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Exam Code: COG-135 Practice test 2022 by team
IBM Cognos 8 BI OLAP Developer
Cognos Developer syllabus
Killexams : Cognos Developer syllabus - BingNews Search results Killexams : Cognos Developer syllabus - BingNews Killexams : Cognos Access & Resources

Cognos is a web-based suite of tools from IBM that offers a full range of business intelligence (BI) capabilities including reports, analysis, dashboards, scorecards, mobile BI and more.  Cognos is Purdue’s primary Business Intelligence(BI) tool and is used to access many of the university’s BI environments including those to access student-related data.

Go to Cognos

Cognos is the system Purdue uses for official reporting on Purdue student data. If you’d like to learn about how to request Cognos access, please visit the Business Intelligence Competency Center Website.

Helpful Resources

Sat, 16 Jul 2022 07:12:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Cognos Reporting Tools

The following Cognos system reports (login required) are recommended by Accounting Services for Research and Sponsored Programs (ASRSP) for administrators to use when monitoring their unit's sponsored projects.

GM044 - Sponsored Project Portfolio

  • This report displays balances for active projects including totals for direct and indirect expenditures as well as encumbrances by department and/or principal investigator

  • It can run for negative balances only to monitor deficit spending

  • Drill through available by project to the GM045 - Sponsored Project Budget Statement

GM086 - Projects Balances Report

  • Similar to Sponsored Project Portfolio, but with added data fields including ASRSP Grant and Contract Financial Administrator (GCFA) Name, Award ID/Sponsor ID, Start and End dates
  • No drill through capability
  • Recommended by ASRSP: run for current period, all Contract Statuses, Active Projects, and specify either a particular PI for Manager/Reviewer field or select particular department for a detailed view of the current financial status of your constituency. View in Excel 2007 Data file type.

GM045 - Sponsored Project Budget Statement

  • Displays direct and indirect expenditure totals by project against the total budget amount along with project demographic data

  • Dollars are broken out and shown by Current Accounting Period, Fiscal Year to Date, and Inception to Date

GM047 - Milestone (Deliverable) Report

  • Used by department administrators and PIs in tracking upcoming deliverable due dates to assist in meeting sponsor and institutional requirements

GM091 - Sponsor Payments Received

  • Presents details of payments received by contract, with a breakout by project
  • Payment activity includes all forms of payments as well as a subset of write-offs and other maintenance items
  • Note: For converted non-clinical awards, payment data prior to December 2008 is not available

GM092 - Subcontract Monitoring Report

  • Displays a complete list of fully-executed subcontracts
  • Current status for funding and disbursement
  • Includes the burn rates (percent disbursed)

GM093 - Cost Share Commitment Status

  • Presents revenue and expense data from NUFinancials Commitment Control for sponsored projects with cost sharing
  • Grants users a multi-year view of budget, revenue and expense on cost share funds
  • Provides a comprehensive view of all departments committing cost share funds to a given sponsored project

GM096 - Grants Transaction History Queries

  • Displays expense and budget transactions on sponsored (grant) chart strings. This report, when downloaded to Excel, can be used in conjunction with ASRSP’s Expense Review Workbook template. The report contains two sections, “Expense Transaction Query” and “Budget Query”. When exported to Excel, the data will appear on separate tabs.
  • This report is used by Principal Investigators, Department Administrators, and ASRSP to review detailed transaction history by contract or project id. It can reduce compliance risk by providing departments with easier access to and greater detail regarding expenses posted to grants.

GM097- Sponsored Project Actuals Balance Report

  • GM097 Guide to Understanding
  • GM097 ASRSP Formatting Recommendations
  • The GM097 displays a comprehensive view of a research departments' entire research project portfolio, including non-clinical sponsored projects, cost-shared projects, and clinical trials.
  • Non-clinical project balances are displayed Total Budget less Direct and F&A Expenditures and Encumbrances.
  • Clinical project balances are displayed Cash Received less Direct and F&A Expenditures and Encumbrances, with Protocol numbers.

GL008 - Revenue and Expense Activity Report

SC016 - Open Encumbrances Report

GL069 - Financial Summary

Fri, 02 Sep 2022 09:25:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Should we measure developer productivity?

About 10 years ago, I wrote a blog post called “Can we measure developer productivity?” In it, I discussed the many objective attempts that had been made to do it — lines of code, function points, etc. I also proposed some subjective measures. Still, the conclusion was that despite the desires of KPI-loving managers, there was no viable way to measure the productivity of an individual software developer.

I mention this article published 10 years ago because things have changed significantly in the years since. When I wrote it, Git and Mercurial were both prominent and popular software source control systems. I was a software manager at the time, migrating my team off of Visual Source Safe from Microsoft, and we decided to go with Mercurial because it was much more Windows-friendly.

We picked the wrong horse because, in the years to come, Git would become the de facto standard for version control. As a result, a cottage industry has arisen around Git repositories. GitHub is a huge business for which Microsoft paid $7.5 billion. Many companies now provide metrics around your code in Git. And many of those companies purport to measure the productivity of software developers.

Gimme metrics

If we concede that it is possible to measure developer productivity (a proposition that I am not completely sold on), we then must ask whether we should do that.

The desire to do so is certainly strong. Managers want to know who their best developers are, and they want metrics that will help them at performance evaluation time. HR wants to be able to document performance issues. CEOs want to know that the money they are spending is being used effectively.

Even if you use new tools to measure individual developer productivity, those metrics will likely be gamed. Lines of code is considered a joke metric these days. “You want lines of code? I’ll deliver you lines of code!” Is number of commits per day or average time to first PR comment any different? If you measure individual developers on these metrics, they will most definitely Excellerate them. But at what cost? Likely at the cost of team productivity.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Sun, 04 Dec 2022 01:26:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : Linux is not just for developers and command line pros
Georg S/Shutterstock

I'm not a developer. Although, I did study C++ back in the 90s and that was really the extent of it. I did very well in my classes but quickly realized I had no desire to become a developer. And, as everyone knows, if you don't use it, you lose it. It took very little time for my brain to jettison everything I'd learned about C++. 

And I was perfectly okay with that.

It also didn't take me much time to realize I couldn't tolerate the Windows operating system. 

This occurred before my studying C++, so my approach to the open source operating system was very much from a user's perspective. 

The thing was, back when I owned that Pentium 75 computer, I installed Linux over Windows. 

Also: How to choose the right Linux desktop distribution

Once that happened, I realized I had no choice but to learn how to use Linux. And guess what…

Not being a developer didn't hinder me in the least. I'm not saying it helped me, but it certainly didn't prevent me from learning a new operating system. And that was back in the day when Linux was actually a challenge.

These days? Not so much. I would go so far as to say that Linux is just as easy to use as either MacOS or Windows. And as far as reliability and security are concerned, Linux is on par with MacOS and blows Windows out of the water.

But what about this notion that you have to either be a developer or know the command line like the back of your hand in order to use Linux? Is there any truth to that?

In a word, no.

Let me explain.

Also: How to install Linux applications from the command line

You don't have to write Bash scripts or know how to compile software

Once upon a time, this wasn't the case. I remember the old days when I was constantly having to write Bash scripts to get things done. 

One of the first things I had to do was cobble together a Bash script to keep my modem connected to my ISP. That was seriously challenging. And installing new software almost inevitably required compiling. 

Granted, even then the installation from source was most often a combination of the commands ./configure, make, and make install. However, that wasn't exactly as universal as you might think. For example, if you wanted to install a new kernel, the process was considerably more challenging.

Today that's not the case. With modern Linux distributions, there's no need to write Bash scripts or install software from source. Sure, you still can, but it's not required. And compiling software? I haven't had to bother with that for years.

Also: The best Linux distros for programming

Who is Linux truly for then?

The truth of the matter is that Linux is for everyone. You might not have ever experienced the open source operating system, which means it represents a major change. I think it's fairly safe to say most people don't like (or embrace) change.

But even Linux isn't as profound a change as you might expect. Fundamentally, it works just like every other desktop operating system on the market. You use your mouse to click through menus and open software. You use software like web browsers, office suites, email clients, and media players just like you would any operating system. You can drag and drop, manage users, create new folders, and just generally similarly use a computer as you've always done. 

The biggest difference to the end user is in the interfaces, which also happen to be based on traditional and easy-to-understand concepts. There are start menus, application launchers, drag and drop, file managers, system trays, notifications, and so much more that you've already grown accustomed to.

These are not concepts or features geared toward developers or command line experts but, rather, ideas that are fundamental to all operating systems. And so long as you stick with one of the main Linux distributions (such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Zorin OS, etc.), you won't have even the slightest problem getting up to speed.

Also: The best Linux distros for beginners: You can do this

After all, I did it back when Linux was actually (and truly) challenging.

Sure, developers use Linux but so too do all types of other people, from designers to family members, to loved ones, to just about anyone who wants to work with an operating system that doesn't suffer the same slings and arrows of an outrageous Windows misfortune.

No matter what you might think, Linux is far easier than you've been led to believe. Although the power of Linux certainly does lend itself to developers and those familiar with the command line, that's not the primary intended audience. Linux is for everyone. If you've been on the fence for some time, let this be what you need to ease you over to the open source way of doing things.

Sun, 06 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Top Office Developers Hit the Pause Button on New Projects

Tue, 08 Nov 2022 01:18:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Software development is evolving, and so is what developers are interested in
Image: Maskot / Getty

Software developers are spending less time experimenting with new tools and frameworks and sticking to what what they know – although the blockchain seems to be generating growing interest from coding communities.

SlashData's 23rd State of the Developer Nation report ran from June to August 2022 and reached more than 26,000 developers from 163 countries.

The research aimed to explore key developer trends for Q3 2022 and beyond, including the tools and programming languages used by developers, and the projects they're being used for.

Also: Want to get hired in tech? These programming languages will get you the most interviews

The study found that web developers are settling for a smaller number of frameworks than they may have done in the past, with researchers suggesting that developers are experimenting less and sticking with what they know and what works.

React, for example, is currently the most widely used client-side framework, SlashData found. Adoption of React has remained stable over the past two years. By comparison, the popularity of jQuery is decreasing rapidly.

Interestingly, SlashData's report found that web developers who use frameworks are more likely to be "high performers" in software delivery than those who don't.  

JavaScript remains the largest programming language community, SlashData found. According to its research, there are an estimated 19.6 million developers worldwide using JavaScript every day in everything from web development and mobile apps to backend coding, cloud and game design.

Java, meanwhile, is growing rapidly. In the last two years, the size of the Java community has more than doubled from 8.3 million to 16.5 million, SlashData found. For perspective, the global developer population grew about half as fast over the same period.

Despite this huge growth, Kotlin and Rust are the two fastest-growing language communities, the report found: both programming languages more than doubled in size during the past two years.

Also: Programming languages: Why Meta is moving its Android apps from Java to Kotlin

Python also continued to grow strongly, adding about eight million new developers over the last two years, according to SlashData. It accredited the rise of data science and machine learning as "a clear factor in Python's growing popularity". Approximately 63% of machine-learning developers and data scientists report using Python, whereas less than 15% use R, another programming language often associated with data science.

SlashData's 2022 report also explored how developers are involved in blockchain projects and the platforms they target.

Blockchain technologies have applications in a wide range of industries, the report said, particularly in finance, logistics, and government. As such, SlashData's 2022 survey sought to understand where developers' interests lie, and why.

Of the three blockchain technologies covered in the report, non-fungible tokens (NFTs) were found to be of least interest to developers: 58% showed "no interest" in NFTs, which SlashData said was "likely due to its perception as a novelty".

Cryptocurrencies are the most recognizable of blockchain-based technologies to developers, the report found: 27% of respondents reported they were either learning about, or currently working on, cryptocurrency-based projects.

SlashData's report also looked at blockchain applications outside of cryptocurrencies, on the basis that non-crypto applications have "the widest range of use cases and thus the most potential to shape our world".

Also: The future of money: Where blockchain and cryptocurrency will take us next

The report found that one-quarter (25%) of developers currently work on, or are learning about, blockchain applications other than cryptocurrencies. Developers with six to 10 years of experience in software development are the most likely to be working on blockchain projects, SlashData found.

Overall, only 9% of developers involved in SlashData's survey were involved in blockchain technologies. This could be due to the early stage of the technology. As more learning materials are made available to lower the barriers of entry, developers might be able to get involved in blockchain earlier in their careers, SlashData said.

"Blockchain, much like cloud computing fifteen or so years ago, has the potential to underpin and enable many other technologies and experiences, but as we saw earlier, only 9% of developers are currently working on such projects," the report read.

"Rather than affecting an instant technological transformation, blockchain technologies have the opportunity to become a foundational technology on which our digital experience sits, much like TCP-IP – the building blocks of the internet – and developers will be key players in shaping this particular view of the future."

SlashData also looked into the factors that motivate young people to get into computer programming and what they want from their careers.

Most of the student developers surveyed identified solving problems as their top career aspiration (32%). This was followed by the desire to become an expert in a domain or technology (29%), building innovative products or services (27%), and working on challenging projects (26%). 

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Feed your developers’ curiosity before it’s too late

Check out all the on-demand sessions from the Intelligent Security Summit here.

Developers are the most curious employees out there. It’s ingrained in the very nature of a role that works in a dynamic landscape of languages, tools, security threats and technologies. Unfortunately, companies are dropping the ball on bolstering developers’ desire to learn, grow and experiment. This failure causes them to use their limited free time for learning or even searching for other job opportunities. In fact, 58% of security and development professionals say they’re currently experiencing burnout. Additionally, 42% of those who haven’t left their jobs are considering or may consider leaving their current jobs this year. 

While many of these perpetual problem-solvers spend time developing their skills on the clock, they can feel inundated with all the seemingly high-priority or interesting learning opportunities. So how can we truly meet developers’ curiosity and desire to grow? 

This is a question I often confront in my role. It’s become apparent to me that the answer comes down to helping developers effectively use their learning time by intentionally providing space for them to explore their interests, connecting multiple modes of learning, and encouraging all the different career paths available. 

Today’s tech career path is a lattice, not a line 

While career growth was once thought of as a straightforward trajectory, today’s developer path looks more like a lattice, branching off in a variety of directions catering to one’s particular interests and talents. As technology and tools continue to evolve rapidly, new skill sets are emerging every day, paving the way for new positions like privacy engineer, cloud architect and VP of DevOps. It’s important to recognize that not all developers will even choose to remain in traditionally technical roles; product management and pre-sales also offer creative problem-solving challenges.  


Intelligent Security Summit On-Demand

Learn the critical role of AI & ML in cybersecurity and industry specific case studies. Watch on-demand sessions today.

Watch Here

With ever-shifting career options comes the responsibility for organizations and managers to show their tech talent the diversity of paths forward. They need to help developers zero in on what they most enjoy doing, and ultimately guide them to relevant skills and learning offers to carve a path forward that suits their needs and interests. 

Don’t underestimate collaborative learning 

A crucial part of creating the space for professional learning is offering opportunities for active peer-to-peer learning. From fostering stronger employee relationships to increasing engagement, collaborative learning is essential. 

Moreover, according to Dr. Saul McLeod of the University of Manchester, there is a significant gap, called the “zone of proximal development,” between what one can learn on one’s own and what one can learn with others’ encouragement and support. Collaborative learning can help people cross this gap, vastly expanding their knowledge on any given topic. 

One way companies can increase collaborative learning is to host programs that challenge people to be creative and innovative in teams. At SAP, we host the Innovator Challenge, a global program where participants have about six months to build something new using SAP technology. Employees are matched with peers who share similar interests and skill levels, with the goal of gaining hands-on experience with our products and services. This program not only allows tech workers to learn more about technologies that they aren’t working with every day, it also offers a fun, safe environment in which employees can innovate and deepen their specialty skills. 

For more short-term collaborative learning, companies may consider learning circles, hosting a hackathon or providing incentives for teams that complete training modules together. 

Foster communities for learning 

Building a learning culture requires organizations to think beyond standalone events or annual training. Teams need a platform for continual conversation and exchange. As developers are constantly optimizing their approaches and methods, online communities can be an incredible resource for them to ask a specific coding question or just learn more about what’s out there. 

Communities of Practice provide developers the opportunity to connect with peers or mentors to exchange, troubleshoot and share more about their day-to-day challenges and successes. Hosting a community for dialogue can foster a passion for learning that brings together formal training with less-formal modes of learning like crowd-sourced book recommendations, podcasts, YouTube videos and online forums like StackOverflow. 

Developers crave learning. If leaders overlook the need to provide them with ways to feed their curiosity, employees will find ways to do it after hours or may seek new opportunities altogether. To retain top talent, focus on guiding your tech team through their unique career trajectories, encourage group learning, and provide a space for peer-to-peer exchange. This intentional approach will spread benefits throughout the company. 

Nicole Helmer is development learning leader at SAP.


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Sun, 20 Nov 2022 23:07:00 -0600 Nicole Helmer, SAP en-US text/html
Killexams : GitHub teases new Copilot feature that lets developers code with their voice

GitHub is working on a new tool that will allow developers to code with their voice.

Announced at the annual GitHub Universe conference yesterday, the experimental feature works in tandem with Copilot, GitHub’s controversial AI-powered pair-programmer that collaborates with software developers by suggesting functions or lines of code — a bit like Gmail’s Smart Compose.

Copilot officially launched for everyone back in June, costing $10 per month or $100 per year after a free 60-day trial.

GitHub is serving access to the new voice feature via a waitlist that’s open for interested developers now, but essentially it will allow developers to activate Copilot’s ears via the “Hey, GitHub” wake word. It is limited in scope for the time being, insofar as it only works with Microsoft’s source-code editor VS Code, but it’s apparently working to expand things in the future.

According to GitHub, its new voice assistant can understand natural language requests for Copilot to suggest a code snippet, or summarize what a specific section of code does. But even if a developer doesn’t want any code suggestions, it can serve other practical use cases such as helping them navigate a codebase by saying something like “Hey GitHub, go to line 34,” or even control the IDE by toggling to zen mode.

GitHub copilot voice assistant in action. Image Credits: GitHub

While this is still an early-stage experiment developed by an R&D team called GitHub Next, it could have significant ramifications from an accessibility perspective, as it reduces the amount of interaction that’s required with a mouse and keyboard.

It’s also not clear whether Copilot is yet able to talk back to a developer, but based on the initial demonstrations GitHub has published, it would appear not. A two-way dialog could be useful though, for example if a developer wants a quick audio summary of what a piece of code does, or if Copilot needs clarification on a specific request the user has made.

Elsewhere at GitHub Universe yesterday, the Microsoft-owned company also revealed that it would soon be targeting Copilot at the enterprise, with a new plan that allows businesses to buy licenses at a seat level — this will mean additional admin controls so companies can manage and control their Copilot deployment across the organization.

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 22:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Pangea Cyber wants to simplify security for developers with an API approach

When developers are creating a new application, they may build security features over time or take advantage of commercial offerings or open source libraries to implement certain security functions such as authentication or secrets management. Pangea Cyber wants to change that with an API-driven approach to adding security to an application, making it as easy as adding a few lines of code.

The company’s approach has attracted a fair bit of investor attention with over $50 million raised since it launched last year, an amazing amount of funding in a short amount of time, especially in the current funding environment. The latest round is a $26 million Series B.

Company co-founder and CEO Oliver Friedrichs says they decided to offer a security service for developers in the same way that Stripe offers payment services or Twilio offers communications.

“We’re calling this SPaaS. So essentially Security Platform as a Service, where we’re going to be providing dozens of different security building blocks that are all API-driven that developers can easily embed in their applications,” Friedrichs told TechCrunch.

The services start with authentication and authorization as basic building blocks, but then include more sophisticated elements like logging, scanning files for malicious activity, storing secrets and so forth.

“There’s a lot of things that applications need that are securely related. And right now they’re scattered across many open source and a fragmented list of commercial offerings. We’re looking to provide them all in one place,” he said.

There are developer-oriented pieces like Auth0 (acquired by Okta in 2021) providing authorization or HashiCorp providing secrets management, but there hasn’t been this hub of security services aimed specifically at developers, Friedrichs says.

And he believes that developer focus is what separates his company from the pack. “That’s really where this developer-first delivery model is important and unique, and it doesn’t really exist. For decades now, we have built all these traditional shrink-wrapped products for end users across the entire security industry, but we haven’t built things that are API only or API first that can be plugged in by developers,” he said.

The company already has 40 employees as it attacks this problem, and with multiple startups, including Phantom Cyber, behind him, Friedrichs has deep experience in building companies. He says, even with the economic downturn, he believes his company will thrive.

“Cybersecurity is one of those sectors that’s always resilient and always needed. While there’s a correction in valuations, we rarely see people removing cybersecurity. In fact, it continues to grow and evolve,” he said.

He says as he grows the company, diversity is a big priority for him, but even with all his experience as a founder, it remains challenging. “We focus on it deliberately across the management team and across our recruiting team. We have a full-time recruiter in-house, which is unusual for this early stage, as well as outside resources, and we have conscious conversations around it,” he said.

“Now. Is it easy? It’s not easy, right? Despite how hard you try, you can’t always meet those goals. But we are trying and I think that step number one is to make sure that that’s an objective that we do want to meet, [while understanding that] we can always do better.”

Today’s $26 million Series B investment was led by GV with participation from Decibel and Okta Ventures, along with existing investors Ballistic Ventures and SYN Ventures. The company has now raised a total of $52 million. Okta’s participation is noteworthy because, as previously noted, it acquired a developer-driven authorization piece in Auth0.

Wed, 30 Nov 2022 02:48:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Developers punt on new office projects
Vornado Realty Trust chairman Steven Roth (Photo Illustration by Steven Dilakian for The Real Deal with Getty)

Vornado Realty Trust chairman Steven Roth (Photo Illustration by Steven Dilakian for The Real Deal with Getty)

Top developers are punting on new office projects as workplaces face uncertain futures.

High vacancy rates and dwindling leasing demand have pushed developers to delay significant office projects either in the planning stages or already underway, the Wall Street Journal reported. People familiar with the matter told the outlet firms including Vornado Realty Trust, Brookfield Asset Management, Hines and Kilroy Realty are backing off of the sector.

Low demand and economic uncertainty occasionally leads developers to go full-throttle on office development, anticipating the ebbs and flows of the market; major projects could take years to complete. But interest rates are high and the future of office work has never been less clear.

In the country’s 54 largest markets, there is 156 million square feet of office space construction underway, according to CoStar, down from 186 million square feet in the first quarter of 2020. Meanwhile, the national office vacancy rate is 12.5 percent, the highest since 2011.

“There’s increasing uncertainty in the world, and tenants are acting accordingly,” Vornado Realty Trust president Michael Franco said last week in the real estate investment trust’s third-quarter earnings call.

CEO Steven Roth in the call cast doubt on the Hotel Pennsylvania site, where demolition is on track to be completed by the end of next year.

“I must say, the headwinds and the current environment are not at all conducive to ground-up development,” Roth said, demurring when asked if Vornado is considering non-office uses for Penn 15.

Nearly a record amount of space under construction is not pre-leased, another worrying sign for developers. Approximately 37 percent of space under development is available, according to CoStar, more than doubling the rate from 2019 and approaching the 39 percent record set in 2008.

Flailing demand for office space is exemplified by subletting trends as companies declare they no longer need the amount of space they did prior to the pandemic. CoStar data show 212 million square feet are available to sublease in the country, the highest amount since the firm started tracking the metric in 2005.

— Holden Walter-Warner

Wed, 09 Nov 2022 00:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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