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CCP benefits - Certificate in Child Psychology Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: CCP Certificate in Child Psychology benefits January 2024 by team

CCP Certificate in Child Psychology

Exam Details:
- Number of Questions: The number of questions in the CCP (Certificate in Child Psychology) exam may vary depending on the certifying organization or program. Typically, the exam consists of multiple-choice or short-answer questions, and the exact number can range from 50 to 100 questions.

- Time: The duration of the exam can vary depending on the organization or program. It is typically between 2 to 3 hours. However, it's important to note that the exam duration may differ depending on the certifying body. It is advisable to check the specific guidelines provided by the certifying organization for accurate and up-to-date information.

Course Outline:
The CCP program is designed to provide individuals with a comprehensive understanding of child psychology. While the specific course outline may vary depending on the program or organization offering the certification, the following subjects are typically covered:

1. Introduction to Child Psychology:
- Overview of child psychology as a discipline
- Theories and approaches in child psychology
- Ethics and professional standards in working with children

2. Child Development:
- Prenatal and early childhood development
- Cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development
- Developmental milestones and factors influencing development

3. Psychological Assessment:
- Assessment techniques and tools for evaluating child behavior and development
- Standardized assessments and measures
- Observation and interview techniques

4. Social and Emotional Development:
- Attachment theory and its impact on child development
- Socialization and peer relationships
- Emotional regulation and development of self-identity

5. Learning and Cognition:
- Cognitive development and information processing
- Theories of learning and educational implications
- Language acquisition and communication development

6. Behavioral Issues and Disorders:
- Common behavioral issues in childhood
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and other developmental disorders
- Behavioral interventions and treatment approaches

7. Family and Environmental Factors:
- Influence of family dynamics on child development
- Impact of socio-economic factors, culture, and environment on child well-being
- Risk and protective factors in child development

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the CCP exam typically include:

1. Assessing Knowledge: Evaluate the candidate's understanding of child psychology theories, concepts, and principles.

2. Testing Application Skills: Assess the candidate's ability to apply child psychology knowledge to real-world scenarios, such as analyzing case studies or developmental assessments.

3. Evaluating Critical Thinking: Assess the candidate's critical thinking skills in relation to child psychology, including problem-solving, analyzing research findings, and interpreting psychological assessments.

4. Certifying Child Psychology Competencies: Provide a recognized certification for individuals who demonstrate their competence in the field of child psychology, indicating their ability to work effectively with children and families.

Exam Syllabus:
The specific exam syllabus for the CCP may vary depending on the certifying organization or program. The syllabus typically covers the following subjects (but is not limited to):

1. Theoretical Foundations:
- Major theories and approaches in child psychology
- Historical perspectives on child development
- Ethical considerations in working with children

2. Child Development:
- Prenatal development and early infancy
- Cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development across childhood
- Developmental milestones and factors influencing development

3. Assessment and Evaluation:
- Psychological assessment techniques for children
- Standardized assessment tools for child development
- Observation and interviewing techniques

4. Social and Emotional Development:
- Attachment theory and its impact on child development
- Socialization processes and peer relationships
- Emotional regulation and development of self-identity

5. Learning and Cognition:

Cognitive development and information processing
- Theories of learning and educational implications
- Language acquisition and communication development

6. Behavioral Issues and Disorders:
- Common behavioral issues in childhood and adolescence
- Diagnosis and intervention for disorders like ADHD, ASD, and conduct disorders
- Behavioral and therapeutic approaches for children with behavioral challenges

7. Family and Environmental Factors:
- Influence of family dynamics on child development
- Impact of socio-economic factors, culture, and environment on child well-being
- Risk and protective factors in child development and interventions

It is important to note that the specific subjects and depth of coverage may vary based on the certifying organization or program offering the CCP certification. Candidates should consult the official guidelines and materials provided by the certifying body for the most accurate and up-to-date information.
Certificate in Child Psychology
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Certificate in Child Psychology
Question: 68
Wilhelm Wundt, considered the father of experimental psychology, developed
many concepts that became the foundation of structuralism. In 1893, he presented
his tridimensional theory of feeling. Which of the following pairs of feelings is
NOT part of his theory?
A. Excited/depressed
B. Tense/relaxed
C. Pleasant/unpleasant
D. Anxious/content
Answer: D
Anxious and content are not feelings identified in the tridimensional theory of
feeling. This theory posits that feelings can be classified as any of the following:
excited or depressed, tense or relaxed, pleasant or unpleasant. Additionally, any
feeling might contain feelings from any of those three categories.
Question: 69
Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), developed by Ellis, is based on the
belief that irrational beliefs are the cause of emotional disturbances. This method
of therapy is based on the ABC model (activating events, beliefs about events,
and consequences of events). Ellis suggests three main insights of REBT. Which
of the following statements does NOT belong to one of those insights?
A. Insight alone rarely enables individuals to resolve emotional disturbance.
B. Irrational beliefs are the main source of emotional disturbance and
C. Individuals will continue to hold onto irrational beliefs as long as they are
D. Confronting and changing irrational beliefs can result in solving emotional
disturbances and avoiding them in the future.
Answer: D
Ellis does not suggest that emotional disturbance can be resolved or cured, so to
speak. Rather, he posits that overcoming such problems requires continual and
energetic work on replacing unhealthy thoughts with healthy thoughts,
confronting and disputing irrational beliefs, and maintaining insight.
Question: 70
Client-centered therapy, a humanistic method developed by Carl Rogers, is based
on the idea that all people have the innate capacity to develop into positive,
healthy beings. What does this model attribute pathology and behavioral problems
A. Negative environmental circumstances
B. Lack of opportunity to learn positive traits
C. Incongruence between true feelings and experience
D. Incongruence between true feelings and the external world
Answer: C
This therapy model assumes that pathology and problems are the result of
incongruence between the self-ones true feelings-and experience, defined as the
ability to be aware of and express those feelings. Client-centered therapy focuses
on the internal processes of the individual rather than environmental factors that
shape those processes.
Question: 71
It has been observed that cyclists tend to have faster racing times when practicing
with a team as compared to practicing alone. What is this phenomenon known as?
A. Social facilitation
B. Shaping
C. Modeling
D. Social influence
Answer: A
Social facilitation refers to the tendency for people to perform better when they
are working with others or being watched; a cyclist practicing in a group will tend
to be faster than when practicing alone.
Question: 72
Studies on the relationship between viewing violence on TV and performing
violence suggest a positive relationship. What theory of aggression do those
findings contradict?
A. Group membership theory
B. Social learning theory
C. Catharsis theory
D. Crowding theory
Answer: C
Catharsis theory of aggression posits that engaging in or viewing an aggressive
act can reduce future aggressive impulses. Viewing violence on TV is thought to
increase aggressive behavior.
Question: 73
Fear, disgust, anger, and contempt are considered __________ emotions.
A. semantic
B. periodic
C. primary
D. secondary
Answer: C
Fear, disgust, anger, and contempt are considered primary emotions. An emotion
is a psychological and physiological state that is associated with our feelings and
thoughts. Primary emotions are those emotions that we experience first and they
are considered to be representative of the full spectrum of human emotions. For
example, people in Ghana and people in America will experience these same
primary emotions.
Question: 74
Which theory of personality refers to children as little scientists?
A. Banduras Social Learning Theory
B. Piagets Stage Theory of Cognitive Development
C. Vygotskys Sociocultural Theory
D. Watsons Behaviorism Theory
Answer: B
The personality theory that refers to children as little scientists is Piagets Stage
Theory of Cognitive Development. Piaget is credited with being the first person to
publicize the idea that children are not less intelligent than adults; they just think
Question: 75
According to Albert Adler, why do some people develop an Inferiority
A. They cant live up to their parents high expectations.
B. They have a genetic predisposition toward this personality trait.
C. They feel guilty about something bad they did.
D. They never overcame their childhood feelings of inferiority.
Answer: D
According to Albert Adler, an inferiority complex arises when people cant
overcome their childhood feelings of inferiority. Every child initially feels inferior
surrounded by powerful adults, but in due time, in the healthy personality, those
feelings go away. For others, subsequent life happenings revive the notion of
inferiority so it persists and intensifies.
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Medical Certificate benefits - BingNews Search results Medical Certificate benefits - BingNews Unexpected Benefits of Choosing Itemized Deductions Over Standard No result found, try new keyword!Want to get bigger tax breaks? Learn how choosing itemized deductions over standard can unlock significant tax savings for some. Sun, 31 Dec 2023 20:35:00 -0600 en-us text/html PGMER-23: Postgraduate Medical Students To Get 20 Days Paid Leave, Check Other Benefits New Delhi:

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has released the guidelines for the postgraduate medical students. The regulations called, "Post-Graduate Medical Education Regulations, 2023" or 'PGMER-23' list details about the various postgraduate qualifications, NExT, NEET PG, NEET SS, stipend offered to postgraduate students among others.

The following are the list of qualifications, duration of the course and components of Postgraduate Training as mentioned in the PGMER-23.
Postgraduate broad-speciality Qualifications- Duration of course is 3 years/2 years
Postgraduate super-speciality Courses- Duration of the course is 3 years
Postgraduate diploma Courses- Duration of the course is 2 years
Postdoctoral Certificate Courses- Duration of the course is 1 year
Postdoctoral Fellowship (PDF) Courses- Duration of the course is 2 years
DM/MCh (6 years course)- Duration of the course is 6 years

Candidates willing to pursue a postgraduate broad speciality course in Medicine will be required to qualify the 'NMC, National Exit Test Regulations, 2023'.
For pursuing a super-speciality programme/course in Medicine, medical aspirants are required to secure the minimum eligible score at the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test-Super-Speciality (NEET-SS) conducted either by the National Medical Commission or caused to have been conducted by the National Medical Commission. 

Postgraduate training
Postgraduate training shall consist of training of the students through lectures, seminars, journal clubs, group discussions, participation in laboratory and experimental work, involvement in research, clinical meetings, grand rounds, clinicopathological conferences, practical training in the diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment, training in the basic medical sciences as well as in allied clinical specialties, etc as per the requirement of Speciality training.
All post-graduate students will work as full-time resident doctors. They will work for reasonable working hours and will be provided reasonable time for rest in a day. 

Stipend to PG students
The postgraduate students undergoing postgraduate Degree/Diploma/Super-speciality courses in all the institutions shall be paid a stipend at par with the stipend being paid to the postgraduate students of State Government medical institutions/Central Government medical institutions, in the State/Union Territory where the institution is located.
Every postgraduate student will be given minimum 20 days of paid leave (casual leave) per year. Subject to exigencies of work, post-graduate students will be allowed one weekly holiday. Female postgraduate students shall be allowed maternity leave as per existing Government rules and regulations. Male postgraduate students shall be allowed paternity leave as per existing Government rules and regulations. In addition to 20 days' paid leave, the candidates will be allowed academic paid leave of 5 days per year.

For detailed information on the regulations by postgraduate students, candidates can click on the following link.

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 16:26:00 -0600 text/html
45% of Workers Aren't Saving for Healthcare. These 2 Accounts Can Lower Your Taxes and Set You Up With Money for Medical Bills No result found, try new keyword!Recent data from Bank of America, however, finds that 45% of workers today are not saving specifically for healthcare expenses. If you're in that boat, it's time to change your ways. And there are two ... Wed, 03 Jan 2024 20:32:00 -0600 en-us text/html Pa. medical marijuana cards and anxiety: What the research says

Anxiety disorders are the leading reason doctors approve patients for a medical marijuana card in Pennsylvania, even though the evidence that cannabis or its compounds are an effective treatment for them is limited and mixed.

A Spotlight PA analysis found that, in 2021, anxiety disorders were listed as the sole qualifying condition on more than 151,000 medical marijuana certifications — or nearly 40% of the ones created that year.

Anxiety ranked far ahead of chronic pain, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other conditions. Recently released data from the Pennsylvania Department of Health shows anxiety continued to dominate the medical marijuana program in 2022.

If you’re considering using cannabis for anxiety, Spotlight PA collected some research and other resources that could be useful.

National Academies

A comprehensive review by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine of scientific research looked at the health effects of cannabis and its compounds for a range of conditions.

The strength of the evidence varied from condition to condition.

For instance, the committee of experts who created the consensus report in 2017 said there was conclusive evidence that oral cannabis compounds are effective at treating chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. The committee determined there was substantial evidence that cannabis is an effective treatment for chronic pain in adults.

The evidence in support of cannabis and its compounds as a treatment for anxiety was weaker, the committee found.

The report specifically looked at the potential benefits of the cannabis compound CBD, which does not cause impairment or produce a “high” feeling, according to the CDC.

The authors found there was limited evidence that CBD is effective for improving anxiety symptoms, as assessed by a public speaking test, for people with social anxiety disorders, and the report cited a randomized trial that compared a single dose of CBD to a placebo in 24 participants with generalized social anxiety disorder.

The National Academies report also found potential downsides to cannabis for anxiety, stating that “evidence from observational studies found moderate evidence that daily cannabis use is associated with increased anxiety symptoms.”

The committee also said there were research gaps, including those related to CBD’s effectiveness for short-term relief from anxiety symptoms.

Other states

The Minnesota Department of Health’s Office of Medical Cannabis published a 48-page report in 2021, reviewing the existing research around anxiety and cannabis while also evaluating the potential impact of adding it to the state’s list of qualified conditions.

“Overall, the available published research provides mixed evidence of efficacy,” the report said.

The report described several limitations in the relevant research, saying that most of it has involved healthy people and “a limited number of studies specifically focus on individuals with a diagnosed anxiety disorder.” The ability to compare findings from observational cohort studies is also limited, the office said, because of inconsistent variables.

Cannabis’ status as a Schedule I drug — a category the federal government uses for drugs it considers to have no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse — complicates attempts to research the drug, the office said.

In 2022, the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute developed guidelines to help clinicians working with medical marijuana patients.

The guidelines didn’t examine whether cannabis is effective at treating anxiety. However, the report did offer advice to clinicians for treating patients who use cannabis.

“Chronic cannabis use is associated with psychiatric symptoms, including anxiety, depression, and psychosis, and has been linked to worsening schizophrenia in individuals with a preexisting genetic vulnerability,” the research team wrote.

They added that it was difficult to establish a direct causal relationship between cannabis use and psychiatric illness. People with anxiety or stress might, for instance, be more likely than the general population to use cannabis.

The report encouraged care providers to monitor patients for new or worsening psychiatric symptoms, and if they identify them, “discontinue medical cannabis certification and consult with a psychiatrist or refer the patient for psychiatric assessment and treatment.”

The studies that Pa.’s former health secretary reviewed

Anxiety disorders were added as a qualifying condition in Pennsylvania under then-Gov. Tom Wolf.

After Rachel Levine, the state’s then-health secretary, approved the addition in 2019, she told fellow members of the state’s Medical Marijuana Advisory Board that she had “carefully reviewed the literature.”

Levine referred to “some of the key articles” she could provide board members but didn’t cite any specific studies during that August 2019 meeting. The department later provided a resource guide to Spotlight PA in response to an open records request for those and other articles Levine reviewed to determine whether to add anxiety as a qualifying condition.

The list included over 20 articles and reports. Their focus varied, and the guide did not clarify how Levine analyzed the information in them. Overall, the articles presented a nuanced take.

In the first item listed in the resource guide, researcher Susan Stoner described the effects of marijuana on anxiety disorders as “complex.”

Stoner made a distinction between what she called the two primary active ingredients of marijuana, THC and CBD, which she said “appear to have differing effects with regard to anxiety.” While CBD is not considered an impairing compound, THC is.

“Pure THC appears to decrease anxiety at lower doses and increase anxiety at higher doses,” wrote Stoner, now a research associate professor at the Addictions, Drug & Alcohol Institute at the University of Washington School of Medicine. “On the other hand, pure CBD appears to decrease anxiety at all doses that have been tested.”

The cannabis plant includes many compounds, and Stoner wrote that it is “largely unknown how the interaction of THC and CBD plays out in practical use of marijuana by medicinal and recreational marijuana users.”

Stoner told Spotlight PA she was surprised to see her 2017 report included in the Wolf administration’s resource guide for anxiety. She described it as a white paper that was not peer-reviewed, although it cited articles that were.

In the report, she wrote that there may be some short-term benefit to using marijuana to cope with anxiety, but the white paper also describes potential downsides to cannabis use and limitations in existing research.

Her report didn’t endorse adding anxiety as a qualifying condition for state medical marijuana programs, and she told Spotlight PA she has concerns about the message that type of addition sends.

“There’s a risk when people see that they think, ‘Oh, well the state of Pennsylvania endorses this. It must be effective,’” Stoner said. “And that would be a fallacy.”

Spotlight PA logoSpotlight PA is an independent, nonpartisan, and nonprofit newsroom producing investigative and public-service journalism that holds the powerful to account and drives positive change in Pennsylvania.

WHYY is your source for fact-based, in-depth journalism and information. As a nonprofit organization, we rely on financial support from readers like you. Please give today.

Thu, 04 Jan 2024 07:45:00 -0600 en-US text/html
SNAP Benefits Texas Recertification: What is the process and the deadline for january 2024? No result found, try new keyword!What you need to know about the recertification process. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a vital lifeline for eligible individuals and families, ensuring access to essential ... Sat, 30 Dec 2023 01:49:57 -0600 en-us text/html The importance of Consumable Covers in health insurance No result found, try new keyword!For more news like this visit TOI. Get all the Latest News, City News, India News, Business News, and Sports News. For Entertainment News, TV News, and Lifestyle Tips visit Etimes ... Wed, 03 Jan 2024 21:17:42 -0600 en-us text/html 10 Best CBD Gummies Of January 2024

There’s a range of proposed uses for CBD products, and research into the impact of cannabinoids, including CBD, on the human body is constantly evolving. If you’re dealing with a medical concern and you’re interested in trying CBD, a health care professional familiar with the therapeutic uses of CBD can assist you in selecting a product and potency that’s right for you.

“CBD gummies are not medicines and shouldn’t be used to replace them,” says Dr. Piomelli. “I wouldn’t recommend them for any disease condition.”

CBD Gummies for Sleep

Although more research is needed, early studies show CBD may help treat insomnia and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorders (which involve people physically acting out their dreams in the REM stage of sleep, often leading to injury), according to a 2017 review of existing literature in Sleep Disorders . Additional studies suggest CBD may Boost the quality of sleep, including difficulty falling asleep, according to a 2019 review in Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. (This review also emphasizes the need for further research.)

If you’re interested in using CBD gummies to address sleep-related concerns, such as insomnia or difficulty falling asleep, selecting CBD isolate gummies—which are THC-free due to the extraction process used to separate CBD from all other cannabis plant compounds—may be the best route, as some research shows THC use may negatively impact sleep over time in spite of potentially positive short-term effects.

Using CBD gummies to help address conditions that often occur in tandem with insomnia and sleep disturbances, such as anxiety and chronic pain, may also lead to an overall better quality of sleep as well.

CBD Gummies for Anxiety

Although no studies have been conducted regarding the specific use of CBD edibles for the treatment of anxiety, research does show that CBD has a potentially positive impact when it comes to treating generalized anxiety, social anxiety and anxiety associated with PTSD, according to a 2020 literature review in the Journal of American Pharmacists Association .

Because research on CBD as an adjunct or standalone anxiety treatment is limited and CBD products aren’t regulated by the FDA, there’s no standardized or recommended CBD dose for anxiety specifically. In one 2019 study of 40 Japanese students with social anxiety disorder, those who were given 300 milligrams of CBD a day versus the placebo experienced less anxiety, but this study was small, and certain measurements, such as blood levels of CBD, weren’t recorded .

While there’s a fair amount of research that supports CBD use, including gummies, for certain anxiety disorders, further well-designed trials and research is needed.

CBD Gummies for Pain

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 20% of U.S. adults experience chronic pain . Taking CBD in gummy form could potentially help alleviate certain acute and chronic pain conditions because of the analgesic effect cannabinoids may have on the endocannabinoid system, according to research.

CBD Gummies for Sex Drive

Little research exists regarding how CBD specifically may affect sexual function. However, a few studies explore how cannabis—which includes CBD among a host of other cannabinoids, namely THC—may affect sex drive.

A 2023 study in the Journal of Cannabis Research reports that cannabis use prior to sexual activity increased feelings of desire and satisfaction likely due to cannabinoids’ anxiety-reducing and relaxation-inducing properties .

Meanwhile, a 2020 study in Sexual Medicine assessed anonymous survey responses from 452 women and concluded that women who frequently use cannabis reported greater sexual function in terms of desire, arousal, orgasm and satisfaction .

Some studies, however, report conflicting results. A 2015 review in the Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics reports that while short-term use of cannabis may increase libido in men, chronic use of cannabis may, in fact, lower men’s sex drive .

CBD may affect sex drive in different ways depending on the individual. However, research indicates that using cannabis prior to sex may have a positive or negative effect depending on specific factors, such as frequency of use, gender and more.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 14:49:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Hochul seeks paid time off for pregnant workers to go to prenatal medical visits

ALBANY — Gov. Kathy Hochul on Thursday called for more paid time off from jobs for pregnant workers to attend prenatal medical appointments as part of a package of proposals to reverse an increase in deaths of newborns and mothers.

The expansion of the state’s Paid Family Leave law, if approved by the State Legislature, would provide up to 40 hours of paid leave to attend prenatal medical appointments during the months of pregnancy. Currently, paid leave under law isn’t available to families until four weeks before a child’s birth and only after a seven-day waiting period.

Hochul said women now have to choose between prenatal medical visits and the hours of pay they would lose. She said minority families in lower-income households have the most need for her proposals, noting that the rise in death rates of women and newborns in those communities is most acute.

“It’s shocking,” Hochul said at a news conference at Wyckoff Heights Medical Center in Brooklyn. “It demands a response from every level of government.”

  • Gov. Kathy Hochul called for more paid time off from jobs for pregnant workers to attend prenatal medical appointments as part of a package of proposals to reverse an increase in deaths of newborns and mothers.
  • The expansion of the state’s Paid Family Leave law, if approved by the State Legislature, would provide up to 40 hours of paid leave to attend prenatal medical appointments during the months of pregnancy. 
  • Hochul said women now have to choose between prenatal medical visits and the hours of pay they would lose.

Hochul said her prenatal paid-leave measure and other provisions in mother-and-infant proposal Thursday will be part of her State of the State speech Tuesday.

Hochul and her staff didn’t release the cost to employers and workers. More details are expected with Tuesday’s State of the State address. But costs may not be revealed until Jan. 16, when Hochul releases her budget proposal to the Legislature.

“We would like to see a measured approach to expanding Paid Family Leave policies before implementing more burdens,” said Patrick Bailey of the state Business Council. Bailey said the state should consider eliminating its extended paid sick leave law for workers who contract COVID19. That would “make it more manageable for businesses to adjust to anything new the state implements moving forward,” Bailey said.

Other elements of Hochul’s prenatal health proposal include:

  • A crackdown on physicians who seem to be conducting unnecessary Caesarean-section surgeries on women instead of vaginal births. C-sections provide more revenue to health care providers, take less time and can be more easily scheduled, Hochul said. Her proposal would seek to identify physicians engaging in unnecessary C-sections and to create financial incentives for health care providers to avoid C-sections.
  • Eliminating copays and other expenses for pregnancy benefits charged by health insurance plans and for income-qualified families in the state’s Essential Plan, which serves 1.3 million New Yorkers. Eric Linzer of the New York Health Plan Association said private sector health plans are already committed to addressing the costs related to child birth
  • Providing cribs to families so newborns can have a safe, separate place to sleep. Lack of a safe, separate crib is blamed in part on 120 infant deaths a year statewide, Hochul said, adding that nonprofit groups would be enlisted in the effort. “We will make sure that every family that needs help finding a crib gets an affordable crib,” she said.
  • Providing counselors at the state’s 988 Suicide and Crisis Lifeline who are trained in dealing with women facing postpartem depression. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says 1 in 8 new mothers suffer from post-partem depression.
  • Eliminating the need for a referral from a physician in order for patients to see a doula, also known as a birth companion, birth coach or post-birth supporter. Hochul would also require coverage for doulas for New Yorkers served by the Essential Plan. “It’s a support system that particularly Black and Brown women absolutely need,” Hochul said. Doulas are nonmedical providers who bring physical and emotional support as well as information before, during and after delivery, according to the state Health Department. Doulas are trained by a national organization or community organizations, but there is no universally accepted standards for certification and they are not licensed, the Health Department stated.
Thu, 04 Jan 2024 09:53:00 -0600 en text/html
Harvard Health: Seeking fitspiration on social media?

Now that it’s 2024, perhaps you’ve thought about taking up a new exercise program, eating better, or some other ways to Boost your health. That’s great! Or, as my grandfather would say, “there’s nothing wrong with that” -- his highest possible praise.

In fact, few medical treatments rival the massive health benefits of regular exercise. But how do you decide which type of exercise is best for you? Well, you could get advice from your doctor or a personal trainer. You might read books on fitness or trial exercise classes. It turns out, though, that many people are simply scrolling through tons of engaging “fitspirational” posts on social media. If you do that regularly -- more often, say, than taking a brisk walk -- a new study suggests you should rethink that strategy.


What exactly is fitspiration?

Fitspiration describes social media posts intended to inspire physical fitness and promote health. You can find fitspirational posts on TikTok, Instagram, Facebook, and other popular social media sites. Typically, they feature glossy photos and videos packaged with exercise and diet recommendations, accompanied by encouraging messages and quotes.


On Instagram alone, a search for #fitspiration (or related hashtags such as #fitspo) currently lists nearly 100 million posts. Most of them display images of attractive, lean, and fit women as they exercise and talk about fitness and optimizing health.

What’s the problem with fitspiration?

The potential benefits of a pro-fitness message reaching millions of people are obvious. But the message has to be credible and valid. And, importantly, posts should not convey inaccurate, unhelpful, or even harmful information. That’s where the problems start.

Clearly, social media posts about fitness can have positive effects, according to some research, especially when focused on realistic exercise goals rather than appearance. However, fitspirational posts may have downsides for viewers, including

  • increased body dissatisfaction
  • negative mood
  • decreased perception of attractiveness
  • embracing thinness as the ideal
  • a limited range of diverse body shapes and types, suggesting that beauty is defined by being ultra-fit and thin
  • a focus on appearance rather than function and capability.

A study of #fitspiration: Do these social media posts actually inspire fitness?

A accurate study assesses the quality of content with fitspiration hashtags posted by Instagram influencers. The results were disappointing, though not surprising.

The authors identified 100 Instagram accounts of the most popular fitspiration influencers. Each of these accounts’ last 15 posts was analyzed. Posts were not considered credible if they

  • displayed nudity or revealing clothing, such as wearing a bikini at the gym
  • sexualized the person exercising, such as focusing on a woman’s breasts
  • included images of extreme body types, such as people who are severely underweight or extremely muscular
  • conveyed messages encouraging thinness or other negative messages rather than emphasizing health
  • contained fitness information in three or fewer posts out of 15.

Here’s what the researchers found:


  • 26% portrayed sexualized images
  • 22% posted nudity or images of people exercising in revealing clothing not appropriate for exercise
  • 15% featured people with extreme body types
  • 41% posted fitness-related content in three or fewer posts.

A quarter of these accounts failed the credibility test on more than one of these criteria. Even among the accounts considered credible, only half were posted by people with credentials related to fitness or health, such as certification as a physical therapist or personal trainer.

While this study did not examine whether the posts had an genuine impact on fitness outcomes, the findings raise questions about the quality of fitspiration content.

What does this mean for you?

If you’re looking for fitness-related health content, seek out the best information you can. Be skeptical of any sources lacking credentials related to fitness. Be especially wary of posts selling a product or service.

The authors of this study established certain criteria for fitness-related content they reviewed. You could apply this to posts you see online.

The bottom line


It should be no surprise to find that when it comes to health information, social media may not always be the best place to start.

While taking steps to Boost your health is commendable -- truly, there’s nothing wrong with that! -- getting motivated to be more physically active is just a start. Information you rely on to Boost your physical fitness shouldn’t just look appealing. It should be well-vetted for safety and backed by solid evidence that it can actually Boost your health.

Here’s to better fitness in the New Year!

Copyright (C) 2024 by Harvard University.

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