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Killexams : CPP-Institute Programmer practice questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CPA-CPP Search results Killexams : CPP-Institute Programmer practice questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CPA-CPP https://killexams.com/exam_list/CPP-Institute Killexams : Tools Of The Trade – Test And Programming

In our final installment of Tools of the Trade (with respect to circuit board assembly), we’ll look at how the circuit board is tested and programmed. At this point in the process, the board has been fully assembled with both through hole and surface mount components, and it needs to be Checked before shipping or putting it inside an enclosure. We may have already handled some of the verification step in an earlier episode on inspection of the board, but this step is testing the final PCB. Depending on scale, budget, and complexity, there are all kinds of ways to skin this cat.

Hope

This is the least reliable method for PCB testing and verification, but basically it means once the board is done assembling, you do no testing and just assume it will work. Granted, some circuits are simple enough, and their assembly reliable enough, that this might work for a while, and the failure rate is acceptable enough without spending money on testing. Or maybe the product is cheap and you’re selling from China so if it arrives and it doesn’t work the consumer is going to be annoyed but not demand their money back. How many times have you bought something off Alibaba or eBay only to discover it didn’t work when it arrived? Yep, they probably used the “Hope” method of PCB testing.

Plug it in

Apply a power source. Does it turn on and blink? You’re good to go. This is the simplest form of functional testing and works on a simple circuit. Functional testing means applying an input and verifying the output. It may be great if the board has an easy power source and only one or two functions and no microcontroller or code that needs to be uploaded.

Test Jig

This is more complex than just plugging it in; in this case a special piece of hardware is designed that mates to the circuit board somehow and runs through some tests. If there is some kind of sensor on board, it may test that sensor and verify the output. As an example, a test jig for a smoke alarm could be a box filled with smoke. You put the battery in, drop it in the box, and see if it buzzes. A more complex jig might have pogo pins or servos that actuate switches or other ways of interacting with the board to verify that it works.

Programming

The methods described above are useful for cheap circuits and may be adequate. But many PCBs have microcontrollers, and that adds a whole level of difficulty because the microcontroller needs to be programmed, and the circuit will behave differently in different states. The test and programming jigs get a lot more interesting quickly. It should be noted that part of the complexity can be avoided entirely by having the chip manufacturer ship the chips with the firmware already on them. Most of the major manufacturers offer this service. This can be great for a couple reasons: it reduces assembly line complexity, it ensures that the chips are coming from a single trusted vendor and that there are no extra units being made in ghost shifts, and it prevents the factory from stealing the design or selling it to someone else, since they never get access to the firmware. There is a cost associated with this method, though, and it’s generally accepted that you don’t do this unless you’re in pretty substantial volumes and your firmware is locked down and won’t change. This is how the big boys do it. Below that, you have to program them yourself!

Pogo pin adapter for programming AVR. This one was desinged by Femtocow and is sold on Tindie
Pogo pin adapter for programming AVR. This one was designed by Femtocow and is sold on Tindie

So how do you program your device? Well, it depends on the chip manufacturer. Atmel, Microchip, TI, Freescale; they all have their own preferred methods of programming, whether it’s the AVRISP, CC-Debugger, JTAG, or whatever. Most times there will be some kind of header interface, sometimes populated with a connector. It’s best if you can avoid the connector, as it will likely only be used once, is an extra component to populate, and takes up lots of board space. The better option is an edge connector or a pogo pin arrangement. The handy part about the pogo pin option over regular connectors is that you can just leave some bare pads on your PCB and use a special device with some spring pins that press against the PCB and upload the code.

The hardware for doing the programming is usually handled on a device by device basis. In some cases it’s possible to have a panel of PCBs (maybe 2×2) pressed down onto a large pogo pin bed and all of the PCBs are programmed at once, making this step quick. In other cases a jig for a single PCB handles the job. Often there is no record of firmware programming, and the programmer just blindly dumps the code onto the chip every time it is plugged in.

In my experience, I’ve built jigs that are pretty smart, and cost roughly $100. A raspberry pi or cheap android tablet runs it, a python script acts as the UI, and a custom 3D printed jig with pogo pins is the interface to the PCB, connecting through a CC-Debugger or AVRISP programmer. One feature that has been extremely helpful is logging; each device has a MAC address or unique ID, and in the course of programming the Python script grabs that ID and creates a record of what time, firmware version, and any other useful information. This record then gets added to our main device database, so that we can track and support a PCB from the moment it is first programmed.

It’s important to look at cycle time for this step. Every second adds up quickly, so the faster this step can be executed, the better. That means not compiling it every time (like programming from an Arduino). Programmers often have a verify step that is optional and makes sure the microcontroller gets the code, but takes 20 or more seconds. If you are successfully programming every device, do you really need to do the verify step? Later functional testing will show whether the code failed. Look for a cycle time on programming in the 10 seconds or less range. That’s why simultaneous programming can be appealing. Though it increases the cost of the programmer, it can significantly reduce the amount of time needed.

Functional Testing

Once the device is programmed, it is good to do additional testing on it. Generally, you can assume that the software doesn’t need to be tested on every device; it’s already been thoroughly tested in the lab and should work just fine (right? RIGHT?). What you want is to make sure that all of the features of the hardware execute the software correctly. Go through the PCB and develop a test that checks every block. First, check that the device powers up. If it doesn’t, there’s no need to test the rest of the PCB. Alert failure and why to the operator, and let them throw it in a rework bin for later. Next test that the microcontroller is functioning. Then have it communicate over the different ports it will be expected to use, like UART, USB, I2C, or others. Then have it interact with the sensors and verify that the sensors are returning values as expected. Flip all the outputs and verify that they work, and apply inputs and make sure that they are read correctly. Have it turn on whatever wireless components are on board and communicate with a device over wireless, and verify that it works. For every part of the circuit, there should be some test you can do to verify that it works, and you can get creative with your test jigs. If you can’t test it, you should question long and hard why it’s on the board in the first place.

The calibrator runs all the functional tests once the device is placed in the container; calibrating a microphone, verifying sensors and communication over Zigbee and USB.
The calibrator runs all the functional tests once the device is placed in the container; testing a microphone, verifying sensors and communication over Zigbee and USB. The cycle time is about 3 minutes, but two devices go in the box at a time.

In one project I had a sensor that had an LED and a photoresistor. During the testing, we put the device inside the test jig, which was a dark box, and measured the value of the photoresistor with the LED on and off. This way we Checked that both components were working. While we could have put an LED and photoresistor on our test jig to verify the two components independently, this was an easy solution that reduced the hardware requirements and narrowed down any potential problems to one of two components that were both easy to debug if the test failed. This same box also played tones of various volumes to test and calibrate the microphone, checked the temperature and humidity sensor over I2C for reasonable values, connected to a ZigBee network, and did all this while talking to the tester over USB, effectively verifying every component of the hardware, and storing all the calibration values to a database, again tied to the MAC address of the device.

Boundary Scan Inspection, JTAG

Some of your fancier chips will have fancier capabilities for testing. BGA devices can be very difficult to test successfully. Boundary Scan Inspection is one of the ways to test these small chips through a single JTAG interface. It allows you to run tests which control at a much lower level the values of each pin. Only chips that are compatible with JTAG (IEEE 1149.1 compliant device) can be part of a boundary scan, because these chips have special pins which, when connected to JTAG override the core logic and expose their pins to the JTAG tests. By measuring the value on the other end of the trace, the Boundary Scan Inspection allows measurement of whether there are shorts, opens, testing some board components that aren’t 1149.1 compliant, and even verifying the existence of passives connected to the pins. If you are doing high megahertz processors, FPGAs, or expensive chips, or your board already uses JTAG for programming, then this method of testing might be for you.

Other types

We won’t cover X-Ray, AOI, or flying probe testing right now. These are all completely normal testing types for this stage of the process, but we already talked about them in the previous Tools of the Trade article on inspection. Manufacturers will handle the various testing methods at different points in the process based on the complexity of the board and specifications of the client.

Tips to make testing/programming easier

  • Know how you are going to program the device and expose the connections you need so it’s easy to do. This could be a board edge connector, .1″ header, or bare pads for pogo pins, but plan for it during board layout.
  • Have a plan for testing each component of the circuit.
  • Collect data during the testing phase. You may need this down the line.
  • Put your test points on one side of the board. Doing both sides is really difficult for a jig.

If you are interested in the other Tools of the Trade articles in the series, we have:

Tools of The Trade – Solder Paste Dispensing
Tools of the Trade – Component Placing
Tools of the Trade – Reflow
Tools of the Trade – Inspection
Tools of the Trade – Through Hole Assembly

Thu, 03 Nov 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Bob Baddeley en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2016/08/24/tools-of-the-trade-test-and-programming/
Killexams : CPP Investments Insights Institute: New Roadmap Helps Companies Report and Abate Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Pursuit of Low-Carbon Future

Report highlights tool for investors, corporate boards and management teams seeking credible plans to achieve net-zero goals and the creation of long-term value.

TORONTO, Nov. 2, 2022 /CNW/ - Many companies aiming to achieve net-zero goals and transition to a low-carbon future are struggling to back up their commitments with reliable data and disclosures. A new report launched by the CPP Investments Insights Institute today details a framework to solve this critical issue.

CPP Investments Insights Institute Logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

The Decarbonization Imperative report shows companies and investors how to close the gap between the willingness to pursue decarbonization and the clear, measurable action plans that will achieve their commitments. The tool used in the report is an Abatement Capacity Assessment Framework (Framework), which is a standardized template to identify, report and abate all sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a company's operations and supply chains – today and under future scenarios.

Assessing climate change-related risks and opportunities and integrating them into investor portfolios is a core pillar of the CPP Investments Insights Institute, which used its convening power to gather public and private sector insights to enhance the Framework. This Framework acts as a valuable complement to climate disclosure rules that have recently been proposed by national and international financial regulatory bodies. As reporting requirements and standards evolve, the Framework gives corporate boards and management – and investors – a greater degree of confidence in the company's ability to transition to a low-carbon future.

In addition, the report details a successful pilot of the Framework with Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP Investments) portfolio company Trafford Centre, one of the U.K.'s top-10 shopping malls. This pilot demonstrates that the benefits for companies of assessing and implementing transition plans can be real and substantial. There are several other pilots underway across a range of sectors.

"With the transition to a low-carbon future accelerating, boards and executives have a duty to their companies to conduct emissions-reduction assessments and develop transition plans," said Richard Manley, Managing Director, Head of Sustainable Investing, CPP Investments. "As a global investor, we are constantly seeking to identify and manage dynamic and emerging material business risks and opportunities and will allocate our capital to companies that can demonstrate an ability to credibly reduce emissions."

CPP Investments expects to achieve carbon neutrality for internal operations by the end of fiscal 2023. The organization is conducting an Abatement Capacity Assessment on its own operations and will monitor the breadth, quality and reliability of emissions data as this space continues to rapidly evolve.

In addition to this Framework, tools that will enable CPP Investments to capture and support value-creating opportunities for its investment portfolio include, but are not limited to, active ownership, developing nature-based and other technology solutions, scaling financing (such as, through green bonds), and enabling emissions reduction and business transformation in high-emitting sectors.

A summary of the report can be downloaded here and the full report can be downloaded here.

About the CPP Investments Insights Institute

The CPP Investments Insights Institute's mission is to create enduring value by using global investing expertise, partnerships and convening power to advance how the global investment community addresses climate change, technology disruption and evolving stakeholder expectations. Our vision is to have a prosperous investment ecosystem that delivers financially sustainable returns while addressing the biggest challenges of our time. Three main areas of focus for the Institute are: climate change, technology disruption and stakeholder capitalism. More information on the Institute and the new report can be found on cppinvestments.com/insights-institute.

About CPP Investments

Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP Investments) is a professional investment management organization that manages the Fund in the best interest of the 21 million contributors and beneficiaries of the Canada Pension Plan. In order to build diversified portfolios of assets, investments are made around the world in public equities, private equities, real estate, infrastructure and fixed income. Headquartered in Toronto, with offices in Hong Kong, London, Luxembourg, Mumbai, New York City, San Francisco, São Paulo and Sydney, CPP Investments is governed and managed independently of the Canada Pension Plan and at arm's length from governments. As at June 30, 2022, the Fund totalled C$523 billion. For more information, please visit www.cppinvestments.com or follow us on LinkedInFacebook or Twitter.

SOURCE Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia: http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/November2022/02/c7943.html

Wed, 02 Nov 2022 00:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/now/cpp-investments-insights-institute-roadmap-120100817.html
Killexams : Netflix Tests Live Programming With Chris Rock Comedy Special

The comedian will be the first to perform live for the streaming giant.

Netflix will make its first attempt at streaming live programming next year with a new comedy special from the comedian Chris Rock, the streamer said on Thursday.

The special will stream live, globally, in early 2023. Additional details are expected to be shared at a later date.

“Chris Rock is one of the most iconic and important comedic voices of our generation,” Robbie Praw, Netflix’s vp stand-up and comedy formats, said in a statement. “We’re thrilled the entire world will be able to experience a live Chris Rock comedy event and be a part of Netflix history. This will be an unforgettable moment and we’re so honored that Chris is carrying this torch.”

Rock’s last comedy special for Netflix was 2018’s Chris Rock: Tamborine.

Netflix’s foray into comedy live programming could pave the way for the streamer to experiment with other lucrative genres, including live sports. Earlier this week, the Wall Street Journal reported that Netflix has explored acquiring the streaming rights to tennis and cycling programming in select countries, though executives like co-CEO Reed Hastings have remained concerns about the high biddings costs of getting into live sports.

But it’s a path that Netflix’s streaming competitors like Apple TV+ and Amazon’s Prime Video have ventured into. Apple TV+ has a 10-year deal for Major League Soccer games and for Friday night Major League Baseball games. Amazon has partnered up with the NFL for Thursday Night Football, which represents the league’s first exclusive national streaming rights deal.

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 15:45:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/tv/tv-news/netflix-chris-rock-live-comedy-special-1235259717/?_escaped_fragment_=
Killexams : What Should “Shopping” Look Like in actual Practice?

Abstract

In health care, lack of transparency about the cost of health care services to patients during clinical encounters has contributed to increased costs and high out-of-pocket expenses. Federal policy has responded to the need for more transparency and spurred discussion about ethics and the clinician’s role in being transparent with patients at the point of service. This article investigates and encourages state, private market, and federal policy efforts to address what health care costs patients. This article also applies the ethical framework of principlism to cases and considers what a “shoppable service” model would demand of clinicians in practice.

Read more here.

Tue, 01 Nov 2022 02:22:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.aei.org/research-products/journal-publication/what-should-shopping-look-like-in-actual-practice/
Killexams : Best Practice Institute announces the 2022 Top 100 US and U.K. Top 100 Most Loved Workplaces

Companies are responding to the huge increase in demand for talent by focusing on becoming a place employees love to work. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of job openings increased to 10.7 million on the last business day of September, 2022. The companies that are released in the Most Loved Workplaces lists published by Newsweek represent both what American and British companies are doing to compete for talent.

PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla., Nov. 4, 2022 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- The Best Practice Institute (BPI) has completed its 2022 Most Loved Workplace® certification program, culminating in the publication of America's Top 100 and the U.K.'s Top 100 Most Loved Workplace lists in Newsweek Magazine. Now going into its 3rd year, the annual program identifies the top companies where employees are happiest and most satisfied at work. The initiative will include a list of the top 100 Most Loved Workplaces, along with profiles of the winners, that will appear in an October issue of Newsweek, as well as other articles based on the research and ongoing conversations with CEOs and CHROs of the top companies.

Over 300 companies achieved their Most Loved Workplace certifications in 2022, meaning they scored within the threshold needed in the five areas measured in the Love of Workplace Index™ Pulse Validation Survey. The results were determined after surveying more than 1.4 million employees from businesses with workforces varying in size from 50 to more than 10,000. Of those companies, those that rank in the Top 100 for their respective locations is published in the annual Newsweek Magazine issues. The lists recognize the top companies that put respect, caring, and appreciation for their employees at the center of their business model and, in doing so, have earned the loyalty and respect of the people who work for them.

"The companies on these lists represent the best at placing love at the center of their employee's experience," said Louis Carter, CEO, Best Practice Institute. "The number of applications this year and analysis of survey data reinforces our original findings that love is the strongest predictor of the strength of a company's culture, employee engagement, and satisfaction."

Dell Technologies was the #1 company on America's Most Loved Workplaces® list in 2022, while Virgin Atlantic Airways placed #1 on the U.K. list. The list includes companies such as Marriott Vacations Worldwide, Ally, ChenMed, A&E Networks, TaylorMade Golf Company, Selfridges, PerkinElmer, among others.

"We're focused on building a workplace where team members can thrive both personally and professionally so they can be their best and do their best work," said Jenn Saavedra, Chief Human Resources Officer at Dell Technologies. "To us, that means ensuring team members feel included and celebrated for who they are while helping them find balance, connection, and achievement. We love seeing team members grow their careers here at Dell – learn new skills, build relationships, and above all, follow their passions. It's this type of support that fosters our innovation at Dell as we work together toward a common purpose to build technologies that drive human progress."

Methodology

To become certified, companies were evaluated and scored as follows: 35 percent of the initial score was based on employee survey responses; 25 percent was derived from analysis of external public ratings from sites such as Comparably, Careerbliss, Glassdoor, Indeed and Google; and 40 percent came from direct interviews with and written responses from company officials. With Newsweek, additional research was conducted into every company on the list to determine the final list of 100 companies and their ranking.

About Best Practice Institute

Best Practice Institute is an award-winning leadership and organization development center, benchmark research company, think tank, and solutions provider. BPI is the certifying body for Most Loved Workplace® and conducted the original research to create the model and criteria for becoming a Most Loved Workplace®. BPI's research proves that Most Loved Workplaces produce 3-4 times better customer service, employee performance, and retention than companies not loved by their employees.

For more information on how to apply to become a Most Loved Workplace 2023, go to: https:http://www.mostlovedworkplace.com

END
# # #

Media Contact

Scott Baxt, Most Loved Workplace, 1 917-805-6413, scottbaxt@bestpracticeinstitute.org

Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook

 

SOURCE Best Practice Institute

© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 03 Nov 2022 21:32:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/11/n29564737/best-practice-institute-announces-the-2022-top-100-us-and-u-k-top-100-most-loved-workplaces
Killexams : North Korea: Missile tests were practice for South Korea, US attack

SEOUL, South Korea — North Korea’s military said Monday its recent barrage of missile tests were practices to attack its rivals’ air bases and warplanes and paralyze their operation command systems, showing Pyongyang’s resolve to counter provocative US-South Korean military drills “more thoroughly and mercilessly.”

North Korea fired dozens of missiles and flew warplanes last week, triggering evacuation alerts in some South Korean and Japanese areas, in response to massive US-South Korean air force drills that the North views as an invasion rehearsal.

US and South Korean officials strongly condemned the North’s missile launches, saying their drills were defensive in nature.

“The exact corresponding military operations by the Korean People’s Army are a clear answer of (North Korea) that the more persistently the enemies’ provocative military moves continue, the more thoroughly and mercilessly the KPA will counter them,” the General Staff of the Korean People’s Army said in a statement carried by state media.

North Korea has unveiled new missiles in  exact months.
North Korea reportedly uses US and South Korean drills to attempt to modernize their military.
AP

It said its weapons tests involved ballistic missiles loaded with dispersion warheads and underground infiltration warheads meant to launch strikes on enemy air bases; ground-to-air missiles designed to “annihilate” enemy aircraft at different altitudes and distances; and strategic cruise missiles.

The North’s military said it carried out an important test of a ballistic missile with a special functional warhead missioned with “paralyzing the operation command system of the enemy.” It said it also launched super-large, multiple-launch missiles and tactical ballistic missiles.

It didn’t specifically mention a reported launch Thursday of an intercontinental ballistic missile aimed at hitting the US mainland. Almost all other North’s missiles launched last week were likely short-range, many of them nuclear-capable weapons. They place key military targets in South Korea, including US military bases there in striking range.

The missiles caused evacuations in certain South Korean and Japanese areas.
North Korea fired dozens of missiles and flew warplanes last week.
AP

“The KPA General Staff once again clarifies that it will continue to correspond with all the anti-(North Korea) war drills of the enemy with the sustained, resolute and overwhelming practical military measures,” it said.

This year’s “Vigilant Storm” air force drills between the United States and South Korea were the largest-ever for the annual fall maneuvers. The drills involved 240 warplanes including advanced F-35 fighter jets from both countries. The allies were initially supposed to run the drills for five days ending on Friday, but extended the training by another day in reaction to the North’s missile tests.

On Saturday, the final day of the air force exercises, the United States flew two B-1B supersonic bombers over South Korea in a display of strength against North Korea, the aircraft’s first such flyover since December 2017.

The United States flew two B-1B supersonic bombers over South Korea.
US-South Korean drills have increased in frequency since May.
AP

South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said the participation of the B-1Bs in the joint drills demonstrated the allies’ readiness to “sternly respond” to North Korean provocations and the U.S. commitment to defend its ally with the full range of its military capabilities, including nuclear.

Even before the “Vigilant Storm” drills, North Korea test-launched a slew of missiles in what it called simulated nuclear attacks on U.S. and South Korean targets in protests of its rivals’ other sets of military exercises that involved a U.S. aircraft for the first time in five years.

Some experts say North Korea likely aims to use the US-South Korean military drills as a chance to modernize its nuclear arsenal and increase its leverage to wrest greater concessions from the United States in future dealings.

US and South Korean militaries have been expanding their regular military drills since the May inauguration of conservative South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol, who has promised to take a tougher stance on North Korean provocations. Some of the allies’ drills had been previously downsized or canceled to support now-stalled diplomacy on North Korea’s nuclear program and cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sun, 06 Nov 2022 16:39:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://nypost.com/2022/11/07/north-korea-missile-tests-were-south-korea-us-attack-practice/
Killexams : North Korea says exact missile tests were just practice for "mercilessly" hitting South Korean and U.S. targets

Seoul, South Korea — North Korea's military said Monday its exact barrage of missile tests were practices to "mercilessly" strike key South Korean and U.S. targets such as air bases and operation command systems with a variety of missiles that likely included nuclear-capable weapons.

The North's announcement underscored leader Kim Jong Un's determination not to back down in the face of his rivals' push to expand their military exercises. But some experts say Kim also used their drills as an excuse to modernize his nuclear arsenal and increase his leverage in future dealings with Washington and Seoul.

North Korea fired dozens of missiles and flew warplanes toward the sea last week - triggering evacuation alerts in some South Korean and Japanese areas - in protest of massive U.S.-South Korean air force drills that the North views as an invasion rehearsal.

U.S. and South Korean officials responded by saying they would further enhance their joint training events and warned the North that the use of nuclear weapons would result in the end of Kim's regime.

"The exact corresponding military operations by the Korean People's Army are a clear answer of (North Korea) that the more persistently the enemies' provocative military moves continue, the more thoroughly and mercilessly the KPA will counter them," the General Staff of North Korea's military said in a statement carried by state media.

It said the weapons tests involved ballistic missiles loaded with dispersion warheads and underground infiltration warheads meant to launch strikes on enemy air bases; ground-to-air missiles designed to "annihilate" enemy aircraft at different altitudes and distances; and strategic cruise missiles that fell in international waters about 50 miles off South Korea's southeastern costal city of Ulsan.

The North's military said it also carried out an important test of a ballistic missile with a special functional warhead missioned with "paralyzing the operation command system of the enemy." This could mean a simulation of electromagnetic pulse attacks, but some observers doubt whether North Korea has mastered key technologies to obtain such an attack capability.

The North's military statement didn't explicitly mention a reported launch Thursday of an intercontinental ballistic missile aimed at hitting the U.S. mainland, though its main newspaper published a photo of an ICBM-like missile as one of the weapons mobilized during last week's testing activities.

Some experts say many other North Korean missiles launched last week were short-range nuclear-capable weapons that place key military targets in South Korea, including U.S. military bases there, within striking range.

Later Monday, South Korea's military disputed some of the North's accounts of its missile tests. Spokesperson Kim Jun-rak said South Korea didn't detect the North's cruise missile launches and that it's also notable that North Korea didn't mention what Seoul assessed as an abnormal flight by an ICBM.

This year's "Vigilant Storm" air force drills between the United States and South Korea were the largest-ever for the annual fall maneuvers. The drills involved 240 warplanes including advanced F-35 fighter jets from both countries. The allies were initially supposed to run the drills for five days ending on Friday but extended the training by another day in reaction to the North's missile tests.

On Saturday, the final day of the air force exercises, the United States flew two B-1B supersonic bombers over South Korea in a display of strength against North Korea, the aircraft's first such flyover since December 2017.

South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said the participation of the B-1Bs in the joint drills demonstrated the allies' readiness to sternly respond to North Korean provocations and the U.S. commitment to defend its ally with the full range of its military capabilities, including nuclear.

After their annual meeting Thursday in Washington, U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin and South Korean Defense Minister Lee Jong-Sup issued a joint statement strongly condemning the North's exact launches and carrying Austin's warning that any nuclear attacks against the United States or its allies and partners "is unacceptable and will result in the end of the Kim regime." South Korea's military has previously warned the North that using its nuclear weapons would put it on a "path of self-destruction."

Recent North Korean missile tests are pictured in this undated combination photo
Recent North Korean missile tests are pictured in this undated combination photo taken at undisclosed locations and released on November 7, 2022 by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency (KCNA). KCNA via Reuters

Both defense chiefs also agreed on the need to enhance combined exercises and training events to strengthen readiness against North Korean nuclear and missile threats.

Even before the "Vigilant Storm" drills, North Korea test-launched a slew of missiles in what it called simulated nuclear attacks on U.S. and South Korean targets. In September, North Korea also adopted a new law authorizing the preemptive use of its nuclear weapons in a broad range of situations.

South Korean and U.S. officials have steadfastly maintained their drills are defensive in nature and that they have no intentions of invading the North.

U.S. and South Korean militaries have been expanding their regular military drills since the May inauguration of conservative South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol, who has promised to take a tougher stance on North Korean provocations. Some of the allies' drills had been previously downsized or canceled to support now-stalled diplomacy on North Korea's nuclear program or to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic.

For months, South Korean and U.S. officials have said North Korea has completed preparations to conduct its first nuclear test in five years. On Monday, South Korean Unification Minister Kwon Youngse told lawmakers that North Korea could carry out the nuclear test at any time but there were still no signs that such a test explosion was imminent.  

Mon, 07 Nov 2022 04:42:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.cbsnews.com/news/north-korea-recent-missile-tests-practice-merciless-attacks-south-us-targets/
Killexams : CPP Investments Insights Institute: New Roadmap Helps Companies Report and Abate Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Pursuit of Low-Carbon Future

Report highlights tool for investors, corporate boards and management teams seeking credible plans to achieve net-zero goals and the creation of long-term value.

TORONTO, Nov. 2, 2022 /CNW/ - Many companies aiming to achieve net-zero goals and transition to a low-carbon future are struggling to back up their commitments with reliable data and disclosures. A new report launched by the CPP Investments Insights Institute today details a framework to solve this critical issue.

CPP Investments Insights Institute Logo (CNW Group/Canada Pension Plan Investment Board)

The Decarbonization Imperative report shows companies and investors how to close the gap between the willingness to pursue decarbonization and the clear, measurable action plans that will achieve their commitments. The tool used in the report is an Abatement Capacity Assessment Framework (Framework), which is a standardized template to identify, report and abate all sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a company's operations and supply chains – today and under future scenarios.

Assessing climate change-related risks and opportunities and integrating them into investor portfolios is a core pillar of the CPP Investments Insights Institute, which used its convening power to gather public and private sector insights to enhance the Framework. This Framework acts as a valuable complement to climate disclosure rules that have recently been proposed by national and international financial regulatory bodies. As reporting requirements and standards evolve, the Framework gives corporate boards and management – and investors – a greater degree of confidence in the company's ability to transition to a low-carbon future.

In addition, the report details a successful pilot of the Framework with Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP Investments) portfolio company Trafford Centre, one of the U.K.'s top-10 shopping malls. This pilot demonstrates that the benefits for companies of assessing and implementing transition plans can be real and substantial. There are several other pilots underway across a range of sectors.

"With the transition to a low-carbon future accelerating, boards and executives have a duty to their companies to conduct emissions-reduction assessments and develop transition plans," said Richard Manley, Managing Director, Head of Sustainable Investing, CPP Investments. "As a global investor, we are constantly seeking to identify and manage dynamic and emerging material business risks and opportunities and will allocate our capital to companies that can demonstrate an ability to credibly reduce emissions."

CPP Investments expects to achieve carbon neutrality for internal operations by the end of fiscal 2023. The organization is conducting an Abatement Capacity Assessment on its own operations and will monitor the breadth, quality and reliability of emissions data as this space continues to rapidly evolve.

In addition to this Framework, tools that will enable CPP Investments to capture and support value-creating opportunities for its investment portfolio include, but are not limited to, active ownership, developing nature-based and other technology solutions, scaling financing (such as, through green bonds), and enabling emissions reduction and business transformation in high-emitting sectors.

A summary of the report can be downloaded here and the full report can be downloaded here.

About the CPP Investments Insights Institute

The CPP Investments Insights Institute's mission is to create enduring value by using global investing expertise, partnerships and convening power to advance how the global investment community addresses climate change, technology disruption and evolving stakeholder expectations. Our vision is to have a prosperous investment ecosystem that delivers financially sustainable returns while addressing the biggest challenges of our time. Three main areas of focus for the Institute are: climate change, technology disruption and stakeholder capitalism. More information on the Institute and the new report can be found on cppinvestments.com/insights-institute.

About CPP Investments

Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPP Investments) is a professional investment management organization that manages the Fund in the best interest of the 21 million contributors and beneficiaries of the Canada Pension Plan. In order to build diversified portfolios of assets, investments are made around the world in public equities, private equities, real estate, infrastructure and fixed income. Headquartered in Toronto, with offices in Hong Kong, London, Luxembourg, Mumbai, New York City, San Francisco, São Paulo and Sydney, CPP Investments is governed and managed independently of the Canada Pension Plan and at arm's length from governments. As at June 30, 2022, the Fund totalled C$523 billion. For more information, please visit www.cppinvestments.com or follow us on LinkedInFacebook or Twitter.

SOURCE Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

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