Do not waste time, Download free CCSP Free PDF and Exam dumps

Move through our CCSP Queries answers and feel Certified the CCSP examination. You will move your CCSP test on high marks or even your cashback. We all have aggregated the database of CCSP sample test through the actual test in order to be able in order to provide you along with prep in order to get equipped plus pass CCSP test on the first attempt. Merely install our VCE Exam Simulator plus obtain ready. A person will pass the particular Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) exam.

CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) mock |

CCSP mock - Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) Updated: 2023

Memorize these CCSP dumps and register for the test
Exam Code: CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) mock November 2023 by team

CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)

CCSP Examination Information

Exam Duration : 3 hours

Number of questions : 125

Format : Multiple Choice

Passing scores : 700 out of 1000 points

Exam availability : English

Testing center : Pearson VUE Testing Center

About CCSP

(ISC) and the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) developed the Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
credential to ensure that cloud security professionals have the required knowledge, skills, and abilities in
cloud security design, implementation, architecture, operations, controls, and compliance with regulatory
frameworks. A CCSP applies information security expertise to a cloud computing environment and
demonstrates competence in cloud security architecture, design, operations, and service orchestration. This
professional competence is measured against a globally recognized body of knowledge. The CCSP is a standalone credential that complements and builds upon existing credentials and educational programs, including
(ISC)s Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and CSAs Certificate of Cloud Security
Knowledge (CCSK).

The subjects included in the CCSP Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) ensure its relevancy across all disciplines
in the field of cloud security. Successful candidates are competent in the following 6 domains:

• Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design

• Cloud Data Security

• Cloud Platform & Infrastructure Security

• Cloud Application Security

• Cloud Security Operations

• Legal, Risk and Compliance

Domains Weight

1. Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design 17%

2. Cloud Data Security 19%

3. Cloud Platform & Infrastructure Security 17%

4. Cloud Application Security 17%

5. Cloud Security Operations 17%

6. Legal, Risk and Compliance 13%

Total: 100%

Domain 1:

Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design

1.1 Understand Cloud Computing Concepts

» Cloud Computing Definitions

» Cloud Computing Roles (e.g., cloud service customer, cloud service provider, cloud service partner, cloud service broker)

» Key Cloud Computing Characteristics (e.g., on-demand self-service, broad network access, multi-tenancy,
rapid elasticity and scalability, resource pooling, measured service)

» Building Block Technologies (e.g., virtualization, storage, networking, databases, orchestration)

1.2 Describe Cloud Reference Architecture

1.3 Understand Security Concepts Relevant to Cloud Computing

1.4 Understand Design Principles of Secure Cloud Computing

» Cloud Secure Data Lifecycle

» Cloud based Disaster Recovery (DR) and Business Continuity (BC) planning

» Cost Benefit Analysis

» Functional Security Requirements (e.g., portability, interoperability, vendor lock-in)

» Security Considerations for Different Cloud Categories (e.g., Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a
Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS))

1.5 Evaluate Cloud Service Providers

» Verification Against Criteria (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27017, Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS))

» System/subsystem Product Certifications (e.g., Common Criteria (CC), Federal Information Processing
Standard (FIPS) 140-2)

» Cloud Computing Activities

» Cloud Service Capabilities (e.g., application
capability types, platform capability types,
infrastructure capability types)

» Cloud Service Categories (e.g., Software as a
Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS),
Platform as a Service (PaaS))

» Cloud Deployment Models (e.g., public, private,
hybrid, community)

» Cloud Shared Considerations (e.g.,
interoperability, portability, reversibility,
availability, security, privacy, resiliency,
performance, governance, maintenance and
versioning, service levels and Service Level
Agreements (SLA), auditability, regulatory)

» Impact of Related Technologies (e.g., machine
learning, artificial intelligence, blockchain,
Internet of Things (IoT), containers, quantum

» Cryptography and Key Management

» Access Control

» Data and Media Sanitization (e.g., overwriting,
cryptographic erase)

» Network Security (e.g., network security groups)

» Virtualization Security (e.g., hypervisor security,
container security)

» Common Threats

2.1 Describe Cloud Data Concepts

» Cloud Data Life Cycle Phases

» Data Dispersion

2.2 Design and Implement Cloud Data Storage Architectures

» Storage Types (e.g. long term, ephemeral, raw-disk)

» Threats to Storage Types

2.3 Design and Apply Data Security Technologies and Strategies

2.4 Implement Data Discovery

» Structured Data

» Unstructured Data

2.5 Implement Data Classification

» Mapping

» Labeling

» Sensitive data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI), Personally Identifiable Information (PII),
card holder data)

2.6 Design and Implement Information Rights Management (IRM)

» Objectives (e.g., data rights, provisioning, access models)

» Appropriate Tools (e.g., issuing and revocation of certificates)

Domain 2:

Cloud Data Security

» Encryption and Key Management

» Hashing

» Masking

» Tokenization

» Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

» Data Obfuscation

» Data De-identification (e.g., anonymization)

2.7 Plan and Implement Data Retention, Deletion and Archiving Policies

» Data Retention Policies

» Data Deletion Procedures and Mechanisms

» Data Archiving Procedures and Mechanisms

» Legal Hold

2.8 Design and Implement Auditability, Traceability and Accountability of Data Events

» Definition of Event Sources and Requirement of Identity Attribution

» Logging, Storage and Analysis of Data Events

» Chain of Custody and Non-repudiation

Comprehend Cloud Infrastructure Components

3.2 Design a Secure Data Center

» Logical Design (e.g., tenant partitioning, access control)

» Physical Design (e.g. location, buy or build)

» Environmental Design (e.g., Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), multi-vendor pathway

3.3 Analyze Risks Associated with Cloud Infrastructure

3.4 Design and Plan Security Controls

3.5 Plan Disaster Recovery (DR) and Business Continuity (BC)

Domain 3:

Cloud Platform and Infrastructure


» Physical Environment

» Network and Communications

» Compute

» Virtualization

» Storage

» Management Plane

» Risk Assessment and Analysis

» Cloud Vulnerabilities, Threats and

» Virtualization Risks

» Counter-measure Strategies

» Physical and Environmental Protection (e.g.,

» System and Communication Protection

» Virtualization Systems Protection

» Identification, Authentication and Authorization
in Cloud Infrastructure

» Audit Mechanisms (e.g., log collection, packet

» Risks Related to the Cloud Environment

» Business Requirements (e.g., Recovery

Time Objective (RTO), Recovery Point

Objective (RPO), Recovery Service Level

» Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery

» Creation, Implementation and Testing
of Plan

4.1 Advocate Training and Awareness for Application Security

» Cloud Development Basics

» Common Pitfalls

» Common Cloud Vulnerabilities

4.2 Describe the Secure Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Process

» Business Requirements

» Phases and Methodologies

4.3 Apply the Secure Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

4.4 Apply Cloud Software Assurance and Validation

» Functional Testing

» Security Testing Methodologies

4.5 Use Checked Secure Software

» Approved Application Programming Interfaces (API)

» Supply-chain Management

» Third Party Software Management

» Validated Open Source Software

» Avoid Common Vulnerabilities During


» Cloud-specific Risks

» Quality Assurance

» Threat Modeling

» Software Configuration Management and

4.6 Comprehend the Specifics of Cloud Application Architecture

» Supplemental Security components (e.g., Web Application Firewall (WAF), Database Activity Monitoring
(DAM), Extensible Markup Language (XML) firewalls, Application Programming Interface (API) gateway)

» Cryptography

» Sandboxing

» Application Virtualization and Orchestration

4.7 Design Appropriate Identity and Access Management (IAM) Solutions

» Federated Identity

» Identity Providers

» Single Sign-On (SSO)

» Multi-factor Authentication

» Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB)

5.1 Implement and Build Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

» Hardware Specific Security Configuration Requirements (e.g., Basic Input Output System (BIOS), settings for
virtualization and Trusted Platform Module (TPM), storage controllers, network controllers)

» Installation and Configuration of Virtualization Management Tools

» Virtual Hardware Specific Security Configuration Requirements (e.g., network, storage, memory, Central
Processing Unit (CPU))

» Installation of Guest Operating System (OS) Virtualization Toolsets

5.2 Operate Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

5.3 Manage Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

Domain 5:

Cloud Security Operations

» Access Controls for Remote Access (e.g., Remote

Desktop Protocol (RDP), Secure Terminal Access,
Secure Shell (SSH))

» Operating System (OS) Baseline Compliance
Monitoring and Remediation

» Patch Management

» Performance and Capacity Monitoring (e.g.,
network, compute, storage, response time)

» Hardware Monitoring (e.g., Disk, Central
Processing Unit (CPU), fan speed, temperature)

» Configuration of Host and Guest Operating
System (OS) Backup and Restore Functions

» Network Security Controls (e.g., firewalls,
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Intrusion
Prevention Systems (IPS), honeypots,
vulnerability assessments, network security

» Management Plane (e.g., scheduling,
orchestration, maintenance)

» Configure Access Control for Local and Remote

Access (e.g., Secure Keyboard Video Mouse
(KVM), console-based access mechanisms,
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP))

» Secure Network Configuration (e.g., Virtual Local
Area Networks (VLAN), Transport Layer Security
(TLS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS), Virtual

Private Network (VPN))

» Operating System (OS) Hardening Through the
Application of Baselines (e.g., Windows, Linux,

» Availability of Stand-Alone Hosts

» Availability of Clustered Hosts (e.g., Distributed
Resource Scheduling (DRS), Dynamic
Optimization (DO), storage clusters, maintenance
mode, High Availability)

» Availability of Guest Operating System (OS)

5.4 Implement Operational Controls and Standards (e.g., Information Technology
Infrastructure Library (ITIL), International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 20000-1)

Change Management

» Continuity Management

» Information Security Management

» Continual Service Improvement Management

» Incident Management

» Problem Management

» Release Management

» Deployment Management

» Configuration Management

» Service level Management

» Availability Management

» Capacity Management

Support Digital Forensics

» Forensic Data Collection Methodologies

» Evidence Management

» Collect, Acquire and Preserve Digital Evidence

Manage Communication with Relevant Parties


» Customers

» Partners

» Regulators

» Other Stakeholders

5.4 Implement Operational Controls and Standards (e.g., Information Technology

Infrastructure Library (ITIL), International Organization for Standardization/International

Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 20000-1)

5.5 Support Digital Forensics

» Forensic Data Collection Methodologies

» Evidence Management

» Collect, Acquire and Preserve Digital Evidence

5.6 Manage Communication with Relevant Parties

5.7 Manage Security Operations

» Security Operations Center (SOC)

» Monitoring of Security Controls (e.g.,
firewalls, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS),
Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS), honeypots,
vulnerability assessments, network security

» Log Capture and Analysis (e.g., Security
Information and Event Management (SIEM), log

» Incident Management

Articulate Legal Requirements and Unique Risks within the Cloud Environment

6.2 Understand Privacy Issues

» Difference Between Contractual and Regulated Private Data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI),
Personally Identifiable Information (PII))

» Country-Specific Legislation Related to Private Data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI), Personally
Identifiable Information (PII))

» Jurisdictional Differences in Data Privacy

» Standard Privacy Requirements (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27018, Generally Accepted Privacy Principles (GAPP), General Data
Protection Regulation (GDPR))

6.3 Understand Audit Process, Methodologies, and Required Adaptations for a
Cloud Environment

Domain 6:

Legal, Risk and Compliance

» Conflicting International Legislation

» Evaluation of Legal Risks Specific to Cloud

» Legal Framework and Guidelines

» eDiscovery (e.g., International Organization

for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27050,
Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) Guidance)

» Forensics Requirements

Internal and External Audit Controls

» Impact of Audit Requirements

» Identify Assurance Challenges of Virtualization
and Cloud

» Types of Audit Reports (e.g., Statement
on Standards for Attestation Engagements
(SSAE), Service Organization Control
(SOC), International Standard on Assurance
Engagements (ISAE))

» Restrictions of Audit Scope Statements (e.g.,
Statement on Standards for Attestation
Engagements (SSAE), International Standard on
Assurance Engagements (ISAE))

» Gap Analysis

» Audit Planning

» Internal Information Security Management
System (ISMS)

» Internal Information Security Controls System

» Policies (e.g., organizational, functional, cloud

» Identification and Involvement of Relevant

» Specialized Compliance Requirements for
Highly-Regulated Industries (e.g., North
American Electric Reliability Corporation/
Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC/CIP),
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
Act (HIPAA), Payment Card Industry (PCI))

» Impact of Distributed Information Technology
(IT) Model (e.g., diverse geographical locations
and crossing over legal jurisdictions)

Understand Implications of Cloud to Enterprise Risk Management

6.5 Understand Outsourcing and Cloud Contract Design

» Business Requirements (e.g., Service Level Agreement (SLA), Master Service Agreement (MSA), Statement
of Work (SOW))

» Vendor Management

» Contract Management (e.g., right to audit, metrics, definitions, termination, litigation, assurance,
compliance, access to cloud/data, cyber risk insurance)

» Supply-Chain Management (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27036)

» Assess Providers Risk Management Programs
(e.g., controls, methodologies, policies)

» Difference Between Data Owner/Controller vs.
Data Custodian/Processor (e.g., risk profile, risk
appetite, responsibility)

» Regulatory Transparency Requirements (e.g.,
breach notification, Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX),
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR))

» Risk Treatment (i.e., avoid, modify, share, retain)

» Different Risk Frameworks

» Metrics for Risk Management

» Assessment of Risk Environment (e.g., service,
vendor, infrastructure)
Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
ISC2 Professional mock

Other ISC2 exams

CISSP Certified Information Systems Security Professional - 2023
CSSLP Certified Secure Software Lifecycle Professional
ISSAP Information Systems Security Architecture Professional (ISSAP)
ISSEP Information Systems Security Engineering Professional
ISSMP Information Systems Security Management Professional
SSCP Systems Security Certified Practioner
CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
HCISPP HealthCare Information Security and Privacy Practitioner has its experts working continuously to collect, validate and update CCSP dumps. That's why you will not find any other such valid and comprehensive CCSP dumps provider on internet. We claim that, if you memorize all of our CCSP dumps questions and practice with our VCE exam simulator, we certain that you will pass your exam at first attempt.
CCSP Dumps
CCSP Braindumps
CCSP Real Questions
CCSP Practice Test
CCSP dumps free
Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
Question #501
Which of the following is the primary purpose of an SOC 3 report?
A. HIPAA compliance
B. Absolute assurances
C. Seal of approval
D. Compliance with PCI/DSS
Answer: C
The SOC 3 report is more of an attestation than a full evaluation of controls associated with a service provider.
Question #502
Which of the following is not an example of a highly regulated environment?
A. Financial services
B. Healthcare
C. Public companies
D. Wholesale or distribution
Answer: D
Wholesalers or distributors are generally not regulated, although the products they sell may be.
Question #503
Which of the following methods of addressing risk is most associated with insurance?
A. Mitigation
B. Transference
C. Avoidance
D. Acceptance
Answer: B
Avoidance halts the business process, mitigation entails using controls to reduce risk, acceptance involves taking on
the risk, and transference usually involves insurance.
Question #504
Legal controls refer to which of the following?
A. ISO 27001
C. NIST 800-53r4
D. Controls designed to comply with laws and regulations related to the cloud environment
Answer: D
Legal controls are those controls that are designed to comply with laws and regulations whether they be local or
Question #505
Which of the following best describes a cloud carrier?
A. The intermediary who provides connectivity and transport of cloud providers and cloud consumers
B. A person or entity responsible for making a cloud service available to consumers
C. The person or entity responsible for transporting data across the Internet
D. The person or entity responsible for keeping cloud services running for customers
Answer: A
A cloud carrier is the intermediary who provides connectivity and transport of cloud services between cloud
providers and cloud customers.
Question #506
Gap analysis is performed for what reason?
A. To begin the benchmarking process
B. To assure proper accounting practices are being used
C. To provide assurances to cloud customers
D. To ensure all controls are in place and working properly
Answer: A
The primary purpose of the gap analysis is to begin the benchmarking process against risk and security standards
and frameworks.
Question #507
Which of the following frameworks focuses specifically on design implementation and management?
A. ISO 31000:2009
B. ISO 27017
C. NIST 800-92
Answer: A
ISO 31000:2009 specifically focuses on design implementation and management. HIPAA refers to health care
regulations, NIST 800-92 is about log management, and ISO 27017 is about cloud specific security controls.
Question #508
Which of the following report is most aligned with financial control audits?
A. SSAE 16
B. SOC 2
C. SOC 1
D. SOC 3
Answer: C
The SOC 1 report focuses primarily on controls associated with financial services. While IT controls are certainly
part of most accounting systems today, the focus is on the controls around those financial systems.
Question #509
Which of the following is not a risk management framework?
B. Hex GBL
C. ISO 31000:2009
D. NIST SP 800-37
Answer: B
Hex GBL is a reference to a computer part in Terry Pratchett's fictional Discworld universe. The rest are not.
Question #510
Limits for resource utilization can be set at different levels within a cloud environment to ensure that no particular
entity can consume a level of resources that impacts other cloud customers.
Which of the following is NOT a unit covered by limits?
A. Hypervisor
B. Cloud customer
C. Virtual machine
D. Service
Answer: A
The hypervisor level, as a backend cloud infrastructure component, is not a unit where limits may be applied to
control resource utilization. Limits can be placed at the service, virtual machine, and cloud customer levels within a
cloud environment.
Question #511
Which of the following is the dominant driver behind the regulations to which a system or application must
A. Data source
B. Locality
C. Contract
Answer: B
The locality--or physical location and jurisdiction where the system or data resides--is the dominant driver of
regulations. This may be based on the type of data contained within the application or the way in which the data is
used. The contract and SLA both articulate requirements for regulatory compliance and the responsibilities for the
cloud provider and cloud customer, but neither artifact defines the actual requirements. Instead, the contract and
SLA merely form the official documentation between the cloud provider and cloud customer. The source of the
data may place contractual requirements or best practice guidelines on its usage, but ultimately jurisdiction has
legal force and greater authority.
Question #512
When using a SaaS solution, what is the capability provided to the customer?
A. To use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
B. To use the consumer's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
C. To use the consumer's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
D. To use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
Answer: D
According to "The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing," in SaaS, "The capability provided to the consumer is to
use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from various client
devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (e.g., web-based e-mail), or a program
interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers,
operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user-
specific application configuration settings."
For More exams visit
Kill your exam at First Attempt....Guaranteed!

ISC2 Professional mock - BingNews Search results ISC2 Professional mock - BingNews The Security Interviews: ISC2’s Clar Rosso on cyber diversity and policy

A little over a year after expanding a successful UK-based cyber professional certification pilot globally, with the goal of creating a million new security professionals, security training and certification specialist ISC2 says it is beginning to see some early impacts, and CEO Clar Rosso is hopeful of going further still.

The One Million Certified in Cyber Security programme offers free access to ISC2’s online, self-guided, entry-level course and the subsequent exam, which covers the basic principles of security including business continuity, disaster recovery and incident response, access control concepts, network security and security operations practice.

It is open to anybody wishing to expand their skills – and opportunities – in cyber, and focuses particularly on those working in, or who wish to work in, the small to medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector.

According to Rosso, ISC2 – which was known as (ISC)² until a few months ago – believes organisations that focus on developing entry-level security professionals will ultimately be better placed to accelerate the invaluable hands-on training those staff need to kickstart their careers.

And, incidentally, the decision to change the name by dropping the parentheses and upscaling the 2 may be helping elevate the profile of the organisation’s programme, she says.

Sitting down with Computer Weekly at an ISC2 seminar in London, Rosso says the rebrand came down to several factors, including a desire to change the focus of the now 35-year-old organisation, but also to enhance its accessibility in certain markets in the global south, where the extra punctuation was proving somewhat problematic.

A boost to cyber diversity

Indeed, at the time of writing, those working in markets in the global south have been the most eager to avail themselves of the One Million Certified programme. The US and UK are the first and third largest markets, respectively, and in between them sits India.

“One thing that has been interesting is that in emerging markets, this has been a big door-opener,” she says. “People have been saying it’s helping them get their feet in the door, and save money for whatever comes next.”

The scheme has so far seen 300,000 people begin their learning journey, about 75,000 of whom have sat their exams and 32,000 have become certified. Rosso is clearly pleased with the impact she has observed so far.

Right now, the ISC2 team is in the process of a data discovery exercise to find out more about who these individuals are and what they are doing after becoming certified. Rosso has already discovered that in developed markets such as the UK, there has been a significant increase in the percentage of people of colour taking its courses.

“In emerging markets, [the One Million Certified in Cyber Security programme] has been a big door-opener. It’s helping [people] get their feet in the door, and save money for whatever comes next”

Clar Rosso, ISC2

But in other areas, there is still work to be done. “On the gender side, compared to our overall membership it’s good, but we’re still not getting past some barriers,” says Rosso. “Approximately 12% of ISC2 members are women, and it’s getting closer to 25% on the programme, but that’s not good enough.

“There are barriers that we know about – among them being individuals without access to mentors from their peer group. And qualitatively we know that because of the rigour of ISC2 exams, people can be nervous about taking them, which seems to be the case no matter what, but seems to be more the case with women,” she says.

What can be done to tackle this nervousness? Rosso sat the entry-level exam herself and says she was confident in her abilities, having passed similar tests before, but confesses herself “amazed” at how worried the other candidates she met at the Pearson VUE test centre were.

“The stress is real, so we’ve introduced, to test this theory, an exam peace of mind package, where you can buy one exam and, for a lower price, get a retake, which has been massively successful. There are people who understand they may fail the first time, but if they’re not on the hook for $700-plus on the second go, they’re more inclined to stick with it,” she says.

“There are also exam readiness webinars, where people can ask last-minute questions, [and] we’re looking at starting a series of virtual mentoring groups to help. We [also] see in our chapters mutual aid networks of exam support developing too.”

“We are going to work with employers to implement best practices for recruiting, advancement and retention, but probably most specifically creating an inclusive environment in the workplace that will make women want to stay”
Clar Rosso, ISC2

Where have all the women gone?

Rosso – a former journalist and educator who transitioned into the world of accountancy before taking the reins at ISC2 in 2020 – acknowledges that more work needs to be done on getting women through the door by helping them to feel comfortable and confident in their abilities, but she is also concerned that not enough is being done to get them to stay in cyber.

Security initiatives targeting girls, teenagers and young women are all well and good, she says, “but generally, by the age of 35, most women have left the field”.

And no, she adds in response to the sadly obvious follow-on question, it’s not simply a case of people taking parental leave, because they’re not coming back.

“It doesn’t seem to be kid-related. Parenthood is not a factor,” she observes. “Those who do stay often talk about the cultural environment, so we’re looking at tackling that directly.

“We are going to work with employers to implement best practices within their organisations for recruiting, advancement and retention, but probably most specifically creating an inclusive environment in the workplace that will make women want to stay.”

Compliance a growing issue

Elsewhere at ISC2, Rosso is growing increasingly cognisant of the need to help cyber professionals across its global member base deal with increasing compliance demands – from new incident reporting requirements laid down by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the US, to the European Union’s (EU) Cyber Resilience Act (CRA).

Rosso says she was surprised by elements of both sets of regulations, notably very tight incident reporting timeframes mandated by the SEC, which have been the subject of much debate across the Atlantic. Similar concerns have been raised around the CRA, to which UK-based organisations will have to submit if they wish to work in the EU, regardless of Brexit.

“We need a more global set of standards and harmonisation,” says Rosso. “Different regulators do look to each other, and they try to follow one another’s leads, but as a professional association with over 500,000 members, we have to help provide the voice of the professional.”

“We are moving from a model where the consumer or the user bears the burden of security to those who best have the ability to handle it, which means the developers and the companies that are selling the software”
Clar Rosso, ISC2

One of the things Rosso believes all organisations would find valuable is if their C-suites and boards had a better understanding of cyber risk and how to evaluate that to begin with. She cites exact ISC2 research – conducted in the US only but likely of global relevance – which found that 88% of directors in the US were essentially illiterate when it came to cyber security.

“This could make a real difference,” she says. “I know from my time in financial services that board members with financial expertise are beneficial because they execute at a totally different level. It’s exactly the same for cyber.”

A second theme she picks out, which again relates to compliance, is the growing complexity of third-party risk management, supply chain security and security-by-design, all of which interrelate in some way as a risk magnifier for organisations. This is being thought about and tackled in both the UK – which has done world-leading work on this subject – and the EU, but, says Rosso, “nobody has an answer”.

“The overall theme that resonates everywhere is we are moving from a model where the consumer or the user bears the burden of security to those who best have the ability to handle it bearing the burden, which means the developers and the companies that are selling the software,” she says.

Rosso believes the next couple of years will be pivotal for such cyber policymaking, driven by the high-profile nature of threats and the near inevitability of experiencing some form of cyber attack, whether successful or not.

“I would pull that up a level and say it’s actually simple awareness that cyber is a national security and an economic security issue, and that’s why it can’t be ignored anymore,” she says.

Tue, 07 Nov 2023 15:00:00 -0600 en text/html
LAR-752 Professional Practice I: In Situ

3 Credits

The Professional Practice sequence comprises two courses, encompassing a comprehensive understanding of professional practice, and its relationship to the role of a landscape architect to realize design thinking through the phases of construction documentation and construction implementation. Professional Practice I: In the Field explores some of the applied facets of professional practice including performance evaluation, Urban ecosystems, grading, and remediation. This course uniquely engages students in context, using the City of New York to examine the design process forensically, following challenges and oversights in moving from construction details to material selection to actual constructability and the challenges of maintenance.

Fri, 06 Oct 2023 16:44:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Requirements for IEEE Senior Member Grade

IEEE Bylaw I-104.3 sets forth the criteria for elevation to Senior Member grade as follows:

  • A candidate shall be an engineer, scientist, educator, technical executive or originator in IEEE-designated fields
  • Candidates shall have been in professional practice for at least ten years
  • Candidates shall have shown significant performance over a period of at least five of those years

In addition, candidates for Senior Member grade must supply three references from current IEEE members holding the grade of Fellow, Senior Member, or Honorary Member. 

Sun, 08 Oct 2023 02:47:00 -0500 en text/html
How to Open a Private Medical Practice, Step by Step

Starting your own medical practice is an exciting way to take the practice of medicine into your own hands. However, it’s also complicated and challenging. For your medical business to be successful, you need a clear and detailed plan at the outset to keep things moving on schedule. This step-by-step guide can help you start a private medical practice, from obtaining funding to welcoming the first patients.

How to start a medical practice

There is no universal formula for starting a medical practice. It might be worth your while to hire a professional consultant who has started medical practices before, is aware of the pitfalls and challenges, and can advise you on medical malpractice insurance and workers’ compensation. After all, the specific details of starting up vary by specialty, and some laws and regulations differ by state. 

A professional consultant will understand the variables and help you plan accordingly. Some new practices might need to hire contractors to outfit their new offices, while others might find a turnkey location. Overall, however, many common items must be on your checklist when building a practice from the ground up. Here’s how to start a private medical practice, step by step.

1. Obtain funding.

With so much to do, you might be asking yourself where to begin. In a word – financing.

The actual dollar amount needed depends on your unique situation, but in general, you should aim to secure at least $100,000 to cover equipment and startup costs, said David J. Zetter, founder and president of Zetter Healthcare and a member of the National Society of Certified Healthcare Business Consultants. In addition, Zetter said, you should try to obtain a $100,000 line of credit to cover payroll and bills until your revenue stream is established and stable, which will take some time. [See our recommendations for the best payroll providers.]

“If you’re not independently wealthy, or you just have enough money to set out the cost to open but also need to have operating capital until revenue comes in, then you need a loan,” he said.

So, how can you convince a bank to front you the money you’ll need?

2. Create a pro forma. 

To figure out your financing, make a pro forma. A pro forma is the lighter version of a full-blown business plan, with revenue and debt projections grounded in reality. In your pro forma, account for all your medical clinic expenses, debt and anticipated revenues. Bankers can tell which projections are realistic and which aren’t; it’s their job to make wise investments, so you’ll want to back up any numbers you use if you’re going to pursue a bank loan. A strong pro forma will project at least three years into the future and sometimes as far as five years out.

“The first thing you need to do is build a pro forma, which basically tells the story of what your revenue will be from the first until at least the third year, because you need to go out and get financing,” said Zetter. “You need to include the costs to set up the practice, your lease’s cost per square foot, your [electronic health record system] expense, medical supplies and office supplies. You’re building a crystal ball of what the practice looks like, and you have to be able to tell how all of those numbers came into being.”

Obtaining financing through a traditional bank loan can be tricky, especially considering that many healthcare providers have a negative net worth after taking on debt to attend medical school. That’s where a solid, realistic pro forma comes in. Max Reiboldt, president and CEO of the Coker Group consulting firm and author of Starting, Buying, and Owning a Medical Practice, explained the importance of a rational business plan and the absolute need for startup financing.

“You’re not going to get capital to start your business without a solid business plan,” Reiboldt said. “We show cash flow needs and debt projections by month, or at least by quarter. Furthermore, in healthcare, you don’t get paid very much when you perform the services. You’re really at the mercy of the insurance companies and the government. So, there is a tremendous lag … on cash flow on top of this tremendous capital investment you’re making.”

Here are some financing tips.

  1. Find the specialists. Submit your pro forma and loan request to the medical/dental division of the bank, if it has one. This division specializes in the healthcare industry and understands the risks, expenses and revenue models of that sector.
  2. Shop around. Submit your pro forma and loan request at five to 10 banks. That way, you’ll receive several offers, each with slightly different terms. Decide which terms are most important to you – interest rate, amortization schedule, etc. – and make your selection based on those priorities.
  3. Stay conservative. When creating your pro forma, take a conservative approach to purchasing equipment and furniture, and stick to it. You don’t need leather chairs and cutting-edge machinery just yet. All of that will come with time and success; right now you should focus on setting yourself up for that success.
  4. Use the waiting period wisely. While the banks review your pro forma and considering whether to approve your loan request, prepare to tackle some of the next crucial steps, like signing a lease, determining whether you’ll need to hire a contractor to modify your space, filing articles of incorporation, obtaining a tax ID, buying liability and medical malpractice insurance, and credentialing with your payers.

The best business loans can help finance your medical practice.

3. Purchase equipment and staff your practice.

Once you’ve obtained a loan and opened a line of credit, you’re ready to start hiring your team and purchasing the office and medical equipment you’ll need. This task is easier said than done, and ample research is necessary for each decision. But again, with a little planning and the right information, setting yourself up for success is just a matter of effort. Here are some of the aspects you’ll want to consider.

Electronic health record systems

Electronic health record (EHR) systems, also known as electronic medical records (EMR) systems, are essential tools of the trade for medical providers. Digitizing records and streamlining communication is a high priority for the modern healthcare provider. An all-inclusive EHR serves as a one-stop shop for your patients’ records and histories, communications with other providers, lab and prescription orders, and information on your revenue cycle. 

Editor’s note: Looking for the right electronic medical record system for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

Moreover, you’ll need a well-functioning EHR system to qualify for federal incentive payments. Learn how to choose an EHR/EMR system and see our recommendations for the best EHR/EMR medical software.

Practice management systems

Your practice management system (PMS) is the lifeblood of your practice. Integrated with your EHR system, practice management software keeps track of all your front-office information and facilitates operations. Chief among its uses is conducting and monitoring billing and collecting

Not only will your staff use the practice management system to bill patients and send claims to payers, but any relevant information will be shared between the EHR system and the practice management software, eliminating the need to duplicate records. 

Medical billing services

You can always outsource your billing to a third-party company. You’d still need a practice management system, but at least your staff wouldn’t have to deal with overseeing the billing process. Not only is submitting claims time-consuming and complex, but your team would also be responsible for responding to rejected or denied claims to get the money due to your practice. When you opt for a third-party billing service, that burden shifts to the company you’ve contracted with. Still, there are potential downsides with a third-party biller to consider as well. For information on choosing a vendor that meets your needs, visit our guide to the best medical billing services.

Medical transcription software 

Think about how medical transcription fits into your practice. There are typically three ways a medical business performs transcription: in-house with a staff member, via voice recognition software or outsourced to a medical transcription service. The key aspects are timeliness and accuracy; you want your dictations returned in print quickly, but only if they’re accurate, especially if they’re going to another healthcare provider or will be uploaded into your EHR system. 

Background check services

Medical practices are founded on trust. Not only do they handle a lot of sensitive patient information every day, but people are literally trusting the practice with their lives. That extends beyond exams, diagnoses and treatments. You’ll want to know and be able to trust your staff, which means employing a background check system. 

You’ll be interested in candidates’ criminal and employment histories, but healthcare providers have more to consider beyond what the average background check provides. There are also required certifications and licenses to consider. Failure to ensure your staff is properly credentialed could result in big problems for your practice. Visit our guide to choosing a background check service to find the right provider for your practice.

Credit card processors

Although you’ll be making most of your money through payers like insurance companies and Medicare, your practice will need a credit card processor for when patients need to pay at the point of care. Not only has the world of credit card processing changed lately, with the addition of EMV chips and other security measures, but some systems are more suited to the medical field than others. You’ll want to select a credit card processing company that offers additional security and participates in the American Medical Association’s Member Value Program, which partners with vendors to provide discounts and perks to medical practitioners. Discover the best credit card processors that can aid your practice.

Office managers

As you assemble your front-office team, you’ll need a reliable office manager to run the day-to-day operations of your practice. This person must be responsible and dedicated, but those qualities aren’t enough. You’ll need someone who also has the necessary experience.

“You need to decide how you’re going to staff your practice. Who’s going to help you run your practice? A friend? A nurse? Your spouse?” said Zetter. “The office manager needs vision and to take strategic actions to build the practice properly.”

You might also consider hiring a professional consultant to occasionally take stock of your practice once it opens and report back on its operations. A trustworthy office manager is a huge asset, but not a certain of a successfully run office. A professional firm contracting with your practice, however, has a financial stake in delivering an honest appraisal of how your practice is running. 

Ensure your office is set up with one of the top business phone systems to help manage daily operations.

Ancillary services

Consider any ancillary services you may want to offer your patients based on your specialty and their needs. These services could be a great way to make some extra money, as well as to differentiate yourself from the competition and keep your patients happy. 

For example, Reiboldt said offering a service such as bone density tests on-site might be in your best interest, even though the necessary medical equipment and training for staff represent an additional expense. Additionally, certain EMR and PMS providers such as CareCloud can supply you tools to build an e-commerce arm into your medical practice. Read our full CareCloud medical software review to learn more.

“Many specialists and some primary care providers will want those ancillary services,” Reiboldt said. “Why? It’s a convenience thing for the patient, No. 1, and secondarily, it adds income to the practice, but it also adds expense.”

4. Prepare to open.

You must complete several logistical steps before you can open your doors, and they should be carried out in conjunction with the preceding actions. supply yourself plenty of time to get incorporated as a legal entity, obtain insurance and establish policies and procedures before you launch. Credentialing, for example, can take quite a while and depends on the pace at which other organizations operate.

Incorporating as a legal entity and obtaining a tax ID

This one is self-explanatory, but extraordinarily important. The main reason for incorporation is limited liability, which means if you’re sued, only the assets held by the company are subject to any risk. If you don’t incorporate, you’ll open up your personal assets to the threat of a lawsuit. 

Moreover, certain tax benefits are associated with each type of entity. Whether you incorporate as an S-corp or LLC, a C corp, or a general partnership, do your research on each type of entity and the potential advantages it offers your practice. To figure out which business entity is right for you, read our articles on choosing the best legal structure for your business and the process of becoming a corporation.

Credentialing physicians with payers

You will also need to get your practice’s healthcare providers credentialed to submit claims to the payers you’ll be working with. The credentialing process can take up to three months, but you may want to supply yourself up to five months in case something goes awry. 

You’ll need to navigate the process for each payer you plan on submitting claims to, which includes offering up information on each physician’s work history, proof of malpractice insurance, hospital privileges and attestations. It’s a time-consuming process, but certain medical billing services such as CareCloud can handle it for you. Read our full CareCloud medical billing review to learn more.

Establishing policies, procedures and compliance documentation

A set of responsible, current and verifiable policies and procedures, in addition to compliance with all legal regulations, is vital to your practice’s success. These standards should cover all your daily operations, including data entry, billing and interactions with patients. Since the healthcare environment is always changing, you’ll want to periodically update your policies and procedures as well to make sure they don’t become antiquated and ineffective.

Purchasing insurance

Every business owner understands the importance of insurance, but for medical professionals, it’s even more crucial. First, you’ll want medical malpractice insurance coverage. Beyond that, the bank issuing your loan will likely require you to adopt additional coverage such as workers’ compensation. “You have to start thinking about insurance,” Zetter said. “[You’ll need] malpractice and general liability. You will probably at least need life and liability insurance, just because bankers will require it.”

5. Open your doors and evaluate practice performance.

Congratulations! If you’ve reached this point, you’ve put in plenty of blood, sweat and tears and haven’t yet seen a dime in compensation for it. But your labor will all be worth it when you get the chance to cut that ribbon and welcome your first patients to your very own medical practice. It’s an accomplishment plenty of healthcare providers don’t get to enjoy in the modern medical industry, so pat yourself on the back.

Once your practice is established and running smoothly, you’ll want to put a mechanism for accountability into place. Sure, you’ve hired an office manager you trust, but how can you hold them to task, especially if you’re busy seeing patients day in and day out? Hire a consultant or an accountant who has experience monitoring medical practices to occasionally review operations and report back to you.

“After you set up a practice, there needs to be oversight of the practice beyond the office manager,” Zetter said. “How do you know every dime made it to the bank? You need to check that, so who makes sure that happens? Benchmark your practice and ensure there’s oversight.”

Medical practice considerations to keep in mind

Here are a few things to keep in mind while you deal with the whirlwind of starting your own medical practice. These are issues that can slow down or completely derail your progress leading up to opening day – or take you by surprise when you think your practice is up and running smoothly.

1. Construction needs 

If you need to perform construction on your office space, start as early as possible. Otherwise, you might find yourself well past your target opening date without a workable space. It’s always best to find a turnkey location where you can immediately set up shop, but those spaces are not always available. Evaluate your location early on and determine how much work needs to be done, then start hiring the contractors who will do it. With luck and planning, construction will be complete by the time you’re ready to start purchasing equipment.

“There are so many variables if you have to do a fit-out,” Zetter said. “It’s guaranteed: Construction always delays things. Even if you start planning in January that you’ll open in June, be prepared for August [if you have to do construction].”

2. Changing regulations and payer rules 

The healthcare industry is a highly regulated one, with complex rules surrounding virtually everything a provider does. For a small practice that doesn’t have legions of attorneys on retainer like a large hospital system does, it can be challenging to navigate the web of legal requirements and payer rules. However, it’s extremely important to understand what it takes to be in compliance. In fact, the rules governing the healthcare industry are constantly being changed and updated, so even if you’re in compliance right now, you’ll have to keep an eye on the future.

“There are very specific compliance manners for medical practices, mostly tied to government regulations, like privacy with HIPAA, and certainly being in compliance with the way you bill and treat Medicare and Medicaid patients,” Reiboldt said.

For example, HIPAA requires all healthcare IT products to abide by a certain level of security standards to safeguard patient data, which has become especially critical as digitization of the healthcare industry has increased, as has the likelihood of cyberattacks. It’s your job to ensure that every product you select meets HIPAA standards. Learn more about HIPAA and medical records retention.

SRFax is one of the best online fax services for medical practices because its communication technology adheres to HIPAA regulations.

3. Marketing 

With all the necessary preparation for opening day, followed by the hustle and bustle of treating patients once you do open, it can be easy to forget about marketing. Marketing and advertising are as fundamental to starting a private medical practice as they are to any new business, particularly for general practitioners who won’t be able to rely on a referral network for their patients.

“One thing you would plan for prior to opening and then continuously do after opening is marketing,” Reiboldt said. “This is a patient-caring, disease-treating business, but with that said, it is a business, and a practice needs to know how to market itself.” After all, how can you be a successful practice without attracting patients?

4. Advisors 

This guide for launching a medical practice, however informative, is certainly not exhaustive, and no amount of research can prepare you for everything that might happen as you get started. For that, you need real experience, and there are plenty of professionals who have experience in spades. Zetter said hiring a consultant with plenty of experience opening medical practices will save you money in the end and help you avoid costly and time-consuming mistakes.

“The biggest advice I can supply is [to] think about who are going to be your advisors,” said Zetter. “Yes, you will spend more money, but if you do it smart, you will set yourself up for success and spend less in the wrong. You want somebody who wants to be doing business with you 20 years from now when you’re ready to retire and sell your practice.”

Paul Inselman, a doctor and founder of the Creative Coaching medical marketing firm, listed a handful of advisors and professionals that it’s wise to retain in perpetuity.

  • Certified public accountant
  • Business attorney
  • Business coach
  • Insurance agent
  • Financial planner
  • Investment advisor

“Opening a new medical practice will be the most exhilarating and scary thing that you will ever do in your career,” Inselman said. “When we coach our clients on opening up a medical, dental chiropractic or any other healthcare practice, the first thing we advise is to assemble your team.”

5. Meaningful Use standards 

The healthcare industry has been undergoing a period of digitization, largely focused on the adoption of EMR and practice management software. Now known as Promoting Interoperability, the Meaningful Use standards prescribed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services lay out exactly what is expected of a medical practice’s use of an EMR system. You have to not only ensure that your EMR vendor is capable of meeting these demands, but that you implement the technology in such a way that your medical business is functioning up to the required standards. Otherwise, you could face reimbursement penalties.

Thu, 26 Oct 2023 11:59:00 -0500 en text/html
Centre for Professional Practice Enhancement

The Centre for Professional Practice Enhancement (CPPE) leads on the design and delivery of a range of opportunities for staff to continually develop their professional practice, as well as providing routes for recognition, with a view to learning and teaching enhancement

Wed, 22 Mar 2023 01:16:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
Join GoodTherapy Today!

Get More Clients and Grow Your Practice

Features by Plan:

For more information on Continuing Education membership, click here

(Directory Listing)
(Directory Listing +
Unlimited CE Credits)
Directory Listing + Unlimited CE Credits + FrontDesk Practice Management)
Public Profile and Referrals
Real-time Referral Metrics
Publication Opportunities
Multiple Office Locations
Media Relations  
Marketing Webinars  
Workshops and Events Listing  
FrontDesk Practice Management    
Live Continuing Education Courses $30.95/event Unlimited access Unlimited access
500+ Homestudy CE Courses $15.50/course Unlimited access Unlimited access

Frequently Asked Questions:

How can I get new client referrals with GoodTherapy?

Getting new client referrals is easy! Sign up for GoodTherapy membership, create your profile, and grow your practice. At the exact moment someone searches for services in your area, your customer profile and practice information will appear in search results.

Note: All members are Checked prior to active listing on our directory. Read more about our membership requirements here.

How can I optimize my profile performance in search results?

Connecting with your audience is key to obtaining new client referrals. That's why we created our Ideal Member Profile tour. Use this tour as a guide for your profile, and understand how to appear in more search results.

What can I expect from GoodTherapy's Continuing Education (CE) offering?

We know how important it is for therapists to engage in meaningful, professional learning activities and fulfill your licensure requirements. All of our events are presented by experts in a variety of clinical subject areas such as marriage and family therapy, clinical social work, ethics, child psychology, and more.

Live events are interactive web conferences and qualify as in-person continuing education in most states. Connect with course instructors during live question-and-answer periods, and join mental health professionals throughout the United States and beyond in a convenient online learning setting.

Homestudy courses consist of an archive of over 500 events you can watch at any time to fulfill your license requirements.

I'm a new practice. Is there special pricing available?

Yes! Visit our New Practices Program page to learn more about discounted pricing and membership benefits.

  • "GoodTherapy has become a primary referral source for new patients into my practice. Even more exciting is the majority of referrals turn into returning patients. Besides being a premier referral source, GoodTherapy provides me endless opportunities to write articles which are read by thousands of folks! I have no doubt that much of my professional and private practice success is thanks to GoodTherapy!"– Andrew Mendonsa, PsyD

  • “I have been a member of GoodTherapy since its inception and have observed the steady growth. Being listed as a credentialed therapist on this site brings me to the first page of Google in my local area for several of my keywords, such as 'marriage counseling.' GoodTherapy provides a high level of ongoing, professional seminars and trainings. I highly recommend affiliating with this site to help you build your online credibility as a qualified professional.”– Erica Goodstone, PhD

  • "GoodTherapy is one of those special organizations that offer a wealth of resources for both the layperson and the mental health professional: referrals, blogs, articles, CE workshops, and more. Speaking as a psychotherapist, I can attest that the CE workshops they offer are top notch. I have also received excellent referrals to my private practice, and have enjoyed their highly informative blog. GoodTherapy more than fulfills its mission to educate and support--it succeeds in giving psychotherapy a good name."– Ashley Davis Bush, LICSW

GoodTherapy uses cookies to personalize content and ads to provide better services for our users and to analyze our traffic. By continuing to use this site you consent to our cookies.

Thu, 10 Aug 2023 20:16:00 -0500 en text/html
ENVE.4630 Environmental Eng. Ethics and Professional Practice
Id: 040689 Credits Min: 3 Credits Max: 3


This course introduces students to the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) code of ethics and standards of practice for environmental professionals. subjects include codes of ethics, agreements and contracts, ethical and legal considerations, professional liability, public protection issues, environmental regulations, and environmental sustainability considerations. It prepares students to think critically while working with complex environmental issues.


CIVE.3620 Environmental Engineering I.

View Current Offerings
Sun, 02 Apr 2023 07:49:00 -0500 en text/html
Tucker Carlson and Pro-Putin Guest Suggest Israel Is Committing ‘War Crimes’ and Mock ‘Moral Victories’ No result found, try new keyword!The post Tucker Carlson and Pro-Putin Guest Suggest Israel Is Committing ‘War Crimes’ and Mock ‘Moral Victories’ first appeared on Mediaite. Tue, 24 Oct 2023 01:06:00 -0500 en-us text/html Professional Negligence: When Practice Goes Wrong

Negligence Defined

The case presented above is based, in part, on 2 actual cases and is, in part, fictionalized. It raises a number of important issues concerning negligence that require a more detailed discussion.

The definition of professional negligence most familiar to healthcare providers is the definition of ordinary negligence. As commonly phrased, ordinary negligence is the failure to exercise the degree of care that a careful or prudent practitioner would have exercised under like circumstances.[6] Such definitions involve the exposure of a patient to an unreasonable risk of harm, as judged by a jury (or judge) after expert testimony has been given to establish the ever-changing standard of care. Negligence can occur due to something we do or do not do if the act we fail to do was necessary to prevent an injury.

In the US, common law and statutory law form an interlocking and complementary set of rules and standards that define all of the forms of negligence, including professional negligence. Common law is case law or rules and standards determined by previous decisions in specific cases. Statutory law is law made by the legislature of any given state and is intended to codify or to make certain principles embodied in case law. Most statutory malpractice law merely reflects or enforces previous findings by judges and juries and does not create new liabilities for practitioners. However, statutes can also be a reaction to a finding by a court that is contrary to public policy, as defined by the legislature. In a sense, these laws are an attempt to "put to right" a finding by a court that the legislature considers outrageous. Some states have statutes that create safe havens for healthcare providers who follow certain protocols in the treatment of selected diseases, but these statutes have not been challenged in court and have had limited impact.

Negligence per se (statutory negligence) is behavior that "can be said without hesitation or doubt that no careful person would have committed." Some states have defined certain acts or omissions to be negligence as a matter of law (that is, per se).[6] Committing an act defined by such statutes effectively eliminates the plaintiff's need to prove negligence. Operating on the wrong part of the body or leaving surgical equipment inside the body are classical examples of negligence per se. However, a minority of states define violations of a statute to be evidence of negligence—not negligence itself. Such evidence is still left to the jury or the judge to weigh and to either accept or reject.

Ordinary negligence does not include reckless or intentional behavior. It also does not include the legal concept of a battery, which is defined as an unpermitted touching, with or without an injury.[7] Until the middle of the 20th century, many successful malpractice cases included some aspect of a charge of battery, especially cases raising what we now know as informed consent issues. A battery occurs only in the absence of any consent. Under current law, it is possible for a patient's consent to be so defective as to be nonexistent, but such a finding is very unusual.[8]

Healthcare professionals are frequently charged with reckless behavior in the initial complaint or summons in a case that actually involves only ordinary negligence. This is often done to allow the plaintiff's attorney to later argue that the facts support a charge of gross negligence.[9] Gross negligence is a matter of degree, defined as behavior that shows a "wanton or reckless indifference to the safety of others." For example, it is certainly gross negligence and reckless behavior for a pharmacist to fill a prescription or formulate a medication while intoxicated, but it is not necessarily negligent or reckless to perform the same practices while sleep-deprived. If carelessness of an extreme degree can be shown, punitive damages can be sought. Punitive damages are difficult to obtain, because they are both defined (and limited) by statutory law and are given for a type of behavior that is unusual among competent providers. Because the purpose of punitive damages is to teach the responsible party a lesson they and others will not easily forget, the court reserves such damages for the most culpable individuals.

There is no clear or bright line between ordinary negligence and gross negligence. It is usually possible to characterize a sloppy practice as either ordinary or gross negligence. However, reckless or wanton behavior (essential to a finding of gross negligence) has important characteristics. It is behavior that involves a known or obvious risk of harm. It is done with a conscious indifference to the welfare of another such that it is the close equivalent of a willingness that the harm will occur. Such behavior does not require the proof of an actual motivation, but if a secondary motive (eg, profit or personal fame) can be shown, recklessness is far easier to prove. Any motive other than the general welfare of the patient can be enough to turn an inattentive error into a charge of recklessness. Finally, and possibly most important, negligence that is both offensive and of a type that a nonprofessional juror would consider reckless, without the help of expert testimony to establish that it is reckless, will often be found to be gross negligence.

Criminal negligence by a healthcare provider is defined as a reckless act with battery (unpermitted touching).[6] In the circumstance of gross negligence, as opposed to criminal negligence, a patient has consented to treatment after being properly informed of the risks and benefits of a therapy, that is, after informed consent has been obtained. However, informed consent is not a permission slip to behave irresponsibly. No person can legally permit another to intentionally cause them harm. If an injury is the certain or foreseeable outcome of a behavior and the harm far outweighs any other intended benefit, no amount of informed consent can legally permit the act. Simply put, one cannot avoid criminal or civil liability for a person's death by obtaining that person's consent to kill them, even if that person believes that their death has some benefit to them. In the same sense, even though death is a possible unintended outcome of an act, no one consents to actually die when death is made probable by recklessness. Reckless or indifferent behavior can completely destroy the protection against criminal negligence afforded most healthcare providers by informed consent creating instead a battery. Because a battery that causes harm is a criminal act (felony or misdemeanor), it is a short step from gross negligence to an act that is prosecuted under the criminal law. Prosecution for criminal negligence associated with health care is at the discretion of the public prosecutor who often looks for (1) patterns of behavior or a single behavior that (2) offends all public decency and is an (3) offense described by the criminal statutes of the state.

Mon, 06 Nov 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
HuskerMax Practice Report, 10/18/2023 No result found, try new keyword!Fed Chair Powell to deliver key speech Thursday. Here's what to expect Ukraine War Map Shows Counteroffensive Gains as US M1 Abrams Tanks Arrive Effort to empower interim Speaker McHenry gains ... Tue, 17 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html

CCSP Study Guide | CCSP plan | CCSP mock | CCSP test | CCSP Free PDF | CCSP helper | CCSP tricks | CCSP pdf | CCSP questions | CCSP Study Guide |

Killexams exam Simulator
Killexams Questions and Answers
Killexams Exams List
Search Exams
CCSP exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List