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CCSP action - Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) action January 2024 by Killexams.com team

CCSP Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)

CCSP Examination Information

Exam Duration : 3 hours

Number of questions : 125

Format : Multiple Choice

Passing scores : 700 out of 1000 points

Exam availability : English

Testing center : Pearson VUE Testing Center



About CCSP

(ISC) and the Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) developed the Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
credential to ensure that cloud security professionals have the required knowledge, skills, and abilities in
cloud security design, implementation, architecture, operations, controls, and compliance with regulatory
frameworks. A CCSP applies information security expertise to a cloud computing environment and
demonstrates competence in cloud security architecture, design, operations, and service orchestration. This
professional competence is measured against a globally recognized body of knowledge. The CCSP is a standalone credential that complements and builds upon existing credentials and educational programs, including
(ISC)s Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and CSAs Certificate of Cloud Security
Knowledge (CCSK).



The courses included in the CCSP Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) ensure its relevancy across all disciplines
in the field of cloud security. Successful candidates are competent in the following 6 domains:

• Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design

• Cloud Data Security

• Cloud Platform & Infrastructure Security

• Cloud Application Security

• Cloud Security Operations

• Legal, Risk and Compliance



Domains Weight

1. Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design 17%

2. Cloud Data Security 19%

3. Cloud Platform & Infrastructure Security 17%

4. Cloud Application Security 17%

5. Cloud Security Operations 17%

6. Legal, Risk and Compliance 13%

Total: 100%



Domain 1:

Cloud Concepts, Architecture and Design

1.1 Understand Cloud Computing Concepts

» Cloud Computing Definitions

» Cloud Computing Roles (e.g., cloud service customer, cloud service provider, cloud service partner, cloud service broker)

» Key Cloud Computing Characteristics (e.g., on-demand self-service, broad network access, multi-tenancy,
rapid elasticity and scalability, resource pooling, measured service)

» Building Block Technologies (e.g., virtualization, storage, networking, databases, orchestration)

1.2 Describe Cloud Reference Architecture

1.3 Understand Security Concepts Relevant to Cloud Computing

1.4 Understand Design Principles of Secure Cloud Computing

» Cloud Secure Data Lifecycle

» Cloud based Disaster Recovery (DR) and Business Continuity (BC) planning

» Cost Benefit Analysis

» Functional Security Requirements (e.g., portability, interoperability, vendor lock-in)

» Security Considerations for Different Cloud Categories (e.g., Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a
Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS))

1.5 Evaluate Cloud Service Providers

» Verification Against Criteria (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27017, Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS))

» System/subsystem Product Certifications (e.g., Common Criteria (CC), Federal Information Processing
Standard (FIPS) 140-2)

» Cloud Computing Activities

» Cloud Service Capabilities (e.g., application
capability types, platform capability types,
infrastructure capability types)

» Cloud Service Categories (e.g., Software as a
Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS),
Platform as a Service (PaaS))

» Cloud Deployment Models (e.g., public, private,
hybrid, community)

» Cloud Shared Considerations (e.g.,
interoperability, portability, reversibility,
availability, security, privacy, resiliency,
performance, governance, maintenance and
versioning, service levels and Service Level
Agreements (SLA), auditability, regulatory)

» Impact of Related Technologies (e.g., machine
learning, artificial intelligence, blockchain,
Internet of Things (IoT), containers, quantum
computing)

» Cryptography and Key Management

» Access Control

» Data and Media Sanitization (e.g., overwriting,
cryptographic erase)

» Network Security (e.g., network security groups)

» Virtualization Security (e.g., hypervisor security,
container security)

» Common Threats



2.1 Describe Cloud Data Concepts

» Cloud Data Life Cycle Phases

» Data Dispersion

2.2 Design and Implement Cloud Data Storage Architectures

» Storage Types (e.g. long term, ephemeral, raw-disk)

» Threats to Storage Types

2.3 Design and Apply Data Security Technologies and Strategies

2.4 Implement Data Discovery

» Structured Data

» Unstructured Data

2.5 Implement Data Classification

» Mapping

» Labeling

» Sensitive data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI), Personally Identifiable Information (PII),
card holder data)

2.6 Design and Implement Information Rights Management (IRM)

» Objectives (e.g., data rights, provisioning, access models)

» Appropriate Tools (e.g., issuing and revocation of certificates)

Domain 2:

Cloud Data Security

» Encryption and Key Management

» Hashing

» Masking

» Tokenization

» Data Loss Prevention (DLP)

» Data Obfuscation

» Data De-identification (e.g., anonymization)

2.7 Plan and Implement Data Retention, Deletion and Archiving Policies

» Data Retention Policies

» Data Deletion Procedures and Mechanisms

» Data Archiving Procedures and Mechanisms

» Legal Hold

2.8 Design and Implement Auditability, Traceability and Accountability of Data Events

» Definition of Event Sources and Requirement of Identity Attribution

» Logging, Storage and Analysis of Data Events

» Chain of Custody and Non-repudiation

Comprehend Cloud Infrastructure Components

3.2 Design a Secure Data Center

» Logical Design (e.g., tenant partitioning, access control)

» Physical Design (e.g. location, buy or build)

» Environmental Design (e.g., Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), multi-vendor pathway
connectivity)

3.3 Analyze Risks Associated with Cloud Infrastructure

3.4 Design and Plan Security Controls

3.5 Plan Disaster Recovery (DR) and Business Continuity (BC)

Domain 3:

Cloud Platform and Infrastructure

Security

» Physical Environment

» Network and Communications

» Compute

» Virtualization

» Storage

» Management Plane

» Risk Assessment and Analysis

» Cloud Vulnerabilities, Threats and
Attacks

» Virtualization Risks

» Counter-measure Strategies

» Physical and Environmental Protection (e.g.,
on-premise)

» System and Communication Protection

» Virtualization Systems Protection

» Identification, Authentication and Authorization
in Cloud Infrastructure

» Audit Mechanisms (e.g., log collection, packet
capture)

» Risks Related to the Cloud Environment

» Business Requirements (e.g., Recovery

Time Objective (RTO), Recovery Point

Objective (RPO), Recovery Service Level
(RSL))

» Business Continuity/Disaster Recovery
Strategy

» Creation, Implementation and Testing
of Plan

4.1 Advocate Training and Awareness for Application Security

» Cloud Development Basics

» Common Pitfalls

» Common Cloud Vulnerabilities

4.2 Describe the Secure Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) Process

» Business Requirements

» Phases and Methodologies

4.3 Apply the Secure Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC)

4.4 Apply Cloud Software Assurance and Validation

» Functional Testing

» Security Testing Methodologies

4.5 Use Verified Secure Software

» Approved Application Programming Interfaces (API)

» Supply-chain Management

» Third Party Software Management

» Validated Open Source Software

» Avoid Common Vulnerabilities During

Development

» Cloud-specific Risks

» Quality Assurance

» Threat Modeling

» Software Configuration Management and
Versioning

4.6 Comprehend the Specifics of Cloud Application Architecture

» Supplemental Security components (e.g., Web Application Firewall (WAF), Database Activity Monitoring
(DAM), Extensible Markup Language (XML) firewalls, Application Programming Interface (API) gateway)

» Cryptography

» Sandboxing

» Application Virtualization and Orchestration

4.7 Design Appropriate Identity and Access Management (IAM) Solutions

» Federated Identity

» Identity Providers

» Single Sign-On (SSO)

» Multi-factor Authentication

» Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB)

5.1 Implement and Build Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

» Hardware Specific Security Configuration Requirements (e.g., Basic Input Output System (BIOS), settings for
virtualization and Trusted Platform Module (TPM), storage controllers, network controllers)

» Installation and Configuration of Virtualization Management Tools

» Virtual Hardware Specific Security Configuration Requirements (e.g., network, storage, memory, Central
Processing Unit (CPU))

» Installation of Guest Operating System (OS) Virtualization Toolsets

5.2 Operate Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

5.3 Manage Physical and Logical Infrastructure for Cloud Environment

Domain 5:

Cloud Security Operations

» Access Controls for Remote Access (e.g., Remote

Desktop Protocol (RDP), Secure Terminal Access,
Secure Shell (SSH))

» Operating System (OS) Baseline Compliance
Monitoring and Remediation

» Patch Management

» Performance and Capacity Monitoring (e.g.,
network, compute, storage, response time)

» Hardware Monitoring (e.g., Disk, Central
Processing Unit (CPU), fan speed, temperature)

» Configuration of Host and Guest Operating
System (OS) Backup and Restore Functions

» Network Security Controls (e.g., firewalls,
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), Intrusion
Prevention Systems (IPS), honeypots,
vulnerability assessments, network security
groups)

» Management Plane (e.g., scheduling,
orchestration, maintenance)

» Configure Access Control for Local and Remote

Access (e.g., Secure Keyboard Video Mouse
(KVM), console-based access mechanisms,
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP))

» Secure Network Configuration (e.g., Virtual Local
Area Networks (VLAN), Transport Layer Security
(TLS), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS), Virtual

Private Network (VPN))

» Operating System (OS) Hardening Through the
Application of Baselines (e.g., Windows, Linux,
VMware)

» Availability of Stand-Alone Hosts

» Availability of Clustered Hosts (e.g., Distributed
Resource Scheduling (DRS), Dynamic
Optimization (DO), storage clusters, maintenance
mode, High Availability)

» Availability of Guest Operating System (OS)

5.4 Implement Operational Controls and Standards (e.g., Information Technology
Infrastructure Library (ITIL), International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 20000-1)

Change Management

» Continuity Management

» Information Security Management

» Continual Service Improvement Management

» Incident Management

» Problem Management

» Release Management

» Deployment Management

» Configuration Management

» Service level Management

» Availability Management

» Capacity Management

Support Digital Forensics

» Forensic Data Collection Methodologies

» Evidence Management

» Collect, Acquire and Preserve Digital Evidence

Manage Communication with Relevant Parties

Vendors

» Customers

» Partners

» Regulators

» Other Stakeholders

5.4 Implement Operational Controls and Standards (e.g., Information Technology

Infrastructure Library (ITIL), International Organization for Standardization/International

Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 20000-1)

5.5 Support Digital Forensics

» Forensic Data Collection Methodologies

» Evidence Management

» Collect, Acquire and Preserve Digital Evidence

5.6 Manage Communication with Relevant Parties

5.7 Manage Security Operations

» Security Operations Center (SOC)

» Monitoring of Security Controls (e.g.,
firewalls, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS),
Intrusion Prevention Systems (IPS), honeypots,
vulnerability assessments, network security
groups)

» Log Capture and Analysis (e.g., Security
Information and Event Management (SIEM), log
management)

» Incident Management

Articulate Legal Requirements and Unique Risks within the Cloud Environment

6.2 Understand Privacy Issues

» Difference Between Contractual and Regulated Private Data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI),
Personally Identifiable Information (PII))

» Country-Specific Legislation Related to Private Data (e.g., Protected Health Information (PHI), Personally
Identifiable Information (PII))

» Jurisdictional Differences in Data Privacy

» Standard Privacy Requirements (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27018, Generally Accepted Privacy Principles (GAPP), General Data
Protection Regulation (GDPR))

6.3 Understand Audit Process, Methodologies, and Required Adaptations for a
Cloud Environment

Domain 6:

Legal, Risk and Compliance

» Conflicting International Legislation

» Evaluation of Legal Risks Specific to Cloud
Computing

» Legal Framework and Guidelines

» eDiscovery (e.g., International Organization

for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27050,
Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) Guidance)

» Forensics Requirements

Internal and External Audit Controls

» Impact of Audit Requirements

» Identify Assurance Challenges of Virtualization
and Cloud

» Types of Audit Reports (e.g., Statement
on Standards for Attestation Engagements
(SSAE), Service Organization Control
(SOC), International Standard on Assurance
Engagements (ISAE))

» Restrictions of Audit Scope Statements (e.g.,
Statement on Standards for Attestation
Engagements (SSAE), International Standard on
Assurance Engagements (ISAE))

» Gap Analysis

» Audit Planning

» Internal Information Security Management
System (ISMS)

» Internal Information Security Controls System

» Policies (e.g., organizational, functional, cloud
computing)

» Identification and Involvement of Relevant
Stakeholders

» Specialized Compliance Requirements for
Highly-Regulated Industries (e.g., North
American Electric Reliability Corporation/
Critical Infrastructure Protection (NERC/CIP),
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
Act (HIPAA), Payment Card Industry (PCI))

» Impact of Distributed Information Technology
(IT) Model (e.g., diverse geographical locations
and crossing over legal jurisdictions)

Understand Implications of Cloud to Enterprise Risk Management

6.5 Understand Outsourcing and Cloud Contract Design

» Business Requirements (e.g., Service Level Agreement (SLA), Master Service Agreement (MSA), Statement
of Work (SOW))

» Vendor Management

» Contract Management (e.g., right to audit, metrics, definitions, termination, litigation, assurance,
compliance, access to cloud/data, cyber risk insurance)

» Supply-Chain Management (e.g., International Organization for Standardization/International
Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 27036)

» Assess Providers Risk Management Programs
(e.g., controls, methodologies, policies)

» Difference Between Data Owner/Controller vs.
Data Custodian/Processor (e.g., risk profile, risk
appetite, responsibility)

» Regulatory Transparency Requirements (e.g.,
breach notification, Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX),
General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR))

» Risk Treatment (i.e., avoid, modify, share, retain)

» Different Risk Frameworks

» Metrics for Risk Management

» Assessment of Risk Environment (e.g., service,
vendor, infrastructure)
Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
ISC2 Professional action

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Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP)
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Question #501
Which of the following is the primary purpose of an SOC 3 report?
A. HIPAA compliance
B. Absolute assurances
C. Seal of approval
D. Compliance with PCI/DSS
Answer: C
The SOC 3 report is more of an attestation than a full evaluation of controls associated with a service provider.
Question #502
Which of the following is not an example of a highly regulated environment?
A. Financial services
B. Healthcare
C. Public companies
D. Wholesale or distribution
Answer: D
Wholesalers or distributors are generally not regulated, although the products they sell may be.
Question #503
Which of the following methods of addressing risk is most associated with insurance?
A. Mitigation
B. Transference
C. Avoidance
D. Acceptance
Answer: B
Avoidance halts the business process, mitigation entails using controls to reduce risk, acceptance involves taking on
the risk, and transference usually involves insurance.
Question #504
Legal controls refer to which of the following?
A. ISO 27001
B. PCI DSS
C. NIST 800-53r4
D. Controls designed to comply with laws and regulations related to the cloud environment
Answer: D
Legal controls are those controls that are designed to comply with laws and regulations whether they be local or
international.
Question #505
Which of the following best describes a cloud carrier?
A. The intermediary who provides connectivity and transport of cloud providers and cloud consumers
B. A person or entity responsible for making a cloud service available to consumers
C. The person or entity responsible for transporting data across the Internet
D. The person or entity responsible for keeping cloud services running for customers
Answer: A
A cloud carrier is the intermediary who provides connectivity and transport of cloud services between cloud
providers and cloud customers.
Question #506
Gap analysis is performed for what reason?
A. To begin the benchmarking process
B. To assure proper accounting practices are being used
C. To provide assurances to cloud customers
D. To ensure all controls are in place and working properly
Answer: A
The primary purpose of the gap analysis is to begin the benchmarking process against risk and security standards
and frameworks.
Question #507
Which of the following frameworks focuses specifically on design implementation and management?
A. ISO 31000:2009
B. ISO 27017
C. NIST 800-92
D. HIPAA
Answer: A
ISO 31000:2009 specifically focuses on design implementation and management. HIPAA refers to health care
regulations, NIST 800-92 is about log management, and ISO 27017 is about cloud specific security controls.
Question #508
Which of the following report is most aligned with financial control audits?
A. SSAE 16
B. SOC 2
C. SOC 1
D. SOC 3
Answer: C
The SOC 1 report focuses primarily on controls associated with financial services. While IT controls are certainly
part of most accounting systems today, the focus is on the controls around those financial systems.
Question #509
Which of the following is not a risk management framework?
A. COBIT
B. Hex GBL
C. ISO 31000:2009
D. NIST SP 800-37
Answer: B
Hex GBL is a reference to a computer part in Terry Pratchett's fictional Discworld universe. The rest are not.
Question #510
Limits for resource utilization can be set at different levels within a cloud environment to ensure that no particular
entity can consume a level of resources that impacts other cloud customers.
Which of the following is NOT a unit covered by limits?
A. Hypervisor
B. Cloud customer
C. Virtual machine
D. Service
Answer: A
The hypervisor level, as a backend cloud infrastructure component, is not a unit where limits may be applied to
control resource utilization. Limits can be placed at the service, virtual machine, and cloud customer levels within a
cloud environment.
Question #511
Which of the following is the dominant driver behind the regulations to which a system or application must
adhere?
A. Data source
B. Locality
C. Contract
D. SLA
Answer: B
The locality--or physical location and jurisdiction where the system or data resides--is the dominant driver of
regulations. This may be based on the type of data contained within the application or the way in which the data is
used. The contract and SLA both articulate requirements for regulatory compliance and the responsibilities for the
cloud provider and cloud customer, but neither artifact defines the actual requirements. Instead, the contract and
SLA merely form the official documentation between the cloud provider and cloud customer. The source of the
data may place contractual requirements or best practice guidelines on its usage, but ultimately jurisdiction has
legal force and greater authority.
Question #512
When using a SaaS solution, what is the capability provided to the customer?
A. To use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
B. To use the consumer's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
C. To use the consumer's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
D. To use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from
various client devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (for example, web-based
email), or a program interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure,
including network, servers, operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the
possible exception of limited user- specific application configuration settings.
Answer: D
According to "The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing," in SaaS, "The capability provided to the consumer is to
use the provider's applications running on a cloud infrastructure. The applications are accessible from various client
devices through either a thin client interface, such as a web browser (e.g., web-based e-mail), or a program
interface. The consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers,
operating systems, storage, or even individual application capabilities, with the possible exception of limited user-
specific application configuration settings."
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ISC2 Professional action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CCSP Search results ISC2 Professional action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CCSP https://killexams.com/exam_list/ISC2 How to Become a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP)

As all facets of society rely more on technology, information security has become paramount. With information readily available online, businesses must do everything possible to prevent data breaches and cyberattacks while safeguarding critical systems and data. 

With so much at risk, businesses need qualified people to manage their information systems. CISSP certification indicates professional excellence, assuring hiring managers that candidates have the in-demand career skills necessary to manage IT security.

We’ll explore what it takes to become a CISSP when navigating your career path in the IT industry.

What is a CISSP?

CISSP stands for Certified Information Systems Security Professional. It’s a globally recognized certification offered by the International System Security Certification Consortium, also known as (ISC)². CISSP is considered one of the best infosec and cybersecurity certifications around. 

Individuals seek CISSP certification to answer the call for experienced, highly capable IT professionals who can effectively manage an enterprise’s cybersecurity by applying IT security-related concepts and theories.

After passing the certification test (which usually takes around six hours), CISSPs can take on various job titles, including the following: 

  • Security Manager
  • Security Analyst
  • Chief Information Security Officer

No matter the job title, a CISSP always focuses on upholding a top-notch IT security system.

Earning the best IT certifications, including CISSP certification, is an excellent career advancement asset that validates your skills and knowledge.

How much does a CISSP make?

There are relatively few CISSPs in the industry, so those who pass the certification test and meet the requirements are well-compensated.

Reports differ regarding how much CISSPs earn. For example, the Global Knowledge 2020 IT Skills and Salary Report said CISSPs are the third-highest earners in the IT industry worldwide while ranking fifth in the North America Region.

An (ISC)² Cybersecurity Workforce study shows that the global average security manager’s salary is $92,639. Below are the figures for different regions based on the latest available information.

Region

Average salary (in U.S. dollars)

Global

$92,639

Asia-Pacific

$57,179

Europe, Middle East, and Africa

$81,568

Latin America

$22,014

North America

$120,552

On the other hand, according to the Certification Magazine-Salary Survey 75 report, average salaries are as follows:

Region

Average salary (in U.S. dollars)

Globally

$123,490

United States

$135,510

The average global salaries from (ISC)² and CertMag differ; CertMag’s values combined U.S. and non-U.S. salaries. Additionally, while CertMag’s values were based on a study of only 55 respondents, (ISC)²’s statistics are derived from an industry-wide study and may be more representative of actual averages.

A CISSP certification is an excellent springboard into an information security career and a path toward helping to prevent network security threats and vulnerabilities via unified threat management.

What experience do you need to become a CISSP?

Despite the increasing demand for CISSPs, the (ISC)² imposes strict qualifications to ensure that only the most capable and experienced professionals earn the title. The industry is lucrative, but the requirements CISSPs must fulfill are extensive.

First, CISSP applicants must have at least five years of valid working experience relevant to the IT security field. The (ISC)² requires that work experience falls under the eight domains of the (ISC)² CISSP CBK:

  • Domain 1. Security and Risk Management
  • Domain 2. Asset Security
  • Domain 3. Security Architecture and Engineering
  • Domain 4. Communication and Network Security
  • Domain 5. Identity and Access Management (IAM)
  • Domain 6. Security Assessment and Testing
  • Domain 7. Security Operations
  • Domain 8. Software Development Security

Additionally, to satisfy these domains, the (ISC)² requires experience in any of the following positions:

  • Chief Information Security Officer
  • Chief Information Officer
  • Director of Security
  • IT Director/Manager
  • Security Systems Engineer
  • Security Analyst
  • Security Manager
  • Security Auditor
  • Security Architect
  • Security Consultant
  • Network Architect

Work experience can come from full-time employment, part-time employment, or an internship. (Requirements may vary depending on your employment terms.)

  • Full-time employment. For full-time employees aiming to become CISSPs, work experience only qualifies as full time if you’ve worked a minimum of 35 hours per week for four weeks, accrued monthly.
  • Part-time working experience. If your work hours fell between 20-34 hours weekly, your experience will qualify as part-time. Your experience will be computed as follows:
    • Every 1,040 hours of part-time work rendered are equivalent to half a year’s worth of full-time experience.
  • Every 2,080 hours of part-time work will be equivalent to one year of full-time work experience.
  • Internships. If your only relevant experience involves an internship program, the (ISC)² will accept it if you have certification from the organization that validates your internship. The consortium will accept qualified paid and unpaid internships as working experience.
  • Other work experience options. According to the (ISC)², you can also satisfy a year’s worth of necessary experience if you:
    • Hold a four-year college degree (or regional equivalent).
    • Have an advanced degree in information security from the U.S. National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education (CAE/IAE).
    • Have any other approved credentials as outlined by the (ISC)².

The CISSP certification is considered an evergreen IT certification; it demonstrates excellent longevity, desirability, popularity, and compensation.

What does the CISSP test entail?

Work experience is only part of what you need to become a CISSP. To be certified, you’ll also need to prepare for and pass the CISSP exam, which costs $699 and requires a minimum score of 700 out of 1,000 points.

Besides passing the certification exam, you must also undergo an endorsement process to become a CISSP. You can do this by subscribing to the (ISC)² Code of Ethics. The endorsement form must be completed within nine months after passing the test to fully certify your status as a CISSP.

What are other paths toward achieving the CISSP title?

Not everyone meets CISSP certification requirements – in fact, very few do. However, there are ways to bypass or fast-track your way into the industry. 

1. Become an (ISC)² Associate to help meet CISSP requirements.

One of the biggest challenges to becoming a CISSP is acquiring the relevant qualifying experience. However, you can remedy your lack of experience by applying for a job as an (ISC)² Associate.

Becoming an (ISC)² Associate helps you fast-track your cybersecurity career. Additionally, because you’ll work closely with the consortium, you can learn more about the industry and grow as a cybersecurity expert.

2. Get CompTIA certifications to help your cybersecurity career.

You can also jump-start your cybersecurity career by looking into certifications offered by CompTIA. CompTIA helps IT professionals acquire specific certifications to fortify their credentials. Some certifications you can apply for include the entry-level A+, Security+, and Network+ certifications. 

Entry-level cybersecurity certifications can help jump-start your cybersecurity career by verifying your skills and knowledge and getting your resume noticed.

3. SSCP certification can help you meet CISSP requirements.

Another way to meet the required CISSP qualifications if you have relevant but insufficient work experience is to work on your credential as a Systems Security Certified Professional or SSCP, also under the (ISC)².

Following this path will help you prepare for CISSP certification. It’s like a walk-through toward fulfilling your primary goal with the added perk of gaining an extensive understanding and mastery of the job ahead of time.

Should you pursue a career as a CISSP?

Becoming a CISSP is challenging, and the necessary qualifications require extensive time and effort. However, compared to almost any other employment type – even in the IT sector – CISSP certification is profitable and affords many opportunities. 

If you have what it takes to become a CISSP – drive, credentials, time, and money – and feel confident, you should consider taking the exam. The CISSP job market has high demand across all industries and organizations. Aside from its considerable earning opportunities, you can become an indispensable asset for any company because of your IT security expertise.

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 09:59:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10743-how-to-become-cissp.html
Will the Cyber Skills Gap Continue to Grow in 2024?

The global cyber workforce gap continued to scale new heights in 2023. In October, ISC2 reported that the gap had reached a record four million people and ISACA research found that 62% of cybersecurity teams were understaffed.

This is despite a significant increase in cybersecurity professionals in 2023, with the global workforce reaching 5.5 million, according to ISC2 figures.

With ransomware attacks reaching record levels in 2023, the cyber-threat landscape has put more demand on the cybersecurity community than ever before.

Tara Wisniewski, EVP, Advocacy, Global Markets and Member Engagement at ISC2, told Infosecurity: “The threat landscape is tougher than it’s ever been. We found that 75% of cyber professionals are finding the current threat landscape to be the most challenging it’s been in the past five years. That’s inevitably going to increase the need for skilled cybersecurity professionals.”

Lay-Offs and Budget Cuts

Wisniewski cited findings from ISC2’s 2023 Cyber Workforce Study, which showed that lay-offs, budget cuts and hiring and promotion freezes had impacted cybersecurity teams this year amid the global economic downturn.

Jon Brandt, Director of Professional Practices and Innovation at ISACA, agreed that the economic environment is having a big impact on the ability of companies to hire for cybersecurity jobs. While many organizations say they have open positions, in reality they are not hiring for them.

“The number of true entry-level jobs has been insufficient for what is necessary for the countless individuals who have completed university, re-skilling and/or upskilling programs,” he told Infosecurity.

Cybersecurity vendors themselves have not been immune to lay-offs, with Rapid7 cutting 18% of its staff and Splunk making 7% of its staff redundant this year.

Will the Skills Gap Increase in 2024?

Overall, the picture looks bleak for the coming year, with  the cyber workforce gap likely to widen in 2024.

Wisniewski noted that demand for cyber professionals will rise in the foreseeable future regardless of the economic situation, given the reliance on digital technology.

She said that security cutbacks are not only hindering the growth of the cyber workforce, but are having ripple effects that cause burnout, low morale and damage productivity. This increases the chances of seasoned professionals changing jobs or even leaving the industry altogether.

Lisa Ventura, Founder, Cyber Security Unity, said that security tends to be one of first budgets that businesses cut in times of financial difficulty.

“I think the cyber skills gap will continue to widen next year, especially with so many cyber and tech organizations making redundancies as the global economic downturn continues to bite,” she explained to Infosecurity

“We haven’t seen any major evidence of AI replacing cybersecurity jobs"

Economic uncertainty, combined with fast evolving tactics by threat actors and the introduction of new cybersecurity regulations is a recipe for a much greater need for workers, according to Larry Whiteside Jr., Co-Founder and President, Cyversity and CISO, RegScale.

“Regrettably, I anticipate the skills gap to expand further in 2024,” he told Infosecurity.

AI is often viewed as a chance to reduce the cyber skills crisis by enabling more tasks to be automated. However, in the short term it could exacerbate the problem as many organizations currently lack expertise in AI to use these tools effectively.

“Generative AI has the possibility to help security operations, but like any other technology, it requires practitioners understand it at the appropriate level for their responsibility,” said Brandt.

Wisniewski added: “We haven’t seen any major evidence of AI replacing cybersecurity jobs – in fact, we anticipate seeing an increased need for hiring professionals who are skilled in AI/ML.”

Hope on the Horizon?

Despite the current workforce landscape, there is significant action being taken to address this issue across the public and private sectors.

In July 2023, the White House launched its National Cyber Workforce and Education Strategy (NCWES). In addition to transforming cyber education, the strategy aims to expand and enhance the national cyber workforce, such as encouraging the adoption of a skills-based approach to recruitment, and increasing job opportunities in the sector for underrepresented groups.

“This initiative provides a solid foundation for corporations to align their hiring practices with broader inclusivity goals,” commented Whiteside.

New opportunities have also provided by the private and not-for-profit sectors to allow people to quickly develop cyber skills and make themselves ready for a job in the industry.

“Notably, both Google and ISC2 have invested significantly in creating accessible training resources, providing a broad audience with fundamental skills essential for entering the cybersecurity field,” observed Whiteside.

Similarly, Ventura highlighted several new initiatives in the UK, which aim to make cybersecurity careers more accessible. This includes work being undertaken by the UK Cyber Security Council to professionalize the industry, creating clear pathways and qualifications, and opportunities to rapidly reskill people through programs like Capslock’s bootcamps.

Boosting opportunities and pathways into the sector is a key component of the UK government’s National Cyber Strategy.

How to Tackle the Skills Gap in 2024

Looking ahead, Wisniewski urged organizations to prioritize budgets and investments security across the entire workforce.

“Ongoing education and training can help shrink skills gaps, with 58% of cybersecurity professionals agreeing this is the way forward to mitigate the negative impact of worker shortages,” she outlined.

Additionally, it is important to expand ideas of what defines a high-quality candidate for positions in cyber to boost both numbers and diversity in the sector. Whiteside believes that for this to happen, security leaders must play a greater role in shaping the requirements, job descriptions, and expectations related to the recruitment of individuals for open cybersecurity roles within their organizations.

“Without a more proactive involvement from cyber leaders, we may fall short of achieving the diversity needed to bring about meaningful change and enhance the field's value in addressing the daily cyber threats organizations encounter,” he explained.

The growing availability of advanced technologies such as AI means that organizations must place an even greater premium on soft skills in their security teams, according to Brandt.

The skills gap is not a challenge that the private sector can tackle alone. While growing government intervention in this area is a step in the right direction, there needs to more improvement in collaboration between the public and private sector to ensure such initiatives are executed effectively.

Wisniewski noted: “Governments and industry need to make tangible steps towards building a skilled workforce, providing the right tools and resources and most importantly, listening to the challenges the profession is facing. Doing so is vital to building a robust cybersecurity workforce.”

Tue, 26 Dec 2023 22:00:00 -0600 en-gb text/html https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/news-features/cyber-skills-gap-grow-2024/
Does the CPA Evolution Initiative Go Far Enough? No result found, try new keyword!In 2017, the AICPA, in conjunction with NASBA, undertook a gap analysis of the Uniform CPA Examination to identify opportunities challenging the ... Thu, 04 Jan 2024 20:59:00 -0600 https://www.cpajournal.com/2024/01/05/does-the-cpa-evolution-initiative-go-far-enough-2/ This Google Pixel feature gives you professional-looking action photos — try it now No result found, try new keyword!Google uses innovative software and advanced sensors to make Action Pan possible. But all you need to know is how to point, tap and achieve some seriously professional-looking snaps. Read our step ... Fri, 08 Dec 2023 22:08:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ The best action movies on Netflix right now

If you’re looking to spice things up in the dead of winter, the best action movies on Netflix right now can do the trick. This month is an especially interesting one as Max has released its exclusive hold over the DC Extended Universe.

While the DCEU isn’t exactly enthralling, it does bring some quality additions to Netflix’s action library. Read on for the complete list for December.

We’ve also curated guides to the best action movies on Amazon Prime, the best action movies on Disney+, and the best action movies on Hulu if you’re looking for additional recommendations.

Digital Trends streaming roundup

Editors' Recommendations

Wed, 06 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.digitaltrends.com/movies/best-action-movies-on-netflix/
Cameron Diaz Defends ‘Back in Action’ Co-Star Jamie Foxx From Set Rumors: “A Professional on Every Level”

She also addresses discussion about filming delays, noting that "hiccups that happened throughout production are the natural kinds of things that happen, but nothing got delayed other than, obviously, toward the end."

Cameron Diaz is defending her Back in Action co-star Jamie Foxx‘s on-set decorum following rumors that he made “everything miserable and that I was never gonna make another movie again because of him.”

Diaz appeared on a exact episode of Molly Sims’ Lipstick on the Rim, where she discussed working with Foxx, who experienced a medical emergency while filming on the Atlanta set of their upcoming movie earlier this year.

Diaz described Foxx, whom she’s previously worked with on two other movies, as a “cheerleader for the entire crew,” adding that “everybody loves him.”

“Jamie is the best. I love that guy so much. He’s such a special person, and he’s so talented, so much fun,” she added. “We have so much fun on the set with him, and he’s just a professional on every level.”

Rumors, the actress says, about Foxx’s on-set conduct called that professionalism into question, something that she’s adamantly disputing. “I really hate all of the things that were being said about our set,” Diaz told Sims. “You just want to scream at the top of your lungs, like, ‘What are you talking about?'”

The actress was referring to rumors that Foxx had made the set “miserable” and had made the actress — who is coming back from a 10-year acting hiatus — want to leave filmmaking again. Diaz called it a “great set” and noted that any production issues were of the everyday variety.

“The hiccups that happened throughout production are the natural kinds of things that happen, but nothing got delayed other than, obviously, toward the end,” the Back in Action star said, referencing Foxx’s hospitalization.

While she declined to get into specifics about her co-star’s health or what happened on set, Diaz did celebrate Foxx’s recovery, agreeing with Sims that he’s “thriving.” She also revealed that Foxx declined to address any rumors about what was happening on the set of Back in Action, calling her co-star “classy.”

“He’s like, ‘Nope. Just let them [talk],'” Diaz explained. “We know the truth. Still, it just really made me angry.”

Foxx, who recently celebrated turning 56, was hospitalized in April for an undisclosed medical issue, with his daughter, Corrine, stating that he “experienced a medical complication” but was “already on his way to recovery.” The actor stepped back from the public eye for several months, with Nick Canon taking over hosting duties on his Fox series Beat Shazam and missing the premiere for his film They Cloned Tyrone before being seen on a yacht waving to passersby in July.

The award-winning actor has repeatedly thanked the public for their support as he recovered, including his most exact birthday comments. “I wanna start by saying thank you to everyone that prayed for me when I was in a bad way,” he wrote. “I NEEDED EVERY PRAYER … you lifted me through … I was able to make it to today because of your prayers.”

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 01:08:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/movies/movie-news/cameron-diaz-back-in-action-delays-jamie-foxx-set-rumors-1235766258/
This Google Pixel feature gives you professional-looking action photos — try it now

Tired of boring-looking photos? Google Pixel’s Action Pan camera setting adds a dynamic touch to action shots. It’s available on the Google Pixel 6 and later and is a distinctive form of motion blur, with a clearly focused main subject (a moving car, for example) and an intentionally blurred background. It gives your pictures an intense sense of motion and energy and is the sort of thing that was once only achievable by serious photography professionals.

Google uses innovative software and advanced sensors to make Action Pan possible. But all you need to know is how to point, tap and achieve some seriously professional-looking snaps. Read our step-by-step guide to find out how.

Fri, 08 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.tomsguide.com/how-to/how-to-use-action-pan-on-google-pixel
Cameron Diaz Defends ‘Back in Action' Co-Star Jamie Foxx From Set Rumors: "A Professional on Every Level" No result found, try new keyword!Cameron Diaz is defending her Back in Action co-star Jamie Foxx's on-set ... "We have so much fun on the set with him, and he's just a professional on every level." Rumors, the actress says ... Tue, 19 Dec 2023 09:59:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Cameron Diaz Defends ‘Back in Action’ Co-Star Jamie Foxx From Set Rumors: “A Professional on Every Level”

Cameron Diaz is defending her Back in Action co-star Jamie Foxx’s on-set decorum following rumors that he made “everything miserable and that I was never gonna make another movie again because of him.”

Diaz appeared on a exact episode of Molly Sims’ Lipstick on the Rim, where she discussed working with Foxx, who experienced a medical emergency while filming on the Atlanta set of their upcoming movie earlier this year.

More from The Hollywood Reporter

Diaz described Foxx, who she’s previously worked with on two other movies, as a “cheerleader for the entire crew,” adding that “everybody loves him.”

“Jamie is the best. I love that guy so much. He’s such a special person, and he’s so talented, so much fun,” she added. “We have so much fun on the set with him, and he’s just a professional on every level.”

Rumors, the actress says, about Foxx’s on-set conduct called that professionalism into question, something that she’s adamantly disputing. “I really hate all of the things that were being said about our set,” Diaz told Sims. “You just want to scream at the top of your lungs, like, ‘What are you talking about?'”

The actress was referring to rumors that Foxx had made the set “miserable” and had made the actress — who is coming back from a 10-year acting hiatus — want to leave filmmaking again. Diaz called it a “great set” and noted that any production issues were over the everyday variety.

“The hiccups that happened throughout production are the natural kinds of things that happen, but nothing got delayed other than, obviously, toward the end,” the Back in Action star said, referencing Foxx’s hospitalization.

While she declined to get into specifics about her co-star’s health or what happened on set, Diaz did celebrate Foxx’s recovery, agreeing with Sims that he’s “thriving.” She also revealed that Foxx declined to address any rumors about what was happening on the set of Back in Action, calling her co-star “classy.”

“He’s like, ‘Nope. Just let them [talk],'” Diaz explained. “We know the truth. Still, it just really made me angry.”

Foxx, who recently celebrated turning 56, was hospitalized in April for an undisclosed medical issue, with his daughter, Corrine, stating that he “experienced a medical complication” but was “already on his way to recovery.” The actor stepped back from the public eye for several months, with Nick Canon taking over hosting duties on his FOX series Beat Shazam and missing the premiere for his film They Cloned Tyrone before being seen on a yacht waving to passersby in July.

The award-winning actor has repeatedly thanked the public for their support as he recovered, including his most exact birthday comments. “I wanna start by saying thank you to everyone that prayed for me when I was in a bad way,” he wrote. “I NEEDED EVERY PRAYER… you lifted me through… I was able to make it to today because of your prayers.”

Best of The Hollywood Reporter

Mon, 18 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/entertainment/cameron-diaz-defends-back-action-230821087.html




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