CCP Certificate in Child Psychology course outline |

CCP course outline - Certificate in Child Psychology Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: CCP Certificate in Child Psychology course outline June 2023 by team
Certificate in Child Psychology
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Certificate in Child Psychology
Question: 68
Wilhelm Wundt, considered the father of experimental psychology, developed
many concepts that became the foundation of structuralism. In 1893, he presented
his tridimensional theory of feeling. Which of the following pairs of feelings is
NOT part of his theory?
A. Excited/depressed
B. Tense/relaxed
C. Pleasant/unpleasant
D. Anxious/content
Answer: D
Anxious and content are not feelings identified in the tridimensional theory of
feeling. This theory posits that feelings can be classified as any of the following:
excited or depressed, tense or relaxed, pleasant or unpleasant. Additionally, any
feeling might contain feelings from any of those three categories.
Question: 69
Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), developed by Ellis, is based on the
belief that irrational beliefs are the cause of emotional disturbances. This method
of therapy is based on the ABC model (activating events, beliefs about events,
and consequences of events). Ellis suggests three main insights of REBT. Which
of the following statements does NOT belong to one of those insights?
A. Insight alone rarely enables individuals to resolve emotional disturbance.
B. Irrational beliefs are the main source of emotional disturbance and
C. Individuals will continue to hold onto irrational beliefs as long as they are
D. Confronting and changing irrational beliefs can result in solving emotional
disturbances and avoiding them in the future.
Answer: D
Ellis does not suggest that emotional disturbance can be resolved or cured, so to
speak. Rather, he posits that overcoming such problems requires continual and
energetic work on replacing unhealthy thoughts with healthy thoughts,
confronting and disputing irrational beliefs, and maintaining insight.
Question: 70
Client-centered therapy, a humanistic method developed by Carl Rogers, is based
on the idea that all people have the innate capacity to develop into positive,
healthy beings. What does this model attribute pathology and behavioral problems
A. Negative environmental circumstances
B. Lack of opportunity to learn positive traits
C. Incongruence between true feelings and experience
D. Incongruence between true feelings and the external world
Answer: C
This therapy model assumes that pathology and problems are the result of
incongruence between the self-one’s true feelings-and experience, defined as the
ability to be aware of and express those feelings. Client-centered therapy focuses
on the internal processes of the individual rather than environmental factors that
shape those processes.
Question: 71
It has been observed that cyclists tend to have faster racing times when practicing
with a team as compared to practicing alone. What is this phenomenon known as?
A. Social facilitation
B. Shaping
C. Modeling
D. Social influence
Answer: A
Social facilitation refers to the tendency for people to perform better when they
are working with others or being watched; a cyclist practicing in a group will tend
to be faster than when practicing alone.
Question: 72
Studies on the relationship between viewing violence on TV and performing
violence suggest a positive relationship. What theory of aggression do those
findings contradict?
A. Group membership theory
B. Social learning theory
C. Catharsis theory
D. Crowding theory
Answer: C
Catharsis theory of aggression posits that engaging in or viewing an aggressive
act can reduce future aggressive impulses. Viewing violence on TV is thought to
increase aggressive behavior.
Question: 73
Fear, disgust, anger, and contempt are considered __________ emotions.
A. semantic
B. periodic
C. primary
D. secondary
Answer: C
Fear, disgust, anger, and contempt are considered primary emotions. An emotion
is a psychological and physiological state that is associated with our feelings and
thoughts. Primary emotions are those emotions that we experience first and they
are considered to be representative of the full spectrum of human emotions. For
example, people in Ghana and people in America will experience these same
primary emotions.
Question: 74
Which theory of personality refers to children as “little scientists?”
A. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory
B. Piaget’s Stage Theory of Cognitive Development
C. Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory
D. Watson’s Behaviorism Theory
Answer: B
The personality theory that refers to children as “little scientists” is Piaget’s Stage
Theory of Cognitive Development. Piaget is credited with being the first person to
publicize the idea that children are not less intelligent than adults; they just think
Question: 75
According to Albert Adler, why do some people develop an “Inferiority
A. They can’t live up to their parents’ high expectations.
B. They have a genetic predisposition toward this personality trait.
C. They feel guilty about something bad they did.
D. They never overcame their childhood feelings of inferiority.
Answer: D
According to Albert Adler, an “inferiority complex” arises when people can’t
overcome their childhood feelings of inferiority. Every child initially feels inferior
surrounded by powerful adults, but in due time, in the healthy personality, those
feelings go away. For others, subsequent life happenings revive the notion of
inferiority so it persists and intensifies.
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Medical Certificate course outline - BingNews Search results Medical Certificate course outline - BingNews Certified Medical Billing and Coding Specialist Training

Medical Insurance, Billing, and Coding learning course are essential to student success in all healthcare programs. This course introduces health insurance and reimbursement and familiarizes students with the health insurance industry, legal and regulatory issues, and differences in reimbursement methodologies. Students will learn about the principles of medical billing related to proper claim form preparation, submission, payment processing, and the follow-up process. The MBCC course is the second of the four courses taken for the Medical Billing and Coding Certificate.

This course prepares students for the NHA Certified Billing and Coding Specialist (CBCS) certification exam and provides insurance training essentials, including:

Assigned Modules 60 hrs

  • Roles of an Insurance Billing Specialist
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The MBCC course provides students with foundational knowledge for learning the essentials to gain proficiency using various medical coding systems. The ability to translate medical record documentation into the appropriate diagnosis and procedure’s universal alphanumeric codes and report them on the national medical claim forms for reimbursement. Students learn the skills to manage all phases of the health insurance revenue cycle for government and commercial payors, ensure accuracy and aid in the insurance claim payment process. Students learn employer sought problem-solving and customer services skills needed to work in a clinic, outpatient, and inpatient settings.

Tue, 01 Nov 2022 19:06:00 -0500 en text/html
Navy, ISRO release Gaganyaan Recovery Training Plan

India's foray into space gathered steam with the Indian Navy and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) releasing the Gaganyaan Recovery Training Plan at Water Survival Training Facility (WSTF) INS Garuda, Kochi on May 24. The training document was jointly released by VAdm Atul Anand, Director General of Naval Operations, Dr Unnikrishnan Nair, Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, (VSSC) and Dr Umamaheshwaran R, Director, Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) of ISRO

The document outlines the training plan for recovery of the Crew Module of the mission. It defines overall requirements wrt training of various teams participating in recovery operations incl Divers, MARCOs, Medical Specialists, Communicators, Technicians & Naval Aviators. The Recovery training is planned in incremental phases starting from unmanned recovery to manned recovery training in harbour and open sea conditions. The recovery operations are being led by the Indian Navy in co-ordination with other Government agencies.

The Crew Module Recovery Model was also formally handed over to Indian Navy at its state-of-the-art Water Survival Training Facility (WSTF) at INS Garuda, Kochi. The mass and shape simulated mockup will be used for familiarisation and training of Gaganyaan recovery teams. The Indian Navy will also assist ISRO by undertaking a series of trials to fine-tune the Standard Operating Procedures for training the crew and recovery teams of Gaganyaan.

Earlier in March, in a written reply to a question to the Lok Sabha, Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh said, the scope of Gaganyaan programme is to demonstrate human spaceflight capability to Low Earth Orbit and safe return. He said, ISRO is developing indigenous technologies for Human rated launch vehicle, Habitable Crew Module, Life Support System, Crew Escape System, Ground Station Network, Crew Training and Recovery. These technologies are crucial to meet the objectives of Gaganyaan mission and to take up any further interplanetary missions, the Minister added. (ANI)

(This story has not been edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

Fri, 26 May 2023 14:49:00 -0500 en text/html
AI Anxiety: How These 20 Jobs Will Be Transformed By Generative Artificial Intelligence

The explosion of interest in generative artificial intelligence (AI) applications has left many of us panic about the future of work. While it has exciting implications for transforming just about every industry, there is uncertainty about who might become redundant and what skills we will need to remain useful in the future.

The truth is just about every job that requires creativity or working with information is likely to be affected in some way. It's essential to understand that generative AI is a tool, and those who learn to harness its potential are those who are likely to prosper rather than find themselves being replaced. So here are some of the jobs that are certain to change, along with the tasks that you should learn to delegate to AI.

Customer Services Agents

ChatGPT and large language models like GPT-4 can be used to build chatbots that answer customer inquiries, create transcripts of calls and summaries of interactions, giving an instant overview of issues that are important or are causing problems for customers. It can provide automated and personalized responses and offer support in many different languages. It can also be used as a training system to simulate customer inquiries.


Marketing content, including blog posts, social media messaging, email campaigns, and product descriptions, can be automated. This content can be personalized to target different customer segments. It can also be used to automate the creation of marketing strategies and identify the most relevant targets and goals that marketers should aim for.


Doctors and other health professionals can use generative AI to generate and summarize medical reports based on patient data. It can summarize patient histories and even suggest diagnoses or treatments based on symptoms and patient presentations. Image-based generative AI can create simulated medical imagery such as X-rays, and CT scans to assist with the training of medical image recognition systems.


Journalists and writers can use generative AI to assist with writing reports by getting it to suggest outlines as well as determine the important facts that need to be covered in their reporting. They can also use it for research by having it create summaries of information or the latest developments in a field that they are covering.


Architects can feed in relevant information such as site dimensions, local building regulations, and availability of materials and get it to generate design ideas based on these criteria. Generative image-based AI can create initial design proposals or instructions for creating 3D models or 3D-printed prototypes to assist in visualizing and communicating their ideas to clients.

Computer Programmers

Generative language-based AI is proficient in creating computer code as well as human languages and can also suggest structures that should be used when creating programs, tools, and applications. It can debug code, quickly find errors and point out more efficient methods of achieving the desired results. It can also assist with creating technical documentation and explaining how code works, and as a tutor to help humans Improve their own coding skills.

Web and Graphic Designers

Web designers can use language-based generative AI to automate the creation of code, allowing them to spend more time on creative tasks. It can be used to quickly generate prototypes of websites or individual graphic design elements such as logos, which the designer can then apply their human design skills to in order to create a finished product. It can be used to quickly gather together ideas that are similar to the project the designer is working on in order to provide inspiration or insights into trends.


Tools like ChatGPT can quickly translate almost any human language. They understand different alphabets and scripts and can create personalized translations that target specific information within a source text to different audiences, depending on the amount and depth of the information they need.


Teachers can use generative AI to automate the creation of lesson plans, suggesting the best ways to teach subjects and highlighting the important information that needs to be communicated to students. It can automate the personalization of teaching materials for students of different levels of maturity or ability. It can create and grade tests, providing in-depth insights into the level of understanding of individual learners. It can also provide teachers with information and assistance with their own professional development, ensuring they are up-to-date with the latest teaching methodologies and resources.

Banking and Financial Services Professionals

Generative AI can be used to create financial reports, including assessing credit risk, fraud detection, and many of the routine reports that financial services professionals need to file regularly. It can be used to automatically process documents such as loan applications, KYC forms, or new account applications. It can also be used in training and professional development applications to ensure employees are aware of the latest regulations and compliance requirements affecting their roles.

Product Designers

Product designers can take advantage of generative design applications that automate the creation of design documents, blueprints, and prototypes by analyzing information such as material specifications and customer requirements. Then, it can automatically create instructions for 3D-printed prototypes or machining tools to go from natural-language input to prototype or even finished products.


Lawyers can use generative AI to research relevant case law and rulings and to automatically create summaries of information relevant to cases they are working on. By doing this, lawyers can vastly reduce the amount of time they spend going through documents and spend more face-to-face time with their clients, getting a more in-depth understanding of their individual requirements. It can also automatically generate contracts and other legal documents to personalized specifications.

Data Analysts

Large language models can automatically analyze, review and summarize large and complicated datasets, providing overviews and insights. It can also automate the generation of reports communicating these insights, personalizing them to the individuals who need the information in a way that's specifically relevant to them, in a language they will understand.

Project Managers

Here, generative AI can be used to automate project planning, timelines, resource allocation, and risk management. It can assist with creating individual workflows for team members and with administrative tasks such as scheduling meetings and creating minutes, capturing key decisions and action points as they occur. It can be used to create reports that track performance during project delivery, automatically identifying obstacles and suggesting methods of optimizing processes and workflows.


Illustrators can use AI to generate inspiration in the form of sketches, as well as suggest elements such as color palettes and styles. It can help with keeping stylistic elements consistent across a set of images and provide image enhancements such as accurate shadowing and lighting. It can also help illustrators Improve their skills by suggesting areas for improvement.

Interior Designers

Generative AI can help interior designers to visualize the way that they will transform spaces by analyzing inputs such as room dimensions, client preferences, and functional requirements. This can help designers to come up with a range of possibilities within a space. It can also provide information on new trends to allow them to provide up-to-date styles for their clients. It can help with material and product selection and provide 3D visualizations to help communicate their ideas to clients.

Technical Support

Generative AI can be used to analyze incoming support tickets and automatically assign them to categories or to agents best placed to handle them. In many instances, it may be able to provide automated responses. It can get to know the problems and pain points most frequently experienced and create automated FAQ documents with relevant solutions. It can also be used to train human agents by role-playing as customers or users with unique problems and analyze their performance, offering input on how they can Improve their support skills.

HR Officers

HR can be used to automate the creation of documents, including policy documents, employee handbooks, and onboarding guides. It can be used to communicate policy in any number of different languages, using content personalized to specific audiences, such as different job roles or levels of seniority. It can create surveys and questionnaires to help monitor employee satisfaction and analyze the results to create automated reports and feedback summaries. It can also be used during recruitment to determine which applicants have relevant skills by analyzing their resumes, personal statement, and application letters.


Generative AI can assist with gathering the latest information on whatever courses are being researched and creating summaries of the most important points or whatever information is relevant to the subject at hand. It can analyze datasets and assist with the design of scientific experiments. It can create research reports and ensure that research is being carried out in line with legal and ethical standards.

Video Game Designers

Generative AI can be used to automate the generation of procedural content, creating environments and challenges that will engage the player. It can enable designers to fill their worlds with dynamic narratives and storytelling that react on-the-fly to players’ choices and actions. It can also enable them to populate their worlds with more realistic characters that react in a natural, believable way. And it can analyze player feedback, such as social media discussions or online reviews, in order to provide feedback on how well a game is received and highlight areas for improvement or bug-fixing.

To stay on top of the latest on new and emerging business and tech trends, make sure to subscribe to my newsletter, follow me on Twitter, LinkedIn, and YouTube, and check out my books Future Skills: The 20 Skills and Competencies Everyone Needs to Succeed in a Digital World and The Future Internet: How the Metaverse, Web 3.0, and Blockchain Will Transform Business and Society.

Sun, 04 Jun 2023 17:47:00 -0500 Bernard Marr en text/html
Maryland Opens Applications For Marijuana Business Grants As Regulators Issue New Industry Guidance

Maryland officials are now accepting applications for grants to help existing medical marijuana businesses convert into dual licensees that can serve the adult-use market when legalization takes effect next month.

Also, as regulators publish new guidance for the industry, the Department of Commerce (DOC) announced that, starting on August 1, it will additionally be taking applications for grants and loans to support market participation from social equity licensees by providing startup capital and covering operational costs.

The Cannabis Business Assistance Loan/Grant Fund (CBAF), which was established under a cannabis regulations bill that Gov. Wes Moore (D) signed last month, will further provide grants to Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) for “cannabis-related programs” like business development and training initiatives.

“The Cannabis Business Assistance Fund will help ensure more equitable footing as our medical cannabis license holders transition to recreational marijuana use in Maryland,” Moore said in a press release. “The fund promotes equitable economic growth and will empower our small, minority, and women-owned businesses to have a greater stake in this growing industry.”

For the first round of assistance, the department said that it is accepting applications for Medical License Conversion Fee grants that will cover application costs for existing medical marijuana dispensaries, processors and growers that will need to convert to dual licensees under draft regulations that were released by the Marijuana Cannabis Administration (MCA) last week.

Eligible businesses could receive grants ranging from $25,000-$50,000, depending on the license type, in order to convert. Applications will be approved on a rolling basis through June 30. Business that qualify but already paid the fee could apply for reimbursement.

In order to qualify, the applicant must be a small business with no more than 50 employees as of May 1. And the business must also be at least 51 percent “owned by individuals whose personal net worth does not exceed $1.7 million,” DOC says.

In a second round of assistance in August, the state will then use the same fund to distribute grants for social equity businesses that received pre-approval before October 1, 2022 and that “have resources available to become operational and participate in the medical and adult-use cannabis industry.”

“Assistance in the form of startup capital and operating expenses will be available as conditional grants or loans. Applicants must be able to demonstrate that with a requested amount of funding they will become operational in a period of time to be announced,” the notice says.

A third effort under the fund will promote cannabis-related programs at HBCUs that assist businesses applying for licenses and business development organizations such as incubators. The funding “will also be available to train and assist small businesses, including minority and women business owners and entrepreneurs who are seeking to become licensed to participate in the adult-use cannabis industry.”

DOC Secretary Kevin Anderson said that the fund “is an important step in reducing barriers and offering equitable opportunities for our small, minority, and women-owned businesses in the medical cannabis industry,”

“We look forward to working with our business community and Historically Black Colleges and Universities as we continue to diversify this industry,” he said.

The draft emergency regulations that Maryland marijuana regulators released last week must still be reviewed by the Joint Committee on Administrative, Executive, and Legislative Review (AELR). The rules must also be published in the Maryland Register before they’re enacted.

The 41-page draft rule sets definitions, codifies personal possession limits, lays out responsibilities for regulators, explains licensing protocol—including for social equity applicants—clarifies enforcement authorities and penalties and outlines packaging and labeling requirements.

The regulatory bill that Moore signed last month covers more ground, including setting a nine percent tax rate on marijuana products, providing for specific allocations of tax revenue and imposing caps on different license types in the state.

Meanwhile, DOC has also identified nearly 100 zip codes that it designated as disproportionately impacted areas to inform social equity application approvals.

State cannabis regulators separately released a series of new guidance documents for the industry last week that cover rules for issues like license fees, packaging, advertising, ownership transfers, the medical cannabis program, growers, processors and dispensaries.

Regulators will host a webinar about cannabis rules on June 14.

Marijuana Moment is tracking more than 1,000 cannabis, psychedelics and drug policy bills in state legislatures and Congress this year. Patreon supporters pledging at least $25/month get access to our interactive maps, charts and hearing calendar so they don’t miss any developments.

Learn more about our marijuana bill tracker and become a supporter on Patreon to get access.

Under a referendum that voters approved in November, legalization of possession of up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis takes effect on July 1, putting pressure on regulators to put the rules in place sooner than later.

The legislation that the governor signed was partly a product of extensive work from bipartisan and bicameral lawmakers who were part of House Cannabis Referendum and Legalization Workgroup, which was formed in 2021 by Speaker Adrienne Jones (D).

Members held numerous meetings to inform future regulations following Maryland voters’ approval of a legalization referendum during last year’s election, which triggered the implementation of complementary legislation covering rules for basic policies like possession and low-level home cultivation.

In addition to legalizing the purchase and possession of up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis for adults starting this summer, the legislation will also remove criminal penalties for possession of up to 2.5 ounces. Adults 21 and older will be allowed to grow up to two plants for personal use and gift cannabis without remuneration.

Past convictions for conduct made legal under the proposed law will be automatically expunged, and people currently serving time for such offenses will be eligible for resentencing. The legislation makes it so people with convictions for possession with intent to distribute can petition the courts for expungement three years after serving out their time.

Parts of the referendum took effect at the beginning of the year. Possession of up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis became a civil offense, punishable by a $100 fine, with a $250 fine in place for more than 1.5 ounces and up to 2.5 ounces.

Adult-use legalization began to advance through Maryland’s legislature in the 2021 session, but no votes were ultimately held. The Senate Finance Committee held a hearing that year on a legalization bill, which followed a House Judiciary Committee hearing on a separate cannabis proposal.

Maryland legalized medical cannabis through an act of the legislature in 2012. Two years later, a decriminalization law took effect that replaced criminal penalties for possession of less than 10 grams of marijuana with a civil fine of $100 to $500.

Meanwhile, Moore also recently allowed a bill to become law that prevents police from using the odor or possession of cannabis alone as the basis of a search.

He additionally signed a measure last week to make it so the lawful and responsible use of marijuana by parents and guardians will not be construed by state officials as child “neglect.”

Minnesota Governor Says Indian Tribes Could Start Selling Marijuana Before Regulators Approve Standard Licenses

Photo courtesy of Mike Latimer.

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Mon, 05 Jun 2023 03:50:00 -0500 en-US text/html
National Medical Devices Policy, 2023 Approved by the Union Cabinet

objectives by ensuring the availability of quality products. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive policy that accelerates the growth of this sector and harnesses its full potential. While the government has implemented various schemes and programs through different departments to promote the medical devices sector, there is a necessity to establish a holistic and coordinated framework supported by strategic guidance to ensure sustained growth and development.

To meet the goals of accessibility, affordability, quality, and innovation in public health, it is crucial to facilitate the well-organized expansion of the medical device sector. This requires building a supportive ecosystem for manufacturing, with a strong emphasis on innovation, as well as establishing a robust and streamlined regulatory framework. The policy should also focus on providing support through training and capacity-building programs, along with promoting higher education to cultivate skilled resources aligned with the industry's requirements. Encouraging domestic investments and local production of medical devices aligns with the government's "Atmanirbhar Bharat" (self-reliant India) and "Make in India" initiatives.


The envisioned policy aims to provide the necessary support and guidance to strengthen the medical devices industry, transforming it into a competitive, self-reliant, resilient, and innovative sector that not only meets the healthcare needs of India but also contributes to global healthcare requirements.

National Medical Devices Policy

The National Medical Devices Policy aims to address various key objectives. These include:
  • Advocating for universal access to quality medical devices to ensure healthcare services for all
  • Enhancing domestic manufacturing capabilities to make devices more affordable and reduce overall healthcare costs
  • Emphasizing the importance of quality in domestically manufactured devices to enhance competitiveness
  • Improving patient care and outcomes through early diagnosis and accurate treatment
  • Promoting preventive and promotive health measures through the widespread use of medical devices
  • Ensuring the security of medical devices through local manufacturing capabilities and resilient supply chains
  • Fostering research and innovation for technology-driven devices and precision care
  • Facilitating the development of skilled manpower aligned with the evolving nature of medical device technologies

What will the Policy Achieve?

According to the Gazette notification, the NDMP has a set of strategies that will cover six broad areas of interventions. These areas have been identified based on the current challenges facing the sector and the opportunities that lie ahead for fulfilling the sector's potential. These are (2✔ ✔Trusted Source
National Medical Device Policy, 2023

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Simplifying the regulatory framework:

Considering the numerous organizations involved in the medical device sector, there is a requirement for further regulatory simplification that balances the safety of patients with product innovation. This would also reduce the burden of compliance and facilitate easier research and business operations. Some proposed measures under the NMDP are:
  • The implementation of a "Single Window Clearance System" for licensing medical devices which would align with the National Single Window System (NSWS) to prevent redundant efforts and unnecessary compliance requirements
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and sector-specific standards development organizations, will gradually expand the standards related to processes, products, wireless technologies, and performance. This expansion aims to Improve standardization and quality, enabling the domestic industry to become globally competitive. The goal is to formulate and adopt Indian Standards for Medical Devices
  • A framework will be developed to regulate pricing in a coordinated manner. This framework will align with the provisions of the Drugs (Prices Control) Order, 2013, through the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) to ensure that quality and effective medical devices are available to all citizens at affordable prices
  • A guidance framework will be designed to assist researchers, innovators, and entrepreneurs in complying with regulations during the research and development phases of bringing market-ready products. This framework will be implemented from the design phase itself and will also cover testing purposes
  • An institutional arrangement is envisioned to align the regulations of the National Medical Commission (NMC) and the industry associations' code of ethics

Building infrastructure:

The competition in the relevant industry would greatly benefit from the availability of infrastructure that enhances scale, quality, and productivity. The policy outlines the following measures:
  • The establishment and enhancement of large medical device parks and medium-sized medical device clusters will be pursued. These facilities will be equipped with a state-of-the-art common infrastructure, located in proximity to economic zones with appropriate logistics connectivity. This initiative is in line with the National Industrial Corridor Program and the proposed National Logistics Policy 2021 under the PM Gati Shakti framework
  • While some testing and certification facilities for medical devices are currently available in government institutions such as the National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPERs), Centres under the Department of Biotechnology, and Centres under the Indian Council of Medical Research, the aim is to facilitate the establishment and strengthening of an adequate number of testing laboratories specifically for medical devices. This initiative aims to ensure the quality, safety, and efficacy of medical devices marketed in the country
  • Support will be provided for the phased manufacturing of critical components to ensure uninterrupted access and availability of medical devices, thus avoiding disruptions in the supply chain. The objective is to boost domestic manufacturing capabilities in the medical device sector

Developing skilled human resources:

In order to establish a skill development ecosystem that aligns with the Skill India program, the medical device sector requires a consistent supply of skilled workforce throughout the value chain, including scientists, regulators, health experts, managers, technicians, and more. The policy outlines the following initiatives:
  • Capitalize on the resources available within the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship's skill ecosystem to develop qualifications for skilling, reskilling, and upskilling professionals in the medical device sector. Certification of candidates/professionals based on these qualifications will be integrated into the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF), and all skilling courses will be aligned accordingly
  • The policy will provide support for dedicated multidisciplinary courses focused on medical devices within existing institutions. This measure ensures the availability of skilled manpower for futuristic medical technologies, high-end manufacturing, and research. The goal is to produce MedTech human resources that are well-prepared for the sector's evolving needs
  • In consultation with the industry, a National Database will be formulated and regularly updated to identify the various skills required for the latest manufacturing technologies used in the MedTech sector. This database will also encompass the skills necessary for the adoption of specific technologies
  • A framework is envisioned to facilitate partnerships between academic institutions in the medical devices sector and foreign academic/industry organizations. These collaborations will focus on developing medical technologies, fostering innovation, and promoting knowledge exchange

Encouraging research and development:

The medical device sector relies heavily on innovation and technology. Next-generation technologies are expected to play a significant role in various aspects of medical devices, including diagnostic equipment, data analytics, personal devices, and patient care. The policy aims to foster innovation and R&D in the sector, including joint R&D projects involving academic institutions and industry, as outlined in the Department's proposed 'National Policy on R&D and Innovation in the Pharma-MedTech Sector in India'. This objective will be achieved through the following measures:
  • Encouraging structured interaction between academic institutions and the medical devices industry to create an environment conducive to industry-academia collaboration. This will foster the development of self-reliant technology products
  • Coordinating the efforts of the government and industry to establish Centers of Excellence in premier academic and research institutions. These CoEs will contribute to the development of world-class institutions and attract global experts. The expertise available in these institutions will be leveraged to support product development and validate technology
  • Exploring the establishment of innovation hubs that bring together a network of academic institutions, start-ups, clinical settings, funding agencies, and other stakeholders. These hubs will create a health technology ecosystem by providing plug-and-play infrastructure. Additionally, they will explore the use of 5G use-case labs
  • Seeking convergence of available resources from various institutions such as the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), Start-up mission, AGNIi, and other enabling mechanisms. This convergence aims to promote innovation and commercialization in India, maximizing the utilization of government-funded inventions

Positioning the brands effectively and creating awareness:

The policy aims to enhance global competitiveness in coordination with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry's efforts. Additionally, the establishment of a dedicated Export Promotion Council for the sector under the Department will help address market access issues. Recognizing the importance of strengthening stakeholder engagement, where academia, clinical hospitals, industry, funding institutions (such as private equity/venture capital funds and central banking organizations), and the government can converge and collaborate to unlock India's potential in medical device science and innovation, the policy outlines the following measures:
  • Undertake studies and projects to learn from successful global practices in manufacturing and skilling systems. The objective is to explore the feasibility of adopting such models in India, adapting them to suit the country's requirements
  • Promote awareness regarding medical device safety and standards, while ensuring proactive communication and outreach to the public regarding the value proposition offered by medical devices
  • Encourage the establishment of more forums that bring together various stakeholders to facilitate knowledge sharing and the development of robust networks across the sector. These forums will provide a platform for collaboration and collaboration among stakeholders, fostering innovation and growth

Attracting investments in the sector:

In addition to the existing schemes and interventions, the policy proposes the following additional measures to promote indigenous manufacturing, enhance competitiveness, and foster a manufacturing ecosystem:
  • Encourage private investments in the sector by establishing an ecosystem that supports risk-based or risk-adjusted financing. This will involve active outreach and engagement activities such as promoting seed capital and funding series from Venture Capitalists. VCs will also be invited to participate in the screening and incubation of start-ups
  • Promote new financing models, including blended finance, which combines both public and private funds to support the sector
  • Engage, leverage, and build upon various initiatives such as the Start-up mission of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade to encourage the growth of start-ups in the medical devices sector
  • Utilize initiatives like the Public Procurement (Make in India) Policy and the Ayushman Bharat program to leverage opportunities for domestic manufacturing and promote the production of medical devices within the country
References :
  1. The Gazette of India - ( Gazette%20Notification%20%20National%20Medical%20Devices%20Policy%202023.pdf)
  2. National Medical Device Policy, 2023 - (

Source: Medindia

Mon, 01 May 2023 03:48:00 -0500 en-US text/html
QU, Ebn Sina Medical Sign Mou
(MENAFN- Gulf Times) Qatar University (QU) and Ebn Sina Medical Company, a subsidiary of Aamal Company, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) aimed at fostering excellence and providing enriching opportunities for pharmacy students.
This collaboration marks a significant step forward in advancing the field of pharmacy and nurturing the next generation of pharmaceutical professionals, a QU statement said.
The signing, in the presence of Dr Asma al-Thani, vice president of the Health and Medical Sciences Sector, was done by Prof Feras Alali, acting dean of the College of Pharmacy, and Rashid al-Mansoori, CEO, Ebn Sina Medical Company.
The MOU outlines a comprehensive framework for co-operation between QU and Ebn Sina Medical Company in the areas of internship programmes, training initiatives, professional development, and recognition through excellence awards in line with the mission of both parties.
The partnership seeks to bridge the gap between academia and industry by providing students with practical experience through seminars, workshops, and lectures, as well as training courses targeting the Qatari community, exposure to real-world scenarios, and mentorship from seasoned professionals.
Prof AlAli said: "This agreement serves as a model for collaboration between the private and public sectors and aims to enhance healthcare in Qatar, providing opportunities for student training and education to benefit from the skills and expertise available at Ebn Sina Medical Company. On the other hand, we will serve as the educational arm of Ebn Sina Medical Company by organising workshops and facilitating knowledge exchange between the faculty members and the professional staff at the company."
Since the establishment of the College of Pharmacy, Ebn Sina Medical Company has sponsored awards to recognise outstanding pharmacy students who demonstrate exceptional academic performance, leadership qualities, and a commitment to advancing the field of pharmacy.
Al-Mansoori, said: "Ebn Sina Medical Company is committed to providing the best for the community, and as a business, it is our social responsibility to offer the best to society and take care of the students by providing them with training and development opportunities that will benefit the community."
Al-Mansoori also toured the College of Pharmacy and met with students and professors.


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Thu, 01 Jun 2023 06:34:00 -0500 Date text/html
Children as young as 4 can learn what to do in a medical emergency, American Heart Association says

If you don't know how to perform CPR, watch this

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Leading heart health organizations are urging schools and parents to teach young children life-saving skills such as how to call 911 and how to administer CPR.

On Wednesday, the American Heart Association, the European Resuscitation Council and the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation published a scientific statement in the journal Circulation that details evidence showing schoolchildren as young as 4 know how to call for help in a medical emergency and that, by age 10 to 12, children can administer effective chest compressions when performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, better known as CPR.

“Although young children do not have the strength to perform correct chest compressions, they can learn the basic information about what to do if someone suddenly collapses,” Dr. Comilla Sasson, a member of the statement writing committee, a practicing emergency medicine physician in Colorado and vice president for health science at the American Heart Association, said in an email.

For instance, children as young as 4 can learn what 911 is and how to call it, as well as knowing their address so a dispatcher can send emergency medical services to their home.

Sasson said her own 6-year-old and 8-year-old learned very quickly how to call 911, what chest compressions are and even what an AED, or automated external defibrillator, is and how it’s used to help people who are in cardiac arrest.

About 70% to 90% of people who go into cardiac arrest outside of the hospital die before reaching a hospital because the people around them don’t always know how to help, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“We know that one of the biggest barriers to increasing cardiac arrest survival has been, and continues to be, not recognizing that someone has had a cardiac arrest, activating 9-1-1 early, starting CPR and getting an AED as soon as possible,” Sasson said.

As part of educating children about life-saving skills, “teach young children how to assess for consciousness and normal breathing,” the scientific statement says.

Various medical groups have long stressed the importance of teaching young children what to do during medical emergencies in the home, at school or in other settings. In 2018, the American Academy of Pediatrics released a policy statement advocating for training of children, parents, caregivers, school personnel and the public on basic life-saving skills as well as the appropriate use of AEDs.

Sasson said the American Heart Association has played a role in getting more than 40 states to require some type of education about cardiac arrest and CPR as a graduation prerequisite for high school students.

“But, we know that the more often someone is exposed to this information, using high frequency, spaced learning approaches, the more likely they will be to act in an emergency. The AHA believes that no one is too young or too old to learn about CPR, AEDs, and what cardiac arrest,” Sasson said. “We believe that this statement can help us outline for students, parents, teachers, staff and leadership, just how important kids are in saving lives.”

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Tue, 16 May 2023 21:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Woodham outlines coroner's office duties for Lions

Some of us are old enough to remember when Quincy, M.E. aired on television during prime time in the 1970’s. The show’s plots centered around Dr. Quincy, the Medical Examiner for Los Angeles County, who was called on to pronounce death, determine the cause of death, and in many cases perform autopsies.

Alabama does not have medical examiners, per se. Instead, each county has a coroner, who does not have to have medical training like a physician, but who is still called on to pronounce a death, determine the cause of death, and conduct an investigation if the cause of death is uncertain or suspicious.

Coroners in Alabama are also elected by the public to serve, whereas medical examiners, where they exist, are appointed by the local government. Arnold Woodham is the Coroner for Coffee County, and he spoke recently to the Enterprise Lions Club.

Woodham has served the Coffee County area for many years. He is retired from the Enterprise Fire Department after more than 27 years of service, he currently works as Operations Manager for the Enterprise Rescue Squad, and he serves as Chief of the New Brockton Fire Department.

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Shortly after being sworn in as Coroner in January, Woodham appointed Mark Kelly as Chief Deputy Coroner and Patrick Alford as Deputy Coroner for the county. Both men have many years of service in the county and Woodham feels they are a perfect fit for the Coroner’s office.

The coroner’s office also physically relocated from the county courthouse basement to the Coffee County Sheriff’s Office. Woodham believes that this location is a more suitable environment for those occasions when family members of the deceased may have to come into the office.

He also reported that Coffee County does have a morgue, which is located in the county courthouse basement. He hopes that in the near future, the county will be able to relocate the morgue as well. Relocating both facilities allows the coroner’s office and staff to operate in a more professional manner.

Woodham mentioned as an example that at times a family member has to come in to identify the deceased, and that it seems inappropriate for them to have to come to the basement of the courthouse, which houses many other items, to make this identification.

Woodham also said that his office is working on digitizing its files and setting up a system to track deaths in the county, building a website, and preparing a policies and procedures manual. He is also working on gaining accreditation for the office through the International Association of Coroners and Medical Examiners. He noted that there are only about five such offices in the state. The Association’s website reports, “The accreditation process allows coroner and medical examiner offices to ensure they are conducting business practices and procedures in compliance with established standards.”

Woodham would like to become certified as a full-fledged death investigator. Presently, he is authorized to draw blood and fluids from the deceased to be sent into the state lab for toxicology analysis and, at any death scene, he is responsible for the body and anything on the body. If possible, he will determine cause of death, and he is committed to making sure that the deceased is treated with care and respect.

As an investigator, he also has to ensure that the cause of death is what others have told him it was – and if there is any question, he must follow through with an investigation into the death. He is allowed to subpoena medical records, and before a body can be cremated, he must deliver his approval. The coroner signs the death certificate, but if there are questions concerning the toxicology results, he will note “pending” as cause of death on the certificate.

The coroner is elected to office for a four-year term, and each coroner holds a $50,000 bond for his own protection. He is called to any death that occurs in Coffee County, except for someone in hospice care, in a nursing home, or in the hospital for more than 24 hours. In those situations, a physician determines cause of death and signs the death certificate.

The coroner and his deputies undergo regular training and work closely with local law enforcement. In fact, Woodham reported that in most cases when he arrives at a death scene, the law enforcement officers are already there. If there are no family members to take possession of the deceased, the remains are kept at the coroner’s office. These individuals are cremated and kept until some disposition can be made. Woodham urged family members to check on other family members to ensure their well-being.

Woodham said that he had not yet dealt with a death from Fentanyl, but as an EMT he had dealt with drug overdoses. He said that Fentanyl is present in the local area and that drug overdoses have become too common. Since January, he has responded to fifty reports of deaths, some from auto accidents or other accidents, some by natural causes, and some by suicide. Work-related deaths are reported to OSHA for investigation. Woodham spoke highly of his working relationship with local law enforcement agencies and the District Attorney’s office. Ultimately, he said, he and his deputies are committed to serving the community and helping residents through some of the most difficult times in their lives.

The Enterprise Lions Club meets weekly on Wednesdays at the Enterprise Farmers’ Market. Lunch is served at 11:30, followed by a brief business meeting and a guest speaker. Guests are invited to visit.

Wed, 24 May 2023 23:28:00 -0500 en text/html
Isro, Navy release Gaganyaan recovery training plan © Provided by The Times of India

BENGALURU: The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) and the Indian Navy have released the Gaganyaan recovery training plan at the Water Survival Training Facility (WSTF) INS Garuda, Kochi.

The training document was jointly released by Vice-Admiral Atul Anand, Director-General of Naval Operations, S Unnikrishnan Nair, director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, (VSSC), Isro and Umamaheshwaran R, director, Isro Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC).

According to officials, the document outlines the training plan for recovery of the Gaganyaan crew module, defines overall requirements for training of various teams participating in recovery operations, including (navy) divers, MARCOs (maritime commandos), medical specialists, communicators, technicians and naval aviators.


Recovery training is planned in incremental phases starting from unmanned recovery to manned recovery training in harbour and open sea conditions. The recovery operations are being led by the Indian Navy in co-ordination with other government agencies.


The crew module recovery model was also formally handed over to the Indian Navy at WSTF. The mass and shape simulated mockup will be used for familiarisation and training of Gaganyaan recovery teams.

The Indian Navy will also assist Isro by undertaking a series of trials to fine tune the Standard operating procedures for training the crew and recovery teams of Gaganyaan.

Thu, 25 May 2023 20:15:00 -0500 en-IN text/html
Indian Navy, ISRO Release Gaganyaan Recovery Training Plan

The ISRO-Indian Navy document defines requirements for training various teams

New Delhi:

The Indian Navy and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have released the Gaganyaan Recovery Training Plan at INS Garuda in Kochi, officials said on Friday.

The document outlines the training plan for recovery of the crew module of the Gaganyaan mission.

The training document was jointly released on May 24 by Vice Admiral Atul Anand, Director General of Naval Operations; Unnikrishnan Nair, Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, (VSSC) and Umamaheshwaran R, Director, Human Space Flight Centre of ISRO, the navy officials said.

The document defines overall requirements with respect to training of various teams participating in recovery operations including divers, MARCOs (marine commandos), medical specialists, communicators, technicians and naval aviators, a senior official said.

The recovery training is planned in incremental phases starting from unmanned recovery to manned recovery training in harbour and open sea conditions. The recovery operations are being led by the Indian Navy in co-ordination with other government agencies, the officials said.

The Crew Module Recovery Model was also formally handed over to the Indian Navy at its state-of-the-art Water Survival Training Facility (WSTF) at INS Garuda, Kochi. The mass and shape simulated mock-up will be used for familiarisation and training of Gaganyaan recovery teams, they said.

The Navy will also assist the ISRO by undertaking a series of trials to fine tune the standard operating procedures for training the crew and recovery teams of Gaganyaan, the officials said.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

Fri, 26 May 2023 03:07:00 -0500 text/html

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