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CPFA learner - Certified Public Finance Administrator Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: CPFA Certified Public Finance Administrator learner June 2023 by Killexams.com team

CPFA Certified Public Finance Administrator

The Certified Public Finance Administrator (CPFA) designation means that an individual is committed to education and experience. To be eligible for this prestigious designation, an individual must:

Be the elected or appointed treasurer, deputy or assistant treasurer, employee in/or dealing with the office of treasurer or principal officer in the governmental entity who is charged with the performance or supervision of investments, debt, and/or treasury activities.
Be an active member of the APT US&C for at least twenty-four months before applying for the designation.
Believe in and practice APT US&C's Code of Ethics.
Accumulate at least 100 points from a combination of education and experience.

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Certified Public Finance Administrator
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CPFA Certified Public Finance Administrator

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Certified Public Finance Administrator
Question: 108
Employees Pension Scheme, 1995 (EPS) defines "past service" as ________.
A. Service rendered by the employee upto the date of exit from service
B. Service rendered by the employee upto the EPS came into force
C. Service rendered by the employee with an earlier employer
D. Service rendered by the employee from the date of joining Employees Family
Pension Fund till the EPS came into force
Answer: D
Question: 109
Rohini, aged 20 years debates that Retirement Planning is required for Males as
well as for those who are above 45 years, she says that she is young, she wants to
enjoy life and after marriage her spouse will take care of her retirement. As a
Financial Planner address her and provide an appropriate advice
A. Her views are untenable, since Retirement Planning has to be undertaken as
early as possible
B. Her views are tenable
C. No comments, since a Certified Financial Planner never debates
D. None of the above
Answer: A
Question: 110
Ms. Kolaveri is a Self Employed Professional conducting her own coaching
classes "M/s Raaga Classes" wants to open a PPF A/c (Public Provident Fund)
with State Bank of India. As a Financial Planner advise her with regard to the
same and do factor in the provisions of Sec 80-C of the Income TaxAct, 1961.
(assume that this question is asked by her in December 2011)
A. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 500 and Maximum Rs. 70,000
B. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 500 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
C. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 5000 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
D. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 100 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
Answer: B
Question: 111
Mr. Anthony Gonzalvis is working with SEBI wants to open a PPF A/c (Public
Provident Fund) with State Bank of India, but is concerned about the provisions
of "The Income Tax Act, 1961" with regard to its Contribution, Accumulation and
Withdrawal. As a Financial Planner address her concern and provide an
appropriate advise with reference to I.T Act, 1961.
Taxable, Exempt, Exempt, (TEE)
A. Exempt, Taxable, Exempt (ETE)
B. Exempt, Exempt, Taxable (EET)
C. Exempt, Exempt, Exempt (EEE)
Answer: D
Question: 112
"Defined Benefit Plans" are the following. 1. Gratuity 2. Employees Pension
Scheme 3. Leave Encashment 4. VRS 5. Provident Fund 6. Annuity Plans
available in the market
A. All are true except 6
B. Only 1,2 & 3 are true
C. Only 1,2, 3 & 4 are true
D. Only 1,2, & 5 are true
Answer: C
Question: 113
Mr. Ramalinga Raju joins a private limited company covered under the PF Act.
The employer contributes for all the employees only up to the specified salary
limit. His monthly salary consists of Rs.10,000 as basic, Rs.5,000 as DA and 10%
of the basic as HRA, calculate the EPS contribution
A. Rs. 1250
B. Rs. 541
C. Rs. 833
D. Rs. 1241
Answer: C
Question: 114
"Defined Contribution Plans" are the following: 1. Annuity Plan available in the
market 2. New Pension Scheme, 2004 3. Provident Fund 4. Gratuity as per
Payment of Gratuity Act,1972 5. Gratuity not as per Payment of Gratuity
A. Only 1 & 2 are true
B. Only 1,2 & 3 are true
C. Only 1,2, & 5 are true
D. Only 1,2, 3 & 5 are true
Answer: B
Question: 115
If a person receives gratuity and commuted pension then _________ of the
commuted amount of pension is tax free
A. One third
B. Half
C. Full
D. One fourth
Answer: A
Question: 116
Which one of the following is a method of estimating retirement income?
A. Weighted average method
B. Completed cost method
C. Proportion method
D. Replacement of income method
Answer: D
Question: 117
A scheme providing pension benefits as per Income Tax provisions is called:
A. Superannuation Scheme
B. Retirement Scheme
C. Retirement Income Scheme
D. Pension Scheme
Answer: A
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APTUSC Administrator learner - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CPFA Search results APTUSC Administrator learner - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CPFA https://killexams.com/exam_list/APTUSC Best System Administrator Certifications for 2023
  • Certification programs help system administrators stand out from their peers while expanding and validating their skills. 
  • Certification training and testing help IT professionals earn professional credibility and more power to direct and control their career paths. 
  • Numerous certifications are available, but several are exceptionally valued and respected. 
  • This article is for system administrators and IT professionals who want to expand their knowledge and professional credibility through certification programs.

System administrators are the glue holding together business operations, ensuring smooth-running IT infrastructures. The role requires in-demand career skills that range from server and client configuration and maintenance to access controls, network services and application resource requirements. SysAdmins may even work with more user-facing products, like directory and name services, network addressing, database services, web and desktop applications, and email. They’re often the company “tech expert” – sometimes at several organizations simultaneously. 

System administrator certifications help IT professionals navigate their career paths, expand their knowledge and demonstrate their expertise to managers and employers. SysAdmin certs may even help you secure managerial and executive level jobs and higher pay.

If you’re a SysAdmin specializing in database services, consider exploring the best database certifications for database administrators and developers.

Best system administrator certifications

After examining various credentials, we developed this list of our five favorite system administrator certifications for 2023. These certifications are geared toward various experience levels, product interests and skill sets. They can foster your development within system administration, encourage you to explore new areas of expertise, and help you set and achieve career goals

1. Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert 

Many businesses operate within Microsoft ecosystems, making Microsoft certifications extremely valuable and sought after. However, Microsoft has overhauled its certification processes in recent years, replacing broad certificates like Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert with a wider variety of role-based certification options divided into the following roles: 

  • Data engineer
  • Data scientist
  • Artificial intelligence engineer
  • Security engineer
  • DevOps engineer
  • Functional consultant
  • Developer
  • Administrator
  • Solutions architect 

Certifications come in beginner, intermediate, and expert levels, based on applicants’ experience. 

Various system administrators may find some Microsoft certifications more advantageous than others. However, the Azure Solutions Architect Expert is the most in-demand certification for a SysAdmin with IT operation experience.  

The Azure Solutions Architect Expert certification is ideal for someone with extensive experience using Azure to solve problems and make decisions for a business’s tech needs. Candidates must have experience with every level of IT operations as well as DevOps. Candidates will be tested on their knowledge and ability to design solutions for data storage, identity, infrastructure and more using Azure. 

This certification combines elements of system administration, Azure implementation and solutions architect experience. Candidates should have one prerequisite qualification: the Azure Administrator Associate certification.  

If you have solutions architect experience, check out our list of the best enterprise architect certifications. Credentials at the architect level can lead to some of the highest-paid tech industry positions.

Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert facts and figures

2. Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator 

Although Oracle is known for its database products and solutions, it also distributes Linux products geared for the enterprise and designed to support cloud environments. Oracle Linux is optimized for various Oracle products and platforms, such as:

  • Oracle Exadata Database Machine
  • Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine
  • Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud
  • Oracle Database Appliance

To support Oracle Linux, the company offers several Oracle Linux System Administrator learning paths. It also provides several standalone Linux administration courses. Oracle’s Linux certifications are considered among the best Linux certifications to earn. We’ll highlight the Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator certification below. 

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification, currently at version 8, covers many tools and processes. Candidates must be well-versed in:

  • Linux file systems
  • Control groups
  • Container concepts
  • Advanced storage administration techniques
  • Oracle cluster management 
  • Using Ksplice Uptrack commands 

The certification also tests for knowledge of network bonding, task automation, security configuration and more. 

SysAdmins who support Oracle Solaris might also be interested in the Oracle Solaris System Administrator certification, which Oracle offers at the Associate and Professional levels. Oracle also offers a Cloud Database Migration and Integration Professional certificate

Professional Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator certification facts and figures

Oracle certifications are vendor-specific certifications to advance your networking career and are frequently sought after by SysAdmins.

3. RHCE: Red Hat Certified Engineer

In the realm of Linux system administrator certifications, Red Hat certifications stand out. Red Hat’s more senior-level certifications are especially popular among IT professionals and the firms that hire them. Those holding the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) credential qualify for highly competitive job roles, including the following:

  • Senior Linux administrator
  • Senior UNIX administrator
  • Senior systems engineer
  • Infrastructure systems engineer
  • IT analyst 

The RHCE is considered a high-level credential that’s not easy to obtain. Candidates must first obtain the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) credential. The RHCE credential expands the RHCSA’s understanding of automation in multisystem environments. Candidates must then pass an intense, demanding, four-hour, hands-on, performance-based exam. Those who earn the RHCE can go on to earn the Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) in Infrastructure credential.

Candidates can choose a path based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8. RHCE certification is valid for three years from the date the certification was achieved. To maintain the certification, a credential holder must pass any RHCA exam or pass the RHCE certification exam again before the end of the three years.

See our Red Hat certification guide for additional Red Hat professional certifications based on software products, virtualization, storage and cloud-based solutions.

RHCE facts and figures

Certification name Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Prerequisites and required courses

Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) certification via one exam: EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator

Recommended courses: 

  • Red Hat System Administration I (RH124)
  • Red Hat System Administration II (RH134)
  • Red Hat System Administration III: Linux Automation with Ansible (RH294)

Note: Courses are not required, but Red Hat requests that candidates who opt out of the courses demonstrate equivalent experience.

Number of exams One exam: EX294 Red Hat Certified Engineer exam
Cost per exam $400 (RHCE exam fee only)
URL https://www.redhat.com/en/services/certification/rhce
Self-study materials Several online education resources, including Udemy.com, offer courses to help you prepare for the RHCE exam. In addition, some books are available with resources to help you study for the test.

4. CompTIA Server+

CompTIA certifications, such as the A+ for hardware technicians, Network+ for network admins and Security+ for security specialists, are highly regarded in the computing industry. The CompTIA Server+ certification is no exception. 

Companies such as Intel, HP, Dell, Lenovo, Xerox and Microsoft recommend or require their server technicians to earn CompTIA Server+ credentials.

The Server+ certification exam focuses on fundamental, vendor-neutral server-related topics, including:

  • Server hardware
  • Operating systems
  • Storage systems
  • Networking
  • The IT environment (documentation, diagrams and best practices)
  • Security and disaster recovery
  • Virtualization 
  • Troubleshooting

Individuals seeking positions across the system administration world, including data technician, network administrator, IT technician and data center engineer, can benefit from CompTIA Server+ certification. This certification also provides new IT professionals with an excellent foundation for more specialized certifications.

Candidates for the Server+ certification take one exam: SK0-005. CompTIA recommends that candidates have at least two years of practical experience working with servers and either CompTIA A+ certification or comparable knowledge. This certification also stands out because it does not expire – certification is good for life. 

CompTIA Server+ facts and figures

Certification name CompTIA Server+
Prerequisites and required courses Required: None Recommended: CompTIA A+ certification plus 18 to 24 months of IT experience
Number of exams One exam: SK0-005 (90 minutes, 90 multiple-choice and performance-based questions; 750 on a scale of 100 to 900 required to pass)
Cost per exam $358; purchase vouchers through CompTIA Marketplace; exam administered by Pearson VUE
URL https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/server
Self-study materials Links to practice questions, exam objectives, e-books and other training resources are available on the certification page. exam study bundles, including e-books and CertMaster practice, are available from the CompTIA Marketplace.

5. VCAP-DCV Design 2022: VMware Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization Design 2022

VMware certifications are must-have credentials for IT professionals interested in virtualization. With a comprehensive certification program encompassing all skill levels, VMware credentials are recognized globally as the best in their class of professional certifications.  

The latest incarnation of the VMware vSphere product is Version 8. VMware offers five credentials related to the vSphere product:

  • Certified Technical
  • Certified Professional
  • Certified Advanced Professional (Data Center Virtualization Design)
  • Certified Advanced Professional (Data Center Virtualization Deploy)
  • Certified Design Expert 

VMware also offers a wide range of badges for specific product applications. We’re highlighting the intermediate certification: Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization Design. 

Training is required for non-credential holders seeking to obtain the VCAP-DCV credential. VMware offers various training options to meet the training prerequisite: self-paced (on demand), live online and live classroom – some of which include virtual labs. Those possessing a valid VCAP-DCV Design certificate must attend a training course or pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. 

VCAP-DCV Design 2022 facts and figures

Certification name VMware Certified Advanced Professional – Data Center Virtualization 2022 (VCAP-DCV)
Prerequisites and required courses Path 1 (non-VCP credential holders): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Additional training courses are recommended but not required. 

Path 2 (active VCAP-DCV Design or Deploy 2019 or newer credential holders): Pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required.

Path 3 (VCAP-CMA Design or Deploy 2019 or newer, VCAP-DTM Design or Deploy 2019 or newer, VCAP-NV Design or Deploy 2019 or newer holders): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required. 

Path 4 (VCAP-DCV Design 2021 holder): Either attend the training course in 2022 or pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam.  Path 5 (VCAP6.5-DCV Design or Deploy or older): Earn the VCP-DCV 2022 and pass the VCAP-DCV Design exam. Training is recommended but not required. 

Number of exams Professional DCV exam (130 minutes, 70 single and multiple-choice questions; must score 300 out of 500 to pass)

Exam for certification: VCAP-DCV Design Exam (150 minutes, 60 single and multiple-choice questions; must score 300 out of 500 to pass)

Cost per exam Professional DCV exam: $250 VCAP-DCV Design exam: $450 
URL https://www.vmware.com/learning/certification/vcap-dcv-design.html
Self-study materials VMware offers a downloadable exam guide for each exam. VMware Customer Connect Learning offers exam prep subscriptions.

Earning the best IT certifications, including system admin certs, is an excellent career advancement tool for amassing and validating your skills and knowledge.

Beyond the top 5: More SysAdmin certifications

In addition to the five system administrator certifications we highlighted above, many other certification programs can help further the careers and professional development of IT professionals in system administration.

It makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-specific programs available for those who work with systems from companies like Brocade, Dell EMC, HPE, IBM, NetApp and Symantec. Many play into critical system specialty areas, such as storage, security and virtualization, while others offer a broad range of platforms for these and other technology areas. 

Here are some examples:

  • IBM Certified System Administrator MQ V9.1: IBM Certified System Administrator MQ V9.1 is for SysAdmins who cover admin activities such as migrating, configuration, availability, performance tuning and problem determination.
  • NetApp Certified Data Administrator (NCDA): NCDA is geared toward professionals who manage NetApp data storage controllers running the ONTAP operating system.
  • ServiceNow Certified System Administrator: ServiceNow Certified System Administrator is aimed at professionals adept at configuring, implementing and managing ServiceNow systems.

Vendor-neutral certification programs also offer a variety of interesting and potentially valuable credentials. For example, Linux Professional Institute certifications are well known and widely recognized in IT shops and operations that depend on Linux servers to handle their workloads. 

Tech professionals may also want to consider certifications in adjacent fields, including big data certifications, starter cybersecurity certifications and project management certifications.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)

The following chart shows the results of an informal job search we conducted to deliver you an idea of the relative frequency with which our top five certifications appear in actual job postings. While all the certifications are popular, the CompTIA Server+ stands out as the clear favorite.

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs Linkup Total
Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert (Microsoft) 1,722 4,281 554 2,711 9,268
Oracle Linux 8 System Administrator (Oracle) 1,831 2,232 166 765 4,994
RHCE (Red Hat) 417 527 1,015 1,972 3,931
Server+ (CompTIA) 6,817 5,082 1,125 4,182 17,206
VCAP-DCV Design 2022  (VMware)* 2,884 2,885 220 4,932 10,921

* When searching for VCP – Data Center credentials, we found most job descriptions didn’t indicate a specific version.

Although employers tend to pay SysAdmins less than some of their IT peers, such as network engineers and enterprise IT architects, a career in system administration is still worth pursuing. SimplyHired reports $79,283 as the national average salary for system administrators, with a range of $49,718 to $136,224. Indeed.com similarly reports that $76,942 is the average base salary for system administrators, while senior system administrators can expect an average salary of around $92,803.  

Building a dynamic IT skill set

IT systems are dynamic. They grow with companies and change with evolving technology. Therefore, it’s important for system administrators to nourish their skills. Certifications and training show you’re qualified to handle the responsibilities of your desired position while demonstrating your willingness to learn and grow. 

As you move through your career in system administration, you may want to branch into new specialties or software. Fortunately, in addition to receiving certifications, you can access many excellent courses and educational resources to help you continue to grow in your field. 

Ed Tittel and Kim Lindros contributed to the reporting and writing in this article.

Tue, 23 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10752-best-system-administrator-certifications.html
The Learning Network No result found, try new keyword!By The Learning Network Middle and high school students are invited to tell us what they’re studying in The Times and why. The contest runs from June 9 to Aug. 18. By The Learning Network Have ... Sun, 04 Jun 2023 20:02:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nytimes.com/section/learning Medication Administration Through Enteral Feeding Tubes

Feeding Tube Size and Placement Site

Two important things to consider when administering medications through a feeding tube include the tube size and placement site. The outer lumen tube diameters are typically measured in French units (1 French unit = 0.33 mm) and are often designated as small-bore (e.g., 5–12 French) or large-bore (e.g., ≥ 14 French) tubes.[6,7,12] Small-bore tubes are placed into the stomach (e.g., NG, gastrostomy) or small bowel (e.g., ND, NJ, jejunostomy, percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy, needle-catheter jejunostomy) and are used for feeding or administering medication.[5] Small-bore tubes are more comfortable but have a greater likelihood of becoming clogged by medications or thick EN formulations. NG tubes are also available in a larger diameter (e.g., Salem sumps). Large-bore NG tubes can be used for feeding or administering medication, but their primary functions are gastric suctioning and decompression. Another function of large-bore NG tubes is the measurement of gastric pH or residual volumes. These large-bore tubes are stiffer and cause greater patient discomfort, but they are less prone to clogging than smaller diameter tubes. When NG tubes are used for gastric suctioning, medications should not be administered via this route because they can also be removed with frequent suctioning. However, if drug delivery through the NG tube is necessary and the GI tract is working, then clamping the NG tube, if the patient can tolerate it, for at least 30 minutes after giving a medication may Excellerate absorption before reattaching the suction. Other large-bore tubes include OG, gastrostomy, and PEG tubes; these are also less likely to occlude.[5,6,7,10,12]

The feeding tube placement site also affects drug absorption. Most oral medications are absorbed in the small intestine, but for some the stomach is the target for drug action and absorption. Therefore, if the feeding tube is placed in the small bowel, certain medications may have minimal benefit because the stomach is bypassed. These medications include antacids, which neutralize stomach acid, as well as sucralfate and bismuth, which both form a protective barrier in the stomach. Additionally, when certain medications that are characterized by extensive first-pass hepatic metabolism (e.g., opioids, tricyclic antidepressants, β-blockers, nitrates) are administered into the jejunum, increased absorption and greater systemic effects may occur.[5,10,12,13] The antifungals ketoconazole and itraconazole may also have decreased bioavailability when administered via intestinal feeding tubes. These medications require gastric acidity for optimal absorption, and the environment is less acidic as the feeding tube tip moves further down the GI tract.[10,13,14] By bypassing the stomach, intrajejunal administration may also result in incomplete drug absorption because the stomach aids in medication disintegration and dissolution.[15]

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/585397_3
Best Learning Management Systems (LMS) Of 2023

Docebo is one of the best learning management systems for corporations, thanks to features such as social learning, Salesforce integration, mobile learning, e-commerce, free extensions, custom domains and artificial intelligence. Its more than 400 integrations include Adobe Connect, Confluence, Dropbox, Evernote, Facebook, G2, GitHub, Google Analytics, PayPal, Stripe, Trello and WordPress.

Who should use it:

Businesses that need social learning features will appreciate Docebo.

Fri, 12 May 2023 14:58:00 -0500 Laura Hennigan en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/business/best-learning-management-systems/
Digital Teaching & Learning

Higher Education News, Opinion and Careers | Weekdays

Quick Summary of the Week's Higher Ed News | Fridays

Admissions and Enrollment News, Opinion and Careers | Mondays

Diversity News, Opinion and Career Advice | Tuesdays

Student Success News, Ideas, Advice and Inspiration | Weekdays

Wed, 17 May 2023 07:39:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.insidehighered.com/news/tech-innovation/digital-teaching-learning
AI and machine learning may speed drug development, manufacturing: FDA

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published a pair of discussion papers this week in an effort to outline areas artificial intelligence and machine learning may help in manufacturing pharmaceutical drugs along with regulatory issues it presents.

The FDA’s two discussion papers aim to spur a conversation with stakeholders in the medical community such as pharmaceutical companies, physicians, ethicists, patients and patient advocacy groups and regulatory authorities about the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in developing and producing medications.

"AI/ML’s growth in data volume and complexity, combined with cutting-edge computing power and methodological advancements, have the potential to transform how stakeholders develop, manufacture, use and evaluate therapies," Patrizia Cavazzoni, director of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, wrote.

Ultimately, AI/ML can help bring safe, effective and high-quality treatments to patients faster."


The Food and Drug Administration released a pair of discussion papers about the applications of AI and machine learning to develop and manufacture new drugs. (Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images / Getty Images)

Cavazzoni noted that AI and machine learning may help health care providers scan medical literature for findings and offer predictions about how individual patients may respond to certain treatment options and whether they may be more at risk of side effects. 

She also wrote that AI chatbots may help answer questions about participation in clinical trials or reporting adverse events, or even create digital "twins" of patients to model a medical intervention before a real-life intervention is done with a human patient.


Artificial intelligence and machine learning may have a significant impact on the development and manufacturing of medical products. (iStock / iStock)

The FDA is already seeing an influx of drug and biological product applications referencing the use of AI and machine learning as those technologies have advanced in recent years. More than 100 submissions in 2021 alone mentioned the use of those technologies. 

The most common use of AI and ML was in the clinical development and research phase, but they were also deployed in drug discovery, clinical trial enrichment and safety surveillance.


The discussion paper by several divisions of the FDA about AI and machine learning in developing drug and biological products touched on several areas where those technologies are being applied or may be applied in the future:

  • Early-stage drug discovery, including the use of compound screening and drug design, could be accelerated or made more efficient through the use of AI and ML.
  • Nonclinical research can benefit from AI and ML algorithms analyzing complex data sets and models that may Excellerate the accuracy of those applications.
  • Clinical trials are identified as "one of the most significant applications" of AI and ML, as they can be leveraged in designing trials, analyzing and interpreting large data sets and improving the operational efficiency of trials.
  • Safety surveillance at the post-marketing stage of drug development could leverage AI and ML to process data around adverse events.
  • AI could spur the development of novel types of drugs and personalized approaches to treatment.

It also noted there are some risks involved in the use of AI and machine learning in the development of drugs and biological products that may arise due to biases in the data used to train ML algorithms, inaccuracies or incomplete data sets. 

Further, the paper emphasized the importance of human-led governance of AI and machine learning to "help ensure adherence to legal and ethical values, where accountability and transparency are essential for the development of trustworthy AI."


Generative AI chatbots could help health care providers and pharmaceutical researchers process information. (Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images / Getty Images)

The drug manufacturing discussion paper by the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research noted areas where AI and machine learning could be applied in pharmaceutical manufacturing processes, such as:

  • Using AI models to more quickly identify optimal manufacturing processing parameters or scale-up processes to reduce development time and waste.
  • Advanced Process Control, which could use AI to predict the progression of a process in combination with real-time sensor data and Excellerate the understanding of chemical, physical and biological transformations that occur in the drug manufacturing process.
  • AI methods can be used to monitor equipment and detect changes that divert from normal performance to trigger maintenance activities and reduce downtime for manufacturing processes. They can also be used to monitor product quality and the quality of packaging that can detect deviations from requirements related to things like packaging, labels and glass vials.
  • AI can examine consumer complaints and manufacturing-related deviation reports that contain large volumes of text to identify problem areas and prioritize improvement areas. Similarly, AI can be used to proactively monitor manufacturing operations and set thresholds for corrective and preventive actions.h


Both FDA papers posed questions to stakeholders regarding the various use cases for AI and machine learning, best practices, barriers to their use, views on transparency, processes for auditing, current or future regulatory frameworks and more.

Thu, 11 May 2023 14:00:00 -0500 Eric Revell en-US text/html https://www.foxbusiness.com/technology/ai-machine-learning-may-speed-drug-development-manufacturing-fda
1.5 million 'gotaways' at the border under the Biden administration: report

At least 1.5 million illegal immigrants identified as "gotaways" have crossed the border under the Biden administration, according to a report.

The term refers to the estimated number of illegal immigrants who entered the country and were not caught, which hit 530,000 in fiscal year 2023 with four months still remaining, The New York Post reported. This adds to the 600,000 estimated "gotaways" from 2022 and 389,000 from 2021.


At least 1.5 million illegal immigrants identified as "gotaways" have crossed the border under the Biden administration, according to a report. (Border Patrol)

The tally of the Biden administration's "gotaways" surpasses 1.5 million, which is nearly four times the estimated 415,000 under the Trump administration's final three years.

The 2023 fiscal year total is expected to increase after the expiration of COVID-19 emergency policy Title 42, which allowed the Biden administration to turn away migrants at the border as a means of preventing the spread of COVID.


The tally of the Biden administration's "gotaways" surpasses 1.5 million, which is more than three times the estimated 415,000 under the Trump administration's final three years. (Photo by PATRICK T. FALLON/AFP via Getty Images)

The policy expired Thursday after Customs and Border Patrol apprehended more than 10,000 migrants daily from Monday to Wednesday. Another 15,000 migrants were apprehended over the weekend.

The Texas Department of Public Safety launched an operation with the Texas National Guard in December to track down "gotaways" with tracking dogs and drone operators.


The Texas Department of Public Safety launched an operation with the Texas National Guard in December to track down "gotaways" with K9s and drone operators. (U.S. Customs and Border Protection)


The Biden administration planned to release migrants in custody who have yet to receive a court date if detention centers reached capacity, but a federal judge blocked that plan on Thursday. Two days later, the same judge denied the administration's request to place a stay on the temporary restraining order blocking the releases.

Tue, 16 May 2023 02:11:00 -0500 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/politics/million-gotaways-border-biden-administration-report
Master's in Healthcare Administration Online

Register By: July 01 Classes Start: July 03

Lead in Healthcare Administration

  • $627 per credit (36 credits total)
  • 5 terms per year, each term is 10 weeks
  • Transfer up to 12 graduate credits to reduce cost
  • Complete in as few as 15 months or at your own pace
  • Applicable to many roles in healthcare
  • Focus on communication, critical thinking and analytics in healthcare

Master's in Healthcare Administration Program Overview

Healthcare administrators play a vital role in today's shifting healthcare paradigm – they ensure equitable quality and access to the best care through leadership. By earning your online Master of Science (MS) in Healthcare Administration degree program, you'll boost your qualifications to fill critical roles within healthcare organizations and advance your career in this vital industry.

Healthcare is a booming field. If you've set your sights on a leadership role in the healthcare field, but aren't interested in a clinical position, then a career in healthcare administration could be for you. Healthcare managers have the unique responsibility of applying business best practices in combination with applying the models, influences and complexity of the healthcare industry. It's a role that takes a combination of organizational leadership and strategic vision balanced with skillful collaboration among internal and external stakeholders.

At Southern New Hampshire University, you'll receive the formal healthcare education necessary to advance your skills and complement your experience within the complex field of health administration. The master's in healthcare administration online program covers a variety of topics, including:

  • Finance and economics
  • Law
  • Policy
  • Informatics
  • Strategic planning

"With healthcare being one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States – and those currently in health care administrative roles retiring at record rates – graduates will be able to pursue a variety of career options in hospital, outpatient clinic or long-term care facility, home care agency roles managing entire organizations or specific departments," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU.

SNHU provides students with an array of accredited online healthcare degrees and online nursing programs. Our online MS in Healthcare Administration broadens our offering in this vital area, providing a more in-depth study of the healthcare industry for those ready to take the next step in their careers.

"In healthcare, the only constant is change and innovation," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an SNHU adjunct faculty member. "SNHU teaches nurses and healthcare administrators the philosophy about leadership, focusing on building a foundation that will allow post-graduates to adapt to the ever-changing environment. Students are provided the tools to be leaders who will help drive a better healthcare delivery system."

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How You'll Learn

At SNHU, you'll get support from day 1 to graduation and beyond. And with no set class times, 24/7 access to the online classroom, and helpful learning resources along the way, you'll have everything you need to reach your goals.

Career Outlook

Healthcare leaders are needed more than ever. As medical technology advances and each generation continues to lead longer lives, we can expect the need for more and more qualified healthcare professionals. At the same time, there is an increased focus, even scrutiny, on the rising costs of healthcare without an overall increase in patient outcomes. Healthcare leaders must have a firm grasp of the internal and external influences on healthcare including reimbursement models, quality and improvement measures, marketing and communication strategies, government impacts, finances and budget and how to lead teams through change.

Headshot of Dr. Matt Fredericksen-England with the text Dr. Matt Fredericksen-EnglandAnd that's before you even consider a pandemic like COVID-19. A worldwide pandemic showed us how necessary it was to have healthcare leaders in a time of crisis. They navigated populations through uncertain times, everything from securing PPE to collaborating with community partners on how to contain the virus.

"I believe most of the world saw the importance of healthcare administrators and nurse leaders during COVID-19. When times were tough, the ones who still maintained employment were healthcare workers more than any other field," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an adjunct faculty member at Southern New Hampshire University. "Students earning an MS in Healthcare Administration are those who will be providing leadership to healthcare in the years to come.

Job Growth and Salary

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects the addition of more healthcare jobs than any other occupational group from 2020 to 2030 – offering about 2.6 million new job openings across the country.1 That's a jump of 36% since the 2018 prediction of 1.9 million.

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Job Growth

While the BLS considers 5% the average growth rate for all occupations, medical and health service managers are projected to have 28% growth through 20311 – meaning opportunities abound for MS in Healthcare Administration graduates.

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While salaries vary regionally, the BLS reported a median annual salary of $101,340 for medical and health services managers in 2021.1

Leading a Healthcare Organization

Earning your MS in Healthcare Administration is a great choice in getting you closer to your goal of leading a healthcare organization. Healthcare administrators utilize their extensive knowledge of healthcare to take lead on issues related to organizational management. As a healthcare administrator, you’ll be in charge of managing and overseeing staff and processes in varying departments, floors, units or even entire facilities.

Dr. Toni Clayton with the text Dr. Toni Clayton"Healthcare administrators support policies and processes for the delivery of care and services that impact our patient populations," said Dr. Toni Clayton, executive director of health professions. "It requires leaders to apply healthcare principles and methodologies as they manage people and processes."

That being said, good healthcare administrators must lead an organization by demonstrating business acumen as well as deep empathy for their team members, patients and clients. As a healthcare administrator, you might find yourself in charge of tasks such as:

  • Assessing resource needs
  • Budget preparation
  • Demonstrating organizational leadership and representation
  • Facilitating interdepartmental communications
  • Implementing continuous quality improvement programs
  • Informing recruitment efforts
  • Leading and managing staff
  • Making recommendations to Excellerate financial position
  • Managing health information
  • Strategic planning
  • Upholding compliance and regulation standards

Where Could You Work?

According to the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA), healthcare executives have the opportunity to make a significant contribution to improving the health of the citizens in the communities they serve. They also have the opportunity to work in thousands of health services organizations throughout the U.S. and the world, including:

Consulting Firms

Provide strategic recommendations to healthcare organizations to Excellerate care and efficiency.

Disposable Supplies and Equipment

Provide medical equipment and supplies, office supplies and other items to hospitals and healthcare organizations.

Federal Programs

Help people in the communities get access to healthcare through federal and state-funded programs like Medicare and Medicaid.

Home Health Agencies

Work in communities and meet people where they are to provide greater access to medical care and assistance.


Help to ensure hospital departments, staffing, equipment and more are functioning at optimal levels.

Insurance Companies

Work with hospitals, federal agencies and other organizations to provide insurance coverage to policyholders and help process insurance claims.

As a healthcare leader, you'll be responsible for managing growth in human capital, leading strategic planning efforts and being well versed in navigating the healthcare system that is heavily influenced by public policy and government leadership and legislation – all crucial in today's workforce.

Start Your Journey Toward an Online Healthcare Administration Degree

Why SNHU for Your Online Master's in Healthcare Administration

Admission Requirements

How to Apply

Janet Johnson, MS Healthcare Administration 2021 graduate

Get the Skills You Need

Janet Johnson '21

"SNHU has given me the skills and knowledge to advance in my career. After graduating, I was offered a job at a large, well-respected hospital, and I’m excited to see where the future will take me."

Courses & Curriculum

SNHU’s online MS in Healthcare Administration was designed to provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in top healthcare administration positions. To ensure the program is on the cutting-edge of healthcare, the master's degree curriculum and coursework is regularly reviewed by an advisory board made up of healthcare professionals from a wide variety of occupations within the industry. With this vital input from industry experts, you can graduate from our program feeling confident that you're ready to take your career to the next step.

"Subject-matter experts develop course competencies based upon job skills identified by employers," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU. "From these skills-based competencies, course learning objectives reflect real-world skills that students will need as they seek employment opportunities.

Industry-Aligned Standards

Healthcare is a unique and complex industry that undergoes frequent changes based on developments in technology and medical practices, as well as political and policy changes. This means that leaders in the healthcare field need a strong understanding of the industry to successfully lead a medical facility or other healthcare organization. As such, the master's in healthcare administration online curriculum was developed by well-respected practitioners in the field and is aligned with standards from:

  • The Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA)
  • The Healthcare Leadership Alliance (HLA)

Following these standards, our rigorous online MS degree program will focus on equipping you with the expertise required for top healthcare administration positions, including:

  • Communication
  • Computational skills
  • Critical thinking
  • In-depth understanding of the healthcare environment
  • Leadership
  • Relationship management
  • Societal and cultural context

Develop Diverse and Practical Expertise

SNHU's MS in Healthcare Administration will require you to take courses within 3 critical disciplines in healthcare administration – integrated health profession, organizational leadership and health information management.

Dr. Rebecca Arsenault with the text Dr. Rebecca Arsenault"Students develop diverse expertise including day-to-day management, financial and reimbursement competency and other technical skills necessary to operate healthcare facilities and services," Arsenault said. "Students develop an understanding of the role of a healthcare administrator in leading teams, allocating resources for staff training and development and quality improvement initiatives and promoting community public and governmental relations."

Another benefit to the program is the opportunity to participate in hands-on learning.

"This program provides the option for students to participate in HEaRT (Higher Education and Real-world Training) Challenges, which are internship-type work experiences where students address a critical problem facing healthcare facilities across the country," Arsenault said. "Students then present their ideas and recommendations directly to industry experts."

Not the healthcare program you're looking for? If you'd like to enroll in a program geared more toward the business environment within healthcare, SNHU also offers an MBA in Healthcare Management. The MBA program was designed to focus more on the business skills necessary in building good leaders, and when paired with the healthcare management concentration, you can still dive deeper into issues like healthcare law, ethics and compliance.

Minimum Hardware Requirements

Stacey Marrazo, MS Healthcare Administration 2022 graduateLearn from Industry Experts

Stacey Marrazo ‘22

"The professors were all professionals with experience in the field they were teaching. It was almost like being able to follow them through their work and understand the inner workings of the job."

University Accreditation

New England Commission of Higher Education Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE) as well as several other accrediting bodies.

Tuition & Fees

Tuition rates for SNHU's online degree programs are among the lowest in the nation. We offer a 25% tuition discount for U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty.

Online Graduate Programs Per Course Per Credit Hour Annual Cost for 15 credits 
Degree/Certificates $1,881 $627 $9,405 
(U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty)*
$1,410 $470 $7,050 

Tuition rates are subject to change and are reviewed annually.
*Note: students receiving this rate are not eligible for additional discounts.

Additional Costs:
$150 Graduation Fee, Course Materials ($ varies by course)

Frequently Asked Questions

Is a master's in healthcare administration worth it?

What can I do with a master's degree in healthcare administration?

How much can you make with a master's in healthcare administration?

How long does it take to get a master's in healthcare administration?

How do I get a master's in healthcare administration?

How much does a master's in healthcare administration cost?

What degree is needed to run a hospital?

What is a CNA?

If you want to have an impact on the daily lives of patients in hospitals, nursing homes and other long-term care facilities, then becoming a certified nursing assistant could be a good fit. Explore what it takes to become a CNA and what to expect from a CNA career.

Webinar Series Enhances Healthcare Skills, Spurs Student Engagement

Inspired by students seeking more instructor interaction, SNHU academics team members Laurie Lewis and Dr. Meredith O'Hara created HP CARES: The Health Professions Creating Awareness & Real-World Engagement Series. These informative webinars are led by faculty speakers and cover a variety of topics.

What is an MPH Degree and What Can You Do With It?

Public health encompasses quite literally all facets of our lives. A Master of Public Health (MPH) opens the door to myriad career paths that offer you the opportunity to have a significant impact on individuals and on entire communities — even on a global level and on future generations.


Sources & Citations (1, 2)

Wed, 31 May 2023 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.snhu.edu/online-degrees/masters/ms-in-healthcare-administration
The Biden Administration Investigates the Bidens

James Freeman is assistant editor of The Wall Street Journal's editorial page and author of the weekday Best of the Web column. He is the co-author of "Borrowed Time: Two Centuries of Booms, Busts and Bailouts at Citi," recognized as a New York Times Editors' Choice and a Financial Times Business Book of the Month. He is a contributor to the Fox News Channel and a host of "Deep Dive" on Fox Nation. Before joining the Journal in September 2007, James served as investor advocate at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, where he encouraged the transformation of financial reporting technology to benefit individual investors. He is a graduate of Yale.

Follow James on Twitter @FreemanWSJ

Wed, 24 May 2023 06:41:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-biden-administration-investigates-the-bidens-d3ea0fa8
Biden administration's war on appliances is just getting started

The Biden administration has unleashed a flurry of regulations this year targeting popular household appliances as part of its climate and conservation agenda and has paved the way for additional actions.

Over the last several months, the Department of Energy (DOE) has unveiled standards to make various appliances, including gas stoves, ovens, clothes washers, refrigerators, air conditioners and dishwashers, more efficient, and experts have said this would worsen product quality and lead to higher prices.

"It's just spreading to more and more appliances. It seems that almost everything that plugs in or fires up around the house is either subject to a pending regulation or soon will be," Ben Lieberman, a senior fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, told Fox News Digital in an interview. 

"Consumers aren't going to like any of it. These rules are almost always bad for consumers for the simple reason that they restrict consumer choice.


Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm testifies before the House Appropriations Committee March 23. (Tom Williams/CQ-Roll Call, Inc via Getty Images)

"Anybody who wants to choose the more eco-friendly versions of appliances is always free to do so. But these rules force that choice on everyone, whether it makes sense for them or not," Lieberman added. "Almost all of these appliance standards raise the upfront costs. It's not clear that you'll ever earn that back in the form of energy or water savings."

According to the current federal Unified Agenda, a government-wide, semiannual list that highlights regulations agencies plan to propose or finalize within the next 12 months, the Biden administration is moving forward with rules impacting dozens more appliances, including consumer furnaces, pool pumps, battery chargers, ceiling fans and dehumidifiers.


Under the DOE's mission statement, the Unified Agenda highlights advancing "energy efficiency and conservation" as one of five central pillars. Broadly, Democrats and environmentalists have argued that electrification, banning natural gas hookups and implementing strict energy efficiency standards could help accelerate emissions reductions.

President Biden speaks about the situation in Poland following a meeting with G7 and European leaders on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Nusa Dua on the Indonesian resort island of Bali Nov. 16, 2022. (Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images)

"This administration is using all of the tools at our disposal to save Americans money while promoting innovations that will reduce carbon pollution and combat the climate crisis," Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm said May 5 after unveiling rules cracking down on dishwashers, electric motors and beverage vending machines.

"With today’s announcements, DOE is making rapid progress to strengthen outdated energy efficiency standards — as directed by Congress and in coordination with our industry partners and stakeholders — and support healthier, safer communities for the American people."

In December, Granholm touted that the administration had taken 110 actions on energy efficiency standards in 2022 alone. The energy secretary added that the regulations strengthened U.S. leadership in "the race towards a clean energy future."

In addition, the White House hosted an electrification summit that same month during which Granholm played a leading role. During the summit, administration officials and environmental advocates discussed ways to push electrification of buildings and transportation while decreasing economy-wide fossil fuel use.

White House clean energy czar John Podesta speaks during the electrification summit Dec. 14. (White House/Video screenshot)

"We've got to get these technologies in homes all across America, and we've got to do it as fast as possible," White House clean energy czar John Podesta said during the summit.


On his first day in office in January 2021, President Biden signed an executive order requiring the Department of Energy to make "major revisions" to current appliance regulation standards and standards set by the Trump administration. A month later, the agency listed more than a dozen energy efficiency rules impacting appliances like water heaters, cooking products and lamps, that it would review.

"Their philosophy is energy efficiency at all costs or energy efficiency no matter the cost," a former senior DOE official, who served during the Trump administration, previously told Fox News Digital. "That means we are going to see, as a result of their efficiency standards, higher-priced appliances. It's that simple.

"The reality is that we are not talking about saving huge amounts of energy from these new regulations."

Fri, 12 May 2023 11:08:00 -0500 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/politics/biden-admins-war-appliances-just-getting-started

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