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CFEX Certified Fraud Examiner (CFEX)

A Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) is a leader in the anti-fraud community, noted as a specialist in the prevention, detection and deterrence of fraud. CFEs represent the highest standards held by the ACFE

Before earning the CFE Credential, you are required to pass the CFE Exam. The CFE test tests your knowledge of the four major areas that comprise the fraud examination body of knowledge:

Financial Transactions and Fraud Schemes — tests your comprehension of the types of fraudulent financial transactions incurred in accounting records. To pass Financial Transactions & Fraud Schemes, you will be required to demonstrate knowledge of the following concepts: basic accounting and auditing theory, fraud schemes, internal controls to deter fraud and other auditing and accounting matters.

Law — ensures your familiarity with the many legal ramifications of conducting fraud examinations, including criminal and civil law, rules of evidence, rights of the accused and accuser, and expert witness matters.

Investigation — includes questions about interviewing, taking statements, obtaining information from public records, tracing illicit transactions, evaluating deception and report writing.

Fraud Prevention and Deterrence — tests your understanding of why people commit fraud and ways to prevent it. syllabus covered in this section include crime causation, white-collar crime, occupational fraud, fraud prevention, fraud risk assessment, and the ACFE Code of Professional Ethics.

Explanation of Certification Process
• Requirements
• Explanation of test Process
• Investigation Techniques
• Planning the Investigation
• Interview Theory and Application
• Analysing Documents
• Data Analysis and Reporting Tools
• Computer Forensics
• Covert Examinations
• Sources of Information
• Tracing Illicit Transactions
• Reporting Standards
• Examination on Investigation Techniques
• Overview of the Legal System
• Criminal Prosecutions for Fraud
• Basic Principles of Evidence
• Individual Rights During Examinations
• Civil Justice System
• Law Related to Fraud
• Testifying as an Expert Witness
• Securities Fraud
• Money Laundering
• Bankruptcy Fraud
• Examination on Law Related to Fraud Accounting Concepts
• Financial Statement Fraud
• Consumer Fraud
• Healthcare Fraud
• Financial Institution Fraud
• Check and Credit Card Fraud
• Insurance Fraud
• Fraudulent Disbursements
• Inventory and Other Assets
• Cash Receipts
• Bribery and Corruption
• Theft of Intellectual Property
• Computer and Internet Fraud
• Public Sector Fraud
• Contract and Procurement
• Fraud Examination on Financial Transactions and Fraud Schemes
• Understanding Behaviour
• White-Collar Crime
• ACFE Code of Professional Ethics
• Managements Responsibilities
• Auditors Responsibilities
• Corporate Governance
• Fraud Prevention Programs
• Fraud Risk Assessment
• Fraud Risk Management
• Examination on Fraud Prevention and Deterrence

Certified Fraud Examiner (CFEX)
ACFE Certified benefits
Killexams : ACFE Certified benefits - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CFEX Search results Killexams : ACFE Certified benefits - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CFEX https://killexams.com/exam_list/ACFE Killexams : Indicio Proven Works: Verifiable Credentials for Frictionless, Secure Employee Identification

A complete, easy-to-deploy ecosystem for creating, issuing, and verifying tamper-proof employment credentials, using open-source decentralized identity technology delivering secure and reusable verification

SEATTLE, WA / ACCESSWIRE / December 8, 2022 / Indicio the market leader in developing Trusted Digital Ecosystems to verify and exchange high-value information, today announced the availability of Indicio Proven Works, a complete, off-the-shelf solution enabling continuous, seamless verification of employment status.

Indicio, Wednesday, December 7, 2022, Press release picture

Indicio Proven Works reduces duplicative and time-consuming verification processes, and provides tamper-proof assurance of employee identity for global companies and external benefit providers. The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) estimates that 5% of businesses' annual revenue is lost to occupational fraud and payroll abuse. This includes false timesheet entries and paychecks going to employees who don't actually exist. Putting this in context, if the 5% loss estimate were applied to the combined total annual revenue of the top 500 grossing companies in the world in 2021, it would result in a projected total fraud loss of almost $1.9 trillion. Indicio Proven helps combat occupational fraud using verifiable credentials and open-source decentralized identity technology that is privacy-preserving, secure, and GDPR compliant.

"Indicio Proven Works is a powerful way to simplify employment verification," said Heather Dahl, CEO of Indicio, "and a simple way to experience the power of verifiable credential technology. Whether entering a facility or a Zoom meeting or enrolling with a benefits partner, a verifiable credential provides fraud-resistant and tamper-proof assurance that the employee presenting the credential is your employee. KYC once, verify continuously and seamlessly, save time, money, effort, and eliminate risk. And once you add a verifiable credential layer to your existing system, you'll be ready to expand the scope for immediately actionable, verifiable data."

With its Proven range of products, Indicio provides all the components to quickly integrate verifiable credentials into existing systems and scale to meet needs, thereby providing a low-cost, low-code way for companies and organizations to build their own Trusted Digital Ecosystem with zero trust architecture. Indicio provides all the support, training, and continuous upgrades needed. Indicio Proven Works is a fully open source product allowing customers to own it and can customize it in whichever way meets their needs.

Key benefits of Indicio Proven Works:

  • Employees can be quickly Verified without having to use either email or multi-factor authentication.

  • Verifiable credentials can be layered onto existing systems quickly-implementations are quickly achievable and do not require replacing current investments.

  • Credentials can be quickly revoked and reissued if they expire, the employee leaves the company, or a security issue is identified.

  • The employee holds the information in a verifiable credential and can share it by consent using encrypted, peer-to-peer communication.

  • Simplifies enrollment with external payroll and benefits providers.

  • As a proof of identity, an employee credential can also be used in a wide variety of contexts where proof of employment is critical, such as insurance policies, mortgage applications, and bank loans

  • Simple, intuitive user interface using QR codes and swiping.

  • The credential verification process makes it easier to manage the continuous verification required by zero trust security architectures.

  • Verifiable credentials can be easily scaled to manage thousands of employees.

"Usually, new technology requires replacing existing systems or complex integrations and lots of development time. Indicio Proven Works is designed to eliminate all these obstacles," said Ken Ebert, CTO at Indicio. "We've removed the learning curve to open source code and built a product that can be layered into your existing systems so that you can start issuing verifiable credentials quickly. You can customize the product to highly specific needs-or we can do it for you. This is the quickest, lowest cost route to digital transformation that delivers privacy and security on top of immediately actionable data."

For a demonstration of Indicio Proven Works or to learn more about the entire line of Indicio Proven products, please visit Indicio.

Contact:

Helen Garneau
PR@Indicio.tech
888-434-7344

SOURCE: Indicio

View source version on accesswire.com:
https://www.accesswire.com/730788/Indicio-Proven-Works-Verifiable-Credentials-for-Frictionless-Secure-Employee-Identification

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 02:05:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/indicio-proven-works-verifiable-credentials-160500994.html
Killexams : Join the Bank On Movement

The vast majority of consumers in the country have a bank account and enjoy the safety, security and benefits that come with it. But there are still some who remain outside the banking system. For those individuals, access to a simple transaction account can be a first step toward long-term financial security.

As part of ABA’s commitment to reduce the number of unbanked people in the country, we are encouraging all banks to join the Bank On movement by offering low-cost, basic accounts that meet the Bank On initiative’s National Account Standards. By taking this step, your bank will demonstrate your commitment to financial inclusion, while also adding new customers in the process.

How it Works

Bank On connects consumers to safe and affordable bank accounts. The Bank On national platform, led by the nonprofit Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund (CFE Fund), helps individuals navigate the marketplace and easily identify accounts that meet their needs. When an account is Bank On certified, consumers know it has features they are looking for, including low or no fees, no overdraft charges, online bill pay and other basic attributes—giving them more confidence to begin or restart their banking relationship with the right tools to manage their money.

Across the country, Bank On coalitions help match consumers with financial institutions in their community that offer the “certified” accounts. To date, close to 90 state or city coalitions work to connect residents to the 24,000 financial institution branch locations in the U.S. that currently offer a Bank On-certified account.

Bank On Account Certification

With more than 200 financial institutions now offering certified accounts, the Bank On movement is accelerating. Many of these institutions already had qualifying accounts and were able to apply, at no cost, for a Bank On certification through the CFE Fund. For those banks that don’t currently offer accounts that meet every Bank On standard, the industry’s top core providers, who provide the operational backbone for many banks, have committed to simplifying the process for banks to create and offer qualifying accounts.

Help move the needle on economic inequality by joining the growing list of banks that offer Bank On certified accounts. To sign up, visit joinbankon.org/certify.

Visit Bank On ABA members offering certified accounts

About Bank On

The Bank On National Account Standards were created by national nonprofit organization the Cities for Financial Empowerment Fund—or CFE Fund—and are widely supported by consumer advocates and the financial services industry.

New Bank On Training

Learn how to talk to consumers about the benefits of Bank On accounts with this new, free online course available to all banks.

View the Course

More Resources

  • Bank On: Opening the Door to Opportunity – Learn how to talk to consumers about the benefits of Bank On accounts with this new, free online course available to all banks.
  • Bank On Infographic – See how Bank On accounts help expand access to millions of Americans and create an opportunity for banks to reach new customers.
  • Bank On Financial Inclusion Webinar – Whether your bank is preparing to join the Bank On movement or looking to grow its current program, watch the webinar and get marketing and data sharing tips to maximize your efforts.
  • Bank On FAQs – answers to frequently asked questions about Bank On-certified accounts.
  • Watch ABA’s Webinar Recording – Experts from ABA, the CFE fund and a participating banker discuss financial inclusion, the Bank On process and its many benefits for banks and their communities.
  • Core providers supporting Bank On – a list of core providers that have committed to make it easier for banks to create and offer Bank On certified accounts
  • Choosing a safe and affordable bank account – information for consumers new or returning to banking on selecting an account that meets their individual needs, including an introduction to Bank On-certified accounts and where to find them
  • Inclusive Banking resource page – all of ABA’s news, training and event opportunities, and policy updates to support banks’ financial inclusion efforts
  • The Bank On National Data Hub: Findings from 2020 – Each year, the St. Louis Fed invites all financial institutions with accounts certified as meeting the Bank On National Account Standards to report data to its BOND Hub.
Sat, 31 Jul 2021 23:20:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.aba.com/banking-topics/consumer-banking/inclusive-banking/bank-on
Killexams : Privacy-preserving HR data sharing tools developed by TrustBuilder, launched by Indicio

Flemish Government entrepreneur support program VLAIO has awarded a project grant to IAM provider TrustBuilder to explore the secure and selective sharing of personal information for human resources purposes.

The project will be carried out by a consortium made up of TrustBuilder and five other organizations. They will use personal data repositories based on Solid technology to support minimized data exchanges.

TrustBuilder is contributing its identity and access management solution for access control to a decentralized digital identity. Data submitted from a data vault can then be analyzed and converted to a more privacy-preserving form, such as a “yes or no” answer to an age eligibility query, and then forgotten, according to the announcement.

“Trust that our personal data is being handled carefully has taken a serious hit recently,” says TrustBuilder CEO Frank Hamerlinck. “Fortunately, there are technological means to store and exchange data securely. That is especially important when it comes to personal data, for example about age, skills, diplomas obtained … That’s what this project revolves around.”

The amount of the grant was not disclosed.

TrustBuilder signed onto a partnership with Signicat earlier this year to Improve digital identity interoperability.

Indicio launches proof of employment solution

A new solution for continuous verification of employment status has been launched by Indicio.

The new Indicio Proven Works gives global businesses and external benefit providers tamper-proof assurance of employee identity claims, according to the company announcement.

The company notes that the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) has estimated losses from occupational and payroll fraud at 5 percent of business’ revenue.

“Indicio Proven Works is a powerful way to simplify employment verification,” says Heather Dahl, CEO of Indicio, “and a simple way to experience the power of verifiable credential technology. Whether entering a facility or a Zoom meeting or enrolling with a benefits partner, a verifiable credential provides fraud-resistant and tamper-proof assurance that the employee presenting the credential is your employee. KYC once, verify continuously and seamlessly, save time, money, effort, and eliminate risk. And once you add a verifiable credential layer to your existing system, you’ll be ready to expand the scope for immediately actionable, verifiable data.”

Indicio joined Google’s vendor partner program to expand the reach of its decentralized digital identity and verifiable credentials in October.

Article Topics

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Fri, 09 Dec 2022 04:57:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.biometricupdate.com/202212/privacy-preserving-hr-data-sharing-tools-developed-by-trustbuilder-launched-by-indicio
Killexams : The vital role of whistleblowing in achieving good governance

South Africa’s transition from colonial rule to democracy has been marred by several corruption scandals and high crime rates. The National Development Plan 2030 identifies corruption as a significant threat to the rule of law. Corruption curtails the equitable distribution of resources by undermining core democratic principles and impeding social, economic, and political development.

Semantic scholar Peter B Jubb defines whistleblowing as a “deliberate non-obligatory act of disclosure, which gets onto [the] public record and is made by a person who has or had privileged access to data or information of an organisation, about non-trivial illegality or other wrongdoing whether actual, suspected or anticipated which implicates and is under the control of that organisation, to an external entity having [the] potential to rectify the wrongdoing”.

The government has adopted several strategies to promote accountability and combat corruption in the country. For instance, parliament has enacted laws that attempt to address the problem. In addition, the 1999 National Anti-Corruption Summit resolved “to develop, encourage and implement whistleblowing mechanisms, which include measures to protect persons from victimisation where they expose corruption and unethical practices”.

Furthermore, our country’s Constitution serves as the overarching framework for protecting whistleblowers. Akin to this, the Protected Disclosures Act (PDA) of 2000 is the key legislation relative to whistleblowing. The PDA mandates that every employer should have internal procedures for receiving and addressing cases of malpractice. 

Hence, both public and private organisations are obliged to adopt a system for whistleblowing. The ultimate objectives of the PDA are to safeguard employees from retribution arising from whistleblowing in the workplace, to offer recourse for those who suffer such, and to outline responsible channels for sharing information. 

However, one of the major challenges faced in the anti-corruption drive is that people are usually too intimidated to “blow the whistle” when they observe corrupt and unlawful activities. Those who are courageous enough to blow the whistle are often victimised with little or no recourse. 

In addition, South Africa’s legal framework is limited in scope as it has some gaps in protecting whistleblowers. For instance, the law does not specify any sanctions for those who do not comply with their legal obligations to protect whistleblowers. More so, there are no penalties imposed on those who retaliate against whistleblowers.

Importance of whistleblowing

In a functional democracy, those in authority must be held accountable and this requires whistleblowers. Whistleblowing is one of the best ways of detecting and preventing malpractices such as corruption and fraud and should be encouraged because it has several benefits.

Firstly, whistleblowing can help to prevent and reduce cases of fraud. According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE), more than 40% of all cases of occupational fraud globally are exposed by whistleblowers. 

Moreover, individuals implicated in unethical and illegal acts can be arrested and punished for their wrongdoings. When co-workers realise the punishment that has been meted out to their colleagues, they may be discouraged from committing fraud and corruption. Thus, a culture of whistleblowing serves as a deterrent to fraud because people know that any corrupt act may have devastating consequences.

Furthermore, whistleblowing is an early warning system designed to protect an organisation from potential risks. It reduces both the financial and reputational costs of fraud and corruption. For instance, corruption tarnishes the image of the organisation or government. A positive culture of whistleblowing is essential to the success of any risk management system. 

Additionally, according to the ACFE, whistleblowing is more effective in detecting fraud when compared with traditional tools of governance such as external auditing. External audits manage to detect about 5% of fraud cases, while whistleblowers have helped to uncover 45% of fraud cases globally. 

More so, whistleblowers can prevent harm and protect the rule of law by disclosing wrongdoing within an organisation. For successful litigation and prosecution of corruption cases, there is a need for credible evidence, which does not just appear out of thin air but must be provided by people. 

Finally, whistleblowing is regarded as one of the most effective and economic strategies for protecting an organisation’s or a country’s resources. The costs of implementing a whistleblowing programme are usually very low compared with traditional methods of accountability such as external auditing.

Why don’t people blow the whistle?

A major disincentive to whistleblowing is the fact that people are afraid of being labelled a “sneak” or to be accused of “breaking ranks” with their colleagues. They may also be afraid of being requested to provide irrefutable evidence when they blow the whistle.

In addition, whistleblowing often comes at a cost as whistleblowers risk their careers and their personal safety in order to expose corruption and fraud. Whistleblowing is sometimes regarded as a form of betrayal. Consequently, whistleblowers are usually considered traitors and, in some cases, they may be blacklisted, removed from their workstations and harassed. In extreme cases, they may be sued, arrested or even murdered. 

Way forward

The government and other stakeholders such as the media, trade unions and civil society organisations should champion public information campaigns and initiatives to encourage whistleblowing. Whistleblowers should not only be protected, but they should also be honoured, actively supported and, where needed, financially compensated. 

Moreover, to facilitate a culture of whistleblowing, our country’s legal framework must be reviewed. The law must protect whistleblowers from retaliation for disclosing acts of misconduct.

On Friday 9 December, International Anti-Corruption Day, we honour all whistleblowers, not only in South Africa but globally, who played and are still playing a crucial role in the fight against corruption by aiding in the detection of corruption cases. We also pay tribute to several bold, courageous, and fearless individuals who paid the highest price for “blowing the whistle”. 

Pregala Pillay is a professor in the School of Public Leadership at Stellenbosch University. 

Chris Jones is chief researcher in Stellenbosch University’s department of systematic theology and ecclesiology, and also head of the Unit for Moral Leadership. This piece is part of a book project on Whistle-Blowing and Whistle-Blowers: Promoting Ethical and Accountable Society

The views expressed are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Mail & Guardian.

Thu, 08 Dec 2022 15:01:00 -0600 en-ZA text/html https://mg.co.za/opinion/2022-12-09-the-vital-role-of-whistleblowing-in-achieving-good-governance/
Killexams : The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners and The Institute of Internal Auditors Announce Education Partnership The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners and The Institute of Internal Auditors Announce Education Partnership

PR Newswire

AUSTIN, Texas, Nov. 30, 2022

The partnership will elevate competency for fraud investigators and auditors.

AUSTIN, Texas, Nov. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) – the world's largest organization of anti-fraud professionals – today announced a new partnership with The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) that will see both organizations collaborate on education initiatives that will serve the interests of both global memberships in fraud investigation and auditing. 

Anti-fraud professionals and internal auditors both strive to protect the organizations they serve and, though the primary focus is different, the opportunities to collaborate are vast. ACFE and IIA members often have similar interests and perspectives on fraud investigation and auditing – in fact, some practitioners are members of both organizations – and this partnership is a natural evolution that will allow both organizations to formalize and recognize this shared interest.

"This partnership brings the power of fraud auditing, detection, and fraud investigation together in order to help businesses and organizations deal head-on with the risks and challenges of fraud," said Brad Monterio, Executive Vice President of Member Competency & Learning at The IIA. "With increasingly complex technologies comes potential for fraud – this partnership will help both professions learn how to audit and investigate for fraud within these complex technology environments, including cryptocurrency, blockchain, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), robotic process automation (RPA), and others." 

"Audit and anti-fraud professionals must intentionally seek out new information and best practices to ensure they stay one step ahead of bad actors," said Andi McNeal, Vice President of Education for the ACFE. "This partnership brings the necessary resources and conversations to the forefront so that everyone charged with protecting organizations against fraud—whether in audit or in another anti-fraud role—is able to effectively carry out those responsibilities."

The partnership launches today with a series of webcasts, called "Fraud Perspectives," which will cover important fraud-related topics. Each webcast in the series will feature a CIA-credentialed fraud auditor and a CFE-credentialed fraud investigator, who will offer their unique perspectives on timely, relevant topics.

The first webcast in the series will be offered today from 12:00 p.m.–1:15 p.m. ET and is free for ACFE and IIA members. Six paid webcasts will follow in 2023.

  • January 11, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Blockchain, Crypto, and KYC"
  • March 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Virtual Remote Work Forever"
  • May 10, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Nonfungible Tokens"
  • July 19, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Deepfake Technologies"
  • September 13, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: ESG and Regulatory Reporting"
  • November 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: The Metaverse"

Although the partnership will start with collaboratively developed education, the ACFE and IIA will be exploring additional opportunities to work together, including joint research projects, impactful thought leadership, and working together on conference and event programs.

About The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners

Founded in 1988 by Dr. Joseph T. Wells, CFE, CPA, the ACFE is the world's largest anti-fraud organization. Together with more than 90,000 members, the ACFE works to reduce business fraud worldwide and inspire public confidence in the integrity and objectivity within the profession. For more information, visit ACFE.com.

About The Institute of Internal Auditors

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) is a nonprofit international professional association that serves more than 218,000 global members and has awarded 180,000 Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) certifications worldwide. Established in 1941, The IIA is recognized throughout the world as the internal audit profession's leader in standards, certification, education, research, and technical guidance. For more information, visit theiia.org.

Media Contacts:

Stefanie Hallgren
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners 
SHallgren@ACFE.com 
+1-512-276-8167

Chris Almonte
The Institute of Internal Auditors 
Chris.Almonte@theiia.org 
+1-407-937-1349

Cision View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/the-association-of-certified-fraud-examiners-and-the-institute-of-internal-auditors-announce-education-partnership-301689669.html

SOURCE Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Inc.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 22:45:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.morningstar.com/news/pr-newswire/20221130da50477/the-association-of-certified-fraud-examiners-and-the-institute-of-internal-auditors-announce-education-partnership
Killexams : China's BeiDou Navigation Satellite System in the New Era

Editor's note: The State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China published a white paper titled "China's BeiDou Navigation Satellite System in the New Era" on Friday. Full text below:

Preamble

The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) is a project built and operated by China as a component of the country's national security and economic and social development strategy. After many years in development, it has become an important new element of China's infrastructure, providing high-accuracy, round-the-clock positioning, navigation and timing services to global users in all weathers.

From the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) held in 2012, BDS entered a new era of rapid development. On July 31, 2020, President Xi Jinping announced to the world that BDS-3 was officially commissioned – a sign that BDS began to provide global services. From the launch of reform and opening up in 1978 to the beginning of the new era, from BDS-1 to BDS-3, from two-satellite positioning to a configuration covering the entire globe, from serving the Asia-Pacific to serving the whole world, BDS has progressed together with China's development and advanced the process of national rejuvenation.

In the new era, BDS benefits not only the Chinese people but also the people of other countries. A first-class navigation satellite system developed by China and dedicated to the world, it has been applied worldwide, integrated with global infrastructure, and introduced into mass markets, empowering industries and profoundly changing people's lives and the way they work. It provides an essential spatiotemporal reference for economic and social development, contributing Chinese wisdom and strength to making navigation satellite systems better serve the world and benefit humanity.

In the new era, BDS demonstrates China's resolve and confidence in striving for greater strength and self-reliance in science and technology. It embodies the Chinese people's spirit and commitment to independence and self-reliance in overcoming difficulties through hard work, showcases the strength of China's socialist system in pooling resources on major projects, and epitomizes China's global vision and its sense of responsibility in helping others to achieve common development.

The Chinese government is publishing this white paper to present China's achievements and vision in developing BDS, and to share its ideas and experience.

I. BeiDou in the New Era

As China makes historic progress and undergoes historic transformations in the new era, BDS has also entered a new period of high-quality development, making further breakthroughs and reaching higher levels in its mechanisms and in the speed and scale of its deployment. It is a miracle created by China in the vault of the sky.

1. A Path of Independent Development

China has relied on independent innovation and taken a phased approach in developing BDS. Starting from scratch, the system has undergone steady improvements and upgrades, providing both active and passive positioning and expanding from regional to global coverage.

The three-step BDS strategy. China began to develop its own navigation satellite system in 1994. BDS-1 entered service and began providing positioning services in China at the end of 2000. At this point, China became the third country in the world with a navigation satellite system. BDS-2 was completed in 2012, providing passive positioning services to the Asia-Pacific region. In 2020, BDS-3 was formally commissioned to provide satellite navigation services worldwide. This marked the successful conclusion of the three-step BDS strategy.

Accelerated progress towards a global era. In December 2012, BDS-2 entered into service, marking a new stage of development. In March 2015, China launched the first BDS-3 experimental satellite. In November 2017, the first two Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellites joined the BDS-3 system. The global deployment of the BDS configuration began to gather pace. In December 2018, China completed the primary deployment of 19 satellites. In June 2020, it completed the entire constellation deployment of 24 MEO satellites, three Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites, and three Inclined Geosynchronous Orbit (IGSO) satellites. The next month, BDS-3 began to provide global services, upgrading BDS to a worldwide system.

2. Better Services for the Whole World

In the new era, BDS will provide better services around the globe for the benefit of all humanity. To this end, China will intensify integration of different technologies, Improve its capacity for diversified and specialized services, promote industries engaged in BDS applications, and reinforce international cooperation and exchanges on all fronts. Through this process, we can promote economic and social development, meet the people's desire for a better life, and share the results and benefits of BDS throughout the world.

Open services and greater compatibility. BDS provides open, free satellite navigation services, and its ability to serve the public across the world is being constantly improved. Through active international cooperation and exchanges, China calls for and works towards greater compatibility and broader sharing among different navigation satellite systems.

Innovation and upgrading. Under the innovation-driven development strategy, China is building up its capacity for independent development based on innovation. BDS is consistently being upgraded by adopting new and emerging technologies such as the latest communication technologies and low earth orbiter navigation augmentation. Efforts are also under way to incorporate non-satellite navigation technologies into its scope.

Quality services. BDS ensures stable and uninterrupted operation, shows strength in specialized services, and delivers high-quality satellite navigation services to users worldwide. In order to foster a more enabling environment for BDS-related industries, China has improved relevant standards, policies and regulations, intellectual property rights protection, and dissemination and promotion.

Sharing for the common good. China will expand BDS applications and promote higher quality in related industries, so that the system will be incorporated into every aspect of society and facilitate work and daily life. China shares the progress of its navigation satellite system with the rest of the world, with the goal of benefits for all.

3. BeiDou Spirit in the New Era

The BDS development team have worked hard through successive generations to surmount all difficulties in their research. In the new era, they have fostered a BeiDou spirit of independent innovation, openness and inclusiveness, unity of purpose, and pursuit of excellence. It is a telling example of China's national spirit centered on patriotism and defined by reform and innovation in the new era. It also makes a fine addition to the CPC's long line of inspiring principles.

Independent innovation as the core competitive advantage. China has maintained independence in the research, design, construction and operation of BDS, keeping core technologies in key fields firmly in our own hands. This is the approach we have taken in confronting challenges and overcoming difficulties in the development of BDS.

A global vision of openness and inclusiveness. The world is becoming increasingly open and integrated. By making BDS available worldwide, China honors its commitment to helping people of all countries share the opportunities and fruits of development. This clearly demonstrates China's farsighted vision and its will to share the best it has to offer.

Unity of purpose for success. BDS is the fruit of the cooperation and dedication of its developers, the support of the whole nation, and the collaboration among all parties concerned. It embodies China's great tradition of working together and the Chinese people's deep love for their country.

The constant pursuit of excellence. China is striving to make BDS one of the best navigation satellite systems in the world by achieving excellence in technology, construction, management and services. It is designed to become one of China's most recognizable brands in the new era.

4. Outlook for the Future

In the years to come, China will further upgrade BDS technologies, functions and services. The goal is to create a comprehensive spatiotemporal system that is more extensive, more integrated, and more intelligent, and that provides flexible, smart, precise and secure navigation, positioning and timing services. In doing so, China will help Improve people's wellbeing and promote human progress.

In building a more powerful BDS, China will create its own smart and distinctive system for operation, maintenance and management, and gain a competitive edge in services such as short message communication, ground-based and satellite-based augmentation, and international search and rescue. By steadily improving the quality and increasing the scope of its services, BDS will build the capacity to provide global decimeter-level positioning and navigation with high integrity, thereby delivering better services to users worldwide.

China will promote large-scale BDS applications and encourage their market-oriented, industrialized and globalized development to offer a broader range of public services of higher quality. We will further unleash market potential, expand application scenarios, increase application scale, create new mechanisms and dynamics, Improve the industrial system, strengthen international industrial cooperation, and forge a fuller, more resilient industrial chain. The goal is to share our achievements in BDS development with people all over the world for their benefit.

We will establish a comprehensive national system for positioning, navigation and timing services, develop a variety of navigation methods, and pursue cross-sector innovation in cutting-edge technologies, synergy of different methods for higher performance, and multi-source information fusion and sharing. We will extend BDS services to provide underwater, indoor and deep space coverage, and offer integrated spatiotemporal information services that are based on unified reference and seamless coverage, and are flexible, intelligent, secure, reliable, convenient and efficient. This will contribute to building a global community of shared future and make the world a better place to live.

II. A World-Class Navigation Satellite System

Aiming to build a world-class global navigation satellite system, China has adhered to an innovation-oriented approach, pursued excellence and kept improving its technologies. BDS is now a top-class system characterized by cutting-edge technologies, pioneering design, and powerful functions.

1. Independently Developed Core Technologies

China has achieved innovations in the constellation configuration, technology systems and service functions of the navigation satellite system conforming to international norms. It has made breakthroughs and reached a world-leading level in several core technologies in terms of hybrid constellation, inter-satellite links, and signal structure.

Innovative constellation configuration. China is the first country to adopt a hybrid navigation constellation in medium and high earth orbits. A satellite in a high orbit covers a larger area and has a better anti-shielding capability; those in medium orbits offer global coverage, and are core to providing global services. By complementing each other, satellites in multiple orbits have a greater capability to serve not only the region, but also the entire world.

Inter-satellite links. This is China's first inter-satellite and satellite-ground joint network, thus realizing high-precision measurement and data transmission through inter-satellite links, and providing global services based on domestic ground stations.

Optimized signal structure. With breakthroughs in core technologies such as modulation, multiplexing, and channel coding, BDS takes the lead in using triple-frequency signals, in integrating navigation and positioning with communication functions, and in providing both basic navigation information and differential augmentation information. It has reached world-class level in signal ranging accuracy, anti-interference performance, and anti-multipath capabilities. It is compatible with other navigation satellite systems and capable of providing diversified and specialized services.

2. Innovative System Configuration

BDS is composed of a space segment, a ground segment, and a user segment:

• The space segment comprises 30 satellites located in three types of orbit – MEO, GEO and IGSO;

• The ground segment mainly consists of the operation control system, the telemetry tracking and command system, the inter-satellite link operation management system, and various service platforms for international search and rescue, short message communication, satellite-based augmentation, and ground-based augmentation.

• The user segment consists of terminals and applications compatible with other navigation satellite systems.

Building the BDS integrated inter-satellite and satellite-ground network, China's first aerospace system offering global network services, has led to remarkable improvements in China's aerospace R&D capability, and leapfrog progress in China's aerospace technology.

Outstanding batch production capability. Innovations have been introduced in the research and manufacturing of satellite-ground equipment as well as satellites and launch vehicles. Carrier rocket upper stages and navigation satellite platforms have been developed to enable batch production, intensive launch of satellites and rockets, and fast constellation deployment. In less than three years, 18 rockets deployed 30 satellites into orbit, a pace unmatched by any other country.

Independent development and operation of key components. Components such as aerospace-grade memory chips, satellite-borne processors, high-power microwave switches, traveling-wave tube amplifiers, and solid-state amplifiers have been developed and produced independently by China. The 100 percent independent development and operation of BDS core components has laid a solid foundation for its widespread use.

3. Quality and Diverse Services

With its powerful functions and reliable performance, BDS is able to provide a wide range of services to meet various requirements. It mainly provides positioning, navigation, timing, international search and rescue, and short message communication services to global users, while it offers short message communication, satellite-based augmentation, precise point positioning, and ground-based augmentation services to users in the Asia-Pacific.

Positioning, navigation and timing. Through 30 satellites, BDS offers free services to users across the world. Its positioning accuracy is better than 9 meters horizontally and 10 meters vertically, its velocity measurement accuracy is higher than 0.2 meters per second, and its timing is accurate to less than 20 nanoseconds.

International search and rescue. Through six MEO satellites, BDS provides, free of charge, a global distress alert service that meets international standards. Return links have been designed so that rescue requesters can receive confirmation messages.

Global short message communication. BDS is the first navigation satellite system to provide a global short message communication service. Through 14 MEO satellites, it provides a global random-access service to specific users with a maximum single message length of 560 bits (40 Chinese characters).

Regional short message communication. BDS is the first navigation satellite system to provide a regional short message communication service for authorized users. Through three GEO satellites, it provides a data transmission service to users in China and neighboring areas with a maximum single message length of 14,000 bits (1,000 Chinese characters). It can transmit texts, graphics and audio.

Satellite-based augmentation. Through three GEO satellites, BDS provides users in China and neighboring areas with a Category I precision approach service that meets international standards. It supports both single-frequency and dual-frequency multi-constellation augmentation, providing greater security for the transport sector.

Precise point positioning. Through three GEO satellites, BDS provides users in China and neighboring areas with a cost-free high-precision positioning augmentation service. Its positioning accuracy is better than 30 centimeters horizontally and 60 centimeters vertically, and its convergence time is less than 30 minutes.

Ground-based augmentation. Network ground stations have been built across China to provide real-time meter-level, decimeter-level, centimeter-level, and post-processing millimeter-level positioning augmentation services for industrial users and the general public.

III. Improving BDS Operation Management

As a major player in the aerospace industry that takes its responsibilities seriously, China continues to Improve BDS operation management and the system's performance. It ensures continuous and stable operation, open and transparent information, and sustained, healthy and rapid development of the BDS system, so as to provide reliable, secure and high-quality spatiotemporal information services.

1. Ensuring Operational Reliability

Stable operation is vital to a navigation satellite system. Applying systems thinking, China has built a BDS operation management system with Chinese characteristics, organized on the basis of multi-party support, providing a joint inter-satellite and satellite-ground network control as its system feature, and hardware-software coordination and intelligent operation and maintenance as its technical feature. The system integrates regularized operation management support, smooth transition, comprehensive monitoring and assessment, and intelligent operation and maintenance, providing basic support for continuous and stable operation.

Strengthening regularized support. China is improving the mechanisms for multi-party joint support, consultation on operation status, and equipment inspection and maintenance, and building a smooth and coordinated workflow that shares information and facilitates efficient decision-making, to constantly Improve regularized support for BDS operation management.

Ensuring smooth transition. In terms of the space segment, ground segment and user segment, China has realized smooth and orderly transition from BDS-2 to BDS-3 and ensured that users do not need to replace equipment and can enjoy upgraded services at minimal cost.

Reinforcing monitoring and assessment. China is improving resource allocation for continuous global monitoring and assessment of BDS. It carries out comprehensive and regularized monitoring and assessment of the configuration status, signal accuracy, signal quality and service performance of the system, to obtain timely and accurate information on its operation and service status.

Boosting operation and maintenance. China makes full use of big data, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and other new technologies to build a BDS data pool. It integrates data from multiple sources such as system operation, monitoring and assessment, and space environment, provides on-demand information sharing, and strengthens intelligent operation management of the system.

2. Improving BDS Service Performance

Higher accuracy and reliability are constant priorities. Always seeking progress while ensuring stability, China makes constant efforts to Improve the BDS system status, provide a better spatiotemporal reference, and increase application scenarios. It will continue to raise the capability of the system, expanding its service domains and upgrading its service quality.

Upgrading the system. China will upgrade and transform ground-based facilities, renew the software of in-orbit satellites as needed, and refine satellite-ground processing models and algorithms. It will continue to strengthen the capacity of the integrated inter-satellite and satellite-ground network, and elevate the accuracy and quality of space signals, to ensure a steady improvement in BDS service performance.

A better spatiotemporal reference. China will establish and maintain a high-accuracy BDS time reference and carry out the monitoring of clock bias against other navigation satellite systems. Time biases will be broadcast in navigation messages. It will increase interoperability between the BDS time and the time of other navigation satellite systems. The BDS coordinate system will remain aligned with the International Terrestrial Reference Frame, and increase interoperability with other navigation satellite systems in this regard.

Expanding service domains. China will strengthen the multi-approach navigation capability of BDS and enable the system to provide flexible positioning, navigation and timing services. It will carry out exploration and tests of cislunar space service applications, and extend the BDS service capacity into deep space. It will work for breakthroughs in key technologies in integrating navigation and communication, and Improve the system's capacity to provide services in complex environments and densely populated areas.

3. Releasing the Latest Information on BDS

Releasing system information is a basic means of strengthening users' understanding of the navigation satellite system and increasing their trust. With regard to BDS, China applies the principle of openness and transparency. It is building information dissemination platforms, improving dissemination mechanisms, and publishing timely, authoritative and accurate information on the system, so as to provide services to global users in a responsible manner.

Building multi-channel information releasing platforms. Through these platforms, China publishes information on BDS construction and operation, application and promotion, international cooperation, and relevant policies and regulations. These platforms include the official BDS website (www.beidou.gov.cn), monitoring and assessment websites (www.csno-tarc.cn; www.igmas.org) and the BDS WeChat official account (beidousystem).

Releasing BDS service documents. China regularly updates and releases interface control documentation on BDS open services, defines the interface specifications between BDS satellites and user terminals, and specifies the signal structure, basic characteristics, ranging codes, navigation messages and other content, so as to provide inputs for global BDS product development efforts. It updates and releases the open service performance standards, and specifies the coverage area and performance indexes of BDS open services.

Releasing information on system status. China releases timely system status information about satellite launches and commissioning, in-orbit tests, monitoring and assessment outcomes, and decommissioning. It also issues notifications to domestic and foreign users when appropriate before carrying out plans and operations that might affect user services.

IV. Promoting Sustainable Development of the BDS Applications Industry

In the new era, China has synergized the development and application of BDS. It has made continuous efforts to refine the products supporting the BDS industry, expand application fields, Improve the industry ecosystem, and promote large-scale applications. BDS applications have been better integrated into the overall development of the national economy to promote the sound development of the BDS applications industry, so as to inject strong impetus into socioeconomic development.

1. Putting in Place Industrial Development Strategies

China has placed equal importance on the development and application of BDS, and promotes development through applications. It has made a well-conceived blueprint for the development of the BDS applications industry. China strives to push forward BDS applications across industries and regions through various projects, promotes use of the BDS system, and boosts high-quality development of the BDS industry.

Working out an innovative outline for BDS applications. Faced with new circumstances and requirements in the new era, China has focused its efforts on securing the industry ecosystem, developing basic and general-purpose technologies, and promoting the BDS applications industry. It has pooled strength from all sectors to create a new development dynamic based on concerted efforts and joint management.

Strengthening the planning and design of industrial development. China has formulated and implemented the Overall Plan for Comprehensively Promoting BDS Industrial Applications and a special plan for the development of the BDS industry. Various sectors and regions have made special plans and launched campaigns accordingly to Improve the systems of industrial innovation, integrated applications, industrial ecosystems, and global services.

Implementing major projects of BDS industrial development. Focusing on ensuring security, encouraging innovation and developing industry, China has given play to the leveraging role of major projects to expedite the formation of a market-oriented and enterprise-based BDS industrial development framework. These efforts have advanced with a category-based approach following the principles of overall planning, intensive utilization, and prioritization.

2. Laying a Solid Foundation for Industrial Development

In developing BDS applications, China has focused on infrastructure, basic products, and basic software. With strengthened efforts in developing basic platforms for BDS applications and intensified support for application technology R&D, a solid foundation has been laid for the steady development of the BDS applications industry.

Improving infrastructure for BDS applications. China has established a set of platforms featuring BDS services including international search and rescue, short message communication, satellite-based augmentation, and ground-based augmentation. Featured BDS services have been more deeply integrated with various communication channels. With their expanding scope and depth, BDS applications have provided users with more efficient and convenient services.

Developing basic products for BDS applications. China has developed a series of basic products such as chips, modules and antennas, and realized 100-million-scale manufacturing of BDS products. In addition, basic products that integrate satellite navigation and inertial navigation, mobile communication, visual navigation, and other means have also been developed to strengthen the resilience of BDS application solutions.

Developing basic software for BDS applications. Through intensified efforts in independent research and development, China has made progress in turning basic generic technologies in areas such as positioning solutions, model development, data analysis, design, and simulation into software and tools, and ensuring that such software programs are functioning and easy to use.

3. Fostering a Sound Ecosystem for Industrial Development

By developing standards and norms, intellectual property rights, testing and certification, and industrial assessment in a systematic manner, China has created a sound industrial ecosystem for BDS applications with all necessary factors and a strong innovation capacity. With synergy across supply chains, industrial chains, innovation chains, and policy chains, the clustered development of the BDS applications industry has been pushed forward.

Advancing standardization. Leveraging the foundational and guiding role of standardization, China has updated the BDS standards system, and expedited the formulation and revision of standards concerning BDS applications. To promote industrial upgrading, China has made continuous efforts to form a comprehensive and sound BDS application standards system that covers organizational, sectoral, national and international standards, and ensures that all these standards are integrated and compatible with each other.

Strengthening intellectual property protection. China has raised the quality and efficiency of BDS-related patent examination to strengthen the BDS patent portfolio. The stakeholders of innovative BDS applications have been motivated to create, utilize, protect and manage intellectual property rights, laying solid foundations for the future development and exploitation of China's satellite navigation patents.

Improving product testing and certification systems. China has strengthened top-level design for the testing and certification of BDS-related navigation products and has built a network of public service platforms for product testing and certification. In order to Improve the quality of BDS applications and ensure security and reliability, testing and certification of BDS products has been organized in key industries and fields.

Establishing an industrial assessment system. To ensure the healthy and sustainable development of the BDS applications industry, China has worked to Improve the feedback mechanism for BDS applications and established an assessment system for key industries and fields, major regions, mass applications, and international applications.

Reinforcing collaborative efforts. To better meet market demand, China has encouraged the building of a BDS industry alliance to expand channels that bring together enterprises, universities, research institutes, and end-users. Relevant industry associations and societies have been mobilized to play their role in bringing together the government and enterprises, so as to facilitate communication and cooperation while improving industry self-discipline.

Building industrial clusters. Key regions and cities have been encouraged to deploy BDS applications extensively based on their own resource endowment, with due consideration given to national strategies. The objective is to consolidate the distinctive strengths of each region and create BDS industrial clusters with R&D institutions, key enterprises, and industrial parks as the mainstay.

4. Ways and Means to Promote Industrial Development

BDS has been widely used in various industries and fields in China's socioeconomic development. It has been deeply integrated with emerging technologies such as big data, the internet of things, and artificial intelligence, fostering new business forms based on BDS. Together these have underpinned digital socioeconomic transformation with improved quality and efficiency, adding convenience and color to people's lives.

Giving full play to the leading role of key industries. Some key industries that have the potential for scale application and significant socioeconomic benefits have been selected as pilot entities for BDS applications, along with their respective regions, with due consideration to national development strategies. In this way, China has worked out comprehensive solutions to push forward large-scale application of BDS.

Entering key fields. BDS has been swiftly applied to key fields that have a vital bearing on the national economy, people's lives, public interest, national security, public security, and economic security, and has effectively improved the reliability and security of these fields.

Empowering various industries and sectors. BDS has been deeply integrated into new infrastructure such as information infrastructure, integrated infrastructure, and innovative infrastructure, and has been widely used in key sectors such as transport, energy, agriculture, communications, meteorology, natural resources, the eco-environment, emergency management, and disaster mitigation, helping to reduce costs and increase efficiency.

Serving everyday life. Through applications such as smartphones, vehicle terminals, and wearable devices, BDS has been widely applied in daily life, the sharing economy, and areas that are important to public wellbeing. It comprehensively serves every aspect of people's everyday life such as green travel, food delivery, elderly and child care, health care, and education.

V. Upgrading BDS Governance

China constantly upgrades its BDS governance in the new era. It has made consistent efforts to bring forward innovative ideas on systems, mechanisms and development methods, to Improve policies and regulations, to optimize organization and management, to build up strengths in high-caliber professionals, to promote technological innovation through reform, and to better combine a well-functioning market with competent government.

1. Updating the Systems and Mechanisms of Management

Based on BDS development needs, China makes overall plans, improves relevant mechanisms, and maximizes its system strength in pooling resources from government, market and social sectors to achieve synergy in developing BDS.

Improving management of the BDS project through innovation. To ensure that the BDS project is operating in a smooth, concerted, efficient, orderly and rule-based manner, China gives full play to the role of the project's leading group, and has set up a management system in which various departments work in concert with clear divisions of tasks and responsibilities. It has also established a mechanism for promoting the coordinated progress of the project, its applications, and international cooperation.

Establishing a mechanism for overall planning and coordination. China makes systemic plans for BDS infrastructure construction, application and promotion, international cooperation, management of satellite radio frequencies and orbits, intellectual property rights protection, standards formulation, and human resource development, and ensures their concerted progress, creating a closely connected and well-coordinated framework.

2. Promoting Technological Innovation Through System Reform

In advancing its innovation-driven development, China relies on innovation in both technology and systems. To speed up technological innovation, it has established and is now improving a mechanism for propelling innovation in satellite navigation technology.

Establishing a mechanism for original, integrated and collaborative innovation. Following the principle of independent innovation while remaining open to exchanges, China fosters original innovation bases for satellite navigation technologies, plans strategic, fundamental and forward-looking research, and builds up advanced systems for tackling key technological problems and promoting R&D in new products. To meet the need to fully integrate BDS with new-generation information technology, China adopts an approach of phased and incremental development and multifunctional integration, and operates a collaborative innovation mechanism across disciplines, subjects and fields to concentrate resources and factors for innovation and stimulate exponential development through innovation.

Improving an incentive mechanism that encourages competition. Upholding the principles of transparency, fair play, and mutual learning, China operates a competitive mechanism in which the best products are selected from multiple enterprises based on comparison of specifications and comprehensive assessment. This can apply appropriate pressure on market players while maintaining their enthusiasm, and thus help to achieve sustainable development, high quality and efficiency, and low cost.

Upgrading the system for organizing research and production. China strengthens the leading role of digitalization and other new technologies, and builds smart systems of testing, verification and assessment. It optimizes the research and production procedures that evolve from R&D, verification, improvement to reverification, under a new model that adapts to synchronous R&D and batch production of multiple satellites, multiple rockets, and multiple stations, and increases the capability for fast deployment between space and ground.

3. Advancing Rule of Law in Satellite Navigation

In order to create a favorable domestic and international environment for the sustainable and healthy development of BDS, China has established a comprehensive legal framework for satellite navigation and taken part in global governance balancing considerations of development and security, current and future interests, and laws governing domestic and foreign-related matters.

Accelerating satellite navigation legislation. China is constantly building up the legal system of satellite navigation. The Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Satellite Navigation has been promulgated to regulate and strengthen the management of relevant activities. Support rules concerning system construction, operation and services, applications management, international cooperation, and security guarantees have also seen substantial improvement.

Continuing to Improve the business environment. Committed to a business environment that is based on market principles, governed by law, and meets international standards, China has taken measures to regulate satellite navigation market order, create an enabling environment to protect market players' rights and interests, and Improve government services. These have provided a stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment, boosting market dynamism and development drive.

Regulating satellite navigation activities. Accurate and full information about BDS satellites is reported in a timely manner in line with the provisions on the registration of objects launched into outer space. Licenses for BDS radio frequencies, space radios, and ground stations are also issued in accordance with the law. The radio frequency bands used by BDS are protected by law, and the production, sale, or operation of any type of jamming equipment that interferes with satellite navigation is strictly prohibited and will be investigated and punished in accordance with the law.

Taking part in global governance of satellite navigation. In this field, China follows the principle of achieving shared growth through consultation and collaboration in global governance. It handles affairs concerning international interests within the framework of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) and participates in formulating relevant international rules, contributing to a fairer and more equitable international order in satellite navigation.

4. Fostering Talent for BDS

Talent is the resource of paramount importance for development and innovation. BDS always cultivates, attracts and guides talented individuals through its development, and encourages them to succeed. It has consistently expanded its personnel pool and given full play to their strengths, sustaining the industry with quality human resources.

Training competent professionals. China has updated its talent training framework in the fields relating to BDS positioning, navigation and timing. It has improved talent training, exchange and incentive mechanisms, set up platforms for talent growth, built national key laboratories, and enlarged the team of professionals with interdisciplinary training and a global vision.

Creating academic prosperity. To meet the requirements in developing frontier technologies in positioning, navigation and timing and the satellite navigation industry, China has strengthened research on basic theories and applications, and increased academic exchanges to raise the capacity for scientific and technological innovation.

Spreading scientific knowledge. China is continuing to build popular science bases, create immersive scenarios for experiential learning, carry out relevant activities, and publish content-rich books to spread knowledge about positioning, navigation and timing, and arouse the public's interest in science, especially in the fields related to time and space.

VI. Contributing to Building a Global Community of Shared Future

Navigation satellite systems are the common wealth of humanity. Following the principles of openness, integration, coordination, cooperation, compatibility, complementarity and sharing, China has carried out active international cooperation on BDS and advanced its international applications. This will enable the system to better serve the world, benefit humanity, and contribute to building a global community of shared future.

1. Increasing Compatibility and Interoperability of Diverse Systems

In order to provide users with more high-quality, diverse, secure and reliable services, China is active in advocating and advancing the compatibility and interoperability of different navigation satellite systems, carrying out coordination and consultation on the utilization of frequency and orbital slot resources, and working with other countries to make improvements.

Stepping up cooperation for better compatibility and interoperability. China continues to promote compatibility and interoperability between BDS and other navigation satellite systems and satellite-based augmentation systems, and to strengthen the compatibility and joint applications with other navigation satellite systems, so as to achieve resource sharing, complementarity and advances in technology. China works to establish bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms in the field of satellite navigation, coordinates compatibility and interoperability efforts, and carries out active cooperation and exchanges with other countries on navigation satellite systems and satellite-based augmentation systems, in a bid to achieve common development of all navigation satellite systems around the world.

Carrying out coordination and consultation on the utilization of frequency and orbital slot resources. Abiding by the International Telecommunication Union rules, China works to safeguard the international order in terms of satellite network application and coordination and to facilitate coordination and consultation on navigation satellite frequencies and orbital slots through bilateral and multilateral negotiations. China is also an active participant in technological research and standards formulation led by international organizations, and joins with other countries to safeguard, utilize and expand navigation satellite frequency and orbital slot resources.

2. Promoting International Cooperation and Exchanges

China continues to expand the circle of international BDS friends and Improve its global applications through measures such as strengthening cooperation mechanisms, increasing cooperation channels, and establishing cooperation platforms and windows.

Stepping up participation in international satellite navigation affairs. China has attended activities under the framework of the United Nations, and hosted ICG meetings. It also participates actively in research projects and proposes cooperation initiatives in this area, and works with other countries to promote global satellite navigation through extensive consultation.

Carrying out bilateral and multilateral cooperation and exchanges. China conducts cooperation and exchanges with regional organizations such as ASEAN and the League of Arab States, and countries in Africa, Latin America and elsewhere. It holds BDS/GNSS cooperation forums and provides application scenarios and solutions, so as to expand international applications of BDS.

Extending cooperation in testing and assessment. China collaborates with other countries to conduct testing and assessment on the performance of BDS and other global navigation satellite systems in positioning, navigation, timing, short message communication, international search and rescue, and other areas. It issues testing and assessment reports to increase users' knowledge and confidence about the conditions and performance of navigation satellite systems, strengthening cooperation in this area.

Establishing international education and training platforms. China continues to promote academic education of international students, especially at master's and doctoral levels, in disciplines related to satellite navigation. Relying on platforms such as the Regional Center for Space Science and Technology Education in Asia and the Pacific (China) affiliated to the United Nations, the BeiDou International Exchange and Training Center, and various BDS/GNSS centers, China actively carries out satellite navigation training activities to cultivate talent and build professional capacity in the field for the international community and in particular for developing countries.

Conducting international academic exchanges. Through strengthening international exchange platforms such as the China Satellite Navigation Conference and the International Summit on BDS Applications, China has constantly expanded the global influence of BDS. China also takes an active part in international academic exchange events in the field of satellite navigation and makes contribution to advances in satellite navigation technology worldwide.

3. Promoting the Ratification of BDS by International Standards

China is making every effort to have BDS ratified by international standards organizations and standards organizations in the industrial and specialized application sectors, so that the system can better serve global users and support relevant industries.

International civil aviation standards. The technical indicators of BDS have passed the authentication of the International Civil Aviation Organization, indicating that the system conforms with international civil aviation standards and is qualified to provide positioning, navigation and timing services for global users in the civil aviation sector.

International maritime standards. BDS has become an integral part of the global radio-navigation system and gained legal status in maritime applications worldwide. China has released the official standards for BDS shipborne receiver equipment, providing criteria on the design, production and testing of relevant maritime equipment for global manufacturers. The BDS short message communication service is making steady progress in aligning with the global maritime distress and safety system of the International Maritime Organization.

International search and rescue standards. China has issued an international standard for satellite emergency locators. It is also endeavoring to enable the BDS return link service to be ratified by the Cospas-Sarsat, and working on international compatibility and joint application of the return link service.

International mobile communication standards. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project has issued technical, performance and consistency testing standards that support BDS signals, enabling 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G networks and terminals to use BDS to achieve aided positioning and high-accuracy positioning.

International data exchange standards. China is working to incorporate BDS into international general standards for data receivers in fields such as high-accuracy differential positioning services, general data exchange formats, and positioning information output protocols.

4. Enabling BDS Development to Benefit the Whole World

China is working to expand and extend the international application of BDS products, services and industries, and accelerate the large-scale application of BDS worldwide, for the purpose of boosting economic and social development and improving public wellbeing across the globe.

Increasing the contribution of BDS products to the world. China is speeding up the integration of BDS products such as chips, modules and terminals into the international industrial system, enabling them to meet international requirements and align with international standards. Efforts are also made to supply full play to the unique strengths of BDS products and enable them to integrate into local industries, upgrade services, and boost economic and social development.

Promoting BDS services overseas. China has set up an international satellite navigation application and service network, and joined with other countries to build satellite navigation service platforms and provide international services and applications such as global search and rescue, short message communication, satellite-based augmentation, and ground-based augmentation to meet the diverse demands of global users.

Expanding international cooperation on satellite navigation. China engages in active cooperation with other countries and international organizations on technology R&D and the satellite navigation industry. It has set up overseas BDS application and industrialization promotion centers, and strives to build solid foundations for the satellite navigation industry. It is strengthening cooperation with regional organizations such as ASEAN, the African Union, the League of Arab States, and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, and releasing BDS-based solutions in the fields of smart cities, public security, precision agriculture, digital transport, and disaster prevention and mitigation, which are being piloted in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

Conclusion

To explore the cosmos has been the dream of the Chinese nation for millennia. From observing Beidou (Chinese pinyin for the Big Dipper) to developing and using BDS, from gazing at the stars to utilizing the space, the Chinese people have shown their great potential and created a promising future. China is committed to independent innovation, building a comprehensive spatiotemporal system that is more extensive, more integrated, and more intelligent on the next generation of BDS, and continuing to advance human progress in exploring the universe.

The universe is vast enough to accommodate exploration and utilization by all countries; by the same token, it demands global cooperation. China is ready to share its achievements in developing BDS, and it will work with all countries to promote the development of navigation satellite systems, venture into deeper space, and make an even greater contribution to building a global community of shared future and a better world.

Fri, 04 Nov 2022 14:52:00 -0500 text/html https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202211/05/WS6365cfe7a3105ca1f2274368.html
Killexams : The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners and The Institute of Internal Auditors Announce Education Partnership

The partnership will elevate competency for fraud investigators and auditors.

AUSTIN, Texas, Nov. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) – the world's largest organization of anti-fraud professionals – today announced a new partnership with The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) that will see both organizations collaborate on education initiatives that will serve the interests of both global memberships in fraud investigation and auditing.

Anti-fraud professionals and internal auditors both strive to protect the organizations they serve and, though the primary focus is different, the opportunities to collaborate are vast. ACFE and IIA members often have similar interests and perspectives on fraud investigation and auditing – in fact, some practitioners are members of both organizations – and this partnership is a natural evolution that will allow both organizations to formalize and recognize this shared interest.

"This partnership brings the power of fraud auditing, detection, and fraud investigation together in order to help businesses and organizations deal head-on with the risks and challenges of fraud," said Brad Monterio, Executive Vice President of Member Competency & Learning at The IIA. "With increasingly complex technologies comes potential for fraud – this partnership will help both professions learn how to audit and investigate for fraud within these complex technology environments, including cryptocurrency, blockchain, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), robotic process automation (RPA), and others."

"Audit and anti-fraud professionals must intentionally seek out new information and best practices to ensure they stay one step ahead of bad actors," said Andi McNeal, Vice President of Education for the ACFE. "This partnership brings the necessary resources and conversations to the forefront so that everyone charged with protecting organizations against fraud—whether in audit or in another anti-fraud role—is able to effectively carry out those responsibilities."

The partnership launches today with a series of webcasts, called "Fraud Perspectives," which will cover important fraud-related topics. Each webcast in the series will feature a CIA-credentialed fraud auditor and a CFE-credentialed fraud investigator, who will offer their unique perspectives on timely, relevant topics.

The first webcast in the series will be offered today from 12:00 p.m.–1:15 p.m. ET and is free for ACFE and IIA members. Six paid webcasts will follow in 2023.

  • January 11, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Blockchain, Crypto, and KYC"

  • March 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Virtual Remote Work Forever"

  • May 10, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Nonfungible Tokens"

  • July 19, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Deepfake Technologies"

  • September 13, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: ESG and Regulatory Reporting"

  • November 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: The Metaverse"

Although the partnership will start with collaboratively developed education, the ACFE and IIA will be exploring additional opportunities to work together, including joint research projects, impactful thought leadership, and working together on conference and event programs.

About The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners

Founded in 1988 by Dr. Joseph T. Wells, CFE, CPA, the ACFE is the world's largest anti-fraud organization. Together with more than 90,000 members, the ACFE works to reduce business fraud worldwide and inspire public confidence in the integrity and objectivity within the profession. For more information, visit ACFE.com.

About The Institute of Internal Auditors

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) is a nonprofit international professional association that serves more than 218,000 global members and has awarded 180,000 Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) certifications worldwide. Established in 1941, The IIA is recognized throughout the world as the internal audit profession's leader in standards, certification, education, research, and technical guidance. For more information, visit theiia.org.

Media Contacts:

Stefanie Hallgren
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners 
SHallgren@ACFE.com 
+1-512-276-8167

Chris Almonte
The Institute of Internal Auditors 
Chris.Almonte@theiia.org 
+1-407-937-1349

Cision

View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/the-association-of-certified-fraud-examiners-and-the-institute-of-internal-auditors-announce-education-partnership-301689669.html

SOURCE Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Inc.

Tue, 29 Nov 2022 23:46:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/association-certified-fraud-examiners-institute-123000058.html
Killexams : The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners and The Institute of Internal Auditors Announce Education Partnership

The partnership will elevate competency for fraud investigators and auditors.

AUSTIN, Texas, Nov. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) – the world's largest organization of anti-fraud professionals – today announced a new partnership with The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) that will see both organizations collaborate on education initiatives that will serve the interests of both global memberships in fraud investigation and auditing. 

Anti-fraud professionals and internal auditors both strive to protect the organizations they serve and, though the primary focus is different, the opportunities to collaborate are vast. ACFE and IIA members often have similar interests and perspectives on fraud investigation and auditing – in fact, some practitioners are members of both organizations – and this partnership is a natural evolution that will allow both organizations to formalize and recognize this shared interest.

"This partnership brings the power of fraud auditing, detection, and fraud investigation together in order to help businesses and organizations deal head-on with the risks and challenges of fraud," said Brad Monterio, Executive Vice President of Member Competency & Learning at The IIA. "With increasingly complex technologies comes potential for fraud – this partnership will help both professions learn how to audit and investigate for fraud within these complex technology environments, including cryptocurrency, blockchain, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), robotic process automation (RPA), and others." 

"Audit and anti-fraud professionals must intentionally seek out new information and best practices to ensure they stay one step ahead of bad actors," said Andi McNeal, Vice President of Education for the ACFE. "This partnership brings the necessary resources and conversations to the forefront so that everyone charged with protecting organizations against fraud—whether in audit or in another anti-fraud role—is able to effectively carry out those responsibilities."

The partnership launches today with a series of webcasts, called "Fraud Perspectives," which will cover important fraud-related topics. Each webcast in the series will feature a CIA-credentialed fraud auditor and a CFE-credentialed fraud investigator, who will offer their unique perspectives on timely, relevant topics.

The first webcast in the series will be offered today from 12:00 p.m.–1:15 p.m. ET and is free for ACFE and IIA members. Six paid webcasts will follow in 2023.

  • January 11, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Blockchain, Crypto, and KYC"
  • March 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Virtual Remote Work Forever"
  • May 10, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Nonfungible Tokens"
  • July 19, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: Deepfake Technologies"
  • September 13, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: ESG and Regulatory Reporting"
  • November 15, 2023 – "Fraud Perspectives: The Metaverse"

Although the partnership will start with collaboratively developed education, the ACFE and IIA will be exploring additional opportunities to work together, including joint research projects, impactful thought leadership, and working together on conference and event programs.

About The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners

Founded in 1988 by Dr. Joseph T. Wells, CFE, CPA, the ACFE is the world's largest anti-fraud organization. Together with more than 90,000 members, the ACFE works to reduce business fraud worldwide and inspire public confidence in the integrity and objectivity within the profession. For more information, visit ACFE.com.

About The Institute of Internal Auditors

The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA) is a nonprofit international professional association that serves more than 218,000 global members and has awarded 180,000 Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) certifications worldwide. Established in 1941, The IIA is recognized throughout the world as the internal audit profession's leader in standards, certification, education, research, and technical guidance. For more information, visit theiia.org.

Media Contacts:

Stefanie Hallgren
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners 
SHallgren@ACFE.com 
+1-512-276-8167

Chris Almonte
The Institute of Internal Auditors 
Chris.Almonte@theiia.org 
+1-407-937-1349

View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/the-association-of-certified-fraud-examiners-and-the-institute-of-internal-auditors-announce-education-partnership-301689669.html

SOURCE Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Inc.

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