsibilities. This reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA). A DBA is responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). The job is often tied to a specific platform, such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server.
  • Database developer. A database developer works with generic and proprietary application programming interfaces (APIs) to build applications that interact with a DBMS. Like DBA roles, database developer positions are also often platform-specific.
  • Database designer or database architect. A database designer or architect researches data requirements for specific applications or users and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst or data scientist. A data analyst or scientist is responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insights, determine the meaning behind data, and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining or business intelligence (BI) specialist. A data mining or BI specialist focuses on dissecting, analyzing and reporting important data streams, such as customer, supply chain and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist. A data warehousing specialist assembles and analyzes data from multiple operational systems (such as orders, transactions, supply chain information and customer data) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

These database job roles highlight two critical issues to consider if you want to be a database professional:

  1. You need a solid general background. First, a background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a fundamental prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 
  2. There’s a focus on proprietary technologies. Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver comes from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. Most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

Did you know?Did you know? NoSQL databases — called “not only SQL” or “non-relational” databases — are increasingly used in big data applications associated with some of the best big data certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence.

Best database certifications

Here are details on our five best database certification picks for 2022.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 12

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry-standard DB2, as well as the following:

  • IBM Compose
  • Information Management System (IMS)
  • Informix
  • Cloudant
  • IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop

IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program that has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM now has a primary data-centric certification category called IBM Data and AI. It includes a range of database credentials: 

  • Database Associate
  • Database Administrator
  • System Administrator
  • Application Developer 

IBM’s is a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers toward the handful of items most relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on IBM’s z/OS should check out the IBM Associate Certified DBA — Db2 12 certification. It’s an entry-level exam that addresses routine planning, working with SQL and XML, security, operations, data concurrency, application design, and concepts around database objects.

This certification requires candidates to pass one exam. Pre-exam training and familiarity with concepts, or hands-on experience, are recommended but not required. 

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator — Db2 12 (z/OS)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses are available.

Number of exams

One: C1000-122: Db2 12 for z/OS DBA Fundamentals (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam. Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.

URL

https://www.ibm.com/training/certification/C8003803

Self-study materials

The certification page includes self-study materials, including a study guide and a learning path. 

Did you know? IBM’s certification offerings are among the best system administrator certifications IT professionals can achieve.

2. Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence. Azure is a cloud computing platform for application management and Microsoft-managed data centers. Microsoft certifications include various Azure offerings based on job role and experience level.

Microsoft’s certification program is role-centric, centered on the skills you need to succeed in specific technology jobs. Because Azure has such a broad scope, Azure certifications span multiple job roles. However, specific certifications exist for the following positions:

  • Data Analysts
  • Data Engineers
  • Data Scientists
  • Database Administrators 

There are also certifications for learners at different experience levels. 

For those looking to take their Azure knowledge to the next level, the Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals certification is the perfect place to start. This certification is for beginner database administrators interested in using Azure and mastering data in the cloud. It offers foundational knowledge of core concepts while reinforcing concepts for later use in other Azure role-based certifications, such as those listed below: 

  • Azure Database Administrator Associate
  • Azure Data Engineer Associate
  • Data Analyst Associate 

Azure Data Fundamentals certification facts and figures

Certification name

Microsoft Certified: Azure Data Fundamentals

Prerequisites and required courses 

This certification does not have any prerequisites. However, for absolute beginners, Microsoft offers an Azure Fundamentals certification. 

Number of exams

One exam, DP-900, which is administered via Pearson VUE or Certiport.

Cost per exam

The exam costs $99 in the United States, though the cost changes based on where it is proctored. 

URL

https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/certifications/exams/dp-900

Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the exam is well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice questions and other materials. Microsoft also offers a free online learning path.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks depending on job role and product. MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

If you’re interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification, you can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. 

The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can accomplish the following tasks:

  • Install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server.
  • Configure replication.
  • Apply security.
  • Schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

Did you know? According to Oracle, approximately 1.8 million Oracle Certified professionals globally hold certifications to advance their networking careers and professions to validate their IT expertise. 

4. Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

For individuals interested in working in the Oracle environment who have the necessary experience to become a database administrator, Oracle’s Database SQL Certified Associate Certification is another top Oracle certification and an excellent starting point. This exam encompasses an understanding of fundamental SQL concepts that individuals must grasp for database projects. 

By earning the certification, individuals demonstrate that they have a range of knowledge in core SQL concepts:

  • Familiarity with queries, data modeling, and normalization
  • Strong base understanding of the underlying SQL language
  • An ability to create and manipulate Oracle Database tables 

This certification also requires candidates to pass a single exam. While Oracle does not specify any prerequisites, the company does state candidates should have familiarity working with the command line. 

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification facts and figures

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

SAP SE has an extensive portfolio of business applications and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications and storage. The SAP HANA platform’s foundation is an enterprise-grade relational database management system that can be run as an appliance on-premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform lets customers build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program built to support its various platforms and products. We’re featuring the SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications we’ve highlighted and is in high demand among employers, according to job board surveys. 

This certification ensures database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers the following skills:

  • Managing users and authorizations
  • Applying security
  • Ensuring high availability 
  • Effective disaster-recovery techniques 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. 

The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $2,760. This online training program is designed for those who run, support, or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most exact SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end-of-life status and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05

Prerequisites and required courses    

None required.

Recommended: Hands-on experience and the following courses: 

  • SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) 
  • High Availability and Disaster Tolerance Administration SPS05 (HA201)
  • Monitoring and Performance Tools SPS05 (HA215)
  • Database Migration using DMO SPS05 (HA250)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Technology Associate — SAP HANA 2.0 SPS05, exam code C_HANATEC_17 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam

$500

URL

https://training.sap.com/certification/c_hanatec_17-sap-certified-technology-associate—sap-hana-20-sps05-g/

Self-study materials

The certification web page includes a link to demo questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Tip: To broaden your skill set, consider pursuing the best sales certifications to better sell and implement various IT solutions, including databases.

Beyond the top 5 database certifications

Additional database certification programs can further the careers of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, well-known vendor-neutral database certifications exist, including the following: 

  • ICCP certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) offers its unique Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Learn more about ICCP certifications from the ICCP website.
  • Enterprise DB certifications. EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional

These are some additional certifications: 

These credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets — and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them.

Key takeaway: Pursuing additional database certifications can be helpful for professional development if you already work with these platforms or plan to work with them in the future. 

Job board search results

Before pursuing certifications, consider their popularity with employers to gain a helpful perspective on current database certification demand. Here’s a job board snapshot to provide you an idea of what’s trending.

Certification

SimplyHired 

 Indeed 

 LinkedIn Jobs 

 LinkUp 

Total

IBM Certified Database Administrator — DB2

867

1,337

1,911

753

4,868

Azure Data Fundamentals

2,052

4,154

283

2,322

8,811

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator

339

473

143

23

978

Oracle Database SQL Certified Associate Certification

138

177

10

273

598

SAP HANA

32

37

57

466

592

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $91,949 as the national average in the U.S., ranging from $64,171 to over $131,753. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat lower at $84,161, with a top rung for experienced senior DBAs right around $134,000.

Choosing the right certification

Choosing the best IT certifications to enhance your skills and boost your career can be overwhelming, especially as many available certifications are for proprietary technologies. While picking a database certification can feel like locking yourself into a single technology family, it is worth remembering that many database skills are transferable. Additionally, pursuing any certification shows your willingness to learn and demonstrates competence to current and future employers. 

Ultimately, choosing which certification to pursue depends on the technologies you use at work or would like to use at a future employer.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the reporting and writing in this article. 

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : CISSP Certification Requirements And Cost

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) credential demonstrates mastery of developing and overseeing large-scale cybersecurity programs. When it comes to the best cybersecurity certifications, many consider CISSP the industry’s gold standard. Individuals who meet CISSP requirements can earn the certification and qualify to take on more professional responsibility in their field.

This guide offers information on CISSP certification requirements, including experience, suggested preparation times and CISSP certification exam costs.

What Is CISSP Certification?

CISSP certification, offered by (ISC)2, is an advanced credential for information systems and cybersecurity professionals. This certification highlights an individual’s ability to create, deploy and manage cybersecurity efforts for large organizations.

CISSP certification requirements include a significant amount of professional experience and passing a lengthy exam. This credential suits experienced workers over entry-level and mid-level professionals.

Though this certification is not required by employers, it can boost candidates’ earning power and help them qualify for advanced roles in information security. CISSPs often work in positions like chief information security officer (CISO), network architect, security auditor and security manager, among others.

CISSP Certification Requirements

Aspiring CISSPs should familiarize themselves with the certification’s requirements before pursuing this credential.

Gain Experience

CISSP certification requirements stipulate that each candidate must have a minimum of five years of relevant professional experience. (ISC)² specifies eight security domains:

  • Domain 1: Security and Risk Management
  • Domain 2: Asset Security
  • Domain 3: Security Architecture and Engineering
  • Domain 4: Communication and Network Security
  • Domain 5: Identity and Access Management (IAM)
  • Domain 6: Security Assessment and Testing
  • Domain 7: Security Operations
  • Domain 8: Software Development Security

Prospective CISSPs must accumulate experience in two of the eight domains to meet CISSP certification requirements. They can also apply (ISC)²-approved four-year college degrees and other credentials, which may qualify as a year of experience. Paid and unpaid internships also count toward the CISSP requirement.

Pass the Certification Exam

The CISSP exam covers the eight domains of security in a four-hour test comprising 125 to 175 required responses. These appear as multiple-choice questions and advanced innovative items. Test-takers must earn a 700 out of 1,000 to pass. Candidates register to take the exam with Pearson VUE.

Get Endorsed

After passing the exam, individuals can apply for endorsement online. The endorsement must come from an (ISC)²-certified professional who can advocate for your professional experience as a credential-holder in good standing. Individuals must receive endorsements within nine months of passing the exam.

Cost of Becoming a CISSP

Earning CISSP certification can deliver many professional benefits, but individuals should also understand the costs associated with pursuing the credential. Along with the required time investment, consider the following CISSP certification exam costs and any required payments relating to preparation and recertification.

CISSP Certification exam Prep

Many organizations offer prep courses for the CISSP certification exam, and their costs vary drastically. Make sure to include exam prep costs, which may range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, in your CISSP budget. (ISC)² offers several exam prep methods, including self-paced, instructor-led and team-based options. These offerings can cost over $2,000.

CISSP Certification exam Cost

The CISSP certification exam costs $749. Individuals can receive vouchers from partner organizations after completing CISSP exam training courses.

Recertification Cost

Individuals must meet CISSP recertification requirements every three years to maintain their credentials. Each certification-holder must earn 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over this three-year period. Costs relating to CPEs can vary significantly, but each certified individual must pay an annual $125 fee to (ISC)².

Common Careers for CISSPs

Individuals who have met CISSP requirements and earned their credentials can pursue work in many information security and cybersecurity roles. As of 2021, the number of open cybersecurity roles far outpaces the number of qualified professionals, indicating strong continued demand in the sector.

Data from Cyberseek.org indicates that among current cybersecurity openings requiring certification, CISSP ranks as the most in-demand credential. The following section explores roles for CISSP certification-holders.

Chief Information Security Officer

Average Annual Salary: Around $172,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information security or a related field; master’s preferred
Job Description: CISOs rank among the top positions in information security for responsibility and salary. This c-suite role reports directly to the CEO and requires significant experience, practical skills and expertise in information security.

CISOs oversee their organizations’ information security efforts. Often referred to as “chief security officers,” they supervise teams of infosec workers, set organizational directives, establish company-wide best practices and manage resource allotment. CISOs working in large, international businesses may interact with government agencies and congresspeople to ensure compliance with legal standards for information security.

Information Technology Director

Average Annual Salary: Around $123,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field, MBA often preferred
Job Description: IT directors oversee departments of IT workers and manage organizations’ computer systems operations. They provide solutions to companies’ computer-related issues, including software upgrades, security concerns and general technical issues. IT directors communicate with executives to ensure company-wide directives are carried out successfully.

These directors research new IT software and hardware to keep their organizations up to date and safe. They track metrics for managing IT professionals, along with storage, hardware and software. IT directors also handle employee schedules and departmental budgetary planning. As department heads, they must possess strong communication skills to interact with mid-level professionals and c-suite executives.

Security Analyst

Average Annual Salary: Around $70,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer and information technology or a related field
Job Description: Security analysts work in computer systems, networks and information security departments to prevent, monitor and respond to security breaches. This broad professional title refers to workers who handle a variety of tasks in computer and network security.

These professionals work in many industries as “first responders” for cyberattacks. They must demonstrate deep knowledge of hardware, software and data storage to understand potential vulnerabilities and security solutions. Security analysts may help design security systems and handle encryption efforts for businesses to protect sensitive information.

Network Architect

Average Annual Salary: Around $121,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in network engineering or a related field; master’s in cybersecurity or a related field often preferred
Job Description: Network architects design and implement organizations’ security infrastructures. These professionals test and analyze existing safety structures to identify vulnerabilities and deliver improvements. They handle the installation and maintenance of computer systems, including interconnected devices like firewalls and routers.

Before deploying any updates or upgrades, these information security professionals create models to test their networks in a controlled environment. Modeling allows network architects to forecast security and traffic issues before implementing their infrastructures in the real world. These professionals also train and educate IT workers on organizational best practices.

Frequently Asked Questions About CISSP Requirements

What are the requirements to become CISSP-certified?

The two primary CISSP requirements are passing the exam and gaining five years of relevant professional experience.

No. CISSP certification suits experienced cybersecurity and information security professionals, requiring a minimum of five years of experience in the field.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 17:23:00 -0600 Matt Whittle en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/cissp-certification-requirements/
Killexams : The 9 Best IT Certification Courses for Beginners © Provided by MUO

Are you thinking of starting an IT role? Learning new skills will help you gain confidence to start your IT career. Since online learning became popular, you probably feel overwhelmed and don't know which course to pick. We've rounded up some of the best beginner IT courses for you.

Google courses are some of the best pathways to an IT career. This six-month course teaches in-demand skills, including cloud computing, network protocols, binary code, troubleshooting, Linux, domain name system (DNS), and customer service.

If you feel like you're automatically disqualified from a job role because you don't have a college degree or an IT job, this is the course for you. Without credentials, you might struggle with looking for a good-paying job. This certificate from Google prepares you for entry-level IT jobs even if you didn't finish a four-year course or work at a tech company.

If you want to know how to launch a career in tech with no experience, start with this course. Afterward, you'll be able to apply for jobs such as IT Specialist, IT Technician, IT Support Specialist, Computer User Specialist, and IT Assistant.

If managing a project excites you, try this short course from Udemy. The beginner-friendly lessons cover 32 bite-sized lectures (2.33 hours total) that take you through the basics of leading a project from start to finish. Along the way, you'll learn the hard and soft skills every project manager should have.

IT project managers plan, execute, and oversee projects in organizations. You might handle various tasks, such as changing cloud providers, developing software, and upgrading networks. It's one of the most challenging careers since you'll also need technical skills and IT knowledge.

You can get IT and tech jobs that don't require programming or coding (like IT Project Manager). However, if you want to expand your IT career choices, learning to code is one of the best ways to go about it. If you're willing to learn how to code from scratch, try Skillshare's Coding for Beginners.

The class includes 50 lessons (11.16 hours) on Python and Scratch. Scratch is a free and simple programming language targeted at kids. It helps you create interactive games, stories, and animations. Meanwhile, Python is a popular coding language with many uses, like web development and data sciences.

Aside from introducing you to common terms in programming, the course also gives you hands-on exercises. You'll learn foundational theory and apply it to a simple project. By the end of the lessons, you'll be building your first app!

If you're new to IT and want to see how IT benefits organizations, this is the best beginner certification course for you. Many industries heavily rely on IT to function optimally. IT Technology Foundations helps you understand the basics and prepares you to work in multiple sectors.

Learning IT Foundations with edX takes only six weeks. The lessons examine how the IT system helps business growth, profitability, and productivity. You’ll learn various administrative roles, methodologies when developing new projects, and ethical considerations in the IT field. You’ll also be introduced to technologies in different IT disciplines, such as data management, business, and network and security.

Don't be intimidated by the course title. CompTIA simply means Computing Technology Industry Association, an American nonprofit trade association that’s been around since 1982. A+ is the certification you need to apply for entry-level IT jobs.

CompTIA is the industry standard in IT certifications, and A+ is perfect for professionals who want to branch out their IT skills in the future. The course covers various subjects to prepare you for your IT career: hardware, troubleshooting, computer networking, operating systems, mobile devices, cloud computing, and IT security.

To get your certification, you must pass the Core 1 and Core 2 exams, which run for 90 minutes each. Since IT skills are required to support several industries with a growing demand for remote work, the exams will also cover the necessary technologies to enable hybrid work setups.

CompTIA requires more time and effort than the other courses listed here. You’ll need 9-12 months of experience or equivalent training to take the CompTIA A+ exams. Your certification will then be valid for three years. After this, you can renew it by taking additional training, earning a higher-level IT certification, or earning 20 continuing education units (CEUs).

Are you undecided about pursuing an IT career? Are you thinking of how to switch to a career in tech? Are you struggling with self-doubt because you don’t have technical skills? CompTIA IT Fundamentals is the best course for you.

CompTIA ITF+ helps you gain confidence in IT skills. You’ll learn the features of common operating systems and software applications. The course will also introduce you to IT terms and concepts, infrastructure, and best practices in IT security.

To get certified, you’ll have to take a 60-minute exam. If you pass, you can proceed with enrolling for an A+ certification.

Cybersecurity professionals are some of the most in-demand skilled workers today. PR Newswire reports that cybersecurity job postings have increased in exact years. If dealing with ransomware and cyberattacks makes you feel like a noble Jedi, this is the course for you.

Guided by the CompTIA Security+ Certification, Fundamentals of Cybersecurity walks you through basic social engineering tactics that scammers use. You’ll learn to identify a cyberattack and develop strategies to ward off the threat. Even if you decide not to pursue an IT career, you’ll find this course valuable for personal use.

With more companies allowing flexible work arrangements, professionals should learn the basic tech skills you’ll need as a remote worker. Aside from this, you’ll have to know the latest tech trends, effective presentation skills, and best practices to Boost your well-being. This course is a holistic approach to learning all this foundational knowledge.

Skills to Succeed in the Digital Workplace runs for ten weeks and is helpful to all professionals in various industries. Industry experts will share their best practices to Boost online presence, communication, remote work, storytelling, and more. If you’re planning to shift to a tech career while working remotely, this is the course for you.

Apple fans, rejoice! If you’d like to take your fandom one step further, why not explore a tech career in troubleshooting Apple devices? Jamf shares that Mac usage is growing in enterprises. Additionally, most tablets used in the workplace are iPads, and 49% of smartphones deployed in US businesses are iPhones. If so, tech professionals with Apple tech support experience will be in high demand.

This 14-hour course requires you to read tutorials on iPhone, iPad, and Mac tech support. You’ll learn how to set up and restore devices, manage network sharing and security, and run diagnostics. lf you get at least 80% on the online exam, you’ll earn the Apple Certified Professional digital badge.

Apple recommends 30-60 hours of exam preparation. You can practice answering the demo questions, reviewing the lessons, or familiarizing yourself with Apple devices. Make sure that you have your Apple ID and password to be able to take the exam.

Learning never stops in the ever-changing IT field. Even if you’re a fresh grad or career shifter, starting an IT career is possible. While these beginner courses aren’t free, they still beat spending thousands of dollars per academic year in college.

These courses set you up for career advancement. Some are more challenging than others, so spend a part of your day researching the IT career path you want to take. Once you zero in on your chosen field, invest in one of these courses and launch your IT career.

Sun, 11 Dec 2022 08:00:16 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/lifestyle/career/the-9-best-it-certification-courses-for-beginners/ar-AA15a3KX
Killexams : How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.

But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.

What Is PMP Certification?

Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.

PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Book of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the holy grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.

PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.

How to Sign Up for PMP Certification

The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.

If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.

Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP exam costs.

PMP Certification Requirements

You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.

If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

PMP Cost

Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.

To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $555 for nonmembers.

PMP Time Commitment

How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Consider documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can be different for each individual, as well as dependent on location and testing center availability.

Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the exam as prepared as possible.

PMP Renewal Costs

Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Is PMP Certification Worth It?

To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.

Benefits of PMP certification

  • Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
  • Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
  • Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.

Consider Your Career

Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.

Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost

According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.

Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 16:30:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/get-pmp-certification/
Killexams : CFP Board Announces November 2022 CFP® Certification exam Results

WASHINGTON, Dec. 6, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc. (CFP Board) today announced the results of the November 2022 CFP® Certification Exam. The exam was administered during a November 1-8 testing window to 3,204 candidates, with 4% of candidates testing remotely. The pass rate for the November exam was 64%.

Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc. Logo (PRNewsfoto/Certified Financial Planner Boa)

According to the November 2022 post-exam survey, most exam-takers (65%) are pursuing CFP® certification to become more skilled at their jobs and to better serve their clients.

The post-exam survey also showed that 68% of November candidates are under 40 years old and 35% are under 30 years old.

Nearly 75% of exam-takers reported receiving some level of financial support from their employers during the CFP® certification process. Further, 68% of exam-takers also reported that while they were preparing for the exam, the CFP Board provided the right information and resources at the right time. The top five CFP Board resources used by candidates were CFP Board Practice exam 1, the exam Candidate Handbook, CFP Board supplementary resources and guidance documents, the CFP Board Candidate Forum and the Candidate Preparation Toolkit. Other resources used included webinars, the CFP Board Mentor Program and scholarship opportunities.

"The results of our post-exam survey continue to prove that earning CFP® certification is an essential step for financial planners who want to elevate their careers and serve their clients' best interests," says CFP Board CEO Kevin R. Keller, CAE. "CFP Board would like to congratulate all of the candidates who pursued CFP® certification by successfully passing the exam. We appreciate your dedication to helping clients achieve their financial dreams." 

Historical exam statistics — including those from the November 2022 exam — are available on CFP Board's exam statistics webpage.

March 2023 Exam
The CFP® exam is offered three times annually in March, July and November. Registration for the March 2023 CFP® Certification exam is now open. This exam will be administered from March 7 to March 14, 2023. The registration deadline is February 21, and the Education Verification deadline is February 14. Testing appointments are scheduled on a first come, first served basis. We therefore encourage individuals to register for the exam at least 60 days in advance for the best date and site availability. Early registrants who schedule exams by January 10 are eligible for a discount.

To begin the path to certification, individuals aspiring to become CFP® professionals should create accounts on CFP.net. Here, they can access resources for all stages of their certification journey.

ABOUT CFP BOARD 
Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc. is the professional body for personal financial planners in the U.S. CFP Board sets standards for financial planning and administers the prestigious CFP® certification – one of the most respected certifications in financial services – so that the public has access to and benefits from competent and ethical financial planning. CFP Board, along with its Center for Financial Planning, is committed to increasing the public's awareness of CFP® certification and access to a diverse, ethical and competent financial planning workforce. Widely recognized by the public, advisors and firms as the standard for financial planning, CFP® certification is held by more than 93,000 people in the United States

Cision View original content to get multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/cfp-board-announces-november-2022-cfp-certification-exam-results-301696393.html

SOURCE Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc.

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 07:55:00 -0600 en text/html https://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/cfp-board-announces-november-2022-cfp-certification-exam-results-1031956546
Killexams : The Linux Foundation unveils new RISC-V certification course

The nonprofit, open-source organization, The Linux Foundation, and RISC-V International, the global open hardware standards organization, have announced the new RISC-V Foundational Associate (RVFA) certification exam.

According to the companies, this release is designed to test functional knowledge of the RISC-V instruction set architecture.

The RVFA exam is intended for anyone pursuing a career as an embedded systems engineer, RTL design engineer, design verification engineer, software developer, or documentation engineer. 

Additionally, interested candidates should already have a knowledge of git, advanced programming languages, debuggers like GDB, and system architecture (ISA).

Programming or design experience is also preferred and candidates may also find it helpful to have completed some computer science, software engineering, computer engineering, or electrical engineering coursework.  

“The increasing interest and adoption of RISC-V are driving global demand for talent, and employers value a RISC-V knowledge base,” said Calista Redmond, CEO of RISC-V International. “As RISC-V continues to proliferate everywhere, it is important that we collaborate with our members and partners such as the Linux Foundation to ensure we have programs in place to train talent around the world and meet the continuously increasing demand.”

The companies stated that the multiple choice exam is timed at 90 minutes and covers several areas, including the RISC-V ISA; embedded hardware design such as IoT, medical, and automotive applications; the ability to code in RISC-V assembly language; the ability to use toolchains like GCC and LLVM; and an understanding of RISC-V calling conventions.

The RVFA exam is now available for registration for $250. For more information and to register for the exam, click here.  

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 03:45:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://sdtimes.com/software-development/the-linux-foundation-unveils-new-risc-v-certification-course/
Killexams : Election certification delays few, but a 'test run' for 2024

Before November, election officials prepared for the possibility that Republicans who embraced former President Donald Trump's lies about voter fraud would challenge the verdict of voters by refusing to certify the midterm results.

Three weeks after the end of voting, such challenges are playing out in just two states, Arizona and Pennsylvania, where Democrats won the marquee races for governor and Senate.

Legal experts predict the bids are doomed because local governmental agencies typically don't have the option to vote against certifying the results of their elections. But experts also say the delays are a signal that the United States must brace itself for similar disruptions in the next presidential contest.

“It is one of the few places where election deniers have a lever of power,” Rick Hasen, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, said of the local political authorities responsible for certifying election results in most states. “It’s a good test run for 2024, showing state courts they’re going to have to step in.”

For now, the certification delay in a smattering of rural counties in just two states reflects the limited ability of election conspiracy theorists to disrupt the midterms. One rural Arizona county has drawn court challenges after its refusal to certify, but a second one that was flirting with blocking certification backed off amid legal threats.

In Pennsylvania, a handful of the state's 67 counties have delayed certification because of recounts demanded by local conspiracy theorists in scattered precincts. But in most states, certification has gone smoothly.

“Before Election Day, I thought Republicans would exploit the certification process to undermine election results,” said Marc Elias, a Democratic lawyer who has sued to compel the lone Arizona county to certify.

That there's only one county delaying so far in that important battleground state, where Republican candidates who denied Joe Biden's victory in the 2020 presidential race ran unsuccessfully for governor and secretary of state, is “good news, and a bit of a surprise,” Elias said.

In Wisconsin, where Trump pressured Republican lawmakers to decertify the 2020 results, the chair of the state elections commission certified the results of the midterm election during a quick meeting Wednesday without fanfare. Minnesota, where the failed Republican secretary of state candidate had cast doubt on the legitimacy of the 2020 presidential election, the state canvassing board certified this year's results without drama on Tuesday.

The smooth outcome in most of the country is a reflection of the diminished opportunities election conspiracy theorists have to control elections after a number of their candidates were routed in statewide elections for positions overseeing voting. They're largely left with a footprint in conservative, rural counties. Still, that's enough to cause headaches for having the election results certified on a statewide basis, raising concerns about how rural counties might respond after the next presidential election.

The movement that embraces Trump's lies about voting hoped it would have many more levers after November. Candidates who backed Trump's efforts to overturn the 2020 election ran for top posts with power over state voting — including secretary of state, which in most states is the top election position — in five of the six swing states that were key to Trump's 2020 loss. They lost every race in each of those states.

Democratic Secretary of State Katie Hobbs defeated Trump-backed Republican Kari Lake in the race for Arizona governor, flipping it out of the GOP category, and a Democrat also won the race to replace Hobbs. A Democrat defeated an election conspiracy theorist running for Nevada secretary of state, shifting another swing-state election office from the GOP.

On the local level, the picture is blurrier.

There are more than 10,000 local election offices in the country that follow guidelines set by secretaries of state or other agencies that their states designate as the top election authorities. That's where conspiracy theorists won at least some new offices and still have the power to disrupt proceedings.

During the June primary in New Mexico, rural Otero County refused to certify the results of its election, preventing the state from making the winners official until the state Supreme Court ordered it to act. That set a template that election lawyers feared would be vastly replicated in the weeks after the midterms. But this time, even Otero County certified its winners without a delay. New Mexico's canvass board certified the statewide results Wednesday.

In Michigan, where a GOP slate of election conspiracy theorists was defeated in statewide races, the Republican candidate for secretary of state, Kristina Karamo, implored the state's bipartisan board of canvassers not to certify the election during a hearing this week. Karamo insisted there had been widespread fraud, even though she lost her race against Democratic Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson by more than 13 percentage points.

Tony Daunt, the Republican chair of the certification board, responded by blasting candidates who “feed into this nonsense” by making “claims that fire everybody up because it’s a short-term gain for them, and that’s dangerous to our system.” The board unanimously certified the election.

In Pennsylvania, the most prominent certification hiccup has come in Luzerne County, north of Philadelphia, which voted for Trump by 14 percentage points in 2020. County commissioners delayed certifying the election on Monday after one Democrat abstained from voting following an Election Day fiasco in which the election office ran out of ballots.

The Democrat, Daniel Schramm, joined the two other Democratic commissioners on the five-member board Wednesday to certify the vote after telling reporters he was confident no citizen was unable to vote. Certification is being delayed in a few other counties after local Republican committees and voters requested recounts.

In Arizona, the two Republicans on Cochise County's three-member county commission blew past Monday's certification deadline, saying they needed more information on the certification of vote tabulators, even though there have been no problems with voting or ballot counting in their county.

The secretary of state's office has sued, saying that it must certify the state's elections by Dec. 8.

“The only legal effect this has is to disenfranchise all their voters,” said David Becker of the Center for Election Innovation.

The efforts to delay certification are dangerous even if they're doomed to fail, Becker and others said. They continue to sow discontent and distrust of voting and democracy.

David Levine, a former election official who is a fellow with the Alliance for Securing Democracy, noted that conspiracy theories about elections have reached such a fever pitch in Arizona that Bill Gates, the Republican chair of the county commission in Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix. has been given additional security by the local sheriff.

“When you provide legitimacy to baseless accusations about the election process, there is a concern that more of that will occur," Levine said.

Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix, certified its election results on Monday, after dozens of attendees demanded the board not do it. Some complained about printer malfunctions in the county, the state's most populous, that led to confusion and long lines on Election Day — even though Maricopa officials said everyone had a chance to vote and that all legal ballots were counted.

In other counties, activists also spoke out against certification, though unsuccessfully. In Yavapai County, north of Phoenix, a woman who gave her name as Nancy Littlefield, wearing a hoodie patterned on the American flag, made clear that part of her objections were because she simply didn't like the outcome of the election.

She urged Yavapai board members not to certify the vote because “I moved from California so I could be free and live my life and have my voice heard.”

___

Associated Press writers Joey Cappelletti in Lansing, Michigan; Jonathan J. Cooper and Anita Snow in Phoenix; Christina A. Cassidy in Atlanta; and Mark Scolforo in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, contributed to this report.

___

Follow the AP’s coverage of the 2022 midterm elections at https://apnews.com/hub/2022-midterm-elections

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 15:09:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://news.yahoo.com/election-certification-delays-few-test-050553041.html
Killexams : Election certification delays few, but a 'test run' for 2024

Before November, election officials prepared for the possibility that Republicans who embraced former President Donald Trump's lies about voter fraud would challenge the verdict of voters by refusing to certify the midterm results.

Three weeks after the end of voting, such challenges are playing out in just two states, Arizona and Pennsylvania, where Democrats won the marquee races for governor and Senate.

Legal experts predict the bids are doomed because local governmental agencies typically don't have the option to vote against certifying the results of their elections. But experts also say the delays are a signal that the United States must brace itself for similar disruptions in the next presidential contest.

"It is one of the few places where election deniers have a lever of power," Rick Hasen, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, said of the local political authorities responsible for certifying election results in most states. "It's a good test run for 2024, showing state courts they're going to have to step in."

For now, the certification delay in a smattering of rural counties in just two states reflects the limited ability of election conspiracy theorists to disrupt the midterms. One rural Arizona county has drawn court challenges after its refusal to certify, but a second one that was flirting with blocking certification backed off amid legal threats.

In Pennsylvania, a handful of the state's 67 counties have delayed certification because of recounts demanded by local conspiracy theorists in scattered precincts. But in most states, certification has gone smoothly.

"Before Election Day, I thought Republicans would exploit the certification process to undermine election results," said Marc Elias, a Democratic lawyer who has sued to compel the lone Arizona county to certify.

That there's only one county delaying so far in that important battleground state, where Republican candidates who denied Joe Biden's victory in the 2020 presidential race ran unsuccessfully for governor and secretary of state, is "good news, and a bit of a surprise," Elias said.

In Wisconsin, where Trump pressured Republican lawmakers to decertify the 2020 results, the chair of the state elections commission certified the results of the midterm election during a quick meeting Wednesday without fanfare. Minnesota, where the failed Republican secretary of state candidate had cast doubt on the legitimacy of the 2020 presidential election, the state canvassing board certified this year's results without drama on Tuesday.

The smooth outcome in most of the country is a reflection of the diminished opportunities election conspiracy theorists have to control elections after a number of their candidates were routed in statewide elections for positions overseeing voting. They're largely left with a footprint in conservative, rural counties. Still, that's enough to cause headaches for having the election results certified on a statewide basis, raising concerns about how rural counties might respond after the next presidential election.

The movement that embraces Trump's lies about voting hoped it would have many more levers after November. Candidates who backed Trump's efforts to overturn the 2020 election ran for top posts with power over state voting — including secretary of state, which in most states is the top election position — in five of the six swing states that were key to Trump's 2020 loss. They lost every race in each of those states.

Democratic Secretary of State Katie Hobbs defeated Trump-backed Republican Kari Lake in the race for Arizona governor, flipping it out of the GOP category, and a Democrat also won the race to replace Hobbs. A Democrat defeated an election conspiracy theorist running for Nevada secretary of state, shifting another swing-state election office from the GOP.

On the local level, the picture is blurrier.

There are more than 10,000 local election offices in the country that follow guidelines set by secretaries of state or other agencies that their states designate as the top election authorities. That's where conspiracy theorists won at least some new offices and still have the power to disrupt proceedings.

During the June primary in New Mexico, rural Otero County refused to certify the results of its election, preventing the state from making the winners official until the state Supreme Court ordered it to act. That set a template that election lawyers feared would be vastly replicated in the weeks after the midterms. But this time, even Otero County certified its winners without a delay. New Mexico's canvass board certified the statewide results Wednesday.

In Michigan, where a GOP slate of election conspiracy theorists was defeated in statewide races, the Republican candidate for secretary of state, Kristina Karamo, implored the state's bipartisan board of canvassers not to certify the election during a hearing this week. Karamo insisted there had been widespread fraud, even though she lost her race against Democratic Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson by more than 13 percentage points.

Tony Daunt, the Republican chair of the certification board, responded by blasting candidates who "feed into this nonsense" by making "claims that fire everybody up because it's a short-term gain for them, and that's dangerous to our system." The board unanimously certified the election.

In Pennsylvania, the most prominent certification hiccup has come in Luzerne County, north of Philadelphia, which voted for Trump by 14 percentage points in 2020. County commissioners delayed certifying the election on Monday after one Democrat abstained from voting following an Election Day fiasco in which the election office ran out of ballots.

But the Democrat, Daniel Schramm, later told reporters he would vote to certify on Wednesday, after having time to confirm that the foul-up didn't disenfranchise any voters. Certification is being delayed in a few other counties after local Republican committees and voters requested recounts.

In Arizona, the two Republicans on Cochise County's three-member county commission blew past Monday's certification deadline, saying they needed more information on the certification of vote tabulators, even though there have been no problems with voting or ballot counting in their county.

The secretary of state's office has sued, saying that it must certify the state's elections by Dec. 8.

"The only legal effect this has is to disenfranchise all their voters," said David Becker of the Center for Election Innovation.

The efforts to delay certification are dangerous even if they're doomed to fail, Becker and others said. They continue to sow discontent and distrust of voting and democracy.

David Levine, a former election official who is a fellow with the Alliance for Securing Democracy, noted that conspiracy theories about elections have reached such a fever pitch in Arizona that Bill Gates, the Republican chair of the county commission in Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix. has been given additional security by the local sheriff.

"When you provide legitimacy to baseless accusations about the election process, there is a concern that more of that will occur," Levine said.

Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix, certified its election results on Monday, after dozens of attendees demanded the board not do it. Some complained about printer malfunctions in the county, the state's most populous, that led to confusion and long lines on Election Day — even though Maricopa officials said everyone had a chance to vote and that all legal ballots were counted.

In other counties, activists also spoke out against certification, though unsuccessfully. In Yavapai County, north of Phoenix, a woman who gave her name as Nancy Littlefield, wearing a hoodie patterned on the American flag, made clear that part of her objections were because she simply didn't like the outcome of the election.

She urged Yavapai board members not to certify the vote because "I moved from California so I could be free and live my life and have my voice heard."

___

Associated Press writers Joey Cappelletti in Lansing, Michigan; Jonathan J. Cooper and Anita Snow in Phoenix; Christina A. Cassidy in Atlanta; and Mark Scolforo in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, contributed to this report.

___

Follow the AP's coverage of the 2022 midterm elections at https://apnews.com/hub/2022-midterm-elections

Copyright 2022 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 05:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wxyz.com/news/election-certification-delays-few-but-a-test-run-for-2024
Killexams : Election certification delays few, but a 'test run' for 2024

Before November, election officials prepared for the possibility that Republicans who embraced former President Donald Trump's lies about voter fraud would challenge the verdict of voters by refusing to certify the midterm results.

Three weeks after the end of voting, such challenges are playing out in just two states, Arizona and Pennsylvania, where Democrats won the marquee races for governor and Senate.

Legal experts predict the bids are doomed because local governmental agencies typically don't have the option to vote against certifying the results of their elections. But experts also say the delays are a signal that the United States must brace itself for similar disruptions in the next presidential contest.

"It is one of the few places where election deniers have a lever of power," Rick Hasen, a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, said of the local political authorities responsible for certifying election results in most states. "It's a good test run for 2024, showing state courts they're going to have to step in."

For now, the certification delay in a smattering of rural counties in just two states reflects the limited ability of election conspiracy theorists to disrupt the midterms. One rural Arizona county has drawn court challenges after its refusal to certify, but a second one that was flirting with blocking certification backed off amid legal threats.

In Pennsylvania, a handful of the state's 67 counties have delayed certification because of recounts demanded by local conspiracy theorists in scattered precincts. But in most states, certification has gone smoothly.

"Before Election Day, I thought Republicans would exploit the certification process to undermine election results," said Marc Elias, a Democratic lawyer who has sued to compel the lone Arizona county to certify.

That there's only one county delaying so far in that important battleground state, where Republican candidates who denied Joe Biden's victory in the 2020 presidential race ran unsuccessfully for governor and secretary of state, is "good news, and a bit of a surprise," Elias said.

In Wisconsin, where Trump pressured Republican lawmakers to decertify the 2020 results, the chair of the state elections commission certified the results of the midterm election during a quick meeting Wednesday without fanfare. Minnesota, where the failed Republican secretary of state candidate had cast doubt on the legitimacy of the 2020 presidential election, the state canvassing board certified this year's results without drama on Tuesday.

The smooth outcome in most of the country is a reflection of the diminished opportunities election conspiracy theorists have to control elections after a number of their candidates were routed in statewide elections for positions overseeing voting. They're largely left with a footprint in conservative, rural counties. Still, that's enough to cause headaches for having the election results certified on a statewide basis, raising concerns about how rural counties might respond after the next presidential election.

The movement that embraces Trump's lies about voting hoped it would have many more levers after November. Candidates who backed Trump's efforts to overturn the 2020 election ran for top posts with power over state voting — including secretary of state, which in most states is the top election position — in five of the six swing states that were key to Trump's 2020 loss. They lost every race in each of those states.

Democratic Secretary of State Katie Hobbs defeated Trump-backed Republican Kari Lake in the race for Arizona governor, flipping it out of the GOP category, and a Democrat also won the race to replace Hobbs. A Democrat defeated an election conspiracy theorist running for Nevada secretary of state, shifting another swing-state election office from the GOP.

On the local level, the picture is blurrier.

There are more than 10,000 local election offices in the country that follow guidelines set by secretaries of state or other agencies that their states designate as the top election authorities. That's where conspiracy theorists won at least some new offices and still have the power to disrupt proceedings.

During the June primary in New Mexico, rural Otero County refused to certify the results of its election, preventing the state from making the winners official until the state Supreme Court ordered it to act. That set a template that election lawyers feared would be vastly replicated in the weeks after the midterms. But this time, even Otero County certified its winners without a delay. New Mexico's canvass board certified the statewide results Wednesday.

In Michigan, where a GOP slate of election conspiracy theorists was defeated in statewide races, the Republican candidate for secretary of state, Kristina Karamo, implored the state's bipartisan board of canvassers not to certify the election during a hearing this week. Karamo insisted there had been widespread fraud, even though she lost her race against Democratic Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson by more than 13 percentage points.

Tony Daunt, the Republican chair of the certification board, responded by blasting candidates who "feed into this nonsense" by making "claims that fire everybody up because it's a short-term gain for them, and that's dangerous to our system." The board unanimously certified the election.

In Pennsylvania, the most prominent certification hiccup has come in Luzerne County, north of Philadelphia, which voted for Trump by 14 percentage points in 2020. County commissioners delayed certifying the election on Monday after one Democrat abstained from voting following an Election Day fiasco in which the election office ran out of ballots.

The Democrat, Daniel Schramm, joined the two other Democratic commissioners on the five-member board Wednesday to certify the vote after telling reporters he was confident no citizen was unable to vote. Certification is being delayed in a few other counties after local Republican committees and voters requested recounts.

In Arizona, the two Republicans on Cochise County's three-member county commission blew past Monday's certification deadline, saying they needed more information on the certification of vote tabulators, even though there have been no problems with voting or ballot counting in their county.

The secretary of state's office has sued, saying that it must certify the state's elections by Dec. 8.

"The only legal effect this has is to disenfranchise all their voters," said David Becker of the Center for Election Innovation.

The efforts to delay certification are dangerous even if they're doomed to fail, Becker and others said. They continue to sow discontent and distrust of voting and democracy.

David Levine, a former election official who is a fellow with the Alliance for Securing Democracy, noted that conspiracy theories about elections have reached such a fever pitch in Arizona that Bill Gates, the Republican chair of the county commission in Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix. has been given additional security by the local sheriff.

"When you provide legitimacy to baseless accusations about the election process, there is a concern that more of that will occur," Levine said.

Maricopa County, which includes Phoenix, certified its election results on Monday, after dozens of attendees demanded the board not do it. Some complained about printer malfunctions in the county, the state's most populous, that led to confusion and long lines on Election Day — even though Maricopa officials said everyone had a chance to vote and that all legal ballots were counted.

In other counties, activists also spoke out against certification, though unsuccessfully. In Yavapai County, north of Phoenix, a woman who gave her name as Nancy Littlefield, wearing a hoodie patterned on the American flag, made clear that part of her objections were because she simply didn't like the outcome of the election.

She urged Yavapai board members not to certify the vote because "I moved from California so I could be free and live my life and have my voice heard."

___

Associated Press writers Joey Cappelletti in Lansing, Michigan; Jonathan J. Cooper and Anita Snow in Phoenix; Christina A. Cassidy in Atlanta; and Mark Scolforo in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, contributed to this report.

___

Follow the AP's coverage of the 2022 midterm elections at https://apnews.com/hub/2022-midterm-elections

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 15:15:00 -0600 text/html https://www.startribune.com/election-certification-delays-few-but-a-test-run-for-2024/600231287/
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