Real Questions and latest syllabus of CGAP exam

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Exam Code: CGAP Practice exam 2022 by team
CGAP Certified Government Auditing Professional (IIA-CGAP)

Certified Government Auditing Professional® (CGAP®) exam Syllabus
The CGAP exam includes 115 multiple-choice questions, covers four domains, and requires a completion time of two hours and fifty-five minutes. The exam includes questions on International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI) Government Auditing Standards. Candidates who registered to take the exam in the United States will receive a local version of the exam with questions on U.S. Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS/Yellow Book).

P = Candidates must exhibit proficiency (thorough understanding; ability to apply concepts) in these Topic areas.
A = Candidates must exhibit awareness (knowledge of terminology and fundamentals) in these Topic areas.

Standards tested on the CGAP exam:
The IIA's International Professional Practices Framework (IPPF) (P) (Includes the Code of Ethics, International Standards for the Professional Practice of Internal Auditing (Standards), Practice Advisories, and Development and Practice Aids)
INTOSAI Standards and Code of Ethics (A)
Additional standards tested on the CGAP exam for candidates taking the exam in the United States:

Generally Accepted Government Auditing Standards (GAGAS/Yellow Book) (P)
Exam Non-disclosure
The CGAP exam is a non-disclosed examination, which means that current exam Braindumps will not be published or divulged.
NOTE: exam syllabus and/or format are subject to change as approved by The IIA's Professional Certification Board (PCB).

CGAP exam Domains
The CGAP exam core content covers four domains:
Domain I: Standards, Governance, and Risk/Control Frameworks (10-20 percent)
Domain II: Government Auditing Practice (35-45 percent)
Domain III: Government Auditing Skills and Techniques (20-25 percent)
Domain IV: Government Auditing Environment (20-25 percent)

Certified Government Auditing Professional® (CGAP®) exam Syllabus — Domain I
Standards, Governance, and Risk/Control Frameworks (10-20%)
(P) = Candidates must exhibit proficiency (thorough understanding; ability to apply concepts) in these Topic areas.
(A) = Candidates must exhibit awareness (knowledge of terminology and fundamentals) in these Topic areas.
A. Standards
Role of a comprehensive set of auditing/evaluation standards (A)
Application of appropriate standards in all assignments (P)
Role and impact of other auditing standards (standards of public accounting bodies, quality assurance bodies, etc.) and their relationship with the above standards (A)
B. Governance
Governance in the public sector (e.g., audit committee, code of conduct, open government, public scrutiny, equity, accountability) (P)
Role of audit within the governance structure (P)
C. Risk/Control Frameworks (e.g., COSO, CoCo)
Role of frameworks (A)
Elements of a risk/control framework (P)
Application of frameworks (P)
D. IIA Code of Ethics (P)

Certified Government Auditing Professional® (CGAP®) exam Syllabus — Domain II
Government Auditing Practice (35-45%)
(P) = Candidates must exhibit proficiency (thorough understanding; ability to apply concepts) in these Topic areas.
(A) = Candidates must exhibit awareness (knowledge of terminology and fundamentals) in these Topic areas.
A. Management of the Audit Function
Need for a formal document of purpose, authority, and responsibility (P)
Policies and procedures (A)
Quality assurance (A)
Planning (A)
Staffing (A)
Marketing the audit function (A)
Mission/role/outcome of audit function within government (A)
B. Types of Audit Services
Audits of compliance (P)
Audits of performance/value-for-money/operations (e.g., economy, efficiency, effectiveness) (P)
Audits of financial statements (A)
Audits of financial systems (P)
Audits of information and related technology (P)
Consulting/assistance services (e.g., non-audit advisory services) (A)
Integrity services (e.g., Fraud, Waste, and Abuse) (P)
C. Processes for Delivery of Audit Services
Management of individual projects (P)
Planning (The role of laws, regulations, rules, and ordinances in your planning process should be considered in the planning process) (P)
Risk and control assessment practices (P)
Performing the engagement (P)
Communicating results (P)
Monitoring results (follow-up) (P)

Certified Government Auditing Professional® (CGAP®) exam Syllabus — Domain III
Government Auditing Skills and Techniques (20-25%)
(P) = Candidates must exhibit proficiency (thorough understanding; ability to apply concepts) in these Topic areas.
(A) = Candidates must exhibit awareness (knowledge of terminology and fundamentals) in these Topic areas.
A. Management Concepts and Techniques (A)
B. Performance Measurement (P)
C. Program Evaluation (A)
D. Quantitative Methods (e.g., statistical methods and analytical review) (P)
E. Qualitative Methods (e.g., questionnaires, interviews, and flow charts) (P)
F. Methods for the Identification and Investigation of Integrity Violations (P)
G. Research/Data Collection Techniques (P)
H. Analytical Skills (e.g., distinguish between significant and insignificant information) (P)

Certified Government Auditing Professional® (CGAP®) exam Syllabus — Domain IV
Government Auditing Environment (20-25%)
(P) = Candidates must exhibit proficiency (thorough understanding; ability to apply concepts) in these Topic areas.
(A) = Candidates must exhibit awareness (knowledge of terminology and fundamentals) in these Topic areas.
A. Performance Management (P)
B. Financial Management
Unique requirements in accounting for and reporting on government financial operations (P)
Principles of taxation and revenue generation (P)
Unique aspects of governmental budgeting (e.g., encumbrances, earmarking) (P)
Government accounting (e.g., fund accounting, resource accounting) (P)
Legal restrictions on sources and uses of funds (e.g., voted funds, conditional grants, revenues) (A)
Investment restrictions for public funds (A)
Activity-based costing/cost-allocation (A)
C. Implications of Various Service Delivery Methods
Direct delivery by government employees (P)
Grants (P)
Contracts (P)
Joint Ventures/Partnerships/Authorities/Special Operating Agencies/Quasi-governmental (A)
Privatization (A)
D. Implications of Delivering Services to Citizens
Due process rights of clients/citizens (P)
Confidentiality/privacy/rights of clients/citizens (P)
Issues arising from the methods of funding/delivering services (condition that client receiving service may not be party paying for the services; ability-to-pay principle; user pay; eligibility requirements; limitations on services available; entitlements; etc.) (A)
Reality of conflicting missions (e.g., satisfy both developers and environmentalists, keep families together and kids safe) (A) Issues associated with at-risk populations (e.g., multiple, interacting causes and conditions; difficulty of measuring prevention) (A)
E. Unique Characteristics of Human Resources Management (A)
F. Unique Purchasing and Procurement Requirements (P)​

Certified Government Auditing Professional (IIA-CGAP)
Financial Professional availability
Killexams : Financial Professional availability - BingNews Search results Killexams : Financial Professional availability - BingNews Killexams : Predictions for how high availability will progress in 2023

The last couple of years have seen significant changes in the way many organizations have managed and provisioned high availability. Cassius Rhue looks ahead to 2023 and considers what developments we can expect in this area.

As we look back on the past two years, many companies have struggled, yet coped, with numerous issues: including lack of human resources, brought by the unprecedented world-changing COVID-19 virus. With the help of technology, organizations have moved their systems to the cloud, automated operations, and implemented application-aware high availability and disaster recovery solutions to protect their systems from unpredictable threats.

Looking ahead to 2023, the future remains unclear. Companies will need to keep adjusting operations and methods to maximize business continuity with limited resources. The key to success is to create a thorough business plan at the beginning of the year.

Here are a few predictions to consider when setting an action plan for the coming year:

Data democratization drives the need for high availability of applications, databases, ERPs, and stored data

Advancements in virtualization, and continued adoption of cloud computing and cloud storage have enabled companies to make more data available to more users than ever before. This data democratization trend has been growing for several years, giving non-specialists the ability to access and analyze more data from more sources - potentially enabling better informed decision-making and increased efficiency companywide.

In 2023 the ongoing trend of data democratization will continue - driving increased usage of applications such as SQL Server, Oracle and SAP HANA and creating a heightened requirement for high availability for these databases and their associated applications and data storage. In 2023, more companies will invest in advanced clustering and disaster recovery solutions to protect these systems from downtime and disasters.

Innovations in high availability

New predictive application monitoring tools, simulation tools and modeling techniques, based on the wealth of logs, data, and interconnected devices will combine with robust HA solutions capable of identifying threats to availability, predicting and mitigating impending outages, and providing IT administrators with greater diagnostics for unexpected incidents. These innovations will drive reductions in downtime and faster root cause analysis by combining HA solution expertise with the power of data, learned behavior, and self-learning technology. 

Cloud migration and repatriation will continue and bring new demand

Many companies fast tracked their cloud adoption journey due to world-changing events in the last 2+ years and traded on-prem data centers / centres for the cloud. This cloud migration will continue, and at the same time, many companies will realize that migration itself was not a one size fits all solution nor a panacea for issues of ‘application’ availability. Needs for high availability of stateful applications in the cloud will prompt companies to use clustering software. Repatriated systems will leverage solutions that minimize churn, and the need for multiple application availability vendors.

Site reliability engineering increases the need for high availability for critical applications

With large organizations now managing many hundreds of servers and cloud VMs, all requiring increased availability, incorporating HA into site reliability engineering principles will become a standard part of DevOps projects. Using SRE, DevOps teams will standardize on HA tools that are capable of decreasing complexity, increase availability and reliability, and automate application aware failovers.  The vendors who have products that support multiple OS versions, clouds, applications, and databases will be baked into vendor best practices.

Wider adoption of ERPs in the cloud

Enterprise ERP systems, such as SAP and Oracle are common among large enterprises - particularly those in manufacturing, financial services, and retail industries.

Two trends are emerging for 2023: increased use of enterprise ERP systems in medium-sized organizations and migration of more ERP systems to the cloud. Enterprises have been slow to move ERP systems to the cloud due to concerns about added cost, complexity, and risk of downtime. However, as the use of advanced clustering software and added features in cloud computing have evolved, the cloud is becoming the de facto platform for ERP applications.

Cloud-based ERP systems are now making ERP systems accessible and feasible for smaller organizations in a wider range of industries.

New best practices emerge that ensure both high availability and security
Security and operations teams are often at odds with one another. Steps to ensure security can impede high availability recovery processes. HA in turn, can limit security steps. In 2023, companies will implement complementary security and HA clustering solutions that resolve these conflicts.

The author

Cassius Rhue, VP, Customer ExperienceSIOS Technology 

Cassius Rhue leads the Customer Experience team at SIOS Technology responsible for customer success spanning pre-sales, post-sales and professional services engagements. With more than 22 years of experience at SIOS and a keen focus on the customer, Cassius’ significant skills, and deep knowledge in software engineering, development, design, and deployment specifically in the HA/DR space are instrumental in addressing customer issues and driving their success. Cassius is a frequent blogger and public speaker on high availability and disaster recovery. 

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 19:10:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : NAIFA Financial Professionals Meeting With Members of Congress
  • Providing products, services, and advice that Strengthen the financial security of 90 million American families.
  • Promoting financial literacy and self-sufficiency in diverse communities.
  • Strengthening the U.S. economy and contributing to the financial health of communities in every congressional district.
  • Representing the best interests of their clients and promoting the success of Main Street Americans and businesses.

ABOUT NAIFA: The National Association of Insurance and Financial Advisors is the preeminent membership association for the multigenerational community of financial professionals in the United States. NAIFA members subscribe to a strong Code of Ethics and represent a full spectrum of financial services practice specialties. They work with families and businesses to help Americans Strengthen financial literacy and achieve financial security. NAIFA provides producers a national community for advocacy, education and networking along with awards, publications and leadership opportunities to allow NAIFA members to differentiate themselves in the marketplace. NAIFA has 53 state and territorial chapters and 35 large metropolitan local chapters. NAIFA members in every congressional district advocate on behalf of producers and consumers at the state, interstate and federal levels.

Read the full story at

Tue, 15 Nov 2022 08:26:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Rapid Finance Announces Availability of API Service to Support State-Level Business Lending Disclosure Requirements No result found, try new keyword!California has passed the first state disclosure law (SB 1235) for commercial finance providers and that law becomes effective today, while New York is expected to require similar disclosure in 2023. Thu, 08 Dec 2022 23:53:00 -0600 en-US text/html Killexams : Association of African American Financial Advisors Names Chairman Emeritus

This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. The action you just performed triggered the security solution. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 02:38:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Notification of Availability of Rémy Cointreau’s 2022-23 Interim Financial Report

Notification of Availability of Rémy Cointreau’s 2022-23 Interim Financial Report

Regulatory News:

Rémy Cointreau (Paris:RCO) announces that its interim financial report for the six-month period ended September 30, 2022 is publicly available and accessible online (link).

About Rémy Cointreau

There are clients all over the world seeking exceptional experiences – clients who know that a wide range of terroirs means a variety of flavours. Their exacting standards are in keeping with our expertise – the finely honed skills we pass down from generation to generation. The time these clients devote to savouring our products is a tribute to all those who have laboured to develop them. It is for these men and women that family-owned French Group Rémy Cointreau protects its terroirs, cultivates centuries-old exceptional spirits, and is committed to keeping them forever modern. The Group’s portfolio includes 14 singular brands, such as the Rémy Martin and Louis XIII cognacs, and Cointreau liqueur. Rémy Cointreau has just one ambition: to become the global leader in exceptional spirits. To this end, it draws on the commitment and creativity of its 1,924 employees and on distribution subsidiaries based in the Group’s core markets.

Rémy Cointreau is listed on Euronext Paris.

Rémy Cointreau

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Thu, 24 Nov 2022 04:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Broadband availability: This new map can help you find out what services are available
Image: Getty

The Federal Communications Commission has released a pre-production draft of its new National Broadband Map and wants people across the US to help populate it with information about availability. 

The new broadband maps will be an improvement in accuracy of broadband availability compared to the census block level data the FCC previously collected. The public can view the maps at the FCC's broadband map page where users can search by address or zoom into the maps and click a location. The maps also show which providers are available in each location, while users can obtain the map data.    

"Today is an important milestone in our effort to help everyone, everywhere get specific information about what broadband options are available for their homes, and pinpointing places in the country where communities do not have the service they need," said FCC chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel. 

"Our pre-production draft maps are a first step in a long-term effort to continuously Strengthen our data as consumers, providers and others share information with us. By painting a more accurate picture of where broadband is and is not, local, state, and federal partners can better work together to ensure no one is left on the wrong side of the digital divide," she added.  

Also: Technology spending will rise next year. And this old favourite is still a top priority

Now, if the fixed internet services shown on the map are not available at the user's location, users can file a challenge with the FCC through the map interface to correct the information. 

Users can help Strengthen the map's quality by submitting a "location challenge" and fill in any blank spots in the map. If users see wrong information about broadband availability and which ISPs are available, they can submit an "availability challenge". 

Users can also dispute mobile coverage claims by taking a speed test from a phone using the FCC's Speed Test app. The FCC will share aggregated results in a "mobile challenge" that mobile network operators must respond to.  

Currently, the availability data shown on the maps are submitted by ISPs twice a year through the FCC's Broadband Data Collection.

The FCC received its first broadband availability data from ISPs in June. Previously, the FCC's data collection program required ISPs to report services availability in each census block, which allowed partial coverage of the block to be claimed for the whole census block. It led to the FCC historically underestimating the number of households that lacked access to "fast broadband", which the FCC under the Trump Administration defined as 25 Mbps obtain and 3 Mbps upload (25/3) speeds.     

Rosenworcel in July proposed the FCC should raise the minimum speeds to 100/20 Mbps.  

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 00:23:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Syncora ensure Inc. Announces the Availability of Certain Financial Information

NEW YORK--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Nov 15, 2022--

Syncora ensure Inc. (“Syncora Guarantee”) today announced that certain financial information of Syncora ensure has been made available on Syncora Guarantee's website ( ). The information posted is Syncora Guarantee’s unaudited Statutory Basis Financial Statements as of September 30, 2022.

About Syncora ensure Inc.

Syncora ensure Inc. is a New York-domiciled insurance company that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Syncora FinanceCo LLC. For additional information, please visit

Important Information and Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains statements about future results, plans and events that may constitute "forward-looking" statements. We caution you that the forward-looking information presented in this press release is not a ensure of future events, and that genuine events may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking information contained in this press release. In addition, forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as "may," "plan," "seek," "comfortable with," "will," "expect," "intend," "estimate," "anticipate," "believe" or "continue" or the negative thereof or variations thereon or similar terminology. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond Syncora Guarantee's control. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date they are made. Syncora ensure does not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the date the forward-looking statements are made.

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CONTACT: George Wilkinson

General Counsel

Syncora ensure Inc.

(212) 847-3607



SOURCE: Syncora ensure Inc.

Copyright Business Wire 2022.

PUB: 11/15/2022 09:00 AM/DISC: 11/15/2022 09:03 AM

Copyright Business Wire 2022.

Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:46:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Three Nuveen Closed-End Funds Announce Availability of 19(a) Notices

NEW YORK, November 30, 2022--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The 19(a) distribution notices for three Nuveen closed-end funds are now available. These informational notice provides further details on the sources of the funds’ regular monthly distribution and follows the most exact monthly distribution announcement. The full text of this notice is available below or on the Nuveen website via Distribution Source Estimates.

Important Information Regarding Distributions

November 30, 2022: THIS NOTICE IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. NO ACTION IS REQUIRED ON YOUR PART. If you would like to receive this notice and other shareholder information electronically, please visit if you receive distributions and statements from your financial professional or brokerage account. An electronic copy of this notice is also posted under distribution notices at

This notice provides shareholders with information regarding fund distributions, as required by current securities laws. You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Managed Distribution Policy.

The following table provides estimates of the Funds’ distribution sources, reflecting year-to-date cumulative experience through the month-end prior to the latest distribution. The Funds attribute these estimates equally to each regular distribution throughout the year. Consequently, the estimated information as of the specified month-end shown below is for the current distribution, and also represents an updated estimate for all prior months in the year. For all funds, it is estimated that the funds have distributed more than their income and net realized capital gains; therefore, a portion of the distributions may be (and is shown below as being estimated to be) a return of capital. A return of capital may occur, for example, when some or all of the money that you invested in the Fund is paid back to you. A return of capital distribution does not necessarily reflect the Fund’s investment performance and should not be confused with "yield" or "income."

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The genuine amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend upon the Funds’ investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. Each Fund will send a Form 1099-DIV for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes. More details about the Fund’s distributions and the basis for these estimates are available on

Data as of 10/31/2022

Current Month

Fiscal YTD

Estimated Sources of Distribution

Estimated Sources of Distribution

Estimated Percentages of
Distribution 1

Per Share




Per Share





















NDMO (FYE 10/31)















JRI (FYE 12/31)















NPCT (FYE 12/31)















1 Net investment income (NII) and capital gain amounts are as of the stated month-end date above.

The following table provides information regarding distributions and total return performance over various time periods. This information is intended to help you better understand whether returns for the specified time periods were sufficient to meet distributions.

Data as of 10/31/2022



Inception Date




Return on NAV2

Fiscal YTD
Distribution Rate
on NAV1

Fiscal YTD
Return on NAV

Fiscal YTD
Distribution Rate
on NAV1

NDMO (FYE 10/31)









JRI (FYE 12/31)









NPCT (FYE 12/31)









1 As a percentage of 10/31/2022 NAV.

2 NPCT and NDMO 5 year return figure reflects the annualized since inception return on NAV.

Nuveen is a leading sponsor of closed-end funds (CEFs) with $54 billion of assets under management across 56 CEFs as of 30 Sep 2022. The funds offer exposure to a broad range of asset classes and are designed for income-focused investors seeking regular distributions. Nuveen has more than 35 years of experience managing CEFs.

For more information, please visit Nuveen’s CEF homepage

About Nuveen

Nuveen, the investment manager of TIAA, offers a comprehensive range of outcome-focused investment solutions designed to secure the long-term financial goals of institutional and individual investors. Nuveen has $1.1 trillion in assets under management as of 3o Sep 2022 and operations in 27 countries. Its investment certified offer deep expertise across a comprehensive range of traditional and alternative investments through a wide array of vehicles and customized strategies. For more information, please visit

Nuveen Securities, LLC, member FINRA and SIPC.

The information contained on the Nuveen website is not a part of this press release.


Certain statements made in this release are forward-looking statements. genuine future results or occurrences may differ significantly from those anticipated in any forward-looking statements due to numerous factors. These include, but are not limited to:

Nuveen and the closed-end funds managed by Nuveen and its affiliates undertake no responsibility to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statement.


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Financial Professionals:


Wed, 30 Nov 2022 07:16:00 -0600 en-NZ text/html
Killexams : A guide to menstrual and contraception product availability at Yale College


Yale first started offering free pads and tampons in residential facilities three years ago. Now, students and staff are reflecting on the University’s ongoing efforts to promote menstrual equity on campus.

Since 2017, the Yale College Council has explored providing free menstrual products to students. Today, pads, tampons and condoms are primarily available to students in the basement laundry rooms of their residential colleges and in two entryways on Old Campus, with supplies provided by the Office of Gender and Campus Culture. Most recently, the Yale Women’s Center has announced a partnership with the YCC to expand period product accessibility on campus. 

“We just want a really directed, concerted effort on the part of the University to make something that increases accessibility on campus, instead of an afterthought,” Theia Chatelle ’25, the political action coordinator for the Yale Women’s Center, said.

Unlike toilet paper, soap, paper towels or other personal hygiene essentials, period products are not commonly offered for free in campus restrooms. Moreover, the inflationary economic climate is exacerbating the cost burden of purchasing period products, inflicting an undue financial burden on people who menstruate. 

As of June 9, for example, average pad prices rose 8.3 percent and average tampon prices rose 9.8 percent compared to last year’s prices, straining many budgets. In its 2017 fall survey, the YCC found that “the purchase of menstrual hygiene products posed a financial burden for approximately half of Yale students.” 

Pads, tampons and condoms in residential colleges

Presently, Yale’s Communication & Consent Educators, or CCEs, are responsible for stocking residential colleges and Old Campus with menstrual products, including pads, tampons and liners. 

There are currently 57 CCEs at Yale, spread across each of Yale’s 14 residential colleges. One CCE from each college is assigned the responsibility of distributing sexual health products in those same locations, such as internal and external condoms, lubricant, dental dams and other supplies. 

Ryan Huynh ’23, a project coordinator for the CCE program, explained that the location varies by college, but that supplies are often kept in residential college laundry rooms in small baskets. On Old Campus, they are located in the laundry rooms in the basements of Farnam Entryway B and Bingham Entryway D.

The frequency with which the colleges are restocked with menstrual products is contingent on how often products are used.

“From my experience, supplies are restocked about once every one to two weeks, but this can be adjusted depending on the rate of consumption,” Huynh wrote to the News. “The goal is for these baskets to be stocked at all times.”

According to Huynh, there are other spaces beyond the residential colleges where menstrual products are available.

These include the Yale Women’s Center and Yale Health, who have, according to Huynh, “similar programs and resources with respect to the distribution of free menstrual products on campus.” 

Yale College Council partners with Yale Women’s Center

In the Yale College Council’s Oct. 2 meeting, the YCC approved a $500 partnership with the Yale Women’s Center to Strengthen “quality and accessibility of women’s products across campus.”

In an email to the News, YCC President Leleda Beraki explained that the YWC reached out a few weeks into the school year requesting this funding for menstrual and contraception products.

“The YWC sent the YCC an itemized list of products they intended to purchase with the cost totalling to $500,” Beraki wrote. “Whether this is enough to achieve their goals for the year, we can’t really speak to. The YWC has a much better idea of what they need and how often! Our only role in this was to fill a need that was asked of us.”

Per Beraki, the YWC products will be available to both Yalies and New Haven residents, in accordance with the YWC’s timeline of purchasing and providing the products. 

Chatelle expressed concern about the lack of accessibility for menstrual products in student restrooms. In particular, Chatelle referred to the current system as a “stopgap approach.” 

”No one really uses [the products provided in residential college basements] because it’s in a very awkward place,” Chatelle said.  “It sort of creates this further stigma – why are you putting it in the corner of the basement in the laundry room?”

The Yale Women’s Center, located in the basement of Durfee Hall, is “staffed all week by student volunteers, who can offer support, advice, and free dental dams and condoms,” according to the website for the Office of LGBTQ+ Resources. The YWC’s objective in working with the YCC, Chatelle explained, is to provide students with access to higher quality menstrual products than those that are provided in the residential colleges. 

In an email to the News, Interim Director of the Office of Gender and Campus Culture, or OGCC, Eilaf Elmileik wrote that the placement of the products was decided in 2018, when the YCC first began working on a program to make menstrual products more available on campus. 

“If there are concerns or feedback about this aspect or others, I’d be glad to talk further with anyone interested,” Elmileik wrote. “In my work with OGCC, I meet weekly with two members of the Women’s Center, and I have also let them know that I’m happy to continue this conversation.

Chatelle expressed concerns that the currently available products in residential colleges are not of sufficient quality. 

“Condoms [are] what everyone comes to the Women’s Center and tells us that they want,” Chatelle said. “The multicolored condoms, no one uses because you can go to the laundry room and see that they might have been there for eons.”

Chatelle hopes to use the $500 provided by the YCC to make higher-quality products more easily available to students. But the YWC also hopes to expand this work, with YCC support.

Beraki explained that the YCC plans to assist the YWC by supporting proposal writing and presentation to administration, particularly around their goals to make Plan B more widely available and to offer better-quality brands of menstrual and pregnancy resources on campus.  

Chatelle compared efforts for accessible sexual health products at Yale to the programs of peer institutions — such as Middlebury and Harvard — who provide products to students in restrooms at no cost.

In 2017, Middlebury College converted 54 tampon dispensers on campus to “free-dispensers.” Additionally, since 2019, a variety of menstrual and sexual health products have been provided in freshman and sophomore dorms at Middlebury. Similarly, at Harvard, in fall 2017, the College Council allocated $1,000 for a pilot program in freshman dorms, which was expanded to four upperclassmen houses by the end of that year. 

“Now we’re sort of evaluating different policy proposals [with the YCC],” Chatelle said. “The ultimate goal would be to push the university to provide menstrual products in all of the bathrooms on campus.” 

Menstrual products in other campus locations

These ongoing efforts to offer period products in student restrooms are reminiscent of initial proposals promoting menstrual equity – even before the CCEs’ involvement. 

“The dispensers in the bathrooms have long been difficult to support,” wrote Melanie Boyd, Yale College Dean of Student Affairs, “and so the YCC chose to focus on the residential colleges and Old Campus instead.” 

According to Boyd, the YCC began working on a project to make disposable menstrual products more available in 2018. The program was designed to supply free menstrual products in each residential college and on Old Campus, with the support of former Yale College Dean Marvin Chun and the heads of the colleges. 

A pilot run occurred in the spring of 2019, organized by different configurations of students and staff in each college, which resulted in 14 different processes for the YCC to keep track of. 

In the fall of 2019, the YCC asked the Office of Gender and Campus Culture if the CCEs could distribute menstrual products along with the condom supplies, to which the CCEs agreed to try out. Over time, the OGCC has taken over the ordering process and made the system simpler.

Beyond the residential colleges, Graduate & Professional Student Senate and the Women Faculty Forum initiated its program to place free period products in Sterling Library restrooms. Rather than rely upon students to restock baskets or bags outside frequently visited spaces, it primarily relies upon period product dispensers installed directly in bathrooms. 

Accessibility in Sterling -– and around campus -– is discrepant. Often, these dispensers are present but unstocked or broken. 

The News visited 10 different bathrooms across five campus buildings on Oct. 21. One of the 10 offered menstrual products.

Huynh encouraged students with questions or concerns to contact the CCEs assigned to their residential college. 

The Yale Women’s Center is generally open from Sunday to Thursday during the evenings.


Anika Seth writes about admissions, financial aid and alumni as well as diversity, equity and inclusion at Yale. She also lays out the weekly print edition of the News as an editor of the production desk and is co-chair of Diversity & Inclusion. Anika previously covered STEM at Yale, particularly new facilities projects and investments. Originally from the D.C. Metro area, Anika is a sophomore in Branford College double majoring in biomedical engineering and women's, gender and sexuality studies.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 16:42:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Cboe Digital Continues to Demonstrate Commitment to the Highest Levels of Financial and Operational Controls in Crypto Industry with SOC 1 Completion

CHICAGO, Dec. 5, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Cboe Digital is pleased to announce it has completed an independent Service Organization Controls (SOC) audit of its clearing services platform, Cboe Clear Digital, and received a SOC 1 Type II certification, completed by a large national public accounting firm. The SOC 1 Type II examination reviewed Cboe Clear Digital's design, implementation and operating effectiveness of its financial transaction operations and reporting controls.

(PRNewsfoto/Cboe Global Markets, Inc.)

"Completion of our SOC 1 Type II audit demonstrates Cboe Digital's continued commitment to the highest levels of financial and operational controls," said John Palmer, President of Cboe Digital. "Independent audit of our operations and security compliance is one thing our institutional partners expect, to foster trust and verify the critical controls that must be in place when choosing to participate on crypto exchanges and clearinghouses."

In addition to the SOC 1 Type II certification, Cboe Digital has a SOC 2 Type II certification. The SOC 2 Type II reviews Cboe Clear Digital's security, system changes and upgrades, systems availability, protection of customer funds and information and auditing procedures as well as the internal standards by which Cboe Digital staff hold themselves accountable.

Cboe Digital operates a regulated exchange and clearinghouse with Designated Contract Market (DCM) and Derivatives Clearing Organization (DCO) licenses from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). Cboe Digital is obligated to keep member funds safe and segregated. The traditional market infrastructure was designed upon building blocks from the established capital markets to help ensure proper security protocols were in place. This best practice is in the interest of the member and to further help establish confidence in the crypto markets.

About Cboe Global Markets, Inc.

Cboe Global Markets (Cboe: CBOE), a leading provider of market infrastructure and tradable products, delivers cutting-edge trading, clearing and investment solutions to market participants around the world. The company is committed to operating a trusted, inclusive global marketplace, providing leading products, technology and data solutions that enable participants to define a sustainable financial future. Cboe provides trading solutions and products in multiple asset classes, including equities, derivatives, FX, and digital assets, across North America, Europe and Asia Pacific. To learn more, visit

About Cboe Digital

Cboe Digital offers individuals and institutions a single, innovative platform to access crypto spot and futures markets. By combining professional tools, advanced technology, sophisticated regulatory oversight, and a diverse product set, Cboe Digital offers compliant, capital markets friendly workflows to digital market participants. Backed by some of the world's largest trading firms and financial institutions, Cboe Digital brings transparency and reliability to the digital asset class.

Cboe Digital Futures are offered through Cboe Digital Exchange, LLC, a CFTC registered DCM and Cboe Clear Digital, LLC, a CFTC registered DCO. The CFTC does not have regulatory oversight authority over virtual currency products including spot market trading of virtual currencies. Cboe Digital's Spot Market is not licensed, approved or registered with the CFTC and transactions on the Cboe Digital Spot Market are not subject to CFTC rules, regulations or regulatory oversight. Cboe Digital Spot Market may be subject to certain state licensing requirements and operates in NY pursuant to Cboe Clear Digital license to engage in virtual currency business activity by the New York State Department of Financial Services. Cboe Digital and the Cboe Digital logo are trademarks of the Cboe Global Markets Group of companies. To learn more, visit

Cboe Media Contacts 

Cboe Analyst Contact

Angela Tu   

Jessica Darmoni       

Kenneth Hill, CFA




Cboe® and Cboe Global Markets® are registered trademarks and Cboe DigitalTM and Cboe ClearTM are service marks of Cboe Global Markets, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

Cboe Digital (PRNewsfoto/Cboe Global Markets, Inc.)


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SOURCE Cboe Global Markets, Inc.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 00:25:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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