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https://killexams.com/exam_list/MaintenanceKillexams : The benefits of achieving real-time manufacturing visibility
Managing the impact of a global recession, whilst tackling ongoing supply chain disruption, labour shortages and increased energy costs are forcing manufacturing organisations to explore innovative ways to address business challenges.
Leading manufacturers looking to Strengthen operational efficiencies, secure long-term growth and remain competitive are investing more in digital technology such as MES, SCADA/HMI, predictive maintenance, simulation/digital twins, and edge to cloud. Manufacturing will benefit from the added power of data from these technologies, to provide greater insight for operational improvements.
According to the Make UK report* 74% of manufacturers surveyed viewed increasing capital investment as critical to improving productivity, particularly in processes to increase capacity, Strengthen quality and reduce costs. As detailed in the report, ‘Manufacturers will be investing more in software, acquisitions, new facilities, net zero, and expanding internationally too as they seek to fulfil their wider growth ambitions to accelerate digitalisation, transition to net zero and tap into new global markets’.
Despite current uncertainty, manufacturers recognise that investment is essential to boosting growth, improving productivity and remaining competitive in a global market. As we all know, the manufacturing landscape is changing rapidly, and tomorrow’s manufacturing leaders need to be ahead of the game today. Demand for new products (and reduced lead times) shows no sign of slowing, and customer relationships rely on fast, efficient, ‘on-demand’ delivery.
World class manufacturers measure and monitor an agreed set of KPIs and use these to evaluate business performance and as input to decision making. Traditional metrics such as OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) and downtime are valid but have limitations when it comes to evaluating overall manufacturing efficiency and productivity. Driving continuous improvement throughout the entire manufacturing process requires additional KPI metrics factoring all areas that affect productivity, resulting in increased visibility.
Read the top 7 benefits of achieving real-time manufacturing visibility for increased performance and global competitiveness.
1. Utilise real-time data for actionable improvement
Measuring OEE is a great building block for implementing Digital LEAN and performance improvement initiatives. The data presented in a performance system must be acted upon quickly, otherwise, production managers will find it difficult to uncover the root cause of problems. Shop-floor teams are encouraged to use the data to uncover reasons behind process inefficiencies to drive improvement, which creates a culture of continuous improvement, as operators become actively engaged with the system and see the value gained from it.
2. Ensure regulatory compliance and quality
Real-time visibility of quality issues such as non-conformance events or when a process is trending out of control is imperative to achieve improved yield, reduced production waste and avoiding costly product recalls. The impact of product recalls on brand reputation can be immensely damaging and the associated costs/heavy fines (not just production) can be huge. Understanding process capabilities throughout the manufacturing plant are vital to reducing the cost of poor quality, to facilitating continuous improvement and carving out a sustainable competitive advantage.
3. Manage energy consumption
As the cost of energy continues to rise to unprecedented levels and energy contracts come up for renewal, business owners will be concerned about how to manage their rising energy bills and reduce energy consumption. Measuring and monitoring energy usage in real-time, not through monthly or quarterly energy bills, empowers corrective action across the board. Also, identifying improvement opportunities by integrating both energy and production data together encourages proactive energy reduction! Not forgetting the importance of achieving long-term sustainability and carbon reduction targets – another benefit of implementing digital technologies to support energy reduction goals. Cimlogic helped a client in the consumer-packaged goods sector gain insight into energy consumption for strategic decision-making. As a result, they saved approximately £200k in energy costs in just four months.
4. Reduce production losses
Availability losses such as planned or unplanned downtime, machine setup time, inventory turns, and changeover times all impact OEE and performance negatively. Crucial information such as the effect of non-productive tasks (e.g. sanitising and labour changeover), when a machine went down and the impact it had on the rest of production is however less accessible. Identifying inefficiencies throughout the production process is essential in providing the real-time information needed to take corrective action.
5. Optimise maintenance activities
Unscheduled maintenance results in lost production, higher part costs, and lost time for fixing problems; costing significantly more than planned maintenance. Adopting a more proactive, preventive maintenance approach to coincide with planned production downtime significantly reduces costs. Preventive maintenance needs to be controlled and managed effectively to keep equipment producing consistently high-quality product. Visibility into equipment availability and performance rates can help reduce unplanned downtime to optimise maintenance activities and gain maximum value from assets.
6. Understand labour costs
Having the right amount of people and a balance of skills on the shop floor is a huge juggling act! Too few will cause bottlenecks and result in missed production deadlines, too many will create unnecessary labour costs impacting profits. Having access to detailed labour information such as how many staff are needed on lines, required skill sets, and how long it took to complete a job will help paint a picture of your labour requirements. Likewise, understanding how efficiently the workforce is performing against output, how profitably jobs are running and realising the true cost of labour are important factors to consider when optimising workforce performance and ensuring maximum productivity.
7. Reduce cost of goods
Most manufacturers include direct materials, labour and overheads when evaluating costs. An understanding of all three is needed when trying to reduce the cost of goods, which can contribute to bottom-line KPIs in the business including increasing profit margin, ensuring business sustainability, and increasing customer satisfaction. Increased visibility through digital technology and real-time data analysis, can lead to reduced cost of goods.
Helping clients gain real-time visibility of operations
Investing in digital technology to support increased visibility of assets enables manufacturers to address the root cause of business challenges – often a more efficient and cost-effective alternative to investing in new facilities or machinery.
Cimlogic work with clients on their digital transformation journey to understand the key business drivers and recommend the best solutions to deliver tangible business value – helping define and achieve manufacturing KPIs for increased visibility. Discover how Cimlogic helped WaterWipes gain real-time visibility of operations to drive actionable improvements for optimised production and increased capacity. download the case study: https://cimlogic.co/WaterWipesCaseStudy
Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:48:00 -0600en-GBtext/htmlhttps://www.themanufacturer.com/articles/the-benefits-of-achieving-real-time-manufacturing-visibility/Killexams : 5 keys to successful implementation of maintenance automationNo result found, try new keyword!With that done, analyze the costs and benefits of the project ... product quality due to lowered production and increased rework. Identifying deterioration using sensors and an analytics engine allows ...Fri, 02 Dec 2022 04:43:00 -0600text/htmlhttps://www.embedded.com/5-keys-to-successful-implementation-of-maintenance-automation/Killexams : 5 Key Benefits of Industrial 5G
Unsurprisingly, updates regarding 5G and its capabilities have dominated the news within the connectivity sector. Any connectivity development drastically impacts various organizations across industries, and 5G promises to transform personal and industrial connectivity. Despite, or perhaps because of, the buzz surrounding it, 5G has achieved extremely high adoption rates within a short period. Statistics reveal that this growth trajectory will likely continue for the foreseeable future. By 2021, global 5G subscriptions will reach236 million, and they are expected to grow to 3 billion by 2025. Much of 5 G’s intense growth can be attributed to its versatility and applications for personal and industrial connectivity.
What Is Industrial 5G?
5G (5th generation network) sets a new standard for global wireless connectivity. While it follows the four generations before, 5G is an entirely new network designed to create an interconnected web that includes devices, machines, and other objects. 5G specifications are set by the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) to ensure its protocols meet industrial standards. The new network will transform how we use mobile devices in our personal lives and the industrial sectors. Industrial 5G is the term coined to capture the concept of 5G frameworks, architectures, and principles applied to industrial processes, systems, and devices.
Industrial 5G will provide industries a common framework applicable to various sectors, including transportation, manufacturing, and logistics. 5G is already being used to develop smart interconnected factories that utilize predictive technology and create smart vehicles that utilize interlinked systems. As 5G evolves, it will increase efficiency and Strengthen performance, connecting new industries and empowering industrial growth with new applications.
5G has three main building blocks, each serving unique use cases. These building blocks are eMBB (enhanced Mobile Broadband), URLLC (Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communications), and mMTC (massive Machine Type Communications). In the following sections, we will discuss them and their appliance in Industrial 5G in more depth.
In addition to its various specific use cases within an industrial setting, 5G also has general benefits to the industrial sector. The five main benefits it provides include:
Improved speed of communications and reliability
One of the main advantages 5G has over its predecessors is its significantly increased speed due to its eMBB, or Enhanced Mobile Broadband. 5G is 10 to 100 times faster than 4G and even 4.5G networks. These advantages mean communication over 5G networks can occur in real-time without delay. This advantage is invaluable for industries that rely on timing, such as manufacturing, allowing decision-makers to respond in real time todata collected by IoT devices. Other examples include assisted work, where 5G can support service technicians with additional audiovisual information for service and maintenance, and Industrial Edge, where 5G enables smooth data exchange between edge devices and the cloud.
Additionally, 5G improves reliability through its URLLC or Ultra-Reliable Low Latency. URLLC enables ultra-high network reliability of more than 99.999% and very low latency (1 millisecond) for packet transmission. Manufacturers can benefit from URLLC to automate factory processes and achieve higher productivity and reliability. Some industrial examples of this use case include autonomous (the operation of automated guided vehicle systems (AGVs) in intralogistics) and Mobile equipment (communications-capable system components and mobile devices like industrial tablets, field PGs, RFID scanners).
Edge computing can also help you achieve low latency, as it shifts compute power from the core network and centralized cloud architecture and distributes it to the edge. Its goal is to lower the latency and Strengthen performance for mission-critical applications.
Network reliability is critical to any industry and a core feature of 5G. No network can maintain regular operations when using an unreliable network, and avoiding disruptions are vital to prevent delays or negative impacts on production, delivery, revenue, and customer satisfaction.
Increased flexibility and scalability
5G was designed with professional systems in mind. With transparency, modularity, and open standards, manufacturers can now consider how they connect their plants. Its massive capabilities enable large manufacturers to rely on the network for operational purposes of many devices in high density (up to 1M devices in 1 square KM with high energy efficiency). Additionally, 5G provides large bandwidths, which allow enterprises to scale the number of connected devices quickly. The manufacturing process can be changed promptly, enabling a more flexible production setup ready to scale up or down as needed. Unlike 4G, primarily designed for public networks, 5G allows for private networks that can be used in production plants and provide complete control of the plant connectivity according to business needs.
Enablement of network slicing
Network slicing is an architecture that enables the use of several independent logical networks on the same physical infrastructure. Each slice acts as its network designed to fulfill the requirements set by a particular application. Looking back at the examples above, a plan can use the same physical infrastructure to provide URLLC applications, such as autonomous machines, and eMBB applications, such as Augmented Reality for service technicians. This way, each application meets its requirements but is still housed in the same infrastructure as the Plan’s other “networks.”
Although automation has already begun to take off with older networks, 5G will take automation to the next level, enabling intelligently automated yet interconnected industrial production—also known as Industry 4.0 and smart factory. Effective smart technology requires many sensors, allowing devices to adapt to their surroundings. These sensors take up vast amounts of bandwidth, but with 5G, the sensory input they collect can be transferred to the cloud, giving them access to unlimited computing capabilities. This exchange is only possible through a network that can provide high speeds and high volume with low latency, which the previous generations of networks couldn’t offer.
5G has the necessary speed, reliability, and volume to support a vast network of sensors and accelerate the capabilities and adoption of automated smart technology. High-speed wireless communication acts like a bridge between seamless yet scalable connectivity and machines, sensors, and users. Aside from being able to collect data from machines, 5G introduces the capability of machine control over robots, drones, and automated guided vehicles (AGVs).
While transitioning to and implementing 5G, security is especially essential when considering that the process involves migrating from networks to cloud centers and when looking at the larger scale of operations it enables. 5G was designed with security in mind, and many core properties (such as identity management and privacy) support safety.
Security challenges and solutions
Despite 5 G’s security capabilities, it isn’t immune to attacks across different network segments. These network segments can include user equipment, access network, core network, network connectivity, foreign network attacks, applications, and services. Some are even more relevant due to the distributed, open cloud-based nature of the 5G design. Moreover, the increased scale of connected devices in general and, specifically, the IoT devices, which are more vulnerable to attacks, improves the network’s attack surface. Security risks are higher, and additional5G securitymeasures are often necessary.
Implementing the right security tools and technologies is essential to ensure that none of your network devices are compromised and that they are all protected at a network level. You can keep your network safe through solutions like FirstPoint. FirstPoint combines all the capabilities of a connectivity management platform integrated with cybersecurity tools. These tools are designed to prevent and mitigate all kinds of cyberattacks that threaten 5G networks and industrial solutions that rely on 5G and include many IoT devices.
How to Streamline 5G Implementation
5 G’s advanced speed and reliability make it the perfect gateway toward further development and opportunities for industrial advancement. While managing large and widespread networks may prove challenging, platforms like FirstPoint, which provide a connectivity management platform, will be essential. These platforms simplify the management of complex IoT networks and consolidate security for all connected devices, ensuring that everything runs smoothly while maintaining the most robust level of security to protect devices against all types of network attacks.Request a demo today and see howFirstPointcan help you simplify the implementation and management of your 5G network.
Wed, 07 Dec 2022 04:50:00 -0600by Shiri Smid on December 7, 2022en-UStext/htmlhttps://securityboulevard.com/2022/12/5-key-benefits-of-industrial-5g/Killexams : Expanding the benefits of solar energy with plants
Aerial photos of utility-scale solar energy projects often depict arrays of dark, glossy panels standing over sand or gravel. But the antiseptic landscapes long associated with solar installations are increasingly giving way to vibrant canvases of wildflowers, grasses, and other plants.
This developing approach to solar vegetation management can complement and amplify the environmental benefits of solar energy. A vegetative landscape combats soil erosion, conserves moisture, sequesters carbon, and sharply reduces applications of fertilizer and pesticide. In addition, diverse plant communities support pollinators – bees, butterflies, and other critical species – that are in widespread decline. Adding pollinator habitat to solar sites works particularly well in the central United States, where prairie vegetation once dominated the landscape before being substantially reduced by row crop agricultural development.
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Establishing habitat that benefits both pollinators and solar projects, however, requires more than turning soil and broadcasting seed. It necessitates introducing the right plant species and management regimes while simultaneously controlling the costs tied to habitat development and maintenance. In fact, an examination of scientific literature reveals that some seed mixes specifically marketed for pollinators carry the highest price tags while yielding few overall benefits.
For a exact solar project, engineering firm Olsson proposed a solution that aims to thread the solar-pollinator needle more perfectly.
A client of Olsson requested that vegetation beneath the solar panels grow no taller than 18 inches, the height of the lowest edge of the panels, to avoid shading – an obvious issue when converting sunlight into electricity.
Olsson’s review of commercially available mixes marketed for solar projects failed to locate a product that would meet this height requirement while still providing the plant species shown to most benefit pollinators.
The solution: Olsson designed a custom mix of seedthat strikes a balance. It aims to satisfy the client’s maximum height requirement while also providing vegetation beneficial to pollinators.
Within the footprint of the arrays, the planting regime calls for a mix of native and naturalized species, which, though non-native, have been present for many decades and are well-adapted to regional soil and climatic conditions. White clover is a prime example of a naturalized species that grows short while being readily utilized by pollinators.
Conversely, the perimeter buffer areas surrounding the solar arrays are perfectly suited for taller-growing grasses and wildflowers. The perimeter seed mix we created includes such native species.
All species selected for beneath the solar panels will establish quickly and put down long, strong root systems. This helps further reduce maintenance costs by crowding out weeds, controlling erosion, and holding more moisture and nutrients in the soil. In addition, the custom mix includes species that produce abundant pollen and nectar for pollinators, helping to address an ecological problem with potential implications for food security and biodiversity.
A groundbreaking assessment in 2016 estimated that between $235 billion and $577 billion in global food production relies directly on pollinators – roughly one-third of the global food supply.
Maintaining pollinator habitat on the land surrounding solar projects produces more than good public relations, it produces myriad benefits that are strongly supported by research.
Establishing pollinator habitat on solar project sites produces tangible ecological benefits. And doing so does not have to result in dramatically higher maintenance costs for project owners – as long as they start with the right seed mix.
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Sun, 04 Dec 2022 22:00:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://journalstar.com/townnews/botany/expanding-the-benefits-of-solar-energy-with-plants/article_78a5cb76-71a8-11ed-b0fb-4b70d9a4dd31.htmlKillexams : Hybrids Combine Technologies to Enhance Electricity Production
Solar + wind, solar + storage, wind + storage—even fossil fuels combined with renewable energy—are supporting the growth of hybrid power plants that are breaking the norms of traditional power generation.
Much of the discussion about the ongoing energy transition focuses on hybrid power plants, those generation facilities combining a variety of technologies to produce power beyond traditional electricity resources. Hybrids can include microgrids, along with utility-scale solar and wind projects co-located with energy storage. Advocates for renewable energy see hybrids as a way to integrate more of their energy along the power grid. Hybrid installations also can include the use of fuels such as natural gas and diesel.
The recently passed Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) is expected to support development of hybrid projects, and already has spawned some U.S. installations. A project in Oregon that recently came online is one example; it’s a utility-scale plant that combines wind and solar generation with energy storage, according to joint developers Portland General Electric (PGE) and NextEra Energy Resources. Companies also are looking at designing hybrids using hydrogen, geothermal, and pumped hydro storage.
Research groups that track these plants and compile deployment data, such as the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, note that hybrids involve two or more generation sources, but there is no “one size fits all,” as the size and scope of hybrids can vary widely.
“For renewable energy projects, hybrid projects are typically thought of as power plants combining at least two forms of technology: solar + battery energy storage system (BESS), wind + BESS, solar + wind + BESS,” said Kevin Kohlstedt, business development director for Energy Shares, a California-based crowdfunding platform for utility-scale renewable energy projects. Kohlstedt told POWER that “some of the benefits of hybrid power plants are enhanced dispatchability, greater resource availability, and more efficient use of utility interconnection upgrades at one plant location. In a simple example, solar power plants only produce electricity during daytime hours. A hybrid solar + wind + BESS project may be able to produce electricity 24 hours a day, depending on the available wind and solar resources, and the size of the BESS.”
Hybrid power plants can provide many important ancillary services, including “frequency regulation, reactive power and voltage control, and operating and spinning reserves, among others,” said Kohlstedt.
Hundreds of Hybrids
The Berkeley lab earlier this year released its annual update of operating hybrid plants. Its data showed that at the end of 2021, there were nearly 300 hybrids—those with greater than 1 MW of capacity—operating across the U.S, totaling nearly 36 GW of generating capacity and 3.2 GW/8.1 GWh of energy storage. Solar-plus-storage facilities (Figure 1) are the most common; the largest such plants are in California, Texas, and Florida.
1. Avantus, formerly 8minute Solar Energy, developed the Eland Solar & Storage Center in the Mojave Desert in California. The hybrid plant, expected to enter full commercial operation in 2023, features 400 MW of solar power generation capacity, along with a 300-MW/1,200-MWh battery energy storage system (BESS)—shown here with the company’s former logo in an artist’s rendering. Courtesy: Avantus/8minute Solar Energy
The report said much of the new energy storage capacity in the past year was adding batteries to an existing solar array. The Berkeley researchers identified nearly 20 other hybrid plant configurations, including several incorporating fossil fuels, with those installations “dominated by the fossil component,” according to the report.
Ron Hopgood, division manager for Rosendin’s Renewable Energy Group, told POWER: “Outside of the completely new installations where both PV [photovoltaic solar] and BESS are built together, we are seeing a lot of applications where we are being asked to go back and integrate a battery storage system to an existing PV facility.”
David Lincoln, senior vice president of the Rosendin group, said the company has “a number of AC- and DC-connected PV + storage projects in various stages of development and construction.” A few examples are the Scarlet I PV + BESS AC-connected project in Fresno County, California, that combines 284 MWdc of PV with 160 MWh of BESS, and the Sonrisa PV + BESS DC-connected project also in Fresno County.
Lincoln said, “First and foremost, hybridization of renewable energy [RE] projects addresses the biggest issue for wind and solar projects, which is power production variability. Integrating BESS solutions on existing PV/wind plants provides for time-shifting of power availability to periods where demand is higher and RE power production is low or non-existent. While providing power outside of typical RE production periods is critical, it also provides developers with significant commercial benefits by allowing developers to better forecast power availability and more flexibly engage in electricity markets.”
Josh Coon, senior manager for Development and Construction for Arevon, said the most common configuration designed by his company is a “PV solar array that is AC-coupled at the project substation with a lithium-ion battery energy storage system.” Coon said an example of that type of hybrid is the Townsite Solar + Storage facility in Boulder City, Nevada, near Las Vegas. The 232-MWdc solar array with a 90-MW/360-MWh energy storage system, a joint effort of Arevon and Rosendin, “provides renewable and reliable energy to local municipalities in Nevada and California,” said Coon. He noted that other Arevon hybrid facilities “couple the BESS within the array on the DC circuit just before the inverters, or combine solar and energy storage systems with wind farms at locations that have both a strong solar and wind resource.”
Said Coon: “In the case of Townsite, the inclusion of an energy storage system enables Arevon to shift the energy generated by up to four hours to supply electricity to the grid during hours of peak demand in the afternoon and early evening, helping to Strengthen grid reliability.”
“One of the challenges with renewable energy is the intermittency of the resource,” said Daniel Casement, director of Power Markets for Arevon. “By combining the wind or solar with BESS in a hybrid configuration the battery can firm up the renewable energy so it can produce flat, predictable blocks of energy for each hour. Depending on the size of the BESS it can also shift the renewable energy to times of the day when loads are highest and provide dependable, clean energy when the grid needs it the most.”
Chase Warr, Arevon’s director of operations, told POWER there are “No concerns with power quality from a hybrid plant that I am aware of. In fact, when a BESS is added to a plant, the ability to control both frequency and voltage is greatly enhanced given the speed at which the BESS can respond to dispatch signals [such as a 999+ MW/min ramp rate for BESS versus roughly 20 MW/min ramp rate for a 100-MW PV-only plant]. Therefore, a hybrid plant can offer ancillary services.” Warr added that “O&M can be optimized by utilizing existing site personnel to perform maintenance on all aspects of the hybrid plant.” Said Warr, “The industry is working toward BESS OEMs [original equipment manufacturers] getting more comfortable with allowing third parties to perform preventative and corrective maintenance on their equipment, which will result in additional optimization and reduction in overall costs.”
Legislation Brings Change
Tim Allen, COO of PXiSE Energy Solutions, now part of Yokogawa, said the IRA will bring change for operators of hybrid plants. “Our work has primarily addressed hybrid power plants that include solar PV and battery energy storage systems or wind and battery energy storage systems. To operate in a wholesale market, these power plants are assigned a resource ID, which is how the market operator identifies and communicates with the power plant,” Allen told POWER.
“Among these kinds of plants, we see two types of configurations: those with single-resource IDs and those with multiple-resource IDs. A single-resource ID configuration aggregates all the generation assets under a single ID, whereas, in the case of multiple IDs, a separate ID is assigned for each asset within a single power plant. A plant with multiple-resource IDs has more flexibility in how revenue is earned as the plant owner can operate the solar PV and battery as separate power plants, which allows for maximum revenue optimization opportunities,” he said.
Allen continued: “In the past, the way the tax laws worked, power plant operators could only qualify for the Investment Tax Credit [ITC] on a battery installation if it was bundled with solar PV.” Allen said that situation drove operators to obtain a single-resource ID for their solar + storage configurations. The IRA changed that and now batteries qualify on their own for the ITC, which means there are additional tax benefits for qualifying the battery under the ITC, which was previously only for solar.
Allen said technology advancements are helping even those hybrid systems using fossil fuels. “In instances where fossil-fuel generators are combined with solar PV and battery energy storage, grid management software can be used at the plant to autonomously Strengthen the efficiency of the generators on the system,” he said. “Responding to live conditions on the grid, grid management software makes micro adjustments enabled by rapid battery dispatch which would otherwise be impossible due to the latency associated with fossil-fuel generators. Generators have long and energy-intensive ramp up/down times which waste fuel/energy. Like flooring the gas pedal in your car, if a fossil-fuel generator is forced to ramp up rapidly, it wastes fuel/energy in that process. Batteries can dispatch power instantly on demand, filling any gaps while fossil-fuel generators slowly get up to speed.”
Marine, Hydro, and Housing
New technologies for hybrids are being explored worldwide. Officials in Singapore recently announced they would study the feasibility of a hybrid wind, solar, tidal, and wave energy system. Keppel Infrastructure, a Singapore-based energy company, along with the National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University, are collaborating to research a system that would include modular floating solar platforms, along with wind turbines, ocean wave energy conversion technology, and tidal energy turbines and paddles. The groups said if the concept is proven, they would deploy a pilot project of at least 100 MW off Singapore, with the ability to be scaled up, and possibly implemented elsewhere.
Claudia D’Ambrosio, director of research at France’s CNRS (National Center of Scientific Research) and lecturer at the École Polytechnique of Paris, told POWER, “Hybrid power plants are crucial in optimizing the integration of renewable energy in power systems. This is mainly due to the fact that renewable energy production is highly intermittent and uncertain. Thus, to ensure the stability of the system and, in particular, that the demand and the production match, it is important to add some flexibility to the system.”
D’Ambrosio pointed to pumped hydro storage as a way to achieve flexibility. “Hydro plants allow storing of potential energy as water in uphill reservoirs. Thus, when the production exceeds the demand, it is possible to stabilize the system by consuming it to pump water from downhill to uphill reservoirs,” she said. “On the contrary, when the demand exceeds the production, it is possible to increase the production by releasing the water in uphill reservoirs and starting turbines. The flexibility provided by hydro plants can compensate the uncertain nature of renewable energy production.”
2. Magens Junction, a housing development in the U.S. Virgin Islands, is supported by its own microgrid system that includes a BESS, solar power, and microturbines that run on propane. Courtesy: Capstone Green Energy
A housing development in the U.S. Virgin Islands is “an exceptional example of hybrid power plant configuration” said Darren Jamison, CEO of Capstone Green Energy. The former Capstone Turbine Corp. is a longtime manufacturer of gas-fired turbines, focused on microturbine power, and heating and cooling cogeneration systems. “The benefits of hybrid power plants are numerous because they have all of the advantages of the individual technologies,” said Jamison, pointing to the Magens Junction complex (Figure 2) built on St. Thomas.
“The system at Magens Junction has lower emissions, a lower cost of energy, and improved resiliency by drawing on multiple power generation technologies,” he said. “If one of the components is unavailable for any reason, the other technologies fill the gap, serving as a built-in backup. In addition, the Capstone microturbines also offer black-start capabilities in this particular system.”
Magens Junction is a 108-unit affordable housing development with its own microgrid system, which includes an 820-kWh BESS, 150 kW of solar, and 455 kW of Capstone microturbines that run on propane. Jamison said the microgrid “not only provides 100% of the complex’s electrical power requirements, but it does it with the least amount of propane needed. In this system, the electricity generated by the microturbines also charges the BESS.”
The aforementioned project in Oregon—the Wheatridge Renewable Energy Facilities—includes 300 MW of wind, 50 MW of solar, and 30 MW of battery storage. The plant was commissioned in late September and is an example of how utilities are supporting hybrid plants. The Wheatridge system uses electricity from the solar power to charge the batteries, and the storage can provide continuous power for four hours. A subsidiary of NextEra operates the facility. PGE owns 100 MW of the system. The subsidiary owns the rest, and sells that output to PGE under 30- and 20-year power purchase agreements.
James Fraser, Emerson’s vice president of Renewables, detailed some of the ways utilities and other power generators can support growth in hybrid installations. Fraser told POWER, “There are many ways to create a hybrid energy system for use during peak and off-peak hours.” He said those include:
■ Adding battery energy storage to wind farms and solar power plants.
■ Developing integrated renewable generation, green hydrogen production, and storage and power plants that use hydrogen-capable turbines.
■ Integrating small run-of-the-river hydropower plants with municipal microgrids.
■ Connecting a solar facility to a natural gas plant.
■ Using renewable or nuclear energy resources to produce and store green hydrogen.
■ Adding floating solar panels to hydro reservoirs.
■ Creating virtual power plants (a group of smaller generators such as wind, solar, gas turbines, or demand response programs that band together to virtually operate like a larger asset).
3. These control room monitors show Emerson’s renewable asset management software, with data shown on the left screen, along with an illustration on the right screen of the group’s end-to-end sustainable grid solution. Courtesy: Emerson
“Hybrid power ecosystems are becoming increasingly interesting for industrial process applications where the combination of traditional thermal generation on a production site can be combined with renewable generation to offset carbon emissions,” said Fraser, whose company has asset performance management software that helps monitor assets (Figure 3) and make sense of their massive amounts of data. “Additionally, excess energy can be used for green hydrogen production and then further processed in compounds, like ammonia, which can then be sold or used as a transportable energy storage media.”
Fraser provided a summation of the benefits of hybrid power systems, which likely will gain in importance as utilities and other power generators seek ways to Strengthen the reliability and resiliency of the electricity supply. “Hybrid energy systems provide a consistent and continuous source of power. So, even though the sun isn’t shining and the wind isn’t blowing, they help to balance the supply of clean energy,” said Fraser. “Furthermore, by creating cleaner microgrids that can support industrial processes and other consumer power needs during blackouts, hybrid power plants play an important role in dialing up grid reliability and resiliency. And by integrating green power with thermal generators, emissions and the overall carbon footprint are reduced, which, in turn, helps to drive the power industry’s balanced transition toward a more sustainable future.”
—Darrell Proctoris a senior associate editor for POWER (@POWERmagazine).
Sun, 04 Dec 2022 01:20:00 -0600en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.powermag.com/hybrids-combine-technologies-to-enhance-electricity-production/Killexams : Next-generation factories promise a brighter future for solar manufacturing
Climate change and energy crises continue to dominate headlines and exert pressure to produce clean energy alternatives to fossil fuels. With policy developments in the United States, such as the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, investments in domestic manufacturing appear to be set to grow at an unprecedented pace as manufacturers work to meet the moment with expanded capacity.
From a production standpoint, the key to enabling this growth efficiently and sustainably lies in digital transformations for scalable and cost-effective manufacturing of solar energy components. Let’s examine the hyperautomation and digital twin initiative we undertook at First Solar (Nasdaq: FSLR), for a master class in how the industry can optimize production, drive cost per watt down and shorten energy payback time.
Factory of the future
All manufacturers struggle with modern challenges that include pandemic-related production slowdowns, talent shortages, high sourcing costs and overall supply chain upheaval. For solar technology manufacturers like First Solar, the last two years have prompted a pivot away from the legacy approach of hub-based manufacturing and towards the strategic siting of new manufacturing capacity close to demand.
In such a pivot, competitiveness is enabled by enhanced efficiencies, which, in turn, require digital transformation and automation to modernize the solar manufacturing environment. This was the goal of First Solar, the only U.S.-headquartered company among the world’s ten largest solar manufacturers and a leading global manufacturer of advanced thin film photovoltaic (PV) technology. With a fully vertically integrated manufacturing process that is among the most advanced and efficient in the solar manufacturing industry, First Solar is uniquely suited to further embrace digital transformation to create a “factory of the future.”
A factory of the future is founded on breaking down information silos and streamlining the flow of data – from the shop floor to the top floor – to enhance visibility and intelligent decision support across all manufacturing and operations. Organizations that succeed in this create what’s known as digital thread, a seamless flow of data that runs through the entire organization.
Digital thread, in turn, brings to life digital twins. These virtual replicas of physical operations are finely detailed and exact in mirroring and predicting impacts to any contemplated changes in workflows, machinery, controls and systems. Mature digital twin capabilities can support virtual commissioning and emulation of PLC codes, immersive instruction and training visualizations for equipment operators, advanced design prototyping, and other capabilities that optimize production.
These advantages are amplified in solar production. That’s because panel manufacturing is mid-to-high volume, with processes and workflows that First Solar sought to optimize through faster cycle times, higher cascade yields and industry leading tact times. Production flow throughout the factory is critical to achieve peak throughput, and First Solar saw an opportunity to leverage virtual testing of layout design and control strategies to maximize production throughput.
With the help of Kalypso, First Solar laid out a strategy to leverage digital twin and related smart manufacturing systems for a more connected, data-intensive operation that would provide unprecedented visibility and control around production flow of current and future operations. Added capabilities include advanced analysis of production data to predict and prevent issues; closed-loop auto-resolution of production anomalies; and enhanced visualizations like immersive virtual reality (VR) tools to streamline collaboration and triaging of issues.
The digital transformation efforts, including the benefits of digital twins, enabled First Solar’s efforts to scale manufacturing of responsibly produced PV modules that support America’s transition to a decarbonized future. This helps First Solar Strengthen productivity while achieving significantly lower costs, waste, and energy payback times.
To fully understand the application and benefits of the technology, the Kalypso team worked with First Solar to develop and deploy a digital twin pilot to a bottleneck part of an existing factory that was being retooled. A digital twin was used to simulate infeed/outfeed and material handling of the area including identifying optimum routing of the solar panels and placement of a buffer to maximize production output. This model also helped test multiple scenarios and proactively anticipate bottlenecks in the area. All of this was done virtually using a digital twin that replicated production line scenarios.
Based on outcomes of the pilot phase, a digital twin is being developed to optimize operations across First Solar’s existing manufacturing factory in Ohio, which is expected to come online in the first half of 2023. Virtual modeling helps inform production layout and processes for all 20 manufacturing zones that make up the factory – optimizing everything from workflows and equipment placement to materials transfer, maintenance cycles and more. Throughout, First Solar uses “copy smart” factory scaling techniques to ensure manufacturing of solar modules is done with the same process and equipment in each factory, yielding the same results no matter where a particular module is made.
Innovation at a critical moment
The solar industry is at an inflection point as the sector navigates a confluence of external conditions. The combination of demand driven by the economics of solar, long-term policy, and the urgency of climate change is driving activity across the industry and its value chains. However, it is essential that this growth is sustainable, efficient and capable of not just meeting the moment today, but of addressing tomorrow’s needs with high quality, competitive manufacturing and supply chains.
Fortunately, digital twins and other digital initiatives for intelligent operations are here to help in solving these pivotal challenges of efficiency and scale – strengthening a solar manufacturer’s handling of everything from responsible manufacturing and product performance, all the way to end-of-life management and recycling.
As First Solar has shown through its own pioneering efforts, digital twin capabilities translate into lower costs, reduced waste, and vastly improved productivity – all of which helps the solar industry rise to the occasion.
Jay Mehta is the head of global manufacturing engineering at First Solar, and is responsible for setting the automation roadmap and new technology direction for First Solar manufacturing. Jay has more than 16 years of experience in high-tech manufacturing including prior experience in Semiconductor manufacturing.
Chad Markle is principal, global commercial lead at Kalypso. Chad has over 25 years of experience working as an executive and advisor in technology-driven industries to deliver results by combining strategic thinking with the transformative business impact of technology. He leads the global commercial operations for the entire Kalypso business across industries, capabilities and geographies; helps clients to achieve digital transformation of the value chain; and works to build the future leaders of Kalypso.
The views and opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own, and do not necessarily reflect those held by pv magazine.
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Wed, 07 Dec 2022 00:57:00 -0600en-UStext/htmlhttps://pv-magazine-usa.com/2022/12/07/next-generation-factories-promise-a-brighter-future-for-solar-manufacturing/Killexams : Versatility Meets Production for CA Langford
Since 1956, CA Langford has been providing Northern Alabama with aggregate materials from their Guntersville quarry. In the 1960’s, the company installed their first asphalt plant and purchased a White Manufacturing 2-ton batch plant in 1970’s. The company ran that plant for over 50 years until 2021 when they installed a brand new ALmix plant.
“We got very good at maintenance on that plant,” Scott Langford, president of CA Langford said. “The asphalt plant is a great compliment to our quarry and we wanted to be able to provide this service to our customers, but knew it was time for an upgrade.”
Initially, Langford thought the plant would only need a new mixer, screen and tower to make the plant operate more efficiently, but the more they investigated the component upgrades, the more they realized that a brand new plant would be a better investment.
“With the old plant, it was getting to the point where we were no longer able to find the support we needed to efficiently make repairs, parts just weren’t available,” Langford said. “Plus, you pick up the payment on a new plant when you look at downtime and last minute repairs. A new plant just became a no-brainer.”
By going with a new install, the company was also looking forward to finding support all in one place, instead of having to call on several different companies when they had an issue.
Sticking to Batch
The decision to continue with a batch plant instead of making the switch to a drum plant was not something CA Langford took lightly. Since their company supplies mix to many different companies in their area, the versatility of the batch plant made it the right choice.
“We looked at switching to a drum plant but we’ve always sold to different contractors, cities, counties etc. and wanted to be able to easily adapt to the needs of our customers,” Langford said. “With their scheduling, we might not know what customer is coming in and what mix they want at any given time. Batch plants are easier to get cranked up with different mix designs and without as much waste on the front end. We are able to run our customers a ton or two of the mix they need and then change it out to a different mix for another customer. If we have customers that like their mix with more fines, it’s very easy to tweak the mix.”
When looking to make a purchase, they turned to ALmix for support.
“ALmix still has a strong focus on the batch plant and the means to support them,” Langford said. “The concept of a batch plant hasn’t changed over the years but ALmix has added the technology to be able to tweak the mix easily while creating a more consistent product and keep it within the necessary specifications.”
Their new plant has five bins making it even easier for them to accommodate different mix types and the ability to switch from binder to seal to cold mix fairly easily. The technology from ALmix gives the plant operators detailed information about how much material is in each bin and detailed information to help prevent any issues that may happen during production.
“We're also able to run the batch plant just a little bit hotter which a lot of our customers like because most of the work they're doing is in driveways or small parking lots,” Langford says. “Our customers like the mix a little hotter for these projects for a better quality result.”
Support from the Start
Support was a big part of a new purchase for CA Langford and ALmix was on hand to help from the install to the training and beyond.
“ALmix did a great job designing the plant so that we were able to get a lot of it built ourselves,” Langford said. “We had poured the foundation and had about 80% of the plant up before they came on site, but we were glad to have them. We needed their help with the wiring and to get the plant inspected, calibrated and tuned to be sure it was set up correctly. They also helped us get the gas hooked up and made sure we had the proper regulators and valves.”
The crew at CA Langford was also used to using push button switches to operate the plant and relied on the ALmix team to get them up to speed on the computer operation of the system.
“It was a bit intimidating at first, but once you got it going, the system is very intuitive,” Langford said. “They made it operator friendly so that if you know how to run a batch plant, you can figure out how to run this one very easily. Their system makes it almost bullet proof that you’re not going to put a bad drop of asphalt out there.”
The ALmix team was onsite for nearly two months, ensuring the entire CA Langford team had the plant properly set up and felt comfortable with all aspects of operation.
Other Benefits to an Upgrade
Beyond the bonus of a more reliable plant, CA Langford has found the upgrade has given them many more benefits. The company, which produces around 25,000 tons of hot mix a year, has been impressed with the batch plant mixer and the level of consistency it provides.
“The mixer really allows us to customize those one-two ton drops for our customers,” Langford says. “The paddles provide a much better quality product than what we were used to.”
Upgraded belts, feeders and screens have also all made a difference in day to day operations.
“On the belt feeders, you are able to be put in gradation off the feeder,” Langford says. “Then the mix still goes through the dryer through the elevator and the bins. The mix is then segregated to pull out through each bin. This again helps us stay in spec and provide a more consistent mix very easily for our customers. I know I can put out a more uniform mix, day in and day out, with the upgrades ALmix provided with this install.”
Mon, 05 Dec 2022 18:18:00 -0600en-ustext/htmlhttps://www.forconstructionpros.com/asphalt/plants/article/22498778/versatility-meets-production-for-ca-langfordKillexams : More mines being recommissioned
Many South African mines have, in exact years, been placed under care and maintenance, owing to various factors, including an increase in production costs, Covid-19 lockdown restrictions and electricity, infrastructure and water constraints, says law firm Beech Veltman CEO Warren Beech.
However, better commodity prices for minerals, such as chrome, manganese and battery metals, as well as new technologies and methodologies that Strengthen efficiencies – including optimised beneficiation – have allowed for more mining operations to be reviewed and revived, he adds.
In addition to the direct benefits such as jobs and increased spend on suppliers of goods and services, there are broader benefits because of requirements outlined in the Mining Charter and the mines’ social and labour plans.
Hence, communities surrounding the mines benefit from mining operations that are expected to assist in building infrastructure for the communities such as schools, hospitals and recreational facilities and housing.
Taxes and foreign exchange can also contribute to the broader and immediate economy.
“The multiplier effect applies, which means that typically, for every person employed at a mine, up to ten other persons benefit from that employment,” says Beech.
Mining and environmental authorisations remain in place while mines are under care and maintenance, thus allowing for the mines to be restored and recommissioned after implementation of legal and practical measures.
Older mines that have been nonoperational for longer periods, however, face greater challenges than mines placed under care and maintenance.
“In relation to older mines, a more complex practical and regulatory programme would need to be implemented because, in most cases, the mining and environmental authorisations have lapsed, and any persons who want to recommission these older mines would need to comply with South Africa’s extremely challenging and complex statutory framework for lawful mining operations,” adds Beech.
He notes that care and maintenance not properly implemented can result in the deterioration of excavations, the plant and equipment, which, in turn, could pose a challenge when restarting operations.
Should this be the case, extensive programmes would need to be implemented to ensure that operations are safely and sustainably restarted.
Moreover, Beech explains that older mines can often not be recommissioned in time to benefit from the upswing in commodity prices and cycles, owing to the complex application processes for new environmental and mining authorisations.
Hence, he says medium- to long-term views are required for the operations, which create uncertainty and hinder investment opportunities as older mines are, thus, not considered viable investment opportunities.
“Recommissioning mines is an important consideration because of the potential positive impacts and benefits for the South African economy and South Africa as a whole,” adds Beech.
While there has been an increasing trend of remining old gold and coal mine tailings over the past decade, illegal mining operations have also increased, which negatively impacts on the recommissioning of mines, says Beech.
“Illegal mineworkers target dumps on older or abandoned mines, and new mines where the mining operations continue to deposit material and minerals onto these dumps, residue stockpiles, residue deposits and tailings storage facilities,” he explains.
He warns that, where reclamation is done illegally, health, safety and environmental compliance is often disregarded, which, consequently, poses risks for those working on the mine.
Further, to recommission mines where illegal mining is taking place requires the illegal mineworkers to be removed and the mining companies would, thereafter, have to ensure that the operations are structurally safe for mining activities to take place.
“Illegal mining requires cooperation among a wide range of stakeholders – from the persons carrying out the mining activities to the organisations that buy the minerals and sell them to the ultimate offtakers. All these stakeholders benefit from the illegal mining enterprise, and are extremely unwilling to provide up the benefits gained from the illegal mining,” says Beech.
Additionally, consequences can arise when older dumps are rehabilitated and disturbed.
Such consequences include spontaneous combustion and sinkholes on coal mines, as well as the release of toxic substances that were previously used to extract gold and similar minerals into the environment, including water courses and ground water. This, in turn, poses risk of pollution.
Conversely, if older mine dumps are remined ethically, Beech explains that the operations can be more cost effective and yield higher profit margins, while retreating the dump also supports rehabilitation obligations and can assist in preventing pollution.
Moreover, the introduction of new technologies for mining operations optimise mineral extraction processes, thereby making old dumps and operations, viable.
“There are several investors with a higher appetite for risk, and these investors are targeting mines which are on care and maintenance so that they can be recommissioned. This is generally a good thing because the mines are normally recommissioned in full compliance with the mining and environmental authorisations and with proper focus on health, safety and environmental aspects,” concludes Beech.
Thu, 08 Dec 2022 07:59:00 -0600entext/htmlhttps://www.miningweekly.com/article/more-mines-recommissioned-2022-12-09/rep_id%3A3650Killexams : Amplifying the benefits of solar energy with vegetative landscape
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Wed, 30 Nov 2022 21:03:00 -0600en-UStext/htmlhttps://www.azcentral.com/story/sponsor-story/olsson/2022/12/01/amplifying-the-benefits-of-solar-energy-with-vegetative-landscape/69686039007/Killexams : Best Nootropics: Top 5 Most Powerful Nootropic Supplements for Memory, Focus, & Energy
Nootropics and smart drugs are dietary supplements that provide cognitive benefits such as improved focus, memory, learning, motivation, creativity, and energy. Some nootropics are also believed to help with anxiety, depression, stress, and to protect against cognitive decline.
Nootropic supplements can be effective for anyone that wants to boost brain function including entrepreneurs, students, professionals, athletes, and senior citizens. While some nootropics contain only natural ingredients such as L-theanine or bacopa monnieri, others contain synthetic substances such as aniracetam or noopept.
To help you find the best nootropic supplements, we’ve reviewed the top cognitive enhancers on the market. Each smart pill below was evaluated on factors such as ingredients, dosage, reviews, price, and effectiveness.
If you’re ready to unlock your brain’s potential, here are the best nootropics on the market.
1. Noocube: Best All-in-One Nootropic Supplement for Adults
Noocube is an all-in-one daily nootropic supplement from Wolfson Brands Limited, a UK-based company that makes several different dietary supplements. Wolfson Brands Limited manufactures Noocube in the U.K. at GMP-certified facilities.
Noocube is one of the best nootropics for people who want to combat mental fatigue and brain fog while improving cognitive performance. Here are the five main benefits that Noocube provides. It:
1. Increases Attention - Noocube’s formula contains ingredients that will increase your attention and concentration, particularly during high-pressure and demanding situations.
2. Reduces Stress - By lowering levels of the hormone cortisol, Noocube helps you reduce feelings of stress and anxiety.
3. Supports Healthy Eye-Brain Connection - The award-winning ingredient Lutemax® 2020 contains three macular carotenoids that clinical research shows support a healthy eye-brain connection, Strengthen sleep patterns, and fight oxidative stress from blue light exposure.
4. Improves Focus - Noocube supports healthy serotonin, GABA, and acetylcholine levels to help you gain razor-sharp focus.
5. Boosts Memory Retention - Noocube protects your brain cells and neurotransmitters to Strengthen memory retention, mental performance, and brain energy so that you’re sharp and alert throughout the day.
How Noocube Works
Noocube’s trademarked Brain Productivity™ formula contains 13 natural ingredients that support healthy brain pathways to help you to:
Reduce brain fog
Boost your problem-solving skills
Lower your stress levels
Enhance memory and recall
Balance and Strengthen mood
All in all, Noocube is an effective way to Strengthen cognitive function and support long-term brain health.
With 13 research-backed ingredients, Noocube offers an all-in-one nootropic formula that eliminates the need to take multiple supplements to gain the same benefits. One of the star ingredients in Noocube is Lutemax 2020, an award-winning combination of three different macular carotenoids. Lutemax combats the oxidative stress that results from excessive blue-light exposure that can damage eye health.
Here’s the complete list of the 13 nootropic ingredients in Noocube:
Bacopa monnieri - 250 mg
Pterostilbene - 140 mcg
Huperzia serrata - 20 mg
L-theanine - 100 mg
Resveratrol 99% - 14.3 mg
Alpha GPC - 50 mg
L-tyrosine - 250 mg
Cat’s claw - 4:1 extract
Oat straw - 10:1 extract
Vitamin B1 - 1.1 mg
Vitamin B7 - 50 mcg
Vitamin B12 - 2.5 mcg
Why should you consider taking Noocube to support cognitive function and mental performance? Check out the key selling points of this popular nootropic supplement that’s suitable for men and women. The manufacturer says it provides:
Vyvamind is one of the most effective cognitive enhancers to boost mental energy, mental processing speed, motivation, and mental acuity.
Vyvamind is the best nootropic alternative to prescription medication. This cognitive enhancer improves cognitive performance, increases motivation and prevents burnout from intense mental exertion. Unlike so many other nootropics and brain health supplements on the market today, this one actually delivers within 30-45 minutes (not after months of use like the others).
What type of cognitive benefits can you gain from taking Vyvamind? Here are the ways this nootropic stack can help your cognitive performance:
Rapidly increases mental energy and processing speeds without causing jitters or anxiety
Promotes optimal mental performance across a range of measures, including focus, working memory, mood and motivation levels
Dramatically increases motivation and drive and sustains it for hours
Supports healthy neurotransmitter production, especially dopamine, norepinephrine and acetylcholine, allowing for peak cognitive performance
Allows for mental clarity and good decision-making when you’re in demanding or high-pressure situations
Prevents mental fatigue and burn out, helping you stay awake and alert without experiencing the severe ‘comedown’ associated with stimulants
Replenishes vital neurochemicals to ensure faster recovery after intense mental exertion
How Vyvamind Works
VyvaMind has been specifically designed to act as a natural alternative to smart drugs and prescription medications such as Adderall, Vyvanse, Ritalin, etc. To achieve this, it works on three main pathways in the brain.
Dopamine: Vyvamind greatly increases dopamine production in the brain by delivering large doses of Tyrosine and B6. Both of these nutrients are vital for dopamine synthesis. Dopamine is what gives you motivation, and it is needed for many important cognitive functions too.
Acetylcholine: This is the most important executive neurotransmitter in the brain, responsible for everything from focus and information processing to speech and muscle control. More acetylcholine means more brain power, and the Citicoline in Vyvamind ramps it up fast.
Energy: Vyvamind uses the precise doses of caffeine and theanine found in clinical studies to produce the biggest increases in mental energy, focus and processing speeds while eliminating side effects and promoting a calm mind.
All of this is backed up by comprehensive support for nerve cell integrity and brain cell health over the long-term.
VyvaMind uses 6 ultra-pure nootropic ingredients, all backed by extensive clinical research. The precise dosing and stacking of these compounds delivers a powerful lift in brain working capacity.
Here’s a list of the ingredients in Vyvamind and their dosages:
Citicoline - 200mg
L-Tyrosine - 300mg
Caffeine Anhydrous - 75mg
L-Theanine - 150mg
Vitamin B6 - 2.5mg
Vitamin B12 - 50mcg
All of the ingredients in Vyvamind are backed by strong clinical evidence and dosed in accordance with scientific studies.
Here are the key selling points of the popular nootropic Vyvamind. It offers:
Intelligent dosing of caffeine and theanine for optimal mental performance
Jitter-free and anxiety-free mental energy boost
Supports key neurotransmitter production
All-natural and legal to buy OTC
Save OVER 15% & get free US shipping when buying 3 bottles or more
3. Mind Lab Pro: Great for Memory, Learning, and Brain Function
Opti-Nutra is the company behind Mind Lab Pro, which manufactures the nootropics stack in a GMP-certified and FDA-registered facility in New Jersey, USA.
Mind Lab Pro is a universal nootropic supplement and stack, which means it boosts your mental function as a whole instead of just focusing on one or two aspects. Opti-Nutra designed Mind Lab Pro to provide a short-term cognitive boost and support long-term brain health for both men and women.
Here are some of the benefits you can gain from taking this nootropic stack every day. This product will:
Boost work productivity – This nootropic improves your multitasking skills and eye for detail.
Increase confidence and mental clarity - Mind Lab Pro supports your recall, verbal accuracy, and cognitive function.
Perform better under pressure - Enjoy clearer decision-making and foster a creative mindset, allowing you to perform better in high-pressure situations.
How Mind Lab Pro Works
Mind Lab Pro is the best brain supplement for people who want an all-in-one nootropic that will optimize brain health without stimulants. With 11 natural and scientifically proven brain-boosting ingredients, Mind Lab Pro focuses on supporting a wide range of cognitive functions.
How does this nootropic supplement work? It supports peak mental performance and targets six pathways for optimization:
Additionally, Mind Lab Pro creates a nootropic synergy that targets four different areas of neural performance:
Mind Lab Pro’s formula is so effective at improving cognitive abilities because it uses precise dosages of natural, research-backed nootropic ingredients. The bottle features a clean label, with the exact ingredient and dosage labels right on the side. It includes:
One of the key ingredients on that list is phosphatidylserine, which comes from sunflower lecithin. The compound makes up 15% of your brain’s fats and may also reduce the risk of cognitive decline and brain degeneration.
Why is Mind Lab Pro so popular? Check out these key selling points that make this nootropic one of the bestsellers on today’s market:
100% stimulant-free products
Free shipping on orders over $180
10% discount for subscribing to emails
Filler- and additive-free formula
30-day money-back guarantee
More than one million bottles sold to satisfied customers
4. Hunter Focus: Best Nootropic for Focus, Concentration, and Motivation
Hunter Focus is one of the best natural nootropics for high-performing individuals aged 30 and over. Hunter Evolve created this popular nootropic and manufactures it in the U.S. and U.K. at GMP-certified and FDA-registered facilities. The company also produces other dietary supplements, including Hunter Burn and Hunter Test.
Hunter Focus is ideal for men and women over the age of 30 who are ambitious professionals working in high-pressure or demanding jobs. It’s one of the leading natural nootropics with a formula that helps to unlock your cognitive potential. Here are the numerous ways that Hunter Focus may help you Strengthen brain health and mental function:
Enhances memory retention and recall skills
Improves focus so you can easily reach your peak flow state
Boosts mood and reduces feelings of stress and anxiety
Increases energy to combat mental fatigue and brain fog
Optimizes brain processing and supports healthy brain activity
Unlocks your creative potential and enhances your problem-solving skills
How Hunter Focus Works
Hunter Focus isn’t just a smart drug. It contains a formula with 20 natural nootropics that work in three primary ways to boost cognitive function:
Mood Amplification - Your mood directly impacts how you experience each day. Hunter Focus contains natural mood boosters, including phosphatidylserine and ashwagandha.
Memory Matrix - Hunter Focus contains ingredients that Strengthen mental processing, memory, and recall, including lion’s mane mushroom, bacopa monnieri, and maritime pine bark.
Concentration Activation - Even in the most high-pressure and stressful situations, ingredients like L-tyrosine, citicoline, and L-theanine will help you stay focused and support your mental clarity.
Why is Hunter Focus one of the best nootropics on today’s market? It contains 20 natural ingredients that boost brain function and Strengthen mental performance:
Acetyl-L-carnitine - 800 mg
L-tyrosine - 500 mg
Organic lion’s mane mushroom - 500 mg
Ashwagandha root - 300 mg
Bacopa monnieri - 300 mg
Citicoline - 250 mg
L-theanine - 200 mg
Caffeine - 100 mg
Ginkgo biloba - 120 mg
Maritime pine bark extract - 75 mg
Rhodiola rosea extract - 50 mg
Spanish sage - 4:1 extract
Panax ginseng - 10:1 extract
Phosphatidylserine - 100 mg
Vitamin B6 - 2.5 mg
Vitamin B9 - 100 mcg
Vitamin B12 - 7.5 mcg
Vitamin C - 200 mg
Vitamin D3 - 75 mcg
Vitamin K12 - 100 mcg
Veggie cellulose capsule
Here’s a brief summary of why you should consider this nootropic supplement to support your overall cognitive health. Ideal for high-performing professionals in stressful jobs, it offers:
20 research-backed nootropic ingredients
No known side effects
Gluten-free, soy-free, and preservative-free formula
#5. Nooceptin: Best Smart Pill for Stress, Anxiety, and Brain Fog
Nooceptin is the most complete nootropic supplement on the market right now. It delivers complete cognitive enhancement, with a heavy focus on memory, learning, and long-term brain health support. That combined with its amazing ingredient quality and safety profile makes it the best nootropic overall today.
Nooceptin has been specifically designed to be the only all-in-one, daily nootropic stack you’ll ever need. As well as providing a rapid increase in focus and mental clarity, Nooceptin works to stimulate real brain cell growth and development. This means that - when taken for prolonged periods - this nootropic produces real, deep, lasting improvements in brain function.
The ingredients in Nooceptin have been clinically proven to:
Improve working and long-term memory
Increase processing speeds
Promote neuroplasticity and neurogenesis
Reduce stress and anxiety
Support optimal brain cell health long-term
As you can see, Nooceptin is a comprehensive nootropic. Each ingredient has been proven to enhance cognition in several clinical trials. The precise combination of these ingredients in Nooceptin produces a great cognitive enhancer that is ideal for anyone looking to get more out of their brain.
The benefits of Nooceptin get stronger over time, so be sure to take it daily for at least 6 weeks to really start to see a difference in your memory, focus and mental energy.
Performance Lab is the company that manufactures the smart drug Performance Lab Mind, or just “Mind,” a nootropic stack that promises to Strengthen cognitive functions while helping your brain recover from mental exertion.
Performance Lab Mind provides a whole host of benefits that boost cognitive abilities. However, this nootropic is different from the others in this review because it contains only a few select ingredients in enhanced forms that allow optimal nutrient delivery.
What type of cognitive benefits can you gain from taking Mind? Here are the ways this nootropic stack can help your cognitive performance:
Promotes efficient mental processing, including multitasking, mood, memory recall, focus, and motivation
Supports healthy neuro-nutrient delivery by increasing blood flow, oxygen, and glucose to the brain
Fosters healthy brain function by targeting the fluid neural structures that link with learning and memory
Allows for peak mental performance when you’re in demanding or high-pressure situations
Promotes neural regeneration to Strengthen mental function and brain health for the long-term
Replenishes brain chemicals to allow for faster recovery after intense mental exertion and prevent fatigue
How Performance Lab Mind Works
Performance Lab Mind works to enhance brain function using natural nootropic ingredients, primarily Cognizin® Citicoline, Ajipure® L-Tyrosine, and Sharp-PS® Green.
Cognizin is a nootropic containing a form of citicoline, an organic compound essential to brain cell development and cognitive health. Cognizin is Performance Lab’s version of citicoline, which researchers developed using advanced nutrition technology to help Strengthen brain energy, attention, focus, memory, and cognitive function.
Sharp-PS Green is an advanced form of a phospholipid, or healthy fat, that’s present in the human brain. The compound aids in the regeneration of brain cells and neural repair. It also supports neural plasticity to help you boost brain health and optimize learning.
Ajipure L-tyrosine is a critical brain supplement that increases mental energy and reduces stress by maintaining healthy levels of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine.
Performance Lab Mind only contains a few premium ingredients, which its creators developed to provide the maximum cognitive benefits for people who want to boost memory recall and cognitive skills. Here’s what the formula contains:
Cognizin citicoline - 250 mg
Ajipure L-tyrosine - 250 mg
Soy-Free Sharp-PS Green - 100 mg
Maritime pine bark extract - 75 mg
The formula is also vegan-friendly and does NOT contain:
Here are the key selling points of the popular nootropic Performance Lab Mind. It offers:
A vegetarian- and vegan-friendly formula
Safety for long-term use
Advanced nootropic ingredients to Strengthen brain function
What Are Nootropics, and How Do They Strengthen Brain Function?
Nootropics and smart drugs, also known as cognitive enhancers, brain pills, or brain supplements, consist of prescription drugs, dietary supplements, or synthetic compounds that may Strengthen cognitive performance and brain health.
Depending on the type of nootropic ingredients the formula contains, these smart drugs can affect the body in different ways, including increasing blood flow to bring more oxygen to your brain cells. However, the term “nootropic” can apply to any synthetic or natural substance that could impact brain function and mental skills positively.
Additionally, nootropic supplements support a range of cerebral functions that help with intracellular signaling, neurotransmission, and molecular processes. In turn, they may help you Strengthen learning, memory, and overall cognition. You may also come across nootropic supplements that can help your body replenish vital proteins and amino acids that foster mental clarity and overall cognitive health.
How We Ranked the Top Nootropic Stacks
While dietary supplements aren’t usually subject to clinical trials, the nootropic supplements in this review all contain scientific-evidence-backed ingredients. In fact, the best nootropics have scientific studies supporting the quality and efficacy of the compounds, extracts, vitamins, amino acids, and nutrients that Strengthen cognitive skills and brain function. We’ll go deeper into the most common ingredients in nootropic stacks and the evidence behind their effectiveness in a bit, so keep reading.
Of course, every manufacturer wants to claim that their product is the absolute best nootropic and will provide the most improvements to your cognition, memory, mental performance, and cerebral health. Therefore, we looked closely at every cognitive benefit of the five supplements in this review, from supporting healthy brain cells to aiding in recovery after intense cognitive exertion and improving memory and mental clarity. Then, we checked for any scientific studies backing up these claims. All five of our picks fit the bill, verifying that they were high-quality products that will Strengthen cognitive abilities.
One of the best ways to verify whether a nootropic supplement is actually effective and provides noticeable results is by studying through user reviews from real customers. So we checked reviews from real-life customers on each manufacturer’s official website, then looked on other platforms, such as Google and e-commerce stores. Finally, we researched each manufacturer’s overall reputation and whether they were a well-established brand with a loyal customer base.
One of the biggest factors to consider when purchasing any product is price, including dietary supplements and nootropics. As you may know, the best nootropics can be expensive. However, for many people, the beneficial results far outweigh the cost. You can save money on your order by purchasing multiple bottles or subscribing to promotional emails. In addition, each of the nootropic supplements we reviewed offered a 30- or 60-day money-back ensure or had a refund policy for unopened bottles.
How to Choose the Best Nootropics
Look for Clean Labels
When we say “clean labels,” we mean supplements that don’t contain proprietary blends or complexes. Why? Because companies can hide the real dosage levels and amounts of the ingredients in a supplement by using the term “proprietary blend.”
For unethical manufacturers, the term is a legal loophole that allows them to claim that their supplement contains the most expensive or effective compounds, while in reality, it only has them in trace amounts. Therefore, you should only purchase dietary supplements with transparent, honest labeling that discloses precise dosage levels.
The most common nootropic is caffeine, a stimulant that is a popular ingredient in many smart drugs. However, that fact doesn’t mean it’s a great idea to use nootropics full of stimulants. You may find that taking a stimulant-heavy smart drug can cause side effects like a racing heart or pulse, headache, or jitters. In general, we recommend avoiding stimulants for non-prescription nootropic supplements.
The best nootropic supplements have product guarantees that offer dissatisfied consumers some recourse to get their money back, usually minus shipping charges. Money-back guarantees are a good sign that the supplement manufacturer believes in the quality and effectiveness of the product, its formula, and the results it will provide consumers.
The best deal we found was Brain Pill and Noocube, which both offer customers a 60-day money-back guarantee.
Finding an all-in-one nootropic stack with adequate and effective dosage levels is critical. Of course, taking a nootropic with low dosages likely won’t provide noticeable benefits and improvements to your cognition and mental skills. However, taking too much of a supplement could cause adverse side effects, such as headaches or nausea. All of the five nootropics we reviewed had no known side effects and clean labels listing the ingredients and amounts.
The Most Popular Brain Boosting Ingredients
When researching the best nootropics, you’ll probably find that many of them have the same ingredients. But which are the most effective and produce the best results? We’ll explore the most popular nootropics and how they can boost your brain performance.
Caffeine is perhaps the most commonly used nootropic in the world. Drinking a cup of coffee can provide cognitive benefits by blocking adenosine receptors in the brain and reducing feelings of fatigue. In addition, it can Strengthen concentration and mental alertness. One study showed that chronic caffeine consumption resulted in a “significantly lower risk” of developing neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s.
Lion’s Mane Mushroom
Lion’s mane mushrooms are actually quite beautiful. The fruiting bodies are large and wide, with dozens of long, drooping white tendrils that resemble a lion’s flowing mane. In addition to this super mushroom’s ability to Strengthen brain function, it can also support the healthy function of your heart and intestine.
However, the primary benefit of taking lion’s mane mushrooms is replenishing the neurochemicals to produce active brain cells. One study showed that lion’s mane resulted in a 60.6% neurite outgrowth, which is why it’s such a common ingredient in the best nootropic supplements.
L-theanine is one of the most important amino acids for brain function and has many nootropic properties. Primarily, it works by raising dopamine, serotonin, and GABA levels in the human brain. However, studies have shown that L-theanine can increase both verbal and letter fluency, making it ideal for people with stress-related issues and cognitive decline.
Combining L-theanine and caffeine can enhance mental alertness and accuracy when multitasking. The combination is a great way to Strengthen cognitive performance, which is why you’ll commonly see both ingredients in nootropic supplements.
For centuries, Ayurvedic medicine has harnessed the nootropic benefits of Bacopa monnieri, an aquatic plant. If you want to Strengthen your cognitive function, Bacopa monnieri is one of the best nootropics to add to your health and wellness regimen.
The plant contains bacosides A and B, which support a healthy stress response. In addition, studies have shown that Bacopa monnieri is a cognitive enhancer and has the potential to reduce oxidative damage.
Also known as golden root or arctic root, Rhodiola rosea is a flower that grows in the frigid mountains of Europe. Rhodiola rosea is an adaptogen, meaning that it increases your body’s natural resistance to stress.
One study found that participants taking this adaptogenic herb showed noticeable improvements and symptom relief regarding the depression and stress that are often part of mental fatigue and burnout. Another review of over 35 studies concluded that Rhodiola rosea supports learning and memory skills.
If you were to head to China, you would find ginkgo biloba, a native tree the Chinese have used for thousands of years. The tree’s compounds provide numerous health benefits for people, such as reducing cognitive decline.
Researchers reviewed 21 different studies that showed how ginkgo biloba is beneficial for people with mild Alzheimer’s, improving their capabilities. Further reviews of additional studies concluded that ginkgo might reduce numerous symptoms of dementia in people suffering from this cognitive disorder.
Maritime Pine Bark Extract
The maritime pine tree grows along the Mediterranean coasts in Portugal, Spain, Morocco, and France. Maritime pine bark extract might Strengthen cognitive function, particularly for those with mild cognitive impairment or decline. In addition, research suggests that French pine bark extract, known as Pycnogenol, improves oxidative stress and cognitive function in healthy working professionals.
CDP choline is an essential nutrient and water-soluble compound that serves as a common ingredient in brain pills and nootropic supplements. CDP choline is necessary for your body to produce acetylcholine, a vital neurotransmitter that affects intelligence, mood, and memory. Certain studies have shown that choline can Strengthen brain function, including mental processing and memory. Research has also shown that CDP-choline may Strengthen verbal memory in older adults with poor memory skills.
You’ve probably heard of vitamin B-12, another common ingredient you’ll find in most nootropics. Research shows that a combination of Omega-3 fatty acids and Vitamin B-12 reduces the signs of mental decline in people with early-stage dementia. Furthermore, high levels of Vitamin B-12 can also increase the likelihood of recovery from mental illness such as major depressive disorder in people with a B12 deficiency.
Benefits of Taking Nootropic Supplements
We just discussed the most common ingredients you’ll find in the best brain supplements. But what are the real benefits of taking nootropics? Let’s discuss that now.
Brain Health (Brain Cells)
The best nootropic supplements promote brain cell health by supporting maintenance, growth, and recovery for peak cerebral performance. The best nootropic supplement for supporting brain cell health is Mind Lab Pro, although Noocube and Hunter Focus are also effective for optimizing your cerebral health and function.
Improve Mental Performance
Brain fog and mental fatigue are two common signs of interrupted neural pathways and stress. If you’re experiencing a lag in mental performance and cognitive function, taking a nootropic supplement can be a significant way to boost your brain power. Nootropics can optimize communication along your neural pathways, helping you achieve peak performance.
Have you ever found yourself forgetting dates, names, or appointments? Short-term memory loss is commonly associated with cognitive decline. However, you can combat short-term memory loss by taking a nootropic supplement. In particular, nootropics rich in amino acids may support a healthy nerve growth factor and neural communication, causing a boost in your short-term memory and recall ability.
Focus and Productivity
Do your job and extracurricular activities require a very high level of cognitive functioning? If so, then taking a nootropic supplement is an option to sharpen your focus, Strengthen your eye for detail, and boost productivity. For example, if you work very long hours, many nootropics can help you shake off the brain fog and lack of sleep and still perform at peak levels the next day at work.
Your overall mood and emotional balance can significantly impact your day. Fortunately, taking nootropics can positively affect your emotion and mood. Essentially, nootropics can balance your mood by interacting with the brain to correct chemical imbalances and reduce feelings of stress, anxiety, and depression.
A List of Synthetic Smart Drugs To Consider
Another option that many people consider regarding nootropics is synthetic smart drugs. Let’s discuss four of the most popular right now.
Modafinil is a prescription drug that can treat narcolepsy. However, it’s also a synthetic nootropic that may help people reduce fatigue and boost brain energy and function. While experts consider Modafinil to have a lower risk of dependence, taking this synthetic nootropic at high levels may cause withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop.
Adderall is another synthetic prescription drug containing amphetamine salts that doctors commonly prescribe to people with the learning disability Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, known as ADHD. Adderall helps your brain modulate specific chemicals that control focus, behavior, and memory, and also leaves you feeling more alert and awake. However, you should know that Adderall has a very high risk of physical dependency. That’s why we recommend natural adderall alternatives for improving cognitive performance.
If you want a nootropic that delivers an immediate and noticeable boost of cognitive energy, Noopept is a good choice. The synthetic nootropic supports healthy levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a compound essential for developing brain cells. It also may contribute to faster recovery after a brain injury.
Piracetam is another synthetic nootropic that’s very similar in structure to Noopept, making it a popular alternative. This “smart drug” helps people with a cognitive decline Strengthen their memory. However, it may not be as effective or produce the same results in normal, healthy individuals.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do Nootropic Supplements Really Work to Strengthen Cognitive Function?
Yes, nootropic supplements work. However, please remember that your results may vary based on your level of intellect, your body type, if you have any cognitive impairments, etc. Most nootropics work by increasing blood flow to the brain, although they can help enhance brain function in a variety of ways. For example, nootropics can also optimize brain activity and neural communication and Strengthen short-term and long-term memory.
How Much Do Nootropics Cost?
The price of nootropics depends on the manufacturer, quality, ingredients, dosages, and more. However, the best nootropics often cost anywhere from $50 to $90 a bottle, usually consisting of a one-month supply.
Luckily, you have a few different options for saving money on your purchase. The best way to save money on nootropics is by ordering in bulk. The more you buy, the more you save, and most bulk buy orders qualify for free shipping. Some manufacturers also offer limited-time discounts, like 10% off for subscribing to promotional emails.
What Nootropic Is Most Like Adderall?
Adderall is the prescription drug that doctors often prescribe for people who have ADHD to increase their focus and energy levels while reducing impulsivity.
If you’re looking for a natural alternative to Adderall, three of the best nootropics include Performance Lab Mind, Noocube, and Mind Lab Pro. All three of these supplements contain formulas that have ingredients with research backing their effectiveness in increasing mental focus, concentration, and energy levels.
Can Smart Pills Help with ADHD?
If you or your child has ADHD, you’ve probably searched for medications or supplements that can help you maintain focus and concentration while avoiding mental burnout.
Adderall is one of the most common prescription medications for treating ADHD and can Strengthen mental focus, concentration, and energy levels. However, natural nootropic supplements are a great option if you’re looking for a safer alternative to prescription medications like Adderall or Ritalin.
Who Should Consider Taking Nootropics?
Nootropics are highly popular among entrepreneurs, professionals, students, older individuals, athletes, and even healthy individuals. Essentially, any adult over the age of 18 can benefit from taking nootropics if they want to increase their cognitive skills, Strengthen memory, and maintain a healthy brain. Of course, you should always consult with your physician before starting a supplement regimen, especially if you’re on any type of prescription medication.
Can Brain Supplements Help Strengthen Memory?
Yes, brain supplements can help Strengthen memory, detail retention, and recall. If you’ve been having trouble remembering names, dates, appointments, etc., taking a nootropic can help you boost your memory. For example, research shows that they increase blood circulation to the brain while replenishing essential nutrients (like glucose, which the brain needs for fuel) and improving energy levels. Nootropics can also increase neuroplasticity, which enhances brain activity and memory abilities.
Are Nootropic Supplements FDA-Approved?
Nootropics are dietary supplements, which means they do not require approval from the FDA. Only prescription medications require FDA approval. However, that doesn’t mean that they aren’t safe. The five nootropic supplements in this review all have natural ingredients with no known side effects, and all five brands manufacture their products in FDA-registered facilities, either in the U.S. or U.K.
How Long Does It Take for Nootropics to Work?
The amount of time it takes for nootropics to work varies on a few factors, such as the type of supplement, body type, weight, etc.
For example, Noopept, a synthetic nootropic, often has almost immediate effects on cognitive ability. However, natural nootropics can take up to 60 days of consistent use to provide the full benefits to users. Usually, fast-acting nootropics offer a short-term boost, whereas natural nootropics are better for long-term optimization. Adderall and Ritalin take about 30 minutes to one hour to take effect, generally peaking around three hours.
Final Thoughts on the Best Nootropics
If you’re searching for the best nootropic supplement on the market, it’s important to remember that it may take some time to find the best combination to meet your unique cognitive needs. However, there’s no denying the extreme popularity of nootropics, from natural supplements to synthetic compounds and prescription medications. Everyone from college students to senior citizens takes nootropics, and most see improvements in their brain function and health.
Above, we reviewed five of the best nootropics for 2022, including Performance Lab Mind, Noocube, Hunter Focus, Brain Pill, and Mind Lab Pro. Each supplement offers a way to Strengthen memory and cognition, sharpen mental focus and clarity, and balance mood. Most also increase blood circulation to the brain, boosting oxygen and glucose levels to provide the brain with fuel and energy.
So whether you need to study for a big test, become more productive at work, boost memory, or just want a boost to your brain power, nootropics are a safe and effective way to do so.
*This article is provided by an advertiser. Statements made are not meant to offer medical advice or to diagnose any condition. Any studies cited here may be preliminary, may or may not be peer-reviewed, and may or may not have sufficient participants to be statistically relevant. Anecdotal accounts should not be taken as scientific results. Products discussed in this article are not designed to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease. The FDA does not evaluate dietary supplements. Consult your doctor about possible interactions, allergies, and if you are considering using natural and/or dietary supplements for any condition. Individual results will vary.