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CA IdentityMinder r12.x Professional
Question: 44
CA IdentityMinder must integrate with CA SiteMinder in order to:
A. automatically remove white space in passwords.
B. add multiple regular expressions to a single password policy.
C. prevent passwords that are all numeric using a regular expression.
D. specify the maximum number of repeated characters in a password.
Answer: B
Question: 45
Which statement about using Active Directory password synchronization with CA
IdentityMinder is TRUE?
A. The new password is only propagated to the user's native Windows account.
B. Changes to password restrictions on the endpoint are automatically propagated to the
CA IdentityMinder Server.
C. The Password Synchronization Agent must be installed on the system on which
password changes areto be intercepted.
D. The system on which you are installing the Password Synchronization Agent must be
managed by a CA SiteMinder Policy Server.
Answer: C
Question: 46
You have deployed CA IdentityMinder with a CA SiteMinder Policy Server. During the
second day of testing your installation, you receive a "Not Loaded" error message when
you attempt to log in. You check that the User Store is running. Which other action
should you take to investigate this issue?
A. Check the application server log.
B. Verify that theWeb Agent is running correctly.
C. Verify that CA SiteMinder can connect to the User Store.
D. Set the Internet browser option "Show friendly error message"to off to view the status
Answer: C
Question: 47
For workflow installation, many steps that were previously manual are now performed
automatically by the installer. Nonetheless, you still need to use the Management
Console to:
A. create the workflow database.
B. populate the database with demo workflows.
C. enable workflow for your CA IdentityMinder environment.
D. create a JDBC data source and connection file for the application server
Answer: C
Question: 48
Which tasks does Config Xpress enable you to perform? (Choose three)
A. Map dynamic connectors to endpoints.
B. Move components between environments.
C. Publish a report of thesystem components to a PDF file.
D. Publish the XML configuration fora particular component.
E. Create complex business logic without the need to develop custom code.
Answer: B, C, D
Question: 49
Which statement about Task Execution Web Services (TEWS) is TRUE?
A. Its interface is slower than the native web interface due to XML parsing.
B. It enables a CA SiteMinder Policy Server to support CA Identity Minder.
C. It is used by CA IdentityMinder to export data to CA GovernanceMinder.
D. It translates requests into the internal languages of the provisioning software.
Answer: A
Question: 50
Because of a accurate acquisition by Forward Inc., which will add 1800 new users to the
system, you decide to use the Bulk Loader to feed the information to CA
IdentityMinder, You will need to prepare a file for the Bulk Loader, containing the
relevant details. Which Bulk Loader input file guidelines do you need to follow?
(Choose three)
A. The file should contain no header.
B. A field representing the action is mandatory.
C. Each file must describe a single managed object type.
D. Multivalued attributes must beseparated by a hash (#) symbol.
E. Attribute names should be the physical or well-known names of the managed objects.
Answer: B, C, E
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CA-Technologies IdentityMinder study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CAT-340 Search results CA-Technologies IdentityMinder study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CAT-340 https://killexams.com/exam_list/CA-Technologies CA Technologies delivers real-time analytics to help streamline Identity and access governance

CA Technologies (NASDAQ:CA) today announced the latest release of CA Identity Suite, its leading identity and access governance solution. Announced during the KuppingerCole European Identity and Cloud Conference, CA Identity Suite adds real-time analytics to strengthen operational efficiencies. It also provides new personalization and mobility capabilities plus pre-configured deployment scenarios that simplify the business user experience and drive faster implementation and time-to-value.

“The identity and access governance functions that are critical to the security and business operations of an organization are no longer the responsibility of a central IT group; that job is now in the hands of business users who need a streamlined and simple way to process identity-related tasks and workflows,” said Mordecai Rosen, general manager, CA Technologies, Security business. “CA is committed to providing the most robust, scalable and easy-to-use identity and access governance system for our customers and partners, while helping to ensure security, compliance and operational needs are met.”

By adding analytics into CA Identity Suite, customers have real-time insight into how core processes are operating within the identity management workflow. A deep visualization of each process and its status helps the managers responsible for access certifications identify and drill down to the root cause of any bottlenecks for quick remediation. This not only improves efficiency and productivity, it also reduces risk of breach by helping to ensure that access is removed quickly when user roles change or a user status is modified.

In addition to improving operations, CA Identity Suite improves the productivity and user experience of those individuals responsible for access certification. With new personalization options, users control how information is displayed and they have the option to take the workload offline for convenient review and decision-making. Comprehensive mobile support allows users to do everything they can do at their desk on their mobile device, including make access requests and manage the user lifecycle.

CA Identity Suite also has pre-configured the most common identity and access governance business user scenarios. The out-of-the-box configurations supply customers a jump-start to help speed deployment, whether it’s contractor lifecycle management (onboarding, termination), employee lifecycle management (modification, user type conversion) or user self-service. Instead of re-creating those common scenarios, customers simply do minor customization to the pre-packaged scenarios to meet their own unique needs. What can take weeks to configure in some situations with other solutions, can be done in just a few days with CA Identity Suite.

“Simeio Solutions and CA Technologies have been partners for more than eight years, putting the breadth of CA’s robust and highly scalable identity and access management technology into many organizations to address their security, compliance and identity operations needs,” said Shawn Keve, executive vice president, Simeio Solutions. “This new release of CA Identity Suite helps make identity processes even more user friendly for the business user by providing a customized interface and expanded mobility options.”

Thu, 12 May 2016 03:38:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://sdtimes.com/ca-technologies-delivers-real-time-analytics-help-streamline-identity-access-governance/

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Fri, 14 Aug 2020 22:18:00 -0500 en text/html https://cio.economictimes.indiatimes.com/tag/ca+technologies
AI tools being used by police who 'do not understand how these technologies work': Study

Artificial intelligence is already revolutionizing law enforcement, which has implemented advanced technology in their investigations, but "society has a moral obligation to mitigate the detrimental consequences," a accurate study says.

AI is in its teenage years, as some experts have said, but law enforcement agencies are already integrating predictive policing, facial recognition and technologies designed to detect gunshots into their investigations, according to a North Carolina State University report published in February.

The report was based on 20 semi-structured interviews of law enforcement professionals in North Carolina, and how AI impacts the relationships between communities and police jurisdictions. 

"We found that study participants were not familiar with AI, or with the limitations of AI technologies," said Jim Brunet, a co-author of the study and director of NC State’s Public Safety Leadership Initiative.


Crowd of business people tracked with technology walking on busy urban city streets. CCTV AI facial recognition big data analysis interface scanning, showing animated information. (Getty Images)

"This included AI technologies that participants had used on the job, such as facial recognition and gunshot detection technologies," he said. "However, study participants expressed support for these tools, which they felt were valuable for law enforcement."

Law enforcement officials believe AI will Strengthen public safety but could erode trust between police and civilians, according to the study. 


This comes at a time when American cities are wrestling with this politically divisive issue of curtailing crime while regaining the public's trust in the wake of George Floyd's murder at the hands of disgraced police officers. 

Ed Davis, who was the police commissioner during the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013, told Fox News Digital AI "will ultimately Strengthen investigations and allow many dangerous criminals to be brought to justice."


Now-retired Boston Police Commissioner Edward Davis III testifying on Capitol Hill in Washington, on July 10, 2013, before the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee hearing to review the lessons learned from the Boston Marathon bombings. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

But it comes with risks and pitfalls, Davis said, and criminals will have access to the same technology, which could negatively impact police investigations. 

The well-respected commissioner's comments are backed by the study's findings. 


"Policymaking guided by public consensus and collaborative discussion with law enforcement professionals must aim to promote accountability through the application of responsible design of AI in policing with an end state of providing societal benefits and mitigating harm to the populace," the study concludes. 

"Society has a moral obligation to mitigate the detrimental consequences of fully integrating AI technologies into law enforcement."


Part of the issue is police officers' general lack of knowledge about AI's capabilities and how they work, said Ronald Dempsey, the first author of the study and a former graduate student at NC State. 

That "makes it difficult or impossible for them to appreciate the limitations and ethical risks," Dempsey said. "That can pose significant problems for both law enforcement and the public."


Law enforcement's use of facial recognition boomed after the Jan. 6, 2021 Capitol riot.

Twenty out of 42 federal agencies that were surveyed by the Government Accountability Office in 2021 reported they use facial recognition in criminal investigations.

A Fox News poll on AI. (Fox News)

If the emerging AI technologies "are well-regulated and carefully implemented," a public safety good "can potentially increase community confidence in policing and the criminal justice system," the study found. 

"However, the study participants expressed concerns about the risks of algorithm bias (diversity and representativeness challenges), the challenge of replicating the human factor of empathy, and concerns about privacy and trust.


"In addition, fairness, accountability, transparency, and explainability challenges remain as presented in the broader academic debate," the study says. 

AI has the power to bridge or deepen the divide between police and the public, according to the study, which said it's essential that law enforcement leaders have a seat at the table for all talks about framework for how police can use the tech.

Veljko Dubljević, corresponding author of the study and an associate professor at North Carolina State University, said the guidelines can be used to inform AI decision-making.

"It’s also important to understand that AI tools are not foolproof," Dubljević said. "AI is subject to limitations. And if law enforcement officials don’t understand those limitations, they may place more value on the AI than is warranted – which can pose ethical challenges in itself."


Police have already made mistakes using facial recognition that led to wrongful arrests. 

AI algorithms falsely identified African American and Asian faces 10 to 100 times more than White faces, according to a 2019 study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. 

Addressing ethical and societal concerns by responsible design in AI policing technologies. This figure captures the findings from the study and synthesizes a framework with existing literature for addressing the ethical and societal concerns in AI policing by responsible design. (North Carolina State University)

"There are always dangers when law enforcement adopts technologies that were not developed with law enforcement in mind," Brunet said. 

"This certainly applies to AI technologies such as facial recognition. As a result, it’s critical for law enforcement officials to have some training in the ethical dimensions surrounding the use of these AI technologies."


The study emphasized creating a transparent culture of accountability that shows how AI technologies are being used in police investigations. 

A accurate New York Times report about a wrongful arrest based on facial recognition showed court documents and police reports didn't include any reference to the use of the AI tech, a practice that is reportedly becoming more prevalent. 

Overarching themes in law enforcement and artificial intelligence technologies. (North Carolina State University)

"As a final point, AI policing technologies must be explainable, at least generally, in how decisions are reached," the NC State study said. 

"Law enforcement professionals should, at a minimum, have a broad understanding of the AI technologies used in their jurisdictions and the criminal justice system as a whole. Procedural training for police officers who employ artificial intelligence technology."


The study was focused on North Carolina and is intended as a "snapshot" of an emerging trend and requires more research and education for law enforcement professionals. 

Mon, 15 May 2023 00:14:00 -0500 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/us/ai-tools-being-used-police-who-do-not-understand-how-these-technologies-work-study
How a 'Study Outfit' Can Actually Help You Learn

With the work-from-home era in full swing, I’ve found that I still venture out every few days to do my job from a coffee shop. Something about the change of scenery is helpful and gets me in a working mood. It’s hard to live, work, eat, sleep, clean, study, and relax all in the same space; at some point, when you’re stuck in a single room, those things all kind of start to blend together and it becomes all too easy to check personal messages during study time or tidy up when you should be answering emails.

Sometimes, though, you can’t change the scene. If you live in a shared space and are confined to your bedroom or are in a dorm and the library is closed, you can’t just go somewhere else. Hell, you don’t always have the time or energy to go somewhere else. You can still compartmentalize: by simply changing your clothes.

The benefits of compartmentalizing

The idea of compartmentalizing involves focusing on only one thing at a time, ideally in different settings. The advent of online classes and working from home has been great for so many reasons—but it really killed our ability to associate different locations with specific tasks.

Finding a way to compartmentalize is important, but it can be as easy as doing your job from your kitchen table and your homework from your bedroom. Whatever helps you change the setting just a bit to get your brain into “work” or “study” mode. But again, that’s just not always possible.

How changing your clothes can help you compartmentalize

During the pandemic, career advice sites were full of articles insisting you should still “get dressed” for work hours. Without taking it to an extreme, that’s actually a pretty good idea, even if it seemed offensive at the time to consider putting on real-deal business casual when the world was in pandemonium and there were seemingly more important things to think about. No, you don’t have to put on itchy nylons or stiff pants, but when you stay in your sweats from morning until night, you may find you have a lazier type of day.

The test Study Expert says that changing your clothes helps mark the transition between different tasks, so if you have to study for something big, consider having a designated outfit in which to do so. I recommend a “study sweatshirt”—really, just use a hoodie from your school. If you put this on at the same time every day and then get to work, your brain will start to associate that outfit change and time period with studying, even if you don’t alter anything else about your setting. Per USA Today, fashion psychologists say that people attach sentimental meanings to their clothing, even without realizing it.

There’s even a science-y term for this phenomenon: enclothed cognition. A study in 2012 involved giving participants a white lab coat, but telling half of them it was a painter’s jacket and the other half it was a doctor’s coat. The people who thought they were in a doctor’s coat had more sustained attention during tasks.

The researchers there found that the symbolic meaning and the experience of wearing the clothing played a role in the participants’ productivity and attention span, so you have to stick with this for it to be helpful. The repetition of putting on your “study sweatshirt” is just as important as designating the sweatshirt in the first place. Don’t wear the study sweatshirt for anything else or at any other time of day. When study time rolls around, that’s when you break it out. In no time, you’ll be as dedicated to your work as those people in the doctors’ coats.

Thu, 11 May 2023 03:35:00 -0500 en text/html https://lifehacker.com/how-a-study-outfit-can-actually-help-you-learn-1850424510
How Your Phone's Background Can Help You Study

Photo: GaudiLab (Shutterstock)

We love a tiny hack around here and sometimes, it’s the smallest ones that make a big impact. If you’re studying for finals right now, you might be feeling pretty overwhelmed trying to cram everything in. Even in your downtime, though, you can be subconsciously absorbing your materials.

Change your phone background

Think of something you’ve been studying lately and have to memorize—maybe the periodic table or a sequential list of steps. Find a way to condense it so the material is the size of your phone screen—then make it your background. (Alternatively, make it the screensaver and background on your computer.)

Every time you check the time, glance at your phone, or get a notification, you’ll see the material. Take a few seconds to read it over. Now, it’s ever-present. Any time you want to review or quiz yourself, just tap your phone so it lights up. You won’t have to dig through screenshots or notes to find what you need.

This also works for instructions, say, for an essay. Instead of continually opening up the instructions page, just keep it handy as the first thing you see on your phone so you can check your work and progress as you go.

Passive learning

Passive learning is what happens when you receive information with no feedback. Lectures and podcasts are passive learning tools, for instance. Active learning takes place when you’re engaging with the material, maybe by using flashcards or having a two-way discussion about it.

You can use the background-changing technique for a little bit of both. Passively, you’ll absorb just a little bit more of it when you glance at the screen, but you can actively study it, too, by toggling the screen on and off to quiz yourself. Try putting definitions you’re struggling with on there, for example. Toggle the screen off, try to remember the definition, and turn it back on to check your work. Do this throughout the day and notice that you’re starting to absorb the definitions more easily thanks to the combination of seeing them all the time and quizzing yourself.

Wed, 10 May 2023 16:45:00 -0500 en text/html https://lifehacker.com/how-your-phones-background-can-help-you-study-1850424491
Case Study: CDO Technologies
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Thu, 30 Jul 2020 12:58:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.govexec.com/assets/case-study-cdo-technologies/portal/
Music and Studying: It’s Complicated

Music can motivate you, Strengthen your mood, and help you relax. It can even help you focus so you can study or work. But different types of music can have different effects.

Many people find music helps them concentrate while studying and working. Others find it hard to focus with any background noise at all.

Music offers a lot of benefits, including:

But not everyone agrees that music improves a study session. So what’s the deal — does it help or not?

Music doesn’t affect everyone in the same way, so the answer is not just a straightforward “yes” or “no.”

Keep reading to learn more about the pros and cons of studying with music and get some tips for making the most out of your study playlist.

It would be fantastic if you could put on a playlist or song that could help you knock out a problem set or memorize all those dates for your history final, wouldn’t it?

Unfortunately, music isn’t quite that powerful. It mostly helps in indirect ways, but those benefits can still make a big difference.

It reduces stress and improves your mood

Music doesn’t just motivate you. It can also help reduce stress and promote a more positive mindset.

In a 2013 study, 60 female volunteers carried out a psychological stress test while listening to relaxing music, sounds of rippling water, or no particular sound. Results suggested that listening to relaxing music makes a physical difference to the way people respond psychologically and physically — in terms of hormone response — under stress. However, the picture is complex, and more studies are needed.

In a 2021 study, patients in ICU said they felt less pain and anxiety after listening to music for 30 minutes than before.

Research suggests that a good mood generally improves your learning outcomes. You’ll likely have more success with studying and learning new material when you’re feeling good.

Studying can be stressful, especially when you don’t entirely understand the subject material. If you feel overwhelmed or upset, putting on some music can help you relax and work more effectively.

It can motivate you

If you’ve ever grappled with a long, exhausting night of homework, your resolve to keep studying may have started to flag long before you finished.

Perhaps you promised yourself a reward in order to get through the study session, such as the latest episode of a show you like or your favorite takeout meal.

Research from 2019 suggests music can activate the same reward centers in your brain as other things you enjoy. Rewarding yourself with your favorite music can provide the motivation you need to learn new information.

If you prefer music that doesn’t work well for studying (more on that below), listening to your favorite songs during study breaks could motivate you to study harder.

It can increase focus

According to a 2007 study, music — classical music, specifically — can help your brain absorb and interpret new information more easily.

Your brain processes the abundance of information it receives from the world around you by separating it into smaller segments.

The researchers found evidence to suggest that music can engage your brain in such a way that it trains it to pay better attention to events and make predictions about what might happen.

How does this help you study? Well, if you struggle to make sense of new material, listening to music could make this process easier.

You can also link the ability to make better predictions about events to reasoning skills.

Improved reasoning abilities won’t help you pull answers out of thin air come test time. But you could notice a difference in your ability to reason your way to these answers based on the information you do have.

Other research also supports music as a possible method of improving focus.

In a 2011 study of 41 boys diagnosed with ADHD, background music distracted some of the boys, but it appeared to lead to better performance in the classroom for others.

It could help you memorize new information

According to a 2014 study, listening to classical music seemed to help older adults perform better on memory and processing tasks.

These findings suggest certain types of music can help boost memorization abilities and other cognitive functions.

Music helps stimulate your brain, similar to the way exercise helps stimulate your body.

The more you exercise your muscles, the stronger they become, right? Giving your brain a cognitive workout could help strengthen it in a similar fashion.

Not everyone finds music helpful for tasks that require concentration.

It can distract you

An important part of music’s impact lies in its power to distract.

When you feel sad or stressed, distracting yourself with your favorite tunes can help lift your spirits.

But distraction probably isn’t what you’re looking for when you need to hit the books.

If you’re trying to argue your position in a term paper or solve a difficult calculus equation, music that’s too loud or fast might just interrupt your thoughts and hinder your process.

It can have a negative impact on working memory

Working memory refers to the information you use for problem-solving, learning, and other cognitive tasks.

You use working memory when trying to remember:

  • items on a list
  • steps for solving a math problem
  • a sequence of events

Most people can work with a few pieces of information at a time. A high working memory capacity means you can handle more material.

Research suggests, however, that listening to music can reduce working memory capacity.

If you already have a hard time manipulating multiple pieces of information, listening to music could make this process even more challenging.

It can lower reading comprehension

Certain types of music — including music with lyrics and instrumental music that is fast and loud — can make it harder to understand and absorb reading material.

Whether you’re looking at an evening of Victorian literature or some one-on-one time with your biology textbook, soft classical music with a slow tempo may be a better choice.

Listening to music while you study or work doesn’t always make you less productive or efficient.

If you prefer to study with music, there’s no need to supply it up. Keeping these tips in mind can help you find the most helpful music for work and study:

  • Avoid music with lyrics. Any music that has lyrics in a language you understand will probably prove more distracting than helpful.
  • Choose slow, instrumental music. Existing research generally focuses on classical music, but if you don’t enjoy this genre, you could also consider soft electronic, space, or ambient — the kind you might hear at a spa or while getting a massage.
  • Avoid surprising or experimental music. Music that changes abruptly or lacks a fixed rhythm can leave you guessing about what to expect. This can distract your brain and keep you from focusing on your work.
  • Keep the volume low. Study music should stay at a background volume. If it’s too loud, it could disrupt your thinking process.
  • Stick to songs you don’t have strong feelings about. Listening to music you either love or hate can affect your ability to concentrate.
  • Stream commercial-free music, if possible. Picture this: You’re listening to your instrumental Pandora station when a toilet paper commercial cuts in, annoying you and derailing your train of thought. Enough said.

Is music good while studying?

Some research suggests that music can help reduce stress during an academic task and that it may help with memory and processing during tasks that require thinking. However, this may depend on the type of music and the individual.

What type of music is good to study with?

The best type will depend on the individual. There is evidence that classical symphonies or relaxing music are a good choice for managing stress, but also that upbeat music might boost a person’s thinking processes. Instrumental music may be more suitable than songs with lyrics, as the lyrics can be distracting.

When is it bad to listen to music while studying?

Each person can decide if it suits them to listen to music while studying or not and which type of music is best. Types of music that may not be helpful include songs, fast and loud music, and music that provokes strong feelings in the listener.

Music can Strengthen your mood and help you feel more motivated to tackle important tasks, but it doesn’t always work as a study tool.

Even people who love music might find it less than helpful when trying to concentrate.

Choosing music carefully can help you maximize its benefits, but if you still struggle to focus, it may help to consider white noise or other audio options instead.

Crystal Raypole has previously worked as a writer and editor for GoodTherapy. Her fields of interest include Asian languages and literature, Japanese translation, cooking, natural sciences, sex positivity, and mental health. In particular, she’s committed to helping decrease stigma around mental health issues.

Mon, 29 May 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.healthline.com/health/does-music-help-you-study
New Technologies Can Help Boost Rail Safety

Founder and CEO of ScaleOut Software.

The accurate spate of major rail accidents in the nation’s freight system, like February’s 50-car derailment in East Palestine, Ohio, have caused serious disruptions to several communities and heightened safety concerns. Is there cost-effective technology that could help prevent these accidents? How difficult would it be to deploy?

The key to preventing railway accidents like these is to detect problems and take action before they lead to derailments. The Ohio accident has been traced to an overheated wheel bearing that is suspected of causing a fire and subsequent derailment. Today’s freight rail system has a series of rail-side “hot box” detectors positioned every few miles that measure bearing temperatures. These detectors can radio an alert to train personnel if they detect an imminent failure. However, as we have seen, these alerts may arrive too late.

What’s needed is technology that can predict impending failures and send alerts earlier, allowing operators to stop trains while there’s time to act. Ironically, the needed data is already stored within the rail-side detectors—it’s just not being continuously harvested and analyzed. A combination of existing technologies can address three key challenges in solving this problem: how to collect the data, how to organize it and how to analyze it. The good news is that the cost to deploy these technologies is modest, especially in comparison to the cleanup costs after an accident.

Cloud Computing

The first challenge is where to send the data, and the answer is the cloud. Rail-side hot box detectors can use cell-based transmitters to send real-time temperature data to a single, cloud-hosted repository where it can be organized and analyzed. The cloud’s vast computing resources can handle the large amounts of data generated by the thousands of freight trains that flow along the rails every day. Having the history of each rail car’s data immediately available enables predictive analytics code to correlate temperature changes from multiple detectors and detect emerging problems before they lead to accidents.

Digital Twins

The next challenge is to organize incoming data from many trains and detectors to perform timely analysis for each wheel bearing and intervene before an accident occurs. With about 500,000 carloads of freight crossing roughly 6,000 hot box detectors every week, that’s a lot of wheel-bearing telemetry flooding into the cloud.

The key to dealing with all this data is found in a software technology called the digital twin. By maintaining a digital twin for each rail car, we can easily keep track of a car’s wheel-bearing temperatures and analyze them for changes as the car moves from detector to detector. Having all of the rail car’s data in one place enables analytics code to watch for abnormal temperature increases, unexpected differences across axles and wheel trucks and other anomalies. The digital twin can even keep track of each car’s service history and other known issues specific to the car that can assist in analyzing the telemetry. This contextual information can prove to be highly valuable in preventing unnecessary alerts that create costly delays.

Machine Learning

The final challenge is how to develop the potentially intricate analytics code that runs in the digital twin and looks for temperature changes that are predictive of an impending failure. The physics of wheel bearings is complex, with temperature fluctuations dependent on many factors. It’s important that analytics code accurately predicts when to signal alerts without unnecessarily disrupting the flow of freight traffic.

Machine learning technology from the field of artificial intelligence can provide the solution here. This software technology can be trained using a technique called “supervised learning” on thousands of temperature measurements and other data collected by rail companies. After training, it can examine incoming measurements for each rail car and accurately discern which trends indicate a likely failure and which do not. As each digital twin receives data from a hot box detector, the machine learning algorithm can automatically track changes in temperature readings and signal alerts when necessary.

By combining the technologies of cloud computing, digital twins and machine learning, rail companies can continuously and automatically keep an eye on the hundreds of thousands of freight cars rolling on their rails. This technology can do a much better job of analyzing data from hot box detectors than human managers, and it never gets fatigued. Given the millions of dollars required to recover from a derailment, the suffering created by a toxic chemical spill, and the legal liability to rail companies, the cost of deploying technology like this should prove to be a worthwhile investment for rail companies.

Forbes Technology Council is an invitation-only community for world-class CIOs, CTOs and technology executives. Do I qualify?

Fri, 19 May 2023 00:45:00 -0500 William Bain en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbestechcouncil/2023/05/19/new-technologies-can-help-boost-rail-safety/
How to Help Your Child Succeed at School

One easy way to invest in process is to set goals, both individually and as a family. Try to do this at the beginning of a new school year, the first of the month, or the beginning of a new season.  Keep the discussion light and low-pressure. This process isn’t about getting better grades, it’s about supporting learning as a family. 

Everyone (yes, that means parents, too) sets three short-term, achievable goals oriented around tasks and improvements under your control. For example, “I’m going to get all A's this semester” is too broad and too difficult to control. Instead, try “I’m going to ask for help in math more often,” “I will plan one extra help session a week,” or “I will practice my multiplication three extra times this month.” 

One of those three goals should be a challenge. We can’t hope to convince our children to be emotionally and intellectually brave unless they see us do the same, so set some goals that get you out of your comfort zone. Take guitar or dance or Spanish lessons, try an activity you have never tried before, or pick up a new hobby. This is, after all, how we expand our cognitive potential and make new connections in our brains that can help us become stronger, smarter and more efficient learners. 

A few years ago, one of my sons’ goals was to make a few new friends, a goal that was both challenging and important to him. 

Before you set new goals, take the time to assess how everyone did on past goals. Review these goals once a month or once a semester. If you fail to achieve your goals talk about why, and what you plan to do differently next time. If you succeed, celebrate that achievement! 

Model: Watching a parent set a scary, ambitious goal and talk about the process of achieving it is the most direct way to teach children that learning and striving to be better are human goals, not just school goals.

Sat, 21 Jan 2023 23:44:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.nytimes.com/guides/smarterliving/help-your-child-succeed-at-school
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