Exam Code: COF-C02 Practice exam 2023 by Killexams.com team
SnowPro Core Certification
SnowFlake Certification test
Killexams : SnowFlake Certification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/COF-C02 Search results Killexams : SnowFlake Certification test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/COF-C02 https://killexams.com/exam_list/SnowFlake Killexams : Smithers' Winter Test Center adds tire testing certification

AKRON—Smithers has added an important accreditation to its ISO resume, especially as far its Winter Test Center in Brimley, Mich., is concerned.

The ISO 19447 testing certification means that the Test Center in the Upper Peninsula can measure, as a standard certification, the relative ice grip performance of passenger tires.

"There is building demand for ISO 19447 testing right now, and very few companies who offer it," said Eric Pierce, principal Engineer at the Winter Test Center. "That's largely due to the fact that ISO 19447 requires a prepared surface and a fairly extreme winter environment.

"At Smithers, we have the experience to prepare the specialized surface required for ISO 19447 and the ideal environment, putting the latest ice grip test methodology right at our clients' fingertips."

The newly accredited test method mimics the ECE R117 C1 Braking certification, which currently is pending in Europe.

The E.U. uses a new Alpine label for ice grip, a separate category from the 3-Peak Mountain Snowflake snow grip symbol.

According to Smithers, the test track takes an hour to prepare.

It can only be laid when the temperature is between minus-15 degrees and 4 degrees Celsius. The ice covering the test track must remain between minus-15 degrees and minus-5 degrees Celsius.

"ISO 19447 testing is conducted on a flat, polished ice surface," according to Smithers.

Testing consists of nine test runs, and the highest and lowest scores are thrown out. The remaining data is compiled into the final ice grip calculations.

"As snow and ice traction testing methods for tires evolve, our goal is to continuously expand our capabilities at our proving grounds so our clients can keep pace with the latest innovations," said Jim Popio, vice president of Smithers Materials Science and Engineering Division. "The addition of ISO 19447 to our scope of accreditation is one of many investments we've made in accurate years to ensure a world-class experience for our valued clients at the Smithers Winter Test Center."

For more information contact Mark Shackelford at [email protected].

The Smithers Winter Test Center sits on more than 800 acres, with snow, ice and bare pavement surfaces and courses.

OEMs and tier suppliers contract with Smithers to test vehicle systems, tires and components under the challenges of extreme cold and hazardous road conditions.

Mon, 23 Jan 2023 05:51:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.rubbernews.com/news/smithers-adds-iso-certification-michigan-test-center
Killexams : Snowflake vs. Informatica: Data Management Comparison

Both Snowflake and Informatica are data management platforms that are well regarded in the industry.

These data management applications are in heavy demand as organizations seek to harness the vast troves of data at their disposal. Without these data analytics tools, analysts and data scientists would struggle with problems such as data dispersal throughout the enterprise in multiple repositories, lack of data integration, and a variety of other data management challenges.

As both Snowflake and Informatica are leading data management platforms, users sometimes must choose between them. There are arguments for and against each.

Which of these well-respected platforms is best? Both provide the volume, speed, and quality demanded by the data analytics applications they typically support. There are as many similarities as there are differences. Yet they each have different orientations. Therefore, selection often boils down to platform preference and suitability for the organization’s data strategy.

Also see: Best Data Analytics Tools 

Snowflake vs. Informatica: Key Features

The Informatica Intelligent Data Management Cloud (IDMC) helps businesses handle dispersed and fragmented data on any platform, any cloud, on multi-cloud and multi-hybrid. It is a cloud-native, AI-powered and offers over 200 data services and it processes over 17 trillion transactions per month.

Organizations can use Informatica to share, deliver, and democratize data across lines of business and other enterprises. Data catalog scans metadata to discover and understand enterprise data. Data integration accesses and integrates data at scale using serverless computing.

Informatica’s API & App Integration connects applications and automates business processes. MDM & 360 applications provide 360 views of business data. Informatica IDMC is powered by an AI and ML engine called Claire. It can be used to discover and understand all data within and outside the enterprise, access and ingest all types of data, and curate and prepare data in a self-service fashion.

Most recently, the company announced a new suite of cloud data management services for AWS which is aimed at providing broader data management to departmental users, developers, data scientists, and data engineers across all skill levels. Informatica Data Loader on AWS is embedded directly into the Amazon Redshift console to enable movement from data ingestion to insights in minutes.

Informatica Data Marketplace supports AWS Data Exchange as part of the self-service data marketplace. Informatica INFACore supports Amazon SageMaker Studio to simplify management of complex data pipelines for building and deploying ML models.

Snowflake, in contrast, is a relational database management system and analytics data warehouse for structured and semi-structured data. Offered through the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) model, it uses an SQL database engine to manage how information is stored in the database, and process queries against virtual warehouses within the overall warehouse, with each one of its cluster nodes independent of others and not sharing compute resources.

Sitting on top of that are cloud services for authentication, infrastructure management, queries, access controls, and so on. The Snowflake Elastic Data Warehouse enables users to analyze and store data utilizing Amazon S3 or Azure resources.

Overall, Snowflake should be regarded more as a data lake or data warehouse that facilitates analytics than a full-featured analytics application. As such, it is particularly good at managing, processing, aggregating, and sharing large amounts of data across a business. Good archiving features are also present.

Late in 2022, Snowflake released some platform updates. These included performance advancements across its single elastic engine to make it faster while improving economics for users. In addition, Snowflake’s Snowgrid technology enables customers to operate at global scale with enhancements across cross-cloud collaboration, cross-cloud data governance, and cross-cloud business continuity.

Overall, there is little to choose between the two. No clear winner here.

Snowflake vs. Informatica: Support and Ease of Use

Informatica Data Loader is a high-speed, no-cost, simple tool requiring no setup for data-savvy departmental users looking for frictionless, high-volume data loading that generates insights from data in minutes. The new functionality offers customers the ability to launch Informatica Data Loader from the Amazon Redshift console in a few clicks, easily ingesting data from AWS, on-premise, legacy systems, third-party applications, and other sources. Using a guided interface, customers can load and combine data in their data warehouse for insights into their business without having to build a custom solution. It scores well on ease of use.

The Snowflake data warehouse is said by users to be user-friendly with an intuitive SQL interface that makes it easy to get it set up and running. It automates data vacuuming, compression, diagnosis, and other features. There is no need to copy data during scale up operations with Snowflake. For third-party data sharing and access to conduct analysis, Snowflake makes the entire process much easier.

Snowflake supports structured and semi-structured data. Users also report that its ability to handle many columns is strong. But some same the documentation is weak and that a lack of out-of-the box analytics holds it back. Gartner Peer Reviews deliver it a good score on ease of deployment and administration.

Informatica wins narrowly in this category. 

Also see: Data Analytics Trends 

Snowflake vs. Informatica: Security

Informatica prides itself in baking in security and trust as central design principles. It does this to ensure the highest level of security and a consistent level of data quality, end-to-end data governance and data privacy across the enterprise. For enterprise users, it reduces regulatory risk by ensuring the accuracy and protection of sensitive data.

Snowflake boasts always-on encryption, along with network isolation, secure access-based requests, and other robust security features. Its security features are tiered with each higher tier costing more. That means you don’t end up paying for security features you don’t need or want.

No clear winner in this category.

Snowflake vs Informatica: Integration

Informatica is one of the few vendors that packages customer first-party data sets and third-party data sets from AWS Data Exchange to be leveraged via Informatica’s Data Marketplace. This assists in discovery, packaging, and delivery of third-party data from AWS Data Exchange. It further enables enterprise data consumers to use internal and third-party data hosted on AWS Data Exchange, which has more than 3,500 data products and more than 300 data providers. This helps to meet users via a self-service model. It can be run in multi-cloud, multi-hybrid, and on-premises infrastructures.

Snowflake is on the AWS Marketplace, which helps integrate it within that ecosystem. Some users say that with certain analytics applications, it can be challenging to integrate Snowflake. But in other analytics use cases, Snowflake is wonderfully integrated. Tableau, Apache Spark, IBM Cognos, and Qlik are all fully integrated. Those using these tools will find analysis easy to accomplish. Regardless, Gartner Peer Reviews rates Snowflake highly for integration and deployment.

Integration: Informatica narrowly wins.

Snowflake vs. Informatica: Pricing

Snowflake costs about $40 a month. But rate of usage will vary tremendously depending on the workload. Some users say large data sets cost more on Snowflake due to the way it offers separate pricing for compute and storage.

On-demand pricing is a feature of Snowflake. It also provides concurrency scaling automatically with all editions at no extra cost. Pricing, though, can be complex with four different editions from basic up, and prices rise as you move up the tiers. You can either pay for capacity upfront or choose a pay as you go model for storage.

The Informatica Processing Unit (IPU) pricing system is built around buying only the capacity you need for different services such as data integration, mass ingestion, data quality, API and App integration, and Catalog and Governance. But rates are hard to find.

Thus, differences between them make it difficult to do a full comparison. Users are advised to assess the resources they expect to need to support their forecast data volume, amount of processing, and their analysis requirements.

This is a close one as it varies from use case to use case, but Snowflake wins by a hair on pricing.

Also see: Data Mining Techniques 

Snowflake vs. Informatica: Conclusion

Snowflake and Informatica are excellent data management tools for analysis purposes. Each has its pros and cons. It all comes down to usage patterns, data volumes, workloads, and data strategies.

Both are good choices when data management, integration, and sharing are the biggest needs. Those wanting to centralize data across multiple data repositories and with large amounts of data will find both invaluable. Top-notch analytics can be added on via other platforms.

Some say Snowflake is better when you are starting small and gradually scaling up.

But these are generalities and won’t always pan out. Each business needs to research how costs will work out for them. The latest Gartner Magic Quadrant (MQ) for Data Integration Tools has Informatica scoring the highest among all vendors. Gartner did not consider Snowflake as part of that MQ. That tends to indicate that where data integration needs are highest, Informatica is the obvious choice. But for broader cloud data management needs, Snowflake may be a better choice.

Also see: What is Data Visualization

Thu, 02 Feb 2023 20:27:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.eweek.com/big-data-and-analytics/snowflake-vs-informatica/
Killexams : As The Internet Freedom Project Expands, Snowflake Becomes Snowstorm

In my chat with Serene, an internet freedom activist and former Google Ideas engineer, I ask: "Am I allowed to speak with you right now? Legally?"

“We’re both in the U.S., so yes, I think we’re good,” she answers.

As one of the few tools for accessing blocked and censored information on the web, Serene's Snowflake is widely used by citizens of oppressive regimes. It is primarily done using Tor, an open-source browser that enables secure, private, and anonymous internet browsing.

Snowflake is one of the few pluggable transports, also known as a “Tor bridge,” currently available for the browser. By making it appear like a user is on a regular video or voice call, the project allows users to circumvent internet censorship.

She is now unveiling Snowstorm, an upgraded version of Snowflake, which Serene claims will be faster, more generalized, and have more features. Snowstorm is fast enough to stream YouTube videos, something previous versions could not do.

The software has been rewritten and reimagined using Rust, and a system-wide client, which demonstrates the software is not Tor-based. As a result, users will have more choice and agency.

Furthermore, Snowstorm has established its own company that will maintain the code and support a full-time team of core developers.

Work on Snowflake started in 2016, which began as a collaboration with Arlo Breault and David Fifield, funded by the Open Tech Fund’s Information Controls Fellowship Program.

In reality, Serene, who is also an advisor to the World Ethical Data Foundation, has devoted her entire life to the cause of internet freedom.

Serene learned how to code at the age of nine. As a Bösendorfer-endorsed concert pianist, she also worked with Kanye West on his 2019 opera production "Mary." But we can save that story for another day.

At a young age, she joined Google, where she became the first engineer at Google Ideas, an internal group dedicated to using technology to help those threatened by conflict, instability, and repression.

It was there that she first began working to circumvent the growing number of internet controls implemented by governments. That first project was uProxy, an early experiment based on WebRTC, the foundation for much of the real-time communication on the internet. She built and demoed uProxy at a Google event on a two-week deadline, which was ultimately a success.

After Serene left Google, she continued her fight for internet freedom by becoming a senior fellow with the Open Tech Fund, with a sponsorship from UC Berkeley.

Fast forward to 2016, where Snowflake was started as a research project. It went on to play a key role in circumventing censorship during the Ukrainian-Russian conflict, with Snowflake reporting a corresponding surge in users.

As a result of increased demand and usage, Snowstorm is an attempt to Excellerate the platform's user experience. It relies on volunteers living in countries with open internet access, such as the United States, as "snowflakes.”

A snowflake can be used as a "bridge" by internet users in countries with limited access. A broker is running on a third-party server, disguised by domain fronting, making it seem as if it came from a non-restricted service. The broker knows where the snowflakes are and will connect the two, using WebRTC as a peer-to-peer connection.

The new Snowstorm version addresses many of the limitations and challenges faced by Snowflake, including limited bandwidth, system resources, and other factors.

“Forces of censorship try to divide the world,” she said. “Snowstorm is the bridge that can bring humanity together again.”

Wed, 08 Feb 2023 02:02:00 -0600 Johan Moreno en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/johanmoreno/2023/02/08/as-the-internet-freedom-project-expands-snowflake-becomes-snowstorm/
Killexams : Snowflake: Just The Beginning
Beautiful snow flake crystal with snow background


Snowflake (NYSE:SNOW) offers a cloud-based analytic database that aims to eliminate data silos. Snowflake continues to innovate and is introducing a number of important products that are likely to help draw workloads onto the platform in 2023. While the stock is

Wed, 01 Feb 2023 04:59:00 -0600 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4574248-snowflake-just-the-beginning
Killexams : If You Invested $10,000 in Snowflake's 2020 IPO, This Is How Much You Would Have Today

Enterprise data company Snowflake (SNOW -6.28%) had its initial public offering (IPO) in Sept. 2020, and it may have been the buzziest IPO of all time.

Consider that in 2019, Warren Buffett said his company Berkshire Hathaway wasn't buying Uber's IPO. As he told CNBC at the time, "In 54 years, I don't think Berkshire has ever bought a new issue." 

But one year later, Berkshire Hathaway bought Snowflake's IPO, and this vote of confidence from the famous investors caused many others to jump into the stock as well.

The hype was so intense that Snowflake stock started trading at $245 per share even though its IPO had been priced at $120. And it closed its first day of trading at almost $254 per share. For the sake of simplicity, let's say you bought Snowflake stock on day one at $250 per share. A $10,000 investment bought you 40 shares.

Those 40 shares of Snowflake are only worth $6,507 as of this writing. Therefore, this IPO investment is down about 35% after more than two years. And there's a good explanation as to why this is the case.

Snowflake buzz: explosive revenue growth

Snowflake provides software that allows businesses to store, analyze, and monetize their enterprise data. And its services are seeing fast-growing demand. For fiscal 2021 (ended Jan. 31, 2021), Snowflake's revenue jumped 124% year over year.

That growth hasn't stopped since the company went public. Total revenue was up 106% in fiscal 2022. And through the first three quarters of fiscal 2023, revenue is up 77% year over year.

Finally, Snowflake is a leader in what many research firms believe is a huge growth industry for the coming decade, and that's why management is so bullish on its future.

Snowflake's management believes its revenue will enjoy about a 32% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) between now and the end of its fiscal 2029. Considering it's already achieved an annualized revenue run-rate of about $2 billion, this is massive growth at scale -- no wonder investors went nuts for Snowflake's IPO.

However, here's where I'll insert Buffett back into this discussion. Snowflake's growth has undoubtedly been stupendous. But in writing to Berkshire Hathaway's shareholders in 1982, Buffett said, "For the investor, a too-high purchase price for the stock of an excellent company can undo the effects of a subsequent decade of favorable business developments."

When it hit $250 per share on its first day of trading, Snowflake's market capitalization was already over $70 billion. But the company had generated less than $500 million in trailing-12-month revenue at the time. This pushed Snowflake's price-to-sales (P/S) valuation past 140 -- perhaps the highest I've ever seen for a company this big.

To me, Snowflake stock's valuation was simply too rich at IPO, even when factoring in a decade of the most optimistic growth projections. Therefore, it's not surprising that shares have fallen since going public, even though it's continued to report sensational numbers.

What about now?

To be sure, having dropped to a market cap of about $52 billion as of this writing, Snowflake's valuation has become much more attractive. But it's still really expensive on an absolute basis, especially when looking at free cash flow (FCF).

If everything goes according to management's plan, Snowflake will generate $2.5 billion in FCF in fiscal 2029. Some investors consider a stock expensive when it trades at 20 times trailing FCF. But Snowflake stock already trades at more than 21 times what it's projecting for FCF about six years from now.

I'm not necessarily saying Snowflake stock is a bad investment today because of its valuation. As a general observation, I find that high-quality companies have a tendency to unlock new revenue growth opportunities in areas that investors don't anticipate. And Snowflake is a high-quality business, in my opinion. Therefore, perhaps it will grow beyond management's already lofty projections.

Moreover, Snowflake's business is already FCF-positive with $305 million in adjusted FCF through the first three quarters of fiscal 2023. And it's poised to generate billions of dollars of cumulative FCF over the coming decade. This is a lot of money at management's disposal. If allocated well, it could create tons of shareholder value.

What Snowflake stock doesn't deliver investors today is a high margin of safety. To beat the market, I believe the company will need to outperform management's current projections, and management will need to be great capital allocators. Neither of those is a given. For this reason, I remain content watching Snowflake stock from the sidelines for now.

Jon Quast has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Berkshire Hathaway, Snowflake, and Uber Technologies. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Sun, 12 Feb 2023 06:53:00 -0600 Jon Quast en text/html https://www.fool.com/investing/2023/02/12/if-you-invest-10k-in-snowflake-ipo-how-much-today/
Killexams : Is Snowflake Stock a Buy Now?

Snowflake (SNOW -6.28%) is a maker of enterprise software for storing data on the cloud, where it can then be analyzed and acted upon. The stock was down 58% in 2022, but Wall Street is getting increasingly excited about the company's prospects in 2023.

On Jan. 12, Citi analyst Tyler Radke said Snowflake was one of his top software picks for 2023, according to The Fly. One week earlier, Wells Fargo analyst Michael Turrin said Snowflake stock could hit $170.

Here's a look at whether Snowflake is a good stock to buy right now.

What's happening with Snowflake

Here's the easiest way for me to highlight Snowflake's exponential revenue growth: In its fiscal 2021, the company generated $592 million in revenue for the entire year. Two years later, Snowflake expects to generate revenue of $535 million to $540 million in the fourth quarter of its fiscal 2023 alone.

SNOW Revenue (TTM) Chart

SNOW revenue (TTM); data by YCharts. TTM = trailing 12 months.

When Snowflake signs customers, it usually bills them for the coming year based on how much they intend to use the platform. Customers can then use Snowflake as much as they want, based on what they've already paid for. But in some cases, they go over and are charged more based on what they've used. And then their real usage sets the terms when contracts are renewed.

This hybrid-consumption model is beneficial for Snowflake for two reasons. First, its customers only pay for what they use, which I'm sure they appreciate.

Second, Snowflake still has good revenue visibility. For example, the company has over $3 billion in remaining performance obligations as of the third quarter of its fiscal 2023, up more than 10% just from the previous quarter.

Winning customers with deep pockets is also working for Snowflake. At the end of its third quarter, the company had 7,292 total customers, up 34% from the prior-year quarter. And that included 287 customers spending at least $1 million annually, which was up a whopping 94%.

Clearly, there's a lot to like about Snowflake's business, and it's why Wall Street is getting more bullish.

Is Snowflake stock a good buy?

To be clear, Snowflake is the kind of company I believe investors should be looking to invest in. We haven't discussed all of its merits here. But the company is benefiting from a big trend in data, is growing fast, and has enviable profit margins. That can be a recipe for market-beating returns -- at the right price.

Regarding profits, Snowflake has a really good and improving free-cash-flow (FCF) margin that's expected to hit 21% in this fiscal year. Assuming the company reaches its projections, that would be more than $400 million in FCF, which is nothing to sneeze at.

Moreover, Snowflake believes it can hit $10 billion in annual revenue by calendar year 2028 and that it can Excellerate its FCF margin to 25% by that time. This means the company is projected to generate quite a bit of cumulative FCF over the next six years.

However, the value of Snowflake's business -- its market capitalization -- is $46.5 billion, as of this writing. It trades at a very high multiple of its trailing FCF and even trades well beyond the most optimistic cumulative FCF projections for the next six years.

In my opinion, Snowflake will need to hit all of its guidance simply to justify its current price. And it would need to do substantially better than its guidance to outperform the market over the next six years.

In his 1992 letter to Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A 0.02%) (BRK.B 0.02%) shareholders, Warren Buffett talked about the concept of margin of safety -- something he called the "cornerstone of investment success." 

In short, Buffett and many successful investors calculate a stock's value based on its future cash flows. And a margin of safety is when a stock's price is far below what the investor believes the value of its future cash flows to be.

For me personally with Snowflake, I see a quality company that I love learning about. But when I try to calculate its value based on its future cash flows, I don't believe it trades at a discount. Rather, I think its price already reflects what could be an impressive multiyear run for the company. Therefore, I don't see a margin of safety with Snowflake stock.

The market is still quite optimistic about the stock. But based on what I've observed in my years of being an investor, sentiment will change at some point and Snowflake will likely eventually have that margin of safety I'm looking for. I'll be watching this company closely for that better investing opportunity.

Citigroup is an advertising partner of The Ascent, a Motley Fool company. Wells Fargo is an advertising partner of The Ascent, a Motley Fool company. Jon Quast has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Berkshire Hathaway and Snowflake. The Motley Fool recommends the following options: long January 2023 $200 calls on Berkshire Hathaway, short January 2023 $200 puts on Berkshire Hathaway, and short January 2023 $265 calls on Berkshire Hathaway. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Mon, 23 Jan 2023 21:20:00 -0600 Jon Quast en text/html https://www.fool.com/investing/2023/01/24/is-snowflake-stock-a-buy-now/
Killexams : Snowflake Is Heating Up

In a nod to a regular column I used to write for TheStreet's Trifecta Stocks, I am going to discuss the chart of a stock that looks particularly interesting this week and include an accompanying video where a break down it all down.

This week, we are going to focus on Snowflake (SNOW) .

A solid base for more than two months does the trick for Snowflake, which has recently broken out above stiff resistance.

Volume trends are strong, and notice after a modest retreat the Moving Average Convergence (MACD) is back on a buy signal.

There is persistent buying pressure here, money flow is strong and Relative Strength (RS) is solid. That is impressive, with the markets strong.

Now take a look at the lower chart, the stochastic momentum, which is turning upward. That is another positive.

We wanted to see a follow-through day after Tuesday's robust move, and Wednesday qualifies.

SNOW looks like a buy here, and a good price target on the stock is $200.

To watch a video of me discussing SNOW's chart please click here.

Get an email alert each time I write an article for Real Money. Click the "+Follow" next to my byline to this article.

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 06:38:00 -0600 BOB LANG en text/html https://realmoney.thestreet.com/investing/snowflake-is-heating-up-16116146
Killexams : Snowflake: Getting Closer To A Profit
Beautiful snow flake crystal with snow background

oxign/iStock via Getty Images

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Fri, 27 Jan 2023 08:59:00 -0600 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4573124-snowflake-getting-closer-to-a-profit
Killexams : Snowflake to Present at Upcoming Investor Conferences

No-Headquarters/BOZEMAN, Mont., February 01, 2023--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Snowflake (NYSE: SNOW), the Data Cloud company, today announced that it will present at two upcoming investor conferences.

  • Chief Financial Officer, Mike Scarpelli, will present at the JMP Securities Technology Conference, on Monday, March 6th, at 2:30 p.m. PT.

  • Chief Financial Officer, Mike Scarpelli, and SVP of Product, Christian Kleinerman, will present at the Morgan Stanley Technology, Media & Telecom Conference, on Tuesday, March 7th, at 12:15 p.m. PT.

The webcasts for each event will be accessible on the investor relations section of the Snowflake website at https://investors.snowflake.com.

About Snowflake

Snowflake enables every organization to mobilize their data with Snowflake’s Data Cloud. Customers use the Data Cloud to unite siloed data, discover and securely share data, and execute diverse analytic workloads. Wherever data or users live, Snowflake delivers a single data experience that spans multiple clouds and geographies. Thousands of customers across many industries, including 543 of the 2022 Forbes Global 2000 (G2K) as of October 31, 2022, use Snowflake Data Cloud to power their businesses. Learn more at snowflake.com.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20230201005382/en/


Investor Contact
Jimmy Sexton
Finance Director, Head of Investor Relations

Wed, 01 Feb 2023 03:55:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/snowflake-present-upcoming-investor-conferences-143100772.html
Killexams : Snowflake helped Tor users thwart Russian censorship. Now the VPN is branching out as Snowstorm.

As protest and unrest grew in Russia and Iran over the past year, authoritarian regimes sought to crack down on civilians' internet access. These attempts were not entirely successful, in part thanks to anti-censorship tools like the anonymous web browser Tor.

For years, Tor has been a thorn in the side of censorious rulers looking to stop its citizens from freely accessing the internet, but the Russian and Iranian governments have learned its weaknesses and succeeded in blocking direct access to the Tor network at certain times.

But unlike other services blocked by these governments, Tor has been deployed alongside the traffic-channeling tool Snowflake, enabling its network to function amid efforts at censorship.

Snowflake's creator, who goes only by the one-word name "Serene(Opens in a new tab)," told Mashable in a phone interview that she expected the tool to be "helpful for people who need it," but didn't foresee just how crucial her "cool prototype" would be when it was first integrated with Tor years ago.

"Turns out last year, Putin invades Ukraine and blocks the Internet, blocks all the VPNs, and the only thing that's working is Snowflake," she said.

Now, the creator of Snowflake is branching the technology out in order to create a standalone VPN-like service called Snowstorm(Opens in a new tab) aimed at expanding open access to the internet.

Snowstorm officially launched this week, albeit as a private beta that requires an invitation. The company also announced that it has received $1 million in funding, which it has used to bring on a full-time team of developers.

A peek at what it looks like when a user connects to Snowstorm. Credit: Snowstorm

"I don't think our Internet nowadays is doing what it should be doing for humans," said Serene, now also the founder of Snowstorm. "The early Internet was instrumental for me learning everything, growing as a person, becoming the best version of myself, and I want to protect that for people."

Why Snowstorm is not like other VPNs

A VPN, or Virtual Private Network, is essentially a service that hides a user's identity and internet activity while they browse.

"A VPN is just someone else's computer that you connect to first before you connect to the Internet," Serene explains. "You're getting some amount of privacy but the issue is these VPN services are...just servers in different places. Where those computers are is public knowledge. And so any state actor certainly can easily just block all of those targets."

Snowstorm's main use case is quite clear when opening the app. Credit: Snowstorm

This is why Russia and Iran were able to censor these VPN services, but not Snowflake.

What makes Snowflake different is what it's composed of: "decentralized, ephemeral, temporary proxies," said Serene.

As Serene explains it, Snowflake works thanks to a number of volunteers in free regions from all over the globe who come together to help those in censored countries. Volunteers can just leave a browser tab open and their internet connection is added to the pool of volunteer connections as a temporary proxy, which helps Snowflake users connect to the internet. To protect volunteers, Snowflake users connect to Snowflake proxies through a Tor entry node, meaning a volunteers' ISP never sees the web activity of a user and a user never accesses a volunteer's computer.

If a volunteer closes their connection, the code simply hands off the user's internet session to another Snowflake volunteer.

Snowstorm is already being utilized by volunteers and censored users all over the world. Credit: Snowstorm

"Because of that, instead of just one centralized place where the VPN is being run, there's like all of these temporary proxies coming in and out of existence, which makes it very hard for a nation state to block," Serene said. "Putin couldn't block it."

Snowstorm takes this service and provides it with a huge upgrade. The system has been completely re-written for Snowstorm and users can connect directly, without using Tor (Snowflake will continue to be available for Tor users). Serene tells Mashable that Snowstorm is much faster than Snowflake. With Snowstorm, for example, users can stream high-quality YouTube videos, which was not possible on Snowflake.

Serene is realistic as to where Snowstorm currently is. After all, Snowstorm is only in private beta now and still has rounds of testing, additional upgrades, and audits to undergo. Over the phone, Serene spoke about promises of "military-grade" encryption and security that a lot of privacy companies promise and fail to deliver on.

But, Serene is aware of what Snowstorm's capabilities are. Aside from the most extreme measure of taking a country offline entirely, the technology powering Snowflake and Snowstorm has not been bested by authoritarian regimes so far.

"I'm not directly guaranteeing any particular level of privacy and I don't want to over exaggerate the privacy virtues of any particular technology," Serene explained. "But, the ensure here is that we can break censorship."

Fri, 10 Feb 2023 05:37:00 -0600 en text/html https://mashable.com/article/snowstorm-beta-launch-anti-censorship-vpn-snowflake-tor
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