Download CCN real questions with valid real questions.

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Exam Code: CCN Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
CCN CNCB Certified Clinical Nutritionist

The Clinical Nutrition Certification Board (CNCB) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit tax-exempt certification agency which provides professional training, examination and certification for health care practitioners.

The discipline of Human Clinical Nutrition applies principles derived from current biochemical and physiological scientific knowledge for the purpose of promoting optimal health while recognizing biochemical individuality. The Certified Clinical Nutritionist assesses a persons nutritional needs to achieve normal physiological function. Assessment includes the use of appropriate test and observations such as case history, anthropomorphic measurements, physical signs, laboratory tests, and nutrition/lifestyle analysis to determine an educational nutrition program. Assessment also provides the basis for referral to a licensed physician, or other health care professional.

The educational protocol may include, among other information, nutrition / lifestyle modification, nutritive supplementation, understanding of physiological/biochemical pathways, and evoking of regenerative processes.
The Certified Clinical Nutritionist (CCN) Examination establishes reputable standards of excellence.
Creation of a quality examination, based on a validated scope of practice which appropriately represents the field of clinical nutrition.
Candidate access to the broad scope of clinical nutrition training and a mechanism for recertification every five years, recognizing continued competency in the field.
The CCN Examination Candidate must:
Satisfy the CORE Requirements
Submit Credential Review Application and College Transcripts
Obtain Credential Review Approval
Complete the Post Graduate Studies in Clinical Nutrition Program (PGSCN)™
Achieve a passing score on the online CCN Examination

The CCN Examination processes and the examination data bank are reviewed and revised annually, in accordance with the specifications of the Role Delineation Study. The CNCB utilizes a criterion referenced passing point for each section of the certification examination.

CNCB Certified Clinical Nutritionist
Medical Nutritionist action
Killexams : Medical Nutritionist action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CCN Search results Killexams : Medical Nutritionist action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CCN https://killexams.com/exam_list/Medical Killexams : Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ Financial Ties with Corporations Exposed

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ (AND) financial ties with food and pharmaceutical corporations were exposed in an article published in Public Health Nutrition. AND has received financial contributions from the American Egg Board, the National Dairy Council, the Nebraska Beef Council, and many other companies, raising questions about whether AND health policies have been influenced by corporate contributions.

In response, AND released a statement holding that its guidelines for accepting funding from private companies prevent undue industry influence.

Fri, 09 Dec 2022 06:22:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.pcrm.org/news/health-nutrition/academy-nutrition-and-dietetics-financial-ties-corporations-exposed
Killexams : It's all about quality: Effect of dietary fat composition on liver angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis

In light of the latest pandemic, people across the globe are increasingly becoming aware of the importance of consistent high-quality nutrition and daily exercise. Multiple studies have already demonstrated the positive and negative effects of various dietary constituents on human health.

More specifically, prior studies conducted on certain types of transgenic mice have shown that fat-rich diets comprising trans-fatty acid (TFA), saturated fatty acid (SFA), and cholesterol cause non-alcoholic fatty , which may then promote inflammation and tumor formation in the liver. However, the precise effects of dietary fat compositions have remained unknown so far.

Researchers led by Professor Naoki Tanaka from the Department of Global Medical Research Promotion, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan, have recently endeavored to fine-tune previous findings and fill in this gap in knowledge.

Using experiments involving , they have successfully shown that dietary saturated/trans fats, but not cholesterol, can trigger hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, leading to the promotion of hepatic tumors. Angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) and lymphangiogenesis (formation of new lymphatic vessels), i.e., neovasculogenesis, are key determinants for the survival, proliferation, and metastasis of cancer cells.

According to Prof. Tanaka, "Dietary TFA, SFA, and cholesterol are present in a variety of food sources. For instance, cholesterol is abundant in animal-derived foods like eggs, cheese, shellfish, meats, sardines, and full-fat yogurt. Whereas SFA is primarily found in animal and plant products such as red meat, dairy items, palm oil, and coconut oil, TFA naturally occurs in dairy products and animal meat in relatively smaller amounts. Certain products, such as partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, contain relatively larger amounts of TFA."

To study the association between dietary fat composition and liver neovasculogenesis, the researchers fed hepatitis C virus core gene transgenic (HCVcpTg) mice with a control diet or with TFA-/SFA-/cholesterol-rich diets containing the same number of calories. The cholesterol diet comprised ingredients with 1.5% cholesterol, the SFAs were derived from hydrogenated coconut oil, and the TFA diet consisted of shortening.

The researchers then monitored the degree of hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis and growth factor expression using a variety of techniques including quantitative mRNA measurement, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. They reported their findings in an article that was made available online on September 16, 2022 and subsequently published in Liver Cancer.

Says Prof. Tanaka, "Long-term feeding of SFA and TFA diets to HCVcpTg mice increased the expressions of vascular endothelial cell indicators like CD31 and TEK receptor tyrosine kinase, in addition to lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1. We also detected elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor C and fibroblast growth factor receptors 2 and 3, as well as c-Jun N-terminal kinase and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in the mice livers."

Incidentally, vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptors 2 and 3, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1α are important biomolecules involved in cell communication and growth signaling. JNK-HIF1α-VEGF-C axis and FGFs are thus powerful drivers of hepatic neovasculogenesis.

What does this information translate to? Increased formation of new blood and lymphatic vessels in the liver.

But this may not necessarily be bad news. According to Prof. Tanaka , "We demonstrated for the first time that hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis were enhanced by saturated-fat- or trans-fat-rich diets, but not cholesterol-rich diets, mainly through the JNK-HIF1α-VEGF-C axis. These processes are crucial targets for treating hepatocellular carcinoma."

He further adds, "Agents inhibiting hepatic angiogenesis are widely used for treating hepatocellular carcinoma. However, I also recommend avoiding fatty-acid-rich diets especially if someone is at a high risk of developing liver cancer or undergoing treatment for liver cancer."

Besides monitoring our , the researchers also recommend developing newer methods of food production that can significantly decrease the generation of trans-fatty acids in foods. This, based on their observations in this study, is in keeping with the World Health Organization's call for global elimination of industrially-generated trans-fatty acids from our food supplies by 2023 under the "REPLACE" action package.

More information: Pan Diao et al, Dietary fat composition affects hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in HCV core gene transgenic mice, Liver Cancer (2022). DOI: 10.1159/000525546

Provided by Shinshu University

Citation: It's all about quality: Effect of dietary fat composition on liver angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis (2022, December 7) retrieved 9 December 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-12-quality-effect-dietary-fat-composition.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 06:08:00 -0600 en text/html https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-12-quality-effect-dietary-fat-composition.html
Killexams : The Bittersweet Truth: The Sugar Industry’s Manipulation of Nutrition Guidelines

America’s favorite treat, sugar, is not as sweet as it seems. The sugar industry’s manipulation of a 1960s research review, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, changed the way Americans think about sugar and, most importantly, how they understand its impact on health and nutrition, inevitably contributing to the nation’s growing obesity epidemic. 

When evidence emerged linking consumption of added sugar and cardiovascular disease, members of the sugar industry were quick to obscure the truth. John Hickson, a lobbyist for the Sugar Association, paid Harvard scientists to write a review paper based upon specific studies selected by the sugar industry. This review indicated that saturated fat, not sugar, was the main contributor to heart disease. Interestingly, Hickson later joined the tobacco industry, where he had a “reputation for manipulating science to achieve his goals.” The sugar industry today draws from the tobacco industry’s playbook to hide the truth about the sweet ingredient.

Over the fifty years since this review was published, there has been a huge surge in products without saturated fat. Walking down the aisle of a grocery store, labels like “non-fat,” “low-fat,” and “zero fat” are common. However, the reduction of fat in soups, salad dressings, butters, and snacks of all sorts also removed much of the good taste. The solution? Added sugar. 

The sugar industry is one of the most powerful special interest groups in the United States. It will remain so unless measures are taken to reform the industry and protect the American public from the sugar-induced obesity epidemic, one of the greatest public health crises of the century.

While the sugar industry corrupted a scientific study, it has also played a large role in manipulating nutrition and dietary guidelines through its lobbying and influence in Washington. Added sugar is present in almost every product on the market, ranging from soda to salad dressing to bread, and Americans are over-consuming this ingredient. According to the American Heart Association, the maximum amount of added sugars one should eat in a day is nine teaspoons for men and six teaspoons for women. 

To put that into perspective, the average bottle of Naked Juice, a product which is marketed as a “healthy” alternative to soda and other sugary-drinks, contains 46 grams of sugar, which is between nine and ten teaspoons. Meanwhile, a can of Coca Cola contains the same amount as the “healthy” alternative. One ‘healthy’ drink already exceeds the maximum amount of sugar for the day––and for many Americans, one drink is only a snack.  

The most latest government-recommended dietary guidelines, released in 2019, state that added sugars should comprise less than 10 percent of daily calories. However, the subsequent information emphasizes the benefits of added sugars: “Added sugars can help with preservation; contribute to functional attributes such as viscosity, texture, body, color, and browning capability, and/or help Strengthen the palatability of some nutrient-dense foods.” The emphasis placed on the “benefits” of added sugars demonstrates the major role the sugar industry plays in official guidelines. They work hard to soften the negative perception of added sugar, even directly manipulating scientifically based nutritional guidelines.

These guidelines were released following a report issued by the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee that recommended a cut in the consumption of sugar to less than 6 percent of daily calories. Officials at the Departments of Agriculture and Health and Human Services rejected this advice, refusing to place a limit on added sugar consumption. This type of action reveals an overall lack of scientific basis, or at least interference, in the United States’ dietary guidelines. 

Despite the American Heart Association (AHA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) setting strict guidelines for recommended daily sugar consumption, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not added a DV% (Daily Value %) for total sugar on nutritional labels. The FDA argues that there have been “no recommendations made for the total amount to eat in one day.” 

The FDA’s decision comes following a letter from the head of the Sugar Association to the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee about the health effects of added sugar. Andy Briscoe, the former president and CEO of the Sugar Association, called into question the “proof of cause and effect” in various studies that linked added sugar to health issues. Briscoe went further than just muddying the waters, he also directly refuted scientific evidence supported by organizations like the AHA and WHO, declaring that “there is not a preponderance of scientific evidence for conclusion statements that link ‘added sugars’ intake to serious disease or negative health outcomes or for a recommendation to limit ‘added sugars’ intake to less than 10 percent of energy.”

"For over fifty years, the sugar industry has led a campaign to diminish the negative perception of sugar and manipulate official nutrition guidelines."

The goal of the sugar industry’s robust campaign is to diminish the negative perception of sugar in American minds and official guidelines. The sugar industry should not be permitted to manipulate regulation or use misrepresented evidence to challenge findings that discuss the negative effects of sugar. Such actions have resulted in a direct increase in American obesity and other health-related diseases as well as the corruption of important public health standards.

The sugar industry’s influence in the nutrition guidelines of the AHA and WHO also extends to Congress. In 2022, the Sugar Cane and Sugar Beets lobbies contributed over $7,304,681 to Congressional lawmakers. These funds were distributed to Democrats and Republicans in equal measures, with the recipients being determined more by seats on Agricultural Committees than political affiliations. 

Due to the sugar industry’s close ties to Congress, measures to reform the industry, like the Sugar Reform Act of 2015, have proven futile. In addition to corporate lobbying, the sugar industry also exerts its influence by funding research. The National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR) began researching the effects of sugar on dental health as an effort to help reduce tooth decay. In an effort to reduce the potential harm of such a study, the sugar industry adopted “a strategy to deflect attention to public health interventions that would reduce the harms of sugar consumption rather than restricting intake.” 

The sugar industry’s role in funding research enabled them to control what information became accessible to the public and modify any damaging findings. The sugar industry’s involvement in research studies is a major conflict of interest that has critical consequences. The NIDR lost an opportunity to learn more about the connection between sugar intake and tooth decay, a potentially consequential study. More significantly, Congress and other policymakers made nutrition decisions based on research studies funded by a lobby with vested interests.

Unfortunately, the sugar industry is not the first industry to attempt to reshape the narrative around their products. After studies uncovered the harmful nature of cigarettes, the tobacco industry employed almost identical strategies to those the sugar industry is currently using to avoid bad publicity. Eventually, they were exposed and public perception completely shifted, which is exactly what needs to happen to the sugar industry.

In 1955, American Tobacco was the largest tobacco company in the United States, and cigarettes were commonly endorsed by doctors and other medical professions, especially in advertisements. In 1964, the Surgeon General report came out, naming smoking as a cause of lung cancer. The tobacco industry was worth $5 billion in 1966, and, like the sugar industry, they poured millions into marketing campaigns to combat the damning report. 

Congress, however, was responsive to this growing issue and took steps to reduce cigarette consumption–cigarette commercials were banned on TV, radio programs, and on planes. By the mid 2000s cigarette consumption had declined over 32 percent. The final nail in the smoking lobby’s coffin was when in 2009, increases in taxes on cigarettes drove sales down by 10 percent. Even with the growing popularity of E-cigarettes, Congress has taken quick measures to regulate their sale, allowing the FDA to regulate these brands. In the summer of 2022, the FDA banned Juul, the largest E-cig company in the US.  

This campaign against cigarettes was effective and provides a roadmap for similar measures that must be taken against the sugar industry. Countries like the UK recently banned advertisements during television programs before 9 PM and online advertisements for foods that contain high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS). The US should follow their example. Additional measures, like “soda taxes” have been proposed throughout the years and should be seriously considered and implemented. While there is strong public backlash to such measures, as sugar, like smoking, is addictive, it is essential that Congress put the health of the American people above their own political interests and begin to regulate the sugar industry and produce more scientifically-backed nutritional guidelines. It is time to curtail the influence of the sugar industry, just as was done with big tobacco. This nation has addressed a public health crisis before and must now do it again.

Sat, 03 Dec 2022 10:31:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://brownpoliticalreview.org/2022/12/the-bittersweet-truth-of-sugar/
Killexams : Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Report : Global Size, Share, Growth and Industry Trends 2022 To 2028 | 125 Pages Report

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Nov 28, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- According to this latest study, the 2021 growth of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition will have significant change from previous year. By the most conservative estimates of global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market size (most likely outcome) will be a year-over-year revenue with magnificent growth rate In 2022, from USD million In 2021. Over the next five years the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market will register a Impressive CAGR in terms of revenue, the global market size will reach Multimillion USD by 2028.

"Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market" report presents a comprehensive overview, market shares, and growth opportunities of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market by product type, application, key manufacturers and key regions and countries. The global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market size is projected to reach Multimillion USD by 2028, in comparision to 2021, at unexpected CAGR during 2022-2028.

Specialized Formula Medical NutritionMarket Research Report is spread across 125 Pages with 177 Number of Tables and Figures that provides exclusive data, information, vital statistics, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

Analysis on COVID-19 Outbreak Impact Include:

In light of COVID-19, the report includes a range of factors that impacted the market. It also discusses the trends. Based on the upstream and downstream markets, the report precisely covers all factors, including an analysis of the supply chain, consumer behavior, demand, etc. Our report also describes how vigorously COVID-19 has affected diverse regions and significant nations.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

TO KNOW HOW COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND RUSSIA UKRAINE WAR WILL IMPACT THIS MARKET - REQUEST SAMPLE

The Major Players covered in the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market report are:

● NUTRICION MEDICA SL.
● Meiji Holdings
● Medtrition
● Baxter International
● B. Braun Melsungen
● Fresenius Kabi
● Mead Johnson and Company
● Abbott Laboratories
● Danone Nutricia
● Victus
● Adriaan Goede
● Cambrooke Therapeutics
● GlaxoSmithKline
● Nestle
● Kate Farms
● Perrigo Company
● Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical
● AYMES International

Scope Of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market:

The GlobalSpecialized Formula Medical Nutrition market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2022 and 2028. In 2020, the market is growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

Medical Nutrition refers to therapeutic compositions specially processed or formulated and intended for the dietary management of patients.

Report Overview

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global market for Product Name estimated at USD million in the year 2022, is projected to reach a revised size of USD million by 2028, growing at a CAGR of % during the forecast period 2022-2028.

The USA market for Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The China market for Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The Europe market for Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The global key manufacturers of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition include NUTRICION MEDICA SL., Meiji Holdings, Medtrition, Baxter International, B. Braun Melsungen, Fresenius Kabi, Mead Johnson and Company, Abbott Laboratories and Danone Nutricia, etc. In 2021, the global top five players had a share approximately % in terms of revenue.

Report Scope

This latest report researches the industry structure, sales, revenue, price and gross margin. Major producers' production locations, market shares, industry ranking and profiles are presented. The primary and secondary research is done in order to access up-to-date government regulations, market information and industry data. Data were collected from the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition manufacturers, distributors, end users, industry associations, governments' industry bureaus, industry publications, industry experts, third party database, and our in-house databases.

This report also includes a discussion of the major players across each regional Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market. Further, it explains the major drivers and regional dynamics of the global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market and current trends within the industry.

Get a trial PDF of report -https://www.precisionreports.co/enquiry/request-sample/21883712

Report further studies the market development status and future Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market trend across the world. Also, it splits Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market Segmentation by Type and by Applications to fully and deeply research and reveal market profile and prospects.

On the basis of product typethis report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into:

● Infant Medical Nutrition Products
● Enteral Medical Nutrition Products
● Parenteral Medical Nutrition Products

On the basis of the end users/applicationsthis report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate for each application, including:

● Adult
● Geriatric
● Pediatric

Get a trial Copy of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Report 2022

Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market - Regional Analysis:

Geographically, this report is segmented into several key regions, with sales, revenue, market share and growth Rate of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition in these regions, from 2015 to 2027, covering

● North America (United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam) ● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia etc.) ● Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

● What is the global (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa) sales value, production value, consumption value, import and export of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition? ● Who are the global key manufacturers of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Industry? How is their operating situation (capacity, production, sales, price, cost, gross, and revenue)? ● What are the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Industry? ● Which application/end-user or product type may seek incremental growth prospects? What is the market share of each type and application? ● What focused approach and constraints are holding the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market? ● What are the different sales, marketing, and distribution channels in the global industry? ● What are the upstream raw materials and manufacturing equipment of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition along with the manufacturing process of Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition? ● What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market? ● Economic impact on the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition industry and development trend of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition industry. ● What are the market opportunities, market risk, and market overview of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market? ● What are the key drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges of the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market, and how they are expected to impact the market? ● What is the Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition market size at the regional and country-level?

Our research analysts will help you to get customized details for your report, which can be modified in terms of a specific region, application or any statistical details. In addition, we are always willing to comply with the study, which triangulated with your own data to make the market research more comprehensive in your perspective.

Inquire more and share questions if any before the purchase on this report at -https://www.precisionreports.co/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/21883712

Detailed TOC of Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Research Report 2022

1 Report Overview
1.1 Research Scope
1.2 Market Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.2.2 Infant Medical Nutrition Products
1.2.3 Enteral Medical Nutrition Products
1.2.4 Parenteral Medical Nutrition Products
1.3 Market Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Share by Application (2017 VS 2021 VS 2028)
1.3.2 Adult
1.3.3 Geriatric
1.3.4 Pediatric
1.4 Study Objectives
1.5 Years Considered
2 Market Perspective
2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size (2017-2028)
2.1.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue (2017-2028)
2.1.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales (2017-2028)
2.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size across Key Geographies Worldwide: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
2.2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Regions (2017-2022)
2.2.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Regions (2017-2022)
2.3 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size Forecast by Region
2.3.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.3.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.4 Global Top Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Regions (Countries) Ranking by Market Size
2.5 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Dynamics
2.5.1 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Trends
2.5.2 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Drivers
2.5.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Challenges
2.5.4 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Restraints
3 Competitive Landscape by Manufacturers
3.1 Global Top Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Manufacturers by Sales (2017-2022)
3.1.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.1.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.1.3 Global 5 and 10 Largest Manufacturers by Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales in 2021
3.2 Global Top Manufacturers Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition by Revenue
3.2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.2.2 Top Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Manufacturers Covered: Ranking by Revenue
3.2.3 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
3.2.4 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
3.3 Global Top Manufacturers by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) and (based on the Revenue in Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition as of 2021)
3.4 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Average Selling Price (ASP) by Manufacturers
3.5 Key Manufacturers Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Plants/Factories Distribution and Area Served
3.6 Date of Key Manufacturers Enter into Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market
3.7 Key Manufacturers Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Product Offered
3.8 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
4 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
4.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Historic Market Review by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
4.1.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Price by Type (2017-2022)
4.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Estimates and Forecasts by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
4.2.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
5 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
5.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Historic Market Review by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
5.1.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Price by Application (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Estimates and Forecasts by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.1 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.2 Global Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
5.2.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Price Forecast by Application (2023-2028)
6 North America
6.1 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Breakdown by Company
6.1.1 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Company (2017-2022)
6.1.2 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
6.2 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
6.2.1 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Type (2017-2028)
6.2.2 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
6.3 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
6.3.1 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Application (2017-2028)
6.3.2 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
6.4 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Country
6.4.1 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Country (2017-2028)
6.4.2 North America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
6.4.3 U.S.
6.4.4 Canada
7 Europe
7.1 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Breakdown by Company
7.1.1 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Company (2017-2022)
7.1.2 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
7.2 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
7.2.1 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Type (2017-2028)
7.2.2 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
7.3 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
7.3.1 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Application (2017-2028)
7.3.2 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
7.4 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Country
7.4.1 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Country (2017-2028)
7.4.2 Europe Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
7.4.3 Germany
7.4.4 France
7.4.5 U.K.
7.4.6 Italy
7.4.7 Russia
8 Asia Pacific
8.1 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Breakdown by Company
8.1.1 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Company (2017-2022)
8.1.2 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
8.2 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
8.2.1 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Type (2017-2028)
8.2.2 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
8.3 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
8.3.1 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Application (2017-2028)
8.3.2 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
8.4 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Region
8.4.1 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Region
8.4.2 Asia Pacific Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Region
8.4.3 China
8.4.4 Japan
8.4.5 South Korea
8.4.6 India
8.4.7 Australia
8.4.8 Taiwan
8.4.9 Indonesia
8.4.10 Thailand
8.4.11 Malaysia
8.4.12 Philippines
8.4.13 Vietnam
9 Latin America
9.1 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Breakdown by Company
9.1.1 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Company (2017-2022)
9.1.2 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
9.2 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
9.2.1 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Type (2017-2028)
9.2.2 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
9.3 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
9.3.1 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Application (2017-2028)
9.3.2 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
9.4 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Country
9.4.1 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Country (2017-2028)
9.4.2 Latin America Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
9.4.3 Mexico
9.4.4 Brazil
9.4.5 Argentina
10 Middle East and Africa
10.1 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Breakdown by Company
10.1.1 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Company (2017-2022)
10.1.2 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Company (2017-2022)
10.2 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Type
10.2.1 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Type (2017-2028)
10.2.2 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Type (2017-2028)
10.3 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Application
10.3.1 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Application (2017-2028)
10.3.2 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Application (2017-2028)
10.4 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Market Size by Country
10.4.1 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales by Country (2017-2028)
10.4.2 Middle East and Africa Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Revenue by Country (2017-2028)
10.4.3 Turkey
10.4.4 Saudi Arabia
10.4.5 U.A.E
11 Company Profiles
11.1 NUTRICION MEDICA SL.
11.1.1 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. Corporation Information
11.1.2 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. Overview
11.1.3 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.1.4 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.1.5 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.1.6 NUTRICION MEDICA SL. latest Developments
11.2 Meiji Holdings
11.2.1 Meiji Holdings Corporation Information
11.2.2 Meiji Holdings Overview
11.2.3 Meiji Holdings Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.2.4 Meiji Holdings Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.2.5 Meiji Holdings Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.2.6 Meiji Holdings latest Developments
11.3 Medtrition
11.3.1 Medtrition Corporation Information
11.3.2 Medtrition Overview
11.3.3 Medtrition Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.3.4 Medtrition Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.3.5 Medtrition Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.3.6 Medtrition latest Developments
11.4 Baxter International
11.4.1 Baxter International Corporation Information
11.4.2 Baxter International Overview
11.4.3 Baxter International Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.4.4 Baxter International Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.4.5 Baxter International Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.4.6 Baxter International latest Developments
11.5 B. Braun Melsungen
11.5.1 B. Braun Melsungen Corporation Information
11.5.2 B. Braun Melsungen Overview
11.5.3 B. Braun Melsungen Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.5.4 B. Braun Melsungen Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.5.5 B. Braun Melsungen Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.5.6 B. Braun Melsungen latest Developments
11.6 Fresenius Kabi
11.6.1 Fresenius Kabi Corporation Information
11.6.2 Fresenius Kabi Overview
11.6.3 Fresenius Kabi Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.6.4 Fresenius Kabi Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.6.5 Fresenius Kabi Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.6.6 Fresenius Kabi latest Developments
11.7 Mead Johnson and Company
11.7.1 Mead Johnson and Company Corporation Information
11.7.2 Mead Johnson and Company Overview
11.7.3 Mead Johnson and Company Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.7.4 Mead Johnson and Company Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.7.5 Mead Johnson and Company Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.7.6 Mead Johnson and Company latest Developments
11.8 Abbott Laboratories
11.8.1 Abbott Laboratories Corporation Information
11.8.2 Abbott Laboratories Overview
11.8.3 Abbott Laboratories Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.8.4 Abbott Laboratories Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.8.5 Abbott Laboratories Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.8.6 Abbott Laboratories latest Developments
11.9 Danone Nutricia
11.9.1 Danone Nutricia Corporation Information
11.9.2 Danone Nutricia Overview
11.9.3 Danone Nutricia Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.9.4 Danone Nutricia Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.9.5 Danone Nutricia Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.9.6 Danone Nutricia latest Developments
11.10 Victus
11.10.1 Victus Corporation Information
11.10.2 Victus Overview
11.10.3 Victus Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.10.4 Victus Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.10.5 Victus Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition SWOT Analysis
11.10.6 Victus latest Developments
11.11 Adriaan Goede
11.11.1 Adriaan Goede Corporation Information
11.11.2 Adriaan Goede Overview
11.11.3 Adriaan Goede Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.11.4 Adriaan Goede Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.11.5 Adriaan Goede latest Developments
11.12 Cambrooke Therapeutics
11.12.1 Cambrooke Therapeutics Corporation Information
11.12.2 Cambrooke Therapeutics Overview
11.12.3 Cambrooke Therapeutics Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.12.4 Cambrooke Therapeutics Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.12.5 Cambrooke Therapeutics latest Developments
11.13 GlaxoSmithKline
11.13.1 GlaxoSmithKline Corporation Information
11.13.2 GlaxoSmithKline Overview
11.13.3 GlaxoSmithKline Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.13.4 GlaxoSmithKline Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.13.5 GlaxoSmithKline latest Developments
11.14 Nestle
11.14.1 Nestle Corporation Information
11.14.2 Nestle Overview
11.14.3 Nestle Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.14.4 Nestle Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.14.5 Nestle latest Developments
11.15 Kate Farms
11.15.1 Kate Farms Corporation Information
11.15.2 Kate Farms Overview
11.15.3 Kate Farms Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.15.4 Kate Farms Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.15.5 Kate Farms latest Developments
11.16 Perrigo Company
11.16.1 Perrigo Company Corporation Information
11.16.2 Perrigo Company Overview
11.16.3 Perrigo Company Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.16.4 Perrigo Company Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.16.5 Perrigo Company latest Developments
11.17 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical
11.17.1 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical Corporation Information
11.17.2 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical Overview
11.17.3 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.17.4 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.17.5 Sichuan Kelun Pharmaceutical latest Developments
11.18 AYMES International
11.18.1 AYMES International Corporation Information
11.18.2 AYMES International Overview
11.18.3 AYMES International Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales, Revenue, Average Selling Price (ASP) and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
11.18.4 AYMES International Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Products and Services
11.18.5 AYMES International latest Developments
12 Value Chain and Sales Channels Analysis
12.1 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Value Chain Analysis
12.2 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Key Raw Materials
12.2.1 Key Raw Materials
12.2.2 Raw Materials Key Suppliers
12.3 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Production Mode and Process
12.4 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales and Marketing
12.4.1 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Sales Channels
12.4.2 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Distributors
12.5 Specialized Formula Medical Nutrition Customers
13 Research Findings and Conclusion
14 Appendix
14.1 Research Methodology
14.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach
14.1.2 Data Source
14.2 Author Details
14.3 Disclaimer

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Killexams : In wake of baby formula crisis, highly critical report recommends major food safety changes at FDA

Video: Food scientist explains how to stop your groceries going bad

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To help prevent outbreaks of food-related illness and problems like the formula shortage that left many parents in the US without adequate access to food for their babies, the US Food and Drug Administration needs a clearer mission and a different kind of leadership, and it has to act with more urgency, according to a highly critical new report.

After the agency faced serious criticism for its handling of the formula shortage, FDA Commissioner Dr. Robert Califf commissioned the review of the Human Foods Program in July from the Reagan-Udall Foundation, an independent group of experts.

The need for a review was considered so urgent that Califf asked the group to submit the report in 60 business days – lightning speed for government-focused reports. It was submitted to the FDA on Tuesday.

About 48 million Americans get some kind of foodborne illness every year, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Of those, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die. Produce alone in 2019 was responsible for 46% of foodborne illness outbreaks, according to the US Department of Agriculture.

The FDA oversees the safety of 78% of the US human food supply.

It enforces food safety regulations, works with local governments on food safety information, promotes dietary guidelines, and develops food safety information and education, as well as overseeing nutrition labels on most food and being responsible for promoting good nutrition practices to the US public.

The US food supply is generally recognized as safe, the Reagan-Udall Foundation’s report said, but the FDA needs to be much more proactive in dealing with foodborne pathogens in order to protect Americans.

“An approach that is primarily focused on identifying and reacting to acute outbreaks of foodborne illness and death is unacceptable,” the report says.

Americans’ nutrition can also improve, the report says. Most people don’t follow the US dietary recommendations, and more than a million die of diseases that can be linked to diet such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer each year, according to the FDA

“Relying solely on food labeling and consumer education to drive the needed changes in the food supply is also an unacceptable strategy for reducing diet-related chronic diseases,” the new report says.

Major changes recommended

The report suggests that the agency needs major reform in order to do a better job managing food in the US. Some of the proposed changes would require congressional approval.

The report has several suggestions for ways to reach these goals. One would create a separate Center for Nutrition within the US Department of Health and Human Services. Another would have the FDA develop a strategy to increase funding for the Human Foods Program, with help from Congress. The agency could also connect its technology systems so they better communicate with each other.

The FDA could seek to amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to allow the disclosure of more information to local agencies. Or it could get regulatory authority to request records from food manufacturers in advance or in lieu of inspection.

The report recommends that the FDA explore applying its authority to require infant formula manufacturers, for instance, to keep microbiological testing records that are available on request so there is real-time disclosure of results.

It also suggests that the FDA use its mandatory recall authority more often and that there should be a process by which accommodations are made for products that are considered life-sustaining, like formula. At the moment, food recalls are usually voluntarily initiated by a manufacturer or food distributor.

The report also notes that the food program is run under the leadership of several managers. This “lack of a single, clearly identified person” to lead the program has led to a culture of “constant turmoil” and “indecisiveness and inaction” that has created “disincentives for collaboration,” according to the report.

That turmoil was partly to blame for the agency’s problematic handling of the formula shortage, the report says.

Experts have said the agency failed to act quickly enough on sanitation complaints at an Abbott Nutrition formula manufacturing facility in Michigan, and because of a lack of communication across departments, it didn’t circumvent what became a massive shortage of formula after the plant shut down.

“A review of events indicates that lack of communication and engagement across the Agency accounted, in part, for missteps,” the new report says. “There was little motivation, and apparently no requirement, to share information and interact across the Agency to facilitate critical thinking and proactive decision-making.

“This is especially problematic in a crisis, where decisions should be made quickly and be vetted properly.”

The report suggests that the FDA create a new structure with clear roles and leaders. It also encourages development of a culture that is more transparent, that acts quickly and collaborates.

“The current culture of the FDA Human Foods Program is inhibiting its ability to effectively accomplish this goal” of protecting public health,” the report says.

‘A new vision’

Califf said Tuesday that the agency has not had the opportunity to review the report in depth but that the report provides “significant observations” and options to consider.

“The work of these independent evaluators will help to inform a new vision for the FDA Human Foods Program,” Califf said in a news release.

Some critics have suggested that food safety takes a back seat to the FDA’s regulations of drugs and medical devices. Califf acknowledged that food policy was important to the agency, citing the decline in life expectancy in the US largely due to chronic diseases that can be improved with good nutrition.

“The Human Foods Program is a top priority for the agency. America’s food supply is as safe as it’s ever been,” he said. “That said, over the past several years, the program has been stressed by the increasing diversity and complexity of the nation’s food systems and supply chain, the ongoing impacts associated with climate change and rapid advances in the science underlying many of the foods we eat today.”

The FDA will inform the public about how it is moving forward on the panel’s suggestions by the end of January and will provide additional updates at the end of February, including on any structural or procedural changes it will make, Califf said.

He said he’s putting together a group of leaders at the FDA that will advise him on how to “operationalize these findings,” and he expects these leaders to be “bold and focused on the transformative opportunities ahead for the FDA’s food program.”

‘A very encouraging first step’

In April, a coalition of 30 organizations that represent industry, local regulators and consumers sent a letter to the FDA asking for the creation of a deputy commissioner for foods with direct line authority over all the agency’s food components.

One of the organizations, Consumer Reports, has called for months for more accountability and focused leadership from the FDA.

“We need strengthened leadership and accountability at the FDA to implement a culture of prevention, respond more quickly to problems as they arise, and take timely action on proposed food safety rules and initiatives,” Brian Ronholm, Consumer Reports’ director of food policy, said Tuesday.

Ronholm called the new report a “very encouraging first step.”

“We cannot afford to tolerate the status quo and let this moment go by without adopting fundamental changes to Strengthen the FDA’s ability to protect the public and ensure our food is safe,” he said in a statement.

The Consumer Brands Association, a trade association for food manufacturers that also signed the April letter, said Tuesday that the lack of a single leader on food policy leads to “a lot of inefficiencies.”

“A siloed approach across FDA makes it harder for industry to engage,” said Sarah Gallo, the organization’s vice president for product policy. “It is just really complicated when you don’t have somebody looking over the different parts of the agency that have some form of jurisdiction over all those things.

“We can’t ignore what happened with the formula crisis,” Gallo added, a tangible example of what can happen when the FDA is not functioning at its best.

Roberta Wagner, vice president of regulatory and technical affairs for the Consumer Brands Association, agreed that if there were one person in charge, they could make sure the inspection and policy parts of the FDA would work together.

Wagner added that the food industry has embraced a more prevention-oriented kind of philosophy when it comes to safety. “Quite frankly, the problem is, FDA’s inspection force has not modernized itself or its approaches to basically mirror that prevention-oriented system and philosophy,” Wagner said.

The FDA food division has its work cut out for it, though, added Wagner, who worked with the agency in several capacities before joining the association.

“Think about it: The FDA has to keep up with hundreds of thousands of farms and facilities,” she said. “If you have these siloed operations, you’re not having these really critical conversations about where we should be and what should we be doing out there.

“We all want an FDA with a strong foods program. We want consumers not to worry about what they’re eating or whether they’re going to be able to get that certain needed food product,” Wagner added.

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Tue, 06 Dec 2022 11:43:50 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/other/in-wake-of-baby-formula-crisis-highly-critical-report-recommends-major-food-safety-changes-at-fda/ar-AA14ZGFh
Killexams : Egg shortage: A nutritionist on the best egg alternatives

Eggs are currently in short supply, with shops and supermarkets limiting their sales. The main cause of this shortage has been blamed on the avian (bird) flu which has risen to a record number of cases. However, egg producers are also reporting that the egg shortage is due to the unprecedented level of inflation and spiraling costs driven by global events.

Those following a vegan lifestyle and people who follow some religions, such as Hinduism and Jainism do not eat eggs as they are not viewed as strictly vegetarian. So there are already plenty of egg alternatives out there.

When it comes to egg replacements, there does need to be some consideration as to whether the substitute has the same moisture, protein and fats as an egg. It also needs to be able to support the other ingredients without overpowering them to maintain the taste. So what are the options?

Pureed fruit

As are key in providing structure, leavening, richness, color and flavor to baked products they are central to most recipes. But pureed fruits can be particularly good substitutes in baking cakes, muffins, brownies and quick breads.

Fruits such as unsweetened apple sauce, banana, pumpkin and avocado are the most popular examples. Though some care needs to be taken if using bananas as they can have a distinct flavor within cooking. Fruits are an excellent source of essential vitamins and minerals as well as being high in fiber. They also include a wide range of antioxidants which can lower your odds of some diseases.

Flaxseed and Chia seeds

Flaxseed and Chia seeds are highly nutritious egg alternatives—high in omega-3 , fiber and other unique plant compounds, including high levels of antioxidants.

Flaxseed comes from the flowering flax plant, which originates from Egypt. Similarly, Chia seeds are the edible seeds of a flowering plant from the mint family. The plant originates from Central and South America. As an ingredient, the seeds are very versatile because they can absorb liquid and form a gel-like substance—making them a perfect egg replacement.

The seeds of both can either be ground at home or bought as a ready-made meal. When mixed with water, the paste can then be used for making pancakes, waffles, muffins, breads and cookies. These seeds may have a slightly nutty flavor when used in recipes.

Tofu

Tofu is an ideal egg substitute as it's an excellent source of protein, vitamins and minerals including calcium, iron, manganese, zinc, selenium, phosphorous and B vitamins which can protect against illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes and some cancers. It also promotes brain and bone health.

Silken tofu is a relatively flavorless food with a high-water content leading to a softer consistency in baking. While scrambled tofu is an excellent substitute for those who want to still feel they are eating eggs on their own.

Aquafaba

Aquafaba is the liquid left over from cooked chickpeas and is an ideal substitute for binding. It can also be whipped into stiff peaks and used to make meringues, macaroons, waffles and mayonnaise.

Although you would only use the liquid for the egg substitute do not throw the chickpeas away as these are a rich source of protein, vitamins, minerals and fiber.

Final tips

You could also try vinegar and baking soda, when mixed together they create a chemical reaction producing carbon dioxide and water. This added instead of an egg can work especially well in baked goods that are meant to be light and airy such as cakes and quick breads.

Both yogurt and buttermilk are also good substitutes for eggs, but again use plain versions to avoid flavoring your cooking. These work well in muffins and cakes. You could also use chickpea flour and water to create pancakes, quiches and in baking.

As Christmas is fast approaching and festive baking needs to be completed an alternative to those all-important eggs needs to be considered. So don't despair if you can't get your hands on any as there are plenty of options. But you may want to experiment first with the various substitutes to find what works best with your recipes.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.The Conversation

Citation: Egg shortage: A nutritionist on the best egg alternatives (2022, December 1) retrieved 9 December 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-12-egg-shortage-nutritionist-alternatives.html

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Thu, 01 Dec 2022 04:03:00 -0600 en text/html https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-12-egg-shortage-nutritionist-alternatives.html
Killexams : A Harvard nutritionist and brain expert says avoid these 5 foods to keep your 'memory and focus sharp'

1. Foods made with industrial and processed seed oils

Highly processed oils are often extracted from soybeans, corn, rapeseed (the source of canola oil), cottonseed, sunflower and safflower seeds, and contain a lot of omega-6 fatty acids.

Excess consumption of omega-6s can trigger the body to produce chemicals that can lead to inflammation in the brain.

If you're sautéing vegetables or grilling fish or meat, I recommend using olive, coconut or avocado oil.

2. Foods with added and refined sugars

Our brain uses energy in the form of glucose, a type of sugar, to fuel cellular activities. But a high sugar diet can lead to excess glucose in the brain.

This can cause memory impairments and less plasticity of the hippocampus, the part of the brain that controls memory. 

Don't forget that many savory foods have hidden added sugars, too, like store-bought pasta sauces, ketchup, salad dressings and even canned soups. Swap these out for homemade items made with whole foods.

3. Processed foods

A diet high in ultra-processed foods may put you at risk of having shorter telomeres — or the "cap" on our DNA. Longer telomeres tend to promote healthy cellular aging. Shortening our telomeres may mean that we are at risk of degenerative disease earlier in life.

A 2022 study also found that participants who consumed high amounts of ultra-processed foods like baked goods and sodas were more likely to experience mild depression compared to those who consumed the least.

Here's a tip: If you can't pronounce an ingredient, or have no idea what it is, it's often best to avoid it.

4. Foods with artificial sweeteners

When you use artificial sweeteners that have no nutritional value, they can increase "bad" gut bacteria which can negatively affect your mood.

These sweeteners include saccharin, sucralose and stevia. Aspartame can be especially harmful, and has been directly linked with anxiety in research studies. It also causes oxidation, which increases harmful free radicals in the brain.

Some alternatives to consider: Honey, monk fruit extract or coconut sugar.

5. Fried foods

While items that are battered, crusted or deep-fried may be at the top of the comfort foods list, they can be damaging to the brain.

A study of over 18,000 people found that a diet high in fried foods was linked to lower scores of memory and cognition.

As an alternative, I suggest opting for baked, air-fried, or steamed versions of your favorite foods.

Dr. Uma Naidoo is a nutritional psychiatrist, brain expert, and faculty member at Harvard Medical School. She is also the Director of Nutritional & Lifestyle Psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital and author of the best-selling book "This Is Your Brain on Food: An Indispensable Guide to the Surprising Foods that Fight Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, OCD, ADHD, and More." Follow her on Twitter and Instagram.

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Fri, 02 Dec 2022 08:36:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/2022/12/02/harvard-nutritionist-and-brain-expert-shares-worst-foods-that-weaken-memory-and-focus.html
Killexams : Study shows how dietary saturated/trans fats promote liver tumorigenesis

Fatty foods harm our health. Prior research has established a link between the consumption of dietary fats and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which subsequently leads to inflammation and tumor formation in the liver. However, the precise effects of dietary fat composition on liver tumorigenesis remain elusive. A new study shows that dietary saturated/trans fats, but not cholesterol, can induce hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, key drivers of tumorigenesis, in hepatitis C virus core gene transgenic mice.

Study shows how dietary saturated/trans fats promote liver tumorigenesis

Image Credit: Shinshu University

In light of the latest pandemic, people across the globe are increasingly becoming aware of the importance of consistent high-quality nutrition and daily exercise. Multiple studies have already demonstrated the positive and negative effects of various dietary constituents on human health. More specifically, prior studies conducted on certain types of transgenic mice have shown that fat-rich diets comprising trans-fatty acid (TFA), saturated fatty acid (SFA), and cholesterol cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which may then promote inflammation and tumor formation in the liver. However, the precise effects of dietary fat compositions have remained unknown so far.

Researchers led by Professor Naoki Tanaka from the Department of Global Medical Research Promotion, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan, have recently endeavored to fine-tune previous findings and fill in this gap in knowledge. Using experiments involving transgenic mice, they have successfully shown that dietary saturated/trans fats, but not cholesterol, can trigger hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, leading to the promotion of hepatic tumors. Angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) and lymphangiogenesis (formation of new lymphatic vessels), i.e., neovasculogenesis, are key determinants for the survival, proliferation, and metastasis of cancer cells.

Dietary TFA, SFA, and cholesterol are present in a variety of food sources. For instance, cholesterol is abundant in animal-derived foods like eggs, cheese, shellfish, meats, sardines, and full-fat yogurt. Whereas SFA is primarily found in animal and plant products such as red meat, dairy items, palm oil, and coconut oil, TFA naturally occurs in dairy products and animal meat in relatively smaller amounts. Certain products, such as partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, contain relatively larger amounts of TFA."

Professor Naoki Tanaka, Department of Global Medical Research Promotion, Shinshu University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan

To study the association between dietary fat composition and liver neovasculogenesis, the researchers fed hepatitis C virus core gene transgenic (HCVcpTg) mice with a control diet or with TFA-/SFA-/cholesterol-rich diets containing the same number of calories. The cholesterol diet comprised ingredients with 1.5% cholesterol, the SFAs were derived from hydrogenated coconut oil, and the TFA diet consisted of shortening. The researchers then monitored the degree of hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis and growth factor expression using a variety of techniques including quantitative mRNA measurement, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. They reported their findings in an article that was made available online on 16 September 2022 and subsequently published in Liver Cancer.

Says Prof. Tanaka, "Long-term feeding of SFA and TFA diets to HCVcpTg mice increased the expressions of vascular endothelial cell indicators like CD31 and TEK receptor tyrosine kinase, in addition to lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1. We also detected elevated levels of vascular endothelial growth factor C and fibroblast growth factor receptors 2 and 3, as well as c-Jun N-terminal kinase and hypoxia-inducible factor 1α in the mice livers." Incidentally, vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptors 2 and 3, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1α are important biomolecules involved in cell communication and growth signaling. JNK-HIF1α-VEGF-C axis and FGFs are thus powerful drivers of hepatic neovasculogenesis.

What does this information translate to? Increased formation of new blood and lymphatic vessels in the liver.

But this may not necessarily be bad news. According to Prof. Tanaka, "We demonstrated for the first time that hepatic angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis were enhanced by saturated-fat- or trans-fat-rich diets, but not cholesterol-rich diets, mainly through the JNK-HIF1α-VEGF-C axis. These processes are crucial targets for treating hepatocellular carcinoma."

He further adds: "Agents inhibiting hepatic angiogenesis are widely used for treating hepatocellular carcinoma. However, I also recommend avoiding fatty-acid-rich diets especially if someone is at a high risk of developing liver cancer or undergoing treatment for liver cancer."

Besides monitoring our food intake, the researchers also recommend developing newer methods of food production that can significantly decrease the generation of trans-fatty acids in foods. This, based on their observations in this study, is in keeping with the World Health Organization's call for global elimination of industrially-generated trans-fatty acids from our food supplies by 2023 under the "REPLACE" action package.

Saying no to French fries may not be that easy, but in the interest of our hepatic health, we may just have to, thanks to these insightful findings by the researchers of Shinshu University.

Source:

Journal reference:

Diao, P., et al. (2022) Dietary Fat Composition Affects Hepatic Angiogenesis and Lymphangiogenesis in Hepatitis C Virus Core Gene Transgenic Mice. Liver Cancer. doi.org/10.1159/000525546.

Wed, 07 Dec 2022 14:10:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.news-medical.net/news/20221207/Study-shows-how-dietary-saturatedtrans-fats-promote-liver-tumorigenesis.aspx
Killexams : Is zucchini a good source of probiotic food? Find out what the experts say Zucchini image © Provided by Getty Images Zucchini image
Postgraduate in Nutritional Support/Bachelor in Nutrition · 13 years of experience · Argentina

Normally, zucchini is not a good source of probiotics, although, pickled vegetables are a probiotic-rich food. So try taken them this way.

See more questions and expert answers related to Zucchini.

Love Zucchini? Get nutritional facts, tips from health experts, and more

PhD in Nutrition · 11 years of experience · Brazil

Zucchini is not one of the richest foods in fiber, but it can still have prebiotic action. Speaking of prebiotics and probiotics let's clarify the difference! Probiotic is the microorganism that lives in our gut, like bacteria, and has beneficial health action. The prebiotic is the food of these microorganisms, fibers for example.

See more questions and expert answers related to Zucchini.

Love Zucchini? Get nutritional facts, tips from health experts, and more

Master of Science (MSc) In Nutrition · 12 years of experience · South Africa

The zucchini courgette or baby marrow (Cucurbita pepo) is a summer squash, a vining herbaceous plant. Zucchini is one of the vegetable high in fibers and fermented zucchini it has been used in dairy products to act as probiotics. People with lactose intolerance should check with their Doctor before using this vegetable as lactase supplement or probiotic.

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Killexams : Diabetes Diet Tips: 5 Herbs And Spices That May Help Manage Blood Sugar

Diabetes is one of the major threats that people are facing today across the globe. According to the International Diabetes Federation, approximately 537 million adults, aged between 20 and 79, are affected by this lifestyle disease. The data further claims that the total number of people living with diabetes is projected to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045. India too is experiencing a boom in diabetes. Consultant nutritionist Rupali Datta states, "Type 2 diabetes is a major health issue that we face today. While our ethnicity, genetic predisposition, makes us more vulnerable to diabetes, the cause for this is our lifestyle." Hence, experts from across the globe recommend maintaining a healthy lifestyle and food habits to keep our blood sugar levels in check.

But let's agree, maintaining a healthy diet during the winter seems quite impossible, especially when you have a range of decadent seasonal foods all around. Besides, we tend to do fewer physical activities during this time of the year, slowing down the process of metabolism. According to multiple studies, the above factors lead to a slowing down of metabolism, further affecting the blood sugar level in the body. "Your body may ask for more calories to fuel itself against the cold. This is a natural response from the body. Just make sure you don't overeat and stick to the right foods," reads a note on diabetes.co.uk.

Considering this, we found some natural herbs and spices that can be a great inclusion to your winter diet and to maintain your blood sugar levels. Let's take a look.

Also Read: Diabetes: 5 Winter Superfoods For Diabetes You Must Have In Your Kitchen

Here Are 5 Herbs And Spices That Are Good For Diabetes:

Coriander Seeds For Diabetes:

  • Several studies have found that coriander seeds help increase the production of insulin, Strengthen carbohydrate metabolism and increase hypoglycaemic action, further helping stabilise blood glucose levels.
  • It improves digestion and promotes proper absorption and assimilation of sugar, resulting in a marked decrease in blood sugar levels.
  • The presence of ethanol in these seeds is effective in reducing serum glucose or blood sugar.

How To Use Coriander Seeds For Diabetes:

According to celebrity nutritionist Lovneet Batra, coriander seeds detox water is considered one of the most effective ways to include spice in your diabetes diet. She further states, have it in the morning, just after waking up.

(Also Read: 7 Amazing Coriander Seeds Benefits: From Tackling Diabetes to Improving the Skin)

Methi Seeds For Diabetes:

  • A study published in the International Journal For Vitamin and Nutrition Research found that a daily dose of 10 grams of methi seeds soaked in hot water may help control type-2 diabetes.
  • The spice contains fibre that helps slow down the digestion process, further regulating the absorption of carbohydrates and sugar.
  • Methi dana also helps in improving the way the body uses sugar.

How To Use Methi Seeds For Diabetes:

Celebrity nutritionist Lovneet Batra suggests having methi seed water (or methi water) before bedtime or in the morning to enjoy its benefits to the fullest. Soak the methi dana seeds the night before if you are having it for morning use.

Cinnamon For Diabetes:

  • As per the findings, published in the journal Diabetes Care, cinnamon may help Strengthen blood sugar and cholesterol levels in people suffering from type 2 diabetes.
  • Cinnamon is deemed to have an insulin-mimetic and insulin-sensitizing action to deal with high blood sugar levels.
  • Another study by American Diabetes Association states that cinnamon, when taken in the right amount, may help reduce blood glucose by 18-29% and also the risk factors associated with Type-2 diabetes.

How To Use Cinnamon For Diabetes:

Celebrity nutritionist Lovneet Batra recommends having cinnamon with milk. All you need to do is, add a pinch of cinnamon powder to a glass of hot milk and drink.

Turmeric For Diabetes:

  • Curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, is known to control blood sugar levels in the body.
  • Several studies have shown that turmeric can help increase insulin sensitivity, and prevent weight gain as well.
  • It is also loaded with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. These antioxidants help in fighting against free radicals which can cause oxidative damage in the body.

How To Use Turmeric For Diabetes:

According to 'The Complete Book of Ayurvedic Home Remedies' by Dr. Vasant Lad, you may add half a teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of hot milk and enjoy haldi doodh for overall health benefit.

Curry Leaves For Diabetes:

  • Curry leaves contain a good amount of fibre, responsible for slowing down digestion. This further helps keep blood sugar in check.
  • The herb also contains antioxidants like vitamins, beta-carotene etc that are said to hinder a range of diseases linked to oxidative damage from free radicals, including type-2 diabetes.
  • According to the study, published in DiePharmazie - an International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, curry leaves also contain anti-hyperglycaemic properties that are known to be effective in controlling blood glucose levels in the body.

How To Use Curry Leaves For Diabetes:

As per consultant nutritionist Rupali Datta, one can consume eight to 10 fresh curry leaves raw first thing in the morning, to control blood sugar levels in the body.

While each of the above herbs and spices is known for their health-benefiting properties, Rupali Datta suggests, the best practice is to consult a doctor before including any of these food ingredients in your diabetes diet.

Eat healthy, stay fit!

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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