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Exam Code: CHFP Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
CHFP Certified Healthcare Financial Professional (CHFP) - 2022

Module I - Business of Health Care: Participation and successful end-of-course assessment of the HFMA Business of Health Care® online program offering participants an overview of healthcare finance, risk mitigation, evolving payment models, healthcare accounting and cost analysis, strategic finance, and managing financial resources.

Module II - Operational Excellence: CHFP aspirants must also complete HFMA's Operational Excellence exam, which includes exercises and case studies on the application of business acumen in health care.

Please note HFMA membership is a required aspect for earning and maintaining the CHFP credential.

Paid student members are eligible to register for and to take both modules of the CHFP certification program (included with membership). Student members who successfully complete the CHFP requirements (two modules) will earn their designation upon assuming Professional or Business Partner level member status.

The Big Picture Healthcare environment

- Reform/Current State of US Healthcare
- Transformation Under Reform
- Payment System Overview
- The Role of Financial Management in Health Care Organizations
- Management Roles & Hierarchy
- What Keeps CFOs Up at Night?

Financial Accounting Concepts Accounting Principles

- Analysis of Financial Statements
- Management Reports
- Accounting Terminology
- Reports for financial analysis

Cost Analysis Principles Cost Management

- Definitions
- Traditional Cost-Finding Methods
- Setting Prices
- Profit analysis

Strategic Financial Issues Basics of Strategic Planning

- Budgeting Concepts
- Variance Analysis
- Revenue & Performance Budgeting
- Controlling Operating Results
- Benchmarking, Productivity, and Cost-Benefit/Cost-Effectiveness
- Analysis

Managing Financial Resources Financing the Healthcare System: Revenue Cycle

- Working capital management
- The Use of Metrics and Data
- Long-Term Financial Resources

Looking to the Future ACA, ACOs & Bundled Payments:
Evolving Reimbursement
The Need for Business Intelligence & Analytics
Population Health Management
Aligning Clinicians and Finance Professionals to Drive Value
Accountable Care Organizations – Payer Cancers
Premium Growth in a Shifting Environment
Denials of coverage
Limitations on profits
Health Insurance Exchanges
Payer consolidations
Unsustainable rates
Payer Differentiation
Rise of Business Process Outsourcing
Consumerism and physicians
Physician –Hospital alignment
Demand for Physician Collegiality
Emerging Ancillary Positions
Physician Burnout
Physician Independence
Physician Shortages (Leakage)
Physicians as Entrepreneurs
Reform and Physician Liability
Physician – Hospital Financial
Relationships
Hospital Consolidations
Hospital – Physician Alignment
Hospital Facing Bankruptcy
Provider- Payer Consolidations
Physician Engagement and Leadership
Integrated Care Delivery
Physicians Remaining
Independent
Accountable Care Organizations
Sustainability of Physician
Employment

Module I Concept Guide – It is recommended that you preview this guide prior to working through the online materials. For example, the pages in this guide associated with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) may be viewed before working in the first course, Healthcare Finance -- The Big Picture. This preview indicates the key concepts that will be covered and attunes you to areas of professional practice that may be less familiar. Feel free to make notes in this document. By taking the time to customize this guide, you can develop a handy reference tool as you continue your work in health care.

• Module II Concept Guide - It is recommended that candidates preview the key‐concept guide prior to working through this online course. The module is itself an examination with three (3) hours allowed for completion. This preview indicates the key business challenges that will be presented and attunes candidates to areas of professional practice that may be less familiar. The learner guide can then be used to focus additional outside studying and study on unfamiliar issues

Certified Healthcare Financial Professional (CHFP) - 2022
Financial Professional test format
Killexams : Financial Professional test format - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CHFP Search results Killexams : Financial Professional test format - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CHFP https://killexams.com/exam_list/Financial Killexams : 10 Best Financial Certifications No result found, try new keyword!Financial certifications demonstrate ... only qualify if they already have 6,000 hours of professional experience and take a lengthy exam. Advisors with the CFP designation will focus on planning ... Tue, 11 Aug 2020 08:06:00 -0500 text/html https://money.usnews.com/financial-advisors/articles/best-financial-certifications Killexams : CFP test 101: Everything You Need to Know to Pass the CFP Test No result found, try new keyword!The CFP test is for the financial ... in the process," says John Loper, a certified financial planner and the CFP Board's managing director of professional practice. "We lose a lot of people ... Thu, 31 Jan 2019 01:13:00 -0600 text/html https://money.usnews.com/investing/investing-101/articles/cfp-exam-101-everything-you-need-to-know-to-pass-the-cfp-test Killexams : Weekend Essay: I sat a professional exam

Last Spring, I had a chat with a journalist from one of our competitors who had been/is taking adviser qualifications.

I found her efforts admirable and this conversation really gave me food for thought.

In the next few months, I mulled over the idea of preparing for a professional certification myself and shopped around, because there are plenty of professional bodies and exams out there.

I wanted something that would interest me but also be useful at the same time. Therefore, it would have to be a certification in investment.

I first considered the CFA Level 1 as it was the investment qualification I had heard the most about.

However, the fees ($900 to $1,200) and the low pass rate (37%) had the effect of a repellent on me. I thought it was not reasonable to spend that much money for something that would in all likelihood end up being a complete disaster.

You may call me pessimistic, I will answer that I am just not self-delusional. If even financial professionals find it hard, my chances were close to none and the technical level is probably way above what a financial journalist needs.

I had a look at the other programmes listed on the CFA’s website and came across the Investment Management Certificate (IMC).

After further research, I had made my decision. This was the right certification for me in many regards.

It aims to provide the foundations in investment management and acquiring the baseline knowledge. It is all I need for now.

Also, while the CFA is not related at all to financial advice (from what I know), the IMC does look into this profession, albeit superficially (it is primarily aimed at investment managers rather than financial advisers). As a result, it still had some relevance to my job.

Last but not least, the IMC is relatively UK-focused in comparison to the CFA which is global in its nature. As I am not a complete stranger to the UK financial industry, that would play in my favour.

I have not completely abandoned the idea of sitting the CFA Level 1 one day. Life is still long (hopefully) and the IMC will enable me to test the water. If I cannot complete it, then the CFA Level 1 is completely out of reach.

As soon as I moved house to a more comfortable and quiet place, there was no excuse and I had to walk the talk.

At the time of writing, I have just passed the first unit ‘The Investment Environment’.

I will not deny it, it is a great relief, but I am only halfway there. I will need to successfully pass unit 2 ‘The Investment Practice’ to complete the certification.

In short, it is half time, I am leading 1-0, but there are 45 further minutes to play.

What was on the menu?

For those who are not familiar with the IMC, the first unit is structured in six chapters: 1- Financial markets and institutions, 2- Ethics and investment professionalism, 3- The regulation of financial markets and institutions, 4- Legal concepts, 5- Client advice, 6- Taxation in the UK.

‘The regulation of financial markets and institutions’ is arguably the most important chapter and is also by a far and wide the longest one. Of the 85 questions at the exam, between 25 to 35 will be allocated to this chapter.

Luckily, it was no terra incognita for me as it extensively deals with the role, status and powers of a very familiar organisation: The Financial Conduct Authority.

While working at Money Marketing certainly facilitated the study of this chapter, I still had to digest extensive extracts from the FCA Handbook.

The chapter also covers, albeit in a much more concise manner, the rest of the UK regulatory bodies.

Some were totally unknown to me such as the Panel of Takeovers and Mergers and the Competition and Markets Authority.

Others sounded familiar, but I did not know what their role was prior to my study. That would include the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) or The Financial Policy Committee.

The difficulty of this chapter was definitely its length and the importance of the information it contains. Almost every single line is crucial and there is no other way than learning by heart.

Some questions in the test simply test the knowledge of the regulatory principles but others require one to apply those same principles in case studies.

It means learning everything verbatim is not enough, you also have to understand what you are learning.

The second and fourth chapters also involve learning the material by heart, but they are thankfully much more succinct.

The first chapter was probably the most destabilising one to me. It smoothly starts with an introduction explaining how the financial system works, who the different actors are and how money circulates between them.

It then abruptly delves into a world that was completely unknown to me: investment exchanges and their infrastructures.

It required a lot of back and forth between Investopedia and the study book to understand what things such as central counterparties, market makers, clearing houses, SETS, SETSqx, bid-ask spread were.

Chapter 5 was the sunshine after the rain. It purely focuses on investment, which was the reason why I chose to study for the IMC in the first place.

It gives a description of the different categories (and sub-categories) of clients and asset classes.

There is also a limited (but interesting) financial advice piece. It includes among others fact find, establishing investment objectives and how to allocate a portfolio based on those objectives.

The chapter also looks into the asset allocation in different types of pension funds, general insurance and life insurance.

I really enjoyed the strategical dimension in this chapter. It was, at least to me, more stimulating than regulations and it also means that I did not need to review this chapter very often.

But against my initial expectations, chapter 6 is the one I preferred.

As it deals with UK taxation, I feared it would be incommensurably dull, but there was also this strategical dimension that made this chapter as stimulating as the previous one.

Obviously, you have first to learn all the UK taxes that are relevant in an investment context, but once it is done, that is when it becomes interesting.

First of all, you have to learn all the computations to calculate those taxes but also strategies to mitigate them.

Maybe tax planning was my true calling, who knows?

How I prepared

I had a lot of apprehension while preparing for this exam. Of course, I have sat exams in an academic context before, but professional exams were something new to me. I did not know what to expect.

Also, I had to deal with a time constraint. The study material is renewed every 1 December and I started in late August, which means I had to successfully pass the test for this unit 1 before 30 November. I was not too eager to start all over again almost from scratch and I am not sure my bank account would have liked me to pay the fee for a second attempt.

As a result, I followed the recommendations provided by CFA UK (the body organising the IMC) very scrupulously.

It advises at least 100 hours of study for unit 1. Since I am not a finance professional,  I knew I would need more.

Therefore, I aimed for 100 hours just for what I called the “initial phase”, which was about studying the study book five times and writing down things I had trouble memorising. It’s time consuming, but I find it makes it easier to process information.

It is very tempting to read passively, it happens instinctively. But writing (especially in your own words) forces you to actively engage with the content.

After an initial skim read of the study book, I had a rough of idea of the length and complexity of each subchapter.

I then allocated those 100 hours for this “initial phase” between late August to 28 October. The point was to ensure I would have two weeks left before the test to focus on my weaknesses.

On 28 October, the result was below the requirement threshold. While the recommendation is that you should score at least 75% at the mock exams, I only got 71% at the mock test I took immediately after completing this so-called initial phase.

But it was a good opportunity to identify my areas of weakness and the two final weeks were dedicated to remediate to those shortcomings.

I read over and over all the subchapters I had not well assimilated and practised the mock exams again and again until I scored above 90%. In total, I have spent around 150 hours to prepare for this exam.

That was sufficient this time around.

Afterthoughts

It was an interesting experience and I feel relieved my efforts bore fruit. I am not getting complacent though. I know I have only completed the easiest unit of a relatively “beginner-friendly” certification.

I have learnt plenty of things, some of which will, I hope, be useful in my work.

It also answered some questions I had been asking myself for a while. For example, I did not know much about the UK regulatory bodies beyond the FCA.

I guess I also now have a vague idea of what advising clients on investment requires and how to structure their portfolio (I am not saying I would know how to do it, I just roughly know how those things work).

The most immediate benefit I gained from this unit is a solid overview of the UK tax system. With the upcoming Autumn Statement, I hope to be able to make good use of what I have just learnt.

However, I do wonder what I will remember of it in say six month’s time. This is especially true of the contents that had no relevance or link to what I do in my everyday (all the things related to investment exchanges for example).

But I suppose, even pros do not retain everything they have learnt while studying for their certifications.

As I have not had any free evenings over the past few months, I will provide myself a break until December. Although I must say, it already feels strange not having to study after work. It just does not feel normal.

I look forward to start learning for unit 2. From the few I could see, it will be much more mathematical than unit 1. I hope time has not eroded my numeracy skills too much (I used to be an accountant a while ago).

Hopefully, this Weekend Essay will have a part II in a couple of months.

Fri, 18 Nov 2022 01:13:00 -0600 en-GB text/html https://www.moneymarketing.co.uk/features/weekend-essay-i-sat-a-professional-exam/
Killexams : Practical Advice For Organizing A Successful Open-Source Technical Certification Program

Dan is the co-founder and chief open source officer at Codefresha software delivery platform with CI/CD, GitOps, and more.

Training and certification programs have always been a popular way for people to pick up new skills and Boost their capabilities. When I was in high school, I had the opportunity to do the Cisco networking certification, which had a huge impact on my career. Famed technologist Kelsey Hightower got his start by using his wages at McDonald's to purchase an A+ certification book. Now he’s a distinguished engineer at Google.

These programs traditionally have been expensive and required learners to study physical books and take proctored in-person exams.

In my role at Codefresh, I’ve organized and hosted quite a few open source-centric labs, training and certification workshops over the years, both in-person and online, and we’ve learned a lot along the way. There are some important elements that can not only make a workshop much more successful than the typical labs that we often see available in the community today but also much more accessible.

In the spirit of open source, I’d like to freely share some of the important things we’ve learned.

Use hosted lab environments.

Whether you’re offering the certification training live in-person or virtually, it’s really difficult to account for the myriad personal computer variations you’ll see among the attendees. They’ll arrive with different equipment, different configurations and different experience levels as well. Relying on attendees’ personal machines often means that you, the workshop organizer, will waste much of the allotted training time debugging and/or reconfiguring people’s PCs.

Everything is so much smoother when you utilize a hosted online lab environment. With the help of a provider, you can create online lab environments for course participants that they access via a web browser—the virtual training environment itself is already preconfigured. So even if a course participant is connecting with a tablet, they can go through the training and exercises and never miss a beat.

In my experience, eliminating this variability has dramatically improved the percentage of people who successfully complete a training program. But there are additional benefits as well.

For Codefresh’s certification programs, we’re teaching people to build and deploy software to Kubernetes, a cloud-native orchestration platform. Generally in cloud computing, users have access to larger servers and resources. Putting all of that into a single developer’s machine basically means they get the most under-resourced cloud possible: their laptop.

Using under-equipped work or personal machines introduces a burden that many wouldn’t experience in their professional environment. Many would argue that employers should pony up for better resources (supported on the employer’s time/dime), and I don’t disagree. But while we’re waiting for a utopia, we can enable the next 100 Kelsey Hightowers with a more accessible program.

One of the really big additional advantages of the hosted online lab model is that with each step in the lab, the lab can automatically check to confirm that participants implemented a task correctly and can provide real-time feedback as needed. There’s a transparent and immediate feedback loop built into the model, whereas with conventional BYOPC labs and workshops, it’s not possible for instructors to see if their guidance is being implemented correctly by the participants—maybe they did things right, or maybe they didn’t. The hosted environment approach is a much more effective way to make sure that lab participants are successfully learning the material and implementing it properly.

Side note: If you’re going to offer a hosted environment whereby all of the coursework and interaction flows through a shared IP address, be sure to confirm that the address won’t get throttled if several hundred people try to use it at once for what may be seriously heavy lifting from a compute/bandwidth perspective. Do a dry run in advance to make sure the infrastructure scales as it should. In our case, one particular service we used would throttle us from pulling images students use in the lab.

Hosted lab environments introduce some additional cost, however, so the resources you outlay for the workshop have to make sense on a financial level relative to the anticipated benefits for the community. Some training providers may elect to charge an upfront fee for this accommodation.

Make the training "self-serve"-friendly.

Many technical certification workshops are oriented first and foremost as one-off live/virtual events that mostly benefit the attendees in the audience the day it was hosted. The (potentially large) audience of follow-on registrants will instead access a rebroadcast to follow along with the training as best as they can, but the learning impact just isn’t the same. Participants should be able to flexibly engage with the course content on their terms and timeline with no drop off in course effectiveness.

Consider making the studying material component of the coursework multi-functional so it can be delivered just as effectively in lecture format to live participants and for self-serve consumption post-event. You’ll find yourself designing the coursework differently—in a way that promotes learning effectiveness (and training continuity) for all course attendees and preserves the shelf life of the content for follow-on registrants.

Stay ahead of the technology.

In the open-source community, in particular, there is a high probability that eagle-eyed course attendees will notice—and not favorably—if you’re behind the times in the techniques you’re imparting. We expect and embrace this with the open-source community because innovation can move very quickly.

It behooves the training and certification course providers themselves to be as up to date as possible. And this ultimately requires a concerted and sustained effort to stay in sync with community innovation so that the coursework is directly relevant and therefore as helpful as it can be.

Conclusion

Embracing an excellent training and certification experience makes it easier for your users to learn and show off their certifications. This viral aspect of certification represents the best of open source: radical sharing.


Forbes Technology Council is an invitation-only community for world-class CIOs, CTOs and technology executives. Do I qualify?


Thu, 08 Dec 2022 20:30:00 -0600 Dan Garfield en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2022/12/09/practical-advice-for-organizing-a-successful-open-source-technical-certification-program/
Killexams : Evaluating the CPA Evolution Initiative

In Brief

For the past decade, declining trends in accounting enrollments and CPA candidates have pointed to the need for bold action to rebuild the pipeline to the profession. The AICPA and NASBA’s Evolution Project represents a major initiative to expand the appeal of the profession and ensures candidates are better prepared for the current environment. This article describes and analyzes the Evolution Project and seeks to answer the question of whether it will successfully reverse the exact decline.

***

January 2024 will be here before you know it. That date signifies lights off for the current model of the Uniform CPA Examination and when the CPA test Evolution makes its formal debut. This joint initiative by the AICPA and the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) represents a new core-plus-discipline CPA licensure model. The AICPA has stated: “We’re trying to embrace what’s changing in the profession and the business environment and the skills a newly licensed CPA will need to possess for licensure (K. Tysiac, “Content for redesigned CPA test takes shape,” Journal of Accountancy, July 7, 2021, https://bit.ly/3CkTsW2).

The CPA Evolution project is rooted in a range of goals and desired outcomes that include the following:

  • A strong core of accounting, auditing, tax, and technology
  • Deeper knowledge in three primary disciplines [Business Analysis and Reporting (BAR), Information Systems and Controls (ISC), and Tax Compliance and Planning (TCP)]
  • Reflections of the reality of practice
  • An adaptive and flexible model to allow for more disciplines
  • One CPA license
  • One common core and one of three disciplines to pass
  • Enhanced public protection.

The Evolution Project is a bold endeavor not seen since the 150-credit requirement was put in place and when the CPA test moved from the paper-and-pencil to computer-based format. This article describes the path to Evolution and exact developments made to the Evolution Model Curriculum (EMC), the recently released Evolution Practice Analysis, and examines the supply and demand of accounting and non-accounting degree candidates. It concludes with an urgent call to action to mitigate the declining CPA candidate pipeline in New York State.

NASBA and AICPA Initiatives

NASBA and the AICPA began their collaboration by producing updated rules and requirements for the Uniform Accountancy Act (UAA) in October 2020 (NASBA, “UAA Model Rule Requirements—Education,” 2020, https://bit.ly/2VerI2k). The updated act guides students, educators, and regulators on the education needed to enter the evolving CPA profession in the years ahead. The UAA established quality standards for educational institutions: Level 1 requires dual accreditation for the accounting program and business school programs; Level 2 requires accreditation only for the business school; and Level 3 requires accreditation occurs only at the institution level (i.e., neither the business school nor accounting program are accredited). In addition to accounting and business content requirements, the UAA establishes skills for newly licensed CPAs that include critical thinking, professional skepticism, research and communication, ethics, and digital acumen. The UAA includes internships and independent study, which may assist CPA candidates in selecting one of the three disciplines in the Evolution Exam.

The UAA does not address the requirements to sit for the test or to become licensed, leaving those decisions up to the licensing jurisdictions. Education requirements are however promulgated in section 5 of the January 2018 AICPA/NASBA Uniform Accountancy Act Standards for Regulation, which state: “The education requirements for a certificate, which must be met before an applicant is eligible to apply for the examination prescribed in subsection (d), shall be at least 150 semester hours of college education” (NASBA, 2020).

In 2020, the AICPA and NASBA formed task forces comprising 40 volunteers to develop the EMC. The task forces planned to assist educators as they realign existing curriculum to the Evolution model and prepare students to become CPAs. In mid-June 2021, following six months of work and fifty-plus meetings, the task forces revealed the EMC. The curriculum represents only a transition guide that demonstrates how programs may integrate Evolution content; the CPA test Blueprints published by the AICPA determine the exam’s content.

Exhibit 1 compiles what the task forces envisions as the EMC coverage by test part, total estimated teaching hours, and estimated credit hours necessary to deliver the EMC content (J. Taylor and D. Dustin, “AICPA, NASBA publish revised CPA Evolution Model Curriculum,” Nov. 19, 2021, https://bit.ly/3SKrDvJ; updated for minor changes released in November 2021. See https://thiswaytocpa.com/program/modelCPAcurriculum.)

Exhibit 1

CPA Evolution Model Curriculum Coverage

 Part; Sections; Modules; Learning Objectives; Est. Teaching Hours (Low); Est. Teaching Hours (High); Est. Credit Hours (Low); Est. Credit Hours (High) Part I: CPA Evolution Core; Section 1: Accounting and Data Analytics; 9; 175; 119.5; 210; 9; 15 Section 2: Audit and Accounting Information Systems; 15; 163; 75.5; 150.5; 6; 12 Section 3: Tax; 12; 106; 35.75; 57.5; 3; 3 Part II: CPA Evolution Discipline; Section 1: Business Analysis and Reporting (BAR); 10; 155; 102; 202; 6; 15 Section 2: Information Systems and Controls (ISC); 5; 60; 70; 115; 6; 9 Section 3: Tax Compliance and Planning (TCP); 14; 181; 67.5; 144.5; 6; 9 Total, Core & Disciplines; 65; 840; 470.25; 879.5; 36; 63 Total, Core only; 36; 444; 230.75; 418; 18; 30 Total, Core + BAR; 46; 599; 332.75; 620; 24; 45 Total, Core + ISC; 41; 504; 300.75; 533; 24; 39 Total, Core + TCP; 50; 625; 298.25; 562.5; 24; 39

The EMC is an ambitious program, not only for an incoming college student to pursue; an educational institution will also secure the necessary resources to deliver the suggested content. A major challenge for educational institutions is the ability to deliver the core and three disciplines’ courses all within the accountancy unit. For example, according to the EMC, educational institutions that plan to deliver the core plus all three disciplines will need to schedule approximately a minimum of 36 to a maximum of 63 credit hours. (This calculation assumes sufficient enrollment exists for one section of each three-credit course offered over four to five academic years. Total teaching hours for one three-credit course over 14 weeks comprise approximately 42 hours.) The tax discipline seems ambitious, covering 625 learning objectives with 24 (low) to 39 (high) credit hours, including the core. Equally ambitious is BAR plus core, recommending 599 learning objectives that require 24 (low) to 45 (high) credit hours. Finally, ISC plus core appears to require less, with 24 (low) to 39 (high) credit hours to cover 504 learning objectives.

Offering courses that satisfy all the learning objectives for the three disciplines while developing faculty competency is a significant task for any educational institution. The EMC implies that all accounting courses, including those beyond the core, must be offered through the accounting unit. Faculty often specialize their teaching in specific areas, which limits the ability of course offerings. For example, a faculty member who specializes in accounting information systems courses are most likely not readily equipped to teach other specialized areas in taxation and vice versa. Although it remains to be seen which discipline candidates will pursue, it is reasonable to conclude that, given the demand for candidates experienced with audit-related technologies and its seemingly less stringent EMC test content, ISC may prevail as the discipline of choice. It is prudent for educators to acknowledge that the EMC is not the CPA test Blueprint; therefore, institutions should be mindful of utilizing significant resources aligning curriculum to the EMC. The Blueprints also could potentially influence a candidate’s choice in pursuing a specific discipline. Because it is a guide for Evolution content, the EMC should be viewed within the context and capacity in which an institution could deliver it. Lastly, not included in the EMC is the non-accounting test content, which is typically learned outside the accounting unit.

Other considerations for educational institutions include reflection on whom they serve and how they should strategize their program offerings relative to their environment. Depending upon student demand and enrollments, as well as faculty competencies, institutions might choose to only offer educational resources for one discipline. Partnerships with neighboring (and competing) institutions could mitigate some of these resource constraints. Some educational institutions may not offer courses for all three disciplines because doing so will require offering multiple specialized courses with constraints such as student enrollment and faculty experience. Creativity and strategic decisions are necessary because, unlike the current test model, Evolution candidates should enroll in different course programming when preparing for the disciplines.

Concerns about Evolution

Professional organizations and the American Accounting Association (AAA) have voiced the following concerns about the EMC as follows (“Comment Letters with Concerns about the Proposed AICPA CPA Evolution Model Curriculum,” 2021, https://aaahq.org/CPA-Evolution-Model-Curriculum):

  • EMC does not require managerial or cost accounting—“The Model Curriculum does a disservice to CPA candidates by failing to cover skills they will need both at the start of their careers as auditors and later in their careers as business advisors and finance leaders.” (IMA Briefing, June 8, 2021, https://bit.ly/3nbvVzY)
  • AAA Education Committee—“CPA EMC is skewed toward courses and competencies that the CPA test might assess rather than the body of knowledge and competencies that those entering public accounting might need for their careers.”
  • AAA Council—“A model curriculum is not possible and is not advisable for academic institutions of accounting.”
  • AAA Financial Accounting and Reporting Section—“The core knowledge plus discipline for [BAR] has an estimate (using the average of the proposed low and high hours for each topic) of 476 hours. With an estimate of 40 contact hours per semester per course, this is approximately 12 courses of [core-plus-BAR] knowledge alone (15 courses at the high end). A BAR faculty member’s dream!”
  • AAA Forensic Accounting Section— “These courses tend to be among the most popular for college-going students because ‘fraud examination and forensic accounting’—seen as ‘auditing on steroids’—have an intrinsic appeal … Career opportunities in fraud and forensics are rich and rewarding; without inclusion of these courses in the MC, there is risk of being dropped from an academic program.”
  • AAA Government and Nonprofit Section—“GNP accounting is an important part of students’ accounting education because it motivates them to consider their roles, current and future, as a citizen and contributing member of the nonprofit community.” Citing student interest in working in public service and NFPs provides evidence in favor of retaining this content. There is concern, however, that GNP will not survive within the BAR discipline relative to ISC discipline and thus pose the following question: “Will CPAs be able to interpret governmental financial statements when being tested on the [core] knowledge?”
  • AAA International Accounting Section—“In addition, we see the document as conveying to the world the mistaken notion that the knowledge base of accountants in the U.S. is devoid of any international context … Accounting for Hedging and Derivatives was removed in the last Practice Analysis but the MC included it in BAR. Why not IFRS? Understanding differences between U.S. GAAP and IFRS reporting entails critical thinking. The importance and magnitude of international trade, $7 trillion market capitalization of foreign private issuers, and 120 countries using IFRS supports test inclusion. Convergence is not complete.”
  • AAA Auditing Section—“Accordingly, we believe that students will be better prepared for their careers in accounting if they develop higher-order skills in the classroom, while acquiring incidental accounting knowledge through self-study CPA test review courses. It’s extremely challenging to cover the comprehensive content in the available time during a course or two. Generally external auditing is limited to one course.”
  • AAA Management Accounting Section—“The current efforts surrounding the CPA [EMC] suggest that an accounting education’s primary source of value lies in the passing of the CPA exam. However, tightly linking accounting education with a single certification test will likely deter the brightest students from pursuing an undergraduate degree in accounting.”

AICPA Releases the Evolution Practice Analysis

On June 27, 2022, the AICPA released the Evolution Practice Analysis (EPA), which represents the exposure draft for the Evolution CPA test Blueprints (https://bit.ly/3ycAjTS). The EPA is a proposal derived from research, the profession, and other interested stake-holders who advance knowledge expectations for newly licensed CPAs. New content is expressed in the ISC and TCP disciplines, most of which is captured in the EMC. Although nearly 50% of the Business Environment and Concepts (BEC) is now included in BAR, the remaining BEC content (written communication content is excluded) is embedded in Auditing and Attestation (AUD), Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR), and ISC; Regulation (REG) and TCP are void of BEC content. Although most BEC knowledge is typically gained through the business disciplines of a curriculum, BEC content residing in certain core and disciplines may imply specific knowledge application to that test section.

New content for data technology concepts is evident throughout the EPA. Candidates will be expected to evaluate outputs for completeness, structure, usefulness, and actions; they will not be expected to create reports or demonstrate competence in use of data analytics software. Applied research skills using source materials is expected of candidates, with the goal of identifying and analyzing to further a response. The comment period for the EPA ended September 30, 2022. The Evolution Blueprints should be finalized by early 2023.

Some might consider the January 2024 launch date means that the transition time is too short. Students currently enrolled in a 150-hour licensure program may be caught in-between exams, needing to take the new Evolution test yet finding themselves unprepared for it. CPA review courses may need to be swift to fill the knowledge gaps until academia catches up.

The transition model allows credit for the current BEC part passed in the pre-evolution test as the substitute for a discipline exam. (There is an 18-month window to pass all four parts of the Evolution model; see https://nasba.org/blog/2022/02/25/transition-policy/.) That transition model might result in a rush to pass BEC, because it traditionally has higher pass rates than the other test parts (https://bit.ly/3EbNPL8). A BEC rush could be exacerbated if candidates perceive the discipline exams to be more Draft Maintaining the Relevance of the Uniform CPA Examination – Aligning the test with the CPA Evolution Licensure Model,” https://bit.ly/3ycAjTS). The same applies to pre-Evolution candidates passing BEC before January 2024; otherwise, candidates would be required to retake the core and/or a discipline.

Re-registration of licensure programs by jurisdictions may be time consuming; candidates with pre-Evolution education may feel pressure to pass the Evolution test before their education no longer meets Evolution jurisdiction requirements. The process of reconciling programs to comply with the EMC as well as the Evolution Blueprints might not proceed as quickly within academic as candidates might hope. Attention could also be given to BEC content embedded in specific exams and its relevant mapping within the accounting and business disciplines. The patience of the academy may also be further tested while jurisdictions complete the arduous task of approving new licensure programs.

The New York CPA Pipeline

According to NASBA, as of August 2022, there are 665,612 licensed CPAs covering 54 jurisdictions (NASBA 2022). As of January 1, 2022, 65,164 are licensed CPAs in New York State (see the New York State Education Department, Office of the Professions, http://www.op.nysed.gov/prof/cpa/cpacounts.htm). Between 2015 and 2020, the number of NYS licenses issued declined by approximately 20%. Licenses issued in 2015 and 2020 were 3,282 and 2,626, respectively; this decline in 2020 may be partially attributed to COVID-19 as well as pipeline decline; in 2019 and 2021, 2,796 and 3,092 licenses were issued, respectively, which each represent decreases of 15% and 6% compared to 2015. The clear conclusion is that there has been a declining trend in the number of accounting degrees awarded in New York over exact years. According to the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), for all not-for-profit institutions in New York State, the total number of accounting degrees (both graduate and undergraduate) awarded between 2015 and 2020 decreased by approximately 7% in New York. Master’s degrees awarded in accounting, which are programs that qualify for licensure, declined by 10% over the same period. (According to the NYS Inventory of Registered Program, as of May 6, 2022, there are 204 total licensure programs, of which 183 are at the master’s level, 20 are bachelors, and 1 advanced certificate; see http://www.nysed.gov/heds/IRPSL1.html.)

Conversely, from 2015 to 2020, the total number of computer science completed degrees in New York State increased by 130%. Master’s degree in computer science master’s programs increased 76% during the same period. Although in 2020 total accounting degrees completed exceeded computer science degrees by approximately 27%, this is much less than the 216% excess in 2015. Exhibits 2 and 3 illustrate these trends over time.

Exhibit 2

All Degrees Completed, New York State

Exhibit 3

Master’s Degrees Completed, New York State

A primary reason for these divergent trends in accounting and computer science degrees may be attributed to current salary levels for exact graduates. Computer science graduates earn approximately over $100,000, IT auditors $96,000, and public accounting graduates $66,000 (RobertHalf, “2022 Salary Guide,” 2021, https://www.roberthalf.com/salary-guide). Normally, graduates of public accounting and IT auditors typically will have 150 hours of education upon employment; an undergraduate degree in computer science is generally required for entry-level positions.

The profession has sought to mitigate the declining enrollment trends through partnered programs. Specifically, KPMG, EY, and Deloitte have established programs with academic institutions that provide funding and branding while ensuring a direct and experienced candidate pipeline to public accounting firms (KPMG, “Learn About Participating Universities: KPMG Master of Accounting with Data and Analytics Program,” 2020; A. Gee, “EY and Hult International Business School announce new Masters in Business Analytics, free for all EY people,” Oct. 18, 2021, https://go.ey.com/3SQSE0E; S. McCabe, “Deloitte Foundation partners with Ohio State University for diversity scholarship,” 2021, https://bit.ly/3rsnYaf). In addition, PricewaterhouseCoopers has numerous early to the profession programs to further engage new college students (e.g., see https://accessyourpotential.pwc.com/https://pwc.to/3e76Dke, and https://bit.ly/3Cazyf0).

Trends in Private versus Public Institutions

Between 2015 and 2020, the total number of accounting degrees issued in New York State fell by 461, or 7%. A deeper perspective shows that the decrease was 10% and 5% for private and public institutions, respectively. The reasons for this discrepancy could be attributed to funding the 150-credit licensing requirements with lower state/city tuition rates due to the availability of Excelsior Scholarships starting in fiscal year 2017 (https://on.ny.gov/3VagIO4). Given the very exact declines in total accounting degrees completed in New York State (Exhibit 2), it is reasonable to conclude that private institutions may absorb most of any future declines. Exhibit 4 illustrates these trends.

Exhibit 4

Total Accounting Degrees, New York State

A primary reason for these divergent trends in accounting and computer science degrees may be attributed to current salary levels for exact graduates.

In the aggregate, computer science degrees increased by 130% from 2015 to 2020. Significant increases were both realized by private (97%) and public (95%) institutions. The difference in computer science degrees between private and public institutions of 31% in 2015 narrowed to 12% in 2020, which suggests that both sectors are benefiting from increased enrollment in computer science majors.

Most of the exact decline in accounting graduates is attributed to the master’s level (10%), which signals a decline in students seeking the degree for licensure. A closer analysis of master’s level degrees completed shows a decrease from 2015 to 2020 by 8% and 13% for private and public institutions, respectively. Bachelor’s level degrees completed at private institutions decreased by 11% from 2015 to 2020. Bachelor’s level degrees completed at public institutions decreased by 2% from 2015 to 2020.

That significant difference in the decline in bachelor’s degrees between private (11%) and public (2%) institutions from 2015 to 2020 suggests that the private institutions will experience fewer candidates progressing into a master’s licensure program than public institutions. This trend signals that fewer candidates will progress to the Evolution Exam, and ultimately a licensure program, unless the enrollment in undergraduate accounting programs significantly improves.

The data also suggest that students in private institutions pursue licen-sure programs significantly more often than students in public institutions do, expressed as a percentage of total degrees completed for a given year. Despite a lower number of total degrees completed, candidates from private institutions that completed master’s degrees represented 39% (1,088) of degrees in 2015 and 40% (998) of degrees in 2020. Significantly different results are found for public institutions. That group represents 24% (894) of master’s degrees completed in 2015 and 22% (779) of master’s degrees completed in 2020. This trend exists despite a significantly higher volume of undergraduate degrees completed at public institutions as compared with private institutions. The result from the public institutions signals that emphasis is placed on completing the bachelor’s degree, not the master’s. Because candidates cannot be licensed unless they pursue a licensure program, in the aggregate, the trends in accounting graduate degrees completed at New York public institutions are discouraging, especially in light of the Evolution Project’s goal to increase the number of CPAs. (See Exhibit 5 for a further breakdown of degrees completed.)

Exhibit 5

Breakdown of Accounting Degrees Completed, New York State

In a startling development, the AICPA 2021 Trends report found a 44% decline in accounting associate degrees awarded over the exact 10 years.

Certificate Programs, the Pipeline Supply, and Employer Demand

IPEDS defines certificates as “a recognized post credentials that is conferred upon the satisfactory completion of a postsecondary education program.” [The AICPA 2021 Trends report uses IPEDS, which represents all institutions participating in federal student aid programs and reports by Classification by Instructional Programs (CIP) for degrees completed. This may include both non-profit and for-profit institutions; the New York data presented excludes for-profit entities for comparison purposes. (Search “Terms”, “C”, and “Certificate” at https://surveys.nces.ed.gov/ipeds/public/glossary.)] In the case of accounting education, a certificate may qualify as meeting a jurisdiction’s education requirement for CPA licensure. Certificates are attractive to candidates who possess a non-accounting degree in another field of business field degree and subsequently decide to pursue accountancy licensure education requirements. Advanced certificates may be offered at a discounted price and delivered in an accelerated time frame than the typical master’s degree [see, e.g., Santa Clara University’s Certificate in Advanced Accounting Proficiency (CAAP), https://www.scu.edu/business/caap/admissions/]. The AICPA 2021 Trends report notes that between 2018 and 2020, certificates in accounting increased 7%; between 2002 and 2020 that increase was 39%, to an astounding total of 18,298 certificates completed in 2020. Although accounting certificates appear to be a popular path to accounting education, caution should be taken to determine that certificate programs qualify for licensure education by a jurisdiction. According to the New York State Education Department Inventory of Registered Programs, the only advanced certificate that qualifies for licensure is offered by the John Jay College of Criminal Justice (see https://bit.ly/3V8M084). Although there are many other New York institutions offering accounting certificate programs that report completion data in IPEDS, only the John Jay certificate is registered as licensure qualifying. It should also be noted that IPEDS reports zero certificates completed at John Jay during the past 10 years.

The AICPA 2021 Trends reports that, from 2010 to 2020, the total employer demand for accounting graduates at both the undergraduate and graduate levels declined by approximately 17%; but the past five years alone saw a decline of approximately 20%. From 2010 to 2020, the supply of total accounting undergraduate and graduate degrees completed dropped by approximately 4%, but the past five years saw a decline of approximately 9%. Although one may surmise that declines in employer demand may be due to absent or changing and preferred skill sets, a significant reason is the decline in the exact supply of accounting graduates. The AICPA further reports that 60% of 2020 new hires into CPA firms had accounting and tax degrees; the remaining 40% of new hires had predominately non-accounting business (23%) and computer science (6%) degrees.

In a startling development, the AICPA 2021 Trends report found a 44% decline in accounting associate degrees awarded over the exact 10 years. These degrees serve as a pipeline of students who intend to complete the accounting major by entering senior colleges. In New York, associate degrees completed in accounting (CIP 52.030) declined 84%, from 126 in 2010 to 20 in 2020. For all other accounting services—dominated by accounting technology, technician, and bookkeeping—associate degrees completed in New York increased by 14%, from 1,001 in 2010 to 1,137 in 2020 (data compiled from IPEDS). The availability of NYS Excelsior scholarships may explain some of the accounting associate degree decline; it may reveal that and if they have the option, accounting students prefer a four-year institution for their study rather than risking a transfer policy. According to the AICPA 2021 Trends report, 90% of those surveyed expected that number of non-CPA professional staff in accounting/finance functions at CPA firms would be higher or remain the same in 2021 compared with 2020.

Based on these findings, the authors conclude that associate degree accounting and business students provide significant value to the profession. Without greater efforts at the community college level, enrollment in accounting programs will further stress efforts to Boost enrollment in senior colleges. Further declining enrollments in NYS community colleges that may result from proposed recommendations for education regulations for CPA license is expressed in a 2022 comment letter from the NYSSCPA to the New York State Board of Public Accountancy (https://bit.ly/3RB0oms).

What Can Be Done Next?

There exist significant challenges to growing accounting enrollment and attracting students to the profession. Although there is no magic trick that will reverse declining trends, collective efforts, which include early and targeted intervention to curtail further declines in the number of students choosing the accountancy discipline, are necessary from all those vested in the profession. Demographic shifts in the expected student population, especially in the Northeast, will further shrink the available pool of high school students (S. Jaschik, “Are Prospective Students About to Disappear?” Inside Higher Ed, Jan. 8, 2018, https://bit.ly/3V1Tp97). Given the licensure requirements of passing a seemingly daunting new exam, five years of education, and at least one year of experience, the benefits of an accounting career must exceed the return on education costs provided by other disciplines that require just a four-year college degree.

Existing partnerships between professional societies and academia, at both college and high school levels, require creativity and stability to yield results. Further integration and engagement between accounting firms and college and high school representatives could not only deepen professional ties, but also lead to collaborative efforts to address the Evolution curriculum and its effective delivery. Through impactful programs and early internships, prospective pre-college students would be informed of the public value that the profession provides—along with its career flexibility, diversity, and rewards. Collaborative and creative partnerships within the academy, such as strategic program initiatives with units outside of accounting (e.g., non-accounting business fields, computer science, and related fields), and through professional engagement could further promote the profession. Ongoing efforts at the K-12 level—such as STEM designation, finance academies, and college level programs in accounting—not only provides early exposure to the discipline as a science, but also attracts college level candidates to the pipeline. (For more on the efforts for STEM designation, see https://bit.ly/3RIBDF5 and https://bit.ly/3EnC9Fb.)

Further integration and engagement between accounting firms and college and high school representatives could not only deepen professional ties, but also lead to collaborative efforts to address the Evolution curriculum and its effective delivery.

The cost of education required for CPA licensure is of widespread concern. Public institutions attract many undergraduate students for whom financial aid is available for a net lower tuition cost. It seems, however, that a similar financial model does not persist at the graduate level at public institutions, particularly in New York. Private institutions attempt to compete with public institutions by tuition discounting on the undergraduate level. Private institutions may further grow their graduate pool within capacity limits by providing attractive financial support than public institutions provide to their graduate pool. Creative solutions—such as certificate programs, firm funded programs, scholarship support and other advancement efforts—are needed to defray the cost of an accounting education, and particularly to mitigate declining enrollment trends at the undergraduate level. Extraordinary efforts to promote the profession (e.g., financial, professional engagement, work-life issues, value to the public) should be considered to encourage candidates to pursue the licensure programs. The alarms that have been ringing for at least the past 10 years have become deafening and call for urgent actions, including and beyond the Evolution initiative. Only once changes have been implemented will the profession know whether the students have come back.

Nina Terranova Dorata, PhD, CPA, is a professor of accountancy at St. John’s University, Jamaica, N.Y. She is also the past chair of the NYSSCPA Committee on the Future of Accountancy Education.
Vincent J. Shea, PhD, CPA, is an associate professor of accountancy at St. John’s University.
Mon, 28 Nov 2022 02:48:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.cpajournal.com/2022/11/28/evaluating-the-cpa-evolution-initiative/
Killexams : Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Size 2023, Share, Growth, Company Profiles, Competitive Landscape and Key Regions Analysis 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

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Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Segment by Type:

● DC Out-runner Brushless Motor ● AC Out-runner Brushless Motor

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● Aerospace ● Medical ● Industrial Automation ● Consumer Electronics ● Other

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Major Points from Table of Contents:

1 Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Out-runner Brushless Motor
1.2 Out-runner Brushless Motor Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Size Growth Rate Analysis by Type 2022 VS 2028
1.2.2 DC Out-runner Brushless Motor
1.2.3 AC Out-runner Brushless Motor
1.3 Out-runner Brushless Motor Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption Comparison by Application: 2022 VS 2028
1.3.2 Aerospace
1.3.3 Medical
1.3.4 Industrial Automation
1.3.5 Consumer Electronics
1.3.6 Other
1.4 Global Market Growth Prospects
1.4.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Revenue Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.4.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5 Global Market Size by Region
1.5.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Size Estimates and Forecasts by Region: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
1.5.2 North America Out-runner Brushless Motor Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.3 Europe Out-runner Brushless Motor Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.4 China Out-runner Brushless Motor Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.5 Japan Out-runner Brushless Motor Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

2 Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Revenue Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.3 Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.4 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Average Price by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.5 Manufacturers Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Sites, Area Served, Product Types
2.6 Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.6.1 Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Concentration Rate
2.6.2 Global 5 and 10 Largest Out-runner Brushless Motor Players Market Share by Revenue
2.6.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion

3 Production by Region
3.1 Global Production of Out-runner Brushless Motor Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.3 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.4 North America Out-runner Brushless Motor Production
3.4.1 North America Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.4.2 North America Out-runner Brushless Motor Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.5 Europe Out-runner Brushless Motor Production
3.5.1 Europe Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.5.2 Europe Out-runner Brushless Motor Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.6 China Out-runner Brushless Motor Production
3.6.1 China Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.6.2 China Out-runner Brushless Motor Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.7 Japan Out-runner Brushless Motor Production
3.7.1 Japan Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.7.2 Japan Out-runner Brushless Motor Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

4 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Region
4.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Region
4.1.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Region
4.1.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption Market Share by Region
4.2 North America
4.2.1 North America Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Country
4.2.2 United States
4.2.3 Canada
4.3 Europe
4.3.1 Europe Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Country
4.3.2 Germany
4.3.3 France
4.3.4 U.K.
4.3.5 Italy
4.3.6 Russia
4.4 Asia Pacific
4.4.1 Asia Pacific Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Region
4.4.2 China
4.4.3 Japan
4.4.4 South Korea
4.4.5 China Taiwan
4.4.6 Southeast Asia
4.4.7 India
4.4.8 Australia
4.5 Latin America
4.5.1 Latin America Out-runner Brushless Motor Consumption by Country
4.5.2 Mexico
4.5.3 Brazil

5 Segment by Type
5.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Price by Type (2017-2022)

6 Segment by Application
6.1 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Production Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global Out-runner Brushless Motor Price by Application (2017-2022)

Continued . . .

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Killexams : What’s behind the rise in adult ADHD?

It is not pure coincidence that ADHD diagnoses have risen alongside the internet’s attention economy – a vast infrastructure that has been designed to capture and monetise people’s focus. Nor is it a coincidence that they have increased during this era of cut-throat capitalism, in which ever more people are consigned to desk-bound jobs that place huge demands on their time and offer little financial security. We are also still contending with the aftermath of a pandemic that is estimated to have killed 15 million people worldwide: is it any surprise that so many of us feel rudderless and unable to concentrate?

The way we think about emotional distress changes over time. If anxiety was one of the defining disorders of the early 21st century, are we now entering the ADHD decades?

An ADHD diagnosis should be a “long, considered” process, Matthew Broome told me. First, a psychiatrist must determine whether a person exhibits at least five symptoms of inattentiveness, or hyperactivity and impulsiveness. They must ascertain if these symptoms began in childhood and are not better explained by another disorder; they must assess whether they are affecting more than one area of a person’s life. And they must judge whether they are significantly impairing.

As with most psychiatric conditions, there is no exact, scientific point at which a person’s symptoms become a disorder. The stricter you set the criteria for diagnosis, the more people you exclude from specialist support. But set the bar too low, and you label vast numbers of people as “disordered”, alienating those with more extreme symptoms. Several people with ADHD I spoke to expressed concern that the label had become “fashionable”, and that the online conversation sometimes reduced ADHD to a series of relatable memes about zoning out when someone is talking to you, or forgetting your online passwords.

ADHD helps her make better sense of her own life: her social isolation as a schoolchild, her erratic academic performance.

Among teens and younger adults, Broome says he has noticed an increased impatience – an eagerness for a diagnosis that might be linked to the wider youth mental health crisis and a desperate search for answers. “A kind of TikTok understanding of a condition can become very prevalent,” he says. “Even among [psychiatry] students, they want a quick-recognition diagnostic system. Which is really interesting, because in the past people were very sceptical of psychiatry and were more likely to say: ‘Don’t diagnose us, don’t provide us labels.’ Now it’s more: ‘Give us a label, and provide us a label quickly.’” The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has become a surprise bestseller, driven by a rise in people self-diagnosing.

Transformative diagnosis

When adults seek ADHD diagnoses, they are often in a period of crisis or transition: they might be leaving university or have suffered a career setback or a break-up. The people I talked to who had recently received a diagnosis described it as transformative. One person had spent three years waiting for help on the NHS; others had spent thousands on private treatment. I spoke to an entrepreneur who was diagnosed at 50. She did not want to be named but told me she sought help after the hormonal changes brought on by the menopause exacerbated problems that had plagued her for years: extreme forgetfulness and disorganisation, periods of intense depression. Starting medication helped: she no longer needs three attempts to leave the house.

But more than that, ADHD helps her make better sense of her own life: her social isolation as a schoolchild, her erratic academic performance – sometimes she flunked, sometimes she came top – or why she began self-medicating with amphetamines at university. She might have gone off the rails entirely, she says, were it not for the birth of her eldest daughter when she was 25.

After she was diagnosed, she spoke to her parents about the things she’d done that had hurt them; it was a relief to know they now understood that she wasn’t simply “naughty”, or “knocking around with the wrong crowd”.

James Kustow, a London-based psychiatrist, describes ADHD to me as “one of the most rewarding conditions to work with”, because treatment is so effective. “Someone can be under psychiatric care for 20 years, with a diagnosis of substance-use disorder, anxiety disorder, maybe a personality disorder or PTSD – and underpinning all that is ADHD. If you don’t treat the underlying ADHD, you’re not treating the fire underneath the pot,” he explains. Once this has been addressed, the difference is remarkable: “Suddenly they’re in a relationship, they’re in a job, their depression’s gone, they’re managing to eat and exercise.”

Kustow, who is 47, shaven-headed and bespectacled, was diagnosed with ADHD as a medical student in his early 30s. Most ADHD experts seem to have it, I observe. “I think you’ll find that with almost every physical and mental health problem. With ADHD, maybe people talk about it more, because they’re more impulsive,” he replies with a laugh. He describes ADHD as a “silly name”: “It should be ‘dysregulation syndrome’ because it’s all about that: dysregulated attention, dysregulated activity – hyperactivity or, quite the opposite, apathy – dysregulated emotions, dysregulated impulse control.” Having ADHD has made him better at his job, Kustow says. He has an intimate understanding of his patients’ experiences, as well as the intense focus and creative mindset that enables him to identify patterns others haven’t.

He’s interested in research exploring the unexpected overlap between ADHD and physical health disorders such as hypermobility and various inflammatory and autoimmune disorders: one large-scale Swedish study has suggested that those with asthma are 45 per cent more likely to have ADHD, and a exact meta-analysis suggested that suffering from hay fever makes you 50 per cent more likely to have it. A disproportionate number of people with eczema, psoriasis, ulcerative colitis and thyroid disease also have ADHD. And if long COVID is found to be linked to certain forms of neuroinflammation, it’s possible that it will also emerge as a risk factor.

Kustow hopes this field of research will be another step towards explaining ADHD, the causes of which have been difficult to identify. Twin studies suggest there is a significant genetic component, though no single genetic marker for the condition has been found; research on Romanian orphans suggests deprivation early in life plays a role, and ADHD may also be linked to trauma. Brain scans indicate there are some structural features that can be associated with ADHD, though these are not so pronounced that you can use a scan to determine whether an individual has it.

But even if ADHD has many biological causes, it is not a purely physical phenomenon. When psychiatrists assess a patient’s degree of impairment, they measure the condition’s effects against that person’s expectations and environment. If you are an accountant, you might be more hampered by poor organisation and an inability to focus than if you are an artist. All of which means you can’t talk meaningfully about the rise in ADHD without grappling with other big social and cultural questions: what counts as a “normal” level of personal organisation, or an “average” attitude towards risk? What does a “normal” attention span look like, anyway?

Consumer-culture phenomenon

In her 2021 book The Sleeping Beauties and Other Stories of Mystery Illness, neurologist Suzanne O’Sullivan explores the role that culture and society play in functional illnesses. 

In the 1960s, American psychiatrist Keith Conners made the counter-intuitive discovery that administering amphetamines to wild and recalcitrant teenagers could bring about radical improvements in their behaviour and their grades.

Conners developed a questionnaire to help practitioners identify those children who would benefit from stimulant medication. Psychiatrists were subsequently unsure how to categorise these children, who showed no signs of impairment other than their hyperactive, impulsive tendencies, and the clinicians tested out different terms: “minimal brain damage”, “hyperkinetic impulse disorder”, “minimal brain dysfunction”, “attention deficit disorder” and then finally, in 1987, ADHD.

An early advert for Ritalin, one of the first stimulants Conners tested, offered a foretaste of how drug companies would seize on his findings. “Ritalin: helps ‘the problem child’ become lovable again”, it declared. In 1994, drugs company Richwood Pharmaceuticals acquired a new kind of amphetamine named Obetrol. It relaunched the product as Adderall – literally “ADD [attention deficit disorder] for all” – and marketed the brand at anxious, competitive parents: here were drugs that would fix bad behaviour, Boost grades and help children fulfil their potential, and who wouldn’t want that? “Finally! Schoolwork that matches his intelligence”, one Adderall ad said, depicting a blonde, photogenic mother hugging her blond, photogenic son.

The advertising campaigns “confirmed the disorder as a true consumer-culture phenomenon”, former New York Times journalist Alan Schwarz wrote in his 2016 book, ADHD Nation, exploring the making of an American epidemic. By the early 2010s, about one in 10 American children were being diagnosed. Conners was horrified: he had estimated that only 2 or 3 per cent of children would meet the criteria for diagnosis, and he thought the label was being misused, resulting in over-medication and a burgeoning black market in “study drugs” – stimulants, used to treat ADHD, that were being taken casually to heighten alertness and concentration, often by tired students. Before his death in 2017, Conners called the overdiagnosis of ADHD a “national disaster of dangerous proportions”.

One of Conners’ colleagues at Duke University in North Carolina was Allen Frances, the psychiatrist who chaired the fourth edition of the DSMand published a book titled Saving Normal in 2013, an “insider’s revolt” that argued against rampant overdiagnosis, mostly driven by pharmaceutical companies. Like everyone I spoke to, Frances believed it essential that those with the most severe ADHD symptoms received support, including medication. But he thought far too many children were being given a diagnosis simply because it is easier to medicate a child than to address any underlying causes: problems such as oversized classes, an exam-oriented educational system or parental pressure.

How well should we expect the average child to concentrate? What counts as “hyperactivity” when children’s lifestyles are more sedentary than ever? Studies in the US, Denmark and Taiwan have shown that children who are the youngest in their class are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than their older peers. “We’re turning immaturity into a medical disorder,” Allen tells me. He felt that we are transforming an “educational problem” (of how you support pupils at different stages of development) into an “individual psychiatric condition”.

Frances points out that ADHD shares many symptoms with other common conditions, such as insomnia, depression and bipolar disorder. “Psychiatric diagnoses run in fads,” he says. “Human nature is very stable, but how people understand distress is labile.” He thought that adult ADHD had become “the latest fad”, in part because its defining traits are disparate.

And it is true that it’s a condition most people can relate to. The more I read about it, the more I questioned myself: I am messy, disorganised and easily distracted. I daydreamed through school, and wrote this piece in guilty, frenetic chunks, with at least 30 internet tabs open in my browser. Might I have it? I completed a WHO-approved online ADHD questionnaire, which suggested that my score was high enough to warrant professional advice.

‘Errand paralysis’

A GP friend who expresses scepticism over the number of her patients who have recently sought a private diagnosis – all white, middle-class, outwardly successful women – had nonetheless recently completed the same questionnaire herself. She did it before work one morning, after her porridge had boiled over and the cable to the kettle caught fire; she had begun to wonder if this level of personal chaos was normal. (The questionnaire reassured her that she was unlikely to have ADHD.)

While researching this piece, I was also reminded of a viral 2019 BuzzFeed essay by American journalist Anne Helen Petersen, which she later developed into a book, Can’t Even. Her description of “errand paralysis” resonated with Millennial readers (including me) who routinely fail to complete basic “life admin”: they leave letters unposted for months and bills unpaid; they accumulate ill-fitting clothes because they can’t mail returns on time. Petersen argues that such errand paralysis is a symptom of the chronic burnout that afflicts her generation, many of whom cannot escape financial precarity despite working all the time, often in monotonous, desk-bound jobs.

Much of what Petersen attributes to burnout might also be seen as evidence of ADHD. Are some people seeking ADHD diagnoses as a result of unrealistic cultural expectations? Is it easier to attribute organisational failings to a personal condition than to acknowledge how hard it is to thrive in today’s culture?

In her 2021 book The Sleeping Beauties and Other Stories of Mystery Illness, neurologist Suzanne O’Sullivan explores the role that culture and society play in functional illnesses, drawing on examples such as “resignation syndrome” – the coma-like state that grips child asylum-seekers in Sweden who have been threatened with deportation. (The only cure is permanent asylum and even then, the recovery process is painfully slow.)

She points out that what counts as ADHD impairment is culturally determined. She notes, for example, that some have attributed Hong Kong’s high ADHD rates to a cultural tendency to pathologise anger and extreme emotion. Also influenced by culture is the impulse to seek out a medical diagnosis – often the only way to solicit understanding in a society that champions resilience, independence and, above all, success. “Sometimes illness is a sign that the life we have chosen for ourselves is not the right one, but Western culture doesn’t make it easy to acknowledge that,” O’Sullivan writes. “There’s an increasing tendency for people to seek out a medical reason to explain why things are not working out.”

She questions whether a diagnosis is worthwhile for those with milder symptoms: does a child who is struggling need a medical label before they get support, especially if that label might shape their self-perception for life? After completing my own ADHD questionnaire, I asked myself if any of my traits could be deemed impairing, and concluded they weren’t: my life might be less stressful if I became more organised, but my chaotic approach to almost everything hadn’t held me back professionally or socially. Later I wondered if the better question was: what would a diagnosis provide me, anyway?

Without exception, the certified and people with ADHD I spoke to resisted the idea that the condition is a form of culture-bound illness or, in Frances’ words, a “fad”. But they didn’t deny culture plays a part, as so many aspects of modern life are difficult to navigate if you have ADHD traits. One popular formulation, from a 1993 book by US psychotherapist Thom Hartmann, is that people with ADHD are hunters living in a farmers’ world. They would have flourished in high-risk, high-reward hunter-gatherer societies, when their distractibility would keep them constantly scanning the horizon for food or threats. But they are less suited to societies that value detailed planning and methodical work. If you’re happiest when active, and are easily sidetracked but occasionally obsessively focused, what could be tougher than being required to sit at a screen all day, answering emails or inputting data – especially when you could be chasing the dopamine hits of social media, or burrowing deep into whatever internet wormhole will sustain your interest?

In 2015, Microsoft conducted a survey of Canadian media consumption that suggested the average attention span had fallen from 12 seconds in 2000 to eight, less than that of a goldfish. Almost every newspaper reported on our goldfish brains, but the science crumbled under scrutiny. Microsoft’s sample was small, and it is hard to extrapolate how well people can focus on real-world tasks from the kinds of attention you can stimulate in a lab. Our attention spans are, after all, elastic and fluctuate according to our level of interest, mood and state of mind.

And yet the goldfish study resonated because it spoke to a wider cultural anxiety. We sense it intuitively, every time we scroll through timelines for so long that we enter a fugue state: we are giving our attention away for free. At what stage do you stop blaming the internet for all those unfinished projects and unfulfilled ambitions, and instead blame yourself?

ADHD deniers

Hungarian-Canadian psychologist Gabor Maté was one of the first and most prominent voices to argue that ADHD is better thought of as a problem of society. Penguin Books

The adults with ADHD I spoke to wanted to correct common misconceptions – that they weren’t all “naughty boys, bouncing off walls” – but they were also wary: was I going to use this essay to argue that ADHD isn’t real? There has always been a strong current of scepticism about the diagnosis: people who believe not just that it is over-diagnosed, but that it doesn’t exist – an alibi for bad parenting, an excuse for extra time in exams or disability allowances, a get-out for laziness or bad behaviour. In 2014, American neurologist Richard Saul published the provocatively titled book ADHD Does Not Exist, arguing that its symptoms are caused by 20 other conditions, from bad eyesight to bipolar disorder.

The ADHD deniers point to the lack of biological evidence – something ADHD shares with most conditions studied by psychiatry. They tend to provide little consideration to what a diagnosis means to people, or the reason it is embraced by those who feel it accurately captures their difficulties and strengths. Some patients who reject all other mental health labels, such as schizophrenia or depression, have nonetheless embraced ADHD as part of the neurodiversity movement, which encourages individuals to prize cognitive difference and challenges society to find better ways to accommodate their needs.

But ADHD doesn’t have to be considered a fixed medical condition to be real or meaningful. Hungarian-Canadian psychologist Gabor Maté was one of the first and most prominent voices to argue that ADHD is better thought of as a problem of society. It’s “a physiological consequence of life in a particular environment, in a particular culture”, he argues in his 1999 book Scattered Minds. Maté, who is now 78, has ADHD himself, as do his three children. The diagnosis helped him make sense of his disorganisation, workaholism and bad temper, problems he believes stemmed from a fear of allowing his thoughts to rest. “Terrified of my mind, I had always dreaded spending a moment alone with it,” he writes in Scattered Minds. “There always had to be a book in my pocket as an emergency kit in case I was ever trapped waiting anywhere, even for one minute, be it a bank queue or supermarket check-out counter. I was forever throwing my mind scraps to feed on, as if to a ferocious and malevolent beast.”

Maté believed some people might be genetically predisposed to ADHD, but that the trigger was childhood stress and emotional insecurity. This explanation now feels too narrow, given all we have learnt about other potential causes. But what does resonate from Maté’s writing is his interest in how our emotional lives influence our ability to pay attention.

He was writing before mobile phones, but his restless queuing will be familiar to anyone who thinks they have ADHD – or wishes they understood why they can no longer watch TV without scrolling through Twitter, why they can’t wait five minutes at a bus stop without fumbling for their phone, why they will drop everything the moment they hear the ping of a notification. What are we hiding from when we refuse to focus or stand still? In a world designed for distraction, what, ultimately, do we want to pay attention to?

— New Statesman

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 08:06:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.afr.com/life-and-luxury/health-and-wellness/what-s-behind-the-rise-in-adult-adhd-20221130-p5c2nh
Killexams : 50 Best Travel Shows Of All-Time Anthony Bourdain in Parts Unknown © CNN Anthony Bourdain in Parts Unknown

Travel, both domestic and international, can be a daunting endeavor, prompting prospective tourists to check different resources for advice before embarking on their own journeys, with television programming generally being the most engaging. Travel shows have provided valuable tourism, shared a spotlight on overlooked destinations and cultures, and allowed audiences to experience travel vicariously by watching immersive programming. There is a proverbial multitude of travel shows available to watch, each led by charismatic hosts and a variety of premises to examine the world in their own respective ways.

With so many travel shows to choose from, here are the 50 greatest travel shows of all time, covering a number of different sub-genres and varying scopes, including driving, eating, and social commentary. With decades of travel programming, there truly is a show for everyone. Our goal at Explore is to sort through all of those shows and provide the very best.

Nomad With Carlton McCoy

Carlton McCoy in New York © CNN Carlton McCoy in New York

Classically trained chef and expert sommelier Carlton McCoy seeks out the best in international cuisine, music, and art in the CNN series "Nomad with Carlton McCoy." Premiering in May 2022, McCoy travels everywhere from the overlooked pleasures of Mississippi to the corners of Ghana in the travel series. For McCoy, the show's focus lies in adventures and delights found away from the well-worn paths frequented by tourists. Instead, he enjoys savoring hometown favorites from local populations.

What McCoy may lack in experience and poise, he and "Nomad" make up for with its premise to go behind the scenes of some of the world's most recognizable locales. The first season of "Nomad with Carlton McCoy" is currently available to stream on Discovery+.

Culinary Journeys

Pepper is sprinkled on a dish © CNN Pepper is sprinkled on a dish

CNN has steadily built up an impressive line-up of travel shows, often centered around the intersection of food and culture around the world. For two seasons, "Culinary Journeys" focused on different international chefs, world-renowned for the quality of the cuisine they regularly craft in the kitchen. The show's overarching premise has chefs embark on a trip, either abroad or to a different location within their own country, to learn more about technique and ingredients from outside of their usual digs.

With each episode featuring some of the most celebrated chefs in the contemporary culinary scene, the series demonstrates how food and flavor can unify and elevate itself beyond geopolitical borders. "Culinary Journeys" has since been delisted from CNN's programming on Discovery+ and is not currently available to stream on any platform or rent through any digital retailer, though some episode clips are on YouTube.

The World's Most Amazing Vacation Rentals

The hosts approach a bungalow © Netflix The hosts approach a bungalow

Sometimes a typical hotel while on vacation simply doesn't cut it, with intrepid travelers opting for more unique and luxurious digs during their stay abroad. The Netflix original series "The World's Most Amazing Vacation Rentals" explores everything from treehouses to alpaca farms to rent around the world. Hosted by Megan Batoon, Jo Franco, and Luis D. Ortiz, the show reminds viewers that there is far more than cheap motels and chain hotels available to make a vacation even more authentic and unique.

While some of the rentals visited on the show run on the pricier side, these are balanced out with more cost-effective rentals for travelers not looking to shell out top dollar on accommodations. "The World's Most Amazing Vacation Rentals" is currently available to stream on Netflix.

Stanley Tucci: Searching For Italy

Stanley Tucci walking in Italy © CNN Stanley Tucci walking in Italy

Academy Award-nominated actor Stanley Tucci reconnects with his ancestral roots in the CNN travel series "Stanley Tucci: Searching for Italy." Premiering in 2021, the show has Tucci visit different regions in Italy to learn more about the local cuisine, culture, and history in a sun-soaked tour of the Mediterranean country. Though the major tourist centers of Italy are among the destinations in Tucci's tour, the host takes the time to explore restaurants and locations off the beaten track in order to reveal a more authentic Italian experience.

Buoyed by Tucci's understated, yet quietly charismatic presence, "Searching for Italy" has been nominated for multiple Emmy Awards, winning two for its achievement in nonfiction television. Available to purchase and rent through most digital retailers, "Searching for Italy" is also available to stream on Discovery+.

Mysterious Islands

Kellee Edwards in the Caribbean © Travel Channel Kellee Edwards in the Caribbean

Accomplished pilot and explorer Kellee Edwards invites viewers to join her on his globe-trotting adventures with the Travel Channel series "Mysterious Islands." Edwards particularly takes interest in some of the most remote islands on Earth, visiting them with her private seaplane to examine them from above and by foot. A refreshing contrast to the hustle-and-bustle of travel shows revolving around heavily populated locales, "Mysterious Islands" offers a more serene, nature-focused look at isolated getaways.

Prior to hosting "Mysterious Islands," Edwards hosted and published a travel vlog through her website that catapulted her into the public eye. "Mysterious Islands" is currently available to stream on Discovery+.

Top Gear

Top Gear hosts in London © BBC Top Gear hosts in London

With its focus on automobiles and driving challenges, it's easy to forget that "Top Gear" has an impressive and recurring travel aspect to its motoring premise. Originally launched as a British program in 1977, the long-running franchise repositioned itself for American audiences in 2002 while inspiring a growing number of international spinoffs. "Top Gear" highlights some of the best driving locations around the world, often with local cars utilized for several of its high-profile destinations.

Hailed as one of the best British television series of the 2000s, "Top Gear" has become a bonafide cultural phenomenon, even for those that aren't hardcore auto aficionados. Admittedly placing a stronger emphasis on cars and drivers, "Top Gear" still showcases stunning destinations worldwide. "Top Gear" is currently available to stream on Netflix and HBO Max, as well as being available to purchase or rent on most online retailers.

Epic Drives

Viking cosplayers with an Audi © Motor Trends Viking cosplayers with an Audi

Car expert Arthur St. Antoine entered the pole position with the automobile travel series "Epic Drives," premiering in 2010. Backed with a whole fleet of cars, often with some of the world's coolest and fastest sports and luxury automobiles, St. Antoine opens the engine up and cuts loose on roads around the globe. From traversing the Pacific Coast Highway to showcasing winter driving tips on the frozen roads of Scandinavia, St. Antoine guides viewers through truly stunning international roadways.

Though "Epic Rides" puts its slick automobiles in the forefront, the travel series also is keenly aware of how to capture the natural beauty of the gorgeous destinations visited. "Epic Drives" is currently available to stream on Roku and Prime Video, with a Motor Trends extension.

Bizarre Foods With Andrew Zimmern

Andrew Zimmern with soup © Travel Channel Andrew Zimmern with soup

Prolific chef, author, and television personality Andrew Zimmern delves into the off-kilter local cuisine from around the world that outsiders may view as strange in the Travel Channel series "Bizarre Foods with Andrew Zimmern." Running steadily since 2006, "Bizarre Foods" has become a large television franchise in and of itself, spawning spinoff series and specials, while the main series has undergone several rebrands. Now carrying the subtitle, "Delicious Destinations," Zimmern's unique perspective on local cuisine remains as effectively engaging as ever.

Traveling anywhere from remote settlements in the untamed wilderness to local gastronomy usually avoided by tourists, Zimmern doesn't just focus on the cuisine and preparation itself but where the key ingredients come from. A Travel Channel staple for over a decade and counting, "Bizarre Foods" is currently available to stream on Hulu and Discovery+.

Samantha Brown's Places To Love

Samantha Brown walks through Texas © PBS Samantha Brown walks through Texas

Prolific travel television personality Samantha Brown created the acclaimed PBS series "Samantha Brown's Places to Love," premiering in 2018. Markedly different from her previous programming on the Travel Channel, Brown's PBS show offered ways for prospective travelers to blend in more naturally with places they visit rather than disrupt local scenes. Featuring a more subdued approach, Brown presents a more authentic, understated cultural experience in the destinations she showcases.

"Places to Love" was widely praised for its approach to travel programming and won an Emmy Award for its outstanding achievement. "Samantha Brown's Places to Love" is currently available to watch through local PBS outlets.

A Cook's Tour

Anthony Bourdain checks out bread © Food Network Anthony Bourdain checks out bread

Chef and author Anthony Bourdain's first foray into travel television was on the Food Network series "A Cook's Tour," filmed while Bourdain was simultaneously writing a book about his experiences. Running for two seasons from 2002-2003, the show took Bourdain around the globe to sample local cuisine and culture, with Asia being a prominent recurring destination on the show. In Variety's review of the first season, "A Cook's Tour" was praised for focusing on destinations less well-documented by other travel shows while still providing a man-on-the-street perspective.

"A Cook's Tour" offers a fascinating look at Bourdain discovering his own voice as a television host, while still possessing his acerbic wit. The series is currently available to stream in full on Prime Video and Vudu.

America Outdoors With Baratunde Thurston

Baratunde Thurston hikes the Appalachians © PBS Baratunde Thurston hikes the Appalachians

Notable writer and commentator Baratunde Thurston expanded from his usual political fare to launch the PBS travel series "America Outdoors with Baratunde Thurston." Thurston travels around the United States, from Death Valley to the Appalachian Mountains, to document America's distinct and immersive outdoor destinations. More than simply hiking and camping, Thurston engages in local activities, including trying his hand at collecting wild rice and surfing, to better appreciate local cultures.

Thurston takes the premise behind "America Outdoors" more liberally than most travel shows with similar scopes, with an entire episode reframing outdoor culture in Los Angeles. An engaging look at the United States' relationship with its outdoor spaces, "America Outdoors with Baratunde Thurston" is available to stream on Prime Video and local PBS platforms.

Travel Man

Richard Ayoade in Amsterdam © Channel 4 Richard Ayoade in Amsterdam

Popular British actor and comedian Richard Ayoade launched the breakneck travel series "Travel Man," blending comedy with hectic itineraries. Paired with a celebrity guest, Ayoade and his travel companion have 48 hours to take in the sights and cuisine in different international cities. Starting with the show's tenth season, Ayoade was replaced by British comedian Joe Lycett, but the overall formula remains largely the same.

Buoyed by Ayoade and Lycett's hilarious personalities and its limited-time premise, "Travel Man" is as freewheeling and fun as travelogs get. "Travel Man: 48 Hours In..." is currently available to stream on Peacock and Hulu.

Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner

Seth Rogen with David Chang © Netflix Seth Rogen with David Chang

Beloved chef and restauranteur David Chang covers all the most important meals of the day around the world in the original series "Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner." Joined by different celebrity guest stars in each episode, including Seth Rogen and Kate McKinnon, Chang learns what constitutes traditional daily meals in major cities from Marrakech to Phnom Penh. Elevated by thoughtful and entertaining discussions between Chang and his guests, the series offers a wider perspective on the meals we take for granted each day.

As with Chang's other travel and cooking shows, "Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner" focuses on authenticity and a society's connection to its defining food. The international cuisine-driven travel series is currently available to stream on Netflix.

No Passport Required

Marcus Samuelsson speaks with a cook © PBS Marcus Samuelsson speaks with a cook

With a country as richly vast and varied as the United States, there are plenty of interesting travel spots without ever having to go abroad. This underlying truth provides the basic premise to the PBS travel series "No Passport Required," focused on exploring the legacy of immigrant traditions and cuisines within the country. Hosted by noted chef Marcus Samuelsson, six major American cities are showcased as Samuelsson examines the immigrant legacy and food that lovingly define each locale.

Going beyond the typical fare that colors each city's perception, Samuelsson meets with everyone from the Armenian community in Los Angeles to the Chinese legacy behind Las Vegas, showcasing some of the cultures that help to make each city great. "No Passport Required" is currently available to stream on Prime Video and PBS.

Big City, Little Budget

Oneika Raymond in Austin © Travel Channel/YouTube Oneika Raymond in Austin

The prospect of living in or visiting major American cities isn't cheap, but host Oneika Raymond guides audiences through more cost-effective approaches to modern metropolises in "Big City, Little Budget." Produced by the Travel Channel, the web series has Raymond visiting cities from sea to shining sea, while also providing tips on how to navigate each place without having a robust budget at one's disposal. From frugal dining tips to which neighborhoods won't break the bank, "Big City, Little Budget" truly offers invaluable advice.

With its bite-sized episodes, Raymond offers clear and concise guidance through cities from Miami to New York as she leans into approaching each destination on a budget without compromising the fun. "Big City, Little Budget" is currently available to stream through the Travel Channel's YouTube channel.

I'll Have What Phil's Having

Phil Rosenthal eats with Martin Short © PBS Phil Rosenthal eats with Martin Short

After helming the long-running sitcom "Everybody Loves Raymond," prolific television writer and producer Phil Rosenthal turned to travelog hosting, starting with the 2015 series "I'll Have What Phil Is Having." Running on PBS for six episodes, the show follows Rosenthal as he travels around the world to check out the local food scenes. Joined by celebrity guests like Martin Short and Ray Romano, Rosenthal's comedic perspective helps provide the usual travel show proceedings a more engaging approach.

Though short-lived, "I'll Have What Phil Is Having" provides an early look at the type of travel programming Rosenthal would host to greater success on Netflix. "I'll Have What Phil's Having" is currently available to stream on Roku, Prime Video, and PBS.

Basic Versus Baller: Travel At Any Cost

Alex and Marko Ayling in France © Tastemade Alex and Marko Ayling in France

Even the same, iconic locales can offer vastly different experiences depending on the visitor's financial situation and this dichotomy is explored in the travel series "Basic Versus Baller: Travel at Any Cost." Hosted by siblings Alex and Marko Ayling, the two showcase how to navigate major travel destinations on a budget or how to take advantage of the visit when flush with cash. Whether they're discussing different approaches to visiting Hong Kong or trying the varying cuisines of France, the Ayling brothers provide plenty of information and varying perspectives on the same destinations.

One of the things that work to the favor of "Basic Versus Baller" is that the show's premise isn't necessarily binary, tourists can mix frugal and luxurious options provided as they see fit. A dual-perspective on the travelog formula, "Basic Versus Baller: Travel at Any Cost" is currently available to stream on Hulu and Peacock.

Ugly Delicious

David Chang serves a meal © Rachel Murray/Getty Images David Chang serves a meal

Chef and author David Chang takes a look at the cultural history and deeper meaning behind popular cuisine in the Netflix original series "Ugly Delicious." Premiering in 2018, Chang and a group of celebrity guests explore the origins of different food through extensive interviews and traveling to informative points from the cuisine's origins. A thoughtful discussion about food and its inextricable links to societal identity, "Ugly Delicious" blends serious insight with Chang's quick wit to great effect.

Widely acclaimed for its approach to asking the hard questions about cuisine's impact on culture and cultural perception, "Ugly Delicious" was nominated for an Emmy Award. The series is currently available to stream on Netflix.

United Shades Of America

W. Kamau Bell in a record shop © CNN W. Kamau Bell in a record shop

The United States is, like any nation, an incredibly complicated and occasionally contentious place to live from sea to shining sea, across a variety of communities. These communities, their traditions, and their struggles are spotlighted by comedian W. Kamau Bell in the CNN documentary series "United Shades of America." From speaking with indigenous communities in South Dakota to the extensive Black populations in the Appalachians, Bell provides an all-encompassing tour of the modern American experience.

Bell's thoughtful approach to admittedly somber subject matter paints a full look at the country and the many voices that bring it to life as he travels nationwide. The winner of multiple Emmy Awards for its sweeping work, "United Shades of America" is currently available to stream on Discovery+ and to purchase and rent via online retailers.

Booze Traveler

Jack Maxwell in Hong Kong © Travel Channel Jack Maxwell in Hong Kong

A lot can be learned about a culture through its gastronomy, and host Jack Maxwell is determined to get to the bottom of this search for identity – and the bottom of many bottles – in the Travel Channel show "Booze Traveler." Exploring both domestic and international destinations, Maxwell reveals how drinking culture informs daily life in places like Seoul and Dublin while partaking in local spirits himself. With Maxwell's easygoing personality at the forefront, "Booze Traveler" is a look at how communities bond together over their love of drink.

As a former South Boston bartender, Maxwell lends an everyman perspective to his global travels, more interested in looking for a good time than asking the hard questions as the show breezily chugs along. A fittingly rambunctious travelog, "Booze Traveler" is currently available to stream on Discovery+ and to rent and purchase through most digital retailers.

Street Food

Food is prepared in a wok © Netflix Food is prepared in a wok

While acclaimed filmmaker and documentarian David Gelb focuses largely on haute cuisine with his award-winning "Chef's Table" series, his other Netflix original show, "Street Food," takes a different perspective. Rather than spotlight a single cook per episode like with his previous work, Gelb examines an entire city's street food scene, exploring the origins of the cuisine that define it. From the robust marks of Singapore to hole-in-the-wall restaurants in New Orleans, "Street Food" and its rotating set of hosts provide an authentic culinary portrait of the show's destinations.

Gelb's everyman approach and wider scope per episode in contrast to "Chef's Table" is an effective change and one that "Street Food" takes full advantage of. The first season is set in Asia, the second in Latin America, and the third in the United States, with the series currently available to stream on Netflix.

Man Vs. Wild

Bear Grylls in a swamp © Discovery Channel Bear Grylls in a swamp

Survivalist Bear Grylls travels around the world to showcase some of the harshest conditions on Earth and how to survive them in the Discovery Channel series "Man vs. Wild." Though the show faced controversy over how authentic its depicted experiences for Grylls were (via BBC), the series popularized the wilderness survival genre. From placing Grylls in the European Alps to the African savannah, "Man vs. Wild" juxtaposes the beauty of the untamed wilderness worldwide with Grylls' survival tips.

Anchored by the supremely charismatic and informative Grylls, "Man vs. Wild" remains a thrilling watch over a decade after its conclusion. "Man vs. Wild" is currently available to purchase or rent through most digital platforms and available to stream on Discovery+.

Gordon's Great Escape

Gordon Ramsay at the Taj Mahal © Channel 4 Gordon Ramsay at the Taj Mahal

Famous chef and television personality Gordon Ramsay decided to visit the originating countries of some of his favorite cuisine in the British television series "Gordon's Great Escape." In an interview with The Guardian, Ramsay shared that he had a lifelong love of Indian food and chronicled his first trip to India in the series. Beyond his visit to India, Ramsay filmed the second set of interviews exploring other parts of Southeast Asia and its cuisine, including Thailand and Vietnam.

Offering Ramsay a chance to get away from the limelight he was experiencing in America and the United Kingdom, the show reveals Ramsay rediscovering his love of cooking while learning about overseas culinary traditions. "Gordon's Great Escape" is currently available to stream through Prime Video, Tubi, and Fox.

Long Way Down

Ewan and Charley on the road © BBC Ewan and Charley on the road

Actors and longtime motorcycle aficionados Ewan McGregor and Charley Boorman reunited for another international motorcycle voyage with the British travel series "Long Way Down." A follow-up to their 2004 series "Long Way Round," the 2007 follow-up had the two bikers travel from Scotland all the way to Cape Town, South Africa. Along the way, the two bikers rode through 18 countries in all as they traversed Europe and the length of Africa by motorcycle.

Even for those not particularly enamored by motorcycles and life on the road, "Long Way Down" is a fascinating look at life on the open road across two continents anchored by two charismatic leads. "Long Way Down" is currently available to stream on Apple TV+.

Globe Trekker

Justine Shapiro by an ancient statue © Channel 4 Justine Shapiro by an ancient statue

One of the longest-running travel shows from the United Kingdom is "Globe Trekker," which was originally broadcast from 1994 to 2016. With a rotating set of hosts for each episode, the British series highlights a different region and provides audiences with a thorough guide to the sights and culture. More than simply presenting the major tourist attractions, the hosts examine local traditions, including interviews with destinations' local industries beyond tourism and hospitality.

With such an impressive breadth of episodes, "Globe Trekker" set an enduring standard for travel programming in the United Kingdom against which all other travel shows are to be judged. However, unfortunately, the series is currently unavailable to stream or purchase in the United States.

Man V. Food

Casey Webb smiles at a burger © Travel Channel Casey Webb smiles at a burger

Eating challenges can say a lot about a culture, from the type of cuisine challengers are tasked with consuming, to the quantity consumed in order to succeed. Actor and television personality Adam Richman took it upon himself to travel all over the United States to face all manner of eating challenges in the Travel Channel series "Man v. Food." Traveling to a different destination each episode, Richman singlehandedly subjects himself to various regional eating challenges, from eating massive steaks to an entire platter of chili dogs in a limited amount of time.

"Man v. Food" gave the Travel Channel its highest-rated debut upon its premiere in 2008 (per the Los Angeles Times), with the show revived in 2017 and Richman replaced by current host Casey Webb. An amusing look at different American regions by the eating challenges that help define it, "Man v. Food" is available to purchase and rent through most online retailers and is available to stream on Discovery+.

Tales By Light

A photographer on a train in India © National Geographic A photographer on a train in India

If a vacation isn't documented and shared on Instagram, did it actually take place? Photography in some of the most jaw-droppingly gorgeous places on Earth is the main premise behind the Australian travel series "Tales by Light." Each episode follows different professional photographers as they tell an immersive story about exotic destinations through their pictures and video.

The perfect travel series for the social media-oriented generation, "Tales of Light" delivers truly breathtaking photographs and videos from the overlooked corners of the world. All three seasons of the beautifully rendered series are currently available to stream on Netflix.

Conan Without Borders

Conan O'Brien in Australia © TBS Conan O'Brien in Australia

As an extension of his popular talk show on TBS, veteran talk show host Conan O'Brien took his show on the road on multiple occasions to experience different cultures around the world. These special episodes have been compiled together in the online series "Conan Without Borders," as O'Brien eschewed his typical talk show format. Traveling everywhere from Cuba to South Korea, O'Brien explores the societal morays of each of these destinations with his usual comedic antics and insight.

A welcome change of pace from the talk show formula, O'Brien blends biting political commentary with a genuine appreciation for local cultures, with "Conan Without Borders" winning an Emmy for its efforts. The complete series is currently available to stream on HBO Max.

The Moaning Of Life

Karl Pilkington in the jungle © Sky UK Karl Pilkington in the jungle

When British comedian and actor Karl Pilkington faced something of a midlife crisis, he decided to examine the lives and cultures of others around the world to gain a better sense of perspective (per Cinema Blend). The resulting international tour was filmed for the British travel series "The Moaning of Life," as Pilkington contemplated love, life, and mortality on the road. Pilkington visits drive-thru weddings in Las Vegas, professional mourners in Taiwan, and fertility clinics in Japan to expand his view on the human condition.

The Hollywood Reporter's review of "The Moaning of Life" complimented the show on its existential subject matter and Pilkington's hilarious perspective on the world to make its messaging less somber. A good-natured look at life, death, and everything in between with an international scope, "The Moaning of Life" is available for purchase and rent on most major digital retailers, including Prime Video and Vudu.

Long Way Round

Charley and Ewan by their motorcycles © BBC Charley and Ewan by their motorcycles

The first of a trilogy of documentary series, 2004's "Long Way Round" put Ewan McGregor and Charley Boorman in the driver's seat as they rode motorcycles from London to New York City eastward. The 19,000-mile journey was undertaken to promote the international humanitarian causes spearheaded by UNICEF, while McGregor and Boorman endured pitfalls and injuries in their journies around the globe. Inspired by the experience, McGregor and Boorman wrote a book detailing their journey, including McGregor adopting an orphan encountered along the way.

The kind of celebrity road trip that doesn't feel overly pretentious or self-indulgent, McGregor and Boorman provide a unique perspective as they embark on a truly epic journey. "Long Way Round" is currently available to stream on Apple TV+.

Three Sheets

Zane eats in the tropics © MOJO HD Zane eats in the tropics

Not all cuisine is solid, which is why the 2008 travel series "Three Sheets" showcased a decidedly liquid diet as it visited drinking cultures around the world. Hosted by comedian Zane Lamprey, the show highlights local alcoholic beverages at a multitude of destinations, learning about their history and cultural impact. Of course, this examination goes beyond a mere history lesson, with Zamprey partaking in the beverages, usually in impressive quantities.

Part travel series and part televised pub crawl, Lamprey is often accompanied by a group of guests, including his college friend Steve McKenna, on his journeys. After starting on MOJO HD, "Three Sheets" was broadcast on a variety of platforms before ending its run on Spike in 2011. The series is currently available to buy or rent on Prime Video.

Worth It

Steven and Andrew toast drinks © Buzzfeed Steven and Andrew toast drinks

The popular Buzzfeed series "Worth It" offers three different and simultaneous perspectives on the worldwide dining scene in each episode. The show has the three hosts Steven Lim, Andrew Ilnyckyj, and Adam Bianchi as they order three different dishes from a range of price points at varying destinations. This can entail from a cheap cup of coffee to designer espresso costing hundreds of dollars while on a visit to Tokyo. The underlying question is whether or not the dishes are worth the price. 

Winning multiple awards, "Worth It" has been credited with changing the way people approach food criticism online, actively comparing quality with price points around the world (per SBS). Currently available to stream on Hulu and YouTube, "Worth It" helps viewers know how best to check out the food scenes in a number of countries and types of cuisine.

Somebody Feed Phil

Phil Rosenthal enjoys shrimp © Netflix Phil Rosenthal enjoys shrimp

After getting his start travel hosting on PBS, Phil Rosenthal went bigger and better for the Netflix original series "Somebody Feed Phil" in 2018. While maintaining the broader premise as his previous show, "I'll Have What Phil Is Having," Rosenthal's Netflix series feels like a much more personal show for its host. Occasionally checking in with his brother, parents, and son while he is on the road, Rosenthal continues to sample local cuisine from around the world.

As Rosenthal visits major international cities, he spotlights local charities and nonprofit organizations active in the destinations, providing a more community-based scope. "Somebody Feed Phil" is currently available to stream on Netflix.

Jack Whitehall: Travels With My Father

Michael Whitehall drives his son © Netflix Michael Whitehall drives his son

Popular British comedian Jack Whitehall and his longtime television producer father, Michael, take their paternal dynamic on the road for the Netflix original series "Jack Whitehall: Travels with My Father." With a decided focus on familial comedy, the Whitehalls find themselves in countless awkward and hilarious situations around the world as they bond together over their international trips. The two men learn about the cultures that they visit, from Cambodia to Turkey, with the final season bringing the father-son duo back to the United Kingdom.

Though Jack and Michael Whitehall's antics are played for laughs, the societies that they visit are largely treated with the utmost respect as they travel through the jungle and desert together. All five seasons of "Jack Whitehall: Travels with My Father" are currently available to stream on Netflix.

Extreme Engagement

Tim Noonan and PJ Madam perform a ceremony © Netflix Tim Noonan and PJ Madam perform a ceremony

Journalists and producers PJ Madam and Tim Noonan decided to put their then-recent engagement to the test around the world for the Netflix original series "Extreme Engagement." The miniseries had the happy couple travel around the globe together over the course of a year to see how their relationship endured accordingly. While the premise itself feels relatively scripted, rather than providing an authentically spontaneous show, "Extreme Engagement" offers a romantic twist on the travelog format.

Noonan and Madam visit romantic destinations that keep the focus on love and lasting relationships, from observing ancient fertility rituals to meeting cultural practices promoting romantic love. A love odyssey that spans the islands of Indonesia to remote villages in Africa, "Extreme Engagement" is currently available to stream on Netflix.

Diners, Drive-Ins And Dives

Guy Fieri drives his Camaro © Food Network Guy Fieri drives his Camaro

Restauranteur and television host Guy Fieri has become something of a cultural icon himself, and Fieri's flagship series is the enormously popular "Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives." Premiering in 2006 on the Food Network, the show has Fieri travel across North America visiting diners, hole-in-the-wall restaurants, and dive bars to sample their signature cuisine. Occasionally joined by an impressive set of celebrity guest stars, Fieri has visited hundreds of locations as part of his cross-country odyssey.

Due to the sheer popularity of "Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives," many locations visited by Fieri have seen a noticeable increase in business following episode airings. As the gold standard among Fieri's travel and food reality shows, "Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives" is available to rent and purchase via most online retailers and currently available to stream on Discovery+.

Survivorman

Les Stroud starts a fire © Outdoor Life Network Les Stroud starts a fire

Travel isn't all luxury hotels and all-inclusive resorts, for some, vacations involve roughing it in the wild and going back to nature through camping and other immersive experiences. The Canadian travel and wilderness survival series "Survivorman" takes these sensibilities to their extreme as host Les Stroud spends over a week in remote locations on his own. Equipped with only a handful of tools and the clothes on his back, Stroud has to make do with local flora and fauna to survive these conditions for the allotted time.

As a much more stripped-down and extreme approach than "Man vs. Wild," Stroud took audiences everywhere from the frozen expanse of Alaska to the predator-filled Amazon rainforest. For those looking at the ultimate survivalist approach to the world's most unforgiving locations, "Survivorman" is available to stream on Discovery+ and to rent and purchase through most digital retailers.

An Idiot Abroad

Karl Pilkington with Warwick Davis © Sky UK Karl Pilkington with Warwick Davis

When comedian Karl Pilkington's friends and frequent collaborators Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant learned he had no interest in world travel, the two created the series "An Idiot Abroad" in response. Capitalizing on Pilkington's often innocently naive worldview, the British travel show is largely played for laughs as Pilkington makes wry observations about the destinations he visits. Not content to simply let Pilkington take in the picturesque sights, sounds, and cuisine, Gervais and Merchant have Pilkington endure several challenges, including bungee-jumping in New Zealand and swimming with sharks in Australia.

MSN's review of "An Idiot Abroad" praised the mishaps for Pilkington's voyages orchestrated by Gervais and Merchant, with Pilkington's odd perspective and observations elevating the entire show. A humorous look at the most gorgeous international locales, "An Idiot Abroad" is available to purchase and rent on most digital retailers, including Prime Video and Vudu.

Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations

Anthony Bourdain lays on a beach © Travel Channel Anthony Bourdain lays on a beach

After two seasons at the Food Network with "A Cook's Tour," Bourdain made the leap to the Travel Channel to host his popular travel series "Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations." Running for nine seasons from 2005-2012, Bourdain upped the scope considerably from his previous series with "No Reservations," while still retaining its everyman qualities. Backed by a more ambitious production, Bourdain visited a wider range of locales while incorporating his love of pop culture and inviting celebrity guests, including Bill Murray and Sean Penn.

One of the more notable episodes saw Bourdain and his film crew trapped in Beirut during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon War. "No Reservations" would go on to win two Emmy Awards and multiple nominations as a testament to the show's captivating perspective on the world. "No Reservations" is available to purchase from most online retailers and available to stream on Discovery+ and through the Travel Channel website with a linked television provider.

Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted

Gordon Ramsay eats with locals © National Geographic Gordon Ramsay eats with locals

After exploring and experiencing culinary traditions in Southeast Asia firsthand in his first travel series, chef Gordon Ramsay expanded the scope of his follow-up show "Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted" to encompass the whole world. Premiering on National Geographic in 2019, "Uncharted" has Ramsay visit different countries not just to learn about their cuisine and cooking techniques, but to take advantage of local thrills. From white water rafting through Laos to climbing up Alaskan mountains and glaciers, Ramsay showcases a more outdoorsy side of himself beyond the world of restaurants and kitchens.

In Forbes' review of the series, Ramsay's genuine enthusiasm for the subject matter and destinations he visits was praised for elevating the premise and showing a new side to the temperamental chef. "Gordon Ramsay: Uncharted" is currently available to stream through Disney+.

Chef's Table

Jeong Kwan prepares Korean dishes © Netflix Jeong Kwan prepares Korean dishes

After directing the universally acclaimed documentary film "Jiro Dreams of Sushi" in 2011, filmmaker David Gelb teamed up with Netflix for its original documentary series, "Chef's Table." Premiering in 2015, the show focuses on a different cook for each episode, from a Korean monk renowned for her kimchi to Mexican street food in Philadelphia. With its highly detailed and stylized cinematography and in-depth portraits of its subjects, "Chef's Table" is one of the best documentary series currently on the air.

"Chef's Table" brings a global scope to cuisine while never losing sight of the very grounded and human story behind each of the cooks that make every dish possible. The show has been nominated for multiple Emmy Awards as it shines a light on everything from Michelin-starred restaurants to hole-in-the-wall dining locations. The main series and its numerous spinoffs are all currently available to stream on Netflix.

The Amazing Race

Amazing Race contestants in London © CBS Amazing Race contestants in London

In contrast to "Survivor," which keeps its contestants in a single remote location for an entire season, CBS' long-running reality series "The Amazing Race" takes full advantage of its global scope. Teams of two speed through different legs around the world, following clues and completing challenges to gain an edge. On the air since 2001, "The Amazing Race" has showcased some of the most stunning locales on the planet while pitting its teams in genuinely thrilling competitions each season.

With many seasons of "The Amazing Race" offering a journey that has contestants circumnavigate the globe, the travel element to the reality competition series is unmistakably at the forefront. "The Amazing Race" is currently available to stream on Hulu and Paramount+.

Expedition Unknown

Josh Gates in front of the Sphinx © Discovery Channel Josh Gates in front of the Sphinx

With so many legends and historical mysteries around the world demanding answers, archaeologist Josh Gates sets out to find the truth in the Discovery Channel series "Expedition Unknown." From cryptozoology searches for mythical creatures like Bigfoot to attempting to discover clues linked to the lost city of Atlantis, Gates positions himself as a real-life Indiana Jones. Part globe-trotting history lesson, part debunking widely known myths, "Expedition Unknown" provides a fun twist on international travel off the beaten path.

As an immensely popular show, "Expedition Unknown" has spawned several spinoff specials, miniseries, and after shows as Gates widens his worldwide search for truth. The series is currently available to stream on Discovery+, and Hulu and is available to purchase or rent through most online retailers.

Dark Tourist

David Farrier stands in an ossuary © Netflix David Farrier stands in an ossuary

Not every tourist is going to check out conventional art museums or major family-friendly attractions in their voyages around the world. The Netflix original series "Dark Tourist" offers travelers a chance to check out the more off-beat elements of local cultures, sometimes venturing into the outright macabre. Hosted by journalist David Farrier, "Dark Tourist" visits the purportedly haunted areas of major cities and tourism sites capitalizing on local tragedies and notorious figures around the world.

From exploring irradiated sites to touring museums dedicated to infamous serial killers, "Dark Tourist" certainly isn't every traveler's cup of tea by the way it provides a morbid twist on the genre. The series is currently available to stream on Netflix.

The National Parks: America's Best Idea

Dayton Duncan talks © PBS Dayton Duncan talks

Celebrated documentarian Ken Burns, who has crafted documentary series chronicling numerous elements of American culture and history, turned his attention to the country's national parks. The 2009 six-episode miniseries "The National Parks: America's Best Idea" recounts the history behind the parks and how they each capture the stirring beauty of the United States. From the enduring legacy of John Muir to the evolution of the National Park Service, "The National Parks" is a must-watch for anyone planning to visit the natural wonders nationwide.

Universally acclaimed, "The National Parks" won two Emmy Awards, with critics praising how the documentary series presented the parks as a gorgeous extension of the national identity. Released with a companion book expanding its story, "The National Parks: America's Best Idea" is currently available to stream on PBS.

The Grand Tour

Grand Tour hosts examine a car © Prime Video Grand Tour hosts examine a car

After being ousted from hosting "Top Gear," Jeremy Clarkson and his co-hosts Richard Hammond and James May took their globe-trotting automobile expertise to Prime Video for "The Grand Tour" (via Variety). Retaining much of the format from their previous work together on "Top Gear," "The Grand Tour" has participants travel to different destinations using an impressive array of cars. From Cambodia to Madagascar, "The Grand Tour" showcases thrilling routes and cars, backed by the hosts' irascible wit.

The Independent's positive review of "The Grand Tour" praised the show as distilling the best elements from "Top Gear" while boasting a significantly larger production budget. With jaw-dropping destinations and high-octane action, "The Grand Tour" is currently available to stream on Prime Video.

Passport With Samantha Brown

Samantha Brown in Rome © Travel Channel Samantha Brown in Rome

Television personality Samantha Brown has built an impressive empire of travel shows on a number of platforms. One of Brown's most enduring lines of programming to date is "Passport," which sees Brown extensively explore different regions around the world for the ultimate experience. Starting with 2004's "Passport to Europe," Brown launched several different shows, taking her informative style to examine Latin America, China, and eco-friendly tourism.

Brown's "Passport to Europe" won an Emmy Award while the subsequent "Passport to Latin America" was nominated for an Emmy, as a testament to Brown's eye for entertainment and educational quality. Brown's "Passport" series are currently available to stream on Discovery+.

The Layover

Anthony Bourdain eats fries © Travel Channel Anthony Bourdain eats fries

As someone who hosted travel shows since 2002, Anthony Bourdain has experienced a lot of extended layovers and quick detours between trips to larger destinations. This premise of enjoying a locale on a tight turnaround time drives the core premise behind his Travel Channel series "The Layover." With only 24-48 hours in each location, Bourdain enjoys as much of the tourist-oriented and locally authentic experiences as he can before departing once more.

A more tightly paced approach to Bourdain's usual travel fare, "The Layover" still finds the time to provide an informative look at different city cultures all over the globe. Invaluable for those looking to make the most of their time on a tight schedule, "The Layover" is available to stream on Discovery+ and the Travel Channel website, along with purchase and rent options on most digital platforms.

Rick Steves' Europe

Rick Steves in Florence © PBS Rick Steves in Florence

Perhaps the gold standard in public broadcasting produced travel shows, "Rick Steves' Europe" follows travel author and television personality Rick Steves as he explores cities in Europe. Running steadily since 2000, Steves not only shares the biggest cultural landmarks and defining fare in each destination, but he provides audiences with valuable travel tips along the way. More than simply focusing on the biggest tourist spots, like London and Paris, Steves adds plenty of overlooked getaways, including Slovenia and Oslo.

With a steady hand and wealth of knowledge, Steves has provided his even-keeled traveler wisdom to those interested in visiting Europe for decades. "Rick Steves' Europe" is currently available to stream on the show's website, PBS Passport, Prime Video, and Tubi.

Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown

Anthony Bourdain eats in Lagos © CNN Anthony Bourdain eats in Lagos

Television personality Anthony Bourdain's final travel show was "Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown," which ran for 12 seasons on CNN from 2013-2018. Though "Parts Unknown" certainly retained the focus on local cuisine prominent in Bourdain's past travel shows, the CNN series wove in more sociopolitical commentary in examining its locales. The series came to an abrupt end following Bourdain's tragic death, with the remaining episodes becoming a tribute to the late host and his unique worldview.

Led by Bourdain's insightful and incisive perspective on the places he visited around the world, "Parts Unknown'' was widely acclaimed and won numerous Emmy Awards across its run. More than just a show about food and culture, "Parts Unknown" examined the overlooked qualities of its destinations and what brings people together on a universal level. Available to purchase on most digital retailers, "Parts Unknown" is also available to stream on HBO Max and Discovery+.

Read this next: 50 Of The Most Mesmerizing Places On Earth

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 04:46:45 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/lifestyle/travel/50-best-travel-shows-of-all-time/ar-AA14NppC
Killexams : Global Modular Operating Room Market Share, Size 2023 Movements by Growth Status, Trend Analysis, Revenue Expectation to 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Dec 09, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this Modular Operating Room industry."

Global "Modular Operating Room Market" (2023-2028) research report is an expert examination on the flow condition of the Global Modular Operating Room industry. In addition, investigate report sorts the worldwide Modular Operating Room market by top players/brands, area, type and end client. This report likewise examines the different Factors impacting the market development and drivers, further reveals insight into market review, key makers, key received by them, size, most exact patterns and types, income, net edge with provincial examination and figure.

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List of TOP KEY PLAYERS in Modular Operating Room Market Report are -

● Medifa
● Alvo Medical
● Hunan Aeonmed
● Getinge
● AMENSCO
● BENQ Medical Technology
● Cadolto
● CASALUCI
● IMRIS
● Klimaoprema
● Nanjing Jusha Display Technology
● SHD Italia
● Central Uni
● Eliott (Algeco)
● Infimed
● Trivitron
● MTX Contracts
● PT Aneka Gas Industries
● Lindner
● PES Installations
● YIMIKANG Tech Group
● Shenzhen Synergic Health Co.,Ltd

The information for each competitor includes - Company Profile, Main Business Information, SWOT Analysis, Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin, Market Share.

Modular Operating Room Market Analysis and Insight:

Report Overview

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global market for Product Name estimated at USD million in the year 2022, is projected to reach a revised size of USD million by 2028, growing at a CAGR of % during the forecast period 2022-2028.

The USA market for Modular Operating Room is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The China market for Modular Operating Room is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The Europe market for Modular Operating Room is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The global key manufacturers of Modular Operating Room include Medifa, Alvo Medical, Hunan Aeonmed, Getinge, AMENSCO, BENQ Medical Technology, Cadolto, CASALUCI and IMRIS, etc. In 2021, the global top five players had a share approximately % in terms of revenue.

Report Scope

This latest report researches the industry structure, sales, revenue, price and gross margin. Major producers' production locations, market shares, industry ranking and profiles are presented. The primary and secondary research is done in order to access up-to-date government regulations, market information and industry data. Data were collected from the Modular Operating Room manufacturers, distributors, end users, industry associations, governments' industry bureaus, industry publications, industry experts, third party database, and our in-house databases.

This report also includes a discussion of the major players across each regional Modular Operating Room market. Further, it explains the major drivers and regional dynamics of the global Modular Operating Room market and current trends within the industry.

Get a sample Copy of the Modular Operating Room Market Report 2023-2028

Global Modular Operating Room Market Segmentation By Types, By Applications and By Region:

Global Modular Operating Room market analysis and market size information is provided by regions (countries). Segment by Application, the Modular Operating Room market is segmented into United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Rest of World. The report includes region-wise Modular Operating Room market forecast period from history 2017-2028. It also includes market size and forecast by players, by Type, and by Application segment in terms of sales and revenue for the period 2017-2028.

The report introduced the Modular Operating Room basics: definitions, classifications, applications and market overview; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures, raw materials and so on. Then it analyzed the world’s main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand and market growth rate and forecast etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis.

Competitive Landscape and Modular Operating Room Market Share Analysis:

Modular Operating Room market size competitive landscape provides details and data information by players. The report offers comprehensive analysis and accurate statistics on revenue by the player for the period 2017-2022. It also offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on revenue (global and regional level) by players for the period 2017-2022. Details included are company description, major business, company total revenue and the sales, revenue generated in Modular Operating Room business, the date to enter into the Modular Operating Room market, Modular Operating Room product introduction, exact developments, etc.

The report offers detailed coverage of Modular Operating Room industry and main market trends with impact of coronavirus. The market research includes historical and forecast market data, demand, application details, price trends, and company shares of the leading Modular Operating Room by geography. The report splits the market size, by volume and value, on the basis of application type and geography. Report covers the present status and the future prospects of the global Modular Operating Room market for 2017-2028.

Global Modular Operating Room Market report forecast to 2028 is a professional and comprehensive research report on the world’s major regional market conditions, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific) and the main countries (United States, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea and China).

COVID-19 Impact on Market:

The exact COVID-19 outbreak first began in Wuhan (China) in December 2019, and since then, it has spread around the globe at a fast pace. China, Italy, Iran, Spain, the Republic of Korea, France, Germany, and the US are among the worst-affected countries in terms of positive cases and reported deaths, as of March 2020. The COVID-19 outbreak has affected economies and industries in various countries due to lockdowns, travel bans, and business shutdowns. The global food and beverage industry is one of the major industries facing serious disruptions such as supply chain breaks, technology events cancellations, and office shutdowns as a result of this outbreak. China is the global manufacturing hub, with the presence of and the largest raw material suppliers. The overall market breaks down due to COVID-19 is also affecting the growth of thebaconmarket due to shutting down of factories, obstacle in supply chain, and downturn in world economy.

To Know How COVID-19 Pandemic Will Impact Modular Operating Room Market/Industry- Request a sample copy of the report- https://www.researchreportsworld.com/enquiry/request-covid19/21981355

Modular Operating Room Market Segment by Type:

● Intensive Care Unit (ICU) ● Sterile Operating Rooms ● Others (TSSU, etc)

Modular Operating Room Market Segment by Applications:

● National Grade Hospital ● District/States Grade Hospital ● Large Private Hospital ● Other

Modular Operating Room Market Segment by Region:

● North America (the United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey, etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam)) ● South America (Brazil etc.) ● The Middle East and Africa (North Africa and GCC Countries)

Geographic Segmentation

The report offers exhaustive assessment of different region-wise and country-wise Modular Operating Room market such as U.S., Canada, Germany, France, U.K., Italy, Russia, China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia, Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Mexico, Brazil, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, etc. Key regions covered in the report are North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa.

For the period 2017-2028, the report provides country-wise revenue and volume sales analysis and region-wise revenue and volume analysis of the global Modular Operating Room market. For the period 2017-2022, it provides sales (consumption) analysis and forecast of different regional markets by Application as well as by Type in terms of volume.

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Key Questions Answered in The Report:

● What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors? ● Who are the Leading key players and what are their Key Business plans in the near future? ● What will be the Modular Operating Room market growth rate and size in the coming year? ● What are the main key factors driving the global Modular Operating Room market? ● What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the global Modular Operating Room market? ● Which are Trending factors influencing the market shares of the top regions across the globe? What is the impact of Covid-19 on the current industry? ● Who are the key market players and what are their strategies in the global Modular Operating Room market? ● What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Modular Operating Room market? What industrial trends, drivers, and challenges are manipulating its growth? ● What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the global Modular Operating Room market?

Reasons to Purchase this Report:

● Analyzing the outlook of the market with the exact trends and SWOT analysis. ● Market dynamics scenario, along with growth opportunities of the market in the years to come. ● Market segmentation analysis including qualitative and quantitative research incorporating the impact of economic and non-economic aspects. ● Regional and country level analysis integrating the demand and supply forces that are influencing the growth of the market. ● Market value (USD Million) and volume (Units Million) data for each segment and sub-segment ● Competitive landscape involving the market share of major players, along with the new projects and strategies adopted by players in the past years. ● Comprehensive company profiles covering the product offerings, key financial information, exact developments, SWOT analysis, and strategies employed by the major market players.

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Major Points from Table of Contents:

1 Report Overview
1.1 Research Scope
1.2 Market Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.2.2 Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
1.2.3 Sterile Operating Rooms
1.2.4 Others (TSSU, etc)
1.3 Market Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Modular Operating Room Market Share by Application (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.3.2 National Grade Hospital
1.3.3 District/States Grade Hospital
1.3.4 Large Private Hospital
1.3.5 Other
1.4 Study Objectives
1.5 Years Considered

2 Market Perspective
2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size (2017-2028)
2.1.1 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue (2017-2028)
2.1.2 Global Modular Operating Room Sales (2017-2028)
2.2 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size across Key Geographies Worldwide: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
2.2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales by Regions (2017-2022)
2.2.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue by Regions (2017-2022)
2.3 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size Forecast by Region
2.3.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.3.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.4 Global Top Modular Operating Room Regions (Countries) Ranking by Market Size
2.5 Modular Operating Room Market Dynamics
2.5.1 Modular Operating Room Market Trends
2.5.2 Modular Operating Room Market Drivers
2.5.3 Modular Operating Room Market Challenges
2.5.4 Modular Operating Room Market Restraints

3 Competitive Landscape by Manufacturers
3.1 Global Top Modular Operating Room Manufacturers by Sales (2017-2022)
3.1.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.1.2 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.1.3 Global 5 and 10 Largest Manufacturers by Modular Operating Room Sales in 2021
3.2 Global Top Manufacturers Modular Operating Room by Revenue
3.2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.2.2 Top Modular Operating Room Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue
3.2.3 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.2.4 Global Modular Operating Room Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
3.3 Global Top Manufacturers by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) and (based on the Revenue in Modular Operating Room as of 2021)
3.4 Global Modular Operating Room Average Selling Price (ASP) by Manufacturers
3.5 Key Manufacturers Modular Operating Room Plants/Factories Distribution and Area Served
3.6 Date of Key Manufacturers Enter into Modular Operating Room Market
3.7 Key Manufacturers Modular Operating Room Product Offered
3.8 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size by Type
4.1 Global Modular Operating Room Historic Market Review by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.3 Modular Operating Room Price by Type (2017-2022)
4.2 Global Modular Operating Room Market Estimates and Forecasts by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.3 Modular Operating Room Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)

5 Global Modular Operating Room Market Size by Application
5.1 Global Modular Operating Room Historic Market Review by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.3 Modular Operating Room Price by Application (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Modular Operating Room Market Estimates and Forecasts by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.1 Global Modular Operating Room Sales Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.2 Global Modular Operating Room Revenue Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.3 Modular Operating Room Price Forecast by Application (2023-2028)

6 North America
6.1 North America Modular Operating Room Sales Breakdown by Company
6.1.1 North America Modular Operating Room Sales by Company (2017-2022)
6.1.2 North America Modular Operating Room Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
6.2 North America Modular Operating Room Market Size by Type
6.2.1 North America Modular Operating Room Sales by Type (2017-2028)
6.2.2 North America Modular Operating Room Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
6.3 North America Modular Operating Room Market Size by Application
6.3.1 North America Modular Operating Room Sales by Application (2017-2028)
6.3.2 North America Modular Operating Room Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
6.4 North America Modular Operating Room Market Size by Country
6.4.1 North America Modular Operating Room Sales by Country (2017-2028)
6.4.2 North America Modular Operating Room Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
6.4.3 United States
6.4.4 Canada

Continued . . .

With tables and figures helping analyze worldwide Global Modular Operating Room market trends, this research provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

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Thu, 08 Dec 2022 17:09:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/global-modular-operating-room-market-share-size-2023-movements-by-growth-status-trend-analysis-revenue-expectation-to-2028-2022-12-09
Killexams : BBC 100 Women 2022: Who is on the list this year?
100 Women - BBC World Service

The BBC has revealed its list of 100 inspiring and influential women from around the world for 2022.

Among them are global music phenomenon Billie Eilish, Ukraine’s First Lady Olena Zelenska, actresses Priyanka Chopra Jonas and Selma Blair, the ‘tsarina of Russian pop’ Alla Pugacheva, Iranian climber Elnaz Rekabi, record-breaking triple jump athlete Yulimar Rojas, and Ghanaian author Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah.

This is the 10th season of 100 Women, so we are taking the opportunity to explore what progress has been made over the last decade. While there have been huge steps forward for women's rights - from the number of female leaders to the MeToo movement - for women in many corners of the world it still feels like there is a long way to go.

The list also reflects the role of women at the heart of conflict around the world in 2022 – from the protesters bravely demanding change in Iran, to the female faces of conflict and resistance in Ukraine and Russia. For the first time this year, we have also asked previous 100 Women to nominate others who they felt deserved a place on the 2022 list.

Find out more about 100 women by selecting an area of interest
Maeen Al-Obaidi

Maeen Al-Obaidi, Yemen

Lawyer

As the civil war in Yemen has grown more violent this year, lawyer Maeen Al-Obaidi continues to be focused on peace building in the besieged city of Taiz. She has taken on the role of a mediator, facilitating prisoner exchanges between conflicting groups. While she is not always successful getting fighters back to their families alive, she tries to make sure the bodies of those deceased are returned.

She has volunteered for the Yemen Women Union, where she defended imprisoned women. She was also the first woman promoted to the Lawyers Syndicate Council, overseeing the human rights and freedoms committee.

Fatima Amiri

Fatima Amiri, Afghanistan

Student

Afghan teenager, Fatima Amiri is one of the survivors of a suicide attack at a tuition centre in Kabul that killed more than 50 people, most of them female students. She sustained serious injuries, including the loss of an eye and severe damage to her jaw and ear.

Whilst recovering, she studied for her university entrance exams and sat them in October, scoring more than 85%. Her dream is now to study computer science at Kabul University and says that losing her eye in the attack has only made her stronger and more determined.

Nathalie Becquart

Nathalie Becquart, Vatican

Nun

Her appointment by Pope Francis as an undersecretary of the Synod of Bishops made her the first woman to ever hold this position. In the role, she is one of a number of leaders advising the pope on matters important to the Catholic Church, as well as being the only woman with voting rights. The body's secretary-general said in 2021 that her appointment showed that “a door has opened” for women.

Previously, the French nun of the Congregation of Xavières served as the first female director of the National Service for the Evangelisation of Young People and Vocations in France.

As Pope Francis states, ‘it is a duty of justice to fight against all discrimination and violence’ on women… Together, we need to support in any way to involve more women in leadership positions at all levels.

Nathalie Becquart

Taisia Bekbulatova

Taisia Bekbulatova, Russia

Journalist

A renowned Russian journalist, Taisia Bekbulatova founded the independent media outlet Holod in 2019. The organisation has reported extensively on the war in Ukraine, as well as publishing stories about inequality, violence, and women's rights. The website was blocked in Russia by authorities in April, during a crackdown on independent media.

Despite this, Bekbulatova and her team have vowed to continue their work, and have seen their readership increase. Bekbulatova, who left Russia in 2021 after being labelled a "foreign agent", has travelled to Ukraine herself to report on the war from the front line.

I don't believe in inevitable progress. Modern civilisation has always seemed fragile and easy to destroy. And women's rights are usually the first to vanish.

Taisia Bekbulatova

Kristina Berdynskykh

Kristina Berdynskykh, Ukraine

Journalist

During the war in Ukraine, award-winning journalist Kristina Berdynskykh has travelled around her country, reporting from regions that had been under Russian shelling. Some of her work has focused particularly on the details of daily life in a city in conflict.

Born in Kherson, Berdynskykh has worked as a political journalist for 14 years in Kyiv, including at NV magazine and various TV and radio projects. She created e-People, a social media project about participants in Ukraine’s Euromaidan Revolution that later became a book.

María Fernanda Castro Maya

María Fernanda Castro Maya, Mexico

Disability activist

As a woman with an intellectual disability, Fernanda Castro is fighting for others like her to be able to participate in politics. She is part of a group of disability rights advocates, supported by Human Rights Watch, asking all political parties in Mexico to include people with intellectual and learning disabilities in their policies.

Her work covers language accessibility in documents concerning political decisions, and inclusion in political parties and electoral events. Castro was part of a Mexican delegation to the United Nations which presented a report into disability rights, and is a representative for the global network Inclusion International.

Chanel Contos

Chanel Contos, Australia

Sexual consent activist

Founder of a movement dubbed 'Teach Us Consent’ that lobbies for holistic consent and sexuality education, in 2021 Chanel Contos posted a story on Instagram, asking her followers if they or someone they knew had been sexually assaulted at school. Within 24 hours more than 200 people had replied “yes”.

She launched a petition calling for earlier consent education in Australia. Thanks to her campaign, consent education will be mandatory in all schools from kindergarten until year 10 from 2023. Now she is educating people about non-consensual condom removal, or stealthing, as well as campaigning to criminalise the act.

Eva Copa

Eva Copa, Bolivia

Politician

A former student leader of Aymara descent, Eva Copa is shaking up politics in Bolivia. After failing to win her party’s nomination to be mayor of El Alto, the country’s second-largest city, she stood against their candidate and won with 69% of the vote. She recently announced the city’s plan for women, which will aim to strengthen women’s rights through policy and investment.

Copa is not new to politics, having served as a senator between 2015 and 2020. Her split with the ruling party is seen by many as a shift towards a more diversified political landscape in Bolivia.

We need more women leaders: women always on their feet, never on their knees.

Eva Copa

Joy Ngozi Ezeilo

Joy Ngozi Ezeilo, Nigeria

Law professor

As emeritus dean of law at the University of Nigeria and former United Nations Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, Joy Ezeilo is a leading authority in the field of international human rights.

She is a founding director of the Women Aid Collective (WACOL), which in the last 25 years has provided free legal aid and shelter to 60,000 vulnerable women in Nigeria. She also founded the Tamar Sexual Assault Referral Centre, to provide a rapid response to victims and survivors of abuse.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Nominated by 2021 100 Women laureate, writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

“Professor Ezeilo has impacted many lives through the provision of free legal aid to the poor, especially to women and girls whose human rights have been violated.”

Ibijoke Faborode

Ibijoke Faborode, Nigeria

Founder of ElectHER

Through ElectHER, Ibijoke Faborode is disrupting the women’s political movement in Nigeria. Her organisation works to bridge inequality gaps in political representation and has engaged more than 2,000 women in politics across Africa. With the #Agender35 campaign, her organisation is directly backing 35 women running for local or federal office in the 2023 general election, providing human and financial resources.

She is also behind the first African feminist mobile app for election data analysis. Faborode currently serves in the Leadership Council of The Democracy and Culture Foundation, which identifies new ways to Boost democratic processes.

Erika Hilton

Erika Hilton, Brazil

Politician

The first black trans woman ever elected to a seat in the National Congress of Brazil. Erika Hilton is an activist who campaigns against racism, and for LGBTQ+ and human rights.

As a teenager, she was expelled from a conservative family home and lived on the streets, before going to university. With a background in student politics, Hilton moved to São Paulo and joined the left-wing PSOL party. In 2020 she was elected to the city’s council and went on to author the law that introduced a municipal fund against hunger in Brazil’s largest city.

Our fight is to achieve equal rights, equal wages and the end of gender-based violence, whether we're black, Latin, white, poor, rich, cis or transgender.

Erika Hilton

Park Ji-hyun

Park Ji-hyun, South Korea

Political reformer

As a university student, Park Ji-hyun anonymously helped bust one of South Korea’s biggest online sex-crime rings, known as the Nth rooms. This year she went public with her experience and went into politics, reaching out to young female voters.

When the Democratic Party lost the presidential race, they named her co-interim leader. She was also on the women's committee, which focused on tackling digital sex crimes. In June, the party faced further losses and she resigned. While she may not have an official role at the moment, she is still committed to pushing for gender equality in politics.

Globally, digital sex crimes threaten women's rights and we need to solve this problem in solidarity.

Park Ji-hyun

Zahra Joya

Zahra Joya, Afghanistan

Journalist

For six years under Taliban rule, Zahra Joya became ‘Mohammad’ and dressed as a boy to attend school. When US-led forces toppled the Taliban in 2001 she returned to school as Zahra. She started working as a journalist in 2011 and was often the only female reporter in the newsroom.

She is the founder of Rukhshana Media, an online news agency focused on covering issues that affect women of Afghanistan, named after a 19-year-old who was stoned to death by the Taliban. Joya was evacuated from Afghanistan in 2021 and now runs Rukhshana Media from exile in the UK. She won the Gates Foundation’s 2022 Changemaker Award.

I believe in the soft power of words and we must speak about injustices against women.

Zahra Joya

Ursula von der Leyen

Ursula von der Leyen, Germany

President of the European Commission

The first female president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen is a German politician. She served in Angela Merkel’s cabinet and was the first female defence minister ever appointed in Germany.

Born in Brussels, she studied economics and medicine before going into politics. She took the EU’s top job in 2019, and has since then led the bloc through Brexit, the Covid-19 pandemic, and the war in Ukraine. She was a driving force behind an EU law requiring gender balance on company boards that was adopted this year.

Sanna Marin

Nominated by 2020 100 Women laureate, Finland’s Prime Minister Sanna Marin

“As Europe has been faced by one crisis after another, Ursula von der Leyen has shown incredible resolve in helping the European Union get through these challenges together. Her leadership has been unfaltering. The times are tough, but she is even tougher.”

Naomi Long

Naomi Long, Northern Ireland

Politician

Former Justice Minister Naomi Long brought in legislation to tackle a number of new sexual offences in Northern Ireland this year, including downblousing, cyber-flashing and abolishing the ‘rough sex’ defence. Having received death threats herself, Long has also sought to raise awareness of the harassment of female politicians.

A civil engineer by profession, she joined the Alliance Party in 1995. After serving as Lord Mayor of Belfast, she became the first Alliance MP elected to Westminster in 2010, knocking former first minister Peter Robinson out of the Westminster seat he had held for more than 30 years.

We need to tackle the attitudes that create an environment in which abuse remains commonplace. That means all of us directly and consistently challenging the culture of male entitlement, sexism, and misogyny.

Naomi Long

Ayesha Malik

Ayesha Malik, Pakistan

Judge

Appointed this year as the first female judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, Justice Ayesha A. Malik has authored judgements protecting the rights of women. This includes her landmark judgement which banned the so-called two-finger test of rape victims. These ‘virginity tests’ used to be performed during the examinations of sexual assault cases until they were outlawed in 2021.

Alongside her role on the Supreme Court, Malik also conducts training for judges around the world and has inaugurated conferences for women judges in Pakistan, encouraging the debate around including the gender perspective in the justice system.

Women must build a new narrative - one that includes their perspective, shares their experience, and includes their stories.

Ayesha Malik

Zara Mohammadi

Zara Mohammadi, Iran

Educator

As one of the founders of the Nojin Socio-Cultural Association, Zara Mohammadi has dedicated more than a decade to teaching the Kurdish language in her hometown of Sanandaj.

The Iranian constitution says that use of regional and ethnic languages is freely permitted in educational settings, but lawyers and activists say this is not the case in practice, so children cannot learn their mother tongue at school. The Iranian government accused Mohammadi of "forming groups and societies with the aim of disrupting national security" and she was sentenced to five years in prison. She has been in jail since January 2022.

Mia Mottley

Mia Mottley, Barbados

Prime Minister

As the first female prime minister of Barbados, Mia Mottley won a second term in office after a landslide victory, in January. She has led the Barbados Labour Party since 2008. She guided the Caribbean island as it cut ties with the British royal family, removing the monarch as head of state and becoming the world's existing republic.

Mottley is known for being outspoken about climate change. At COP27 she criticised wealthy nations for failing to tackle the climate crisis, warning there could be a billion climate refugees by 2050 if no action is taken.

Sepideh Qoliyan

Sepideh Qoliyan, Iran

Political campaigner

Law student Sepideh Qoliyan was sentenced to five years in prison for supporting workers’ rights in Khuzestan province, in south-west Iran. She has spent the past four years in four different Iranian prisons, including Evin, the primary site for the housing of political prisoners.

Even from prison, she continues her work, having sent out an audio tape describing the "inhumane" treatment she has faced. She also acts as a voice for female inmates and, while on bail, wrote a book about the "torture" and "injustice" that women experience in Iran’s prisons.

Roza Salih

Roza Salih, Scotland

Politician

In May 2022, Roza Salih became the first refugee to be elected to Glasgow City Council, having arrived in Scotland as a young girl when her family was forced to flee Iraq. Now the SNP councillor for the Greater Pollok ward, Salih has campaigned for refugee rights since she was a teenager and she and her school friends came together to protest the detention of a friend.

Their campaign, the Glasgow Girls, drew national attention to the treatment of asylum seekers. Salih has gone on to co-found Scottish Solidarity with Kurdistan, visiting Kurdish regions in Turkey as a human rights activist.

Simone Tebet

Simone Tebet, Brazil

Member of the Brazilian Federal Senate

Seen by many as a figure to temper the country’s deepening polarisation, centrist Brazilian Senator Simone Tebet finished third in this year’s presidential race. She was elected state representative in 2002 and mayor of her hometown Três Lagoas in 2004 and 2008. In 2014, she was elected to the Senate with over 52% of the valid votes.

She was the first woman to chair the Constitution and Justice Committee of the Senate, considered the chamber's most important panel. A professor of law for over a decade, Tebet also chaired the Joint Committee to Combat Violence against Women.

Everyone should know that the future is female, and a woman's place is wherever she wants.

Simone Tebet

Kisanet Tedros

Kisanet Tedros, Eritrea

Educational entrepreneur

Beles Bubu is a YouTube channel which teaches Eritrean children their language and culture, founded by content creator and entrepreneur Kisanet Tedros. Born and raised in Ethiopia, from a young age she appreciated the importance of understanding language to feel connected to one’s roots.

Her production team brings together self-taught voice and digital artists from Eritrea, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo to create digital content. The videos are accessed by Tigrinya-speaking parents and their children from Eritrea and Ethiopia. Tedros also organised the first Beles Bubu Kids Festival for refugees in Kampala, Uganda.

Cheng Yen

Cheng Yen, Taiwan

Buddhist philanthropist

Dharma Master Cheng Yen is seen as one of the most influential figures in the development of modern Taiwanese Buddhism. Founder of the humanitarian Tzu Chi Foundation, she is sometimes referred to as ‘the Mother Teresa of Asia’.

She started the organisation in 1966, with just 30 housewives saving money to help families in need. It has since grown to have millions of followers globally, providing international relief and medical aid, and running schools and hospitals. Now in her late 80s, her followers continue their philanthropic campaigns and most recently provided financial and material aid to refugees from war-torn Ukraine.

Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe

Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, UK/Iran

Charity worker

“The world should unite to make sure that there is no-one held either hostage or in prison for something they haven’t done” were British-Iranian Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe’s words after she was freed by Iranian authorities in March, after a long-running campaign by her husband Richard pushing the British government to secure her release and resolve a historic debt dispute with Iran.

Zaghari-Ratcliffe was arbitrarily detained in Iran while on holiday with her daughter in 2016, and subsequently as diplomatic pawn was held hostage by the Iranian authorities to put pressure on the British government. She was held for six years - initially convicted by the Revolutionary Court of attempting to overthrow the Iranian regime. When her first sentence concluded in 2021, she was given a second sentence, and held in Iran until a diplomatic settlement was reached. Zaghari-Ratcliffe has strongly refuted all allegations, and is writing a memoir with her husband.

Olena Zelenska

Olena Zelenska, Ukraine

First Lady

A successful TV scriptwriter used to working behind the scenes, Olena Zelenska was thrust onto the world stage when her husband, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, became president of Ukraine in 2019. As First Lady she has worked to Boost women’s rights and promote Ukrainian culture.

After the Russian invasion, she used her platform to highlight the suffering of the Ukrainian people, becoming the first spouse of a foreign president to address US Congress. She is now focused on delivering mental health support for children and families traumatised by the war.

Women have taken on even more responsibilities than in peacetime… A woman who has experienced this (war) will never take a step back. And I am sure that our inner confidence will grow.

Olena Zelenska

Dima Aktaa

Dima Aktaa, Syria

Runner

In 2012, Dima Aktaa’s home in Syria was bombed. She lost her leg and the ability to do one of her favourite things - run. Approximately 28% of Syrians have a disability, nearly double the global average, according to UN data. Ten years later, Aktaa is in the UK, training to compete in the 2024 Paralympics.

After raising money for refugees during the pandemic, she was recognised as a member of England’s alternative football squad, the Lionhearts. Her story recently featured in pop star Anne-Marie’s music video Beautiful, and she continues to raise awareness of the strength of people with disabilities.

Zar Amir-Ebrahimi

Zar Amir-Ebrahimi, Iran

Actress

This year, award-winning actress and filmmaker Zar Amir-Ebrahimi became the first Iranian to win Best Actress at Cannes for her performance in Holy Spider, a film based on the true story of a serial killer who targeted sex workers.

Amir-Ebrahimi had to leave Iran to avoid persecution and prosecution, when an intimate video of her was leaked and she was subjected to a smear campaign about her past love life. In 2008 she moved to Paris, founded her production company Alambic Production, and has continued to build an impressive career both in front of and behind the camera.

Selma Blair

Selma Blair, US

Actress

Known for her roles in pop-culture classics Cruel Intentions, Legally Blonde and the Hellboy franchise, Selma Blair is an American film and television actress.

She was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 2018 and has been praised for raising awareness of the condition, talking candidly about her health journey and the challenges she faces. This year, she released her memoir Mean Baby, and teamed up with an ability-inclusive make-up brand, with the goal of making ergonomic cosmetics that are easier to use and apply for everyone.

I'm a woman that has had a hard past, that could be judged for a lot of things and could have my power dismantled very easily, but it has been through the support of other women that I am here.

Selma Blair

Ona Carbonell

Ona Carbonell, Spain

Swimmer

Spanish artistic swimmer Ona Carbonell campaigns to normalise perceptions of being both a mother and an elite athlete. A three-time Olympian, she has collected more than 30 major medals, including Olympic silver and bronze.

In 2020, she gave birth to her first child and began training to be able to reach the Tokyo Olympics. She voiced her disappointment over rules that meant she couldn’t breastfeed her son at the event. This year, she became a mother for the second time. She told her story in a documentary to show other female athletes that motherhood can be compatible with sport.

Sarah Chan

Sarah Chan, South Sudan

NBA scouter

Former professional basketball player Sarah Chan is now mentoring teenagers and teaching them the sport all over Africa. She is also the first female manager of scouting in Africa for the NBA’s Toronto Raptors basketball team.

After fleeing war in Khartoum, Sudan, she and her family moved to Kenya, where Chan’s basketball career began. She secured a basketball scholarship at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee, and played professionally in Africa and Europe. Chan founded Home At Home/Apediet Foundation, an NGO that combats early-age marriages, advocates for education, and uses sports to educate young people.

You are what you believe about yourself, so believe in a future worthy of all your dreams and aspirations.

Sarah Chan

Priyanka Chopra Jonas

Priyanka Chopra Jonas, India

Actress and producer

With more than 60 films to her name, Priyanka Chopra Jonas is one of Bollywood’s biggest film stars. After her movie debut in 2002, the former Miss World’s breakthrough in Hollywood came as she made history as the first South Asian actress to lead an American network drama series (Quantico, 2015).

Her Hollywood acting credits include Isn't It Romantic and The Matrix Resurrections. She has established her own production company, making films in India. Chopra is also a Unicef Goodwill Ambassador, campaigning for children’s rights and education for girls.

The MeToo movement and subsequent voices of collective women coming together, protecting each other, and standing by each other - there’s something very powerful in togetherness.

Priyanka Chopra Jonas

Billie Eilish

Billie Eilish, US

Singer and songwriter

Grammy Award-winning and record-breaking superstar Billie Eilish is known for pushing boundaries with her music - from her single Your Power, which calls out abusers who exploit underage girls, to All The Good Girls Go To Hell, a song about climate change.

She made history this year by becoming the youngest Glastonbury headliner ever, using her set to protest against the US Supreme Court's decision to end the constitutional right to abortion. She has spoken openly about body image, her periods of depression and living with Tourette's syndrome.

I’m in awe of the time we’re in right now. Women are at the top. There was a specific period of time where I was in this pit of hopelessness because I didn’t have girls like me being taken seriously.

Billie Eilish

Ons Jabeur

Ons Jabeur, Tunisia

Tennis player

After a historic run at the 2022 Wimbledon Championships, Tunisian tennis star Ons Jabeur became the first Arab or African woman to reach a Grand Slam final in the Open era. Just months later, she reached the final of the US Open.

The 28-year-old, who started playing tennis when she was just three, made it to number two in the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) ranking - the highest position ever held by an African or Arab, whether male or female. Jabeur has won three career singles titles, and has been credited with inspiring a new generation of players.

Sneha Jawale

Sneha Jawale, India

Social worker

When her parents couldn’t fulfil a demand for more dowry in December 2000, Sneha Jawale’s husband set her on fire with kerosene. The family didn’t file a police complaint. After her husband left with their son, she became determined to rebuild her life, as a tarot card reader and scriptwriter – jobs where people didn’t have to see her face.

Jawale, now a social worker, was asked to star in a theatre play, Nirbhaya, named after the 2012 Delhi gang-rape victim and based on the experiences of survivors of violence. Performing to audiences around the world helped her overcome her fears.

Over the last 10 years, society’s attitudes towards burn and acid survivors have changed. I don’t consider myself any less than a Miss World or Miss Universe. I say I am beautiful, so I am.

Sneha Jawale

Reema Juffali

Reema Juffali, Saudi Arabia

Racing driver

In 2018, Reema Juffali made history by becoming Saudi Arabia’s first ever female professional racing driver. This year, she founded her very own team, Theeba Motorsport, to compete in the International GT Open and Boost Saudi Arabian access to and participation in motor racing. Through the team, the professional driver is creating a variety of educational opportunities and programmes to Boost diversity in the sport.

A role model for other female racing drivers around the world, Juffali hopes to achieve another first - contesting the prestigious Le Mans 24-hour race with Theeba Motorsport.

Many stereotypes remain for women in society. Support needs to come from the home, as well as from society, for meaningful and lasting change to happen.

Reema Juffali

Kadri Keung

Kadri Keung, Hong Kong

Fashion designer

Designing aesthetically pleasing garments for the elderly and for differently abled bodies is a passion for Kadri Keung. She started adaptive fashion brand RHYS with her mother Ophelia Keung in 2018, inspired by caring for Kadri’s grandmother and realising that garments for the elderly often lack style and functionality.

As a clothing design graduate, Keung combines her knowledge with the needs of the customer, whether that be velcro fastenings or a bag to hold a catheter. Her brand employed and trained 90 underprivileged women, including some with disabilities. In 2022, Keung started Boundless, an inclusive brand promoting fashionable functional items.

Mie Kyung (Miky) Lee

Mie Kyung (Miky) Lee, South Korea

Producer

As a passionate supporter of the arts, Miky Lee is leading a Korean cultural wave. She is a driving force behind K-pop’s global success and an architect of the music festival KCON. She is also an executive producer of Parasite, the first foreign-language film to win an Oscar for best picture.

Lee is vice chair of South Korea's entertainment conglomerate CJ ENM - a powerful film and TV studio, cable operator and music production company.

Rebel Wilson

Nominated by 2021 100 Women laureate, actress Rebel Wilson

“She is total GIRL POWER, and a role model to me. She has represented and promoted her culture to the world and is all class.”

Laura McAllister

Laura McAllister, Wales

Professor and former footballer

Former captain of the Wales women’s football team, Laura McAllister has held several senior roles in sports governance. She is currently Deputy Chair of Uefa's Women's Football Committee and stood for election as Uefa representative on the Fifa Council in April 2021. She is a board director at the Football Association of Wales Trust.

Currently a professor at Cardiff University, McAllister is an expert on Welsh politics. This year, she was chosen by Wales as an LGBTQ+ sports ambassador to attend the World Cup in Qatar. She was asked to remove her ‘rainbow wall’ bucket hat that showed support for the LGBTQ+ community as she entered the stadium.

Milli

Milli, Thailand

Rap artist

Artist and songwriter Danupha Khanatheerakul, better known by her stage name Milli, uses controversial lyrics to address issues such as unrealistic beauty standards and sexual consent. She raps in multiple languages and dialects, also incorporating slang from Thailand's transgender community. She recently announced her first debut album called BABB BUM BUM.

She became a viral sensation at Coachella festival this year by challenging Thai stereotypes and the government, as well as eating mango sticky rice onstage, a traditional Thai dessert. Last year she faced defamation charges for criticising the Thai government's Covid-19 response. As a result, the hashtag #SaveMilli trended.

Rita Moreno

Rita Moreno, Puerto Rico/US

Actress

Very few performers gain EGOT status – a term for the superlative achievement of winning an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony Award – but Rita Moreno is one of them. The Puerto Rican actress, singer and dancer made her Broadway debut aged 13 and has had an illustrious career spanning seven decades.

She appeared in Singin’ in the Rain and The King and I, but it was her Anita in the original West Side Story that made her the first Latina to ever win an Oscar. Steven Spielberg had an entirely new character written into his acclaimed remake especially for Moreno, now in her 90s.

Salima Rhadia Mukansanga

Salima Rhadia Mukansanga, Rwanda

Referee

In a historic moment for international football, Salima Rhadia Mukansanga was picked by Fifa as one of the first three women referees to officiate at a men’s World Cup, in Qatar 2022 - the first time the tournament had women in the role in its 92 years.

Last January, she became the first woman to referee a match at the men's Africa Cup of Nations, and she also officiated at the Olympic Games in Tokyo. She has already presided over games at the highest level in international women's football. Before working in sport, she trained as a midwife.

Alla Pugacheva

Alla Pugacheva, Russia

Musician

Performer and composer Alla Pugacheva has sold more than 250 million records. With a repertoire of over 500 songs and 100 albums, the ‘tsarina of Russian pop’ is a cultural icon, well-known for her clear mezzo-soprano voice, even though she has now retired from performing.

She has been repeatedly honoured by Russia for her music, yet Pugacheva has spoken out against the government on a number of occasions. She recently posted a message to her 3.6 million followers on Instagram denouncing the war in Ukraine, with reactions ranging from praise to accusations of treason.

The world has seen significant progress in the fight for women's access to education and financial independence. However, domestic violence is still a big issue in many countries.

Alla Pugacheva

Elnaz Rekabi

Elnaz Rekabi, Iran

Climber

At the Asian Championships that took place in South Korea in October, Iranian climber Elnaz Rekabi competed without a headscarf, amid protests against the mandatory hijab in her home country. She came fourth in the championships, but gained popularity among Iranian protesters. Many people greeted her at a Tehran airport when she returned home, and she was praised on social media.

A post on her Instagram page later said her hijab fell off “inadvertently” and she apologised to the Iranian people in a State TV interview for the “confusion and concerns”. However, a source told BBC Persian that her interview was a forced confession.

Yulimar Rojas

Yulimar Rojas, Venezuela

Athlete

An Olympic medallist (gold and silver) and three-time world champion, Yulimar Rojas became the world record holder in the women’s triple jump when she recorded 15.74m at the World Athletics Indoor Championships in March. She has now set her sights on an even bigger achievement – jumping 16m.

Born in Caracas, Venezuela, and raised in a poor area on the Caribbean coast, she has credited her humble beginnings with helping her to succeed. Currently part of the Barcelona FC athletics team, Rojas has achieved hero status in her country. She is openly lesbian and a vocal advocate for LGBTQ+ issues.

We women must not be intimidated. There are no impossibles for us, it is already clear that we can be underestimated but we have already shown with great pride what we are capable of.

Yulimar Rojas

Sally Scales

Sally Scales, Australia

Artist

In 2022, art consultant Sally Scales was appointed to the group working with the Australian government ahead of a referendum known as ‘Voice to Parliament’ - a historic consultation which, if successful, would see indigenous people permanently represented in parliamentary processes.

A respected cultural leader and artist, Scales is a Pitjantjatjara woman from Pipalyatjara in the far west of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands, in remote South Australia. She is the second woman to hold the position of APY chairperson, and is a spokesperson for the APY Art Centre Collective, a group of indigenous-owned cultural enterprises.

Julia Gillard

Nominated by 2018 100 Women laureate, former politician Julia Gillard

“Sally is a creator of both wonderful art and human understanding. By enlightening and enthusing others, she catalyses the many changes needed to end the pernicious combination of racism and sexism.”

Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah

Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah, Ghana

Author

Her book The Sex Lives of African Women has been described as "an astonishing report on the quest for sexual liberation", in a dazzling review by Publishers Weekly. It was listed by The Economist as one of the best books of the year, reflecting a diverse range of voices from across the continent and global diaspora.

Writer and feminist activist Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah is also co-founder of Adventures from the Bedrooms of African Women - a website, podcast and festival that creates content to recount the experiences of African women around sex, sexualities, and pleasure.

Feminists have succeeded in creating space for all women to be themselves. But we are facing a backlash, which is the result of our gains - and this backlash particularly affects gender diverse and gender non-conforming people.

Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah

Geetanjali Shree

Geetanjali Shree, India

Author

Novelist and writer Geetanjali Shree made history this year when she became the first Hindi writer to win the International Booker Prize for Tomb of the Sand, the English translation of her novel Ret Samadhi. The French translation of the book was also shortlisted for the Emile Guimet Prize.

Shree writes fiction in Hindi and non-fiction in Hindi and English. Marked by innovative use of language and structure, her works have been translated into many Indian and foreign languages. She also works on theatrical scripts in collaboration with the theatre group Vivadi, of which she is a founding member.

Women have always negotiated their spaces. There has been marked progress for them in all spheres of life, even if unevenly across cultures and classes.

Geetanjali Shree

Alexandra Skochilenko

Alexandra Skochilenko, Russia

Artist

St Petersburg artist Alexandra Skochilenko was detained for replacing supermarket price tags with messages about the war in Ukraine, including information on the potential number of casualties in the Mariupol theatre airstrike carried out by Russian forces. After being reported by another shopper, she was charged under a law banning ‘disinformation’ about Russia’s armed forces.

Currently in a pre-trial detention centre awaiting sentencing, she considers herself a prisoner of conscience and faces up to 10 years in prison.

Skochilenko has written comic books focusing on mental health, including Notes on Depression and What Is Mania? Her girlfriend has reported concerns for Skochilenko’s health in detention.

Velia Vidal

Velia Vidal, Colombia

Writer

A storyteller and promoter of culture from Colombia’s El Chocó region, Velia Vidal is a lover of shared readings. She is the founder of Motete, an organisation that promotes studying and literacy, as well as Chocó’s unique culture. She also organises the Chocó studying and writing festival, seeing literature as a tool to fight inequality and racism in one of Colombia’s most deprived region.

Her exact book, Aguas de Estuario, was the first winner of a publication grant for Afro-Colombian authors from the Colombian Ministry of Culture. She is a researcher for the Afluentes project, a joint initiative with the British Museum.

We are now more aware of the historical oppression of women and the need to remedy it, but we fail to recognise how racism deepens these oppressions on Afro and indigenous people.

Velia Vidal

Esraa Warda

Esraa Warda, Algeria/US

Dancer

A child of the Algerian diaspora, Esraa Warda is a cultural warrior who has taken traditional Algerian dance from the living room to the classroom. She advocates for the preservation of North African women-led dance traditions, with a particular focus on raï, a grassroots genre historically associated with social protest.

She is a mentee of Cheikha Rabia, one of few female masters of traditional raï in the diaspora. Warda is a touring artist and educator and her performances and workshops have made their way around the world, from Washington DC to London.

Lina Abu Akleh

Lina Abu Akleh, Palestinian Territories

Human rights campaigner

Palestinian-Armenian human rights advocate Lina Abu Akleh is the niece of Palestinian-American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh, an Al Jazeera correspondent who was killed in May while covering a raid by Israeli forces in the occupied West Bank. The Israeli military has said there is a "high probability" one of its soldiers killed her "by mistake".

Lina has now become the face of a campaign for justice and accountability for her aunt’s killing. She holds a master’s in international studies focusing on human rights. She was named as one of the 2022 TIME100 Next emerging leaders for her advocacy.

We need to pick up where my aunt Shireen Abu Akleh left off and continue to amplify women’s perspectives so we can ensure that the stories we’re telling and the information we’re gathering is equitable, accurate and whole - without women, that’s not possible.

Lina Abu Akleh

Velmariri Bambari

Velmariri Bambari, Indonesia

Activist

Working in a remote area of Indonesia, Velmariri Bambari has been fighting for victims of sexual violence in Central Sulawesi. She has persuaded members of the local council to break with customary law and not impose fines on survivors of sexual abuse.

In customary law, the sanction of “washing the village” establishes that perpetrators who are thought to have polluted traditional values should pay a fine. This rule is also applied to victims. Because of her campaigning, Bambari is often the first person contacted by the police when sexual violence is reported. She has dealt with several cases this year.

Even though I am physically disabled I want to devote all the energy I have to empower women in my surroundings, by creating opportunities that allow them to have financial independence.

Velmariri Bambari

Tarana Burke

Tarana Burke, US

Activist

The #MeToo hashtag went viral five years ago, when millions of people around the world shared their experiences of sexual harassment. But the movement was started by survivor and activist Tarana Burke back in 2006. She coined the phrase to raise awareness of abuse and violence against women.

When a 2017 tweet by actress Alyssa Milano amplified #MeToo, it sparked a global conversation about how women are treated, and gave survivors a powerful voice. Burke remains committed to advocating for survivors of abuse as she continues to fight for cultural and structural change.

Sanjida Islam Choya

Sanjida Islam Choya, Bangladesh

Student

Bangladesh has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, but Sanjida Islam Choya is trying to change that. Her own mother was married at a young age, but after Choya was inspired by a school presentation on the effects of child marriage, she decided to act.

She and her friends, teachers and collaborators call themselves Ghashforing (Grasshoppers) and report incidents of child marriage to the police. Now at university, Choya’s work with Ghashforing hasn’t stopped and she mentors new members of the group. So far they have reportedly prevented 50 child marriages.

Heidi Crowter

Heidi Crowter, UK

Disability campaigner

Heidi Crowter has campaigned to change perceptions of people with Down's syndrome. She took the UK government to court over legislation allowing foetuses with the condition to be aborted up until birth, saying it was discriminatory. The High Court ruled against her challenge and said the law aims to strike a balance between the rights of the unborn child and of women. In November, Crowter lost her appeal, but said she and her team plan to “keep fighting” and take the case to the Supreme Court.

She is a patron of Positive About Down Syndrome and founding officer of the National Down Syndrome Policy Group. Her book, I’m Just Heidi, was published in August.

I want pregnant women to have the right information about Down syndrome. I want people to keep up with the times and see us for who we really are!

Heidi Crowter

Sandya Eknaligoda

Sandya Eknaligoda, Sri Lanka

Human rights activist

A human rights activist and campaigner, Sandya Eknaligoda is helping thousands of mothers and wives who lost loved ones during Sri Lanka's civil war. Her husband, Prageeth Eknaligoda, a prominent investigative journalist and cartoonist, went missing in January 2010. He was a strong critic of the government and investigated alleged abuses against Tamil Tiger separatists.

Since his disappearance, the mother of two has been seeking justice. She accuses the supporters of Mahinda Rajapaksa, the former president of Sri Lanka, of being responsible for her husband's abduction. While suspects have been identified, they have all been acquitted.

I am a woman who fights on behalf of others at every opportunity, engages in creative struggle, and overcomes challenges amidst insults and slander, through dedication and sacrifice.

Sandya Eknaligoda

Gohar Eshghi

Gohar Eshghi, Iran

Civil activist

Gohar Eshghi has become a symbol of endurance and persistence in Iran. Her son, Sattar Beheshti, was a blogger who died in custody a decade ago and Eshghi has been calling for justice ever since, accusing Iranian authorities of torture and murder.

She is one of the Iranian Complainant Mothers, a group seeking justice for their children’s killings. Holding Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s Supreme Leader, personally responsible for her son’s death, she was one of the signatories of a letter in 2019, calling for his resignation. During this year’s protests, following the death of Mahsa Amini, Eshghi removed her headscarf in solidarity with protesters.

Ceci Flores

Ceci Flores, Mexico

Activist

Armed men took Ceci Flores’ 21-year-old son Alejandro in 2015. Four years later, another of her sons, Marco Antonio, 31, was kidnapped by a criminal group. Flores says her activism is driven by the fear of dying without finding out what happened to her children, victims of forced disappearances in Mexico.

This year, the country hit a grim milestone, with 100,000 people now listed as missing in what the UN has called "a tragedy of enormous proportions". Under Flores’ leadership, the Madres Buscadoras de Sonora collective (Sonora’s Searching Mothers) have helped locate more than 1,000 disappeared persons in clandestine graves.

Geraldina Guerra Garcés

Geraldina Guerra Garcés, Ecuador

Femicide activist

A defender of women's rights for over 17 years, Geraldina Guerra Garcés works to protect female victims of violence in Ecuador. She specialises in gathering information to increase the visibility of femicides - the murder of women because of their gender.

She is behind the Cartographies of Memory initiative, which seeks to create "life maps" of victims of femicide, keeping their memory alive to help spark a cultural shift in attitudes. Guerra tracks and maps cases for the Feminist Alliance and the Latin American Network Against Gender Violence. She also represents the Aldea Foundation and the country’s network of women’s shelters.

If there is no strong action to prevent femicides, there will be no progress for anyone. Despite new legislation coming into effect, we are still being killed, and that has to change.

Geraldina Guerra Garcés

Moud Goba

Moud Goba, UK

LGBTQ+ activist

As a refugee herself, Moud Goba has worked for almost two decades with grassroots organisations that promote the integration of refugees. She is currently a national manager for Micro Rainbow, which provides safe shelter to LGBTQ+ asylum seekers and refugees. She leads their housing project, which provides 25,000 bed-nights a year to the homeless, and is also involved in their employability programme.

Recently Goba has managed the integration process of LGBTQ+ people who arrived in the UK from Afghanistan. She is one of the founding members of UK Black Pride and current chair of their board of trustees.

Gehad Hamdy

Gehad Hamdy, Egypt

Dentist and humanitarian

Dentist Gehad Hamdy is also the founder and manager of Speak Up, an Egyptian feminist initiative that uses its social media platform to shine a spotlight on the perpetrators of gender-based violence and sexual harassment. There has been a series of violent crimes against women across Egypt in 2022, bringing the issue into focus.

The organisation encourages women to speak out about abuse, while also providing legal and emotional support and putting pressure on authorities to act. Hamdy’s campaign has been recognised on numerous occasions, including winning the equal rights and non-discrimination award at the World Justice Forum 2022.

There’s a long way to go; we’re nowhere near the end. In fact, we’ve barely begun.

Gehad Hamdy

Judith Heumann

Judith Heumann, US

Disability rights advocate

Judith Heumann has dedicated her life to fighting for the rights of disabled people. After contracting polio as a child, she became the first wheelchair user to work as a teacher in New York City.

She is an internationally recognised leader of the disability rights movement, and her activism – including her involvement in the longest ever US federal building sit-in – has seen her play a significant role in the implementation of major legislation. Heumann served in both the Clinton and Obama administrations, and has 20 years of non-profit experience.

Nominated by 2020 100 Women laureate, disability activist Shani Dhanda

“I've been genuinely inspired by Judith, who, for more than 30 years, has worked to advance the human rights of disabled people globally. She remains a tireless advocate and has been part of pivotal moments in the disability rights movement.”

Jebina Yasmin Islam

Jebina Yasmin Islam, UK

Campaigner

The sister of primary school teacher Sabina Nessa, who was murdered in a London park in September 2021, Jebina Yasmin Islam has become an outspoken advocate for women’s street safety in the UK. She has campaigned for changes to the law, so defendants need to appear in court for sentencing.

After her sister’s killing, Islam criticised the British government’s lack of support, saying it was indicative of how little importance was placed on male violence. She also spoke out about racial discrimination - they would have received better treatment, she said, if their family had been a "normal British white family". Islam describes her sister as an "amazing role model" who was "powerful, fearless, and bright".

“Love yourself more than anyone on the planet.”

Sabina Nessa

A message from Sabina Nessa's journal, shared by her sister Jebina

Layli

Layli, Iran

Protester

One of the iconic images of the current protests in Iran was of a young woman, filmed from behind, putting her hair in a ponytail, and preparing to continue protesting on the streets. Her photo became a symbol of the bravery of protesters, but her identity was mistaken for Hadis Najafi, a 22-year-old woman killed during the ongoing demonstrations.

Speaking to BBC Persian, Layli (not her real name) said she would "fight for people like Hadis Najafi and Mahsa Amini". The Iranian regime, she said, "do not scare us with the threat of death. We have hope for Iran’s freedom."

Hadizatou Mani

Hadizatou Mani, Niger

Anti-slavery campaigner

Sold off to become a ‘fifth wife’ aged 12, Hadizatou Mani was enslaved under the wahaya practice, which involves an influential man taking an unofficial wife to serve his four legal wives. After being legally freed in 2005, Mani remarried, but her former master accused her of bigamy and sued her. She was found guilty and sentenced to six months in prison.

Mani challenged the ruling and Niger’s Supreme Court overturned her conviction in 2019, banning the wahaya practice as a result. She is now an anti-slavery advocate and uses her platform to help other women to escape.

Oleksandra Matviichuk

Oleksandra Matviichuk, Ukraine

Human rights lawyer

For 15 years, Oleksandra Matviichuk has led the Center for Civil Liberties (CCL), which was jointly awarded the 2022 Nobel Peace Prize for its work in documenting Russian war crimes after the invasion of Ukraine.

The CCL is carrying the legacy of the Ukrainian dissidents of the 1960s, focusing on human rights. In 2014, the Center was the first human rights organisation to go to Crimea, Luhansk, and Donetsk to document war crimes. Now they are calling for an international tribunal to investigate Russia over alleged violations of human rights committed in Chechnya, Moldova, Georgia, Syria, Mali, and Ukraine.

Bravery has no gender.

Oleksandra Matviichuk

Narges Mohammadi

Narges Mohammadi, Iran

Human rights campaigner

Journalist and Nobel Peace Prize nominee Narges Mohammadi is vice-president of the Defenders of Human Rights Center in Iran and has tirelessly campaigned for the abolition of the death penalty. During the most exact demonstrations in Iran, she sent a letter from Evin Prison, asking the UN to stop the Iranian government from issuing the death penalty to protesters.

In 2010 Mohammadi was sentenced to 11 years in prison - later increased to 16 years after she gave a speech, while on bail, criticising the treatment of inmates at Evin. Her documentary White Torture examines solitary confinement, based on interviews with 16 former prisoners. Her two children live in exile with her husband, political activist Taghi Rahmani.

Tamana Zaryab Paryani

Tamana Zaryab Paryani, Afghanistan

Activist

Days after taking part in a January rally calling for the right to education and work, Tamana Zaryab Paryani and her sisters were seen being forcibly taken from their home by armed men. Amid international condemnation and calls for their release, the Taliban denied involvement.

She managed to film her reactions to the arrest and posted it online. Paryani’s viral video brought attention to female activists who were disappearing. She spent three weeks in custody before being set free. She is now living in Germany and, in solidarity with the women of Afghanistan, she burnt her headscarf, a move that was seen as controversial by many Afghan women.

Whilst the women of the world are progressing, the women of Afghanistan have been pushed back 20 years. Twenty years of women's achievements have been taken away from them.

Tamana Zaryab Paryani

Alice Pataxó

Alice Pataxó, Brazil

Indigenous activist

Climate campaigner, journalist and influencer, Alice Pataxó aims to raise awareness about how the Brazilian government’s exact environmental and agricultural policies threaten indigenous land rights. As a voice for the Pataxó people, she wants to challenge colonial views about indigenous communities and shed light on the murders of environmental activists.

She is a journalist for Colabora and creates content for her YouTube channel Nuhé, a term referring to the resilience of indigenous people in Brazil.

Malala Yousafzai

Nominated by 100 Women 2021 laureate, education activist Malala Yousafzai

“I'm so proud to nominate Alice Pataxó for this year's BBC 100 Women list. Alice's unwavering commitment to fighting for climate action, gender equality, and indigenous rights provide me hope that a sustainable and more equal world is within reach.”

Roya Piraei

Roya Piraei, Iran

Activist

In September, an image of Roya Piraei went viral. Her mother, 62-year-old Minoo Majidi, had been protesting in Kermanshah, the largest Kurdish-speaking city in Iran, when she was shot and killed by security forces. Piraei stood at her mother’s graveside with her head shaven, holding her cut hair in her hands and staring defiantly at the camera.

She has become one of the faces that made headlines internationally after anti-government protests spread in Iran, following the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish woman. Piraei has since met French President Emmanuel Macron to get international support for the ongoing protests.

Yuliia Sachuk

Yuliia Sachuk, Ukraine

Disability leader

Ukrainian human rights defender Yuliia Sachuk is head of Fight for Right, an organisation led by women with disabilities. She launched an emergency response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, working around the clock to coordinate evacuation plans with international organisations to save the lives of thousands of Ukrainians with disabilities.

Sachuk is passionate about empowering girls and women with disabilities to participate in decision making. She participates in the Obama Foundation’s Leader Europe program, was laureate of the National Human Rights Award 2020, and is a candidate for Ukraine on the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Suvada Selimović

Suvada Selimović, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Peace campaigner

It is 30 years since war devastated Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Suvada Selimović now lives in a village which she helped to rebuild, together with other displaced women who returned home. A widow and mother to small children, Selimovic founded Anima, an organisation for peace activism and female empowerment.

After her husband’s remains were found in a mass grave in 2008, she testified at the war crimes court and encouraged other women to do the same. Today, Anima hosts workshops for women dealing with war trauma, and sets up opportunities for them to sell products they make.

Efrat Tilma

Efrat Tilma, Israel

Volunteer

As the first transgender volunteer in the Israeli Police, activist Efrat Tilma answers emergency calls and works to Boost the relationship between police forces and the LGBTQ+ community. Tilma fled Israel as a teenager and moved to Europe - after being rejected by her family and experiencing police harassment. She underwent gender reassignment surgery in 1969 in Casablanca, when the procedure was largely banned in Europe.

She went on to be a flight attendant in Berlin and got married. She returned to Israel in 2005, after her divorce, and found it a more welcoming place for sexual minorities, which encouraged her to volunteer with the police.

Zhou Xiaoxuan

Zhou Xiaoxuan, China

Feminist activist

As the face of China’s MeToo movement, Zhou Xiaoxuan’s case was followed by feminists in China and audiences globally. In 2018, she sued Zhu Jun, a star presenter at the state-owned CCTV broadcaster, accusing him of groping and forcibly kissing her during a 2014 internship. He denied the charges and sued her for defamation.

Her case was dismissed for insufficient evidence and this year her appeal was rejected in what some foreign media called a blow to China’s MeToo movement. Zhou Xiaoxuan now supports women who have been sexually harassed and is involved in highlighting feminist issues in China.

Woman cutting her hair

Woman cutting her hair, Iran

Protester

Widespread protests erupted in Iran this year, following the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish woman arrested by morality police in Tehran on 13 September for allegedly violating Iran's strict rules requiring women to cover their hair with a hijab, or headscarf.

This year we wanted to recognise the role women have played in the protests, fighting for their freedoms and against the compulsory hijab.

Haircutting has become one of the symbols of a movement that has spread to celebrities, politicians and campaigners across the world. It is seen by some communities in Iran as a traditional sign of mourning.

Aye Nyein Thu

Aye Nyein Thu, Myanmar

Medical doctor

Aye Nyein Thu is a front-line volunteer in crisis areas of Myanmar, focusing on the remote and poor Chin State. She built a makeshift hospital with a small operating theatre in November 2021 and has since been treating sick and injured people.

In her spare time, she travels to other regions where medical treatment is mostly unavailable, to support local patients including internally displaced persons. In the course of her work, she has had charges of ‘causing incitement to violence’ brought against her by the Myanmar military, who accused her of supporting local anti-government militia groups known as People's Defence Forces.

Sirisha Bandla

Sirisha Bandla, India

Aeronautical engineer

Sirisha Bandla went to the edge of space as part of the historic 2021 Unity 22 mission, Virgin Galactic’s first fully crewed sub-orbital spaceflight – making her the second woman born in India to go to space.

Developing an interest in space at an early age, Bandla went on to study aeronautical engineering in the US. She is now Vice President of Government Affairs and Research Operations for Virgin Galactic, a role that includes working with research customers to fly science and technology experiments on board VG’s SpaceShip.

Sunny Leone

Nominated by 2016 100 Women laureate, actress Sunny Leone

“In a male-dominated industry, for Sirisha to overcome everything and push through based on just her hard work and dedication makes her an inspiration to me and, more importantly, to all young girls out there with similar dreams.”

Victoria Baptiste

Victoria Baptiste, US

Nurse and vaccine educator

A nurse in the US state of Maryland, Victoria Baptiste educates people about vaccines. She understands why the black community might be suspicious of medical interventions: Baptiste is a descendant of Henrietta Lacks, a black woman who died of cervical cancer in 1951 whose cells, taken without her consent, were the first to be grown in a lab.

Known as HeLa cells, they have been used in medical research ever since, but the family did not know for decades. Now part of the Henrietta Lacks Foundation, Baptiste is also a WHO Goodwill Ambassador for cervical cancer elimination.

Niloufar Bayani

Niloufar Bayani, Iran

Ecologist

Conservationist Niloufar Bayani was one of several environmentalists detained in Iran in 2018 after using cameras to track endangered species. They were accused of collecting classified information about strategically sensitive areas, and Bayani was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

Bayani was the programme manager of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation, dedicated to saving the Asiatic cheetah and other species. In a document obtained by BBC Persian, she said Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps subjected her to “the most severe mental, emotional and physical torture and sexual threats for at least 1,200 hours”. The Iranian authorities deny these allegations.

Sandy Cabrera Arteaga

Sandy Cabrera Arteaga, Honduras

Reproductive rights advocate

Philosophy student, writer and feminist activist, Sandy Cabrera Arteaga is a defender of sexual and reproductive rights. She teaches workshops about the morning-after pill and is a spokesperson for ‘Hablemos lo que es’ (Let’s talk about what it is) - an educational campaign and digital platform about emergency contraception.

She also works for Acción Joven (Youth Action) which focuses on young people’s human, sexual and reproductive rights. She is fluent in Honduran sign language and, as the only daughter of a single mother who is deaf, she is proud of her inclusive upbringing.

Samrawit Fikru

Samrawit Fikru, Ethiopia

Tech entrepreneur

Although she hadn’t ever used a computer until she was 17, programmer Samrawit Fikru is a founder of Hybrid Designs, one of the companies behind Ethiopia’s taxi app RIDE.

Her own experience feeling unsafe taking taxis after work and having to haggle with drivers who wanted to charge her extra led her to create the app, which she started with less than $2,000 (around £1,700). Her company went on to employ a majority female staff. There are few women in Ethiopia’s tech industry and Fikru wants to inspire the next generation of young female entrepreneurs.

Women-owned business are growing in number; now we need more young girls to access the finances to make their creative ideas happen.

Samrawit Fikru

Wegahta Gebreyohannes Abera

Wegahta Gebreyohannes Abera, Tigray, Ethiopia

Humanitarian aid worker

A humanitarian aid worker, Wegahta Gebreyohannes Abera is also the founder of Hdrina, a non-profit organisation that aims to eradicate malnutrition caused by the war in Tigray. Hdrina has a number of projects to help war-affected women and children, including an emergency feeding programme in a camp for internally displaced people (IDP) and an urban gardening project.

The organisation also runs a female empowerment project for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence and women who, as a result of poverty caused by the war, have turned to commercial sex work.

Dilek Gürsoy

Dilek Gürsoy, Germany

Heart surgeon

Born in Germany to Turkish migrant parents, Dr Dilek Gürsoy is a leading heart surgeon and artificial heart specialist. She made the cover of Forbes magazine in Germany, which lauded her for being the first female surgeon in Europe to implant an artificial heart.

She has been at the forefront of artificial heart research for more than a decade, working on the development of an alternative to heart transplantation given the low rates of organ donation, with a special focus on female anatomy. She has written an autobiography and is now in the process of starting her own heart clinic.

Sofía Heinonen

Sofía Heinonen, Argentina

Conservationist

Committed to protecting biodiversity, biologist Sofía Heinonen led the first efforts to reverse the extinction crisis in South America, with the rewilding of the Esteros del Iberá, the main wetland ecosystem in Argentina and one of the world’s largest. She has spent more than 30 years contributing to the creation of protected areas.

Under her leadership, the Rewilding Argentina project is active in four main ecoregions, including the Patagonian steppe, under a model that looks at turning private land into protected national parks and reintroducing native species to restore ecosystems and build sustainable ecotourism.

Kimiko Hirata

Kimiko Hirata, Japan

Climate campaigner

A fierce opponent of coal power, Kimiko Hirata has spent nearly half her life fighting to wean Japan off its dependence on fossil fuels – by far the largest contributors to climate change. Her grassroots campaign resulted in the cancellation of 17 planned coal power plants. She is the first Japanese woman to win the Goldman Environmental Prize.

Hirata quit her job at a publishing house to become a climate activist in the 1990s after studying Al Gore’s book Earth in the Balance. She’s now executive director of the independent organisation Climate Integrate, established in January 2022, which is tackling decarbonisation.

Judy Kihumba

Judy Kihumba, Kenya

Sign language interpreter

As an advocate of maternal mental health and wellness of deaf nursing mums, Judy Kihumba intervened to make healthcare information available to all women when she realised that some hospitals in Kenya didn’t have sign language interpreters.

She is the founder of Talking Hands, Listening Eyes on Postpartum Depression (THLEP) and helps women with impaired hearing in the journey of motherhood. Kihumba created the organisation after experiencing postpartum depression herself in 2019. This year they organised the first group baby shower, which brought together 78 deaf mothers with healthcare practitioners and counsellors.

Marie Christina Kolo

Marie Christina Kolo, Madagascar

Climate entrepreneur

Green social entrepreneur and ecofeminist, Marie Christina Kolo was part of Madagascar’s official delegation to COP27. She advocates on the human rights and gender aspects of climate change, as her country endures consecutive droughts that challenge access to food for millions. The UN has called it the world’s first climate change-induced famine.

Kolo is regional director of the NGO People Power Inclusion, which aims to fight poverty through the green economy. Her social enterprise, Green’N’Kool, is a leading national platform for climate justice. As a survivor of gender-based violence, she founded the movement Women Break the Silence, which fights against rape culture.

We don't want to be seen only as poor victims of climate impact, patriarchy and violence. I feel so optimistic and proud when I see that we women can be resilient, despite all the difficulties.

Marie Christina Kolo

Iryna Kondratova

Iryna Kondratova, Ukraine

Paediatrician

Despite coming under heavy shelling, Dr Iryna Kondratova and her team continued to care tirelessly for pregnant women, newborns and mothers at the Kharkiv Regional Perinatal Centre. They set up a labour ward in the basement of the hospital, and risked their lives to stay with intensive care babies who couldn’t be moved, even as air raid sirens sounded.

As head of the centre, Dr Kondratova took over David Beckham’s Instagram in March, to highlight the challenges they face. Her team has provided medical and psychological support to more than 3,000 women from Luhansk and Donetsk since 2014.

Destroyed are our homes, roads, power stations, hospitals - and lives. But our dreams, our hopes and our faith are alive and stronger than ever.

Iryna Kondratova

Asonele Kotu

Asonele Kotu, South Africa

Tech entrepreneur

The idea for her business was born after Asonele Kotu wanted her own contraceptive implant removed, but couldn’t find anyone to help her. She then founded FemConnect, a start-up that provides technology solutions to alleviate period poverty and reduce teenage pregnancies.

The platform allows users to access sexual and reproductive telemedicine with no stigma or discrimination, as well as feminine hygiene products and contraceptives - and all the same way you would order food online. Kotu is passionate about eradicating period poverty and improving access to quality healthcare, especially for at-risk youth and those in marginalised and underserved communities.

It has been beautiful to watch the determination of young people to create solutions to problems, to ensure that the next generation does not experience the same struggles our parents did.

Asonele Kotu

Erika Liriano

Erika Liriano, Dominican Republic

Cocoa entrepreneur

Aiming to reimagine the cocoa supply chain, Erika Liriano runs a profit-sharing export start-up in the Dominican Republic. Liriano co-founded INARU with her sister, Janett, with the aim of making the production and distribution of cocoa fairer and more sustainable. This year, their start-up got seed funding.

Historically, the cocoa industry has been exploitative for smallholder farmers but their company ensures ethical sourcing and fair wages for Dominican producers. Born in New York, the sisters come from a family of farmers and entrepreneurs in the Dominican Republic. They now partner with women-run farms, co-operatives and suppliers across the country.

The power to determine your own path is something that all humans should have the right to, and that includes a woman’s power to choose what type of life she wants for herself.

Erika Liriano

Naja Lyberth

Naja Lyberth, Greenland

Psychologist

Trauma therapist Naja Lyberth was only 13 when she was involuntarily fitted with an intrauterine device (IUD), commonly known as a coil, as part of a birth control campaign carried out on Inuit Greenlanders by Danish doctors during the 1960s and 70s. This year Denmark and Greenland formally agreed to launch an investigation into these practices, which may have affected around 4,500 women and girls.

Lyberth campaigns to help these women, including those who suspect the coil is to blame for their fertility issues. She has set up a Facebook group for women to connect and support each other.

More and more women who are survivors are becoming role models for other women. Speaking out often makes the fear disappear, when you discover that you will not be judged. We cannot be controlled by our fears.

Naja Lyberth

Nigar Marf

Nigar Marf, Iraq

Nurse

As head nurse in the main burns unit in Iraqi Kurdistan, Nigar Marf’s work includes treating women who have self-immolated, the act of setting oneself on fire. This practice is still common among young women in the region, as a form of protest.

Marf has worked in hospitals for around 25 years, both in paediatric burns and intensive care. In her ward she also treats patients who have sustained accidental burns. Many of the women she treats suffered mental and physical abuse before setting themselves on fire; some of them were as young as 16.

Monica Musonda

Monica Musonda, Zambia

Businesswoman

A corporate lawyer-turned-entrepreneur, Monica Musonda is the founder and CEO of Java Foods, a Zambian-based food processing company and instant noodle manufacturer in the southern African region. Her vision is to produce affordable food products by taking advantage of Zambia’s strong wheat yields, as well as the demand for more convenience foods and changing consumption patterns.

Musonda, who is a nutrition advocate, mentors several other female entrepreneurs and speaks out on issues affecting women in business. She has won numerous awards, and has been recognised for her work to strengthen Africa's agricultural and food systems.

Ifeoma Ozoma

Ifeoma Ozoma, US

Public policy and tech specialist

After breaching her own non-disclosure agreement (NDA) to accuse her former employer Pinterest of gender and race discrimination, Ifeoma Ozoma is determined to help employees fight mistreatment at work. She became the co-sponsor of the Silenced No More Act, which allows every worker in California to share information about discrimination or harassment regardless of signing an NDA. Pinterest carried out a workplace review following Ozoma’s allegations and said it supports the legislation.

Ozoma also created The Tech Worker Handbook, a collection of resources to help employees speak out, and founded Earthseed, which advises organisations on equity in the tech industry.

Yuliia Paievska

Yuliia Paievska, Ukraine

Paramedic

A decorated Ukrainian civilian paramedic, and founder of Taira’s Angels, a volunteer medical unit credited with saving hundreds of wounded civilians and military personnel. Yuliia Paievska, better known as Taira, was captured by Russian forces in March while helping to evacuate civilians from Mariupol.

She had been using a body camera to document her team’s work in the besieged city, and the footage was given to the media. Upon her release three months later, Paievska spoke about the harsh conditions and brutal treatment she faced while in captivity, describing her detention as "hell".

Jane Rigby

Jane Rigby, US

Astronomer and astrophysicist

Nasa astrophysicist Dr Jane Rigby studies how galaxies evolve over cosmic time. She was one of the key scientists in the international team that launched and deployed the James Webb, the world's largest space telescope. In July, the first full-colour pictures taken by the Webb became the most detailed infrared view of the Universe to date.

Rigby has published more than 100 peer-reviewed scientific papers and has won multiple awards for her research. She is also an advocate for equity and inclusion in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics).

When I was a student, I wasn't aware of any LGBTQ role models. I hope I'm part of the last generation who grew up without queer role models to follow.

Jane Rigby

Ainura Sagyn

Ainura Sagyn, Kyrgyzstan

Engineer

As a computer engineer, ecofeminist, and CEO of a start-up, Ainura Sagyn has been applying her skills to build technology-based solutions to environmental problems. She founded Tazar, an app which connects waste producers - everyone from households and individuals to restaurants, factories and construction sites - with recyclers. The app aims to reduce the waste that winds up in landfills and eventually tackle the problem of sustainability in Central Asian countries.

She has also led workshops in coding and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) for over 2,000 schoolgirls in different regions of Kyrgyzstan.

Without women’s leadership and participation in climate responses today, it is unlikely that solutions for a sustainable planet and a gender-equal tomorrow will be realised.

Ainura Sagyn

Monica Simpson

Monica Simpson, US

Reproductive justice activist

As executive director of SisterSong, a women-of-colour collective working for reproductive justice in the southern US states, Monica Simpson focuses on fighting for sexual and reproductive freedom. The issue returned to the spotlight this year after the US Supreme Court overturned the Roe v Wade ruling that made access to legal abortion a right throughout the country.

Simpson is also a singer and spoken word artist, fusing her activism with her art. She is a certified doula and founding board member of the Black Mamas Matter Alliance, working to advance black maternal health.

Maryna Viazovska

Maryna Viazovska, Ukraine

Mathematician

The Ukrainian mathematician who earlier this year became only the second woman in history to win the prestigious Fields Medal - often described as the Nobel Prize of mathematics and given out every four years. Maryna Viazovska won the award for her work on a 400-year-old puzzle, solving the problem of how to pack spheres in the most efficient way into a space with eight dimensions.

Based at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Viazovska is a professor and Chair of Number Theory at the Institute of Mathematics.

Yana Zinkevych

Yana Zinkevych, Ukraine

Politician and front-line medical volunteer

Saving lives on the front line of the war, the Hospitallers is a volunteer paramedic organisation. Led by Yana Zinkevych, they work to evacuate people from the battlefield. Zinkevych became a medical volunteer after leaving school, and founded the battalion in 2014 at the start of the hostilities in Ukraine.

She has personally carried 200 wounded soldiers to safety. Her team continues to provide first aid to injured soldiers and civilians, conducts medical training, and has performed around 6,000 evacuations. The 27-year-old is also one of the youngest members of the Ukrainian parliament and is head of the military medicine subcommittee.

100 Women - BBC World Service

What is 100 Women?

BBC 100 Women names 100 influential and inspiring women around the world every year. We create documentaries, features and interviews about their lives - stories that put women at the centre.

Follow BBC 100 Women on Instagram, Facebook and Twitter. Join the conversation using #BBC100Women.

How were the 100 Women chosen?

The BBC's 100 Women team drew up a shortlist based on names they gathered and those suggested by the BBC's network of World Service Languages teams, as well as BBC Media Action. We were looking for candidates who had made headlines or influenced important stories over the past 12 months, as well as those who have inspiring stories to tell, or have achieved something significant or influenced their societies in ways that wouldn't necessarily make the news. The pool of names was then assessed against this year's theme – progress that has been made across different areas over the past decade.

We explored courses that split opinion, such as reproductive rights where one woman’s progress could be another’s regression, and nominated women who have created their own change. The list was also measured for regional representation and due impartiality, before the final names were chosen.

Some of the women on the list appear anonymously or without a surname in order to protect them and their families, with their consent and following all BBC Editorial Policy and safety guidelines.

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