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CABM Certified Associate Business Manager test |

CABM test - Certified Associate Business Manager Updated: 2023 CABM Brain Dumps with Real Questions
Exam Code: CABM Certified Associate Business Manager test November 2023 by team

CABM Certified Associate Business Manager

Exam: CABM (Certified Associate Business Manager)

Exam Details:
- Number of Questions: The test consists of multiple-choice questions and case studies.
- Time: Candidates are given a specified amount of time to complete the exam.

Course Outline:
The Certified Associate Business Manager (CABM) course is designed to provide candidates with a comprehensive understanding of fundamental business management principles and practices. The course outline includes the following topics:

1. Introduction to Business Management
- Overview of business management concepts and functions
- Roles and responsibilities of a business manager
- Ethical considerations in business management

2. Business Operations and Processes
- Understanding core business processes and their interdependencies
- Analyzing and improving business operations
- Quality management and continuous improvement techniques

3. Financial Management
- Introduction to financial statements and their analysis
- Budgeting and forecasting
- Financial decision-making and risk management

4. Human Resource Management
- Employee recruitment, selection, and onboarding
- Performance management and employee development
- Employee relations and compliance with labor laws

5. Marketing and Sales Management
- Market analysis and customer segmentation
- Developing marketing strategies and campaigns
- Sales planning and customer relationship management

6. Project Management
- Project initiation, planning, execution, and closure
- Project scope, time, cost, quality, and risk management
- Effective project team collaboration and communication

7. Business Communication and Professionalism
- Effective communication skills in a business environment
- Professional behavior and ethical communication practices
- Presentation skills and business writing techniques

Exam Objectives:
The CABM test aims to assess candidates' knowledge and understanding of fundamental business management principles and their ability to apply management concepts and techniques effectively. The test objectives include:

1. Demonstrating knowledge of key business management concepts, functions, and roles.
2. Applying business analysis techniques to identify and Boost business operations and processes.
3. Understanding and applying financial management principles and techniques in decision-making.
4. Demonstrating knowledge of human resource management practices and compliance with labor laws.
5. Understanding marketing and sales management strategies for customer acquisition and retention.
6. Applying project management principles and techniques to successfully execute projects.
7. Demonstrating effective business communication skills and professionalism.

Exam Syllabus:
The test syllabus covers the following topics:

- Introduction to Business Management
- Overview of business management concepts and functions
- Roles and responsibilities of a business manager
- Ethical considerations in business management

- Business Operations and Processes
- Understanding core business processes and their interdependencies
- Analyzing and improving business operations
- Quality management and continuous improvement techniques

- Financial Management
- Introduction to financial statements and their analysis
- Budgeting and forecasting
- Financial decision-making and risk management

- Human Resource Management
- Employee recruitment, selection, and onboarding
- Performance management and employee development
- Employee relations and compliance with labor laws

- Marketing and Sales Management
- Market analysis and customer segmentation
- Developing marketing strategies and campaigns
- Sales planning and customer relationship management

- Project Management
- Project initiation, planning, execution, and closure
- Project scope, time, cost, quality, and risk management
- Effective project team collaboration and communication

- Business Communication and Professionalism
- Effective communication skills in a business environment
- Professional behavior and ethical communication practices
- Presentation skills and business writing techniques

Candidates are expected to have a deep understanding of these subjects and demonstrate their ability to apply business management concepts and techniques in practical scenarios. The test assesses their knowledge, critical thinking skills, and proficiency in various aspects of business management
Certified Associate Business Manager
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Certified Associate Business Manager
Answer: A
Question: 335
A formal research effort that evaluates the current state of HR management in an
organization is called:
A. HR Service
B. HR Mandate
C. HR Audit
D. HR Examination
Answer: C
Question: 336
The formula for Return on Investment is calculated as:
A. Return on Investment = A / (B + C)
B. Return on Investment = (A + C) / B
C. Return on Investment = (A + B) / C
D. Return on Investment = C / (A + B)
A = operations costs for a new or enhanced system for the time period
B = one-time cost of acquisition and implementation
C = value if gains from productivity improvements for the time period
Answer: D
Question: 337
In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs which of the following factor is NOT included?
A. physiological needs
B. self-actualization needs
C. safety and security needs
D. equipment and technology needs
Answer: D
Question: 338
What is defined as the perceived fairness of what the person does compared with what
the person receives?
A. Actuality
B. Equity
C. Justice
D. Evenhandedness
Answer: B
Question: 339
Expectation theory focuses on:
A. Effort performance expectations
B. Performance reward linkage
C. Value of rewards
D. All of the above
Answer: D
Question: 340
All of the above the underwritten expectations employees and employers have about the
nature of their work relationships is known as:
A. Fairness contract
B. Psychological contract
C. Loyalty contract
D. None of the above
Answer: B
Question: 341
Which of the following is NOT the type of turnover?
A. Involuntary turnover
B. Functional turnover
C. Faulty turnover
D. Controllable turnover
Answer: C
Question: 342
Some employees have a ______________ program in which vacation time, holidays, and
sick leave for each employee are combined into its that account.
A. non-faulty
B. paid time-off
C. value-added
D. relief-sanction
Answer: B
Question: 343
Organizing tasks, duties, and responsibilities into a productive unit of work is known as:
A. Job design
B. Job description
C. Job plan
D. Job model
Answer: A
Question: 344
Increasing the depth of s job by adding the responsibility for planning, organizing,
controlling, and evaluating the job in called:
A. Job rotation
B. Job enlargement
C. Job enrichment
D. Job extension
Answer: C
Question: 345
The extent of individual freedom and discretion in the work and its scheduling indicates:
A. Autonomy
B. Self-rule
C. Feedback
D. Sovereignty
Answer: A
Question: 346
A larger work segment composed of several tasks that are performed by an individual is
referred to as:
A. Task
B. Duty
C. Responsibility
D. Chore
Answer: B
Question: 347
Which of the following is NO the step in developing job descriptions and job
A. Draft job descriptions and specifications
B. Review and compile data
C. Review drafts with managers and employees
D. Identify recommendations
Answer: B
Question: 348
Duties that are part of a job but are incidental or ancillary to the purpose and nature of a
job are called:
A. Marginal functions
B. Essential job functions
C. Frequency functions
D. Supervisory functions
Answer: A
Question: 349
Basic characteristics that can be linked to enhanced performance by individuals or teams
are called:
A. Proficiencies
B. Competencies
C. Expertise
D. Capabilities
Answer: B
Question: 350
By which reason organizations use a competency approach?
A. to communicate valued behaviors throughout the organization
B. to raise the competency levels of the organization
C. to emphasize the capabilities of people to enhance organizational competitive
D. All of the above
Answer: D
Question: 351
______________ are the external supply pool from which employers attract employees.
A. Labor markets
B. Recruiting markets
C. Applicant markets
D. Administrative markets
Answer: A
Question: 352
A system in which he employer provides notices of job openings and employees respond
to apply is the job posting.
A. True
B. False
Answer: A
Question: 353
A comparison of the number of applicants at one stage of the recruiting process to the
number at the next stage is called:
A. Labor ratios
B. Surrender ratios
C. Yield ratios
D. Revenue ratios
Answer: C
Question: 354
Characteristic that a person must have to do a job successfully is known as:
A. Intelligence criterion
B. Selection criterion
C. Job performance tactics
D. Skills of service
Answer: B
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When you’re looking for a financial advisor, you’ll see any number of certifications and credentials listed on the business cards and websites of prospective candidates. From CPAs to CFAs, ChFCs to IARs, the long and growing list can be overwhelming.

Understanding what all of these acronyms stand for allows you to choose the best financial advisor for your needs. Let’s take a closer look at the 10 most common financial professional certifications.

CPA: Certified Public Accountant

Of all the financial advisor certifications, you’re probably most familiar with certified public accountant. Although most people associate CPAs with taxes, their expertise goes far beyond your annual tax filing.

CPAs handle jobs from financial reporting to audit work and forensic research. Even if your needs are slightly less complicated, employing a CPA can still save you a bundle of money and keep you out of a tax court, too. In short, if your finances progress beyond entering W-2 info into tax software, you’ll need a CPA.

The CPA certification has been around since the late 19th century. It’s a tough qualification to earn. Requirements vary by state, but candidates generally need a specialized degree, one year of work experience, and they must pass the challenging Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination.

CFA: Chartered Financial Analyst

A chartered financial analyst has in-depth knowledge of asset management and securities analysis, as well as a professional commitment to the highest ethical standards. The common habitat for CFAs is handling high-level research and analysis for large financial companies and investment firms, but they may also work with high-net-worth private clients, providing investment advice, portfolio management and risk management services.

The CFA Institute says it takes 1,000 hours of study, four years of professional experience and a three-part test to become a CFA charterholder. The pass rate for all three levels of the CFA test is just 20%. Once upon a time, the CFA qualification was considered a good plan B if you weren’t cut out for an MBA. That’s not the case anymore, and today, CFAs rank among the financial advisory elite.

CFP: Certified Financial Planner

A certified financial planner takes a holistic, all-encompassing approach to financial planning, meeting their clients’ needs for budgeting, retirement planning, life insurance, taxes and estate planning. CFPs commit to a professional requirement to act as fiduciaries, meaning their financial advice must always put their customers’ best interests first.

The CFP is a good candidate for people who want a comprehensive financial plan. If you need help in choosing investments, planning for retirement, setting aside money for a child’s education, and many other goals, a CFP is a wonderful choice. Certified financial planners have many specialities, from the types of clients they work with to the types of work they take on, so check your candidate’s specializations before making a choice.

CFPs must take six or seven classes, depending on their program, covering the ins and outs of financial planning as well as pass a notoriously difficult test and accrue years of financial planning experience before they can add CFP behind their name.

Related: Find A Financial Advisor In 3 minutes

ChFC: Chartered Financial Consultant

CFPs and a chartered financial consultants offer very similar services: personal financial management, retirement planning, tax issues, estate planning, life insurance and special needs planning for parents and guardians.

The chartered financial consultant certification may offer slightly more depth than the CFP, as it requires additional coursework: eight courses to the CFP’s six or seven. However, unlike CFPs, ChFCs are not required to pass one comprehensive test and instead must pass exams following each course they take. ChFC certification requires candidates to have three years of full-time experience in the financial services industry, and ChFCs must bind themselves to a fiduciary standard.

ChFCs’ broad knowledge base makes them superior candidates for managing complex individual or family estates and providing investment strategies to small businesses.

RIA: Registered Investment Advisor

Unlike the other certifications on this list, registered investment advisor refers to a type of company, not a type of financial advisor. The registered part of the name comes from the fact that RIAs must register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) or a state regulatory agency.

RIAs are fully regulated fiduciaries that may provide financial planning or investment services. Practically speaking, though, their work with clients extends beyond simple investment advice, offering services such as retirement planning, insurance, estate planning and even concierge services like marriage and divorce consultations.

IAR: Investment Adviser Representative

An investment adviser representative (IAR) is a financial professionals who work for a RIA. Typically, IARs are certified via the Series 65 or Series 7 exams, and the Series 66, administered by FINRA, which the federal government authorizes to oversee US broker-dealers. In addition, they generally have one (or more) of the certifications listed above, like CFP or CFA.

The draw of IARs is their strong commitment to fiduciary responsibility. IARs must disclose conflicts of interest and tell clients about more efficient products, even if it means a smaller commission. This contrasts with advisors working under the “suitability standard,” who sometimes offer high-commission products that meet customer needs, without suggesting lower-commission alternatives that might better suit them.

If you’re working with a financial advisor through a company or financial institution, make sure to determine whether they are an IAR or a registered representative held only to suitability standards.

CFF: Certified Financial Fiduciary

Certified financial fiduciary (CFF) is an additional qualification that financial advisors undertake to supplement their existing professional certifications. In essence, it’s meant to signal that the advisor adheres to the highest possible standard of fiduciary duty (yes, there’s more than one kind of fiduciary).

CFFs are trained to uphold the highest moral, ethical and fiduciary standards of service when providing investment advice to potential and existing clients. The National Association of Certified Financial Fiduciaries (NACFF) administers CFF training and awards the certification.

The CFF is a relatively new professional designation, first created in 2018, during the rise and fall of the Department of Labor’s ill-fated fiduciary rule. As such, the CFF is less common than the others profiled here. Before it was struck down in federal court, the fiduciary rule would have held all financial advisors to a strict fiduciary rule, and the CFF was created, in part, to prove an advisor’s commitment to this rule.

CFF candidates must pass stringent requirements: They must hold a professional financial certification or license or have enough education and experience to pass NACFF’s bar. A background check is conducted to examine their moral, ethical and fiduciary record. Candidates must complete comprehensive training and pass the CFF exam. Crucially, they agree to uphold the CFF Code of Conduct for fiduciary responsibility.

RICP: Retirement Income Certified Professional

Administered by the American College of Financial Services, the retirement income certified professional (RICP) program trains financial advisors to help clients claim Social Security, define risk factors and manage distributions from retirement plans like a 401(k). But above and beyond retirement income issues, the program also helps advisors understand Medicare, aid in managing and selecting life insurance, plan long-term healthcare and handle retirement tax issues, which frequently trip up clients.

RICP certification is sought by experienced financial advisors, lawyers, accountants and bankers―anyone who works in advisory fields that wants a heightened understanding of all the factors that impact retirement planning. RICP training aims to foster a deep understanding of retirement income issues, allowing advisors to create plans for clients that cover income, housing, healthcare, taxation, life quality and more.

CPWA: Certified Private Wealth Advisor

Certified private wealth advisor (CPWA) is aimed at wealth managers who serve affluent clients. Wealth management advisors select portfolios of investment securities for their clients and manage the portfolios.

Generally they do not offer a broad selection of advice for a client’s entire financial life, confining themselves only to managing investments. This isn’t a flaw in their service offering as high-net-worth individuals generally employ planning teams of several experts to meet their needs.

Preparation courses for the CPWA teach candidates to create strategies that maximize growth, minimize taxes and help clients pass their wealth on to the next generation.

CLU: Chartered Life Underwriter

A chartered life underwriter (CLU) is a financial advisor that specializes in life insurance planning. This isn’t a standalone service: CLUs operate as part of an estate planning team, usually for high-net-worth clients with complex holdings, including family businesses and complicated asset structures.

The American College of Financial Services administers the CLU qualification. Candidates must have three years of relevant experience, pass eight training classes and sit for an exam. There’s a continuing education requirement for CLUs of 30 hours every two years. The CLU certification is highly respected among professionals and is nearly 100 years old―second only in age to the CPA.

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Best Financial Certifications

As you begin a search for a financial professional, you will come across many different types of certifications. Each certification tells a story about the level of expertise and dedication an individual advisor has in different fields of finance. While it can be confusing, it is crucial to have an understanding of what an advisor specializes in before seeking their services. The best advisor for you will be one that can help you across the different areas where you need financial assistance. 

What are Financial Certifications?

When a financial advisor wants to specialize in an area of the financial industry and become an expert, they usually need to earn a certification. Getting these designations often requires hours of coursework, exams and continuing education. Failure to meet any of these requirements can result in their certification being taken away. A financial certification is an advisor’s way of letting you know that they have experience and are held to professional standards. Not all financial advisors are the same though, and understanding the main certifications will let you know which advisor is best for your unique situation.

The Best Finance Certifications to Look for in a Financial Advisor

With over 200 different designations, it can be a bit overwhelming to know exactly what to look for. While there are so many to choose from, there are a few key certifications that are not only the most popular but are considered the best in terms of rigorous standards, oversight and expertise. 

1. Certified Financial Planner (CFP®)

The CFP® is the most common designation you find when searching for an advisor. This certification denotes expertise for professionals in financial planning, taxes, insurance, estate planning and retirement. The certification is overseen by the Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards. Designation is determined by successfully completing the board’s test and continued ongoing education of at least 30 hours every two years. 

To sit for the exam, individuals must have a Bachelor’s degree and complete a course approved by the board. The course can be waived if the person holds another designation, such as a CPA, CFA or a PhD in business or economics. Candidates also must have at least three years (or 6,000 hours) of full-time professional experience.

Why Use a CFP®? 

CFP®’s are best for those looking for holistic financial planning. If you are looking for more than just investment management and need help with retirement plans, taxes, etc., a CFP® is your best bet. 

2. Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

Becoming certified as a CPA is very difficult, with only a 50% pass rate. To become a certified accountant, individuals must have a bachelor’s degree in business administration, finance or accounting and complete an additional 150 hours of education regarding accounting standards and practices. They must also have 2 or more years of public accounting experience and pass the exam. Like the CFP®, those with a CPA must also continue to take courses to keep their certification. 

Why Use a CPA? 

CPAs are best used for tax issues. If your main financial situation revolves around tax help, and nothing much else, like retirement, then a CPA may be your best bet. 

3. Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

The Chartered Financial Analyst designation is considered one of the hardest certificates for those in the financial sector and is also the gold standard for those who work in investing or managing portfolios. It’s globally recognized and is run by the CFA Institute. There are three levels of exams that cover everything from accounting, ethics, economics, security analysis and money management. In August 2023, the pass rate for levels 1 and 2 were at 37% and 44%, respectively, while level 3 had a pass rate of 47%.

Before sitting for the exam, the candidate must have 4 years of professional work experience, bachelor’s degree, or a combination of the two totaling 4 years. If the person can pass all 3 levels in sequential order, they become a member of the CFA Institute and abide by the Institute’s code of ethics. While the exams can be taken as many times as possible, candidates usually need to study at least 300 hours for each test, which means many do not continue after failing to pass one level. 

Why Use a CFA? 

Generally you won’t find someone just registered as a CFA working with individual clients. CFAs work for big corporations. If they do work with individuals, they will usually also have a CFP® certification. A CFA underscores their strong investment analytical skills.  

4. Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC)

Advisors with the Chartered Financial Consultant designation work with individuals on retirement savings and budget planning.  It’s a designation that is granted by the American College and consists of individuals taking 7 required courses and 2 electives. The subjects covered include retirement and estate planning, insurance, investments and income tax. 

While not compulsory, the college recommends that those who apply already have a degree related to business or finance. The candidate must also have a minimum of 3 years working in the industry and must maintain continuing education credits. While similar to the CPA, it differs in that it is a course and does not require candidates to pass one test but instead take a test after each course. 

Why Use a ChFC? 

The difference between a CFP® and ChFC does not affect how qualified they are to work with clients. If you see an advisor with either a CFP® or ChFC, as long as they are a fiduciary and don’t have a history of disclosures, you should be in good hands. 

5. Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU)

A Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU) is geared toward insurance agents. A chartered life underwriter’s domains of expertise are primarily life insurance  as they relate to estate planning and risk management. There is no test one has to pass, but candidates have to take eight courses administered by the American College of Financial Planning in order to become one. 

Why Use a CLU?

CLUs are great if you are looking for life insurance and do not know how to navigate the complexity involved with buying a life insurance plan. 

6. Chartered Investment Counselor (CIC)

A Chartered Investment Counselor recognizes experts with significant experience as portfolio and investment managers. It is a designation that must be applied for and is approved by the Investment Adviser Association. Candidates must work for an Investment Adviser Association member firm, adhere to a code of conduct and submit references. They are held to the standards set under the Investment Act of 1940, meaning they have a legal obligation to work in the best interest of the clients. They also must run large accounts and mutual funds and already have a CFA. 

Why Use a CIC? 

A CIC will be best for those looking for pure investment advice. A CIC won’t be able to help you with things like financial plans, estate planning or taxes. 

7. Certified Private Wealth Advisor (CPWA)

A certified private wealth advisor is for professionals whose clients include high-net worth clients. They often deal with individuals who have a net worth of more than $5 million. This certification means advisors can help high earners with things like tax, growing their assets and wealth succession. 

The designation is offered by the Investments and Wealth Institute and is obtained by taking a six-month course either through the institute, via the University of Chicago Booth School of Business or the Yale School of Management or an investment firm. To qualify, a candidate must have a bachelor’s degree or another certificate like the CFA, CFP® or CPA and five years of experience in the field. 

Why Use a CPWA? 

A CPWA is going to best serve wealthy individuals with a net worth over $5 million. It doesn’t mean high net worth individuals should only work with CPWAs, but they are a good option. 

8. Certified Estate Planner (CEP)

This certification is designated by the National Institute of Certified Estate Planners and gives financial planners the knowledge to help people develop and plan their estate. It is a proctored exam. While there is a self-study manual of 770 pages, candidates can also opt for in-person study, which usually adds an additional 16 hours of class time.  

To qualify, a professional must have a valid license in the financial, legal or tax profession or have special permission to enroll. Once the test is passed, they must complete 8 hours of continuing education every 2 years and follow NICEP’s code of ethics to remain certified. 

Why Use a CEP? 

A CEP is great if your main area of concern is estate planning. This can be useful for people with a high net worth and are unsure of how to pass down their estate. 

9. Certified Personal Finance Counselor (CPFC)

This designation is for professionals who work with clients on a one-on-one basis. The certification is run by Fincert and ensures that the candidate is trained in counseling skills and personal finance management. It was designed to fulfill the requirement of the Uniform Debt Management Services Act. The certificate is issued by passing a test after the completion of a self-study course through Fincert which covers things like communication, money management and consumer protection. To qualify a candidate must have at least 6 months of relevant experience. 

Why Use a CPFC? 

A CPFC is best for people who are looking for ways to better manage their money, rather than planning complicated financial matters.  

10. Financial Risk Manager (FRM)

A financial risk manager is someone who assess potential liabilities to the assets, capacity or success of a company. They work in financial services, banking, marketing or other services and often specialize in credit and market risk. Someone with an FRM designation is required to also be accredited with the Global Association of Risk Professionals. To get an FRM certificate, candidates need to pass a 2-part test and have 2 years of experience. There is also an optional 40 hours of coursework every 2 years. The test itself is not easy, with only an average 50% pass rate. 

Why Use a FRM? 

Like a CFA, most advisors certified with FRM will most likely not work solely with individual clients. FRMs will usually work for companies and corporations. If an advisor does work with individuals, they will likely have other credentials.  

11.  Retirement Manager Advisor (RMA) 

Another certification offered by the Investments and Wealth Institute, a retirement manager advisor helps clients with retirement planning. To get the certificate, a candidate must complete an online course, take an in-person capstone class and pass an exam. In addition, they must have at least 3 years of experience or another designation like a CFA, CPA or CIMA. It’s one of the shortest designations to get, as it only takes 9 weeks of 2-3 hours per week and 2 days of in-person instruction to complete.  

Why Use a RMA? 

Retirement Manager Advisors specialize in retirement planning, so if that is your primary concern then an RMA will be great for you. RMAs will usually also have a CFP® certification. Choosing a CFP® with an RMA may be more advantageous than choosing a CFP® without one if you are worried about your retirement. 

12. Certified Retirement Counselor (CRC)

There are several certificates for retirement planners. The CRC is overseen by the International Foundation for Retirement Education, a non-profit organization that advocates for high standards and ethics. Getting the designation consists of a certification exam, adhering to InFRE’s code of ethics and re-registering every year. Holders of the certificate must also complete at least 15 hours of ongoing education per year.  To sit for the exam, a candidate must pass a background check and hold a bachelor’s degree and have 2 years of relevant experience or a high school diploma with 5 years of experience. 

Why Use a CRC? 

A CRC is similar to an RMA and will be useful for those whose primary concern is retirement planning. RMAs usually also need to have a CFP® or CPA, which may make them a little bit more qualified than those who just hold a CRC.  

Why Should Financial Advisors Have Finance Certifications?

Although financial advisors are not required to have a certification, it signals that they adhere to specific ethical standards. If an advisor doesn’t have a certification, it can mean that they don’t have the necessary experience or education requirements. If they are not certified or registered with the SEC or FINRA, it could mean that they are not legally obligated to put your best interests first and are limited in some of the things they can do for you.

Who Regulates Finance Certifications?

Financial certifications are overseen by independent bodies that administer the tests and determine the certificate standards. There is no one body that oversees these certifications, although FINRA does keep track of the designations available. Most designations are overseen by private or non-profit institutions, so it’s important to make sure you know the qualifications of the certificates your financial planner holds.

Best Financial Advisors

Bonus Courses

Here are some certificate programs and courses to help you with the above financial certifications.

1. Financial Management: A Complete Study for CA/CMA/CS/CFA/ACCA by Udemy 

Who it’s for: MBA students, finance students, finance professionals 

The Udemy bestseller is ideal for MBA and finance students. Individuals who hold the CA, CMA, CS, CFA, CPA or CIMA credentials will also find this in-depth offering beneficial. There are lessons on financial analysis through ratios, financial statements, capital structure, working capital management and so much more. 

Register today for full lifetime access to the course material. You will also receive a certificate of completion when you reach the finish line. 

2. The Complete Financial Analyst Course 2023 by Udemy 

Who it’s for: Aspiring finance professionals 

The Complete Financial Analyst Course 2023 by 365Careers is another Udemy bestseller. It’s worth considering if you are pursuing a finance career and want to position yourself for lucrative employment opportunities. You’ll also develop practical financial analysis, business analysis and capital budgeting skills as you work through the lessons. 

Join over 405,000 students who’ve taken this exceptional course by signing up right away. It only takes a few minutes, and you can get immediate access to 19.5 hours of on-demand video, 17 articles and 495 downloadable resources.

Have access to Microsoft Excel and Microsoft PowerPoint before you sign up.

3. test Prep: CFA® Level 1 Bootcamp 2023 Curriculum (Part 1/2) by Udemy

Who it’s for: Individuals preparing for the CFA Level 1 exam

The registration fee includes 373 lectures jam-packed into 26 hours of on-demand video. You will also receive 38 articles and 55 downloadable resources to help you get the most out of your online learning experience.

Facilitator Ivan Kitov is a chartered financial analyst. He also holds a Master’s degree in Finance from Erasmus University Rotterdam in the Netherlands. 

4. test Prep: CFA® Level 1 Bootcamp 2023 Curriculum (Part 2/2) by Udemy

Who it’s for: Individuals preparing for the CFA Level 1 exam

This course is the 2nd component of the CFA Level 1 test prep boot camp from 365 Careers. It is also taught by Ivan Kitov and delves deeper into financial reporting, portfolio management, equity investments, fixed income and derivatives. 

Similar to the Part 1 boot camp, the class also covers the following topics:

  • Ethics and Professional Standards
  • Quantitative Methods
  • Economics 
  • Corporate Finance
  • Alternative Investments 

When you enroll, you will unlock a vault of valuable resources. This includes 29.5 hours of on-demand video, 44 articles and 59 downloadable resources.

5. Financial Risk Manager (FRM) Certification: Level I by Udemy 

Who it’s for: Bankers, IT professionals, analytics and financial professionals, business technology graduates, MBA degree holders, finance graduates 

Offered by EduPristine Inc, this highly-rated course is ideal for recent graduates and financial professionals interested in pursuing a risk management career. 

  • Introduction 
  • Foundations of Risk 
  • Quants
  • Financial Market and Products
  • Value at Risk Part – I
  • Value at Risk – Part II
  • Conclusion 

The enrollment fee includes full lifetime access to 113 lectures condensed into 24 hours of on-demand video, 1 article and 111 downloadable resources. Plus, you can sign up with confidence knowing the class comes with a 30-day money-back ensure if it doesn’t quite meet your needs. 

Frequently Asked Questions


Financial certifications show professionalism, knowledge and experience.


The various certifications include CFA, CPA, CFP, ChFC and CLU.


The easiest financial certification depends on an individual’s background, experience, and strengths. The Certified Financial Planner (CFP) and Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) certifications are often considered relatively easier to obtain. However, they still require education, passing an exam, and meeting experience requirements.Q


It depends on the field and the specific certifications or degree in question. In some industries, certifications may hold more value as they demonstrate specialized knowledge and skills. For example, in the IT industry, certifications such as Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) or Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) can often hold more weight than a general computer science degree. On the other hand, certain professions may require a degree as a minimum qualification, such as medicine or law. Ultimately, both certifications and degrees can be valuable, and the worth of each depends on the specific context and requirements of the industry or profession.

Fri, 03 Nov 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
CPA test Guide: Everything You Need To Know About the New test In 2024

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

If you’re on your way to becoming a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), you might be losing some sleep over the Uniform CPA Examination®.

We don’t blame you. After all, the pass rates for each test section range from about 40% to 60%, according to the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA®)—not the best prognosis. The CPA test is difficult and time-consuming, but passing it is the most important step of CPA licensure. And at the end of the day, becoming a CPA is worth it to many professionals.

Earning the CPA credential opens doors to high-paying, advanced accounting careers in numerous industries. The 2024 CPA test comes with a few changes compared to previous years, so make sure to stay in the know if you plan to sit for the test in or after 2024. We’ve outlined the new test here to help you research and prepare.

What Is the CPA Exam?

The Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination, also known as the Uniform CPA test or CPA Exam, is for accountants pursuing CPA licensure. Many employers seeking highly trained accountants require a CPA license, which involves rigorous coursework and skill testing to earn.

AICPA develops the CPA exam, and the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) and its included state boards of accountancy assist with reviewing applications, administering the test and reporting scores.

The CPA test consists of four sections, testing candidates on subjects like taxation, financial planning, auditing and accounting technology.

What’s New About the CPA test in 2024?

The 2024 CPA test introduces a new “discipline” section, including three options:

  • Business analysis and reporting (BAR)
  • Information systems and controls (ISC)
  • Tax compliance and planning (TCP)

Candidates choose one of the three disciplines to test on. Candidates must also test within the three required Core sections:

  • Auditing and attestation (AUD)
  • Financial accounting and reporting (FAR)
  • Taxation and regulation (REG)

The 2024 version of the CPA test eliminates the business environment and concepts (BEC) section and transitions some portions of FAR and REG into the new disciplines. Since the BEC section was the only one to include a written essay, the essay portion is eliminated from the 2024 CPA exam.

Additional changes include replacing an Excel spreadsheet with a JavaScript-based spreadsheet, implementing new task-based research simulations and eliminating multistage adaptive testing.

CPA test Requirements

Each state board of accountancy within NASBA sets its own requirements to sit for the CPA exam, so criteria may vary among states. However, many state boards require at least the following from candidates before they’re eligible to take the CPA exam:

  • Be at least 18 years old
  • Have a 120-credit bachelor’s degree in accounting or a bachelor’s degree with a certain number of credits in non-introductory accounting courses and business courses
  • Submit official school transcripts, a credit evaluation application and proof of residency

Education requirements vary the most among state boards of accountancy. For instance, Georgia only requires test candidates to have a bachelor’s degree with 20 semester hours in non-introductory accounting courses. However, Rhode Island sets more specific stipulations for CPA test applicants who don’t have a graduate degree in accounting, including at least 24 accounting semester hours covering distinct subjects like auditing and tax accounting.

CPA test Structure

The three cores and three disciplines of the CPA test each include both multiple-choice questions and task-based simulations. The test lasts 16 hours in total—four hours per section—and candidates can take different sections of the test on different days rather than in one sitting.

Still, test takers must complete and pass all four sections within 18 months—usually beginning on the day a candidate takes their first passed section—to pass the exam. We explore the four sections in detail below.

Auditing and Attestation

The AUD section tests a candidate’s understanding of the technical and ethical aspects of auditing for public and private entities. AUD also covers reporting requirements, risk assessment strategies, obtaining evidence and ethical responsibilities for CPAs.

AUD is divided into four content areas:

  • Area I: Ethics, professional responsibilities and general principles
  • Area II: Assessing risk and developing a planned response
  • Area III: Performing further procedures and obtaining evidence
  • Area IV: Forming conclusions and reporting

Financial Accounting and Reporting

The questions and tasks in the FAR section target three content areas:

  • Area I: Financial reporting
  • Area II: Select balance sheet accounts
  • Area III: Select transactions

Within these sections, candidates prove their ability to prepare and analyze financial statements, balance sheets with various types of income and expenses, correct accounting errors, and navigate the differences in financial accounting and reporting for for-profit and nonprofit companies.

Taxation and Regulation

The REG section explores tax laws for businesses and individuals within the United States, ensuring that CPA candidates understand the significance of and procedures for compliance. Candidates work with taxation technology and resources to analyze data and determine the correct processes for accuracy and completeness.

This section includes five content areas:

  • Area I: Ethics, professional responsibilities, and federal tax procedures
  • Area II: Business law
  • Area III: Federal taxation of property transactions
  • Area III: Federal taxation of individuals
  • Area III: Federal taxation of entities


CPA candidates must choose one of three disciplines as the fourth section of the CPA exam.

Previous versions of the CPA test included the BEC section, which explored corporate governance, information technology, financial and operations management, and economic concepts. The discipline section replaces BEC, allowing candidates to test in an area of interest or advanced skill.

This section offers the following testing areas:

  • Business analysis and reporting: BAR expands on several concepts in FAR, including data collection sourcing, financial analysis and reporting, while closely examining business analysis and local and state governmental accounting.
  • Information systems and controls: ISC focuses on secure and accurate data collection, storage and analysis procedures used in accounting. Candidates must demonstrate knowledge of information technology audits, security threats and mitigation, and security regulations.
  • Tax Compliance and Planning: TCP digs deep into taxation for individuals and entities beyond what’s included in REG. TCP subjects and tasks include calculating estimated tax payments, reviewing shareholder debts and investments, and distinguishing types of business entities for tax purposes.

How Is the CPA test Scored?

CPA test scoring weighs the scaled scores of multiple-choice questions and task-based simulations of each section equally at 50% of the total score. The only exception is the ISC discipline, in which multiple-choice questions make up 60% of the score and task-based simulations account for 40%.

Each test goes through a multi-step review process to ensure scoring accuracy.

How Hard Is the CPA Exam?

If AICPA’s pass rate data is any indication, this is a hard test. During the first two quarters of 2023, these were the pass rates for each section of the CPA exam:

  • REG: 59.22%
  • AUD: 47.68%
  • FAR: 42.30%
  • BEC (eliminated from the 2024 exam): 58.25%

How To Study for the CPA Exam

The CPA test process is long and rigorous, so planning can be the key to passing each section. Before you begin studying, plan your timeline carefully.

In what order do you want to take each section? How will you space out the various sections to deliver yourself ample study time? Keep track of test application deadlines, and think about when you should schedule study sessions. Also, consider whether you’ll need to take some time off work.

AICPA’s test Blueprints offer an excellent starting point for your test prep. The blueprints walk you through each section of the CPA exam, filling you in on what to expect and what to study.

CPA test Study Resources

AICPA offers official resources for continuing education for practicing accountants. Though you aren’t yet a CPA, you might find these materials helpful while studying for your CPA exam. They are categorized into many of the same subjects you’ll work with on the exam, like auditing and financial reporting, and many are free or discounted for AICPA members.

You can also practice with a shortened sample test from AICPA, which familiarizes you with the CPA test software.

Several other online resources are available to help you study for the CPA exam, although it’s important to ensure courses and materials are up to date and designed or taught by credentialed instructors. AICPA hosts a database of CPA test preparation resources, including costs and user ratings for each to help you narrow your options.

CPA test Study Methods

Preparing for the CPA test takes significant motivation and focus, and studying with other CPA test candidates could help you stay on track. Consider looking for study group participants at work, through your local professional organization or from your graduating class. You might also find nearby candidates through social media groups.

Collaborate with your study group members to decide which materials you’ll use, whether you’ll host meetings in person or online, and how often you’ll study so everyone can stay on track.

If you’d like to study solo, find a quiet, dedicated space for sessions and make room in your schedule for several hours of test preparation each week. Consider getting support from a trusted colleague or mentor when necessary.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About the CPA Exam

Is the CPA harder than the bar?

The CPA test and bar test are both known for their challenging content. However, based on the passing rates for each, the CPA test generally appears more difficult to pass than the bar. Depending on the jurisdiction, the July 2023 bar test saw pass rates ranging from 58% to 92%, according to the National Conference of Bar Examiners. The highest cumulative passing rate for any section of the CPA test during the first two quarters of 2023 was 59.22%.

How many questions are in the CPA exam?

The CPA test comprises between 250 and 282 multiple-choice questions, plus 28 or 29 task-based simulations, depending on the discipline section you choose. ISC has the most questions and simulations in total, followed by TCP and BAR.

Tue, 31 Oct 2023 02:14:00 -0500 Amy Boyington en-US text/html
Certified Equity Professional Institute
  • Accounting
  • Equity Plan Design
  • Analysis and Administration
  • Corporate and Securities Law
  • Taxation

Candidates can elect to complete just the first level of the program - resulting in the ECA designation, or to continue on for the remaining two levels, at which point they will have earned the CEP designation. The CEP designation is granted to individuals who have passed all three exams, and have demonstrated mastery of equity compensation related issues in all of the core disciplines. The CEP Institute also offers an test solely focused on accounting; the Advanced Equity Compensation Accounting Certificate (AECA) exam is for financial reporting professionals in any organization that offers equity compensation, as well as the accounting professionals who are required to verify proper expensing under ASC 718 and other standards.

Register for an Exam

If you are a current ECA/CEP who'd like to share your story, we'd love to hear from you. We are excited to be sharing your stories on the CEPI LinkedIn page and would love to hear a bit about how the CEPI has helped you throughout your journey.

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Wed, 15 Nov 2023 11:46:00 -0600 en text/html
How to Become an Independent Financial Advisor

An independent financial advisor works with a client.

Becoming an independent financial advisor is something you might consider if you're ready to step out of the traditional model and reshape your career path. Independence has its benefits, though there are some considerations to weigh in determining whether it's the right move for you. If you're interested in how to become an independent financial advisor, there are a few different pathways you might explore.

Ready to grow your advisory business? SmartAdvisor can make connecting with leads easier.

Independent Financial Advisor Models

What it means to be an independent financial advisor is ultimately defined by the advisor. There are several models that financial advisors may choose from when making a move to independence. Here are four common models to consider:

  • Start an RIA firm. The first and most obvious choice when going independent as an advisor is to start a firm of your own. Starting an RIA can deliver you complete control and allow you to build a business that reflects your experience, knowledge, goals and values.

  • Work with an existing firm. If you're not quite ready to become fully independent, you may consider joining an established RIA that allows you greater freedom in deciding which clients to work with and how to serve them. You can have a degree of independence without bearing the full burden of running a firm yourself.

  • Consider an RIA aggregator. RIA aggregators can provide independent advisors with the tools and framework they need to serve clients, without having to build a brand-new firm from scratch. You can work independently, with the aggregator’s support behind the scenes.

  • Join an independent broker-dealer. Working with an independent broker-dealer can serve as a precursor to starting your own firm. You might choose this option vs. joining an existing RIA if you follow a commission-based model for pricing services.

In evaluating different options, it's important to consider both your capacity for going independent right now and your long-term vision and goals for doing so. While you may be mentally ready to launch your own firm, for instance, you also need to consider how much time and money you'll have to invest initially to get up and running.

How to Become an Independent Financial Advisor

An independent financial advisor works with clients at their home.

Assuming that independence means starting a firm of your own, there are some specific steps involved in the process. Here's an overview of what you can typically expect when setting up an independent advisory business:

Take the necessary exams. Independent advisors must pass the Series 65 exam administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Agency (FINRA). This multiple-choice test is designed to test advisors' knowledge of federal securities law as well as subjects related to investment advice.

You may consider taking the Series 6 or Series 7 exams, which are also administered by FINRA. The Series 6 test tests your competency to run an investment business, while the Series 7 test tests your ability and knowledge to trade securities. Depending on which state you'll do business in, you may also need to obtain Series 63 and Series 66 licenses.

Consider additional certifications or designations. While it's not necessary to obtain additional certifications beyond the exams listed above, you may consider doing so in order to enhance your professional credentials. For instance, you may choose to pursue a designation as a certified financial planner (CFP) or a chartered financial analyst (CFA).

Holding these types of designations could deliver you an advantage when trying to attract new clients to your business. Keep in mind that these types of designations may require you to meet continuing education requirements in order to maintain them.

Develop your business plan. Creating a business plan is important as it can serve as a blueprint for building your new advisory firm. A comprehensive business plan encompasses your firm's mission, values and goals, as well as your operational details, financial projections and marketing strategy.

Writing a financial advisor business plan isn't a requirement for starting a new firm. However, taking the time to create a blueprint for starting and growing your business can help you set realistic expectations and build in contingencies for any potential setbacks you may encounter along the way. Having a business plan can also be helpful for planning your budget.

Starting a firm can be costly if you're leasing premises, purchasing office supplies, spending money on advertising and hiring support staff. Keeping your budget as lean as possible in the beginning may be a priority and you can flesh out all the financial details in your business plan. A thorough plan could also make it easier to get approved for business loans or a line of credit if you plan to finance your firm's launch.

Register with federal and/or state agencies. Independent advisors will need to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission or their state regulatory agency before they can begin working with clients. Which one you register with can depend on the amount of assets under management you're responsible for.

Here are the guidelines, as established under the Dodd-Frank Act:

  • Firms with less than $25 million in AUM cannot register with the SEC if their principal business is located in a state that regulates advisors.

  • Advisors with $25 million to $100 million in AUM are only required to register with the SEC if their principal place of business is located in New York or Wyoming.

  • Firms with $100 million in AUM may choose to register with the SEC but they also have the option of registering with their state agency.

  • Once a firm's AUM reaches $110 million, SEC registration is required unless the firm is eligible for an exemption.

Assuming that you'll register with the SEC, you'll need to complete Form ADV to do so. This form collects information about your firm, including the type of clients you serve, the amount of assets you manage and your overall investment strategy. Form ADV can be submitted online through the Investment Advisor Registration Depository (IARD).

If you're registering with the state instead, you'll need to contact the applicable regulatory agency to find out what paperwork you'll need to file.

Choose a custodian. RIAs are required to work with a custodian in order to be compliant with federal regulatory guidelines. An RIA custodian maintains client assets on behalf of a registered advisor. You may need to do some research to find the right custodian to work with.

In doing so, it's helpful to consider things like the support services a custodian offers, what type of tech tools they employ in managing client assets and how much they charge for their services.

Tips for Building an Independent Advisory Firm

Once you're registered you can begin working on building your business. Establishing your client base is central to that task.

If you're leaving an existing firm to start your own business, you'll need to verify whether you'll be able to take your current clients with you. While some firms are willing to allow advisors to retain their client list when leaving, others may not. So, it's important to know what client information, if any, you'll be allowed to keep when setting up your own firm.

You'll also need to think about how you plan to market your business to attract new clients. If you've chosen a specific niche that you'd like to serve, that can make it easier to tailor your marketing tactics to attract the right clients. Your marketing plan may encompass:

When marketing your firm, it's important to emphasize your credibility and authority. Some of the ways that you can do that while increasing your firm's media exposure include being a guest on financial podcasts, writing articles for online financial publications and offering to share your knowledge as an expert source for articles on authority websites.

If you're having trouble attracting new clients, you may consider using an online lead generation tool to connect with prospects. SmartAdvisor, for instance, can help bring qualified leads to you, leaving you free to focus on other aspects of growing your business.

Bottom Line

Clients meeting with an independent financial advisor to review different options for their financial plan.

There's quite a bit that's involved in how to become an independent financial advisor and it's important to evaluate the pros and cons of doing so to decide if it's right for you. Should you decide to move ahead with going independent, proper planning can ensure that the transition goes as smoothly as possible.

Tips for Growing Your Advisory Business

  • Struggling to get found in online search engines? Having a strong digital footprint can be invaluable when building a new advisory business, as more investors use online searches to find financial professionals to work with. Using an online lead generation tool like SmartAdvisor can help to boost your brand visibility and make connecting with prospects easier.

  • Meeting compliance requirements is an important part of running your business and failing to do so could have serious consequences. There are a number of federal guidelines RIAs are expected to meet and new rules are introduced periodically. Hiring a compliance officer to manage things like reporting and recordkeeping can be a smart investment if you don't have one on staff already.

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The post How to Become an Independent Financial Advisor appeared first on SmartReads by SmartAsset.

Tue, 14 Nov 2023 03:02:00 -0600 en-US text/html
What is a financial consultant? No result found, try new keyword!If you have questions about your money, a financial consultant may be able to help you achieve your financial goals. Tue, 14 Nov 2023 23:31:00 -0600 en text/html Hold Rating on Astronics Amid Financial Recovery and Potential Supply Chain Risks

Truist Financial analyst Michael Ciarmoli maintained a Hold rating on Astronics (ATRO – Research Report) yesterday and set a price target of $17.00.

Michael Ciarmoli has given his Hold rating due to a combination of factors including the company’s financial performance and market conditions. Despite weak Aero sales in the third quarter, Astronics provided a strong outlook for a return to pre-pandemic sales levels in the fourth quarter, which has led to a full-year guidance increase. However, Ciarmoli anticipates a significant turnaround in Aero margins in the fourth quarter, following surprisingly weak levels in the third quarter. He also underscored the potential risk of any further supply chain disruptions, given the company’s tight liquidity situation.
In terms of financial performance, third quarter sales saw a 24% year-on-year increase to $163 million, although this was slightly below expectations. Aerospace sales, a significant contributor to the overall sales, rose by 27%, driven largely by a 30% increase in commercial aero end market sales. However, Ciarmoli pointed out that Astronics’ liquidity is likely to remain tight through the end of the year, with limited cash on hand and negative free cash flow during the quarter. He also noted that while Astronics expects improvements in inventory turnover levels, significant cash flow improvement is not anticipated until early 2024.

Ciarmoli covers the Industrials sector, focusing on stocks such as Air Transport Services, Spirit AeroSystems, and Triumph Group. According to TipRanks, Ciarmoli has an average return of 9.6% and a 57.43% success rate on recommended stocks.

See today’s best-performing stocks on TipRanks >>

TipRanks tracks over 100,000 company insiders, identifying the select few who excel in timing their transactions. By upgrading to TipRanks Premium, you will gain access to this exclusive data and discover crucial insights to guide your investment decisions. Begin your TipRanks Premium journey today.

Astronics (ATRO) Company Description:

Astronics Corp. engages in the provision of electrical power generation and distribution systems. It includes motion systems, lighting and safety systems, avionics products, aircraft structures, systems certification, and automated test systems. It operates through the Aerospace and Test Systems segments. The Aerospace segment designs and manufactures products for the global aerospace industry. The Test Systems segment designs, develops, manufactures and maintains communications and weapons test systems and training and simulation devices for military applications. The firm’s products and solutions include Aircraft Data Systems, Aircraft Electrical Power Systems, Airfield Lighting, Custom Design & Manufacturing, Emergency Systems, Enhanced Vision Systems, IFC Antennas and Radome Systems, Inflight Entertainment System Hardware, Interiors & Structures, Lighting Systems, Seat Actuation Systems, Simulation & Training, Systems Certification, Test & Measurement and VIP IFEC & CMS Systems. The company was founded in 1968 and is headquartered in East Aurora, NY.

Read More on ATRO:

Thu, 09 Nov 2023 03:43:00 -0600 en text/html
How to become a financial advisor No result found, try new keyword!Becoming a financial advisor requires a combination of education, licenses, certifications and work experience. Some licenses are required in order to sell certain products or to buy and sell ... Wed, 01 Nov 2023 03:39:54 -0500 en-us text/html

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