CPFA history - Certified Public Finance Administrator Updated: 2023
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Exam Code: CPFA Certified Public Finance Administrator history November 2023 by Killexams.com team|
CPFA Certified Public Finance Administrator
The Certified Public Finance Administrator (CPFA) designation means that an individual is committed to education and experience. To be eligible for this prestigious designation, an individual must:
Be the elected or appointed treasurer, deputy or assistant treasurer, employee in/or dealing with the office of treasurer or principal officer in the governmental entity who is charged with the performance or supervision of investments, debt, and/or treasury activities.
Be an active member of the APT US&C for at least twenty-four months before applying for the designation.
Believe in and practice APT US&C's Code of Ethics.
Accumulate at least 100 points from a combination of education and experience.
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APTUSC Administrator history
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Certified Public Finance Administrator
Employees Pension Scheme, 1995 (EPS) defines "past service" as ________.
A. Service rendered by the employee upto the date of exit from service
B. Service rendered by the employee upto the EPS came into force
C. Service rendered by the employee with an earlier employer
D. Service rendered by the employee from the date of joining Employees Family
Pension Fund till the EPS came into force
Rohini, aged 20 years debates that Retirement Planning is required for Males as
well as for those who are above 45 years, she says that she is young, she wants to
enjoy life and after marriage her spouse will take care of her retirement. As a
Financial Planner address her and provide an appropriate advice
A. Her views are untenable, since Retirement Planning has to be undertaken as
early as possible
B. Her views are tenable
C. No comments, since a Certified Financial Planner never debates
D. None of the above
Ms. Kolaveri is a Self Employed Professional conducting her own coaching
classes "M/s Raaga Classes" wants to open a PPF A/c (Public Provident Fund)
with State Bank of India. As a Financial Planner advise her with regard to the
same and do factor in the provisions of Sec 80-C of the Income TaxAct, 1961.
(assume that this question is asked by her in December 2011)
A. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 500 and Maximum Rs. 70,000
B. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 500 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
C. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 5000 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
D. Minimum deposit at any time in a year Rs. 100 and Maximum Rs. 1,00,000
Mr. Anthony Gonzalvis is working with SEBI wants to open a PPF A/c (Public
Provident Fund) with State Bank of India, but is concerned about the provisions
of "The Income Tax Act, 1961" with regard to its Contribution, Accumulation and
Withdrawal. As a Financial Planner address her concern and provide an
appropriate advise with reference to I.T Act, 1961.
Taxable, Exempt, Exempt, (TEE)
A. Exempt, Taxable, Exempt (ETE)
B. Exempt, Exempt, Taxable (EET)
C. Exempt, Exempt, Exempt (EEE)
"Defined Benefit Plans" are the following. 1. Gratuity 2. Employees Pension
Scheme 3. Leave Encashment 4. VRS 5. Provident Fund 6. Annuity Plans
available in the market
A. All are true except 6
B. Only 1,2 & 3 are true
C. Only 1,2, 3 & 4 are true
D. Only 1,2, & 5 are true
Mr. Ramalinga Raju joins a private limited company covered under the PF Act.
The employer contributes for all the employees only up to the specified salary
limit. His monthly salary consists of Rs.10,000 as basic, Rs.5,000 as DA and 10%
of the basic as HRA, calculate the EPS contribution
A. Rs. 1250
B. Rs. 541
C. Rs. 833
D. Rs. 1241
"Defined Contribution Plans" are the following: 1. Annuity Plan available in the
market 2. New Pension Scheme, 2004 3. Provident Fund 4. Gratuity as per
Payment of Gratuity Act,1972 5. Gratuity not as per Payment of Gratuity
A. Only 1 & 2 are true
B. Only 1,2 & 3 are true
C. Only 1,2, & 5 are true
D. Only 1,2, 3 & 5 are true
If a person receives gratuity and commuted pension then _________ of the
commuted amount of pension is tax free
A. One third
D. One fourth
Which one of the following is a method of estimating retirement income?
A. Weighted average method
B. Completed cost method
C. Proportion method
D. Replacement of income method
A scheme providing pension benefits as per Income Tax provisions is called:
A. Superannuation Scheme
B. Retirement Scheme
C. Retirement Income Scheme
D. Pension Scheme
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This article mentions various methods to fix your disabled administrator account on Windows 11/10. To access most of the features, you need administrator privilege on your PC. And, if you are not able to access the administrator account for some reason, it can prevent you from doing a lot of things on your computer. If you are facing a disabled administrator account problem, look no further. Here, I will be discussing some solutions to resolve this issue.
Here are the methods that you can try if you are unable to access the administrator account on Windows 11/10:
Let’s discuss these solutions in detail!
1] Restart Windows in Safe Mode
Check if you can log on to Windows as an administrator in Safe Mode even when your administrator account is disabled. To boot Windows in Safe mode:
Once there, see if you can log in. One in, do the following:
2] Activate Administrator account through Command Prompt
Try activating the administrator account using the command prompt and see if it is able to fix the problem. You can follow the below steps for that:
The above suggestions will help you if it is your admin account that has disabled.
The following suggestions will require you to be signed in as an administrator. So if it is someone else’s Admin account that has been disabled, you can try to re-enable it using the usual method or try these suggestions.
3] Use Registry Editor
Open Command Prompt using steps mentioned in method (2). Now, type
In Registry Editor, select HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE present in the left panel and then click File > Load Hive option.
Next, browse the following location on your PC:
Here, you will see a file named SAM; click and open it.
Now, you need to go to the following path in Registry Editor:
In this location, you will see a 000001F4 key which you need to select. And then, double-click on the F binary value present on the right side.
Now, check for 0038 entry and see the first column showing 11. Replace this value with 11/10.
Finally, press the OK button and then close both Registry Editor and CMD to reboot your PC.
This should fix the disabled administrator account issue on Windows 11/10.
Related: How to Enable or Disable built-in Administrator account in Windows 11/10.
4] Fix it through Group Policy Editor
Group Policy Editor allows you to configure several policies and can be used to control user accounts. You can use it to fix disabled administrator account on Windows 10 PC by following below steps:
Open Run app using Windows Key + R hotkey. Type gpedit.msc and then click on OK to open Group Policy Editor.
In the Group Policy Editor, go to the following option:
Computer Configuration > Windows Settings > Security Settings > Local Policies > Security Options
You will now see an Accounts: Administrator account status option in the right panel. Double click this option and a Properties window will open up.
Make sure the Enabled option is selected. If not, click on it and then press Apply > OK button.
5] Create a new Administrator Account
Try creating a new admin account on your PC if you still get a disabled administrator account problem. You can create a user account and then convert it to an Administrator account. Use the Settings app to create a new administrator account by following the below instructions:
This will create an administrator account that you can start using.
6] Use PowerShell to Enable Hidden Administrator Account
Another trick to fix the disabled administrator account issue is to try enabling the hidden administrator account using Powershell.
Press Windows + X key to open up the shortcut menu and select Windows Powershell (Admin) option from it.
Alternately, go to the search box and type PowerShell and then open the Powershell app using the Run as administrator option.
Next, type and execute this command in Powershell:
Enable-LocalUser -Name "Administrator"
Doing so should enable you to access your administrator account on Windows 11/10.
Hopefully, this guide was helpful in case you were unable to access your administrator account on Windows 11/10.
What Was the Veterans Administration?
The term Veterans Administration refers to the previous name of a U.S. Cabinet-level department. Founded at the height of the Great Depression, the Veterans Administration was formerly an independent government agency. It was elevated to a cabinet department in 1989 and underwent a change in title to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The organization provided and continues to provide medical care, benefits, and essential services to veterans of the U.S. armed forces and their families.
Understanding the Veterans Administration
The Veterans Administration was established in 1930 after then-President Herbert Hoover signed an Executive Order making it a federal administration. Prior to this, veterans' benefits were handled by three different agencies. Hoover consolidated them into a single agency to provide medical care, benefits, and a variety of essential services to veterans of the U.S. armed forces and their families. It also provided burial and memorial benefits to eligible veterans and family members.
In 1988, President Ronald Reagan elevated the Veterans Administration to a U.S. Cabinet-level department. The change took effect in 1989, and the VA was renamed the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. As such, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs performs all of these functions.
The department continues to provide some of the provides near-comprehensive health care services, as well as disability compensation, vocational rehabilitation, education assistance, home loans, and life insurance. It has three administrations:
The NCA runs 155 national cemeteries throughout the United States and Puerto Rico, providing benefits for all eligible service members and family members. Burial and memorial benefits include opening and closing of the grave, perpetual care, a burial flag, a headstone/marker, and a presidential memorial certificate.
The VHA is the largest integrated health care system in the United States.
The primary criteria for receiving health care benefits through the VA require that you be a military veteran or former member of the National Guard or Reserve who served on active duty. You cannot have been dishonorably discharged. Specific eligibility depends on when you served and for how long.
Veterans Health Administration (VHA)
The VHA includes 1,298 health care facilities, 171 VA medical centers, and 1,113 outpatient sites. It serves more than nine million veterans enrolled in the VA health care program. VHA medical centers provide a wide range of medical services to eligible veterans. In addition to medical care, the VHA also provides specialty services, such as dermatology, dental care, neurology, podiatry, and vision care.
Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA)
The Veterans Benefits Administration makes available a variety of benefits and services that provide financial assistance and other forms of help to service members, their dependents, and survivors. The list includes disability compensation, education and training, life insurance, vocational rehabilitation, and job placement assistance.
The VBA also provides federal guarantees of home loans for qualified applicants. To be eligible for a VA-guaranteed home loan, veterans must have served on active duty in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, or Marines.
The specific service requirements vary, depending on the time period when a veteran served. A certificate of eligibility is required to obtain a VA loan, and the loan can be obtained through any mortgage lender who participates in the VA home loan program. The VA-guaranteed home loan is one of the very few 0% down payment loans available in the United States. The U.S. Department of Agriculture [USDA] Rural Housing Loan is another.
The rules for eligibility for veterans' benefits can be fairly complicated, but they are well explained on the VA’s eligibility web page.
History of the Veterans Administration
The roots of the Veterans Administration date back to 1636, when the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony voted that the colony would support soldiers disabled by its war with the Pequot, a Native American tribe. The Continental Congress of 1776 enacted pensions for disabled soldiers during the Revolutionary War. In the 19th century, support was extended to widows and dependents of veterans.
Veterans’ benefits expanded during World War I, with the first consolidation of World War I veterans’ programs occurring in 1921 when Congress created the Veterans Bureau. In 1930, President Herbert Hoover elevated the Veterans Bureau to a federal administration, creating the Veterans Administration.
In a Windows operating system, an Administrator account is an account that allows a user to make changes that require administrative permissions. An Administrator has more rights on a Windows OS as compared to the users with a local account. For example, the users with a local or standard account can access files and folders on their own user space, make system changes that do not require administrative permissions, install and uninstall programs, etc. On the other hand, an Administrator can change security settings, install and uninstall software, add and remove users, make changes to other user accounts, etc. In short, to perform the tasks that require administrative permissions, you should be logged in as an Administrator. In this tutorial, we will see how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.
Every Windows computer has a Local Administrator account that is created at the time of Windows installation. As described above, the Administrator has full access to the Windows device as compared to other standard users. The Administrator can also create new and delete the existing users and change the user account permissions. You can log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 by:
Let’s see all these methods in detail.
1] Using the existing Administrator Account
If you are starting your PC then locate the Administrator account and use the password to login.
If you are currently not logged in as an administrator and want to change to an admin, open Start, click on the user icon, select Sign out and then log into the Admin account by using its password.
2] Enabling the built-in Administrator account
The Windows OS has a built-in Administrator account. In Windows 11/10 and Windows Server 2016, the built-in Administrator account is disabled at the time of Windows installation and another local account is created which is the member of the Administrators group.
The built-in Administrator account is also called the Super Administrator account. If we compare the built-in Administrator account with the Local Administrator account, the built-in Administrator account has elevated privileges. This means when you perform the administrative tasks, you will not get the UAC prompt. Apart from that, if you want to do some serious troubleshooting on your Windows machine or if you want to recover your main account or another user account, you can use the built-in Administrator account.
Because the built-in Administrator account does not show the UAC prompt, any application can have full control over your system. Therefore, running this account on a regular basis can be risky. You should enable the built-in Administrator account only if you have to do some troubleshooting or recover other user accounts. After performing your task, you should disable it.
As explained above, every Windows OS has a Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Hence, you have to sign in to that Local Administrator account in order to enable the built-in Administrator account. After enabling the built-in Administrator account, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.
3] Creating a new Local Administrator account
Every Windows 11/10 computer has a default Local Administrator account which is created at the time of Windows installation. Using that account, you can create another Local Administrator account for another user. To do so, open the Accounts page in your Windows 11/10 Settings and then click on the Family & other users option. Now, you have two options:
Let’s see how to create a Local Administrator account for a family member and other users.
Create a Local Administrator account for your family member
You can use this option if you have another Microsoft account and you want to add that account as an Administrator to your Windows computer.
Now, you can login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10 using that account.
Create a Local Administrator account for a person who is not your family member
If you do not have another Microsoft account, you can still create a Local Administrator account. This time, you have to add an account in the Other users section on the Family & other users page. The steps are as follows:
Now, you can use this account to login as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.
4] Changing the local or standard account into an Administrator account
If you already have created a local account on your Windows machine, you can change its type and use that account to login as an Administrator. The steps to change the local account to an Administrator account are as follows:
How do I log onto my computer as an Administrator?
At the time of Windows installation, a Local Administrator account is created automatically. You can use that account to log onto your computer as an Administrator. Apart from that, you can also enable the hidden or built-in Administrator account or create an additional Local Administrator account.
We have explained all these methods above in this article.
How do I run Windows as an Administrator?
To run Windows as an Administrator, you should have an Administrator account. There are different methods by which you can create an Administrator account. In addition to this, you can also enable the built-in Administrator account. But it is not recommended to use the built-in Administrator account on a regular basis due to security issues.
This is all about how to log in as an Administrator in Windows 11/10.
Native American peoples inhabited and visited the landscape encompassed within Wyoming for centuries prior to the founding of the University of Wyoming (UW) in 1887 and we would like to acknowledge the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Crow, Lakota, Shoshone, and Ute, on whose land we stand today.
Long committed to the history of the American West, the History Department at UW is uniquely positioned to situate this field in a global context. Drawing on expertise ranging from Europe, East and Central Asia, Africa, and the Americas, we strive to explore historical questions with thematic as well as comparative approaches. Our goal is to provide students a truly global perspective on history.
WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH A HISTORY DEGREE?
At the most basic level, history teaches how to assess evidence, to access conflicting interpretations, to arrive at convincing arguments, and to speak and write about these arguments to a wide variety of audiences. These skills make history one of the foremost majors that graduate and professional schools and employers seek when they admit graduate students or hire employees. Viewed from a practical perspective, a history degree provides lifelong skills that are in demand in fields ranging from teaching and law to government and business administration. History is a very useful degree.
History is a foundational discipline that blends the methodologies and perspective of the humanities and social sciences in order to engage with the history of human culture on a global scale. UW's History degree program emphasizes interdisciplinary teaching and research and provides course work, research experiences, and internships on both American and international topics. The History program offers a Bachelor of Arts degree major and minor, and a Master of Arts degree.
WHY STUDY HISTORY?
Who hasn’t heard someone say, “I just love history?” Maybe that person is you? History is a vibrant and fascinating study of people, events, and institutions in the past and, for many people, that’s reason enough to earn a history degree. But there are larger and more practical reasons to choose history as your major. Here are a few of those reasons that historian Peter Stearns complied for the American Historical Association:
In addition to the historical content obtained in your coursework, a degree in History also provides excellent training in rigorous analysis and research skills, and the oral and written skills necessary to achieve success in any top-flight professional career. Typical career paths for History graduates include work in museums and archives, national security agencies (the FBI, CIA, and NSA all love to recruit History B.A. students), and the Department of State. The History major is also excellent preparation for various professional schools, such as law and medicine, as well as post-graduate work in the humanities and social sciences. We pride ourselves on placing our graduates in highly competitive careers and post-graduate masters and doctoral programs.
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
Bachelor's Degree (B.A.)
The History Department Faculty has identified the specific objectives of its undergraduate curriculum. The following are the learning outcomes that each History major should learn. We are continuously and actively assessing our program to ensure that these learning outcomes are being met.
1. Students shall be able to demonstrate critical thinking skills by analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating historical information from multiple sources.
2. Students will develop the ability to distinguish between different culturally historical perspectives.
3. Students will produce well researched written work that engages with both primary sources and the secondary literature.
4. Students will develop an informed familiarity with multiple cultures.
5. Students will employ a full range of historical techniques and methods.
6. Students will develop an ability to convey verbally their historical knowledge.
7. Students will demonstrate their understanding of historical cause and effect along with their knowledge of the general chronology of human experience.
8. Students will develop an understanding of the concepts of historical theary and/or conceptual frameworks and be able to use these in their own studies.
Graduate Degrees (M.A. and M.A.T.)
The History Department offers two distinct graduate programs. Any field of study offered by the Department can be accommodated within either degree program.
The M.A. degree is designed to prepare the student for employment opportunities and PhD-level work. This degree program is also suitable for students interested in careers as community college instructors as well as for lifelong learners who seek formal advanced education.
Students who graduate with an M.A. in History will be able to:
1. Demonstrate an understanding of the theories and methodologies of the discipline of History.
2. Demonstrate a critical understanding of the historiography of their field of specialization.
3. Demonstrate some understanding of comparative and/or thematic methods, approaches, and theories.
4. Conduct original research based on primary sources and construct an argument based on that research.
5. Write graduate-level expository prose and orally present their ideas at an advanced level.
The M.A.T. degree is designed to enhance the teaching of history and related disciplines by secondary and middle school teachers. This is a non-thesis degree, designed to provide breadth of preparation rather than specialization. Applicants are expected to have already completed their certification and pedagogy courses.
Students who graduate with an M.A.T. in History will be able to:
1. Demonstrate the significance of historical syllabus with reference to broader historical context, historiographic trends, or contemporary relevance.
2. Construct original historical arguments using a blend of primary and secondary source material.
3. Demonstrate a superior quality of writing both in terms of mechanics and in developing an argument effectively.
4. Convey a broad understanding of historical material suitable for teaching.
The roots of WHYY, which serves southeastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey and all of Delaware, are grounded in community cooperation — a binding of spirited public citizens, corporations and foundations that nurtured the station then as now. In the beginning, the vision of what was to become WHYY rested with a group of dedicated citizens, spearheaded by Dr. W. Laurence LePage, president of The Franklin Institute. The Metropolitan Philadelphia Educational Radio and Television Corporation was established in the early 1950s to provide educational and cultural programming to Philadelphia citizens. It was a vision that was to retain its insistence on offering quality programming but would soon burst through its political boundaries to serve the entire Philadelphia Region as geographical areas yielded to electronic opportunities.
The history of Las Vegas is the ultimate American rags-to-riches story, filled with unusual heroes and foes. This 103-year-old saga follows the city through its incredible ups and downs, and highlights how and where some of the U.S.’s most monumental moments occurred. The largest American city founded in the 20th century took shape as a railroad watering hole before turning into the "Gateway to the Hoover Dam." From there the town was known by its seedy mob label as “Sin City,” before finally transforming into the corporately-financed adult playground called the "Entertainment Capital of the World." Continue...
In the spring of 2006, students in the Master of Science in Health Administration Program at UAB competed in a local case competition based upon a real life scenario from the UAB Health System – the repositioning of the Women’s and Infant’s Facility. Everyone involved enjoyed the experience – students, senior executives, and judges. Through this experience came a vision for a nationwide competition among other graduate programs in health administration. And thus, the UAB Health Administration Case Competition was formed.
Previous years' first place winners:
2007: Virginia Commonwealth University
2008: The Ohio State University
2010: University of Minnesota
2011: Baruch/Mt. Sinai College
2012: Rush University
2013: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
The Department of History is offering two $5,000 scholarships to deserving students who transfer from another college into UAB as history majors. Applicants should demonstrate academic promise and a commitment to the study of History.
Dr. Julian Alvin Carroll Chandler
Graduate of William & Mary and Johns Hopkins University. Educator, textbook author, and college administrator; professor of English and history; superintendent of Richmond public schools.
John Stewart Bryan
Dr. John Edwin Pomfret
Graduate of the University of Pennsylvania. Historian, author, professor of history, and college dean; director of the Huntington Library and Art Gallery at San Marino, California.
Alvin Duke Chandler
Educated at William & Mary and the United States Naval Academy. Military officer and educator.
Dr. Davis Young Paschall
Graduate of William & Mary, with advanced degrees from W&M and the University of Virginia. Educator, administrator, and author; state superintendent of public instruction
Dr. Thomas Ashley Graves, Jr.
Came to William & Mary from Harvard University, where he served as associate dean of the School of Business Administration.
Paul Robert Verkuil
Came to William & Mary after serving as the dean of the law school at Tulane University.
Graduated from William & Mary in 1966 and served the institution as professor of law and dean of the W&M Law School.
Register By: December 02 Classes Start: December 04
Lead in Healthcare Administration
Master's in Healthcare Administration Program Overview
Healthcare administrators play a vital role in today's shifting healthcare paradigm – they ensure equitable quality and access to the best care through leadership. By earning your online Master of Science (MS) in Healthcare Administration degree program, you'll boost your qualifications to fill critical roles within healthcare organizations and advance your career in this vital industry.
Healthcare is a booming field. If you've set your sights on a leadership role in the healthcare field, but aren't interested in a clinical position, then a career in healthcare administration could be for you. Healthcare managers have the unique responsibility of applying business best practices in combination with applying the models, influences and complexity of the healthcare industry. It's a role that takes a combination of organizational leadership and strategic vision balanced with skillful collaboration among internal and external stakeholders.
At Southern New Hampshire University, you'll receive the formal healthcare education necessary to advance your skills and complement your experience within the complex field of health administration. The master's in healthcare administration online program covers a variety of topics, including:
"With healthcare being one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States – and those currently in health care administrative roles retiring at record rates – graduates will be able to pursue a variety of career options in hospital, outpatient clinic or long-term care facility, home care agency roles managing entire organizations or specific departments," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU.
SNHU provides students with an array of accredited online healthcare degrees and online nursing programs. Our online MS in Healthcare Administration broadens our offering in this vital area, providing a more in-depth study of the healthcare industry for those ready to take the next step in their careers.
"In healthcare, the only constant is change and innovation," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an SNHU adjunct faculty member. "SNHU teaches nurses and healthcare administrators the philosophy about leadership, focusing on building a foundation that will allow post-graduates to adapt to the ever-changing environment. Students are provided the tools to be leaders who will help drive a better healthcare delivery system."
How You'll Learn
At SNHU, you'll get support from day 1 to graduation and beyond. And with no set class times, 24/7 access to the online classroom, and helpful learning resources along the way, you'll have everything you need to reach your goals.
Healthcare leaders are needed more than ever. As medical technology advances and each generation continues to lead longer lives, we can expect the need for more and more qualified healthcare professionals. At the same time, there is an increased focus, even scrutiny, on the rising costs of healthcare without an overall increase in patient outcomes. Healthcare leaders must have a firm grasp of the internal and external influences on healthcare including reimbursement models, quality and improvement measures, marketing and communication strategies, government impacts, finances and budget and how to lead teams through change.
And that's before you even consider a pandemic like COVID-19. A worldwide pandemic showed us how necessary it was to have healthcare leaders in a time of crisis. They navigated populations through uncertain times, everything from securing PPE to collaborating with community partners on how to contain the virus.
"I believe most of the world saw the importance of healthcare administrators and nurse leaders during COVID-19. When times were tough, the ones who still maintained employment were healthcare workers more than any other field," said Dr. Matt Frederiksen-England, an adjunct faculty member at Southern New Hampshire University. "Students earning an MS in Healthcare Administration are those who will be providing leadership to healthcare in the years to come.
Job Growth and Salary
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects the addition of more healthcare jobs than any other occupational group from 2020 to 2030 – offering about 2.6 million new job openings across the country.1 That's a jump of 36% since the 2018 prediction of 1.9 million.
While the BLS considers 5% the average growth rate for all occupations, medical and health service managers are projected to have 28% growth through 20311 – meaning opportunities abound for MS in Healthcare Administration graduates.
While salaries vary regionally, the BLS reported a median annual salary of $101,340 for medical and health services managers in 2021.1
Understanding the numbers
Leading a Healthcare Organization
Earning your MS in Healthcare Administration is a great choice in getting you closer to your goal of leading a healthcare organization. Healthcare administrators utilize their extensive knowledge of healthcare to take lead on issues related to organizational management. As a healthcare administrator, you’ll be in charge of managing and overseeing staff and processes in varying departments, floors, units or even entire facilities.
"Healthcare administrators support policies and processes for the delivery of care and services that impact our patient populations," said Dr. Toni Clayton, executive director of health professions. "It requires leaders to apply healthcare principles and methodologies as they manage people and processes."
That being said, good healthcare administrators must lead an organization by demonstrating business acumen as well as deep empathy for their team members, patients and clients. As a healthcare administrator, you might find yourself in charge of tasks such as:
Where Could You Work?
According to the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA), healthcare executives have the opportunity to make a significant contribution to improving the health of the citizens in the communities they serve. They also have the opportunity to work in thousands of health services organizations throughout the U.S. and the world, including:
Provide strategic recommendations to healthcare organizations to Improve care and efficiency.
Disposable Supplies and Equipment
Provide medical equipment and supplies, office supplies and other items to hospitals and healthcare organizations.
Help people in the communities get access to healthcare through federal and state-funded programs like Medicare and Medicaid.
Home Health Agencies
Work in communities and meet people where they are to provide greater access to medical care and assistance.
Help to ensure hospital departments, staffing, equipment and more are functioning at optimal levels.
Work with hospitals, federal agencies and other organizations to provide insurance coverage to policyholders and help process insurance claims.
As a healthcare leader, you'll be responsible for managing growth in human capital, leading strategic planning efforts and being well versed in navigating the healthcare system that is heavily influenced by public policy and government leadership and legislation – all crucial in today's workforce.
Start Your Journey Toward an Online Healthcare Administration Degree
Why SNHU for Your Online Master's in Healthcare Administration
With no set class meeting times, you can learn on your schedule and access online course materials 24/7.
As part of our mission to make higher education more accessible, we’re committed to keeping our tuition rates low. In fact, we offer some of the lowest online tuition rates in the nation.
Prior coursework and work experience could also help you save time and money. SNHU’s transfer policy allows you to transfer up to 12 credits from your previous institution. You could also earn college credit for previous work experience.
Founded in 1932, Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution with over 160,000 graduates across the country. SNHU is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), a regional accreditor, which advocates for institutional improvement and public assurance of quality.
Recently, SNHU has been nationally recognized for leading the way toward more innovative, affordable and achievable education:
At Southern New Hampshire University, you'll have access to a powerful network of more than 300,000 students, alumni and staff that can help support you long after graduation. Our instructors offer relevant, real-world expertise to help you understand and navigate the field. Plus, with our growing, nationwide alumni network, you'll have the potential to tap into a number of internship and career opportunities.
93.6% of online students would recommend SNHU (according to a 2022 survey with 17,000+ respondents). Discover why SNHU may be right for you.
Expanding access to quality higher education means removing the barriers that may stand between you and your degree. That’s why you can apply at any time and get a decision within days of submitting all required materials:
Acceptance decisions are made on a rolling basis throughout the year for our 5 graduate terms.
How to Apply
If you’re ready to apply, follow these simple steps to get the process going:
Get the Skills You Need
Janet Johnson '21
"SNHU has given me the skills and knowledge to advance in my career. After graduating, I was offered a job at a large, well-respected hospital, and I’m excited to see where the future will take me."
Courses & Curriculum
SNHU’s online MS in Healthcare Administration was designed to provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in top healthcare administration positions. To ensure the program is on the cutting-edge of healthcare, the master's degree curriculum and coursework is regularly reviewed by an advisory board made up of healthcare professionals from a wide variety of occupations within the industry. With this vital input from industry experts, you can graduate from our program feeling confident that you're ready to take your career to the next step.
"Subject-matter experts develop course competencies based upon job skills identified by employers," said Dr. Rebecca Arsenault, an adjunct faculty member at SNHU. "From these skills-based competencies, course learning objectives reflect real-world skills that students will need as they seek employment opportunities.
Healthcare is a unique and complex industry that undergoes frequent changes based on developments in technology and medical practices, as well as political and policy changes. This means that leaders in the healthcare field need a strong understanding of the industry to successfully lead a medical facility or other healthcare organization. As such, the master's in healthcare administration online curriculum was developed by well-respected practitioners in the field and is aligned with standards from:
Following these standards, our rigorous online MS degree program will focus on equipping you with the expertise required for top healthcare administration positions, including:
Develop Diverse and Practical Expertise
SNHU's MS in Healthcare Administration will require you to take courses within 3 critical disciplines in healthcare administration – integrated health profession, organizational leadership and health information management.
"Students develop diverse expertise including day-to-day management, financial and reimbursement competency and other technical skills necessary to operate healthcare facilities and services," Arsenault said. "Students develop an understanding of the role of a healthcare administrator in leading teams, allocating resources for staff training and development and quality improvement initiatives and promoting community public and governmental relations."
Another benefit to the program is the opportunity to participate in hands-on learning.
"This program provides the option for students to participate in HEaRT (Higher Education and Real-world Training) Challenges, which are internship-type work experiences where students address a critical problem facing healthcare facilities across the country," Arsenault said. "Students then present their ideas and recommendations directly to industry experts."
Not the healthcare program you're looking for? If you'd like to enroll in a program geared more toward the business environment within healthcare, SNHU also offers an MBA in Healthcare Management. The MBA program was designed to focus more on the business skills necessary in building good leaders, and when paired with the healthcare management concentration, you can still dive deeper into issues like healthcare law, ethics and compliance.
Minimum Hardware Requirements
Learn from Industry Experts
Stacey Marrazo ‘22
"The professors were all professionals with experience in the field they were teaching. It was almost like being able to follow them through their work and understand the inner workings of the job."
Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE) as well as several other accrediting bodies.
Tuition & Fees
Tuition rates for SNHU's online degree programs are among the lowest in the nation. We offer a 25% tuition discount for U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty.
Tuition rates are subject to change and are reviewed annually.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is a master's in healthcare administration worth it?
Deciding to earn your master's in healthcare administration could be a wise choice if you want to take your career to the next level. While it is possible to get a job in healthcare administration with a bachelor's degree, requirements vary by employer, job function and position title.
At SNHU, we believe learning is a lifelong journey. The MS in Healthcare Administration is a great degree option for those who have been working in healthcare and are on the leadership trajectory or for those looking to enter the field. It provides students with a breadth of knowledge in critical assets of healthcare including reimbursement, quality improvement, strategic planning and marketing for nonprofits.
Many prospective students worry about having to leave work or reduce working hours to earn their graduate degrees. SNHU's online programs have been carefully designed with the lives of busy working adults in mind. A great number of our students find that the online nature of our programs gives them the ability to enroll as part-time students while continuing to work full-time jobs.
"SNHU offered the program and flexibility that I needed as an adult student that allowed me to complete coursework on my time and schedule and at my own pace," said Bambi Dixon, Class of 2022 and full-time healthcare professional. "Once I started the courses and realized that I could set my schedule, it was easier to develop a routine and schedule to ensure that I didn’t ever miss a deadline for projects and assignments."
Caitlin Regan '21G also benefited from the online flexibility while working in her healthcare profession. "I liked that the classes were structured in a way that kept you on track," she said. "Yet I could still go at my own pace. This helped during times that I had to work overtime, or I planned to go on vacation."
What can I do with a master's degree in healthcare administration?
When you earn your master's degree in healthcare administration, you take a step in readying yourself for job roles such as healthcare administrator, healthcare executive and medical and health services manager – and could eventually lead to C-suite positions.
Healthcare administrator jobs go by many titles, so you’ll want to consider the area of expertise and type of facility you’re interested in working in throughout your job search. At this level in your career, you could find yourself managing and directing in spaces such as government, hospitals, nursing homes, doctors' offices and nonprofit organizations.
As a healthcare administrator, you could find yourself working with doctors, nurses, technicians, organization leadership and other healthcare workers. As a leader in your organization, you'll be responsible for ensuring the quality and efficiency of services offered and advocating for patients. Depending on the environment you work in, you could also find yourself interacting with patients and insurance agents regularly.
How much can you make with a master's in healthcare administration?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical and health service managers made a median annual salary of $101,340 in May 2021 – higher than the median annual wages in all other management occupations.1
The BLS also reported the highest median annual wages for medical and health services managers in these top industries:
How long does it take to get a master's in healthcare administration?
Most students can expect to earn their master's in healthcare administration in about 2 years.
At SNHU, the length of your degree program is dependent on how many courses you choose to take each term. Though our online graduate healthcare administration program was designed to fit the lives of busy learners, and many of our students opt to study part time while maintaining full-time jobs, SNHU affords students flexibility by allowing students to take one or two courses per term. This means you can complete your degree in as few as 15 months as a full-time student.
How do I get a master's in healthcare administration?
To enroll in a master's in healthcare administration program, you will need to have already earned your undergraduate degree.
While your bachelor's degree does not have to be in healthcare for admission into SNHU's MS in Healthcare Administration, we want to ensure that students come equipped with the foundational knowledge to be successful in the program. After review of your undergraduate transcripts, you may need to take 1-2 courses prior to beginning the MS in Healthcare Administration program.
Our master's in healthcare administration curriculum requires you to take courses in integrated health, organizational leadership and health information management. These 3 areas of study will expose you to the healthcare knowledge and leadership skills necessary to succeed in a healthcare administration role.
After completing the master’s in healthcare administration program, you’ll have been given the knowledge and skills to demonstrate 4 competencies that the Association of University Programs in Health Administration (AUPHA) has identified as critical to succeeding in the field:
SNHU does not require GMAT or GRE scores for admission into our graduate programs. You can apply at any time and receive an admission decision within days of submitting the required documents. And since we have 5 graduate terms per year, a new term start is always right around the corner – meaning you don't have to wait to start your degree program.
How much does a master's in healthcare administration cost?
The cost of a master's in healthcare administration varies depending on a few factors including where you decide to earn your degree and whether or not you have credits to transfer in.
Choosing to earn your degree online at SNHU is a great choice if you're looking for an affordable, quality program. We accept up to 12 transfer credits for our graduate programs, which could save you time and money.
Barring any transfer credits you might have, SNHU's 36-credit master's in healthcare administration program has a tuition cost of $22,572. This figure is not inclusive of additional costs such as fees and course materials.
But that number also doesn't include financial aid that you might apply and qualify for. Our Student Financial Services team is on hand to help you create a customized payment plan that makes SNHU's already-low tuition even more affordable.
Starting the application process can be an integral part of your research in finding the right degree, so you can understand exactly how much your specific program will cost you.
"Over several months, I researched different schools, but I kept coming back to SNHU," said Caitlin Regan '21G. "I liked that it is a nonprofit, and I loved that tuition rates were lower than most."
What degree is needed to run a hospital?
Educational requirements for landing a position as an administrator, chief executive officer, chief operating officer, president or vice president of a hospital vary.
Because hospital administrators are in charge of large organizations with multifunctional teams, many years of prior experience in the healthcare field is often required by employers hiring for upper-level healthcare administration positions. A master's program – such as a master's in health administration or MBA degree – is also emphasized by employers at this level because it provides both the leadership skills and technical healthcare knowledge one needs to run a hospital or healthcare system. This is often in addition to a medical degree at the doctorate level.
Many people in high-level healthcare roles come from clinical backgrounds such as nursing. Take Suzanne Rapoza ’15G, a graduate of SNHU's master's in healthcare administration program. She spent well over a decade as a nurse at a senior living facility before moving into roles like VP of health resources and executive director of a memory care community. As her career and responsibilities grew, she realized she had extensive experience as a nurse but little knowledge of the business side of the facility.
With the encouragement of the president and CEO, she pursued a master's degree in healthcare administration, which Rapoza said encompassed a lot of what she had lacked previously in her education – the management piece, the leadership, the finance, the marketing. "That whole other component was really covered in every part of the program," she said.
After 20 years in healthcare, Katwana Harris pursued a BS in Healthcare Administration at Southern New Hampshire University. She said that SNHU's support, flexibility and reasonable program length exceeded her expectations, and Harris now recommends the school to friends and coworkers.
Despite the prevalence of trauma, there can be a lack of understanding of its impact. Learning more is the first step toward making a difference. According to SAMHSA, trauma-informed care (TIC) is an approach based on a foundation of knowledge about trauma and a desire to avoid re-traumatization.
This October, Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU) hosted its third annual Global Summit. It's a free event open to the public that gives health professionals the opportunity to earn contact hours, develop professionally and connect with others in their field.
Sources & Citations (1, 2)
1Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, on the internet, at:
Cited projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions and do not guarantee genuine job growth.
2According to more than 9,200 SNHU online students in survey responses from the fall of 2019.
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